L. G. GOULD, Publisher-
Devoted to the Interests of the Democratic Party, and the Collection of Local and General News.
Two Dollars per Annum, in Adyancc,
VOL. VII.--NO. 10.
EATON, OHIO, THURSDAY, DECEMBER 25, 1873.
WHOLE NUMBER 348.
A CHRISTMAS VISION.
BY ROSE TERRY.
8adly before the window
The fioatiug suow-rtukos fell,
Along the air ail coN? and fair,
- And on my heart as well.
The dreary weary winter.
Held up hi mighty ppear.
My blood ran chul with winter cold
And low with winter's fear.
Bat suddenly a enn-beam
Aero? the snow-storm shone.
And, strange tc tell, like any spell,
The snow-flakes ail were flown !
They vanished like a vision
Before the sunny flame,
And in their place a sudden crowd
Of smiling angels came.
A million little angels
With faces dazzling fair,
And eyes as bright as Btarry light
Beneath their shining hair ;
And through the moaning tempest
As suddenly there fell
A tiny, tinkling, laughiug sound,
Like some sweet silver bell : .
Another, and another.
Till all the frosty sky
With soft repeat was ringing sweet.
And words came wandering by.
We are Love's little angels ;
When earth is bare and brown
We cover all her wounds and scars
With mantles soft as down.
" The rocks that hid their faces
In summer, green and deep,
. But frown to-day severe and gray,
We cover up to sleep.
" The long and lonely meadows
That lose their blossoms bright,
And weep for all their loveliness,
We veil with glittering white :
M The forest boughs that shudder,
All knotted, black, and bare,
We hang with flowers like bridal bowers,
The blossom-bells of air.
u The drear and silent solitudes
We veil with tender grace,
There is no blight we do not hide,
On all the sad earth's face.
44 Above the sleeping roses.
We spread our warm and shining robes
lnronga au tne winter noura.
M We are Trove's little angels,
But mortal eyes are dim ; -Men
-cannot see how fan? we be,
Nor hear our joyful hymn :
u We are Love's shrouded angels,
But birds and blossoms know
When God's dear love falls from above,
Though men may call it snow 1"
TURNED FROM THE DOOR.
A Christmas Story.
have known me let me see
something like a dozen years ; and you
most have known Toftsboro' and its
neighborhood for about the same length
of time. It has changed very much,
however, in the few years preceding.
Twelve'or fifteen years ago the whole
region was wild, rough, bleak, and in
hospitable.. The house which I now occupy had
been inhabited by my father and grand
father. Where it stands was then a
wood, just before the hills commenced
to rise toward Holdane ; and there was
not then & single other house within
two miles on the Holdane side, and
something like a mile and a half on the
other, toward Burn.
I courted and won a wife at Holdane..
I had my wedding day, or rather wed
ding night, fixed, after two years of
engagement. I suppose that I must
have been madly in love with Milly Gol
den. She was very young even
younger than myself ; I thought her
very handsome, and quite worthy of
even all the affection I that could bestow
upon her ; I certainly thought I could
gre more of that security for wedded
happiness than most men of my age. .
Sully Golden was the eldest daughter
of a partially-invalid widow lady, living
at Holdane, pinching along a little, I
was often afraid (though I did not dare
insult them by hinting at assistance, or
even making a direct inquiry), on a
small life annuity left her byher de
ceased husband, a clergyman ; and
something of habitual sadness being
oonnected with the family history and
traditions, through the loss at sea, many
years before, of no less than three of
the brothers f Milly's mother, all sea
faring men, and more or leas scape
graces, perhaps remembered but the
more fondly on the latter account. It
is necessary again to be particular in
saying that Mrs. Golden was not an old
resident, but had accompanied her hus
band, some years after marriage, from
the coast line, her family history being
far less known, and her circle of visiting
acquaintance much more limited, than
they might have been in the event of
her original residence in the neighbor
How it was that my wedding night
was set for Christmas, I forget, if I
ever really knew.
At all events, the marriage was fixed
for Christmas night, in the room in her
. mother's house where we had so often
sat band-in-hand to talk over the love of
the present and tho hopes of the future.
And never did expectant bridegroom
look forward to any one period with such
certainty of happiness, as J. to that
Nature, meanwhile, was as gay as my
hopes, and as pure as those of my bride;
for the snow lav deep over all the
region, shrouding everything that might
have been ugly or offensive. Then a
long period of clear cold weather seemed
to have set in, lasting lor many days,
with only the change of its gradually
growing keener and keener, until at the
verge of Christmas the atmosphere must
have touched zero ana crone far below it.
What was cold weather nay, freezing
weather, however, to a heart as young,
as warm, and impetuous as mine ? Was
not Milly to be mine on Christmas
night, and comfort my life thereafter ?
I well remember the warm, blushing
kiss she gave me as I left her on Tues
day morning, after making the excuse
of carrying her up a pair of shoes and
Borne ribbons, while the fact was, I sup
pose, that I felt the impossibility of
waiting two whole days without sight of
her, the propreities necessarily keeping
me absent on the last night of unmarried
How fearfully cold that last night shut
down 1 I remember its chill as if it had
been but yesterday. The snow crunched
under the foot with that peculiar me
tallic sound indicative of every flake
being frozen anew ; the stars winked
with a chill glitter that seemed steely
and pitiless ; and the northwest" wind
bit home like the driving of sharp icicles
into the flesh. It was an awful night,
spite of the calm of the heavens ; a
night long to be remembered ; how to
be remembered by me !
It came 8 o'clock, and we had finished
supper. My father was absent, but was
momentarily expected. I came out
from the house, and found my step
mother the dearest and best of women,
whom I loved quite as well as I could
have done my own mother standing at
the yard-gate. Through the dusk, I
could see that a ragged, uncleanly-looking
old fellow was at the gate, and I
could hear their conversation. He was
asking the privilege of staying all night,
and she was evidently hesitating. 1
knew why she was .doing so. Within
twenty-fours our home would be full of
visitors, attracted by the wedding and
the Christmas festivities ; and how could
she allow that uncleanly tramp to con
taminate one of her snowy white and
immaculate beds perhaps infect, a
I heard that doubt in her voice, and I
echoed it God forgive me ! I was so
much younger then, and so much less
aware of the scares which crimes and
follies make on our natures as well as
our lives 1 Sometimes I think our love
and our happiness make us for the mo
ment harder and more selfish, just as
at other moments they soften and refine
us. I was so happy, just then, I think,
that the world was nothing to me.
Above all, I wanted no strangers, and
certainly no dirty strangers, mingling
with the family and my great joy.
The man was pleading, even after the
refusal, to be allowed to stay ; and I
heard him, in a voice that sounded
foreign and outlandish, though he was
speaking good English enough, saying
something about " Holdane."
" Pshaw ! mother, you have debated
long enough with that old straggler 1"
I said. " He knows about Holdane,
and no doubt can easily find his way
there. Send him on, and come in out
of the cold, with your bare head and no
" There, my good man,- you hear what
my spn says, says my mother, thus
strengthened (or weakened) by my
words. " We cannot do anything for
you to-night ; all full. Right up the
road there, only a couple of miles, that
is the way to Holdane."
The poor fellow made one more at
tempt to create pity, and I caught his
" Madam, let me sleep in the barn !"
Instantly another unfortunate recol
lection took possession of me. Twice,
within the preceding winter, some
neighbors' barn had been 'burned,
through fire alleged to have been ac
cidentally communicated by old tramps
and beggars, who had taken up their
lodgings in barns, and there (as sup
posed) lighted their dangerous pipes ;
though, of course no one really knew
but that either of the fires had occurred
otherwise. However, at this suggestion,
I took the matter into my own hands,
thinking, at the moment, that my father
would not allow such a thing.
" No, old man," I said, " you cannot
sleep in the barn. Ton have heard
what my mother said ; we have no
room for you. Go on, before it gets
later and colder."
The old fellow turned and went his
way ; but I remember catching a glimpse
of his almost white hair, by the light
from the house window, and hearing
him say, as he wrapped his poor clothes
about him :
Cold ! cold 1"
I have never known, since, except
that God is very .slow to punish, or that
He had other and heavier penalties for
me, why I was never struck dead at the
moment for that gross act of crulty. I
only know that I allowed him to go
away, and that I dimly saw his tattered
rags disappear against the white snow
up the hill-road leading to Holdane,
which place I must do myself the jus
tice to say, that I had at the moment
no doubt of his reaching, the hour be
ing so earlyj
r My step-mother entered tne nouse, as
the man moved away, and I followed her
in a moment. He had scarcely been
gone ten minutes when she said, look
ing at me in her -own, kind, troubled
lucnard, x wonaer wnetner we aia
quite right in not letting the poor old
man stay ? Who knows what may hap
pen to him ?"
"Pshaw I" I answered, " think of your
beds and remember you do not keep an
inn ! He will get along all well enough;
and the roads are always full of such
fellows with pitiful stories."
Ah, well, I suppose so ; but it is
very cold, iwenara, to De out very
cold I wish your father was home."
She said nothing more on the subject,
and I was glad that she did not, for the
double reason that she did not wake my
Bleeping conscience, as she might have
done, and that I was thus enabled to
fall away into one of my cherished wak
ing dreams, in which I was bathing my
self in the light and warmth of the great
fire, all the joyful events to the next
evening Milly in bridal white, with her
face all blushes of love for me ; an hun
dred friends around us. all happy be-
cause we were so ; and myself arrived
at that summit of happiness on which
the crown of a king, with no Milly to
bind it on the brow, would have been an
insult. I had dreamed such dreams a
thousand times before at night in my
lonely room by day, in my office, if
left alone and in silence for a few mo
monts under the stars, when each
seemed sending down some benison on
my love ; but never before so fondly or
vividly as that night when the near ap
proach of my noces gave color to some
intensity of expectation.
My father fulfilled my mother's'wish
in a very brief period perhaps half an
hour by returning;, the snow crunch
ing hard under the wheels, and his
breath frozen to great icicles in his
beard. Ho came in to the fire, while
one of the men led away his horse. My
mother wasevidentry ill at ease, for she
spoke to him on the one subject upper
most in mind, almost the moment that
he was seated. She told him what had
been said, and done, quite as little as
mvself expecting what was to follow.
" I am ashamed that I have one of
vou for a wife and the other for a son 1'
i he exclaimed, indignantly, when he
knew the whole. " Allow an old man,
in poor clothes, to go away from the
door on such a night as this ! Why, I
have heard to-day of two men and a
woman found frozen to - death in differ
ent places ! I am ashamed of you both !
Here, give me my hat again, and I will
freeze the remainder of me in-looking
for him, before such a disgrace shall
fall on the house of Robert Mowry 1"
"O Robert, I did not think " my
step-mother began, but I cut her short
by taking the blame that belonged to
me, and springing from my seat. My
father's words, heaven-directed, had
opened my eyes to the enormity of the
wrong ; and in one moment I had begun
to fear the worst.
"No, father," I said, "I see now
how cruel we have been. No, I, for I
did the act. Sit where you are. I will
follow the poor old man all the way to
Holdane, and help him if anything has
" Well, go !" answered my father, re
suming his seat. " You are right now,
if you were wrong before. Lzook for
him. Stop, take one of the men with
you ; and whatever you do, when you
find him, bring him back here here,
where he belongs J"
I had scarcely ever before heard my
father speak so determinedly ; and cer
tainly within fifteen minutes my ardent
temperament had leaped to as much
suffering on the poor old man's behalf
as I had only ten minutes before en
joyed of prospective happiness. " Oh,
Father in Heaven !" I almost moaned,
" to think of my expecting to be so
happy, in having all that I love in the
world, and then turning a poor old
man away from the door to freeze and
die on the public road !" I could
scarcely wait until one of the men had
equipped himself to accompany me, and
provided - himself with a lantern, for
what horrible purpose of close inspec
tion neither of us cared to think.
It was at nine when we left the house,
and three in the morning when we re
turned to it. Such intense cold I had
never before experienced, and have
scarcely ever since felt its equal. Iron
bands seemed drawn around our brows ;
the breath froze on our lips ; our hands
and feet grew lumps of ice, as up and
down, first one road and then another,
we tramped and struggled, slipped and
slid our terrible way. All . the way to.
Holdane and back ; the other road, near
ly the whole distance ; side-road after
side-road, wherever travel was possible
or a human track showed itself to the
liglH of the lantern. Not a clap-pit
that we did not explore, not a dark ob
ject that we did not visit with fear and
1 have said that hands and feet were
ice ; but my brain was burning hre. 1
can only remember a chaos of self -accusation
and abject, horror of myself,
rather diminished than increased by
coming upon the object of our search,
at what afterward proved to have been
past two in the morning. We found
him under a lee of the woods, in a bit
of side-road, half-way up the hill toward
Holdane, seated at the foot of a tree, his
thin rags drawn close around his chest
and throat, where the hands had stif
fened that held them dead ! stone
dead ! and cold, almost as cold as the
night and our pity !
Heaven would have been very merci
ful if that had been the worst only
a man murdered I But we brought him
home in the gloomy winter morning,
after returning for the wagon for that
purpose home, where entrance only a
few hours before, which I had denied
him, would have saved his life. I was
half mad, and my stepmother little bet
ter, but some of them retained their
senses, and a Justice was called to act
Coroner. When they stripped him,
I was called into the room, to have my
eyes blasted quite as fatally as ever the
head of Medusa produced the effect.
On the withered old arm there was a
mass of tattooing, such as seafaring men
are fond of subjecting themselves to ;
and from the midst of the stars and
anchors gleamed out one terrible line
a single name
I think that I need scarcely enlarge
upon what followed, it was only too
plain that one of the long-lost brothers
of Mrs. Golden, an uncle of my Milly,
making his way, old, broken and penni
less, from some scene of 'ong suffering,
to where he had dimly heard that his
sister resided had been turned from
the door bv me to die so miserably !
Of course vou want to hear tne rest
there is not much, and should not be,
to end such a recollection. But the rest
was important to myself ; for thank God
that X was punished ! l eay it reverent
ly thank God that He punished me,
otherwise even than in the stings of
conscience ! I had expected to be the
husband of Milly Golden on Christmas
night : before that night came, her
mother, fallen insensible on the body of
her brother, who thus came to her only
in death, had sunk under the blow, and
all thoughts of marriage were as far
away as then seemed happiness. It was
a 6ad Christmas ; and, before the spring
flowers bloomed, Mrs. Golden lay be
side her brother.
I suppose I need not say that neither
Milly Golden' nor myself thought of
marrying over the body of her dead
uncle, when I was so nearly his murder
er, and with her mother lying a hope
less invalid from the same cause. And
when the second blow came, .and she
was an orphan, was it much more likely
that we could forget, now that a second
body seemed to lie between our loves ?
JNo tne thing was impossible; it was
madness even to think of it. She tried
so hard, dear girl ! I know that she did
to think that 1 had not been to blame,
or at least that I had not acted more
thoughtlessly than any other young man
would have, done under the same cir
cumstances. But what was that, even
if she succeeded ? We do not love much
when we are driven to make excuses for
the object that we believe we love : to
be loved one must commend himself to
the heart of the other, as infinitely bet
ter than all surrounding. She tried to
exonerate me I know and feel so much
but I know and feel quite as well that,
in spite of herself, she shuddered at me
at times when the -dreadful recollec
tion came fresh to her. Was not that
I do not say that we might not have
been married, after a time, had I pos
sessed the hardihood may x not say
the cruelty ? to insist. I quite believe
Milly to have been capable of that
amount-of self-sacrifice enough to have
made her try to " love, honor and obey"
a man at whom she shuddered I cut j.
was not lost enough for that ! We met
seldom and constrainedly after the death
of her mother. I think that we both
wept, after those meetings, to think that
what had been could never be again.
People wondered whether the marriage,
of which they had once heard as so
nearly accomplished, and to which many
of them had been invited, was never to
take place and if not, why not? I
think that many of them called us
' fools !" and applied even worse names.
There came a relief to all this one
day a relief, I think, to both of us, for
it must havJeen that we were slowly
breaking our hearts over those dead
bodies. Another relative of Milly's
made his appearance at Holdane, well-to-do,
they taid. She went away with
him to some great distance where or
in what direction I donot know. We
did not bid each other farewell coldly
only broken-heartedly ; and we have
never seen etch other since.
And that is why, this Christmas night,
wko was uncharitable, am a lonely
man among you revelers.
230 doctors last year.
A gentus is popularly supposed to
be one who caa do anything except make
History makes out that the height of
the great Napoleon was only five feet
two and seven-tenths inches.
DoG-FiGHnNO has been prohibited
throughout Japan, and any hnman
transgressors in ' this respect are to be
fined and the dogs will be killed.
The vote in New York on the proposi
tion to amend the Constitution by ap
pointing, instead of electing, Judges,
stood : 115,337 for, and 3ia,y7a against.
The annual report of pensions shows
that 16,405 new pensioners were added
to the rolls last year, and 10,233
dropped. The total pensioners of all
classes are 238,411.
Steeit bars are to be experimented
with at a church in" England as a substi
tute for bells. It is claimed that the
bars have a clearer and purer tone, and
are not as liable to crack as bells.
California has about 8,000,000 head
of sheep. The wool crop in two shear
ings, at an average of ten pounds per
head, would amount to 80,000,000
pounds, or 15,000,000 more than the
total product of -the United States in
Statistics show that the larger part
of crime committed by men is com
mitted by young persons between 20
and 30 years old, and of the crime com
mitted by females the greater share is
committed by persons between 30 and
40 years of age.
The principal lines of transportation
from the West to the East include 10,-
000 miles by railway, 7,000 miles by
river, l,b00 miles by lake, and l,t00 by
miles by canal, and the total amount of
through freight carried over them in
one year (1871-72) was 9,933,214 tons.
Exclusive of its branches, the Erie
canal, from Buffalo to Albany, is 352
miles long, and upon it 7,140 boats run
9,358,100 miles in one season. The
number of men and boys employed on
the boats is 28,000, and the- number of
hor-.es and mules used in tow is about
One of the charges for which an artil
lery officer was recently cashiered, speci
fied that on a certain occasion he entered
store in Sitka, Alaska, and seating
himself on the floor beside an Indian
squaw, took her pipe and smoked it.
Such conduct was considered unbecom
ing an officer and a gentleman.
In Vienna, recently, Prof. Hyatt de
livered a lecture on mercury, when he
exhibited the leg bone of a man whose
death had undoubtedly" been hastened
by that substance. On striking the
bone heavily upon the table, out fell
thousands of little glittering globules
of mercury, which rolled about upon
the black surface before him, collecting
here and there into drops.
Prop. Looms deduces from the
weather reports of the last two years
that the average rate of progress of a
storm in January is 680 miles a day,
and its average direction hve degrees
north of east ; for February, 740 miles,
and a direction thirteen degrees north
of east ; March, 940 miles, eleven de
geees north of east ; and for April, 615
mixes, sixteen degrees north of east. .
The question whether a man can talk
or not after his tongue has been cut out,
has recently been decided in the affirma
tive. The ,ancct describes a case to
the point, occurring to the Royal Free
Hospital in iiondon. In order to re
move an ulcer, the patient s tongue was
wholly cut out, leaving the floor of the
mouth entire, within a weeK. ne was
heard to say distinctly, "I should like
some more beef tea.
I paw three ships come sailing in
On Christmas Pay, on Christmas Bay ;
I Baw three shipB come sailing in
On Christinas Pay in the morning.
Oh, they sailed into Bethlehem
On Christmas Pay, on Christmas Day ;
Oh, they sailed into Bethlehem
On Christmas Pay in the morning.
And all the bells on earth shall ring
On Christmas Day, on Christmas Day ;
And all the bells on earth shall ring
On Christmas Day in the morning.
And all the angels in heaven shall slug
On Christmas Day, on Christmas Day ;
And all the angels in heaven shall sing
On Christmas Day in the morning.
Mb. Magetnis is the Delegate from
Montana, and he ' tells some rather
startling stories about the doings of In
dian agents. Maginnis says : " The
agents will take a barrel of sugar to an
Indian and get a receipt for ten barrels;
just as they will take one sack of flour
and get a receipt for fifty. They will
take 300 head of cattle, march them
four times through the coral, get a re
ceipt for 1,200, give a part of them
the Indians, sell part to a white man,
and steal as many back as possible."
THE TRANSPORTATION QUESTION.
Report of the Committee on Railway
Transportation of the New York
[From the New York World, Dec. 10.]
The Drectorsof the New York Cheap
Transportation Society met yesterday
afternoon. The Committee on Railway
Transportation presented a report. The
committee recommend the construction
by the Government of a national iron
highway between East and West, to be
operated under a general law by indi
viduals, they paying toll therefor suffi
cient to maintain the road-bed. Com
plaining of the present defective rail
road system, the committee say :
rrominent among the defects and
abuses in our present system are : 1.
The present method of undertaking the
construction of railways without a paid-
up capital. 2. The inflation commonly
known as " watering stock, by which
its nominal value is largely increased,
thereby making it necessary to unduly
tax travel and- commerce to secure it a
value. 3. By rings in their manage
ment, through which both the public
and the non-managing stockholders are
fleeced to enrich a few prominent offi
cials and managing stockholders. 4. The
present system which necessitates the
operation of passenger and freight
traffic over the same road-bed in which
the passenger traffic has the right of
way, thus making it necessary for
freight trains to lay up two-thirds of the
time when they should be rolling on to
their destination. 5. The but partial
representation of the stockholders in the
Uoard of Directors.
The committee, after careful examina
tion, recommend the following remedies
for the defects and abuses of the present
system of transportation :
Jnrst legislation, by which our
present system of railways can be regu
lated and improved ; and,
(second, Competition, which will
complete and carry out the reform which
legislation must inaugurate. Under the
head of legislation, we must have the
following laws :
1. A law creating a Hoard of Hallway
Commissioners, who shall be clothed
with power to establish and regulate
rates for transporting freight over all
railroads doing .business in this State,
and to prescribe a uniform system of
keeping railway accounts.
2. A law prescribing an equitable
system of proportional or minority repre
sentation of the stockholders in the
boards of direction.
3. A law restraining railway com
panies from paying interest or divi
dends beyond a fair and just return on
the actual cost of their property to their
stock and bondholders, and compelling
them to expend all sums in excess of
such amount, and what is required to
keep their roads in proper repair and
pay their necessary operating expenses
in their moving, hand ling and terminal
faculties, for public security and con
venience, and to reduce their transpor
tation charges, when such facilities are
in a perfect and complete condition.
o. A. law prohibiting all railway com
panies from delegating their business to
separate corporations, now known as
fast freight lines, the entire receipts of
which do not go into the treasury of the
road over which they run.
b. A law to prohibit the leasing, con
solidation, or combination of parallel
lines of road, by which competition is
destroyed and the people's highways
converted into monopolies.
7. A law prohibiting railway com
panies from acquiring or holding more
real estate than is necessary for the
operation of their roads, and prohibit
ing l ail way companies from engaging
in mining or any business other than
t hat of transportation.
is. A law making it a penal offense for
any public official to accept or use the
free pass of any railway company, and
prohibiting railway companies from
granting such passes to any but regular
employes of such railways.
Milwaukee Wisconsin prints a
very full and interesting summary of
marine disasters for the season of 1873,
together with comparative statistics.
The number of disasters and damage to
property is given as follows :
Xo. Damage. -Yo. Damage.
December (1872) 2 12,000
January 12 16,000 3 $ 2,000
February 2 1,000 7 7,000
March 7 ' 7,000 10 15,000
April 50 41,000 39 42,000
May 115 232,000 77 250.000
June 97 299,000 46 168,000
July 134 277,000 46 168,000
August 114 703,000 63 196,000
September 235 431,000 197 795,000
October. 291 1,707,000 8i 360,000
November 211 108,000 179 1,035,000
December 48 31,000 6 27,000
Total 1,318 83,976,000 745 $2,980,000
Sixty-seven vessels of all classes
passed out of existence during the
year, viz. :
Xo. Tons.l Value.
Steamers 2 651 $ 48,000
Propellers 14 8,M3 469,000
Tugs 5 273 32,000
Barks 2 696 30,000
Schooners 33 6,276 209,800
Scows . 4 365 10,900
Barges 7 3,240 67,900
Total 67 19,914 $866,700
According to the record of 1872, 107
vessels were totally lost, the list em
bracing 6 steamers, 7 propellers, 9 tngs,
3 barks, 1 brig, 50 schooners, 11 scows,
1 sloop, and 19 barges.
The loss of life during 1873 was 221,
against 219 last season, distributed
through the months as follows :
Month. 1873. II
Pbepabatoby to Christmas the bells
are rung at dead midnight throughout
England and the Continent ; and, after
the solemn celebration of the mass, for
which the churches in France and Italy
are magnificently adorned, it is usual
for the revellers to partake of a colla
tion, that they may be better able to
sustain the fatigues of the night.
The President of the Western Union
Telegraph Company, in a letter to a
New York paper, says : " The Herald
is probably correct in assuming that
further reduction of rates will not be
made by the companies now ?oing the
telegraph business, for some time to
come." The Western Union Company
have adopted some uniformity iu their
charges within a few years past, and
made a few other reductions in their'
rates, to the great benefit of the public
and the- company ; but the public are
under no obligations to the company for
making these reductions ; for President
Orton, in his annual report, informs his
stockholders that they were forced upon
them from the competition of oppo
sition companies. They have 'recently
purchased the principal opposition
lines, and have reduced their rates so
low that the remaining companies are
unable to make any money. .Now that
this great monopoly is free from all
fear of competition, they announce that
they will make no further concessions
That the company are able to make
further reductions is shown by the facts
given in the 'annual reports. From
these it appears that the rates have
been reduced nearly one-third in six
years, yet the cost of doing the busi
ness is" so much less, in consequence of
its great increase, that the net profits
are greater at the lower than at the
higher rates. Mr. Orton has so often
reiterated the proposition that the ex
penses increase in nearly as rapid a
ratio as the business, and therefore re
duction in rates cannot be made, that
he has persuaded himself of its truth,
and is unable to appreciate the force of
the facts which we have given.
Mr. Orton truly says that the tele
graph is only in its infancy. The growth
of its business is much more rapid than
that of the express or postoffice, and at
the same ratio of increase the number
of telegrams that will be Annually sent
ten years hence is larger than the num
ber of letters sent when the postage was
reduced to five cents. The immediate
increase in the correspondence that fol
lowed upon the use of the five and three
cent postage stamp was enormous, rap
idly increasing from 50,000,000 to 500,
000,000. . There will be the same increase
in the telegraphic correspondence if the
same relative reductions in rates are
made, for the same causes would operate
to produce like ellects. The people
cannot hope for such reductions from
the Western Union Telegraph Company,
because there is now no reason to in
duce it to make them, and because the
loss of net revenues from the great re
ductions in rates necessary to popular
ize the telegraph would be greater than
the saving of expenses on each telegram
from the great increase in the business.
Such reductions can be made under the
postal telegraph system, for that will
save nearly one-quarter of the present
expenses, and would therefore author
ize a reduction in rates of nearly, forty
per cent., and vet leave a sufficient profit
on the greatly increased business.
The Postmaster-Ueneral will ask
Congress to purchase all existing lines
of telegraph, and build the new ones
required for the business. The ex
pense of purchasing these lines has
been estimated by committees of Don
gress at from $40,000,000 to 870,000.-
000. It is not likely Congress will feel
disposed, in the present condition of
our finances, to authorize such an ex
penditure, especially as the object
sought can be accomplished without
any expense to the Government.
The Postomce department will fur
nish the offices and the Postal Telegraph
Company will transmit the messages at
rates hxed by Congress.
If the people desire to have a cheap
telegraph, and to have the news fur
nished. to the press at low rates, they
must support the postal telegraph sys
tem, and urge Congress to pass the bill
authorizing the Postmaster-Ueneral to
contract as he now contracts for the
carriage of the mails. If, on the other
hand, they desire to perpetuate an over
grown monopoly, which is every day
growing more powerful, then let them
continue the present system, by which a
single private corporation controls the
telegraphic correspondence of a nation,
and has the power to give or withhold
news to the press, and to mold public
opinion in its own interest, ouch a
power is too great for any private com
pany to hold, and should be in the
hands of the people, to be used only for
Organize a Congress.
A writer to the Vox suggests
a Congress to fix a price on farm pro
ducts. He says :
" The growers of all States west of
the Alleghanies should organize a Con
gress to fix a priceon their own produc
tions. All other trades have their
prices, but set prices for us, maKmg us
their slaves. This should net be tne
case with those who produce that which
keeps soul and body from speedy disso
lution. Such a Congress has been recom
mended, and I would be glad to witness
its accomplishment, as it is one of the
means of obtaining our just rights. Do
not be in too great hurry in disposing
of your crops. Make terms with your
creditors as best you can. lio for re
munerative prices for your produce.
Organize this Congress in the granges
and clubs, and come to a full under
standing before engaging in the produc
tion of another crop, is the advice of an
How He Got Over.
In Scotland they have narrow, open
ditches they call sheep drains. A man
was riding a donkey one day across
sheep pasture, and when Mr. Donkey
came, to a sheep drain, he would not go
over it. So the man rode him back
short distance and turned him around
and put the whip to him ; thinking, of
course, that tne donkey, going so fast,
would lump the drain before he ever
knew it. But not so. On they came
and. when the donkey got to the drain
he stopped all of a sudden, and the
man went over Mr. Jack's head. No
sooner had he touched the ground than
he got up, and, looking Mr. Donkey
straight in the face, he said: "Very
weel pitched ; but then, how are ye going
to get over yersel V
A CHRISTMAS RHYME.
BY HELEN J. ANGELL.
One Christmas evening, long ago
Just how long, I forget
The funds of Santa Claus ran low,
Ho m ran into debt.
Could he his usual gifts bestow -
Ana U those bills be met 7
He pulled bis beard and scratched his head,
Ana Bet tun cap awry.
There are things in the world," he said,
" That money cannot buy
Things needful as one'sf daily bread;
This year those guts 1 11 try."
And so to one he gave a friend.
And to another health.
And showed the third the baneful end
Of blessings won by stealth
Toward what sore loss their footsteps tend
Who too much haste for wealth. -
For one he won a husband's life
Back from the drunkard's doom ;
And for another hopeless wife
Opened the peaceful tomb :
Through many a village rank with strife
Bade nowers ox concord bloom.
One sore-tried soul he made so brave
That right the victory won :
With tears upon a new-made grave
Saw Manor lire begun :
Back to a widowed mother gave
An erring, sorrowing son. -
He brought to many a household band
A welcome little guest ;
To more than, one the heart and hand
Of her he loved the best :
To work-worn frames, through all the land,
xne oiessea Doon oz rest.
An opening rose-bud, sweet as June,
Soothes one poor sufferer's woe ;
A strain from some forgotten tune
lievives tne twiiigut glow
When lips, whose music died so soon.
.Entranced tne long ago.
" A good day's work 1" cried Santa Clans, .
Yet won he little fame :
Men took his gifts like Nature's laws,
.Not needing wnence tney came ;
And some averred they had no cause
Their logic was so lame.
To you who own small store of gold
I have a word to say :
Great blessing in your hands you hold
To a-ladden Christmas Dav.
Since love cannot be bought and sold
Or kindness thrown away.-
For, should no other soul be blest.
Your own will purer grow,
And each last Christmas be your Best,
If such guts you bestow ;
For Christ will be your Christmas guest,
Beginning Heaven oeiow.
Thh hardships of the ocean iron
How to raise beets : Take hold of the
top and pulL
When is a lawyer most like a mule ?
When he draws up a conveyance.
An Irishman, being asked in court
for his certificate of marriage, showed
a big scar on his head about the size of
a small shovel.
The French Assembly follows Scrip
ture to some extent, in one thing, when
the " Bight " doesn't let the " Left "
know what it does. ' -
It is said that the Chaplain who of- '
ficiated in the case of Capt. Jack read
this passage from the Scriptures, " Ik,
I am with you alway, eVen unto the ends
of the earth."
An old negro woman was heard to ex
claim : " Thomas Jefferson, you and
James Madison come into the house and
bring Abe Lincoln along with you, or
I'll reach fer you, shuah I
'I declare, mother," said a pretty
little girl, in a pretty little way, " 'tis
too bad ! You always send me to bed
when I am not sleepy ; and you always
make me get up when I am sleepy."
The following, from the Boston Trav
eller, is reasonable :
M How hasnt the busy little moth
Improved our winter furs 1
From eating muffs and sealskin hats ,
No camphor it deters."
" Step in, step in," said a Chatham
street dealer to a countryman: "the
cheapest goods in the market." " Have
yon any fine shirts ?" " A splendid as
sortment, sir. "Are they clean t " Uf
course, sir ; clean, to be sure. " Then,
said the countryman gravely, " you had
better put one on, for you need it I"
To three ounces of flour, and the same
weight of fine, lightly-grated bread
crumbs, add six of beef kidney suet,
chopped small, six ounces of raisins,
weighed after they are stoned, six
ounces of welLdeaned currants, four
ounces of minced apples, five ounces of
sugar, two ounces of candied orange rind,
half a teaspoonful of nutmeg, mixed
with pounded mace, a very little salt,
a small glass of brandy, and three whole
eggs. Mix and beat these ingredients
well together, tie them tightly in a
thickly floured cloth, and boil them for
three hours and a half.
2. One pound of beef suet, chopped
very fine, one pound of .raisins, most
carefully stoned, one pound of currants,
one pound of sugar, one pound of
bread crumbs, grated, one. pound of
citron, orange, and lemon peel, mixed
and chopped up extremely fine, quar
ter of an ounce of mixed spices, halt ,
an ounce of bitter almonds, grated,
half a nutmeg, grated, ten eggs, and
two wineglassfuls of rum. Mix thor
oughly, and boil twelve hours.
3. One pound of suet,- one pound of
raisins, one pound of currants, three
quarters of a pound of sugar, three
quarters of a pound of bread-crumbs,
three-quarters of a pound of flour, .
quarter of a pound of mixed peel,
eight eggs, and naif a pint oi mut ;
ginger and spice to taste. Boil six
The official returns from the National
Grange, up to Nov. 15, reports the num
ber of granges in the United States,
and distributed as follows :
Alabama 240 New Hampshire....
Arkansas . . .- 80 New Jersey-
California HOJNew York.
Florida. 16 North Carolina
Georgia 815 Ohio
Illinois Ti l luregon..
Indiana 5X7 1 Pennsylvania. 37
Iowa 1,830 1 South Carolina l!
Kansas 664 'Tennessee. 219
Kentucky BO Texas 31
Louisiana 81Vermont 80
Maine 1; west Virginia 21
Maryland 6, Virginia. 8
Massachusetts. 14; Wisconsin.... 246
Michigan 134 Colorado 2
Minnesota 378; Dakota 29
Mississippi. 45T Washington 5
Miwouri l,Me canaaa a
Nebraska. 346 1
Total reported last week 8,022
Increase for the week ; .... 2,418
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