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THE EARTH CRUST
Its Density, Its Thickness and the
Pressure It Exerts.
A BAR TO WORLD EXPLOSION.
The Reasons Why This Old Planet of
Ours, With All Its Pentup Fiery,
Volcanic or Gaseous Forces at Work,
Could Never Be Blown to Fragments.
Some writers have accounted for the
asteroids on the theory thnt they tire,
the fuiKiueuts of 11 world thnt from
Bouie unkuown cause Ims ueou uxplod
cd In Its orbit. Similarly, tunny have
thought thnt perhaps at some distant
time, when the sens nhall have been
drunk up into the cracked and thick
ened crust of the hep shrunken earth
end the volcanoes thee vents of the
flery Interior shall have become chok
ed and extinct, the pentup gases gener
ated from the descending moisture by
the still great Internal heat may ac
tually explode the old earth like a
But thnt can never happen.
In 1883 Krakaton. a sleepy old vol
cano on a small Island In the strait
of Sundn. between Java and Sumatra,
began to show marked signs of uneasi
ness. Round the volcano the quaking
earth opened enormous Assures in the
bottom of the sea. down which rushed
Niagaras of wnter. Then the fissures
closed and confined the engulfed flood
tn the hot subterrauean depths. The
water was quickly converted into
steam, the steam Into dissociated
gases, without room for expansion.
It exerted a pressure equal to that
of the strongest dynajite.
The great chimney of Krakatoa,
sealed since the memory of man,
barred the normal path of esenpe.
Higher and higher mounted the pres
sure under the huge mass of the vol
cano; then, of a sudden, came a blast
that actually shook the earth. Never
before in historic time had there been
such a shock. The whole top of the old
mountain was blown into the sky. The
recoil was distinctly felt clear through
the terrestrial ball.
This great cataclysm has been cited
as an indication of the power of the
pentup forces that may some day dis
rupt the earth Itself. Let us examine
the underlying principles that must
guide us in passing judgment on the
correctness of this theory.
An explosive compound Is a combust
ible combined mechanically or chem
ically either with oxygen or with an
oxidizing substance thnt will burn with
out the help of atmospheric oxygen
Among the most powerful high ex
plosives are nitrogelatln and picric
acid, each of which has a density more
than one nnd a half times thnt of
water. The products of their combus
tion are nearly all gaseous, whereas the
products of the combustlou of ordinary
black gunpowder nre less than half
gaseous The larger pnrt Is the solid
matter that makes the smoke.
The energy that a high explosive can
exert depends on the volume of the
gases liberated and the temperature to
which the heat of the explosion can
C JTlie exact temperature of the gases
'.liberated by a high explosive at the in
stant of detonation Is not absolutely
known, but may be approximately
(earned through chemical experiment
Nor Is the amount of pressure known
with absolute certainty. It Is probable,
however, that nitroglycerin, nitrogela
tin and picric acid, when detonated in
a confined space, exert a pressure some
where between 300.000 and ."(Humo
pounds to the square Inch.
If we assume that the earth crust
has a density five times that of water
and that its avernge thickness Is fifty
miles, then It follows that it exerts a'
pressure of more than 500.000 pounds
to the square inch; If the crust Is a
hundred miles thick, then the pressure
Is more than a million pounds to the
square luch a pressure certainly great
er than the expansive force exerted by
the most powerful high explosive.
Plainly, no quantity of high explosive
detonated under the crust of the earth
would be able to lift it. and consequent-1
iy we know that no world of the size .
qi iuu uuriu ran ever expiuue iroiu lis
own pentup internal forces.
If, then, do high explosive force is
sufficient to blow up a world the size
of the earth, how enn worlds explode?
There is only one way in which the
heavenly bodies can become possessed
of sufficient energy actually to blow
up, and that is by collision.
The stars are flying about In apace
with velocities that range all the way
from five miles a second to 500 miles a
If two celestial orbs, traveling each
at a velocity of 200 miles n second, met
In a bead-on collision they would bo
fused and gnslfled by the Impact, and
the beat generated would be sufficient
to break up the matter of both Into Its
ultimate elements and to expand It Into
tiebulous haze. This Is the way In
which science says that new suns, new
nebulae and new stars are born. Hud
eon Maxim In Youth's Companion,
Sorry He Spoke,
lie I'd like to know what enjoy
ment you can find In going from store
to store looking at things you haven't
the least Idea of buying. She 1 know
I can't buy them, but there Is a sort of
melancholy pleasure In thinking that 1
could have bought them If I bad mar
ried George Scads when I had the
chnuce Instead of taking you.
Recollection Is the only paradise from
which we cannot; be turned out
To tLj People of Ohio:
I I Indulge the hope that endorsement
will be given to a change In custom,
made this day, in taking from the In
augural address that part which deals
entirely with recommendations to tlio
general assembly, and submitting my
views to that bod In writing. Tho
growth in the activities and score of
our government entails a legislative
message of 3uch length ns to en
croach on tho proprieties of this sol
emn occasion, and work a distinct in
convenience and discomfort to the or
ganizations and individuals, who in
patriotic forur, desire to participate
in the arrangements that arc to fol
low. Every impulse of my nature re
sponds to the highest sense of ohllga
tion for the honor now conferred, in
compliance with the suffrage ex
pression of the electors, and yet, an
I appreciation of the responsibilities
which go with it, reminds us of human
limitations, and inspires the hope that
our endeavors along the lines of Jus
tice and honesty, in the vision of the
Ruler of all governments, will gain
the benediction of His favor and as
sistance. While the executive station Is one
of generally accepted distinction, to
me it does not bespeak elevation
above my fellows. The relation of
private citizenship establishes an
equal base, but when one assumes
the duties Incumbent upon this office,
a proper 'conception of the situation
makes him the servant of the people,
and unless he responds to full appre
ciation of the superior rights and pow
ers of those he agrees to serve, he
begins cither with false vision, or
with a species of treason In his heart.
There Is much in the theory of the
ancients that nothing makes stronger
appeal to the Almighty than the con
gregation of people under peaceful
auspices for the purpose of refining
government to the needs and advance
ment of the race. If that were a spec
tacle of such omen In olden days then
this day holds every potent for good,
because every community is repre
sented in the festivities of the occa
sion and without regard to class or
creed, they exhibit their attachment
to our institutions of government.
Ohio is a wonderful state and rich
In the traditions that inspire a proud
citizenship. Her fertile soil, pictur
esque beauties and delightful climate,
attracted to her borders a sturdy race
of people, and they have here bullded
an empire in extent and treasture. Its
continued growth is dependent, in
many ways, upon government, and
every change made bears direct in
fluence upon our social and economic
life. We are entering upon a new
day. The eo!utions and processes of
time are working great advances In
every activity of man. The forces of
human Intelligence have carried us to
a point of higher moral vision, and it
would have been a distinct anomaly
of history If government had not bpn
carried on in the progress of the time.
It requires considerable faith in the J
righteousness of a cause to turn fac9
from the old or-'er of things mindful
that in the plans and policies of gov
ernment about to be adopted are In
volved the hope and aspirations, the
happiness and general welfare of five
million human souls.
I sense therefore tho sublime re
sponsibility of this hour!
But history tells us that while we
can profit immeasurably by,the experi
ence of the past, every government
that has endured, kept its face to
ward tho sunrise and not the sunset
of civilization. We must feed on tho
vitality of growth; not on the decay
of decline. We reverence the works
of our fathers, and seek to prove our
selves the worthy sons of worthy sires,
by making as great development In
our time as they made in theirs. Ours
is not the creed of the cynic, looking j
with scorn upon tne institutions oi
yesterday. Civilization Is simply a re
lay race, and unless we take Jt ud
with the freshness of bplrit with which
our fathers began it, the generation Is
in a condition of certain decay. Mis
takes will be made because govern-1
it pnt Is the creature ot man. But If
civilization from Its beginning had fol
lowed the course of least resistance
and not approached uncertainty with
experimentation, this old world of ours
vnuld present a far different aspect.
An advanced civilization does not
refine government from caprice, but
f join necessity. The savage needs no
government, because the interdepend
ence of human units is not a charac
teristic of his existence. As a race
progresses dependence on each other
increases, and the meaning of exact
Justice to all Is understood and the
enforcement of that principle In gov
ernment Is demanded.
The genius of man has invented no
sjstem better fitted to work a greater
national destiny than the even bal
anced relation of our federal and state
government. In our commonwealth
there is now a marked tendency to
ward a large measure of home rulo
for municipalities and an Increased
op ortunlty In their community af
fairs. At the same time there is ex
acted an increased police power from
the state In the projects of general
human welfare that can only "t kept
uniform in their beneficence by opera
tion of the state unit Experience has
demonstrated the soundness of the
theoiy. In practice It brings added re
s' cslbillty with teference to matters
ot clnser contact, and as we stimulate
interest In the plain duty of citizen
Hhlp, we are, by Improved community
Jlfe, building a state structure of p-eat-er
strength and usefulness. The gov
ernment belongs to the people and
their co-operation is needed at this
hour In upholding the arm of the ex
ecutive so long as his stewardship J
faithful. I now dedicate my services
to Mie cause of the state, and duty will
he met as the Almighty gives me the
lights of conscience to follow.
- HERALD, HILLSBORO,
On Christmas morning of 1012, while
the Angelic Chorus sang Its anthem
of "Peace on Earth Good Will Toward
Men," the peace of God rested upon a
brave soldier as ho sank to rest while
sitting in his chair. The world loves
a brave man and humanity Is eager to
give the victor's wreath to the hero,
be ho living or dead. Again In life's
quiet path far from the thrill of battle
or the Inspiration of great responslblll
ties, we find one who struggled with
adversity, battled with aflllctlon and
nobly bore his part. Such a man was
John WeslBV Shaw, born Aug. 1, 1832,
near WestU lion, Adan s 'ounty, Ohio,
and passed to his reward on tho morn
ing of Dec. 25, 1012, aged 80 years, 4
months and 24 days.
During his early manhood his heart
was touched by the ospel plea under
the preaching of Elder David Thomp
son and he was baptized by Immersion
near the old Storer farm, the usual
place of baptism. He was received
Into the church of Christ, Aug. 15,
1850. This splendid young man of fli e
athletic build so full of hope looked
upon life as one glad song.
He was married to Miss Paulino K.
Hunt in 1853- To this union were
born 5 children, I sons, John, James
and William, and 2 daughters, Sarah
E. and Rosa.
I In 1801 on Christmas day we see him,
as he places the word of God in ills
pocket, leaving his loved ones to answer
his country's call. He enlisted in Co.
G, 48th Ohio Infantry. It was said of
him no braver man ever shouldered a
musket. He was always willing to
take the place where others feared to
go. While guarding a superior olllcer
lie was shot by a sharp shooter and
death would have resulted but for tho
bible he carried in his coat pocket, the
bullet cutting through every leaf,
lodging In the covet bat the force of
the bullet knocked him down leaving
a dent on his breast that remained to
the day of his death. On Investigation
it was found that he had lost one
finger. His war record shows that he
was discharged by reason of disability,
after serying 13 months. lie re-enllst-ed
Feb. 28, 1864 in Co. A, 70th Ohio
Inf. and served to the close of the war.
Most of his life was spent in High
land county in the pursuit of farming.
In 18J2 he was again married to Mrs.
Maggie Cameron,of FJncastle.at which
place he resided at the time of his
death. Upon request tho body was
brought to the county he held.so dear
for burial. The funeral was held at
Buford Church of Christ, conducted by
Rev. H. C. Elliott, of Mowrystown.
The pall bearers were men that knew
him and he esteemed, J. A. Mabln, N.
O. Johnson, Jacob Pltzer, Chas Mob
erly, George Evans and Dr. J. W.
Matthews. The first four are mem
bers of The Edmund L Hughes Post
No. (540, of which he also was a mem
ber. As they gently and tenderly let
his casket down into the grave they
burled his faults, wishing only to
emulate his virtues, loving him for
liis faith and courage. Saying,
Soldier rest ' Thy warfare o'er.
Sleep the sleep that knows no breaking
Dream of battle fields no more, '
Days of danger, night of waking.
Soldier rest : Thy warfare o'er.
$149,687.40 Paid in Dividends.
At the annual meetlntr of The Su
perior Loan and Building Association
liio luiiuwiug were eieccea uireciors
and Officers of the Association: Presi
dent, Frank R. Ambrose; Vice-President,
I. McD. Smith; Secretary, Jnof
M. McMullen, Treasurer, SamR. Free;
Solicitor, D. Q. Morrow.
The Association continues to en y
its usual prosperous business, and paid
Its stockholders 5J per cent, dividends
during the past year.
The records of the Association show
that the enormous sum of $149,087.40
has been paid to its depositors during j
its career. Hundreds of homes hate
been erected or purchased and paid.
lor through the Superior Association,
and It is an institution that mav well
be proud of Its always solid financial
condition and its accomplishments.
Jan. 13, 1913.
P. W. Furgerson has been very ill
for the past week.
Mr. nuffsteder has traded his gro
cery store to Mr. Sweeney, of Indiana,
for a fine farm in that state.
When in Hlllsboro on Saturdays
drop in at the Forum and enjoy 40
minutes of good amusement for only
5c. Two reels of pictures and plenty
of good music.
Mrs. Sophia Conaway and Mrs. Dan
Garman both of Sinking Spring Pike,
have been 111, but are Improving slow
ly. The Farmers' Institute was held
Monday and Tuesday of this week In
tho M. E Church. Tho Institute
was well attended.
O, A. Tenor was called to conduct a
funeral six miles west of Idaho, last
Rev. and Mrs Clyde Howard spent
pirt of the week wifch Mr. and Mrs.
T. McCoppln, of Carmel.
A connoisseur is a man who buys
my pictures ; a Philistine Is one who
buys yours. Puck.
OHIO, THURSDAY JANUARY 16. 1913
William J. Redkey, son of John L.
and Rebecca Redkey, was born near
Rainsboro, Ohio, Juno 11, 1845. Ills
mother died while he was a youth and
the care of the home in a great meas
ure rested on him, he betng the eldest
of tho children. Nobly he rose to the
' occasion and with filial affection and
brotherly kindness he met the respon
sibilities of houso.ceoper arid home
keeper and grew to manhood with a
love for home and a desire to accumu
late and provide for those about him.
On Dec. 5, 1871 he was united in
marriage to Miss Nancy C. Cameron,
of Cynthlana, Ohio. To this union
were born six children, Clirl tlan L.,
Emma L., John Wm., Fred D., Esther
R , and Joseph A., two of whom have
preceded him to the Heavenly homo
His irenlal spirit, honesty of purpose,
kindness of manner, love of sport,
hearty comradeship made him In
childhood a boon companion among
sch oo mates and neighboring boy p.
These traits, transferred to the homo,
made him a loving husband, a kind
and helpful father.
In the spring of 1871 after a short
apprentlcship ascltrk with the Dovvitt
Bros , he opened a grocery store In the
old Mackerley building. From thence
he moved to a small frame building
that stood on the corner where Cam
erons Hardware Store now stands.
Dry goods and general merchandise
were added to the grocery stock and
this building soon became too small
for the growing trade and the brick
building now occupied by Cameron &
Cameron was built and enlarged as
increasing trade demanded and here
he continued in his chosen life work
until 37 years were spent In business.
His early training In industry, thrift
an I economy .was manifested In this
his chosen work. These coupled with
strict 1 onesty and an obliging manm r
a friendly and public spirit placed him
in the front as a business man and
prominent citizen of the community.
lie Joined the M E. church when a
school boy and later transferred his
membership to the U. B. Church under
the pastorate of Rev. Price in the
Sometime ago realizing that the
strain of business life was too great,
he retired and began to devote himself
to the Interests of the farmand home.
For awhile the health of himself and
wife has been such that it was deemed
best to spend their time with the
children and while In the home of the
daughter, Mrs. Esther Hope, the sum
mons came and suddenly about nlno
o'clock Monday. Dec. 23, 19lS, after a
long and honorable career he ceased
to be and passed from time to eternity
leaving to mourn his wife, three child
ren,. Christian, Fred and Mrs. Esther
Hope, eight grandchildren, step moth
er, Mrs. Nancy Redkey, brother, Alon
20, of Bolchow, Mo., sister, Mrs. Louisa
Baker, of Hlllsboro, half brother and
sister, Dempsey Redkey and Mrs. Ada
Mason, besides a host of other relatives
and life long friends.
The funeral was held from the M..
E. Church at 10 o'.clock on Xmas day,
conducted by Rev, J. H. Davis and the
remains were laid to rest by the side
of his children in the beautiful ceme
tery at Cynthiana.
Extracts From Uncle Josh.
That Miller feller up at that Nyal
store is a hustlln allright. I was f ellin
kinder bad yesterday, and I went up
and ast Miller about It. He said .to
takeNyals Flgsen, (the tonic laxative)"
only a quarter the box to. Gosh I feel
like a ilghtln cock today. That ther
Flgsen is allright.
Miller has all kinds of that ther
Nyal Medlsln too. One for each alln.
He says it is the best ever and gol
gigered if I don't believe him too. Old
Oy Wetherby got a bottle of Nyals
Stone Root (for kidney trouble) up at
ther Millers Nyal Drug Store yester
day morning and when Sandy Mc
Queen met him (his morning and
made fun of Cy's legs,-Cy jlst tiled
Into Sandy and gave him the goldarn
dest wallopin. There must be some
thin to that ther Nyal Medlsln for to
git Cy a goln like that. Guess I'll
mosey along to Miller's, The Druggist,
and talk to him about some Nyals
tonic fur Samanthy. .
Oh, yes, I most fergot. Miller gives
green tradln stamps to. adv
An English machine makes rag
hearth rugs at the rate of one a minute.
Guaranteed Relief For Colds.
If you don't want a cold to linger
with you If you want to be quickly
free from the misery and inconve
nience it causes if you wane to be
protected fro n the more serious com
plications that often arise from
neglected colds or colds that resist
successful treatmentuse Rexall Cold
Tills advice means a lot to you. It
means that we not only believe Rexall
Cold Tablets to be the very best relief,
particularly when used at the begin
ning of a cold, but t means also that
you may use Rexall Cold Tablets abso
lutely at our risk for we guarantee
in each and every instance that Rexall
Cold Tablets will satisfy you, or your
money back. Price, 20 cents. Sold In
this community only at our store The
Rexall Store. adv
GABBXTV & AYBB8.
"A LETTISH TO
Tho Fifth of the Series of "What Happened to Mary."
from the story in the "Ladles World."
"Tho Redskin Raider.
Blograph War Drama
Her Failier'H Hat" and
'Mammoth JLtfo Savers"
I Mr. Clen De Bruin, The Popular Vocalist. All Week. I
Orpheum Orchestra Saturday Night. I
Jan. 13, 1013.
The high water last week was some
thing never before known at this time
of year. The Creek was out of it's
banks four times during the week.
Work is going on this week on Dr
Sanderson's new home.
Miss Carrie Reeves was the guest of
Miss Florence Pucket, Sunday.
- Chas. Blngaman, of Williamsburg,
was a business visitor here, Friday,
and made several short calls among his
When In Hlllsboro on Saturdays, j
drop in at The Forum and enjoy 40
minutes of good amusement for only
oc. Two reels ot pictures and plenty
of good music.
A. J. Fry, of Hlllsboro, spent Wed
nesday here. T. W. Irwin and B. II.
Newbrey returned home with him.
Among the sick are Mrs. Dan Roads,
Mrs. Sanford Bradley and Miss Mattie
Roscoe Scott, wife and little daugh
ter, of Hlllsboro, visited home folks
here, Saturday and Sunday.
Thomas Milton Starr, an aged and
highly respected citizen, of this com- j
munlty, died at the home of his son,
Edward, Sunday morning.
The land purchased recently by E.
F. Lewis, of Arthur Tolle was ten
acres of rich bottom land, with good
set of grass for $100 an acre.
John Pfarr will clean and press arid
mend that suit until It will look as
good as new. I also do. dry cleaning.
Give me a call. Brunner's Shoe
"Father," said the small boy, "what
is a dinosaurus "
"It Is a large prehistoric animal."
"How did It becojoe extinct?"
"I don't know. Maybe it was over
worked as a political party problem."
Good Things to Eat
When selecting your eatables you should get the
BEST. Below we quote you a few special prices:
White Fish, large, very fine -. , , ,8q per lb
Herring Fish , Gc per lb
Also in Pails, Quarter Barrels and Half Barrels
Genuine Cod Fish ....15c per lb
New Mackerel , 15c each
Everybody Knows What Premier Goofs Are.
We have a nice line of these goods to select from
Premier Maple Syrup - 25c per bottle
Premier Preserves, made from pure fruits , . . .25c jars
Premier Corn, nothing finer. .15c can
Premier Asparagus Points , . . . , , 25c
Premier Fresh Mackerel...., , , 20c can
And Many Other Premier Goods.
Nabob Table Beets, small deep red., 15c can
Don't overlook chat new crop N. O. Molasses 60c per gallon
UNION GROCERY CO.
Another Thrilling Indian Picture
by the Kalem Company. Pull of
action and sure to please,
Saturday Matinee and Night
"lironclio IHlly'rt Heart'
"Tom Thumb" and
Jan, 13, 1913.
Whet in Hlllsboro on Saturdays
drop In at the Forum and enjoy 40
minutes of good amusement for only
5c. Two reels ol pictures and plenty
of good music.
Harley Louderback has returned
home, after a vi-it with his sister,
-Mrs Sylvester Yochum, of Camden,
and lilt, brother, D. Q Louderback, of
Rev. Loren Furstenherger spoke at
the Lerado Church of Christ, Sunday
and Sunday night.
Mrs Louise Yochum and daughter,
called on Mrs. Harry Hodson, Sunday
Is too precious and your
eyes too delicate to be
Don't buy eye glasses
without consulting an
Consultation will cost
you nothing here.
Jewclar and Oplician.
.&. 2 J -
-v & .K ' v..r yr