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L. O. GOULD, Publisher- Devoted to the Interests of the Democratic Party, and the Collection of Local and General News. Two Dollars per Annum, in Advance,
VOL. VII.-NO. 9. EATON, OHIO, THURSDAY, DECEMBER 18, 1873. WHOLE NUMBER 347.
(In the Colorado Park, 1873.)
BY BRET HARTE.
Wot' that you're readin'? novel? A novel
welt, darn my skin !
Yon, a man grown and bearded, and taistin Bach
tun as that in
Stuff about gala and their sweethearts ! No won
der you're thin ez a knife !
Look at me ! clar two hundred and never read
one in ny life 1
That's my opinion o novels. And, ez to their lyin'
They belonged to the J edge's daughter the Jedge
who came up last year
On account of his lungs, and the mountains, and
the balsam o' pine and nr ;
And his daughter well, she read novels, and that's
what's the matter with her.
Yet she was sweet on the Jedge, and stuck by him
day and night.
Alone in the cabin up yer till she grew like a ghost,
- - all white.-
Bhe was only a slip of a thing, ez light and ez up and
Ez rifle-smoke blown through the woods, but she
wasnt my kind no way !
Bpeakin' o' gals, d'ye mind that house ez yon rise
A mile and a half from White's, and jist above Mat-
You do T Well, now, thar' a gal? What, you saw
her? O, come now, thar, quit !
She was only bedevilin' yon, boys, for to me she
don't cotton one bit.
Now, she's what I call a gal ez pretty and plump ez
a quail ;
Teeth ez white ez a hound's, and they'd go through
a tenpenny-nail ;
Eyes that can snap like a cap. So she asked to know
Whar I was hid."
She did t Oh, it's just like her sass, for she's pert
as a Katydid.
But what was I talking of ? 0 1 the Jedge and his
daughter Bhe read
Novels the whole day long, and I reckon she read
And sometimes she read them ont loud to -the Jedge
on the porch where he sat,
And twas how " JLord Augustus" said this, and how
" Lady Blanche" she said that.
But the sickest of all that I beerd was a yarn that
they read 'bo tit a chap,
" leather-stocking" by name, and a hunter chock
full o' the greenest o' sap ;
And they asked me to hear, but I says, "Miss Ma
bel, not any for me ;
When I likes I can sling my own lies, and thet chap
and I shouldn't agree."
Yet somehow-or-other she was always sayin I
brought her to znind
Of folks about whom she had read, or suthin belike
of thet kind ;
And thar warnt no end o' the names that she gave
me thet summer up here
"BobinHood," " leather-Stocking," " Bob Boy "
O, I tell you, the critter was queer.
And yet, ef she hadnt been spiled, she was harm
less enough in her way,
She could jabber in French to her dad, and they say
that she knew how to play.
And she worked me that shot-pouch up thar which
the man doesn't live ez kin use,
And slippers yon seer 'em down yer ez would
cradle an Injun's psppooee.
Yet along o' them novels, you see, she was wastin'
and inopin' away,
And then she got shy with her tongue, and at last
had nothin' to say ;
And whenever I happened around, her face it was
hid by a book,
And it warnt until she left that she gave me ez
much ez a look. .
And this was the way it was : It was night when I
ksm up here
To say to 'em all "Geod-by," for I reckoned to go
At " sun-up" the day they left. So I shook 'em all
round by the hand,
Cept Mabel, and she was sick, ez they gave me to
But, jist as I pasted the house one morning, at
dawn, some one.
Like a little waver o' mist, got up on the hill with
the sun ;
Miss Mabel it was, alone all wrapped in a mantle
And she stood there straight In the road, with a
touch o'the sun in her face. -
And she looked me right in the eye I'd seen suthin
like it before
When I hunted a wounded doe to the edge of the
Clear Lake shore,
And I had my knee on its neck, and jist was raisin'
When it gave me a look like that, and well, it got
off with Us life.
" We are gaing to-day," she said, " and I thought 1
would say good-by
To you in your own house, Luke these woods, and
the bright blue sky !
You've always been kind to us, Luke, and papa has
found you still
As good ss the air he breathes, and wholesome as
Laurel Tree Hill.
" And well always think of you, Luke, as the thing
we could not take away :
The Balsam that dwells in the woods, the rainbow
that lives in the spray,
And yonll sometimes think of me, Luke, as you
know you ence used to say,
A rifle-smoke blown through the woods, a moment,
but sever to stay."
And then we shook hands. She turned, but a-sud-
dent she tottered and fell,
And I caught her sharp by the waist, and held her a
It was only a minit, you know, that ez cold and ez
white she lay
Ez a snow-flake here on my breast, and then well,
she melted away
And was gone. And thar are her books, but I
say not any for me.
Good enough, maybe, for some, but them and I
They spiled a decent gal ez might hev made some
chap a wife,
And look at me! clar two hundred and never
read one in my life !
Seribner'e for December.
THE DOCTOR'S LAST SHOT.
Mrs. Smith and Mrs. Brown were
having a very comfortable afternoon to
gether. Mrs. Smith, who was an in
valid, or thought herself one, which is
just as bad, was reclining in an easy
chair, and Mrs. Brown, who had run in
with her knitting work just to see how
she was, had been persuaded to spend
the rest ef the day with her friend.
" Yes, Mrs. Brown, I consider it very
providential. That poor, poor niece of
mine was left an orphan on the cold
charity of the world, and as I was the
only friend she had, she came right
here, of coarse. Well, here I am in
Buch delicate health, needing constant
attention, and I couldn't expect my own
girls, poor dears, to be fussing around
their sick mother all the time. I want
them to enjoy themselves while they
can. This poor thing needed a home,
and I K.iVe it to her at once. I said,
Of course, child, come right here and
live with us. You can make yourself
useful, no doubt, and it'll all be right. '
She's been here six months now, and
has been a wonderful help to me. I
keep her busy from daylight until dark
to keep her mind off her troubles, you
know, and nights when I can't sleep it's
dreadful handy to have her where she
can rub my back, soak my feet, bathe
my head, and read me to sleep."
" Do you pay her wages ?"
" Bless me, no 1 She said something
about it one day as if she expected to
be paid for her work, but I told her we
couldn't think of hiring our own blood
relations to work for us. I told her to
just be easy about that,' whenever she
needed anything we'd see about it. She
save me a kind of a queer smile that
didn't Quite understand or like ; but on
the whole, she is wonderfully quiet and
gentle like, and I consider it a real
" Where is she now ?"
" X sent her down to the buck pasture
to get some blackberries for my tea. I
thought may be I'd relish them if they
Down in the back pasture she was,
the poor niece, Meta Liangdon, but not
picking blackberries. She was sitting
on a mossy log among the bushes, cry
ing as if her heart would break. It did
her good ; it cooled the fierce fever in
her heart, and she finally grew quiet
and (-lipped softly down upon her knees
and prayed long and earnestly for pa
tience and wisdom and help from her
heavenly Father. Then she caught up
her pail and rose to commence her task.
But it so happened that Dr. Chester,
who was spending a few weeks in that
delightful country place, was out hunt
ing that day. "A fine, plump partridge
flcrr -op fioin tho trashes jusX at "that
moment, and the doctor fired. To his
astonishment the bird escaped, but a
shrill scream and heavy fall beyond the
bushes-made him throw down 'his gun
and bag and rush furiously through the
sharp briers, never heeding the rents
they made in his fine hunting suit or
the cruel scratches upon his face and
There lay the game he had brought
down, in the shape of a young girl who
was in a dead faint or killed for aught
he knew. He quickly loosened her
dress and dashed water in her face from
the full canteen which he happened to
to have, and finally forced a few drops
of brandy between her lips. At length
she opened her eyes, to his great relief,
and tried to rise, but a sharp cry of pain
showed there was something more seri
ous than a mere fright.
" What is it where are you hurt ?"
" My arm," she exclaimed.
He tore the faded calico sleeve open
to the shoulder, and,, sure enough, the
soft, white arm was covered with blood
and seemed to be riddled with shot.
" Dear, dear, what have I done !" he
exclaimed, hastily tying his own and
her handkerchief tightly around it.
" There's no time for apologies or ex
planations. I thought I was shooting
a partridge, and in some unaccountable
way I have shot you. Now tell me
where you live so I can get you home
as soon 'as possible. I am a physician,
and we'll soon, have the poor arm all
" My home is just over the hill ; I
can walk if you will help me a little."
With a set, resolute face, and lips
tightly closed to keep back the moans
of pain, Meta walked hastily toward
home, leaning upon his arm. But just
as they reached the gate she fainted
again, and taking her in his arms he
bore her rapidly to the house, and with
out any ceremony pushed open the par
lor door and laid her upon a sofa.
Mrs. Smith screamed murder at the
top of her voice, and went into violent
hysterics. The.doctor frowned scorn
fully at her, and said to Mrs.' Brown :
" There's no time for nonsence ; bring
me some cold water and bandages at
once, and send somebody to the hotel
for Dr. Chester's small case of surgical
Mrs. Smith, left to herself, soon re
covered, and insisted upon an explana
tion of the affair.
" It's nothing serious, I hope, I have
accidently sent a charge of shot into
this young lady's arm. Are you her
" No, indeed, she is a poor dependent
creature that we've taken in for charity's
sake ; a niece of mine, and what I'm to
do with her now I can't see. I can't
take care of her, and indeed, sir, it's
mighty inconvenient to have her laid up
just at this time. She is very neces
sary to my comfort. I need a sight of
care and waitin' on, night and day."
" Well, madam, she'll ' need a sight
of care and waitin on' herself now for a
while, and must have it."
By this time the young girl revived
again under the vigorous treatment she
received, and the instruments were
brought to him.
" Now, madam, will you tell where to
take this young lady, for she must be
put to bed at once."
" well, sue sleeps in a uttie cioset on
" That will never do. Show me the
largest, best room you have in the
house." Taking -Meta gently in his
arms, the doctor followed Mrs. Smith
up stairs to a large, pleasant chamber.
one groanea in spirit as a Lie imucu
down the white counterpane, and as
sisted the doctor in getting Meta un
dressed and to bed ; but he was not to
trifled with at such a time. " Now,
madam. I will excuse you, but let Mrs.
Smith bring me plenty of warm water,
. -i i i i "i : a . . i.
ana boic, oia imeu, uuu rcuuuu iaj buoibh
me. And I want a servant close at hand
to get whatever else I may require while
dressincr the arm."
It was a terrible hour to jvieta wniie
he probed each wound and removed
the shot that were deeply imbedded in
the tender flesh. fortunately no Done
was broden, and at last it was neatly
bandaged with soft linen and wet with a
healing lotion, and she fell asleep. Mrs.
Brown proved an efficient helper ; and
as they passed quietly out of the room
the doctor said :
" Mv patient must have the best of
care and attention. Could you stay and
nurse her for awhile i
" Yes, I mifrht."
" Very well ; I will pay you well if
you will do it, for everything will de-
j V . i, ;
lie met Mrs. smith m tne nail.
" Madam, this woman has consented
to stay and take care of your niece, and
I will see that she is well paid for it.
But mind what I say : you must '.not
see her, nor must any one else see her
but Mrs. Brown and myself for a week
at least, for she will have a serious time
of it at the best. 1 reeret it exceed'
ingly, more than I can tell you, that I
have been the cause of ail this suner-
insr. and I will do my best to have her
about again as soon as possible." So
saving, the doctor wished them good-
day, and soon disappeared from their
" Well, now, if that is'nt cool ! And
what am I to do all this time ?" groaned
Mrs . Smith, rocking herself vigorously
in her great arm-cliair. "And my best
spare . room, too I oay, did he muss
everything up dressing that arm ?"
"O nol he was very careful about
" Well, that's a comfort any way. To
think I should have such trouble with
that girl just when I needed her most !
I think it is a very mysterious dispensa
tion of Providence. "
The next morning the doctor found
Meta in a high fever, moaning with
pain and delirious. The arm was badly
swollen and inflamed, and altogether
her case had assnmed a very alarming
aspect. He did not go hunting or fish
ing that day, but stayed by her bedside
administering medicine with his own
hand, and doing everything in his
power for her relief. He . was greatly
distressed over the accident, and in
wardly vowed he would never fire off
another gun as long as he lived.
But what a revelation of toil, hard
ship, and cruel wrong the unconscious
lueta made In lier delirium ! Sae fan
cied the doctor, as he bathed her hot
head and hands and soothed her ' as he
would a child, was her mother, and she
drew his head close to her lips and whis
" O mother I Am so glad you have
come for me I I am tired to death. Aunt
ie has no mercy or feeling for me ! She
has kept me at work over her night and
day, and 1 ve gone hungry many and
many a time because I couldn't bear to
eat the food so grudgingly given. O I
am so glad you have come 1 "
Now Meta was not a beautiful girl.
though she had a sweet, pure, womanly
face, and great wistful eyes, and an
abundance of dark silky hair. But her
small hands were brown and hardened
with toil ; she was poor, dependent, alone
in the world except for this selfish, un
natural aunt, and the cousins who scarce
ly deigned to notice her.
JJoctor unester was a rich old bachelor.
not so very old either, only thirty-six.
Why he had never married no one could
tell, but true it is he had remained heart
whole all these years in spite of the many
beautiful women who had smiled most
graciously upon him. But somehow
this poor suffering orphan won his heart
completely during that week of uncon
sciousness, lie was charmed with her
sweet prattle about her childhood : and
her innocence and helplessness, together
with the suffering he had so unwittingly
caused, appealed strongly to his sym
pathy, and he fully resolved to win her
love and make her his wife, if possible.
Never had a patient a more assiduous
doctor and nurse than did poor Meta.
Mrs. Smith fumed and fretted over all
the fuss that they made about " that
girl," until the doctor frightened her
into silence by telling her that he knew
how she had treated the poor child, and
if she didn't keep quiet and have every
thing done that was needful for her com
fort he would have her arrested and tried
for inhuman cruelty. Under his watch
ful care the danger was soon Over, and
Meta was pronounced convalescent. The
doctor took hex out to ride. its. soon as
she was able, in the easiest of all car
riage8. Bare delicacies were sent every
day from the hotel to tempt her return
ing appetite. The sweetest and most
fragrant flowers that could be found
adorned her room. Meta remonstrated
with him for all this lavish kindness, but
he would silence her by saying he was
the cause of all her suffering, and she
must allow him to atone for it in every
way he could. How eagerly he watched
the faint color that crept into her cheeks
at his approach ! How tenderly and del
icately he ministered to her comfort and
pleasure day oy day, until atiastne ven
tured to tell her of his love and his great
desire to have her for his own. He had
become very dear to her during all those
weeks of suffering, and she acknowl
edged it and promised to be his wife.
He hastened to inform Mrs. Smith of
their betrothal, and asked her forbear
ance for another week when, he assured
her, he would relieve her from all furth
er care and responsibility of her niece.
Imagine if you can her astonishment !
She was completely " dumbfounded ! "
and had not a word to say ; though
doubtless in her heart she thought it an
other most "mysterious dispensation."
The next day a notable dressmaker
from the city arrived with various won
derful and costly fabrics, which she had
orders to make up for Miss Xiangdon in
the latest style, ouch a time as there
was then of cutting and basting, of try
ing on and trimming ! Two other seam
stresses kept their sewing-machines run
ning at the highest rate of speed, until
at the close of the week there was enough
of a wedding trousseau to fill a huge
oaratoga trunk. The doctor made daily
pilgrimages between that chamber and
the city, until at last he could not devise
another thing which his darling could
possibly need for dress or ornament
during the trip to Europe which he had
planned. .Never was there a happier
bride and groom than those who were
made one in Mrs. Smith's parlor that
bright September morning. They went
immediately to his beautiful home on
the Hudson, where his mother -received
the new daughter with open arms, and
soon after went to Europe, where they
spent a year. Meta made good use of
the time by putting herself under the
care of the best private teachers, and
when on their return the happy doctor
presented his wife to his friends, there
was not among them one more highly
accomplished or more elegant and re
fined. The doctor was very proud of
her, and never tired of telling his inti
mate friends how he found his wife, or
the result of his Last Shot. Hearth
What is Jute? Jute is a fibrous
plant that grows to a high stalk varying
from six to twelve feet high. It is
raised in the low-lands of the East
Indies. The Jute plantations are ope
rated somewhat on the system of rice
plantations. The water used for flood
ing purposes is takeu from rudely con
structed reservoirs filled by the melting
snow of the Himalaya Mountains. The
plant is kept growing in about eighteen
inches of water, which prevents the
parching rays of a tropical sun from
destroying it. When the stalk has at
tained its growth it is pulled up by the
roots or cut off near the roots. It is
then laid out in boles like wheat or rye,
and prepared for market.
The people of Great Britain ami Ire
land expended 8600,000,000 for intoxi
cating liquors in 1872, and only $220,
000,000 lor the tea, coffee, sugar, nd
cocoa which they consumed.
Paragraphs of All Sorts.
Thk city debt of Philadelphia is $50,
000,000. To complete the Brooklyn bridge
$8,000,000 are wanted.
The commerce of the Ohio river foots
up $700,000,000 annually.
Chicago received at her stock yards
139,000 head of hogs in four days.
The revenue on distilled spirits for
the last fiscal year was $52,099,371.
The total taxable property in Phila
delphia, this year, is reported at $548,
243,535 a gain oyer last year of $21,
078,267. The churches of New York number
349, with a seating capacity for 308,500
persons and an estimated value of $46,
000,000. A wo&iAif "clerk in the Treasury De-
Eartment can count 9,000 notes' in an
our, and has counted 4,000 in twenty
The original Cardiff Giant, which was
once valued as high as $40,000, was sold
at auction in New Orleans tho other
day at $8 !
The rent roll of the Marquis of West
minster from property within the limits
of London is said to exceed $35,000,000
The highest inhabited spot in the
world is the Buddhist cloister of Hanle,
Thibet, where twenty priests live at the
enormous altitude of 16,500 feet.
Since the establishment of the Gov
ernment it has given away 74,052,800
acres of land to soldiers, making in all
half a million farms of 160 acres to
That new court-house which was to
be built in New York city for only
$500,000 has already eaten into the city
treasury to the extent of $6,000,000, and
is not nearly done yet.
English technical papers express
surprise that means are not taken to use
petroleum for fuel, so as to influence the
price of coal, the former article being
now very abundant and cheap.
A chubch near Bergen, Norway.
which can contain nearly 1,000 persons,
is constructed entirely of papier mache,
rendered waterproof by saturation in
vitriol,, lime-water, whey, and white of
The Stationery Department of the
British Government has effected a sav
ing of $1,000 a year by collecting, mend
ing, and reissuing the quill pens used
and thrown aside in the different public
Rochester, N. Y., is a thrifty place.
Its wholesale clothing business last year
amounted to over $60,000,000 ; the boot
and shoe to $6.000,0OOT-trnituro to
$3,000,000, ami the grocery business to
Up to Oct. 25 there were 7,580 granges
of the Patrons of Husbandry in opera
tion. The West had 5,001, the South
2,478, while the North had only 101.
This winter will doubtless bring large
additions to the order in the Eastern
Pekin claims to have the oldest jour
nal in the world. It is printed on a
large sheet of yellow silk, and appears
in the same form, with the same charac
ters, and on the same kind of stuff as it
did a thousand years ago. The only
change is in the writers.
The Gazette de France, of Paris,
is the oldest newspaper extant, having
flourished uninterruptedly since its
foundation in 1633. It was the official
organ of the French Government until
the Revolution, and is still the " in
spired " paper of Count de Chambord,
Methodist Episcopal Visitations.
The following plan of Episcopal visi
tation to the Conferences was adopted
by the Methodist Episcopal Bishops at
tneir recent session, m iiucugu :
Baton Rouge. . .
Jan. 15. .
Jan. 15. .
Clay Ashland. . .
San Antonio . . .
Arkansas . ..
Philadelphia . . .
Charleston . .
New York city..
New York, East
South Kansas. .
N. New York
EaBt Maine. .
May 6. .
terra cotta, which abroad enters so
largely into ornamental architecture.
In its manufacture, clay, flint, glass,
and fossils containing phosphate of lime
arc powdered and mixed with water into
a paste, which is then ground and
beaten until all the air bubbles are ex
pelled. It is then modeled directly by
the artist and burned, having first been
glazed and colored to suit the taste.
The material thus formed is both cheap
and durable. Neither heat, cold, nor
moisture afiects it. And there is this
further advantage in its use, that it can
be molded by the artist as if it were so
much clav : whereas stone must be cut
by the hand of an intervening workman.
There seems to be no good reason why
terra cotta should not come into general
use in this country for building mate
rial, and it enters largely into parts of
the elegant Albert memorial hall, as
also cf the South Kensington museum.
American architects have so far had
prejudice against it, which it is hoped
will soon yield before enlighteunnt as
to it many admirable qualities.
Standing Committees the House of
York, chairman ; Thomas (N. C), Hazleton,
Todd (Pa.), Pike, Robinson (Ohio), Harrison,
Hyde, rjpeer, Lamar, urostjiana.
Ways ana Means IJawes, chairman: jveiiey,
Burcliard, E. H. Roberts, Kaason, Waldron,
Sheldon, Foster (Ohio), Beck, Niblack, Wood
Appropriations Garfield, chairman ; Hale
(Me.), Wheeler, O'Neil, Starkweather, Xough
ridge, Tyler, Parker (Mo.), Mareh, Swann,
Banking and Currency Maynard, chair
man, larwell, Morey, Hawley (Conn.), Hon-
ter, Phelps, HubbelL, Nilea, BandaU, Mitchell,
Pacific Railroad Sawyer, chairman : Sypher,
Killinger, Honghton, Crocker, Willard, Cor
win (111.), McDell (la.), Wells (Mo.), Barnum,
Standford, Creamer, Meal.
jiaims nawioy, chairman; wens, buu
maker, Lansing, Surrell. Nunn, Smith (Ohio),
Burrows, Howe, M. H. Roberts, Eden, Hamil
ton. Commerce-Wheeler, chairman ; Sawyer,
Conger, Hooper, Negley, Staivnard, Parsons,
Clayton, Holman, Bromberg, Wells.
Public Lands Townsend, chairman; Dnn
nel, Orth, Bnndy, Morey, St. John, Phillips,
Bradley, Dunford, Hindon, Clymer.
War Claims Lawrence (Ohio), chairman;
Hazleton, Cobb, Kellogg (Conn.), Woodward,
Scudder, Smith (Pa.), Wilson (la.), Holman,
Postoflice and Post-Roads Packer, chair
man ; Stowell, Pratt (N. Y.), Williams, Page,
Danforth, Cobb, Cannon, Randall, Beed, At
kins. Manufactures Farwell, chairman: Hathorne,
Viery, Ransier, Field, Whitely, Woodworth,
Waddell, Wilson (Md.), Bowen, Blount.
Agriculture Hays, chairman ; Lamport, Ha
zleton, Bogole. Wilson (la.), Bay, Boss, Cain,
Davis (Va.), Hatcher, McLean (Tex.)
Indian Affairs AveriU, chairman ; Lowe,
Butler (Tenn.), Bainey, Richmond, McNnlta,
Lawson, Harris (Mass.), Adams, Comingo,
Mili tar v Affairs-Coburn. chairman ; Don-
nan, Hawley (III.), Hawley (Conn.), Gunckel,
Albright, McDougalL Thoniburgh, Nesmith,
un miiiua isutier t xenn. j, cnairman ; ia-
zleton, Snyder, Boss, Grouse, Elliott, Walls,
Storm, SIlss, Hereford, Cook.
On District of Columbia Hale (N. Y-).
chairman ; Harmer, Cotton, Bice, Hendie,
Clark, Pelham, Lapland, Eldridge, Barnum,
, On the Judiciary Butler (Mass.), chair
man; Wilson (lnu.), I'oland, Iremaine, Frye,
Cessna, White, Ward, Eldridge, Potter (N. Y.),
Public Expenditures Havens, chairman ;
Whitely, Richmond, Pike, Wilber, Smith (N.
V.), Begole, Hynes, Clark, llobbins. Luttrell.
Private Land Claims Myers (Pa.), chair
man ; Eames, Sesiones, Bariere, Pratt (Iowa),
Hendee, Freeman, Bright, Sayler (Ohio), De
Naval Affairs Scofield, chairman ; Gooch,
Hays, Piatt (Va.), Packard, Scudder, Bur
leigh, Purman, Archer, Whitthorne, Jamison.
Foreign Affairs Orth, chairman; Myers
(Pa.), Willard, E. 11. Hoar. Clarke, Ward, Albert,
Williams (Wis.), Robinson (111.), Cox, Ban
ning. Territories McKee (Miss.), chairman ; Cur
tis, Williams (Ind.), Havens, Hoskins, Cronnz,
Fort, Hvnes, Schumaoker (N. Y.), Brown (Ky.).
Revolutionary Pensions Shoemaker (Pa.),
chairman; Lansing, Sprague, Williams (Mich.),
Smith (La.), Crutchheld, Bland, Caldwell,
Invalid Pensions Busk, chairman; Wal
lace, Barry, McJunken, Mellish, Martin,
Small. Sener, Young (Ky.), Crittenden,
Bail ways and CanalB McCrary (Iowa), chair
man ; G. F. Hoar, Hurl but, Bass, Sherwood,
Lewis (Tenn.), Taylor, Smith (Va.), Arthur,
Mines and Mining Lowe, chairman ; Neg
ley, Bumngton, Rusk, Hubbell, Page, Sheats,
Lynch, Kendall, Southard, Harris (Ga.).
Freedmen's Affairs Cobb, chairman ; Nunn,
Bailey, TownBend, Culton, Morey, Barber,
Sener, Comingo, Eden, Adams (Ky.)
Education and Labor Monroe, chairman;
G. F. Hoar, Elliott, Darrall, Field, Crooke,
McDill, Ropier, Storm, Whitehead, Glover.
On Revision of Laws Poland, chairman;
E. B. Hoar, Lawrence, Buell, Barber, Pen
dleton, Moore, Kasson (Ind.), Stephens, Ken
Coinage, Weights and Measures Hooper,
chairman; Houghton, Homer, Barrere, Wil
lard (Mich.), Baylor (Iud.), Strait, Mills, Ber
ry; Bell, Ashe.
On Patents Conger, chairman ; Ames,
Smart, Clements, Crutchfield, Dobbins, Bay
lor (Iud.), Smith (N. C), Sloss, Parker (N.
H. ), Magee. '
Public Buildings and Grounds Piatt (Va.),
chairman ; Sessions, Killinger, Sprague,
Hersey, Pierce (Mass.), Lowndes, Strait,
Wells, Perry, Millikeu.
On Reform in Civil Service Kellogg,
(Conn.), chairman ; Willard (Vt.), Woodward,
Sheats, Hurlbut, Butler (Mass.), Strawbridge,
Willard (Mich.), Layton (Ohio), Luttrell,
On Milage Bundy, chairman; Berry, Bay,
Nesmith, Parker (N. H.).
On Accounts Bumngton, chairman ; Saw
yer, Hoskins, Wallace, Archer.
On Expenditures of State Department
Pickard, chairman; Cobb (Kan.), St. John,
On Expenditures in the Treasury Depart
ment Sypher, chairman ; Snyder, Phillips,
Schumacker (N. Y-), Southard.,
On Expenditures in the War Department
Williams (Ind.), chairman ; Lamport, Curtis,
On Expenditures iu the Navy Department
McJunken, chairman; Burrows, Walls, Magee,
On Expenditures in the Postofflce Depart
ment Barry, chairman ; Todd, Mellish, Whit
On Expenditures in the Interior Depart
ment Orr, chairman ; Woodworth, Lynch,
Robinson (111.), Bawls.
On txpeuditures in Public Buildings Buell,
chairman; Cessna, Smith (Ohio), Pratt (Iowa),
Committee on Rules Tho Speaker, May
nard, Garfield, Cox, Randall.
Ou Printing Dounan, chairman; Hale (N.
On Library Fry, chairman; Monroe, Cly
mer. On Enrolled Bills Darrall chairman ; Pen
dleton, Harris (Ga.).
South Carolina. A correspondent
draws a melancholy picture of the de
cadence of South Carolina. He esti
mates that over 90 per cent, of the
farmers have lost money since the war,
and mentions one 3, 000-acre tract of
land that has been sold four times under
the Sheriff's hammer since 1865. Be
fore the war, he says, the taxable prop
erty of South Carolina was valued at
about $488,000,000; in 1870 it had
fallen to S84.00D.000. and the decrease
has been stesidily progressing up to the
present time ; but the taxation before
the war was only a little over $400,000
annually, while the taxation in 1870 was
about $2,100,000, yet the State taxation
debt has increased from $6,000,000 to
something between $16,000,000 and
Shtjt the Door! An Iowa magistrate,
before whom a man was brought charged
with cuffing a servant's ears "because
she left a door open six hundred times,'
discharged the accused, ou the ground
that leaving a door open was a technical
assault, as it involved bodily injury
and that therefore the cuff administered
by the defendant was given in self-de
How Indians Escape their Pursuers.
During the early part of the flight
every precaution is adopted to prevent
leaving a neavy trail, or one caouy iu
be followed ; to this end, instead of
moving, as is customary, in single file,
thereby leaving a clearly defined path,
each warrior moves independently of
his fellows, until all danger from pur
suit is safely passed, when the party
falls into single file, and, with the chief
at their head, moves along in almost
unbroken silence. If during an attack
upon the ' frontier settlements the In
dians should encounter unexpected and
successful resistance, necessitating a
premature withdrawal and flight og
their part, they still resort to stratagem
in order to secure theii safety. In ac
cordance with a plan previously formed
and understood by each member of the
party, and specially provided for an
emergency, the war party finding them
selves about to encounter successivu re
sistance of the part of the frontiersmen
beat a hasty retreat ; but instead of
taking their flight in a single direction
and in one party, thereby leaving an
unmistakable clue tot their pursuers,
the entire party breaks up into smaller
bands, each apparantly fleeing in an
independent direction, a few of the best
mounted usually falling behind to at
tract the attention of the pursuers, and
give time to those of the party who are
burdened with prisoners and captured
stock to make good their escape. In
such an emergency as this a rendezvous
for the entire party has been previously
fixed upon. Its location is usually
upon . or near some water-course of
prominent landmark, distant perhaps
thirty or forty miles ; thither all smaller
parties direct their course, each by a
separate and usually a circuitous route.
Should either of these smaller parties
find themselves closely pursued, or
their trail being followed and all efforts
to throw the pursuers off prove un
availing, they relinquish their plan of
uniting with the. others at the estab
lished rendezvous, as that would im
peril the safety of their comrades, and
select a new route leading neither in the
direction of the rendezvous or of the
village, in order not only to elude but
to mislead their pursuers. Then en
sues a long and tiresome flight, until,
having worn out or outwitted their pur
suers, of whose movements they keep
themselves thoroughly informed, they
make their way in safety to the vil
lage. At the latter outlooks are con
stantly kept on some prominent hill to
watch the coming of the absent warriors
and give notice of their approach. A
war party returning from a successful
raid into the settlements, and bringing
with them prisoners and captured
stock, is an event of the greatest im
portance to every occupant of th vil-
age. Having arrived within a few
miles of the village, and feeling safe
from all danger from pursuit, the chief
in command of the war party causes a
sternal smoke to be sent up from some
high point along the line of march, well
knowing that watchful eyes near the
village are on the alert and will not fail
to observe the signal and understand
its meaning. Gen. Custer, in Galaxy
Silk in America.
Proof of the healthful growth of silk
culture and manufacture in the United
States is given in the following brief
citation from an elaborate article in the
New York Times: Since the home
manufacture of silk got a firm footing,
the importation of the article has fallen
off, and in the nine months completed
of 1873 the importations of silk have
been much less than in the correspond
ing nine months of 1871 and 1872. For
instance, m l&u tne quantity oi im
ported silk entered for consumption
amounted in value to iod, ana
for warehousing $6,760,233, giving a
total of $30,644,386. In 1872 the total
was $31,012,608, and forthe correspond
ing months of this year it is reduced to
$22,761,818, or $7,882,568 less than
1871, and $8,250, 75W less than in IBZ.
The total dry goods imports for 1873 of
wool, cotton, flax, silk and those com
ing under the denomination miscellane
ous, are $10,977,996 less than in 1871
and $19,558,210 less than in 1872. It
will be thus seen that the decrease
ef silk importation represents one-
third of the . decrease in the
dry goods importations. Now, with
this falling off in imports of silk, the
looms of the country are at work and
the demands of consumers are steadily
met, while there is no increased cost to
the consumer. The silk trade of
America is, in truth, at present an es
tablished fact. Within the past ten
years it has quadrupled itself. It now
gives employment to more hands than
the siik trade of x ranee, ana nas snown
a progress which passes beyond that of
England or any of the other European
A Curb. To the unfortunate victim-
of drunkenness we recommend the fols
lowing cure: A mixture made up as fol
lows, and taken in Quantities equal to
an ordinary dram, and as often as the
desire for strong orinK returns, wiu
cure the worst case of drunkenness:
Sulphate of iron, five grains; pepper
mint water, eleven drachms; spirits of
nutmeg, one drachm. This preparation
acts as a tonic and stimulant, and parti
ally supplies the place of the accus
tomed liquor, and prevents the absolute
physical and moral prostration mat fol
lows from a sudden breaking off from
the use of stimnlatinsr drinks. It is to
be taken in quantities equal to an ordi
nary dram, and as often as the desire of
a dram returns.
Dried Oysters "Dried cy iters
having been included among the articles
imported, as published by the Bureau of
Statistics, an inquiry made by a Boston
firm as to their origin, has elicited from
the chief the following explanation:
"Dried oysters" are imported into San
Francisco, chiefly from China, although
a few come from Mexico, lhey are ta
ken from the shell and dried in the sun,
without the use of any salt or chemical
preparation, and are imported iu wood
en boxes containing 100 pounds each
They are consumed mostly by the
Chinese residents on the Pacifio coast,
only a small proportion Viing used by
TBE WEST WIND :
The Bad dent sound I ever beard
Was the wailing plaint of a mother-bird
For the one wee nestling that cheered her nest.
Dead, with a thorn In its pretty breast.
THE SOUTH WIN:
I have known a sight that was sadder still ;
There's a grave np yonder, upon the hill,
Aud a mother weeps at her poor boy's name.
For his ruined soul, and his guilt aud sliamo.
THE WEST BD I
The sweetest sight that I ever knew
Was the kiss of two lovers whose love was true,
As they pledged themselves, come weal or woe,
One path in life they should henceforth know.
THE SOUTH WIND :
Once, when a weary old man died,
I saw heaven's gates swung open wide.
And his wife, who an angel long had been.
Stretched welcoming hands and cried, " lcar, come
And the look on her face ! I was dumb with awe
A sight that was grander I never saw.
THE WEST WIND :
Last night, when the stars were ont in the blue,
Like a dead white lily kissad by dew
1 saw a baby of two short years
Wet with jita mourning mother's tears.
THE SOUTH WIND:
I saw a mother go in one day
Through the gates of heaven, and heard her say
" Is my haby here 1" And they put in her arms
A wee child, sweet with a baby's charms ;
And she cried as she kissed it, her face aglow,
" I have found my babe ! This to heaven, I knmc 1'
Do not run in debt to the shoemaker.
It is unpleasant to be unable to say your
sole is your own.
Betttnq extravagant sums on cock
fighting is the vice that brought Santa
Anna to abject poverty.
Where is ' parts unknown ?" asked a
correspondent of the D anbury News, to
which Bailey answers very truthfully
; Where they don't advertise."
C arefttIjIj Y compiled statistics go to
prove that if there were no red-headed
boys, life would be far less of a burden
to school ma'ams, and the earth a
quieter and more peaceful abode.
People who are at a loss as to how
many to invite when they want to give
" a party," may be guided by the fol
" For thinking, one ; for converse, two, no more :
Three for an argument ; for walking, four ;
For social pleasure, five ; for fun, a score."
" What would you have done with a
case like that of Tichberne in 'your
country?" asked John Bull of his
American cousin. " Well, I guess the
jury would hare made a joint stock
concern of it wnd divided the proceeds
with the party that had the most green
backs." " Wife, what has become of the
grapes ?" " I suppose, my dear, the
hens picked them off," was the bland
reply. " Hens hens ! some two-leg-
seed hens. I sruess " said the husband.
with some impetuosity ; to which she
firmly replied, " My dear, did you ever
see any other kind ?"
Mabt, where's the frying-pan?"
asked a worthy woman in New Jersey.
' Jemmy's cot it. carting mud and
clam shells up the alley, with the cat
for a horse." ' The dear little fellow,
what a genius he will make ! But go
and get it, we're going to have com
pany, and must have some fish for din
"You want nothing but a dish-kettle,"
said an old housewife in the backwoods
to her daughter who had just got mar
ried. "WAv. when vour father and I
commenced I had nothing but a dish-
kettle. I used to boil my coftee in it
and pour it into a pitcher ; then boiled
my potatoes in it and set them on a
warm plate while I stewed up the meat
in it ; used to wash in it, and always,
after a meal, I fed the pigs out of the
dish-kettle. Sal, if you are only a mind
to, can use it for anything."
An Early Rising Fallacy.
In olden times children were early
taught that the instant they woke in the
morning they must bounce out of bed,
not waiting for a moment s considera
tion until they were safely landed on
the floor. Some wide-awake children,
whose eyes naturally opened with the
coming dawn, could easily accomplish
this feat ; but alas for the poor little
creatures who found it nearly impossible
to shake off the drowsiness that per
vaded their entire systems ! In a piti
ful state of semi-sleep they dragged
themselves from bed and tried to dress.
Those who retain vivid remembrances
of such experiences of childhood will
be gratified to know that Dr. Hall says
that up to eighteen years every child
should be allowed to rest in bed, after
sleep is over, until they feel as if they
had rather get up than not : that it is a
very great mistake for persons, old or
young especially children and feeble
or sedentary persons to pounce out oi
bed tho moment they wake up ; mat
fifteen or twenty minutes spent in grad
ually waking up, after the eyes are
opened, and in turning over and stretch
ing the limbs, do as much good as sound
sleep, because the operations set tne
blood in motion by degrees, tending to
eaualize the circulation; for during
sleep the blood tends to stagnation, the
heart beats feebly and slowly, and any
shock to the system sending the blood
in overwhelming quantities to the heart
is the greatest-absurdity.
An encounter of a fearful character
recently took place at Constantino,
Algeria, between the jews and Araus.
As a Jewish funeral procession passed
through one of the principal thorough
fares an officer of tirallieurs insulted
the mourners by spitting at them, and
using obscene language. Some friends
of the mourners, becoming enraged at
this unseemly conduct, attacked the
officer, and eventually threw him down
a fearful precipice more than 100 meters
deep. .Numerous Araos rusiied upon
the Jews to avenge their countryman,
and a terrible conflict ensued, in which
several thousand Jews and Arabs took
part. The military were called out, but
order was not restored till numerous
partisans on both sides were left dead
on the field.
The grave of Gen. Harrison, at Noi th
Bend, Ind., is almost obliterated, and a
movement is on foot to have the remains
moved to Spring Grove, and placed
under a monument fitting to th memory
of ona so eminent.