THE NEWS-HERALD, HILLSBORO, OHIO. HUKDY, FEBRUARY 12, 1914
(By E. O, SEL.L.EUS. Director of Evening
Department, the Moody Bible Institute,
LESSON FOR FEBRUARY 15.
CHRIST'S HATRED OF SHAMS.
LESSON TEXT-Luke 11:37-54.
, GOLDEN TEXT "Bo not deceived; God
.Is not mocked." Gal. 6:7.
This 1b a strango breakfast oplsodo
to "dine" means literally, to break
fast). Jesus accepted three such
Invitations from the Pharisees and
was accused of being a glutton and a
vine bibber, Matt. 11-19; Luke 7:36,
39, 44. In this Instance we are told
plainly (v. 54) -why he had been asked
to this feast. At a later time, e. g.,
during the Passion week, Jesus deliv
ered a Bpeclal discourse against the
Pharisees (Matt 23) in which he re
peated many of the things we study
Must Bo Clean.
I. False vs. True cleansing (vv. 37
44). The orthodox Jew Is very punc
tilious to avoid ceremonial unclcanll
ness. In Christ's time this ceremoni
alism was at Its highest development,
To be defiled was far worse than to be
morally unclean. This Pharisee "mar
veled" that Jesus waB not likewise
concerned with his outward acts (v.
39, se also Matt. 23:25, 2G). To have
a clean cup and platter was more Im
portant than to have a clean heart.
In a fragment of Gospel found at
Oxyrhyncus, Jesus Is reputed to have
said to a Pharisee: "Thou hast
washed in waters wherein dogs and
swine have been cast, and wiped the
outside skin which also harlots
anoint and beautify, but within they
are full of scorpions and all wicked
ness. But I have been dipped In the
waters of eternal life which come
from the throne of God." Pious plat
ters, presented In pride, must be In
Jesus pronounces three "woes,"
griefs that like an avenging nemesis
bang over men of such a character,
(1) A "woe" against those who make
a show of tithing the common garden
mint and herbs and at the same time
avoid the Weightier matters of just re
lations to their fellow men and love
to God (v. 42). We are not to neg
lect our churchly duties at all, but
these cannot be substituted for
righteousness (see Mlcha 6:8). (2)
A "woe" against those who love the
places of pre-eminence (v. 43, cf. Matt.
23:6, 7). This spirit has not departed
from the church after a lapse of cen
turies, it is unchristian,, unchrlstlike.
The great one must be the servant of
all (Matt. 23:11, 20:28, John 13:14, 15,
Phil. 2:5-8). (3) (v. 43), The third
"woe" Is directed against hypocrisy.
To touch a grave was to become un
clean, and hence they were white
washed to give men warning. Many
Christians are without beautiful to be
hold, yet within full of dead men's
bones-and all manner of uncleanliness.
The Three Woes.
II. Real vs. Sham Lives (vv. 45
54). The lawyers were the theologians,
the expounders of the Mosaic law. Ev
idently the words of Jesus produced
great conviction. The word "reproach
eat" (v. 45) means "to entreat spite
fully," and the probabilities are that
he spoke to Jesus as If to rebuke him.
Jesus at once pronounces three woes
upon him and his class, (1) A "woe"
because they laid burdens upon others
which they themselves would not even
touch with one of their fingers (Matt.
23:4). That Is, they added to the law
minute and troublesome details,
which they declared to be more im
portant than the law itself. (2)
(V. 47) A "woe" Is pronounced upon
thein for honoring the dead prophets
and at the same time rejecting and
persecuting those that were living.
To honor dead teachers, to praise the
prophets of the past, those whom wo
cannot endure whllo living, is a form
of hypocrisy which costs but little. It
Implies that had they lived in the days
of their fathers their conduct would
have been indifferent, yet they are with
the living prophets, following the ex
simple of their fathers. God foresaw
this (v. 49) and the faithful minister
of his word must expect a like .treat
ment (Mlc. 10:29, 30), (3) (v. 12) The
third ''woo" was pronounced against
these religious teachers because, pos
sessing the key to knowledge, they
neither entered themselves nor would
they allow others to enter; "ye enter
not In yourselves, neither suter ye
them that are entering in to enter."
(Matt. 23:13, Am. Itv.). These law
yers, theologians, were professedly In
terpreters of the law, that law which
was the foundation and bulwark of the
Jewish nation. In fact, however, they
had bo obscured and "explained" that
law as to leave men in darkness.
Supposed to lead men Into truth, they
wore shutting them out of the truth.
What, a, terrible indictment of many
of this present age.
We quote from" the letter of a Wis
consin business man: ''The average
- roan Is interested in the teachings of
the Bible. If the Bible cannot stand
upon its own feet, It Is foolish to bol
ster it up by any personal Ideas. We
make too many apologies for Scrip
tures and do not stand squarely by
what it teaches." Not a few who oc
cupy the position of teachers obscure
tho truth of God and they Bhut aten
out of a real knowledge of him. Jesus
thus replies to both Pharisees and the
lawyer, that character Is mot a gar
ment to wear, but It is the Inward fur
nishing of the -heart. .
; OP, THOSE WHO
WISH TO TEACii
Questions For Applicants Fci
EXAMINATION HELD FED, 7,
Prepared by the State School Com
' mlcsloner to Test the Mental Qual
Ificatlons of Those Who Seek Posi
tions as Teachers In the Public
Following Is the list of questions
as prepared under direction of the
state commissioner of public schools,
and submitted at the romtir pxnrn
lnatlon for teachers Feb. 7, for ele
mentary school certificates:
1. A sclioul room is 39 ft. long, 30 ft
wide and 12 ft. high. If there are 40
pupils in the room how many cubic
yards of space arc there for each pupil?
2. Find the cost of lathing and plas
tering the walls and ceiling of a room 19
ft. by 36 ft. and 12 ft. high, at 36c per
square yard, making one-half allowance
for three doors eacli 3 ft. 8 inches by
8 ft., and 6 windows each 4 ft. by 7'A ft.
3. A 6 months note for $900 without
interest dated October 26, 1912, is dis
counted February 21, 1913, at 6',',.
What are the proceeds?
4. 11,500 lmhels of wheat were bought
through an agent who charged H for
buying. If the agent paid 83c per bushel
for the wheat, $1G2.S0 freight and $12.50
insurance, what sum should be remitted
to him in full payment?
5. A fruit grower planted an orchard
of. 1500 fruit trees. There were SOVr
more cherry trees than peach trees. 50
less quince trees than peach trees, and
as many apple trees as all of the other
trees together. How many trees of
each kind in the orchard?
6. A commission merchant had in
storage 200 barrels of apples, the value
of which he insured at 2. He paid $16
premium How much per barrel was the
value of the apples?
7 A man having a certain distance to
travel went .2 of it the first day, and .25
of it the second day, and .28 the third
day, and the remainder, which was 40.5
miles on the fourth day. hat was the
8. A man bought 160 sheep at $4.12'4
each. 10 of the sheep were killed. At
what price per head must he sell the re
mainder to incur no loss?
THEORY AND PRACTICE.
Based in part on Milner's The Teacher.
1. "Tact is quick or intuitive apprecia
tion of what js fit, proper or right".
Show the difference between tact and
2. What is one's personality? What is.
meant by a strong personality ? A pleas
ing personality? , Show the great need
for teachers of the right personality.
3. Account for the unnatural tone of
voice of many pupils when reading or
reciting in school, especially in the pri
4. Show by brief discussion when and
how to teach the proper use of the dic
tionary. How are dictionaries ordinar
ily arranged in order that a word may
easily be found and its proper pronun
5. For what purpose is the enumera
tion f( schoolt youth taken each year?
Who are considered children of school
age in Ohio?
6. Point out in as many places as pos
sible the waste found ' in the present
school system of Ohio. What is the
remedy for this waste?
7. What is the chief purpose of the
recitation? Of the assignment of a les
son? In what ways do you direct study
in your school?
8. Discipline is mental and moral
training either under one's own guidance
or under that of another. Discuss.
HIGH SCHOOL AGRICULTURE.
1. (a) What was the highest yield in
your county secured by any boy or girl
in the corn growing contest this year?
(b) Who was the hrst prize winner in
the state corn growing contest last
(c) Who was the winner this year?
(d) Give the yield secured in each
2. Outline in a general way your pjan
of teaching agriculture in the high
3. (a) Name five subjects that hae
been given an important place in the
state course in agriculture for the hili
(b) Into what two parts is the work
on "Soil" divided? .
4. What causes soils to puddle? How
can this be prevented?
5. What is meant by plants becomi. a
adapted to the climate? What is De
Candolle's Law on this subject?
6. Why do we hear so much about tV
necessity of improving our live stock on
the farm? What is the relation of im
proved live stock to modern methods of
7. How can a county experiment
farm be secured? What are the duties
of local county farm' agents as they are
now emplo'td in Ohio?
8. (a) . at are the chief reasons for
the decreased productiveness of the soi' ?
(b) How can a rundown soil be male
to produce a normal yield of farm
17 Account for the color of the ski'i.
How is the color of the skin affected b)
sunlight? By constant 'darkness?
2. Name and locate at least six import
ant muscles of the body. How are th?
muscles attached to the bones?
3. Give the uses of periosteum. .Whs,
tre the special functions of bone cells.'
4. Describe briefly the adjustible sc.it
and desk that is used in modern scho '
buildings. Whit advantage to the teach
er is there in having adjustable school
5. Name and locate the most Import
ant glands of the body. Explain tin
function cf each of the glands natnril,
6. H'here is he enerm- of the body
store 1? Show how overwork diminishes '
the energy supply ( f the body. What is
the jriginal source of energy?
7. Alcohol is not classed as a food.
Why? Show the action of alcohol on
the stomach. Qnthc blood. On the
8. What is the alimentary canal r
Na'nc the divisions of the alimentary
canal. Inch do you consider the most
Important of these divisions? Why?
1. (a) What was the highest yield in
your county secured by any boy or girl
in the Corn growing, contest this year?
(b) Who was the first prize winner in
the state corn growingcontcst last year?
(c) Who was the winner this year?
(d) Give the yield secured in each
2. (a) What grades in the elementary
school study "Second Division" work in
(b) Discuss what you consider the
most important work in this division as
outlined in the "State Course of Study
in Elementary Agriculture".
3. Define the following terms : Colos
trum, perennial, formalin, kainite and
4. (a) Whyshould rural social life in
some communities be improved?
(b) In what way could the consolida
tion of schools aid in community better
ment? 5. What have S. M. Babcock, Luther
Burbank, P. G. Holden, John L. Ma
cadam and Cyrus H. McCormick done
to promote a better Agriculture?
6.(a) Name five books on elementary
Agriculture hat are recommended in the
(b) Four farm papers.
7. (a Name two crops that are rich
(b) Two that are largely used for
8. Who was the founder of Arbor
Day? (b) Some teachers haVe pupils
plant flowers, shrubs and trees on home
grounds on Arbor Day. Discuss briefly
what you think of this plan.
1. Write a direct quotationand change
to an indirect quotation, giving especial
attention to the correctpunctuation.
2. What is indirect discourse? Write
at least two illustrations of indirect dis
course. 3. Show by illustration that you under
stant the correct usage of how, which,
what and that as relative pronouns.
4. How docs a verb agree with its sub
ject? When are verbs called imper
sonal, defective? Illustrate each in a
5. Define mode. How many tenses
has the indicative mode? Illustrate each
tense of the indicative mode by a synop
sis of some verb.
6."U'hcnncr I cross the river on its
bridge with wooden piers,
Like the odor of brine from the
ocean comes the thought of other
Parse the italicized words.
7. Give a complete analysis of the
quotation of number 6, or diagram the
8. Choose any transitive verb and
write the participles and infinitives that
may be formed from this verb. Show
the difference between the participles and
the verb. Between the infinitives and the
1. Why is Pittsburgh a great center
for steel manufacturing? Also sliowin
your answer the necessity for close in
tercourse between Pittsburgh and Cleve
land, 2. Show in a brief paragraph the com
mercial value of the Panama Canal.
How will the Panama Canal aid the
commerce of European countries?
3. Name the principal cities on the
Ohio River between Stcubenville and
the mouth of the Ohio. What are the
chief industries of these cities?
4. Name six great corn producrna
states of the United States. What cli
matic conditions make Minnesota a
greater wheat producing state than corn
5. Name the states that border on Mis
souri and the capital of each state.
6. Name at least five of the most im
portant rivers of Europe. Into what
bodies of water do these rivers empty?
7.- How many states are there in the
United. States? Name the last two
states that were admitted to the Union
8. What is the area and population
of the county in which you live? Name
the townships of this county.
UNITES STATES HISTORY,
(Including Civil Government.! -
1. When and tinder what circum
stances did West Virginia become a
state of the United States?
2. Why did England succeed in es
tablishing more permanent settlement
in America during the Colonization
Period than any other Nation? Ansv er
this question definitely.
3. State several reasons why Massa
chusetts lead in the controversy between
the Colonics and England previous to
the Revolutionary War.
4. Who .ere among the foremost men
that helped to frame the Constitution of
the United States? Who was president
of Jhc convention?
5. What aie the BiTTof Rights Amend
ments to th Constitution of the United
States? W iat states favored these
6. How Are United States Senators
elected? Who arc the United States
Senators f r -m Ohio? Name two other
leading Unid States Senators.
7. Write riefly ofthe work'of John
Quincy A hms as President of the
United Stnfs, and as a Representative
8. When was the Emancipation Pro
clamation is'ued? What vvas the mosi
important provision of this proclama
T, Define the following words: cite,
dubious, e.-""cm, imply, nullify, repu
diate, want1 r, pungent, malign, innate.
2. Write lynonyms of the following
words : insht, model, rend, surmise.
3. Define a letter, a syllable, a word.
How arc trie elementary sounds classi
fied and dividcjl?
4. Illnstra'e by words properly marked
six sounds cf a.
5-10. Sped: capillary, promontory,
cauliflower, exercising, jasmine, cameo,
sassafras, eulogy, shinney, salvia, re
tentacle, eijmology, corolla, obsolete,
tricassee, crochet, mucilage, macadamize,
A RACE FOR FOOD
It Was Slow and Painful and Over
Arctic Ice Fields.
PLIGHT OF TWO EXPLORERS.
Their Fight Against Death by Starva
tion and the Visions That Were Con
jured Up by th Torture of the Mad
dening Pangs ot Hunger.
'I'lii' terrible pluititum t tin t hiitiuts
every traveler In the (Insert Is the pos
sibility that he will nut dud witter.
The uri-tlc explorer rnrely sulTers from
tli I rut. but n Mother dnnger. eqiuilly
terrible mid uienucing. Is nlwoys on his
In "Lost In the Arctic" Captain
EJmir Mikkelsen. the explorer who,
ufter having been given up for dead
for over two yeurs. was picked up In
east (ireetilund by n sailing vessel,
given a graphic account of his race
against hunger. Their sledge dogs
dead, their outfits nlmnduned, every
morsel of food long since devoured,
the only hope or Mikkelsen. and his
companion was to reach 17 Kilometer
NneKset. where, ou the fnll trip, they
bud left h few tins of food
"Kvery two hours we make n short
halt, but the rest is spoiled by the
thought of the uncomfortable quarter
of un hour tbnt awaits us when we
stnrt and try to get our stiffened mus
cles Into working order again. Our
feet especially are very painful; tho
ankles are swollen and horribly tender.
"The pangs of hunger Incrense every
minute. For my own part, 1 can
think of nothing but food. At first my
thoughts dwell upon all sorts of dishes,
but gradually they concentrate them
selves upon sandwiches Danish sand
wiches. In particular my fancy turns
upon the food that I have seen given
nwny to beggars, and 1 grow furious
at the thought of the contempt with
which these gentry often regard such
"Gradually the thought takes posses
sion of me that 1 am walking In the
streets of Copenhagen, eagerly on the
lookout for sandwiches. Suddenly 1
spy what 1 am seeking, a little white
object lying to the right of me. I turn
to pick It up. but as 1 stop my foot
strikes against a stone. The shock
brings me back to stern reality. 1
take in my belt nnd stagger on again,
"lversen Is In no better case. I notice
that he frequently stops nnd peers
through the Oeldglnss at something on
nhend: then he lets the glass fall again,
with a shake of the head. Once or
twice 1 nsk what be Is looking at. but
the nnswer Is always the same he
thought be had discovered a case of
provisions, but It turned out to bo a
"According to our reckoning, we
ought to reach 17 Kilometer Nnesset
by nhout C In the evening. We keep a
sharp lookout for the point and sight
something about 4 o'clock that looks
like It. Once more, however, we are
doomed to disappointment It Is not
i "We pass many old camping places,
relics of the Denmark expedition; but,
although we search long and carefully
nmong the old tins for any remains of
fond, we And nothing. In the gather
ing darkness every point we approach
seems to us the one we seek. Encour
aged by the thought of food, we re
double our efforts. But when we get
close enough to see that It Is not the
point our flickering flnme of energy
dies down, nnd we stagger sullenly
along with bowed heads
"We have no longer any idea of onr
whereabouts.' nnd It Is Indescribably
uncanny to see time nfter time the
same hendlnnd with the two small hil
locks nt Its foot,, the ghost of 17 Kilo
meter Nnesset. About 10 o'clock, half
mad with hunger nnd exhnustlon. we
give It up nnd. creeplug as close to
- gether as possible, try to sleep But
the pain In lveren's leg la so great
thai he cannot sleep, and he Is half out
of bis mind. He wakes me at mid
night nnd begs me to go on
"It Is bitterly cold, nnd the wind has
RbUteil so tbnt It Is blowing In our
faces Staggering unsteadily and feel
ing our way with our sticks, off we go
Into the darkness.
I "Klnnlly, nfter another long mnrch,
we sight ii point that resembles 17
Kilometer Nnesset. nnd this time It is
no trick of the Imagination The race
Is won, for at. the point we find fuel
and tins of soup nnd peas."
Over the site of the ancient city of
Memphis, once the fair city of the
world, now burled by a thick deposit
ot Nile mud, stand stately palms,
which yield a luscious fruit. Orer the
city the peasant Egyptlnns carry on
their agricultural pursuits, and the
palms yield the entire food of the
pensnnfs during a large part ot the
Carrying a Point
"Ton mnde some enemies,' said the
conKollmWrtend, "but you carried jour
"Yes." replied Senator SorRlfum.
"sometimes a man carries a point 'rltli
about the some amount of pergonal
comfort that tie derives from sitting on
a tack" Washington Star.
Recognition For the Ghost Story.
. Elderly lady (partial Invalid! re
quires companion; on who has trav
eled or on n tell good ghost stories pre
ferred. Advertisement In London
j They seem to take the sun from the
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An Educational Opportunity
I desire to communicate with a few energetic young men
(farmers' sons preferred) who can appreciate the value of an
engineering education, and who would welcome an opportunity
to become a student in a proposed engineering project, heavy
dam and canal construction and irrigation development.
Each sludent accepted may join the Engineering Corps and
receive a practical Hydraulic Engineering training in actual con
struction, under competent engineers, extending over period of
four years. Fair salaries will be paid from the start, una steady
advancement when deserved.
A few spare hours employed by applicants daily for the next
two months, with well directed efforts devoted to our interests
will secure tins opportunity, without cosl.
Applicants should give age how time is now employed and
grade of schooling. Full information on request.
B. F. HOYT, Hydraulic Engineer in charge.
Care of BERGSTROM & CO., Bankers,
149 Broadway, New York City.
Feb. 9, 1914.
Mrs. D. B. Allman left today for
Cincinnati to visit the Milliner) open-!
Mrs. Fenton, of Winchester, Is a
guest of the Rhoten families.
Jennie Funk returned Thursday
from a vllt with relatives at Martins
ville and Blanchester.
Rev. S. E. Wilkin went to Cincin
nati last Thursday to meet his wife,
who came from Dayton. When they
arrived here on the night train a re
ception and hearty welcome was given
them by a company of his church peo
pie who had assembled at his home.
Miss Josle Dlehl is some better.
.Lewis Euverard, of Htllsboro, spent
Monday night and Tuesday with rela
tlves in this vicinity.
Mrs. Mattie Lods, of Portsmouth,
is with her parents, Moore Kay and
The little child of Lew Naylor and
wife Is slowly recovering from an at
tack of pneumonia.
1 S. E. Kay, of Cincinnati, spent Sat.
urday and Sunday with relatives near
Mrs. Zllphla Carr, who has been the
guest of Mrs. Hilda Roberts the past
week returned to her home in New
' Market a few days ago.
I - Rev. Asbell is holding revival ser
I vices at the Ketterman Chapel.
Ed Ferguson is home again after an
extended visit with friends at Muncie,
The Rtbekah I. O. O. V, Lodge en
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joyed a pleasant evening on their
meeting night when the degree was
conferred on a candidate. A visiting
brother, S. E. Young, of Beatrice,
Neb., was present and gave an ad ress
that all the members appreciated.
After the work, dainty refreshments
were served which everybody heartily
Those who have attended tho Tab
ernacle service at Hlllsboro have
enjoyed the meetings.
Russell Riley and family, of Blan
Chester, spent a part of last week with
relatives in this vicinity.
TheNews-EIerald lsa welcome paper
In this vicinity.
Chas. Euverard, aged 60 years, son
of Frederick and Catharine Euverard,
died at the State Hospital at Athens
last week. lie was as Inmate .'12 years.
Ills body was shipped to this place
and taken to the Bell's Run cemeteiy
where he was placed beside his father
and mother, who preceded him to the
Better Land. The friend3 desire to
thank Rev. Elliott for the beautiful
service he conducted and the words,
"In my Fathers House are many Man
sions" which were so fitting for this oc
caslon. They also desire to think all
who gave assistance and sj mpitliy on
this sad occasion. Those who atteniitd
the funeral from Hlllsboro wer.: U.
L. Euverard, wife and two daughters.
Miss Coral and Elsie, Homer Kuverard
and wife and Mrs L. G. Marconet.
"Why does a monkey wear his tall
draped around his neck V
"The imitative little rascal saw a
woman with a fur boa." Louisville
te&iWsi. 'J.isC.&Ll' th'J&ds.
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