,j'.t Id. &Mi"i i
HILLSBORO, HIGHLAND CO., O., WEDNESDAY, AUGUST 4, 1886.
VOL. 60 NO. 18
A Description of It by Dr.
John B. Hirons.
Rugged Hillsides Crowned with
Crumbling Itulns of Fa
Ana Every Variety of Graid Scenery
on the Rough Road-ray from
Hehlelberg to Frank
The Home of the Rothchllds The Zoolog.
leal Garden The Bomer Qoethe-
bans TheBethmann Museum
Other Places which
annuAXY, July 12th, 1880.
The scenery from Heidelberg to Frank
fort is indeed beautiful. It consists of
mountain and valloy, with rocks tossed
in wild contusion hero and there, taking
every different variety of form now
liko a giant sitting on the side of the
hill, now liko the ruined wall of some
old fortress, now like a column raised to
commemorate some great event, now
like the crest of a warrior's helmet,
plumed with feathery trees ; they afford
to imagination infinite materials for the
sport of fancy.
All the hollows, too, except those di
rectly facing the east, seem filled with
mists and shadows, while the tops of the
mountains, the higher crags, the ruins
of an old castle, and the steeple of a dis
tant church, rise as if from the bosom
of a dim and gloomy ocean.
Following the course of the Neck or
for an hour, in a narrow track of little
more than half a mile in breadth, con
sisting of meadows, hamlets, and a small
but beautiful stream ; crossing the stream
at Mannheim, we emerge again into rug
ged sconery, broken and undulating,
thickly covered with trees and here and
there presenting a large mass of fallen
Btone, looking like the wall of somo out
work, decayed by time and garmented
The whole surface on the summit of
the hill was crowned with walls and
towers, and such was the commanding
situation which they occupied, that in
days when the science of warfare,
though often practiced, was but little
known, it might well seem a hopeless
task to attempt' to take that castle by
any means but famine. On a lower
point, or what may be called a step in
the rock, appeared a very beautiful and
graceful building, tho lower part of
which displayed strong masonry and'
manifold round arches filled up with
stone ; whilo in the upper, the lighter
architecture of a later period was seen,
in their buttresses and tall pointed win
dows, pinnacles, and mouldings and
fretwork. Built against the steep sido
of the cliff below the castle, there seems
at first sight no path to this chapel but
from the fortress above, with which it
was connected by a few steps, flanked
by a low square tower ; but to 'tho eye
of a traveler, riding or walking along
the ridge of hills on the opposite side of
the valley, glimpses of a path displayed
themselves, winding in and out amongst
tho wood; and somewhat moro than
half-way down the hill appeared a small
odlfice, in the samo style of architect
ure as the upper story of the castle
chapel. Such was the aspect of the scenery
w hich continued no less interesting un
til the smoke and spires of the ancient
city of Frankfort came into view.
The town is beautifully located on the
right bank of the River Main and at
this season of tho year presonts to the
oyo a pretty sight. The numerous gar
dens, parks, the clean streets, and quaint
buildings, the ancient architecture of
which only adds to its beauty.
Frankfort has a population of 160.
000, and owes its foundation to Charle
magne, Emperor of tho Franks.
In the different campaigns against
the Saxons tho armies of Charlemagne
always passed the Main through a ford
Bituated close to the present church of
St. Leonard. In 700 Charlemagne
founded a castle on the site of this
church, around which a town soon
sprang up called Frankonoford (ford of
Here, as early s 704 ho held a convo
cation of the bishops of his Empire.
In 1147, Frankfort became the town
where the German Emperors were elect
ed and in 1663, tho town where they
were crowned. '
The special protection, which all the
Emperors beginning with Louis the
Pious, accorded to the town, and its sit
uation In the center of Germany, caused
Frankfort as early as the 13th century
to become a flourishing commercial town,
so that by tbo end of the fourteenth
century it was powerful enough to bo
declared a froe city. In thq middle ages
the city always followed a wise policy,
it avoided all quarrels with the mighty
Princes and bishops of the neighbor
hood and kept a tight hand over tho
numorous robber knights of theTaunus,
who always endeavoured to injuro the
Strong fortifications surrounded tho
mediaeval town and Eix strong towers
(called "Warton") onictod at a distanco
from tho town, protected the citizens,
from being surprised by daring onemles.'
In the middle ago the city suffered
but obco from serious internal broils ;
in 1012-10, when tho guilds endeavored
to wrench tho government from tho
hands of the patrician families. This
disturbance was suppressed in 1010,
when seven of tho ring leaders woro ex
ecuted and many citizens exiled.
There are many places of interest to
attract tourists who are hero for tho first
time. Tho town is noted for its wealthy
merchants, their commercial trans
actions, their banking operations,
etc. It is the native place of the Roths
child family, one of whom has a beauti
ful villa near the city. Tho house in
which the great banker was bom is
pointed out with no little interest.
Most places and buildings worth see
ing are open from 10 a. m.. to 2 n. m.
We left the hotel at 0:30 and reached
Bethmann Museum just as the door was
opened. The chief ornament of tho
museum is tho masterpiece of tho cele
brated German sculptor, Dannecker,
representing Ariadne on a panther.
Mythology : Ariadne, daughter of the
King, Minos, fell in love with Theseus,
who has been destined by Minos to
starve in tho Labyrinth. Sho saved him
and fled with him to the island of Nnx
os. Here, tho god Bacchus, who Is in
dicated by the panther, declared to
Theseus that Ariadne was destined to
become his spouse and goddess, and
forced him to leave her.
There are also to be seen casts of tho
Russian Emperor, Nicolas and of tho
Prince, Felix Lichnowsky. Tho latter,
together with the Prussian General. Von
Auerswald, was brutally murdered Scp-
temuer ietn, 1848, by a fanatical revolu
tionary mob. close to Frankfort wlilln
iney were pleasure riding. Prince Lich
nowsky especially, was extremely hated
by the populaco on account of bin aria.
tocratic disdain for tho revolutionory
party. There are also different costs
taken from the originals, as for instance,
Achilles, Appolo, Belvedere, Bacchus,
Diana, Germanicus, the Gladiator, Lao
coon, Silonus, etc.
Towards tho end of tho last century
the largest banking business in Frank
furt was in the hands of the Bethmann
family; Louis XVI, King of France, ic
ceived from this banking house tho pe
cuniary means to effect his flight from
Paris in 1701. In the Bethmann's house,
near tho Ariadneum, the Emperor, Na
poleon I, passed the night of October
31 st, 1813. Simon Moritz Bethinann per
suaded tho Emperoi to order tho demor
alized French troops, who woro longing
to plunder the rich town, not to enter,
but continue theirmarch towards France.
In this manner he preserved Frankfurt
from much devastation. Simon Moritz
Bethmann also on many other occasions
earned the respect and gratitude of his
native town. Ho was afterwards enno
bled by Francis II, Emperor of Austria.
Tbo Zoological Garden was opened in
187 i. The garden does not occupy much
ground, but is nevertheless an excellent
one, both from the tasteful manner in
which tho grounds are laid out, and also
from the fine collection of animals of
the most varied kinds. Tho aquarium
is smill, but intorestiner and well worth
The Romer was built in 1405-16 for a
town hall and is still used for this pur
pose. It contains fine vaulted halls,
built by Frederic VonKonigshofcn. On
tho first floor is the Kaisersaal (Imperial
hall) containing tho portraits of fifty
two German Emperors, painted from
1838-53. After several alterations tho
Kaisersaal received its present form in
1012. Near this is tho Wahlzimmer
(Election room) where the seven elect
ors held the first deliberation relative to
the choice of tho now German Emneror.
The election room was altered in 1740.
There is to be seen the portraits of the
Emperor, Leopold II (1700-92). In tho
room adjoining tho election room is an
old German inscription rcforrlng to ju
dicial sontenccs, which says :
"The tale of one man is but half a
tale, in fairness you must' hear what
botli have to say."
Goethohaus, In this house Johann
Wolfgang Goethe, tho celebrated poet,
was born, August 28th, 1749. Tho house
was the property of his parents, the im
perial councilor,. John Casper Goethe
nndhis wife, Catherine Elizabeth ..Tex
tor, daughter of the mayor of Frankfort.
The merit of havlntr preserved thin
housoin the state it was in during
iioetbo's youth and having furnished it
with a great manr verv Interesting nl-
jects of his time is duo to Dr.Volcer.
one of the greatest admirers of Goethe.
Home years ago Dr. Volger saved this in-
foresting house, for which no onn mrnil!
from the fate of becoming a 'dwelling
nouse or snop, by purchasing it. The
house is now the nrooertv of a literary
'society, coiled the "Freles Deutches
In the room facing- tlin onnrt ftnntlin
wrolo his "Gotz von Berlichlngen" and'
Tho Monument of Goetho, situated on
the Goethenlatz. was designed bv
Schwantholez and, . unveiled in 1844.
The bass-reliefs on tho pedestal indicate
his literary work.
Dramatic poetry is represented by a
figure with a mask, and lyric pootry by
one with a lyre. On the right sido ore
figures of Orestes, Thoas, Faust and
Mephistopheles, on the left the figures
of Mignon, Wilhelm Melster, IlerJun
and Dorothea, on the bock are Gotz von
Berlichlngen, Egmont, Tasso, tho bride
oi uorintn, Prometheus, and tho Erl
king with the child.
On Ross Market is the Guttenberg
Monument, designed by Von der Launitz
and Von Kress and unveiled in 1858.
Guttenberg, born iu 1409 In Mayenco,
invented tho art of printing about 1440,
and became associated with Fust, a rich
gold-smith of Maycncc, who furnished
him with tho necessary mean? to com
plete and ttso this important invention.
In 1450 tliis partnership was dissolved,
Fust now joined Schoffer, who greatly
improved tho art of prlntinc.
Tho contral figure of the monument
is Guttenberg, on his right is Fust, on
his left Schoffer. On the frieze fourteen
celebrated printers are represented, Cax
ton, Estirnne, Egonolph, Luft, Elzevir,
etc., on the four sides are tho arms of
Mayence, Straussburg, Venice and
Frankfort O. M., in which towns tho art
of printing soon after its invention be
gan to flourish. The four sitting figures
represent Theology, Poetry, Natural His
tory and Industry. Tho heads of oni
mnls Berve as wator-spouts, tho bull in
dicates Europo, the elephant Asia, the
lion Africa, tho llama America.
The Panorama, painted by Professor
Baun.of Munich, represents tho position
of tho troops in the battle of Sedan.
Nature and distances aro so well repre
sented that one nlmost believes himself
in tho center of an extended landscape
and in tho midst of tho raging battle.
Tho Palmengarden is situated nt tho
end of Palmengarden street, and was
founded by a society of the citizens, and
opened April Otli, 1870.
Tho greater part of tho beautiful nalms
and exotic plants were bought from
Adolph, Duko of Nassau. :who lost his
sovereignity in 18G0 aud then resolved
to leave his possessions in Nassua. A
collection of moro than 30,000 specimens
of palms and other beautiful plants, for
merly in tho hot-house of Biberlch.
then became tho property of tho Pal-
The old and now cemetries, located two
and a half miles from tho Freidberg
gate, well desorvo a visit. Tlioy aro sit
uated in a charming position nnd con
tain some fine monuments; especially
ono belonging to tho Bethmann family.
In tho Jewish cemetery there is a
beautiful monument erected to the
memory of Amschel Meyer Rothschild,
tho founder of tho great banking house.
Baron Charles Rothschild has a fino
estate near Frankfort, called Gunster
berg, containing a largo collection of
art treasures. Truly yours,
Jonx B. Hinoxs.
Tho Farmer's Boy.
How happy is tho farmer's boy ;
How sweet his hopes, how calm his joy ;
Tho honest tiller of tho soil,
Whoso life has seen naught else but toil ;
Whose faco tho public no'or had seen,
Whose manners wero unearthly green,
Who spends his timo with ax nnd hoe,
Who noversaw a "circus-show,"
Whoso joy is in his dinner pot,
Whose pride is in his "tater" lot,
Who got his larnln' from his pap,
And ciphered only on his "crap'"
Whoso hair tho scissors no'cr had
Whoso beard tho razor no'cr had nipped.
Who when election came around,
Would don his best and go to town,
And through tho back-street went nnd
For fear somo one might speak his
For fear somo femalo ho might meet,
And thereby cause his heart to beat ;
For ho had never seen but one,
And then he took to heels and run,
Nor stopped, 'till fastened tight, (poor
To his mother's strongest apron string.
How sweet indeed, the farmer's toil,
Who slops tho pigs and tills tho soul.
G. II. L.
If you aro metering with weak or inflamed
eyes, or granulated eyelids, you can be quickly
cured by using Dr. J. H. Mo Lean's Strengthen
ing Eye Salve. 25 cents a box. For sale by
Beybert & Co. '
Offer tho baby a drink of water often.
Fits All fits stopped froo by, Dr. Kline's
Great nerve Restorer. No fits after first day's
use. Marvelous cures. Treatise and t2 00
trial bottle free to Fit cases. Bend to Dr.
Kline, 931 Arch stroet, Philadelphia, Pa.
The red onion is said to act as a nar
cotic. t . .
Thore are many accidents and diseases which
affect stock and cause serious inconvenience
and loss to the farmer in bis work, which may
be quickly remedied by the use of Dr. J. H,
McLean's Voleanlo Oil Liniment. For sale by
Beybert & Co.
Wh'en rain falls, does it over get up
again ? Yes, in dew time.
"Her features are not regular, yet what an
attractive face she has I" It is her beautiful
hair. Onoe it was thin, grayish and fading.
A few bottles nf Parker's Hair Balsam wrought
the transformation. It will do as much, for
anybody. . augsp
A dried apple pie is greatly improved
by adding a well beaten egg.
Happiness depends very much on tho condi
tion of the liver and kidneys. The ills of life
make but little impression on those whose di
gestion is good. You can regulate your liver
and kidneys with Dr. J. H. McLean's Liver
and Kidney Balm, L00 per bottlo. For sale
by Seybert & So,
Carry the water from the kitchen sink
to tho cucumber hills' in tho garden.
An old physician, retired from practice, hav
ing had placed in his hands by an East India
missionary the formula of a simple vegetable
remedy for the speedy and permanent cure of
Consumption, Bronohitis, Catarrh, Asthma,
and all Throat and Lung Affections, also a
positive and radical cure for Nervous Debility
and all Nervous Complaints, after having
tested its wonderful curative powers in thou
sands of oases, has felt it his duty to make it
known to his suffering fellows. Actuated by
this motive and a desire to relieve human
suffering, I will send free of charge, to all who
desire it, this recipe, in German, French or
English, with f nil directions for preparing and
using. Bent by mall by addressing with
stamp, naming this paper, W. A. Now, 149
Poicafi Block, Jloctwtttr, N. Y. fS-eow-10m
Gives an Interesting Piece
Appropriate to tho Second Cen
tennial Anniversary of
Albany, 'N. Y.
A Sketch or the City from tho Time
When tho Redskin Roamed Her
Streets In Gory Glory,
To the Present Palmy Days of the Mag
nificent Metropolis Wnr Times
Newspapers Bag-Julce of Yore.
Kastox, PknX., July 25th, 1880.
Editoh News-Herald: During tho
weok just past Albany, N. Y., has cele
brated the bi-centenni.il anniversary of
its existence ns a city, apropos of which
a short historical sketch of tho city" may
not be uninteresting reading. So here
is a bit of history :
In September, 1009, Henry Hudson
ascended tho river which now bears his
name, as far as the present city of Al
bany. He was well received by the na
tives, who visited his vessel in large
numbers, bringing corn, tobacco, pump
kins, grapes and beaver skins, which
they exchanged for beads, hatchets,
knives, nnd other trinkets dear to the
heart of the unsophisticated redman.
Hudson's report of tho wealth of the
new "ountry attracted the attention of
the merchants of Amsterdam, some of
whom, tho following year, dispatched a
vessel ladened with trinkets and cheap
goods, which were oxchanged for tho
skins nnd peltries collected by tho In
dians during tho hunting season. This
traffic continued each year until 1614,
when tho United New Netherland Com
pany, undor a grant from the States
General, controlled tho trade for the
following lour years. Tho company
commenced business by erecting a small
fort and trading houso on what is
known as Van Rensselaer's Island now
included within tho boundary of tho
south part of tho city which they gar
risoned with n dozen men, nnd here the
Indians came with their skins and pel
tries until 1018, when tho fort was de
stroyed by the ico of tho spring freshet.
A now fort was then erected nt Tnwnss
gunshee, near tho mouth of the Nor
manskill, where, soon after a treaty of
peaco was made with the Iroquois. The
trading was continued at this point
nntil 1023, when a company of French
Protestants called Walloons who had
fled from their native country, arrived
from Holland, and commenced a settle
ment near the present steamboat land
ing. Their first work was to erect a fort,
which they named
In 1020 they removed to Manhattan,
leaving sixteen men to garrison the
fort, as well as to protect tho traders ;
and, for four years following, tho place
was a mere trading station.
In 1030 a company of settlers arrived
from Amsterdam, under the auspices of
tho patriarch of what is now ono of tho
oldest and bluest blooded of Knicker
bocker families, Kiliaen Van Ransselaer,
They commenced work by building
mills, to grind corn and saw lumber ; a
browery was"built also, so that the
Dutch trader could quench his thirst
witli his wonted beverage. Traffic with
the Indians increased, and each suc
ceeding year brought recruits from tho
old country, until quito a fair-sized vil
lage nestled under tho guns of Fort
Orange. The village ,was called tho
Beverafuyck, afterwards changed to
Beverwyck, by which name it was
known until tho English captured tho
placo, when it was changed to Albany.
During a short period (1072-4), while
tho Dutch re-occupied tho place, it was
called Williamstadt. Though in pur
suit of gain, these sturdy adventurers
did not forget their spiritual wants;
and, in 1042, Dominie Magapolensis was
sent to the colony. The dominio built a
church ninoteen feet wide by thirty feet
long; and established an organization
which has bad n continuous exlstonco
from that dato to this, being the same
from which sprung tho First Reformed
congregation, ,now worshiping in tho
"Two Steeple Church" on North Pearl
street, the oldest church edifice in tho
city, having been built in 1798. About
tho year 1009, the Lutherans built their
first church on tho lot now occupied by
the City Building, onSouth Pearl street.
The Church of England was'represented
herebeforo 1700, but It was not until
1710 that tho first church was erected.
It etood in the middlo of State street,
east of Lodge street. In 1802 a new
church was built, which was demolished
in 1858 to make way for tho present
edifice. The first Presbyterian church
was erected in 1763, on a lot bounded
by Hudson, Grand, Beaver, and William
streets. Tho oldest edifice of this de
nomination is on Chapel street, built in
1815. The first Methodist Church was
erected in 1701, on tho southeast corner
of North Pearl nnd Orange streets,
where it stands to-day, tho lower part
being occupied as a fish market, whilo
tho uppor part is tenanted by families,
In 1813 the Methodists loft it, when it
was occupied for several years by tho
Baptists as their first meeting-house.
Tho first Roman Catholic Church was
built in 1707-8, on Chapol street, on tho
site of the present St. Mary's Church.
In 1064 Fort Orange
BUnUKNDBRED TO THE EXOL1SII.
Undor the terms of capitulation the
personal rights of tho colonists were se
cured, nnd n new charter granted to tho
patroon (Mayor, or similar official), re
strieting his civil power. In -1080
Governor Dougan granted a charter to
the people of Albany. By the terms of
tho charter, the new city was given an
area of ono mile in width along tho
river, extending in a north-westerly
direction tho samo width, sixteen miles.
Beforo tho granting of tho charter, the
'public records wcro written in the
Dutch language, but afterwards they
wero required to bo kept in English.
Dutch, however, was tho oral language
of tho place for many years after. Al
though located on the frontier, and al
most constantly threatened by the ene
my, no foe ever crossed the lines of Al
bany's domain. From tho timo of the
charter until tho close of tho French
wat a period of three-quarters of a cen
turywar raged around its borders
nearly one-half of the timo ; while, dur
ing tho remainder of tho period, the
people wero in a constant state of alarm.
For security against Indian incursions,
stockades surrounding tho town, were
erected for protection. These defenses
were made of pine logs thirteen to
twenty-three feet in length, and cut to
n point nt tho upper end.
Albany was called by the Indians the
great council ground. All treaties with
the Indians inhabiting this part of the
country were made here. Tho most im
portant council was held in 1754, when
delegates from nenrly all of the colonies,
and distinguished sachems of tho Six
Nations met here. The convention was
called for tho purpose of securing tho
triendslnp of the Indians, and to consid
er tho plan of a union of tho colonies.
A plan was drawn up nnd adopted, but
afterward rejected by tho Imperial
Board of trado. Twenty-two years after
ward, a similar plan was adopted in tho
great Declaration of Independence.
TllE FIIIST XEWSPA1ER
Published in Albany was tho Gazette,
issued in November, 1771. The oldest
newspaper now published is tho Argus,
which was first issued in 1813. Thn
Journil has celebrated its fiftieth anni
versary, having been published since
1830. Albany has nine daily nows
papers, the others being tho Pm and
Knickerbocker, Exprets, Timet, Pott,
Union, and two German newspapers,
tho Freic Blaelter and Ilerald.
During tho Revolution, Albany was
tho headquarters of the Northern De
partment of the Continental Army.
Montgomery, Lafayette, and James
Clinton hnd their headquarters hero;
and, though a patriotic city during tho
Involution, it was not a unit for free
dom. Tho mayor and tho editor of the
only newspaper, were loyalists of tho
rankest typp, and both were banished,
tho latter never to return. On the 19tti
day of July, 1770, tho Declaration of In
dependence was first read here, from
tho steps of the old City Hall, standing
on the comor of tho present Broadway
and Hudson avenue. In tho evening a
largo party of patriotic citizens, under
tho lead of Major Van Buren, took tho
King's arms from tho Court House, and
carried them to the center of State
street, where they were burned. The
advance of Burgoyno in 1777 temporari
ly depopulated the town ; but his cap
tHro restored confidence.
In 1782 Washington visited the city ;
nnd again in 1783 he was hero. On both
occasions he was received and enter
tained by the Common Council. In
1780, 100 years ago, the Centennial An
niversary of Albany's chartered exist
ence was duly celebrated. A procession
was formed, which marched to the
western part of the town, whcie
speeches were made amid the ringing of
church bells nnd the booming of cannon
from Fort Frederick. A "barrel of good
spirts," ordered bv tho Common Conn.
cil, was drank on tho occasion. Tho
first bank in the city was organized in
1702. It was called tho Bank of Alhnnv
and had a glorious career, but an in
glorious ending in 1801. Tho New York
State Bank is now the oldest in tho city,
having been incorporated in 1803. It
occupies tho samo building on State
street to-day that it moved into in May,
1804. The first Insurance company was
estalished hero in 1811. Tho Albany
Savings Bank, tho oldest of its kind In
tho city, nnd tho second oldest in the
State, was incorporated in 1820. The
Young Men's Association, tho pioneer
institution of its kind in tho country,
was organized in 1833.
In 1795 tho town of Colonio was an
nexed to tho city : and in 1870 a nortion
ot Watervliot on the north, nnd a por
tion oi liethlehem on the south, was
annexed. In 1797 tho State Lecislaturo
fixed tho seat of government here.
untu iboh the Legislature met in tho
old "Stadt IIuvs." which stooil on thn
sito of the Commercial Building, corner
ot tiroauway and Hudson avenue, after
which the '-Old Capitol" was occupied
until the present magnificent structure
was in condition to receive the magnates
of tho State.
In colonial times wells supplied the
city with water for culinary purposes,
while largo casks, placed in rear yards,
received tho rain that fell on the roofs,
which was used for washing. Tho river
and creeks were also resorted to for a
supply. In 1700 an act was passed by
the Lcgislatmo to supply the city with
water ; and, in 1802, the Albany Water
Works Company was incorporated.
About 1050 the first school was estab
lished. During the colonial period both
English and Dutch schools were main
tained, In 1813 tho present Boys'
Academy was organized. Tho Albany
Female Academy was organized as n
Union school in 1814, and these, with
tho High school and public schools,
have attained a standard of excellence
In 1704 tho sides of tho roads were
ordered to bo paved, eight feet in width,
in front of all houses and lots. It was
not until after tho Revolution that the
entire roadway was paved. About 1850
flag-stones for walks were substituted
for brick, and in 1875 granite blocks
wero introduced for streets. Gas was
first used in 1845. In 1881 tho electric
light was introduced, and Albany to
day is ono of tho best illuminated cities
in the country, having 481 electric
burners, with a lighting power of 2,000
candles to each burner.
Commenced running from Albany to
New York. Tho trip was made in forty
eight hours. The usual way of getting
to New York was by sloop, which took
from three days to a weok, depending
on the wind. In 1807 tho first steam
boat, the Clermont, was introduced, and
made the trip from Albany to New
York in thirty-two hours. This vessel,
as you all know, was 133 feet in length
and 100 tons burthen, with accommoda
tions for 100 passengers. To-day steam
ers plough the waters of tho Hudson
making the trip In ono quarter the time.
Tho finest craft now is a maiestio
steamer 400 feet long, 2,500 tons bur
then, has sleeping accommodations for
1,000 passencers. nnd cost nearly
In 1817 work on the Erie canal was
begun, and in 1830 tho railroad between
Albany and Schenectady was com
menced tho pioneer road in tho coun
try nnd the starting point of the super
ior line of rails which now connect New
York and Buffalo.
As has been stated, Albany took an
active part in tho war of tho Revolution.
It also did its share in tho second war
witli England, and tho war with Mexi
co ; and when the civil war commenced,
nnd tho news of the attack on Fort
Sumptcr was received, party zeal was
cast aside, and tho people vied with
each other In demonstrations of loyalty
nnd devotion to country. Offices for re
cruiting soldiers were opened. Thirty
thousand dollars was appropriated by
the Common Council for the families of
volunteers, and the women organized a
relief association. The 25th regiment,
Now York State militia, left the city on
April 22d, 1861, and arrived in Wash
ington on ate 29th ; being the fifth regi
ment that arrived at the seat of war.
During tho ontire period of tho civil
contest, Albany was an important re
cruiting station and depot for volunteers.
Albany is ono of the oldest. xinMnr
settlements of the original thirteen col
onies. It is tho capital of a great State,
and its political influence is a power
whoso pulsations aro felt to tho oxtremo
ends of tho country. It rnnks, accord
ing to its size, as one of the wealthiest
cities in the Union. Its educational
and charitable institutions aro com
mended tho world over, nnd its police,
fire nnd alarm teleeranh departments
are splendid. Though its growth has
neen slow, it lias been sure. It has
never gone backward, and in this, tho
bi-centennlal year of its chartered exist
ence, it has a population of 100,000.
Bucklen's Arnica Salve.
The Best Salve In the world for Cuts, Bruises,
Bores, Ulcers, Salt Rheum, Fever Sores, Tetter,
Chapped Hands, Chilblains. Corns, and all
Skin Eruptions, and positively cures Tiles, or
no pay required. It is guaranteed to give en
tire satisfactisn, or money refunded. Price
36 cents per box.
FOlt SALE BY Seybert & Co. sept9yl
"There is always room at tho top," ap
plies as well to farming as to other call
A bare pasture enriches not the land,
nor fattens the cows, nor profits the
Tho roots of anything that is to be
transplanted should not be allowed to
Never Give Up.
If yon aro, suffering with low and depressed
spirits, loss of appetite, general debility, disor
dered blood, weak constitution, headache, or
any disease of a bilious nature, by all means
procure a bottle of Electrio Bitters. You will
be surprised to see the rapid improvement
that will follow ; vou will bo inspired with new
life : strength and activity will return ; pain
and misery will eease, and henceforth you will
rejoice in the praise of Electrio Bitters. Sold
at fifty cenU bottle by Seybert & Co.
Take a warm bath, quickly, when the
day's work is done, and it will refresh
Do not drink too much cold water;
pour some of it on yeur wrists instead,
to cool off", when you are very warm.
A pound of Paris green to a bushel
of fino plaster, thoroughly mixed will
kill the toughest old potato beetle.
W. W. Reed, druggist, of Winchester, Ind.,
writes i "One of my customers, Mrs. Louisa
Pike, Bartonia, Randolph Co., Ind., was a long
sufferer with consumption, and waa given up
to die by her physicians. She heard of Or.
King's New Discovery for Consumption, and
began buying It of me. In six months' time
she walked to this city, a dlttance of six miles,
and is now so much improved she has quit
using it. She feels she owes her life to it.'f
Freo trial bottles at Beybert A Go.'s drug
All chicks large enough to market
should be disposed of as soon aa possible.
The best of the market for broilers will
soon be over.
THE UNTAMED WEST.
With Especial Reference to
A Commercial Center in a Na
tional Triangle of Trade.
Sam. Jones and Sam Small Warring
against Western Wickedness with
Highland Countr l'eoplo Populntlon nnd
Polltlci-Plnin Talk, the Ilesult ot
Having lleen Itenred In the
town of Sinking Spring.
Kansas City, Mo., July 25, 18S0.
Dkau Nnws-HnnALD : Your over wel
como weekly appearance on Friday of
each week makes me feel as if I had
met a friend fresh from "old Highland,"
nnd I read and re-read it, to find some
thing new at eacli perusal. There aro
several Highland county pooplo hero,
nnd all take the NEWs-HunAtn and sny
it's worth its weight in gold and it ist
Several Highlanders hnvo written me
asking of Kansas City, its surround
ings, etc. Well, I was real angry at ono
letter I received, asking me if the In
dians were dangerous. I wish the
News-Herald to tell them that tho In
dians aro civilized here. I mean tho
ones I have seen, though I haven't
seen but one.
Kansas City is tho gateway to the
West. It is so called because it is the
most direct route West via Kansas
City. This city has a population of
135.000. a cain of 30.000 over last year's
census. Kansas City has what no other
city west of St. Louis possesses, and
what St. Louis herself has not. Tho
railroads, which run southwest, south,
nnd southeast,have completed tho radius
of a circle with Kansas City as a center,
and now her commerce goes out and
comes in from all parts of the country.
St. Louis has lines north, south, east
and west, and tho magnificent Mississ
ippi, but St. Louis is not the center of
a system liko Kansas City, has not the
command of tho country through which
tho roads run that Kansas City has, is
rather in a commercial settlement than
at the center of commercial circle. Cin
cinnati has to live and Louisville to
prosper off St. Louis territory, whilo
Kansas City has taken from her the
business of distribution of the trade of
the New West. Chicago has her rail
roads only from three sides, and water
and non-production on a side which for
Kansas City is a productive country,
intersected by railroads ; but Chicago is
tho great convenient apex of a triangle
encircled in the circle with New York
at ono angle and Kansas City at tho
other, in the center of tho circle. Here
tho communication is direct with Chi
cago, and on tho hypotenuse of the tri
angle which, if the trade of tho New
west should seek the samo point via
St. Louis, it must travel over two sides,
even to New York, then from Kansas
City, when the infamous pools are dis
solved, will dispense with nil rivalry
from Mississippi river points for tho
greater part of the southwestern trado.
l can not begin to givo description as
I would like, thoutrh I am not old enough
an inhabitant to praise it too much.
We have the noted ovangelist, Sam
Jones, with us this week. He spoke nt
Mirriam Park last night to an audience
of 5,000; ho was preceded by Rev. John
A. Brooks, the late Prohibition candi
date for Govornor of Missouri. Mr.
Jones spoke in his usual vein, his sen
tences being short and terse, and his
manner of makincr points beini droll nt.
times. Mr. Jones has only ono temper
ance speech I have heard him several
times and he always has the same
speech to make. Mr. Jones will remain
hero until tho 29th, then ho will go
r-ast. Ho spoke feelingly of Cincinnati,
and I thank him for his remembranco
to the Queen City. I think Mr. Jones
would like to make tho race for Govern
or of Georgia. Ho could have tho nom
ination on the temperance ticket,
though' he thinks he will decline.
Are there any Democrats here? Yes,
only a few. There aro nlentv of Rnhola.
and thero's not so much difference be
tween a Democrat and a Rebel, at least
I always thoueht so. and I have learnml
to believo thero's truth in it since I have
come here. I must also add tho colored
people here are Republicans to a unit.
They sny any negro that lived in a slavo
State, should feel It his duty to vote for
the grand old Republican party; the
party that never made a mistake nnlu
once, and that was when they didn't kill
om jen Davis. 1 suppose somo of the
rusty copper-heads and K. of the G. C.
- - "
will think I am rather out-spoken, but
if they go down in Brush creek township,
to Sinking Spring, they will find a few
good solid Republicans who say what
they think, regardless of consequences.
Hoping the News-Hkiuld will find a
place for this little letter, I will 'close
and go to hear the "Two Sams."
E. L. E,
Tired, Languid, Dull,
Exectly expreasea the condition of thousands
of people at this season. The depressing
effects of warm weather, and the weak condi
tion of the body, can only be oorrected by the
use ot a reliable tonio and blood purifier like
Hood's Barsaparllla. Why suffer longer when
a remedy is so close at hand ? Take Hood's
Barseparula now. It will give yon untold
wealth in health, strength, and energy. sp
One who thinks he knowa about farm
ing says the best way to raise straw
berries is with a spoon.
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