Newspaper Page Text
clus, )flli(tcs, giftrafiirf, SlgrieitlfuTc, UTarluls, r. .
Editor andProprle Wr
Ono Dollar ft Tear;
1 Strictly in Advene.
HILLSBOROUGH, irrGIIUKD COUNTY. OHIO, THURSDAY, APRIL a 1802.
f IT""!".. ".' ... ' '.1,'"'"J.JJ ' i i.
' ' '".V ''
[For the News.
MY BROTHER'S GRAVE.
Km panda while- naw-tnaa moand totMr,
' With thooa wbo llngi wo-pt(;
Dvnaath tka tud It lain oar bopa and prida . ,
Thta paaaa, oo would a brothrr'agrlaf UlvUl-, .
WUara tha dead if calmly alasping.
A yontb to aa4aaa oarkrd la aarljr yaara,
' Hnw and Orlrf tofthtr
Apart from aporta that plranod kit licylnh patra,
Aad wapt too aoo au 6rphan'a bitter taart,
Llfa'aaturnM and Ilia towaatktf.
A alava to 8lna, tolling t axplora
Tba patliway af tha Saaaa,
tla graaptd tha Truth aa f aiaa ar col at a ara, .
Xiiamml tar la aaarrh af naw and anrlant Ion,
And plucked tha frulla uf agra.
Brrrft of bonr, jet ever arhera ba atrayed,
'Tirat welcome rututlou.
And kindred aonlt In frlendehlp nut arrared ;
Bit fret hit fathn'a Rod be fought for aid,
, Id perila and f'l'Ho.,
Through trlbalntlo thne to manbood grown,
. Bvd-rMden and WAyfkrlng, '
'Tiraa 'mi l the Ihroralug city yet alone
Heilih, Hope and Beaaon all weaa eterlliruwn,
BaT detparata deapalrlngl '
roar movna of rare brought hope and heart once mora,'
With kealth.aad hit returning
With Joy again ta view liii natal ahorr,
And frteadt and BtM and hannta and kllli ct yore,
To whlcb hie aoul ' yarning.
four other rnooM have fled. Dubold bie gravel
Alae, tba painful story I
Tba troubled aonl bnth gone to God who gave, (
Vboavan to Che uttaroioit can aava ,,,
Tha raah furlvrn, In Glory.
Hard by hie kindred, bare Kauxva aleepaj
0, peaceful be hli pillow I " - '
Hera Innoronca ber nightly vigil kecpe.
And bare tteeording Angel retta and warpa, -Aa
from bla book the tearful page ha aweepai
Beneath the drooping willow. , ...
LfcuetOrova, March S3, M. P. S. W.
The Home Circle.
Tits Stonr Rrmoved. I naw f 1
borer returning, weary from . his work
I saw liinf stoop and tiike a stoha (lint
lay in tin path-wiy or-piosao wheel
and cant it out of the road-1 That siht
lid ma good. That atone mk'lit lie
airucic DVi pnssnge wiiceir to tna dia-
comfort, pcrhapi of the traveler, and
possibly to tha injury of the vchiol.
it was kiod iu the maa to remove it a
vjapiioui pnc. ,
Not 6,' mT friend'-The net was amt.il
the principle On which it wai banod is
or nnspeakable ralue to the human, ranc
I love to trace thinss, eapecully such
ininpi, -to tncir lountnin. j nut man
bad an emotion of love in his soul when
lie stopped to remove that stone. He
ft It aright. It was kindly affectioued in
him. I am inclined to think that act
was batons of the links of a chain, and
never was a chain made nf better mile
rial, love for the welfaro of others.
aSuch a chain is sll cold.
Death and lo-roorrow are never here,
they are either notjeome or gone.
Spri.t." ANo',DrKiNi!,-j-In a school
where theclais was e"roininv in spell
ing and definition, tht) teacher "nvc
out tho word '-teafl et."
. i T ... ! . 1 . t M . a. ..
"lj-e--i iei i-e i let' learat a lift lr
leaf." sng out a bright eyed little) girl,
T) neit word was "buJIe'." '
"B u lbul l e t Ut bullet, a little tfull!'
screamed out a red headed etinp; which
put an end to spelling and defining .for
that afternoon. rr r
' -(aa-i :
On the 11th of M:tri h thn news wai
snt over tbc country Hint tho rebel
had evacuated MnnaMsas.'
In the'Boik of.Common Prayer, in
the I'saller, for the evening of the 11th.
in the 7th verso; we read: ",'
GIMb mine, aad M axatata la mwa. KphraLa alio
Ifthaalrcngthofuiy bead, Judab la my Lawgiver.
Iron-plated vessels are an Ameriosn
invention: This is 'confempd. by e'cn
the London Quarterly Review, a litter
tory periodical. It says that, as long
ago as 1845, Mr. .Stevens, of. Hoboken.
showed his, plans and the result of , his
experience to scientific men in Pari
and London.' In the latter eily he met
with no encouragement, but Xa polcon
followed up the proposals and, as far
bsek as; 1854. had constructed , iron
pla ed floating batteries.. Tho 0iiarler
'It 'v v aured the stupidity of the
British Admiralty on fL is point. !
[For the News.
'1 am anmpnimt nf IS Mtrra. 1
'My ! II I ha tow In Spaia. ' " " ' '
Mr I S tea town in Rimla. ' ":" ' " "
My (I la ariw In llermany. !"
My 4 S l lie name nf a etvar In Vlnrtula." '' ' '
My I 13 10 4 I a i. eainnty In Ohln. "
Mv 10 S II ta mown In n-h.iiia ' '
My ahnle la a town In franca.
[For the News.
. My I ret meana to Ml '
By iuy eaauud aty Srat la doaet
H'UbaarettierpMwMiawL .--- ;
JftU AaaAU to man k ru4 7 . - - i k BOB.
[For the News.
I am Mimpna4 siettra.s . - ,,(,.,?
& .. 1 1 ' teala. . ' , ?, '
My IS It IS Ii t river In Rmiiaa fuland.
aly T 4 1 I. a town la France.
i!" .'- J0. ,"" 5 "" Ainerlea.
N( IM II I In Oulf nf ku'U.
My wbols la ally in Africa. II. A MAO.
rbarlaa M'. DePae, nl lllll.bor.1, bae farnl.hed lie the
fcllowlns anew.ra to the lll.lurcl Vlueetiune published
Id the Meweaf wak lairalaMi ... ' .
Anewar to V)ii.il..n l. llklrd Hcnrv T,ea. .
Auiwvr t Queatlna t. On the tk of'jano, im.
Anawer to guiMtlon Uuuertaiii, lint the resolution
were aupuartMt by John dame:. . , , i , ',111
Auaarartuvfueatluu 4. He waa. ' ' Will
.iA?."W"...n.?"M"",'"r """'"f thShdinKonf
tba Couilllullcu. Hie native Stale aaa Virginia.
Anawer to Charade by "Bailie'
Try Again. i
in huf wai-k'a pap.r:
Aneaerlu Enlgina by "Kit
Tha Hlghlaud Weekly
ITha aluireaaiwais were aent ue by
Nell", of Hue-
laCiMtfl.,.A I ..
Anewee la neon, plilral Kniama bv 4lrn ill.
Ao.w.r lu Pue in laa netk'e paper: K La'w-iull.
A Fortress Monroe correspondent of
the. Baltimore .Advertiser ; gives tba
most onderstandablo description of the
Monitor we have aoen: -.,, ;,-
Aa wa approached this novel naval
wonder. I wss struck with the pertness
ot me iNnrioik description of her aa "a
1 atilet chrrtg lox on a rafl." It gives
tietter idea or her appesranco thsn
any of the n era vines or description
in the New York nsners.
They all fail to afford a correct , idea
oi me general appearance of the vessel
and especially when she u .n action.
Mie is otsl shaped, 172 feet long end
41 feet in width at the centre, tier
hull rises perpendieuliirly out of the
wster, ss strsipht all ronnd.as the sides
01 a atone wall; and ss flat on ton as
table, withootany rail or guards around
ner. the lias two sqnsre smokestacks
about seven feet in'heighj, but in time
of ection these are removed, and the
smote and stesm come through grates
in the deck, the iron of which is about
eight inches thick. Nothing remain
on lier dock hut thn pilot house, which
u a square iron statue, sbout three feet
bigh, about the site of an ordinary dry
iuun POX, r , , - ,
The tower rises, about nine feet high
from the deck, and looks, when closo to
it, like a lurge iron gasometer or gas
uoiuer. uo closely examinlnir it, how
ever, yon find that its sides and tops are
about one foot thick, whilst the whole
tower is 22 feet in diameter, and jhat it
Das two oval shaped portholes, close to
gether on one side. nnt more than two
fret opart, and not more than threa fni
abovo the deck . . ; ,
The guns sot side sod side in the eon
tre of the tower, and ars intended In K
nred simultaneously, the close proximi
ty ui inc muziies of the two guns enn
Dimrj the two balls to strike the sides of
ttie enemy in similar proximity to each
other. Tho moment the funa nre firnrl
two im norfBe nillars of steel, on the in
etilu . : e i. . .....
width and one in thi. ltnesa sliiln l.pfnro
n jeet loner, two Kr. in
tno port-holes, comuloto v closing tlmm
. t a
and protCCtlnrr the cri, n nor. frnm (l.o
balls or the enemy
EFFECTS OF THE SHOT.
are marks on the tower and
hull of about twenty bulls, and some of
tlieni seem to have sfruek the tower fair
ami Miiare wlili no more apparent effect
than poiid be produced by the How. of
a sieage Hammer.
The greater part of the shot mairk
sro on the edge of the hull, which, it
i lit . ...
snouiu 09 - reineinhered. does nnt-rio
more than twelve inches out of the wa
ter. ,T hey hammered awav nil round
but hero too the invulnerability of the
luinvur vj? lonud execeJini' v emnt
an u uie inuentstions sre only to the ex
tent oi a Uscturo of the eilge of. the
iron at ono point, which onlv seams, to
snow its great strength at a point whioh
niiani do supposed to bo weakest.
J lie Shot that 8tril"k the sannrn nilnt
nouso did little mora than knock the
cement out. , Had tho pilot house, been
round instead of snuaro. a it w nma
proponed to make if, ilia ball would
hnve glanced and lost half its force, and
failed to injure tba eves of the callaut
In a recent inue the Paris Moniteur
ns tho following remarkable state
ment: - - ' ' ' ,
The, Federal army Inmled and -nro.
cceded to Elix.ibcth Citv. which it fnnnil
cvaouated ami horned by the Southern
troops, front lh'ci a tlctnchmenf n.l.
taiiccl a far m the Tnnei-a riW, and
uiMs occupies the principal road:, be
tween Memphis and Columbus. This
movement establishes the troora of
Ocn. Uurnsidn In the rear of tho great
my of the Potomac. , - ...
Uoe of the joomals points out tho
error and corrects it. Any one by
looking rri the num. la ill era 'It atica
bat Kliiabeth City, on tho shrtrea of
North Carolina, is mom than inalu.
bendred miles from the bridrjo on Ten
nessee river." . ,
Kansas is full of Missouri contra-
isnds. Their number is estimated at
C.OOO. of whom 5.000 arrived after the
rebellion broke on.t Oen. Lane brought
2,500, and Jenaisoe 1,500 more.
Thousands beside crossed on '-God's
Bridge.YsJhey stvlo " the ice with
which tho Missouri liver 'was. rece'atlv
covered. t-Um l, i ; v-
COM. DirrONx's PHOORr. An nrriral
from the Southr brings dispatcho'a from
Flsg offii'cr Pupont staling that the
United States flag floated over Tort Ma
rion at St, Augustiuvrbcinz the second
old forts giron up.. Nonppoition
offered, the ' rebel troops having
evacuated the night before the appear
anooofthe boats. The authorities of
the town received Commapdoj' llodgers
the Towrfllsti; and he' assured the
loyal of pptiteution, who upon his aug
gehtion tu up the flag themselves.
Jackson, Fin., wul given up In like
minner. The Governor of Florida hua
recommended the abandonment of Eist
and South Florida. Commander Itodg
ars ssys t'io uie a in St. Augustine are
generally disposed to 'submit quietly,
but tho women are fierce and trouble
some.. ....,. ... i .-4
General Andy Johnson nd Hon.
Kmerson KtHcriJgarrivtf !at Nash
ville on the 6lj;ht pf , th 9 13th 1nst.-r-Johnsun
knows tha Secessionists ont
thero, and will teach thorn a lesson
they did not seem likely to learn under
Oon. Ilucll's'inild treatment. Cincin
TREASON IN MICHIGAN.
The Secret History of the Past Year
. is the article in' tbe
Detroit Tribune, referred to in Wedfics-
day's dcbate'ln the U. S. Senate: . '
ri,.Vtt '' i " ' t : :
The following letter we have frotn an
offic.a source, the original of which is,
now jn the Department of State at
ashington. lit pjve to the autbori-
t.es here and at Washington tba first
clue to tha existence of such . traitornns
secret clohe in the State, and furnished
me nrsi data lor investigations which
established tha fact that such olubsox
isfed here at the dato of the letter, and
that they have been increased and ex -
iSnnSrl ta. Sn Aat if 1 .11 t . 1
tended to most, if not all the prinoipsl
towns in the State. It also lad to tha
discovery of sufficient evidence of trea
son against several individuals to War
rant their nrrest and imprisonment in
Fort Lnfayette. ' -
This letter was communicated to the
proper authorities last Octokcr. -At
that time it was discovered that thn aa.
1 . . . . .
.-. ......,.., IL.U iv BX,n,.,.u ,
Branch, Almont. Lnkeville. lilies. Mt
Clemens, Kmmett, and other towns in
the interior cf Michigan, and Port Sir
nia, St. Marys. Windsor. Hamilton. To.
ronto, and other towns in Cunodu West.
It must he remembered that the let
ter itself is dated last October, and the
treasonable purposes it scema to refer
. .jfjiicu tutu nuiiiiii.
The explanations of the initials in
brackets are furnished as bv the officers
who have investigated tho matter, and
aro believed to bo in the main correct.
;nohtii Uiianch, Lamer Co., Mich.. )
Otob0r 5 186L
"R. M. C. Esq.
"jjear and IloNonrn Sir: I write
to inform you that the C . feommis-
- . , L -
sions, the signatures of the S - of,
- ntt.iched with a number nf
skeleton I- ts, p rmits, . will bo
found nt the house of It ' I,
ut ii up mi. 3 c, ....'
. u. ., I Windsor, t-anuda V est. I bv
the 9th Inatant; '
, , . ,
"The work, dear air, goes bravely on.
have received replies from over sixv
different localities, and forwarded tbem
to their proper destination; and, I am
happy to say, thus far without a breath
of suspicion or any accident. Our fel-
loweitieens aro better prepared for the
gmud movement tbon oven the most
aanptoin. of our leaders dnrad to hope,
The League is extending its ramifica -
tiona in every direction, and gaining
new and valuable' adherents dailv. I
feel greatly strengthened in the belief,
that wl on the hour comes to erect our
utorious sianaara, an overwhelming
force win sprinvr UP at tllC first trum.
pot call. Many who arc O jtsvai jly rab
il in l!ie tyrant's favor are with us,
heart aud soul. I cannot, in commou
with C' S- 1, refrain from cxnresH.
my 'astonishment, not to suv de
light, nt the unparalleled success and
secresv 1 wliiuh lias
thus far attendi-d :
tho efforts of - Iho
cannnc ncin l.lOHPHiir a Cause w u.ha !
ji.tt , is the restoration of a greut
nation lo peace and unity.-by ,hel
MH..a I P a 1 ti l . a
uvi,,iut.w i ino uiacKffit and inn.
minxDie uospotism that ever usurnnd;it
. . " m
I. a ' r
too liberties of n free neonlp
It s not idiffioult to oonvince
onest. intelligent man that the nnli
way Mt r rcRtorc the honor and ra.
cno th ronsiiintioti from beneath the
cct or the tyrants.7, whero it is row
lying, is to nipure by onnecrtcd action '
throughout. Iho- N ; N'orth.l the ,
success of the 8 ijuuth. until
tired and disgusted, the conservative
element is strong-eniiuirh to rse nnd )
unite, if vtctrtry, with th A ff r.
my.J of iha ..Sf- South 1 overrun feeenit.
lAorth.l like n hurrirnnr
... . J . . -I ---' 'i'-
t i-mi.-rtwr.ir'rrioia. I irth
y, or ni ictni arninn
'.' ?r'."f. Je,nt "living them, into
vmyif and uueomhlinnnl $nimitsion
This IS the only way in whioh our lib.
erties and onr rounfrVean h a.r.J
Suoh a result would ae-aTn unltn
North and S South in
new bonds of amity and interest. r-
store the Union in all ita
strength bod beauiy. snd the Constitu
tion to the saered niche from which it
been ruthlessly hurled by the des
pots. May tho League prove the step-piotr-stoue
to such a resu't.
"Itiave lt'from the best authority
that the League is doing noble work in
Maryland even 'sm'ng the
S. Federal Soldiers at Fort M
Fort Monroel, s;jr God coutinuca to
prosper eur efforts the. hour of Union
between N. North and 8. South la
far distant. . Trepared and united,
force will prore irre-istihle, and
aeoursed A ts abolitionists
will; he swept into the 'Atlantic.
Frcsn't P, President Pieroe, in
p. ngr. has drawn many brave and
influential men to the League. P y
tha LC. D a Leotrue Club, De-
a line to Dr. F , (hy II.
fllcley, the mermen Elder), who. as
perhaps know, Ju "just
line from Pint II Port Hu
ron!. , The Leasrne is doinp nnhl. In
I. and Wis. rMifhiean. Indiana and
Wisconsin.! ' Ha la cautious, buf, in
common with others, lis gradually pre
paring tho minde oftbe people for ft
great ibane, lie expresses a fear thst
any bttrmpt to,' draught nen will pro
duno m premature outbreak. I think
fear is. wpll founded. , A member
oftl eLessoe of Genesee Michigan,
ho pns.d through the woods with din-
pstches on bis way to Dri F ., told
thst any attain tt to drsuoht onr
fiends there would bring n an opelr..
turo I think our leaders shoulJ
tn this, as no do iibt they will. 1
m F- - " '
- ...... - -.a m ic.uo luriiiuu
in Michigan for the purpose of over
1 throwing the Fedcml Government,
The doeurnent was datod Oct. 5th 'fil
and nnirl lh 1.. ' n '
v..P..a...a.IUi, huu ii na very wiue-
He sugcrencd that 'the Senator
. "I am happy to aee Dr. F -eon-
,',e nis mlaaieo oocomplished, and
departs for R ; there is now on on-
l,nt' 'rnnted enrnuiunicafion between S.
South and Europe He leaves Capt.
S.f a aura friend, to rcc. correpondcnce,
!&c;iri .' . ' ''
: 0l,r obsennty is onr greatest safe-
grd. The dutiea which devolve opon
me could not be conducted in any place
o fnote without attracting effeniion.--
T fofwnrled your re,d-t to the G
M Orsnd Mssterl and am in-
etructcd" to furnish you with the eypher
and ita key.
1 will send the same to
Pi H rp, II. .t. trr
"l I ui t 1IUIUH , IIIC iL'R IU tl
to comrounicato, but wsit till an op.
'poitunity to send it bra safe hand.
I nave much which I wish
I am obliired to send this bv mail.
"May God prosper tho causo. The
Soath is dting gloriously.
It wrings my very heart, however,
to see our brave countrymen N
North and S - South snorifioid to
carry out the hellish plaus of our ty
rsnts.' "May our projeet prove n second
oiguian vesper, ottendod with all its
success, but I fervently pray, without
"Dear Sir, cxense this confused and
hurried lettor, and allow me to sign
myself, "Youra in the Omiso, (Signed)
"I. S. Capt. II. will gie you in
structions os to his disnoMtion of tho
- Commissioners.! The P
permit. re to be used as necessity re
In tho U. S- Senate, March 25th, the
following proceedings took place, in
.reference to the abovo remarkable die
Mr- LATnAM of California read an
extract from tho Detroit Tribune, which
aaid a CUrlOlla rtnntimant tio k.. r... J
sbowint thnf trior. ... . I.. c
. '"S"" " uiiiiik nooie
work at Portrcsa M
President Pi. ... .i 1
- .-. ...... IIH.IBC
influential, mombera F rl. i., ,i
th; t ha d icument nn .In
the State Department
Mr.. LATHAM Mao rend n letter
from Ex-President Pierce, dated March
4t'i. saying that an. articlo had been
published in tb Suinrdnw K...i.
Bos on Journal, the substance of which
bid been before pnblished in Miehigan
The subject was not new to him, for be
bad a correspondence on the subject
with the Secentarw nfSt.t. .. .--i
Inst December. 'lie osked Mr. Latham
bo would offer a resolution eallin' fur
with the Secretary
Statu na anch
' " J' ...IIVH vuii.
an inrmr ntmtt A.i.vl.fr
not io rest on any man.
Nr. LATHAM offered tic follonina
'Unsolved. That, the Secretary of
Stato transmit In tho Senate copies of
corresnondenrn hntwnnn Win If
Mont V lTPA linvinfT n n vr nsf.i s-a ma a
ll tnnnnmnA k
Mr. Cfl ANDLKR. nf ,Mi,.lii,mn ln.w
thm waa tt.h Tk -:s r
- n-.i- n iwiu. j lig wllttir ui
wai Dr .'TlnnLin. Tl..-
----.-,.. ...... . . , a. . aini-uvu
n..n!.i!n. 4 :J.
the Kni.hii rf thm n:-) ...
thonght, would be verv patriotic and "n
into the aimy; and, to his (Chandler's)
certain knowledge. n. ,.,! ...0..oa,i.i
netting a large nnmher ef the worst
traifon into - tho Federal army, and
these traitors sre there now. ,
Mr. HOWARD nf Michigan said he
knew there was audi a l.itn, .. !, 1....1
from (!iiliforniit fi amn kl.
......v. 1,1. ILTBUIUI1UU BU
.w niuiuuti tua icner
An amendment was added tn thn r.
olution, so' as to inolude all other papers.-
The amendment was then adopted.
A Correspondent of the Indianapo
lis Sentinel, who was at the battle of
Pes Kidge. ssys:
If our loss was creat. his was lremen
u. The batttc-field was literally cov
ered with his desd and dying. No so
onrnte computation can yet be made; to
thst they had fallen bv hundreds
would not give you any idea of hia
loss. ., , ;.(
It ia said that Gen. Vandorn, is mnv
tng southward with tho scattered rem-'
nants ef his army from Pea Ridge,' Ar
kansoa; and that they are a ' hopeless
forlorn looksng set of ruffians.
Gs ribald i was at last aocnunts plant
Inir fig treea on his Caprera Island, with
dosign ,te live under his own vine and
tree hereafter.: Ilia pretty daughter
hi t husband 1 r there a trreat de 1
happier than Garihsldi snd Miss. Bo
maodi proved in their III judsod snd
wnfortunate wedlock.1 Thev are all liv.
ingin the iron dwelling sent from Kng-
1. .1. Ar I ' 1. A. . .1.
1 I"1' 1 . wniuii Hi lOijoiner SB
those or a Paby house which Therosa a
husband hoped it may soon be.
Tha U.S. Senate baa refusod tn con
firm the nominations of Dsniel K. Sick
les, of N. Y.nnd Psul It. George of New
Hampshire, as Brigadier Gtnersl.
Tho. Memphis Appeal of February
Zdth states thst Gold is sailing in that
city at from fifty to sixty per cent,
premium, end ailver from forty to fifty.
' K n
,nJ every Union prisoner now in
the hands of the reWls, is uncondition
look ally discharged.
;i, ,,,, ,,. ,
It a stated that no wore rebel cris-
onera are to be rlousod till Col. Corco.
Address of Andrew Johnson, Military
Governor of Tennessee, March
[From the Nashville Banner of March 24th.]
Having nnnoaneed In our paper of
Friday and 8.iturday: that the Hon
Andrew Johnson, Military Governor of
the state or J ennessee, would address
the people of Davidson county in the
capitol, we were not surprised to find
the bnll well filled when we arrived
there, at 11 o'clock, A. M.. and before
the Governor arrived, twenty-five min
utes thereafter, every available spot on
tne noor and galleries ws brought in
to requisition to gntify the anxious
crowd who csme to hosr. from the Oov
ernor'a own lips, bis views on the mo
mentous question which now agitstes
not only tho American continent, but
is felt by the powers and peoples of the
Old World. Among the auditors were
several ladies, who were provided with
seats in front of the speaker's ebair, and
who paid the most earnest attention to
all that was said, as did also the entire
audience. Ono of the bands of the
United States was present, and per
formed several old-time favorite airs.
At 11.25 the Governer arrived, accom
panied by Hon. Iloraco Maynard and
other gentleman. Tho Governor and
Maynard took seats at the clerk's desk,
when the band struck tip 'FIsil Colum
bia,' which, being finished, tho Gov
We can civo only extracts from this
speeoh. Wo give, however, nil that is
Why do we behold weeping fathers,
disconsolate sisters, and brokon-hearted
mothers? Why is the matron clothed
black, and bathed in tears? Why is
tins disaster brought nnon a content -
ed and happy people? Why is our
beautiful land the asylum of the op-
of every clime bathed in bu- '
man blood? I hope you will keep
me inquiry. Why all this?
Permit mo to mike an inquiry in
no offensive sense, but simplv that I
may bo understood another inquiry:
What rishth is been denied, whst priv
ileges withheld, what prerogatives lost,
under the Constitution and laws of the
United States, by any citizen thereof,
and particularly a citizen of Tennessee?
Whit one? Can you tell? Can you
point it out.' Con. you take ud the
Constitution, and call attention to any
right there guaranteed, which you have j
lost? Can you see it smell it taste it
feel it? You may tax all your faeul-
ties, ond caunot tell what has been lost. ,
excuse, then, is there for all this
lurmouot war; What has tho South
tost, under the Constitution, that pal
ladinm of our liberties, framed hy the
patriotic fathers of another century?
oiYcry u 1110 reply. Where has the
institution of slavery been invaded?
Can anv one tell?
I was a witness of the reign of terror,
whioh followed the defeat of Bell,
Breckinridge, and Dougls. and when
election Was over T rnnnireil tn
Washington. It was there that Breek-i
inrnige snowed the cloven foot. South !
waa basely and adroitly at-i
tempting to dissolve the Unioe: I siw
Breckinridge and conversed with him:
told him the people were all dissppoint
ed; that wo had been caught in a snap;
secessionists would break np the Union.
What was his reply? "Can we coerce a
Stato?" I remarked, "It is onr duty to
save tho Government." "Will ynn en
eree?" he again demanded. I told
him not to deal in technicalities tho
Isws mnst be enforced. ,
My interview with Breckinridge was
like an iceberg on my bosom.. I wss
deceived in him, and discovered that
Breckioridgo had no hope of being elec
ted no hope but for. Kentucky and
Sofubern States. I asked him if he
wlllincr to "disunite the States be
cause of Mr. Lincoln's success, snd be
csuso discontented Sonth Carolina sei
fated the subject? To this question
Breckinridge rsDlied in ad cantamlum.
slang about subjugation and the hor
rors or a oml conflict, convincing me
that he had cone into the arm of dis
union. As he could not ba Prsiidnnt
all tho States, he was willing to di
vide there, and become President of Dart
them. We separated. I turned mv
back upon him and said, "Yon deceived
then; that waa your fault, but when
derive me again it will be mine."
Iii returning: to mv native State. I
the.olive branch in one hand and
Constitution in the other. With
for it I come to perish, if need ba
pour out my blood a free libation fev
preservation. The Federal Gov-
eminent is made responsible for this
tj tna men who have entailed its
horrora upon the eountry, by crying
their pretended richts ate aone
us forget all purtiea and former as
sociations, and see the question as it ia.
Were it possible for 'Old Hiokory' to
return among ns, and see what is going
what would be the treatment of
Southern traitors, ia illustrated in the
answer of an old roan who knew aad lov
ed him well. He csme to aee me but
khort time ago, and in -reply to my
question if any one had bem impious
enough to plant the I'ari find bnr$ over
old hero's grsve, he said "Yes; and
ba d d if I didn't expect to see the
roan jump from his grave, and ar
dor the last traitor to be ignominious
Tariff was th pretext for disunion in
1832 and t' a slavery or negro question
tho pretext now. How do the facts
stand whon we come to examine them?
a , . . ,. .1
..v. . h v. iMuccnuiua yi tuo
l ist Congress. What wss tha true pi ue
st . e . e a . 1
of the timer A compromise, you reinenl
pr the Crittenden proposition wss
inrrooueed. 'lba Southern Senators
inoluding Benjamin, Toombs, Ivcrson
and a list of others, pretended thnt if
the measure passed the South would be
silisfied, but they desired everything
out compromise. Senator Curie offer
ed sri KrtfenfJuiaftt wli:h he believed
would be loccptable to the South. I had
critically kept pace with thefte pretend
ers. Their protest wss only to disguise
their real intentions. When the vote
was put on Clark's amendment mark
well, only 55 ballots were recorded. The
amendment was adopted by two votes,
thus defeating the original compro
mise. Who is responsible for this work
of dcstrnctlfffi? Six' Southern Sen store
standing thero and refusing to rceird
their votes. If the Crittenden LnmrirA.
raise had been adopted, thov would hnv
been deprived of a pretext for their trea
son. Judah Bcniatuin. a sne.ikincr
thief and perjurer, and an unoonseinn.
able traitor, was seated near me while
the vote Wus being takeo. I told him
it was bis duty to come to the relief of
the country by voting on this impor
tant proposition. lie aneeringly on
swered that "when he wanted my ad
vice he would mska tha request." I
said, you aro a Senator, and I demand
that your vote bo recorded. With aix
others, he contrived to defeat the meas
ure by slipping out. They wauled
How Washington Delivered his
years of age. residing in Philadelphia,
to her grandson in Washington, de
pressed scribing- the seena at the d,l P
lfrieni1 of Washington, Mrs. ., whose
hu,Dand w the auditor, was a very
dcar friend of mino. Tier brother,
Washington was one, of the socretiries
r General Washington. Yoims Dan
What drJr.'. nephew of Mrs. Washineton.
In the National Intelligencer, during
the year 1857, was given an extract
from a latter writi.n k 1..). .;..i,i
Washington s Farewell Address The
scene is graphically dqserihvd, snd we
reproduce the extract as appropriate lo
the present occasion.
"When General Wsshingtoo deliref
ed his Farewell Address, in the room at
the South east corner of Chesfrfut art J
Sixth streot, I sit immolutoly in front
of him. It was in the room th.i Con
gresa ooenpied. The table of the Speak
er waa between the two windows on
Sixth street. The dauehferof Dr
of Alexanderia. the physisn and intimate
that. Alk... T t 1 a . - '
wns the other.
H g par fy o witness the ouzust. and
i was inciuaea tn Mrs
Solemn onnna V II ' 5 I ,
going with Mrs. H-
who had de-1
lnrn.;n.,t I .
5 i" onriy ns jo secure the
It was fortunate for N
(afterwsrds Mrs. L )
.tvuiu ii ui iniBt nerseir no near
her honored grandfather. My dear
father stood very near her; she was lit-
l..t .Ii. n. n . I J . a . , 1. f
nbly agitated. There was it narrow !
D.1SS;ifre from thn A
room' which was on the east, dividing
i r- - - - w 1 ciiiisiirH 1 1 run
"'0 ruws ' nenones. tieneral Washintr-
lon Btoppoa at me end to let Mr. Ad
ttnis Pass the chair. The latter al
way wnre a full suit of brieht drab.
wiiu Biasn. or rather Inna ..A-. it.
always wore wrist ruffles. He had not
changed hia fashions. He. was a short
man with a good head. With his fam
ily be attended our church twice a
' "Gen. ' Washineton's dress was a full
uit of blsek. His military hat had the
black eoekade. There stood tho Father
ofhis Country, acknowledged by na
tions -the first in wsr, first in peace,
first in the hearts of his countrymen."
No marshals, with gold eolorcd" scarfs
no cheering. The most profound still'
ncss crested bim, as if that groat as
sembly desired to hear him breathe, and
catch his breath the homage of the
hosrt. .Mr. Adsms covered hia face
wun ootn his hands. The sleeves of
nis eoataod his hands were covered
with tears. Every now and then there
was a surpressed sob. I cannot describe
Washington's appearance as I felt it
perfeotly composed and self pos-essod
till, the close of his address. Then,
when strong men's sobs broke loose'
when tears eovered their ftecs. then the
great man was ahaken. I never took
mf eyes from his face. Lame drops
felt from hia eyea. He looked to the
grateful children who were parting with
their father, their f.i ;nd. as if his heart
was with, them and no. Id be to the
Incidents the Battle of Pas
In tha battle ne.,r Elkhorn Tavern.
Serges nt-Msjor Wooster, of the Iowa
Third, wsa hit by a cannon allot, taking
away tha aide of his skull, while he waa
engaged in entangling the horses from
the Dubuque battery, having bravely
volunteered to go ahead on the dantfar
ous errand, in the fsea of a .plunging
fire from the enemy' battery.' Culling
to ins noy attcr he waa ahot,- ha said;
"Johnny, oh Johnny," I must go!" ..
A esnnoq bull, in the battle near
Lea Town, killed two eousins . earned
Alley, and lodged in tha breast of Lt.
Perry Watte, of Company K, 23d Ind.
It waa taken out and proved tu bo
aix pound ball.
A man waa ahot through the hodv
and caught the bell in the wa'atbaud of
bis pantaloone, where it had lodged.
In the baltlq of the 8th a ball atruok
a tree, shivering it to splinters. Que of
tne splinters, six feet long, atruok a
seeesh and impaled him to the earth.
Lieut. Ileouo, of Coropifiy F, 12iU
- .... i.ib nrui in
Missouri, who had lost his
; tne iiungailin wsr, wss struck jo tho
bittleofth rL'hifi by a eaoooi ball ,
which carried sway his right leg. lie
was carried off the' field, Bod when pass
ing Gen. Curtis the heroic snfferer wav
ed bis hand to the General, while bis
fsco was wreathed in smiles, as if fir
getful of his sufferings in the exulta
tion of approaching victory.
A aingnlar incident is mentioned by
Cap. tStark. ofGer. Curtis'a stsff: In
the heat of the action on the 8th. a
woodcock, which waa llyieg over the
field toward us from the soersK a!J
suddenly dsrted straight to the ground
snd wafl picked op neaf Getf. Cuttie'e
position; it wss ascertained that stray
bullet had pnsaed through its body
whilo on tho wini. The incident wan
taken as a good omen. ......
The Future of the South.
[From the Philadelphia Press.]
enchanter is success. Vie
tory convinces more men thsn the login
of the schools, and the sfubhornesf.
prejudices eive wsv to the symbols of
power. When Napoleon landed id
France, on his return from Elba he
was ridiculed in Paris, ss a weak and
visionary adventurer; hut. aa heap
proached the French Capital hjs ene
mies exchanged contempt for Commen
dation, and rivalled csch other in dem
onstrations of fenlty to his person and
cause. Comparittively a few days sttn
manv who professed to" be scainst the
rebellion habitually asserted that the
Southern peoplo coulj never be subju
gated, that a population of twelve mil
lions could never be conquered. .Vow"
that tjjn awful majesty and irresistible
strength of the government have been
developed, this assumption fades Oat of
sisht. ond those who tested upon it
frankly edmit its fallacy, and declare
that the United States is destined to be
the most formidable nation in the world.
gladly concede that no free people
can permanently bo subjugated; but the"
Southern people are not now, and have
not been froo for years. They have
been rulsd bv a minority of slavehold
ers and ambitious demno-nn-naa. anf
while it is true that this minority con
trived to create and combine a determ
ined opposition to the authority of the'
Constitution and the laws, yet histori
cal justice demands the expression that
the weakest spot in the whole rebellion1
was the distrust of tho rebel ehiefa
among the Southern masses. The sub
jugation, therefore, is rother of treason"
and of rebollion, and 6f thosa who be
gan and oarried on Ihcso vicious and
revolutionary elements, than of the op
pressed, betrayed, and plundered peo-
plo of the Soutli
Tho delirium whioh
a... . . i , . .
n"lr " many into toe Whirlpool 01 se-
eesnon is so rapidly subsidine. thai
there is no refuee for tha rrini mala
,n's great traced v but suicide or flio-fii
T'10 whole scheme orieinatod in a do-
"loeraie attempt to overturn a just Gov
ernment, and rested upon a foundation
I? ..j . - . i i .
'r?e nmjorify of every Southern State
hi... auu as inese lies are exposed, a
mwvui uuu i i,,i i i i i i ii a win linn v it a mt
jugntinn and conouest of thn r,.hninai
,nclr own certain deliverance. The
progress of our armies and navies will
stesdily to the extreme Sou?,. Not
foot of the revolted soil will ultimate
ly remain in possesion of the traitors.
Pressed in the rear and on esch flank
the united influences of the Union
element and the Federal army, they will
swept away like chuff beforo tho
tempest, and when the time comes to
disband the army, the soldiers of the
Republic will remain in large numbers
upon tho soil they have captured, occu
pying the confiscated estates of the bad
mon who have forfeit -d all rights, either
life or-property, by attempting to
tsko the life of the Republio itself.
Thus will the inertia and arrogance of
the wealthy slave owners bo succeeded
the viuor, and enterprise, and afctti
free whito men. One aristocrat wil
longer be permitted to lash his hru--toliiod
slaves over plantations of frfftrf
five to ton thousaud acres, nor will i
soil fur years exhausted continue to- p.
peal to God for the presenov of (hose
great ngents of airrieulfure wrVrVri hve.
made the sterile hill sides and" valleys
New England to blossom-like tite
roso. .Whero the- cotton .grows it will .
hereafter be manfsotared, and iheae
manuraotures will retiiru new auxiliaries
bless, ievigorate. and strengthen
rescued people. Well may those who
contemplate this wonderful future ex
claim, that, under the providenoe of
God and our victorious troops, tbia
country mnst beoome the strongest On
face of tha earth. As the flag of
stirs and stripes is earned to the ex
m sat Southern ooast, our warriors
will look abroad fur new field to con
quer, and that triple alliunpo, now aboat
lay violent hands upon discordant
Mexico, may pause in (ts orecr to eon-'
template the fuilure of H iu predictlona
that the aobjectiun qf Max.ieo wa easy,
nlofte because the dirupl(o. of the
United States of America bad become
inevitable. But the subject U too vast
for present elaboration.
-- r- r - a
' Orvhel C. Ker," the worthy
enrrespoudent of the New York Sunday .
Mercury, wsa at Mrs. l.ineole a ball.
and thus expresses his opinion dn th
low-necked drassea ba aaw therai -
"When I look pon the woateh eT
America around me to-night, aettaee
how muoh they nave eut off from the
top of their ur , to wake bscdagsa
for our wounded soldiers, I een'l Mf
fueling that their aock or-nothieg' ap
pcaranee so far from bsing iadalicate,
ia a vary dolicaU rotjf r lofoS
the Union," '
"There Iiit!i l ,bit such drm.