Newspaper Page Text
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Jiimiln journal jOcbotcij lo $tfos, politics, ilcniturc, ggrintllurt; "ijJwxMs, h.
Ono Dollar a "Year;
Strictly in Advance.
J. Tj. BOAHDMAN,)
Editor and Tropiictcr. $
1 if!' f
; (J til J-U
v. . VK '
IIII.LSIiOUOrGIl, HIGHLAND COUNTY. OHIO, THURSDAY, MAY 11. 1837.
WlicH I' I' W 'Mil p,l M. (lull
J,.r I II,,,! ,.,! l,-,r, Hi ,lc. s I I
I In lii't flaw, r o
, , i i i,' ,1 jmi in,
il1 woed, where irin
t ic i!ani.
I l,,v. !!,,. n, ,in well. rforniR,
V ii.ri-l ir'iiili'S nre l-coiln? Willi bright
"Nur i'iiik inn innny-fnlilpil chiudi foretell
Tlie cond !(; hi oT Mornut.
Troin the F.nrlli'n loosened mold
The ipUi'e drawn i I n eimtcnnnce , mid thrive"
Thonrh Ktricken In the heart will. Winter'"
Tlio drooping Iroe revivee. f c old
The o!tly-ivnrlIcl eonrr cil wmps
Conion llirnnjrli the pleasant 'OOil, mid color
Are rlencine In Hi" Bo'den iun, along
The foret openings.
Ami when tlio mum"! fills thrown
The nilver wood with liirht, the preen alone
lit alinilnwn in tlm hnllnws of the IimIh,
And wide the iiiliind clows.
And when the day la pone,
In the hlne lake, the nit v o'er rpr.rhii," fnr
la hollowed out. and l Moon il i pa ln-r horn
And twinkles like a star.
Inverted ill the tide fthrnw
Slend t he pray rocke, nnd trembling almdows
And the fnir tri'ea look over, alilo hy aide,
And ace themselves helow.
Sweet April! ninny a thought
Is wedded unto ihee, m harla are wed.
Nor ah it 1 1 they rail, 'till to its autumn brought
Life's golden fruit is ahed.
The Home Circle.
The Boy on the Witness Stand.
Judge (Jrosh, of rennsylvanin, com
municates the following to tho Ambassa
dor: After the plea of "not fruilty" was en
tered, and the jury was sworn oraffirmed,
a small, and very intelligent looking hoy
was called to tho witties stand. The
defendant's attorney objected tn his tes
tifying, on account uf his ag . kc. The
attorney for tho commonwealth said the
boy was unusually intelligent, and re
quested the Court to examine bis compe
tency, and I proceeded accordingly very
Judge What is your name, ray son?
Boy (giving his
IjamO very uUtinctly, which I do not
Judire Where do you reside, my lit
Boy In the city, sir.
Judge (lave yuu a p irenf or parents
alive and residing here?
Boy Ono only; my mother.
Jud re Do you attend school, my son?
Boy Yes, sir.
Judge I presume from your intelli
gence and praise-worth y conduct here,
that you will sii'in be allowed to attend
tho High S bool, and become a useful
nun, and (if necessary.) assist your good
This drew tears of pleasure to his eyes,
and he replied that by the favor of the
School Director, he had attended the
High School for the hist six months.
Judge How old are you my good boy?
Boy My mother nays that on to-morrow
I will be thirteen years old.
Judge Are you hereto give evidence
to the Court and Jury in this case?
Boy Yes, sir, if required to do so.
Judge Do you know the solemnity
of the obligations of a judicial oath, my
son? llefleet before you answer.
Boy (very modestly.) I think I do.
Judge What will bo your punish
ment, my dear boy, if you swear falsely,
or speak a lie on oath?
Boy I will be sent to the Penitentia
ry, fweepine;,) and thus break my dear
mother's heart. There were other eyes
bosides his, that house, overllowtn
Defendant's Attorney (Frowning.)
Bov, don t you know that it you tell
a lie on your oath, when you die you will
be endlessly tortured in a nery pool:
Boy That would be an additional in
ducement to speak tho truth, the whole
truth, and nothinir but the truth; but
that punishment can be avoided by a
timely repentance; but that repentance
will avail nothing to keep mo out ol the
1 e uitcntiary.
Judge You are a noble boy! who gave
you these excellent instructions'
Boy My mother, sir.
Judirc Such a mother deserves such
a son! May our Heavenly Father bh-
you both! Mr. Clerk qualify thewitness
Ho has, in this examination, given us
more common sense information on the
binding nature of judicial oaths, than
all the mustv books in the court room
could do. Repeal your laws for tho pun
ishment of perjury, and false sweariu;
will ho as co in in on as it is now rare. An
honest person will speak the truth, with
out an o.itn; out, a dishonest one, were i
not for fe ar of im iudiate puuishmcn
would never testify truly, if a lie would
in his estimation, servo him more than
llisrurtr H.nui.D isk head by all per
sons who djsiro to appo.it" to advanlag
in soaioty. A jionaral ac riamt inco
this important branch of lium.ui know
edge c u. i bleu ono lo sust tin u eoiiversa
tion with, tin in st luii ii.!.! an I clo juenl
periom without dis'ire, Li, mi l a minute
ktio.vleJg) of tlu history of onj's coun
try is not u ii fro U :utly th shortest road
to itrl'i in -o an i f. uo. Moreover tli
Htuly of li st iry is ono whicli in con
sti,rlv pr'ii'iting new beauties as
l !, ii . hi ii'.: iiiUuiitely counectod with
it; so tli it tlii itul iiit win) is tho most
leiruol in it, tikes up a iuw history
a period and country which were (juite
f.i uiliar to him, with more interest than
another person would do who is quite
uninformed on tho subject. Tho more
history ono reads, tho moro highly
ralishes the study.
LINES ON WOMAN.
The f,illo' iiv.r " I. ill on Wnniiii," nre to
read iili'-rn ilelv, tlm first nnd aeennd lines,
the li r it and third, an it m.iy ami the lnie
pent inieiil of the r. 'rider:
Tli"1 I'lii'a of him no tongue rm tell,
Who In n woman dolh ronfide;
Who ivith a wo:nan I'-orim to dwell,
U nnninhered evila will htido.
Thev fill p'idi leisnrihlo dny
With joy and Innocent delight;
With cheerless gluoin and misery
Are none posaeaaed while in their eight.
They mnko tlie dreary palh of lifj
A plenaaut journey atrewil with flowira;
A dro:iry aeene of peaceful strife, t
Tlieyquickly r.h nigs Willi matchless pow
Domealic joy will fiat decay,
Where female influent" ia not known;
Whero'er a womnn holds her sway,
A man is ill porleclion shown.
She never failing to display
Truth in Its native loveliness;
A heart inclined to butchery,
A wumtin never did possess;
That min true dienily will find
Who tries tlie matrimonial state;
Who pours contempt on womankind,
Will mourn his folly when too late.
Fashion, says the BuiT.ilo Republic,
plays some queer freaks with its wand.
The last innovation is we believe, the
it si it of the middle name and dropping
the first and "christian" index. For in
stance, Jones, who always was distin
guished in his younger dajs by plain
John . or "Jack," has concluded that
appellation to be "vulgar," and is now
only known as J. J'aw Jones, more ap
propriate to be given in full, and would
doubtless be a most correct index to the
fellow. Peter G. Jenkins has become
convinced that Peter is too homely a
cognomen for one who walks so high in
aristocratic circles, and brines him too
much on a level with the common herd;
he therefore now plumes himself P.
(Ireen Jenkins. .Tuft so with Isaac C.
I'acon; all the fellows arc making the
change, and he cannot see how he can
keep in good standing at the club, ,1id
not join in the revolution; aw.iy goes
the ' Isaac,' and "1. tool;e llacon is
engraved upon his card. So goes the
n.nv mania, no matter how ridiculous;
hut it is tho "rage," and the brainless
devo'ee of fashion's shrine must arm
and equip according to rules.
C.rtDKX Walks. is common, wlie!1
firming waiics, to v.akc them six or eight
inches lower tlr a the adjoining border.
This prat tice came to us from the old
country, and however desirable in a cli
mate abouding in moisture, is erroneous
in our dry, clear. sunny land. There, it
is designed to drain the beds; here, if our
land is first prepared as it should be, no
such drainage is necessary; on the con
trary, we want to so form our garden beds
an 1 borders, that during the warm spring,
and summer, every shower of rain will
be caught, and remain on them not im
mediately run off. by means of a ditch
walk. Make, then, all your garden walks,
so that the center of the walks will he
two inches higher than the adjoining
border; every shower will then bo retain-
d where the growin'
the benefit of it.
A Hood Law. Tho Ohio Legislature
passed a bill through both houses, giv
ing married women the control of all per
sonal property now exempt from exceu-
ioii, so that tlie husband cannot sell it
rom the family. It also gives her the
control of the earnings of all the minor
children. This will be a valuable safe-
uard for the wives of intemperate men.
They cannot now sell the house empty,
and then collect tho earnings of their
wives and children, as was once done.
The Use or a Little Time. One of
the hours each day wasted on trifles or
indolence, saved and daily devoted to im
provement, is enough to make an igno
rant man wise in ten years; to provide
the luxury of intelligence to a mind tor
pid from lack of thought; to brighten up
and strengthen faculties perishing with
rust; to make life a fruitful field, and
eath a harvest of glorious deeds.
1)TEN F.LLE, at the age of ninety-sev
en, after saying many amiable and gal
hint things to the young and beautilul
M me llelvetius, passed lier once with
out perceiving her. "See," said she
how 1 ought to value your gallantries
You pass mo without even looking nt
me. ".Madame, sam tlie o'ti mm, " il
I had looked at you, I could not have
There is a girl in Troy whose lips are
so sweet t hat tliey stick together, every
morning, by tho honey they distill, and
she cannot open her mouth until she
his parted her lips w ith a silver knifi.
she will bo a treasure to her husband,
lot only on account of her sweetness,
'nit because sho can oecannally keep
her mouth shut.
Fact. The following conversation
between an affectionate husband and an
'nnoecnt young wife, was overheard u
l iy or two since:
Husband. -"The current expenses of
ly family have increased very much of
to, my love."
Wife. (Innorcnth) "Yes, dear, I've
'ven making a great deal ot iruit case,
ind currants are very high just now."
Think of it. Do not live in dark
ooins. Light fades tho carpet, but it
feeds the flower. No living animal or
vegetable can enjoy health in darkness.
Light is almost as necessary as air, and
a brown tan in fur preferable even as
matter of beauty, to a sickly paleness
There are prattling coxcombs in the
world, w ho would rather talk than listen,
although Shakespearo himself were the
orator, and human nature the theme!
For thebeiiefit of tlie ; who .my want a St
whitewash, we publish the following
the Country Cent leman , a paper which
consider-.! good nutho'iiy: ; ly
Paint If ny of oar readers wish '
touseaveryel,f,.psnd.ubHtn..tialpai,itpor a ,
rob.r, without lustre, let them ml water ,
will, skimmed milk , to a proper thickness ;
apply with a brush, and It ia ready Tor ties,
is loo cheap almost to eslimnte, mil any one the
put it on wl.ocani.so paint brush It
uilhT) well to wood, whether smooth or I
rough, to brick, stone, or mortar, where nil
puint has not been used, In which coe it will
cleave to some extent; and forms a very hard
substance, as durable as paint.
Ilnn.l.UNT an n Pi iiAni.r. Whitewash. ; ;0
The whitewash made by the following receipt
said to bo as rood for the outside of build- i .
ings as the Inside, and house, washed with U
look ns clean nd neat us when painted: j
"Take clean lumps of well burnt lime,
Add oue-lourth pound whiting, or
liurnt nliun pulveri7.ei!, one potion ol loal su-
ear. three courts of rice flour ill ado Into a
thin and well-boiled paste, niul ono pound ol
cleanest glue diasolved as cahi net-niaUrs do.
This may lie put on coltl within doors, but hot
outside. 'I'll in will be as brilli ant ns plaster
Paris, and retain its brilli inov for many V"nra.
Ths east end of the President's house in Wash
ington, is washed witli it." iV. ','. f irmer.
A Curat and Smri.r.a onr --The fallow
ing receipt Wit. given a year or two since by
tlie Scientific American. 1 Ins wash is clt-ap
than tho above, and Is aaid 1 1 bo much moro ,
durable than common whitewash:
"Take a clean barrel tint wi II bold water; i
put Intuit half bushel of quick lime and
slack it by pouring over il honing water suf
to corer 1 1, tun r or five incliea do -li, and I
alirring it until quite alick: dissolve in water.
udd two pounds of sulphate of zinc uud
one of coi.i'iion s ill, which will cause the :
whiiewnth to h ird.-n on the woodwork In
days ; add n It'o i lit water lobing it to 1
,, , . e .i , i . i , ,
tho consistency "I thick wli.tuwa.su."
CnerTs. Carpets should be take, r.p at
least nnoo u year, ther mally beaten with pli
ant W'lohS, ami
In rued the oilier i
laid do w n , h the b
iug carpets, ('.ir.
liiucll ahoahl he
clot iS s'ioh il ils
I CiMlciiei. mcs should be
! up. (I eld stra-v evenly
si lo lice i d list fi o:ll wcir
:s that are to b at retched
hi, uud all uniiliid, and oil
lie b.i i ii, I wi I li c irpet b i n I
inf. In porch hint; u carp-t. r-in 'in ne r lint
'a' g p ill," as arc o:ll V Hint -d I o I ir re ro,,nis.
alio thai a e , i -1 p -t u i li a snt'l li "l r. c ov
ing nrarlv Him who!.- s'lrTaee. will last l ing, s!,
e-yeei.ilv ilhh : ir.i t h t , i; p! v. Ic-tmer'
lie . lu.rm.iny o' c d s hei ,v. en il... carpet and
w,l' paper Se.,- s i wraui iai col irs a well
as s lit t ill id clot i ilon't g"l a g'oen caip, t,
and t icu t ic . I.e. p the roam dark t p,otect it,
lio t ir.-l ono lllal. lov. s the light. Cotton car
pels or even li neu uio po-,r eeonainv, but for
lio"cal weir, givo ns lh oil fas OoaeJ rig
Dohi stic Vi ast. Unit one pound of good
flour a quarter of a pound of brown sugar,
and a little ailt. with tvo g ill ins of water, fir
one hour. Wi.en miili warm, bollln it and
cork itcloto. It will In fit for ns in twenty
four hours. One pint of ihis y -nst will inako
eighteen p uin Is ol breif. imnfuj.
For the News.
1 am composed of -7 letters.
M y I, 7, '2 1 , i), 3, 1 'i, is a part cf a locomo
tive. My 0, in, 8, is a bird.
My H, SD, 1 1 , 1", is u Latin verb.
y 4, 1 !), 5. is, I 7 , is a l.ati ti noun
Jlv 5, 21, 120. l'J, is, Is a county In South
.My C, 10, C2, 2.1, 2', is a county in North
My 7, 1C, OC, 3, is a county in Pennsyl
vania. My 8, '-'fi, 2!, If), 27, ,i a town it. Mich.
My !i, 7, 25, 3, 22, 2.!, 11. Id, is one of
the United States.
My 1(1, 23, 1, 12, 21, is a town in Ohio.
My 11, 2'i, Irt, 2, a, 23, 8, 17, is a coun
ty hi South Carolina.
My 12, 2, 2 i, 19, is a county in Virginia.
My 13, 5, 18. 1, 12,8, is a county in N. Y.
My 14, 10, 12, 21, ia a cuiiniy in Fiorina.
My whole, was a celebrated epoch in tho
J. M. E.
CAiis'.vor to F.n'gni'i in last week's pa
per, by '-Cl ite II": "The Declaration of I n-
Answer In l.iugnia in same paper, uy
"Tom": " The Young. Men's Literary Club,
J. M. E. A Beautiful Description.
From the Detroit Advertiser.
A VISION OF THE CREATION.
BY HUGH MILLER, THE GEOLOGIST.
The work which the lamented Hugh
Miller had completed only the day be
fore his death, is now published. It is
entitled the "Tostimonyof the Rocks; or
the bearings of Geology on tho Two
Theologies, Natural and Revealed." It
is illustrated by sumo hundred highly
finished engravings cut in Paris ex
pressly for the work. In one of the
haptcrs on "The Mosaic Vision of Cre
ation " the author argues with singular
originality and force, that the revelation
of Creation, as given in Genesis, was
addressed to the tijn and not to tho eu
of Moses. The account is a deserip-1
lion of what Moses saw in a vision, not
u description dictated by inspiration
so many words. He supposes that
tho Almighty caused a phantasmagoric
picture of tho Six Days to puss before
the eyes of Moses, and that ho describes
these t,p,trunct. Ho thus saw each
great day, or J.on, under its most char
acttri.stie aspect. No account here can
do justice to the argument by which
this opinion is maintained, but '.he fol
lowing extract will convey a good idea
of tho author's style and treatment
"Such a description of tho creative
vision of Moses, as the one given
Milton of that vision of tho future
which ho represents as conjured up be
fore Adam by the archangel, would
a task rather for tho scientific poet than
for the mere practical geologist or sober
theologian. Let us suppose tha it took
place, far from man, in an utit'odden re
cess of tha Midi n desert, era yet
of the burning bush had been
vouclisaled; and that, as in tlie vision ol
,lo)lni latm0,, voices were min
ehean ... '
pled Willi scenes, and the ear ns cert mi
ls addressed ns the eye. A "great dark -Cnr.nr
ncs8 (jrst ka pon the prophet, like
t , j , . j
i . -,i , (i ,.i , ' , "
Abraham, but without Oie honor,
find, ns tho Bivine Spirii moves on
face of the wildly troubled waters,
j, , enveloped by the
pitchy cloud, the great, docjriiie is orally
enunciated, that "ill the beginning dod
rreated the heavens and the earth."
i;nro,,kon,,,l nr,(,Mi condensed in the vi
A i,,.,, (i few brief moments. paS away;
()ie crfl,ltive ja ,,; ).arJ ..Let
. . . . ,
" DC Iie.nr, ami SI ra.gl.iway a gray
diffused light springs up in the east, and
rnsti n g its sick ly gleam over a cloud
slackened. ijln;t,,;i exnanse of steaming, vaporous
. . , ,
sea, lourneys through the heavens to
wards the west. One heavy, sunless
day is made the representative of myr
iads; flic faint light waxes fainter it
sinks beneath the dim. uodedned hori
zon; tho first scene of the drama closes
upon the seer, and he sits ahile on his
hill-top in darkness, solitary but not
sad, in what seems to be a calm and
rpi , . i", 1 . i . 'l v r.
-"""r,"" .-...go., - ...
and over an expanse of ocenn witnout
visible bound the horizon las become
wiJ,,r , sl,,,,.,,. f f,iliiH than be
(icient e, mi .. . .. .
fr0- T1'Pr0 .PC?
iind invertebrate, mayhap also lehlliyio lii:
but, from the comparative distances of
Mho point of view occupied by llie proph
few . i . i o . .,,, ,,,
ict, only the slow roll of its waves can
, ,. J . , ., .
be discerned, as they rise and lall in
long undulations before a gentle gale,
and what, most strotu'lv impresses tho
eye is the change which has taken place
in the atmospheric scenery. That low
er stratum of the heaven occupied in
tho previous vision by seething steam,
or gray smoke-like fog, is clear and
transparent; and only in .in upper re
g'on, v.-here the previously invisible va
por of the tepid sea has thickened in
the cold, do the clouds appear. Rut
there, in the high strata of the fitmcsphere
they lie, thick and manifold.
an upper sea of great, waves, separated
from thoe beneath by the transparent
fir ma ni 'tit. and. like them, too, impelled
in rolling masses by the wind. A
mighty advance has taken place in crea
tion; but its most conspicuous optical
sign is the existence of a transparent at
mosphere, of a firmament strotched
out over the earth, that separates the
waters above from the waters below.
Rut darkness descends for tho third
time upon tho seor, for the evening and
the morning have completed tho second
Yet again the light rises under a can
opy of cloud; but the scene has chang
ed, and there is no longer an unbroken
expinse of sea. The white surf breaks,
at the distant horizon, on an isolated
reef, formed mayhap by the Silurian or
Old Red coral zoophytes ages before.!
during the bygone yesterday; and beats
in a long line of foam, nearer at hand,
against a low, winding shore, the sea
ward barrier of a widely spread coun
try. For at the Divine command the
and has arisen from the deep not in
conspicuously and in scattered islets,
at an earlier time, but in extensive tho'
flat and marshy continents, little raised
over the sea level; and a yet further fiat
has covered them with the great carbon
iferous flora. The scene is one of
mighty forests of cone-bearing trees
of palms, and tree-ferns, and gigantic
club mosses, on the opener slopes, and
of great reeds clustering by the sides
of tuiet lakes and dark rolling rivers.
Thero is deep gloom in the recesses
the thicker woods, and low thick mists
creep along the dank marsh or sluggish
stream. Rut there is a general lighten
ing of the sky overhead; as the day de
clines, a redder flash than had hitherto
lighted up the prospect, falls athwart
fern -covered bank and long-withdraw
ing glade. And while the fourth even
ing has fallen on the prophet, ho
comes sensible, us it wears on, and
fourth dawn approaches, that yet
change has taken place.
The Creator has spoken, and the
look out from openings of dee) uncloud
ed blue; and as day arises, and the plan
et of morning pales in the cast,
broken cloudlets are transmuted
bronze into gold, and anon the gold
fire, mid fit length tho glorious
sun arises out of the sea, and enters
on his course rejoicing. Jt is a brilliant
day; the waves, of a deeper and softer
blue than before, dance and sparkle
the light; tho cni th, with little else to
the gaze, has asniiuied a garb
) "ighter green; and as the sun declines
amid cvju richeglorics'thau those which
had encircled his rising, tho moon
full orbed in the east -to the
eye tho second grout luminary
the heavens and climbs sluwly to
zenith as night advances, shedding
mild radiance on land ami sea.
Again the day breaks; tho prospect
consists, as before, of land and ocean.
There are great pine woods, reed-covered
swamps, widu plains, winding
and broad lakes; and a bright
shines over all. Rut the landscape
its interest and novelty from
feature unmarked before. Gigantic
birds stalk along the sands, or
farinto the water in quest of their
food; while birds of lesser
Iloat. upon the lakes, or scream diseord
unt in hovering flocks, thick as
in the calm of a summer evening,
tho narrower seas, or brighten with
sunlight gleam of their wings the
woods. And tho ocean has its
great l-taiiniinhi' tempest the
us they heave their huge bulk over
surface, to inhale the life-sustaining
and out of their nostril
as out of. a "seething pot or cauldron.'
Monstrous creatures, armed in ma sue
scales, haunt the rivers, or scour the . at
rank meadows; earth, air, ami water tire
charged with animal life, and the sun
sets on a busy scene, in which unerring
instimt pursues unremittingly it" b'w
simple ends, the support ami preserva
tion of (he individual, tho propagation
of the species, nnd the protection and
maintenance of the young.
Again the night descends, for the
fifth day has closed; and morning breaks
on the sixth and last day of creation.
Cattle and boa-fs of the field graze on the
plains; the thick-skinned rhinoceros
wallows in the marshes; the squat hip
popotamus rustics among the reeds, or
plunges sullenly into the river; great
herds of elephant seek their food amid
tho young herbage of the woods; while
animals of fiercer nature, the lion, the
leopard, and the hear. harbor in deep
caves till the evening, or lie in wait, for
tlcir prey amid tangled thickets, n be
neath some unbroken bank. Atlength,
as the day wanes mid the shadows leng
then, man, the responsible lord of crea
tion, formed in (.oil's own image, is in
troduced upon the scene, and the work
of creation ceaeJ forever upon the
earth. The night fills once more upon
the prospect, and there da "'tis yet an
other morrow the morrr uf Hod's
rest, that Divine Sabbath in which
there is no moro creative labor, anil
which, "bless,. J .,,! s;,n i;fi.d" beyond
all the days that had gone before. l..n as
its special object the moral donation
and filial redemption of man. And
ovi i" If ii'i evening is represented in the
record as filling, for its special work is
not 3"e' complete. S i di seems to have
b-'en the sublime panorama of Creation
I i n vision ol
V'ph r,l lio tir
oi l t,
it 1 1
veas n:u! cai t
" flic s'l
I l t'le beg! iiiene; how the le a
K ! no I of i ha s "'
and rightly understood, I know not n
s'.ngle se'.eul : fuj tru'h that militates
ig:iin.-t even the m!u ate .t or le.is prom -i
ne nt of its d. t ills."
The Exodua of 1857.
The man who stays at home this sea- j
son, says the Cleveland Herald, will be'
the exception, for the people arc Itrnmn
tivc'y mad. iVestward! is the cry, and
tho rush has already commenced. Not
from the older Slates, where the surplus
population are trending; tinon e.-o li'others'
heels, but from the Eastern border of
the West itself, where broad aerei fire
yet tenantless, and where nearest neigh
bors are half a mile off.
The V-t. Louis Dom-rrr.! says that ev
ery b nit. either from the Upper or
Lower Mis.-issippi, is crowded with em
igrants, two thirds of whom are bound
r Kansas, a lew (lavs sines a hoar, ar
rived at St. Louis from above, loaded to
her entire capacity with emigrant
rom Minnesota, Iowa and Wisconsin.
Hereabouts the sound of preparation
heard, and men. w ho. apparent! v. have
all that heart should wish, are "get inc
idy" to start Westward, fome will
better their condition dollar-wise, but
ninny are sowing seeds which soon will
spring up in the shape of vain re
grets that tliey did not let well enough
In Trumbull county, the Warren
Chronicle says, tho young and middle
aged are raving under the influence of
Wc-tern Land Fever, borrowing money
at 10 per cent., buying up land warranto,
s.dling tljeir homes, abandoning lucra
tive situations. That paper says, "evonj
the old and grey-headed, in some cases
give up their quiet comfortable homes.''
to launch upon the uncertain sea ol
speculation. To the people of healthy,
happy, fertile Trumbull county, the
Chronicle administers sound advice, and
tho same is as applicable to this merid
ian. That paper says:
'Is it because this vicinity is crowded
with inhabitants, that so many desire to
leave? Certainly not. for it i.s plain that
it could sustain ten-fold ils present, pop
ulation. It, has amide school facilities
ir every child within its borders: eh arch
es sufficient to accommodate every man.
woman and child, who wish to avail
themselves of religious privileges;
healthy climate, free from all prevailing
epidemics; ami a soil whose productive
powers if properly developed, would be
sufficient to feed an army.
We are told that the West offers great
inducements to settlers. Wo hear of
fortunes realized in a vear. .ve. Rut who
...11., f .1., I. l,,.,a-e h.v.lll, r.C
ti in ui itoji".s-,-,,,i 1,,,,, , .,, ...
exposure, disease and death? None;
not a lisp even reaches ns, of the other
side of tlie story. Those who are there
look for the society of their relatives
and friends, and letters are sent home,
painting the West in all the gorgeous
colors of the rainbow, and urging oth
crs to come and become rich, and happy.''
B-'jThe impression is abroad that the
provisions of the new Militia Law reju
venate the corn stalk militia musters
other days. This is a mistake, as the tith
section of the act clearly shows.
"That the militia thus enrolled shall
subject to perform no active military du
ty, save and except in case of war, inva
sion, or to prevent invasion, riot or insur
rection." We ore almost, sorry that it does
revive the corn stalk doings, for though
we are, by virtue of being a member
tho "Old Scioto," exempt from military
duty, there are those we wot of we
like to see under drill, besides, what
there would boon "muster day!" and then,
too, the old race of Colonels, Majors and
Captains, have nearly run out, and somo-
jko, thiiigshould bedoneto till up the ranks
A Secret Worth Knowing.
'Truth is strange stranger than fie-
A young grocer of pood character
correct habits commenced business
n good and improving neighborhood.
His stock was small, in were bis means,
nnd his stock cf customers still smaller.
His sales hardly met his expenses.
and he was evidently "going down hill,''
and an obi grocer at the opposite corner
predie'ed that he would bj soon at the
That tho young grocer had reason to
regret this opinion of the. old grocer,
will appear. The latter had a daughter
who had won the heart of the former. !
He offered himself and was rejected. It)
was done, how ever, with the nssiirincoj
that bo was the man of her choice, but j
that she acted in ol edience to her fath-
it's command-. I
Assure, 1 r,' the affection of the woman j
hU choifc. he set hlurelf about re-I
moving the only obstacle in the way of
their tin ion. the fathers object ion to Ins j
A year had (lapsed, and lo! what a!
change! The young grocer was going!
"up bill'' with the power of n str.ntu lo-
enmotive; customers flocked to his store j
JVom all parts, and even lnanv bad left j
the old established stand on the opposite
corner for the young faorite. There
was a mvstery about it which tho old
grocer could not understand. He nt
length became sick with losses nnd ag
gravation and vain attempts to discover
the secret of bis neighbor's success.
At this juncture, Angelina for that
was the daughter's name rontrived to
bring about an interview between the
partie. After the old man had become
through the intervention of his dangb- ;
ter) tolerably good-humored, lie in-;
quired with great earnestness of the!
young man how be had contrived to cf-I
feet so much in a single year, thus to ex- j
tend his business and draw off the cus-j
toiico-s fi'uin the old stands.
The young man evaded an answer :
but iiiouirod if be had anv further oh-:
jections to his union with Angelina.
"None," replied he. "provided yu
reveal to me the secret of your su'-cess."
This the young man promised when
his happiness were- complete. The obi
man commended his prudence on this
point. The affair was all settled and the
marriage took place.
The friends of the young couple were
all n--sembled, and among them tinny
of the customers of the two stores.
Angelina nnd Thoum reero nr Lepf.v oc
they well could be. and the old gentle
man was, if possible, happier than they.
The bride cake was about to be cut.
when the old man called out for "the
"Aye. the secret," said Thomas; "I
The old gentleman was vcrv old fash
ioned, and while be shook Thomas by
the hand, ki'sed Angelina fifty times
ovi-r. lie merely muttered
"Whv the dickens didn't I think of
The Land Epidemic—The Climax.
Speaking of this matter the Capital
City Fact says
' Such epidemics have their limits.
They run for a season, and then comes
a terrible reaction. Many a man who
has gone font Ohio and Pennsylvania
in em:, fnrtablo circunista li"cs, and laid
out his nil in Western lands, dreaming
that their future increase in price would
make him rich as an Astor or Girnrd,
will find himself, when tho present ex
citement is over, so poor that he will
envy the old crone that he once permit
ted, out of charity, to inhabit the log
hut in the corner of his JUim.
"Such epidemics have ever proved
ruinous in this country to those attack
ed by them. Not a few in our own city
can testify to their disastrous effects
from bitter experience. Prudent men
avoid them as thev would the cholera or
the yellow fever. They know that when
there i, studi an excitement, it must
! quickly subside, and lands fall as rapid-
ly us they have risen, and nobody can
t;ll when the catastrophe may come, tori
it is most likely to come
iu the night."
may come .'"J
Ill Health of the President.
The Cincinnati Commercial gives the
following extract from a private letter
from Washington, from which it scorns
that the President is to add one more
name to the list of the National Hotel
"I saw, passing a gas light, a couple
of gentlemen one of whom, although
1 had not seen him for sixteen years
almost knew to be the President.
stepped :. long ;ide, and a glance inform
ed me that 1 was not mistaken. The
old niail totters. Ilia legs me weak. A
II -stumble drew a remark liuiu lus
companion, wlncli 1 did not near.
His reply was: "I am not right. My
health is not recovered," adding, in
sort of begging tone, "Rut I am getting
butter." His voice is weak, and his
legs are weaker, lie is going, depend
upon it. A few more weeks anl
will be no more. A vain young orator
from Kentucky will bo the actual Presi
dent of these United States."
Letter from Hon. T. F. Marshall.
OXFORD, O., May 4th, 1857.
My Dkau Ge.nf.ual: A friend
Hillsborough has forwarded to ine
Ibis place, an extract from tho "High
land News," containing a review of
p.ech I delivered in your town
request, signed ns you know hj
thirty gentlemen. Tberei.ro two
passages in this review calculated t0
mislead thorn who read it entirely an to
opinions on the subject of Konsns,
tlie present aspect, of that matter, and
to mv personal relations to Mr. Clay
after !-"(. The first is as follows:
(Mr. Marshall) slated that he knew
from personal intimate n'-rcoint ion with
Clay nt that time, that he never
dreamed that the Compromise measures
1ST)0 ortntained any principle incon
sistent with the Missouri Compromise."
This is a sheer nnd absolute mistake. I
said no such thing nnd nothing like it,
and if I had it would have been a posi
tive untruth I said that the Compro
mise measures did not repeal, and were
not inconsistent with the Missouri Com
promise. T proved, nt least attempted
prove, this proposition from the meas
ures themselves, nil of which I cited,
and from the spesehes of Mr. Clay
pending their discussion, which speech
es T read. Mr.'Cl.nv never had any con
versation with mo upon the subject.
, ... . .1 -II- ' "I
r.cvcr (trramrd l lint too -oissoun com
promise was sliak. r. cr nfcrtci in any
way by the legislation of 18."i0, "and of
course could have hail no motive in
broaching the subject. I never con
versed with Mr. Clay but twice after
lrCiO, to bis death, and on neither oc
casion was the Missouri Compromise al
luded to in any way.
The rther passage is as fol'ow?:
"The Orator took the ground, in yiew
of the recent adverse decision of tho
Supreme Court, that. Congress possesses
the unqualified right to admit or reject
States at its discretion, and that this pow-
er was given m sucli clear terms in the
'Constitution, that tho Supreme Court
'could control orovorrulc it. He therefore
concluded that the only way this subject
could be reached was through our Rep
I rcpcn'atives in Congress, w ho possessed
an undoubted right to reject the applica
tion of Kansas for admission into the
Union with slavery, unless her proceed -,ings
wore cii'iueie 1 with undoubted
fairne-s iti.d regard for the rights and in
terests of all her eiticr.s." This is
worse than the other, or than any of tho
multiform and multiplied misrepresen
tations of icy opinions nnd lny words
which have been published during the
last, third en years.
I said, what I have always said, in
Chicago, in Kentucky and in Ohio, that
if Kansas in a free convention, chosen
w ithout fraud or force, framed a Repub
lican Constitution, Congress was bound
by every consideration of equality among
the States, nnd by every obligation to
preserve domestic peace, and to guard
the Union, to admit her w ith or without
slavery, ns the Convention might de
cide. That the People of the Territo
ry, in forming a State Constitution, had
the same right to determine that ques
tion, which the people of Kentucky or
Ohio bad in forming new Constitutions,
and that no one doubted that any State
had t right to abolish, or admit domes
I referred to the ground
which 1 had understood that Mr. Gree
ley of the New York Tribune had taken
in relation to the matter. I had not
seen the Tribune, nnd so stated. The
ground I understood to be this: that tho
Ihee Soil party and the opponent-of tho
Kansas and Nebraska bill, should plant
themselves upon the Constitution fram
ed by the Topcka Convention, and in
the elections about to be held under tho
law authorizing the holding another
Convention, the Free Soil party shall
not vote, but let a slave constitution
pans by default, nnd make the contest in
Congress upon the application of Kan
sas for admission, inasmuch as the
Constitution has not made it imperative
upon Congress to admit a new State,
but has left it discretionary with the
government, by the terms employed:
"Congress shall have the power to ad
mit new States into the Union." I dep
recated the course said to have been sug
gested by Mr. Greeley, in terms ns distinct
and nnmistakeableas my knowledge of tho
Knglish language enabled me to employ.
I took the ground that the Topeka Con
vention had no legal authority to net,
and that the Constitution that they had
)Vallu,,! ..either binding upon Kan
like j g;ig or (ho (Vn,,r,,ss That the decision
j of the Supreme Court was lair, although
ii had Hot ::: "'o slightest degree chang
ed or even modified my own indiviO.'.t?l
. . . , ... rrM . . 1 - s .
opinions on me snnject. x nai mo de
cision of a majority of the people of
the United State's in the election of
Mr. Ruehannn was also a legal act.
That all that was left fur the people in
Kansas opposed to the extension of sla
very, was logo to the polls and vote un
der and according to tha law.
I certainly believe that Cor. gross has
the naked Constitutional right to admit
or reject a new Mate, but under the ex
isting state of law and fact, for her to
reject Kansas on account of Slavery
alone, would be an outrage beyond all
precedent, and if anything on earth
could, this would enlist every Slave
State in favor cf dismemberment. I
characterized the proposition as fatal to
the repose, the harmony and doniestio
peace of the country, and possibly used
still ptrongcr language.
It is important to my reputation for
truth, consistency and iio.ior, that this
correction should be made. Ue kind
enough to call on the Kditor of tha
"News" to publish this letter in his
next issue, and forward me a copy of
too paper containing the letter, to thia
place, directed to mo.
With tho highest considerations of
rcardnnd friendship, lam yours, ie.
THOMAS F. MARSHALL.
GEN. J. McDOWELL, Hillsboro.
A paper out Wes.t has for ft mofto,
"Good will lo all men who pay promptly;
D-'Voted'to news, fan nn l making niouey, '