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title: 'The Highland weekly news. (Hillsborough [Hillsboro], Highland County, Ohio) 1853-1886, October 15, 1857, Image 1',
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Inspector General |
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J. L. BOAnDMAN,
Editor and Proprietor, $
imh journal gcbolcb la ($iwt politics, literature, Agriculture, Jfflarftcfs, fa.
Ono Dollar a Year
if Strictly in Advance.
IIILLSBOROUGIL HIGHLAND COUNTY, OHIO, THURSDAY, OCTOBER 15, 1857.
TREASURERS OF THE DEEP.
The deplorable loss of tho C'onlral America
reminds uii of one of the best of Mm. Ileninim'
liort poems, which we give bolow with (lie ex
ception of two tt.inztis.
Yet mure, the depths have more! Wlmt wealth
Far down, and shining thro' tlielr at HIiipsr,
I ips !
Tlmn hast the stnrry genis, the burning gnlri,
Won from ten thousand royil arposies,
fiweep o'er lliy spoils, tliou wild end wrathful
r'nrlh claims not these ngnin.
Yet more, Die billows and the doplhs have
High henrt and bravo ere gnthered to thy
They hpnr not now the booming wnlnrs rnnr,
The bnllU thunders will not break lh"ir rest.
Keep thy red gold nnd gems, thoii stormy
Give buck the true rnd brnvc!
(live hark tho lout nnd lovely! those for whom
The place was kept at board and hearth so
The prayer went up through midnight's breath
And the vain yearning woko 'midst festal
Hold fust thy buried Isles, thy low e.s o'erlhrown
Hut oil Is not thine own.
To Ibpe the love of womnn hath (jnne down,
Dark flow thy tides o'er manhood's, iiublo
O'er youth's bright locks and beauty's tlowery
Yet must tliou bear voice Restore the
Earth shall reclaim her precious things from
Restore the deud thou sea!
A Beautiful Story.
PETER, THE PEASANT.
A TRIAL OF INTEGRITY.
A STORY FOR YOUNG AND OLD.
Peter was the son of an honest I'ronch
peasant, who lived on the hanks of the
Moselle. When he was eighteen years
of age, his father was obliged to send
him to Paris, to pain his. livelihood as n
carpenter. "Poverty," said the old
man, imposes upon us painful separa
tions. You go to Paris to find work:
you will be exposed to many tempta
tions; but remember the lesson of your
mother, who has ulways show n you an
example of virtue; that though you tire
parted from your earthly parents, you
have a Father in heaven. I iiavo lived
sixty years in our village, and no one
can ever blame me for a dishonest or
dishonorable aetion. Peter, my con.
you must not shame your parentage.
And po Faying, tho old man took a
hasty embrace, and Peter, with a heavy
henrt, set out on his route to Paris, lie
4urncd more than once to take a farewell
look at his native village; and when the
church spire only was visible, ho took
off his hat and reverently bending his
knee, ho looked towards the spot where
Siis Savior's imago rested on the altar,
nnd besought Him to give him strength
to persevere to tho end.
At length Peter arrived at Paris; the
journey had ncaily exhausted his stock
of money, but ho carried a letter of
recommendation to a master carpenter,
who immediately employed him. lie
was young, but he was willing, and he
Boon gained what enublcd him to send
presents to his parents, and to his little
J5ut Cod saw it was good to try Peter
with adversity, His master was ruined
by some unforeseen misfortunes, and all
liin workmen were dismissed. Poor Pe
ter! Ho could send no more presents
to his cottage home; and that was the
first thought that grieved him.
Confidence in Cod, however, was un
bounded, and God rewardod his confi
dence by putting it to a hard proof; his
faith was to be strengthened and purified
in tho school of misfortune. One day
that ho had traversed the streets of Par
is, seeking in vain for work, he became
very faint as he crossed the Tuilleiies,
and had just time to throw himself on a
chair or ho would have fallen to the
earth. Tho woman who kept the chairs
did not perceive him; ho might have
.gone away without paying, and lie was
,very poor; but ho said to himself, "if
jttic woman lack vigilance, that is no
,reasou why I should lack, probity; Cod
nces me, that is enough," and ho called
4he woman nnd gave her two sous. As
lie pursued his way ho was overtaken
by an omuibus, when suddenly a wheel
gave way, and down it came with a tro
mendouus orash. A man who was pass
ing at tho moment was thrown down
and severely hurt. Peter ruined him up.
and assisUd lam into a cabriolet which
Scarcely "had ho driven off, when Pe
ter ohseried a piece of paper on the
ground, and picking it up, found an or
der lor five hundred franca.
"How can Iretnrn this to tho owner?"
was the lust thought that passed through
lere tire you rrn;n
-dreamy took.' asked tl
10 oiee ot
.James, ouo of his Into
men, who lodged inv tho
Peter had always been reserved with
this man, for he knew little of him, and
ma junior lum warned liim not to make
acquaintances too hastily:.
",No work to he found yet ch?" con
"Von InowPurui," said Peter, "could
you tell mo how I can discover tho own
er of something I havy found"
''What!" said James, VouU you
l.tsiL I . i U ...... 1' 1 K
m.i iuu uner in WIIHt, lurtllUO 1
inrown in your way.' Is it a ,.
un..t,9 1 . . J. !
fit you icar iiiscovoi y'
"No." ?Mjl Ptter, "hut 1 fVa. Cd
and must restore what docs riot Lclun
"What linvo you futiiul?" said .Tamos.
"A bill for fivo hundred franco," sui .1
"flood," said James, "some gambler
has Inst it a? he came nut of (litf ra m 1
house, or sonic rie Ti merchant has
drnpj.nl it out. of his pocket-book;
you would be a great fool not to keep
Peter went straight lo Hie lank, lml
if was fdint Tor tlie day; ami when lie re
turned to his lodgings, lie found James
had told (lie landlord tliat Ik; liad met
willi mmn good rorlune; ami tlie man
immediately ntfaeked liim and insisted
on lieitK' raid (or tin? last month'.. 1,l,,.
mg. I our Peter! lie had notliin
the live hundred francs! The sn-'-es-tion
of James came to his mind: "Jl is
doubtless (lie money of some rich man
"ho will never mi'ss it." Alas' Poor
Meanwhile M, Ponard, who had lost
the. order, was prey to the deepest dis
tress. When ho was thrown down by
the omnibus, lio had the billet in hi's
hand; but the pain he suffered from the
tall made lum lorgct everything, and it
was not until ho got out of tho cabrio
let that he missed tho money, lie was
the owner of a shop, the rent of which
was due next day. and having lately ex
perienced heavy losses, he had no more
money to , ay. for lie had drawn from
the bank his last five hundred francs.
With what sorrow did ho look at his
wile and children! Ho durst not tell
them his loss; but they soon saw that
something untoward had occurred, ami
at length he wai obliged to confess the
truth, "borne ho
jnest person may yet
find it," he said
"Tl ie will of Cod he done!" replied
his wife. "You have been Faved from
an accident which in i lt li t have m-t vnne
life, ami every evil seems light in com
parison." The next day, towards twelve o'
clock, a knocking was heard at the
door. "Ah!" said M. Ponard, "it is our
landlord I fear, and there is no money
to give him."
His wife with ;i trembling hand open
ed the door; for a moment her confidence
ill Cod had failed her. It. was Hot the
landlord; it was a friend who had been
sent as a forlorn hope, to the bank, ami
who had there found Peter, who now
accompanied him, and presented the live
hundred francs to tho delighted and
"I cannot conceal from you," said
Peter, "that I had some temptation
to retain the money, and 1 do not de-
servo (lie nimlauscs von linstow ,n ..
"ion do deserve them," said Madame
I'onard; "no one need be ashamed of a
"Thank Cod, I did overcome it," said
Peter; "I should have fallen had 1 not
remembered, 'w li;t will it profit a man
to gain the whole world and lose his
own soul'' and all the lessons of our
good minister came back to mv mind so
forcibly, that the temptation vanished."
"Your honesty has been tried," said
tho friend of Ponard, "and 1 have no
hesitation in recommending you to be
porter in the ban k where ou but now
returned ll o billet. The situation if a
lucrative one, and if you continue to
behave as you have hitherto done, vour
advancement is certain. 'Jo what is
good, and thy reward will not linger.' "
The Home Circle.
A few en any pint a res in simple frames nhriu'd ;
A fow preeious Toliiincs, the wealth of the
And here uud there treasured foam g.un
To kluillo the fuiwy, or aoftnn the h art.
Gems of Thought.
m not for the interest of the
whole swarm, is not for tho interest of a
Nothing elevates ns so much "as the
presence of a spirit similar, yet superior
to our own.
appear to theim
most men's lives would
elves, if described as the
lives ol others!
Instructive conversation; suggestive
silence; these are tho characteristics of
We may forgive ignorance, but not pre
sumption. He who bus nothing to bay
should say nothing.
The incapacity of men to understand
each other is ono of the principal
causes of their ill-temper towards each
To commiserate, is conietiiues more
than to give, for money is external to
a man's self; but he who bestows
compassion, communicates his own Belf.
Winter, which strips the loaves iYonl
around us, makes us too tho distant ro
trions thev i'ormeilu nimniil.l. i .1
. J " so lines
I life roll US of one cni,i,-i,o,r,ft. ...,!.,
go the prospect ol ..l.o-nilu 1....
J' '(,1 J'uul Itu hl,,-
Tho greatest hospitality U generally
to be found among those persons oi'
small incomes, w ho 'are content to iu
according to their means, uud never
givo uny great dinners- for nothing
can be lurther IVoiu truo hospitality than
tho spirit in ylihdi such t'litertuiu'uieuts
are generally given.
I coiuider the soul nfman ns Mo. nm,
of a tiloriou-1 1 i, ilo ol' loill.i;,,,. ,. 1
imidst trreat bc.ios of .-,,1.1 ;. l. i
Willi noble fragments of fcc,l,, lure, brok
en pillars ami obeli.-...-, and a m.ignili
cenee m coul'u. ion.
government of our appe
tites and corrupt inclinations, will make
our minds cheerful and easy; con
tentment will sweeten a low fortune
and patience will make our sufleriii"t
Society. Those can nio;-t easily dis
pense w ith society who an; tho most
calculated to a.loj n it; they only are de
pendent on it who possess no mental
resources; for fhou-h they bring not li -ing
to the peneral mart," like beggars,
they are too poor to stay at homer"
I o improve the condition of
in, i ii-
kiml essentially, a way must 1
tnved (or putting old heads on
That nobility is (he
man derivcf, not from
truest which a
his nedi'Tce. but.
Iiom himsi'II; that excellency is the
the greatest which is personal; that glo
ry is the most estimable which is fixed
in our intellectual and moral attributes,
not that which a man locks up with his
cash, or puts by with his ribbons.
Tlie fpirits of a man are tlie
mometer of his happiness, and it,
tlie rise and fall of tlieiu t Ti at his
lde.s and cares, joys or pleasures,
always lie determined.
M'ashin-ton, visiting a lady in his
neighborhood, on leaving the house, a
little girl was directed to open the door,
lie turned tu the child and said: "1 nm
sorry, my little- dear, lo give you so much
i ...... 1. 1.. "
"I wish, nir," she replied, "it was to
let you in."
The Loss of a Wife.
Xoman but one w ho has been called
upon to mourn the loss of a dear and
helmed companion, can fully appreciate
the beauty and truthfulness of the fol
lowing article, which wo copy from an
ii mi is. mi w i Tlie luss Hi n
eomriaris.in with the loss
w ife, all other bereavements are tri
I he w ile, she who fills so hu-'jo a space
in the domestic heacn; ,-he w ho busies
lier. elf so unweariedly for the precious
ones round her; bitter is the tear that
fills upon her cold day! You stand
beside her collin and I hi n k of the past.
It seems an amber-colored pathway,
where the sun shone upon beautiful
llowcrs, and the stars hung glittering
overhead. J'aiu would the soul linger
here no thorns are remembered, save
those your own hands may unwillingly
have planted. Her noble, tender heTirt
lies open to your inmost, sight.
You think of her now as all gentleness,
all beauty, all purity. Hut she is dead!
Tl... .1 1 1 .1. ."i i i
i in. ue,,, nr.m ! u.n ,las lal,( , j,,ni
bosom, rests in the still darkness
i pillow ol clav. The hands tli
1 so iiiitii'iir.ilv.
'Iooin v por-
white and cold, beneath' the
tals. J he heart whose cv
.'(rv heat, meas
urcd an ctemitv of love
les under vour
feet. The (lowers she bent over in
smiles, bend now over her in tears, shak
ing the dew from their petals, that the
verdure around her may be kept green
I'i.kaxivo S .K iiiidi,-s, thn following is
nid to be it certain prjcesx for cl.-:iiiin h i I k :
Pare and tlirn thin, three Irish potato-hf I'eiir
on them hull' n pint 0f boiliujr water, anil ndil
nil equal o,iianlity of pure ulcnhol. Spnnce
Hie silk on the rijfht Kid.i, and when hiilfdry,
irnn on tie- w rona .id.;. Tin- liMesl ,;ored
silk may he clemmed and hi iglitenrd by this
process; u!so, cloth, velvet or crape.
Wasiiinij Cai.icoks. The fn lowing method
of washing drenses of printed inui-loi, ho us to
p remove, he n, torn, is recommended by a com
petent iiiilhorily: 'I'he dr, s "hoiild he wimhed
in lather, mill not in the usual miv, hv npply
inic the map direct upon tho iiiuslin. '.Make's
lather hy boiling some uoap nnd water tojjeth
er; lot it sliiiid until it is siillicieiitly coed for
(Use. J unions tu pullini' the diess into it.
throw in a handful of salt Kinso I ho dress
without wringing it, In ,uar, cold water, ialo
wnicii n. nine sail lias been thrown; remove it
and i ine it again in a fresh supply ol c.leal
cold water and milt; then wroig llio'dress in a
chilli nn I hung it to dry imiii.-Jia tely , spread
ing it out us open as possible, so as to prevent
one put lying ovur another. Sliuuld lliere he
any white in tho puUcru, mix u little blue III
R1.00U Hoot. Tho ro it is tho part nsod in
medicine, ll should he gathered very late in
the lall or very early in tliospi iug. Tew plants
have been held In ns gjneral estimation, as
l:!-j--!rool, nnd It Is certainly a most valuable
rern.idy in various diseases, ( limy U8 dmiu
isli red fit hrr iu tho form of powder or li ucture.
The latter (the tl nel.i ie) is most used, and
is insr'e by pouring half a pint of alcohol aud
half a pint of water on art ounce of the root'
allowing them to remain fourleoli days and
tillering through paper- Its dose is from ten
to tli i rt y drops, g.vi n two or three times a day.
The powder Ih giveu In doses of Iron, one to
eight gruins. The tusle is ucrid nnd bitter,
burning tlie mouth and throat, told when pow
derino; it, cai e should be taken to keep a cloth
over bolli prMle uud mortar to prevent the dust
Hying round, us it will bring on inordinate
sii'-iing and irrilatlou in boiu mouth uud
throat. Largo d. ses of from eight to twenty
grains are borne tiin.s piv- . but t ,iredl(11'.
gcrous, cubing slyness at stomach, general
weakness, hiipt,,,,;, dimne, of ,,),., uud often
nun protracted Vomiting. In doses of
tivo ruins it oycU -s tjel;m 1,4 ut stomach with
out ll' iig emetic, and in this way proves uso
fal in ,nU ammutiniiH of various urgtiis. iu
doses of hull' u grain it lowers tho pulse uud
give. li;no to tho s)steiu . Tell drops of the
lineluiH ucts us a uliunilaul, an,! i:;.J.uces pro
fuse sweating. A few drops of the tincture
"ken in water every morning w ill ttri-nglheii
I he system by giving torn, to Iho stomach.
llhu.droot Is llM,d i (I,,, 01lru ,)f )ni(, H,ltlldip
diseases of . o!,Mt ud Vl,ri H.itliiiia, dysen
tery and 1 iilhimmalnry rliou mnl ism. Applied
externally, in powder or n wash, it cures foul
ulcers, polypes of tha noso, fleshy excrescences
in v.u-ious puns, and ill-cundiUoued 1 ors.
0 0l"'" 'uimiw la the nose, it must besnulled
". -Smiio iuy on it to cure tl 10 f rolll). hv I'iv-
log ll ill ten ,.,,, dl)SHi H0 u t, i.r.,.1..,.. ..
immediate vomit;.. Though tho dry roots
keep vei-v well. Ii ,..,.. I - .. ' .... .
. - - - - I'-' v 1-1 a 1 lei
.,i.K or i,h , will, oilier sill
I nrru iN use (lie I
d" Ktiiodrool iu ilisi .ihib
1 eat and 1 Imtin lc,r
Id no. L-l h - 1; 1 , 11
cl lioiscs, lo m.iko ll
Hold Fast to Your Business.
If you have a business stick to it.
If you have none got one as speedily
as possible. Put in business, or in the
hunt after one, do but ono thing at a
time, and J it to. Not one, but
many thousands of young men, hnvo
failed to accomplish anything in life,
simply because they hadn't the faculty
of perseverance a part of a man's
phrenology which ea bo cultivated, if
primarily deficient, and bo the dearth
of which U inexcusable. .Nobody ever
yet did a deed to make bin name fa
mous, or the world better, that, he did
not follow out his purpose "through
thick and thin." It is tho indomitable
energy, tho pluck, tho will of a man,
that causes him to make his way along
the stormy pathway of this little pilgrim
age below the stars, and what possible
reason is there for a body to stop all
along the road, to prick his fingers with
ll ill ll. A . , I . -
mi: neuien macspring upon mo banks;
That performance don't "pay." Have
a purpose. (Jet a business. When
you have it, hold fast to it, being first
sure that you are in tho track that na
ture intended you to follow. "I!e sure
you're right, then go ahead!" said Davy
Crockett, ami so every good adviser will
tell you. Put the young man just com
mencing in his independent caroer, who
turns discontentedly and disconnected
ly from this to that, and from that
to the other, and back again to this,
will never do anything to make himself
known to two people besiJes himself
for qualities that a man is bo mati if Lo
Joined in the Better Country.
the September Knickerbocker is tho
following, which will sufficiently explain
The announcement of tho death of
Mr. Ceor-e ll;dfiebl. of Now York.
which reaches us in the public journals, !
startles us all at tho "Cedar Cottage," j
reposing in the silence and quietude of i
the country, lie loved children. Also
which ulways follows for as I?yron
says, "The heart must leap kindly back
to kindness" children loved him. Mr.
I'cdfiebl was a frank, geocrous man,
who despised all meanness; tnd he loved
his friends. saw but little of him
in later months, after we quitted residing
uninterruptedly in town; but the last
time we met him, he gave us a charac
teristically cordial invitation to visit
him at JJrooklyn, and begged our ac
ceptance of a small but beautiful land
scape which we had admired at his
apartments in town. Mr. lledfield was
t I 1 1 fl tTittintr ltlln V. tt f innnir .
ho lost ayountr and lovely wife-the
i l . . . n . . l i i .i -,
inuy aiiimeu 10 in l tie lollowing passage
from our little volume, "Knick-Knacks
from an Kditor's Table," which we hope
to be pardoned for quoting here, for the
enjoyment of thousands who are our
readers now, but who were not so then:
The following most touching frag
ment of a letter from a dying wife to
her husband was found by him, some
months after her death, ' between the
leaves of a religious volume, which sho
was very fond of perusing. The letter
was literally dim with tear-marks;
the grasp of a fatal disease had fasten
ed upon the lovely form of his wife,
who died at tho early ago of nineteen:
"When this shall reach your eye. dear
Ceorge, some day when you are turning
over ine relies oi the past. 1 shall Iiavo
passed nway forever, and the cold white
stone will be keeping its lonely watch
over the lips you have so often pressed,
and the sod will bo growing green that
shall hide forever from your sight tho
dust of ono w ho has so often nestled
doso to your warm heart. For many
long and sleepless nights, when all be
sides my thoughts was at rest, I have
wrestled with the consciousness of ap
proaching death, till at last it has forced
itself upon my mind; and although to
Villi mill rii nlliiiKj it
l t .V. ' ; ."V-""
- ' ,s,,l"" "i
yet, dear Ceorge, it is so! Many weary
hours have I passed in the enduavor to
reconcile myself to leaving you, whom
I love so well, and this bright world of
sunshine mid beauty; and hard indeed
it is to struggle on silently and alone
with the sure conviction that I am about
to leave all forever, and go down alone
into the dark valley! "Hut know in
whom I have believed," and leaning up
on his arm, "I fear no evil." Do not
blamo mil tor keeping even all this from
you. How could I subject you, of all
others, to such sorrow as I feel at part
ing, when t i in o will so soon make it ap
parent to you? I could have wished to
to live, if only to be at your tddo when
your tima shall come, and pillowing
your head upon my breast, wijie the
death-damps from your brow, and usher
your departing spirit into it Maker's
presence, eubalmed in woman's holiest
prayer. Hut it is not so to bo and I
m""?. r!,'"f. VOars is the privilege of
watching, through loop; and Ctt?.ry
nights, for tho spirit's final flight, and
of transferring tuy sinking head from
your breast Pi luy Havior's bosom!
And you shall share niy last thought;
the last faint jirusuuro r,f j,l(0 hand, and
tho last feeble kiss shall bo yours; and
even w lieu lli'-U and heart tdiall have
failed me, niy eye shall rcHt ni) yours
till glazed by death; and our spirits shall
hold ono last foipl comiriuuioii, till gen
tly fading from iny view the last of
earth you shall mingle with tho Grst
bright glimpses of the unfading glories
of that better world, whero partings
are unknown. Well do I know the
spot, dear Ceorge, whero you will lay
me; often have we stood by tho dace,
and ns wo watched the mellow sunset,
as it gb.m'i'd in quivering Hashes through
I ho leaves, and burnished the grassy
mound.- rnund u with Mripts of bur-
nisi.. -I . J, each perhaps ha thought
that some day one o( us would come
alone, nnd whichever it Plight lie, your
nam! would be on the stone. Put we
tho spot; and I know you'll love!
none the less when you see the sarne'ed
quiet sunlight linger and jday among
the grass that grows over your Mary's
grave. I know you'll go often abuiej
and tny sjiirit will be w ith you
and whisper among the waving
branches, 'I am not lost, but gone be-1
"They loved in life, and now in de
they are not divided." They sleep to
gether in the beautiful cemetery at 1'roy.
.!., I J 1- l. ' li
..... .i. ,,, ,,,u y oer grave, ni
sunset, with the weeping husband, who
has now rejoined her "in that world
-,.. . , ., '
are never parted.
I'on t touch the lute w hen drums are
A wise man remains silent
win; n loois arc speak in
i. .. i ..
Affection, like spring flowers. br
the most frozan croiunl nf lnut ,i...i i.
heart which iwU !... f.. .
r- - - - '."U'J in1
to make it happy, will never seek
,"- ii"iio.r iicart
For the News.
My 9, I. 2, II is a man's name.
My 6,9, 7, a Is a kind of fruit.
My 9, 7 is a preposition.
My I, a, 9, 3 Is a part of a bird.
My 3, 7, !l is a noted mountain.
My 1,9,11,6 is what no one wishes, to be
come. My C. 4, 5, 5 Is wlmt we do every dev.
My I. 9. 3, a is what the cooks do.
My 6, 8, I I, It) is a child's plaything.
My whole is w hat we should ull he.
Awri to Kiiidu m KT WriVs Patm:
'Uncle Hon of Peiin Township."
Printing in the Woods.
The following from the Wisconsin
Mirror, of last January, will cive nn
A merica n
arc (loin' what perhaps has
never been done in the United States
beforewe are printing the Wisconsin
Mirror in thj woods! not a dwelling,
except our own, within half a mile of
us ! I The forest oak hangs over our of
Cec and dwelling, the deer and rabbits
shy around us, and tho partridges and
Iua,,s cck ".r !" 'li'ta..ce by vcn.ur
ing nearer and nearer our doors. Tl
noble Wisconsin is bearing onward its
immense burdens of ice, majestically
and silently, within sight of our win
dows, and the snow-capped hills, cover
ed with scattering oaks and pines, peer
up in the distance. There is roinan;o
and reality in all this, and we feel al-j
most willing to publidi a paper in such
a location, just for the excitement of the
thing. Hut most of this romance is
soon to be spoiled. Already several
dwellings arc in nroi'rcm mvir ,u mil
before manv weeks thev rn to ..,
nied hv enternrwinc' ;, .1,1. ....1
when .Spring and Summer shall come
we expect such a clatter of axes, and
spades and trowels mnl Knua ,l l,...
mers, that we shall hardlv be able to
v. .. 1 . ... . . .
nine our cuitoriais Wltliout introilueine;
more or less of the confusion. The fact
is, we expect a large villago- yea, a
city to grow up rapidly around us;
and that is why wo arc prinl'twj in tin-woods!
From the Albany Argus.
Journalism and Office.
In the United States there Is not a
more faithful guardian of public inter
ests than tho public journals; and much
as is Iho freedom of the press abused in
our country hy libelous aud unprinci
pled sheets, yet it were belter that such
an evil should be tolerated than that
the freedom of tho press should be de
stroyed; for tho' there are many unprin
cipled journals extant, yet their influence
is small. In England the uuw'spapcrs
wield a powerful influence, but it is a se
condary one. Parliament not public
journals governs public sentiment.
Fifteen or twenty years ago Congress
ruled public opinion. With such men
as Webster, Calhoun, Clay, Wright, aud
a host of other brilliant minds compos
ing it that body was the embodiment
of publio sentiment, l'ublie journals
were made subservient to Congressional
opinion; their course was influenced, if
not controlled, by Representatives in
Congress, and so i'ar from being inde
pendent of Congressional influence, the
press was looked upon as a mere secon
dary organ a sort of helpmeet to Con
gress and Congressmen.
IS nt tho press is no longer a mere
mouth-piece for members of Congress;
it is ruliilung " h'cucr, a nobler destiny.
Congress no longer rules '!."' opinion.
Tho brilliant talent which was in Con
gross in 1H JI) is not there now; tho giant
intellect- that for a time being gave our
Natie ml Coiigross a (diameter for digni
ty, brilliancy of talent uud forensic, elo
quence, (jocund to 110 other assembly the
world oyer saw, have beaily all passed
away, and their places been filled by
men, (no many of whom are poorly cal
culatej for the position they hold. And
even had not Congress degenerated in
point of talent, it could not lead puldi
opinion at tha present day. The iullti
ence Congress once wielded has depart
ed from that body, and is now centered
in the public journals of the day. In
stead of being made subservient to llu
wishes of the few, thev now control the
opinions of the iii.inv. Tha di ction of
i ; . ... . ......i .
course pursued by the public press.
Congress is no longer the infallible body
loved it once was; its acts arc cither condemn
it or approved by the public journals;
and this condemnation or approval is tho
j Voice of the public.
lint, while Congress has bron degeu
there, , crating, the public press has been con
then, I stantly improving in tone and talent,
and in a few years, journalism is des
forc!' i fined to be fe profession in the I'niled
j.!""1 "'".) m oc Mippnriou ns are j
I edited with ability, and are faithful to!
; the interests of the people. We repeat
American press is fuHillintr a high
i ii , . . . , ,f
and noble destiny; it has a brilliant I'u-
.(lire before it. Jn a few years, those '
our Senators and Representatives is de-I
nt in no shL'ht dc'rcc unon the
1 States. As it is the orijan of tb
pie. the people will have the ablest tal-
cut to represent their interests; a ml such
1.. . . i .....
I who are illiterate and iimiualitied. w ill
: be compelled to resort to s,..il,i else
a- a iMcansni maintenance,
can journalism, eallim' to it
i ini -!i i .i ii ii l i ii i to; roil II 1 r V
,.l.l.. : .. 1 1. ,. ..
Will le the
. . . .
iTiiiooiiuuenr oi I no Mile eetioi u-
' 1 "ltl'd Mates.
India—Its Government, Its Condition
and Its Prospects.
As the Sepoy mutiny is turning all
eyes to Hritish India, a brief account
of its rulers, its political condition,
and tho progress anil prospects of
tho rebellion, may interest our readers:
The pre. Tiit rulers of India are an
association of capitalists, incorporated
at London in lliOII, for tho nuriioso of
trading with tho Kant Indies. I la
charter has repeatedly been renewed,
with snrh modifications as experience
suggested or circumstance required, un
til it has grow u to be the powerful lv.-t
India Company of our day. 'I'he capi
tal of this company is nominally .L'li,
(MIII.Ollll; but for many yem- the price
of the stock has averaged 27.". per cent.,
making the actual capital not less than
S0. Illlll. Illlll.
The number of Directors is fixed by
the present charter at eighteen, of whom
twelve are chosen by the proprietors,
and the remainder, who n ti -1 have re
sided feu years in India, appointed hv
the Crown. A Director receives tOllll
per annum: hut the position is valued
more for the power and patronage at
tached to it, than for the nominal sal
ary. The complaints of abuse on the p ir
of the Ka-t India Company, which
reached the Knglish government in the
latter part of (ho la.-t century, led to
the creation of a body called 'The
Hoard of Commissioners for Coiitrolliii".
the A Hairs of India." consisting of six
members, all of whom niu-t be mem
bers of the I'rivy Council, mid the Pres
ident one of the Ministry. The Judg
es of the Courfa, the liir-hops, and the
ollicers of the lioyal troops serving in
India, arc appointed by the Hoard of
Control. The Hoard of Director-appoint
the ( iovernors and members of the va
The otliee of t ! ovcrnor- leneral is the
highest under the sovereign. Ileissur-
'"""'h'd by the
ablest men in I ndia a-
! councillors, lias a stated salary ol lL,.')
I '"ill. and resides wherever his power and
' l"-;""'.1"'11 , I';''"""1 necessary. The
' salaries of inferior dignitaries are on a
! ...... 1.. ,.c 1:1 1:1..
ill' I'l l o'0 lll'll.tlC I I Ol'l .11 I I I ,
The number of lierons einidovod
the governnieiit is very
are dividell into five classes, viz:
civil, the clerical, the medical, the
tary and the naval service, and all re
ceive their appointments in Kiiglaml.
The civil service is first in honor and
emoluments, and numbers about ciuht
hundred. In the capital of each of the
three presidencies is a Supreme Court,
which exercises jurisdiction over the
city, and in certain cases the trial is bv
jury, but not in civil cases.
Neflr the capitals of the large native
principalities, are established agents,
called Residents, who receive good sala
ries, and often live in almost royal mag
nificence. It is their dutv to keep the
government well informed of all that
occurs around tlieiu. and transact any
business with the native government
which may be entrusted to tbcin. Some
times their power is greater than that
of the princes themselves, whoso guar
dians and the governors of w hose ter
ritories they sconi to be, rather than
the representatives of another govern
ment. The army in the scrvic of the East In
dia Company at the tinio of the present
mutiny, consisted of no less than fjtltl,
tlml men, reputed to be in a high state
of ellioieney. Of these, about 50,0011
were Europeans, partly Queen's troops
and partly enlisted bv the Company.
Tho remainder, w ith the exception of the
higher ollicers, were sepoys or native
The native princes of India may be
divided into two classes, those who
receive pensions for themselves am!
their families, and those who Mill re
;::iusoine authority and dignity.
It was formerly the opinion of ling
1 i sit statesmen that these native piiuec.
eonlribuial to the stability of English
authority, and w hen a ruling family be
came extinct iu the course of nature, il
was allowed to be perpetuated, in nc
eordanee w it h national ousioni, by adop
tiiiu. Hut more recently (he praetic.
has prevailed of annexing every cuun
try directly to Dm Company's posses
sions us soon as 1 be reigning family be
conies extinct. This course bus pro
dueed much xi iicieeat ill India, mo
called forth numerous iiieiuoi i.ils him
protests. Tho etate of feeling wbidi il
lias fostered undoubtedly was a pre dir.
posing tau m. of the ;luc.-glu of which
I n il 1 i:. now the : et no.
Wit and Humor.
RABELAIS AND THE LAMPREYS.
When the eco.-iilrln KM'iis was physician
To Cnriliiinl Lorraine, he sit at dinner
lb side that gonna mini ng simmr ;
Not like the tiipiliral magician
Who whisked from Pam lio I' inn's fauces
The cvaiK'snent mnals and s iures,
linl to protect his a.irri-d nianiet
Ajrninst snrh dirt us ohstrncts
The urtlnu of the epistagre,
( I'crlomls the In liary ducts,
J lie pcmlallic motion rroiaex.
And pimU'S ll e digeMiva prooss
ri.. ..., . ,
' 7. -"'. "nKrT on y.
r irl having with his eves eonsii mid
Some lampreys that IwlJre hlrn fumed,
J'3'1 l''"" his fork Inio the prey. .
r,"" n'.l'T. f 7 '.I "'Tk '"" ';""!,
1 a pi-0 on los plate three linis and said
r..l,.'-h..rd digestion! hard dig,.t,o:-
And hi liib-Hreadinir Kiiiiuence.
''"'""'K1' ""! i-mpiud, had the seus-i
,u " " ott wnho.it a l.iin
"Hip! Ifa!l! brini' th Imnnmvi het:'
t'l i'il Itnhi-lnis, ns the dull he snatuhnd ;
And gobbling 111, the 'uinly cheer.
The whole whs instantly despatched.
Ileildeii'd with vain attempts nt stilling'
At once his wrath and pet le;
His pnlrun cried, ' Vour conduct'! rude,
This is no subject, sir, for trifling;'
How dure you oeaigunle tins food
As indigestihlo and crud-.
The 11 swallow it before ioy slghl?'
Qnolh R ili.-lais, "It may soon be shown'
Thai 1 don't merit this r omit':
I tapped tin jlatt, and that you'll own,
Is End igestihle enough;
Hut as to this unlucky riih,
W llli yen so strangely out of faTor,
Not s-ily 'tis a wholesome dish,
flu I 0110 of iiirmt delicious flavor'."
. ,. . .
"I say, old boy!" cried Paul Try to'
an excavator, whom ho espied at tin.
bottom of a yawning gulf, "what ttr yon
-A bie- I.
le," the old boy replied,
not to b put off in thU
fashion. ''What are
vou eoinir to du
with the hole?" he asked
"(ioing to cut it up into siiihII hole.'
rejoined the old boy, "and retail tin iu
to lurincrs for irate Hosts!
Mist n st '"My goodness alive! Bridg
et, what are you doinir? Here's on
line new tea-kettle with the bottom iuoh-
l'idii't yecs tell mo to put it on thn
lire for ten, an' I did. and J thought it
was strange vees said liothiiiL' al out mil
ting water in it."
1H:a Swift and tiik JUimikk.-
The Mean, while resident on his living
in the county of .Mealh. before his nn...
motion to the deanery of St. I'atrick's,
wn.i daily shaved by the, village barbel.
who at Icnutli became unite a fivorii.
with him. Razor, while lathering him
one moinine, taid he had a ircnt fnvi.r
to ask of his reverence that bis neigh
bors bad advised him to take the pub
lie house at the corner of the church
yard, w hich he had done, iu the hope
that by uniting the profession of publi
can w ith his own, he might gain a bet
ter maintenance for his family.
'Indeed,'' said the I lean, "and whut.
can I do to promote this happy union' '
"And please you," said Razor, "sun 1
if our customers have heard mm It
about your reverence's poetry; so that,
if you would but condescend to give im
.1 smart little touch in that way, to clap
under my sign, it might be the making
of me and mine forever."
"Rut what do you intend for yoet
Mgn?" asked the Peait.
"The jnlli hnrliir, if it please your
reverence, w ith a rn:or in one hand, ami
1 till jitit in the other."
"Well," replied the !ean, "in thn t
aso there can be no great difficulty ir,
supplying you with a suitable inscrip
tion." So taking up his pen, ho in
staully scratched the following couplet,
which was atlixed to the sign, and ru
inained there for many years:
'Uove not fro 111 polo to polo, but stop In iei',
Where nought excea-de tho iiuuioy but tho
It is a most extraordinary thing lb.-t
a man never becomes intoxicated en
wine or spirits; it is always sure tu
eit!r 'the close room," Hit 'empty
stomach," ''tho air," or '"the pickles."
A lawyer in Wisconsin was nccnsinif
bis opponent of acting fraudulently -Yes.
gentlemen," said he, "the whoV '
transaction appears to mo to bo m fraud
ulcnt ono. Upon every event in b-
whole course I sec written tho wor
fraud. Ay, gentleman, and upon tin.'
plaintiff's hru.suf) brow (pointing fiercely
it that meek looking gentleman) clear
is the light of noon -day. I see writtnu'
in characters of blackest dyn,
A down-eat-t editor advises reader.
if they wish to pet teeth inserted gra
tis, to go aud steal fruit where his watc 1
dog is n guard.
Rowland Kill rode a g'od deal1,
ind by exercise preserved vigorous
health. On one occasion, w hen asked by
t medical friend what physician hikT
ipothecary he employed, to be alays so'
well, he replied: "My physician barf'
always been a Aor.v, and my apothecary'
Mr. Justice Story, of Massacbiitit lis,
mil his friend, Hon. Itanicl Wt l t es,
wilh ladies, etc., in company, v ein 1
toiling up tho same steep, when the 1
mcr,by way of Ijeguileuient, conim. ir . V
in a merry vein to inlroduee Mr. . W.
to the liec.s that btuod by the pathway.
1 u s. m r. i-iist.-r, is .Uoiisici
:h.s is Mis Elm, and this is '.
Riuh at your geivicu."
h!" interrupted Mr. ,
i-i . ,1.,
r '.a ,
loibcar all introduction lin n
made per feet I y hi 'jimi utvd w ith the l.i I 7
I il III V rl hoe! V'i V ') t X,' '