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The Quickest, Surest and Cheap
Physician recommend, and Farriers declare tint
no men remedies nave ever before bee" i" one.
Words are cheap, but the proprietors of these ar
ticle wiU present trial bottles to medical men,
gratis, as a guarantee of what they say.
T CiKTira Liniment, Whit- WBrrr.,
will cure Rheumatism, Neuralgia, Lumbago,
Sciatica, Caked Breasts, Kore Xipples, Frosted Feet,
Chilblains, Swellings, Sprins, and any ordinary
FLESH, BOKB OR MUSCLE AILMENT.
We make no pretense that this article will cure
Cancer, restore lost bones, or give health to a
whisky soaked carcase. B-tttw;il always reduce
inflammation and allay pains.
It will extract the poison of bites and stings, and
heal bums or scalds witlumt a'tcar. Palsy, Weak
Back, Caked Breasts, Earache, Toothache, Itch,
and Cutaneous Eruptions readily yield to its treat
ment Henry Black, of Ada, Ilardin Co., Ohio, says:
"My wife has had rheumatism for five years no
rest, no sleep could scarcely walk across the
floor. She is now cnmplefelr cured by the use of
Centaur Liniment. We all feel thankful to you, and
recommend your wonderful medicine to all our
James Hurd, of zanesville, Ohio, says : "I he
Centaur Liniment cured Neuralgia."
Alfred Tush, of Newark, wrin-s : "Send me one
dosen bottles by express. The Liniment has saved
my leg. I want to distribute it, fc".
The sale of this Liniment is increasingapidly.
The Yellow Centaur Liriiinent
is for the trunk, skin, flesh and muscles of
HORSES, MULES AND ANIMALS.
We have never yet seen a case of Spavin, Sweeny,
Ring-bone, Wind-gall, Scratches or Poll-Evil,
which this Liniment would not speedily benefit,
and we never saw but a few cases which it would
nit am. A will am when anything can. It is
folly to spend ISO, for a Farrier, when one dollar's
worth of Centaur Liniment will do better. The
following is a sample of the testimony produced :
W. P. Hopkins, Postmaster, Piqua, O., says.
"Centaur Liniment cant be beau It cures every
"Yelverton, Ohio, March 18T4.
"The Centaur Liniments are the best selltug
medicines we have ever had. The demand is very
great for it, and we cannot afford to be without it.
"P. H. HLSEY & SON."
"jErTTERSON, Mo., NOV. 10, 1873.
. "Some time ago I was shipping horses to St.
Louis. I got one hadlv crippled in the car. With
great difficulty I got him to the stable. Toe stable
keeper gave me a bottle of your Centaur Liniment,
which fused with such success that in two days
the horse was active and nearly well I have been
a veterinary surgeon for thirty years, but your
Liniment beats anvthinir I ever used.
A. J.McCARTv;, Veterinary Surgeon."
For a postage stamp we will mail Centaur Al
manac, containing hundreds of certificates, from
every State in the Union. These Liniments are
now sold by all dealers in the country.
Laboratory of J. B. Rose Si Co
6 Dey Su, New York.
Dr. Samuel Pitcher, of Hyannis, Mass., exicri
mented in his private practice for twenty years to
produce a combination that would nave the prop
erties of Castor Oil without its unpleasant taste
and griping effect.
His preparation was sent for, near and far, till
finally he gave U the name of Castoria, and put it
np for sale. It is very wonderful in its effects,
particularly with the disordered stomachs and bow
els of children. It assimilates the food, cares sour
stomach and wind-colic, regulates the bowels, ex
pells worms, and may be relied upon in croup.
As a pleasant, effective and perfectly mfe cathar
tic remedy it is sniierior to Castor Oil, Cordials and
Syrups. It does not contain alcohol, and is adapt
ed to any age.
By regulating the stomach and bowels of cross
and tickly children they become good-natured and
healthy. They can enjoy sleep and mothers have
treat The Castoria is put np at the Laboratory of
J. B. Rose A Co, M Dey Street, New York.
Ton will always And the Printers "At Home'
from 1A.M. Mouday till P. M. Saturday, ready to
print at At Home or any other style of Cards, at
the sepistfj NEWS OFFICH.
To Western Emigrants!
For JMm, Railroad Tim Table, hand Circular
Land Exphrinn Tirliftn, tow Rate on UmuekM
faW and Stock and Reliable Information rctattve
W 33 ST!
CALL OH OR ADDRESS
J. M. KELLEY,
General Emijrrant Agent. N. W. Corner Fourth mid
--1 " Di f lAUn rimiiu
vine imp., airecuj opjwnc iuc vuiw,
TO tAXDBBYEnS !
.A. Free HFUdo
OVER LAND GRANT ROADS.
I am the ONLY A(iKNT East of the Mississippi
i,iw..P a..tiiir iiikW .nnoiiilincitt received from
Governor of Western States. My duties are to
see that yon get Reliable inlonnaiion ana me iii
Possible Rate on TRANSPORTATION.
Don't fail to call on or write to me before closuig
any agreement relative to moving your People or
I Nuke Jio Charge for Services
This standard article is com
pounded with the greatest care.
Its effects are as wonderful and
as satisfactory as ever.
It restores gray or faded hair to
its youthful color.
It removes all eruptions, itching
and dandruff. It gives the head a
cooling, soothing sensation of great
comfort, and the scalp by its use
becomes white and clean.
By its tonic properties it restores
the capillary glands to their normal
vigor, preventing baldness, and
making the hair grow thick and
As a dressing, nothing has been
found so effectual or desirable.
A. A. Hayes, M. D., State As
sayer of Massachusetts, says, " The
constituents are pure, and carefully
selected for excellent quality ; and
I consider it the Best Prepakatiok
for its intended purposes."
Price One Dollar.
FOR THE WHISKERS.
This elegant preparation may be
relied on to change the color of the
beard from gray or any other un
desirable shade, to brown or black,
at discretion. It is easily applied,
being in one preparation, and quick
ly and effectually produces a per
manent color, which will neither
rub nor wash off.
Manufactured by R. P. HALL & CO,
NASHUA, W. H.
aid it all Ungrliti, aai Daslarf to
Examinations of Teachers.
f-MK Board of School Examiners of III0tland
counlv eive notice, that examinations of Ap-
Elicatits for Certificates will take place in theliills
oro Union School huildiug on the first Saturday of
every month, and on the third Saturday of Februa
ry, March, April, August, September and Octibcr.
The Examination fee prescribed by law isnu cts.
The attention of Local Directors is called to Sec
tion 93 of the School Law, in which they re for
bidden to employ any person as a teacher who shall
not have first obtained a certificate. Also, the at
tention of Township Clerks to Section 94, us which
they are forbidden to draw orders for Teachers'
lav, unless a certificate covering the whole time
taught is filed witn mem.
Bv order of the Board.
aiilyl H. 8. DOGGKTT, Clerk.
S. M. PETTINUILL and Co.. 10 State Street,
Boston, 37 Park Roe, New ;Tork, and 701 Chestnut
Street, Philadelphia, are authorised Agents for pro
curing advertisements for the News in the above
cities, and authorized to cantract for advertising at
our lowest rates.
S. H. PARVIN, Advertising Agent, No. 168 Via.
Street, between Fourth and Finth, is Agent for the
news in uincranau.
J. S. SHAW.
SHAW & RIANHARD,
Wholesale and Ketail
S T O "V IE DEALERS!
Our long connection ith the firm of Messrs. Iled way & Barton, of Cincinnati, the
Leading Stove Founders West of th- Alleghanies.
Enables ns to assnre onr friends that onr Goods are FIRST-CLASS, A 1, made of the Best HOT
BLAST CHARCOAL IRON, Mounted and Fitted in Superior Manner. BT EVERY STOVE IS
w Ann An i e.u.i vt e call especial attention to
A WOOD COOK
.FOR COAL. These Stoves are made of SELECTED Iron, and have NO equals.
WE ALSO KEEP A FULL LINE OF
HOUSE FARMING GOODS & AGRICULTURAL IMPLEMENTS
tr AU kinds of JOB WORK. ROOFING and SPOUTING done promptly to order.
mar30tf SHAW & RIANHARD.
Walnut Street House!
.rjtsr. TTT. .,a! u )-i'-J'---l
tri - . ar jv w.'
Walnut Street, between Sixth and Seventh,
This House is one of the largest and pleasantest in the city, located
within two squares of the Fountain and the new Custom House. Street
cars pass the door for all parts of the city.
Th House has recently been newly painted, papered and furnished
throughout, and now offers superior accommodations to guests, at Yery
reasonable prices. Board $2.50 per day. .
BATCHELOR, REGMER & KEYE, Proprietors.
THOS. C. GADDIS, lriprka
W. W. WEBB, T
J. H. BERRY, Book-Keeper:
I And Importers of Fine
At the Old Stand,
I wih to erpress my gratitnde to my old cnRtomers an'i the pnhllr for the lilieral patronage I have re
ceived dnring the last twenty yrs, and now in connection with my son resjiectfnlly a?k a continuance
f the same. We are lietter prepared than ever to do all kinds of Cemetery work on short notice, at the
very lowest prices, and in tne latest style, with neat net and permanency.
. ursjirrsPArTTOS WARRAKTKD.
HARRY D. RIANHARD.
; also, the
,Sn Tit I, ''iliYS
Scotch Granite Honuments.;
From and after January 1, 18TS, the Rates of Ad
vertising In ttfTs paper will be as follows :
4 w.'2 m.
m.l 1 y'r.
2.-.I 5 00
50 10 00
3 inches. .
. 1 00
,. t 00
1 SRi 1 7.1
8 .10 3 AO
4 001 6 ftO
ft so 7 ool
6 W 8 ISO
8 00 10 00
,. 3 00
.. S Ml
.. 4 no1
10 SO 14
15 IKI 80
18 oo gs
20 00 33
. B BO
, 1 001
10 00 IS Ml
11 80 1ft 00
14 00 17 Ml
.. 8 onia oo
..10 00:17 00
40 00 30 00
The above scale of prices is for ordinary single
column display advertising. Solid Legal, Official
and Tabular advertisements will lie charged at the
iach rate for space occupied. Rule and Figure
work 50 per cent, extra.
Special Notices, advertisements in other than
single column measure, and those in a prescribed
location, JS per cent, additional.
Local Notices 10 cents per line for first, and 5
cents per line for each aduit ional insertion.
Cards in Business Directory One inch, I year,
$10: months, 6; 3 months, t-3. One-half inch 1
year, IS 00; 6 mos. $3; 3 mos. $4.
Notices (other than simple announce
ments of deaths,) Tributes of Respect, Cards of
Thaaks, and announcements by Societies ft cents
per line. .
Notices of Marriages, Births and Deaths when
furnished by proper authority free.
Attachment, Divorce, Administrators' and Execu
tors' Notices, must be paid for before insertion
as also Foreign and Transient Advertising gener
7 he' Chicago & North-Western
Embraced nnder one management the Great Trunk
Railway Lines of the West and North-West, and
with its mimerons branches and connections, forms
the shortest and quickest route between Chicago
and all points in Illinois, Wisconsin, Northern
Michigan Minnesota, Iowa, Nebraska, Californir
and the western Territories. Its
dinaha and California Line
Is the shortest and best route for all points in
Northern Illinois. Iowa, Dakota, Nebraska, Wyo
natiA Colorado, Utah, Nevada, California, Oregon,
tSiS, Japan and Australia. Its
Chicago, Madison and St. Paul
Is the short line for Northern Wisconsin and Min
nesota, and for Madison, St. Paul, Minneapolis,
Duluth and all points in the Great Northwest, Its
Winona and St. Peter Line
Is the only ronte for Winona, Rochester, Owa
tonna, Mankato, St. Peter, New I'lin, and all points
in Southern and Central Minnesota. Its.
Green Bay and Marquette Line
Is the only line for Janesville, Waterlown, Fond
Du Lac, Oshkosh, Appleton, Oreep Bay, Escanaba,
Negaunee, Marquette, Ilougbton, Hancock and the
Lake Superior country. Its
Freeport and Dubuque Line
Is the only ronte for Elgin, Rockford, Freeport, and
all points via Freeport. Its
Chicago and Milwaukee Line
Is the old Lake Shore Route, and is the only one
passing through Evanston, Lake Forest, Highland
Park. Waukesan. Racine, Kenosha to Milwaukee.
PULLMAN PALACE CARS
Are run on all trains of this road.
This is the ONLY LINE running these cars be
tween Chicago and St. Paid or Chicago and Mil
waukee, or Chicago and w lonna.
At Omaha onr Sleepers connect with the Over
land Sleepers on the Lnion Paciflc Railroad for all
points west of the Missouri River.
On the arrival of the trains from the East or
South, the trains of the Chicago & Northwestern
Railway leave CHICAGO as follows:
Fob Council BLurrs, Omaha ano California,
Two through trains daily, with Pullman Palace
Drawing Room and Sleeping Cars through to
Fob St. Paul and Minneapolis, Two through
trains daily, with Pullman Palace Cars attached on
Fob Green Bat and Lake Superior, Two
trains daily, with Pullman Palace Cars attached.
and running uirougn to jnarqueiic.
Fur Milwaukee. Four throngh trains daily.
Pullman Cars on night trains, Parlor Chair Cars on
For Sparta and Winona and points in Min
nesota. One through train daily, wun i-unman
Sleeners to Winona.
For Dubuque, via Freeport, Two through trains
daily, with Pullman Cars on night train.
Fob Dubuuue and La Crosse, via Clinton, Two
trains daily, w ith Pullman Cars on night train, on
For Sioux Citt and Yankton, Two trains
daily. Pullman Cars to Missouri Valley Junction
For Lake Geneva. Four trains daily.
Fob Rockpurd, Sterling, Kenosua, Janes
ville, and other points, yon can have from two to
ten trains daily.
New Yoak Office, No. 415 Broadway; Boston Of
fice, No. S State Street; Omaha Office, 4ft3 Faruham
Street; San Francisco Office, 121 Montgomery
Street; Chicago Ticket Offices; 64 Clark Street, un
der Sherman Honse; corner Canal and Madison
Streets; Kinzic Street Depot, corner W. Kinzie and
Canal Streets; Weils Street Depot, corner Wells and
For rates or information not attainable from
your home ticket agents, apply to
W. H. STENNETT, MARVIN HUGHITT,
Gen. Pass. Agt Chicago. Gen. Sup't, Chicago.
I. 0. & L.
This Company, having determined to outdo al
rival lines in the character of accommodations and
facilities offered western bound emigrants, have
established three daily lines of cars between Cin
cinnati and all important towns and stations on the
Mississippi & Missouri Rivers,
INCLUDING SUCH POINTS AS
Quincy, Burlington, Keokuk, Fulton
Clinton, Prairie-du Chien, St
Paul, Kansas City, Leaven
worth, Atchison, St
ville, Nebraska City, Council Bluffs and
rw Trains leave Hillsboro, Ohio, at 6.15 A. M
and 3.30 P. M.
Trains leave Cincinnati via I. C. L, as follows:
7.30 A. M. for Indianapolis, Lafayette, Chicago
and the Northwest.
8.10 P. M. Great Western Fast Line, for Indian
apolis, Danville, Springfield, Quincy, Macon City,
Chillicothe, St. Joseph and intermediate stations
arriving at Kansas City at 8.45 next evening, four
hours in advance of all other routes. Arrives at
St. Joseph 7.36 next evening, EIGHT HOURS in
advance of all other routes.
7.00 P. M. Chicago Express for Indianapolis
Lafayette, Chicago and the Northwest.
7.00 P. M. Night Express for Indianapolis, Dan
ville, Springfield, Quincy, Macon City, Chillicothe,
St. Joseph and Kansas City, arriving at Kansas
City at 9.25 second morning, and St. Joseph 8.10
second morning hours in advance of all other
The i.10 P. M. and 7.00 P. M. Trains have
Through Cars attached for Omaha and all inter
mediate stations via Burlington without change.
Passengers holding second-class tickets, will.be
ent through to destination on First Class Passen
er Trains, an advantage the traveling public can
not fail to appreciate.
All communications in regard to passenger fares
or freight rates on house goods, or stock, promptly
It is no trouble to answer letters.
Passengers arriving in Cincinnati on trains of
the Marietta and Cincinnati Railroad make connec
tion in same depot, thereby saving the expense and
annoyance of a long and tedious omnibus ride
through the streets of Cincinnati.
Ask for tickets via Indianapolis, Cincinnati &
Lafayette Railroad, and do not be prevailed upon
to take any other.
Tickets are on sale at the M. & C. R. R. Depot,
Hillsboro, Ohio, and at the following places in
Cincinnati : General City Office, Northwest corner
Fourth and Vine streets, opposite the Post Office,
and the Plnm Street Depot.
V. B. Kennedy, General Ticket Agent, Jno. Egan.
General Passenger Agent, J. M. Kelley, General
Emigrant Agent, to wliom all communications re
lative to Western Emigration should be addressed.
WE wonld respectfully call the attention of
Music Teachers and the.public generally to
the fact that we are
of a Superior Quality-
Onr Cases are made bj skilled mechanic?, and of
the best of thoroughly seasoned Black Walnut lum
ber, and finished in varnish or" oil. in the finest
style. The style of our Cases is peculiarly our
own, and they make a beautiful piece of Parlor
The music is all first-class, both for tone and vol
ume, and we challenge comparison. We have also
DOUBLE-ACTING KNEE LEVER,
(which is exclusively our owit) by which the pci
furmcr has full control of the instrument, clianging
instantly from the softest to the loudest tones with
out having to remove the fhifrers from the keys. .
We also use (of our own invention)
A Double Forte Stop,
that Is superior to anything now in use.
With the above description we place our instru
ments before the people upon their merits, willing
to abide by their verdict.
We respectfully solicit a call from all those wish
ing to purchase, feeling satisfied that we can pleaBe
the most fastidious.
For further particulars, call on or address
MURPHY & WOODROW,
Manufacturers, Lynchburg, Ohio.
Jan. 20, 1876. jaiittimO
It is noticeable that Centennial visit
ors, especially those limited to a single
day's sight-seeinp;, pass through the Main
Building, Machinery Hall, and thence
around the grounds, keeping near the
narrow-gauge railroad. The Govern
ment Building, the source of the most
substantial instruction on the grounds,
is thereby comparatively neglected. So
is the Shoe and Leather Building, an ira
menre structure, covering a little town
of show cases fill d with the choicest
specimens of t'ae tanners' and of
Crispin's art, ani exhibiting in practi
cal operation the machinery which
Site Ijiglilanil gjtars.
THURSDAY, - - - JULY 13, 1876.
The estimates of Abdul Aziz's hoarded
treasure vary from two million pounds
sterling in Turkish consolides, worth less
than three hundred thousand, pounds to
thirty million pounds sterling. It is
rumored that the uew Sultan has debts
that will absorb a large share of the
treasure, even if it should not reach the
At Carsville, Va., two young girls by
the name of Massen were crossing an
open field, and between them carrying a
pail of new milk, when a thunderbolt
descended from a comparatively clear
sky, and stretched them both senseless
upon the earth. One, the eldest, twenty
years of age, was killed outright, and
the other was insensible for an hour or
more. The sun was shining brightly at
Santa Anna is dead. His age was
eighty-four. He was for a long time the
most important man in his country. He
was engaged in the first war between
Mexico and France, and was defeated by
the Texans, under Houston at Buena
Vista, and by Scott at Cerro Gordo. He
had vast estates when in power, but had
lost them, and during his last years he
was poor. He had been repeatedly
exiled, but his last residence was in the
City of Mexico.
An officer of the first French Empire
founded a singular banquet in 1867,
which has since been celebrated annually.
The peculiarity about it is that the
guests to be qualified nfust be at least
eighty years of age. Each year some
one ' of those present on the previous
occasion are found to be missiog, but
their places are taken by others who
have arrived at the required age. At
the last banquet, held recently, twenty-
five persons were present, the oldest one
being ninety-eight years of age.
A tumtjltjs of unusual size has lately
been opened near the Nordfjord in Nor
way, dating apparently from the year
800. It was stored with all the magnif
icent belongings of a viking chieftain.
A bowl of precious enamel, a store of
amber, a massive belt of bronze, rank
among the most splendid trophies of the
viking period which have come down to
us. There were also some stone balls
flattened on one side, with a dint in the
center of the base, which some regard as
marbles, flattened for use on board ship ;
but others argue that they belonged
rather to a peculiar game now no longer
in vogue and played on shore. This
theory is supported by references found
in the aucient sagas.
The telegraph brings news of a deadly
battle between a band of United States
troops led by Gen. Custer and the. In
dians, ou the Little Horn River. The
report is sufficient to show that our
soldiers met with a crushing defeat
Not a man of the detachmeut which
made the attack was left to tell the story.
The irallant Gen. Custer and his two
brothers were killed at the head of their
columns, and nearly three hundred men
shared their fate. It was a dreadful en
counter, and the worst feature of it is
the encouragement which the Indians
will draw from their success. Hence
forth they will fight witk new courage,
and it is impossible to tell how many
more lives of our best soldiers will be
needed to eubject them.- The fight pre
pares the way for a long and bloody
Abdul Aziz never made half so much
noise in the world during his life as he
has made since his death. His friends
and family are doing their best to prove
that he must have been crazy for years
past, and verv likely he was. Absolute
power made the Caes&rs mad, and the
Sultans are of no sterner stuff Caligula
and his horse are fairly matched by
Abdul Aziz and his cock. It seems that
the Commander ef the Faithful walking
one day in the superb gardens of one of
his thirty-one palaces, was captivated by
the scarlet comb and splendid plumage
of an arrogant young cock strutting and
crowing about under the pleached
bowers. ' Le sent for the steward of the
poultry and ordered the bird to be dis
patched to his own royal apartments in
the Bechiktach palace. There the Sultan
fed the bird himself, delighted to hear
him crow at all hours, and generally
treated him like a great personage.
Finally, one morning he called the
Council together and ordered the
fortunate chanticleer to be made a Grand
Officer of the Imperial Order of the
Osmanie, founded by himself in 1861.
This was done, the Grand Chancellor of
the Order passing the cordon of the
Order solemnly around the neck of the
astonished bird. And yet there are
people who pretend to be surprised that
Abdul Aziz should have killed himself
with a pair of scissors.
A Striking Illustration.
[From Article by Charles Barnard.]
In 1872 a large manufacturing firm in
New York called its workmen together
and annouueed that, after a certain date,
every man would receive, over and above
his wages, a share in the profits of the
business, be they more or less, according
to the scales. The men received the
statement with incredulity and returned
to their work. Six months passed, and
the firm announced that it had $4,000
to divide among the men in proportion
to their wages. The immediate result
of the actual division of the money
was gratifying to all concerned.
The men resumed work with remarkable
animation and industry. Every one be
came his fellow's overseer. No idleness
now, no " one-handed work," no shirk
ing and dilatory'pipe-lighting, no guards
to watch for the foreman, no waste of
material and time. Never before had
so much work been performed in a day ;
never had such skill, economy, aptitude,
aud intelligence been shown at the
benches, and never had better goods
been made. The men were apparently
satisfied, and the firm was more than
compensated for the increased outlay by
the improved quality of tho goads.
Several months parsed, and the houso
announced that in a few weeks it would
have a surplus of 110,000 to divide
among the workmen. Suddenly led away
by some epidemic of unreason the men
struck for a reduction of time to eight
hours. The proprietor would not con
sent to this, and as a consequence for
two weeks the shop clesed. In vain were
the men shown the money coming to
them ; in vain was it demonstrated that
they were making more than the men iu
the same line in other shops. They per
sisted in the strike till they could hold
out no longer, and then resumed work as
before. The firm declined to proceed
further with the co-operative experiment,
and what had been fair with premise
was thus brought to a disastrous end.
In solitude the mind gains strength,
and learns to lean upon herself; in the
world it seeks or accepts of a few treach
erous supports the feigued compassion
of one, the flattery of the second, the civ
ilities of the third, the friendship of a
fourth ; they all deceive and bring the
mind back to retirement, reflection and
There are 662 miles of water pipes in
the city of Philadelphia, and the city
, . ! J e A '
Oh, say, can you see by the dawn's early light
What so proudly we hailed at the twilight's last
Whose broad stripes and bright stars througfc the
O'er the ramparts we watched were so gallantly
And ths rocket's red glare, the bombs bursting in
Gave proof through the night that our flag was still
Oh, say, does the star-spangled banner still wave
O'er tne land of the free and the home of the
On the shore, dimly seen through the mists of the
Where the foe's haughty host in dread silence re
poses, What is that which the breeze o'er the towering
AbU litfuily lilrnrs, half conceals, half disriosrsT
Now it catches the gleam of the morning's firm
In full glory reflected now shines od the stream ;
'Tis ino star-spangled banner, oh, long way it
O'er the land of the free and the home of the
And where is the band who so vauntingly swore
That the havoc of war, and the battle's confusion,
A home and a country would leave us no more ?
Their blood has washed out their foul footsteps'
No refuge could save the hireling and slave
From the terror of flight or the gloom of the grave;
And the star-spangled banner in triumph doth
O'er the land of the free and the home of the
Oh, thus be it ever when freemen shall stand
Between their loved homes and war's desolation ;
Blesaed with victory and peace may the heaven-rescued
Praise the power that bath made and preserved us
Then conquer we must when our cause it is just,
And this be our motti In (rod is our trust !"
And the star-spangled banner in triumph shall
O'er the land of the free and the home of the
ROMANCE OF HISTORY.
When King Charles the Fourth as
cended the Spanish throne, he was a very
handsome young man. But he had a
sister Donna Larga, whose beauty, in that
country noted for its handsome women,
was so great that most of the unmarried
grandees solicited her hand before she
was twenty years eld. Her brother's
wife wa3 an Italian -woman, good looking
enough, but utterly dissolute.
The first thing she did after her ar
rival in Madrid was to hunt up a lover,
whom she found in the handsome guards
man Godoy, who played afterward so
wretched a part in the history of the
Their criminal, intimacy remained no
secret to the members of the royal family,
and especially indignant was the queen's
sister, whose lite until tnen, despite the
many temptations to which she had been
exposed, had been blameless.
One day, in 184, the princess met her
royal sister-in-law under suspicious cir
cumstances, and the queen, an hour
later, sent for her.
Donna Larga came, but was as frigid
as ice when the queen kissed her.
' Largita mia, said the queen to the
beautiful girl, "do you know that you are
wasting your life and your beauty T
The princess looked at her in surprise
and asked :
" What do you mean f
" Can anything be plainer, my beau
tiful darling? What I mean is, that
your brother does not want you to marry
at all, although all the handsome men
in Madrid would be only too glad if you
should smile upon them."
" But why," asked the princess, " does
he not want me to get married ?"
" Pretty little goose," said the queen,
"because, under our laws, here, you
might become his successor if I should
remain childless." I
The two women parted a few minutes
later, and the princess went to her bou
doir. What her royal sister-in-law had told
her had set her to thinking. The im
petuous blood of the Castiliau race was
coursing through her veins.
The homage of her admirers had not
been lost upon her. Ihe idea that she
should not get married on account of her
brother s political jealousy provoked her.
So, laboring under intense excitement,
she took from her desk the large bundle
of love-letters which she had received
during the past few years.
She read the tender missives, which
had been written upon the smoothest
One letter after another was . tossed
aside by her tiny hand, until she opened
the lollowing bnet note
To the Most. Honorable, Bbautifttl
AND VlETTJOUS DONNA LABGA TABLA, SK-
nora DE uourbon The writer is the head
of the Sidonia-Medina family. He would
be the happiest man in Spain if Donna
Larga would oecome his wile.
Se.nor Don Gabcia Sidonia db Medina.
" And I," said the princess to herself,
" in my vain pride, was foolish enough
not only to refuse this etier lrom a very
handsome man, but to insult him pub
licly m the prado.
Sudenly she jumped up and rang her
A very handsome duenna entered,
"Estrella," said the princess to her,
" will you go for me on a secret erraud
of the greatest importance i '
The duenna bowed and replied
" Your Highness may command my
" Then go to the Count Sidonia de Me
dina, and tell him to come, and see me
" But, your Highness "
" You refuse to go, Estrella?"
" But what 7" cried the princess with
" But you know what people would
think of such an interview."
" I order you to do my bidding ! If
you refuse, you shall suffer for it."
The duenna bowed and went out.
She did not go straightway to the
palace or the young grandee, but, spy as
she was like the most of her ilk, she
knocked at the king's door.
He was lying on his lounge, and when
the handsome Estrella entered the room,
he sprang to his feet and seized hej
" And what have you to tell me now,
'Trella?" the Spanish abreviation of
"Sire," she replied, "nothing about
"I would not have liked you half so
well if you had brought me any tidings
about her infidelities.
' " They are shocking, your Majesty."
"Who knows it better than I?" he
exclaimed bitterly. " But what brings
" My august mistress, Donna Larga,
has intrusted hie with a very strange
mission, your Majesty."
' What, my sister ?;'
" Yes, sire, sbf has commissioned me
to ask the young Count Sidonia de Me
dina to see her without delay."
The king looked Estrella full in the
" 'Trella," he said to her, " when I was
a mere boy I liked you. You did not
repel me. Now swear to me that you
tell me the truth."
" Your Majesty, I do swear that I tell
you the truth. Shall I go and deliver
the message to the Count Sidonia de
She took one of the royal carriages
and rode to the palace of the young head
of that proud family, whose very name
indicates that they have both Spanish
and Moorish blood in her veins. When
the young count was told by the hand
some duenna that Donna Larga wanted
to see him, he could hardly restrain his
" What!" he exclaimed, ''the Donna
Larga wants to see me!"
" In her boudoir, Senor Garcia."
" In her boudoir ? And she is not an
gry with me?"
"Angry? Not at all, Senor; on the
contrary, I am sure she loves you."
"Arc you joking?"
. " I m in dead earnest, Senor."
And then the grandee, with the proud
est name in Spain, took Estrella and
danced around the room with her.
Fifteen minutes later he knocked at
the door of the princess. She opened it
to him, and asked him to sit down op
" Count," she said, "here is my hand.
You may kiss it I beg your pardon."
He was not slow to do so.
" Princess " he said.
" One moment," she interrupted.
" Look at this note. It is yours, is it
" Certainly, Princess "
" And you still mean what you say in
" Mean it ! To the last day of my
" Then you may have this princess for
There was a long outburst of tender
ness. When they at last sat down side by
side, with their hands clasped together,
the princess said :
Now, Garcia, my beloved, I will con
fess the whole truth to you. My brother
does not want me to marry, because he
is fearful lest, in such an event, I should
become a happy mother, and then ascend
the throne. I have acted once meanly
toward you, and I hope to make you not
only king of my heart, but King of
It is iircdli'Ks to dwell any longer on
this curious interview, which had an
interested cavesilropjier, who was none
other than the king.
He left the room adjoining the prin
cess's boudoir, with a seemingly calm air,
and remained for a loug hour buried in
thought in his own room. Then he sent
for Donna Larga. She' came unhesitat
ingly to him. .
"Dear brother," she said to him, " will
you congratulate me? I am going to
become tho wife of Garcia Sidonia de
He kissed her on the forehead. The
sinister smile with which he bestowed
his caress upon her she did not notice.
"Now, Largita," he said to her, in his
sweetest voice, " you must go down with
mc to the wine vault, and there drink
with me in honor of your engagement a
glass of wine from the old tub of Ali
cante which our ancestor Philip the
Fifth bought, and which is finer than
any wine which can be bought in Spain."
They went down to the cellar. The
butler disappeared upon a beck from the
king. The celebrated wine tub of Philip
the Fifth was found to be open at the
top. The Princess Larga, noticing it,
said to her brother:
"But, Carlos, who had the tub
"Who?" he cried in a terrible rage.
"Who? I did it. And what for? To
So saying he pushed her into it. She
uttered a single scream, and then all
Next day the royal herald passed
tnrougn tne streets of Madrid, crying :
" Put ou your mourning clothes ! The
sister of his roval Majesty is dead !"
A curious feature in connection with
this horrible affair is that the Count
Garcia Sidonia de Medina became Min
ister of Justice under the same king who
murdered his betrothed.
A Terrible Scalp Raiser.
It was up in a saloon on West Van
Buren street. He was a gaunt young
man, whose face hadn't been washed for
two months and who wore his hair long
behind. Me was attired in a slouch bat.
buckskin breeches, a red flannel shirt
open at the neck and a rough coat. He
had lour revolvers and a big knife in his
belt. When four dry goods clerks came
in in a group and ordered some beer, the
hrst dry goods clerk said to tho bar
bay, John, whoa that cuss over
lhat, said the saloon keeper, drop
ping his voice to an awe-struck whisper,
" that is Bufl'ler Ben, the Wild Trapper
of the great plains. Ask him to drink,
Perhaps he will."
The first dry goods clerk did so and
the vv lid 1 rapper replied :
"Wall, stranger, seem' as it's you,
will just take some fire water. As I
heerd Old lied Tail say to Spotted Cloud,
"Its a mighty long time between
drinks." Here's to us, and he ingulfed
a dose of whisky.
"You are," said the first dry goods
clerk, "connected with the trapper busi
" In the scalp and grizzly line," said
the second dry goods clerk.
"Your reminiscences of personal char
acter, I doubt not, would be exciting
and interesting," said the third dry goods
"Wall, no," said the trapper; "I
hevei drink when I'm off the war-trail.
It kinder makes me ugly, yer see, and I'm
apt to dror my cutlery" I killed seven
men up to St. Jo, Mezzouri, onst seven
men that I was talking to as friendly as
I mout be to you, but 1 sorter got riled
wall, gimme some more whisky."
"Your hand," said one of the dry
goods clerks, "has often been stained
with human blood?"
"Stranger, she hev. The fust time
you come up and gee me at my wickiup
in Montana second lodge on the right
beyond the Yellowstone River and be
sure you turn to the left up by the big
boulders three thousand miles this side
ask any Injun and teli him yer want
to see BufTler Ben and ef he don't scalp
yer he'll show yer the road plum straight.
I'll show yer Old Bull's Eye, my rifle.
She's old Kaintuck stock (likewise the
barrel) and is sixteen feet long, and when
ever I wipe out a white man 1 make a
notch on the barrel, and there's notches
all the way up one side and nine feet
on the other. I went up to see your
graveyards at Cavalry and Greeceland.
They're a good deal like my private
graveyards, more posies and statutes and
so on, though they ain't as spacious.
Now, jist about three months ago I
turned loose in a barroom down to Lafay
ette, Arkansaw, and the coroner was
kept busy for three days after attending
to seven inquests. And this was just
because a durn skunk stood up at the
bar and improved his mind with my con
versation and never asked me if I would
Here one of the dry goods clerk caught
Bufl'ler Ben's eye and he stammered
out an invitation to fill her up again.
Mr. Bufl'ler Ben irrigated himself and
in reply to a question concerning his
solution of the Indian question, said:
" Injins! Wall, no; I never keep count
of the reds I wipe out. I used to when
I was young and sort of vain, but I grew
out'n it. It looked too much like van
ity. I suppose I've not taken the trouble
to lift the har of the last one hundred
and fifty or two hundred Indians I've
killed. Before that I was kinder partic
ular that way and took so many scalps
that I bust the 'Frisco chignon market
and seventeen dealers in false hair went
into bankruptcy. Injins is poor trash.
Gimme a whole tribe of 'em and I'll wipe
'cm out as fast as I can load my revolver
and put at to my shoulder."
Here he paused again and was
promptly refreshed. Then he contiuued :
" I tell you, boys, if you want to see
the choicest country on the footstool, jest
you go to them ar Black Hills. The only
thing agin the country is the buffaloes.
They hatch there ; and when they take
to flight it's awful to see them in clouds
so thick you can't see the sun, and when
they light they chaw up garden sass and
sour apple trees and corn and railroad
ties and potatoes and telegraph poles.
But ther's gold in the Black Hills. I've
seen it myself. When you get down to
the bed rock you strike $50 and $20
fiieces and you wash out eagles and dol
ars in the streams and up in the reots of
the grass you find small scrip and nickels.
Nu nuggets as I know on, though I did
hear at Shyan of one worth $165 000."
Thus, with anecdote and information,
Bufl'ier Ben whiled away the time.
When the four dry goods clerks had set
tled for the drinks their bill amounted
to $6.85 he bade them an affectionate
farewell and made them promise to call
at his tepee if ever they were up in Mon
tana. When they had gone out the bar
keeper paid him his twenty per cent, com
mission on the drinks sold through his
instrumentality and told him to recollect
next time it was grasshoppers that flew,
Western grain dealers always manage
to discover short crops and a bad harvest
about this time, and it is not surprising
that they have found pretexts for a bear
operation this year. But all trustworthy
accounts agree that the wheat crop this
year is unusually large and fine, while
that of California is estimated at more
than 200,000, greater than last year. Our
cotton crop never promised better. The
bay crop is heavy, and the yield of corn
now bids fair to outstrip that of any
former year. It almost seems as though
the earth were joining with the people in
celebrating the Centennial in the abund
ance and exnlirranre of its yield. The
foreign demand lor our produce is likely
to continue without abatement, and with
cheap transportation there can hardly
help being a large amount of business in
the fall and through the winter,
RUTHERFORD B. HAYES,
""nl-Tr-- n.mr ma, --ft, r - - .at Tiilfcsf-; 1
Tilden is the great reformer of rail
Wanted The particulars of the clos
ing of Tilden's distillery, in the State of
New York, on the charge of defrauding
Tilden loved and lost a Batavia girl.
who pronounced him " too cold," and
married another man. A St. Louis
paper thinks he will be warmed this year.
Tilpen has be?n a politician, a rail
way lawyer, and is now a Governor.
Hayes has been in Congress, earned the
rank of Major-General by his services in
the field, and has been three times elected
Governor of Ohio.
In 1861 Tilden was a delegate to the
Democratic Convention, which nomina
ted JVicUlellan, and was a member of the
Committee on Resolutions. One of the
resolutions declared the war a failure,
and called for a cessation of hostilities
and a conferenco between the rebels and
the Union men to arrange a basis of
If Boss Tweed should be permitted to
return and become Governor of New
York, he would, no doubt, become a re
former. He has all the money he wants.
Tilden gathered up four millions or there
about from the Tweed rings and the
famishing stockholders of broken-down
railroads, and then, having all the money
he wanted, adopted the role of reformer.
Give 1 weed a chance.
Ohio candidates go with a rush. Har
rison was elected thirty-six years ago
with no opposition to speak of, and
Hayes is following the track of his illus
trious predecessor. When the Demo
crats recovered they thought it was
lightning, but afterwards concluded it
was the hard times. And there is a
good deal more of the same ammunition
scattered about this year.
The unanimous acceptance during the
present session of Mr. Wheeler's report
on the fortification bill, which saved
some three millions in annual expendi-'
tures, was one of the most striking testi
monies ever paid by political friends and
opponents to the judgment and honesty
of a member of Congress. It is seldom
that any party is fortunate enough to be
able to place a man of his calibre in
nomination for the Vice Presidency.
" Gath " writes to the Graphic : Gov
ernor Hayes's grandfather left the Con
necticut land, and ascending the valley
of the Connecticut about the time Sam
uel Tilden's ancestors did the same,
pitched upon the great West of that pe
riod the Green Hills of Vermont. A
new West was soon seen beyond Lake
Ontario, and the active manhood of Ver
mont continued forward. Around San
dusky, the pioneer city of the lakes,
pitched the fathers of the Hayeses and
Birchards, and there grew up to wealth
and cultivation. The third generation
is Rutherford B. Mayes, educated, bred,
enriched and experienced in a society as
old as Terry's victory, which is nearly
as old as Shay's rebellion
" You'll see, sir I" a St. Louis delegate sang,
11 A ' Hazy ' and-nisty November will hang
Around the electoral list I"
" Of course," said the other, " for in those last
Republican votes, and some more. wiU be Hayes,
And Democrat votes wiU be aliased 1 "
Memphis (Tenn.) Avalanche: The
journals that dilate on Tilden's strength
in New York stop with 1874. The fact
that under his management the Democ.
racy lost 38,000 votes and both branches
of the Legislature in a single year, is
carefully suppressed, as is also the ad
ditional fact that the party leaders who
did most of the hard work for him in
1874 have since abandoned Tilden be
cause of his inability to carry New York
as a Presidenial nominee.
Tilden Hayes, and Their Reputations.
A friend who was a strong Bristow
man, and who, since the Cincinnati Con
vention, has been waiting to hear what
St. Louis would do, said triumphantly,
after the St. Louis nomination : " When
the news of Tilden's nomination was
bulletined, no one had to ask who Tilden
was as some did who Hayes was." There
is truth in this remark. There is also
a ready answer.
It has been a part of Tilden's good for
tune that he has lived in New York the
metropolis of the country. Whatever
occurs there is of interest to the people
throughout the entire country. The
local columns of the New York papers,
the editorial references to what is going
on in the city and their views of dif
ferent men in it are read from one end
of the country to the other. People take
an interest in whatever stirs New York
ers. It doesn't matter whether that
event is a Nathan or a Burdell murder,
or a municipal election, or the exposure
and breaking up of the Tweed ring. New
York politicians and prominent men in
New York are known to the people of
the whole country better than those of
any other city. Half the men one meets
in "the sareet would be able to tell the
name of the New York Mayor. Not one
in twenty could give the name of the
Mayor of Philadelphia. The great New
York pictorial papers have aided the
daily press in giving men this national
reputation ; and they have been aided,
in their turn, by the thousand and
one correspondents of journals in
all parts of the land. Tilden has
shared this conspicuity or notoriety with
the rest. Had he lived outside, his repu
tation would have remained purely pro
vincial. It was Governor Hayes's fortune
to live in a small town, and to be elected
Governor of another State than New
But if, previous to 1870, anybody out
side of New York had asked who Sam
Tilden was, he would not have been
stared at for exhibiting dense ignorance.
Up to that time he was known chiefly as
a railroad lawyer. He had dabbled a
little in politics in his early manhood,
but, from about 1845, he had devoted
himself almost exclusively to bis pro
fession. He was growing rich in his
practice. He maintained an active,
though a very quiet, part in politics,
lie was a devoted Democrat during all
the stormy ten year.? that preceded the
breaking out of the war. He was a mem
ber of the Chicago Convention that
nominated McClellan, and wasone of the
Committee on Resolutions that drew up
the peace-at-any-price declarations of
that year. Surely there was nothing in
the life of such a man ox this that would
make it essential that every fairly edu
cated pern should know something
If more information had been vouch
safed concerning Mr. Tilden, an inquir
ing person would have been told that he
was in close and confidential relation
with Tweed and his gang. During all
the time that band of robbers were
fastening their hold on New York, and
were plundering the City and County
Treasury, Tilden was standing by with
out a word of opposition. He helped
Tweed cheat in elections, and he winked
at the robbery of tho tax-payers.
Such was Sam Tilden up to 1870. Not
one man in a thousand knew him. Those
tbatdid know him knew bira as a sharp,
shrewd, not overscrupulous lawyer,
and a keen, smart, and totally unscrupu
lous Democratic politician.
jn 1870 came the great exposure of the
Tammany ring by the New York Times.
It attracted the attention of the whole
country. Everybody remembers the
general outlines of the story. The Times
won the chief honor-.. It began the
fight. It furubhed the nirans lor con
tinuing it. It prosecuted it through to
the end. Sam. Tilden had neither lot
nor share in the struggle. New York
might have groaned for years to come
un3er the heavy hand of the robber for
all he did or would have done.
But when the fight was ail over and
the victory won, Tilden appeared in the
light of a reformer. We do dot see that
he was entitled to any other credit than
that men grant to a rascal who " peaches "
on his "pals." He who had know
about the plunderings of the ring for
yeare undertook to secure the people of
New York agaiust further plunderings.
Then it was that Samuel Tilden began
to get a general reputation. Some New
York papers called him a reformer. His
picture was occasionally seen in public
prints. His name got into outside pa
pers, bince then he has grown, as we
Two years ago he was elected Gov
ernor. Because it was the "Empire
State" that chose him, everybody has
watched his course, and knows something
of the man. So, when his name was bul
letined, people said: "Tilden, oh, yes;
Tilden's the reform Governor of New
York. He's the man that made the
fight on the Canal Ring." And that is
the extent f their knowledge. That the
man is almost entirely without public
experience, that he is by education and
long training a railroad lawyer, that his
associations have been with the very
worst and most- corrupt rings in New
York, that his canal reforms have been
largely shams, that he is a man without
the confidence of his own people at home,
they don't know.
His reputation is a striking illustration
of how much may be done by a few
newspapers, provided they are printed
in New York. They have only to call a
man a Reformer, spell the word with a
big initial letter, stick his picture in
their columns a few times, and the thing
Contrast this man's sharp, tricky, con
scienceless life, with the simple, quiet,
honest, upright life of Governor Hayes.
As sincerity is worth more than chican
ery, honesty than smartness, simple
ness of purpose than trickiness, devotion
than shrewd tergiversation, so does the
character of the one man tower in manly
dignity and worth above the other's.
Hayes may not have been known in
quarters where the memory of the man
should not have been forgotten. He has
done his duty always, in whatever field
called upon, whether that field was at
South Mountain or in the Second Con
gressional District, or in Ohio. It has
been his fortune to be on a less conspic
uous stage, than that whereon Tilden has
maneuvered. But his public services
have been as much more conspicuous
than Tilden's, as the stage has been lees.
He served in the annv whiie Sam. Til
den was growing rich from the fees of
railroad companies. He served in the
army while Sam. Tilden was clamoring
in Chicago for peace. He fought against
Thurman in the battle for negro suli'rage,
while Sam. Tilden was giving smart
counsel to Boss Tweed. He saved Ohio
from falling into the hands of Pendle
ton and all that the name implies, while
Sam. Tilden was still doing Tweed's bid
ding. This record should not have been
forgotten. And nobody can be execused
for asking, "Who is Hayes?" alter the
campaign last fall, the hardest, most
brilliant and most productive in results
ot any that has been fought for ten
Had Tilden lived in Ohio, instead of
New York, his came would never have
gone beyond the boundaries of the State.
Had Hayes lived in New York, instead
of Ohio, he would have been lifted into a
hero long before this.
What Bristow Says.
General Bristow says of the Republi
can ticket : " No names better calculated
to inspire confidence and insure success
could have been placed upon the ticket.
No language I can use is too strong to
express my confidence in the patriotism,
purity and trustworthiness of the men.
But success cannot be achieved without
united, persistent and well directed
effort. Our political opponents are ac
tive and watchful, and ever ready to
seize from us control of the executive
department of the government, of which
they have so long been deprived. While
denying that their party is a sectional
one, it is their boast that they will have
united one entire section of the country
in support of the candidates whom they
will present. The highest consideration
of patriotism and the greatest good of
the whole people require that political
and party contests shall no longer be
marked by sectional lines and bounda
ries. The position of the Republican
party to-day presents an opportunity for
the complete obliteration of such lines.
It appeals to no prejudice and invokes
to sectional hale. It plants its banners
high on the ramparts of freedom, and
invites the people of every section and
condition to full and equal enjoyment of
all civil and political rights. The old
Henry Clay Whigs and Douglas Demo
crats of the South, inspired by that love
of the Union which animated the bosoms
of their great leaders, should stand
shoulder to shoulder with us in this Cen
tennial year. They are no less inter
ested than ourselves in preserving the
Union and perpetuating the blessings of
freedom. Let them bury the hateful
prejudices engendered by civil war, and
once more come to the trout with their
allies and political friends, who will
gladly welcome them. The platform
and candidates of the Republican party
are worthy the support of every man in
the South who is willing to forget the
bitterness of the past, or who has within
his bosom a spark of patriot hope for the
future of our common country and an
" There is no substantial reason why
every man who has at any time acted
with the Republican party may not stand
upon ' the Cincinnati platform and sup
port the nominees. Whatever causes of
difference may have existed heretofore
are brushed away by the wise and timely
action of the late convention. Casting
aside forever all the petty differences
and disaflections that have arisen within
the party, let us once more present to the
country an unbroken front, and with
firm purpose and high resolve move for
ward to another victory, determined to
perpetuate for ourselves and our poster
ity all that has been secured in the past
and to advance still further the piinci
ples upon which the party was founded."
Tilden and Tweed.
[Anios J. Purdy's Speech to St. Louis Convention.]
The great capitalists claim a strength
for Mr. Tilden by the assertion that li is
an honest man. Let us examine his
record aud see if it is such. William M
Tweed was probably the greatest thitf
that this country ever saw. isut toe
larceny was not the work of an hour,
or a dav. or a month, or a yesr. During
all the time that he was carrying on his
JJ1LHIUL1 111 f J Li in.in.v . - - '
world knew it Mr. Tilden was actively
associated with him, was the chairman
of all the conventions that were con
- 1 l . - ; ,-. . swiAn a t.i . n T 1 Ii I" that, tho
trolled by Tweed, was living in the same
city and belonged to the sime posincai
organization. When -Tweed was exposed
by that eminent ref' nncr .luiimy
O' Brien, when he was at. the lur !
justice shorn of his politi'-al power, an t
cast down, then ami not. till the rtul
Mr.THden join in the rry against Him.
Applause. If Mr. Tilden did not
know or suspect the robberies of Tweed
in all the years that they were going
on, I say he was not a man ot any
sagacity. He was in a position to know
it and to ascertain it. If he did know of
these robberies, but stood calmly by with
out lifting his hand or voice to stop
them, he was not and is not an honest
nian. The dilemma that yon find him in
is either bein a fool or a thief, and in
either event not a fit man to be President
of the United States, f Great applause.
The Cincinnati Gazette of June 30 and
July 1 copies from the New York Ex
press, one of the Democratic organs of
New York Oity, edited by Erastus Brooks,
some leaves from the record of Samuel
J. Tilden, the Democratic " reform" can
didate for President of thn United Ststes,
which will attract general attention, aud
surprise many people, who, in ignorance
of the man's true character, have looked
upon him as a reformer. The extracts
were made up from legal documents and
are copied from a Democratic newspaper
of wide circulation and good standing in
the city of New York.
The rascalities, the open robberies,
with which Tilden is shown to have been
connected commenced fourteen year ago,
and have been continued up to within a
recent period. The old man having ac
cumulated millions in this way, became
a reformer when the Tweed ring was
broken up, and upon this latter record
he is now placed before theicountry as a
great reformer. Loaded down with the
money fraudulently obtained, he now
uses his ill-gotten gains and his sham
reputation to place himself in the
highest position within the gift of the
American people, and this, too, at a
time when citizens demanded genuine re
form?, under leaders whose character is
without a blemish.
There are many jobbers in this coun
try. There are men who have amassed
colossal fortunes by means that would
send ordinary persons to a felon's cell ;
but we ask the public, after reading Til
den's record, to point out, if they can,
any man who has been more unscrupu
lous or more successful, or who has the
impudence to present a bolder face to
the American people than Samuel J.
Tilden. But, bad as this record is, the
half is not told. The story of the life of
an unscrupulous man is to be continued,
and before the campaign is over the
people of the country will " know enough
to know " that Tilden is the worst man
that could possibly be named for the
high position to which he aspires, and for
which he has been nominated by the
The following is a partial list of the
railroads he plundered: Galena and
Chicago Union Railroad ; the Kenosha
and Rockford Railroad; Chicago and
Northwestern Railroad ; the Peninsular
Railroad; the Continental Improvement
Company ; St. Louis, Terre Haute, and
Alton Railroad. These were all broken
down and plundered by Tilden and his
associates, and in all cases Tilden was the
Like the buzzard that smells carrion
from afar, Tilden bad an instinct that
brought him in connection with swind
ling schemes. When that rascally or
ganization, known as the Credit Mobt
lier, was concocted, for the purpose of
robbing the government and stock
holders, Tilden was there. From the
testimony of Oakes Ames before the
Credit Mobilier Investigating Committee,
we learned that Tilden advised its for
mation, and pronunced the ring legaL
He, of course, got his share of the swag.
The organization drew many public men
into its trap, and these are now lying in
political graves. In the Republican party
not one of tbem could be nominated for
any office. But - now the Democratic
party brings forward Samuel J. Tilden,
who helped breathe into the fraud the
breath of life, and stood by the
cradle of the baby, as a candidate for
President of the United States in the
Centennial year, when there is on the
part of the people a universal demand
for honest men.
Now mark the difference in the course
of the Republican ar.d Democratic
parties. Blaine was the leading candi
date of the Republican party, and would
have been nominated but for jobbery in
which he had been engaged ; yet what
are his offenses compared with those of
Tilden? The Republicans defeated
Blaine. The Democrats nominated Til
den. It now remains for the people to
reject the sham reformer, with his ill
gotten gains, and to save the Nation
from the disgrace that the Democratic
party would fasten upon it.
Tilden as a Railroad Manager.
Mr. Tilden's connection with Western
railroads do not reflect much honor upon
him, and he is now one of the defendants
in a suit instituted by the aggrieved par
ties in one of these cases. The worst of
these is the well known case of the con
solidation of the Galena and Chicago
Railroad with the Chicago and North
western Railroad. The former road was,
up to 1864, one of the best managed,
best equipped, and best paying roads in
the West. The stock was largely held
by persons living along the line, and was
a favorite investment for trust funds in
volving the estates of widows and or
phans. The Chicago and Northwestern
Road was a bankrupt concern, with
" watered " and almost worthless stock.
Mr. Tilden was a Trustee of the road.
In 1863 he set on foot the scheme of con
solidation, and, as is alleged, secured
enough votes by fraudulent means to
consolidate the paying Chicago and
Galena Road with the worthless Chicago
and Northwestern. The consequence was
that the dividend-paying road was swal
lowed up in its bankrupt associate. The
stock ot the Galena and Chicago at
once fell to a mere nothing, while there
was a sudden jump in tat of the Chicago
and Northwestern. This shrewd opera
tion was the ruin of hundreds. Its effect
on the population along the line of the
Galena Road was like a blight. The
savings of years, the sole dependence of
the unfortunate people who had their all
invested in the stock of the road, was
swept away in a day. Another matter
in which Mr. Tilden was engaged was as
one of the purchasing committee of the
St. Louis, Alton and Terre Haute Road.
The facts, as alleged in- this case, are
briefly these: The company was reor
ganized, and a committee appointed, Mr.
Tilden being one, to purchase the various
forms of iudebedness nnder which the
road labored, and to pay for them in
new issues of stock, etc. When this had
been done, it was found that some three
hundred thousand dollars of stock in
excess of the amount authorized had
been issued. The committee were called
upon to account for this extra issue, and
to tell where the extra stock was. They
referred the inquirers to Mr. Tilden, who
went away to Europe about this time,
and he has never answered the question
since, always putting off the inquirers
to some future day, which has not yet
come. There are a large number of
other equally doubtful transactions with
Western roads in which Mr. Tilden ap
pears as the prime actor, but they will
be spoken of another day.
The Presidential Outlook.
Mr. William E. Chandler, the Secre
tary of the National Republican Execu
tive Committee, has made up an esti
mate of the probable result of the Presi
dential election, which is interesting as
the calculation of an astute political
fiirnrer. T. o total number of votes in
ti.o electoral c liege, if Colorado is ad
mitted, is Um-c i undred and sixty-nine,
an;! a tuajontv will be one hundred and
eiduv -nine. Thefollowingare thetates,
with 'their electoral votes, which Mr.
Chandler puis down as surely Repub
. 3 New Hampsnire..
. im Pennsylvania ...
, ! Uliuuis
Ill tt-iode Island..
.V .South Carolina..
.... "i Vermont
. IS Wisconsin ..
. sj Total 176
ri,; l.vivm us onlv nine votes to gain
from the following States, with a total
of sixtv-nitic electoral votes:
.. S' North Carolina 10
.. S.New Yoi- 35
j s Jeney
9 Total 6
Mr. Char.tU' r concedes to the Democ
rat v li e .ues of Oregon, Mi-siswppi,
Moi I. lUMitna, which we regard as at
Ki-' .il.tful, aud probably li-pubhcan
i, ,i . lection is held. A review of
the field confirms our opinion that the
election of Hayes and Wheeler is ab
solutely certain, if the Republicans do
their full duty.