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,:ll,t S, i fit iU- '. I ' '! "-I'l-
f (l tit -M.'O W ri t' '
i on (.-, , v, vi ,
-;-d ar-( oiil.iii'
l.tU i'5 Ihii,,
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tv 111 ! 1
M it. 'f. VAN' HORN.
..vl'OMEltOy, ; TUESDAY
bu extcultd witli i:
,Mi)II8IIOP iUGIli:ri ""- i
The cyynionj an.l tauntnsi if ArcnliKRop
tloHBS 8fa ut us obj -ois of (Jeep soHeliU'la
Wnnu ih-v mtvr itnilaniwilu nffni a
1 Velfar of,j)iif coudUV and ihe progress ol
ihe Mumart itace.i. ,His ecclesUsMgal posl
i i06n:: national oriclnJtis nVrs nn! abili
J ties and ,uai,"hfc ComblritiH give him a
Sjitruual vr amoTii; Us creator ilmaaliai
;.f .,li,..i;,;:. .ii Fil,J ; ilj
HIIJ Ulllul IIVIII lll'lll. , lllil IIIU VtllJ
'fiat wliioK Could laktt llfiy iIiolwhihI children
. out of our common schols and kertrhom
inut tviih many thousands more, for niuiujcfi
.'inite period to coiin. Jig has pnwer .10 re
'kindle the fire-uf Theological: raBOwf iitrihnp
our people, such ok have hitherto "raged jh
. aiimii nmtni 1.B lnr.o mill lAit'.li ti itniri
to regard (ho residue as enomiDS 10 bo 'vun
(U is had a ol put dowirtoGdaao'ttt' h'1rdl
vern conyiciiune (reap fMg Gol. RiiVofatrW,
s n d t otr u I ,m riJJEii; i:c. 7? Kj 10 wj Ji is
"power 'griwl. vv-e'Hre. inost uiixius to
ace ii exerted on tho oidn of absoluto rul.ig
iouw freedom Ohd-'uirivl;rWl ediicaititii. U
otir solicitude unnutiirul ? And espuciully
when wu see otliori) propounding in tli:
name uf Cu'tholicity duotrinus which suom
q calonUted to inflaiho-' obsiract Tlieo--logical
diffiirnces into avive '(versbnttl' und
iintional hatreils. and practically , dtrprivo
.millions of thu blessings of e.lucaii in, is it
jnrangii that we should anxttmsly wish ti
hi-nr hUjMtteniiBl voice r,iis 'U im sid.Mif
Pence. Knowlndgn and Liberty ? At lungth
Jft breaks, ..iiilttncH, and . his words, though
wiser and moru guardud than these we have
lately heard and deplored, seem 10 indicate
ui.leasi a decided leiinngio tlio si do which
.iippt-nrn 10 un wrmiK auu prrnii.1 mis.
frankly express the rt'groiiwe cannot but
fjiul at that leaning; and this the Hisli p
Vepreseriis as' evincing a ' dis-posiiiun i
aliridgu his libjrty or int.-rfura with the ex
pression of his opinions! We cerminl
did not so intend it.
l T. "That; we differ with the Bishop on cer
tain joints of Religious Faith, is quite true;
but wo have no wislt to abridge his liberty
on that account. Whether in this ciuntry
r in Europe, in n Country traditionally
Catholic or Protesiuni, without the least re
gard to existing institutions .or prejudices,
we hold his right 10 Civil and Religious
Freedom as precious ns our own. Whedt
er he chance for the time to be in New
York, in Paris, Rome. Calcutta or Pekin.
we insist on his natural and moral right t-
Worship God according to his own convic
tions of Right and Duty, or to refrain from
worshipping al ail without Jesponsibiliiy
tb.crefor to any earthly tribunal. The Rights
of Conscience are to us beforo institutions;
tbey trunscund the proper sphere of Civil
Uovernniont and itlunicipal Police
..epuUncah-LifJeny with pulling
"'GJd'Biid tfio Devil truth and falsehood.
WTh laniii te'vel," lie surely misconceives
t'lnt avKtem. ' What we hold is that the be
fou and nature of God, tlis attributes and
ills requisitions, are themes above the Suhero
and supervision of the Stmt, and cannot
properly bo rnodo the subject of inquisition
and discipline by civil magistrates and tip-,
Mavrs. We do not (asking the Archbish
. op'd pardon) deny to God the right 10 im
pose nn Man any obligation whatever; but
we deny to man tlvi rilil to determine for
mlicrs what obligations to acknowledge and
worship Ilim God lias or has not impostd.
In not the difference between our position
ami that assigned us by the Archbishop a
very jdain one I '
II. The Archbishop, as we wcro quite
sure, is in favor of Civil and Religious Lib
ertywith a difference. He does 1.01 think
the Sovereign Pontiff "forced to throw his
States open for ihe r aching of every form
of Protestantism and InfiJuliiy." , Lei us
think of this: '
There arc at all times in the Roman
States, especially in their Metropolis, a con
siderable number of educated, serious-minded,
enlightened Proiomants, to whom their
Religion and its ministrations are very pre
cious.. There is probubly no time when
these are not liuudreds, while they some
limes amount (we think) 10 thousands ; but
th number is immaterial, since the Rights
of Conscience are not dependent on num
bers. Among these are several eminent
Protestant Clergymen who would gludly
min'tMeno the spiritual needs of their fellow
believers, if that were allowed ; b it it is not.
Let those Proieslunis hire, or buyi or even,
build", a. suitable edifice and proceed ih rein,
evoii in a language wholly .unintelligible to
the Roman people, to worship God and
learn His will according to their own con
victions bf Truth and Duty, and tho Pope's
police n nd soldiers would be down upon them
directly, to break up their meeting, and
probably convey its leading members to pris
on. Is this 'Civil and Religious Liberty V
The Archbishop plaint v deems it consist-
eftt with that kind of it whereof he is "a
f . friend," nnd which tie considers a great deal
, -- better than ours. The two kinds certainly
t are in no danger of being confounded
4' When the Archbishop speaks of the Pope's
1 being required to ''encourage opposition to
H that Religion," (the Catholic,) he combats
t omwhinf which we never propounded.
- We desire bun neither to "encourage n r
i iicourago the religion of men whose faiths
V-- (differ from nis own, but 10 let them alone,
, Wc cannot see what he rightfully has to do
1 i wjih them, Pontiff, his legitimate rule
is over Catholics, not unbelievers. Asteiii
T. 1 1 porul Prince, liis power is over the bodies
of men, not their soul,. In tiiher capacity,
, i. his suppression of Protestant worship by
force seems to us a gross and baneful usur
HI. We do not base the right of ull men
to Bo'igious Freedom on any such frail
foundation as the toleration of Catholics by
Protestants.- Protea ui nis have often perse
cmed.'and in somu countries' Hill persocute
fur Faith's sske, not only Catholics but each
uiner.1 " Our position assumes that all Pefse
million it wrong, whether perpetrated ',' by
Catholics or Protestants ; and that no in
stance of it is to bo justified by ever so many
tuners. . If every Protestant country were
intoUrant, persecution would be no less
wrong in Catholics than ll now is; and if
. every (Juholic date were persecuting we
should nevertheless insist, oil the absolute
Right of every 'Catholic to' Uelfginus Free
dom -here,1' and' every v.here,u' VV o do hot
seek 10 ciist out devlU Irv KeZ 'bub, rfr to
repress rtrsecuiion-nrt orsei'unun. ,wc
iranily ap!rove'iKe pt-'rfect Refigi'ju- ttlsg
doni comeinplaiedty oiir Federal CtTn'siiiii
tin,'notbecausg It is more, favorablu' t6 our
si do' than any- other attainable system not
primarily because it Is the luw ol thu land
ndt because other. Nations liftve or, Kave it A
a'likU sy$ieni-bui:becttuse We , hid, it Ji'
tririsicall)'. eU'Vnany.'RiOHTi u'nd 'Ci ' only
sysinrrt coustiha'nt' wUlr'lbe''grearihAip1es
pf Civil artd Rofigjiin Freedom1 , j, .'"''''. V
' 1 Vr. Tlie liic't falks bf ihos who 'make a
solitude, and' dull U. jeAe.v HV'o'jftavo
lately read the' Pofid's official 'coii'grn'j.'tfjititin
of the'Iloly Cdngrfcatwfi'' on Vliottbsoluiu
ptohibflibri ' f ''Spiiii ( not1 RVimeY of any
biher-nvorshU ih'fth 'iHij fcuifioltc. 0Now'lh
id( frdicHiltibr'Ano:4eV'or,)t a
kriiiwledgifor itri)h'g'i()r'csuihp!ion ftV asm ;
ono would comihft tli'iil uci- of 'uilulgi in
mat practice in inu aosence 01 inn interuici.
We know how Sprain whs purged 'of 'her'tay
and scliism by the racks uhd duiige ins of the
luiui.sitii)ii j wu.Uy pot. hear. .iWj. lief , new
coinlinct 'with'Rume is' to be executed ; sure
ly it cannot weaken thu right, of uiiy one
Protestant' to worship God as to him seems
just thai the great mass of his fellow-believ
ers have been compelled 10 leav" the coun
try, as were the Pruiestanis of France upon
1 It a. Revocation of the Edict of Nantz. or to
ubjiiro or Jie for their ; Faith, as were the
Heretics of Spain under the workings of the
Inquisition. We cannot perceive 'that a
man's right 10 worship God as to him shall
kiiiii fit itt nl nil .flmiMnrtpnfr fin lll niinihir
- j til mio umi 1 niijr utile vuiiiij miu mujr
liiippuit to share his convictions.
V. We certainly have not intended to
uut suspicion on the Archbishop's loyalty
as a citizen of the Unitod Stutes. We ac
cept without question his own assurances on
this head. That he fully believi-s the Re
publican form of Government bestor the
United Stales, we need no assur nice but
his own, Yd ho does seem to us not 10
accept and plant himself on those principles
which lie at the basj of Republican insiitti
tions. To .'.eo a Republic based on Univer
sal Suffrage overthrown bv Foreign bayonets
and a despotism established it its sieud ex
ciu s no indignation or abhorrence on bis
part. Of course, we cannot sue how he
coud assent to the great truths embodied in
the immortal Preamble to our Declaration of
independence concerning the- inalienable
rights of all men. That his Republicanism,
liku his devotion to Civil and Religious Lib
erty, is preferable to ours in the eyes of
thusii who agree with him, we do not dis
pute; we mean no offense when we soy that
they differ from ours, and that we could not
his prlli8e8. '. & .
VI. We are quite willing to leave to Time
the decision between our view uf the char
acter and career of Kossuth and that of the
Archbishop, and we feel so fortified in our
conviction trial we let the Archbishop s
sintemeiu of the case pass without remark.
Wo leel confident that almost any of us
have inoro reuson to dread being written
down a 'humbug' by Histor than Louis
VII. We do not hold the Archbishop ac
countable for everything that appears in The
b ree man $ Journal. We accept his own
explanation on that point. But that Jjur-
nal speaks 111 the name of Catholics and
Catholicity, and it is bitter and unsparing in
its warfare on the adversaries or Despotism
in Europe and on the supporters of the
Common School system here. In an article
opposing our Free School iuw last year, the
bdttor said of its prospective repeal : , ,
"It will not do away with the iniquitous and
prodigal system of free schools, as now by law
established, in this City. But it will at leastgive
us hope that if the people of the State shall be
delivered from this odious tax, "the people of this
City will soon follow in demanding , freedom
from schools that are a moral nuisance, and have
no kind of claim on the confidence of the pub
lic,-- wc, ac.
Now we did think that, as this 'Freeman's
Journni' is openly advenised as 'the' organ of
Archbishop Hughes, and weekly speaks as
wuh authority, in behalf of Catholic Fuitii
and Principles, it behoved the Archbishop
to let the publie know how fiir its potent par
tisanship of Nicholas, Meiternich and Ha
nau in Lurope and Its hostility to Common
Schools here, met his approbation. Was
this unreasonable I
VIII. The Archbishop is an advocate not
only of Civil and Religious Liberty but of
Universal Education, though in neither case
after our pattern. ' Ue would have Religion
form a part of every child's education.
Very good we concur in that view. But it
is one tiling to assume that each child should
be taught Religion, and quite another to
maintain that Religious dogmas should be
taught in common schools. We desire and
intend that our own children shall bd taught
ue.igton; we do not desire that it shall be
taught them in Common Shools. For this
weshall take them to Church, to Sunday
School i'td Bible Class,'or wherever else tli'iy
may be taught by those who we brieve wi I
teach them Divine Truth in its purity; while
for the acquisition of Reading, Writing.
Arithmetic, &c, we shull send them to
Common or secular Schools. Why is not
this distinction a natural and just one ? How
can a man 60 wise as the Archbishop speak
of our Common School System as "not coi
.cutated to meet thu requirements which
Catholic parents, al least, are bound to fill-
' fill toward their Catholic offspring V Why
Rev. Sir I it never pretended to do any such
thing." Yoir mlght as well objjet that it does
not wash, dress and Vaccinate the in. You
and your Clergy are expected, by 'CatholicJ
parents, and they think divinely commis
sioned, - to teach their children Religion
Why should you find fuult with the Schools
for their own proper work and not atteinp
ting yours 1 -How, ihen, can you : usj . such
language as tins I
"It may suit other denominations to hare their
children brought up without any admixture of
Religious teaching in their education, but it does
not suit us." . .
, No, Sir 1 It does not suit 'other denom
inations' to have their children "reared In
ignorance of God ind His laws, and you
onghl not o ln'tii'nhte iriat It does. But 'they
dn tiot b'elfeve tt.isV ihetHmkTr'eH'Vnipii'be
IrWl tgliittal ' reared- M-causV'tlley :' o,fu riot
mughi Religious' 'dogirtps' fn'Mn'omirion
ehot4s:( rTheyT6xpecf'io'ieacfi i'thcrtl Divine
Tf uthi m' t-nrf ihcrn8elves';ani look to thoir
fn.. i.t ..i.-.i..i. c.t.:.' i. . .t.;.:.
Religitins'jlfnb'wlHdge.' They' ho' niore be
lie'vd'(Bach'tldreh' niu'st be 'Vttred' irrylig
IdlKlv 'Because1 "Chrisiia'n Doi-?ri'n' is not
taitglit iiV'tliii :Coin)'non; Sellouts that 'ttiey
rnust'griW Vr? 9it)ked 1 burtiDiseihej? blothes
arJ'Ot lrilid.i''ih'eTtf , br iuorapl of. Giiogrft
irliV because It is : not '' taught thein !bjf the
(idtifrf tenche? who gives them lessons ,in
thev were a
en faith;' when that Wared tbrfaTilii cae',
tbt'irbkrecliwow'we'ro ruM'oSihW'ttf fonln'to
disuse ttrnVSt'lKlhls. Tha"Sch'ooTs thenV
selves Weill 6ri tts'beforo, Conforming stilf to
the cenrrul principle of teaching whatever
the entire community agreed in dooming
essential Truth nnd nothing more.' ' '".' "
The Archbishop would socin to prefer
that V-' ''' " ' " ; 1
the religious' influences of the least' desirable
sect of professing Christians in the land should
be put in the Common Schools, than that all Chris
tianity, under the pretence of excluding sectari
anism, should be eliminated." , . .: j
As wa underst .nd the matter,: the Arch
bishop's course has not been consistent witli
ihis expression of preference, Twelve, or
fifteen yeurs agu, our Common Schools were
very nearly on th 1 basis here suggested, by
tho Archbishop. The Bible (King Jam a's
Version) was regularly read in tt.em, and
ertatn not very tangible but none thd less
real 'religous influences", were prevalent
therein, which to our mind seemed those of
Orthodox . Protestantism. Bishop. Hughes
led a formidable crusade againM those "in
fluences," and we were among bis followers
in the onset. . We thought, then, and still
think, thai those "rtligious influeno s" wore
unjust 10 Cathoitcs and to what are t rmeJ
Liberal Christians, as well as unbelievers in
Revelation. We fought th 'in together un
til the Publio School Monopoly was over
thrown, tho Ward School system established
whereof the basis (as wu understood and
still unierstand) was the non-i iculcution of
any dogmatic theology whatever. We can
not be misiak- n in atlirtning thai Bishop
Hughes saw the bill that was passed beforo
it was submitted to the Legislature, and that
it recived his approbation not as tho meas
ure tie would choose 10 have, but ns deci
dedly prsfered by him to the system it was
intended to supplant. It certainly had the
support in both Houses of those who deemed
the Catholic grievances real and were anx
ious 10 remove thern. , And now we under-
sijjiihrcjjjjifihop to maintain in sub- ,
stance thai trie now or Ward School system
established, by the act of , J 842 is-decidedly
more objectionable in his view than thai o-
ver which it triumphed I lfthis be the fact,
we marvel that his influence was not thrown
against iha change when made rather than
in its favor. We are still willing to advo
cate any admissable change which bids fuir
secure a fuller attendance of Catholic chil
dren and a heartier cooperat on of their
Clergy, but our hopes of rendering any prac
ticable Common School system acceptable
to the Archbishop , are not so sanguine as
they have boon. : v
IX. We assure the Archbishop that,
however strops'y we may be obliged to dis
sent from some of his opioions, we huve no
thought ofcensuring him for thoir utterance
On thu contrary, wo wish he would mora
Irequuntly communicate .with the public on
the important themes whereon we have the
misfortune to differ from him ; we would
have all conflicting opinions on such grave
topics thoroughly sunned and ventilated ;
and wuussure him that ho need not tuke the
trouble of sending his strictures by The Tri
bune office to Wull-streci in order to secure
their publicity. . We stand at all times ready
10 render hospitality to his convictions and
reasons for our own. H. a.
, KOSSUTH AND TUB BIBL13.
Al Lundon, Kossuth was presented witli
a large German Bible, by Mr. Charles Reed,
on beiiatf of a number of British ladies.
On rccoivinj it hi siid:
"I thank you. I take ii for no merit of
my life that I am a religious man; not for
any merit of mine, bui because it is a ne
cessity to every honest and thinking man;
and because it is the mosf rich and fruitful
source of iriose sentiments' and those feel
ings which lead to happiness in ihis world
and bliss in the world to come. I shall val
ue it because I take religion to be tho most
rich source of that consolation which' I have
wunied so often in, my life. Boing a reli
gious man, and because re'igious, as well as
an enemy to superstition, intolerance, nna
funnticism, us on the other linnu, ine inenu
of freedom, I readily confess thai it is from
ihis great book that 1 have learned tho prin
ciple bf loviiig my neighbor as myself, and
8tronih and courase to net in the great
cause which has always been ihe guide of
my liic. Judge from ihis how I pnzi tins
glfi presenied to mo on the part of some la
dies, and of which a copy was also present
ed by nn honorable working man to my wife
at Winchester This, sir, will remain as
the choxest gift I have received.
M. Kossuth here alluded to the interesting
fact that at Winchester a working man came up
to the carriage door and presented a Hible to
Madame Kossuth, aud disappeared so rapidly that
she could neither recognize, the honest donor or
tender any acknowledgment.
OT A celebrated 'divine, who was re
markable, In the first period of his ministry
for n boisterous mode of pre'uehing, sudden
ly chanced his whole manner in the pulpit
and adopted a mild and dispussloned mode
o delivery. . One of his brethren observing
It, Inquired of him ' what had induced him
lu make the change. He ar.iwered," when
I was young, 1' thought It ' was the : thunder
that killed thepuople ; but when I grew wl
ser, I di-covored that it was the lightning ;
s i 1 determined in future to thunder Mess
and lightning more, '
'9 vThe;PiSiileof New-Engldnd'V(or'some
b'tHeffi) usi-tl lo (ettc'h Uiigiiitaile '' Tlieo1by
in eimiinorl scH'uots wtiiFeHhev'tvl're 'alt, of
, -I THE fcANDOLPil
:.M"1-1 '' 'fc nATO'
! 'Joai Random1!! ofRbV"'
ted Ameican orator, was 00
of June; 1773, on a f romoi.
pomatos river, commandin
and noble prospscifwood,
fiear lis' moUiriV In Prince
yirgliytt, , Ki ,v, ,
. 1 His .father's name -waSnJ
also, his moihers's wasFrnni
dled';Vn:,l7?5,! 'agrd i;34-
36. . i
-w Jjilin.Kandyrph.j ,tha Juir
brothers,' Richard Randolp
dotplt nd Rayland Randotj
the sops of Richard, RanJoV
I I,...'. ,0, n, .i..U .j.v
, , Riphad: Randolph eT Cxirl e
bis own industry and econom , ,
lylng on )hi)
and acres of the choicest land,
James,' Appomatox Roanoke . dvtrsTwhicIl
ho devised among his four son.J. dic ijh
1742. '' jie was the ion onOoLWifliau
Dn.iii. ? :'-.
Col. William Randolph wi a!c
ma live 'of
Yorkshire, England, and waf tho first oiie
of ihe. Randolph namewhoj efnigraied 1p
Virginia. . ,,, ,;, if ? . .,.;'-.. .
He settled on. Turkey , Iaiand,! Sudriljos
buried there. His death wis in the 'year
( i-T . i"
17li; ' He was the father ofiseven "sons and
two daughters, -tthq bocametthe progqnjtprs
of a wide spread and nuinirous ace, em
bracing many of the irjosL,.disiu)guished
names in Virginia history, i 5-' ' ' "xw-
Richard Randolph of Cir'Ies above ha-j
tiled, married Jane Boiling, ihe duugbtbr of
John Boiling, who was sort of Robert Boi
ling and June Relfe his wifi Jane Rolfe
v. 08 the grand daughter of ocaribriiqsi ihe
beautiful Indian Princess, diiuahierW King
t-ov, naiun , , ., , ,;, w;
A ponruit of Richard Ru'jdolplip'wifu ia
still existing. Nore of the ndian! complex.
ion can be traced in her 'countenance.? ' An
erect, firm position, and snu ire bruad shout-
ders, are the only indicatiufof fadiun de
scent. The face, as repress iled by' tho nor-.
trait, is decidedly hnnr'soi e;" a'lofty," rex
panded,'aw'eir marked for icoJi firm, dis
tended nostrils, cornpresse; lips'. And steady,
eye.. Uno cannot fail to tia jb sinking: re
semblance between this I. !y ih'e ""grand
daughter of Pocahontas',, rand-dalgbie'r) .
on. .,. . . , , .....
John Randolph, , of Roanoke was thus
the sixth descent from an aboriginal ances
tress, and had therefore Indian blood In his
veins. Garland's Life of Randolph.
DRESS OF TUB WOME.f OF LIMA.
The dress of the women of Lima is as
singular as ii is graceful. The skirt, which
is generally of black silk or satin, and made
very full, is gathered in ihe waist at the
buck in innumerable plaits, which there act
the part of a "bustle." To tho waistband
behirjd is attached the nianto, asorl of hood,
made of a fabric something like thin black
crape. This hood is just large enough to
come over the head, tuke in ihe lefi shoul
der arm, and a portion of the right shoul
der; the left arm is carried across the body
and supportr the tight elbow, while the right
bond draws the from of iho veil, or manto,
tiglit'y over the fuce, so as to leave only one
eye , exposed., And those one eyes! oh,
dear I such lurge, coul black, lustrous, beau
tiful eyes would require a ship-load of poets
to dcsciibo them properly. . And then the
hands and feet nf those beautiful Limenas
are delicately small, almost to a fault.
Their figures ore ihe most graceful imagina
ble ( not having yet taken to those accursed
suicidal, affairs, stays), and a queen might
onvy their walk.. In addition to these things
the Limcna never considers herself dressed
unless she has flesh colored silk Blockings
and white satin shoes: und. those extrava
gances may well be indulged in a town such
as this, where no mud ot dirt, except around
the fountains or near ihe water courses,, is
ever seen. Whutev'er may be the rank of
the fair, or raihor ihe dark ono for they ure
all rather dark she Will huve the aforesaid
shoes and stockings, or none at ull. I have
seen a woman going to mass with a shirt
and manto in rags; but she had, neverthc
less! her white satin shoes and flesh-colored
stockings, and stepped, or rather glided,
along, as gracefully as the rest. In fuel,
ihe women old and young, rich and poor,
glido along with the eloquence of. fairies.
Many a gay Lothario has followed iho steps
of a woman, thinking, from her walk and
figure, that sho must bo a fiouri nt least, and
after a lung fugging wulk through ull manner
of streets, under a blitzing sun, has seen his
charmer turn into perhaps eouie little' dirty
houso, where, releasing her manto, she dis
closed her face, and the horrified swain dis
covered he had been , following a woilian
old enough to be his grandmother, ana per
haps a negress into the burgain.- i?eco(7ec
lee'lons of a Ramble from Sidney to South
ampton. ' ' s " ' ' '.'
' - -r ; :. - ; ' '
A great lie says the poet Crabbe, ' like
a great fish on dry lend it may fret and
tnuke a frightful bother, but ii rannot bun
you'. You have only to kop still, and
will dio of'itsejf.' ' :;. ,;' '. ' "
: u, be
,; !i i iiiany
lie el of
c'ii cula. . "
'f:e.!t v- V:i
-si eve v
1 is no
j ii .01-
pun (1 1
v-,. a. hi v w i' W Cfji'isj I ic b' evj
er.tefspij,jshoMldt. bs on iheir guprd, iidii
is, jOnt!, which s io often: guarded igninsl-r
)Yfi I mfajvilieiisbuflgrfif t.vi nUu"., for roi J
boois; pr,- nitons, i ,-A, change is iofieinmsJc
from thick'. to -thin Soled shots,'' .viltliiiai rft
fleet I pg on tio; con'Sequqnce thftei might en
suo,v -.vlij cold,' yuuihtf , b4ets,'rid;: sboei
raadaipgond,, Jljj-jli- -thPA:ihtrA'..elvs
a.od )ippeis.. sjiqald Wwpft'byifllLi.; SYmt
lights are' vj' gqod if itteyr. are aiWghts
also; Inditj (ubbef ov'aloes. should h.over be
worn except. I ih wet,' splashy - wciiftlierpand
then not. very long .nt once, ,' It is hurtful to
ihe feel to fwearanv covering that is air-tight
over them,, aad Jor. this reuson India rubber
shoulij bo trorn as soldom as possible.,;' No
pari tf the Cody should be nlloned to have a
covering that entiejy obstructs ihe passago
of , trie carbonic'gas fr nn , ihg poros of 'iho
skin outwards, and iho moderate passagu of
air inwards to ihe skjn, : LuVcai bj do-
siroyed in( a v?ry short ,nfJj g3f .entirely
closind op the pores f ihe , skl.k "' G fod,
warm stockings nnl lhiok-s Ved, boon and,
sliooiire conservative of .rii itlifi, mid cons ;
quently, of human ,happin.-ss.-" Scientific
: l, -fi.'.lt :t.illi.i.v.M, ..ii-ii.,.
American. . ... j ., : ,. ,
rAKGI'T-SIIOUTINli IN SWITZERLAND
: A correspondent of the Presbytci inn writes
II1U (IUOI -WIIV' a. , . , V , .,;' Ii.; 1-1(1
At the tinie of our visi., Geneva was keep.
ing a gala timt of ie.n'fduys, . and we. won-
lefcq at, the arches, soldiery,--mutc, una
numberless flags which almost obstructed
ily; fospcct,.adji ilieihuusands of visitors
chiefly in ihe varying costume of the can
tons from all parts of Switzerland. Ii was
ihe famous Tir Federal, or national stiooi-ing-mutch.'
Our host reckoned the stran-
ccrs at thirty thousand. Thu number of
targets was fifty-fm ; and the crack of many
rifles at once was heard during some hours
more 'than a week. ' Perhaps ten thousand
shots were made in a day. I he prizes
amounted to about thirty-five thousand dol
ors, chiefly plate for ihe tabic; but the main
main prize was a bag of California gold. It
was carried by a watch-maker, near Noufchu
tel. An English nobleman is said tu have
put twenty bulls In or near ihe contre thu
first day. An American, known to ine,
lodged a very good specimen of western
skill. The town was alive; a panorama of
Swiss people, dfess, and manners. Five
thousand could sit under one roof at dinner,
in a beautiful modern building, erected in
full view of Mount Blanc; the actual number
dining on one day was three thousand. As
steamboats came in with fresh deputations,
there were welcomes, speeches, vin d'hon
neur, and processions. The Tir Federal
plainly moved -all Switzerland. Among this
multitude, I saw only one or two porons in
liquor; and the good order wns apparently
PiCKLtNO MBAT.--Prof. -Refiensque , de
nounces tho use of saltpeter in brine inten
ded for the preservation of flesh" tp be kept
(or food. That part of sultpeter which, is
absorbed by the meat, he says, is nitric acid
or aquafortis, a deadly poison. Animal flesh
previous to the addition 01 pickle, consists
of gelatinous and fibrous substances, the
former only possessing a nutritious virtue;
the gelatine is destroyed by the chemical
action of salt and saltpeter, and. as the pro
fessor remarks, the meat becomes as differ
ent a substance from what it should be, . as
leather is from the raw hide before it is sub
jected to the process of tanning. He ascri
bed to the pernictous enects ot iho chemical
change, all the diseases which are common
10 mariners and others who subsist princi
cipally upon salted meat such as scurvy,
soro gums, decayed teeth, ulcers, &c, and
advised a total abandonment ol the use ol
saltpetre in the making of pickle for beef,
pork, &c, the best substitute lor wmciv is,
he says, sugar, a small quantity rendering
iho meat sweeter, more wholesome, and c
qually as durable,
Worth Knowixq A young lady of this
city, says the Philadelphia Post, whilj in
the country some years ago, steppe J on a
rustv nuil. which ran ilirouch her shoe aud
fool, ihe inhumation and pain wero ol
course very great, und lock jaw was uppre
hended. A mend uf the Jam'ly, however.
recommended the application ol a beet, la
ken fresh from the garden, and pounded
fine to the wound. It was done, and the ef
fect was very beneficial, S ion iho Ihfl.unv
lion began to subside, nn I by keep ng 011 th
crushed beet, changing it fur u fresh ono as
Its virtue seemed n become impaired, a
spoeiy cure was efX cted. Simple but ef
fectual remedies like ihis shiiytd. bt" known
, bv . every body, ' " ' . '
i! teri.it V,
ri n rr
1IK0 ; :ii'
no 11 11 e.'iutoiis ui
jest a fiorvlcctiUe, nnd uio truth just as
.e'i;t.:J: ,. - ' ;- "l',""' V'v'"'
j.mr . Then- are
, a ii h-rV-i in
is I'm, 'iiihhitig a li-hii-J,iiiii,
. h e' K . tho.st'
',i'V lee iii'. the
p; 1. 1' l.eri.s ,ji,
II. I I IS I k1 .1,111!
M e ioeio'll ! V al
lew finiilifs,' wc- ifimjpni
which li;vo is not abused' t
eerice for 1 1 1- - )m-iv sh. A
or brother v, ,.f sp -k Imr
whom he loves ihe l,
s curit'v of love ;u id I'uiiniv
lioiO gi.iiii!:; Ii
thai a iiriM w i
lime's 10 he;
i!V" otl r I- '
i head lire
SiSler. Ivl I he H'onllf lo
'eei) n. Iuv iii.'l v.ei.'iis
' ! ;- '.i.it the ho!i si a;J i:ii.,n oi
s i ,; ; , Vi) o he t v--i,ket' (.-..nee-
raanlFMMtfil Uf sooiMiyV.qiiil't'nat a i;Vifi'ifsu5
aUyja i.nd;.btuJJir, iho kii.J, sr pnlbenv.il
life .to ilfy not bfloiigj'ng'io, hji?r uvi,hius;
hold; ' 'Tilings , oiiulii' not' .'m' be.; (';Tli.;
miin'wlio.'bi'ca'tiso Ir1 Will Yifli'' b.f 'r. s-eiiteJ,
inflicts his spleen and 6ad tfMiip mjioii lhisii
pf:his;heiiwh stt;iit?i is, siAiiUl VowaKl.ind
u very .mean mun. i K,n,t .worlsVe!,i),'i,v'ir-.
fculoiliig jiiiediurn' buiweVn g"iivleineii
and triid (adies at 1b neiiiid. tip polish, ex
bihit'ud , in : society' caii, Vlnn f ir lim . harsii
luiiguugo-i andidisM-sp Kufj.1 ' ireiiloi nt5 (od
tifierj indulg.ed. in itAeen :thour,bo .n I to
gether by God's own ties 'iif bl'.t.id. uiitl the
siht nitre sacrt-3 boiids oJ Vciii'ij'ig'nl 4ove-
Panther Killkd. During thj lain snow
storm, a large and ferocious lonking Cougiir.
ur. American Putuhur, was: killed near Sa
varvah, in this coimty, by E i D.iiunt.. Ii
was brought iiito town m Fritlnv Ian. and
attracted mantle titipmion. It Is sni I to have
benn one ol'she- finest of its specicfitncaiv
tjrtng near eighi feel in length. (tlio' biioys"
Bay it measured a few inebes longer one
way than it did the oih r ,!) and we ghing
130 pounds. W turn disc.ovi re.l ' in Ji s re
treat." undef'.a ledjio of focks.' hi' ilgorship
muniftRind some slioW of b uile ; but oiug
IkiraiVu.was bound to huve his gamo,' and
making his way up to within a ..few steps of.
the enemy, gave him u shut in tliu head that,
killed htm alm.fet instantly. : .
Some throo'yenrs since,' a similar .animal
was discovered in - the same; region;- and
6igna'',of them;havo trequently bijei re
ported, ' The tracks 6j ttiiotbur. it is jsuid,
Hayij'been seen, and the boys are'proiiiisiiig
themselves Jtomeua soon as : suifipieiii snow
fulls in enable them to track him into his re
ireni. We can be found in town on thai
occasioiHno misloke IJ . . Just; think- of , ii
Panthers. yet . among - the ,"IIucklobury
Knobs!" . Verily, wo ore not' out "of iho
Thk Gmape in Ohio. In Cincinnati ai.d
neighborhood, not less than one thousmd
acres of land are devoted to. the culturd of
the grape for making wine. A writer in the
newspapers says, that on a vi.-it 10 Mr.
Longwonh, he saw 75.000 bottles of spark
ling Cutuwaba. and about 40,000 gallons of
winefn c.tskj. varying from 40 to SO gallons
in each.'. His cellar is 120 f et long. 40
feet wide, and 40 feet deep ; and il is the
intention of the owner to fncreoso it 10 dou
ble the size during tho coming Spring. Be
sides Mr. Longwonh, 'there aro many other
persons in Qhio, engaged in the cultivation
of the grape. .
KossuTn. As this word is 1 1 be pron un-
ced many limes by every body, ii is well e-
nough 10 be getting the hang ol ii, s as 10
pronounce it right. The New York Tri
bune has the foltowing.f. which wo suppose
is nearly right, as Greelev bus been within
several hundred miles of Hungary :
"The name is pronouvced Kosh-yqot or
Kosh-ut, (U, as in Union) wiih ihe emjdia
sis on the first syllable and ihe second
Great Foot Race in San Francisco.-t
Gildorsleeve, the famous runner, made up a
mutch with a man named Peck', and on the
30th of October the two contested iheir
speed. The purse was $1,000, the dis
tance twenty miles. The man who got in
first or held out longest, to be tho winner.
Al the end of ihe twelfth mile Gildeisleeve
was one mile ahead; at the end of the sev
enteenth Peck bolted the track;
The Poor IndianJ Three Indians, two
men and a squaw, are wandering through
the streets of Frederick, amusing iho idlers
by shooting at cents with bow and arrow.-
The Examiner thus moralizes on ihe event :
How are the mighiy -fallen 1 Whitt an
outcast is the aboriginal lord uf the land in
the midst of civilization 1 Whilst over
weening symputhy for" the negrp threatens
the disruption of the Union, is there, none
to pity the poor Indian V
The number of Idiots in Massachusetts
is computed at 1200, three fourths of whom
are the children ol intemperate parents t
having the gaii and appearance of drunk
aids. . Thu Pottsville (Pu.) Journal says that ihe
sale and use of intoxicating liquors Is un.
veraally forbidden in the coal mines in- that
vicinity and hat dtunkenness is invariably
considered a sufficient cause for discharging
thu men. .
Or Field Marshal Haynau, who had pur;.
chused an estate 111 Hungary, has lotind
impossible to live there I lie peasants
would not work for him. and when his crops
were ripe thiiy destroyed - them, and burnt
ihe buidingr. : He offers his estate for stile.
. -. . ;; , ,i ,. ' , ;, ..
Fourteen hundred dollars worth of intox
icating liquu'rs wits destroyed at Bangor,
Maine, week before last, dy the public au
thorities. ' - '
. . , '. . , , r , ,';',
, Or The old gentleman that invented
teathor beJ posts, says the Albany' Dutch
man, is n"W busy gelling up a gum thistle
rooking stove, tlis India rub:r gimtel did
uvi answer us ns was un.icipatfd. '' ' '
. 0, - r ' . -
t.ti 1 1 , iiOI!TAi t.
. s irenilen ol i Ii,
iifj 'iioo;; . ' ,
.of lie- ...
r nn id' I; ,
;, oile'linii h.
found by- Captain ' --
, iJlhn etigine
while lying at L e
in Ju.ru;. ; I jie ci.titif
was doing tliel'O.
-'Have' yen '11
theiiltiTr.,ga',ivi.t rt'p m.
'D in't know him ; (.
that has t) dn v. iih vour
room,' replied ihe ;!;
llo'd on, that's j isi
1 ioquitel. v ii,
('(III 1 !
' in in'.
V on see cnmaiii
drink, and so! oi I
bigger crowds "than ...this, ud.'tidu miir
wise, and didn't leave iiiiilier.' ' Vf nli. tiiiV .
he iuek inr by the nap oiVibe. neck' and ih.i
"est of iho breeches HiVl f Juf;; V '.- -, ,
,,-,',is.I Was shoven- down: rhe sireet; 1 met- af
Mv :Lkn.ew slte.was n -Jadvr- U"yi a tw.wurk.' ''
sKo made; Says she, Yjiutw Jiian',' I recuW '
wouldn't lei Mle fuiuse,' and Si I we in;' I'd"
bjonm iliohi)bsu bui a-in'ri;tit,,"h',n I Ifeard
cot.sideruole of s'.kiit.'bkiilg atal dimr. 'k'
snow a me cnap. want u in gei,n. ,v,ni f
he was, jor h 1 jvoul Jn't have kept up such a
iremeiidoiisriick. i.' ' By and by sa'vs a voii. '
Ef you don't 1 p n, I'll biistln ihedoori'
And so he did ; U put tin a bold face, and
says I, 'Siruner, does this woman belong u
you ? Says he, 'Sho does.', Thu(:. says
I, 'she's a lady, f think from all I have seen
of her.' 's ' ' ' ' "'' fr1'
I ; . . .
j 1 il to diink, or I s;; ei!,! ,. . ' , v ..
dry. t-'o (.'ammo j V, ; . . ! '
h.'l'l Cjlai:l i'. Iis .,i ,n f . ....
tras ortUno. I slii - ,, ;!, 'i ; . : .
Peirv. if v.. is be-1 ; r .
STliun sMfpir'ttp Wu'slUity
tranj?er, y.iu tntist5 letve. iji f.Wf.nt '
king to miich noise.! Says': 1.1 o Wimi -
With thai he come up to mo uiih a". si- '-..'
tut in o ie bund nod u bo win knife in the utli-
er, ond being pressi.d for room, 1 Juuiiiwi'
tnrougii ine wina.iw, leaving ine oigger po.r- .
ti'on of iriy'.cuui'. tail;' ' As I v. a-T itretikiiig ii '
down town with the fragments 'flaiieringiV : ' ,
h breazo, 1-met a friend 1 km w it w.is it . '
frendi Mi renihrk he tiiade? vSavJi8G ' '
it. bobtail; hyguini'bn.oti.AnU.Abta' "
the way ( happened iiuyour, engine room, '"
I'm a good Fwimijiieri captain buldi'excuo ; ;'.;',
me,' If V6U please', fro'ni inking the. waieV.V , -
Louiscille :Jourual, H' ';i U; -
. ,..e. ' . ' ;i "
- dCKNK IN INURO S UflSERVATOay. uiiiar
iss'. IsaacThuyp ybo 'ertgratn .upon J'our
mory your histoncal lesson l t
tea, sir.-- : ' ' .y ' -r
Well, disgorge ihe contents of innUihbirik,
craniUMi-rTWho s King of America !
1 u no sir. ,- -. ' .' i
I'u. More. " -
N-XL ; t
Why why; :- " ' ' .,'
Well, who" t'1;1' "' '
W'nytSma King. ' ' '
You can locomoto 10 the unuer extremitv '
of the class, Nathan. What licks areca-;
pable of drawing tho 11 ost blood?
IN ext.- ' '
Thai will do schuol's disnii sed.
1 say Mr. Postmaster, is there a lither
for me ?' Who aw you, my good sir t '
'I'm mvsolf, thni's wholnm.'? 'Well, what ;
is your name ?' . 'An what do ye want wid
the name? isn't it on the littler ?' 'So that .
I cun find ihe teller, if there is ono.' 'Well, .
Mary Burns, thin, if ye must have it.' 'No
sir, there is none for Mary Buns.' 'Is there
no way to gel in there but through this
squnro of g'assl' 'No, sir.' It's well for
ye there isn t, I d lache ye bnher manners "
than to insist on a gentleman's naniej but
ye didn't git it afih -r nil so I'm even wid
ye; divel a bit is my name Burns !.,
The 'Belfast Journal' tells of a chap wh -stepped
inio n store where liquor was kepi
for "medicinal and mechanical" purposes, -and
produced a large bottle, which' he do-' '
sired 10 huve filled. Upon being asked for
what purpose he wanted it, he said, "me
chanical he was going to make an ox-yoke
in me aucrnoon 1
A man in New York has goi himself into.
trouble by marrying two wives. ' A man li
Massach tsotts did a similar thing pneo by
marrying one. M t ' ' ,v .;.
To pronounce a man happy merely be- !
cause he is rich, h just as absurd as to call "
a man healthy because he has enough to eau ''
v . ' -ji --
True quietness of heart Is got by" resisi
ing our passions, not by obeying them. . . ,
; ' , -'
, It was said nf a certain musical dancinj -master,
that ihe whole tenor of his life had .
been base. V ' '','
(' ' :
s "Did you ever know such a mechanical
geniuses my soii t" said tn old" lady.
vile has made a fiddle nil of- his own head,
and he has wood enough for analier." -
Let no man be too proud 10 work, Ll
no man be ashamed of a hard fist or a sun
burnt countenance. Let him be ushumed
only of ignorance and sloth. " Let no man '
be ashamed of poverty, Let him be ashamjj
ed of dishonesty and idleness.
1 1 ' ' r '.': I
" Or-An Irish musician, who now and then
indulged in a g!n3s too much; was occjsied .
by a gentleman with
"Pal what mukes your face sored!" "
" Please yer honor," said Put. '"I always,
blush when I fpokp to a jintlemen." n v
Why is a , person approuching a oandU
like a man getting off his hoiso. ' Because
he'sgoingio a-light; s,. .... ,".( ,-
1 1 - 1 as h
QV" A Mull Hibernian eiiierod ihe office of
a music teacher und inquired: , .,
What Is the irice-of u taison of mu
sic J '' -.' v . . ' ';" "'''
1 charge 25 for thf first quarter, $20 for
the second, and $15 for m third,' was the
reply. (. . ..
-vThon, sir.' replied PtHt'il Jiarn; please
put me down fur th third quarter Jt I corn-.,
iiicuceiiit'iii.-'; ;J . - . '
. i. - -