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THE NEWS-HERALD, HILLSBORO, OHIO, THURSDAY, JUNE 25, 1914
Former Resident Making1 Good.
The following complimentary notice
of Prof. E. L. Porter Is taken from
the London Madison County Demo
crat. Mr. Porter formerly resided at
Mowrystown and has many friends in
this county who will be pleased to
learn of his success.
"Superintendent E. L. Porter, of
West Jefferson, has Just closed a very
successful year. The commencement
was pronounced the best ever held at
West Jellerson. The class numbered
twenty-six. In his live years as super
intendent the school has grown in ef
flclency, and the enrollment this year
in the high school was 100 the larg
est in its history. A new and modern
high school has been built and the
high school raised to the standard of
an accredited school of the North
Central Association of Colleges and
Secondary Schools Of the 228 grad
uates 104 have graduated during his
term. Foreign tuition during his
term has been more than $1100.
"Mr. Porter believes in high stand
ards and elllclent teachers. He has
always had good teachers and believes
in retaining them. The teachers'
salaries have been raised in general
during his term. That of principal
from $65 to $111.
"Mr. Porter is an earnest, untiring,
progressive school man, whose execu
tive ability has been shown to a mark
ed extent. He takes an active inter
est in all matters pertaining to the
welfare of the village and as such Is a
model citizen. He has had the loyal
support of the public In all his en
deavors. "He made a good record as county
school examiner and the teachers have
twice elected him president of the
County Teachers' Association and he
is now on the executive commltte."
June 22, 19H
Herman Laymon and wife and Josie
Ludwick and son, Victor, spent Sun
aay with Ted Shaffer and family.
Wm. Roberts and family were the
guests of Eoy Euverard and family,
George Martin and wife, accom
panied by Ed. Martin and wife, of Bu
ford, spent Saturday and Sunday with
Curtis Martin at Belfast. They made
the trip in Mr. Martin's new auto.
Wm Custer and wife entertained
Newt. Fender and family, of Taylors
ville, and Guy Custer and family, Sun
day. A. Q. Landess and family were the
guests of Loren Landess and wife, of
New Market, Sunday.
Children's services will be observed
here, July 5.
Riley Morgan spent Sunday evening
at J. W. Morgan's.
Ezra Carpenter and family spent
Sunday at Ben Carpenter's, at Allens
burg. John Morgan and wife spent Sunday
at W. M. Stratton's.
Lewis Beard, of Ripley, visited his
sister, Mrs. Amiel Marconette, re
June 22, 1914.
Children's Day will be observed next
Sunday at 10 a. m., after which those
joining the Friends' Society will be
received Into fellowship. Mrs. Hos
kins wishes a full attendance.
T. S. Anderson has been entertain
Ing his granddaughters, Helen and
Mildred Gallup, of Wilmington, for a
Mrs. Chas. Anderson visited her
mother over Sunday.
Miss Mary Larkin, of Samantha,
visited with J as Larkin and family,
Ada Stultz, of Greenfield, Is visiting
her sister, Mrs. Wm. Murdock. Mr,
Murdock and mother spent the week'
end in Ralnsboro.
John Leaverton and wife were
guests of their daughter In Washing
ton over Sunday.
Mable Stratton, of Hillsboro, called
upon her mother, Mrs. Chas. Stratton,
John Stoops and wife spent Sunday
with their son, Wilbur.
Grant Dodds, of The Point, was call
ing on Horace Huff yesterday.
Miss Grace Turner spent Saturday
night and Sunday with her brother,
Harry Drace and wife entertained
the former's brother and wife, from
near Washington, C. H., Sunday.
Miss Grace Williams spent part of
last week with Lettle Lee Leaverton,
of Leesburg. m
Harry West and wife had as their
guests Sunday Chas. Wright and wife
and Will Patjon and wife, of Leos
burg. Two French scientists have built the
world's most powerful electro magnet,
but It is so costly to operate that its
use is limited to laboratory work.
In some parts of Germany and Switz
erland churches are heated with elec
There are 210 makes of autos on the
Sailors Dread Ships That Carry
Sugar, Coffee or Cotton.
ACIDS ALSO ARE DANGEROUS.
Dynamite and Other Explosives Are
Tame In Comparison With Chemioais
That Are a Constant Menace to the
Vessels In Which They Are Stored.
"Deliver us from n cargo of sugar or
coffee or cottou," Is the prayer that
many sailors scud up when they are In
doubt as to what fate will bring them
oxt in the cargo Hue. They welcome,
tlmost gladly, a cargo of dynamite or
other explosive, but they dislike tho
positive discomfort and danger that
como to tlicm with tho enrgo of sugar,
coffee or cotton.
At first sight It seems that dynamite
would be a cargo to be carefully side
stepped, but from a sailor's point of
view more things than the mere dan
ger Involved are to be considered. A
cargo of sugar Is bad. Put hundreds
of tons of cane sugar in casks In tho
hold of a vessel and let the ship steam
through a belt of hot weather. The
odor is sickening. The sailors cannot
get the sweet taste out of their mouths.
They crave vinegar or lemon Juice
anything sour. They lose their appe
tites and are always glad when a voy
age on which the cargo was sugar Is
Coffee Is as disagreeable as sugar, in
addition to being really dangerous. A
cargo of green coffee Is not at all un
pleasant at first, but the odor rapidly
palls on the olfactory nerves. In damp
weather It becomes dreadful. It seems
to impregnate everything in the ship
and eventually the crew lose all appe
tite and sometimes become seriously
Cotton is a really dangerous cargo.
If a little oil happens to touch raw cot
ton the result Is what Is called spon
taneous combustion. A single bale of
cotton saturated with such an oil as
boiled linseed, and lying at the bottom
of a hold, can be compared only to a
slow match attached to a bomb. In
fact. It is even more dangerous, be
cause while there might be ninety-nine
chanoss out of a hundred that some
thing might happen to prevent the ex
plosion of the bomb, there are about
009 chances In 1,000 that the cotton
Onions also cause sailors much dls
comfort. The French steamer Yarra
with a cargo of onions from Alexan
dria to England, lost one man and had
three others rendered Insensible by
fumes rising from the'tons of onions in
Acids and other chemicals form dan
gerous cargoes. Carbide of calcium,
for instance, is rnoro dangerous than
dynamite. Acetyllne gas Is, made from
this chemical, and the gas Is constant
ly given off if tho product is exposed
to air. Some time ngo the Hamburg
bark Hebe was towed into Plymouth
sound, England, In a disabled condi
tion. Her cargo was 200 tons of cal
cium carbide. When the commander
in chief at Devonport learned the na
ture of the disabled bark's cargo he
ordered all the war vessels In the
sound to take refuge at II a maze and
forbade the Hebe to stand in for re
pairs until all her perilous cargo bad
been removed by a barge of the war
The Vorturno, which burned at sea.
had a cargo which included rags, peat
moss, barrels of spirits, tar and oils,
together with drums of various chemi
cals. Water could have little effect on
the flames from such a combination
when it had caught Are.
Nitric and sulphuric acids are dan
gerous cargoes and add to the dangers
of the sea when carried aboard ships.
Some years ago the Phoenix liner Mich
igan was caught In n gale while com
ing to this country. She bad a deck
load of sulphuric and muriatic acid in
metal drums. A huge sea washed over
the forward deck and broke a number
of the acid drums from their lashings,
6endlng them crashing around the
deck. Volunteers were called for to
heave the drums overbourd. The crash
in? of the sea and the rolling on the
deck bad split some of the containers
and the acid burned the flesh of the
sailors who responded to the call for
volunteers. The battle with the dead
ly acid drums waged for an hour. Man
after man was forced to fall out from
the line of battle and go below to
have his wounds dressed. When the
situation was becoming critical the
danger was eliminated the way it had
come by another wave washing over
the vessel and carrying away the un
fastened drums and part of the lee rail.
Shipmasters dislike carrying drums
of acid where they cannot be reached
readily. A Chilean ship put in at the
Falkland islands leaking "badly. Her
cargo was made up of drums of acid
and chalk. The acid had leaked from
the drums and mixed with the chalk,
forming carbonic acid gas In the bold.
This gas Is deadly and the crew could
not make repairs. Meantime the acid
bad gathered at the bottom of the bold
and eaten away the iron frames of the
ship. New York Press.
For His Own Use.
A small boy who was sitting next to
a very haughty lady In a crowded om
nibus kept on sniffing in a most annoy
ing manner. At last the lady could bear
it no longer and turned to the lad.
"Boy, havsurou got a handkerchief?"
The small boy looked at her for a few
seconds, and then, in a dignified tone,,
came the answer;
"Yes, I 'ave. but I don't lend it to
strangers." London Mail,
The good you do Is not lost, though
you forget it Fielding.
FAMOUS WINTERS IN PARIS.
Once Every River In France Was les
and Every Mill Idle.
Itecrflllng famous winters in France,
the Pivis Petit Journal says that "the
fifteenth century might Justly be call
ed ths cold century.
"In HOS the registrars of the parlia
ment of Paris reported that It was im
possible to Issue any of its resolutions
because the Ink froze in the Ink bottles
of the clerks. Every three words they
had to thaw their pens, and this with
a Ore roaring In their room. Bvery
river in France was frozen, and not n
mill could wort;. Twelve years later,
in 1420, there was n repetition of this
winter. Foodstuffs gave out. and poor
people died, by tens of thousands.
"In 1422 in less than three days the
wine and the vlncgir froze In the cel
lars; cocks and hens had their combs
frozen: the streets were full of peo
ple who danced, Jumped, wrestled and
ran races, anything to keep off frost
bite. "In 1430 it froze for more than two
and a half months, and the snow fell
for forty days without stopping. All
the birds hidden in the trunks of trees
"In 'the year of the great winter.' as
100.3 was called, hundreds of persons
died from cold. Everything was fro
zpn hard, even the breod served at the
table of Henry IV. In 1709 nil the
wheat was destroyed, and a new sow
ing had to bo made in the spring. Buf
fon relates that no bread was to be
had. Even Mme. de Malntenon bad
to go without It.
"In 1770 sentinels were found fro
zen to death outside Versailles, and
the king put a stop to this service. In
Paris great bonfires were lit in the
streets. Bells were shivered Into pieces
as they, rang, clocks stopped and In the
cellars wine turned into ice. Hares
and partridges came into the towns
and hid themselves In the nooks and
corners of houses, where they were
subsequently found as stiff as a board
and quite Inedible."
HUNTING THE CARIBOU.
Curiosity Often Lures the Watchful
Animal to Its Fate.
In bunting the caribou quietness Is
essential. Never break a twig If you
can avoid It. for a cracking branch
makes a noise which carries far and
may give warning of your approach to
the very stag you particularly want.
Equally Important is it to keep a sharp
lookout at all times, especially when
entering a barren, where a stag may
be sleeping, for under such conditions
they are hard to see. Among the nu
merous gray dead stumps and moss
covered low trees the color of the cari
bou is so Inconspicuous that the un
trained eje will fail to detect the ani
mal even at close range. The first In
timation will be a glimpse of n disap
pearing patch of white as the caribou
vanishes into the woods.
All these things considered, the cari
bou of Newfoundland is not as alert as
any other deer that I know of and is
therefore more readily approached.
There is, of course, great variation
among them, some being extremely
alert and difficult to stalk, while oth
ers are so absurdly tame that they will
allow a man to walk right up to within
a few yards before taking flight. Curi
osity Is often a noticeable failing with
them. When once It is aroused they
will go to almost any length to satisfy
it, I do not, however, advise the hun
ter to count too much on it. for the
'very thing which you imagine will
tempt this curiosity will as likely as
not frighten them away. Sometimes
a strange noise will make them very
inquisitive, and they will come within
a few feet to find out what It is. Then,
occasionally, a white handkerchief
will have the same effect. A. Had
cliffe Dugmore in "The Romance of
the Newfoundland Caribou."
Even bookkeeping Is not un exact sci
ence. For behold! how often Is it that
one man will put into the expense ac
count a given expenditure say, the
rebuilding of a machine thus reducing
his profits by this amount, while an
other will put such an Item to the
asset account, and each can advance
weighty arguments and reasons as to
the logic of bis methods. But the net
results of operation will differ widely
with the same actual occurrences, so
that even bookkeeping may be said
merely to present results dependent
upon the aspects of the situation as
rendered by those who have the au
thority or opportunity to Interpret
Benjamin A. Franklin In Engineering
Points of the Crescent Moon.
Why does the moon sometimes ap
pears with points turned upward and
at other times downward? There Is
one cause only the rotation of the
earth. If the moon rises with points
turned upward then, when it sets, the
points must turn downward that Is.
the western horizon meets the points
in its apparent approach; they point
toward It, apparently downward, In the
western sky. New York American.
Felt the Power.
Bill Music has a wonderful influence
Jlil-1 know it
"Did you ever feel the power of a
linger over you?"
"Sure! I married one!" Yonkers
"When first 1 consulted you about
my eyes you told me it would cost 10
francs, but your bill Is for 100 francs."
I 'That only shows the excellence. of
my treatment Now you are ten times
better'-Parls Pele Mele. '
NEW LIGHT ON GilY
German Excavators Reveal Many
Things at Baalbek in Syria.
Learned Men Toll Among Some of the
Grandest Relics of Ancient Time
History of Famous Old Town
Seen From a New Angle.
London. For the past four years a
band of German excavators, under
Doctor Sobershetm and professor
Puchsteln, have been tolling at Baal
bek in Syria among the grandest relics
of a great nation's vanished glory,
rightly renowned for their masslveness
and for the great amount of both bold
and delicate carylngs with which they
are adorned, with the result that much
new and interesting light has been
thrown upon the hletory of this onco
famous city. Here the ancient As
syrians worshiped Baal, tho Greeks
their sun god, Helios, and the Romans
Jupiter. The early Christians, too,
worshiped tho God Jehovah at an
cient Baalbek, turning the great
pagan temple into a Christian Bhrine.
They, in turn, were driven out by tho
Arabs, who converted these wonderful
old temples into fortresses.
The ruins represent the remains of
two grand temples the Great temple,
or Temple of Jupiter, and the Temple
of Bacchus. Some idea of their ex
tent may be gauged when It is stated
that one could place the remains of
ancient Rome in the colossal walla 'of
this ancient Syrian acropolis. The
architecture of four, if not five, ages
are represented Phoenician, Greek,
Roman, Christian and Saracenic
while eome authorities consider that
there are distinct traces of Soiomonio
architecture. The ruins stand on an
artificial oblong plateau of masonry,
probably of Phoenician origin, about
331 yards long by 200 yards broad, and
varying in height from 15 feet to 30
feet. The enormous extent of this vast
enceinte may be better realized when
it is remembered that the main court-
Interior of Temple of Bacchus at
yard, which served as the approach to
the Great temple, is nearly 150 yards
long and eome 120 yards wide, dimen
sions only surpassed by those of the
great temples of Karnak in Upper
Egypt Beneath this colossal platform
are vaulted tunnel-like passages, and it
was from these passages until quite
recently that the temple area was
Entrance was gained to the Groat
temple from the east by a wide flight
of steps. When the Arabs conquered
the city they removed this staircase
and also the row of columns that
flanked either side. With this mate
rial they conetructed a wall as a means
of defense. The Germans have torn
away this wall and built a narrow
staircase where the brood one used to
be', so that today one enters again as
did the Roman worshipers of old. In
deed, every visitor to the ruins today
owes tho Germans a debt of gratitude,
for in removing the Arabic work they
have made the original plan of these
early builders more easily compre
hensible. Tons of debris have been re
moved and weak parts in the ruins
strengthened. Proceeding inwards, tine
passes through a triple entrance into
the Great court, or Court of the Altar.
Some idea of its immense size may be
gauged when it is stated that it meas-
ores 440 feet in length and is about
870 feet in width. The central portal
as well as one of tho small side portals
have fallen in, and the pieces vrhich
formed the arches have been collected
and laid together on the ground below
the places where they originally stood.
In the court here a large alter was dia-
' covered. On each side of it is a pool
or basin for ablutions in connection
with the religious rites here observed.
All that is left of the Great temple
Itself are six gigantic columns, still
standing, oapped with OorintWan opt
tals and joined by an ornate end
IsISbV JiJ' JvfS ''jf X?vZ f it j&i SBtStvf i (BB
COUNTRY OF PEACE
Principle of Personal Freedom
Also Dominant in Holland.
Liberty Has Always Bean the Prevall
I Ing Passion of the Dutch and Arts
and Sciences of tho Race Have
Grown In This Atmosphere.
New York. There is hardly a
country in the world where tho prin
ciple of personal freedom is so deeply
(rootod in the hearts of tho people as
it fa In tho Dutch. Holland was tho
first country to recognizo and estab
lish the right of Individual liberty
tho right to think and the right to
speak. Holland has always extended
.a hearty welcome to all those who
were oppressed and persecuted in oth
or lands; Huguenots from Franco,
Puritans from England, Jews from
Spain and Germany, they all fled to
(Holland and made the country pros
perous. I This Is what appeals to Americans.
What Holland has been in the past,
America Is today. Holland was the
land of religious liberty in the six
teenth and seventeenth centuries.
America is the land of intellectual and
economic freedom of the present ago.
, Freedom haB been the dominant
note during the entire history of the
Dutch, and art and science have grown
in the atmosphere of liberty, and
reached the highest level. Go and ad
mire the masterpieces of Rembrandt,
Hals, Potter and Dou, and you will
realize , that their works were born
I in the land Of the free.
In the field of science, Holland has
i accomplished more than any other
I country of Its size. Coster, Spinoza, de
1 Vries, Van't Hoff are known all the
world over, and of late years five or
more Hollanders have obtained tho
Nobel prize for science, for chemistry
and for peace!
Holland the Home of Peace!
This little country of dikes and
rivers has fought for its liberty with
Spain, with France and England corn-
A Bit of Old Holland.
blned, and it came out victorious. It
has also struggled (Is struggling still)
with the Internal foe, tho water, and
every In oh of land has been conquered
from the sea!
Today in Holland there is harmony
in the land and peace with the world
outside. Holland has been chosen by
the rest of the world as the great cen
ter, from which the Idea of peace and
peaceful arbitration may spread, slow
ly, but surely, over all the nations of
The first book on international peace
the world has ever seen was written
by a Hollander, Hugo de Groot, as'
early as 1621. The world now seems
ready to apply the idea of peace, and
a large number of disputes between
nations have already been settled In
the Peace palace at The Hague.
As far as size Is concerned, Holland
Is a small country, but it may well be
proud of Its past and its present, and
it still haB a mission to fulfill in the
future civilization of man.
PREDICTS ROAD TO IRELAND
Tunnel From Scotland Could Be Built,.
Says American Engineer,
London. A submerged tube rail
way between Scotland and Ireland is
prophesied by a Chicago engineer
named H. G. Tyrrell, as a remedy for
He suggests that a tube carrying a
double railway track could be con
structed between Black Head and
Port Patrick for $25,000,000 or 30,
000,000. The tube would have a length
of 20 miles.
THIEVES LEAVE RARE COINS
Coast Robbers Do Not Think Old
Pieces Worth as Much as
Berkeley, Cal. Six old Roman coins,
valued by the University of California
at $5,000 apiece, were overlooked by
thieves who broke into the coin cases
at the university library. Other coins
worth about $50 were stolen.
The Roman coins were discovered in
the ruins of Pompeii In 1891 by a joint
expedition of the French government
and tho University of California.
Can Change Name to Greene.
New York. Supreme Court Justice
Gtegerlch named March 17 as the day
upon which Morris Greenspans raayt
change his name to Greene.
Farm and Town property always
for sale. Money loaned on Real Es
tate. Wade Turner,
Merchants Bank Bid?.
D. Leadbetter, real estate, nre In
surance and Ipenslons. Office 134 S.
Fon Rent 7 room house on Collins
ave. Inquire of O. S. Lemon. (7-2)
For Sale 110 acre farm on pike
near New Market. For particulars
inquire at this ofilce. adv tf
For Sale One second hand engine
and two Ruber separators.
adv J. G. Bell.
Do you have headaches?
Do your eyes water?
Does print run together?
Do things become dim
Are your Eyes inflamed?
Do youneyes tire after read
Dr. G. F. Fans,
Ofllce 1 door East of Economy store.
Main Street, Hillsboro, O.
Death of Mrs. B. F. Posey.
Mrs. Benjamin F. Posey died at her
home at Spartanburg, S. C, Saturday,
after a short Illness with typhoid fever.
Mrs. Posey was formerly Miss Florence
Hilton, a daughter of Dr. and Mrs. L.
R. Hilton, of this place, and the sad
news of her death was a great shock
to the people of thiscommunlty.
The body was brought here Monday
and taken to the home of her parents,
where the funeral services were held
Tuesday morning, conducted by Rev.
W. H. Shields. Interment was made
in the Hillsboro cemetery.
Mrs. Posey was married Dec 6, 1913
and the announcement of the marriage
was made Just before Easter while she
and Mr. Posey were here visiting the
While friends here knew of her ill
ness, she was not considered in a dan
gerous condition and her unexpected
and untimely death brought deep
grief and sorrow to her relatives and
many friends here.
Harry Tudor and Rilla Tugo, both
W. B. Blackburn and Anna Jen
nings, both of Greenfield.
Nolan A. Burnett, of Columbus, and
Lucille M. Lewis, of Leesburg.
Everett Long and Bertha F Taylor,
both of Greenfield.
Lon Woods and Ruth Hudson, both
Cyrus If. Swlsshelm and Mary M.
Collins, both of Hillsboro.
Clarence O. Oiler, of Huntington,
W. Va., and Helen I. Eyerhart, of
Harlan E. Glttles, of Columbus, and
Imo Faye Wallace, of Highland.
Death of T. J. Hurley.
T. J. Hurley, aged 71 years, died at
the home of his daughter, Mrs. Luke
Roberts, in Cleveland, Sunday morn
ing. Death resulted from a stroke of
paralysis suffered a lew days before.
The body was brought here Tuesday
and taken to his home. The funeral
was held Wednesday afternoon at the
A. M. E. church, conducted by Dr.
Sheen; interment in 11 lllsboro ceme
tery. Mr. Hurley was an old soldier and
had been one of the prominent colored
men of Hillsboro for years. He went
to Cleveland about six weeks ago to
visit his daughter.
He is survived by six daughters,
Mrs. Luke Roberts and Mrs. Pearle
Green, of Cleveland, Mrs, John Mann,
of Washington U. II., Misses Rachel
and Anna, of Dayton, and Mrs. Lizzie
Trimble, of this place, and one son,
William, of Indiana.
Mr. and Mrs. Roberts, Mr. and Mrs.
Green, Mr. and Mrs. Mann and Misses
Rachel and Anna were here for the