R. T. VM IICBM, Editor.
V 'X ; TKRM3 OP SUBSCRIPTION.
,iy One Dollar and Fifty Cents,
-il' if paid iun'i'v?. '
V - Two Dollars within the year.
whici Two Dollars and Fifty Cent
a covU behargl. '
and BT2i Mpei will be disooatin'uod until all ar
nn . tauuMSaie paid, esoept ot the option of the pub-
short uj-AJi rrmuawttiws on the buaiuesa a the
tempi ytninust bs potcpaidto seoutf :tentn. 1 f
ters so r To CiuD7of ten or mote, the pop will
. her d ri rurnisheu at t liberal reduction in piwe. f . . v
THE oniGIM OP MiJC
no . .,-- ' . . ,, ,
; Jj than bfliciioi ona duy, ai W hrirti .-J t.' ihtf ronf
if row of Qf ,),;, 9l0nriy ami airugIing '..billow, ;
y' 5iH 5rew a'Uuiirul t on thcwn of id
F' Vfur With stm of ihe wtMuinl willOW .
' ! perk .. ,, . '
. jrtrjuplier tuaci. with the noblu !un.
"H At he roamed on the vergo of the ocean,
' , Breathed on the figure and calling ii man,..
. 2 Endowed It with lifj nd with moilon.
ll-A waaiure lovely in nilaJ and In form, 1
1 Sa atamped with each pnrent Jmpwlon,
Among them a-point of cootomlon become,
lEaCh cllming the right of poaaesston.' .
(He -mine," " said Affliction, "I gave
ium'toa Mrth," - . ;- '-..
' alone am the causa of cteMlon,' , .
The roaterkla were furnteh'd by me," an-
"1 gave him" aald Jove, "animation."
The Gods all assembled in aolemn divan,
After hearing each claimant petition,
'Pronounced a rlefinitire sentence on . man,
And thus settled bis fnto'a disposition.
'j -iLet Affliction possess her own child," till
j " ihe wars
'Cf life cease to harass and goad it,
.Alter death, give his body to Earth, whence
( And Ins spirit to him who gave it." SAr-
For the Telegraph.
mCTIC.lL UTILITV OF PIIRENO.
bv a. u. baKrett.
Phrenology will teach you whut occupa
lions in lifo will b.: most suitable for your
c hildren. Parents and guaHiana ofti'n on
itMain mistaken vi;ws in regard to this
uaiier. Tbi-y ori; solicitous to have their
children excel In sutne department of busi
ness. For instance, thoy deiiro that one
ahuul-i be a scliolur, another a mcehanic, an
uther a mnclmnt, another a farmer, etc.
And 4hcy aUo ilesiro to see them excel in
these various departments of life. As chil
dren, m hen young, do not always exhibit to
y'i Jjnir rml tiilcnts and abilities, it is ut-t.-i
ly iiuposiiiblo for a parent to know with
Vrti.ainty uhai occupiuipn will be best adap
""icd r his child's happiness. Henco all
must too that the application of Phrenologi
til sr'"nco mnwrially obviates this difficul
ty. Ii ennb!csiho will-meaning parent to
iform a jus.1 and correct opinion in reference
lo'tho naiurl developemonts of hiachildron.
For example, he obsetves in one of his sons
a large development of the Mental faculties,
in whoae head the organs of Causality,
Cempariseti, Language, Erontuallty, Num
ber, ond ConcctitrativeneM, are unusually
large. An eirganUoiion of this kind, coin
lined with im active Temperament, is just
lie proper organization for a profound scho
lar. .Such a person will shina forth as a
bright star in the republic of letters, and
nake rapid advances in literary lore. He
would C course excel as a scholar, but net
as a mechanic, beii'j perhaps deficient as to
mechanical ingenuity. Agalfl, the parent
finds that nnoihcr son has l.vga Conatruc
i vetiess, Form, imitation, Size, andilelght
the precise requisites for a good rueclianic.
To such mi one the inviting halls of science
presents no attractions, having little or no
taste for literature, ilence, he would eitcel
as a mcclmnic, but not as a scholar.
, Knowlcdgu that assists the parent in train
ing and educating the young, must indeed
be valuable. The acquirement of such
. knowledge should elicit the attention of all
dhteresiud iu the future welfare of the rising
generation. Phronology,, it, conjunction
with tho Bible, will be an essontial aid in
this laudable -and praiseworthy underta
king, the education of children. Aside:
from the volume ef inspiration, there Is no
Wclence in tho world, which will prove so
' useful, in this point of view, as that of Phre
nology. ' ' . "
' cir Mi" Susan NiPPer thal ,heJeeU
called po w give her certificate in favor
. of the healing propenios of Ao Rusher
.,-Salva. She was spreading a plaster the
iither evening, and the tnife slipped in such
. ..jam her hand. Unfortunate-
' j.. .i... ...o. . Hula calve om the edgo ol
;the kiiireand it was healed into the gash be
. .. fore she could draw it out. ,
he applied the plaster to a hole tn a flan-
n i wtticoat and In the morning she found
',!)' gnrment as whole as everentirely
i,nlp(l not a "brack" in it.
p She soys she has never tried it upon cot
J i";'. ,,.IR. hut has no doubt that it will ef-
ir ft ' f ' . . J , .! CI.. Una KM
fect a core it oppneu mwuo, uo
been obliged to darn her stockings sinco she
.; jnirchased a box of the lamous ausner oa.ve,
v ' Vv'..'.'-tHa An institution mnde up of
,: mnnnliirhu a reried that brings
'' discretion to a full stop, end marks with a
the morning ol our nopes. wuiimg
run verts women into nncen,
honey comb the heart becomes a groat
mu nf nweeis whilo kisses are the bees
that keep up the supply. Again we ask,
AA vou ever hold the head of a blue-eyed
girl! , ," . ' M-' '
The annual examination of Wt
Military Aftideny h V 4n WW-
51 iDccIdi) Journal
9 per Annnm; r
BY H. T. YAX110RX.
f THE DISMASTED FISHERMAN,
THB EMQL1SH BRIO-OF-WAR. J
A' SEA SKETCH. '
STLVASCS con, IK.
Durina the difficulres between England
and America previous to the declaration of
Independence, there were continually Doing
captured by the private urmed vessels of the
colonies numerous transports anu store snips
of the British, and in many instoncos, these
captures kepi up private by those who had
pnmifTfid In ihem. so that our history bears
ihe record of but compara.lvely few of them
Some of those exploits were as deep in their
consumatlon, ns those brilliant deeds whicn
illumine ihe names of naval heroes of .1812;
but man? oTihemTrr att .roWeWayn
ibe brains ol those who nave hiuiibui.icij
dejeended from tho principal actors, and oc
casional ly you may get at one of these hid
den gems, of '76,' through he recollection
of some old yarn spinning fisherman, who
still plies his nets and casts his lines where
his father , and grandfather did beford
him. . ; '
h was early in the morning of the 24th
of Februarv, 1770.. The uirwas sharp and
piercing, and a good fresh brecxe was set
ting into tho harbor of Portsmouth from the
southward and eastward. Off Gerish Poini
lay a fishing schooner of about one hundrod
tons burthen, which bore upon the stum the
simple namo 'Kan.' upon her dock stood
two men habited in the rough garbs of Yan
kee fishermen, one of whom, a powerful
built person of some thirty-five years, was
earnestly engaged in looking through a long
glass, while the other seemed to await the
result of his companion's investigation.
'I tell you, Frank Hardy said the holder
of the glass, as he lowered it lo his side,
thai brig will keep her staiion out there till
she gets a peep at Tom Sawyer's clipper.
Them cussed Britishers must 'ave found out
that Tom wae off on a cruise an' they think
to catch him.' 'The tarnal thing's out there
for some thin', that's sartain, replied Hardy,
who was vouncer than the other, but yet full
n smut, 'nr nlae she wouldn't be lavin' offi
an' on in that fushion. P'aps she's lookin
out for some of our fisherman, you know
ihere was two of them went down to Ned
dock dav before vestcrdov.' Again Captain
Sam. Pottingill thai was his namo took a
look at the British biig-ol war on tnejiar
bor, and at length when he lowered his glass,
ho tumid round to his companion with a
sparkling eye and flushed countenance, and
Thai's a heavy brig, Frank.'
'Sho carries twelve guns.' !
'And must have seventy or eighty men,'
As muny as that,' said Captain Pettingill.
And then looking at Hardy with' a peculiar
twinkle he continued:
'Twould be a joke if ihe old Kate should
take that fellow would't it?'
'Kate V said Hardy looking at his cap
tain with a doubtful expression, what
'Why, this ono to bo sure. Our old
schooner. She's tho only floating Kate that
1 know of.'
Ah, yes ha, ha, ha, he, he,' returnod
Frank, feeling in duty bound to laugh at
what ho cocsiderod witticism. '
'Bui I'm in earnest,' said the cupiain.'wiih
a lookthui bis companion knew meant some
thing. 'In earnest t Take that brig I exclaimed
Hardy utterly astonished.
Yes.' nuiotlv responded Pettingill, 'lake
ihat brie, and' if I can get seventy-five good
fighting men, 111 take her before to-morrow
night, and that, too, by broad day-light.'
W by she d blow our old schooner to thun-
d&r in about ten minutes,' said Hardy, utter
ly astounded at the reel'less idea of laying
clumsy, unttrmeu nsnermun aiong siue oi
. i V . I -IJ- . c
a British brig-of-war.
I don t think she would, replied tne cap
tain, while a very meaning smile played
around hi. mouth and eyes.
Thm hrfir will stav in these waters till
she sets what she's after, or till she gets la
kea in herse L vou may aepeno upon u,
r ... i.j .
and now 1 tell you, Hardy, sho shan't lay
there fortv-eicht hours longer. Just you
stay on board here and look out while 1 pull
ashore and co ud to own and if there s
eniy-five men to be found whodare tosharo
iny Juck I'll have 'em aboard before night.'
Captain Sam. PettingtJl jumped into his
boat, in less than hnW an hour he was in
the town of Portsmouth. IJe looked around
among the hardy tars upon thi) wharves, and
also among the oilier robust ana aanngsons
ol New banioahire. and he raised nis oe-
sired compliment of men much more easily
iltan be ma expected. I here was some
ibina so novel and exciting in the proposed
uuemDU and at the same time soelorijus in
us aucce'sa. thai thev loviul v crasDed at me
. ... .
privilege to being one of the party. Euch
man procured a brace of boarding pistols
and a heavy cutlass, and just as nigni negan
to obscure the surrounding scenery, seventy
five men armed well and faithfully pulled
along side the fishing schooner, and climbed
upon her deck. t
As noon as it was dark the schooner's an
chor was hove up, and crawling round the
nnlni. chn hnirocd the coast of Maine, and
ran on down beyond the Neddock, where
she hauled upon the wind and stood tut.?
Boon Island. The wind still held irom the
southward, and passing under the lee of the
Island, Uapt. Pettingill brought his crait as
near to tne wind as possible, and stood on
unlit two o'clock in the morning, when he
tacked and stood to tho southward ; so ihat
at fivo o'clock ihe'Kjto,' was about thirty
mites dead on the windward of tho cruising
ground of the English man.
. Now, boys,' said tho Yankee captain as
ho hove the schooner to, I'm going to lay
this sruft alongside of that Lngliih brig.
Will you stand by me V "
Ay. ay,' came from every lip I '
, 'Then sht. 'sours!' exclaimed captain Pot
tingill, 'this wind will bold for several hours
yot, I Iptond to run down till I gst the brig in
sif lit and men commence operant, mm u
JDnjolcb to Politics
"ONB CO tl NT It, Y-
do not Rt-eaily misjudge, the plot will easily
succeed.' y, . ; v j:; -. , ,.-
Three men were stationed at the. bows
with nigh t glasses, and for over an hour the
Strictest watch was kept up, while the' schoo
ner ran down under easy sail, till . sho must
have come wiihin a respectable distance of
the Englishman. Justes a faint streak of
grayish light began to glimmer in the east
em horizon, Frank Hardy who was station
ed on the bowsprit, reported : ; i
I see the brig, sir.' 1 ' V- 0 ; : J
'Where ?' exclaimed the captain, as he
sprang forward to the night-head. ' -
There, sir,' replied llardy. 'rlght against
the light there to the eastward. 1 H -i
That's the brig, certainly,' said the cap
lain ; and turning to the- helm, he laid the
vessel broadside to the wind and then order
ed some of .the men. to get Out the axes. -
h-Tfie weaitwr shrouds and back-stays were
chopped, off lore and .aft,, and , then the
masts were attacked with the same intent,
and era long the two heavy sticks went over
to the leeward, and were soon cleared from
the lee-rigging. , 7The , caboose .was torn
from its lashings and cast overboard, and ev
ery thing else that could possibly be supposed
to have offered resistance to a gale, was
treated in the same manner. " 1
; 'There,' exclaimed the captain, as he sur
veyed the sad wreck, 'I guess the English
man 'ill take a bait. Now go below, every
man of you except Frank' and myself, end
bo ready for t spring, and when I stamp
three times ihus upon the main-hatch,
grasp your cutlasses, and start. Be cool,
now, and come up reguli rly.
Tho men were securely stowed away in
the hold, and our two fishermen kept awaich
upon the brig. She was not more than four
miles distant, and as good fortune would
have it, she was standing out from the har
bor on the starboard track, so thai the line
of her course was close under the schoon
er's bows . The sun was now up, and Cap
lain Pettingill rigued a red flunnel shirt up
on an old oar, stuck into ihe stump ol the
foremast, and he soon had the satisfaction
lo see that his signal of distress was notic
ed, for the Englishman's weather bulwarks
were crowded with men who seemed to be
taking a look at the .wreck, and she also
came up to the wind till her sails shook,
while her lee braces were hauled as tight as
1 he schooner was drilling directly upon
the Englishman, as soon as our two ship
wrecked mariner saw ihe movements on
board the brig, tht-y both sprang to the
pumps and seemed to be working for dear
"Wieck ahoy!" shouted an officer from
the brig, as the schooner drifted down near
enough to speak.
"Hallo," returned Uaptain rottingiii, as
he left tho pumps and wiped the big drops
of perspiration from his brow. :i
"Where do. you belong.
Wat" returned the- Yankee captain, as
suming the peculiar dialect of 'Down Ea6t,'
"we belong lew Portland whon we are lew
'How did you gel wrecked!" asked the
Englishman, as his main top-sail come to
"VVal, yew see we left Portland a week
ago with a load of critters, an' night afore
last we got ketched in a gale. It snapped
our sticks off jes like pipe siems an' swept
overboard iwo of my men, an half o' the
"Sliecp, did you say Jonathan 1" asked
the English officer, while a joyful chuckle
sounded in his throat.
"Yes," replied;Captain Pettingill, I've goj
'beout fifty on em' deown in the hold now."
Then turning to Frank Hardy, said in a
low lone:' -
"There's Bill Butirick can blat like mad.
Just put your head down ihe hatchway an'
gi' him the wink."
In a moment more the ears of the En
glishmen were assailed by tho loud bleating
of a sheep, and the water actually stood
upon their lips in anticipation of ihe rich
treat they supposed to bo iu store for them.
"Stand by to catch a line," shouted the
officer of the brig, 'and we'll haul you
alongside. Out with the fenders, fore and
an.' ' ' '
Bah-a-a-i bah-ah-ha aa,' went Bill Bui
trick. Throw your line.' said Capt. Pettingill'
as he sprang forward to eaten it.
The schooner was now wiihin forty feel
of the brig, and as the line came rattling
aboui ihe head of our hero, he seized it, and
having hauled the howser on board, he se
cured it to the stump of the foromast and
then sang out for them to haul in. '
Neow look here, caption, 'f u'll save my
sheep, darned if 1 wont give you four on
'em lew cook for yourself.'
'Thank you,'- returned ihe Englishman,
with a peculiar wink of the eye, and incli
nation of the head, that seemed to indicaie
a desire to come some son of a joke on the
I guess we'll save 'em for you.'
An' if you could only jest put me an my
critters ashore somewhere, yeou'd bo doin'
mc the greatest favor you can imagine.'
We'll see about thai when we get vou
onboard,' replied ihe Englishman. U.ay
aft here, men, and siandtojump on Doara
this sheep-pen. Fend her off, some of you.
Steady that's it. Belay that hawser.'
The moment she touched, Captain Peiiin
gill gave three heavy .thumps upon the
hatch, and up fjom ihe hold, cabin, and
forecasilo, poured the well-armed- Yankees;
A Irnrnre the OHlCers 01 tne oiik uuuiu io-
gain their' T
resence ol mind, ner dock was
swarming witn Brmfi(i
soul on board ihe Englishn. was armed.
. - ..t.
f .... M
for all hands had bden too busy th."
wreck; and though the arm-chests were
handy, and the masts orisitea witn pnes,
yet so sudden had been ihe attack that be
loro they, could procure the means of de
fence they were entirely overpowered; and
n. thAv saw ihat each of tho boardors held a
cocked pistol in his hand, they took the
vprw wise Dlan of surrendering at discre
tion, so they were secured in double irons
with very little trouble, and then very care
fully placed below. . ' . - i ; '
1 uv. eantain. fjuletlv remarked Petiln-
oilL as the bria's head was turned towaraL
1 dL liL
j it it
CO NUT J
Poiumouih; 'wilK yeiiu lul
o' my sheep!' . J
v 'I'd like to get you on L
wreck again you Infernal
me if I wouldn't make yr
growled the Englishman, i
teeih with rage. j i.' v
But yeou might hurt ;
would'nt be fair you know.
I only wish that I'd kn
utes sooner; that's all mu.
Dew tell.; ' Wh at wou! '
Dane' iterated -the on
have sent every r soul
Jones.' - ;;' ;'!. " 'C--'
i' 'Much obledcef' lew 'yo
- n' thai
plied ihs yankee while a
around his mouth; 'but .
Yeou f 'will Was- !
CoulJo l come iu - -
Now, what do you intend to- do with
this brig?' asked, the Englishman.' -tPor I
suppose you consider us mil prisoners.', i
VWal, for the mailer o' that 1 reckon aa
how you wont hov occasion tew ( trouble
yourself about the brig. ' Yeou see eapting,
d seen you laying off an on, Out here, an
1 kind o' thoughi mebbe yeou'd like tew go
into the harbor, only yeou didn't know the
way, an was a leetle Bleared of the rocks;
so 1 told iheso boys ef they'd help me; I'd
take you into port. Hope you don t think
hard of it.' - J
'You are a bold fellow, at any rate, said
the English captain struggling hard to
smother bis,, rage. How . many more are
there like vou in the colonies?' ,
Wal, as near as 1 calk-late, we re got
jest abrout enough tew lick as many of yew
chaps as King Ueorge can tend along,' re
plied our hero, while a laugh went round
among tho men.'
'You may find out your mistake belore
long, and that, loo, at your cost. W hat do
you expect your green Yankees can do be
fore .the king's troops the best soldiers In
ihe world?' asked the captured officer with a
kind of sneer. " " 11
W4I,' replied Captain Pettingill, with a
provoking leer, !' a'pose they'll dew jest
abeout the same as eour green fishermen do
to yeour men-o'-war. ( Ibey II give em
particular bis. - .. ,
ihe r.nLlishman ground his tee-tn ana
looksd daggers, but he at length came to
tho conclusion that he could not he p him
self, and so he very wisely kept quiet. ,
Before noon the wharves and surround
ing shores of Portsmouth were crowded
with wondering people to see tho brig boldly
entering le Piscataqua; but as she rounded
the small at the entrance of the harbor,
ihey caught sight of the Yankee flag proud
ly floating at her peak', while the ensign of
England had a place below, and a deaien-
ing shout rent ihe air which reverberated
from hill to hill like the peana ol Jupiter.
vaptain Sam. Pettingill had kept his
word, for-Ung. Wore, night. hi prize was
anchored off the town, and his own craft
which he had towed in, still swung from the
Englishman's stern by the howser. Not
till the darkness had fairly shut the vessel
out from uiew, did the people stop from
pouring down to the shore 10 get a look at
Tho Dismasted Fisherman and the English
Urig-of-war. . '
From the Albany Dutchman.
CRUMBS FOR ALL KIN US OF CHICKENS
How customs alter ? The time has been
when godliness was measured by the inch.
'Pk. .1:.. am . r.n. ika
Alio llliuncr lilw uiii vii a wan a ihvw,
more deeply ihey supposed he was immers
ed in purity. St. Ignatus never combed his
hair, while his passion lor old rags- couia
only be justified by the supposition .that
heaven was a junk shop. 1 hese inings nas
superceded long beards, whildsoap is coo
sidcred almost as necessary to salvation as
good morals. Whether Religion is better
pleased with men's hearts thitn she used to
be, we cannot say; we are quite satisfied,
however, thai sht thinks we have Improv
ed ourselves in our shirting. '
A writer out west, in speaking of an ope
ra dancer now performing at a neighboring
theatre, says she rises higher and higher in
public esteem every time she appears.
When she first commenced her engagement,
he says she only showed her ancle she
now exhibits her garters. In less than a
week, he says he expects 10 see her om-strip
even Fanny Ellsler. ;
The more intellectual a man is, the more
he loves nature. There is charm about
green hills and solitude, as attractive 10 ge
nius as it is 10 yellow birds, . we care not
how worldly a man's pursuits may be, if he
has a "soul above buttons, the sight of a
clover field will do him as much good as ii
does milk-cans. Although Benihan spent a
whole lifer wrangling about tariffs and treacle,
poor laws and penitentiaries, there was no
man more alive to ihe beauties of a flower.
When oppressed with tow spirits or bores,
he would not only send his iroubea "10
grass, but would go there ntmseii. , in tne
midst or bloom, he'd bury hi depreason;
and would find in tho music of a meadow,
not only the contentment ot tne ark, but
us joyousness and hilarity. 10 cure the
blues,' one bite of sod is worth all ,h0 physi
cians in the world. Try It.
A western editor thus sums up the pecu
liarities of a cotemporary. He is too Inzy
to earn a meal, and too mean to enjoy one.
He was never generous but once, and thai
wan when he gave the itch 10 an apprentice
boy. So much for his goodness of heurt.
Of his industry, he says, the public may
the better judge, when he stated that the on
ly day he ever worked, was the day he mis
tool; castor oil for honey. . Complimentary
May. with fc4t bldfl wMtiie r, bloom-
! L-II- J lOrAAlS. VNUO IMUIO
niu mill nnu Yiwii .- 7 ,,. ..!
among us. Now bobolink wnd.
n.t.lnn Bnrl nun rnd catV-dlOS "'u"
their lady-loves from 'nodding; apple ire?-
About ihese days, white trousers ana semi
ment suDAroede blun noses and thick boots.
Buds, and blossoms begin to swell while
all creation takes 10 love, clover and connu
bialiiv. Great invention thai spring. Well
j -; -
DBS TIN Y,
3JL4JfCS AT EUROPE.,
iBditoTial Comspohoeaoe of the N Y. Tribune.
.si - SIGHTS IN LONDON. ; V
. ii . LoDOHiFiiday,.May .28, 1851. ;
I have beert- much occupied, through the
last, fortnight, : and shall be r for some ten
days, riiore with the Great Exhibition,. in ful:
fitment of the duties of a juror therein.
The numbdrbf meiicans here (not exhib
itors) who can snd will devote tho time re
quired for this service is. so small ihai none
can Well be -exouned: and the fairness evin
bed by the fioyal Commissioners in offering
to place as many foreigners (named by the
commissioners of their respective countries,)
as Britons on the several juries well desei ves
to b-tne A corresponding,. opirit. .nt did
not, therefore, feel at liberty to decline the
post of juror, to which 1 had been assigned
belore. my arrival, though it involves much
labor and care, and will keep me here some
what longer than 1 hud intended, to stay.
On the other hand, it has opened to me
sources of information and facilities for ob
servation which I could not, in a brief visit
10 a land of strangers, have otherwise hoped
to enjoy. 1 spend each secular day at the
Exhibitiongenerally from 1Q to 3 o'clock
and have my evenings for other pursuits and
thoughts. I propose here 10 jot down a. few
of the notes vn London 1 have made since
the sailing of the last steamship.
I attended Divine worship in this celebra
ted edifice last Sunday morning. Situated
near the Houses of Parliament, the royal
palaces of Buckingham and St. James, and
in the most aristocratic quarter 01 tne cny,
its external appearance is less imposing than
1 had expected, and what 1 saw 01 its interi
or did not particularly impress me. Lofty
ceilings, stained windows, and a barbaric
profusion of carving, groining and all man
ner of costly contrivances, for absorbing
money and labor, made on me ine impres
sion of waste raiher than laste, seeming to
cive form and substance to the orator's simile
of the contortions of the sibyl without hei.
inspiration. A better acquaintance with the
edifice, or with the principles ol srchitec
lure, might serve to correct this hasty judg
ment; but surely Westminster Abbey ought
to afford a place of worship equal in capaci
ty, fitness and convenience to a modern
church edifice costing 850,000, and surely
it does not., 1 think ihere is no one of the
ten best churches In New York which is noi
superior 10 the Abbey for this purpose.
1 thought myself acquainted with all ihe
approved renderings of ihe Episcopal morn-
ng -service, but wheri tne clergyman wu
officiated at the Abbey began lo iwang out,
"dearly beloved brethren," cc, in a nasal,
drawling semi-chant, 1 was token completely
aoack. It sounded as tnougn sumo im.u
less Friar Tuck had wormed himself into
the desk and was endeavoring, under pre
tense of reading the service, lo caricature as
broadly as possible the alleged peculiarity
nf Methodist pulpit enunciation superimpo
sed upon ihe regular Yankee drtfwl. As the
setvice proceeded, I became more accustom
ed and more reconciled to this mode of ut
terance, but never enough, so to like it nor
even the responses, which were given in
the same way, but much better. Alter I
came away, 1 was informed thai this semi
chant is termed intoning, and is said to be
a revival of an ancient method of rendering
the church service. If such be ihe faci, I
can only say in my poor judgement thai re
vival was an unwise and unlortunaie one.
The service was very long more than
two hours the music excellent ihe con
gregation large the sermon, so lar as 1
could judge, had notmng oaa in 11.
yiero was an eleventh century air aooui me
whole which strengthened my conviction
that the Anglican Church will very soon be
summoned 10 take her stand distinctly on
ih side either of Romanism or oi Protest
antism, and that the summons will shake not
the Church only, bui the Kealm to us centre.
In the evening 1 attended the ragged
school situated in Carter's Field Lane, near
the cattle market in Smithfield. where John
Rogers was burned at ihe stake by ihe Cath
olics, as Catholics had been burned by Pro
testants before him. The honest, candid
history of Persecution for Faith's sake has
never yei been written; whenever it shall be,
it must cause many ears to tingle.
It was something past seven o'clock when
we reached the old rough building in a filthy,
. . . Lt.L k-. k,.un
poverty stricken quarter wuicu u
rudely tilted up lor tne rnggea s. 11001
of the first, 1 believe, that was attempted.
1 shouid say there were about four hundred
mi nit nn itn huiirhefl. with about foriy teach
ers; the pupils were at least tiro thirds males
from five 10 twenty years oiu, wuu o u.
or more adults. ' The girls were amino
or so, mainly from ihree to ten years of age;
but in a separate and upper apartment as
cending out of ihe main room, there were
some forty adult women. With teachers
exclusively of their own sex. The leach
era were of various grades of capacity: but
as all teach without -pay and under circum
stances which forbid the idea of any other
than philanthropic or religious attractiveness
in ihe duty, they are all deserving of praise.
The teaching is confined, 1 believe w ruu.
mental instruction fn reading and spelling,
and 10 historic, ideologic and moral lessons
from the Bible. " As the doors are open and
every one who sees fit comes in, stays so
long as he pleases, and ihen goes out, there
is much confusion and busile at limes, bui
on ihe whole a suiisl'aciory degree of order
is preserved, and considerable, inougn very
unequal,' progress maoe ey m pupm.
But such faces I Such garments I such
daguerreotypes of ihe superlaiive of humao
wretchedness and degredaiion I These pu-
pits were gathered from among tne outcasts
of London those who have no family lies,
n Homes, no eSucuiion, no religious train-
. . ..... ..-.ovu Iwim tn wander about the
.iJil. .-..timr n rt a chance job now and
uuvni, I""-" -r . ... - . j
then, but acquiring no atti.i, ,"
lion, 0 len compelled to steal or rtrje. and
finally trained. to regard the sheltered, wel
fad JkA respected majority a h.etr natural
$1.90 in, Advance.
YOL. 3.N0: 37.
oppressors and -their natural, prey." Of ibis
lure ciuss ui irni;rniJip,aiiiuu!iiiiig in tun city
to thousands, theft and '(for the'' females)
Ilaroltry, whenever the Cost of a, loaf of
bread or a nights' lodging could be procured
by either, were as matter-of-course resorts
for ft livelihood as privateering, campaign
ing,: distilling or (till recently) slave-trading
was too many respected and well-to-do c ham
pions of Order snd Conservatism through
out , CliristouJo n . And tho ... outcasts
have ten times I ho excuse for their moral
blindness und their misdeeds that their well
fed competitors In iniquity ever' had. They
have simply regarded the world as their
oyster and tried to opou. its hard shells ,a
they best could, not indicating thereby a spe
cial love of oysicrsj but a ravenous appetite
for food of some kind. It was- oysier or
nothing with them. : And' in- the course of
life thus forced upon them, the males who
survlved'the ported .f inforwy tkvye,
averaged tweniy-five years of wretched do
based, brutal existence while thu females,
of more delicate frame and subjected 10 ad
ditional evils, have -usually died much
younger. ' But the gallows, tho charity hos
pitals, the prisons, the work-houses (refuges
denied to the healthy and the unconvicted)
with the unfenced kennels and hiding-places
or the destitute during the inclement wea
ther, generally saw thu earthly end of them
all by the time thai men in better circum
stances have usually attained their prime.
And all this has beoen going on unresisted
and almost unnoticed fur countless genera
tions, in the very shadows of hundred of
church steeples, and in the city which pays
millions ol dollars annually for the support
of Gospel ministrations.
The chief impression made on me by the
spectacle hero presented was one of intuusu
sadness and self-reproach. 1 deeply reali
zed that 1 had hitherto said too little, done
too little, dared too Utile, sacrificed too lit
tle, to awaken attention to the infernal
wrongs and abuses which aro inherent in
the very structure and coni)iuiiuu, the na
ture and essence, of civilized supiety us il
now exists throughout Christendom. 01
what avail are alms-giving, and individual
benevolence, and even ihe offices of reli
gion, in the presence of evils so gigantic
and so inwoven with tne very framewurk of
society? There have been here in all re
cent limes charitable men, good men enough
lo have saved Sodom, bui not enough to save
society Irom ine conatmnuuon ui uriving
this outcast race before it like sheep to the
alaugliier. as its members pressed on iu pur
suit of their several schemes of pleasure,
riches or ambition, looked up to God fur His
approbation on their benevolence us ihey
tossed a penny to some miserable, beggar al
ter ihey had stolenahe tarih from under h.s
feet. How long shall this endure?
The school was dismissed, and every ono
requested to leave who did not choose 10 at
tend the prayer-meeling. No etlort was
made to induce any to stay the contrary
rather. 1 was surprised to 6ce that ihree
fourths (I think) stutd; though this was part
ly expluinod afterward by U10 fact thai they
had hopes of a night's lodging hero and none
elsewhere- That prayer-meeting wus the
most impressive and salutary religious ser
vice I have attended for many years. Four
or five prayers were made by different teach
ers in succession ail cnusie, appropriate,
excellent, fervent, affecting. A hymn wus
sung before and after each, by the congrega
tion and well sung, unei aua cogent ua
dresses were made by the Superintendent (I
believe) and an American visitor. Thun ihe
school was dismissed, and the pupils ho
had tickets permitting them to sleep In tho
dormitory below, filed off in regulur order
10 their several berths. 1 he residue leu the
premises. We visitors were next permitted
to go down and seo those who staid ol
course only the ladies being allowed to look
into the apartment for women. 0 ihe sad
ness of thai sight I There in the men's
room wero perhaps a hundred men and boys,
sitting up in their rags in little compartments
of naked boards, each about nun-way De
iween a bieud-tray and a hog-trough, which,
planted close 10 each other, wuro to bo their
resting places for the night, as ihey had been
for several previous nights. And this is a
very recont and very blessed uddiiion to the
school, made by ihe munihcenco ol some
noble woman, who guve 6U0 expressly to
fit up some kind of a sleeping room, so that
those who had uttended the school should not
all be turned out (as a part still necessarily
are,) to wander or lie all night in the always
cold, damp streets. There are not many
hogs in America who are not better tougea
than these poor human brethren and sisters,
who now united, at the suggestion of tho
duperintcndoni, in a hymn ol pruiso to God
for all His mercies. Doubtless, many did
so with an eye 10 ihe shelter and hope of
food (lor each one who Is permitted 10 stay
here has a bath and six ounces of bread al
lotted him in the morning;) yet wi en 1 con
trasted this with the more lormal and stately
worship 1 had attended at Westminster Ab
bey in the morning, ihe preponderance was
decidedly not in lavor of the latter.
It seemed to me a profanation an tnsuu
heaped on injury an unjustifiable prying
into the saddest secrets of the great prison
house of human woo for us visitors 10 be
standing here; and, though 1 apologised for
it wiih a sovereign, which grain 01 sana
will, 1 am sure, be wisely applied to the mit
igation of this mountain ol misery, 1 was
yet in haste 10 be gone. Yet I leaned over
I the rail and made some inquiry of a ragged
and forlorn youth of some nineteen or twen
ty, who sat noxi us in his trough, waning
lor our departure before he lay down to such
rest as that place could afford him. He re
plied thai be had no parents nor friends who
could help him had never been taughiany
trade ulways did any work ho could get
sometimes earned sixpence to a shilling per
day by odd jobs, but could gel no work late
ly hud no money of course and had eat
en nothing that day but the six ounces of
bread given him in the morning and had
only the like six ounces in prospect between
him and starvation. Thai hundreds so sit
uated should unite with seeming fervor in
nraisu to God shames the more polished de
votion of the favored and comfortable; and
If these famishing, hopeless outcasts were
OFFICE OF THE
-: ' -.'.SECOND 6TREi:
, Swo-eooas wt.bt or T couT aovic.
,; Uutes f AdvcrtisiEgi '
Onetqumc (13 Unci et lea) three weeke, ' II Ctr "
Every eubscqupBt tuertion, ,j 'i " . 8 ..
Onequar i::7se maalhe, ,' : t -J c"
One square, u uiiKthi,.-;'. i. .i.'..t.ii -A t
One eqiiare, oca. -.ycwi. :: t i J : : B CO u
One oMf column, one yuv ! ; e i 1 : 30 00 ,
Thrto-fourtln of cflz:z. sr-.s jskr. i W) " '
One column, one yeat t , , j , t; m 0 0- , i
KTAdTertisemeulB iot J?mj tij? nntubei o( in-H '
ceriicoj marked on copy, will be ouui.tiued until . . '
forbW and charged accordingly.- ."" -J ' '
dj-osui ajveruscra must pay a fcdttnoe.
o-Job I'rintiiiar. of cvervrirscnoiion will
oe esccurea witi sccureuyana neattiess. tT -nx,,
to pilfer evory day of their lives (as mosi of ,
ihem '.diJ, and perhaps some of lham still
I should pity even hiomhim I blamed them. ' '
'' : : '- :'!-. ...
TN AM3UKG, THE L1N TAMCKv .
' Van Amburg was born in 1812, at Flsli "
kilt, New York State, thirty mile., from' the 1 H
city : of thai uame. . lie is descended,, as. .
inny be indicated by his name, from one of
the original Dutch settlers of that .State.. At'
tho age of fifteen,' with a fine cousiltution
snd grear -good temper, he left his naiivs 1
for New York, where ha. resided, as a clerk -, . ; -in
tho house 0 a relative. Van Amburg
was; however, not calculated for. ilia drudu-..
ery of the business pursuits of that city, and .
lounii more congenial employment alter set
ting out on his rsmbles, in a company which
was engaged taking a csraven of wild beasts X
through the principal xltics-of the-Utiited ,
StAvesjHo had now,.. become twenty, years ; .',
of age with""! ' fine" figure," iron frame and 7fW
herculean strength, which admirably suitod'
tho devolopement of his peculiar faculties..
He is singularly inado, and one of the most,
athletic of his size Jn tho world. His body
is nearly round, but greater in thickness than-
n breadth. ' His bones large and firmly set, ; '
and ins lies!) almost an tnuscie. mverine-
less, from his singular conformation, ho is-'
remarkable for ther lightness and grace of 1 ;
his movements!. ' '
His first intercourse with lions, ore, wns
purely by uccident. At Jcisey City, oppo-
sue New York, a caravan of live aniinols
was exhibited. Tho lion was uncommonly
good tempered, and as a part of tho exhibi
tion, one of tho keepers was in the habit of
entering his cage. On one occasion, this
individual was absent, the audience impa
tient, no ono to enter the cage, and a row in
perspective. In iliis extremity of distress,
Van Amburg had compassion, while ho fell
his latent energies roused to action. ' "I'll
go into the cage," said ho to the managur.
tie took a cane, entered the cago, walked up
10 the lion, talked to him and in a few su
oonds they became quito intimate. "In up
proaching wild unimals," says Van Amburg,
"courage ii everything."
This was but the commencement of his
cotirso. The lion died, and the company
dispersed. He joined a caravan called the
Zoological Institute, in New York, which
comprehended the rarest specimens and full
est assortment of wild beasts obtainable at
that date. Hero he prosecuted his favorite
(pursuit, studied tho tempers and habits of
the various animals, and proceeded in their
civilization step by step, until thoy woro all
perfectly subject to bis orders.
He first associated in ono cage a lion and'
ti tiger. This presented remurkablo sccnos.
These two animals would' fight lor months,
and someiin.es ho would givo over one of
tliern for dead. On such occasions, Van
Amburg, after they bad exhausted each oth
er would enter the cage, and begin Jiis course
of discipline to control both. Gradually he
added animal in animal, till he had got as
far as ten animals in one cage. On several
occasions, he had severe conflicts, with ihe
tiger particularly, but nothing dangerous. -When
he talks of these animals ho is high
ly interesting. "The tiger," says Van Am--burg,
"is liko a reckless good-for-nothing,
drunken rascal, who spends hfs time care-'
lessly at taverns, and fights at a moment.
Tigers all have bad, spiteful tempers. The
lion is not so irascible; he is slower and
cooler; but thoro are not tho generous foel
ings about him which he has been cracked
up for. The leopards aro like cats playful,
but easily provoked." There is nothing
hardly more interesting than u hoar this
history of his Initrcourso with these animals
from his own lips.
Van Amburg has a novel and practical
theory to account lor his power over ihem.
From ihe first moment of his intercourse'
with them he talktd to them as ho would to
n human being. "They bolioved," says ho,
"ihat I have power to tear every one of
them lo pieces, if they do not aci as I ssy.
I loll ihem so, and have frequently enforced
it with a heavy crowbar." The personal
strength, the peculiar cast of his eye, the
rapidity of his movements, the lone of his
voice, all tend to present to them an idea of
superior power, which in sudden bursts of
passion makes them crouch in ono corner of
the cage. Van Amburg's oyes ai e peculiar;
one or thorn has a remarkable cast, which
rather heightens the effect of the expressive
face. On one occasion in Now York, tho
liger became very ferocious. Van Amburg
very coolly took his crowbar, and gave him
a tremendous blow over tho head. Ho thon
said 10 him in good English, as if he was a
human creature, "You big scoundrel, 11 you
show me any more of your pranks, I'll
knock your brains out! accompanying it
with loud menaces and strong gesticulation.
Aftor this the tiger behaved like a gentleman
for a couple of months.
On visiting England, Van Amburg Was
separated from the anlmalR for soveral
weeks. They arrived in London, he in
Liverpool. As soon as he reached London,
he went to see them. Oh his appearance
outside the cago one of the strangest scenes
was presented that ever was beheld. The
lions, tigers, leopards all recognized him at
once. When lie entered among the group,
they crouched, they crawled, thoy lashed
their tails, with every demonstration of de
light, in beholding him once more. He
scratched the neck of tho great male lion,
and his majesty growled forth his gratifies'
lion in tones which sounned like distant
In ancient and modern history, instances -
are known of attempts mado to iamo single
animals; but till the present cia there Is no
such mighty exhibition of human ov r an
imal power, as Mr. Van Amburg presents.
Cist's Advertiser. .
Miss Hutchinson's great grundmothcr
was one of a pnny who partook of tho
first pound of tea that ever camo into Pen
rith. It was sent as a present, and with
out directions how to use it. They boiled
the whole ai once in a kettle, and sat down
10 eiil the leaves with butler and salt.
They wondered how any person could
like such dish. South' f 9 Commn plac.
Book. -.'-. "
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