Newspaper Page Text
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BAVAPN CROWN PRINCE TO WED
Trapper's Son, Who Fought for
Land, Gives Up.
Compulsory Education Regulations and Illiteracy
tr ASH1NQT0N. Although six states
pulsory sohool-attendanco laws,
i; i 4'
and Texas. Tho four local-option states, whero tho law Is In effect In cer
tain counties only, aro Maryland, Virginia, Arkansas and Louisiana.
. Tho bureau's Investigation of tho subject reveals a closo connection be
tween lack of compulsory attendanco laws and illiteracy. The states rank
In porcentago of illiteracy very much In accordance with tho length of timo
compulsory schooling has been in effect .and tho completeness with which
It iB enforced!
Tho states vary widely In number of years and amount of attendanco
required pach year. Tho period of compulsory attendanco is from eight to
twelve in North Carolina and Virginia. In most states It Is eight to fourteen
or fifteen. Tho present tendency is to raise tho upper limit of compulsion.
In 17 states tho compulsory ago limit la sixteen years or abovo; in Idaho It
is eighteen. As a general rule, however, children In all theso states aro
allowed to leave school at fourteen years of age if they securo employment or
havo completed tho eighth grade In Bchool. There Is a constantly Increasing
effort to safeguard the child botween fourteen and Blxteen years of ago, tho
period of sDecial imnortanco for tho vocational Droparation of most children.
' Taj-; As llttlo as 12 weeks of school attendanco during any ono yenr may be
I J.j required In Virginia, Oklahoma, Delaware and Nebraska, while In Vermont
(l'?-A . and other states thoro must bo 150 or more days of actual school attendanco
' '?" '" every year. Many states require attendance "during tho" full tlmo school 1b
4 '-, In Besslon," which may mean anything from 41 to 184 days. Somo states
securo attendanco" during long terms by conditioning state appropriations
upon tho number of days of actual school attendanco.
A variety of exemptions are found in tho laws of the different stateB.
Connecticut and Arkansas will not enforco tho compulsory attendanco law
"if tho parent Is not able to provide proper clothing" for tho child. Physical
or mental incapacity is a general exemption; another customary exomption
Is remoteness from school facilities. Occasionally exemptions are mado on
religious grounds. Thus tho Michigan law exempts children from compulsory
attendance between the ages of twelve and fourteen whilo in attendanco at
continuation classes for a period not to exceed five months in each of tho
Some Visitors Uncle-
TliE recent seizure by tho New York customs authorities of tho villago of
meadow ants which Mrs. C. W! Morso wished to bring with her from
Europe is only an episode in the per
petual war waged against undeslrablo
Immigrants, human, animal and veget
able. Mrs. Morge's village, llko th
one which reached Philadelphia about
a fortnight before, was probably a by-
product of tho increased interest in
nature study, but the United States
government not only discourages such
aids to amateur research but absolute
ly prohibits them. By a law passed
In 1905 tho importation of living In
sects Into this country is forbidden
and there aro other laws which regulate so strictly tlje importation of larger
animals that In many cases no discretion is left to tho authorities.
Nevertheless tourists and amateur scientists are continually endeavoring
to Introduce additions to the flora and fauna of the United States which the
United States is happy to bo without. It is estimated that fully one-half of
the pests that afflict farmers and stock havo been Imported from nbroad.
many of course by accident in tho course of commercial shipments, but somo
brought in deliberately by misguided enthusiasts or thoughtless travelers.
The classic instance of misguided enthusiasm is the introduction in 1S69
of tho destructive gipsy moth by a scientist named Trouvelot, Trouvelot, a
Frenchman by birth, an astronomer in Harvard; unfortunately he was also
an ardent entomologist who had devoted much of his leisure time to the
consideration of the silk worm Industry. In an evil hour he conceived the
Idea of breeding a hardier worm which might withstand tho diseases which
then were ravaging rearing establishments In France, and In pursuit of this
purpose Imported somo gipsy moths, Intending to cross them with somo of
the native species found in the United States, it so chanced, however, that
lie left the window of his study In Medford, Mass., open one day. When he
returned a mass of eggs laid by tho gipsy visitors had disappeared appar-.
ntly it had blown' out of the open window. At this point Trouvelot's experi
ments stopped. Their results dfd not They are still with us and have
cost the country millions of dollars.
Everything Was All Right Except the Logic
.1PORMER Senator Joe Blackburn, now
'JT of forgotten anecdotes of tho day
THANK WP ,
FOR YOUR (
rtC -nit- l
"' KSLfo &&
QjL iMsHFJr ZL
I STAND fin tflWA
L .-- .... . -B-1nj .1
Hit DLL i
.. speech In the senate, but ho did get it
tl ' of wit and blood and thunder, lust tho
iv, -r -
'Philippines, and to' tell the truth a lot
("j over it, , dui jusi aian t uaro say so. Among mose present was senator
,j.!popow of New York, who just thought to himself ho would 'take a crack at
V'fthut brand-now 2E-day senator. When Towne had closed and his friends were
i'i'crowdlnir around to concratuluto him. un mnrched Senator Dnnnw.
$ "A magnificent effort," ho said, "a
elegant, your delivery forceful, but your
But Towne was not overpowered
, r -Thank you, senator, for your appreciation of the things In my speech
''which you could understand."
f ;Buy Coal for Poor .With.
SlU niury umi is riKiu bu,
rMnm . tk.. (ini. ...'
vzm. irue, qr course, win scarcely do
thouBand-dollar bills whero these doro
licta had pennies would follow their
Llead there would bo' niuch less auffor
lins; when cold weather comes. It Is
Bust tho atory of ono John Parks, who
rused to be a deckhand on a liner. He
"me, to town last fall and Joined tho
'moors' leaguo down at tho Salva-
Army hall in Pennsylvania avo-
The idea of tho Climbers league.
leo which member can stay
tho "wator wagon." xEach
- hv tho army and
In tho Union aro sUll without com-
and four others havo laws that apply
only partially, definite progress during
the past decade is roponod in a bul
lotin Just issu6d by Ununited States
buroau of education, iji'nco 1905 eight
states previously wltnout compulsory
isly wltnout compulsory
loptcdAhem, and It Is
a mrttor of only a few
)mpisory school attend
laws have adopted
thought to be
years when compusory
nnco will bo in effoct in every state
and territory of tho United States.
Tho six stated still without compul
sory Bchool laws aro: South Carolina,
Georgia. Florida, Alabama, Mississippi
Sam Does Not Want
Tv llllytto cZPl
in tho citv. Is brlncintr to llcht n lot
when a black slouch hat simply had fo
be worn by a statesman otherwise
he was no statesman at all. When
ever I look at tho coterie of states
men on the hill nowadays who wear
brown derbies, I wonder how far along
they would have gone in the old
black slouch-hat days.
Anyhow, this little ' story cornea
from Senator Dlackburn.
When Charlie Towne .of- Minnesota
was in the senate, serving his 2S-daj
term by aDrolntment. ho mado c
speech. Sort o' short tlmo to get In a
In. It was a rip-snorting speech, full
sort of sneech that vou do nnt lipnr
m i i. W tit ii t
of Republicans were secretly tickled
wonderful speech. Your diction was
logic was execrable."
by this. He smiled as he returned the
Climbers' League Fund
"-"-- - '
ub inc cum u uuivu nuru, anu, Doing
.... !.... u .. .1 i . .
poiievea; dui ir mo poopio wno novo
trcaSprj each Weok.
In tho oprlng tho
nickels7 saved in winter. Tho. 'nickels
Irwnc tO t-
C l Viloli
-t M I
Crown Prince Rupert of IJavaria and Princess Maria del Pilar, whom it
Is said he Is soon to mnko his second wife. She Is a cousin of King Alfonso of
Spain. Tho former wife of Rupert died in 1912, leaving thrco sons.
WOMAN POLICE GIF
Girl Editor of Michigan Paper
Miss Blanche Ingalls Takes Post Of
fered Her In a Joke and Stirs
Up the Town by Ksr
Chesaning, Mich. Following scath
ing criticism of tho police in the col
umns of her uowpaper, Miss Blanche
Ingalls was put in charga of the
Chesaning police department by the
villago council. Tho position wa3
proffered in a spirit of sarcasm, but
Miss Ingalls accepted before the of
fer could be withdrawn.
For a long timo Miss Ingalls had
not been in sympathy with what she
termed "lax law enforcement," and she
throw the light of publicity on every
flaw In tho villago government she
could uncover. Sho has put into ef
fect a largo number of reforms.
Some of tho reforms are:
Card games in saloons or poolrooms
Playing dominoes for money barred.
Throwing dlco tabooed.
Eighteen-year ago limit for poolroom
Ten o'clock closing order promul
gated Blanketing horses on streets or
dered. Miss Ingalls Is fearless in tlio dis
charge of her duties, and in enforcing
tho last-mentioned order she tackled
the so-called "bad man" of the sec
tion and subdued him. He Is Tom
Edorley, who has whipped nearly
every man In the county und whose
open boast was that he respected
"Ederley drovo into town on a dry
when a sleety rain was failing. His
horse, warmed by the brisk drlvo, was
left standing unblanketcd and steam
ing In tho cold whilo the man entered
a saloon. Miss Ingalls followed Eder
ley into the barroom.
"Hero you," sho called to him, "go
out and blanket that horse." '
Ederley enjoyed a brief moment of
"Oh, I guess I'll not blanket the
horse," he answered, roughly.
"You hear me," Miss Ingalls an
iwered. "And I want you to blanket
iim right now."
"Aw, mind your own business,"
Ederley grunted, as ho poured out an
other drink of whisky,
"Drop that drink and get out of
hero," Misa Ingalls ordered. "Wo
want nono of your ilk In Chesaning."
Thero was a sudden movement and
a sound of breaking glass and liquor
trickled over the bar. Miss Ingalls
had knocked tho glass from Ederley's
hand as he lifted it to his lips. Then
she locked her fingers firmly In his
hair and conducted him to the side of
"Now, go!" she said.
Ederley got Into his buggy and then
looked at her.
"Well, 111 bo d d!" was IiIb com
ment as he snapped tho reins over his
This Is only ono of the numerous
experiences tho militant editor has
bad since sho became responsible for
In about six months Chesaning will
bo tho model villago of tho country,
Miss Ingalls believes,
Fat Men Not Good Risk.
French Uck, Ind.-?Fnt men over
forty nro not good-rlska. according to
Dr. William J. Mayo of Rochestor,
Minn., In an addres to the medical
section of tho American Lffp conven
tion. Thin young Imen are not dosir
ablo life insurancesubjects, according
to Dr. H. A. Baker of Pittsburgh.
LOSES THE POJVEjftJR SPEECH
'ho Forgot Alow to Talk an
TO AID UNEMPLOYED WOMEN
New York Society Devotees Arrange
Elaborate Pageant to Assist
New York. The recent failure of
two of the large department stores of
this city resulting In throwing over a
thousand women and girls out of em
ployment, is tho cause of this charm
ing tabloail pose by Mrs. Allan Camp
bell (left), and Mile, de Gonzales
(right), to eay nothing about "Tiger,"
tho young lion cub loaned to the so
ciety women for this particular pur
pose, by the management of the Bar
num & Bailey circus.
Mrs. Potcr Cooper Hewitt and other
women of society arranged what wns
probably one of tho most, if not the
most claborato of social events, and
tho ladles who organized the Confer
ence on Unemplovpd Amonir Women.
Society Girls In Benefit Show.
was successful from a financial view
point In the pageant which was seen
at tho Waldorf-Astoria and which
eclipsed tho spectacular elaborateness
of all previous pageants. One of tho
features of tho pageant, called "Venl
tas Venetao" meaning a masque of
magnificence, was tho appearauco of
the trio pictured here. In "Tho Templo
of Lovo" tableau. Mrs. Hewitt engaged
the Interest and co-operation of
Messrs. F. II. Markle, playwright, and
Albert Herter, the architect, for tho
production and staging of this mid
Lenten pageant, and prnctically every
body registered iu the "Blue book" and
"Who's Who," wns present to help
swell tho funds, Vhlch wero applied
to such a worthy cause helping the
SHIP MANY FOWLS TO ALASKA
Will Be Used for Food and to Produce
Eggs for Citizens of tho
Oakland, Cal. Six thousand live
fowls ahlppe'd to Alaska on ono ehlp
Is the record made by n chicken ranch
near Oakland. Tho consignee is Rob
ert Browning, who has a ranch near
Skugway and intends to use the fowls
as egg producers and for food, Mr.
Browning says tho chickens stand the
Alaska climate well and the eggs sell
for a huge prlco during the winter. Ho
has placed an order for next yenr for
12,000 chickens from the same Ala
meda county ranch, contingent on the
success of tills shipment.
"Girls Are Darn Scarce."
Trenton, N. J. Two farmers of All
col, Oregbn, wroto Governor Flcldof
that "glrlB aro darn scarce out here,"
and asked help.
of HaltHch'a appearance at tho police
station, where ho was unablo to glvo
any account of himaelf or whence ho
canie. Doctor Prince is spending an
hour each day at the county hospital
t'lnjUeachlnlIoltach to tulk Juat as a
Old Man Battled Rockefeller for T wen-
tv-Two Years to Retain Cabin and
Grounds Near the Adiron
Malono, N. Y. Word has bgen re
ceived hero that tho celebrated RocKO-fellor-Lamora
feud has been ended by
the nctlon of William Lamora In selN
ing tho cabin and grounds left him by
his father, a hunter and trappor, who
refused to ,8ell his property to make
up a section of Wllllnm Rockefeller's
vast Adirondack game preserve
It was In 1892 that William Rocke
feller sot out to acquire tho game
preserve. He bought 69,000 acres
around tho town of Brandon, but could
not obtain Oliver Lamora's cabin and
clearing, which stood In tho way. Out
of this arose a legal battle botween
the oil magnato'e agents and tho old
trapper. It was expensive work for
Lamora, but tho old trapper's friends
and neighbors sympathized with him
and came to his aid financially.
Lamora was' arreated for trespass
ing, having Ignored the 3,000 signs
posted on tho preserve. But twlco
ho defeated tho Rockefeller agents In
tho courts by showing that the fish In
the Rockefeller streams were supplied
by the state hatchery, and that tho
state law forbids tho setting aside of
such waters as part of any prlvato es
tate. On the third occasion, when tho
agents got Lamora into court, it was a
civil 6uit for damages. It went through
several tribunals, finally reaching tho
court of appeals, which found In
Rockefeller's favor. The damages
awarded wore only eighteen cents, but
$800 In costs was assessed against tho
Thlb wns a Btuggcrlng blow and the
loss of tho cabin was threatened for a
time. Lamora's friends, however,
proved loyal, and clubbed together and
raised the sum.
For the rest of the old man's life
tho Rockefeller agents recognized as
useless any attempt to get him to eell.
After ho died, his son, to whom the
property fell, nssumed'thc same atti
tude as his father for a time, but he
finally has been Induced to sell.
GALLANTRY MAY PROVE FATAL
Woman's Suffrage Movement In
France Suffers From Attitude of
Dandles and Msshero.
Paris. Gallantry may provo fatal
0 (no woman suiirugo inuvuiiium in
France. The first suffrage parado took
place here, but ended In failuro ow
ing to tho attentions addressed to the
women by n crowd of dandles and
mashers, both old and young Break
ing through the lines, tho men over
whelmed tho women marchers with
their attentions, smirking and bowing
and raising their hats. Finally tho
leaders appealed to the police, and tho
streets were cleared of the maBhers.
Then thero was no one else loft to
view tho parade, and the women wero
escorted to their hall, where thoy
made speeches to one another.
WINS BIG LUMBER HOLDINGS
Edward Hlnes of Chicago Is Victor In
Famous Fight With State of
Jackson, Miss. Edward Hlnes, Chi
cago lumberman, has won his famous
fight with the stato of Mississippi, In
volving timber holdings in tho south
ern counties, valued at about fifteen
million dollars. Tho supremo court
held that a foreign corporation Is not
amenable to the statute prohibiting
timber holdings by any corporation in
oxcess of $2,000,000 Ih valuo. Tho de
cision upholds tho constitutionality
of tho statute, but rules that It can
bel mado applicable to domestic cor
Chases Crcwd With Clay Pipe.
New York. By using a whltn clay
pipe aa a "revolver," Walter KActor,
charged with theft, drove back a
crowd repeatedly but was later cap
tured by a policeman.
Butcher Kills Himself.
Stony Point, N. Y. Placing his heaa
on a chbpplng block. Brewster J.
Odell, a butchor, killed himself wltn
a cleaver and a meat knife.
talned his motor memory and retains
hl3 power to repeat action of his own
volition. If Haltsch seoa a person smil
ing ho -also will sinllo. It ko la shown
a photograph of a smiling girl bo will
smile. Ho copies writing in almost tho
xact handwriting, of the original
IfV ' ' - 't-
KdUfft .. . TPJU' -v
T?-.f .''. . 17 A.T a ,1 t
iria9!TUPJIW..i OB aniHIl, I, A
QUEEN LOSES THREAD OF CO
csting women In
Nobody who has hot been presented at a court, or
meet tho king and queen, but the fact they have be,
mean that thoy will bo invited to meet their majestic
sion. Tho presentation at courts or Igvgcs has no fu
appeoranco of tho names of the presented in the follow
It confers no privilege except that of entry wljcn ln
basBy abroad. Tho suggestion that presentees are ,
least ono Invitation to a stato ball, lacks any ailthorit
tions for royal functions are compiled from the! book
of those presented at court, 'but in tho first placolthe lti
out tho lists and then they aro carefully scrutinized by
reign King Edward went over the lists, but Kink Gei
to his consort, bo that every namo is carefully coiWde:
LIKE AVERAGE AMERICA
A caller nt the Japanese embassy at
Washington is UBhered by tho most
correct of butlers Into a big drawing
room, which, to tho smallest detail, is
furnished with tho conventional ele
gance of tho average American home.
Then a dlminutlvo woman, gowned us
any American woman of wealth and
fashion is gowned, enters and with a
cordiality of manner that becomes her
well gives the conventional greeting;
"How do you do; I am glad to sco
Tho llttlo woman is Viscountess
Chlnda, wifo of tho Japanese ambas
sador to tho United Stntea, and one
of the most progressive, wlde-awako
women of tho entire diplomatic corps.
She hns adopted the clothing, tho
Bpeech und many of tho social cus
toms of American women with that
ease end efficiency with which the
Japanese ns a peoplo have assimilated
much thai is best in occidental civili
zation. She acquired English a good
innnv vnriT-.a nen whnn. frnm 1RCO ICO"
Since that time, however, Viscountess Chln'da has seen rannJ
many peoplo and has moved Jn tho Society of a number of gn;
From San Francisco tlie Clilndas went to Shanghai, China, whej
Chlnda was consul general. Ho was later appointed minister tc
and then to St. Petersburg. After hor residence at tho Russian
Chlnda returned to her native country for a period of seven yes
band having been made vice minister of foreign affairs at T
Tokyo they went to Berlin, where Chlnda served as ambassador!
came to Washington In tho same capacity.
Within these years Ambassador Chlnda had. in recognition. ol
to Jnpun, been raised to the peerage by tho emperor. Both hel
were born members of the samurai class of Japan. The erf
him to the rank of baron, and later created him a viscount.
Mme. Chlnda has been the mother of six children, of wj
NEW HEAD OF ARMY'S GENERAL ST,
tics of war and has published several valuable
president of the war college und as assistant chic
most for years In planning army movements.
DANIELSs PUTS NAVY ON ")
Gono forever In tho navy are the
"Sixteen mon on a doad man's chest.
Yo, ho, and a botlo of rum!"
Secretary Daniels of tho navy haa
prohibited th& use of alcoholic liquora
within tho Jurisdiction of tho navy
Tho new regulation establUheB
equality between offlcerfe and tho en
listed men, ns the latter havo not
been allowed to have a "wlno mcsn"
op alcoholic beverages on board ship.
It Is expected, following tho navy's
lead, that tho question of abolishing
liquor in tho army "WlH bo revived.
Army olucera will noydlscuss the mat
ter in advnnco of pissiblo action by
Secretary of War Gafrison.
The navy order was issued the oth
er day, and goes into effect July L
Flogging was auoiienoa in ma
In 18C1, aud tho issuance or grcj
the' Bailors and their rlghtptqi
liquors on board was abolishjcd
niost recent ci
lutr it is said )
other at ease
Thpn, all of a
aciito silence I
other does not
tho pause or s!
tho queen talk
until the end c
oncel tho threa
It 1b suggestc
adopted tho lc .
subject that a
called! upon to
Wilsoi, ono of
in society, cat
tatlon of being
her hubbaud was 'cu.
MaJ. Gen. Willlanj-W.
assistant cnier or stare o
lias been selected to'l
(Jon. Leonard Wood as,
at the end of tho'lntt
22. Brig. Gen. Hugh
manding the troops at
bo asristant chief of
Wood will assume
ment or uenorai wi
chief of staff was in
the practise of prom
chief of staff. He
count of ago nex
Scott was superl
tary ucudemy whi
wbb president o
to Mr. WllJ
Is an autbf
r nt SlAerAtarvilTV--
"rto'A'ioiv m" tati'nlii'trtli!
meWuao or" latroauctW
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