Newspaper Page Text
: pdmrboy, ohio. X;V'
TUESOATHs:!s.s:5s.K'.5iU(5UST 13. 1851.' '
' .- ' FOR PRESIDENT.
WHIG STATE TICKET. :.
SAMUEL F. VINTON,
I FOR URUTKNANT OOTRRNOR,
EPllItAIITI It. IXKLEY, ..
' " ' " Or CARROLL ,
- FOR AUDITOR,
JOHN WOODS, of Butler.
FOR SECRCTARf OF BTATK,
E A R L B I L L, of Sandusky. .
FOR TREASURER,' 1 . 'i
ALBERT A. BLISS, of Lorain. ,.
FOR ATTORNEY GKN-RRAI., ; ,:
IIENR Y, 8 T A N B E R Y, of Franklin.
FAR BOARD OF PUBLIC WOYKS.-
DANIEL SEGUR, of Lucas, ,
, , JOHN MADEIRA, of Ross.
a i T T II f V II A M f Kr..-1.!..Wi
' . MJ A V I U U. JU I in A XV, i'lO Ett lg Ui"
FOR SUPREME JlWntH.
SHERLOCK J. ANDREWS, of Cuyahoga,
PETER 0 D L I N, of Montgomery,
CHARLES C. C 0 N V E R S, of Muskingum,
BELLAMY STORER, of Hamjlton, . ,.
OKOROE B. WAY, of Defiance.
The Whigs of Pomeroy and vicinity, will meet
at the Court House, this evening atfii o'clock to
make arrangements for the public, dinner to be
given at the Mass Meeting on the ICth inst. By
order of the central committee,
GEN. ECKLEY, COMING.
11F 1 1 ( I. "
we nave Deioro us a letter irom utu.
Ecklev, our eloquent candiJuie for Lieu
tenant Governor, slating that ho wilt bo with
us on the 16th.
Turn out, friends, and hear him.
Wo have also a letter from Hon. John
Woods, stating that ho too, if in his power,
will be in attendance.
Wo can offer our friends a rich treat.
Come all, asil is intended to have a regular
old fashioned Whig gathering.
Or It will be seen that Col. Smith de
clines being a candidate for Sheriff, and is
announced as a candidato for re-election to
the office of Commissioner.
(rWe see by iho Uallipolis Journal,
thai Gen. A. T. Uolcomb, Is a candidate for
Senator, from tlio counties of Lawrence,
Gallia, Meigs and Vinton.
fjJ-PRiMARY Elections. Ono of the
beauties of the Primary Election system
is, that if a man wants to bo a candidate he
must "face tho music." IIo cannot keep
the matur dark, and steal a march on the
People Tho last Gallipolis Journal con
tains the names of liecnty candidates. You
can count the number in Meigs in another
column, his. bound to be the plan every
body likes it.
Atiikns County Whig Ticket. The
- Whig Convention for Athens county met on
Wednesday last, and made tho following
' Representative N. il. Van Vorhes.
Sheriff. L. Kessingcr.
Treasurer-r-J. L. Currier.
Probate Judge R. A. Fulton.
Clerk of Court J. M. Dana.
Commissioner L; D. Poston.
Trosecmlng Attorney. S. S. Knowles.
All good men and good Whigs, whom we
hope to sec elected triumphantly and have
no doubt it will be even so.
0Poii;roy Salt Wlll Tub strong
fcsr m discovered. Wo have heretofore
spoke;) of the discovery of salt water at this
place, of its quality, the supply, &c, but it
appears not to be generally understood that
Pomeroy has the greatest salt well yet dis
covered it) tho United Stolen. The well
discharges in an unbroken stream fifty gal
Ions of water per minute. The water tried
by the usual tests will produce a bushel of
Bali to fifty gallons of water iIhis supply
ing one bushel of salt per, minute, or HO
barrels per day. Making all allowances for
wasio, there i nvater enough for 160 barrels
t .I t- An,. 9T '
per day, or witn oruinary care, xuu. i nese
calculations have been made by experienced
ehIi manufacturers and men who are lurgoly
interested in the salt manufacture in tho
west. '' i
The Po.ucroy company are constructing
a lurnacel&O feci long intended originally
tor three wells, but which it is feared will
not bo of suflicieju enpachy to use the water
or lite one.
The supply of skit water in this region is
supposed to bo greater than that at any oilier
point in the United Suites. Already, two
more -veils are in progress, which promise
to rculizu every reasonable expectation of
the projectors. ' ' !
' The sireiigih of tho water is 9 degrees,
which is taid by salt makers tube the proper
' point for successful manufacture. - ,
There Is abundant room for fifty moro
wells jn ond about Pomeroy, with facilities
for manufacturing unsurpassed in the United
States, which we hope soon to see appro
priated, . ''.'-'''' ". ' ' '
S EDNi akr s, On several, "evenings du
iug iheposi W4uk. it injiuf of sercnaders
have made night vocal with their melodies
i.BJipnojr of their "lay do Whs.'; They have
honored our domicili several ilmeSj'und as
our bettor-half is absent, we suppose die fa-
' vor entirely sympathetic As we have noi
night-cap or other interesting article of'iioe
. turnal drapery wherowith to acknowledge tlx
favor, wo take this method of expressing our
sltisractlon ond solicit (i rnminiinnrn of
their visits. '
to this new and flourishing lown some days
ago, the first since its birth. We were agree
ably surprised to find things as they are.
t has grown up within a year to be the first
lown in the county.; As many people at a
distance may not yet be aware of lis locali
ty we will state that It Is 'situated about
twelve miles above 'the mouth of the Great
Kapawha river, in Mason co., Va., opposite
the mouth of Leading creek in Ohio.
I us salt wells are among the best In the
country, and the salt produceJ is of the very
best quality. We were politely shown over
the works, by Mi. Stevens, one of the pro
prietors, who may be proud Tor they are
the most complete and efficient we ever saw.
The salt Is made by evaporation first be
ing received in the pans it is passed to an
immense vat, called a "settler" 150 feet
long.through which runs a large copper pipe
heated by steum from this it passes to anoth
er vat of equal dimensions called a "grain
er," from which tho salt is lifted every
morning nnd placed upon tho platforms,
forming immense masses of pure white
reminding us forcible of the snow drifts
through w IFi ill we struggled In days "when
we went racbit hunting." The salt Is then
put in barrels, and is ready for market.
Every thing is so complete, that you will
not at first recognize what is before you.
All you see or hear is the play and unceas
ing breathings of the steam engine. At one
point a stream of crystal water running in
to a cistern at another the pure salt is lift
ed from the vats, and that is all that is ap
parent to the eye. , The modus operandi, is
known only to those who look with scien
tific eyes. There is no branch of business
in which more rapid improvements have
been made within a few years than in the
manufacture of salt.
Mr. Stevens, informed us, that he finds
ready sales for all he can manufacture, and
that the prospect is still better, as they can
manufacture it so low as to undersell the for
eign salt at all seasons leaving a good mar
gin for profits. They are prosecuting their
enterprise with commendable vigor, and will
make WestCo'umbla famous and themselves
Coroner's Inquest. An inquest was
held by J. R. Philson, Esq., Coroner, last
Friday Morning on the dead body of a man
found in the Ohio river at this place. The
v erdict rendered was that "he came to his
death from causes unknown to the Jury."
There were seventeen dollars ond a silver
watch found on his person-but no papers
indicating his name. The following receipt
was all thai was found, either a atage or
steamboat passage receipt:
"Received of the Bearer three dollars,
25 cents his fare from Monongahela Ciiv
to Wheeling. C. HARVEY. '
August 4, 1851.
The deceased was about medium height,
but 13 disfigurtd as to render a description of
his person impossible.
03" Murder. Geo. W. Ralph was kill
ed near Eight Mile Island, in Virginia, on
Saturday tho 2d Inst., by Arthur Edwards.
He was shot through the loins, and died in
about SO hours, Kdwards has not yet been
fj-We hope our patrons, but especially
our competitors for the nomination, will par
don us for giving place to the following. It
comes from tie editor of the Medina Whig,
and as we were " boys together," we feel a
just pride in what he says.
"Our friend, R. T. Van Horn, of the
Meigs Co. Telegraph, was a delegate to the
Whig State Convention, and on his return
home, he found his name before the Whigs
of his county as u candidate for Kepre
. Twelve years ago we stuck type side by
side with Hob ad a fellow apprentice, and
we sneak from our knowledge of the boy
and the man, when we say-Uiat the Whigs
of Meigs county could not do a better thing
than elect him- tie mokes a good Whig
Journal, and he will represont the Whig
party faithfully and efficiently any place
they may put htm.
Democratic State Convention. This
body met in Columbus on the 6'h Inst, and
nominated the following ticket:
Governor Reuben Wood, of Cuyahoga
Lieutenant Governor Wm. Medili, of
Fairfield. . ,
Auditor of State W. D. Morgan, of Co
lumbiana. Treasurer of State John G. Breslin, of
Secretary of State William Trevitt, of
. Attorney Genera! George E. Pugh, of
Board of Public Works A. P. Miller, of
Butler; George W. ' Manypenny, of Mus
kingum; S. D. Siecdinnn, of Lucas.
Supreme Judges T. W. Baaley, of
Richland; John A. Corwin, of Champaign;
Wm. B. Caldwell, of Hamilton; R. P.
Ranncy, of Trumbull; A. G. Thurmau, of
The resolutions we havn not seen. We
feel surprised, however, at the ticket, espe
cially for Supreme Judges there is but one
man on the ticket A. G. Thurman, of
even respectable talents. They are all more
politicians. Men who were selected not
because they were legal men, but because
they were Locofocos, and ihst too of the
very worst stamp. Judges Swan and Ken
non were candidates before (Jio convention,
but were cast aside for politicians merely.
Then' what do the People think of en
trusting the money of the State in the hands
of John G. Breslin, the man, who cast the
double ballots while Speaker of the House.
Vorily, even' Locofocolsm hat come down.
The success of the Whig ticket ought no1
now. to be regarded as even an open ques
tion, with such material against iu Wo will
1 03-West Columbia. We pai i a
j. 4 " ; ! For tfie Telegraph; J
POMEROY ACADEMY. . !
? This Institution has jusrclosed its pum-;
mcr term with two days examination of iho
students. In all the departments of instruc
tion the classes; showed efficient caching by
Mr4. Giles; the principal of- the Academy
I tv History, Composition, - Vocal Music,
Arithmetic, Algebra, Geometry, Trigonom
etry, Logic, Latin, and French, the exami
nation was highly gratifying to the friends
and parents of the scholars, show ing thor
ough tuition on the part of the teacher, and
knowledge, on the part of the students of tbe
branches taught. Tbe Academy has been
something more than two years In operation,
and the progress made by its scholars, shows
it to bo decidedly deserving of the 'const der
ation, and patronage of all , Interested in a
higher tone of education, : than we have
heretofore had in this part of the State.
And we trust that aH within a convenient
distance will avail themselves of the advan
tages it affords. We earnestly recommend
it as a desirable school for those wishing a
high order of education for their sons and
daughters, for both are uhight in the institu
tion.. The ".' commencement" of, the '.flext
term will be on the 14th of September,;,! :
.-; ...lS TH.IRVIN,;'
' ;';;'.', v,b.hortpn,
Aug., 5, 1851. .',! C.R.: POMEROY. ; ,
. 1 - '. ' ... fFor the Telegraph.
Mr. Editor Among the laws passed at
the last session of the Legislature, I find on
page 83, General Laws, Section 65, the fol
lowing: --.;!. ' .-t ';
"F.verv such cltv or town corporation
shall specify upon its record ihe . amount
of lax required lor each purpose, ana sucn
specific funds shall not be used for any oth
er purpose than the one for which the same
were specially levied." i ..',."
The Town Council of Pomeroy have
levied a tax of one thousand dollars, which
is entered on the town Record, "for the
use of the town of Pomeroy," simplv. I
would ask the Town Council how they Con
strue it to meet the requrementsof the act
above quoted. : . "
A CITIZEN OF POMEROY.
(ttrThe editor of the Ironton Register
speaking of our being a candidate says our
"legs are long enough to make a splendid
run." We couldn't, think for a time why
the fellow ttaid it but from a short notice
in another column of bis paper, we soon
knew the reason why his mind was running
on "legs." . , , , ,
(ttT The different candidates are begin
ning to canvass ihe county prior to the Pri
mary Elections. It is to bo hoped that ii
will be done in good feeling that nothing
may be done which may leave embittered
feelings afieiuhe result is known
03-Over 30,000 emigrants arrived at ihe
port of New York during the month of July
of whom more lhan 13,000 were from Liv
. fj-TheOhio Annual Conference of the
Meihodust Episcopal Church will meet in
Springfield, Clark county on the 17th of
O-The editor of the Salem Gazette says
he has seen some white blackberries of a
pea-green color. They were a variety of
the high bush blackberry, and had a luscious
(fcJ-A new paper, to be called The Times
is about to be started in New York City, and
a fund of 160,000 has been raised to carry it
on for a short time. Several lndviduals
have subscribed 810,000 each.
0-A Mr. Lyon, of New York city, pro
poses for a compensation to destroy all the
rats and mice in that place. Rather an un
equal fight between a lion and a rat but we
think he will find a match in the multitude of
his opponents. .
fjThe rejection of ihe "Jew bill," re
moving the political disabilities of the Jews,
by the British House of Lords, for a third lime
creates quite an excitement not only among
the Jews in that country , bu; among all the
friends of a liberal toleration.
A Rich Kentuckian. Dr. Jones, for
merly of Kentucky, who has been in. Cali
fornia some lime, and a very lucky dealer in
real estate, left San Fransisco on the' 1st
till.,' with his family, for New York, bring
ing with him 9600,000. which he had accu
mulated in a careful and prosperous career.
A California Picture. A writer in the
San Francisco Picayune states, as a fact Illus
trative of the resources of California, thai
in the building now being erected on Com
mercial street, by Moffatt AiCo. for the U.
S. Assay Office, the bricks used have been
furnished from the sources following i Chi
na, Liverpool, Australia, Sacramento, New
York, New Orleans, Stockton, Mission Do
lores, Boston and Baltimore. ,, We presum(
that no oilier city in tho world can produce
a structure which has put under contribution
so many and so distant countries for one
article. ' 1
fjNarcctine is the most powerful poison
known to chemists. It is extracted from lb
bacco, and the best Virginia contains 8 per
cent, of the poison. Five drops will cause
the death of a dog in a short time. Some
of the most secret and mysterious murders
committed - in , Europe, lately," have been
caused by ibis drug. , , ,,, ' ,
Q3-The Director! ol (be Toledo and Cleve
lanh Railroad have closed a contract with
a responsible Company in Charleston, Vi.,
for making and finishing the entire road.
The whole is to be completed by the 1st "of
i;JLAiCES AT EUROPE. (
T BOIACI GIIILIT.
Editorial Correspondence of the N."Y. Tribute.
"THE ROMANS OF TO-DAY.
,- Rome, MondaJWSO, 1851. 3
The common people-of Rome generally
seem to me . an intelligent, vivacious, con
vivial race, and1 1 can readily credit the as
surance of well-informed friends, that they
are mentally superior to most other Italians.
It ' may i be deemed jiirange that iany other
result should be thought possible, since the
very earth around them, with all it bears, is
so vivified with the spiiit of heroism, of ge
nius, and whatever is most memorable in
history. But ' ihe legitimate, influence 'of
nature, or art, and .of ancestry, are often
oveiborne by those of institutions and laws,
as is now witnessed on the eastern and south
ern coasts of the Mediterranean, and I was
rather disappointed In finding the poorest
Romans a race of fully average capacities,
intellectual and physical. A face indicating
meriiall imbecility, or even low mediocrity,
is very; rarely m,et iri those streets, where
the grqtater portion of the Romans seem to
work And litre. The women are' brown.
plaln,,bare-headed and ; rathpr careless of
persof 3l,$ppearance, but ready at repartee,
self-rnjssejsed, enefgetic, with flashing eyes
and countenances often indicating ', a depth
of emotion and character. I do not think
such pictures as abound in Rome could have
been painted where the women were com-mon-pluce
and uhideal. v "
But 'all with ' whom I can converse, and
who are qualified to speak, by residence In
the country, give unfavorable accounts of
the moraj qualities of the Romans especial
ly; and in these qualities I include patriotism
and all (he civic virtues. That lialians,
and those of Rome 'especially, are quite gen
erally sensual, selfish, Indolent, fickle, dis
honest, vicious, is the general report of the
foreigner residing among them. Zealous
Prote8tanis will readily account for it bv
their Catholicism. My own prepossessions
naturally lead me to the conclusion, that
much ol ihe religious machinery In opera
lion here Is unfavorable to the development
of high moral character. Whatever the en-
lightered and good may- mean by these ob
servancos, It does seem to me that the igno
rant and vulgar understand that the evil con
sequences of pleasant sins may be' cheaply
avoided by a liberal use -or nnly water, by
bowings before the altar and reverent con
formity to rituals and ceremonies. This is
certainly the great danger (in my sight,) of
tne uatnoiic system that it may lead its
votaries to esteem conformity to outward
and ceremonial requirements as essentially
meritorious, and iri some sense an offset for
violations of the moral law. Not thai this
error is by any means confined to Catholics.
for Christendom, is full of Protestants, who,
though ready enough to proclaim that kiss
ing ine toe oi isi. reter s statue is a poor
atonement tor violating the commandments;
and the adoration of the Virgin, a very bad
substitute for chastity, do yet themselves
preler bad Christians to gooa infidels, and
would hail with joy the conversion of India
or China to their creed, though it should in
volve no improvement of character or life,
1 know everv one balievpa that mich conver
sion s&tyd inevitaWy result Iri amendment
of hetri and morals, but bow many desire
it mainly lor that reason? .
. Uow large a prooortion of Protestants
esteem, il the great end of religion to make
lis votaries better husbands, brothers, chil
aren, neignDors, Kinurea, ciiizensi To my
Protestant eyes, it seems thai the general
error bn this point is more prevalent and
more vital at Rome than elsewhere; and I
have been trying to recollect if, amorg all
the multitude of paintings, Mosaic and slat
uary I have seen here, representing St.
Peter in Prison,. St. Peter on the sea of Gal
ilee, S. Peter healing the Cripple, St. Peter
raising the Dead, Si. Peier receiving the
Keys, St. Peter suffering Martyrdom, &c
&c, (some of them many times over,) 1 have
any where met with a representation of thai
most remarkable beneficent vision whereby
ihe Apostle was instructed from Heaven that
"Of a truth, God is no respecter of per
sons, but in every nation he that feareih Him
and worketh righteousness is a -coined of
Him." 1 presume such a representation
must exuiin a city where there are so manv
hundreds if not thousands of pictures of St
Peier doing, receiving, or suffering; but this
certainly is not a favorite subject here, or 1
6hould have seen it many times depicted
Who knows a Protestant ciiv in which the
aloresaid lesson given to Peter has been ad
equately dwelt on and heeded?
That the prevalence ol Catholicism is not
inconsistent with general uprightness and
purity of, morels is demonstrated in Ireland,
in bwitzerland. in Belgium, in the Tyrol
and elsewhere. The testimony of the great
body ol travelers and other observers with
regard to the countries just named, affirms
the general prevalence therein of those vlr
lues which are the basis of the family and
the church. And yet, the acknowledged
state of things here is a grave fact which
challenges inquiry and demands explana
non. In the very metropolis of Catholic
Christendom, where' nearly all believe, and
a orei.tTrioriiv are at least ceremonially
u v ---- . j
devout where many of the best intellects
in the Catholic communion have flourished
and borne sway for more than fifteen centu
ries, and with scarcely a divided empire for
the last thousand years where churches and
priests have long been more abundant than
any other spot of earth, and where Divine
worship and Christian ordinances are scarce
ly intermitted for an hour, but are frej and
welcome to all, and aro very generally at
tended what' is tho reason that corruption
and degeneracy should be so fearful ly pre
valent? If only the enemies ' of Rome's
faith affirmed this degeneracy, we might
lairlv suppois It invented or exaggerated;
but even the immediate priesthood of this
people, who mav be presumed most unwii
ling and unlikely to deny their virtues or
magnify their vices, declare them, unfit to be
entrusted with power over their own politi
cal destinies, and indeed capable of self-
government. ' Such is the fundamental basis
and pssentlal justification of the rulo how
maintained iri Rome, under the protection of
foreign bayonets. ' 1 his is a conquered city
virtually if not nominally in a state of siege,
without assignable , period. The Pope's
guards are partly Swiss and partly native
that , is, chosen from the riuhility; but the
t i.fj .L.t i i l-.
power oenina me iiirona is ruuiiuuiiieu uy
the thousands of French soldiers who gam
son the city, and ihe lent of thousands of
Auiiriun, Spanish and Neapolitan soldiers
who would be pushed here on the hrst sen
ous attempt , ol the Romans to assert their
right of self-government.. 'Thus 'Order
reigns in Warsaw,' white' democracy bites
its lip and bides lis lime. ! " " 11 '
Has Humah Nature degenerated- under
Christian minisiruiionk? There surely was
Roman peoule, some twenty odd centu
ries ago, who- were capable of self-government,
and who maintained it long and cred
iutblyOWhy should be" otherwise witlj
the Romans of to-day? I don ot.bclieve il
They have groat "Vices 1 admit, lor all
testimony affifml It; thnt they might. some
what abuseTreedono 11 fear, for the bjessed
sunxhine is painful and perilous to eyes long
used lo the gloom ol tne aungeon. out mu
experience of, Freedom must tend lo dispel
the ignorance and correct" the errors of its
.... i is
votaries, while slavery only leads irom naa
to worse lf ten centuries of such rule as
now prevails here have nowise qualified this
people' for . self-government, what..rational
hope is there that ten more such would do
It? . If a reform is ever lo be effected, it
can noi commence too soon. '
As 16 ihe actual government of Rome and
her dependencies, it could not well be worse.
The rulers fully understand -that they are
under no obligation to ihe people fot the
power they exercise, nor for the submission
which it commands. The despotism which
prevails is unmodified even by the heredita
ry despot s natural desire- to secuie -ine
throne to his descendants by cultivating the
good will of the people. The Pope is pom-
many sovereign, ana an regara nun as per
sonally a pure and good man;' but heexeris
no actual power In' ihe; Mate, nis-time anuj
thoughts beng wholly, devoted to tne van-
ous and complicated cares ol nis vast spirit
ual empire. Meantime the Reactionist in
fluences so omnipotent with his predecessor;
but which were repressed for a time after the
present Pontiff's accession, have unchecked
sway in the political administration, The,
way the present rulers ol Kome read Histo
ry is this "Pius IX came into puwer a Lib
eral and a Reformer, and did all he could
for the promotion of Republican and Pro
gressive ideas: for all which his recompense
was the assassination of his Prime Minis
ter, and bis own personul expulsion from his
throne and territories which is quite enough
of Liberalism for one generation; we, ai
least, will have no more of it." And ihev
certainly live up to their refoluiion. .
Ii is currently reported thai there are now
seventeen thousand political prisoners con-
hi ed here, but nobody who would teil can
know how many there are, a id 1 presume
this statement is a gross exaggeration, sig
nificant only as an index of ihe popular
feeling. The . essential fact is thai there
might be seventeen or seventy thousand thus
imprisoned without publicity, known accu
sation or trial, save at ' the convenience of
those ordering their arrest; and with no re
cognized right of iho arrested to Habeas
Corpus or kindred process. Many of the
best Romans of the, age are in exile for
Liberty's sake. 1 was reliably infbimed at
Turin thai there are at this time three hun
dred thovsand political refugees in the King
dom of Sardinia, nearly. alii of course, from
the despotisms of Lower Italy, burope is
kept . quiet by a system ol terror, which is
efficient while the spell holds; but let it break
at any point, and all will go together
I he Cardinals are the actual directors of
State affairs here, and are popularly held
responsible for all that is disliked in the Go
vernment. They would be likely to fare
roughly , in case of anoihor revolution,
They are privately accused of immoralities,
which men so powerful and so unpopular
ouldj)aiurrily-W whihe-w4tl without
cause. I know no facts that sustain the ac
cusation. A single newspaper is now published in
Rome, but. I have heard it inquired for or
mentioned but once since 1 cume here, and
then by a Scotchman studying Italian. Ii is
ultra-despotic in its spirit, and would not be
tolerated if it were not.' It is a small,
coarsely printed sheet, in good pert devoted
to Church news, and to the progress of con
version from the English to the Romi6h
communion. There are few foreign jour
nals taken or read in the Roman States.
Lynn or Poughkeepsie probably, Newark
or New Haven, certainly, buys and reads
more newspapers than tho entire three mil
lions of people who inhabit the Pupal State
I cou d not relish such a state of thinirs. I
have just paid $3.70,' (more than half of ii
lo our American Consul) for the privilege
of leaving the dominions of His Holiness,
and shall speedily promt by the gracious per
MR. VINTON'S AK;UMENT.
In vindication ot the rights ot Unto to
jurisdiction over the left bank of the Ohio
River, up to low water mark, and in delence
of Peter M Garner and others who were ar
rested and imprisoned by Virginia on a
charge of abducting certain slaves, will stand
an enduring monument of h's legal acumen
and statesman-like ability. We have just
re-perused it with great pleasure, after ihe
lapse of years since its delivery. It will be
recollected that Mr, V. was selected by
Governor Moidecai Bartley, in 1845, for the
performance of this duty. The trial was
had before the General Court of Virginia,
at Richmond, in Dec, 1845. Garner and
his associates were accused with giving as
sistance to some runaway slaves who landed
near Marietta in a skiffwhich they hadseized
to aid their flight. They were arrested oy
some Virginians who had been lying In am
bush on the Ohio side. When thus arrested
they were assisting the runaways to lift their
baggage from the boat. Mr. Vinion suc
cessfully prosecuted the case in the Virginia
Courts, establishing beyond controversy in
all time to come; the right of Ohio to juris
diction down to low ; water mark. Garner
and his associates having been arrested on
this side of low water mark, they were not
amenable to Virginia; and she was finally
constrained to release them. Summit Bea.
A Green Rose. We recently noticed the
production of a blue rose, at Paris, by arti
ficial crossing; Tho Raloigh (N, C.) Reg
ister says : '
We can add to this the green rose of
North Carolina, which though not the crea
ture of science, is sufficiently well known in
parts of this State to claim a rank among
the above floral novelties. ; Tho rose is
idemiral with our common daily, except in
color, the vuriation In which is supposed ; to
have been produced by the accidental inter
mingling of the roots of the rose with those
of -the common sumach. Tho peculiari
ties of tho new varieties are perpetuated by
cuttings or otherwise, It. is quito common
in the . county of Bladen, and some few
specimens exist in the town of Fayetto
villa." ; y
' A Confidence Man. The Boston Cour
ier says a fellow named Lewis has been in
iroduclng 1 himself into some' of the first
families around town, representing himself
to be an English Lord,, when he hoppenod
to be nothinj: more than a common rascal,
Among the many over whom ho did the mar
velously 'eonteel thing,', was the BritUh
Consul. Ue offered to pay the passngo of
several ladies or thu city, II they would
agree to vit.il htm in tngiana.
rise And fall of lake superior.
There is a periodical rise and fall of the
water in this treat lake that has been no
ticed and accounted for by various theories,
none of which have appeared to tis satisfactory.--
Besides -this rise thore are frequent
accidental or irregular risings and fallings
in .this as well as in all the other large lakes,
and which have been supposed to be the i regular-tides
of these inland eas, and origins
ling in iho same causes. But as this regu
lar rise occurs only once a year, it cannot of
coursa be referred to tidal causes. - The wa
ter commences rising above and below the
Ste Marie Falls in June, and continues lo
rise very gradually till the last of August.
It then slowly falls till the following Mav.
at which time "h Is at its lowest ebb.' We
have noticed this rise for several years, and
think its highest regular flow has been about
three feet, varying, however, from two to
threee feet with different seasons.
. The cause of this phenomenon will op
pear evident, we think, when we consider
the peculiar, situation of this great body of
water. , Juake Superior Is situated in a high
northern . latitude,' and ' surrounded ' by t
mountainous country, collecting Its vast sup
ply of water from a thousand streams, from
the north and south, east and west. . During
the winter season there is no rain in the re
gion of this lake, but tho snow accumulates
10 a great depth on the mountains jsurround-10
inn in m flUuDrin. pruiniiuna ,Mm. a icih i
D U ., IUV Utl U III. H.W .V..
terea wnn ice, ana an incalculable amount
of water is thrown out in the shape of ice
banks on twelve hundred , miles of const.
Unlike the other large lakes, it receives no
additions to lis waters from ihe rains and
melted snows of winter; and thus, while its
supplies are nearly all cutoff, the rapids of
Sie. Marie are constantly lessoning its vol-,
The rains commence and snow begins to
melt in April, or a little before,. and the riv
ers and streams are loosened of their icy
bands, and the immense basin of Lake Su
perior begins rapidly to be filled; its outlet
at Saut St. Marie, being narrow and shallow,
the water does not escape as fast as it falls
from the thousand streams nndstorms, and
it consequently rises. It might be supposed
by those unacquainted with the vast extent
of the lake, that this rise would be more
sudden, like that of a great river, and that
its eflect would bo noticeable ar this place
sooner than the first of June, and ended be
fore the first of September; but it must be
recollected that the ice and snow on the cold
nonhnrn mountains are not suddenly melt
ed. The present season, show was seen on
the northern slopes of the mountain ranges
of the south shore of the lake, as lata as
ihe tenth of June, and among the higher
mountains of the north shore, it has been
seen in placesduringihe wholo of that month.
The great extent of the lake both prevents
a sudden rise and serves to prolong it after
ibe immediate cause has been removed.
The knowledge of this rise and fall is
generally known to masters of vessels run
ning u this port and is of some importance
to ihem, as iho water on the "flats" of the
St. George is considerably lower in May
lhan in Juno, July and August; from which
time it begins to fall again. This rise is
considerably modified, undoubtedly, by the
difference in tho seasons; in a wet season . it
would be greater; in a dry season, and by
roason of the greater evaporation of water
on the lake and on the land, it would be less.
This, we believe, is ihe only periodical rise
and fall, plainly perceptible to a common
oDserver, on L,ttie tmporior. inero are
other risings and fallings of the water in
this lake, and ihe singular phenomenon of
ihe "three great waves, thai w will notice
another week. Lake Superior Journal.
RULES TO BE OBSERVED IN
1. Coma in at all times what
has he to be private ?
2. Take his papers with pcrfeci freedom
what use can te have for them ?
3. If you bring in a long communication,
just1' to fill up his paper, " insist on read
ing and discussing it. Why shouldn't he
be glad lo spend an hour in listening ?
4. If you see his exchanges piled up in
an orderly manner on his table, seize and
scatter them. What business has he to be
5. If you find his chair vacant at any
lime, sit in it. Why shou'd he wish to keep
his stationary and scissorings from his visit
ors? . -
6. But if you can't get that chair, though
there ure a dozen others in the sanctum, be
sure to sit on a table and put your feet on
anoihor. If you cant practice such inno
cent freedoms in an editor's room, where
can you do it? v-
7. If you see the editor paiticularly en
gaged in writing a " leader, talk to him as
industriously as you can. Will he not be
gratified to hear you ? Of course he will.
The Wheat Chop. In Ohio advices
from all quartors of tho State show thai the
wheal crop of the present season wilt bo the
largesfever grown in the State. 1
In New York Indiana, Michigan an I
Wisconsin the yield is also very large, and
the wheal of ihe very besi quality. The
Detroit Free Press says it has "information
from all parts of the ptate that crops of ev
ery description promise an abundant yield to
the farmer. Wheat harvest has already
commenced in many places, and tho yield
exceeds anything ever known," even in
Michigan. In . the northern and western
pans of the State, and also iu the southern
tier of cotinties, thu wheat crop is said to
reach from one-quarier to one-third higher
than in any previous season. Corn is a lit
tle backward, but no fears are entertained
for its safely, while summer grains of every
description piomiso an abundant yield."
In the northern and central Illinois heavy
rains have destroyed a portion of the crop,
but in tho southern portion of iho Stuto it
will be abundant.
The reports from all the grain growing
Earls of the Union indicato that tho - whent
arvest of 1861 will be tho heaviest ever
raised, i -...... . .-, ., .' . :,
How Victoria Poited thb Qdestion.
Our readers probably all remember tho siory
about ihe charming manner in which. Vic
toria first indicated to Prince Albert her pre
ference for his youthful highness, by pre
senting to him, at a palaco ball, her boquct,
and how the yotlng IVincu saying lo bun
self, no do tin as iho Yankee would have
done on a like occasion "Hero goes --dam
tho exponscs," ript a slit in ha .'close uni
form, buttoned up to his ihrout,' and tlnnos
ited the' happy, omen in. the locality 'ncuresi
his 'heart.' This, however, waj not juie
enough t nhd so hor Majesty,' hi a suuse
quenl tete-a-tote with the Prince, after lis
tening to his encomiums on England, nluinn
ly 'popped ihi question', in this wise : 'If
your highness is pleased with' the country
would you- wish id remain in-it?' tljs Yf
ply can b$ easily guessed by anybody.
Ma. VArY Horn : I fee toyhame '.has.
been suggested as a candidate, for. h office
of Sheriff of .-Meigs cooumy,- -1 feel thank
ful to my, friends for connecting mynttfne
with that respectable office, and um'er other
circumstances I would with' pleasure Tie a
candidate as well as attend to the duties ot
that office, but owing to late' afflictions' In my
family and the consequent state of my pri- -vate
business it would be a sacrifice to accept
of the office ; 1 ..therefore, decline being a , ,
candidate. .... , -THOMAS SMITH
. August IX, 1851,
r 0 ;t
M.' Editor By giving the following re insertion
you will confer a favor on a lar f
ber of friends in all parts of the county.
Please say to the Whigs of Meigs co?f
R.T. VAN HORN will be supported
maryEleotions, for the office of Repre?'4
the next Legislature. ' ' MA NY 4
Ms. R. T. Van Horn Tlcase annoWenTttft v
Telegraph, the name of M. W. COLLINS, Esq., ' . r
as a suitable candidate at the approaching election- .s
represent weigs countyja ine state wgisis-
- v.. v. mm. , , . . . .aj - - ....
. . i j '
Mr. Vam Horn Please insert in your paper
the name of Dr. JEREMIAH B. ACKLEY as a
candidate for Representative, at the ensuing elec-
Hon, and oblige . ',). ,' . j ,. ';,)
Mant Voters o Swttom and Salisbury.
Mr Van Horn Please announce the name of
STEPHEN TITUS, of Rutland townshig, as a
candidate for Representatfve at the October elec
tion, and oblige many cilizeas of ! I'-Vi'V
, i. MEIGS COUNTY.
Mr. U. T. Van Horn Please announce iri the
Telegraph the name of Col. JOHN C. BESTOW
as a suitable candidate at the approaching elec
tion to represent Meigs county in the State Legis
lature, and oblige ' MANY VOTERS.
Mr. Van Horn We would suggest Col. THO
MAS SMITH, of Sutton- township, as a suitable
candidate for the office of County Commissioner.
We are also authorized to say that he will serve
in that capacity if elected.- ' ' '
' ' ' ' MANY VOTERS.
Mr. Van Hokx Please announce the name of
JAMES C. DAYr of Letart, as a candidate for
County Commissioner, at tbe Primary Elections.
' ' A WHIG.
Mr. Editor Please say fo the voters of Meigs
county that ABNER STOt'T, of Chester tow n
ship, is a candidate for Commissioner, and oblige
Ma. Van Horn- Please announce tho name of
LEROY JONES, Esq., of Bedford township, as a
candidate for Commissioner, and oblige
. ' MANY VOTER.
Clerk of the Courf.
Mr. Van Horn You will please say to the
Whigs of Meigs county that Col. ANDREW
DONNALLY will be a candidate for Clerk of the
Court, and oblige MANY CITIZENS.
a li ii i i ' i - ii f .
. Treasurer; ' '
Mr. Editor Please aunounce the namo of
MATTHEW BLAIN, an old citizen of Meigs coun
ty, as a suitable candidate for Treasurer at the
Whig Primary Elections, and oblige a large num
ber of friends. A CITIZEN OF POMEROY.
Mr. Editor Please announce the name of
OREN BRANCH as a candidate for re-election
to the office of County Treasurer, at the ensuing
lection and oblige . MANY CITIZENS.
Mr. VaiTHwrn: Please say that the friends of
ANSON INGELS, will support hira for Sheriff of
Meigs county and oblige ' ,: SCIPIO.
Mr. Van Horn Please announce the name of
SAMUEL BRADBURY, Esq., as a candidate for
Sheriff, at the Primary Elections, and oblige
Ma. Van Horn Please say through yourpa
pcr that JOHN R. PHILSON, Esq., of Graham
Station, will be supported by a large number of
Whigs at the Primary Eleclions, for the office of
Sheriff, and oblige many citizens of
Mr. Van Horn Please announce the name of
JOHN C, BESTOW, 2d, as a candidate for Sheriff,
at the Primary Elections, and oblige
' MANY VOTERS.
Mr. Van Horn Please-say to the Whigs of
Meigs county that JOHN HUGO, of Salem town
ship, will bo a candidate for Sheriff, subject to
the decision of the Whigs at the Primary Elec
tion, and oblige MANY FRIENDS.
Mr. Editor Please announce the name of
JAMES M. COOPER as a candidate for Sheriff, at
the Primary Elections.
Recorder. . ;. M, , , .
Tj"We aTe requested to announce the name of
HARRISON DOWNING, Esq., as a candidate for
Recorder, ; and oblige many citizens who , love
ROTATION IN OEFICE. '
Mr. Editor You will notify the Whigs of
Meigs county that S. S. PAINE, Esq., will be, a
candidate for Recorder, subject to the decision tfiaA
the rrimnry Liections, ana oblige , , : j
l'rbate Judge. . ; , ,-
R. T. Van Horn, Es: Plese announce the
name of MARTIN HF.CKARD, Esq,, ss'a candi
date for Probate Juifge for Meigs county, and
oblige MANY VOTERS. v
rRICEi TAID FOR THK WKKK BY W. JOAtnilM, BUTCHER
Beef Cattle. No. 1, gross weight, 81.65al.75
Hogs, ,..,.. ' $3.873.00
Sheep, ' " ' ' tr.31al.ft0
Veal, ' " ' ' J2.00
, DIEI0n Friday moruiug laat in this place,
of Flux, Mr, Bsnj. Mm, of this place, aged
about 36 years. 1 ' ; ! ' ' :
Ott Tnesday mpruijig, the 5th inst, Edward
Dearinu MAHHtnaD, youngest sou of Charles U,
and Elisabeth R, Poineroj
I?Oli SALE. Tho subscriber offers for sale
; his Lard Oil Foototv. situated in the town of
Pomeroy. F or terms pply to Adam Derkes or to
the undersigned. DAVID GVKK .
A .New nilcb COW fr sale, Enquire of
i , REED & BROTHER.
AuguHl IIHM:'. ' :;:u wi.vj ftiiV
scriber wishes to smpJoy at hi shouta Shcf
Ififtld. Meirs county. Ohio, near Pomeroy.
emht or ten Journeyman Coopers. JNone
but good workmen i apply.. The hiflheat price
will ba paid in mail, and steady employment
given. Apply loon. - "' 't,, -t -"k
Sheffield, August, J2, ISM. aoHw.i.