srmr!mzrm aw n ' u twti'T f BF"
. si -1 Sit'- .- -
1 ' i
TUG TELEiji litPU ;
it. t. Ya TnditN, r.iiitor.
'TPwMisheA 'on Tiiurday Jlwrniwgs,
I ,;. I THM3 OP SUBSCRIPTION ail' !
One Dollar and Fifty Ccnts:r1:
uf fmi hi idvanee, . , ,,,,, ,..
7 Two Dollar within the year. -'ff
hot paid until after the expiration of toe yeai
t.i: Two lollars and Fifty Cenu ,
UrUI be.clilgd., . J: f ' -;i,. . ,t::i..
wrip-Ko paper wiji U discontinued aatU all at -.
Tctnoa ait paid, except at the option uf the pub
'tobei. - ' V:- - ' '- ' V':
n-CTAli oOBuBwtioiiJ "the business -of the
fcOttiftlMUft k posted 10 MCe BttSutKiP. v
-ICrTo Clabi; of ten at mote, tt papcrrili
ta;funtyhriUfeeialrtductikiiiph(r j ;
IfiT.I lift I
Tli'li time. .Tho1 even Ji.g shade 7u I
Sitfils with a soft control:... . ; i.u
O'er temroi i thought oi: beavcn. i had 1 ;
Steals o'er thtr human soul; 7 . ' :
A (id every rtny From v'ondcf blue?, 'u , :
Anf J! dT8P0Cfa!,,n tW.-in 'lo
jSuetns touring dowaio human woe .,. j
From hoaven a message cf repose. : -a m; .
sic ni'.iltl -Jj,i ! .;f;,..;;i:,.,,4
,0'er yon talLrwh ih solemn trees ,.;.
A shadowy group incline, ! ' i
Liko gentle nan In sorrow bowed i
'Around their holy shrine: ; ' '
AoJ o'er them now tho night winds blow .
iiocalm and still, the music low - ' i
Seems the rnysicrious voice of prayer t .
Soft echoed in the the evening niir. ' ,'
... .. ;i . i ....... . ' I ; i
The miBis, like Incense from thi; torih,
Rise to o God beloved, ' f '
And o'er tho waters move as erst .. .. .
The Holy Spirit moved;
The torrent's voice, the wave's low hymn,
Seem the far notes of Seraphim, '
And nil earth's thousand voices rnlse
Their songs of worship, love and praise.
The gentle sisterhood of flewers
Bend low their lovf ly cjee,
Or gaze through ti ambling tears of dew
Up to the lofty skies:
And the pure stars come out above,
Like sweet and blessed things of love,
Bright signals in the eternal dome,
To guide the parted spirit home.
There Is a spell of blessedness
In air and earth and heaven,
And nature wears, the blessed look
Of a, young saint Idrglvch;
Ob I who, at such an hour of love,
Can gaze on all around, above,
And not kneel down upon the sod,
With nature's self to worship God.
For the Telegraph.
PRACTICAL UTILITY OF rilKEPTO.
BY 8.' E. BASBETT.
Admitting, say you, that Phrenology, is
correct, from what source are wo to acquire
a practical knowlcdgo o( it? Mow is our
condition to be umclloraied by such a sci
ence? These questions can be easily solved.
How is a knowledge of the practical duties
of life obtained? By toil, application, all
may become acquainted with tho secrets of
Phrenology. Attend lectures, read approved
works on iho subject, read, think, and re
flect for yourself. Study human nature,
your ewn nature, your own character.
Watch the operations of the minJ, that
mind by which you are actuated,, guided,
and directed. Examine tho controlling laws
of mind nd matter. See that avery thing
moves along in order and harmony. Look
to Him who bestows every good and perfect
gift. Live in obedience to the moral and
divine law, and this will enable you to con
form mora easily to other laws, laws which
all must abservsto a certain extent, or suffer
all Hie wars and calamities which happen to
man In this frail mortal state.
There is a vast and mighty ocean over
which we are sailing. Though large it has
bounds. A few years will complete the voy
age. The destined shore wilUoon be reach
ed, the land whence no traveler ever re
turns. " There new scenes will engage the
attention, and new wonders open to the dark
and benighted understanding. Though we
".t ! 1 'i may have haves' tho toils and dancers of
d 1 h . " .... x. u.i-
ine watery eiemeni, yei, our conuuui, whuo
.tossed upon- the mighty deep, is registered
above. The Supreme Ruler of that land
ho)da us responsible for the acts here com
ij AH sre now on this stormy tempestuous
ecean. Let us, then, improve present priv-
iWcs. promote the Dtace and welfare of
mankind,' seek kaowltdge, and improve our
' . capacities for extended usefulness. Then
' .whn the journey of life is o'er, when we
a are anchored on the other shore, the fair
ihaven, the celestial city, we shall no long'
fir .need the aid of human science to guide
i ur wandorlna steps over the trackless train,
f ;and to deliver us from the fjul aspersions
; ' and base calumnies of a perverse, of a wick
ed,' of a degenerate, of a wretched, of a sin
'"V H'ute' an God-dishonoring world.
.vi Tobacco. Here are two or three hints
Jar iuvenile tobacco smokers and chewers
.which-wa extract from the Boston Olive
JBranch, and are worth being treasured up. I
' "Tobcaco has spoiled and utterly ruined
.-thousands of boys, inducing a dangerous
precocity, developing the passions, softening
and weakening the bones, and greatly Inju
ring the spinal marrow, the brain, and the
whole nervous fluids. A boy who early and
. irVaelv smokes, or otherwise lamely uses io
v nacco. never kiiuwi w iiiukq a man
. . i. L . .- I... . ... nf
i. . xiu-h merev of character and cenerallv
h.wvm d V ' p
; ia-iv . "
' tal enercv.
' "To people older who are not naturally
.' - nnrvoua. and particularly to the phlegmatic,
to those of a cold tod more than Dutch
i (omnerament. tobacco may be ot mparaiively
r knrmlesa: but evon to those It U worse than
Wa would particularly warn boys
? who wish to be "an body" in the world, to
iveld tobacco as a deadly uojson.
I I. .
" i ' ' ef.ft.. r;.-nM -ii '
: m:. t; -yaw :Houy: ;
GLANCES AT EITBOPENo. XT;
;:).fj?i' vji!:tj'1 -h.-. ... i 000.0? it Mil
Editorial ftnespopdence of the N ,Yt Tribune,
'the fCt'cre or "riiANCEi
it! m- t :; 'i ii .' ?. jt tnt im
Paris, Wednesdays June
"Will the French Republic withstand the
assault of its enemies ?'', is ra . question of
primary importance with regard to the polit
ical future, not of France 6nly,but of Eu
rope, knd more Sremdiely of the world. Ev
en fettered and stifled as ihe Republic now is
a ahotraTnl.bliod, mson the toinj jot
the Philistines it. h still a potent lact, and
is very name is a 'word of fear to tho crand
conspiracy of dcspoisand owls who are ill-
lent on pushing Europe back at tha point ol
the bayonet into the debasement and thick
darkness of tho i Feudal Ages. It is the
Preach Republic which disturbs with night
mare visions tho slumbers . of the Russian
Autecrat, and urges him to summon convo
cations of his vassal-kings nt Olmutz -and
Wsrsnw it is the overthrow of the French
Republic, whether by open assault or. sinis
ter stratagem, which engrosses the attention
of those and kindred convocations through
out Europe. 'Put out tho light,' and then put
out the light,' is tho general aspiration ; and
the fact that the actual Republic is teasona
bly moderate, peaceful, unoggressive, so far
from disarming their hostility, only inflames
it. Human can never feel safe in his exul
tation so long as Mordecai, the Jew, is seen
sitting at. the King's gate; and if France is
to be a Republic, the Royalties" and Aristoc
racies of hurope would far scarce sae her
bloody, turbulent, desolating and Intent on
conquest than tranquil and inoffensive. 'A
republic absolutely ruled by Damon, Mural
and Robespierre would be far less appalling
in the eyes of the privileged, luxurious and
idle clpsse8 of Europe than one peacefully
Dursuinc its career under the c.tidance of
Cavalgnae, De Toquevillo and Lamartlne.
while In England, I could not but smile
at the delusions propagated by the Press,
and really credited as well as diffused by the
fortunate classes with regard to tho deplora
ble condition of France and the absolute ne
cessity existing for some radical change in
her government. "0 yes, you get along
very well with a Republic in the United
States, u here you had cheap lands, a vast
and fertilo wilderness, common schools and
a general revenue for religion and Order to
begin with ; but just look nt Franca !" Such
was and is a very general line of argument.
If the French had bean equally divisible In
to felons, bankrupts, paupers and lunatic,
their hopeless state could tutrdly have been
referred to more compassionately. All this
time Prance was substantially as tranquil as
Enirland herself, and decidedly more
prosperous, though annoyed and impeded
by the ircessant p'ouings of traitors in her
councils and other exalted stations tore-suo
ject her kingly sway,
A thrifty, provident, frugal artisan may
often seem less wealthy and prosperous than
his dashing, squandering, lavish neighbor.
France may not display so much plate on
the sideboards of her landlords and bankers
as England does ; but every day adds to her
ability to display, it. While Urea! Uritaii
and the United States have undertaken to
vie with each other in Free Trade. France
holds fast to the principles of protection
with scarcely a division in her councils on
the subject; and she is consequently amass
ine in silence the wealth created bv other
Nations. The Uulifornian diss sold, which
mainly comes to New York in payment for
goods ; but on that cold England has a mort
cage running last to maturity, for the goods
were in part bought of her and we owe ner
for millions worth beside, but franco has
a similar mortgage en it for the grain sup
plied to Lngiand to feed the lubricators ol
the goods, and it has hardly reached tne
Bank of England before it is on its way to
l'aris. A great share ol the golden harvests
of the tributaries of the Sacramento and
San Joaquin now find theii resting place
'But what,' asks a Lay-Bastial economist,
'if it does T Isn't all Commerce an ex
change of equivalents 1 Must we not buy
in order to sell T Isn t cold a commodity
like any other 1 If our Imports exceed our
Exports, doesn t that prove that we are ob
taining more for our Exports than their es
timated value V &c, &c.
No, Sir 1 Commerce is not always an ex
change ol genuine equivalents, 1 lie sav
age tribe which sells its hunting grounds and
lis ancestors graves for a lew barrels of fire
water, whereby its members are debauched,
diseased, rendered insanely furious, and set
to cutting each others' throats, ' receives no
real equivalent Tor what it parts with. IN or
is it well for ever so civilized a people to be
selling its Specie and mortgaging ita Lands
and Houses for silks, Liquors Laces, Wines
Spices, &c trading off the essential and
imperishable for the factitious and transitory
and so eating itself out of' house aud
home. The farmer who drinks up his farm
at the cross-roads tavern may have obtained
'more for his exports' (of pioduce from his
farm) than they were worth in the market
at least, it would seem so from the fart that
he has run over head and ears in debt but
he has certainly done a pernicious, a losing
business. So does any nation which buys
more wares and fabrics than its exports will
pay for, and finds itself in debt at the years
end for imports that it has eaten, drank or
worn out. The thrilty household is the true
model of the nation. And, thus tested
France, in spite of her enormous, locust-like
Army and other relics of past follies which
the National mind is outgrowing though the
Nation's rulers still dins to them, in this
day one of the most prosperous Nations of
But when I hear the aristocratic plot
terg of this country talk of tho necessity of
a revisionof in e constitution of this country
in order to restore to France tranquility and
prosperity, 1 am moved not to mirth but to
indignation. For these plotters and thei
schemes are themselves the causot
of .the mischiefs they affect to deplore
and the dangers they pretend , to be bant
on averting. . Whatever is now. feverish and
ominous in French politics crows directly
eui of two great wrongs the first positive
. ... mu 1
; r . : ;vpomer() .pirn zmmh
and accornplisbed-the !ar pt 3d" of May,
whereby three mlllions.of, electors Were die.
IVanchised the other'-'Coritingent and hiedr
itated the overthrow of the Repoblicyj All
the agitation; 'the apprehension, the' Uncer
laintyand the consequent derangement of
industry through the lasr year, have grown
out, of these misdeeds,' done .and purposed,
of ttto' aristocratic partyV1 Hn the' sacred
name of 'order theV have (oiriented discord
and anarchy,; Invoking peace, 'they have
stirred tip hatred, and bitterness. Whatever
ihe social Democracy Ahave done, and
they been.in. ilia acent)eni r 'under ' sup-;
notable clrcutnsi8hce, fhe'fact ft5 )(Hnl'tHa'rt
has'Geen actually the cause of order, "of con
servatism, of tranquility and the constitution.
Had they proved recreant to their fa jh, and
trust, France would ere Ellis' have boen
plunged into convulsions through the mutual
lealousies and hostilities of the factions who
vaunt themselves collectively the party oi
order; they have been withheld from cutting
eaeh others' throats by the calm; determined,
watchful, intrepid attitude of the calnminated
Democracy. ' " ;
The law of the 31st May still stands on
the statnte book, end 1 apprehend is destined
to remain, (though many who are better in
formed are sanguine that it will be repealed
before the next Presidential election;) but
the Republic will endure and its constitution
cannot be overthrown. All the Bourbonists,
Orleanisis and Bonapartists in the Assembly
combined are inefficient to change ihe con
stitution legullyt and if a bare majority suf
ficed for that purpose (Instead of t'tree
fourths,) they could not to-day command a
working majority (or any practical measure
of revision. It is easy to club their votes
and vaguely declare tome Chariga necessary
but whit change? A Bourbon Restora
tion? - An Oi leans middle-class royalt)?
A Napoleonic-Empire? For no one of these
can a majority even of this reactionist ' As
sembly be obtained. What, then, is their
CSande Wlui ine peoplel -- ' -
As to ths signing of Petitions for Revision
that is easily understood. The Prefect, the I
Mayor, etc., of a locality reaauy procure
the signatures of all the Government em
ployes and hangers-on, who constitute an
immense army in r ranee; tne great manu
facturers circulate the petitions among their
workmen, and most of them sign, not choos-
ng to risk their masters' -displeasure, lor a
mere name or less to an unmeaning paper.
But the plotters know perfectly well that
the people are not for revision in their sense
of the word; if they did not fear this, they
would restore Universal Suffrage. oy
clinging with desperate tenacity to the , Res
trictive law of May 31st, they virtually con
fess that their hopea of success involve tne
continued exclusion of three millions of adult
renchmen from ihe Registry of Voters.
When they prate, therefore, of the people t
Hfisire for Revision, the Republican retort
s ready and conclusive "Repeal the law
of May 31st, and we can then toll what the
people really desire, out so long as you
maintain that law, you coniess mai you uore
nni ahirln the Vflrd Cl Of the Whole people.
You appeal to a jury which you have packed
.nnu whnsn rinht to trv ItllS question We
utterly deny. Restore Universal Suffrage,
and we can then tell what the poople really
do wish and demand; but until you do this,
we shall resist every attempt to change tne
Constitution even by so much as a hair.
. . mm
Who can doubt that this is right?
Therefore, Representatives of tho reo
pie, 'deliberate in peace,' pithly says Chan
gamier, after proving to his own satisfaction,
that the Armv will not level their arms a-
gainst the Assembly in support of a Napol
eonic usurpation. So the friends of Repub
lican f runce throughout the world may
give thanks and take courage. The dark'
ness is dispersing; the skies ol the future are
red with coming day. Time is on the pop
ular side, and every hour's endurance adds
strength to the Republic. It cannot be le
gally subverted; and should Force and U
suruation be attempted, its champions will
not shrink from the encounter nor dread the
issue. For well they know that the mind
and heart of the People are on their side-
that the French who earn their bread are
not ashamed to be seen shouldering a mus
ket, so far as thoy have any opinion at all,
are all for the Republic that franco com
prises a- Uonapariist clique, an Urleanist
class, a Royalist party and a Republican
Nation. The clique is composed of the
personal intimates of Louis Napoleon and
Certain Military officers, mainly relics of
the Empire; the class includes a good part
of the lucky Parisian shoop-keepers and
Government 1 employes during the reign ol
Louis Philippe; the party embraces the rem
hams of the anti-Revolutionary Aristocracy,
most of the influential Priesthood, and
small ' section of the rural Peasantry; all
these combined may number Four Millions,
leaving Thirty Millions for the Nation.
Such is France in 1851; and being such
ihe subversion of the Republic, whether by
foreign assault or domestic treason, is hard
ly possible. An open attack by the Auto
crat and his minions would consolidate it
a prolongation of Louis Napoleon's power
no longer probable) would have the same
effect. Four years more of tranquil though
nominal Republicanism would only render
a return to Monarchy more difficult; where
fore the Royalist party will never assent to
it, and without their aid the project has no
chance. To obtain that aid, 'theprince' must
ecretly swear thai after four years more he
will turn trance over to Henry V: this pro
mise only the last extreme of desperation
could extort from him, and then to no pur
pose, since he could not fulfil It and they
would not trust him. And thus, alike by its
own strength and by Its enemies' subdivis
ions, the safety of the Republic is assured
Qr An honest Irishman fresh from Hiber
nla caught an humble-bee in hia hand sup-
posing ii io oe a iiuuimuig-uiru.
"Uch, he exclaimed, "devil ourn me
how hot his little fut is !.'
ftr Carrying politeness to excess is said
to be raising your hat to a young lady In the
street, and allowing a couple of dirty colla
and a pair of socks to fall ouf upon the side
Of I" ..VffwM
. 1 .,?, ;-,. - -,.1 ;,;,,!..,. " ... .-' . -,. .... . ,. . ,.. .,, '
If TIO NONE . p E S TIN Y,
': ("vjifjdtr.rl'J '
Wa( subjoin from He
pojeoq and his Marshal -of
the burhlrtgof Uos
spoken of injhe Amer'n
superior eves to Croly's
of the conflagration of
been surpassed .;',:'
At length: Moscow,.
towers,. jsndr palaces, i,
gazedt long and4h
ni wifcH ' -"
ed the kuttA -- ple
' ..--. .i
's worlr, .sNa
ril! lam account
. which js.well
v'hig Review as
lately, jf .qvorj
a .1: X'.tl
its ..domes and
i in b'JiL'and
as he passed; through the streets, the. rwas
struck wiib the aoliiude which surrounded
him. " Nothing. was heard- a the heavy
tramp of bis squadron as he passed along for
a deserted and abandoned city -was the mea
gre prize for which such unparalleled efforts
had been made." As night drew its curtain
over the splendid capital Napoleon entered
the gates, and immediately.' appointed, Mor
tier governor.,,. la bis directions, . be . com
manded. him to abstain, from .all pillage.
"For this said he,Vyou shall be answera
ble with your life.,:, Defend Moscow against
all, whether friend or foe,", V -- f; ..r,
, The bright moon rose oyer -. the mighty
city, tipping with silver the domes of more
than two hundred churches, and pouring a
flood of light over a thousand palaces and
the dwellings of three hundred thousand in
habitants. The weary army sunk to rest ;
but there was no sleep, to Mortier's eyes.
Not the gorgeous and variegated palaces and
their rich ornaments, nor the parks and gar
dens and oriental magnificence that every
where surrounded him, kept him wakeful,
but the ominous forebod'og that some dire
calamity was hanging over the silent capital.-
When he entered it, scarce a llvingsoul
met his gaze as he looked down tho long
streets ; and when he broke open the build
ings he lound parlors, and bed-rooms, and
chambers, all lurnished end in order but
no occupants. The sudden abandonment
of their homes betokened some secret pur
pose yet to be fulfilled. ; The midnight moon
was sailing over the city when the cry' of
f ire l" reached the ears of Mortier; and
e first light over Napoleon's falling empire
was kindled and that most wondrous , scene
of modern times commenced the burning
of Moscow. : ; . 1
Mortier, as governor of the city, Imme'
diately issued his orderi, and was butting
forth every exertion, when at daylight m-
polean hastened to him. Affecting to disbe
Sieve the reports ihat the inhabitants were
firing their own cliy, he put more rigid com
mands on Mortier to Keep tne soldiers rrom
the work of destruction. The Marshall
simply pointed to some iron-covered houses
that had not yet been opened, from every
crevice of which smoke was issuing like
steam from the sides of a pent up volcano.
Sad and thoughtful, Napoleon turned towards
the Kremlin, the ancient palace of the
Czars, whose huge structure rose high above
the surrounding edifices. .
In the morning, Mortier, by great exer
tions, was enabled to subJue the fire- The
next night (September 15) at midnight, iho
sentinels on watch upon the louy Kremlin
saw below them the names bursting through
the houses and palaces,an d the cry of "Fire!
fire ! fire !'.' passed through the city. The
dread scene now fairly opened. Fiery bal
oons were ssen dropping from the air and
ghting upon the houses dull explosions
were heard on every 'side from the shut
dwellings, and the next moment a bright
light burst forth, and the flames were raging
through the apartments. All was uproar
and confusion. The serene air and moon
ght of the night before had given way to
driving clouds and wild tempests, that swept
with the i oar of the sea over the city.
Flames arose on every side, blazing and
cracking in the storm, while clouds of smoke
nd sparks in an Incessant shower, went dri
ving towards the Kremlin. Tha clouds
themselves seemed turned into fire, rolling
in wrath over devoted Moscow. Mortier
crushed with responsibility thus thrown up
on his shoulders, moved with his young
guard amid this desolation, blowing up the
houses and facing the tempest and names,
struggling nobly to arrest the conflagration.
He hastened from place to place amid the
blazing suins, his face blackened with smoke,
and his hair and eyebrows singed with the
fierce heat. The day dawned a day of
tempest and flame and Mortier, who had
strained every nerve for thirty-six hours,
ntered a pslace and dropped from fatigue.
The manly form and stalwart arm that so
often carried death into the ranks of the en
emy at length gave way, and the gloomy
marshal lay and panted in utter exhaustion.
out the night of tempest, had been suc
ceeded by a day of tempest, and when night
again enveloped the city it was one broad
name, waving to and fro in the blast, ihe
wind had increased to a perfect hurricane,
and shifted from quarter to quarter as if on
purpose to swell die sea of fire and extin
guish the last hope, . The fire was approach
ing the Kreiiilin ; and already the roar of
the flames,' and the 'crash of the falling
houses; and the crackling of burning timbers
were borne to the ears of the startled bm
peror. He arose and walked to and fro,
stopping convulsively and gazing on the ter
riho scene. Mural, Eugene and uerthier
rushed into his presence, and on their knees
besought him to flee but he still hung to
that haughty palace as if it were his em
' But at length ihe shout, 'the Kremlim is
on fire!' was heard above the roar' of ihe
conflagration, and Napoleon reluctantly con
sented to leave. 1 He descended to the street
with his staff, and looked about for a way
of egress, but the flames blockaded every
passage. . At length they discovered a pos
tern gate leading to the Moskwa, and, en
tered it; but they had only entered soil fur
ther Imo the danger. As Napoleon cast hi
. ... . - . . i-M a .
eyes around the open space, girded and
arched with fire,' smoke, and cinders, he
saw one single street yet open, but all on
fire.' Into this' he rushed, and, amid the
crash of falling houses and raging of the
flames, over burning ruins," through elouds
of rolling smoke, 'and between walls of fire,
btf pressed on, and jength, half suffocated
emerged Iri safety in the imperial palace of
reirowBKy. neariy in reo nines uisiuni: mor
tier, relieved Of his anxiety for the Empe
ror, redoubled' his efforts to an est the' con
flugraiion. His men.' cheerfully rushed into
every danger Breathing nothing but smoke
and ashes canopied by flame, smoke, and
cindeis surrounded by walls of fire that
rocked- to and fro, and felt with a crash a
mid the blazing ruins, carrying down with
them red-hot roofs oft iron ho struggled a
gainst an sneniy that no boldness could awe
ot bburage' Overcome:' 'These bra Vp troops
had' liearii''thar tramp of thousands 'of cavalry
,"" M bstile, without fear; but.; now
tuey swod-J in still ."terror befare .the march
of the conflagration, under, whose burning
footsteps was heard the incessant crash of
falling houses,' and palaces, and churches.
The continuous roar of ths - flames 1 was
more terrible than the roarvof the artillery,
and before this new foe. In the midst of the
elements, the awe-struck army stood power-
laaa nt tffVlrrt.iat - ' ' -
When night again descended on the ciiy,
it presented a spectacle tha like of which
was never seen before, and which baffles all
description. The streets wero streets of
fire, the heavens a canopy of fire, and the
entire body of the city a mass of fire, fed by
the hurricane that whirled the blazing frag
ments in constant stresm through the air.
tneessam explosions, irom tho blowing up
of stores of oil, and spirits, shook the very
. . , , . I
foundation of the city, and sent vast vol
times of smoke rolling furiously towards the
sky.. Huge sheets of canvass on fire came
floating like messengers of death through
the flames the, towers and domes of ibe
chufches and palaces glowed with red-hot
heat over the wild sea below then, totter
ing a moment on their bases, were- hurled
oy tne tempest into tne common ruin.
Thousinds of wretches before unseen Were
unven ov tne neat iroro ine cellars ana
novels, and streamed in an Incessant throng
. . . I
in tne streets, unuaren Were seen carrying
their parents the strung ' the weak; while
thousands mdre were staggering under the
loads of plunder liiey had snatched from tho
flames. This, too, would frequently take
fire In the falling shower, and Ihe miserable
creatures would be compelled to drop it, and
flee for their lives. Oh, it was a scene or sixteen diamonds weighing one carat each quawa and African princes, These tinsel
fear and wo, inconceivablu and indescriba- would be worth eight hundred dollars. This w may serve to give effect on the stage or
ble! A mighty and closed-packed city ol
houses, and churches, and palaces, wrapped
irom limit to limit. in names, wnicn are iea
by a whirling hurricane, is a sight this world
will seldom see.
tll-,.l . .....
But this was all within the city.
Napoleon, without, the spectacle was
more sublime and terrific. When
flames had overcome all obstacles, and
wrapped everything in their red manile.thsi
great city looked, like a sea. rolling file,
swept by a tempest that drove it imo vost
- . .
billows. Huge domes and towers, throwing
r I.. HI.. LI C I J.
uu euuins inn, unking uruuraiiue, now ww-
ered above the waves, and now disappeared
in iheir maddening flow, as they broke high
over the tops, scattering their spray of fire
agnuiBi me biuuua. ma uomviu ,,,,,i
I I I .....I., .U...A.....
soinca oeoinou ,o imvo uaugui mo wiiuji-
uon, and the angry masses that swept it
rolled over a bosom of fire. Columns of
flame would rise and sink along the surface!
of this aea. snd huce volumes of black
smoke suddenlv shoot into the air. as if
1.... . I-.' L I TL. Llnnl.
voioanues wero wuimhk ooiow. a j uioi.ii
form of the Kremlin alone towered above
thd chaos, now wrapped in flame and smoke,
and then began merging into view standing
amid the scene of desolation and terror like
virtue in the midst of a burning world, en-
veloped but unscathed by the devouring eie-
menta. inapoieon siooa ana gaxeu on uiu
scene In silent awe. Though nearly three
miles distant, the windows and walls of his
apartment were so hot that he could scarce
ly bear his hand against them. Bald he,
years afterwards: '
- . . . , 1 ,1
"It was tne spectacle ol tne sea ana on-
nw f fira. a akv of clouds and flame
mnuniaina ofredrollinff flame, like immense
waves of the sea. alternately bursting forth,
and elevatine- themselves to skios of fire,
and then sinking into the ocean below. Oh,
it was the most naked, the mostsublime,and
the most terrific sight the world ever beheld)
Rkal and Ideal. Dow, jr., in one of his
discourses, in wmcu ne aescnoes tne con-
it . ,1 . t
k,,,n M.mhlani'A nnd raaliiv. hits off
w . w .
"A woman." ssvs he. "may not be art an
gel, though she' glides through the mazes of
the dance, like a spirit ciotnea wun rain
bow, and studded wiih stars. ., The young
man may behold his admired object on the
morrow ID IHO iruo HK"I W " J! r""-
cnance empiying b-
. I . .....L a..W ..La hi,,,.,
with frock pinned up oeninu ner cneeaa no, unrepre.ent0(. They are represented
pale for the want of paint her hair mussed ,hrough ,he mttAum 0f ,hose they are con
and mossy, except what lies in the bureau; nec(od wUhJ lhe inCapabls and immature
ana ner wnoio comour w....s ... -'-
anceot an angei rninineu """"B" """"
inte a world of wretchedness and
Substitut roa ihk Watch Dog. Pre
ident Harrison, in his last out-door exer
else, was assisting the gardener In adjusting
some grape vines. The gardener remarKeu
that there would be but little use in trailing
the vines, so far as any fruit was concerned,
for tha bova would come on aunaay, wniie
the family were at church, and steal all the
grapes; and suggested to the General, as a
0iiard against suoh a loss, that he should
purchase an active watcn aog, - -oeuer em
nlnv an active oauDain scnooi leocuer, . i
r -J..- . ..
lllO grape uui. a wuwms bvkw, .u.wh
take care of . the grape, arid the boy. too."
ftt-An agent, soliciting subscribers for
. , . - .l
booksnowea tne protptwiu. ., wu,
alter reaaing -one uoimr iu uoa.ua, ...
. J I Lt . -I 1 1 w. K..aaa anrT
dnl Ut and iwantv.fiva cents in sheen"
declined subscribing, an Ho might not have
beards or sheep when called upon lor pay
monk ' " ' '" .'
flr-He who waits for good luck to come
him is destined to die in poverty. NO onol i tiis is tne advice oi an agaa clergyman
has the right to expect a good fortune, unless who had been in the habit of rising early du
ae goes to work and deserves it. ,
. ,,- , i, .,,, J
, 91.30 in Advani
:: , ,iQL;:,3.q,to;
" The diamonds prepared for genprr use'1
are fushloned in ihreo different- ways, viz
brilliant; rote and table, depending for their
classification. pn the; form und number of
their laces, the.' brilliants are cut. wljh
many fanes, Bat top, and pointed back and
are the most usod. The rose diamonds are
also cut with many surfaced; but have point
ed lops and flat under surfaces flui and edges
bevelling from each surface to the centreTof
the edge."" The superior. brilliancy, of the
diamond to all other sionee 'Is 'rnwirg to 'iV
narqnes.T J.irairays.ot tightr being; urttiM
readily to penetrate it, ar , reflected from iu
'.'The following are the principal colore or
shades of the1 diamond; viz yellowish, yellowish-green,
olive-brown, bl uish, brownish
bluck, orange, rose-red, And colorless, t The
colorless are the most valuable. When
I ,' -i .
uui iieu in oiYBen cas tno comuinauon is
found to be carbonic acid gas. , hence ilia
diamond is known to be pure carbon.
:i diamonds are valued by iho earat. A
carat is four grains,; or a liitle over three
grains, Troy weight, The present value of
aiamonns and tne price fluctuates very lit
tie, weignmg one carat of the first water
that is of the purest and best kind, is about
fifty dollars; of a quarter of a carat
J , - . v. n ft. . uvtll
au to eighi, or quarter of a grain from ill
t0 four dollars and under this weight, fr
thirty to thirty-five dollars a cara , moro or
less in number making a carat.
l here is a great disproportion between the
value of a large - end small diamond, the
price increasing in a much greater 'propor
tion than ihe weight. Thus a diamond
weighing one carat and valued at fifty dol
lars, would be worth, weighing two carats,
one hundred and twenty-five dollars : the
additional carat being one and a half the
.inn r ......
VI H DIUIIU Vt VltV bUIUI I II 1 1 II UIIC
weichins three carats two hundred and thir.
jy-seven dollars and fifty cents ; the addi-
uonal carat seventy-five dollars and half
the amount with the value of a stone ofiwo
carats making this sum and so on adding
0ne half to tho additional carat till a din-
mond, weighing sixteen carats,' would come
to about fAtrty thousand dollars, whereas
mode of computation, however, holds good
only wiih regard to small or moderate sized
stones stones under twenty carats. For j
diamonds over this weight there appears to
. t . . .
be no fixed standard of value, the price do-1
pending on ihe competition of ihe purcha-
1 he ritt, or Legem diamond belonging
to the crown iowela of Fmnen ifinnoh not I
1 80 arue as 80me otliera is considered owing
I to iu perfect iransnaroncv. on of ihn mom
I s s J - II
beautiful diamonds in tha world, and la al.
Led at ftoo millions of dollars, though it
. .. . . .. S ... . ? I
was Dougnt originally lor one hundred ihou-
sand pounds sterling. This diamond was
nlaced bvNauoleon. In tha hiliofhi.awnrd
h weighs one hundred and sixty carats, and
i is auoui as targe as a common sizeu walnut
UlL . ....
i nree or lour oiner large sized aiamonas
I are all that as yet have been found. One
belonging to the Raiah of Molten, weighing
thrna hundmd and iinv.un an.
other in the nnasMaion nf ih ri Mn,il.
of two hundred and ninhtv mrm- and nnn
i , . n . . . , , I
i oeionging 10 ronugai, oi one nuiiurea anu
Diamonds are found in India, on the Is-
Und of Borneo, in Souih America, and some
few in Africa. None have been found in the
United States, and none as yet except with
in the tropics. They are usually found ln
noose alluvial soil irom which they are
washed out. In South America the diamond
mines are, many of them in the beds of cer
tain rivert which become dry in the summer
Isoason when the mud and gravel containing
the diamonds are taken out and searched.
I rt. . .....
Diamonds are not used exelusivelv lor or-
nament. Dlaeolorad and noor diamonda
are broken ud and used aa a valuable now-
per in cutting and polishing ihe diamond
the only material by which it can be cut
and polished the agate, cameo, onyx, and
other hard stones. All the engraving and
lettering on hard stones is done wun iho dla
mond. Diamonds are also usea extensive-
ly, as every body knows by glaziers.
I r ... . If.
ths rLACR for married Jjadiko. mr.
Summers, in onoof his speeches in the Vir
I , , r, . . i .1 I : .. J . . . .1.
gintB vonvenuon, niuo repuuu iu a wimrgo
of Mr. Janney, that he, S., wished to"throw
married ladies overboard."
"I shall not cease to cherish tho bolief
that my wife and children are citizens of
this Commonwealth, although not permit-
M lhey 0Bgh not ob9 perraiued, l0
,;.la In iha a.na In wh lh I hflVO a IliI
I O . .
j a Yet thev are citizens, and they are
0hiUI through the father; the wile through
the husband. They are not "thrown over
board.'. For the satisfaction of my friend
from Loudon, (Mr. Janney,) whose sensi
bilities seem to be disturbed, I would Inform
him, thntso far from "throwing her over
board." "toe ihrote her where she ought to
in the arms of her husband.
A Ftrss in the Family Wal, . there's
row over -there at our house. . ;
What on airth's the matter, you
sarpent? ' v ;
Why dad a drunk, mother s dead, the old
cow has got a calf, Sal's got married and run
away with the spoons, Pete has swollered
.. . Tb ain'i all
-uiner. ;, : . .
a P" ba",er P01 ' "ite.!
t pancBKes. anu one o mo iiiuucbo anions
. . . .. . Cun .
- n. . hllnrw , ,m,
IIIN tavra w a aavaawa-a - -- 1"
VB" ' V" ''
Place a basin of cold water beside your bed
and when 'ou first awake in the morning
oip your naiiot in tne oaain aim biobd wun
J, L..J . L I 1 " I -I .
to not again seal you in Jis treacherous embrace.
tring a long me.
' tv u ApBeI Kf b tiii cot jr noc.
O POMERO,Tomo,' ! 1
i. f ,-!( iaif!s f Advertising, ) i
OnesQuaie (13 linor lM-nhr .k. ti no
jEtBrjlubgequenl WBertiojii KOI s t : 26
One 8qure,-0M year, : : : : : : 8 00
One half column, on year ,,iv i 30 00
Thiee-fourtha of a'coluian. one ycaf, : : 36 06
One column, one year, :':;::: t 30 00
HTAdertisemenl8 not haTing the aumber of in-"
ertioni Marked on.copy, wiU be eonUnued until
forbid and charged accordingly.
HTCagual advchiiiera muit pay in advance.
D"Jab Printing-, of overy deftription wilf
v'ciuot! wiw accuracy na neatness
GEMS OF "POOR IlICIiARD.n
If pride leads ihe" van. boirsarv brings nn
ihe rent. . t . , . . . ,
Keep thy shoo and thv ahon will Icm i.
nice. ,;' -
- - i i
God Jiealr and 'the doctor takes the foes.
Mary's mouth cosis her noihing, for she
never opens it but at othcrrs' expense. II
i no worst wnse ol the cart makes the
most noise ;-
Tart words inaku ,
no friend; a spoonful
oi nuiiey win paien.mcre mes man .a gallon
i . .i, - , ' . -
ol vinegar. ,
Beware of little Expenses; a small leak
wtti sink a large ship.
a moo is a monster; heads enough; bat no
brains. '. ' ; ;?
Nothing humbler tlmn ambiiiun whan ii Is
about to climb.
Whei prosperity was well mounted, alia
let go the bridle and soon come tumbled
out of the saddle. -
A change of fortune hurls a wiso roan no
more ilian a change in the moon. ' '
A lalso friend and a shadow attend only
while ihe sun shines. " ' ;
I f you would not be forgotten as soon as
you are dead and rotten, eiiher write thlnjjs
worth reading, or do somethinu wnnh
, , ' - o
iNoiliIng dies sooner than a tear,
Kings and bears often worry their keeper.
He is a fool thai makes his doctor his heir.
Hunger never law bad bread.
Great talkers, little doors.
The poor have littlo beccars noiio iIm
rich loo much enough, not one.
Mankind are very odd cr-aluros. One
half censure what they practice, and.'the
oilier half practice what they censure.
Uld boys have their playthings as well at
young ones; the difference Is ouly In ihe
price. . : ' ;
Si mtucity or Dress. Parnate lovalineaa
"ever appears to so good advantage as when
sel off with simplicity of dress. No artist
decks his angels with lowering feathers
and gaudy jewelry; and our dear human
angels, If thev would moke their title no od
10 'hat name,, should carofully avoid orna
menis which properly belong to Indian
"Pn a ball , room floor, but in dally , life
there is no substitute for the charm of aim
pucity. A vulgar taste is not to be disguised
by gold and diamonds. The absence of a
. . .
truo lasie and real refinement or delicacy1
cannot be compensated for by tho possession
onne most princely lortune
Jll,na measures gold, but gold cannot
measure mind. Throutrh dress the mind
n'ay bo read, as through delicate lettered
Page. A modest woman will dress modest
ly; a really refined and intellectual woman
bear the marks of careful selection and
A Good Role. A man who is verv rich
was very poor, when ho was a boy.
When asked how he got his riches, he re
plied: "My father taught me never to play
till my work was finished, and never to
spend money until I had earned it. If I
had but half an hour s work in a day: I
mu d hat the first thing and half an hour.
And his, 1 was allowed to play; and I
llion Pnillfl nlnv wllh rv, n r K mnra nlao.urA
; f"j ..v.. iUu.w
man u i naa tne inougnt oi an unnnisneu
,ask bo,rre mH mind- 1 earl" formod the
abil ' doiD8 everv ,lline! ln ,imo a,,tl ix 800n
became perfectly easy to do so.
it Is to
this habit I owe prosperity.
To Deaden the Sound of an Anvil.
If a chain, about one foot long, formed of a
few large links is suspended to the small end
Pr unv,, " w'" dustroy that sharp thril-
"n8 no,M prouucea oy sinking on it wun
a hammer; the vibrations or the anvil are
I ....n.l..l iL. ...L:.L -V. . L.J .L. -
wi "-" ausuiuou men
whhoul producing any sound. Thislsgood
advice to anybody who has blacksmith or
orse y.e, ? coppersmith for a neighbor
IaisH Looic "That's a fine stream fur
trouts,, friend," observed a piscatorial ac-
?uaintance ihe ether day to a genuine sprig
rom the Emerald Isle, who was whipping
away with great vigor at a woll-known and
favorite pool, "faith, and it must be that
same, sure enough," returned rat, "lor
deuce one of 'em'll stir out of it."
" ' ' .
(fir A gallant New England knlghi of the
quill, describing a country dance, says
"The gorgco us strings of glass beads glisten
ed on the . heaving bosoms of the village
belles, like polishod rubles resting on the
deligate surface of warm apple-dumplings.""
03 A Iat6 advertisoment in an Irish pa
per, says, missing irom tunarnoy, Jane
O'Foggorty; she had in her arms two babios
and a Guernsey cow, all black, with red'
hair, and tortoise-shell combs behind her
ears, and large oiack spots an uown ner
back, which squints awfully."
. . " 11 L a- i
ftV"The moon," said a leetotallor, "ia
one of our sort ; she lets her moderation be
known to all men, and only fills her horn
once a month."
C4r Dr. Johnson used to say, "He who.
waits to do a great deal of good will never
do any." . .
! OrUujust riches curse the owner in get-
ting, in keeping, and in transmitting-
They curse bis children in thoir father's
(ttr Art-editor in Illinois gave notice that
"there will be no paper this week,", as his
wile is using the scissors to hall-seat his
trowserloons with. '
ftr A new Hotel to be called the Valloy
House, Is to be erected in Chilicothe, Imme
diately on the ruins of the old Ex
change. . -
frAr-"Billv. mv bov. caa't vou cat aliule
ill I ' ... ..I.. . . ..
morel" "Well, 1 don I Know but I coum,
mother, if I stood up."
i Good company and good conversation are
the very sinews oi vinuet , . . , j.
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