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Published by James Harper.
Truth and Jaillce," -
3 , . :.
Volume XVI. Number 5.
GALL IPOLIS, OHI O, XANUA R Y 2 . 185 1.
' ' ..... ; . ( ( 1"" t. A T n m I a . ... r . I
r.'-- V ' -
Is published every Thursday morning
BY J A WES HARPER.
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One square 3 insertions,
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ral reduct on will be made.
From Graham's Magazine for January.
From Graham's Magazine for January. The Ladder Of St. Augustine.
BY HENRY W. LONGFELLOW.
Saint Augustine! well hast thou said,
' That of our vices we can frame
A ladder, if we will but tread
- Beneath our leet each deed of bhamel
All common things each day's events,
ihat with the hour begin and end;
Our pleasures and our discontents
' Are rounds by which we may ascend
The low desire the base design,
- That makes another's virtues less;
The revel of the giddy wine, ,
And all occasions of excessl
The longing for ignoble things,
' The strife for triumph more than
The hardening of the heart, that brings
Irreverence for the dreams of youth!
All thoughts of ill and evil deeds.
That have their root in thoughts oi
Whatever hinders or impedes
.The action of the nobler will!
All these must first be trampled down
'- Beneath our feet, if we would gain
In the bright fields of Fair Renown
The right of eminent domain!
We have not wings we cannot soar
, But we have feet to scale and climb
By- slow degrees by more and more
. The cloudy summits of our time.
The mighty pyramids of stone
' That wedge-like cleave the desert airs,
When nearer seen, and better known,
- Are but gigantic flights of stairs.
The distant mountains, that uprear
' Their frowning forehead to the skies
Are crossed by pathways that appear
As we to higher levels rise.
The heights by great men reached and
-' Ware not attained by sudden flight,
But they, while their companions slept,
- Wen toiling upward in the night. , j
Standing on what too long we bore
With shoulders bent and downcast
". ' ' eyes, .
We may discern unseen before
A path to higher destinies.
Nor deem the irrevocable Past,
. As wholly wasted wholly vain
If rising on its wrecks, at last,
To something nobler we attain.
--. Small Silvee Com We find the
following in the Cincinnati Gazette:
" The small silver coin of foreign coun
tries, particularly the Spanish quarters
and eighths ot a dollar, are by a law of
united States, as we see it stated,
reduced ra their actual value. The val
ue of the quarter dollars by this act is
established at 20 cents, and of the eighth
at JO cents, and at these rates they
should pass in ordinary transactions.
We cannot lay our hand on the law, but
the statement oi , its existence comes
from, reliable sources. It is time this
smooth coin was driven out of circula
tion. We suppose the value fixed by
law Is the full value of such coins.. If
"they are intrinsically worth more, let
them be sent to the mint to be re-coined.
The "bit.'? "shilling," "ninepence,"
fit whatever the eighth of a dollar is cal
Med,! is very inconvenient coin in ma
rking change with . our quarters and
-dimes .. -...... ;j
i.'.i - ' ;
c: CocirrxirKiTS. Notes on the State
-Bank t Ohio, ! of the denomination of
one and ten dollars, have been freely
circulated within the few days past.
k We have before .us a one dollar note
which was taken from the lot found, up
on the parties recently, arrested in the
rvicinity f 4he Clinton Buildings, on
.Western mow. i nese counterieits can
readily be detected by "the blurred eyes
'of the figure represented as holding a
Bickte in his nana, ana. in general en
graving being defective but the defec
tion of the eyes is the most marked dig
"tlnction 1n the oil's. tThe tens are in
-Tree circulation, and should be watched
! rwitb (treat scrutiny as . .they are execu-
ted wiih.conderabl Ingenuity. . ,
THE YOUNG DRAGOON.
A STORY OF THE COWPENS.
A STORY OF THE COWPENS. BY CHARLES J. PETERSON.
1 here U a thing there in a thinf.
fain would have from thee ;
I fain would her that
THE SPECTRE LADY.
The period of our revolutionary
history immediately succeeding the
defeat at Camden, is still remembered
in the Carolinas with horror. ' The
British, elated with their success, and
regarding the South as now their
own, proceeded in the work of con
fiscation and massacre with pitiless
severity. In that terrible crisis man
a family was deprived of its head
either by exile or by execution. Yet
larger numbers were shorn of their
property and reduced to comparative
indigence. In a word, terror reigned
But the common events of life sti
went on. The transactions of busi
ness, the struggle for wealth, the toils
of the husbandman, births, deaths.
marriages, cares, hopes, fears al
followed each other down the deep
current of existence. .almost
wholly unaffected by the storm of
war which agitated the surface. It
an error to suppose that great con
vulsions disturb the whole order of
society. Men will still hate, though
the entire nation be turned into
camp; will still strive for the dross
of earth; will still, if young and gen
erous, risk their heart's happiness in
it was towards tne close ot a win
. . 1.1 m
ter evening that a youth of noble
mien and handsome face stood at the
foot of one of those long avenues of
trees, which, in South Carolina, lead
up Jrom the road to the mansions o
the wealthier proprietors. For near
ly half an hour he had been there, as
awaiting the approach of some one
from the house: now looking anxious
up the long avenue, now restlessly
walking to and fro. During that in
terval but one person had passed
along the highway, and the notice of
this one the youth had skillfull v
avoided by concealing himself behind
some dwarl trees within the planta-
tion-lence. 1 his act, as well as his
whole demeanor, proved that he was
awaiting some secret interview.
At last, us t when the dusk began
deepen into night, the flutter of a
white dress was seen coming down
the avenue. A minute more, and a
Deauuiui gin oi eighteen summers
appeared on the scene.
"Albert, said the new comer, as
the youth, seizing her hand, passion
ately kissed it, "I have not a second
stay. 1 1 was with difficulty I could
eave the house unseen, and my ab
sence has doubtless been noticed be
fore this; what we have to say, there
fore, must be said at once; why have
ou sought this interviewr7
"I have sought it, Ellen," he re
plied, still holding her hand, "be
cause, despairing of gaining your con
sent, 1 have volunteered in Capt.
Washington's cavalry corps, and to
morrow set forth. Perhaps you will
never see me more. I could not
leave the neighborhood without see
ing you once more, and bidding you
eternal farewell; and, as your
father's orders had banished me from
house, there was no method of
giving you my adieux except by so
liciting an interview."
The tears had started to the eyes
his listener, but she turned away
head to conceal them; and for
some time neither spoke.
"Ellen, dear Ellen," said the young
soldier, earnestly, "will you not now,
this solemn moment, say you love
me?. I once hoped you did, but since
your father has forbidden me the
house, you have been less kind; and
fear that I have lost your heart
that you, too, have ceased to care for
now that I am beggared "
His hearer suddenly turned her
full upon him, with a look of
tearful reproach that cut short his
"Bless you, Ellen, for that look,"
said. "Though my father's estate
confiscated, and he and I both in
digent, it is not on that account that
have seemed so cold to me lately.
then, dearest, only say that I
have been mistaken in thinking vou
Another look,' equally eloquent,
answered him; but still his hearer
"Oh! Ellen," he continued, "when
am far away fighting mv country's
battles, what bliss it would be to
know that you sometimes think of
me; and that if I should fall, you
would shed a tear for me."
His listener, tit these words, wept
freely, and when her agitation had
somewhat passed, spoke. '
, Albert," she said, "you have con
quoted. Know, then that I do love
you.", - At these words the Impetu
young man, clasped her in his
arms, but she disengaged herself,
saying, "But, while my father oppo
ses your suit, I can never bo yours.
The consciousness of his disapproval
has made me affect a coldness to you
which my heart belied, in the hope
that you would 'think of some one
more worthy of you but but," she
hesitated, then quickly added, "in a
word, if it will comfort you, when
away, to know that I think nt you,:
and pray for vou, go forth happy
the misery is for us who stay behind,
and who are hourly anxious for the
fate of the absent."
The tears fell fast as she spoke,
and, concluding, she suffered . her
head to be drawn to her lover's
shoulder, while a deep and holy si
lence succeeded, as these two young
and already unhappy beings held
each other in a first embrace.
It was only for a moment, how
ever, that Ellen yielded to weakness.
Raising her head and brushing the
tears from her eyes, she said, while
crimson blushes overspread her face.
"And now farewell perhaps all
this is wrong but I could not see
you leave me in anger."
"bod bless vou for ihose kind
words," said Albert. "But, Ellen,
before you go, one more request.
bat miniature that hangs around
your neck is it too much to ask for
She hesitated : then, as steps were
heard in the road, suddenly gave it
to him. lie drew a heavy signet-
ring Irom his linger, and said, tender
ing it in exchange,
t ake this, and let ut be true to
each other so help us God!"'
And with this Darting adjuration,
he sprang over the fence to conceal
himself behind the brushwood, while
Ellen, hastening up the avenue, was
soon lost in the obscurity of the
The wind sighed mournfully
through the pine woods as this be
trothal was conjumated, and the
dark, starless sky overhead looked
down with its weird and melancholy
Heard ye the din of battle bray,
Lance to lance, and horse to horse. Gkat.
It is well known that, after the de
feat of Gates, Congress hastened to
supersede that general, and appoint
Oreene to succeed him. At the pe
riod of the incidents narrated in the
ast chapter, the new commander-in-
chief had arrived in the South, and
was organising his forces.
His very first proceeding showed
the resources of an intellect, which,
military affairs, was second only
that of the "father of his country."
Aware that the initiatory step toward
redeeming the south was to arouse
the confidence of its people, he de
termined to divide his force. While,
therefore, he moved with one portion
down the Pedee, he despatched Mor
gan, with the remainder, west of the
Catawba, in order to encourage the
inhabitants in that quarter. Mor
gan's corps was accompanied by
Capt. Washington's light dragoons,
which our hero had already
become a conspicuous member.
This division of his army, in the
lace of an active foe, would have
been a capital error, bnt for the po-
tical advantages it offered, and
which overbalanced the military
ones, uornwallis. then in command
the royal army, determined to
frustrate the success of Greene's plan
cutting off Morgan's detachment;
nd accordingly ordered Col. Tarle-
ton, with his renowned dragoons,
accompanied by a competent force of
inlantry, to give pursuit.
it was on the 14th of January,
781, a day ever to be remembered
the annals ot our country, that
heroic Morgan learned the dan
in which he stood, tie deter
mined immediately to give battle.
or this purpose he halted at a place
called the Cowpens, and having
rawn op his troops, awaited, though
without anxiety, the appearance
the foe. .
The attack oi Tarleton, as usual,
was impetuous, and for awhile the
American militia were driven help
lessly before it; but soon they rallied,
under cover of a few continentals
belonging to Morgan's command,
in turn forced the British to give
ground. These brave soldiers of the
ine, led by their colonel, now charged
with the bayonet, when the route of
royal infantry 'became complete.
Washington, with his cavalry, had
been waiting impatiently a chance to
participate in the fight; but having
been stationed as a partial - reserve,
order for him to engage did not
' some time arrive. His troops
shared his enthusiasm. Composed
chiefly of young men of family, and
mounted on thorough-bred animals,
they presented a formidable appear
ance, as they stood, awaiting the or
to engage, the horses champing 5
at the bit, and the riders nervously
fingeting their swords; they saw the
onset of the British, the flight of the
first line, and the partial panic that
extended through the loot soldiers
with horror; but Still their leader
remained unmoved,' Many had never
been in battle before, and such be
lieved the day lost; among these was
ai last the conlusion oecame so
great around them that troops so un
disciplined, if less brave, would have
taken to ignominious flight; for the
defeated militia were pouring down
upon them from all sides, almost
compelling them to break their ranks,
or see the fugitives perish under the
hools of their . horses. , cut now
Washington seemed to rouse from
his inaction. Ordering his men first
to allow. the flying militia to gain
their rear, he then directed them, his
sharp, quick tones showing that the
moment lor action had come, to close
up and prepare to charge.
As he spoke, he pointed with his
sword ahead, and our hero beheld the
renowned regiment of Tarleton com
ing down upon them at fulv gallop,
and amid a cloud of dust, driving
before a mass of dismayed fugitives.
The keen eye of Washington meas
ured, for an instant, the distance be
tween them, and then said,
"I want no fire arms used to-day,
my lads. Slick to the cold steel.
And now, for God and your country
Away went the troop, like a thunder-bolt
suddenly loosed from a cloud
with every scabbard jingling, every
steed snorting with excitement, and
the solid earth shaking under them,
full career they burst upon the
flank of the enemy, who, disordered
his pursuit, could make but a fee
ble resistance. Horse and rider
went down before the impetuous
charge of the Americans,who for
awhile fairly rode down their foes.
But British valor soon' proved too
weak for the combined patriotism
and courage of Washington s caval
ry; and the royal troops, turning
their bridles, took to ignominious
"(Jn, on," cried Washington
waving his sword lor his men to fol
low, "remember the cruelties of these
myrmidons, uevenge lor our
slaughtered countrymen!" -.
At the word, his men, thus remin
ded of the butchery of the Waxhaws
and of the other atrocities perpetra
ted under the eye of Tarleton, spur
red their horses afresh, and dashed
in pursuit. A complete panic
had now taken possession of the royal
cavalry, who hurried on at full gal
lop, each man thinking or.lv of him
self. Close on their heels followed
inaigiiant Americans, cutting
down mercilessly every red-coat they
overtook, until the road was strewed
with the dead. Foremost in this
pursuit rode Washington, a prece
dence he owed, not only to his supe
rior stead, but to his eagerness to
overtake an officer just ahead, whom
judged to be Tarleton himself
from his efforts to rally the fugitives.
I he tremendous pace at which
Washington rode, at last carried him
far ahead of his men, that, at
bend in the highway, he found himself
totally alone. At this moment, the
British, looking back, perceived his
situation, and immediately turned on
him, his principal assailants being
iarieton and two powerful dra
Knowing, however, that assistance
must be close at hand, Washington
resolutely advanced to meet the ene
my, determined to seize Tarleton for
prisoner. But, before he could
reach the colonel, the two dragoons
dashed at him, the one on the right,
other on the left. He saw only
first of them, however, and ac
cordingly turned on him, clove him
down with a single blow of his sabre,
rushed at Tarleton himself. :
But, meantime, the other dragoon
advanc;ng, totally disregarded,
upon him, and with upraised blade
would have cut hire down, had not
hero, who had pressed close after
leader, at this instant wheeled
round the corner of the wood. At
single glance he took in the whole
scene." Albert saw that before he
could come up Washington would
slain, unless fire-arms were em
ployed. In this emergency he did
hesitate to disobey the orders of
leader. Jerking a pistol from his
holster, he aimed full at the dragoon,
as the sabre of -the latter was
sweeping" down on Washington's
The man tumbled headlong
his saddle, his sword, burying
itself in the dust. ' V ' ' ' ' .
;"HaJ who is thatH.said Washing
ingtoni sternly, so astonished to find
orders disobeyed, that he turned;
movement whiclv Tarleton took
advantage tof -t- make good bis
escape. "leu, Albert! you!"
The.l.,is.'1?,?lner way," ans--
wered onr hero, and he pointed to
me aeaa aragoon, -to save your life.
His sabre was within six inches of you
I . - 1 M -
wnea 1 urea. ' - -
"It conld not be helped, then,
snppoe, answered Washington
who now comprehended the event
and saw that he owed his life to the
quickness of thought of his vounir
menu; dui stay, you are yourself
As he spoke, he saw blood issuing
from the sleeve of Albert, and imme
diately afterward the young soklier
reeled and leu senseless to the
Two pistol shots had been dischar
ged from the enemy, Washington
now recollected, immediately after
Albert had fired. On examination.
one ball was found in the arm of our
hero. The other had perforated the
coat, immediately over the heart.
lie is dead," cried the leader.
"that second shot has touch 3d a vital
He tore away the garments as he
spoke, but uttered 1 cry of joy when
ne exposed the chest, for there, right
over the heart, lay a miniature, which
bad stopped the ball.
Washington looked at the picture.
and muttered, "Ha! I have heard of
this and now I will see if I cannot
serve my young friend a good turn."
Marry never for hnuaea, nor marry for laada,
marry i or coining ut only love.
When cur hero, after a long inter
val of unconsciousness, opened his
eyes, he found himself, to his surprise,
in a large and eletrantlv fumishad
apartment, entirely strange to him.
Ho pulled aside the curtains of his
bed with his uninjured arm, and look
ed out. An eged female servant sat
"What massa want?" she said.
"How did I get here!" he asked.
"Captain Washington heself left
you here, massa, after de great bat
tle. De sureeon staid to lrps vnm
arm, and den follow arter de troops,
wuouaa iick ae red-coats, dey say,
all to pieces."
"Yes! I know then the army has
pursued its march to the Catawba."
"It hab, massa: and you be to stay
r.ere mi you well."
"But where am IP
The old negro woman smiled till
she showed all her teeth.
"You no know, massa?"
"I do not."
"You fogit me, Massa Albert me,
Missus Lllen s mamanf
"Good God!" cried our hero.
scarcely believing his senses, and
scrutinizing her features, "can it be?
You are indeed she. And this is Mr.
He had started up in bed, and
was now confronted by the figure of
the owner of the mansion himself,
who entered at an opposite door:
but who, instead of wearing the angry
which Albert had last seen upon
hm, smiled kindly upon him.
I was passing alone the corridor,"
said, seating himself on the bed
side familiarly, and taking the hand
his wounded guest, "and hearing
your voice, learned for the first time
that you were awake. Accordingly
made bold to enter, in order to as
sure you of a welcome. When we
last parted, Mr. Scott," he said, no
ticing our hero's look of astonish
ment, "it was with ill-feeling on both
ides. Let all- that be forgotten.
Whatever I may have said then I
now recall. In saving the life of
Capt. Washington, who is my dear
est friend, you have laid me under
infinite obligations, and at his request
have consented to overlook the past,
to give you my daughter. I
only make a single stipulation, which
that you will not ask her hand
until this war is over, which," he ad
lowering his voice, "can not be
ong, now that things have begun
go so auspiciously."
Uur hero well understood the
character of Mr. Thorndike. who
noted for his prudent adherence
whichever side was uppermost.
he attributed this sudden chancre
oniy to capt. Washington's in
tercessions, but also in part to the
prospect there now was of the
triumph of the colonial cause, in
which case the confiscated estates of
elder Mr. Scott would be resto
He kept this to himself, bow-
ever, and expressed his thanks for
Thorndike s hospitality. .
"But I shall owe you even more,"
jBdded,' "for the happiness with
which your promise has filled me,
I cheerfully accept your terms.
Meantime, let me rise, and pay my
respects to the ladies in person--!
sure I am well enough." ''
Our hero, however, was compelled
keep his bed for two entire days.
ednsequence of the fever, a period
which appeared to him nn age.'
We shall not attempt to describe
meeting with Ellen. Let us pass
over the fir
ha said aw
Mr. and A
that is the
I had it arc
from her bo
taking it in
5 it in If
1 this I
to me, said i
heart, and th
after I gave
would not t
when I hear
life, I saw
the battered i
The World's Industrial [...]
The following stanzas are takei. .
dnmjrel ballad, suns about the street-.
01 Lionaon, in relation to the great
a V . . .
World s rair, to be held in Hyde Park
next spring, i tie production is not
quite equal in poetical merit to some of
Macaulay s Roman ballads, but it
nrobabiv ouito as valuable as rpnrespn
tative of popular taste and habits. We
- - - 1 -
quote a stanza or two:
What wonderful times are coming, now
What wonderful sights will be seen in
In the sweet month of May (and the
time will soon run)
In the year eighteen hundred and fifty
All America, Asia, and Africa too,
The Eussian, the Prussian, the Turk
and tho Jew,
Tens of thousands of foreigners here
And in every lane there'll be lodgings
There'll be new fashioned tables, coach
es and spoons,
Baby-jumpers, steam-engines, and three
horse buloons; -
There'll be Yankee machines to grind
over the old.
And make them come out young, hear
ty and bold;
All sorts of odd nick-nacks, from John.
And glass from Dohemin all in a row:
From Turkey nine ship-loads of carpets
With a laughing hyena, that has seven
Of course, the sea serpent will come
with his tail;
For Ramum has promised he shal
Along with six mermaids and sweet
To charm us with song, and to help
. raise me wina.
The season approaches, the time's draw
When folks from all parts of the world
will bo here;
Such a medley old Noah ne'er had in
As you'll see, in the sweet month of
May, in Hyde Park.
Here's till te, Jexmt. An Irish
man had been sick for a long time,
and while in this state would occa
sionally cease breathing, and life be
apparently extinct for some time,
when he would again come to. On
one ol these occasions, when he had
just awakened from his sleep, Pat
rick asked him
"An' how'll we know, Jemmy,
when your dead you'r afther wa
kin up iverv timef "
"Bring me a glass o' grog, an' say
me Here s till ye. Jemmy, an if
don't rise up an' dhrink, thin bury
mel" - '
."My son; do you know how a gun
looks when it is half-cocked?.
"Yeth thir it lookth ath Poppy
doth every time he vol.opth the old
"Smart hoy you will be next to
head he first time your class gets
down to two."
t If yoo would be pungent, be brief
for it is with words a with sun
beams, the more they are condensed
the deeper they born, -. ' -
much surgical skill and steadj nerves
but still the tumor was cut out,
and the pocr suffering patient re
stored to his family as if from the
grave, for when he left bis family
he Lade them an eternal adieu, an
ticipating never to meet them egaio
this side of the grave.
Another tumor similar to f he above
was shown us. It was taken from
the leg below the knee. This ope
ration, we were informed, is one of
the most ha2ardous, because it in
volves a portion of the Tibial artery,
which would soon end with fatal
hemmorhage. This tumor was re
moved by O. E. Newton, M. D , the
brother of Professor Newton. .
Another is a
in diameter, taken
from the shoulder of a lady, not loner
ago, by Professoi Newton.
A similar tumor next made its ap
pearance from the box, taken from
the breast ol a lady by Prof. Newton
l he next is a large tumor weigh
ng several pounds. We knew the
lady well upon whose breast this
painful and unsightly tumor had lo
cated itself. . Although the mother
of a large family, she had resigned
nersen to aeatn in utter despair.
We recommended herio Prol. New
ton, and now the ugly tumor.instead
of being a living plague upon her
breast, is a dead one in Prof. New
ton's cabinet, and the lady is pre-
served to bless the name of him who
removed it, as she does daily to oar
Another tumor was shown ur ta
ken from the ribs of a ladv, requiring
an incision to be made through: the
And another horrible-look in? mass
of diseased flesh was taken from 'tha
breast, but in fact in vol vino; - the
whole gland, requiring that it should
be entirely removed. This tumor
measures 23 inches in circumference,
and. weighs 71 pounds! It bad been
three years growing. ,
These which we have mentioned
above are but half a dozen of a large
cabinet of such morbid growths, all
which were cut out by Prof. New
ton himself, with the exception of
two or three by his brother, Dr. Q.
Newton. , ( ,
Prof. Newton informs us' that ll
these operations were perform,!
whilethe patients were pnder the in
fluence of chloroform, so that the
suffering - which they would have
otherwise endured was converted i-
a deep and unconscious sleep, from
which they awakened freed from th
ugly excrescence that had caused
them years ol sleepless nighut 'and
agonized days. i. - - j ,
I hese morbid specimens are now
added to the- Museum of the Mem
phis Institute, which, with what are
already here, and ;the large nnmber
of specimens ' ordered In Paris, will
make one of the' most complete mu
seama ol morbid specimens belch-.
ing to ativ college In thit country-;