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THE BOTTOM DRAWER.
In tho brst rhnmhpr of thp honp,
Hhuf up In ilin, unpprtffln llprht,
Thero stood bii notluup clwRt of drawers.
Or foii'tun wood, with briissp bright.
Ono morn a woman frail noil gray
Sli'pp'd toltprlnirly Bfirosi the floor
'I,el lw," nh. tJio llrht of rtv
"I ben, .P an, unlock the bottom draworl
Thnsrlrl, In allymith.'" lovpllnpss.
Knelt ikmn wltb H(rr. curious fnoe:
Pcrrhrture h droftmt of Indian sllkt.
Of jewels, ami of rurp olil Ince.
Bui when the mimmpr nuuMhine foil
Upon the trptisiiren hoarded thpro,
Tho tpfirs nif horl to hnr tender pvps,
Iter heart was soloma a a prayer, . .
Poar OrandmBmnia!" sho ioftlv fttirh'd.
Mttini? n withered rose, and palm;
But on the el'lor fapp was naituhr
Hut swept content and ppaoeful oalin.
LcHninir niton her stHtT, she ffiwisl
Ifpon u I'tihy'R hntf -worn nhoo;
A little froi'k of ItneRt lawn:
A hat with tiny hows of liluo
A twill, mwlp tlftv ypnin airo;
A little irlove; n PfSspl'd onpi
A hiilf-dono lonir division mini;
Soinn ehool books fiistpn'rt with a strap.
Rho ton,-h il thpm all with trpliiblinir lies
"How much," alii! mil l, theheart can bear
"A h, .lean I 1 thoiiirht that I annum dip
The day that first 1 Inld thpm tboro
"nut now It bppttih bo pood to know
'I'h.'tl. nil lliroui'hoilt Lhpsp WParv VPftM
Their hearts havo tiocn untoueh'il by Krlof,
Their eves have bpen uiistiunetl tiy tearn.
Ilcai- .lean, we nee with elenror sludit
When enrthlv lovo is almost h it;
Those eliil li t'ii wait me In the sk'.es,
For wuutu I louk'd that auorod drawer."
—Mary A Barr, in the Continent.
—Mary A Barr, in the Continent. " A FOOL FOR LUCK."
"Nolliinir can he ' dona without
moncv." HLiitl Gooro-o, pottiililv; "I hail
A spli ndiil project in , mv head, but.
nolioily will lUten o such n, poor fellow
We were three; frienilu, mut towether.
hi'Wiiilins: the i izofS of fortune. Cur
liiiiienl a im.-i, however, took tho tut
they usimlly take nmnax Com):iuio'i3
whoso (Iocs nbt exceed twenty vetirs.
"And'l." said Albert, "havo imi.ilitid
a work which would credit my reputa
tion, could a publinheronly bo mot with
willing to undertake tue expenses
"I have asked our principal," added
I. "to increase my salary, after four
vears of assiduous service; and
answered that of such clerks lie could
find as many as he wished for $G00
"My dear fellows," interrupted
(icorjre, 'ulthonp;h we havo neither the
one nor the other any hope ot making
fortune, coulil We not get the creilit
"To what good?" asked I,
"It g-iVcs one a position in the world;
largo inheritance augments tho con
sidnrntion in which we are held every
thing becomes easy."
"f remember," was my answer, "hav
ing heard in ray childhood of a cousin
who went to (hinaaudnoCf returned."
'Thai is just what we want; we will
bring this cousin to lite, or rather we
will kill him. Yes; Louis Meran died
in China lenving a fortune valued
-2,0U0.0)il, all to Ivs dear cousin, Louis
Meran, from attachment to the name."
Wo laughed heartily at tho joke,
which 1 thought no more; but my two
reckless friends, (ieorge anil Albert,
spread about the tale wuen we broke
with all tho.Heriousness imaginable.
The next day people cam ! to compli
ment mo. It will, of course, be under
stood that I disavowed all cause; but .
one would believe me my two friends
had atlirnicd the truthof the report.
vain did I as-erl thai it was all a jok.
Many remembered my cousin; some had
actually seen him embark. Among the
number of these visits was one not
most agreeable. With the whim of
young man 1 had some time previously
ordered a new frock coat in the new
fiushion. without having the moans
payment: the garment was out, and
yet owed half tho hill. There had been
for some time a coolness between
creditor and myself, whoso importunities,
I wished to avoid. Tho rumor of
legacy made him hasten to find mo.
Such was the penalty I paid for
foolish pleasantry of my friends.
"(iood day, Mr. Snips," said I. with
some embarrassment, as he entered,
"you are oome for that ten dollars."
"d'lease do not imagine that I
thinking of such a trillo. No, it was
"Tho mourning for your cousin, .sir!
Without doubt you want a complete
"At tJiis time, Mr. Snip, it would
"I hope you do not think of withdraw
ing your favors from me. Coat, vest
pantaloons black; frock of dark bronze
for the mourning."
"1 tell you again, I have not
"I entreat you not to speak of money.
It will come soon enough," added
tailor, who hail, already taken out
scissors and passed his measure around
"I was, in truth, in groat want
clothes, and permitted him to continue.
No Boo,r was he gone than another
indivLrtial entered, who immediately
"My dear sir, you must do me a great
favor. Huy my house. You are rich,
very rich you want real estate. Fifty
thousand dollars are nothing for you
only the half of your income; vand
f resent I am in urgent want of money,
expected Hardy to buy it: but he
not decide, and I have some pressing
engagements to settle."
"I buy your house? what folly!"
"It is no folly. It is a safe investment.
After some repairs, in two years it
be worth double. I have your word,"
and ho Left without giving mo time
So well did he propagate a report
my purchase, that in two hourii after
ward Mr. Hardy came to me in a
hurry, apparently out of humor.
"You have cut the grass from under
my feet, sir," said lie, on entering;
cannot do without that house,
thought it was already mine, as I
mado anollcr of $1U,(KK), believing
the owner would surely come to
terms. But there is no hope of starving
you into an agreement; so without
further preamble, I Come to oiler you
advance of H15,(KX) upon your bargain."
Fifteen thousand dollars coming
knew not how to me, who had so much
trouble in earning my eight hundred
dollars of salary tut clerk. Although
little acquainted with business, I saw
advantage to be derived from my posi
tion, and replied:
"It is impossible, sir, forme to
you an answer at this moment; return
five o'clock; meantime I will considor
At a quarter beforo tho appointed
hour Mr. Hardy was' again at my
"Sir," said f, "1 had no wish for
house, mid did not even think about
wnen the proprietor came to hew ine
linr, haso it; and it appears tlikt
house is now mine. As it suits you,
any other will doas well for me, I
cepi "You shall bo paid in a fortnight
exclaimed the purchaser, delighted wit h
my promptitude in business.
1 was so deligliUMl 1 wrole to Messrs.
Hughes and Hergeret that, having ccr-
n funds to invest, l npgged their ad
vice as to the safest mode. It appeared
that the words "certain funds'' have
very different aeeeptalionsin commerce,
according to the name and position
of linn who Uses tliem. Certain funds.
situated as I waa, was a modest wav of
specifying a considerable sum at least
1 supposed so on receiving an answer
from the firm that my letter had been
received just before the close of ' the
acillc Kailroad loan, in which they had
purchased to tho amount of ifJO'.I.Wi);
that if I thought it too much, . a large
profit might be easily realized, as
stock had gone up. A postscript in the
hand of tho principal congratulated me
on my accession of fortune.
Two hundred thousand donarsi ine
itter fell from my hands; the amount
frightened mo. I wrote instantly, in
forming them that so largo a sum went
bevonil my means, adding that no re
mittances having been received from
China, as they supposed, I was unable
to satisfy their claims. .
The answer came in a nay or iwo.
stating that, as I did not seem to have
confidence in the Paeilic Kailroad, they
had sold out mv stock at a proht of
X0.(HMI, and begged me not to feel un
easy, as-renuaanees were always mow
in coming from China; in the interim m y
.signature would furnish mo with nil the
money 1 could want, i lie prospectus oi
a bank Was enclosed, in which shares
had been scoured me.
Eighty thousand dollars! Either I
understood nothing of commercial mat
ters or the clerk had written one or two
noughts too many. My situation be
came embarrassing; I was overwhelmed
with congratulations. I was besieged
with annoying questions. In what, way
would I finish my house? what would
I do for public establishments? Some
benevolent ladies wrole to recommend
to my notice tho benevolent institutions
under thoirgiiardianship. I would have
been runieil in postage but for the lucky
stroke with Mr. Hardy, which t did not
receive for a fortnight after, until which
time, indeed, I had no money. Fortu
nately, from the moment I was held to
be rich, no one would take a cent from
me, and tradesmen courted the honor
of giving mo credit,. .
Having received Mr. Hardy's check I
went to my bankers, who recoived me
as the inheritor of great wealth.
"1 regret," said Mr. Hergeret. "that
you mistrusted the l'ivilic Kailroad in
vestment, for the stock has again gone
up. No matter, however, youhavesomo
"Will vou have the goodness," said I.
"to jell me precisely Imw much all these
funds are worth which you have bought
- "The calculation is cash. Two hun
dred thousand dollars, at so much the
dollar and the sum already paid. If
vou sell to-day you will put about two
hundred and" twenty thousand dollars
into your pocket."
I opened both my ears.
"lousaytwo hundred and twenty
thousand. Are you quite certain?"
"As certain as any one can be, within
a few hundred dollars."
I did not wish to appear too much tho
novice, and replied: '
"That is well, lou spoke also of
"Yes; the establishment of this bank
has met with some dilliculties; but the
affair is not less good. We are on tho
eve of tcrminatingit, and the scrip is
"Could that also be sold?" I inquired.
"You. hold fifty, shares," replied tho
banker, "which have advanced tour
hundred and lifty dollars, making alto
gether nearly sixty thousand dollars.
"Although as vet I have paid noth-
Without a doubt," was the answer
"I hat is singular; nut since you say
so, I submit. I should like to make
safe investment of the whole; will you
be so kind as to specify oner
"Our four per cents, sir our four per
cents 1 know of nothing safer. I can
easily understand that all these little
matters worry you. You will soon have
to deal with much larger sums."
"By placing all that I hold except "this
draft in four per cents I should have .
income of "
"How soon can this investment
made and the bonds purchased forme?"
"(), to-morrow, it vou oonlide tho
transaction to our house."
"That'of course," was my rejoinder.
"VV fiat other could inspire me witn
great a degree of confidence?"
The banker bowed.
Will it be believed? In the midst
all these treasures, I felt a certain em
barrassment in asking for a small sum
of which I stood in the greatest need
for, I had in my pocket but one dol
lar and some silver. Such, however,
was the force of habit that I could scarce
ly believe myself possessed of more than
mv little annuity, winch was not vet duo
"Hare I ask,'1 linquired, with a blush
almost of shame on ray check "can
with discietion, beg you to advance
for the moment a small sum?
"Eh, my dear sir, my safe is entirely
at your disposal. How iiiunh do vou
want three, four ten thousand dol
"I do uolask so much; a thousand will
'W ill .yon have it in gold or notes
Call the cashier. May I bee you," said
the banker, leading the way as I rose
depart, "may I brg you to continue your
good will to our house?
"Certainlv, sir vou well deserve it,
I replied, with a confidence which
ceriainty of possessing an income
SlL'.tlllO began to give me.
Truth, however, always comes out
Some that were on the watch were sur
prised that nothing arrived from China
well-advised people shook their heads
when speaking of me. The edilice
quickly raised tumbled down with equal
"The best of it is," said some,
has ended by falling into the snare whii
he laid for others. For my part, 1 never
believed in it."
I compr.ehen led that the storm
broken out, on finding one day a dozen
poles on my table. They were nearly
alt in the style ot the tirst one 1 opened
"Mr. (rig presents his respectful
compliments to Mr. Meran, and bavin
an urgent need of money, begs that
will be so good as to pay, in the course
of a day, the little account w hich ho
the honor to inclose."
My answers were alike:
"Mr. Meran thanks Mr. Grig for
bill which ban been bo long asked
and sends the amount."
One letter only contained no request
for money; it was from a friend whom
had almost forgotten. F'caring that
had been duped, he wrote to lend
live hundred dollars should I wish
remove from a place where so ma.iy
rumors were circulated prejudicial to
oharacter. My reply gave tho necessary
explanation, which I concluded: "I
rich, not by an inheritance in which
never believed, but because it was dp.
termincd. In spite of my protestations,
that 1 should be rich I scarcely know
how. That is what I wish you to say to
those who talk of mo. I owe more than
fortune to my singular situation, since
it has assured me a friend upon whom I
may count in adversity, should it ever
I quietly took my place in society as
possessor of an income of If 12, (MM), and
still keep it. Ar. V. M'oi W.
Deaths in the United States.
According to the last census, 7-'i"',tW 1
persons died In the United States duriii"
1HH0. The death rate for the wholt
Union was, therefore, 15.1 to tho 1,000.
This is a low rate, and yet it was muot
higher tbnn that given in liU, wine
w as only 12.8 per 1,000, while the deatl
rate, according to the census of ISfiO, wa,
Hut the apparent increaso in 1880 wv
due entirely to more complete returns ol
deaths, and even the ligurcs for that
year cannot be regarded as accurate.
Except in a comparatively small numbet
of communities, vital statistics arc not
gathered in tho United States after p
scientiliu system. The actual mortality
of tho Union is probably somewhere be
tween eighteen and nineteen per 1,000,
instead of a little over fifteen. But thai
is a low rate as compared with European
countries, the death rate lor the wholi
of England having been 20.5 per thou
sand in 1M0, and for Scotland 21.8 ir.
Of the 7"6,89!? deaths recorded in the
census returns, (ilO.l'.ll were of whites
out of a total white population of
102.970, and llii,702of negroes, out of n
total colored population of li,7j2,,S13.
The apparent death rate, therefore, was
11. 71 among t he whites, and 17. 2S among
the negroes. A greater relative mortal
i ly among colored infants in tho South
emulates largely explains the higher
negro death rate, which must be accept t
as proved, we suppose, since, deficient
as the mortality statistics among tin
whites may be, there is good reason foi
regarding the returns of negro mortaliH
as still more incomplete.
Of the deaths reported, 391,000 were
of males and 3(5 1,9.13 of females, the total
living population having been 25,51 8, H20
males and 2 t,G:l(i,6.'ll females. For every
000 deaths of females there were 1,071
The proportion of males dying in in-
incy was also greater than that ol
males. Of the .190, Oil males who diei'
liill.HSO were under fi years of age, while
of the 36:1,87-1 females who died l:iH,92C
were under 5 years; that is, the pro
portion of deaths under 5 years of age tc
ill deaths recorded was 419.01 per l,wi
among males, whilo among females it
was only 381. 85. Nearly half the niali
mortality was among very young chil-
The causes of death wero reported in
only 73:1,810 cases, and the following
ible gives the number of deaths from
ach of tho ten prinoipal causes:
f onsumptlon 0V.",
Diphtheria i '
llmrrhoMil diseases lM,."ri"t
Diseases of ii'-rvous svstem s:i,i;i
Diseases of rospirutory svstoiu...
Disprison of diirestive system
Enteric (typhoid) fever
Spiirlet fevpr ln.ll'
Whooping couifh II.-i-
Consuniption was, as always, the
great scourge, and it carried off a consid
crably larger proportion of females than
males, the deaths lrom that cause being
40,019 males to 50,932 females. It
rcry instructive to observe that the mor
tality from consumption in the North
Atlantic and lake regions was Highest
in tho small towns and agricultural dis
tricts, while on the Gulf coast it was
greatest in the city of New Orleans, with
its wretched sewerage and drainage sys
tem. iiutcrio or typhoid fever is also more
peciall v a disease of the country, rather
than the city. The betterdrainage Which
ordinarily prevails In tho largo towns
makes them less fiable to that lever than
the smaller communities and scattered
settlements, where necessary precautions
against the pollution of the water sup-
ilv are not generally tak-ii, and accu
mulations of tilth in vaults and cesspools
are oommon. Malarial fevers, likewise
were more prevalent and more fatal,
proportionately, . in the smaller com
munities than in the great chics. The
same was the case with diphtheria.
The great city, especially since the
crease of sanitary knowledge, has many
advantages over tho country with
to health. It has a crowdoil popu
lation, it is true, but its comparatively
confined air may be less injurious to
inhabitants than that which sweeps
over an open country, where it may
waft poison from swamps and marshes,
and where a scientiliu system of sew
erage and drainage is harilly practi
The report of the number of deaths
due to accidents and injuries is interest
ing. . Il)7,'.ll
. ;(,o i
Burns ami scalds
Drowned ., 4,:i:.1
Kxp.tsure and neglect I.'-"':
(uiishol wounds 2,-s(,
Injuries by maehinery '
Suicide bysliootlnjr '.
Suieiile by drowning
Suielilp by poison
Other accidents and injuries l.l.'.'s.
The mortality tables in the Compen
dium of the Census are comparatively
meager, not giving us sufficient data
which to base thegeneral conclusions
wfiuld like to draw. We are promised,
however, further and more detailed
statistics in the full report that is, a long
time hence. A. i. bun.
A New England boy of twelve stole
five dollars' worth of articles from
dwelling house, and' was sent for
years to the Keform School which
notorious for the cruelty of its discipline,
The Boston Herald says that if lie
been twenty-one years of age he would
have got a three months' sentence.
Maine man deliberately killed hisjieigh
bor not long since and was sentenced
eight years, or one year less than
boy had to suffer. "In the sweet by
by," suggests the Herald, "this will
be called justice." It is not now, what
ever it may be called.
The Princess of Wales was influen
tial in promoting the passage of tho
forbidding trap pigeon shooting by
she would attend no iiiort
matches. That was the signal that
slaughter would not bo fashionable,
its stoppage was quickly decreed.
different m. thod will have to be tried
secure the pasage of a similar law
our various States. Chicago Journal.
The Concord School is to philoso
phize again " next summer. Branson
Alcott will be present as a listener,
possibly as a speaker. A cynio remarks
that the venerable Mr. Alcott's iucoher
ency of language, resulting from his
will be no disqualification as
teacher of Concord wisdom. A
course of lectures has been arranged,
of which Homer and Greek religion
features. Bosttn Herald.
A Heartless Desertion.
The doors of the Stale Lunatic Asylum
have just been opened to admit a young
lady, whose intellect has been dethroned
by the perfidy of a recreant bridegroom.
The name of the demented girl is Anna
IVtorson, a memtuT of one of the most
prominent families of Harbor Creek,
near Erie, Ia. Miss I'ctcrson is nineteen
years old, and ta:va been lilwrally en
dowed by nature with a handsome form
and a swoet disposition. About a year
ago a young man named 1. Dullea paid
her marked attention, and in due timo
she promised to wed him. Dullea' is
possessed ot conside.raoie property, anil
the match was sronnrally considered a
most happy one. The 7th of March was
set for the wedding day, and many rela
tives and friends were invited to be pres
ent at tho ceremony. 1 ho bridegroom
was very zealous in making too prepara
tions, and left nothing undone which
would add eclat to tho allair. 1 ho event
ful day arrived and Anna Peterson ar-
raved herself in her bridal robes. The
m iming trains tirougnt many irienus
who assembled in tho handsomely deco
rated parlors as the hour drew nigh. The
marriage was 10 un soiemni.ed at noon.
At 11:50 tho bridegroom had not arrived
The minister was in waiting to perforin
the ceremony and in an upper room the
bride sat among her elegantly attired
brideniaids. Just before noon a stranger
rang the bell, and, handing the servant
a letter addressed to Miss Peterson, hur
ried away. This excited considerable
suspicion "and not without forebodings of
evil did Mr. Peterson deliver the missive
to bis daughter. She lore it open hur
riedly glanced over its contents and with
an agonized shriek fell in a swoon. The
fatal letter was picked up and read to
the guests. It was a curt heartless epistle
and read as follows :
"Mv 0kh Miss Pktkrson: Cireumstuneps
Ivor which 1 have no eontrol eomnel mo to
forpjro Pip honor of wpiblinir vou lo-ilny. This
noruinif I was Informed of irrpat npoesslty tor
my nrespiipp elsewhprp. At somp t uturotime.
If all iroes well, I may see yon, and then, If our
feelings Tor each other an unaltered, our rela
tions ran bp eonsiilereil t tie same iib tlMityh this
little hitch In ourarranirPinpiits had never hap
pened. Yours truly,
"P. S. Am (tolnif to travel."
ltcstorativcs were applied and tho de
serted bride regained consciousness.
Whi'n she came out of the faint, she as
tonished her friends by quietly readjust
ing her wreath of orange blossoms and
taking the lKtnds of an aged neighbor.
addressed him by her false lover's name
and announced herself ready to repeat
the words that should make her his wife.
Then it Hashed on the minds of all those
present that the shock had deprived her
of her reason. They led her away like
poor Ophelia, smiling and chatting in an
artless way that was heartrending to sec
and hear. I ho house of reioicmg was
changed to one of sorrow. During the
night Miss Peterson was attacked with
violent paroxysms, succeeded by periods
of insensibility. Her parents are pros
trated bv the weight of sorrow. Nothing
further has been heard from Dullea, am
the community is wil l with excitement
over hissperlidious action. Eric (V.)
for. Chicago Herald.
Captain Berry, of the navy, who com
manded the Kodgcrs on her fated Arctic
voyage, came over from New York yes
terday bv order of the Secretary ot th
Navy, and is at tho Ebbitt House. In
conversation with an old friend the talk
turned on the Madagascar people here
and tho curiosities ot races.
"It is curious," said Berry, "this ques
tion of color. Some people have a not ion
that the blacks and dark-skinned people
all come from tropical countries, hut the
natives of Peru were not very dark; the
natives in Mexico were light; then further
north the Indians are still darker, iand
when the Esquimaux aro reached they
are found to be much darker than the
North American Indians.
"Yes, and. so far as anybody knows,
thev have been in their cold country for
thousands of years," chipped in th
"F'or thousands of years ves; an
there are evidences that they came from
still further north.
"Do they seem to know anything about
"Not much. They care very lit Ll
for the past or for the future. 1 tried t
talk with them about the skeletons
animals found in the caves, but thev
seemed to know nothing about them.
They were woudcr-stricken at the tl
scription of the mammoth, sonic tusks
of which I brought away from Wrangel
Island. One bright fellow saw us look
ing at a book of pictures of animals, and
he would come day after day and ask
look at the book. Ho was delighted
look at the pictures of the bears of his
own climate," and would laugh immod
erately as he returned to them."
" Then they have their ideas of funny
things as well as other folks?
" O, ves. One day some of the women
of the Tc.houtchees the northernmost
people I saw were telling nie about
expeditions they made to find collections
of small roots which the rats or lem
mings of that country dig and gather
heaps for winter eating, and I asked them
what becamo of the rats .after their sup
plies had been stolen. They laughed and
laughed, thinking it very funny that any
body should ever think of the rat in the
"Then these people do get something
of a vegetable sort to eat.J
" They get these little roots, which
they steal from the lemmings, and they
save the seaweed they lind in the stom
ach of the seal and. eat that.
" Did they try to speak English
" The men a few of them would
try, though none of them could sneak
word which had the sound f in it. They
would speak my name accurately that
is, tho men would. But the women
pronounced it as though it were
"One fellow the same one who came
so many times to see the pictures of ani
mallearned to speak a great many
English words, but he would fairly sweat
under tho difficulty of the effort when
tried to say 'flannel.' He would pick
words by asking as lie came across arti
cles now to him: 'What's name?'
could sav cotton, calico and all the let
ters but the f's. The nearest he could
come to. flannel was to say ' plan
ncl,' using the p (or f as some children
Captain Berry said this fellow never
tired of handling the compass mu! spy
glass, and he learned to know their uses
with astonishing facility, lie was de
lighted when Berrv promised to send
him one of each, and said that hunting
parties were sometimes lost because they
lost all idea in a storm as to which
they were going. The glass, he said,
would help him to tell whether the black
specks seen far away on the ice were
or not, and save miles of walking.
will get his compass and spyglass when
the whalers go north in the spring.
Captain Berry related how the
boys of this particular Tchoutchee were
polite little fellows and would alwavs
rise when any one not belonging to
family came in, and lie said the people
bad wordt ol salutation wuicn they
ways used when they mor. He wa nr-
prised to find these evidences of polite
ness among people the most remote ana
isolated from any civilized influence.
Tho women, he says, have some pride of
dress, and so do the men, though inside
their houses thev strio down to one ear-
mont about the loins, taking off their I
furs; and the women take pride in keep
ing their houses what they regard as
clean, though it would not pass for clean
liness anywhere else. They have no
idea of accumulating for the future, and
are primitively communistic about tlieit
food. If one family has meat and tho
other families in the village have none.
they all cat ol the supply until it is gone
or they can got more, and if ono village
has food and another none, the hungry
ones come over and cat with those who
have something. They live on from
hand to mouth, and there are evidences
of annihilated villages where, it is reason
able to supposo, something has occurred
to prevent the getting of meat, and so
all have starved todeath.
It is no more than fair to state that
these interesting facts came out in a con
versation in which the narrator had no
suspicion that any of tho incidents that
he related would get into print, but they
are none the leas readable for coming in
formally in this way. Wa.ihiiuj'ow lie
Spelling and Composition.
Col. W. F. Parker, writing in the Min
nesota Journal of Ednrali m, says: We
give to spelling so much of our import
ant timo! What is it? It is making the
form of a word. That is spelling, r
se. Oral spelling is the description of a
word, naming its parts. A child can
spell, t. c, learn the letters of a word.
but might merely get it from sound.
Spelling should lie a description, as if I
drew a house, which would bo describing
it. One of old Commenius' principles
is this: "Things that have to be done
should be done by doing them." Tho
powers of the teacher seem to have been
tirectcd to doing a thing bv doing some
thing else. As soon as the child begins
to read he spells. Oral spelling should
bo put off till the second year to make
sure that ho gets the form right. The
first vear should be given to copying
words. Much teaching is merely at
tempted forcing out of the mind what
has not yet got into it. Never spell any
words lor a child unless tint child can
follow with the idea, as the pencil traces
the word. He thus learns the written and
tin; spoken language, together learns to
read and write at tlie same time, it
all the spelling books wero piled up
and set on fire thev would give more
light to the world than they ever did to
the school-room! The purpose of spell
ing is composition. In the first vear
provide the pupil with a correct copy of
mental pictures. Give sentences, have
the children copy them, and alter they
nre erased have them reproduce them.
Give the thought of what is spelled. The
next vear teach spelling by dictation.
Train a child to know w hen he docs
notkuow a word. He will then never
spell wrong. All spelling can he taught
in composition. Children can be made
fo love to talk with the pencil. A child
knows a united thought bv expressing
it. Do an act and have them write it,
or let them tell it orally. All of gram
mar can be taught in a beautiful wav by
iction. Put no false syntax on the board;
the wrong form is as likely to remain in
the child's mind as the right. Be right
from the start. Pictures can be utillcd
in the writing of compositions. The
little ones may write one, two or threo
sentences only about a picture, but by
the second year the child can write a
story nbout it. ' In the third year it can
write a page ot composition entirely
correct. Is that not a foundation for
grammar? Another way of teaching
composition is to tell the child stories,
and have it reproduce them in its own
words. In object teaching there is as
much nonsense as in anything else. The
fundamental mistake is that teachers
attempt the impossible. They fail to
understand that the child cannot see
what they can see and consequently talk
above their beads.
The whole of life may bo divided into
three periods that of growth, maturity
The first is characterized by changes
in substance, size, form, powers and sus
ceptibilities. The second is characterized ny nxeu-
ness. rood no longer grows to growtn,
but simply makes good what the system
wastes in its working. It is the period
of labor, enterprise and intellectual
mastership over nature.
The third sav from sixty onward is
the opposite of tho first, and would be of
the second, were we not able to carry
along our accumulated treasures of ex
perience, knowledge, habits and much
of -tho momentum gained in our best
years. At the best, however, it is one
of increasing decay.
Two facts, "atrophy wasting from
lack of nourishment and "degenera
tionchange of muscular fibre into fat
or lime explain this decay in the main.
The food may be enough, but tho power
to get nil of the Wasto of the system, ana
to replace it with good none, muscle,
membranes, heat and strength is less
ened. Hence there is universal shrink
age, which is not contined to the muscles.
but extends to the brain, spinal cord,
perve trunks, lungs, liver, and in a still
greater degree, to tho spleen and lym
The heart and kidneys by a wise pro
vision of nature retain their normal
size, the first even generally becoming
larger. 1 he vacuum around the shriveled
brain and lungs is tilled with a watery
fluid from the blood. The lungs are
drawn toward the back bone, and the
chest proportionately falls in. 'Iheir
surface is quite uneven. 'Their power
to throw off carbonic acid yearly
decreases, becoming from one-fourth to
one-half less. This U largely due to the
weaker and shallower breathing.
The veins lose much of their elasticity,
and their walls especially in the lower
half of the body increase in'size and
thickness. The blood is less in quantity,
more fluid and coagulates more readily.
The pulse is slow, hard and wiry. The
heart-beat is more irregular. The above
are some of the characteristics of normal
old age. Youth's Companion.
Silver Spring, in Georgia, is said to
be the largest sprin in the world. It is
the source of thcOklawaha Hirer, which
is sixty feet wide at the start, ten feet
deep, and with a current llowing two
miles an hour. All this vast quantity of
water comes from the spring, whose only
inlets are at the bottom. It is about two
acres in size, and its mysterious depths
have never been explored. There is an
Indian legend about Silver Spring, of
course. Henonah, me Demur oi tno
tribe that inhabited tho neighborhood,
won the love of Chullootah, a hostile
chief. Her wrathful father lew the
lover, and then Wenonah drowned her
self in the spring, which was then small,
but was instantly enlarged to its present
proportions by the Great Spirit's abund
ant tears of sympathy.
The Spoopendykes in Hamlet.
"Now, my dear," said Mr. Sprorn-
dyke, opening the book and assuming
correct dramatic scowl. "Now, mv
dear, we'll rehearse our parts for
Specklewottle's theatricals. I'm to be
Hamlet,' and you're to bo the 'ueen,'
and we want this thing to go off about
right. The hardest part we have to
play together is where I accuse yon of
poisoning my father, and wo had better
that until we get it perfect. I'll
" 'Now, mother, what's the matter?' "
"Well, I was thinking whether I had
better wear my black silk or my maroon
suit." returned Mrs. Spoopcndyke,
sticking her finger into her mouth re
flectively. "Do Queens wear "
"Will you bo kind enough to tell mo
what pack of cards you got that idea of
queen from?" demanded Mr. Spoop-
cndvke, fixing his wife s eye with a
glare. "Do you suppose that Queen
sent for 'Hamlet' to get his opinion
about bargains in dry goods? hen I
sav that vou must sav:
""Hamlet, thou hast thy father much
"O, I understand," pleaded Mrs.
Spoopcndyke. "I thought you asked
me what I was thinking about. I didn't
know you hud to commenced to piay.
Try it again.
"Well, yon be careful this tini.-' rec
ommended Mr. Spoopendvke, in a tone
of solemn warning. "1 his is a play, tins
is. Think you know the difference bo
tween a play aud a bankrupt sale? Know
tho difference between a play and a mil
linery shop opening? Now, I'll begin
again and you try to do it decently."
' kXow, mother, w hat's the matter?' "
"There's nothing the niatfer now,"
replied Mrs. Spoopcndyke, straighten
ing up and preparing to be the Queen
us soon as her turn came, "Go on, dear,
understand it not."
"Say it. can't ve?" thundered Mr.
Spoopcndyke. 'liaven'tye studied this
business?" Don't ye know yer part?"
"What shall I sav, dear?" asked Mrs.
Spoopcndyke, looking at her husband
with a dazed expression.
"Say!" roared Mr. Spoopcndyke.
"Sing a hymn! If you don't know your
part, get oil' a psalm! Didn't I tell you
what ' to sav? Look hero," and Mr.
Spoopcndyke lowered his voice to the
intense pitch. "Have you ever read
this play? Have you conceived any
kind of a notion of what it's all about?"
"Why, ves," faltered Mrs. Spoopcn
dyke. "ou come in and stab Mr.
Speoklewottle behind the cars, and I
scream. Isn't that right, dear?"
"Hear her?" moaned Mr. Spoopcn
dyke, frothing at the mouth. "Stab
Speoklewottle behind the ears! That's
all right, now you scream! Scream, why
don't vou? You know so much about
your part, why don't you play it?"
"W-e-e e-e'." squealed Mrs. Spoopcn
dyke, faithfully following instructions.
"I knew I could do it right, as soon as
vou showed me how. ill that do?"
'O, that was queenly!" snarled Mr.
Spoopcndyke, dropping into a chair and
reo-ardinsr his wife with rolling eves.
"Just do that again! Four of those
dramatic efforts will make this play tho
greatest of modern entertainments! Do
it once more!"
"It hurts my throat." complained Mrs.
Spoopendvke." "Can't we make it do
with one scream, dear?"
"Mrs. Spoopendvke," said her hus
band, with unnatural calmness, "there's
been some mistake made in this thing.
You should have been cast for 'Ophelia.'
That was the part intended for you!"
"I would just as soon play it," mnr
niurcd Mrs. Spoopcndyke, who failed to
see the drift ot her husband s rcmarK.
What docs he do?"
"Ho was an idiot from birth, and
afterward went crazy," explained Mr.
Spoopcndyke. "That was the part for
"Then I'd rather be Queen," returned
Mrs. Spoopcndyke, bridling a little.
"Now, dear, let's commence all over,
and I'll do it right this time."
'You can't do it worse," growled Mr,
Spoopcndyke. "I'll try it once more,
just to see what kind of foolishness you
can work on.
"Now, mother, what's the matter?"
"We-e-c-e," giggled Mrs. Spoopen
dvke, satislied that she was perfect this
time. "Hamlet, O Hamlet! We-e-e-e!"
"Turn it off!" yelled Mr. Spoopcn
dyke, springing from his chair, and
capering around the room as though a
snake nail ouien nun. --ie ,uiol nun
break off the end. What's the matter?"
"Wc-e-c-c!" squealed Mrs. Spoopcn
dyke, profoundly impressed with the idea
that the play was still going on, and that
sho had at last mastered the intricacies
of her part.
"Will ye ever shut up?" gasped Mr.
Spoopcndyke, madder than ever to think
his wrath" was mistaken for acting.
"Who ever told ye to yell like that?
Don't ye know anything at all, scarcely?
Think "'Hamlet's a lunatic asylum? Got
some kind of a notion that the 'Queen's'
a fog horn? Where' d ye get your idea
of this thing anyway?"
"I did just as you told me, dear,"
argued Mrs. Spoopendyke, completely
taken aback by her husband's criticism.
"You said I was to scream when you
asked me what the matter was. Didn't
I do it right?"
"O, that was right!" howled Mr.
Spoopendyke. "You struck the key
note of high art both times! Willi that
yell and your knowledge of the text all
you want now is a fire and a tree list lo
be a theater with a restaurant attach
ment! The first time a show comes
urouud this way I'm going to fit you out
with a hair trunk and a pairot hoots and
start you up for a menagerie! Such
talent as that can't be wasted on any
cheap Shakspeare plays whilo I've got
the money and influence to get you a job
in the legitimate circus!" and Mr. Spoop
endyke kicked the book through tho
window, peeled himself like a potato
and dove into bed with a flop like
whale. Brooklyn Eajle.
Philadelphia has a good list of lady
millionaires. Mrs. Thomas A. Scott
leads off with at least $10,000,000. Mrs.
Bloomlield H. Moore is near the top of
the ladder. Her husband's personal
estate was valued at So, 600,000; and
this, besides his other investments,
leaves the lady in possession of an im
mense income. Airs. Anna W. Baird
and Mrs. Matthew Baldwin, both
whose husbands were in the celebrated
Baldwin Locomotive Works, are worth
0,10.000 each. Mrs. Adolph V.. Borio
is a millionaire in her own right. When
the late Gemge Falcs died, his personal
estate was worth over sJlMHJO.OOO, and
his w ife and daughter divided this,
well as his other possessions. Two
daughters of Henry Hawee were left
1.000,000 each by their mother. One
of the lady attendants at the Church
the Epiphany drives to the house
worship in a modest carriage. Her in
come is Ifi'tiO.OOO a year. Philadelphia
The London Court Journal speaks
of "the late William B. King, of 'a
bama, who was elected President of the
United States ia 1S52."
SCHOOL AND CHURCH.
The aggregate value of the okl
houses and sites of
New York Stata ia
The Wesleyan Female College, C!
Macon, is said to be the oldest female
college in the world.
Father Bierring, lately pastor of th
Russian Greek Church in Now York, hl
entered the Presbyterian communion ani
been licensed to preach.
A school teacher assorts that schol
ars who havo access to newspapers at
home outstrip those in thoir studios h
do not see the papers, becoming better
readers and spellers, better grammariant
and write the best compositions, beside
learning geography and history quicker.
How many scholars who have passed
through our public schools can write an.
ordinary business letter, won pnrason,
correctly spelled and punctuated? That
is a question Now York business men
often find themselves asking when they
examine applicants for clerkships.
A'. 1. Examiner.
The Trustees of Cornell University
have made an appropriation of $.r),00)
for the purchase of books in tho depart
ment of American history. Professor
Tyler looked over the library and made
a list of the works needed to furnish a
good working library in American his
tory. Many of the books have alroady
been ordered. jV. T. 1'oxt.
Berlin, with its 1.1 GO, 001 population
is said to have only forty-five places ol
worthip and scarcely 100 ministers of the
gospel. An evangelical mission and
coffee-room has been opened in its north
west suburb, that has a population of
over "id, DO", mostly working-people, and
only one church, accommodating fiOO,
In a recent lecture before the stu
dents of John Hopkins University, Pro
fessor Stanley Hall said that the funda
mental idea of modern education must
be that the peculiar traits of each indi
vidual must be sought out and his natural
spheres of thought, that is, the class of
ideas on which it is casict for him to
think, be developed by the teacher, who
is not the master, but rathcrthc minister
to the ono taught. The special plea of
the lecture was the importance of a mora
consistent and systematic study of edu
cational history in all centers of higher
"It is tho littlo bits ov things that
fret and worry us," says Josh Billings;
"we kan dodge an elephant, but we
An old Captain on the lakes used tc
be called "Sinbad, the Sailor," till he lost
a vessel; now they name him "Sailbad,
the Sinner." Syracuse Herald.
Heartfelt sympathy without a tangU
ble accompaniment will never alleviate
the pangs of hunger nor clad a shiver
in" wretch with comfortable clothing.
A. V. Herald.
It is a Pennsylvania man who car
ries the largest life insurance of any
man in the world. He got it when ha
thought of starling out to sell windmills.
You never know how much water
an umbrella is capable of containing
until you accidentally stand it against
the wall and on the pearl-colored carpet
that cost live dollars per yard. L'uck.
A Chicago genius makes beautiful
jellies from pumpkin and applo and!
banana peelings, aud just as soon as h
can make a corncob pass for a dough-1
nut he will have accomplished all that
can be asked of one man. Chicago Her
ald. By the aid of a telephone a Boston
banjo-player was heard a distance of
twenty-live miles. There is agreat advan
tage in having an ollice at this distance. If
the music is intensely aggravating the
listeners can't throw stones and things.
Fiven a rillo won't carry twonty-nve
miles." SorrUloum Herald.
"What's them things, ma?" ask ad
a little girl at the table tho other day. i
"Why those are Turkish prunes, my
dear.1' "Where did they como from?"
Her small brother looked up with an er-!
pression of disdain on his face as ho ex-,
claimed: "They come outof turkeys, sis.
Guess you don't know much about veg
etables." Chicago News. j
A girl seven or eight years old
slipped down on Woodward Avenue tho
other day, and as sho was picking herself
up a pedestrian said: "Don't cry, sissy.'"
"Who's going to!" she sharply de
manded as she rose up. "I guess when
a girl has got her mother's shawl on she
ain't going to let an v body know she's
hurt!" Delroit Erec'Tress. .
A standing offer tho bid at an out
door auction. How to escapo being
shipwrecked O shun tho ocean. A
young qucufc-pid The Chinese baby.
"A time for awl things," as tho cobbler
said on commencing work for tho day.
A fast gait Tho gate that is bolted.
When is the house furnace like the
victim of tho drop game? When it is
well shaken down. Boston Traveler.
After all, there is nothing quite so
refreshing as one's native air, though
families sometimes get so mixed that it
is difficult to tell, as the following anec
dote sufficiently proves, which is one's
native air. A poor German, from Wit
lemberg, which is the Ireland of the
Continent, when describing his children,
said: "They are all perfectly well except
that little boy who was born in America.
I think I shall have to take him back to
Germany, for I really believe ho is lan
guishing for his native air, which the
poor fellow has never smelt at all."
A Few Frozen Facts.
Every man and boy in the laud carrier
a pocketbook. Let them cut out the fe w
facts given below, and put tho slip right'
on the top of his money, whore his eye
will rest upon them the moment he
opens his pocketbook. It will save his
money, close up the mock auction stores
and exterminate swindlers and con ti
ll en cc men:
If you want to buy goods of any de
scription go to a known and reputable
The man who tells of misfortune anil
wants to borrow money of you, with or
without security, is a lying cheat, and his
security is worthless.
The man who tempts you to bet on
any game, is a gambler and a blackleg
who will rob vou of your money as sure
as you stako it.
The stranger who wants to borrow
money of you, no matter what the story
ho tells, or the security he offers, is a
confidmce man who lives by swindling
such as you.
The man who begs of you is a liwy,
vagabond. The city takes care of its de
serving poor. '
The man who seeks to lure you into,
houses of infamy is a thug who would
murder you for what you liave in your
The young woman who looks at you
so coyly, or speaks to you as a stranger,
is the companion of the thug. Shunner
as you would a pestilence.
Give no money to any one without a
fair equivalent, Detroit Free Ye,