THE NEWS-HRRaLD, HILLSBORO, OHIO, THURSDAY, AUGUST 13, 1914
sboro Chautauqua August 16-23 Inclusive
The Very Best Lectures, Music and Entertainments That Appear on Any Chautauqua Program
(Continued From First Page.)
of many who will ever Uunk him for
Supt. Warren followed In "Reading
Some Things to Observe."
If there be any "hobby" he believes
it eiinniri Iir reading. It leads Into
the study of literature, hence, good
reading, not silly repetitions should be
taught. In the tirst three or four
years of school life the child is learn
ing to read after that it should be
reading to learn.
Believes a good teacher will be able
to teach well under any one of the
many 'Uest(?)Menhods" offered.
Warns against allowing "stumbling"
reading as it is tne result of lack of
s,tudy. See that the pupil knows his
lesson, do not simply correct his mis
takes help, but do not carry him.
Urge that children be given hlstorj,
geography and literary readers so that
they may graduate from the public
schools Into the public library with
healthy minds and tastes.
All he said was true and helpful
and appreciated by the teachers.
Dr. Green's "A Century Run in
Literature" referred to the eighteenth
century in particular.
He classed the literary age as 1, Age
of Myth; 2, Homeric Age; 3, Age of
Perlctes; 4, Augustan Age ; 5, Age of
Christ ; 0, Age of Dante ana Chaucer ;
7, Shakesperlan Age ; 8, Age of Goethe,
9 The Present Age.
In his "Run" he gave the character
istics of the century : 1, Intellectual
not emotional; 2, Utilitarian not im
aginative; 3, Artificial not sponta
From these he showed the natural
class of literature products to be ex
pected and coupled with the general
changes going on and resulting in, 1,
Orisrin of a reading public because
persons of means found time to read.
2, Increasing importance of the com
mon classes, gave as "Natural Prod
ucts" two claslc 1, General being
chiefly prose, and when poetry it was
rhetorical. In the 2, Special The
Novel, long, full of "throb, thump,
beat, pulsate ' as Sam'l Richardson's
herolne.Clarlssa Harlow e, did through
out eight volumes
The Periodical Essay Addison and
Steele best type. Political Economv,
Adam Smith. Methodical Historical
prose as given by Gibbon and Hume.
In closing he told how he used syn
onyms to fasten leading characteris
tics of an author. Scott means health,
Carlyle power, Webster energy, and so
on through the list
jaupt. Warren came with a "Round
Table" talk. Some of the topics ably
and sensibly presented by him were
Need for Visiting Schools Patrons
should visit their schools and teachers
should visit other schools, also the
homes of their patrons.
How to Keep Children In School.
Make it so live and helpful that the
child will not wish to be absent. Find
the line of individual thought and de
sire and help the development.
He believes In "School Gardens" and
the plan of Mr Muhlbach In our coun
try unsurpassed. He had seen the
exhibits at the Fair and highly com
mended the promoter and the children
School libraries were recommended
and plans for securing suggested.
Thursday night a lecture, "Life's
Musical Scale", was given by Dr.
Francis Green. Not a large but select
audience listened with great enjoy
ment to this unique study and beauti
ful rendition of his well conceived plan
for keeping the human family "In
tune" with the best In life and death.
Music, wine of the soul, beautiful
mystery continuous In all the realms
of nature, made a splendid foundation
for his Life's scale.
Simply using the musical alphabet
and no other mind could have thought
It out as he did he gave, C cleanli
ness, D digestion, E education, F force,
G gladness, A aspiration, B benevo
lence, 0 christian chiracter.
Elaborating upon each letter he
gave the different Keys to make each
day's living musical and complete, The
one discordant note, sin, can be con.
trolled if the right key be found and
The usual fund of applicable stories
for "clinching his subject" was freely
drawn upon and appreciated by his
How his mind works in preparation
of the masterly and effective set of
lectures he Is giving must ever remain
a aystery to most of his hearers.
All periods were brief on Friday.
Supt. Warren gave the opening lect
ure, "The Recitation." As usual he
had strong and helpful definitions
ready. "A recitation Is a profitable
and Interesting conversation carried on
between teacher and pupil."
He believes in discipline as lack of
will destroy what would otherwise be
excellent work but warns that good
discipline, alone, will not constitute a
good recitation. He quoted at length
from Harris and Dlnsmore in support
of his views. Drill work Why t.
When ? That the essentials or tools
may become so well known tint they
mav Im nsttrt automatically, but drill
must have a detinlte aim and make a I
pupil feel that his best Is due
He claims that a good questioner
knows the pupil's mind and asks ac
cordingly ; deprcatef the slavibh use
of text books and recommends brief
card outline of a lesson ; also preaches
that the teacher should be responsive
to answers of pupils; and that the
manner of assigning has much to do
with the recitation.
Dr. Green then gave "Guiding Prin
ciples In Teaching Language." He
sees sound pedagogy in the story of
the old" man's gun "One shot at a
time was to not scatter" and believes
that grammar too often is a nauseous
rinsn for unfortunate iuvenlles. It
should be, he says, both an art and a
science and shows how the English
lauguage is windowed by vowels and ,
wrapped by consonants Notice
"Arches of Irish Oak hung with scar
He begs the teacher to not spend
all his time digging around roots and
studying stems but to make it a live
subject begun at the right place and
developed In the right order.
To construct and not destroy and to
dla ram and parse temperately and to
not waste time in quibbling over un
Friday afternoon Dr. Green gave a
few minutes talk on "The Most Im
pprtant Arithmetic Lesson " '
1, Add to your present supply of
knowledge. 2, Subtract all vice from
your nature. 3, Multiply your virtues.
4, Divide your time and bleslngs with
others. He teaches that there are no
true blessings until divided.
He touched each of these with a
live, artistic touch and not one word
but was to the point and am sorry to (
not give more details ,
Supt. Warren went back and used t
'Spelling and Writing" as many
wished to have his thoughts on these
He does not believe that we have
poorer spelling than in the "good old
days" and proved It by concrete exam
He believes a word well taught when
the pupil understands Its meaning and
can pronounce it and that a word Is
known when It can be automatically
and correctly spelled in writing.
'me requisites or writing ne gives
a? legibility, regularity, uniformity
He Insists that writing Is not draw
ing, and that slant is not vital but
should be uniform. That we learn to
write by doing much careful writing.
Both instructors gave earnest words
of parting and it sounded as though
they had an appreciation of the atti
tude, appearance and attention of the
teachers as they did of the splendid
work done by each of the Instructors.
The officers elected for 1915 are:
Pres., D. A. McCall, Marshall. Sec'y.,
Mrs. Cora Davidson, Hlllsboro, R. D.
The enrollment was one hundred
It was a pleasant and profitable
week to all.
The music by the Underwood Or
chestra was excellent throughout the
week but the "star" program, with
all due respect to the gentlemen, was
the one given by the ladles, Mrs. Un
derwood and Mrs. Faris.
MAKING STEEL RAILS.
How th Glowing Ingots Are Rolled
Into Shape and Cut.
That rail mill wus certainly n won
derful sight: The enormous glowing
ingots were curried on a transfer enr
to a sort of trough. The floor of the
trough, or "table." us they call It, con
sisted of a series of rollers that were
turning rapidly Hiding on them, the
bug. clumsy ingot sailed along until it
bumped against a pair of large steel
rolls. Immediately the rolls seized it
and hauled It through, like clothes
through a clothes wringer. We could
not see that it had been flattened down
very much, but we noticed that deep
corrugations had been cut'into Its up
As it moved on the rollers turned it
over on its side before It was caught
by the nest pair or "stand" of rolls. It
went through four stands in succes
sion, turning over between each stand
until It had made a complete turn.
Then It came to what is called a "three
high" mill, which has three rolls, one
above the other. First the "bloom," as
it was now called, went between the
middle and bottom rolls, but no sooner
had It emerged than it was raised bod
ily, the supporting roller "tables" on
both sides of the mill being raised up
The rollers of the tables were then
reversed, causing the bloom to start
back between the middle and top rolls.
The tables were now lowered, their
rollers reversed and the bloom sent
through between the middle and bot
tom rolls, as before, but this time It
was switched to one side, where the
rolls were a little larger in diameter,
and it was a tighter squeeze getting
And so the bloom went back and
forth, being switched over to a tighter
pass each time until it was squeezed
down to about eight Inches square and
over forty feet long. Then' it was cut
In two, and each bloom went through
another set of rolls that gradually
worked It down to the size and shape
of a rail. It was fascinating to watch
that snakelike bar over a hundred feet
long writhing as if alive.
As It came back for Its last sally
through the rolls a whistle was blown
as a warning that the rolling was fin
ished, and the rail was now on its
way to the saws. There were five cir
cular saws that dropped down upon
the glowing metal and amid a shower
of sparks sawed It Into four ten-yard
rails. After that the rails were car
ried off on "run out tables" to the "hot
beds" to cool. St Nicholas.
The phrase "pacific blockade" Is al
most a contradiction of terms, but is
nsed in International law for want of a
better. It means the blockade of ports
of another country In time of peace
without the intention of waging war;
in other words, it is a peaceable act oC
war. Some writers on International
law Insist that the blockade of tbe
ports of a foreign country is Itself an
act of war without regurd to tbe mo
tive of future intentions, hut as a
means of reprisal or of compelling the
settlement of International disputes it
has become an established feature of
the laws of nations Philadelphia
Money Wasted on Fertilizer.
"A great deal of the money spent
for commercial fertilizers every year
is wasted" said A. G. McCall of the
College of Agriculture before a crowd
of farmers recently. "Commesclal
fertilizers are a good thing" he con
tinued "but the trouble is that the
farmer either does not get the right
kind of fertilizer for his land or does
not get the worth of his money. Many
farmers buy nitrogen when they
would better raise it in the form of
clover. Others purchase a so-called
'complete' fertilizer paying much
more per pound for the plant food
than if the three Ingredients were
purchased separately and mixed at
home." A great many farmers will
be buying fertilizer and applying it on
their wheat ground. In order to help
these men get the best results from
the money they spend for fertilizer
the college or Agriculture has ar
ranged to send specialists to a number
of different communities during Au
gust and September to give advice In
purchasing fertilizers, and to demon
strata home mixing. In order to se
cure thlsasslstauce which is free sim
ply write to Clark S. Wheeler, College
of Agriculture, Columbus, Ohio, and
mention this paper.
The Dance of Death.
Tbe populatlun uf the world Is about
The average age of all persuns at
death Is thlrty-thiee yea'is
Total of 47.372.7'J1 persons die an
nually. Total of 90S.fH per-ous die weekly.
Total of 120.788 perbons die dally.
Total of 5.308 persons die hourly.
Nearly ninety persons die every min
ute. About three persons die every two
Sixty persons died while yoa
were reading this Item -Ed Howe's
Cost of a Failure.
In Russia u man. Intending to kill
himself, got In front ot a railway
train, but was pulled aside.
Then tbe authorities took him in
charge. Tbey thied nlm tor disorderly
conduct, imprisoned him for imperiling
human life and gave him solitary con
finement for Interrupting travel. It
.seems to be painfully difficult to leave
Russia by any route. Cleveland Plain
8uccessfu Ugly Women.
Successful women are not always
of Irreproachable beauty or modeling!
Thus the Princess d'Evoll ot Loulo
XV.'s time was one eyed: the silt of
Montespan's mouth reached her ears;
Mme. de Maintenon was thin, meager,
yellowish: La Valllere lame, Gabrielle
d'Estrees one armed, Anne Boleyn six
fingered. Westminster Gazette.
Got a Bargain.
"I bad my fortune told tbe other
day." said one woman.
"What a waste of money!" said the
"Not at all. 1 gave the woman 60
cents, and she Informed me that I am
Inherit 8100,000. Wasn't that a good
bargain T Washington Star.
JlsZ. JzU JrCr -CN 3
FINAL CLEARING SALE
OF SUMMER GOODS
BEGINS SATURDAY MORNING, AUGUST 15
THIS IS THE STORE THAT KEEPS NO OLD STOCK.
WE SELL IT OUT IF WE DO LOSE MONEY ON IT.
WE CARRY NO GOODS FROM SEASON TO SEASON.
One Half Price for any White Dress
One Half Price for any Coat Suit
One Half Price for any Dress Skirt
One Half Price for one lot of Wash Goods
One Half Price for any Parasol
One Half Price for one lot Muslin Underwear
One Half Price for one lot of Corsets
One lot of 75c and $1.00 Long Gloves, 50c pair
One lot of Shirt Waists, white, 25c each
One Half Price for a few Spring Coats
There will be dozens of bargains on the counters which are not
advertised. These consist of odds and ends of broken stocks.
Don't miss this Final Clearance Sale if you are looking for a big
bargain. It is here for you.
SALE BEGINS SATURDAY MORNING, AUGUST 15
South High St.
Aug. 10, 1914.
Geo. Mllburn entertained his uncles,
Albert and Geo. Mllburn, Sunday.
Kobert Lewis, of New Vienna, was
visiting home folks from Thursday un
Homer Satterfleld, of Hillsboro, vis
ted home folks Sunday.
T. M. Frump was transacting busi
ness In Adams and Scioto counties, a
couple of days last week.
Mrs. Ella Williams and daughter,
Grace, were calling on Mrs. T. M.
Frump, Friday afternoon.
Ed. Hammond, who has been sick
for sometime is improving.
John Kesler and wife and Jenevine
Post left last Tuesday for an extended
visit with Mrs. Kesler's brother and
family, at Fowler, Kan.
T. M. Frump and wife took dinner
with Thurman Gall and wife, Suuday.
Bev. Fearneau, of Oynthlana, Is
holding protracted meeting at the
Mrs. Geo. Henry Williams visited
Mrs. W. I. Turner last Friday evening.
I Grace Williams waa calling on Eosa
Lewis one evening last week.
Carey Carlisle and wife visited
Harvey Carlisle and wife at Belfast,
Fred Shaw and mother visited Joe
Shaw and family Sunday.
Jack Butler and wife entertained
the following guests last week, Mrs.
Allle Burnett and Margaret Gall, of
Hillsboro, Clyde Eubanks, of Carmel,
and Earn Ferguson and wife, of Columbus.
Sunday, Aug. 16
FAIR GROUNDS, 2:45 P. M.
Aug. 10, 1914.
Howard and Charles Jnnninra and
sisters, Elizabeth and Helen, returned
to their home In Columbus Monday.
Those entertained bv Ezra Carpen
ter and wife Sundav were Leonard
Carpenter and wife, of Lynchburg,
Mrs. Ethel Roush and son. John, nf
Cincinnati, and Dexter Carpenter and
G. C. Winkle and dauffhtor. "NMnnin
spent the past fortnight In Dayton.
W. E. Fawley and wife visited Mat
Fawley and family, Sunday.
Oscar Snell, of Westboro, is visiting
his aunt, Mrs. E. M. Hss.
Lewis Mock and wife called on Ezra
Carpenter and wife Sunday evening.
Revs. Garst and Fiddler visited the
Brethren church here last Tuesday.
Rev. Fiddler preached an able sermon
In the evening,
A pleasant surprise was given Mrs.
Lydla Eier Aug. 2.
Burch Moberly is remodeling his
The United St&tes last year manu
factured 245,000 tons of explosive.
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