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title: 'Gallipolis journal. (Gallipolis, Ohio) 1837-1919, November 14, 1850, Image 1',
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Published by James Ilarper.
At ft SO In Ad ra uce
Volume XV. Number 50.
GALLIPOLIS, OHIO, NOVEMBER 14. 1850.
Whole Number 778.
Is published every Thursday morning
IIY J A TICS HARPER,
1m Telegraph Building, Public Square.
. - - Tzbms:
1 copy one year,pa!d in ad ranee, $ 1 60
1 " if paid within the year, 2 00
Fox Cwis. Four copies, 95 50
Six 8 00
Ten " 13 00
m. . - I
. iuo person eeuwe up eciUD I txh
III L. J . 1
wmw euuucu 10 odd copy gr.u, mo
long as inecmn continues Dyms exer-
Hons, i no caRn, in tnese cases, must
Invariably accompany the names.
One square 3 insertions, SI 00
Each subsequent insertion. 25
One square 6 months, 4 00
" " 1 year. 6 00
To those who advertise larger a libe
rat reduction will be made.
From the Louisville Journal.
TT7W are sure that a husband, so
beautifully and touchingly appealed
to, will fly home upon the wings of
To an Absent Husband.
Dearest, come home! I cannot bear
Thy long protracted stay,
So sd and lonely is my heart
When thou art gone away.
: I've tried, alas! how vainly tried,
Thine absence to forget,
- Yet still I can but think of thee
With fondness and regret.
. As mourns the gentle, cooing dove,
In accents desolate,
When forced by some unkindly hand
r ar from her loving mate
So through the chambers of my heart
Echoes a mournful tone,
- Whilst every pulse affection beats,
He-echoes "I'm alone!"
Things that are bright when thou art
Look dark and gloomy now, the
And nature seems to share my grief es
Which clouds upon her brow.
The birds sing now a sadder song
Than e'er they sanS before,
. And flowers have lost the sunny hue
I hey once so sweetly wore.
. To while the weary hours away,
That lag with laden feet,
I read thy favorite authors o'er,
Their choicest parts repeat.
But even books,those voiceless friends, I not
iin.ro iosi an cnann iur me,
And fail to cheer my heart, unless
I read them, love, with thee.
And music, with her voice ao street,
I re called her to my aid,
- And soft, and low, with trembling not
Thy favorite air I've played
But ah! those tender notes have stirred
Affection's fountain deep.
And sadly I have left my song
To think of thee and weep.
lhus gloomy thoughts weir dismal
O'er brightest objects fling, whh
How true it is a saddened neart
Can sadden everything! I n
TliAn. ffA.rp.t-rnmA thv ijifp'n fnrul I -
Still warmly beats for you
' A heart whose every throbbing pulse
BARDSTOWN, Oct. 18, 1850.
. (tAt a meeting of the Massachu
setts Charitable Mechanic Association,
held ia Lowell, a few evenings since,
file following beautiful ode, which had
been composed for the occasion by
Epes Sargent, was sung:
The camp has had its day of song;
The sword, the bayonet, the plume
Have crowded out of rhyme too long
The plough, the anvil, and the looml
O, not upon our tented fields
Are Freedom's heroes bred alone;
The training of the work-shop yields
More heroes true than War has known!
Who drives the bolt, who shapes the
- ,., steel, .... . . .. .
May with a heart as valiant, smite,
As he who sees a foeman reel '
In blood before his blow of might!'
The skill that conquers space and time,
That graces life, that lightens toil, -May
spring from courage more sublime
Than mat which makes a realm its spoil.
Let labor, then, look up and see,
His craft Do pith of honor lacks; .
The soldier's rifle yet shall be -Less
honored than the woodman's axe!
Let Art his own appointment prize,'
Nor deem that gold or outward height
Can compensate the worth that lies
In tastes that breed their own delight.
'And mav the time draw nearer still
When men this sacred truth shall heed.
That from the thought and from the will
Must all that raises man proceed!
Though Pride should hold our calling
For us shall duty make it good; '
And we from truth to truth shall go
Tilt life and death ar understood.
i' Th amount of Treasury notes out
standing on tht 1st inst. wastll 1,938.
Correspondence of the New York Tribune.
The American Artic Expedition.
LETTER FROM E. K. KANE.
LANCASTER SOUND, between
Cape Crawford and York.
Wednesday, August 21.
. On the 13th of August, a steady
breeze and open Leads helped us to
an anlooked Tor progress. We got
to the north of 75 deg. 40 mm., and
the snow lay close aboard ol us, sur
mounting cliffs of Trap. Some deep
nllevia oassed were the nests ol
- . " r . . ' .
rem-rtab a rr ac ers. and the ice cen
" " o
eraiy interested me by the nove
character of its formations. I had
. c . r .am;..
uuw v f f J ,v"i -
my stock of observation on refrac
tion. I have now some lorty quarto
pages of them.
Throughout these regions, the phe
nomena of f elraction eclipse any
thin? I have seen of Fata Morgana
or Mi rare in Africa or Mexico. Some
of these distortions were indeed so
wonderful that I am inclined to
think we have been favored in this
respect beyond previous voyages.
we have witnessed at
least twice what no description has
yet approached. Parry, with Fish-
er and Sabine, had sketched instan
of bergs so doubled as to throw
the base of one high into the air; but
we have had allusions so extrava
gantly fanciful that to attempt any
description of them would be simply
Since we left Disco, our day has
been one unending sunshine; and
midnight the time for a series of sun
downs deepening in color with the
advance of the Tear. . Bitter cold as
we have had it in earnest, strange to
say, the warmest sky of the Medi
terranean does not look warmer in
the coloring than that of the Sum-
mer evening upon Baffin's Bay. I
have learned to believe in Turner, in
my delight with the rich purple shad-
uows oi me sianiing sun nere; ana
violet hues it gives to the reach-
of white snow and the tranquil
water Leads that are like alcove look
ing glasses unclouded by a breath of
It is in these lingering hours that
make the wedding of sunset to sun
rise, the retractions are so regular
beautiful. The earth borrows from
skv its clouds and its colors, still
is hard to tell where they do or do
And the line where you
look for the horizon flits up and
down so capriciously, and it is so be-
studded with glowing figures, some
them coming up from the water and
others from the sky, that you can
help puzzling yourself with the
notion mat your utile vessel some
how or other got out of her place,
is either swinging or hanging be
tween them. 1 have seen in the
course of a single night, regularly
castellated feudel towers, glittering
pinnacles with pennons streaming
trom them, mountains crimsoned
lava firiw. oriental rlnrrww nf ml.
n incrvA hn tnn.
- . - ' r
bizarre forms of hieroglyph and
heraldry; things that have been and
and things that imagination
never dreamt of; melting into
other like the phantasms of a
One evening, the 15th. we
a fleet of ocean steamers in the
with their tall smoke pipes, sail
aiong in a line, as if to marshal
our way. -
we passed Cape York, two hu
manish looking beings made signals
us. We sent a boat off, and found
them to be a couole of Esquimaux.
These far Northern savages for we
now close upon 76 deg. N.
were expressive figures in the pic
ture of this Icy wilderness. They
were clad in bear skin breeches and
skin hooded jackets; their shoes
badly put together composite of
and dog fur; a lance harpoon;
bone, wood, and iron tipped, in their
hands, and a big, inflated bladder of
skin banging back between their
shoulders. They were equipped for
seal chase upon the shore ice.
Their faces were fat and flabby, but
much of patient good nature in
them as we see in horses and dogs;
their pantomime was expressive of
coarsest lun that pantomime can
express. They would have met us
with open arms but we did not meet
them half way. They pointed with
fingers spread out to spaces be
tween the hills and made signs to us
there was that number of huts
there. They were anxious to be
taken aboard, but this we would not
these poor wretches, : some
wrecked whalemen stumbled, not
ago, over a gronp of Esquimaux
huts. The , snow was untrodden
around, but they found more than
twenty beings not beings, but
corpses ice preserved, entire, except
their eyes and lips, and lying down,
lifeless do? by lifeless master. The
cause of this passing away was
mystery. There was food around
them, and where food and fuel are
nearly convertible terms, they would
hardly have been without fire and
light. Whether it was intense cold
or pestilence, or poisonous surfeit,
the corpses were there, and for ought
we know to the contrary, are there
After this we sailed along the
coast quietlv, but with the pleasant
excitement of hopeful expectation.
We had not seen the water more
open, and wers momentarily expec
ting to shape our courso for Lancas
ter Sound, the great highway to the
West. On the 16th of August the
shore was close upon our left hand,
and in spite of the delusions of Arctic
distance, it was as it looked, net
more than five miles off.
The Crimson Cliffs.
By and by we came to the "Crim
son Cliffs of Beverly," the locality of
hat curious vegetable growth called
the red snow. The coast here was
built of high and rugged metamor-
phic rocks, broken along the sea line;
into precipitous sections and where
the configuration of the hills permit
ted, lined by a rough detretlut of
broken rock. Numerous gorges
opened out landward, and on these
were patches olsnow stained by
brownish red. Imagine the work
of a Titian, with his dredging box of
cayenne or brick dust, and you have
the Crimson Cliffs of Beverly, wita
out the poetry.
It was a calm, or nearly such.
with the little wind that was stir
ring ahead, ana tnis gave me an op
portunity ol going ashore. After
forty five days' impiisonment, hem
med in by snow and ice, I enjoyed
We were in latitude 76 deg. 01
min., nearly but eight hundred and
thirty six miles from the Pole, and
three hundred find fifty six miles from
the Northernmost limit attained by
man. let, when we landed within
little cove, one side of which was
formed by a Glacier, and the other
formed by its distillations, we found
green, bright green, with mosses
and a highly elaborated vegeta
tion! The Glacier came down from a
steep gorge, who:e distant termina
tion was an ice bound moraine. It
did not quite fill up the little
horse shoe like expansion into which
we entered, but stood across it like
solid wall or escarpment, sustaining
dome of snow. One side was fro
zen to the opposing cliffs, and the
other protruded into the sea. The
side presented to us offered a longi
tudinal section, exhibiting its suc
cessive increments of growth. Near
eye, it had a heighth of above
two hunded feet, and its surface be
of gentle descent, it met the in-
clination of the hi!! side at an
angle of some three hundred
It is beyond my power of lan
guage, dear , to convince you
how fresh, and pure, and chaste, and
shining, and beautiful, was this wall
silver and crystal. Ihe lines of
formation were beautifully ar
ranged in horizontal strata, blending
lust with the soil at its base, and
incorporated with the bed above
it had grown.
Now, out ol the ground, the
space upon which I stood in the lit
meadow of the cove can you re
alize it? in beds bordered and lined
with thick moss and horny lichens,
Arctic Flora raised Itself full of
modest variety and beauty.
Under the stimulus of the short
a.'dent Summer here, vegetation
quickens to an extent beyond con
ception. Man himself is conscious
effort, and strong effort, too.
when he constrains himself to recur
ring alterations of repose, under
nervous stimulant of constant
light. But the Arctic Plant has no
will to set against the nearly unceas
ing operations of the chemical pro
cesses which constitute vitality; the
absorption of carbonic acid, (always
excess in these high latitudes)
goes on steadily; the solar rays calls
continually for its oxygen, and the
poor plant sleeps little.
Yet I was surprlssd at their ex
treme luxuriance and variety. I had
looked for some marks of Vegetation,
even in this high latitude; but here
were genitans, and rannacule, and
anemones of extreme beauty) min
gled with the coarse grasses and
matted crawling willows.
Wait till yon se my collection from
this locality. " - - ' " ' -
In a Gale.
By time being the middle of
Angust,we began to despair of reach
ing our searching ground for active
service. But no calculations based
upon wind and water are to be relied
on. The calm which enabled as
to visit Greenland, suddenly broke
up and on the 19th, early in the
morning, we drove across the open
space heading for Lancaster Sound.
The wind freshened during the en
tire night, and the 19th opened with
a hard gale. About 8 o'clock in the
morning, two vessels were seen as
tern they were brigs, each larger
than our own, and laboring along un
der as heavy canvass as they dared
By 12 o'clock the came op with
us; and the larger a beautiful craft of
ouu tons, took her station on our
The Mariner's Halie.
We were now about thirty miles
from the Great Sound, and ready to
be pleased at meeting any compan
ion, but these were more to us they
were brethren in our Arctic Crusade
and bound upon the same good er
rand. , '
Our Captain jumped upon the
stern lockers, and clinging fait to the
main boom, saluted a rugged sailor
looking man. in a pilot boat. "Can.
tain Penny I presume!"" y, ay,Sir!"
To this went back the introduction,
Lieutenant De Haven, of the Uni
ted States Grinnell Expedition in
search of Sir John Franklin;" and
then commenced the interchange of
We learned that the season was
backward every where the ice
about Melville Bay very discoura
ging. Commodore Austin was en
route for the sound, and had left Ca-
ry Islands three days before.the 15th
ihe XVorth btar, about whose late
we were beginning to entertain some
anxiety, was sale and sound at Leo-
pole Harbor. "Good by, then.
Lood bye, all
Slowly she lorged ahead of the La
dy franklin; but then, before she
left hailing distance, there came oer
the rough sea the good old roar we
nherit Irom our Lnglish forefathers.
the Hurrah! three cheers of beartv
brotherhood and sympathy, loud
above the storm, "Stand aloft, boys!"
and we sent back" the grbetinc. "One
cheer more," after this, and "Yet an
other," were given and responded
to, and the flags of the sister nations
Penny's orders were to Smith's
and Jones' Sounds. Whether he has
succeeded in entering, we cannot tell.
une thing, however, was no small
comfort to us: our Yankee expedition
was vp to time. U any thing, we
were ahead of Austin, with all the
steamers and his start of nearly a
week from Disco.
The Gale Increases.
Before midnight the fogs had thick
ened around us, and the storm was
its heighth. Every thing on deck,
even our anchors and quarter boats,
had fetched away; and the cabin,
fireless and comfortless, was near
afloat with half frozen water. We
shivered and chattered, and barked
that night without a grumble. We
could not forget to be cheerful; re
membering the morning and our
By this time we were within the
Sound, but it was so black that we
kept our position only by dead reck
oning. It was bold navigation, but
justified by its success. We passed
Cape Warrender, and on the Ulst
sighted the high trap shores around
A Sail Seen.
Here again a sail was reported,
A. M. of the 24th) but this time
ahead. It was a topsail schooner,
close reefed with a scandalized main
sail, and a little rag of gib. fluttering
along like a crippled bird, right be
fore the gale. A launch of about
twelve tons burden floated astern
The Ancient Mariner.
gained on her; again came
hailing, and the interchange of
news, lhese also were brethren in
cause, and the noble old Artie
veteran. Sir John Ross, in his schoon
the Felix. I shall never forget
honest exultation with which he
the hailing officer sang out:
"You and I are ahead of all of them!"
Such was indeed the fact. Com
modore Austin had two vessels in
Pond's Bav, news seeking, and two
others on the North side of the en
trance of the sound, coast exploring.
Capt. Sir John Ross, and Lieutenant
Edwin De Haven were further ahead
than any of the searchers!
My sympathies were strongly mov
for this Sir John. He is a victim to
criticism of arm-chair theorists,
a man to whose indomitable en
ergy and singleness of purpose, the
future will do higher justice. He has
been wounded tn four engagements
twice desperately, and this is his
polar voyage. It was pain
ful, though it elevated the spirit, to
a man past the three score and
allotted to human life, pressing
his way in such a cockle shell, so
far from home, and through polar
storm, to the rescue of a brother ad
venturer. Here then we are, the 22J of Au
gust, the sound free from ice, and
the harbor of Port Leopold not more
than forty miles ahead. Now let
me help you to some Conjecture of
The attempt to penetrate the ice
by Upernavik, lost us a part of the
opening season; but a concurrence
of fortunate circumstances has put
us on a par with the English expedi-
tion. Still we are behind the year.
October is an impracticable month;
and, indeed, the latter part of Sep
tember, is so impeded by the young
ice, that we may look upon our term
for successful operations as the very
utmost but thirty days. With this
before us, if the water and the winds
should combine in our favor, much
may be done. As for the mere mat
ter of distance, the proposed area of
search is not beyond the range that
might be traversed in such a period.
We, therefore, go to work with all
hope, but without the purpose of be
ing much disappointed if we do not
practically achieve a great deal.
After communicating with the
North Star at Leopold Harbor, a
boat duty which I suppose I
may have in charge, we meet our
consort at the mouth of Wellington
Channel; and then, if the North Star
gives us no word to the contrary,
proceed at once toward Mellville Is
land, now not more than three hun
dred miles off. Should the sea con
tinue open, we shall, however, not
remain, or more than touch there,
but driving on beyond the most wes
ternmost limits yet attained, pursue
our way toward Banke's Land, and
then make Nothing as rapidly and as
far as the approaching winter will
permit. It may bo and of this I
shall give you news when leaving the
"North Star," that we will attempt
Wellington Channel; or, it may be,
that continued open water to the
westward may enable us to dispense
wilh the Northern progress of which
have spoken, so that we may push
on past Banke's Land, and toward
the Straits. Any plans we may
form will be much modified by the
vicissitudes of this precarious navi
gation. At all events, we are now fairly in
for something. Out of five winters
that we have wintered in this Sound,
and ils appendages, one that of Sir
James Ross went or rather could
no farther, than the little harbor
now fifteen miles ahead. Of the
Commanders of the others. Parry
the Fury, Sir John Ross de
serted the Victory after struggling
with the ice lor lour years, and Sir
But the Sound is open now, our
vessel staunch and strong, its officers
right well, and the crew, consider
ing their original material was not
the best, enjoying remarkably good
health. There was a single case of
scurvy on board the Kescue, but It
yielded easily to treatment; and,
since both vessels have adopted the
same system of hygeiene and diet
tics, we have been free of disease.
More than lime juice and grated po
tatoes, I enjoin tree exercise, ventil
ation, cleanliness, and cheerlul ex
citement. My advice, too, has been
against the use ol nre lor warming
to the present time. This has
worked well, for we have taken.
when most certain of being able to
bear it, the seasoning which sooner
later had to come. I am writing
now at a temperature in the cabin
35 degrees. Our lowest summer
temperature has been 25 degrees.
trial was at first severe, even to
those who, like myself, learned to
their head work in bed; but then,
when Artie winter comes upon us,
the hands blister against the me
tals, and rime, iciclet form wherever j
exhalations of vitality seeks to
escape, our temperature below will
comfort to that we now habitual
Second only tn value to my few
philosophical instruments, I bold
three things you gave meat the last;
Salt Lake woll skin robe, and
Greeley and Emersont Americans
three. ' '
Do publish about our meeting here
old Sir John Rossi and seeifvou
find wit enough to say some
thing for-him yourself, in the way of
eninusiasiic euiogy, - xou snow ne
been "baited" at home, with Bar
row to use him up with his theoret
science, and a close Admiralty
clique to keep him in shadow.
Bearing with him his rears of wounds
weather, at the age when men
the quietude that reconciles to
decay, he comes but on a private ex
pedition to meet a junior, Captain
Austin, in command of a beautifully
appointed squadron. I think I set
him over again the old furrowed
s-ilor, the very double of Buena Vis
ta General Torrejon, standing by the
tiller of his miserable little schooner.
as she rolled staggering along under
a neavysea. We encountered him
east of Admiralty Inlet, by a queer
coincidence just opposite the point of
nis escape irorn an almost hopeless
imprisonment in the polar wilder
ness. What thoughts must, have
crowded npon the old sea dog! Fe
lix Booth, his Grinnell, is dead.
Give kind word for me to ours.
E. K. K.
Ohio Election—the Vote.
1848 Govsaxoi 1850
Total, 148666 148321
Ccbiocs Medical DiscovraT. A
curio is medical discovery has
been made in Paris. It is the
method of curing instantaneously
sciatica, by applying a small jet of
upon the ear of tbe side anected.
treatment, known and employed
ages among the Scythians, in Per
sia, and in Portugal, is now only in
use io some parts of Corsica.
Several experiments have lately been
by some of the most eminent
physicians of Paris, and with aston
ished success. Persons who have
for months affected wilh sciati
have been instantly cured by this
and innocent burning.
OCT Stone for the Washington
Monument. The Grand Division of
Sons of Temperance for the State
Ohio, at the annual session, order
ed block of marble to be prepared
the Washington monument. The
is to be equal in size and finish
that ordered by the State.
more American has the following ac
count of a lamentable suicide in thai
city, on Tuesday
"A respectable married" lady resid
ing ia the southwestern part of th
city, committed su'wnde at an early
hour yesterday morning, under cir
cumstances oi the most lamentablei
character. She retired to rest with
her husband the previous night, ia
her usual health and spirits; some
time after midnight they were dis
turbed by a youn child which was
in the room, and its mother got up
for the purpose of attending to its
wants. The child was quieted, and
the husband fell into a sleep, from
which he was awakened iomrim
afterwards by a relative living in tba
house, who informed him that she
heard a noise in the room over which
she had been sleeping, and that shs
feared some one had obtained an.
tranca into tbe house. The
band turned to awake his wile, bnf
was alarmed at finding she was not
in the room. A light was then Dro-
cu red, and on entering the room la
which the- noise had been heard, tha
unfortunate lady was found on tha
floor, almost deluged with her own
blood, and nearly lifeless. A razor
was lying by with which she had
rut a terrible pash through the flesh
part of the left arm, just above the
elbow, severing all the large blood
vessels in that part of the body. A
physician was instantly summonedd
but before his arrival she had ceased
breathe. The melancholy act ia
entirely Unaccountable on any other
supposition than that the unfortun
ate lady was suffering under soma
temporary alienation of mind; she
was happy in all hef domestic rela
tions, and surrounded by friends by
whom she was both loved and as
BaLTIMOBB AND ScSQCEHANjUlt
Railrord. This road within tha
past month has been finished to Mid'
dletown,so that there is now a rail
rond communication from Baltimore
New York, Columbia, Middle
town, Harrisburgh and Hollidays.
burgh and thence by stages or ca
The business on this road during
past year, has increased the to
tal amout of down freight being 143.
tons, and up freight 36,220 tons.
1S47 the total receipts for passen
gers and freight were $249,913,33
Our object in noticing this road
was, mainly to direct attention to
singular feature in Its business,
the Forwarding Business dona
it by individuals. The Company
the great forwarder, but it allows
encourages Individuals and com
panies to become forwarders on tha
road, their cars being drawn by tha
company's engines at regular stipu
lated rates. There are now fourteen
private forwarding companies on this
road, and the extent of their opera
tions Can be inferred from the fact
the whole number of burden
on the road is 643, of which 264
belong to the private companies.
30 of the private cars aie de
voted to carrying oysters, &c, to
York, Columbia, Lancaster, Harris--
burg, Carlise, and other (owns in the
interior of Pennsylvania. Cin. Gax.
CiUCISSATTI A3D PlTTSBCBOH VIA
Coixmbcs. The New York Tri
bune, under its commercial head,
alludes to the communication
between the two great manufactur
cities of the Westt
"General Robinson of Pittsburgh-
President of the Ohio and Pennsyl
vania Railroad Company, has iust
a contract in Boston for a.
number of Express Locomotives-
all (he latest improvements, and
adapted to run at the highest rates of
They are to be delivered ia
spring, and will be capable of
carrying passenger trains in filteea
from Cincinnati to Pittsburgh,
the way of Columbus, which con
nection will be completed next year.
time from Pittsburgh to Mas
will be four hours."
Tin Moaiaow SrrTtiMEfT-In
England and Wales, conversions to
Mormonism are rapidly Increasing.
the last twelve months large
numbers, in those countries h-v
the Saints and several shin
have arrived in this country,
their way to Utah the Mormon
settlement. . - -
TatAS-About 20,000 votes were
returned at the August election ia
From ten counties, no re
turns were received. Tha Galves
ton Civilian, judging from this vote,
of opinion that there are now
thirty thousand voters la Tex
as, exclusiva of Santa Fal