Newspaper Page Text
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The Hocking Sentinel.
LEWIS GREEN, - - Publisher.
1901 SEPTEMBER 1901
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HISTORY 0E A WEEK.
PEOPLE. PLACES AND THINGS
OF THE WORLD.
New of Crimes and Crit&Inals, Ac
cidents, Fires, Etc, from North,
South, East and West, Sanwlched
with Minor Affairs.
Latest from the President's Bedside.
Monday morning Senator Hanna sent
telegrams to his friends in different Parts
of the country who have appealed to hira
for news, saying that the conditions could
not be more favorable. He has, however,
thus far refrained from expressing the
definite opinion that the President would
recover, although by his manner he in
dicated his confidence in the outcome.
Want Troops Sent.
The New York Evening Post says:
Local merchants whose business has been
affected by tht-depredations of the guerilla
bands operating along the Isthmus of Pan
ama suggest that it is about time the"
United States landed troops under tho
treaty with Colombia to put a stop to the
disturbances which are injuring trade and
threatening American property. They
also declare that the shutting off of mili
tary supplies to the insurgents, which are
being shipped from this port, wonld do
much toward ending the existing trouble.
Ship captains, who during the last few
weeks, have visited ports in Venezuela,
say thA large supplies of arms from Bel
gium and Germany are being landed in
Decide Not to Admit Women.
The central conference of the German
Methodist Episcopal Church, which is in
session at Detroit, by a vote of 104 to S,
declared against the adoption of tho pro
posed new constitution, which permitted
women to become members of the general
conference. Its only advocate was lie v. J.
F. Severinghaus of Seymour, Ind., and on
thevote his two sons cast their ballots with
him. A class of six was admitted to mem
bership in the conference, and at the con
clusion of the ceremonies Bishop Andrews
preached a sermon to them on "The Ideal
Slay Give Dewey the Olympia,
Following upon the announcement made
come time ago of a plan at the Navy De
partment to send Admiral Dewey with a
fine lleet to England to represent the
United States navy at the coronation of
King Edward VII, a suggestion lias been
agitated in naval circles, by way of com
pleting the arrangements, to have the ad
miral, on that occasion, fly his flag again
above the Olympia, the ship which led his
fleet into Manila Bay on the memorable
1st of May, 1898. The Olympia irin ex
cellent condition and well adapted for the
Fatal Railroad Collision.
Five men were killed and six others
seriously injured, two of whom have since
died. In a collision which occurred at
Jamestown, X. D. A mixed train on tho
Northern Pacific railroad came in from
Oakcs, carrying seventeen men on a flat
car. As the train passed the station a road
engine was struck and the force of the
collision caused ths tlat car to collapse.
The names of the dead and injured could
not be learned. They were harvest hands
who had boarded the car at Lamonre.
fatld for Hansom.
Miss Stone. American missionary, while
traveling in Turkey with a female com
panion, has been captured by brigands
near Salonica. United States Minister
-Loishman, in cabling this fact to the State
Department says that he has taken im
mediate and energetic steps to secure her
release. Miss Stone is from Roxbnry,
Both were Killed.
Henry Peltier and his wife, farmerSj
living just outside of Windsor, OnL, were
struck by a fast Michigan Central train,
while driving into that city and instantly
killed. Their carriage was ground to
pieces and both bodies were thrown many
feet from wheie the engine struck them.
Break in Strikers' Ranks.
The Bay View, Wis., strikers' meeting,
after a stormy session, broke up in a row,
The radical element left the hall and the
remaining members, not quite half of
those in attendance, voted to return to
work and will do so when the mills start
Powder Works Explosion.
An explosion took place in one or the
grinding departments of the Aetna pow
der works at .Miller's station near Val
paraiso, Ind., destroying two buildings
and causing a loss of $2,000. None of the
employes were injured.
Will Destroy Trees.
Fully 10,009 peach trees will be destroyed"
in Athens County. Ohio, on orders of the
Ohio Agricultural Department, the trees
being afflicted with San .lose scale.
Kins Edward's Heart.
London special: Though King Edward
Is conscientiously submitting to the "light
water and massaue cure," at Hamburg,
the Candid Friend, n weekly paper says
his heart trouble, from which he has suf
fered since and before his accession shows
Schley Court Will be Postponed.
A rumor is current in Buffalo that in
view of the attack upon the President and
the presence there of tho chief officials of
the country tiie Schley court or inquiry
will to postponed.
Scale thj P-!sn Walls.
Two convicts or the name of Haucl:
nnd Pierson escaped from the Lincoln,
Neb., penitentiary by taking advantage
of the momentary absence .of a guard "t
to watch thnii while they workeJ in lh
bakery. The men with the aid of gas
pipe scaled the walls and dropped down
Fourteen Pass nrs Injuro.
Two suburban electric cars, joins J-1
opposite directions collided at a pont
one-half mile east of Chagrin Falls, Ohio,
and fourteen passengers and the crews o!
both cars were more or less hurt. A. 11.
Bradley, aged 70 jears. of Cleveland, is
thought to be fatally injured.
Sp-ech by Ih - President.
President McKinley delivered n speech
of world-wide importance at the Bjif.tlo
exposition, Beeiprocity was ids niessag-'
to Europe, while he declared this govern
ment must build the isthmian canal, ami
that the American merchant marine must
Frmius Prisani-s Flhi In Prison.
.Tames Howard nnd cx-J5?eretary of
State Caleb Powers, convicted as tloebel
murder conspirators, quarreled in jail at i
Frankfort, Ky. Howard threw a heavy j
inkstand at Powers, striking him in the
head. Powers was knocked over ane
PRESIDENT M'KINLEY SHOT
Chief Executive Victim
Assassin at the Buf
President Extends His Hand to
One of Throng and Re
One Bullet Surgeons Fail to
Find, but They Hope It May
Not Prove Fatal.
While Blood Stains His Clothing
the Wounded Man Calmly As
sures His Friends.
Would-Be Murderer Is Quickly
Taken Into Custody to Es
cape Fury of People.
Tragedy Recalls the Slaying of Lin
coln and Garfield Whole Na
tion Expresses Sorrow.
In the presence of thousands of peo
ple President McKinley was shot
down by nil assassin a few minutes
after 4 o'clock Friday afternoon IrTthe
Temple of Music at the Pau-Auierican
Exposition grounds. One bullet struck
the breastbone, glanced aside into the
llesh and was easily removed by sur
geons. The other entered the abdo
incu. pierced the front and rear walls
of the stomach and buried itself in
some spot in the President's body not
readily reached by the probes of the
surgeou.- This more serious wound
was dressed and closed with several
fctitches and the physicians awaited
results, declaring the President had a
fair chance for recovery. The assail
ant, Leon Czolgosz, was arrested im
mediately. Subsequently he confessed
he was an anarchist and a disciple of
The startling attack on the Chief Ex
ecutive took place while the President
was exchanging pleasant greetings
with visitors to the exposition. Many
hundred people had shaken hands with
the President, one of the last being
a burly colored man. He murmured
his acknowledgments of the honor and
moved on to make way for a heavily
built youug fellow about iS years old
'who was slowly following him In the
long line. There was nothing to mark
him from the thousands around him,
except that he carried a handkerchief
in his hand and even that, perhaps,
was scarce worthy of note, for tin;
building was small and crowded, the:
weather was sultry and thousands of
handkerchiefs were in constant requi
sition. The young man moved rapidly
to a position immediately In front of
the President, so close that he could
have shaken his hand. As he had done
so many hundreds of times in the pre
ceding half hour, Mr. McKinley.bowed,
smiled and extended his hand.
But the young man did not grasp it.
So quickly that the watchful eyes of
the President's bodyguard had no hint
of the menace in his movement, he
raised the hand in which the handker
chief was held and fired two shots at
the President. The handkerchief had
covered a revolver, which he had car
ried thus openly through the crowd.
-At the sound of- the shots Detective
Ireland, of the secret service force,
leaped upon the mnu like a tiger and
close behind him came the colored man
who had just shaken hands with the
President. While "they struggled with
him on the fteor President McKinley
took a step backward and was Instant
ly clasped In the arms of Detective
Gerry, another member of his body
guard. The President did not fall, nor
did he reel, although both bullets had
struck him. Half turning his head to
the otliccr, he asked:
"Am I shot!" Evidently he had been
so stunned with surprise that he had
not felt the impact of the bullets. While
he was speaking the otliccr and Secre
tary Cortelyou had been leading him
backward to a chair and had torn open
bis vest. Blood was on his shirt front
and Detective Gerry, answering his
"I fear you arc. Mr. President."
Secretary Cortelyou sank on one knee
WHtllK jr.tlXl.IY WAS SHOT.
Diagram showing points where the bullets
entered tlie body of the President.
beside the President's chair and gazed
anxiously into his face.
"Do not be alarmed," said the Presi
dent, "it Is nothing."
His head sank forward Into his hands
a moment and then he raised it briskly,
while the stream of crimson welled
from the wound in his breast and
spread in an ever-widening circle on
his white shirt front.
"But you are wounded," exclaimed
Mr. Cortelyou. "let me examine."
"So. no." insisted the President, "I
am not badly injured, I assure you."
With a bullet in his breast and an
other through his stomach, he did not
lose consciousness. He sat almost as
stanch and straight in his chair as
though his assailant's shots had missed
and lie seemed the calmest and least
perturbed of the Immense gathering.
President lilburn and Secretary Cor
telyou were almost frantic with alarm,
but the wounded man continued to as
sure them that his injuries were trill
ing. This dramatic scene upon the little
platform was enacted in the midst of
L t3L jri xV
( 4 i w
u terrible tumult, which continued un
interruptedly for many minutes.
When the secret service men and the
colored man first threw themselves
upon Czolgosz, the assailant of the
President, and pinned him to the lloor
lest he should try to use the revolver
again, twenty more men hurled them
selves upon the scrambling quartette
and buried Czolgosz from sight. Every
man in that struggling, crazy throng
was striving to get hold of Czolgosz, to
strike him, to rend him, to wreak upon
hliu in any way the mad fury which
possessed them Instantly they realized
what he had done.
The greater part of the crowd was
stunned for an Instant by the enormity
of the crime they witnessed, but when
the reaction came they surged forward
like wild beasts, the strongest tearing
the weakest back out of the way and
forcing themselves forward to where
the prisoner was held by his captors.
All the time a tumult of sound tilled the
place, a hollow roar at tirst, punctuated
by the shrieks of women, swelling into
a medley of yells and curses. Men
said unintelligible tilings as thVy push
ed and crowded toward the center of
the swaying mob. They wanted to
lynch Czolgosz, whoever he was. They
wanted to see him and they shouted
vainly at the police officers In front to
drag him out.
Sin I Effort to Gain Revenirs.
A little force of exposition guards,
penned in by the clamoring mob,
fought desperately to hold their pris
oner from the bloodthirsty crowd. They
had Czolgosz safe and fast. His re
volver had been wrenched from his
hand in the instant that Detective Ire
land fell upon him. and he was help
less, bruised and bleeding. His face
was cut when he was thrown to the
lloor and a dozen eager, vicious hands
had struck at him nnd reached him
over the shoulders of the officers.
Slowly,, very slowly, the little force
of police made way through the
crowd, dragging the prisoner between
them. They were determined there
should be no lynching. Things were
bad enough as it was, and a lynching
would have been the crowning horror
of the day.
From outside the building, where the
news had spread from lip to lip, more
thousands pushed and jostled nnd
shouted In their eagerness to enter the
building. Those Inside were struggling
in two directions the more timorous to
escape from the place before a stam
pede should crush out their lives and
the hot-headed to reach Czolgosz only
to reach Czolgosz was their one Idea.
President Keep Calm.
And thus the contest raged while the
President sat, pale but calm, in the
midst of the excited little group on the
platform. It was impossible to take
him away nt the moment. Every door
way was Jammed with a crazy, shout
ing mob moving In two directions, try
ing to escape ami trying to enter. To
ward the main door the police were
lighting their way with fists and billies
to get Czolgosz out of the crowd and
place him behind the bars. Upon the
minutes which were speeding might de
pend the President's life, for no medi-
j cal aid could reach him in that mael
strom, and It was evident that he was
More police came plunging iuto the
crowd from headquarters, where the
direful news had sped. They hurled
themselves upon the swaying mob. they
struck and pushed and shouted com-
VICE 1'IIKSIDKNT IWOSKVKI.T.
lie would succeed to the Presidency In
case of XIcKInley's death.
mauds and it slowly gave way just
enough so they could reach the little
band struggling to save Czolgosz from
a suddcu and frightful death. They
dragged hltu out. hustled him away
through the beautiful exposition grounds
nnd -threw him behind barred doors,
where he was saved for the law to deal
Massing their men where they could
best handle the excited crowd, the po
lice cleared a passageway to one of the
doors for the bearing away of the Presi
dent, and on the stretcher of an ambu
lance which had come clanging to the
door he was tenderly carried from the
building and borne in the ambulance to
the emergency hospital, near the service
building. Within the exposition grounds.
Though this takes loug In the telling,
probably It was not more than five min
utes from the lime the shots were lired
until the President was in the hospital
and a hasty examination was begun, by
the surgeons. They discovered that one
bullet had entered the breast almost di
rectly In the center or on the median
Hue, but whether or not It had passed
Into the lungs could not be determined
except by probing. The other had
struck In the abdomen five inches be
low the left nipple and one and a half
inches to the left of the median line.
Immediately under that spot Is the
stomach, and the gravest fears were en
tertained regarding the consequences of
Just twenty years after President
Garfield fell before the bullets of the
demented Guiteau another attempted
assassination has been added to Ameri
can history. For the third time since
the nation began a man with murder In
his heart has sought to remove the chief
NATION IS SlIOCKi: J.
Whole Country Grieve Over the Mur
derous Assault on Its Chief.
The news of the attempt ou the life of
the President was received from one end
of the country to the other first with hor
rified amazement and then with the deep
est grief. In the clubs, hotels ami thea
ters of every city in the United States
men aud women gathered and waited for
hours to get every scrap of information
that came over the wires. In thousands
of small towns the whole population stoo 1
about the local telegraph olllces and
watched tearfully and anxiously for bul
letins. Telegraph olllces everywhere were
swamped with business, messages of sym
pathy for the Presideut and his wife
from almost every man of prominence in
the nation, and for hours after the shoot
ing telephone trunk lines were so over-
l.oa.tnnnil tit nt- rtttl t rt tMttrill nul-fttlfrH'i I if
subscribers were able to oecure service.
Dispatches during Friday nisht from
every State in the Union showed how
widespread and intense was the feeling
of dismay and the sense of personal atliic
tion with which the news was received.
Public men of all shades of political
opinion and social'status alike shared the
anxiety and found themselves grasping
hands with one another aud praying that
Mr. McKlnley's life miht he spared. All
the details of the tragedy were sought for
with trembling tagerness, and in all the
large centers of population every effort
was made to supply this dcmaml by the
newspapers, which issued extras at inter
vals till far into the night.
Governors of States were prompt to
send messages of sympathy fo the Presi
deut and ids family, and to express their
horror at the attempt to assassinate, the
executive. No fate could be toj harsh
for the would-be slayer, according to
many of the State executives.
CONFKS -1 S 1I1S GUILT.
Leon CzoIrosz Tells of 'Hit Attack on
Leon Czolgoszthe accused and sclf-
confeed assassin, signed a confession,
in which he says that he is an anarchist.
aud that he decided ou the act three
das before and bought in Buffalo the re
volver with which it was committed. He
is unmarried. He claims to be a member
of the Golden Eagles. Czolgosz has not
appeased in the least uneasy or penitent
for his action and shows no sign of iu
sanitv. The man's name is Leon Czolgosz. He
is of Polish-German extraction. His
home in Cleveland, where he has seven
brothers and sisters. He is an avowed
anarchist and an ardent disciple of Em
ma Goldman, whose teachings, he al
leges, are responsible for his attack on
the President. He denies steadfastly
that he is the instrument of any body
of anarchists or the tool of any coterie of
plotters. He declares that he did not
have a confederate. His only reason for
the deed, he declares, is that he believed
the present form of government In the
United States is unjust, and he con
cluded that the mot effective way to
remedy it was to kill the Presijent.
TIihnc conclusions, lie declares, he reach
ed through the teachings of Emma Gold
man. SHOCK TO Ill's NKIGIlltORS.
News of Attack on l'residcnt SaJdrns
People of Canton.
Canton, the home of President McKin
ley, was in an uproar Friday night. Men.
women and children ran about the streets
Jl'KlM.KV'a CAMOX IIOMr.
wringing their hands and sobbing bitterly.
Strong friends of the President could find
no better expre-.iou of their feelings at
the time than hjsteric.il sobs. The news,
of the shooting of the President came us
a terrible shock. Cantuuians would not
believe the report when it was first re
ceived. A rush was made for telegraph,
telephone and newspaper olllces for a
continuation of the sad news. When the
report had been verified there was a uni
versal expression of profoundest sorrow.
Everything was in a hubbub at the Presi
dent's home. A county fair was in pro
gress just outside of the city limits. News
of the shooting of the President was sent
there. The report was not believed at
first, but when verified men looked aghast
at One another, women and children soli
bed ami anxiously awaited further news.
PUNISHMENT FOB ASSAILANT.
Only General Statutes Cover Attempt
to T.ikc President's Life.
There is no law outside of general
criminal statutes for the punishment of
attempting the life of the President of
the United Stales. The question of pass
. . i. i t t i: .... i :.. -,.-.
ing siieu a iav uas m-cu luscusseu ju voii
gress, but nothing has been done. The
President is a citizen of the United
States, ud his biurder or an attempt ou ,
p i' . ii'iaHra1. riMn.rr utt'oa
PRESIDENT WILLIAM M'KINLEY.
STATEMENT' BY CORTELYOU.
Georee B. Cortelvou. Secretary to tho
President, Saturday morning gave out the
I following statement:
' "The President was shot about -1 o'clock.
One bullet struck blm on the upper portion
of the breastbone, glancing and nonpene
trating; the secund bnllet penetrated the
abdomen tire Inches below the left nlniile
nnd one and one-half Inches to the left uf
the median line.
"The abdomen was opened through the
line of the bnllet wonnd. It was found that
the bullet had penetrated the stomich.
"The onenins In the front wall of the
I stomach was carefully closed with silt
stitches after which a search was nude for
a hole in the back wall of Hie stomach. This,
was found nnd alio closed In the sjine way.
"The further course of the bullet could not
lie discovered, although careful parch was
made. The abdominal wound was c!o-rd
without draiuairc. No Injury to the m:ts
tlnes cr- other nhdouilual organ was discov
ered. "The patient stood the operation well.
puie of good quality, rate of ISO: condition
at the conclusion of operation was arilify
Ins. The result cannot be foretold. Ills con
dition at present jutltles hope of recovery.
unoitoi: it. coi:ti:lyou.
"Secretary to the l'residcnt.
his life is punished as would be the mur
der of any other citizen. Should this as
sault upon President McKinley prove to
be a murder, the murderer would be exe
cuted either by the laws of New York or
the Federal statutes for the District of
Columbia. But should the President re
cover the charge brought against his as
sailant would be assault with attempt to
In New York, where this would-be as
sassin must be tried, the severest penalty
for assault with attempt to commit mur
der is ten years' imprisonment, while in
the District of Coltimbita the penalty for
the same crime is imprisonment for from
seven to twenty years.
The -assault having been within the
jurisdiction of New York, the would-be
assassin can receive no greater punish
ment than imprisonment in the peniten
tiary for ten years. Had the assault
been committed ill Washington the as
sailant could be sentenced to twenty
years' imprisonment at hard labor.
kuli: of succession.
Provision for Filllns Cilice in Case
the President ' les.
The presidential succession is fixed by
chapter 4 of the acts of tiie Forty-ninth
Congress, the first session. In case of
the removal or inability of both the Pres
ideut and Vice-President then the Secre
tary of State shall act as President un
til the disability of the President or Vice
President is removed or a President is
elected. If there be no Secretary of
State, then the Secretary of the Treasury
will act, and the remainder of the orJer
of succession is Secretary of War, Attor
ney General, Postmaster General. Sec
retary of the Navy and Secretary of the
Interior (the office of Secretary of Agri
culture was created after the passage of
the act). The acting President must, on
taking office, convene Congress, it rot
then in session, in extraordinary session,
giving twenty days' notice. This act ap
plies only to such cabinet officers as shall
have been appointed by the advice anl
consent of the Senate and are eligible un
der the constitution to the presidency.
The line of presidential succession to
day is: Vice-President Boosevelt, Secre
tary Hay. Secretary Gage, Secretary
Boot. Attorney General Knox, Postmas
ter General Smith, Secretary Loag and
Vice President Hnrrleilty Leaves Ver-
niont for HnnTalo.
The news or the attempted assassini
tion of President McKinley reached Vice
President Boosevelt at Isle La -Motte,
(ParyiUZCZtttii. JU'c cf5x7m!i.p:'i'HPt
UMmrat tnsrrw. v ui. .
tSZol drjeiaSha- 6QfO-
Vermont, at 3:30 p. m. When Col. Itoose
velt finished his speech it was announced
that he would give an informal reception.
He had entered the home of ex-Lieut.
Gov. Fiske aud was resting when the
news reached the island. Col. Boosevelt
was greatly shocked by the news, and his
evidences of grief were pronounced. Af
ter a brief consultation it was decided
to announce the sad event. Senator Proc
tor was requested to make the announce
ment. When asked for a statement Col.
Boosevelt said: "I am so inexpressibly
' grieved, shocked and horrified that I can
say nothing." A speci.1I train was made
up for the run to Buffalo. The Vice
President was accompanied to Buffalo by
Senator Itedfield Proctor.
GUARD Till: PKESIDKNT.
Secret Service Men Ever Near Na
tion't Chief Executive.
Elaborate, though secret, precautions
are always taken by the secret service
bureau of the government to guard the
person of the President when he is trav
eling and these measures are always sup
plemented by the work the detectives of
every large city in which he makes a
temporary stop. His every movement is
made under the eyes of six secret service
operatives, a number of city detectives
varjing from four to twelve. They are
close to him at all times as close as they
may go without attracting attention and
Itetraying the nature of their duties. They
watch as carefully as possible the move
ments of those who approach the execu
tive to guard him from the attack of any
irresponsible person or spare him annoy
ances from "cranks."
Yet despite all the precautions the as
sassin has plenty of opportunity to do his
work when lie wills. As in the present
instance, when a public reception is be
ing held and thousands of people are
crowding forward to grasp the hand of
THK ThMPLK IlK MU-1C.
In the reception hall of this building Presi
dent McKiuley was shot while greeting the
the President, it is declared a manifest
impossibility for his bodyguard to pre
vent an attack from one whose outward
appearance gives no hint of his design.
President McKinley has never feared
assassination. He has been most demo
cratic in his official life. When he eu
tered the White House as the chief exec
utive of the nation he did not change his
methods of life more than was made nec
essary by the excessive demand upon his
time. He liked to meet the people, and
for months after his first inauguration he
daily helil receptions iu the east room,
meeting aud shaking hands with all who
assembled there to see him. The ushers
and the secret service men stationed at
the White House protested against this
indiscriminate admission of everybody
who desired to see the President. They
feared such an affair as that which has
occurred. They could not guard against
the admission of crauks or criminals.
Ilrynn Deplore the Deed.
Following receipt of the news of the
attempt oa his life, W. J. Bryan sent a
brief message to President McKiuley ex
pressing his concern. Mr. Bryan gave
out a statement, in which he said: "In a
republic where the people elect their otli
cials anil can remove them, there cjn be
no excuse for a resort to violence. If our
President were in constant fear of plots
anJ conspiracies we would soon sink to
the level of those nations in- which force
is the only weapon of the government,
and the only weapon of the government's
Clcve'nml Greatly Fhnckeil.
Ex-President G rover Cleveland was
fishing at Darling Lake, in Tyringham.
Mass.. when he received the news. Mr.
Cleveland was horrified at the news and
said: "I am greatly shocked. I eannot
conceive of a motive. It must have bee
the act of a crazy man."
MRS. M'KINLEY IS BRAVE.
The President's Wife Hears Up Cour
ageously Under the Shock.
When it became uecessary that Mrs.
McKinley should be informed of what
had overtaken her illustrious husband
she surprised all about her by bearing up
bravely tinder the shock. Dr. Bixey car
ried the news to her. and her first request
was that Mr. McKiuley should be
brought to her at once it it were at all
Director General Buchanan had ar
ranged so that no news of the shooting
should penetrate the Milburn residence.
He had shut off the telephonic and tele
graphic communication nith the mansion,
n'ld secret police halted every one going
toward the house.
It was realized, though, that Mrs. Mc
Kinley must be. told before long, and
Mr. Buchanan was selected for the task.
Dr. Bixey went to the house and broke
the news to the Misses Duncan and Bar
ber. He waited a time for Mr. Buchanan
to arrive, and then, his presence in the
house having already roused some slight
suspicion that everything was not quite
right, he made bold to inform Mrs. Mc
Kinley. The President's wife caught at the phy
sician's first words, and she divined that
Mr. McKinley had been injured in some
accident. Bat Dr. Bixey ilid not yield
to whatever temptation there may have
been for him to temper the blow by per
mitting her to think she had guessed
aright. He held bravely to his task and
told the whole story.
Mrs. McKinley bore up surprisingly
well. She was allowed to see the Presi
dent for a few miautes and then went to
Jjer room. No fears for her life are enter
tained, but the doctors are on guard.
FORMER VORK OF ASSASSINS.
Killing of Lincoln and Garfield anl
Oa Good Friday, April 14, IStC, just
after the war of the rebellion had been
brought to an end, Abraham Lincoln was
shot down iu a box at Ford's Theater at
Washington by John Wilkes Booth, and
died early on the following morning. His
assassin was pursued and shot down
twelve days afterward, and the other
conspirators engaged in the plot were
tried later by court martial and punish
ed. On Saturday. July X 18S1. President
Garfield was shot in the waiting room of
the Pennsylvania Bailroad at Washing
ton, as he was about to start for his sum
mer vacation. Guiteau, the assassin, was
a disappointed office-seeker. The l'resi
dcnt was taken to Elberon. N. J., and
lingered until Sept. 19, when lie died of
Ids wounds. The nssassia was tried for
murder, convicted and hanged.
On several occasions European assas
sins have accomplished their object. Th-j
more recent cases have been the assas
sination by anarchists of Premier Cono
vas del Castillo in Spain in 1S37, and of
the Empress Elizabeth at Lucerne in
1S98. Of twenty rulers slain in the Lst
century eleven were Presidents of repub
lics. Tiie list is as follows: Emperor
Paul, Bussia, choked, 1S01; Sultan Selim,
Turkey, stabbed, 1S00; President d'Istria,
Greece, saber, 1S31; Duke or Parma,
Italy, ISTvI; President of Hayti, stabbed,
1830; President Lincoln, United States;
shot, 1805: President Baita, Peru, shot
1872; President Moreno, Ecuador, shot,
1872; President Guthrie. Ecuador, shot,
1S73; Sultan Abdul Aziz, Turkey, stab
bed, 1S74: President of Paraguay, shot,
1877; President Garfield, United States,
shot, 1SS1; Czar Alexander II., Bussia,
bomb, 1SS1; President J. It. Barrios.
Guatemala, shot, 18S5; Queen of Corea.
poisoned, 180O; President Carnot,
France, stabbed, 1S94; President Jose
Barrios, Guatemala, shot. ISflS: Shah of
Persia, stabbed, 159J; Empress of Aus
tria, stabbed, 1S99; King Humbert, Ita
ly, shot, 1900.
PASSES RESTFUL NIGHT.
No Alarmlas Conditions Present Up
Until Noon s-'atnrday.
Saturday morning President McKinley
maintained a good measure of hi
strength and those who watched at his
bedside held higher hope for his ultimato
recovery. The shock from the wounds in
flicted upon him by Leon Czolgosz seem
ed to have been less than was anticipated,
and that was regarded as highly favora
ble to him. It was admitted, however,
that the crisis in his condition had not
yet come. Bulletins that came from the
chamber of the wounded President dur
ing the night and early hours of the
morning. all indicated a spirit of hopehil
uess. The President rested well, there were
no alarming conditions of temperature or
pulse and the spirits of the sufferer were
strong and cheery. The feeling of hope
was quite general about the Milburn resi
dence; to which the President had been
removed from the hospital, in sharp con
trast to the hopelessness nnd regret that
prevailed early the previous night.
CABINET HEARS THE NEWS.
Members of the President's Official
Family Ezpresi Kenref.-
Members of President McKialey's cab
inet heard of the attempt to assassinate
the chief executive with expressions of
deepest grief. The shock of the news
nearly prostrated two of them, it was so
unexpected. Immediately upon hearing
of the shooting Postmaster General Smith
and Secretaries Boot anJ Hitchcock
started for Buffalo, and the others ar
ranged to go to the bedside of the Presi
dent as soon as possible. News of the at
tempted assassination of the President
came as a thunderbolt upon the officials
at the White House. Uoon its receipt
over the telephone from the newspaper
offices. Col. Montgomery, who is in charge
of the telegraph service at the exeeutivo
mansion. lost no time in securing
through wire to the hospital in which th
SYMPATHY IN EUROPE.
Capitals Receive the News With Con
sternation. London received the news of the at
tempt ou Mr. McKiuley's life with incre
dulity. Every newspaper ami every hotel
was besieged with anxious Americans in
quiring for tho latest intelligence of the
reported assassination. One of the first
messages of condolence sent to America'
was from the Lord Mayor of London.
The Lord Mayor prayed that so valuable
a life may yet be spared tu his country,
and at the same time offered the expres
sion of sincerest sympathy with all Amer
The President's physicians l "cd the fol
lowing bulletin at 9 a. m. Satnrdiy:
"The President passed a fairly comfort-
able nlsht and no serious symptoms have
developed. Pulse HC. temperature 102;
"I. M. RIXEY,
"XL D. MANN.
' "EUGENE WASDIN,
MBS. WILLIAM M'KINLEY.
SPEAKS AT TBE FAIR
M'KINLEY IS PROUD OF OUR
President Day at the Iiaffalo Exposi
tion the Occasion of His : p.-ech He
Draws Attention to Oar Wonderfal
Projfress in Commerce.
President's Day at the Buffalo exposi
tion brought out crowds who took tht
opportunity to see the nation's chief
What was probably the greatest crows
that ever assembled on the Esplanade at
the Pan-American grounds greeted th
President with chjers as he entered th
stand erected there. The Esplanade was
crowded to suffocation and the vast as
seniblage overflowed to the court of foun
tains. President .McKlnley's addres
was the great feature of the day and it
telling points were welcomed with.JSPeat
After the formal exercises the Presi
dential party made the tour of tbtj
grounds under the escort of the expos!?
fcpiech by the President.
President Xlliburn. Director General Bu
chanan, commissioners. Utiles and gentle
men: 1 am glad to be again in tne city or
Buffalo and exchange greetings with her
people, to whese generous hospitality I am
not a atranger, and with whose gocd will t
have !een repeatedly and signally honored.
To-day I hae admtlonal satisfaction la
meeting and giving we.come to the forelgu
representatives assembled here, whose pres-1
ence and participation in th s eipoliioa.
have contributed in so marked a degree to
Its interests and success. To the commis
sioners of the Dominlun of Canada and the
KrltUh colonies, the French eo.onies. the
Uepubllc of Mexico and of Central and South
America and the commissioners of Cuba and
Porto Illco, who share with ns In this under
taking, we clre the hand of leboniiia ind
art. science, wlueat Ion .ini! mj , writs
iuj . writs
1 dl stats-
wiitcn tne owji-fcsf bequeathed
ExMsffTons are the timekeeper
ress. They recjrd the wor.d's at.s-
They stimulate the energy, eat J of Tin
Intellect of the people ami qole"lo.
genius. They go Into the home. '
en aud brlKnten the dal.y lifi of
They open mighty storehouses o
tion to the stuuent. Every exposll.
or small, has helped to some ontiU tlma
Comparison of Ideas Is always ednir
and as such Instructs the bra.n and 7r
man. Friendly rivalry follows, whlcaT0
pur oX Industrial ImjiroTemeat, the u. n
tloa to useful Invention and to high, en -
In alt departments of human acilvlt?U8t
exacts a study of the wants. ..
even the whims of the people and recognizes
the efficacy of high quality and low prices to
mu tueir xavor.
The quest for trade Is an incentive to men
Df business to devise. Invent, Improve and
economize In the cost of product-on. Busi
ness life, whether among ourselves or with
Dlher peoples. Is ever -a sharp struggle for
success. It will be none the less so In the
Xly fellow citizens, trade statistics Indicate
that this country is In a state of unexampled
prosperity. The ngures are Sitnosc appall
ing. They show that we are utlllrlns onr
fields, forests and ui.nes. that we are fur
nlsitlng profitable employment to the mil
lions of working men tnruugnout the United
States, bringing comfort and happiness to
their homes and making It possible to lay
by saving for cid age and dlsabl.lty. That
ill the people are participating in this great
prosperity Is seen In every American com
munity and shown by the cnormons and un
precedented deposits In our savings banks.
Our duty in the care and security of these
Jepo-dts and their afe Investment demands .
the highest Inttgrlty and the best business
sagacity of those in charge of these deposi
tories of the people's earnings.
By sensible trade arrangement: which will
not interrupt our home production we shall
rxtend the outlets for our Increa Jng surplus.
A system which provides a mutual exchange
)f commodities Is manifestly essential to the
-ontinned and healthful growth cf our ex
Wc must not repose In fancied security
ibat we can forever sell everything and boy
little or nothing! If such a thine were fkM
ilble It would not be best for us or for those
with whom we deal. We should take from
ur customers such of their products as we
-an use without harm to our Industries and
labor. Reciprocity Is the natural outgrowth
of oar wonderful industrial development nn
3er the domestic pol.cy now flrmly estab
If perchance some of our tariffs art-""
'onger needed for revenue or to encourage
ind protect our Industries at home, why
should they not be emp.oyeuVto extend and
promote our markets abroad? Then, too.
are nave inadequate steamsnip service, -ee
lines of steamers have already been pat fn
oinmlss!on between the Paclflc coastjorts
3t me cniteu states ami tnose on tne west
ern coasts of Mexico and Central and South
America. These should be followed up with
lirect steamship lines between the eastern
-oast of the'L'nlted States and South Ameri
One of the needs of the times Is direct
-ommrecial lines from onr vast fields of 'pro
duction to the fields of consumption that we
have bnt barely touched. Next la advantage
:o having the thing to sell Is to have the con
veyance to carry it to the buyer. We must
-ncourage our merchant mine. We most
have more ships. They must be under the
American flag, built and manned and owned
ay Americans. These will not only be proflt
lble in a commercial sense, they will be mes
sengers of peace and amity wherever they
Mo't Build CanaL
We mast build the Isthmian canal, which
will unite the two oceans end give a straight
line of water communication with the west
ern coasts of Central and South America and
The construction of a Pacific cable cannot
be longer postponed.
In the furtherance of these objects of na
tional Interest and concern you are perform
jjg an Important part. This exposition would
have touched the heart of that 'American
statesman whose mind was ever alert and
thought ever constant for a larger commerce
ind a truer fraternity of the republics of the
new world. His .broad American spirit is
felt and manifested here. ' He needs no
Identification to aa assemblage of Americans
jnywhere. for the name of Blaine Is Insep
arably associated With the Pan-American
movement which finds here practical and
substantial expression, and which we all
hope will be firmly advanced by the Pan
American Congress that assembles this au
tumn In the capital of. Mexico. The good
work will go en. It cannot be stopped.
These buildings will disappear; this creation
sf art and beauty and Industry will perish
from sight, but their Influence wilt remain to
"Make It lire beyond Its short living.
With praNes and thanksgiving."
Who can tell the new thoughts that will
be wrought through this expositions" Gen
tlemen, let us ever remember that oar in
terest Is In concord, not conflict, and that
3i:r real eminence rests In the victories of.
peace, not those of war. We hope thar all
who are represented here may be moved to
higher and nobler efforts for their own and
the world's good, and that ont of this city
may come, not only great commerce and
trade for us all, bnt jnore essential than
those, relations of mutual 'respect, confl
uence and friendship, which will deepen and
Our earnest prayer Is that God will gra
ciously vouchsafe prosperity, happiness and
peace to all cur neighbors, and like bless
ings to all the people and powers of earth.
FA VO R BRANDING NEGROES.
Many White Peop'e of Georgia Agree
with Bishop Tnrner.
The utterances of Bishop Turner re
garding the negro criminals made at At
lanta have caused considerable discus--.-s.
siou. Man v-of the
-f'X JS white people of the
iiJ State are in favor
Vl ,111 CAU14IU V. HI.-
groes, while others
lielieve in uphold
ing the law as it is
now framed. Bish
on Turner reiterat-
f ed his opinion and
"I am as much,
convinced as ever
that African emi
gration would be best for 'the; negro and
best for the white man. There ison
irresistible conflict between whites and
blacks that nothing but separation can
r.-,ni.-il.' and nut an end to. If the white
men wjll open up a highway to Africa,
millions of the black race win go. i.atner
than shed so much blood, and possibly
some innocent blood, vou had better en
act laws to brand negro criminals anl
crop their ears aud banish them to Af
Brief Xetra Items.
Matthew Mullen, 54, St. Louis, fell
three feet from a porch and broke his
Official list shows forty persons drown
ed by the sinking of the steamer Islander
A Yokohama cablegram says Capt.
Bradlee Strong intends to make Lady
Hope his wife.
Two boys. Jack and Willie Leod, i:i
and 11, have been arrested,- CraftsviliS,
Ky., for making moonshine booie.
Colombia is in need of money to help
suppress the rebellion now led by UtS.
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