cig3 (0. ffdtyapl).
POM P. ROY, OHIO.
:::SEPTEMBER 9, 1851.
GEN. WINF1ELD SCOTT
.' : .WHloTXTE TICKET.
TO MVXAXU. .
V.SAIIUEL F, VINTON,
M t-MVTIMAJT OOKR50.
eriiRAin k. eckley,
JOHN WOODS, of Butltt.
re ir.csFT.iaT or state,
EARL BILL, of Sandusky. -
MR TRIABURKR, .
ALBERT A. BLISS, of Lorain. ..
FOR ATTORKIT OKNIKAt,
HENRY STANBERY, of Franklin.
FAR BOARD OF rtlUC WOHI,
DANIEL SE OUR, of Lucas,
BENJAMIN K C O N W A Y, of Scioto.
. DAVID II. LYMAN, of Muskingum,
FOR SI'PHKME JODOB.
SHERLOCK J. ANDREWS.ofCuyahoga,
rlTKH 1 1 1) 1. 1 N, of .M.intitomw,
CHARLES C. CON VERS, of Muskingum,
t, BELLAMY STOKER, of Hamilton,
: E O R 0 E B . W A Y, f Defiance.
JUDOI Of COURT OF COM MO H,tA,
SIMEON NASH, of Gallia.
ALOXZO CUSHIWO, of Pallia.
ftT Excuse. We feel lhai an excuse is
duo from us for the non-appearance of our
. pnper Tor uvo weeks. The simple reason
is, wo had no pnper to print on. The Paper
Mill nt Gallipolis has usually supplied us,
but at this time is not making priming paper.
We were not advised of the fact uniil too
Into to remedy the matter. Wo hopo the
like will not soon occur again.
ffc"r Primart Elections Result. At
the present writing wc are without full re
turns. Enough however is known to war
rant us. in saying that Dr. Ackley is nornr
noted (or Representative. Mr. Branch for
Treasurer. .Mr. Paini: for Recorder, Col. A
DoNNALLT for Clerk. The others will re-
nuire a full count to determine between
Of ono thing thero is no doubt, we are
beitcn. We have no regrets to express for
oursolf or our friends, but will give the nom
inee a hearty and cordial support. To those
whu, forgetting the proprieties of social life.
in their unjust and criminal course towards
us, wc leave their own reflections they
have our sympathies in their weakness, and
our pity for iheir mendacity. All the regrets
we have ore that such means should succeed
in Meigs county, even for a lime.
We hope our friends will now bury their
disappointment, and give to Dr. Ackley as
Generous and hearty a support as they have
j "" given us, for we can assure them that he
had no part whatever in the disreputable
conduct to which we allude he is a highly
honorablo man of talent and intcgtity,and
a man whom wo consider it an honor to
support. . .
To our friends we return our grateful
thanks, and no man ever had warmer or
, P. S. Farther reports render certain the
nomination of Mr. Bradbury, for Sheriff,
$ Mr. Heceard, for Probato Judge, and Mr
Smith for Commissioner. ,
fttr Withdrawn. It is proper to state
here that Messrs. Harrison Downing, John
C. Bestow Sr., Stephen Titus and Anson In-
gels whose names were announced as can
dates before the Primary Election hnd with'
4 drawn, and it would have been announced)
. had a pnper been issued two weeks ago.
From an examination of the returns so far,
wo are inclined to the opinion that we had
also1 withdrawn. "Republics are ungrate-
Mr. Nasii. Tito nomination.of Mr.
Nash for Judge, in this District on Tuesday
List, has given unbounded satisfaction to the
People of this county. We feel safe in say
ing that ho is the best man for the post that
could bo found in the District, and that is
just what was wanted.
Mis competitors for the nomination cannot
but feel that it is do ordinary compliment to
ihciri to have so long disputed the field with
." him. To cither gentlemen wo could have
extended a coruiul support. Mr. Brown bus
g'von universal satisfaction on the bench
and is everywhere regarded us a man of
most cxeinplnry. character" and Reserving
"T ability. Mr. Nye is a young man of more
than ordinary promise in his profession, nn d
the support which he received is highly hon
orable to him.
. ftr Senator. The Senatorial Conven
tion at Gallipolis lust Friday, nominated
Alonzo Gushing, Esq., as the Whig candi-
' date lor Senator in this District. Mr. Cish
im U well known as a man of fine natural
Kiliiies. and popular manners. There Is
m w. s
no doubt of hia election. We have not yet
received the proceeding.
:03LEwis Anderbon, Esq., having de
clined the Democratic nomination for Sena
tor, Uiban B. Smith, Esq., of Meigs,, has
' been placed ypon the ticket, as will be seen
by referring to another coliim.
gr We are requested to give notico that
the next term of the Pomeroy Academy will
commence on Monday the Ifiiri of Sepieni-
ber. - -
gj. Rational Temninnce Corveniion
w;.s held at Saratoga, New York, August
20ib und 21st. Members worb present from
' fifteen States end from Canada. Their de
liberations were conducted with grent bar
monv, and a s f jreaolutiona passed, de
claring it tho right ami duty of a State to
urohibit ind drwroy all into icstitig liquors
kept to ssli as a beverage I '
PRIMARY ELECTION. .'"
Salisbury. RrpreientativeL. B. Aek
ley 134 R. T. Van Hoi n 82 M. W.CJ-
im 88a ...".; - ; "-'" . 'v-.-v ,.-.- .... f . '
SheriJ-S. Brndbury 159 -John C B s-
low 60 J. M. Cooper 43 Johnlfugg 17
John R. Philson 26.. ......
TYeantrtr Oren Branch 260 M. Blain
43. ; - : . ;
Clrrk of (Wl-A. Donnelly 302.
Prolate Judge M. Neckard , 250 -T.
Montague 36. " ' .. ' ,
Commi'Mionerw-Thos.Sm'ih 136 Abncr
Stout 105 Lcroy Jones 40 Jos. C.Day 1.
Recorder S. S. Paine 26611. Down
ing 25. V "
Returns arc not yet complete, but the gen
erat result may bo thus stated :
Kentucky. Powell (dem.) Is elected
Governor. by'about COO plurality, though his
vole Is less than when he run against Crit
tenden and was beaten over 8,000. Thomp
son ( W.) is elected Lieut Governor by 2 000
to 3,000. Cassius M. Clay receiving nearly
3,000 votes fur Governor. Congressional
delegation a tie. Legislature Whig in both
Indiana. Two whigs are certainly elect
ed to Congress being a gain of one. ..
Tennessee. Trousdale (dem.) who was
elected Governor by 1390 majority In '49, is
now beaten by Campbell,..(W.) At least.
Campbell has gained more than 2,000 in the
counties heard from, on the whig vote of '49
There is a reported whig gain of two mem
bers of Congress, and us the Legislature is
also whig there will bo a gain of U.S. Sen
otor in place of Turney. Tumcy was
candidate for the Legislature, and beaten.
Alabama. Shields, Union candidate for
Governor is elected, beating tho present in'
Five Union men and two secessionists are
elected to Congress.
North Carolina . TJhe whigs ha ve elect
ed six Congressmen, and the locos three.
No whig candidates were run in the three
districts which have electeJ opposition mem
bers. ' . -
P. S. We have some teturnr from Ar
Kansas, but not enough to indicate the resu'
We 'suppose the democratic candidate flu
Congress is of course elected. Late des
patches claim the election of the Whig
Governor in Kentucky. Wo doubt it. Ten
nessoe has elected Campbell (W .) Uoverni r
and the legia'aiure is whig in both branches
the House by three majority, and the
Senate by seven.
A committee of gentlemen of Louisiana
and Mississippi, have issued a circular call
ing a convention of. Delegates from all th
States bordering on the Mississippi and Ohio,
to deliberate upon and concert snch meas
ures as will be likely speedily to influence
the construction of a system of railroads
connecting the Gulf States with those of the
west and north-west, and radiating through
all thn interior. It is proposed to hold th
convention at New Orleans, on the first
Monday in January next.
fjT M. Daguerre, the celebtated inventor
of tho daguerreotype, died a few weeks
since at Petit-Brie-sur-Marne, asmoll village
near Paris, in the 53d year of his age. He
commenced life as a scene painter for the
Parisian theatres, and distinguished himself
in his 'inc. He afterwards founded the di
orama in that city, which established him
firmly as an artist, but effected his pecuniary
ruin. He then gave himself up to the so
lution of the great problem of fixing the
images of the camera ob&cura. In this he
succeeded and gave to the world the art
known as the Drguerreotype. His funeral
was attended by nearly all the artists at
tached to the various theatres, and the prin
cipal literary and scientific notabilities.
Mr The potato crop Ui Western New
York has been entirely ruined by the rot.
Tho prospects for a fine crop were never
better, yet the blight fell upon it suddenly,
and the destruction has been unirersul and
total. Hundreds of acres were struck in a
day, and the destruction was as simultane
ous as it was complete.
05" Eliza Emory advertises in the Detroit
i. . , . . .
papers, uer runaway nusunnu, and warns
all the girls in the south and west to look
out for him. She describes him as aaving
a scar on the nose where she scratched him.
IK7 ino largest nun stones mat we ever
a-, nn.. i -.i .i i
read about, is described in the Eust India pa
pers, as having fallen near Bunngalore, in
a, .1 ftff .!
may last, many oi ine stones were as
big as pumpkins, and one was four feet by
OirThe San Francisco correspondent of
the Journal of Commerce, under date of
July 2 1 st, says that a cargo of ice hud or
rived there, and stowed in it were 150 bar
rels of "Baldwin" opp'es, nicely packed,
and each apple carefully enveloped in pa
per. Notwithstanding their perishing con
dition, flavor gone, and many of thum dc
cayed, and none that would keep sound i
tortnignt, iney reaauy lound putchasers at
630 per baarel in parcels of ten, or 135 pe
single barrel. They are retailed about ou
streets at 25 cents each for those that an
sound, the others, three or four for a qtiar
ter, according" to tho number of "specs."
0r-The diamonds worn by the March!
oness of Londonderry, at the Queen's cos
tume ball, were of the value of 150,000,
or $750,000! A walking treasury I
A number of human beings died thni day,
of starvation, in her Majesty's dominion i.
' Mr. Solomon, a mechanic of Cincinnati,
has invested an engine in which carbonic
acid gas takes the place of steam. . It is as
powerful and much cheaper ihnn steam gen
erated by thu orJinary means.
THK FIRE AlfSIIllLATOR,
.The "vapor which iscniitid from one oi
iht'SQ.Iutle machines is said to have, precise
ly thu same i ffvCt .ujw. &iine.4,haUs yro:
jtJ by n damp in a woii. rlame cannot
exist a second in this vapor ;.,utid yet it can
be breathed without tho slightest inconven
ience. Dickens, in his 'Household Words,'
evotea several pages to this invention.
We make tho following extract , from his
description of the burning of a house, got
up expressly to test the powers of the Anni-
hilator:"- V - ' -:;:rJ C-
'Mr. Phillips assured them that there was
no dunger, as he had perfect command over
the flames; at the time he requested the
company to observe that he had purposely
arranged that every disadvantage should be
against him. The house was full of com
bustible material the whoie building was
in a thorough draft, (it was indeed,) and
they would observe that the commencement
of the full force of the fire would be almost
immediate, and without any of the gradual
advances which were usual in almost all
conflagrations. Lastly, he called upon
them to take nolo that the fury of the flames
would he such that no life could exist near
them for a single instant.
Without further words, a lighted match
is applied to the tarred and turpentined
shavings that hang in the ground-floor of
he house. .
It sparkles blazes and in one moment
the lowef . room is full of flames. In the
next, they have risen to the floor above
they crackle, roar, beat about, springing up
to the roof, and darting out tongues and forks
to the right and leu of the building, while a
dense hot cloud of smoke, full of red (rag
menu of shavings and other embers, comes
floating and dancing over the heads ot the
assembled company. Every body has risen
from his seat ladies gentlemen, and now
all the visitors are crowding towards the
other end of tho building 1 The whole place
is hllcd with the roar ol the flames, the noise
of voices, hurrying feet, and rustling gar
ments and clouds of hot smoke !
But suddenly a man enters the building
from a side-door bearing a portable Fire An-
mhiiator ot tho size we have mentioned, he
Is followed by a second. The machines on
vomiting forth a dense white vapor. The
enter just within the doorway of the bluzing
house. A change instantly takes place in
the color and action of the flumes, as though
they grew pale in the presence ofthen mn
ter. They sink. There is nothing but
darkness and the dense white vapor coil
ing about in triumph. .
Sir John Franklin.-The Newburypon
Herald thinks that solicitude for the fate of
the bold searchers of Franklin is more ap
propriate at the present time, all hope ol
Franklin being found alive must be vain.
"Six or eight vessels have wintered in
some o(he bays or inlets which empty in
to Baffin's Bay, beyond the point where the
whale ships ever venture, and it wil be well
if other expeditions are not required to re
cover some of them. The American ves
sels, we fear, were not sufficiently well ap
pointed for the undertaking, and we fear
much for the salety of their crews. We
know nothing on earth which we should not
rather encounter than a winter in the ice on
board a small vessel, above latitude 70. It
requires n greater amount of courageous ef
fort than to lead a squadron on the bloodiest
field or battle the earth ever saw, for that
trial would be quickly over ; and there might
be excitement enough in the contest to cirry
one through it fearlessly. It is probable
that Franklin's vessels, which have now
been absent more than six years, succeeded
in the first or second season, in reaching
some point of the Arctic sea. which is sel
dom open, perhaps not oftener than once in
a generation, and here frozen in, where they
remained until they all perished by cold or
starvation. Not unlikely the vessel and
bodies of the men may be found hereafter,
and many thrilling, interesting memorials
found recorded in their journals by their side,
which the last of them no doubt kept as long
as me remained.
Gen. Cass. Charles Reemelin. of Cin
cinnati, in a sketch of a northern tour which
he is making, writes to the Enquirer of that
city, that Gen. Cass will be the L.F. nomi
nee for the presidency. He says :
"Gen. Cass cannot, in New York. New
Hampshire, or in Maine. The two lutiei he
might carry, out the run he could not.
Those who rely upon the "Union" excite
ment, trying to be kepi up by tho hard blow
ing of political speech makes, rely on a bio.
In speaking of thu question, Mr. R. says:
"The dt-mociatic party everywhere, etpe
cially up here, is returning to its old plat
form" of '36 und '40 and '44. Every dem
ocrat I have talked tviili, is willing to sub
scribe to tho great non-interference doctrine
in the domestic poncerns of every State, ev
ery territory , yes, not excluding the District
r ni in . . i
oi isoinmuiu. ail agree mat congress nits
no slavery or other domestic question to set
tle, and therefore, we will have no question
rbout it, and otiy man. who. north or s.jutli,
asks us to act when there is nothing to act
upon, and who tries to get us to legislate -ei
tner lor or against slavery, or to recognise
or repudiate tins or that institution of this or
thai locality, all begin tu regard as an in
terloper, who comes to sow discord."
Land Reform in Nebraska. Gen. Thos,
Jefferson Sutherland, an able and efficient
advocate of Land Reform in the United
Suites, is. now engaged in forming asso
ciuiions oi irdividtuls with a view to
plant them as a Co ony in the Territory of
Nebraska, where he prodoses shall bo car
ried out his principles of Land Limitation.
Cen. a. is understood already to have or
ganized several bands of emigrants, who
are soon tri make a settlement upon the pub
lie lands in Nebraska. In the success of his
schemes thecotintry will have demonstrated
to it the peculiar thrift and prosperity which
iiibj menu a people semea m a new territo
ry, without the blight which land specula
ion und claim -makers usually carry with
them. But we should like to see him go
lurtner and c mince Ins plan of colonization
into one more conformable to the progress
of the times, in associating each other more
closely than he seems to propose. We
think thai the peoplo would be yet more
prosperous and more happy. However, we
wish success o hisenter(irise. Kauooo(Ill)
, U ..j:
1 OCT Athens county gives over 250 major
ity in favor of another 1100.000 county sub
scription to the Cincinnati and Belpro Rail-
THK POMEROY COIf TENTIOBf. -La
-a Tuesday, Whia delofiaies.&um the
counties of Gallia. Meigs, Athens and Wash
ington, met in Convention at Pomeroy, tU
nominate a candidate to be supported at the
October election, as Jn'g In the third sub
division 6f the 7th Common Pless District.
The Convention organized by callino
Judge Barker, of Washington,' to preside,
assisted by V. B. Horton, of Meigs, Vice
resident; nd appointing A. J. Van Vorhes,
of Athens, Secretary., ferry, of Gallia,
Brown, of Mtias, Moore, of Athens, and
bwan, ol, Washington, were appointed a
committee on credentials and apDortlon-
menu This committee reported that Gallia
was entitled to 15 delegates, Meigs to 13,
Athens to 17, and Washington to 20. - The
report being adopted the Convention oro-
ceeded to ballot for a candidate' for Judge.
l ine ist oatiot stood, for w. 8. IN ye, or
av i . , h . .
i writ. . i i i m a.
w asnington, jeu, lor A . li. Brown, of Athens.
18, for Simeon Nash, of Gallia, 16. for
M. Heckard, of Meigs 1 1; 2d ballot. Nash
23, Brown 22, Nye 20. At this point the
Convention adjourned for dinner. At two
o'clock it re-assembled, and proceeded to
oatiot ine tntrd time, which resulted, Nash
24, Brown 21, Nye 20. The Convention
continued to ballot without any pne receiv'
ing the number ncCessarv to elect till the
21st ballot, which stood. Nash 35. Brown
18, Nye 9, and Simeon Nash, of Gallia
county, was declared nominated as the
Whig candidate fur Juqge for the counties
above named. The nomination was unan.
imously confirmed by tlm Convention. TIih
President closed the proceedings with a few
appropriate and pertinent remarks. Gain.
WEVSTEB IN EARLY LI PK.
Mr. Webster, in a late speech in Sym
cuse, IN. i ., said t
"It has so happenel that all. thf nublic
services which I have rendered in the world,
in my day and generation. hnvi been con
nected with the General Govern mem. 1
think 1 ought to makc'an exception. I was
ten days a member of Ari Maf.snchusetts
Legislature; (laughioi.) and I turned my
:J .1... ...
which I could useful in that position I
and, aftprnWff 'reflection, I introduced a bill ;
mini n uir ni aiUH- oi SOrPD COOU OIHcCl in
which, wiih- the, general Consent of both
tnk uiiik.yikn' I r i i I
houses ol me Legislimne passed into a law
and is iyw a law of the State which en
acts tntrf.u1 man in the fetate shall raich
trout irtoy other manner than with thoor- i
atnaryviiooK ano line, threat laughter.)
I. . Tl- ... . --. . .
With that exception, I never was connected
for an your, with any Siato Government in
my lifey.i : 1 never held any office high or
low, uauer any Mate Uovrmrm nt. Per
haps thin was by misfortune.
At the ago of thirty. I was in New Hamp
shire practicing law and had some clients.
I he Cavernor or that. Suite, John Tavlor
Oilman, thought thai a vouth and vouno
man, ns I was. L might be fit to be an attor
ney General of the State of New Hamn-
shire, and he nominated me toihe Council,
and the Council taking it into their deep
consideration, and not happening to be of
the same politics of tho Governor and my
self, voted three out of five, that I was not
bo you see, gentlemen. I never gained
promotion in any State Government.
A Hot Spring. One of the members of
the Mexican Boundary Commission, writing
irom Santa Km, New. Mexico, to the'-Pro-
tidence Journal, thus describes a
discovered on the 2d May:
" Having heard of a remarkable 'hot
spring a few miles from our road, all that
were mounted determined to visit it, and on
leaving camp, struck off into the plain in a
straight direction for it. A ride of about five
miles brought us to the spoi, which wai in
dicated by a hill about 600 feet in circum
ference at its base, and about 30 or 40 feet
high, which was formed entirely by the de
posits made by the waters of the spring.
On the summit of this hill was a basin 20
feet in diameter, containing the hoi water,
the surface of which was six or eight feet
below the top of the basin. The tempera
ture of the water was found to be 125 de
grees, and of course so hot that ihe hand
could not -be borne in it. Dr. Webb col
lected the gas which bubbled up from tbe
bottom, and found it to be neither hvdrogen
or carbonic acid gas. His conclusion,
therefore, was thai ii wis purely atmosphe
ric air. The water was nlensani m ,1m
taste, and would be pnlaiable if cooled. At
one side of die hid a miuiII spring burst out,
and at a short distance Where it collected in
a pool, the 'water w.is cool enough to bathe
in, but even then it was Hterally a hot bath."
(KT The poiatoc rot tuts commenced in
Maine and Wisconsin, and is becoming very
severe in the vicinity 'of Cazenovin, New
York. A correspondent of ill - New York
Tribune gives his theory of the causo as
"Tho mischief is all done by on insect.
Let any person go and look ot the loaves
which begin to decay, ond he will find un
derside oi' the leaves plenty of small green
lice. They extract the juice from the leaves
and the leaves dry up, and wither id ojmost
nothing, VV hen all the leaves are u'oad. the
insecu are all dead and gone also. The po
tutoo. being thus despoiled of the foliage be-
ore ii is ripe, rots ana dies, i ms is ine
cause and the only causo of all the potato
rot. cet any person who is curious in ?ucb
thii.gs examine these insects with a niagni-fying-glass,
and bo will see how well they
are adapted to do their work."
Militia, Army, and Navy. The en
rolled militia of the United States numbers
2,006 068 men or an average of over 60.000
to each State. Pennsylvania hat tho largest
number, 276.070. and Delaware the smal
lest, 9.229. The regular army, as at pres
ent established by law, should be 12,326, of.
fleers and pnvatts, though from desertions,
sickness, dc, the effective force is supposed
to be less than 9,000 men in all. The navy
consists of 7 ships of the line, 12 frigates,
27 sloops, brigs and -schooners, 14 steam
frigates ard steamers, and 5 store ships.
The total number of officers and men of all
descriptions, 8,415. v...
' Christian Religion in China." The
Annals of the Propagation of tho Faith,"
stales that the Emperor of China has issued
a decree by which the free exercise yf the
Christian Religion is permitted' throughout
the whole extent, of the Chinese .Empire.
This movement j ascribed. to 'he circum
stance that the EmperOr wai educated by i
Christian lady In whom hit father lad great
confidence. : ,
I have been but two days wholly tmonit
(he Germans, but 1 ' had previously met
many of them in England, Italy and Switz
erland. They are seen to the best advan
tage at home. Their uniform courtesy
(save in the detestable habft of smoking
where others cannot help being annoyed by
their fumes) indicates not merely good na
ture but genuine kindness of heart. . f have
not seen a Oerman outselling or scolding
any where , in Europo. The deference of
members of the sarnie family to etch other's
happiness hi cars, hotels and steamboats,
has that quiet, unconscious manner which
distinguishes a habit from holiday orna
ment. The entire absence of pretence, of
statellnesa, ol a desire to be thought a per
sonage and not a mere person, is scarcely
more universal n Switzerland than here.
But in fact I have found Aristocracy a chron
ic disease nowhere but in Great Britain. In
France, there is absolutely nothing of it ;
there are monarchists in that country mon
archists from tradition, from conviction,
from policy, ot from class interest but of
aristocracy scarcely a trace is left. Your
Parts boot-black will make you a low bow
in acknowledgement of a franc, but he has
not a irrce ot the abjectness of a London
waiter, and would evidently decline the hon
or of being staked by a Duke. In Italy,
there is little manhood but no class-worship;
her millions or beggars will not abase them
selves one whit lower before a Prince than
b"fir any ohh else from whom they hop?
to worm a copper. Tho Swiss ar freemen
and wear the (net unconsciously but pal pa.
bly on their brows and beaming from their
eyes. The Germans submit passively to
arbitrary power which iheV see not how sue'
cessfully to resist, but . they render to' rank
or ciiur ity no more homage than is neces
sary their souls ore still free. And their
manners evince a simplicity and frankness
might shame or at least instruct
An.ericu. On the Rhine", the steamboats ore
so sninll and shabby, - without state-rooms.
berth-rooms, or evert an upper deck that
the passengers are necessarily at nil limes
under each oilier s observation, and as the
ure is high, and twice as much in the main
ns mt' forward cabin, it may be fairly pre
"timed ilint among those who pay the high
r hni-rr nvti riit-to gt i ha nrtrnat olucooe.
i i itink'j m noiio Mt nip wjj iv.ni vingocn'
no mere laborers for wages. Yet in vthis
main cabin well dressed young ladies would
take out their home preptned dinner and eat
il 01 l',eir "tt n "on" ,'rn'' without seeking the
. .. 1 .
company ant countenance ol others, or
troubling themselves to see who wasobserv
ing. A Lowell factory girl would considt
ibis entirely nut of character, and a New
York miliinci would be shocked at the idea
The Germans are a patient, long-suff r
Ing race UI iheir Tortv millions outsidi
Austria, probablv less than an eighth at all
approve or even aequiesee in ihe despoiic
policy in which their rulers are leagued, and
which has rendered Germany for the pres'
ert a mere out post of Russia an uufinished
Po'und. These people are intelligent as
well as brave they see and feel, vet endure
and forbear. Perhaps their course is wiser
than that which hot impatience would
prompt nay, I believe it is. If thev ca
patiently suffer without losing heart until
trance shall have extricated hersolf irom
the toils of her treacherous misrulers, they
may then resume their rights almost without
a blow, And whenever a new 1848 shall
dawn upon them, they will- have learned lo
improve its opportunities and avoid ka weak
ness and blunders. Heaven' speed Its a us
picious coming ! Greeley11 ' Letter t in Trib
THE ART OF FLYING.
A Paris paper gives the following account
of a new flying machine:
At five minutes post four, three persons
got out of a cab. who proved to be M. d'Ar
ville and his two mechanics. His machine
with the wings was placed on the lop of the
carriage in two oak-wood boxes, After a
brief and friendly salutation, M. d'Arville
proceeded U unpack his instrument, the
several pieces of which were adjusted in less
than six minutes. He said to us, then:
"Gentlemen. I am about to make an experi
ment; do not be frightened nt what you may
see, hut suffer mo to remain master of my
own movements, without remarks." After
placing himse'f upon his folding-chair, (the
French term is fai,)hesaid, "I'm ready."
and immediately placing his feet on pedals
Nos. I and 6, raised himself majestically
into the air, in a perpendicular line. He
was furnished with n long packed-thread of
about one nundred metres, at the end ol
which he had tied a small leaden weight;
and in two iniautcs he was three hundred
feet above our heads.
Nothing could depict the astonishment,
or rather ihe terror, of all of us; i!iou shouts
and bravos broke forth, which were abso
lutely frantic. M. d'Arville, by thi- aid of
a speaking trumpet, then called to us, "I'm
going to make an oblique flight, and then a
continuous one." When, by a change of
the pedals, he directed himsell just as he
wished, without aid and eppuremly without
tho leasi danger.
After having run over a space about as
large as the Champ-de-Mors. M.uArville
let himself down at our feel, taking no more
time in .the descent than a sheet of paper
would take, it thrown Irom a window on i
culm day. ' , , ' .
The journalists of Paris express them
selves more than eatisfied with the expert
ment, and evidently write as if they con
sidered the art of flying no longer a problem.
The Weather and Cropjs. The cen
tral and eastern portions of the State have
been ol late, suffering from drouth, which
has injured tho corn crop seriously in some
places. The ravages of the poiatoe bug are
quito extensive. I he general report is that
the poiatoe crop promises wejl. We hear
of rot occasionally, but thus far the com
plaint is not general ; in many localities
they are pronounced exceedingly fine, and
it will be on era when we can get back to
the good old time, of sound potatoes. The
wheat crop in some portions of the west is
evidently a failure, especially in portions of
Indiana ami Wisconsin, j-run Is scarce,
except along the lake shore, and even there
apples are not very plenty. We hope ihey
will allow us to look upon some of their
good things at the State Fair Ohio Cul.
OCT The latest from Utah is to the 1st of
July. There had been no rain for six weeks,
yet vegetation was not suffering mueh.
Trade very dull, not money enough in the
country to buy the goods coming in. The
Indiana have stolen many cattle and horses.
Nut much emigration to California this year
through the Utah, territory. ' The ruins of
en aucivntcity hav been discovered, with
remains of earthenware, arrow-heads, burnt
rick, crucibles, flint stones, &o. The ru-
f were two miles long und ono widi).'
Highly Important from Cuba
ccm f Lwpez Defeat audi Desufe
f Gen. Enastf Anticipated Cap
tmr f Havana! f .: -
New Yoes, Sept. f.
The following highly important dispatch
was received from the Editor of the Sea
A Morning News, last night:
Savannah, September 1st 11 o'clock,
M. The schooner "."Merchant" arri ved
here to-day with intensely interesting and
highly encouraging news for the Patriots.
Since the . 13th ultimo, Lopez and his army
has encountered the Spaniards in several
contests, in all of which the latter had bees
deleated with a heavy loss. Un the 17th a
battle occurred in which Geoeral Enna,
Commandar-in-Chief of the Government
forces, was killed, together with a large num
ber of officers and men. &
Lopez is now marching upon Havana at
the head of an army of 1500 or 2000 men.
which is daily receiving large accessions
from the surrounding country. The Span
ish troops are completely discouraaed by
the frequent reverses which they have sus
tained. Gen. Enna was buried with great
pomp at Havana, on the 20th. Tho great
est excitement and consternation prevails
in that city, aa there were only 700 of the
troops there, - who cbuld offer 'but a feeble
Baltimore, September 1.
We have our mail from New Orleans to
night, having the latest intelligence. The
Picayune of the 24th ult: says, the Cuban
I iberators, of whom there are a large num
ber, have given the whole direction and
management of their affairs, in hands o
Gen. Felix Houston, who, in carrying out
their views, will take care not lo violate the
laws of this country. The TTaiAingon
Telegraph says that arrangements have
been made in the United States, for landing
5000 men in Cuba, in a short time under the
command of a distinguished leader, adding
that it could give all the details of the pro
ject, it politic I he ship Columbia, from
New York, which airived at Charleston on
Thursday, encountered a severe gale, du
ring which Mr. Kelly, chief mate, was
knocked overboard and drowned. Several
Hungarians left Montgomery, Alabama, on
Monday, to join Gen. Lopez.
Washington, Sepi. 2.
-The Secretary of the Treasury yeiter
day received dispatches from the Collector
at New Orleans stating that 2000 men were
waiting to embark for Cuba. The Collector
was informed in rep'y thai should these
men embark certain officers of the United
States at New Orleans would be held re
The Republic of this morning states that
the American Consul at Havana, after call
ing upon the Captain-General, complaining
of the firing upon the Falcon, the latter ex
pressed regret at the occurrence, and said
should not again occur. That it probably
happened because the Spanish vessel had
new commander who had recently come to
Havana, and did not know the Falcon.
Thomaston, Me., Aug. 29.
. The brig Grecian, Captain Gilchrist, ar
rived to-day from Savannah with the loss
of all her officers and crew, of yellow fe
ver. The Captain, the only survivor, was
alone with the crew five days, steering, cook
ing, dzc. . The vessel was also struck by
BLACK LAW OF INDIANA.
The following are the provisions forming
part of ihe new Constitution of Indiana
which were submitted to a separate vote
the recent election, and adopted as a part of
the instrument by a large majority:
Sec 1. No negro or mulatto shall come
into or seule in this State after the adoption
of this Jonstiiuiion.
' Sue. 2. All contracts made with any ne
gro or mulatto coming into this State con
trary to the foregoing section, shall be void;
and all persons who shall employ or other
wise encourage such negro or mulatto to
remain in the Stale, shall be fined in any
sum not less than ten dollars nor more than
five hundred dollars. -.
Sec. 3. All fines which may be collect
ed for a violation of the provisions of this
article, or any law which may hereafter bo
passed for the purpose of carrying the same
into execution, shall be set spun and appro
priated for the colonization of such negroes
and mulattoes. and their descendants, as
may be in the State at the adoption of this
Constitution, and may be willing to emigrate.
Sec. 4. The General Assembly shall
pass laws to carry out the provisions of this
Oregon Items We have Oregon papers
lo June 19th. .
- The Immigration by water this year is
Gold diggings have been discovered in
Oregon, and the miners are doing well.
. Steamers are multiplying on all navigable
A new saw-mill near a valuable pinery
will be started in a few day, and the best of
pi no lumber furnished.
The annual June rise in the Columbia
was just occurring, ond that river had risen
The papers are urging the rccutting of the
Immigrant road across the mountains, as it
-.l l-J 1 . l I
is DiucKea up oy lonan iimuor. -
A band of miners, returning to the Willa
mette Valley, had been attacked by a large
bond of Indians. The Indians were repulsed
with the loss of their chief and five or six
men. Gen. Lane and Gov. Gainea had both
repaired to the aeal of wnr. - .
Trouble is apprehended from the Snake
A Large County. The county of Los
Angelos in Colifornia extendi to the Colora
do, a distance of nearly three hundred miles
from the county seal. In square miles this
county is larger than ihj States or Massa
chusetts and Rhode Island combined, j .
Gen. Cass is s? id id be suffering from a
severe attack of fever and ogttc. ,'
' Notice.'' -N'- ,
The Free Democracy of Meigs county .
ill meet in Convention at Rutland, on
'hursdoy, the hh day of Sepiembir, at
10 o'clock, to make their usual county nom
inations fur ihe Fall Elections and transact
other important business. " " .
There will also be a Convention compil
ed of Delegates from, the counties of Meigs,
Gallia, Lawrence and Vinton, at tho same
time and place, to nominate a State Senator
Also, a Convention to nominate a Judge
for the District composed of the counties of
Athens, Meigs, Gallia" and Washington. :
By order of the Central Committee.
' M. G. TUCKERMAN, Sec'y.
HIRAM B. SMITH, of Meigs County.
WILLIAM ALEXANDER, of Letart.
' Probate Judge.
WILLIAM McABOY, of Salisbury .
Clerk of Court, ; '
EDWARD A. HILL, of Salisbury.
WAKEMAN SHERWOOD, of Chester.
. v GEORGE LEE, 6f Salisbury. :
GEORGE DUSKEY.of Suttwi.
LEVERETT S. CKOFOOT, of Salisbury.
On th 2d inst.,by the Rev. R, "Wilkinson, Mr.
Samukl Stxtisi to Miss Jans SwMNS(m,--al
of Meigs county.
POMEROY CATTLE MARKET.
rSICCS PAID FOR TH1 WICK IT W. JOACHIM, BUTCHER
Beef Cattle, No. 1 , gross weight, $ 1 .50.
Hogs, f 3.873.00
Sheep,' , . 1.37al.50
Coal Property for Sale
rrtHE SUBSCRIBER offers to sell his coal-lot
B ' lying adjoining the corporation line of the
town of Pomeroy, one-half mile from the mouth
of Kerr's run. Said lot comprises about 20 acres,
of which 16 acres are solid coal j plenty of tim
ber and stone, it is a good lot tor salt works,
and there is room for fifty salt wells. The Athena
road runs directly through it. The Coal land
can be bought for from SO to 76 dollars ner acre.;
There is good road and landing at tha river, A
bargain given if application be made anon. -
Pomeroy, Sept. 9, 1861. n46tf ' .
Pomeroy Select School.
ri MIE NEXT TERMOP THIS SCHOOL WILL
J commence on Momdat, the 8th day of Sep
Tuition per Quarter:
Reading, Writing, Elementary Geography
and Mental Arithmetic, - - - 83 00
Arithmetic, Geography, Grammar, Philos
ophy, Chemistry and Elementary Al
gebra, - - .... . 4 00
Book Keeping by Double Entry, Botany,
Astronomy, Ancient Geography and His
tory, Physiology and Geology, - 4 60
Rhetoric, Logic, Higher Mathematics and
the Greek and Latin Languages, - - 6 00
JAMES M. EVANS, Teacher.
Pomeroy, August 26, 1881. i. "--'
COPPER WORK I t
T Engine Builders and. olh'rs uii-rig
WE are prepared to manufactuie upon the
shortest notice and in the best manner
all kinds of Copper Work at Cincinnati prices,
RcnscNCES McAboy & Cutler, J. C. Depew,
R. C. Grant, Pomeroy; Mr. Jones, Middlenort;
Capt. Cooley, of steamlioat Ohio.
i SMITH & THOMPSON.
Pomeroy, August 26, 1861.
McINTOSH'S BALSAM Indian Squaw Root.
Said to be the best medicine ever offered to
the world for diseases of the lunge, chest or
Also Mcintosh's Cherry Cordial. Warranted
to cure Diarrhtta or Dysentery. For sale by
H. B. SMITH, Agent.
Ctrushcd Sugar. One Tierce for sale by
I H. B. SMITH.
Rock Salt 24 bags fine ground for sale by
. H. B. SMITH .
( hoeolate,Currants, Cheese, Chalk
waiting, ink, Washboards, etc., at
Putty constantly o hand and for sale by
H. B. SMITH.
THE BOOK HAS GONE TO PRESS.
HAVING finished the Book, we shall now turn
our attention entirely to the manufacture of
all kinds of
Saddles, Harness, Trunks, Saddle
pOr, in fact everything that is kept in a Saddler's
nop, inuntsauuieoown to pump sucker. Hav
ing been selling work for some time for the profit
of it, we now intend to sell for tbe fun of it.
Call and see us whether you want to buy or not,
for I am always at home on the west side of Court
street, one door above Reed Brotner's.
January 9. 1861. L. S. CKOFOOT. '
it. Regular Pomeroy and
y'Srfcffrf Portsmouth Semi-Weekly
aiMMMMja Packet VThe Steamer
"JOHN BRL'BAKER, mt, will make semi
weekly trips between Poiner&v and Portsmouth.
Leaves Pomeroy every Monday and Thursday,
at 7, o'clock, A. M.
Leaves Portsmouth every Tuesday and Friday,
at 10 o'clock, A. M.
tT The REVEILLE having been pure Based and
fitted up expressly for the Pomeroy and PorUTOWlltl
trade, will run regularly, leaving promptly at thu
above hours. All business entrusted to thin Hn.t
will receiva particular attention.
Pomeroy, August 26, 1861 m2. .
Sale of Lands in Partition.
BY virtue of aa order of the June term, 1861,
of the Court of Common pleas of Washing
ton county, Ohio, in a suit in partition of Wal
ter R. Danforth and others, against Charles F.
Tillinghast and others, I shall offer for sale at
the door of the Court house in Marietta, on Sat
urday the 4th day of October, 1861, between the
hours of 10 o'clock A. M and 12 o'clock, M.
the following described real estate vis: Town lot
No. 4S, in Marietta, appraised at 8)100. 3 acre
lot No. 1000, in range 8, towu 3, section 81, in
Washington county. Appraised at $50. 8 acre,
lot No. 147, in range 8, town 2, scotiun 81, in
Washington county, appraised at 1320. 160 acre
lot No. 1089 in range 11, town 8, sections 17 and
23 in Washington county. Appraised at 1640,
100 acre lot no 722, in range 16, town 1, settiona
23 and 28 in Lawrence county, appraised at
1600. (40 acre lot, No. 26, in range 11, town
2, section 26, in Meigs county.. Appraised at
1144. 262 acre lot, No. 25, in range 11, town
3, section 20, in Meigs county appraised at 1624,
Terms of sale: One third on the day of sale,
one tnird in one year, and the remaining third in
twe years, with interest from the day of sale.
JESSE H1LDERBRAND. a. w.c.
Marietta, Aug. 20th, 1861.
KALSTON & STIVERS
TjfOULD INFORM their friends that they
. 7 '. thc fire' and nw hold
ing forth at their Warehouse on Second street,
where they arc receiving a fresh stock of GOODS,
to whioh they invite the attention of their meads
It may not be necessary to remind thoss indebted
to us that this is a great time of need, as all are
acquainted with our misfortune. "A word to the
wise is sufficient."
lAjffinVl8ll n28tf. f ' .
A NW Milch Cow for sale. Enquire of
August 12, 1351.
REED dt BROTHER,
;, ' ,
mttt P, J
K C I
t . 'i
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