Newspaper Page Text
Xitcigs o, STclejrapl).
::MAY 82, 1861.
GEN. WINF1ELD SCOTT
' 03? n'r t l'le Cincinnati has our
thahkt for those file of Pittiburgh, Cincin
nati, Louisville and New Orleans papers.-
He ia the clerk. -
Mr. Weave, of our favorite steamer
Buckexe State, never forgets us nor we
him. -, " - ' - " "
The Ohio is alio on our list for further
Mr. McLean of tho Uibotnia, has kindly
favored us with tho latest news from above
and below. '
The gentlemanly clerk of tho steamer
Clipper, lias frequently laid us under obli
gation to hitn for numerous favors.
. , . i.
fcj- Nswman's I'ump. During our visit
to Cincinnati wo visited the Hydraulic estab
t . k. . ji n f tt m
iiannientot u. u. r a it nam, on dm street
where " NewmanU Doublt Acting fere
and Lift Fumpt" arc maRufacuired. Mr
-Faflian inTormbJiis ihtfi the' demand for this
pump Is so greet thai he is' unable, with all
his facilities, to supply the market. They
aru superceding everything, their simpllci
ty of construction, durability and cheup
ncss.giving them a superiority ovor all oth
urs.. This pump lias been on exhibition in
our pluce forsomo time, and wo learn that
RoBt Campbeli, Esq., of Grahams Sta
lion, Is gutternl agent for Mr. Farnam, from
whom those wishing individuul, county or
township Rights may obtain them.
liXrtosioN . liiist triday mormnji one
of the boilers iu Nye's steam saw mill explo
ded. Brooks, the engineer, died in about
two hours after tho occurrence from injuries
received nt the time. N one clso was
The boiler was thrown endwise about 60
yards against a stone wall and bounded back
some 0 font. Several person? near the mill
narrowly eicapjd the flying tim'jen.
03r Extract of Coffer. 0. Dranch it
Co. Iiavo favored ub with a package of this
article from the establishment of John S
Miller, Pittsburgh. We heir it highly
spoken of by severe! persons who have used
it. ns a valuable preparation. When we
test it we can speak experimentally.
A Good Idea. A paper has just been
started in New York called the White Man's
newspaper. It goes upon the ground that
here arj some white men as well as colored
people in this country a faot which a great
many legislators and politicians in these lai
tor days seem tb have entirely overlooked
If the pepar thai! havo influence enough to
. awaken the attention of public men to the
wants of thet much neglected class of bur
fellow citizens called white men, and secure
fur thorn some small share in the benefits of
that legislation which has latterly been bo
stowed so liberally upon the claims cf the
colored race, It will deserve we'd of the pub
lie, and we hope will receive the substantial
patronage tb v. htcb it will be so liberally en
titled. ExTtKOtflSHIKO THB FlEK OF MOUNT Vk-
bovics. It is said that a project is on foot
at Naplie to extinguish tho fires of Mount
Vesuvius, that have been burning for thou
sands of years I The plan is to dig a trench
or canal from the sea to the crater, the bot
tom of the grand one being severul thousand
feet below the level of the sea. The ex
pense will not exceed 2,000,000, and the
lands thus to be reclaimed will be worth ten
times that amount.
Pittsburgh Copter Company. We have
seen (says the Boston Dairy Pott,) a letter
from one of the head men of this com pit
ny, staling that tho famous mass of pure
eopptr uuon which the miners of the Cliff
mine are now engaged, weighs above 700
tons. . Tho Now York Tribune gave the ap
proximate weight at 300 tons. One half of
such a lump would make a grand dividend
7" It is Jo be hoped that our Central
Cemmiuee will act with promptness, under
the call of the Statu Central Committee,
which we publish this week.' The lime for
action is short,' and a'lould the new Consti
tution, be adopted, the next election will le
t of unusual importance. .. .
(7 Report respecting the e Beets of the
lata frosts are very conflicting. We never
yet knew a season thai the fruit was not
killed by frost, and the wheat ruined from
rust or seme other cause, yet the proper sea
on generally shows that Providence has
been very liberal in the 'bestowal of bis gifts.
Perhaps U is so this year,. .... , .
0- We understand that Gideinos dc Co.,
up lit Ni w Cont:ecticut,nro getting up a new
eoiiiical platform. - 1 ho new articles ore to
bo a belief in Spiritual Roppings, and the
right in women to wear Turkish trousers
and smock frocks. This they celculatewil)
be broad enough 10 suit all shades of opin
ion..' Presidential candidates will hereafter
be interrogated as to their opinions of Ro
chester Knocking and. the relative beauties
of bustle and Turkish trousers, or a they
ar mort politely calledt "pettiloont." ' Pol
itician would do well not to commit them
selves too soon. , , .
CqrfEK B0IUR5.' - It is stated that copper
boiler are henceforth le be used ; on board,
the testmcr Uf the Royal Navy, as their
greater durability". bos been IWurid to render
them cheaper til lite end tlvtn iron iiqilei
ct wbieb the first cuU is omall.
TO TUB WUIUS OF OHIO.
Tim time ii fast approaching whon it will
be necessary to hold a State Nominating
Convention, to make preparations for per
haps the most important political campaign
that has ever been fought In Ohio. - A can
didate for President of the Board of Public
Works has to be nominated in any event, as
member of that body is now annually elec
ted by the people and should the new, con
stitution be adopted, candidates for various
other high offices will have to bo selected.
In view, then, of the great Importance of
securing, at our. next Stato Convention, a
full representation, and seeing the Whig
masses of the State assembled once more in
council at the Capitol, as in days of yore,
the Commmitiee request the Whigs of the
State, at the several places of holding the
election, on Tuesday, the 17th of June, the
day of voting on the new constitution, in
their respective townships, between the hours
of 1 and 3 P. M., to appoint delegates to the
said. Convention, ftne , for evory. hundred
Whig votesjand an additional delegate for
every fraction of fifty in the township, (each
townshhto have at least one delegate,) tak
ing the Gubernatorial vote of 1848 as a ba
sis of representatatlon.
The Whig";tarty of Ohio stands on the
same platform it has ever stood, tht RES
OLUTIONS of 1848 and 1850, and there
is no reason that it should not again triumph,
if the friends of the principles contained in
these resolutions will only work together.
Th i delegates thus appointed on the 17th
of June, will a scmWo in Convention at Co
lumbus.on Thutsday, the 3d of July, for the
purpose of transacting such business as the
interest of the party may demand. This
day has been selected because to hold the
Convention later would throw It Into harvest
or the sickly season. Tho Whig County
Central Committees will apportion to each
township the number of members to which
it is emitted under the basis prescribed, and
give due notice thereof, and as soon as the
delegates are appointed, forward a list of their
names to the Ohio Stato Journal for publica
tion. Each county, whatever may be the
number of its delegates, will be entitled to
one vote for every five hundred whig votes,
and an additional vote, for every fraction of
two hundreJ and fi'y cast at the Governor's
election in 1848. .
The following is the proportion of each
county according to this basis: :
COUNTIES. VOTES. COUNTIES. V0TKS.
Allan ..I.Logan ,..... 3
Ashtabula. . 7 Lorain. 4
As III and 3
Cork : 5
Clem out ...' 4
Cuyahoga . 7 Ottawa ..... 1
Uarke 3 Paulding 4 1
Odlawaru , . 4 Perry .......... 3
Defiance 1 Pickaway.. 4
Erie 3 nkeT. t
Fairfield...... 5 Portage ..... 5
Fayette 2 Preble.. . 6
Franklin I Putnam 1
Fulton..... 1 Richland 3
Gallia 3 Ross 6
Geauga. 4 Sandusky....... 2
Greene 4 Scioto , 3
6 Seneca 3
17 Shelby 2
2 Stark 6
1 Summit .5
-. . . 4 Trumbull.. . 5
.... 1 Tuscarawas 2
.-.-4 Union 24
.... 2 Van Wert 1
2 Warren ........ 6
4 W ushlncton..... 6
....2 Wayne 4
.... 6 Williams... 1
Total....:.:.., .. ...... 311
The time chosen for appointing delegates,
on the 17th of June, when the people will
be out at the polls, is favorable to the selec
tion ol the bust men as, delegates, and the
mean of. Conveyance to the Capitol from
all pans of the State, easy and convenient-
Let the Whies then rally and re-kindle the
council fire that used to burn so brightly in
tho old Whig wigwam. , It can be easily
re-lighted by an interchange of sentiment,
and a pressure of honds of breihrurf of the
sumo faith, re-uniu'og onc more at the Cap
itol of the State in (he "good work. Whigs
of Ohio, a great crisis is at hand, in which
the weal of tho State domands of every e
lector to b at his post; " See that you do
JOHN B. THOMPSON,
, ' SAMUEL GALLOWAY,
. JOHN W. MILLIGAN,
. JOHN GRAHAM, ., ;
, i( WM.T. BASCOM, j
, THEODORE COMSTOCK.
A. B. BUTTLES, ....
' R. P. L BABEK,
. SAMPSON MASON, '
THOMAS W. POWELL, .
, ' CHAUNCY N. OLDS, ,
. WILLIAM RICHARDS.. .,
Whig State Central Committee. .
Columbus, May 12, 1851..
i Tub Russian NatT. The Russian fleet
in the Black Sea, notwithstanding the 1m
mtnse x;enso occasioned .by, the short du
ration of building material in that climate,
is to be increased by fifty or sixty vessels of
war. The dock-yard ol PJioiajon turn out
an average one ship of jhe line and feral
frigate and corvette annually.; , Thirteen
sliins of the line at In the roadstead of Se
lin!,tpol.' 'Russials ihiwfoll) cqoipj' "in
iic Black Scu for iill poof ibl vmcTgeneic'
A CASE UNDER THE ANTI-UQUOIl
.C b ' x . ? , '..!
Xl the present term of the Court of Com
mon Pleas in Ross County, John Hint was
indicted under the laws of last winter, for
selling liquor in less quantity than a quart
since the 1st of May. The defendant set
up and provedan unexpired license, granted
bofore the passage, of jhe'. Statute now. in
force, and the question thus presented was
The Cou rt held, says the Scioto Gazette,
that tho licensing system was a police reg
ulation, which the Legislature could estab
lish or abolish at will, and that the right con
ferred by a license to sell liquor did not a
mount to the dignity of a franchise. The
defendant was fined the smal lost sum fixed
by the act defining the offence for which he
was prosecuted. , - ; . ', ;.; '
; . .' - .M'iii'i
Thb World's Fair Opening, on the 1st.
Inst. In the presence of 30,000 persons, by
Her British Majesty, the foreign advices rep
resents as a splendid event, . Mr, Edward
Riddle, the American agent, in a letter to
Washington, says the United , States goods'
in the London fair had, been arranged, and
that great interest is taken in our manufac
tures by the ISngllshjespecially our, carriages
They are far superior in elegance and JlgUt-
ncss, to the foreign articls. r In Frnco,240,
000 persons have obtained passports prepar
atory to a visit to London. .'Tho number of
Americans is increasing every day. The
minimum price for docent board ia 820 per
week, yet many pay t50. The correspond
ent of , the New York Commercial says:
"Around Hyde Park, it is but 090 crowd of
gin shops, taverns, hotels, and restaurants;
and, from every prospect now, the environs
of the Industrial Exhibition are to be a per
fect nuisance." ' ', ' ' '' ', ' " : ;
Steamboat Collision. On Friday last,
the steamer Ihosier Stale came into collis
sion with tho Ben Franklin, near North
Bund. The Ben's larboard wheel-house
was crushed in, the gallows frames and
flanges were broken to pieces, and the s!taft
forced from the journal. The repairs will
probably cost ten or twelve hundred dollars.
The Hoosier Stato was but slightly injured.
Tho Cincinnati Times gives the following
sketch of some of tho tavdnt who are now
holding a session in that city: . , , ,. , ,,'
Prop. Aoabsiz This gentleman; who
ranks everywhere as the first naturalist and
geologist of tho age, is ono of the most pre
possessing men in his appearanco and . ex
pression we have seen. We heard him yes
terday afternoon on the structure and re
production of porites, illustrating the aubject
by diagrams upon the blackboard. , The
ptofessor is a Swiss by birth, but a citizen of
the world in reeling Ins sympathies wide
as the fields of his exploration and - naviga
tion. He is about forty years of age, has a
beautiful phrenological development, and
corporeally has the look of any thing else
than the jnarjyr ot science, being robust end
active. Ills enumeration is foreign, his
manner earnest, with great .aimplkuyndmlu. ndemovmg ,' their 'contents to
judging from his lecture, is a ready speaker
and enihufiiasiio in tiic advancement ol
science. ' . i; '
We tailed to cot a peep at Captain Wilkea,
who cut his name on the south pole with a
sailor's jack-knife, metaphorically speaking.
11 is professional talent, bravery, and perso
verance, amid apalling dangers hi scien
tilic acquirements and literary ability; have
made him a lion worth seeing. -M; ' ': 4
Froj , Bache, the Superintendent H the
United States Coast Survey, is rather logy
in appearance. His physical is evidently
failing, and we should judge that his hat is
not the only tile he wears. ' : ' ;"
Major Richard Owen, the youngest ion
of the philosopher of circumstances and par
allelograms, read, while we were present, a
paper by his brother, Dr. David Dale Owen,
United States Geologist, on the existence of
phosphorous in the ironstone ol Uos Moines.
The Major shows plainly his ancestral der
ivation; is a good figure, and look like a
avan.:.. - v
A 1 Lady Lawyer. Who. after the fol
lowing, which we cut from, the Londocl
Athenaeum, will doubt the naturalness of
Portia's character, or ihe wisdom of Sbaki
peare In making his most learned and elo
quent doctor of laws a ladyf ,, ;, , j,
Tho advocate of the rights of women
and upholder of equality between the (exec
have had a new argument furnished curi
ously in favor of their theories by a French
lady, Madame Grange, who pleaded last
week for her sister and herself in an intri
cate case before the Tribunal dc la dt
Chambre, in Paris, against M. Delangle, one
of the cleverest pract'tioner at the French
bar. The case was on of figure and ac
countsbristling with legal difficulties- a
perfect porcupine of points of law all. of
which the lady, after untying ber bonnet,
and depositing oartjfully ber parasol ban
died with - dexterity and evident familiarity,
arguing' with unaffected ease and technical
language for the space of three bourse iShe
then summed up her case with remarkable
clearness and concision, io (he admiration of
the whole and perhaps the secret annoy,
ancoof a part of the legal public present.
M. Delangle required all his acutenesa and
knowledge of ihe law to parry the attacks
of bis feminine adversarywhom he more
than once designated in hi rejoinder, as his
'learned brother Judgment was tot giv
en but it is said that the 'self-protected' fe
male is likely to gain her suit.' i ';: -n
Mr. Morse, M. C. from Louisiana, thinks
newspapers have deteriorated for the last ten
years, and if high postage will stop their cir
culation, it will be better for thepublic. Mr.
M. lives away down on the Bayou Teche,
where the : pnly newspaper are printed on
the skins of dead alligators, where whiskey
is two cent a quart where tho gospel don't
shine but once in seven years", and where
every man who can read or write is sent
tO Congrosi, to th legislature, or to the pen
itentiary.:, We do not doubt, that tie tulLy
represent his constituents'. j r,. , ,
j (ttrEiisoRibN; The SoutitJarolina Con
entiop ,ha8 adjournedf after passing some
of the rankest diuMop;reoluiipiif.,).,If Senr
era! Jacxsom,' were President he woold bang
half the . QopVcqtlon iri two weeli , "
fWThefPiro'etevtn Cstholfc cliurclies
THEORI X EXUIBITJOX-AMEBICAN
T 4 CONTRIBUTIONS. t
Mr. . lb, the American Agent, writes
under datu of London, April 18th, 1751, as
follow : ' ' " H "1 ' 17
Packer , just arrived at the -docks and
depots, a rowded with all speed to the
doors of nission ; empty eases are taken
from the nues as fast as they are reliev
ed of th 7ds; the boardings that have
separated the various compartment are
torn awn y, thus bringing workmen ot differ
entlatig s, complexions,', and habits, side
by side; . ,) crimson covered counters on
each sill- of the central avenue, extending
nearly c... third of mile,' are beginning to
be cove: 1 wiih the' choicest fabrics and
richest r lufactures 5 the deep bay Vn ine
rear arc : led with every Vnodel and varie
ty of 111 - hinery: he walls are displaying
maps, t'. diagrams, daguerrotypes, and
painiin;. , ia countless profusion; the work
ing mcc!.;ury is founded and "et up, gear
ed, shafu J, and belted in readiness for- mo
tion, en ! the whole building, in every part
and dq nnenf, from the light galleries that
span 1!. iiansept. to the distant terin hi on
either . j that bound the nave, is hastening
towards :. completeness, that but a single
wjek t y , seemed next to a thing impossi
ble. , 'l .V ; ''.- K. !;.':
: In cl. Is hurry and. bustle of prepara
tion', e n. United. States department ia not
lying bull. '.i Of all fonign nation, last up
on the ground, and not least ia obstables
that bei jRvery step of nrorreesi I Bbva the
tu'iisfaciion to inform you that, if we are not
already loremost in the march toward com
pleiibo, we have at least that order and pre
cision in our workthat will ensure us there
within the time appointed.' u d ') 1 -'...
With but few exception, our contributors
hav enlisted with a characteristio national
energy in the work of preparation, and,
without regard to appearances, have volun
teered 'their services for any and every
work that the day or occasion has required.
In many of our manufactures there is al
ready .much interest taken by members nf
the Royal Commission, and others who
have the entre of the building. In our
Carriages, for example, . of which . we have
a vnriety, there is much to excite curiosity.
1 he marked difference they show to every
thing of English make; the grace of form,
lightness of material, elegance' of finish,
freedom from noise in their quic'iest move
ment, and taste in ornament of springs and
tampt and axles, are manliest in nearly all
ine specimens mat nave peen sent, and the
combination they present of great strength
with extreme lightness, weighing in several
instances less than one-third of an English
vehicle of the same desoription, are the sub
jects of never-wearying remark. We have
fine specimen of the -staple of our great
west, in lard oil, adamantine candies, bar
rels of salt pork, and thoroughly. hams.
Iho valley ol the Genesoe. has contributed
irom its best wheat and finest flour.in liberal
profusion. The cities of the seaboard are
represented in articles of beauty, elegance,
richness, and; fashion; while the workshops
and manufactoriet of New England have
sent ot theit machinery and products, not
enough indeed to- give a fair idea of their
vastness and importance, but still sufficient
to show the . representatives of .other na
lions tl at, in all that pertains to the. saving
ot labor, we are lully their equals,
i I have proceeded, and am proceed in tr still
Without waiting for th 1 presence of owners,
agents o consignees, In the opening of all
the counters where they a eto bo displayed.
This ha been rendered necessary by ihe
order of the Rnval Commissioners, com
mandina all Dackinc-case to be removed
from the building on or before the evening
of the 19tb instant. y, , ,. .. ,.. . ,,,
i ..Group of exquistie statuary occupy eve
ry vacant, spot of the extended navo and
arched : transpet. These comes, not alone
from the home of the Fine Arts in South
ern Europe, but from almost every portion
of th globe from the northern Continental
communities, from the vast colonial posses
sion of Great Britain, a , well a from, the
ocean-circled islands, and from the semi
barbarou nation of Northern Africa and
the Southern Seaa. , A you pass from the
great central entrance in either direction,
characteristics not of beautiful, only, but
of sturdy and masculine industry, every were
meet the eye-. Among fountains and pic
tures then are ' model of great public
works, glnamic telescopes, huge railway lo
comotive, Colebrobk Dale castings, clocks,
horologues, and planetaria, in almost count
less" profusion... In '. agriculture there is
scarcely a division, from ihatot, the Span
ish, where ptoiigb are shown that attach t
the Horns ol oxen, to the latest paeinied I
provement which ' England exhibits, th
does not tend to vie for supremacy.'
) Harrows, clpd-crushers,seed-Bowers,cad8,
wagons, wheels of the most approved c6n
struction" Tor farm purposes, Churns, chse
presses! models of barns, stall, and statles,
flails, forks, fake, scythes; winnowlnft'ma
chines, grain rsaper by' horse powe7, and
every other couceivable instrument for the
field or the trarden are oiled un in tbdtr ap-
Sropriate place for ' the inspection of the
unes of Award. In the departntent of
machinery, the observer finds obiucts, In
number and Inventive genius sufltyietii lor
the s.udy of a lifetime. -Machines for ev
ery purpose,' from breaking tho case stalks
to making pereuMion caps; front he pump
that throw it 4,000 gallons oT water a
minute tq mieroscopio graver that reduce
drawing to the. smallest - possiblay compass,
are- spread out over an immense, surface!
And yet these are sntall in their show when
compared with machinery In motion,' to
which the largest compartment of the Chrys
tal Palaco ia devoted, : ,.,,,,, .
From every country that has furnished
machinery to be moved is this one division
the vast recipient. f As one pisses through
the narrow spaces that are loft unfilled as
one stops to look Uhind ,an before at the
wheel and cylinders and shifts and gearing
and pistons that fill the immense, distance
a one meets a printing ress, a lathe, a
hydralic , forcer, a sm oi cards, a spinning
jenny, a loom, a pump, a1 stone-smoother,
a buzx 6aw,a triphammer, gioover.a gun
stock shaper, and tees in each such ponder
ous metal and tremendous power, and ihon
as ono multiplies by" ten almost every ma
chine be meets only to 'Tall 'short of the
numbers thero thq'astynishmeni one feels
becomes amqzcmont at what all this gigan
tic workshop will be when the stea.ii power
in the, neighboring building shal have set it
In motion, ,-r,.- .,,1. p , . ,
: Committxd. Virginia Grimes, charged
with, being the cause of the destructive con
flagration in Cincinnati bit ' Saturday night
fait, was held 'to ball on last'Tuesday iri the
4ufft of 11,000 which' she- failed to -give
tlTtS itmountbf property' destroyed by this
terrible tire Is emnUied at over Viou,uuu,
fbdul on,e lhlrd ti which was covered by in
France.'1 4'u' 1 ' V'M'T' " ''"ii' in
TWO WEEKS LATER FROM CALIFORNIA. 1
ARRIVAL OF THE STEAMER ELDO
RADO. i ; . .-' . .
I 2,000,000 OOIjyjTJT ON THE WAY, '
Nxw Yori, May 17.
. Several charges of bribery, and con uption
hnye been brought against the member of
The mining news is as favorable a ever,
- The Indian Commissioners had nearly
succeeded in pacilying the Indian.
From the Alts Califoraian.
GENERAL SUMMARY OF EVENTS.
The boy claimed as a slave in San Fran
Cisco was set at liberty, there being no fur
thor evidence against him, than that he was
Mr. Calloway's slave in Missouri.
Judge Morrison, of the Quarter Sessions,
has resigned his office, although three years
of, his time remain unexpired. . ": '
Some of the San Francisco street have
been lighted by the' subscription of citizens
residing or doing business upon them
Montgomery, Merchants', and othet streets
ate thus made passable, safe and pleas nt at
night. ' K- '.; y "V ;'
The examination of Statin, accused of
assassination, of CaptV Jarvis at the Ilession
Dolores caused great excitement. A, rushJi1 Great distress is said to exist among the
was made to take hint from be hanSs of the
police',' but ''with ''ho 'eflect.1 The prisoner
wa committed to await the, action of theA.'waniiiy of snow which has fallen. It is
Grand Jury.-, '! , ,'. . , ,.j .. .
Two men were shot at Sacramento, whil e
attempting to commit a ' burglary, by the
Capl. of the Watch, who wat expecting and
wailing for them. Ono of them, George
Ogden, was killed on the spot, . The other
named Georgo Morton, was shot in the leg,
and had to havo his leg amputated, but sub
sequently died. Capt. Ward was cleared
of all blame.. ,;. ,
' ' Some effort ha been made by Mr. A. D.
Merryfield to obtain the privilege of supply
ing the city with water, by introducing it
through pipes, from a lake three miles dis
tant '. : ..
Nothing particular now to elicit respecting
the Indian Commissioners, and their pro
gress and treaty with the Indians.
Gen, Bean has been authorized to raise
60 men, to protect the people of Los Ange
lot against the incursions of the Indians,
through Cajoo Pass.
The steamer Oregon arrived on the 2d,
bringing now from the States to Feb. 28.
The report of the probable appropriations
by Congress for the benefit of California,
had a great effect In momentarily running
up the value of State script, but it was very
soon run downwgain.
Gen. Percifcr F. Smith has been ordered
to Texas, and has come home in the steam
A great deal of dissatisfaction has been
felt and exhibited respecting the issuing and
circulating of private coins below their face
value, and which the miners refuse to re
deem. It is looked upon as an infamous
swindle by thd community. The banks have
refused to receive it at its real value, and the
merchants have laken somewhat similar ac
tion in relation to it. The Legislature has
a bill before it, introduced by Mi. Miller, 10
oblige eoiners 10 receive their Issues, and to
mske their refusal to do so a misdemeanor,
punishable by fine or imprisonment.
Great efforts are being made to induce
Jenny Lind to visit California, and letters
received from Mr. Barnum, induce the hope
that the object may be effected.
?h robbers and highwaymen, in which
California abounds, have been makirg the
v alies in the vicinity of Monterey their the
atre of operations of late. Having the pos-
ssion of the whole conntry, they are steal
g horse and cattle, and creating a fear
jthai Monterey Itself may be sacked by them.
I . - . L 1 - I ... mAM - M.kn . f M...t..
in lire l usouut ui mo men, wiiu nic uiuaujr
at the mine. ,
There has been more lynching at ihe
mines. That state of affairs is lamentable;
The Aha Californian cautions their friends
at the East against judging them by the sarho
criterion they would . there. . They cannot
fully appreceiate their condition without see
ing and feeling it. ;' i- ' ',
Politics have been' rather brisk of late,
and both Whigs and Democrat are doing
iheirbest to organize. . They were prepa
ring for the municipal election, which wa
oon to come off.
Account are coming in of new discover
ies of suriferous mine . In varioua part of
the country. . The mint coin have also had
their effect upon placer digging helping
the Gulch Diggings, and for a time, driving
throe engaged upon the rivers from tholr po
sitions. , . . : : ''.. , : .: ! ;
; ' In connection with tho above, we have to
notice the discovery, near Bencia, of a coal
bed, said to be of a superior quality. . It is
located within a few mlies of tho Pacific
Mail Steamship Company's depot. .. Many
coal beds have also been discovered in Or
egon, so that the Pacific Steam Marine Is
likely to be soon well supplied with this im
portant article. ,. ,
A bill has paswd the Legislature establish
ing a State Marine Hospital at Sacramento,
and , appropriating ?30,000 from the State
treasury towards that .object. "
The prospect for the miner and agricul
turists seem bettor now than at the sailing of
the last steamer. The rains' which have
fallen have very much Increased the certain
ty of good crops, bode securing food for
the poor beasts, which otherwise would have
died of thiist and hunger.' : ,' 1 '' ':,! ' '
' .The ateamshiA Gold Hunter wa at Act
pulco, taking in passenger for Panama, rn
the 22d of April, i. . .. ur
j The' gold dust and TnaiU wefe left On the
tsthnius jby tho,,Idprad6,' ftpr, haTtrt
ed a'iChsgrw for tkom two day, , ,;, . ri 1
I iTIresteampr Celumb'os.' brouV -pwn $
Panama 1,000,000 in gold dust, and the!
Tennessee f 1,600,000, making 2,600,000,!
besides k large amount in the hands of pass
engers . ; ,
The Sarah Sands arrived at San Francis
co from Panama, in 34 days.
Ihe nealiti of the country continues good.
We hear of no prevailing diseases in any
part of the State. The rains in various
parts of ihe State 1 ave bad a very benefi
cial effect upon vegetation. ,
. It is assorted in the California papers
that the, Supreme court has decided upon an
opinion that the city of San Francisco is
not bound to pay for buildings whicn have
been destroyed in arresting the progress of
fires, for which judgments have been obtai n
ed in the loweracourts.
NEI FROM THE MINES.
The miners on thej north fork of the Amer
ican river are doing well.. The diggings
there are overstocked with goods. ;
A gentleman from Bed well's bar; on the
Southern river, cives a tloomy picture nf
the returning miner's from the snows above,
they being In a most destitute and tarnished
condition. . : y . , .
The average of a miner's daily wages, on
this bar is not more three dollar. - .
I miner working on the Gold Bluff, owing to
line I careity of provisions and ihe immense
said ihere is at least 30 feet of snow on the
route to the mines, and numbers of persons
have perished In tho mountains from the in
clemency of the weather. ' '.
The Stockton Times give some interest'
ing statement of tho discovery of rich
quartz veins in the Southern mines, A let
ler in the Times, frem Sonama, states that
quartz mining Is at present very prosperous
The newly discovered silver mines in the
southern district, are becoming very profits
ble. : ' '
On the 22d, two lumps of gold were found
in Meriposa, at the same place, one weigh--
ine four and a half pounds, and the other
IMPORTANT FROM' THB SANDWICH
' We have received files of the Polynesian
to March 14th, also a letter to the same date.
It would appear that the Fronch had sent in
their ultimatum, and given to the 20th ' ult.
for the Government to decide whether to ac
cede or refuse. What v.-os 10 an ine next
step, in case of a refusal by tho authorities
does not appear ; but the supposition is that
a blockade of the port will be - declared, or
perhaps something more immediately effect
ive resorted to. The Alia Californion says
that if either the one or tho other be atiomp'
led, lhat moment will be the signal for run
ning up the flag of the United Stairs wit!
the Hawagan. This is no guess work; i
comes to us in the most positive form-
It has been determined upon"by iheK"int
and his ministers, lhat if ihe French attempt
10 blockade or tako possession, iho Govern
ment will hoist the stars and siripos, and
throw the kingdom upon the protection of the
United States. We think our authority for
saying thi i perfectly reliablei .This
course has been decided upon in conse
quence of the inability of tho Island to
contend against the forces which France
might send against them, and also from the
fact that ihe almost entire interest of tho Is
lands is In the hands of foreigners, princi
pally Americans. In Honolulu, at least
three-fourths of the foreigner are Ameri
cans, their pumbei being at least 2,000,
whilo In the same place the number, of
French subject is only about a dozen
Franco can not fire a hot into any town of
the Hawaian ; Kingdom, without destroying
the lives and property of citizens of the Uni
ted States. Tho moment she does so, 'she
will find her account with the United States,
and a strict reconing will be demanded, and
will be had. . . y t
There is ho use in beating about iho bush
in this mailer any longer. . The French
must avoid a collision with the Ilawaim
kincdom. or they will oblipe us to assume a
responsibility not at all flattering to ihuru.
Government despatches in regard ta the
French difficulties for the United State and
the British naval commander in the Pacific,
are, we understand on the way.
The American sloop of war, Yandalia,
wa at. Honolula, and had been visited by
the King and all the notable of th Govern
ment and kingdom.'; ' ' V .'' ! !
; LATER FROM OREG6N.' :
.The United State mail aieamer, the Co
lumbian, Capt. Le Roy, arrived at Ssn Fran
cisco on the 14th April, from the Columbian
river, after an absence of ore week. c.
The Oregoriian has raised the flag of
General Joshph Lane, as the pooplo's can
didate for Congress. Dr. John M'Laughlin
is a candidate for mayor of Oregon city.'
FROM VAN DIEMAN'S LAND,
' The brig Halcyon, which arrived at San
Francisco, brought date : from Vun Die
man's Land to the 29th January.. The pa
pers are chiefly taken up in discussing the
policy of receiving' the transported convicts
of Great Britain, and the question of inter
colonial steam communication, -i ' , ; : ;, ,'
, ., Smuguno in Mexico! It ' it sail! 'ih
smugling was;never carried, on tq f0 greai
an. extent. in Mexico ai v. pre,,,, j, 'being
carried on in every scipbri 6r the Republic.
A mtmlet bf sZUre have, bow ever latelv
lieen made, by the custom-house officers, he
owner;or the gbp'drn'otbiddtrg;h'ich ' e'
nuujjn iu ouy mem on. . . ,
.(D The MeirouoUurt Bank'witb a- ani-
M of ; t2.0G0.OOO. has just eodatnencad bua
THE CUBA PRISONERS IN A NEW
, f. '-PHASE, y i ..
1 WasbIuqtox Wednesday, May 7.
Thero sre Increasing evidences of a
character which, while they are convincing,
cannot well bo pnrticularizcd, going to show
that th Cub movement an affair of great
er moment than has been supposed. , It ap--pear
that tho Loco-Foco pony at th South
have a hand in this matter, and that the boli -desigrt
1 to mabe'ihu present or prospective
aanexation or- Cuba, as the event may war-'
rant, an element in tho next Presidrmtial can
vas. It is. supposed, that this movement
will unite the hitherto rjfractory factions of
ine nerce temoeracie, In that turbulent sec
tion of the union, and thai with iho aid of .
that and tho Union" operation" they will "
be ubla to carry off Whigs enough all round'"
iu mono success toiertbly certain. - -Such
seems to be a newly devoloped'plan'
in ihe movements of this' twisting, turning,
maneuvering, pipe-laving and piretlcat par-'
ty, which is still kept together of old, bY
the "cohesive power of plunder." - It 11 tho
belief of ihe Government, from report Jn it
possession, from Its acena. ibat liulo Allon
can be placed upon the man jr rumor thrown
out by different Southern napew, with rofor
ence to the movement of the marauder, as
tney are mostly made to deceive and mis
lead. Formidable as this movement may
become, however, there is a gratifying cer
tainty of its failure in any ovom hort of
actual war botween this Govcrnmom and
Sale. ; .- - ' . : :
Information ha reached the SoanUh Mln.
Ister that the Captain General of that Island: 1
.ot.uvicu iw iiuuraiu nnu arm ine. slaves
in the event of danger, and Sir H, Bulwer
has inttmaterj that Spain will not want as
sistance in case of a formidabta fnnrmnlint-
expedition. Thus, so far a probabilities are
concerned, tha matter seems settled.
. Wootkx Von TwittiE.
The foreign advice; under our telegraph
ic head, comprehend a very striking Item of
news. The Emperor of Austria and tho
Czar of Russia, have united in a demand up
on the Sublime Porte, for the further deten
tion of Kossuth.or the tpaeeof two ftart
The Porto incline to resist the demand,
and , throws himself . upon the support of
Groat Britain and France. If now the Sul
tan have but the firmness to stand to thi po
sition, which, by the way, we. totally disbe
lieve, the power to whom he ha appealed,,
must come forward to hi aid, and we shall
have the opening, chapter of a European
war, to which the event of 1848, would be
trifling. Looking at the character of the el
ement of war and strife, which ar sleep
ing not subdued, in Europe, ready to start
into terrible activity with the first stir of en
couratpmrnt, it will bo curious to see Mon
archal Britain, and would be Imperial
France, taking the initiative war, that could
on lead to republicanixing, nearly the whole
of Continental Europe.
But Britain, would lend hfr aid to the
Porte, against the designs of the Czar, and
France would promptly do likewise. The
case, too, is one of the very few which cau
occur, wherein tho United States would find
it necessary to her own dignity and honor,
to Interfere in n dispute between fortign pow
ers. By tiub'fcacis our Government ha
recognized and applauded, asgtperutis, mag
r,ai.iinous, and just the .conduct of tbe Porte.
touarJs this very man Kossuth. An agent
'J' ?"i;an was on this very account re
tvivej the Giiest of the" Nation, by thefT
National Legislature and an !pprefteitn.
if Ten ..Thousand dollars made 10 cover' th
expenses of his visit. The Bxecuiivo placed. '
National Ships, at the disjiosnl of tho Pottc
for the purpose of carrying to this country
Kossuth and his cor.ipanions. AJI tber
ihinga commit ou Government, to recogai,-.
tion of ihecaustj of Kossuth, pot a a -
uumiuus uiycc,DUi as ine patriot leader ot a
revolution, that ought to have been succe-
Can this Government hlref2 quietly
tubmil to a renewal 1 f the punishment of
IT 1- I . , . . . . '
noasum, wnicrv tl Is probable, ana been tn
some sort demanded, because pnr-isely, of
tho public acts of the Congress aud Execu
live of theAmer can Unlouf
If 1I10 demand of Russia ami Austria be
persisted in, and Abdul Medjid stand firm to
his refusal, then for jnco, ihe United State
will find it.incumbent on her, lo certify her
devotinn to the cause of Liberty, by taking
an acUve pan in a Foreign War. Think
of it! ' .
In these remarks, we have looked only to
tho sta.e of facts as wo found them, without
pnssirg upon iho merits of tho public acts,
winch complicate us with the Porte. ; But
iho fiiets alone ore fruitful at thi moment '
and we might extend our speculation infi- ;
nitely. ,We must know more however, a to.
tljo Sulian'e courage, to resist the Czar, ere
we can profitably discus our duty as a na-'
tion towards him. Commercial Journal.
Oirr.'Poor Furtive Slve Bill I' said Mm.
Partington a her eyt ran overthe moining :
paper and her quivering lip betrayed the ag-
itaiion of her mind, "Poor, Fugitive Slave
Bill I I hope from my soul they won't catch "
him I hope they wont. : And here they are"1
threatening us with punishment if we help'
him any.. Good heaven what do they think-"
w are mrde on 7 Are we flesh and blood
and bones and iit'ard or am we stock andH
stone, with, (j mow feeling than cottor,
bagt no 'help env indeed-tHtnd utotftVHT
0 bclpuijf w don't? ; If Jl should set !
poor creature with hi wife and children anr.
his property on hi back a going 10 Canad J
ot any other free country,; would'ni I helurt
him, in pite of all they could do tottop mcW
To bo sure I would even if General Uoven''
inoni nnd all hi slave ketcher' va to'f
I should'at. A person that ,wouJdnt mak
a sacrament f himself foe W principle la"
worse than a. Turk, t would take poos
Paul a sword that bo use to carry ia ihe Ml,
lery and I'd defend mi castle "era all. nnr5 '
awed the pooplo stood bHclc. : Hor soectaet
k ....J ...I.L J , . .
umuu wiih an araor mat maae ihe old sword
on ihe wall and the brightly acoured tin on
mo sneives seem to flash back witn supernal
BjNciiuur, ana pnyianinropy like a light
tm5 uom iiTauiaiea ins old Ititcliqn
it ."jGWi liber., a I
know.ioth.rV, l0 heliere. ,Dd ,0 UUur'fr9B, 1
n.Vjrain. ,0 lhe C00l0lonc. .mvo 11
0,,:r' liberties." This was iha deaim nf
noble Republican, John Milton ; and he ex-
pretscd the aspiration of, every man who de
sire to ho led tl'irough the knowledge of
with 1 to the performance of duty. Hi dj.'
aire ts iqenttcal with ' ih6 duty h 6we 14
" ' """v. v wuoiq in is tipony, tn
v-on on no. atscnarge social ouligatid
Withhold li and mind dies:' Withhold!
and alt moral; spiritual' nd commercial pr
Uuv.iuua uecome stuntea, wunorsu, puny
ttlckljrratid mean. Withhold it; knd ya
wtthheld th, tub light from the dial or rl
jllasllbfH ' ut hold it'i and the 'View of Q
la durlfhnpil W,1,itiiAt1",-"'v!
- wa vtaitia
1 1 mHHU!f y-