, U. 1 TAN HEKf,
ajtt4 wis Tlmrsy aiortity.
TERMS Or iu'. ,
' 1 it. ftoiiAr nud Fiftr Cnn.
, lw DUar wUxUn lMr yeasV ,
J Pf not paid until alter th expirm ol tL ytia
3 . j , , JbwttAtr aa riAy Cum
ir-MTi in liriinKriufA until all at
R-aragesare t1'. ewpt at tlte optica of tie pub-
' VU lishrt. -.; i,. .-' ('! m:t"2'J
( fti'AlUonunuuValiofw on the business, of tW
'A J offirc must be postpaid to sccoi) atteabea., i
.'ft!! hcrr T CHttM, si ten or wore,, the papei wtfl
, furnished at a liberal reduction m pnceVt i '
BT I. 3. nvr- r!l .?
.-r' '.'1 (II i 1 ' I..! I 'J I't MM
, ;Fresh frnro lh4 touoiiMi ut 10 wooJ,
1 1' A tivjII OP the vrtlley eamo, 4 ) T .
jrAnJ glided in for mianv a, rood,'-: '
I Flusbt4 ViiK ih'o tnnrning'i ruddV
The at wm Irfisli, nd pl), and 8ei, , v
.V ,Th9 slopes Hi Spring' new verdure jay; '
And wei.wUdcW-drops lyrpy feci, , ! .
J BlowneaUielyourtgirfolws orMay.rrt i i
. ... 1.,- ........ ... . 'j m "L,l.
s.N! sound of tusy Jwi wm btunl.i'ffiBf.
JimW those fmsiurtstrfleiw knd will, '
,., 1 lIVCCO TOW nuia wniiMiif,"";!,;
New scenp of bemiiy opened ifoundr
' ; Where meads of fresher verdure lo,y...
And loweller blossoms linged ih'ejrouod,
" Ah, happy mountain atreanw'U said,
" Calm glides ihy wave amid he flowers.
Whose fragrance round ihy path is shed i '
Through all the joyous summer hours,"'
Oh, oould my years, Vike ihine, be pnffled
Insemeremoie and silent glen, ( . t
Where I could dwell and slerptu last,
Far from ihe Lusillns; haunis of mco.'-'.
... ' . . 1'
Bui what new echoes greet my ear?
The village school boy's merry call,
And mid the village hum I henr "
The murmur of the waterfall. , '('
I looked I The widening vale betrayed ;
A pool that shone like burnished steel,
, Where that bright valley stream was stayed,
To turn ihe miller's ponderous whrotl.
. Ah, why should I, I thought wlihshmno,
' Sigh for a life of solitude, '
When e'en this sirenm, without a name,
Is laboring for the common good.
No lofigi-r Id mo si un my pari,
Amid the busy scenes of life,
Hut with a warm and generous heart,
Press onward in tho glorious strife. ,
For the Telejrrapb.
UTILITY OP PIIKKNO
IT S. It. BARRETT.
NO. VII. '
Phrenology is capable of performing an
.important work, h leachea how to rostraln
, the drunkard's appotiie, 10 correct immoral
habits, to cheeJt tho growth of licentious
noM, to promoie virtuous principles, to ex
pand ihe mli:d, and 10 exalt man in ihe
scale of morul excellence. It will produce
a slow but ci-rtnin change in the life, charac
ter, and conduct of individuals. It will re
store man to his original pristine grandeur,
w ilw imago of hjs Maker, Jt will, if pro -
perly tiu.lci'stooJ and applied 10 the human
eharqetor, makethu infidel a believing man,
'i'i ;'uicf an honest man, the drunkard a sc
let man, ihe Ihir a truthful man, and the
sweater n holy man. It will render ihe
miserable happy, ihe desponding cheerful,
the poor comfortable, ihe pioud bumlili;,and
the despised esteemed and respected. Is il
saying 100 much in making such bold decla
rations? Is ii substituting science in the
place of revealed religion 7 Is it soaring in
to ihe airy regions of fancy and imagina
tions T I trust not, hope not, believe not.
THE DltUNKAKD'S WILL.
The following has been handed to us for
' publication. It is written in a clear excel
. cellent hand, on a much worn sheet of pa
per deeply browned by lime. Ii boars date,
: 1' 'Town of Columbia, Boon Co., Mo., August
. 9, J 828, The language is terse, and for
s ciblo from tho uuih it contains. N. 0.
Crescent. , , ,, , ,
I. W. L., begiCOing W bo enfeebled in
body,- and fearing that I ir.a bo palsied in
body; and fearing that 1 may bo palsied in
mind; having entered on that course or In
lemperance from which I have not irc'J'igth
of mind td flee, and already feeling the e
vita resulting therefrom, which I have not
resolution to avert, do make and publish this,
my last will and and testament. Having
been made in the image of my Creator,
; rnpable of rational enjoyments, of impartlrg
J happiness 10 others, and promoting the glory
pf God. I know and acknowledge my ac-
.couniubilitv. Yet such is my fondness for
sensual gratification, and my utter inability
!!-. resist temptation, that I gave myself up
entirely to Intemperance and its associate
?iers, and make ihe following bequests:
Item 1. My property I give to dissipation,
knowing ihal it will soon fall into the hands
'of ihoso who furnished ma with ardent
"splrhsi ' ' '
' t Item . My reputation, already tottering
- on a tandy foundation, I give to destruction.
' Item 3. 1 t'vo toy ability te.be happy and
useful in life to annihilation.
Item 3. Te my beloved wife who has
.thns far cheered me in the paih "of life, 1
give shame, pain; sorrow a broken heart.
Item b. To each of our children I bo-
queath my examp'e, and ihe Jnheiitance of
ihelr father's shame.
' ; Jlem 0. To my associate grocery com'
panions, I give my broken bottles.
' 1 Item 7. Finally, I give my body to dis
ease, misery, and early dissolution, and my
' soul that can never die to the disposal of thai
'God whose mercy I have abused, whose
commands 1 have broken, and whose holv
Jaws dsclarti that no drunkard shall inherit
the kingdom. or Heaven, . .. .
' . A DRUNKARt), iSml
Witnttti Scripture Reason, Common
Ecrsfi, TJnivcnel Bpcrlf nco.
Edltor-'H . . . . .1111 Ui II tiA .11'. II .11 II- I . I ; V 1
i. ia:l t f- "'i . , III 111 a ' a a a. 1 i r T t X " , ii ill II ' I 1 la I V e. I
r a. m . s.a ii a ti ar -nl' " i m. r ' - a - , i r .s .
- I I II I l I I ! III I I i I I III
' - I ' ' 11 1
, $9 pr imaii.'
. , , -. I,.,
BY It T. VAN HOB!?.
A CHAPTER Olf MILITIA CAPTAINS!
U WITH ANpCDOTjiS TO Mltptfj ,
' , That shrewd chap, Wilftani ' Shakspoare
sqnicwncre says nni tuuio , men 11 re uvrq
grdhi, some achieve greatness, ' and some
hlvegreaincss ,ihrust apoo therH'.T The
militia captain is partly born great, and parv
ly'a(iheWes greatness . by bis own u-nncen-dant
abilities. , From the earliest, childhood,
or as 'soon as ioon as he' can carry ' a; tin
s6rd, his destiny seems revealed' to him
backed tiajs, silver lace, -and red leathers
art,eret,dancitig before hls'.eyes; (bej? rdlltnf '
of drum, Bhd me scream "ct fifes', sotind'per '
eolwefourf 4Tv4t ie no in ibe quiet Wtkif
peace, ia indU ettd bloAdtewife oMf
senate1 or rorum, that ne ts tp win undying
renown, but on the stern bnule field at th
May 1nspeciori, and the regimental review,'
Fired whh ihis 'idea, he at an early age de
votes his' whole'Ume to military affair and
the1' service of hisi country.' Alexander,
08304, and Ndpoleon becon 0 his models of
inlltations, and, joining some company of
'string beans, he rises rapidly from one post
of distinction to another from private to I
corporal, from corporal to- eergeant, from I
sergeant to lieutenant. till at last he finds
himself that loftiest of mortals, that cvno.
sure, of all eyes,' and 'observed of all obser
vers, in? military chieftain ol the town of
llornbff Ah, ' little think ye, who have
drunk of glory's intoxicating draughts
wno have never pressed ihe cup of double
distilled happiness brimming 10 your Hps
little can your cold imaginations and
placid souls conceive of ihe ecstatic throb
bings'ihat swell, with almost overpowering
delight, the heart of military 'capting,' as,
cheered by the huzzihs of daggle-tailed
buys,' he struts like turkey-cock before a
corps of the sons ol Mars, the first lime after
his election, - '- '
A thousand anecdotes have been told, and
a - thousand' might be added, illustrating
this turkey -cock sense of greatness in rr.ili-
ita captains. . Ail have heard of that fierce
son of Mars, ho, while practising military
evolutions ai home, the day after his elec
tion, piichtd headlong down ihe cellar
. hi.'. .2 Z ! nr h ,u:' !
0 his rescue, and inqu.red if he was much
..i.. ....I . 1,1. (T-: ...: ...1 1
huri, replied contemptuously, 'uo away,
woman! what do you know about was?'
We have read somewhere of another militia
captain whose sense of personal dignity was
so great thai he inarched three miles under
a hoi July sun, with his sword held perpen
dicularly by his right side, without once re
luxinifilie siifiiicis of his face, or crooking
his head to look after his company; and
when he did interrupt the sweet now of his
cornplacennhusiriga, and turu to his follow
ers, he found they had 'mizzled,' and left
him 'alone in his dory.' , They had deser
ted in couples, and were making bee-lines
for home as fast as their 'grass-ianglers'
would lei them, while he for the last two
milts had been strutting on alone! There
is a story of another, who, receiving a bil
lot from a lady, in which she requested tho
honor of his company at supper, very inno
cently occeyted the invitation of its literal
sense. The gooi !' wo thunderstruck,
Ins he came marching into the house, with
skeepskins beating and ntes tooutip, !
head of forty rag-muffins, each of whom
had an appetite sufficient to crenie a fumine
ir a western settlement.' We recollect a
captain In the town of W , Maine, who,
in training a raw corps, formed them in a
line fronting a barn, and ordered them 10
'change bagncltV They instantly rushed
towards him; whereupon, full of fright lest
he might be pierced tnrough by the glitter
ing instruments of death, and forgetting in
his terror the military word, he bawled out
"WhoorisM 'Slop, darn you?' Tho row
ofbayoneis still advancing, he made a tre
mendous jump to ihe right, like a iree-ioad
before a harrow but finding escape hope
less, and that he must inevitably be stuck
through, ho shrunk closo 10 tho barn, and
falling on his knees, stretched out his arms,
and begged most piteously, 'Don't! oh don't!
that's good eogers? Wo knew another,
Down East' captain, who claimed a promo
tion for ihe signal coolness and courage dis
played by him in saving his men from a
drove of cattle. Ii was a parade day, aid
the company had jusi wheeled round a cor
ner, when they encountered ihe ferocious
critters' coining right towards them. With
astonishing presence of mind, our hero or
dered his company to 'form straight parah
lei lines with a hole between between Vnt,'
ld fO, telling the cattle pass through, saved
the soldiers from destruction.
Hardly' Jw characteristic is the anecdote
ot another disc.ple or Scott, who, having
long sighed for a capld'n s clamshell hat and
nodding plume, was at lad olevated 10 thai
honor, and undertook, on the diy of his e
lection, to astonish his subordinates by his
profound knowledge of military lactlcs.
Marshalling his 'stnng-beaners' on the osnK
of a river, he ted ihein through various in
tricate manoeuvres, such as opening to ihe
right and loft obliquoly, dee., till ai last, for
ming them in a line facing the stream, he
ordered them to 'advance! double quick
time.' They moved rapidly towards iho
water, and were fast nearing the brink, when
iheii leader, waving sword in the air, vainly
endeavored to recollect the military word
halt. ' On they still moved, till, despairing
of the right phrase, our hero threw himself
on bis knees belore tho stupinod spectators,
and, with arms outstretched and clenched
hands, cried out In a voice of anguish, 'Do,
far -m .,' sake, stop them, Mister, or they'll
all go into the river! Another anecdote,
equally illustrative, is that of a captain In
the last war, who, on the eve of baule, tool
ing chock full of courage, closed a most
stirring appeal to his company by the furious
and truculent command. 'Follow mi!
tie advanced two steps gave ono look at
the enemy and took to his hsels! It is
needless to add that his order was obeyed
sirickly. But the richest story of 'malitlous'
valor m that of the bold captain whoso ex
perience of wat'a horrors was confined to
fiehUna with powder in sham fighit. He
was ofiee in. a roar battle, and seemed 10.
. 1 I VBM- ,
enjoy 'ii wiih'keen Xest. , Nothing could ex
cued bis ardor: . he, flourished his sword
mosi fiercely marched, counter-marched
and blazed aw.ay, with great glee. Sudden-
a bullet Whizzed, through his cocked hat
At hrsi amazement stupehed him; his Drama
seemed carried away. . Then, slowly uncov
ering, ho gazed a the hole which the lead
had perforated In its hasty through his
chapeau, and with ,4 voice indicative of the
fiercest indignation ai such treachery, he ex
ciniinp.il. Bv w"ihev are firinc ballsl!
andrflcd l as if a 'thunderbolt were chasing
mm. - . . , , .. . , .. i
it wdufd be difficult to Parallel these speci
mens orVaJor by anything exhibited In. lqr
eign lunus, ur. ill iiib ponsieu un ui ureunv
and Romei'tiui at tho risk of an anti-climalx-.
w cahn&rTifcTrj addihsf the sibry' r ilie fit.
mtfus company thai paraded befoie a trench
Jrlnctf .on Ills' visii ti 'oris of our counirv
ownk .' 'After "Mtonlsninii him bva' host of
..i..j ' ' -..inij
lumpiimieu iiiniiu;urrcs,.iiia Lujiiaiu biuikcu
up to him with a Bobadil air, and begged to
know his opinibn'bf the corps before him;
' 'Sare,' was ihe i ' veteran's reply, 'I 'a ve
seen ereat many companiel treat many hat
talion; I avo seen de bwiss, de Jarman, de
Russ and de Prussj but'pon mon
capinih, T'nve' htvare seen' such
ordinare compame as yours;
vartr. . . . :
'' The iruth fs.'a's another has said, that Mi
I ilia captains are the Illegitimate sons of
Mars and liavo no very burning desire to
win immorial renown at ihe expense of mor
tal existence. They can hew the air with
great coolness on a muster-field, but when
made a target for cannon and musket balls,
their courage is very apt to become Bob
Acre-isb, and ooze out at their fingers' ends.
They have Utile of that spirit which fired
the breast pf the Scotch chieftain, when he
dbdaied hla resolve to exult in victory,
'Or in death be laid low, '
With his front to the field and his feet to the foe.1
We close with the following model speech,
said 10 have been delivered by a militia cap
lain, just after his election:
Fellow Soldiers! On an occasion like
this called by your yoiei tojhe command ol
the First Company, permit me to express,
feebly, indeeJ, but in the best terms I can
command, my profound gratitude for the
honor you have done me, and my exalted
sense of iho duties and responsibilities of my
- . T. ,.BirBmilB. ia ,ha kl.
wark of our country: the sole and single
rampart that repels the tempestuous waves
of foreign invasion, and domestic insurrec
tion, which were they not daunted by ihe
flaming brightness of vour swords, and ter
rified at the fearful aspect of your array of
bristling bayonets, held by the free hearts
ofciiizens soldiers, would haslon lo swallow up
our wives and children, and sweep away
every vtsiigersur Jrse institutions. Gen
tlemeri, l . hope thai yon are conscious that
strict discipline, and unhesitating obedience,
are absolutely essential to military effi -len-cy;
and I must beg of you, gentlemen, how
ever you are pleased to consider me, in the
ordinary intercourse of life, your equal and
boon companion, to recollect that the mo
ment my epaulets are on, I am your com
mander, and you my soldiers. This, I
know, is a lender point, and I will not
insist further upon it at present Gentlemen,
there w tome grog yet left in the pails; let
us take a 'general, universal drink all round
lo Me' UornlV Tir? ZvmpmyV
Home and Woman. If there ever has
been a more touching and eloquent eulogium
upon the charms of home, and its dearest
treasure, woman, than is contained in tho
following extract from the Christian En
quirer, ii has not been our good fortune 10
. "Our homes, what is their corner-stone
but virtue of woman, and on what does so
cial .well being rest but on our homes T
Must we not trace all othor blessings of civ
ilized life 10 iho doors of our private dwel
lings! Are not our hearth-stones guarded
by iho holy forms of conjugal, fillial and
parenial love, the corner-stones of Church
and State; more sacred than either, more
necessary than boiht Lei our temples
crumble and our academies decay; let every
public edifice, our halls of justice, and our
capitals of stale be levelled with the dust;
but spar j our homes. Man did not invent
and he cannot improve or abrogate ihem.
A private shelter 10 cover in two hearts dear
er lo each other than all in the world; high
walls, 10 exclude the profane eyes of every
human being; seclusion enough for children
to feet that mother is a holy and peculiat
name this is home; and here is the birth
place of every virtuous impulre, of every
sacred thought. Here iha Church and the
State must come for their origin and their
support. 0, spare our homes I The love
we experience there gives us our faith (nan
infinite goodness; the purity and disinteres
ted tenderness of home is our foretastes and
our earnest of a better world. In ihe rela
tions thero established and fostered, do we
find through life the chief solace and joy of
existence. What friends deserve the name
cornered with those whom a birth right
I l .L J
gave us. vne mntner is worm a inousana
friends, one sistc.r aearer ana truer, man
twenty iniimaiucomnanions. vve who have
played on the same hearth, uoder the light
smiles, who date back to the samo scene and
season of innocence ond hope: in whose
veins runs the same blood, do we not find
thai years only make more sacred and im
portant the lie that binds us T Loldness
may spring up, distance may separate, diff
erent spheres may divide but those who
can love anything, who continue to love at
II must find that the friends whom God
himself eave are wholly unlike any we can
choose for ourselves, and that iho yearning
for these is the strongest spark in our expir
"My son," said Mr. Smith to his boy who
was devouring an egg it was Mr. Smith's
dosire to instruct his boy "my son do you
know that chickens come out of eggs t"
"Ah, do they faiheri" said young Hope
ful, "I thoight eggs came out of chickens.'"
The elder Umith drew back from ihe table
sadly, and gazed upon his son, then put on
his nsi and went 10 his work, '
r -"i 1
POMERQY,: THURSI).' FTJtt:3,.'185i;:
1 : TDIUULIXGf SCt
Ii ! .1 r.t Ki SmI-'J ?.Lii mi i-.-'fr .
. The-following description c
ness, of the .terrible BieainHo-i
posite Cincinnati, in 1838, is I
, 'CaputinjftE the M , t v .'J
;. Ys.f.:! iisortJ tr.vsa. V I;:. is
"Up for Uairoand New W seV
' Jiutfcfc'.i v. i nd
'When do oo leave!
,.,Ai three thi'fteroooo.,' '
Fleas beok !ms twrhe for ' -1 1
. .f Be, aboard 1 beibre three, u'U : be
4i 'I wilt said I. thoosh I k ;!J bo
a wonderful thing if a boat t , 3- ai
Its dertlsed lime.. .i ..t 1
Thq M -jiiiiw&s,.a . , . And
jTqsI . boat ; she had never yet made trip.
out nejr aommanaer intended on tots day to
show her; on to the best ad vaniase-v a
.Before three 0 clock I went on boards she
was throiiceo with passengers, . mnoyi ,o(
them the(ii or toe city, all in good humor,
anticipating ueiigrjilul voyage in this pal
ace 01 tut) ,waiera...i -':;.-.-... .: l. i.w
Al Fulton, a small village about two miles
up toe river, where a I sree number or em
lcrants, German, I believe consiaunir of men.
women and children, who were to bo taken
aboard the M ai this place.' -t
'Cast off there,' shouted the Captain, on
the hurricane deck,
Aye, aye, sir ;.. .c- .. ...
Draw Id the plank.' '. . - ! ( u U
Right gallantly did sha walk, the water;
her sharp cutting prow divided ihe stream so
smoothly as scarcely 10 cause a sparkle of
foam on her breast;, but a highway of milk
white foam issued from 'neath. her rushing
keel, marking her course to the destined
landing, white her roaring steam pipes hard
ly drowned the deafening shouts of the ex
cited and admiring spectators. ; ' . ,
An hour was spent In taking aboard the
emigrants and their heavy luggage. Many
an eye brightened with hope as it ret led on
the noble craft,, which, thev ihotighr. would
so soon bring them to the promised land.
Not a tear of regret was. jhe4.o4caina
strange shore, where aosympatbising fHuitds
stood to wave an adieu. Alas, ibu there
was so soon cause' for thousand eves to
weep. : , !': :
Captain, we ought to blow off steam: the
boilers are very hot, and ihe guage indicates
extraordinary pressure,' said the engineer,
as he came upon the hurricane deck , and
stood near the Captain by the wheel-house.
'I told you, sir, 10 blow off no steam while
we lay here ; enough sir ; go below.".
'But, sir,' said the engineer.
'I swear, sir, that I'll not blow off steam.
and 17 blow her to rather than fail
going past jhe city fasier than any other boat
that ever floated these waters, 1 0 your du
ty, sir ; v' ' '! ,.).; .-.
The rngineer telucianily . ob ied. ' My
self and several others heard the blasphe
my, and were shocked beyond measure.
There was a whispering among the passen
gers, and many, myself among the number,
ordered the baggago ashore, and left the boat,
earing the consequences of remaining.
We had hardly time to leave, ere the plank
was drawn aboard.
Majestically she swings around her breast
to the current; proudly the Captain stands
on the dizzy edge of iho nurricane deck, en-
ZyT.Z ho admira,iion of the specimora ; one
revolution or her paddles, and then, 'J hor
rors ! an explosion ol sound, as of the whole
"artillery of heaven," shook the air, ming
led with the noise of a thousand crashing
oaks. A breathless moment of silence and
ihen shrieks upon shrieks, groans upon
groa ns wai I i ngs, and y el Is of despair, pierced
the horror-struck ear. Ri vetted wiih terror
to the spot, around us fell in sickening show
ers, fragments cf human flesh, parts of arms
legs, headless trunks, and ghastly, lrunkless
heads; blood splashed in our laces; bits of
furniture and pieces of the wreck covered
the shore. . i
All about the ill-fated boat, living and
dead, dotted the surface of the river, most
of them 10 sink forever. The shattered hull
floated down stream a few rods, and sank
close to the city water works.' 'Terrible was
the scene I And 0, what thoughts must
have fired the brains of more than a hun
dred human beings, blinded by steam still
crowded in the crazy hull, as the rushing
waters through her shatterod sides reached
higher and higher, lilt their gurgling throais
were silenced in the deepl
fche same to the depth or her cabin floor.
Boats, planks and every other available
means were put in requisition to, reach . ihe
wreck ami save the ule that might yet be.
Few were saved: seme in the cabin were
rescued, also some who were thrown in the
river by the concussion, but none ' of the
multitude who crowded the steerage ever
looked upon the scene of disaster again.
All that forenoon and for several .succeed
ing days, men fished for the dead through
holes cut in the cabin floor. Hardly a soul
of that unfortunate band of emigrants was
left to mourn the sad catastrophe, or weep
over ihe mangled dead. ' A little boy belong
ing 10 them stood wei ''and trembling on
tho liver's brink, from which he had jusi
been rescued. . I spoke to him kindly.' but
he only answered me with a wild and vacant
stare, mid pointed 10 ihe wreck upon which,
he was gazing, gave an unsanhly shriek,
threw his arms aloft, and sprung into the
boiling flood beyond the reach of human
'Pt .... . , -;r .
The ill-fated . commander was round,
shockingly disfigured, a few days afler on
the tientucky shore, engineers, nremen,
Eilot and clerk, ended their life'a voyage
More than one hundred, and seventy-five
human beings were thus sacrificed on ihe
altar of PridbI
Unhappy man! thou didst ksep thine
oath but too faithfully. The force of the
explosion was terrible; the six boilers or the
boat were burst Into fragments, and cast a
Seat distance, wounding severely tome. of
e spectators on the landing,' and In the
street above. '.'
The body of a man was blown high Id
tire air and coming down head foremost
burst through the roof of a brick house, and
there hung, part of ihe body oil the' roof,
I.' '! I .!.., .... .ifi !.,'!. '!..,-,,,.,,.. .., -, i , t ,, a! -iff '
I I .HIM II I
v I. - I
arid part onthe -inside. ' A small hatehei,
too was thrown wiih such violence as 10 en
ter the window of a house ' penetrate the
partition and pass through another window
on ihe opposite ida ol ihe house, iuio
back van! wherrf It was found. ' ''" ' '
' - O, how-wretched the scene in that little
village, of FoIkm) I .scarcely a house but
contained; in wou.iyled and .dying; crowds
of eager eyea were, about every dooi, and
peering ia every winugw, some irotu iuiq
curiosity, others, perchance seeking soma
friend or lelaiive who bsid been on the wreck.
Tha ooise:of the exploaioSB was heard in
the. heart of. ihe' city: and as- soon as the
bwiui exiiiamiiion was, given, mousanus
rushed to thb spot. Many of the beautiful
nud brave, the OttareM ornrments ol their
happy onmc rn4he in tHeQeweMr, wee
numbered atr)0m tha victims. Wildly throb
bed the hearts of fathers, mothers, brothers,
sisters,' husbands md wives,, as they ap
proached with swift and trembling steps, the
wretched scene 'eager id learn -ule fate 'of
those they loved., ; :, . t .' j;.
But who shall paint the agonv of those
doomed to behold the mutilated and scarce
ly recognizable deaf'6r living' remains ' of
those they sought,' fir despair of those who
never found them! Bui let u& draw the
veil.1: '. - ' A; : : I
'Tis . the Sabbath : a pall of mourning
hangs over ihe asllicied city; crape rustles
ai me entrance 01 many , a . once pieasani
nome, whose doors and windows notwith
standing the? summer's heat, are now sol
emnly closed, the picture ef desolation.
subdued and plaintive music tones trem
ble on the air, and ihe silent streets echo to
the tread of a solemn death train. Forty
hearses and othet vehicles, shrouded in black
bear the remains of the human sacrifice 1
Thousands of citizens follow reverently and
silently the gloomy pageant to the last rest
ing p' ace of man. Dust 10 its kindred dust,
and all is over. Ah, no ! for the death wail
must be borne to distant lands, causing fresh
hearts to bleed, and woe to hang her dark
some drapery around many a broken hearth
Blessing and curse, Monster and Friend,
thou subtle element how fearful Is thy
power! ' . ' .. . -',
A NOBLE EXAMPLE,
About tha rear 1776, a circumstanco oc
curred which deserves to be written on ada
mant. In the wars of New England wiih
the Aborigines, the Mohegan tribes of Indi
ans early became friends of the English.
Their favorite ground was on the banks of
the river, (now the Thames) between New
London and Norwich. A small remnant of
the Mohegana still exist, and they are scarce?
ly protected in the possession and enjoyment
of their favorite domain on the banks of the
Thames. The government of this tribe had
oecome nereuuary in tne lamny 01 tne cel
ebrated chief Uncas. During the lime of
my father's mercantile prosperity, he had
employed several Indians of this tribe in
hunting animals, whose skins were valuable
for their fur. Among theso hunters was one
named Zachary, of the royal race, an ex
cellent hunter, but as drunken and worthless
an Indian as ever lived. When he had
somewhat passed the age of 60, several
members of tho royal family who stood be
iwnnn Zacharv and the throne of his tribe,
died, and he found himsolf with only ond
lifo between him and ihe empire.
In this moment his bitter genius resumed
its sway, and he reflected seriously.
: How can such a drunken wretch as I am
aspire to be the chief of this honorable race
What will my people say! And how will
the shades of my noble ancestors look down
indignant upon such a base successor! Can
I succeed to the great Vncas! I, W'll drink
110 morel i
He solemnly resolved never again to
laaie any drink but water, and kept his reso
lution. I had heard this story, and did not entirely
believe it; for, young as 1 was, 1 already
partook of the prevailing contempt for Indi
ans. In the beginning of May, the annual
election of the principal officers of the (then)
colony, was held at Hartford, tho capital.
My futher attende I officially, and it was cus
tomary for the chief of the Mohegans also
to attend. ,. Zachary had succeeded 10 the
rule of his tribe. My father's house was
situated about midway on the road between
Mohegan and Hartford, and the old chief
was in the habit of coming a few days be
fore the election, and dining with his brother
Governor.. One day the mischievous thought
struck me to try the old man'a lemperance.
The family were seated at dinner, and mere
a. a a a
was excellent nome-orewed Deer on tne ta
ble. I addressed the old chief
Zachary, this beer is excellent will you
The old man droDoed his knife and fork-
leaned forward with a stern intensity of ex
pressionhis black eye sparkling with in
dignation, was fixed on me.
John, said he, you do not know what you
are doing. You are serving the devil, boy I
Do you not know that I am an Indian! I
tell you that I am, and thai, ir I should but
taste your beer, 1 could not stop until I got
to rum, and become again the drunken con
temptible wretch your father rem -mbers me
to have been. John, while you live, never
tempi any man 10 break a good resolution!
Socrates never uttered a more vaiuaoto
precept Demosthenes could not have given
il in more solemn tones of eloquence. I
was thunderstruck. My parents were deep
ly affected; they looked at each other, al
me, and at the venerable Indian, wiih deep
feelings of awe and respect. They after
wards frequently reminded me 01 tne scene,
and charged me never 10 forget II. Zachary
lived 10 pass tho age of 80, and sacredly
kept his resolution. He lies burled in the
royal burial place of his iribe, noar the bea-
tiful falls or the antic, the Western branch
of tho 1 names, in Norwich, on land now
owned bv my. friond, Calvin Godilard, Esq
I visited ihe grave or the old chiel lately,
and repeated to myself his inestimable
lesson. Col. Trumbull's Autobiography.
There an 7 periodicals published in Cin
cinnati, vis : 10 daily, Id weekly, semi
monthly 17 monthly, 9 rjuarterly.
aid mcral 3ntc!!iam
fl.50 in Adranrc.
f.V0L. 3.-N0: 39;
The plains and declivities which, extend
along the southern declivity of the Caucasus
are admitted 10 be amongst the finest regiyns
of the earih. Forests ol magnificent tim
ber whose aboundiiig luxuriance and variuiy
of vegetation can only be compared 10 the
primeval forests on the Orinoco and the
Amazon rivers, stretch along (lie side.of thu
mountains-ihe pomegranate, iho peach, lu-
necarino grow wild, and iho vine flourishes
in such gigantic vigor and richness of lrrowih
that even the vines of Italy seem poor and
puny in comparison.: It winds itself like a
huge serpent about the largest trees, tossos
Jis wreathed branches on every side, twines
if unit alter irunK whuib its coils, and hangs
liagarlandal -wtih their, filowinff fruits; evt-a
up to the highest braiicUawbere abak
only can least on t.ieir ncctarean juices ; all
kinds of corn, as well as hemp and flax,
when cultivated, yield abundant harvests ;
in many districts rico, and even cotton can
be grown with success indued ihe latter is
often found growing wild ; the hores, nnJ
other cattle, equal the finest breeds of Eu
rope ; ihe woods abound in almrust countless
varieiies; the, mineral products, (though as
yot ihey have not been thoroughly explored)
there is reason to bulievo, aro plentiful ; yet.
so little have all these gifts of nature done
lor the country, or, rather to such an extent
have iheir benefits beon neutralized by other
causes, that a large proportion of ihe inhab
itants are scarely above the reach of famine,
whenover any acciden l, such as thai of a
visitation of locusts, occur to diminish their
harvest. The peasantry live with their em
tio in holes bir.owcd in the ground, with a
hole In the top to admit light and afford
egress to smoke ; they are almost wholly ig
norant of the simplest art of life; they spoil
their wine by their method of keeping it in
skins smeared with napiha; they plow their
deep rich soil" with a clumsy machine madu
of wood sheathed with iron ihey know
nothing of ihe use of flax, but burn their
fine crops as soon as they have caibered the
sejid, for which alone they, value it,' and, so
miserably degraded are they, by ignorance
and poverty combined, as to regard their
beautiful daughters ih the light of an arti
cle of export to the Turkish harems; yet
more than two thousand years ago, these re
gions were the seat of considerable civiliza
tion. Whilo Western Europe wus as yet
an untrodden, marshy wilderness, tho haunt
of bears and bisons, the vullcy of the river
Phasis was iho abode of a people, rich, pow
erful, beautiful, (as they still are.) and, for
the time, intellectually cultivptcd.r At the
mouih bl the f hasis, or, as 11 is now called
the Rioni.' rose a city of the same name,
a Greek colonv, in which trade ani Industry
flourished, and which, kept up an active in
tercourse with the interior, and with the
mother country. , It is slated by Strabo thai,
along the whole course of this river ii wes
crossed by a hundred and fifiv bridges;
but these things have all vanisheo, and their
place knows ihem no more. The whole pro
vinces of Georgia, Imereiia, and Mingreliu,
do not now, contain, according 10 ihe last es-
mates, much more than 600,000 people ;
for the Russian force, which it is considered
necessary to maintain in ihem, provisions
have continually lo be sent across tho moun
tains and the revenues fall so far short of
the expenses that russla has to remit to ihem
annually no less a sum than 8,000.000 of
francs. The very gifts of nniuro, the gon
ial warmth and iho luxuriant vegetation,
have been turned, bv neglect and want of
cleanliness, into curses and breeders of pes
tilence. It would be interesting and instruct
ive to trace the history of civilization in
such a country. The causes that led 10 its,
first rapid advance, then to its becoming sta
tionary, then, while the rest of iha world
moved on to its slowly retrograding ulmos
utter barbarism. Westminister Review.
From the Louisville Journal,
(tt-This is one of the p easantest and
most Ingenious things we ever saw. We
think we admire the pyramid even more
in ascending than in descending :
- The Pyramid.
bt c. a. riciVAi..
(To be read ascendingly, descendingly, and Conde
' With godlike air,
Its fame desiring,
Its hcighth admiring,
Look on it from afar
Lol every smiling star.
' To raise this pile to heaven
These beautious stones are given,
Each prayer for truth's inspiring light
Each manly struggle for the right,
Each kindly word to cheer the lowly
Each aspiration for the holy.
Each strong temptation nobly overcome
Eachclam'rous passion held in silence dumb, -As
slow it riseth toward the upper Heaven
Its base upon the earth, its apex in the skies,
The good man's character a pyramid.doth ns .
Amosino Custom. N P,
authority for the follow! ng :
"It was here in the church of St. Nich
olasby iho way, that I first became aware
of a very sensible German custom that of
concentrating the coughing and nose blow
ing during seivice-time. Iho clergyman
stops at different periods of his discourse,
steps back from his pulpit stand, and blows
his nose the entire congregation imitating
his example, and disturbing the service with
the operation at no other time.
A Ndn's Wish. Souihey in his "om
nia," rotates the following :
"When I was in Lisbon, a nun madu her
escape irom a nunnery. The first thing for
which she inquired, when she reached the
house in which she was 10 be secre
ted, was a , looking lass. She had en
lorod the convent when only five years old,
and from that time had never seen her own
face. : ' "
OtrA minister observing a man who hnd
iusi lost his wife, very mueh oppressed with
grief, told bun, 'he must have Patience;
whereupon the-mourner replied,'! have been
Irving her sir. but sho will not consent 10
havs me. " "' -
4 . - SECOND tiTREE'C"
TWO DOORK Wk:Tjft tl-CCtI HUUHt.
Rated' of Advei lUitur.
One square (13 lines or lew) tbtee wsofcfj ; OCT
Every lubscouent iiifertiua.
One square, three months, g( : i
Ono square, aj montW i h
One square, snejrtar.l j f. j: H
: : . ao
: : S 00
vmic Luiuiunone year,. : . : : :
Three-fourths of a Column, one year, Y'
unc column, one year; v-t 'f'f '30 CO
ID Advertisements not baring th number o( in--scrtiolin
marked on copy, will be continued until
forbid and charged accordingly. ' '
jJt-TCasual advertiaors must pay ia advance.! ':
..OX Job Printing, of every descfipUon will
be executed with accuracy and neatness. ,
EXTRAORDlSAItY ESCAIT., .
' - ii-r .' 1-. r ;.....
: The Abingdon Virginian contiiiiis ilie fol--lowing
account: ' ' 'in -"-'z -i 'in
Thu children of Mr,. George Hickman j a
citizen of Scon county,, were playing near
the mouth of a .faihnmlui'S . sink-bole, In'
their gambols, one of ihein, a boy eigfii or
icn years of nge, pushe I his liulc brother,
about fiiurri-ais of oge, headlong over iho"
edge and down into the deep dark pit beloW.
11 wus some time alter the child way mttsed,
before nny certain information could bo
drawn from the others as lo what, hnd be
come of him; and il was only by threats of
sovcre punishment tlmt finally overcame
I iheir four and. extorted from the boy wlio did
ine ueegt, confession o what ha aappwi-
"d- effort Wus made immediately lo as
certain ihe situation of the little fellow;-and
afford him relief if he was not beyond its
power. . Ropes were -tied together whh a
siono jitmclicd 10 one end; and an aiietapt
was mude to fathom tho depth beneath, but
more than sixty feut of ropa were employed
in vain; no b .iiom could bo reucbed. 'A
lighted candle wns then lot down, but lis
light gave no hopeful indication, except that
the pit wns free from choke damp or impure
air, as far down as ihe caudle descended.
Niglucamo on and all further efforts hnd to
be for the time abandoned. On iho mm
day further efforts were madu of ihe do;ih
of the pit, but with no -boiler success. In
dos -nir the frantic parents were about 10 givn
up all hopes of recovering or relieving their
little innocent, and preparations were being
nude to close up iho mouth of ihe pit, to
prevent a like occuncnce lit thu future,
when it was suil!esied and- agreed up"ii. ilittl
another and a final effort should bo made bv
letting some individual down by ropes lo ex
amine the nature of the abyss and ascertain
if then was any encourgemonr for fun her
efforts 10 bo found below. Abroiher of the
lost child undertook the awful task. Cords
w re fastened rouuJ his waisi and limbs, and
one 10 his wrist, by which he might indicate
10 those nbovo his wishes either 10 descend
or to be drawn up. lie was swung off and
slowly lowered, until having gone to ilw
depth of about filly feet, lie loeked below
him. and there shone through the darkness
iwo glistening'eycs looking intently upward.
In another moment lie was Ftanding on n
shelf or angle in tho shaft with the child
clasped to his bosom, lie fastened ihe littlo
fellow securely to his own body, and bidding
him tuke the ropo firmly in his hands, tho
signal was given to draw up. The child
held convulsively to iho rope and in a few
minuie8 ihey rose within view of the hun
dred anxious spectators, who 'iad assembled
to witness ihe result; and when the first
glance of the lulo fellow alive caught their
eager gnze, screams and shouts of joy from
the eager multitude filled ilia , air, and big
tears of sympathy started from the eyes of
every beholder. After the first paroxysms
of delight had subsided, the child was ex
amined to sea if it haJ sustained any injury,
and extraordinary 10 toll, wiih ihe exception
of n little bruiso on tho back of its head, it
was perfectly sound and unhurt. The only
complaint that it inado was that it wus hun
gry, being nearly twemy-scven hours under
ground. To inquiries made of it, it replied
that il saw a light and heard il thunder. From
the nature of tho pit, it appeared that the little
fellow hud fullen a perpendicular course of
40 feet, upon a slope or bend in the shaft,-,
and frjin that place had slid down 20 feet
farther to the place where he was found lean
ing against a son of pillar or wall, and
gazing upward. How he escaped instant de
struction is beyond all account.
A Tortoise turned Travller. Oho
of the most romarkable feats of lestudinal
travel thai we ever heard of, and one well
deserving to bo placed on record, has re
cently come 10 our knowledgo.
In May, 1841, Master Charles II. Mel
cher, a son of Daniel Melcher, Esq., of this
town, found a common spouted turtle in n
small pool near the ruirs of the old Farm
House, about two miles from town, and a
third of a mile from iho rivor, and brought il
home. Having cut his namo upon the shell
of the animal, he dropped it into the river
from Great Britain, a distance of full four
miles, by ihe course of tho river, from iho
place in which it was found.
Young Melcher being at the same poof o
few das since, found there ilia identical
turtle whicli he had taken from it ten years
before, bearing upon its shell the marks
which he had made, although of courso
lime hnd rendered them lets distinct than
ihey were originally. '
Thai the animal should haVeA made
its way for lour miles, si uii si the urreni.
notwithstanding all the sintiusities of the
river, and al least a third of a inito by land, a
pari of which was through woods, buck to its
old haunts, we regard as evidence lira l even
tho turtle, which had been derided from
classic days up 10 ihe present tin jo for mak
ing two steps backward 10 one lorward, is
ble.sed with some faculties closely akin 10
reason. Exeter JVrwt Letter.
A Rustic Commentator. Jim was em
ployed to cut wood by tho day. The boss
camo along and found Jim lifting thu axoa9
leisurely as flat boats go up the Mississippi,
and accompanying every blow with a grunt.
'Now work, Jim, si iw work.
'Boss, ihe Biblo says we must use mode
ration in all thing.' -,;
I he Boss was non plussed. Al dinner,
Jim plied his knife and fork with remarkable
industry. Tho Boss reminded him of his
morning text, but Jim was ready.
'I vo been reading tho Scripiura since,
B06S, that whatever iho hands rind able do,
lhat do with all thy might.' ' . ,
Moss told Jim that ho was entirely too
loamcd tohop wood, und therefore very
politely requested hint to lake his bed and
walk.", . -v -1 : it. !.
A servant onou entered -ht-affright the
study of his master, who was1 In deep hp'!,
and told him ihni ihe house was on fire.
Well,' said he 'inform my wife; do not
Interfere with household affairs.' Thut's
what wo should ca'l Anort-intVenivon.''- '
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