Newspaper Page Text
BY JAMBS HARPER,
jh the low price of 9t 60, In advasee
" Office Tn Telegraph Building,
jas. harper, and ) itors.
9. A. HASH )
nor. M. 18M.
Congress and the Union.
. The time lor tne re-assemuuug ui
. I J IPU.
Congress is near at nauu. no wui
ing session will be a short one, but
quite long enough to accomplish
something for the wants of the coun
try in the way of ordinary legisla
. tron, If the attention ol the National
Legislature is not drawn away to
reexamine the subject of slavery,
with all the questions that come
within its range. During the last ses
sion, running through ten months,
this subject was agitated, till the at-
tention of the whole nation was
aroused to the matter in controversy
u it never had been before, and as it
. seldom is to any subject that comes
before that body. AH other ques
" tions gave way and were for the
time forgotten by Congres and the
nation. But the session did not close,
as was teared at one time, without
: accomplishing something toward
the settlement of what had so anx
iously occupied their attentions
;What that adjustment was we all
know. It failed to receive the sup
port of good and true men in Con
. press, amon? them was our own
member. That any adjustment could
;have satisfied all in a country where
of necessity there is a conflict of opin
ion and interest, was not hoped for
by the most patriotic, and could not
have been accomplished by the
' wisest But we do not now propose
to speak of the wisdom or justness
of that adjustment. The length of
time and earnest attention it re
ceives by Congress and the public
was never, devoted to any previous
Jaw it is the law of the land.
The simple question now is, shall
this adjustment be broken up and the!
amtation renewed? Shall the com
ing session of Congress live out its
brief existence amid the turmoil and
excitement that characterized the
last! We say no. From every con
sideration of principle and policy, we
trust this controversy will not be re
newed. We believe that the ques
tion of renewing this slavery conlro
versy, or of standing upon the com
promises of last session, is to draw
clear and distinct the line between
the friends of Union and dis-union.
' Speaking of the danger to the
Union, Mr. Hiram Ketchum, at the
New York State Convention, said:
-; Let this controversy be renewed
and be re-opened; let an angry con
test arise on the floor of Congress,
such as may arise at any day during
an excited session, and let that pro
duce a general conflict on the floor
of Congress, and this Union is dis
solved. ; ' The same language we heard Mr.
Vinton use four years ago in a politi
" cal speech, at Rutland, Meigs Co.
He said that the public mind had
looked upon the dissolution of the
Union as difficult to accomplish in
this they were deceived it might be
brought about on the floor of Con
gress during an excited session.
If sectional parties, built upon mis
guided feeling and striving for the
attainment of one idea only, are to
array, themselves against each other
on this question, session after session,
' what becomes of that brotherly feel
ing, by which this Government is
kept together? "
: We say again, we sincerely hope
the agitation is not again to be re
newed. If it is, we believe all friends
f the Union of - this government,
will . understand that the agitators
are in truth desirous of producing
that which their course is directly
calculated to bring about a dissolu
tion of lae Union.
". DCt'CoI" Sam'l Young, an eminent
politician in New York, died at his
residence in Saratoga county, on the
3d inst- Mr. Young was first elect
ed a member of the Legislature in
1813. He was once a candidate for
Governor, but was defeated by De
Witt Clinton. " - :
-' The steamer Cincinnati "passed (his
vIace od her upward trip, Sunday mom
nr;'. crowded with passengers. The
packet boats are doing a good business
Manly. Col. Thomas L. Kane,
of Philadelphia, promptly resigned
his office of U. S. Commissioner, on
receiving information of the passage
of the Fugitive Slave Bill, declaring
his belief that "no honorable man can
longer hold the office." The act,
says the Freeman, is worthy of his
heart, and will be honored by every
man who can appreciate a noble
deed. Philadelphia paper, 7 . "
Jerosalemf If that makes s great
and good man, we are in for we re
signed the office of U. S. Deputy
Marshal for , the very same reason,
but we had entirely forgotten to ten
about it. Pass us round, brethren of
the Press. Pre-haps we may yet go
to Congress who knows? Meigs
Certainly we'll pass yon round
Van. But before we go into that
Cocgress arrangement, let's under
stand whether vou believe in sus-
taining the law of the land, and hav
ing its provisions faithfully executed.
We beliere "an honorable man" does
not forfeit the title even if he does
not resign the office of Deputy Marshal..--..
-- Rogues about Town. The sad
dlery shop of Black & Bell presented
the marks last Sunday morning of
having been forcibly entered the
night previous. The window blind
had been cut and removed and a
portion of the sash. The rogue took
nothing but some $35 in counterfeit
money. Circumstances on Sunday
fastened suspicion on a boy in the
employment of Black & Bell, with
whom the keys of the shop were en
trusted. The boy came up missing
on Monday. We have since learned
that he left on the packet, went to
Pt. Pleasant, where he passed one of
the counterfeit bills, ($5,) and left.
The name of this hopeful youth is
George VV. Lyons; his age about 16.
Another. The Jewelry shop of
Mr. Thomas Wilkinson was again
broken open last Monday night. By
the use of a bar of pig metal the fas
tening that held the boh of the lock
was broken. The noise aroused
some of the neighbors, which left the
rascals just time to make their es
cape empty handed.
Massachusetts Election. The
telegraph gives the result in Massa
chusetts, so far as ascertained. It the
Whigs are in a minority in the Legis-
lature as stated, it is the result of the
union of Locos and Free Soilers.
We knew such a union was being
consummated through the State,
but had hoped that now, as hereto
fore, the Whigs of the old Bay
State were more than sufficiont for
all such combinations. In the 4th
district, which has been so long un
represented, Palfrey seems to have
been dropped ,and the Abolition vote
thrown for Frothingham, Loco.
fJCTThe Virginia Convention has
adjourned till January 1st. Sum
mers, ol Kanawha, is chairman
of the Committee on the Basis of
Representation. The Committee is
composed of 24; 12 east and 12 west
of the Blue Ridge.
Chili and the United States.
President Fillmore has issued a pro
clamation suspending the "acts im
posing discriminating duties of ton
nage or impost," so far as they re
late to the vessels of Chili, the Gov-
ernment of Chili, having in like man
ner suspended their laws imposing
discriminating duties upon the ves
sels of the United States.
Thanksgiving. We publish this
week the proclamation of Governor
Ford, appointing the 2Sth inst., as a
day of Thanksgiving. The Govern
ors of Pennsylvania and New York
have appointed December 12th. In
Massachusetts, Maryland and Indi
ana, the 28 ih inst., is the time named
by the Governors.
TX7"The table of votes cast for
Governor on the outside of this pa
per, does not contain the vote of Au
glaize and Scioto counties. The vote
in those counties stood: Scioto 1118
for Johnson; 654 for . Wood. Au
glaize, 344 for Johnson, 935 for
Wood. Wood's majority over John
ston is 11997. Smith's (Free Soil)
vote in the State is 13826. i " "
fXj"We learn that spurious coins,
in imitation of American $5 and $10
gold pieces, are in circulation. They
are calculated to deceive, but may
be detected by being of lighter weight
than the genuine, and somewhat
thicker.- - .
(KrChw thanks are due Mr. Abgcstin
Leclmco. for Pittsburgh, and Mr. Sam
uel Lakglbt for late Cincinnati pa-
peiS. .- '
New York Election.
NEW YORK, Nov. 8.
Washington Hunt, (Whig,) has
been elected Governor by a majority
of 1400. For Congress, there has
been elected 19 Wburs, 14 Demo
crats, and 1 Free Soiler. The Whig
majority on joint ballot in the Legis
lature is 34. This secures a Whig
TJ.S.SeBator in place of Dickinson.
Nrw Jersey. Fort, the Locofo
ro candidate for Governor, is elected
by a large majority. State Senate,
9 Whigs and 12 Locos. House 25
Whigs on 35 Locofocos. This State
elects a U. S. Senator next winter
a Senator gained for the opposition,
ILLINOIS AND WISCONSIN.
ILLINOIS AND WISCONSIN. Chicago, Nov. 7.
The city and county give about
900 majority for Maloney, the Dem
ocratic candidate for Congress, who
is supposed to be elected. Dyer and
Maxwell, both Democrats, are elect
ed to the Legislature.
In Wisconsin, Durkee and Doty,
Free Soilers, are supposed to De
elected. The returns are meagre
Michigan. The returns indicate
the election of the Whig candidates
for Congress in the 2d and 3d dis
03-Mr. Js- Kebe, Jr., clerk of the
magnificent packet Cincinnati, will ac
cept of our thanks for a neatly envelop,
ed bundle of Pittsburgh papers.
We are indebted to the officers of
ihe packet Clipper for similar favors.
ffrllon. S. F. Vinton left here for
Washington city on Tuesday.
ian custom of the people of the States
composing this Union, and in con
formity with the obligations which
all people are under to the Great
Ruler of the Universe, for the daily
blessings which they are receiving
at His hands, the General Assembly
of the State of Ohio, did, at its last
session Resolve, that the Governor
be requested to issue within the year
his proclamation recommended to
the people of the State the observ.
anceofaday of Thanksgiving and
Prayer to Almighty God - for his
blessings to us as a people.
Now, therefore, in compliance
with, and in obedience to recognized
duty, I, SEA BURY FORD, Gove
nor of the State of Ohio, do appoint
and set apart Thursday, the 2Sth
day of November, next, to be obser
ved as a day of Thanksgiving and
Prayer throughout this State. And
I hereby recommend to all the peo
ple that abstaining from all secular
employments, they repair to their
usual places of worship, and feeling
their entire dependance upon that
God to whom belon jeth the "Earth
and the fullness thereof," they ren
der to him thanks and praise, tor
peace in our borders, for general
health, for abundant harvests, lor our
Iree Institutions, for the spread of
knowledge, and for all his temporal
blessings, but espeially for the Chris
tian religion and the inestimable
blessings flowing to us from the
prevalence of the principles of
the "Everlasting Gospel," and that
relying in faith upon the promises of
that Gospel, they earnestly suppli
cate a perpetual continuance of these
blessings to all the people of this
Slate and this nation.
- Hioun nnAP mvhanit and
L.S. i the Great Seal of the State,
) nt Cnlnmhin. this 31 st dav
of October, A.D. 1850.
SEABURY FORD. John McDonough.
Speaking of the property of this
deceased millionaire, the New Or
leans Delta says:
To give some idea of the extent of
his suburban property, we may state
that he owned three hundred squares
in the rear of Livaudias, eleven
squares in the rear of the Second
Municipality, at the loot of Poydras
street, and sixteen thousand lots in
the rear of the Pirst and Third Mu
nicipalities. He also owns the whole
of the town of McDonough, oppo
site to the city, which is laid out in
to squares and lots. This is a part
of his suburban property. In addi
tion to this, he has productive prop
erty in thecitv which yields an an
nual revenue of two hundred thou
sand dollars. He owns, too, large
tracts of very valuable land in every
parish of the State, to say nothing of
immense possessions in me aajoining
NEW ORLEANS, Oct. 30.
The all absorbing topic with us is
the wi1 of the late John McDonough
The prevailing opinion with the le
gal fraternity is, that the depositions
in favor of free schools will be set
aside, in consequence of the entail
ment of perpetuity of the estate
which is directed to take place in fa
vor of such free schools, and that
therefore, the States of Louisiana
and Maryland will take the whole
property, under the alternative dis-
oosition whereby they are madede
visees in event of the illegality of
the before mentioned legacies.
Wild Cat. Bis Return to the
Seminole Country Hi x Hundred
Creek Indians in Pursuit of Him.
W learn from our friend Mr. Thos.
Aird, who arrived from little river
last week, that Wild Cat had come
from the Rio Grande, where he had
been gone for nearly a year, w hen
Mr. A. left Little river, -Wild Cat
had called a council of Seminoles,
which was to have come off last
week." It is supposed that this wily
chief will endeavor to get a number
of the Seminoles to follow him to
the Rio Grande, as he represents to
them that he has obtained a grant of
land from the Mexican government.
He undoubtedly has something in
view in this visit to the Seminoles at
this time some deep laid scheme.
He should be watched. We shall.
prehaps, in a few days, hear more of
his doings among the oeminoies.
We also learn from Mr. A. that
the Creeks, of Tuckabachee town,
have requested the traders in the
Creek nation not to sell powder and
lead to the Kickapoo Indians, as they
belong to Wild Cat's company on
the Texas line. The Creeks and
Seminoles are opposed to the move
ments of Wild Cat, and they have
very little confidence in him. We
believe the Seminoles disclaim any
connection with him in any way,
and have informed the government
that thev do not wish to be held re
sponsible for any of his acts.
It is thought, Dy tnose wno muw
Wild Cat, that he will not commit
any act oi open hostility towards the
people of the United States, but that
he will secretly encourage killing,
robbery, dec, with others, and will
appear to be friendly to both parties,
but manage fiia hand so as to come
in for a portion of the spoils. He
perhaps, sees a very large opening
for carrying on this nefarious busi
ness on the Rio Grande, and wishes
to get as many Indians of his native
tribe to follow him as he can, so as
to be well fortified for the pursuit of
Since writing the above we were
informed by a gentleman, who ar
rived in town from the Creek nation
on Wednesday evening last, that
about 600 Creeks had gone up from
Tuckabachee town, into the Semi
nole country, to arrest Wild Cat and
his followers. How many men he
has with him we have not yet learn
ed. There will be trouble yet with
this fellow. Fort Smith (Ark.) Her
old, Oct. 4.
Dreadful Steamboat Accident—Fourteen
Dreadful Steamboat Accident—Fourteen Lives Lost.
PHILADELPHIA, Nov. 9.
The steam propeller
hence for Ba timore, collapsed a nue
Thursday night, when opposite New
Castle, about forty "miles below this
citv. There were about hltv pas
sengers on board at the time. Six
dead bodies were brought to the city
yesterday, and most of whom died
coming ud. Nine were left at New
Castle dead and fatally scalded.
Eight or ten of the survivors are at
the Hospital here, some of whom are
badly scalded, among the latter is a
woman who lost her four children
by the catastrophe. Fourteen per
sons were killed. Some died imme
diately, others subsequently. The
boat is not materially injured.
Funeral Ceremonies at Locis
ville. The remains of Ges'l Tay
lor reached Louisville Friday morn
ing last, and were placed in a funer
alcar drawn by four horses. Ten
thousand people were assembled on
the levee and on Pearl street, and
were addressed, in a short, but ex
ceedingly eloquent and feeling speech,
by Gov.' Crittenden. The proces
sion then commenced its solemn
march it was large and imposing,
and consisted of four military com
panies.a gun squad, several fire com
panies, the council, convention, a
large number of carriages, &c. The
procession accompanied the remains
to the citv limits, when the military.
&c, returned. A large number of
horsemen, and some forty carriages
continued to the family burying
ground, when the body was deposi
ted in a vault prepared for it.
The day is said to have been "bright
and balmy," and all the arrange
ments for showing respect to the
honored dead, were satisfactorily
carried out Ci. Gaz.
The steamer Ohio, Capt. Black, from
New Orleans, arrived yesterday morn
ing, with a good freight, considering the
stage of water, and crowded with pas
sengers. Among the passengers were 85 re
turning Califoroians, many of whom are
citizens of this city and county. They
were passengers from Chagres to Ha
vana in the Falcon, from thence to New
Orleans in the new steamship Pacific.
Many of them were sick npon reaching
New Orleans, but with two or three ex
ceptions, had recovered or were conva
lescent upon their arrival here. They
bring with them between sixty-five and
seventy thousand do.'lars, less than one
thousand to a man, many of them en
tirely destitute. Without an exception,
they express themselves satified with
California.. But one man has an idea
of going back. , As a general thing they
give a gloomy version of the life spent
by thousands in that country. ; '
St. Louis Repub., 1st.
Fatal Mistake. Mrs. E. Pan
cost . administered a dose of mor
phine, supposing it to be a chalk pow
der, to her infant and only child, in
New York, on ; Monday evening,
which proved fatal. -' . -
ARRIVAL OF THE STEAMER
One Week Later From Europe.
NEW YORK, NOV. 8—10 A. M.
The steamer Africa, from Liver
pool, Oct. 26th, arrived here this
morning a little after 8 o'clock.
From her advices we learn that the
general features of trade throughout
the country has not been material
ly altered since our last notice.
Liverpool, Oct. 25. The cotton
market has been quiet this week.
Prices are again in favor of the seller
though not generally to. Our quo
tations to-day are partially id above
those last reported. The market clo
ses steadily this evening the sales
of the day reaching 6000 bales. .
Liverpool, October 26. Grain
There has been no new feature to
notice in the grain trade during the
past week. The demand for Wheat
and Flour has been quiet, but in pri
ces no change can be reported. In
dian Corn has advanced 6a9d per
quarter. Indian meal usaiis oa
Provisions l he arrival oi curea
provisions since our last notice has
been very small. We have again
had an extensive demand for Lard,
with sales to the extent of 360 tons,
have besn made, chiefly at an ad
vance of 16 per cwt Bacon A
large business has been transacted
in bacon, at rather higher prices;
Shoulders of fine quality are scarce
and wanted other descriptions are
not much enquired after. Cheese is
firm at full rates. In Beef very tri
fling business has been done. Pork
is rather in favor of the buyer for
new, while previous prices are de
manded for old.
The Iron Market continues dull,
and prices remain without variation.
Scotch pig iron is quiet, at 42s 6da
4Ss per ton, for usual brands, deliv
ered free on board in Glasgow.
Merchant bar 5; nail rod, 5, 15-;
hoops, 6, 15-s; sheets, 7, 10s;
scotch pig 2, Us.
London. Oct. 25. The Money
Market was more active on Tues
day, than foi somedavs previous.
Consols opened at 97a97, and then
went back t but finally closed at
Denmark and the Duchies. The
annexed is the latest from this quar
ter; Hamburg, Oct. 21, 1S50. The of
ficial list of the loss sustained by the
Schleswig Holstein army before
Fredrickstadt, from the 29th of Sept.
to the 5th of Oct. inclusive, has jut
appeartd. In addition to the num
ber of officers, two surgeons are men
tioned. The result of this useless af
fair has been that seven hundred of
ficers and men have been placed hors
The authorities are now bnsily em
ployed in recruiting their forces, and
preparing lor another campaign.
Should the first sufficiently aid them
in such nn operation, the result of
which, under the most favored cir
cumstances, will hardly bring mat
ters to a decisive issue for in the
height of summer, when their forces
were nearly on a par with those of
the Danes, and with the town of
Schleswig in their possession, and on
the most advantageous ground, they
would not stand before the Danes.
We have dates to the 22d, but
they contain nothing new.
Hesse Cassel. Our advices from
Cassel are to the 20th inst. No
change has taken place in the elec
torate of Hese.
Mr. Onvsing, who had returned
from Wilfeldstadton the 18th, was
again called to that place on the 19th,
for the purpose, it is said, of assisting
Mr. Volmar, the Minister of Fi
nance, in his labors.
Mr. Elvers has not succeeded in
the formation of his cabinet, and the
Elector has again declined accept
ing the proposals which were made
to him. The officers, too, who han
ApA in thoir resignations, are left
without decision as to their accep
M. Octker is still in prison, and
the order of the upper court for his
liberation, cannot be executea un
til addressed to the commander of
Thb Valley op Death. The la
test intelligence from the far west
confirms previous reports of the suf
ferings of emigrants on the overland
route to California. Want of food
and the loss of animals have entailed
disaster and privation on these ad
venturous wanderers, the shocking
details of which will never reach
the public eye, and almost defy the
imagination to conceive.- Une thou
sand deaths are stated to have occur
red on a single route, between the
Missouri line and the bacramento
valley! A passing statement of this
kind excites no more attention than
any other item of current news; but
what an infinite amount of suffering
is implied in the brief factl Gold de
mands its victims, and is inexorable
.. .n n,,r. Most of these emi-
t.f, farm and the means of
eek the glittering
ore, and it may well be doubted, if
it is ever obtained, whether its pos
session in any amount caD repay the
seekers for the sacrifice they have
made. A few more seasons and the
overland emigrant to California will
find his path marked ont by a contin
uous line of American graves.
FROM CALIFORNIA. Arrival of the Empire City.
The EmDlre City arrived at New
York on the 6th inst., with advices from
San Francisco to the 30th of September,
and about 1 157,000.
The clerk of the Empire City died
on the passage.
There has been another destructive
fire in San Francisco, destroying 300
buildings; loss estimated at $ 1 ,000,000.
FROM CALIFORNIA. Arrival of the Empire City. The Northern Mines.
A correspondent of the Transcript,
writing from Placerville, says:
Mining operations are going on in
the larger ravines around this place,
and many miners are doing well. A
party who were from the lead mines
of Wisconsin struck a "lead" a few
days since, in a ravine at an eleva
tion of 200 feet above the level of
this valley, and it has proved quite
productive. Shafts has been sunk
twenty and thirty feet, and gold
found on the rock. Excavations un
der ground we think will be carried
on to a considerable extent. Gold is
is found in nearly all the ravines for
ten miles around, and everything
now indicates that a large popula
tion will settle here the coming win-
ter. Many are now engaged in
throwing ud dry dirt to be washed
when the rains set in, and, from ap
oearances. I should think they will
be well paid for their labor.
Water Rising Dams Breaking.
Mr. Aug. Elliott.who has just return
ed from a trip to the mining region
along the tributaries of the Amer
ican River informs us that the wa
ters of all the streams emptying into
the American River have risen con
siderably since the late fall of rain
Many of those who have been en
r:med in damminff operations for
the last two months find all their la
bor fruitless on account of the rise.
The water had just fallen sufficient
ly to test the beds of the streams,
... . C. LI. ..- H.
and in some places proniaoie yieius
u-cra heinir res ized when the rams
fell. The dams all along have been
more or less injured, while a num
ber have been entirely swept away
thus destroying every prospect and
blasting every hops, so lar as the nv
er-bed discing ar; concerned.
There are some valuable chains
along the North and South Forks
A claim held on Beal's Bar, by Carl
ton, Southworth and Parker, of the
Old Bay State, has proved quite rich
but they will be compelled i sus
nend operations, in a great measure
until net vear. in consequence of
losing their dam. On Monday, on
the same bar, five men took
out six pounds of gold, and had
a pood orosnect for similar yields.
At the Mississippi Bar, those work
inT ouicksilver machines were ma
king profitable hauls. We are in
formed that the "Texas Company,"
at the junction of the South Fork,
have been doing very well hereto
fore, but will be large losers by the
breakage of their dams.
Placer Items. On Feither Riv
er above Long's Bar.and near White
Rock.Capt. Campbell stales to us that
within a few days, a parly who hnd
constructed a wing dam at a point
called Smith's Bar, took out $1,000
per hour, and even then were only
partially able to operate, from the
depth of water in which they had
Opposite Stringtown, on the Mid
dle Fork of Feather, a claim belong-
to Messrs. McCabe and Mont-
gomery, has yielded a tnousana aoi
iars a day for weeks past.
Specimens of the quartz vein, from
near where it intersects the Feather
River, were shown to us yesterday
by Mr. Pearson, who had located
upon a claim in that neighborhood.
A boy had succeeded in obtaining
$300 in gold by pounding up the
quartz with a common hammer.
The Coyote Diggings, at and about
Nevada City, are attracting proba
bly the largest crowd of the new
arrivals in the mines, as well as large
delegations of those who belong to
the ranks. Times.
. .it I . I IJI
FROM CALIFORNIA. Arrival of the Empire City. The Northern Mines. Sad News from the Plains.
We are indebted to Hawley & Co's
Express for the Sacramento Tran
script of yesterday, containing two
letters from Capt. Waldo, one writ
ten at Great Meadow Humboldt Riv
er. the other dated Truckee River
He states the Relief Committee
have not a single pound of flour east
of the mountains; that he enterea me
desert on the 7th nit.? met two men
kj .luAn nn to die from star-
.,mAav two men died ol
starvation on .uarsoa i..,
those with wagons have no food but
,k.:r nnof exhausted animals; that
footmen subsist on the putrified flesh
ofiha dead animals along the road,
and disease and death are consequent
lv sweeping them down. - The chol
era made its appearance on the 8th,
and eight, persons out of & small
train, died ol it in three hours.
The Indians take every advantage
to steal their animals, and thus many
are left more than six hundred miles
beyond the settlement Fighting be
tween them and the emigrants oc
curs almost daily. Twenty thou
sand persons are yet beyond the
desert, of which number fifteen thou
sand "are now destitute of all kinds
of provisions," yet the period of their
greatest suffering has not yet arri ved.
It will be impossible for ten thousand
of this number to reach the moun
tains before the commencement ol
From the Truckee to the head of
the Humboldt the cholera Is killing
them off; the sick surround the True
kee station unable to proceed. CapU
W. was about starting to try to per.J
suade such as are from four to six.
hundred miles back to return to Salt
Lake. .- He -calls for tea thousand
pounds of flour for the station at
Truckee, and the same, amount-for.
the Summit. He says that those
back several hundred miles wDl die
bv starvation unless relieved.
Notice to Bounty Land Claimants
DEPARTMENT OF THE INTERIOR,
WASHINGTON, Oct. 31. 1850.
Applicants for bounty land, or for
nformation in relation thereto, are
requested to address their communi-
cations on that subject to the: Com
missioner o Pensions direct. 1 heir
transmisssion through the Depart
ment proper imposes on it a very
great and unnecessary amount of la
bor, and the additional examination
they must thereby necessarily under
go only creates delay and increase
their liability to be lost or mislaid.
Whenever new questions arise un
der the law, the decision of the De
partment will be communicated to
the Commissioner of Pension, and
he will thereby be enabled,, ss be
is required to do, promptly to ac
knowledge the receipt of all commu
nications, and answer such inquiries
as may be made.
As numerous inquiries have been
directed to those point, it may be
well to stste - '
1 st. That where the service has
been rendered by a substitute, he is
the perspn entitled to the benefit of
ihe law, and not his employer.
2d. That the widow , at the pas
sage of the law, although she may
have been married a second time;
but if not a widow at that time,, the
benefit of the act enures to the mi
nor children of the deceased sol
dier. ' ' '
3d. That no person who has re
ceived oris entitled to bounty land
under a prior law, is entitled to the
benefit of the 2Sih September, 1S50.
4th. That no soldier is entitled
to more. than one warrant under
this act, although he may have serv
ed several terms; but where a soldier
has served several terms, he will re
ceive a warrant for the greatest quan
tity ot. land to which those several
terms, consolidated, will entitle him.
WASHINGTON, Oct. 31. 1850. ALEX. H. H. STUART.
Secretary of the Interior.
OFFICERS OF THE GRAND DIVISION.
The following officers were yes
terday elected by the Grand Divis
ion of the Sons of Temperance for
the ensuing year: .
Hon. C. N. Olds, Circleville, G.
W. P.; C. W. B Alusoji, Marysviile,
G. W. A.; Wm. Sherwood, Colum
bus, G. S4 Isaac Sciimucker, New
ark, G. T.; Dr. R. Hills, Delaware,
G. O; Wm. I Kino, Mt. Vernon,
G.S.; Rev. C. W. Swayne, Spring
field, G. Chaplain.
Executive Committee, Chauncey
N. Olds.Saml. Galloway, John Grei
tier. Late prom Venezuela. The fast
sailing brig Fayetteville, Capt Reed,
arrived at the port of Baltimore on the
3d, from P01 to Cabello, with dates to
the 14th ult. Capt. R. states that
the recent election for President, as
far as the returns had been received
up to the time of his sailing, has re
sulted in the choice of M. Monagez,
the present incumbent's brother.
Should he fail to receive the electo
ral vote, he will be elected by Con
gress. In consequence of this result
it was predicted by the most know
ing ones in Venezuela, that within
three or four months, that country
will be the scene of another revolu
tion. Capt Reed says that from the 5th
to 8th ult., there had been some ten
or twelve arrests of persons in Carac
cas, on the charge of conspiracy
against the Government. These per
sons were among the most respecta
ble citizens of the place, and tended
greatiy to widen the bre-ch between
the people and the Government ;
The first of the new crop of Coffee
has just made its appearance in the '
Porto Cabello market, and it was al
leged beyond all doubt that the pres
ent crop would fall short one half of
an average yield. The markets both
at Laguayra and Porto Cabello were
filled with all kinds of American pro
duce. ; ...
11 Look out for Counterfeits.
During the last few days the city has
been flooded with counterfeits and
mutilated notes upon the State Bank
of Ohio, and the Merchants' and Me
chanics' Bank of Wheeling. , They,
are all five dollar bills,, and can be
readily distinguished by comparison,
with the genuine issue the paper to
dark, and thin, - and the engraving
execrable, Almost every coffeehouse
has been victimized, and one of our
principal Hotels received yesterday
about fifty dollars of this spurious
currency. . The band engaged in its
circulation 1 Is evidently, extensive,
and well organized, and bare suc
ceeded in doing a heavy business ia
the last weekv Cin Crv, . .,