Newspaper Page Text
I ., . -- -
mtqmmqmrm' V k. "il ' i mmmmmmmmmtmmnmt'mw mm .iihwihuh n"i'w1""111 - .' --'-".- -- '" ' " " " " """ " ' x .. y,,
mmWMmmm mmm mm mm wj 'i rfm mwmmMtmm: .Mii fc i i. Mi.WfawMnasaaWswsWs ' - " ' stteaw'M isjWSWjM iwwsfc.smii l a-ww!.i-jrwyt--Kt1 'W"a TV -,..- r.
- ' i ' .. 'V.?. . -nt. rr rr
B. T. VA1 HORN. Eiwvv:
Published ou Thursday Morning.
. TERMS OF SUBSCRIPTION ,.'
' One Dollar and Fifty Cents, .1
if pais in advance, '; .' ' ..- t-t
Two Dollar within (ho year.
If not paid until after the expiration of the year
Two Dollars nnd Fifty Cents ;'
Willi charged, i .' f v '
jj-No popei will be discontinued until oil ar
rearages are paid, except at the option of the pub
lisher. lur i '" r; ' ' ; 1 ' ;',"'
O-All aorniuunicationa on the business or tne
Office must be postpaid to secure attention.
17 To Clubs,' often or fnore, the paper will
be furnished at a liberal reuueuuu in v,
n ii ii i i ii a ik. i fi, , : w r w . ' i in i i u .M i m , r:n ii n n ii ii ... .
II II 1 II f I ..1 V. " " II' 1IT II II 'II 1 I I 11 t I. tm - I tl 1 I I I I I II I 'll' ,1 II 1 . f t I 11 M II il I
y ii 1 1 ii j i u 1 i-Av--' i.iuivx. i n , ,, n , r , : .... . jjy.
$2 per Annum!
ill .'I I-IV
H $. T. YAITIIOR.
fir in i."
-ONE DES TINY.".,
tlftO In Advance.
l: iii' i)A i
I0MROY; TllUISDpp 1, 185:;
YOL. 3 NO.-30
OF THE Te LEG ii A !,
tvo dovIi w: or The fo T liousr.
Bates of Advertising? .
One square (13 lines or less) tlirce weett.
tTery lUDsequeni maer-iou, t, : ; ;
One square, three months, i1 !": .: :
One square, six months, : , t . : , : :
One square, one year, : : ' : i '.4 1
Oneiialf column, one year, t 3 .: . I
Three-fourths of a column, oue year, . : t
One column, one year, : 1. 1 i '
KTAdvertisements not having tliatinuulier nf in-'
sertiont marked on copy, will be cuiruu ut-d until '
.forbid and charged accordingly. -r -j ,
Qr'Uasual auvertisers must pay in advance. . 4
trJob l'rintiug.of every description, will
be executed with accuracy and ueatness. , , . ,,;
I v; eONSTITUTION
; - .. M ).: -V OF THE : ' .:. ' ' l' ' .
XIIE STAP OF OHIO.
We, the peopio of tbo Stmo ol" Ohio, grato
ful to Alnnghiy God fcr our freedom, to se
cure hs Wessings arid promote our common
welfare, do cstablis this Consiiiuiion.
1J1M, OF pjOUTS. (, ,
1. All men nre, by nature, nee
and independent, and have certain inaliena
ble rithts among which aro those of enjoy
ing and defending life and liberty, acquiring,
possessing, and protecting property, and seek-
ing and obtaining happiness and sanity. ......
Sec 2. . All political power is inherent in
the peoplei Government 'is instituted for
their equal proujCiiim and lenefu; and 'they,
hrive 'thi right to niter, reform, or nboUsh
he samet w henry ejr jtheytmay deem it ne
cessary; and no special prvilegcs or inimu
niiies shall. ever b? granted, llity may not bs
altered, revoked, or repealed by the General
Assembly. ',, . ' v.
' Se3. 3. The poople have the right to as
semble toeether, in, u, peaceable manner,, 10
consult lor their common good; q instruct
their Representatives; and to petition the
General Assembly for the redress of griey
ances. .!-. ' - -; ci r. v'l -: -t-i--! ''i- ',')
Sec. 4. Tito , people r have the right to
bear arins Cor jtheir defence and (security;
out standing armies in time of peace, aro
dangerous to liberty, and hall not be kept
up; and the military shall be in strict subor
dination to thb civil power. ' '
. Sec 6. 7.. The right of trial by jury shall
be Inviolate. , '? . i : 0
Sec. 6. There sh-tll be no slavery in this
State; nor involuntary servitude, except (or
the punishment of crime.
Sec. 9. All men have a natural and in
defeasible right to worship Almighty God
nccordin" to the dictates of their own con
science. ' No person shall be compelled to
attend, end or support any place of wor
ship, of maintain any form of worship,
against his consent; and no preference shall
I. n;sn Kv Ihiv. ID anV
lfJ KIT6 "J " ' " '.L P
II no interference w i i'S rights oi
conscience be permitted. No religious test
shall be required, as a qualification for office,
nor shall any person bo incompetent to bu a
witness on account of his religious belief;
but nothing herein shall be construed to dis
' pense with oaths and affirmations. Reli
oinn. morality, and knowledge, however,
being essential to good government, it shall
be the duty of the Generul Assembly to pass
! suitable laws.' to protect everjf religious de
nomination In iho peaceable enjoyment of
its own mode of public worship, and to en
courage schools and the means of instruc-
ll0e- n Tl, nrivilcflO of the writ of
.'- habeas forpus shall not bo suspended, tin
' less, in"case of rebellion or invasion, the
public safy require it. ' .
Sec 9. All persons shall bo bailable b suf
ficient sureties, except for capital offences
where the proof is evident, or the presump
tion "rent. Excissivo bail shall run be re
quired; nor excessive fines imposed; nor cru
el and unusual punishments inflicted.
Skc 10. Except in i-usc i
ment, und cases arising in the am y and na
vv. or in the militia when in actual scrvico,
in time of war or public danger, and in cases
of petit larceny, and other inferior offences,
. ,i ui.l nnitunr tnr n cam.
no person snail oe ueiu . ......... .-. r-
tal, or other infamous crime, unless on pre
of a erand jury, in
my trial, in any court, tne ipany
shall be allowed to appear and defend in per
son ard with counsel; ;to demand the nature
and cause or the accusation against him, and
to h tve a copy thereof; to meet the witnesses
face to face, and to have compulsory process
to procure the attendance of witnesses in
his behalf, tnd a speedy public trial by an
Impartial jury of the county or district, in
which the offence Is alleged to have been
committed: nor shall any person be compel-
i.j 1 .-iminnl rase, to be a witness
against himself, or be twice put in jeopardy
for' the same offence.
.. Sec 11.. Every citizon may freely speak,
-..1 KHch hia santiments on all sub-
iects, being responsible for the abuse of the
right; and no law shall be passed to restrain
l. . j. .1.. ilKono- of sneech. or ot the
press. !n all criminal prosecutions for libel,
lu .u ,o ho oiven in evidence to the
!urv. and if it shall apt ear to the jury, tha
libelous is true, and
me iiiuhui ,v'b ---- - . ,
onnd motives, and lor
Was UUHiiailO'i E - . .. . ... A
...:r.ui- a. .l.o nnrtv sha 1 bo acquitted
Sec 12. No person shall be transported
. . n ' r .. flVno onmrnitir'd
out of the State, tor any ,-
.u- um niul no convicron snail
WUIIIII IHO uuinv, -- t - . , f
estate. " ' . , .. .
Rec. 13. .No soldier shall, in
v,arirrl iwnnv house,
:L- .. r ,k ownnr: nor. in time ol
ino cuuociu w - ... ,
war, except in- the manner prescribed by
Skc. 14. :The. right of iho peop.e to
Im BPrnre in their persons, houies, paperr
caand seizures shall not be violated; and no
warrant shall Issue, but upon probable cause
ly describing the .place to be searched, and
t nnci. ami ihinrrs in be seized.
.Sec 15., No person shall be imprisoned
for debt In any civil action, on mesne or final
...... .inlpK in cases of fraud.
r 1 r All courts shall be open, and
every person, forsn injury done him In his
land, good's'; person, pr reputation, shall have
n,fidw bv duo course of law; and justice
ihnui danial or delay.
BUUIlll'"."1'. " . . . . - .
e. 17 N hnraditarv emoluments, no'
nors, or privileges, shall ever be granted or
Sec 13. No power of suspending laws
shall ever be exercised, ixcepi Dy iieo..c
ral Afsombly. , - , ,
io . PrivniR nrnnsriv shall ever
nUia. hut Ruhsfirvtent to tue pubi
welfare. Wheniakenin time ofwar.or other
public txigency, liiiparatively requiring Its
immediate seizure lor the purpose n mai.i
or repairing roads, which shall be open i
in all other cases, where private property
shall be taken for public use, a compensa
tion therefor shall! first be raada in money,
or first secured by a deposit of, money; and
such compensation shall be assessed by a
jury,' witnoui neaucuon wr wouciub v
property ot the owner.. i-,t.i :
S .o. 20. ! This enumeration of righu shall
not be construed to impair or deny others
retained by the people; and all powers not
herein delegated, remain with the people.
I- :. 71.- i: Sim.. (: r.' i:-fu.
ii.n i ARTICLE IL'r. I . ;
.'!.! LEOlSUtiyB.1 !' i' .
Skction I . ' The Legislative power of this
State shall beesled in a General Assembly,
which shall consist of a Senate,1 and House
of Representatives. : ' .i "
Sec 2.. Senltiors. .and - Representatives
shall be elected bit nnially, by iho eleotors
in '.' the respective counties or districts, . onj
the second Tuesday ol uctoDer; ineifaenn
of office 6hall, commence on the first day of
JaSuaiynexri thereafierj and eontinue two
years. 'f", '.-j j--.- .1. i : ! t
; Sec. 3 Senators : and r. Representat.ves
shall have resided in their respective coun
ties, or districts, one year next ptecedirig
their election, unless they shall have been
absent on the public business of the United
Stales, or of this Stale. !': ' 1 1 '
Sec. 4; -No person holding office under
tho authority or the United States, or any
lucrative office under the-atiihority of this
State, shall bo eligible to, or have a seat in,
the General Assembly; but this provision
shall not extend to township officers,' justices
of tho peace, notaries public, or officers of
the militia. ' 1 " 1 '
Sec. 5. No person hereafter convicred
ol an embezzlement of the-public funds,
shall hold any office in this State; nor shall
any person, holding public monojr for dis
bursement, or otherwise, have a seat in the
General Assembly, until he shall have ac
counted for, and paid such money into the
treasury. ' ' ' '. ' '
Sec 'g. Each House shall bo the judge
of the election, returns, and qualifications, of
its own members; a 'majority-of all the mem
bers elected to each House, shall bo a quo
rum to do business; but, a less number may
adjourn from day to day, and compel the at
tendance of absent members, In such manner,
and under such penalties, as shall be pre-
scrilwd bv law- ' ' , r " " ' '
Sec 7. The mode of organizing the
House of Representatives, at the commence
ment of each regular session, shall be pre
scribed law. ' ' ' f
Sec 8. Each House, except s i ler
wisu provided in this constitution,' irnall
choose in own officers, may determine its
nwn rules of nroccedin', punish its mem
bers for disorderly conduct; and, with the
concurrence of two-thirds, expel a member,
but not this second time for the snme cause;
and shall have all othef powers, necessary
to provide for its safety . and the undisturbed
transaction ot us uusinesa.
Sec 9. ' Each House shall keep a cor
rect journal of its proceedings, which shall
At tha desire of any two
members, the veas and nays shall be enter
ed upon the journal; and, on the passage
hill, in niiher House, the vote snail
be taken by yeas and nays, and entered
upon tha journal; and no law shall be pass
ed, in either House, without ihe concurrence
of a majority of all the membeis elected
Sec 10. Any member of either House
hall have the right to protest against any
act, or resolution tnereoi; anu um piu..,
and the reasons therefor, shall without al
teration, commitment, or delay, be entered
pon the journal.
Rbp 11. All vacancies which may hap
pen in either Ilouso, shall, for iho unexpired
term.be filled by election, as shall be di
rected by law.
Src. 12. Senators and Representatives,
during fne session of the Goneral Assembly,
and n no no tn.and returning irom me aume,
shall le privileged from arrest, in all cases,
except treason, leiony. or oreacii oi mo
peace; and for any speecn, or aeoate, in er
ther House, ihey shall not be questioned
Sec 13. The proceedings of both Hou
ses shall be public, except in cases -which,
n tho opinion of two-tniras ot tnose pre
sent, require secrecy.
Sec 14. Neither House snail, wunoui
the consent of the other, adjourn for more
than two days, Sundays excluded; nor .oany
other place than ihat, in which the two Hou
ses shall be in session.
Sec 15." Bills may oriclnate in either
louse: but may be altered, amended, or re
jected in the other.
Sec 16. every bill snail oe luuy ana
distinctly read, on three different days, un-
Uao.in .case of urcencv. three-fourths of
the House, in which it shall be pending, sliull
dispense with this rule, No bill shall con-
.' . .....! I U.ll
tain more man one suojeci, winuu auuu ue
c early expressed In its title: and no law
shall bo revived or amended, unless tne new
act contain the entire act revived, or the
section or sections amended; and the sec
tion, or sections; so amended, shall be re-
Sec 22i , No money shall bo, drawn from
tho treasury, except,, in pursuance ot a spe
cific appropriation, made by law; and io
appropriation, shall be made for a longer jffc
riod than two years.""" ' Tl"T
Src. 23.1 .The' House, of Representatives
shall have. the sole power of impeachment,
but a majority of the mi mbers elecied must
concur therein.' Impeachments' shall be
tried by the Senate; and fho Senators, when
silling for that purpose, shall bo upon inaih
or affirmation to do justice according to lavi
and evidence. No person shall be convict
ed, without the concurrence of two thirds of
the Senators. I x v..!-..t ni tu .-.
Sec 24.., The Governor, Judges, and all
State officers, may be impeached for any
misdemeanor In office; bur judgment shall
not extend further than removal Irom office,
and. disqualification to hold any office, under
the authority of ,this Saio. ,Th party Im
peached, wheihei. convicted or not, shall be
liable to indictmehi, trial; and judgment.'a'c
cordIhg"wlaw., .iu w,.r..l
Sec '25. All regular sessions of the Gen
eral Assembly shall commence on the first
Monday of January,- biennially.- The first
session, under this constitution, shall com
mence on the first, Monday of January, one
thousand eight hundred and fifty-two.
Sec. 26. All laws of a general nature,
shall have a uniform operation throughout
the State; nor, shall any act, except such as
relates to public schools, be passed, to take
effect upon the approval of any other au
thority than the General Assembly, except,
as otherwise provided in this constitution.
. Sec. 27. The election and appointment
of all officers, and the filling of all vacan
cies, not otherwise provided for by this con
stitution, or ol the Constitution of1 tho Uni
ted States, silil bo made in such manner
as may be directed by law; but no appoint
ing power sha)! be exercised by the Gene
ral Assembly, except as prescribed in this
constitution, and In the election of United
Slates Senators; and in these cases, the vote
shall be taken "ciua voce."
Sec 28. Tfe General Assembly shall
hove no power to pass retro-active laws, or
laws impairing the obligation of contracts:
but may, by geneial laws, authorize courts
to carry into effect, upon such terms as shall
be just and equitable, the manifest iniention
of pariies, and offices, by curing omi.ssions,
defects, and errors, it instruments and pro
ceedings, arising out of iheir want of con
formiiy with the laws,of this diate. ,
Sec 29. No extra jcmpensation shall be
made to any officer, public aeent, or con
tractor, afier the service shall have been
rendered, or' the comrtrji entered into; nor,
shall any money be paid, on any claim, tfjo
subject matter of which ihall not have been
provided for by pre-existing law, unless
such compensation, or clsjm, be allowed by
two-thirds of the membert elected to each
branch of the General Assimbly.
Sec 30. No new counW shall contain
less than four hundred squVre miles of ter
ritory, nor. shall any count) ba reduced be
low that amount; and all lavs creating new
counties, changing count) ines, or remo
ving county seats, shall, bufue taking effect,
be submitted to the electors V the several
counties to be affected therebj, at the next
general election after the parage thereof,
and be aaopiea uy a maiumi ui an mu
electors voting at such election in each of
said counties; but any county tipw or here'
after containing one hundred tmusand in
habitants, may be divided, whenever a raa
ioritv of the voters, residing in eah of the
J ..... . ... -.!,. -,
Droposed divisions, snau approve a tne taw
passed for that purpose; but, no ioln or city
within the same, shall be divided, or shall
either of the divisions contain less than
twenty thousand inhabitants. .
Sec 31. The members and offiters of
the Genxral Assembly shall receive A fixed
compensation, to be prescribed by a., and
no other allowance or porquisites, ei lifer in
the payment of postage or otherwisntand
no change In their compensation shall ake
effect during iheir term of office. ;
Skc. 32. The General Assembly shall
grant no divorce, nor, exercise any judicial
power, not herein expressly conierrea.
I'HeC. O. tie may, on extraoroinBry oc'
casions, convene the Ganeraf Aalenibly by
proclamation, and shall.state to both Houses,
w,het asseinbled, ihe purpose for which they
have been converi'od. ' , ' "''" ,,
; Sec' 9.' "In case of disagreement between
the two Houses, in respect to the time, of
adjournment, he sha') hove power to adjourn
the General Assembly to such time as he
may think proper, but riot VjoyoncJ the regu
lar' rtieetihgs thereof.- " ! 'l '
, ' Sec' 10. He shall oe commander-in-chief
of lha military and naval forces of the State,
except when .they shall, ba called into, the
service. of 'he United Slates, j ) , .,
f Sec.; 11.' , Ile sholi rtuve power, after if dn
viciion, to grant reprieves, commutations and
pardons) for all crimes and offences, except
treason adn cases of .impeachment, upon
such conditions as he may think proper: sub
ject,, however, to such regulations, .as to . the
iiiuuiicr ui aijJtyiiig iur puruuno, oa may ue
prescribed by law.J 'Upon ,'c,onvfctlon' for
treason, he :may suspend -ilia execution of
ihe sentence, aril report the cuq to the Gen
eral. Assembly, at its next meeting, when
the General Assembly shall either pardon,
commute the sentence, direct iw'exeoution,
or grant a further reprieve. ' He shall com
municate to the General Assembly, at every
regular session, each case of reprieve, com
mutation, or pardon granted, stating the
name and crime of thb convict, the sentence,
its date, and the date of the commutation,
pardon, or reprieve, with his reasons therefor.
Sec. 12. There shall bo a seal of this
State, which shall be kept by the Governor,
and used by him officially; and shall be
called "The Great Seal of the State of
Ohio." ' " ' ' ' ' ';
Sec. 13. All grants and commissions
shall ba Issued in the name, and by the au
thority, of the State oi Ohio; sealed with
the Great Seal; signed by the Governor, and
countersigned by the Secretary of State. - '
Sec 14. No member of Congress, or
other person holding office under the au
thority of this State, or of the United States,
shall execute the office of Governor, except
as herein provided. .
Sec. 15. In case of the death, Impeach-'
ment, resignation, removal, or other disabil
ity of the Governor, the powers and duties
of the office, for the residue ..f the term, or
until he shall be acquitted, or the disability
in each county therein, at least once in each
year ; but if it shall be found inexpedient to
hold such court annually, in each county, of
any district, thelieneral Assembly may, Tor
such diMrict, provide that said court shall
hold at least three annual sessions therein.
In not less' than threa places : Provided, that
iho General Assembly may. by law author
ize the Judges of each district to fix the
limes of holding the cburts therein.. W
Sec. .8. Thd district court shall have like
original jurisdiction' with the supreme court,
and such appellate, jurisdiction as may be
provided by law. wii ,., ;.-'.
' Sec 7 .There shall be established in
each county a Probate court, which. shall be
a court af record, open ai all times, and hoi-
den by. one Judge, elected bv the 'voters of
the county, who shall bold his office for the
term of three years, and shall receive such
compensation,, payable out of the county
treasury;, or by fees, or1 boih, as ahall be pro
yldedby law. 3 n.-nt C .. ;.-.'S.fi
Sec 8.7 The i Probate court shall have
Jurisdiction in probate and msiarrvniarj mat-
ters, the appointment or admiuistrators and
guardians, the settlement of, thd accounts of
executors p.nd guardians, and surh jurisdic
tion in haboas1 corpus,', the issuing of mar
riage licenses, arid fori tho sale of land by
executors, administrators and guardians, and
such other jurisdiction, in any county or
counties, as may be provided by law.
Sec 9. : A competent number of justices
of ihq peace shall be elected, by the elec
tors, in each township in the several coun
ties. Theii term of office shall be three
years, and their powers and duties shall be
regulated by law.
Sec 10. All judges, other than those
provided fur in this con .titution, i hall be
elected by the electors of tho judicial dis
trict for which they may be created, but not
for a longer term of office than five years.
Sec 11. The Judges of the Supremo
court 8hal, immediately after the first o'ec
tion under this constitution, be classified by
lot, so that one shall, hold for the term of
one year, one for two years, one (or throe
years, one for four years, arid one for five
years ; and at all subsequent elections, the
term of each of said Judges shall bo for
Sec 12, The Judges of the courts of
common pleas shall, while in office, reside
removed, shall devolve upon the Lieutenant jin the district for which they, are elected ;
Sec. 17. The presiding officer of each
House shall sien. publicly in the presence of
ihe House over which he presides, while ine
same is in session, and capable ol transact'
ing business, all bills and joint resolutions
passed by the General Assembly.
Sec. 13. The style oi tne taws oi mis
State shall be, 41 Be it enacted by tne bene
ral Assembly of the State of Ohio." .
Sec, 19- . No Senator or Kepreseniative
hall, durinn the lerm for which he shall
hnvn been ele cied. or for one year thereaf-
tor. ba nDnointed to any civil office under
this Stale, which shall have been created or
the emoluments' of which, shall have been
increased, during the term, tor which ho
shall have been elecied. . ;
Sue 20. The General Assembly, in cases
not provided for in this constitution, shall
fi ihn term of office and the compensation
of all officers: but no change therein shall
affect the salary of any officer during his
existing term.un'esa ihe office be abolished.
Sec 21. The Goneral Assembly shall
iuiofminfi. bv law. before what authority
.. i t. nhM manne" trial of contested
Srr. 1. Thn Executive Department shall
consist or a liovernor, tjieutenint uover-
nor. Secretary of State, Auditor, Treasurer,
and an Attorney General, who shall be cho
sen by the electors of the State, on the se
cond Tuesday or Uciober, ana at ine places
of voting for members of the General Assembly.
Sec 2. The Governor, Lieutenant Go
vernor, Secretary of Slate, Treasurer, and
Attorney General shall hold their ofhees lor
two years; and the Auditor for four years.
heir terms of office shall commence on
apnnH Monday nf January nuXt after
their election,' and continue until their sue
cessors are elecied and qualified.
Sbc 3. The returns or every election
for t is officers named in ihe foregoing sec
tion, shall be sealed up and transmitted to
he seat of Government, by tne returning
officers, directed to the President ot tne os
nate. who. during the first week ol the sea-
sioni shall open and publish them, ana ae
elnra tho result, in ihe presence of a ma
jority of the members of each House of the
(Jenoral Assembly. The erson naving me
hiirhest number of votes shall be declared
duly elected; but if any two or more shall be
h c-hest. and equal. in voies, tor me same
office, one of them shall bo chosen by the
ioint vote of both Houses.
. . ... . .
Src. 4.... Shou d there De no session oi
the General Assembly in January next niter
an election for anv of the ollicers aioresata
the returns of such election shall be made
to the Secretary of State, and opened, and
the result declared by ihe Governor, in such
. 1 J L-. I ' ' '
manner aa mav oe orov uoa ov ibw.
. j , . .. .
Skc 5. The supreme executive power ot
ihls State shall be vested in the Uovernor.
Sec 6. He may: require information, In
writing, from the officers in the executive
department, upon any subject relating io the
duties of ihe r resnecttve omces anu auuu
see that the laws are faithfully executed
Hec 7. Ho shall communicate at every ses-
sion.by message.io the General Assembly, the
condition ol the state, anu rccomneiiu
vruveruur. , ...
. See 16. The Lieutenant Governor shall
be President of the Senate, but shall vote
only when the Senate is equally divided; and
in case of his absence, or impeachment, or
when he shall exercise the office of Gover
nor, the Senate shall choose a President pro
tempore, .' - ';,' . . , ?
Sk'c 17. H the Lieutenant uovernor,
while executing the office of Governor, shall
be impoachfd, displaced, resign or die, or
otherwise become incapable of performing
the duties of the'oince, ihe President or the
Senate shall act as Governor, until the va
cancy is filled, or the disability removed;
and tl the President of the Senhte, for any
of the above causes, shall be rendered in
capable of performing the duties pertaining
to ihe office of Governor, ihe same shall de
volve upon the Speaker of the House of .Rep
resentatives. ' ' '
Sec 18. Sho ild the office of Auditor,
Treasurer, Secretary, or Atiorney General,
become vacant, for any of the causes speci
fied in the fifteenth section of this article,
the Governor shall fill the vacancy until the
disability is removed, or a successor elecied
and qualified. Every such vacancy shall be
filled hw election, at the first anneral elec
tion that occurs more than thirty days after
it shall have happened; and the person cho
sen shall hold the office for the full term
fixed in ihe second section of this article.
Sec. 19. The officers mentioned in this
article shall, at jiated limes, receive, for
iheir services, a Compensation 10 be estab
lished by law. which shall neither be in
creased or diminished during the period for
which they shall have been elecied.
Sec. 20. The officers of the executive
department, and of the public Statu Institu
tions, shall, at least five days preceding each
regular session of the General Assembly,
severally seport to the Governor, who shall
transmit such reports, with his message, to
the General Assembly. .
Sec 1. The judicial power ol ihe State
ihall be vested in a supreme court, in dis-
nict courts, courif common pleas, courts
ol probate, justices of ihe peace, and In such
otter courts, inferior to the supreme court,
in pne or more counties, as ihe General As
sembly, mav, from time to lime establish.
Sec 2. The supreme c.uri shall consist
of five Judges, a majority of whom shall
be necessary to rorm a quorum, or io pro
nounce a decision. It shall have original
jurisdiction in quo warranto, mandumus, ha
beas corpus, and procedendo, anu sucn ap
pellate jurisdiction as may be provided by
aw. It shall hold at least one term in eaeu
vear. at tha seat ol covernmeni, ur eiar-
where, aa mav be provided by law. i ne
Judges of thd supreme court shall be elected,
bv the electors of the Siate ai largo.
" , ,,. , . j ,
Sec. 3. The State snau oe utviaea inio
nine common pleas districts, of which the
county of Hamilton shall. constitute one. of
compact territory, and bounded by county
lines ; and each ol said districts consisting
of three or more counties, shall be sudoivt-
ded into ihree parts of compact territory,
bounded by county lines, and as-nearly
equal in population as practicable ; in each
of which, one Judce of the court of com
mon pleas for said district, and residing
ihen-in. shull be elecied by the electors ol
said subdivision. Courts of common pleas
shall be held, bv one or more of these Judg
es. in every county in ihe district,! as often
as mav be provided bv law i and more man
ono court, or sitting thereof, may be held at
the same time in ench district.
. Sbo. 4. The jurisdiction of the court of
common o leas, and of 'he Judges tnereoi,
shall be fixed bv law.
Sec; 4. District courts shull be composed
of ihe Judtres of ihe court of common ploas
of the respective dis. riots, and one of the
Judaea of the aunremo court, anv three of
and their term of office shall bo for five
Sec. 13. In case the office of any Judge
shall become vacant, before the expiration
of the regular term for which he was elec
ted, the vacancy shall be filled by appoint
ment by ihe Governor, t mil a successor is
elecied and qualified ; and such successor
shal I be elected for the unexpired term, at
the first annual election thai occurs more
than thirty days after the vacancy shall have
happened. , , . . ..
; Ss.c.,r 14., TUo Judgoe of ihe supreme
court, and of th court of common ploas,
shall, at stated times, receive for their ser
vices, such compensation as may be provided
by law, which shall not be diminished, or
increased, during their term of office; but
they shall receive no fees or perquisites, nor
hold any other office of profit or trust under
the authority of this State, or the United
States. All votes for either of them, for
any elective office, except a judicial office,
under the authority of this State, given by
the General Assembly, or the people, shall
Sec. 15. The General Assembly mayin
creae,or diminish,the number of the Judges
, i ......
o' !;; Sunreme court, the numoer o
districts of the court of commou pleas
number of Judges in any district
district, change ihe districts or ihe subdivis
ions , thereof, or establish other courts,
whenever two-thirds of ihe members elected
to each House shall concur therein ; but, no
such change, addition, or diminution, shall
vacate the office of any Judge.
Sec. 16. There shall be elected in each
county, by the electors thereof, one clerk of
the court or common pleas, wno snau noia
his office for the term of three years, and
until his successor shall be elected and qual
ified. He shall by virtue of his office, be
clerk of all other courts of recoid l eld
therein; but the General Assembly may
provide, by law. for the election of a clerk,
with a like term of office, for euch or any
other of the courts of record, and may au
thorize iha Judae of ihe Probate court to
nprform the duties of clerk for his court, un
der such regulations as may be directed by
aw. Clerks of Courts shall be removable
for such cause, and in such manner, as shall
be prescribed by law.
Sec. 17. ' Judges may be removed from
office, by concurrent resolution of both Hous
es of the Goneral Assembly, if two-thirds
of the members, elecied to each House,
concur therein ; but, no sucn removui blunt
be made except upon complaint me sub
stance of which, shall be entered on the jour
nal, nor. until the party charged shall have
had notice thereof, and an opportunity to be
Sec. 18. The several Judges of the su
ni-nmH court, of the common pleas, and of
such other courts as may be created, shall,
respectively, have and exercise such power
and iurisdiciion. at chambers, ir oiherwiso,
as may be directed by law.
Sec. 19. The General Assembly may
establish courts of Conciliation, and pre
scribe their powers and duties; but such
courts shall not render final judgment, in
nv case, except upon submission, by Hi
- . .. .. I -L!
parties, ol ihe matter in aispuie, . nnu muir
agreement to some sucnjuugmeui.
Dn 'PL... T ll n..ni. o Viol I
OOC. XU. 1 HO MVIi: UI ail lltuvao numi
be, "The Siaie of Ohio;" all prosecutions
chiill he carried on. in the nnme, and by ihe
nuihoritv of iheSiaie of Ohio; and all in
diciments shall conclude, "againsi the peace
and dignity of ihe State of Ohio.
yided by law, shall have the qualifications
of an elector, and be entitled to vote at all
Sec. 2. All elections shall be by bal
lot. - " i ' : - ' "
Sec. 3. - Electors, during their attendance
at elections, and in going to, and returning
therefrom, shall be rrivileged from arrest,
in all cases, except ireason, Tolony, and
breach of the peace. ;
Sec. 4. The General Assembly shall
have power to exclude from the privilege of
voting or being eligible to office, any person
convicted of bribery, perjury, or "other infu
mous crime. . : : .
Sec. 5. No person in the Military, Na
val, or Marine service of the United States,
shall, by being Btationed in any garrison, or
millitary, or naval station, within tho State,
he considered a resident of this State. .
See 6. No idiot, or insane person shall
be entitled to the privileges of an elector.
ARTICLE VI. .V f '
- ' EDUCATION.
Sac. 1. The nrinciuttl of all Huuls? ari
sing from the sale, or other disposition of
lunds, or other property, grunted or entrusted
to this State for educational and religious
purposes, shall forever be preserved invio
late, and undiminished ; and, the income
arising therefrom, shall be faithfully applied
to the specific objects of the original grunts,
See 2.' ihe Ueneral Assembly snail
make such provisions, by taxation, or other
wise, as, with tho income arising from the
school trust fund, will secure a thorough and
efficient system of common schools through
out the State ; but no religious or other sect,
or sects, shall ever htvu any cxcusive right
to, or control of, any part of the school
funds of this State.
' PUBLIC INSTITUTIONS.
Sec. 1. Institutions for the benefit of the
insane, blind, and deaf and dumb, shall al
ways be fosicred and supported by the State;
and be subjftct to such regulations ns may ba
prescribed by the Goneral Assembly.
Sec. 2. Tho directors ot tne renuontia-
ry shall be appointed or elecied in such a
manner as the General Assembly muy di
rect; and the trustees of the benevolent.
and other State in?tiiutions, now elected bv
the General Assembly, and of such other
State institutions as may be hereafter crea
ted, shall be appointol by ihe liovernor, by
and with iho advice and consent of tho Sen
ate : and. upon all nominations made by the
Governor, ihe question shall be laken by
yeas an nays, and entered upon tho jour
nals of the Senate.
Sec.3 . The Governor shall have power
to fill all vacancies that may occur in ihe
offices a oresaid. until the next session ol
the General Assembly, and, until a success
or to his appointed shall bo confirmed and
Seo. 9. The commissioners of the Sink-
ing Fund ahall, immediately preceding eKch I
regular session of the. General Assembly,
make an estimate of the probable amount of'
we iunu, proviueu lor umie seveiitn avr,
of thisrarticle, from alt sources except front:
taxation, and report the same, iog"ttu-r
with all their proceedings relative to aaid-'
fund and the public debt, io the Governor,'
who shall transmit the same with his regt
la message, to the Ceneral Assembly; and
the General Assembly sliull make all ne
ceSsury provision for raising nnd disbursing
su'ld sinking fund, in pursuance of ihe provi-'
sions of this article. ! ' i' '
Sue. 10. It sha bo the duty of tho tai l1
Commissioners ftt'uh fuy to sppy euid fund,
together with all moneys thai may be, by ;
the Genera AsSnnby, appropriated to thii!
ohj'.-ct, to tho payment ot the i merest, as it
becomes due, and the redemption of the'
principal of the public debt of the State,
excepting ony, the schoo and trust funds
held by the State. ' ' ' -
Seu. 11. The said commissioners sha?;
semi-annuaZy, make a Hull and detaied re
port of their proceedings the Governor,'
who shit, immediaicy, cause thii same to '
be pubished. nnd shu ttso communicate1
the same to the Geueru Assemby, forth
with, if it be in session, und if not, then at
its first session after such report shu bo
Sec. 12. So ong ns the State shu have
pubic works which require superintendence,'
there sha be a board of Pubic Works, to
consist ol three members, who sha be
eected by the peope, at the first genera
eeCjiion after the adoption of this Constitu
tion, one for tho lerm oC ono year, one for
t!o lerm of iwo years, and ono for the term
of three years; and one member of suid
Board sha be eected annually thereafter,
who sha hod his office fur three venrs.
See 13. The powers nnd duties of said
Board of Pubic Works, and its Severn
members, and their compensation, sha be
such as now are, or muy be prescribed by
Sec. 1. AI white ma' e citizens, readouts
of ihis Siaio,b;ing eighteen years ol uge.and
under tho age of forty-live yjnrs, shall be
enrolled in the miliiiu, aad perlorm military
duty, in such manner, not incompatible with
tho Constitution and laws of the United
Slates, 03 may b.' prescribed by law.
Sec 2. Majors General, nrjgadiors Gene
ral, Colonels, Lieutenant Colonels, Majors,
Cap'.uins and Subalterns, shall ba elected by
the persons subject to military duty, in iheir
Sec 3. The Governor shall appoint th
Adjutant General, Quartermaster Genera',
and such other stuff officers, as may be pro
vided for by luw. Mtijors General. Briga
diers General, Colonels or Cominandunts of
Regiments, Battalions or Squadrons, shall
severally appoint their staff; and Cup-
tuins shall appoint tlioir non -commissions J
otneers und musicians. '
Sec 4. The Governor shall commission
all officers of the line and staff, ranking as
such; and shall have power t ) call forth tho
Miliiia, to execute the laws o! the StatJ, to
suppress insurrection, and repel invasion.
Sec 5. The Goneral Assembly shall pro
vide, by law, for tho protection nnd sufu
keeping of ihe public arms.
COUNTV AND TOWNSH P ORGANIZATIONS.
Sec 1. The General Assembly shall pro
vide, by law, for ihe election of such coun
ty and township officers as muy be neces
sary. Sec. 2. County officers shall be elected
on ihe second Tuesday of October, until
otherwise directed by law, by th? qualified
electors of each county, in such manner and
for such lerm, not exceeding three years, as
may be provided by Inw.
Sec. 3. No person shall be eligible to
the office of Sheriff, or County Treasurer,
for more than four years, iu any period of
Sec. 4, Township officers shall be elec-
" ARTICLE VI1I
PUBLIC DEBT ADD TUBLIC WORKS.
Sec. 1. The State may contract debts,
to supply casual deficits or failures in reve
nues, or to meet expenses noi omerv. :&e jiu- ,
vided for ; but the aggregate amouni ofsuch
such debts, direct and contingent, whether
contracted by virtue of ono or more acts ol
the General Assemby.or at different periods
of lime, shu never exceed seven hundred
and fifty thousand doZurs ; and the money
nriRinu from the creation of such debts,
hZ,ll te appiv'J to tho purpose U r which it
was obtained, or to repay ihe debis so con
tracted, and to nooiher purpose whatever.
Sec. 2. In addition io ihe abovo unit
ed power, the State may contract debts to re
pe invasion, suppress insurrection, defend
the state in war, or to redeem the piesent
outstanding indebtedness of the state ; but
the money, arising ltom ine conirucni.g-ui
such debts, sha be appied io the purpose
for which ii was raised, or to repay such debis,
andtonooihcr purpose whatever ; and all
debts, incurred to redoem ihe present oui
inHino indebtedness of ihe slate, sha by
"""O . L . -L . 1 ... .. '.
socontractcd as io be payube oy mn siuule( on ina irs iMuuday ol April, uunually,
ing fund hereinafter provided for,asthesumu5'0y lj1J qualified electors of iheir respectivo
sha accumuaie. I townships, and sliull hold their offices Iur
, Sec. 3. Except ihe debts above specifieitjone year, from ihe Monduy next succeeding
in apciions one and two of this article, no , iheir election, and until their successors aro
i ARTICLE V.
See 1. ' Every whim mule cltiz n of the
ITnimd States, of the age of twenty-one
vnrns. who shull have been a resident of the
Suite nne year next preceding ihe election
and of the county, lownsnip, or wara 1
debt whatever i hall hereafter ba created by,
or on behalfof ihisSuio.
4. Tho credit of tha Stute shall not,
. . i i
in any manner, be given or muneu iu, . ...
aid of, my individual association or corpor
ation whatever; nor shall me otuin
hereafter become a joint owner, or stock-
holder, in any company or association, ...
this State, or elsewhere, formed for any pur
Sec. 5. Th Siate shall never assume
rfK, nf nnv fnnniv. cltv. lown, or town-
lug -u J i , .
ship, or of any corporation whatever, unless
such debt shall have neen cieatuu iu ii.
invasion, suppress insurrection, or defend the
Stato in war.
See 6. The Goieraal Assembly shall
never outh rize any county, city, town, or
township, by vote of its citizens or other
wise, to become a stocKtioiucr in any joim
stock company, corporation, or association,
whatever; ono raise money Pr, or loan its
credit to, or i n aid of, nny such company,
corporation, ot association.
Sec. 7. The faith of ihe State being ploUg-
ed for the payment of its public debt, in or
der to provide therofoi, ihero sha bo crea
ted a B.nk na und. which snafi uo suiiiriu.it
to nnv the accruing interest on 8'ieh debt,
and, annuay,lo reduce ihe principal there
of, bv a sum noi ess than one hundred ihou-
. . i i.
sand doary increased yeary, anu eaeu
and every year, Dy compouniunij, ui i'
of six per cent, per annum. The said sink
ing fund sha consist, of ihe net annua In
come of ihe pubic works, and slocks owned
by the state, ouny oiher lunds or resources
that are. or mav bo. provided by aw, and o
such further sum. to be rulsed by tnxaii'n. cf
mav be required for ihe purposes nloresaid s
Sec. 8. The Auditor of Stato, Secretur
of State, nnd Attorney Genera, are hereby
creuted a bourd of commissioners, to ho sty
ed, "The Commissioners of tho Sinking
s, i i
Sec. 5. No money shall bo drawn from
any county or township treasury, except by
authority of law.
Sec G. Justices of the peace, and county
and township officers, may be removed, in
such manner and for such causo, ns shall be
prescribed by law.
Sec 7. Tho commissioners of Counties,
the trustees of Townships, and similar boards
shull have such power of local taxation, for
police purposes, as muy be prescribed by
Sec I. Tho npportioiimuiu of this State
for members of tliu General Assimbly, shall
be tnndu every ten years, n'.Ur ilio year onu
thousand eight liuii'lreJ lii'ty one, in ihe fol
lowing n:uniier: The whi le population if
the Sinte, ns nscenaiiind by the lederal cen
sus, or in fucIi oilier niotlu us tho Generul
Assembly innydinct, bliall be divided by
the number "Ouu Uuiidicd," and tho quo
tient sliull bo the tutio of representation in
the House of liepicsunmtivcs, for ten years
next succeeding such apportionment.
Sec 2. Every couniy, having a population
equal to one-hull of said ratio, shall be", en
tiled io ono representaiive;cvery county,
containing said rutio. and tiiree-fourtlis over,
shall ho emiiiiled to two Representatives;
every county, containing' three times said
ratio, shall bs entitled to three ll'presonta
lives: nnd so on, requiring.nfior the fust two,
an entire ratio for each additional Repre-
Si:c. 3. When any county shall have a
fraction above the ratio, so larg.;. that bing
multiplied by fire, iho result will be pq.iV. to
one or roors rmion. additional Uepr senia
lives shull bi njipoiiued for such ratios, a
niongthu.s3ver.il 80sions if tho dceeneHI
period, In the following inanne'. If there In
only ono r:ilo a Reprwutniivo shall lio1 ui-
zi-amntr 4 k zzezzzzrzz::: : - - '- J