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title: 'The Democrat-sentinel. (Logan, Ohio) 1906-1935, September 20, 1906, Image 6',
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Image provided by: Ohio Historical Society, Columbus, OH
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Up to h wrirlu ;m fall puslurugu
la as good if i!i nny oihur 11.11-t of iho
year. Hut after one or two lmnl Hosts
It Is well lo nfer tlio cows some nice
Lay when they come la at night, ami
If they eat It with relish one may ho
pretty certain the season him arrived
to gradually change Hi? herd from
pasture to stable fur this winter, says
Farm, Field ml Fireside. The cows
should not lip loft out nt night nftcr
It becomes chilly or to he exposed to
co!d nutumii storms. Thoy mny he
iillowud In the Held a fow hours on
!!! plcnsnnt days until snow 111cm, but
vlthout expecting tlicin to get much
besides wnter mid exorcise. Uefore
keeping them Htendlly nt the stable
mid yards the feeding should be, by
gradual steps, completely changed to
the full stable diet.
Meanwhile, or on leisure duys earlier
hi the year, the cow house should be
prepared for Its occupancy by the herd
throughout the stabling season.
lSosi'H, stnlN and feeding troughs or
lloor should be thoroughly cleaned and
disinfected, so that no nnlinal can dis
cover or be subjected to nny unplcas
tint traces of another and previous
occupant of tlio place. Then assign
(very cow her particular place for the
winter and gently Insist upon every
one being always In the right place.
Till1 bedding, absorbents and disinfect
ntils should be provided In abundance
'and In ample time for nil to be quite
'dry. V-w no damp material under the
cow or rotten straw and no moist
earth or sawdust.
It is n mistake to be satisfied with
watering the herd but once a dny. If
they ("in be Induced to drink twice or
three times a day. It should be done.
Cows need much water.
A Grnml Old Cow.
The Jersey cow Onrlieid's Dlaclc
Princes, here reproduced from Ameri
can ('ultivntor, was bred on the
Timing farm. She was sired by Gnr-
K-.3ni. y rfr'V. -'4l
" Hf Fr,-"' .,,
&' "" ' ''W&?H&iffi?;&
. ,-. wrr,.'v.i! i7
cnni'iiLrs mjaok rr.iNCEss.
hold M i.e t'ngls 15,003, which was a
noil of Kvl of St. Lambert, the sire
of niuM. fnir tested cows, more than
any oMier .i -rsey bull, living or dead.
Tier dam v .: i I.ehlgh Black Princess.
Onrfiel.l'.; 15! 'ek Princess dropped lier
last cilf An,-. 30, 1903; her first milk
was saved on Sept. -1. From that date
to M'ireh J, 1000, sho has averaged
over thirty pounds of milk each day.
She has had during her life probably
more than fifty Babcock tests, never
showed lc-.t (ban 0 per cent fat and
.sometime'! 7. Sho was twelve years
old the inli of February past.
Alvuit:t.i?e of Thorough Mlllclnar.
The milk glands, like the muscles
.nnd other oigans of the body, are de
veloped Ly practice, and If the entire
secretion of th udder of tho cow at
the time of milking Is not removed the
glands will soon become lets active
and will leen i:ie flow. Clcau milking
has n tendency to make persistent
milkers, and this ts the kind that as a
rule are the most profitable. This Is
especially true In regard to heifers
with llrt ctiir. By thorough milking,
itccompaiti'il with proper and liberal
feeding, the mill: glands are stimulat
ed to greater activity, and she will
roach :i mtieli higher degree of proflt
ubJcncw, and it Is not an unusual
ihlu;j now to find n heifer that can
produce -ion pounds of butter In a year
and in some enes even .100 pounds
cud butler. J '. IT. Scribncr, Fond du
I.ac County, Wis.
Dally r.i'rnrila TCMicntlnl,
Tho dairy record of tho herd li a
matter of the utmost importance, says
Professor ( It. l.ane of the United
States department of agriculture. The
highest degree of success cannot bo
attained r.ulesH dairymen know the
productive capacity of eacu Individual
cow. The icnird should Indicate not
only the dairy performance, but a con
cise history and description of each
animal. Tlio former requires a dally
record of the mill: yield of every cow
mat a fat test of Mwerai cotibccutlvo
milking!, f accurate records are to
be secured. Samplea of this test may
be mi.ed nud this composite sample
tested, thus obtaining the average.
Tin- I)n I ry Darn.
The work ut the milker can ho mnde
inoro Into! ntlng by mukliig the stable
more nttr.ic.tho, end partly for tills
ivasou Hliould be well lighted and ven
tllulod and mad clenuly by dusting
ami white w.ihhlri;,'. iiUo tho ute of laud
planter and some absorbent In tho
trtmehtH, like cut or jdirodded corn fod
dw, for tlio iurpOkU of keeping the
table tiweut uiid pure, some pictures
of some piiiiuinuut cows of the breed
ypn are keeping hung mi the walls.
I'nl Cc.iHfMil of Milk.
The quality or thu milk varies with
tho breed, prlod of lactation and the
Individual and very little with the;
feed. Tho fat content nf the first milk'
dravn li; about - per cent and that of!
tho strlpplnjfs 8 to 10 per cent For
this' loaHoti caroful inllklug Is of the'
ENLIGHTEN THE CONSUMER
Let Hint Kunvrfue Value of Hlllf an
u Food, ' i
Milk is not u beverae. but an easily i
!ff(f'?iS:''5iW Aic lra
digested pecfect food. U requires no orations were open to objections
cooking, contains no waste, Is pala- that outweighed their advantages,
table, euidly digested uud is entitled toj a&d to, hpr great ioy, a sharing his
bo classed among the economical hu-i opinion, he acted tip to it in his
man foods and ought to.be more gen- own case. He had declined academ
ically consumed. io distinction beforo declining tho
Que dollar spent for milk at 6 cent Logion of Jfonor
per quar furnishes 1.1 nounAs . ot ,
alakg; "-"ij-" " 4 !itfui!igs
protelu, l.U pounds of fat, "i.T pounds j
of carbohydrates nnd 10,300 calorics ofi
energy, while the same atim spent for
beef sirloin at !i5 cents per pound
furnishes .(I pound protein, .0 pound
I fat, no carbohydrates and 1,100 calo
ries of energy, or the same amount!
spent for eggs at UU cents per dozen
furnishes .5 pound protein, .1 pound
, fat, no carbohydrates and 3,000 cnlo-
He of cuergy, or the dollar spent for
oysters nt 35 cents per quart gives r.s
.It pouud of protein, .1 pound fat, .2
pound of carbohydrates and 1,-TiO,
calories of euergy.
Thus we can show that many of the
standard foods aru really luxuries in
price when compared with mill; on the
scale of nourishment furnished for n
definite sum, Now think you not If
the consumer were made cognizant of
these and other favorable facts, If they
were thrust before his notice ns nro,
the claimed virtues of the so called
cercnl foods, nostrums or worse, would
not consumption Increase, naturally
making a better price?
AilvrrtUe the Knot.
.Suppose you have u folder printed
enumerating these and other virtues
milk possesses, with younr name nnd
address and business on the margin,
this could he printed by your local
dairy organization or Individually and
judiciously hut liberally distributed,
and then suppose you puint on your
barn tho legend, "Good Milk Is a Per
fect Food Sweet Clover Farm Pro
duces It John Jones, Proprietor," In
stead of the lie that the nostrum man
will paint on If you allow It. Do you
not think that advertising space would
he as valuable to you as to the nostrum
man? Would It not be posslblo to
do good to your neighbor and to your
self at the Mine time? My experience
In this line answers In the affirmative.
I am a hearty believer In the nussell
Sugo or noospvqltlan philosophy of
strcnuo'dry, hut muscular application
alone must not expect more than the
compensation usually paid for such ex
ertion. Let us use our brains. It not'
only pays, hnt it makes a better world.
National Stockman and Farmer.
Dairy Ta.Ik of Today
A milk sheet should be In every
barn and the cows tested regularly
and the milkers made known of the
results. All these things have a tend
ency toward Interesting them In their
work and are productive of better re
sults. The Mill m-rU.
The time has come for all dairymen
to look well to their herds to see that
they are composed of an..uals of con
stitution, and to that cud production
must be placed secondary, and every
thing that tends to the development of
strength and constitution must be1
made of tho first importance. Given
these qualities, from good foundation
htock, performance must surely fol
low. Ilreed 'VcHtn.
The figures given here are merely,
types. They do not meun that every,
cow of the breed will yield milk of
this grade. Some Jer3eys will not go
above 3.7, and some Holstelus will do
better than 4.0. But as a whole the
tests fairly represent the fat content of
the milk of the breed: Holsteins, a.25
per cent; Ayrshires, 3.7; Shorthorns,
ll.S; Devous, 4.-1; Jersey, 5; Guernsey, C.
May lie All Cream.
When you see a mnu going to tho
creamery with one can nowadays it's
no sign lie is running a one cow dairy.
Thut may be a can of cream.
Field IVeeds mid Others.
The weeds are not till In the fields.
Some are in the dairies, the cows that
make us useless work, that reduce our
profits, that discount our undertakings,
so we cannot get 100 cents on the dol
lar from them, says Kimball's Dairy
Farmor. Let us get rid of these pull
up, cut otf, banish the weeds, In so far
us they affect our success.
But the real, uulveial, hopeless
dairy weeds are the cows that make
1L'5, 1!10, 110 pounds of butter u year,
the ones the thoughtless farmer owns,
feeds and milks. They are his dairy
sinking funds; they sink his labor, his
profits and his hopes, What train loads
of these would go to Paeklngtown If
we would all weed (hem out at once.
Trnlu thi llclfrr.
Heifers should be taught to "hoist"
the first thing, as It puts the udder In
I, better position to be handled. Cows
that have not been taught this, when
they coma to develop large udders and
are heavy milkers, are quite nn annoy
ance to the milker, especially with
cows thut do not carry the udder well
N'lne-tonthu of the dairymen are still
mixing breeds, housing cows In barns
that are about devoid of sanitation, re
fusing to believe that what gets luto
Iho milk after and during milking is
what injures Jt'aud sends It to "the
dogs," that it does not pay to read and
become dairy wise, that It Is economy
to ship or transport raw uncooled milk
In old, buttered, rusty cans, and It is
tomethlng to be proud of to carry old.j
our wuey uiu'k nomu in we nunc cans,
nnd believe u chceseoloth strnlner will
take all the bad thing out of milk.
Curio Refused the Red Ribbon.
Mine. Curio bus oxplained an in
cident in the Jife of Jior Into hus
bund, He had the distinction of.
refusing tlio red ribbon of the Le
gion of Jfonor. His reason was a
matter of speculation, One insin
uation was that the great chemist
had a grievance that ItU wifo was
not decorated with him, Anothor,
still less plqitsible, was that ho did
not caro to accept a decoration
which had never been conferred
upon his father. Mme, Curie writes
quietly to obsorve that all this ia
purely fantastic. M. Curi,e had a
settled conviction that personal dec
THE ART OF BUDDING,
Mny He SiieecMsfiilly Done lit Unit of
droit liuv Season.
Hudillng consists In taking a bud
from one tree and Inserting It under
the bark of another tree, says Atnorl
citu Cultivator. It Is used to tuke the
place of grafting nnd Is practiced In a
commercial way In propagating peach
es, plums, cherries, roses and ccrtuln
varieties of oruniueutut trees and
shrubs. It Is essential that the bud
nud stock uute freely. To have this
occur tho cells of the cambium lnyer
of the stock must be In a stale of uctlvo
division, Indicated by the ready supa-
HOW J1UDDINO IS DONE.
ration of the bark from the wood. The
union of the two, the bud and the
utock, takes place tit the edges of the
bark of the Inserted bud. For this rea
son the bud should be inserted as soon
as it Is cut from the twig so as to
avoid drying out. In cllmntes having
severe winters budding Is most satis
factory when performed near the end
of the growing season. The buds
should be plump and mature when
taken from shoots of the current
year's growth. The "bud stocks"
bhould be cut the day the buds are to
be inserted, trimmed and wrapped at
once in a damp cloth to prevent drying
out. Trimming consists In cutting off
the leaves, saving a bit of the stem to
use as a bundle In inserting. In cut
ting the buds use sharp knife; Insert
blade of knife one-fourth inch below
bud, cut upward just behind bud, re
moving but little of wood, coming out
about one-fourth of an inch above bud
(see Fig. A).
To insert bud make T shaped Inci
sion In stock about two inches above
ground (see Fig. B). With the spatula
of budding knife loosen the lips of
bark In angle of the T cut nnd slip In
the bud (see Fig. B). The bud must be
held firmly hi place by a bandnge
wound above and below, being care
ful io leave the eye of the bud uncov
ered. Itallla fiber (wet), bast, candle
wick or waxed cloth may be used for
tying. Iiafila Is usually employed. If
the bud "takes" remove the bandage
lu about ten days by cutting loose on
back side of stock to prevent the hin
dering of growth of bud. In three or
four weeks cut off the stock just above
bud to stimulate the growth of new
Peaches are budded the same year
that the pits are planted. As soon ns
the seedliugs arc large enough to hold
a bud they are ready for budding.
After budding examine the stoc
frequently and remove nny suckeis
that may start at base of seedling.
A remarkably good yield of winter
wheat has been secured by growers
representing a very large area of the
winter wheat belt. It is also reported
that the grain Is of exceptionally high
quality. This gratifying result will add
to the substantial prosperity that pre
vails throughout the country. Winter
wheat us a money crop htm begun to
interest farmers who hitherto have not
grown It to any uppreciable extent. A
number of Illinois corn belt farmers,
for example, are planning to seed much
ot their land to wheat this autumn.
Wheat tits into rotations nud Is a de
pendable crop. It can be grown at an
attractive profit as a rule, and owing
to the perfection of machinery having
to do with Its production tho crop sim
plifies the farm labor problem to some
extent. There probably will be more
laud sown to wheat tills year thun for
many sensous. Wheto it is n reliable
crop It Is a money maker. But it Is bad
farming to grow wheut lu succession
on the same laud. It should he fol
lowed by other crops, especially leg
umes, and phosphorus usually should
be applied to soil ustd for grain grow
ing, Breeder's Gazette,
Old I'naturea HevIulmeU,
Some years ogo u neighboring farm
er undertook the renovation of a por
tion of his pasture that wus overrun
with worthless growth. It was on the
bouthern slope of a hill and naturally
u good soil. The piece was fenced and
for two years devoted to crops. No
manure was used, only commercial fer
tilizers. This land was not run out, but sim
ply tho grasses had given place to
weeds, brakes nnd other wild growth.
It hud never been plowed, nud tho
Thorough treatment given resulted In a
good catch of grass and was afterward
u duo piece of pasture. This wus a
case where a moderate amount of la
bor uud cost transformed nn unproduc
tive field Into ono of much value,
SELECTING SEED CORN.
Carefully Choline L'ure '1'lmt Neareef
The ideal ear of corn is not the one
of greatest length or diameter, but is
described us being "about ten Inches
long, with gralus deep and wedge
shaped, set lu twenty-four rows as
straight and uniform an. soldiers ou
parade and as thick at the tip as at
the butt." The ears of this character
that are exhibited at corn shows' aru.
j It is claimed, thu result of yart of I
If J Am
careful breeding anil scliwftllc ffillUvu
tlon, Yet, having these choincterlstlca In
mlud, oars approximately perfect tiro
to be fottnd In ovory well cultivated
cornfield, and then' should bo carefully
seleclod and stored for need, froth
which, year by year, the standard oC
quality may he rnl.sed and the yield per
Until very recently but little atten
tion was given to the selection of corn
for planting. It was thought that If the
germ was vital the plant would pro
duce as well from a misshapen seed us
from otio that was entirely symmetri
cal and from nn ear ou which the rows
were crooked nnd the kernels some
what scattered as front those that wore
straight and close set. Careful study
has ascertained, however, that these
minor characteristics are (is reftdily In
herited as the more Important ones of
the proper proportion of grain to cob
nnd of gluten to starch and protein In
Uniformity In size of ear audi In set
of kernels, In weight, length nnd dlum
eter of ear Is desirable not only for
their Intrinsic value, but because where
machinery Is used for husking nnd
shelling the latter can be most easily
and satisfactorily employed upon grain
that Is not too diverse In these mat
ters. Farm Progress.
HOGS AFTER CATTLE.
I'roportluu of Swine to l'ollmv Steer
The amount ot pork one may expect
from hogs following cattle depends up
on the way In which the corn Is pre
pared. With broken ear corn and clo
ver hay and paved feed IoU, as lu n re
cent Illinois experiment, between six
nnd seven pounds beef and from one
and one-fourth to one and one-half
pounds pork may be expected from
each bushel of corn fed where eight
hogs follow thirteen head of steers,
and with corn In snapped, shelled and
ground fdrm, with supplemental con
centrates and wheat straw for rough
age, as In the Iowa test, from one to
one and one-half pounds pork can be
expected per hundred pounds corn fed.
In the Iowa test twenty hogs follo'wed
each lot of twenty steers for the first
fifty-six days and ten hogs were In
each lot during tlio last thirty-eight
days. The feed lots were not paved,
but were ordinary Iowa dirt lots.
If no additional corn is fed about
three-fourths as many hogs as steers
bhould bo allowed where corn Is fed in
shelled or ear form, fewer hogs If corn
is ground. Thp preferable plan ap
pears to be that followed by the ma
jority of successful feeders, allow one
hog per steer and feed such additional
corn as the hogs require on a feeding
floor in one corner of the yard. Tills
Insures tlio gleaulug of all waste, keeps
hogs growing at a rapid rate and fin
ishes them for market sooner than If
dependent entirely on gleanings. As
soon as the hogs become heavy and fat
they can be moved out of steer lots
and lighter, more active hogs substi
tuted. Wayne Dinsmore in Wisconsin
Corn Well Displayed.
In selecting corn for exhibit at a
state or local fair farmers should take
only perfect nnd uniform ears. Fre
quently corn Iq ruined for exhibition
purposes by being handled carelessly.
One of the neatest ways of showing
small lots of corn that wo have seen is
shown above. This was a first prize
lot grown, selected and put up by J. It.
Keckly of Ohio. Here Is a hint for
fanners In general, and the suggestion
may prove helpful. The husks are
turned hack and tied as represented In
the picture, says American Agricultur
ist. 1'reniTVlliic Seed Corn.
The seed corn selected should bo
placed in a dry, well ventilated room
where the ears can be spread out.
They should not be piled In a heap, as
It is Important to expose them to a
free circulation or air, so Hint they will
dry quickly and thoroughly without
molding. It is u good practice, often
followed, to leave a few husks uttuch
ed to each ear, so that tho ears may ho
tied together In pairs by means of thu
husks nnd then hung over poles or
wires In the upper part of tho room.
If convenient racks cun bo made like
bookcases, with slat shelves about four
or five Inches apart and open backs
and fronts, In which tho ears can ho
urrunged until thoroughly dried. Only
one row of ears should ho placed on
each shelf. This method allows the
preservation of a largo amount of seed
corn In a small spaco, United States
Tj. A. Martol, widely known for
liia explorations of deep caverns in
France, has added a now natural
wonder to Kuropo's list of such
things, and, it nppoors, a wonder of
tho Jirst rank. It is a canyon in tho
department of tho Dasses Alpes,
through which tho river VerjJon
flows a distance of thirteen miles.
Mr, Martel und two or threo friends
wore tho first to oxploro it last Au
gust. They found tho walls in tho
highest plucea varying from 980 to
nearly 2,200 feet in elevation. The
trip down the canyon ocoupied threo
days and was attonded with somo
danger. Tho stream flows with a
very swift current ovor many nat
ural obstruction, und tho explorers
observed that it is still cutting it3
channel dcepor. It flows through
rocks of tho Jurassic age. Mr. Mar
tel says that this canyon far ex
ceeds m grandeur any other known
in Europe, not excepting the cele
brated gorge of tho Tarn.
MRS. ANNA C. FALL.
One of (lie Clcvci'mt Of llOHton'a 'Wo
Mrs. Anna 0. Fall of Maiden Is ono
f thu cleverest of Huston's bright co
terie of women lawyers. Mrs. Knll,t In
deed, was among the verj first women
to practice law In Boston. Sho gradu
ated from tho Boston university law
school In 1S01 and tried Iter first coso
in November of that year, It being the
first jury case tiled by a woman In
Mrs. Full In the nttthor of a pathetic
little story, "Tlio Tragedy of n Widow's
Third," which proved a strong nrgu
tuuut lu favor of Increasing the wld-
Mr.3. ANA C. FAI.I..
ow's share of her husband's property
when the matter was being agitated In
the legislature some years ago.
For nine years this bright little wo
man was a member of the Maiden
school bonrd, where her influence was
very valuable. ,
So successful has Mrs. Fall beeu lu
her chosen occupation that her daugh
ter Is following lu her footsteps nnd Is
a student nt the Boston university lnw
school. Boston Traveler.
Cure of the I'inno.
A piano should be tuned at regular
Intervals, preferably after the begin
ning of each season. It becomes out of
tune as much by change of tempera
ture as by use.
Too much stress cannot be placed
upon tho selection of a tuner, as an
incompetent tuner can do great dam
age and will usually magnify a slight
trouble In order to justify a high price.
It Is best never to engage an unknown
tuner, or If he Is engaged be careful to
examine his references and be satisfied
that he is reliable and experienced.
The jingling or singing sound nt
times noticeable when the piano Is
played frequently Is due to what Is
called "sympathetic vibration." This
Is produced by an ordinary urllcle In
the room vibrating in sympathy with
some particular note in thu piano. To
ascertain the cause of this vibration
the key which seems to produce the
difficulty should ho struck by one per
son and another should go about the
room listening carefully, and thus the
article which vibrates can bu discov
ered and the cause removed.
Any hard substance, no matter how
small, when dropped Inside of a piano
will cause a rattle or jnrrlng noise.
If u pedal should squeak remove the
bottom panel of the piano and npply a
little black lead, powdered from a pen
cil, at the part where friction exists.
Cleaning Wu case may bo accom
plished by wetting a pieco of canton
flannel and dropping upon It a few
drops of ordinary olive oil. Bub n
small portion of the piano at a time,
wiping it off thoroughly with a dry
piece of cauton flannel. Afterward
rub with a soft, clean chamois skin or
another piece of clean canton flannel,
nlwnys taking care to rub with tho
grain of tho wood nnd occasionally to
breathe on It In order to remove every
particle of oily substance.
Sanitation In the Conntry Mount-.
The general problem of good water
and safo sewage appeals to every
ownor of a country house. Tho best
soil for these purposes Is a sandy one,
and wherever a rocky or clayey soil
gives possibility of a flssuro which
might connect wnter and drainage ex
pert examination should be called lu.
Tim individual plant for sewage dis
posal may ften be a well and a cess
pool, tho ccipool, onco a bogy to san
itarians, being now Justified by tho
septic tnnk and tho sand filter, both of
which principles aru employed In Its
construction. Two points must bo rec
ognized here; Such a covering of tho
well that tho gravo danger of surfneo"
pollution may bo avoided, for It is
most essential that no pollution should
bo washed through covering boards;
also the direction of dralimgo, which
Is generally toward tho nearest water
course, must bo such that tho water
supply may not be below tho point of
Mjwngo disposal. With these simple
precautions of soil, covering of well
and proper location of water and drnln
age, thu Isolated country hotiso owner
may feel secure, Holds flndfroy In
Tli I.lneu Clouet.
Tha woman who can set a whole
closet asldo for her linens and can
havo-that closet shelved to her fauoy
Is a fortunato Individual indeed, for
there's never a woman llvlug who
doeui't )iko linens kept just so.
Kuch kind should have its separate
sltoif, which should bo covered with
clean white paper, or, buttvr still, with
the pads made of dimity or of cheese
cloth lined with perfumed wadding.
Lavender is tho most pleusuut perfume
to use for linens, especially the laven
der flowers, sprinkled thickly hi the
pudding and perhaps sowed up iu llttlo
tint bajjs us well, which avo laid hero
and there among pillow cases uud
bheelrf. No other perfutuo has nuJto so
clean aud fresh a quality about It for
the purpose. Sheets aud pillow cusea
alike should bu marked with Indelible
Ink (unless you prefer to embroider
everything), giving each sot some dU
tlnghl'V - .a;, so tlrh'rlliey nrfi liept
together uud meet the same amount of
wear nud tear. A change for each bed
Is the usual ullownnce,
Ono nilght term n bodstend recently
evolved by nu Ingenious housowlfo a
hybrid, yet It might bo said In Its favor
that It combines tho ndvnntuBes of ap
pearance of tho mahogany four poster
with tho hyglonle merits of tho metal
bed. This la accomplished by using the
four posts of the mahogany bed with
tho springs nud frame of thu metal bad.
A dimity tester nnd valance with a
colonial spread entirely concealed the
metal portion hi tho daytime, and its
possessor says Hho prefers It to the en
thu mahogany bud. In explanation It
might he said that the mahogany bed
stead used was bought for a song nt a
sale, as the only good thing ubout It
was tlio four Hue posts.
llovr to Dry the Hulr,
Somo children catch cold very easily
after having their hulr washed. In or
der to dry It quickly and prevent this
usu for the final rinsing quite hot wnter
lu which a few drops of alcohol have
been added. Then rub the hair well
with alcohol and wring It out ns drv
us possible. Xext take two or three
towels, divide the hair nnd wipe each
strand separately. Let the child sit In
a warm oom or, If possible, In the
sun. Fan tho hair and wipe each
strand separately, and It soon will ho
Very neat and serviceable rug.-t for
use In the kitchen can be mnde from
old trousers legs aud heavy dress n i
terlnls which are past redemption
wearing u:iarol. Wash the mater' i
and cut It In strips about two Inches
wide. Sev" ho strips together, making
three lenr"is, which braid together
tightly. Xake the center of tho rug uf
u heavy pl"co of material or a scrap of
carpet, cut oval or round, and sow to
braided strip round and round until
the rug Is tho desired size.
L:netlve 'ruble Siiunre.
A very effective table square wras
made at small cost from unbleached
linen toweling twenty Inches wide.
Two lengths of linen were used and a
lino of heavy linen lace Insertion was
used to join the pieces. Narrow linen
lace to match edged tho square, aud
small round medallions of lace were
let In at eight corners of the cloth.
A Test of IIounelcccpliiK
As good a test of the right sort of
housekeeper as the old time one of
looking In corners nnd under beds for
dust is that of passing a cloth over the
tops of doors and windows. Your true
housewife will look to It thnt they are
dusted as regularly as tho furniture is
aud every sweeping dny will see them
wiped off with a damp rag.
I'lutttnir ii Skirt.
Plaits that are to bo stitched only a
certain number of inches from the
waist Hue should be graduated from
the front to the back and the depth of
tho plaits marked by a colored thfcad.
The plaits, however, should be basted
to the foot of thu skirt and pressed
carefully their, entire length.
The fashion of small safes concealed
In unlikely places is such u popular
one that any piece of furniture may
now be used to bailie burglars? The
latest is a linen chest, a substantial
thing of oak or cedar, which contrives
to hide a safe. The safe Is lire as well
as burglar proof.
Pressing: Sleeve Semim.
For pressing the seams of a sleeve
procure a three-quarter round, short
length of lumber. Tad It and cover
with a piece of white ironing cloth.
This furnishes a firm base for the
presslug, which Is utterly lacking In
the customary broom handle.
The best sofa pillows are covered
with waxed cotton. This is done by
Ironing the inside of the cover with a
hot llatlron rubbed on a cloth well sat
urated with beeswax. When treated
In this way It is Impossible for small,
elusive downs to work througn.
This Is an excellent furniture polish
where a bright siu-faco Is desired: TIu)f
n pint of alcohol, half nn ounce each of
rosin nnd shellac powdered. Mjx these
with tho alcohol, then add halt- a pint
of Unseed oil. Shake thoroughly be
Ono should never tamper wltl,niole?.
It Is unsafe and sometimes Is followed
by serious cousequuuees. If any treat
ment Is necessary go to a reliable phy
sician for It.
Albonl and Royajty. .
Among the many anecdotes told
of that x'nmoui Italiun contralto,
Mme. Alboni, is ono which, reading
liko Action, is nevertheless porl'eqtly
true. Many years ago at n state
concert at Buckingham palace Mine,
Alboni wa3 commanded to appear,
And nppear sho did und sang ox
quisitcly. As sho turned to go offer
her last aria sho slipped her hand
into her pocket and drow forth a
pair of scissors, sharp and now.
Bending down, sho quickly snipped
tho ropo which soparated the artists
front the nudionqe, "1 havo done
it," sho whispered triumphantly to
a friend and escaped as gracefully
a3 might bo. Mme. Alboni had' re
Glass Brokon by the Voiqe.
It is scarcely credible, but it is a
fuct, that a glass can bo broken by
tho voico. If you strike a thin wine
glass whilo you hold it by thu stem
it will optit a certain note, in inost
cellos a pretty deep ono, On bring
ing the glass roptuly to your mouth
and shouting into it tho same notn
as loudly as possible, the vibrations
of tho glass being thereby extended,
it will bo shivered into fragments.
This used to bo a fayorito experi
ment of Lablaehe. thn rennwnml
fiinger. who would thus break, ono
after the nthei, as many glasaoa gg
rere handed ta feitn,
..... .. ....'jACfcJYti
Onto of Their Origin. Unknown, Thy
Art So Very AiicUnl.
If you desire to know about tho
scarcity of really reliable data on
the history of spoons, tuko down
your handbooks and encyelopedioa
and Bee if it doesn't take you a long
while to leurn nuy tiling concerning
their origin, "natinty, etc. in
fact, the antiquarians do not pre
tend to give us any tiling of. value, iu
that line. Jt is admitted that, thoy
arc "very ancient' but just exuctiy
how old they are nnd by whom and
where thoy were first used nro
points upon which we are left com
pletely in tho dark. Creighton
says, "Spoons must have been a
very ancient invention, for a Saxon
spoon of perforated silver gilt, or
namented with gems, was iound in a
grave at Sarre, Thanet."
When forks were uuknown spoona
played a very important part at tlio'
table. Spoons of tlio thirteenth
century, and even later, had handles
terminating in a knob, knot, acorn
or other odd and cumbersome de
vices. About the period of the
restoration, of which so much is
said in English history, a great
change was made in the forms of
spoons. In some of the unique pat
terns tho "spoon" part was divided
into two, three and even four part9,
and the handles always split or
twisted and turned up instead of
down nnd back. Spoous of that
period were all blunt instead of be
ing pointed, as in the forms, general
ly seen at present. They continued
short and blunt to the time of
George I., when thoy were first
made pointed and had the handles
turned down instead of up.
About the year 1500 what were
known as "apostle .spoons" were in
troduced. They were so called be
cause they had the figures of 'the
twelve apostles carved upon their
handles. They were generally given
by sponsors to children at their time
of baptism. The wealthy presented
the entire twelve, those who could
not afford to indulge in such extrav
agance giving one or more, accord
ing as they felt able.
The most curious and remarkable
spoon in the world perhaps is a
"coronation spoon," preserved
among the other royal relics in the
Tower of London. The bowl is of
gold and the handle of silver. The
handle is split down tho middle and
set with nil kinds of precious stones.
Tlio relic is valued at about 20,
000, or upward of $100,000.
There may be more than one jut
cause for pride in the soul of the
small boy at the close of his first
day at school.
"How did you get on with spell
ing?" Bob's mother asked him.
"You look so pleased, I'm sure you
"Xo'm, I couldn't spell much of
anything," admitted Bob. "And I
couldn't remember the 'rithmetic
very well, nor the joggerp'yi"
The mother's face wore a look of
disappointment, but Bob had re
served a choice morsel which was
sure to raise a sensible parent to
heights of appreciative joy.
"But that's ino matter, mother,"
he said, bestowing a bear's, hugup.qn
her; "the boys all like me, and I've
got the biggest lectin the class!"
Roumania is inhabited by a be
wildering variety of races, but
whether of Greek, Slav or Teutonic
lineage, the modern Roumanian
makes it a point of honor to claim
descent from the colonists Avhom
Trajan planted in tho conquered
province of Dacia, A. D. 107. Call
ing themselves Romuni and their
language Itomuuid, the proud citi
zens seldom draw out a legal docu
ment without some allusion to their
founder, whom they style "the di
vine Trajan." The Roumanian lan
guage rcllects tho composition of
tho race, and now only faintly sug
gests the language whiph Trajan
A Barbaric Autocrat.
Behnnssin, tho ex-king of Daho
mey, after ten years' exile in Mar
tinique has been allowed by the
French government to change his
residence to Blida, near Algiers. Ho
is accompanied by his four wives,
his son, his threo daughters and
three servants. Ifo is about sirtv
years of age, with tho blackest of
laces anti a snort white beard. 'He
smokes forty strong cigars a day.
At tho hotel Behanztn refuses to eat
off plate's or drink from ulnsHPa
which nave been served before. His
four wives treat him with linrhnrin
homage, knooling before hini, kiss
ing his hand and when ho riesor
walks abroad holding an umbrella
over tho royal woolly head.
The Amtrlcun Evanina Call.
Thoy have the evening visit in
Amorica, and tho young man who
has dono his day's work knows that
thu families of hia acquaintance are
ready to recoivo him. But here the
evening call is impossible but to in
timates, and the casual visit of a
more acquaintance at half past 9
would suggest somo sudden message
of disaster. The- woman who dines
alouo in her house knows that this
is tho end of her day. No oije, vjill
como. It ia not the fashion. But
would not the institution of thn
"evening call" make for merriment,
meetings of those whose dutiea keep
them far apart during the after
noon?- London Chronicle,
Bg-Tli. JW1 f