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R. 'J. YAW HOUX. ydiyr,!T
.published every Tuesday Morning.
t, TERMS OP SUBSCRIPTION., . ''
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-fir- ollari within the yean
U not paid until after the expiration of the year
VM wo oiiar and fifty Cent '
Wtlrae'charged. , - ' '
rrNo paper will be discontinued until I all ar
iJrages are paid, except at the option of the pub-
.'"criu communications on the business of the
' fficemiiit be postpaid to secure attention. t
&Tittij&,''6tdZ,ot more, the paper will
U furnished A a liberal reduction in price. , L
H CUIT1NO-HOU8E. ALMANAC.
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Protestant Episcopal Rev. Thoius B.
Dooi.sv, Rector: Services every Sabbath morning,
at lOi o'clock. . .
HresbyterlanRer. R. WaaiNnon, Pastor
. Services every Sabbath morning at IPs o clock.
Methodist Episcopal-Ri v. J. P. Given,
Pastor: Services at the upper church on alternate
Sabbath mornings, at 10 o'clock at lower church,
every Sabbath afternoon, at 3 o'clock.
Roman Catholic Rev TiiKoriiiLusKaArr,
Priest: Scnrires every Sabbath morning.
German Methodist Rev. Mr. Gcyek,
Services every Sabbath morning.
German Lutheran-Rev. Mr. Haskl,
Services every Sabbath morning.
A MASONIC Potneroy Lodge,
'sVNo. 164, Stated Meetings, the Monday
N Evening, on ot before the full moon in each
plinth. Hall in Murphy's building, Second st.
I. O. O. E. Naomi Lodge,
No. 117, Meetirips on every Friday
Evening Halt in Edwjsrds' buildmg
wcuare uivuion. nv. in
Wi.eof Temperance, Meetings every Saturday
CTGUlllg. 4,1111 I" v-wiiij. a uu.
"Salisbury Division No. 292,
Sons of Temperance Meetings on Saturday
Evenings, ilall, Rice's buildingMiddlcport
a Crystal Fount Division No. 1,
y . . . . c m .
we sons anu uaugniers oi iKnipciuuco mcci
n every Saturday afternoon at the Sons'
Hall in Pomsroy.
Foiucroy, Marietta V Cin-
iJPTJrViniiati Pucket The swift pas-
sneer steamer OHIO, M- Cooi.ey, Was-1
sr, wm run as a reguuu rw. ;
waves Potaeroy every TUESDAY evening'
Leaves Cincinnati every FRIDAY evening, at
If The OHIO has now been two seasons in
Ibe trade, and will remain permanently.
. January 6. 1852. nOtf.
,5?ik. Begttlar Pomerov nnd
' uLrtw Portsmouth Semi-Weekly
AteiiK Packet The Steamer
JOHN BRL'UAKER. Mastkr, will make scmi
wcekly trips between Pomeroy and Portsmouth.
Leaves Pomeroy every Monday and Thursday,
at 7, o'clock, A. M.
Leaves Portsmouth every Tuesday and Friday,
at 10 o'clocV A. M.
XT The REVEILLE having been purchased and
fitted up expressly for the Pomeroy and Portsmouth
trade, will run regularly, leaving promptly at the
s ato'e hours. A 11 business entrusted to this Boat,
will receive particular attention.
Pomeroy, August 26, fc5 . rr2.
. mmm. w Pomeroy a rid Cincinnati
K .M Packet. The light draught and fast
LEWIS WETZEL, !
JAMES NEWTON, Masteh, leaves Pomeroy
every SATURDAY mcrningj at 8 o clock.
This boat having been purchased expressly fur
this trade will mike regular trips. Strict atten
tion will be paid to the Comfort of passengers,
and the prompt and safe delivery of freight en
trusted to the care of said boat.
Regular Passenger Pack
et between Pomeroy and
Cincinnati The sptendid light
a ixg ht Passenger Packet
WASH. KERR, MASTia, will leave POMEROY
every Monday morninir, at 8 o'clock.
Will leave CINCINNATI every Tut-aiiur eve
ainc at 4 o'clock.
D The TIBER is new, substantial and finely
furnished intended solely for this trade and may
ke depended on, as such.
For freight or passage apply on board.
November , 85. n6tf.
roy and uaiiipoiis.
a avsML The new and fast running steam -KpfTrfesU"
00 V' MEIGS, Captain John N.
j777rfr Shunk, will make regular weekly
tnpa between the above ports.
Leaving Pittsburgh for Marietta, Pomeroy and
Gallipolis, every TUESDAY, at 2 o'clock, P. M.
Returning leaves Pometoy for Marietta and
Pittsburgh, every THURSDAY at 9 o'clock, A. M
June 9, 85. n37tf. -
pJIE FIRST PAGE OF TOLUME
X NO, un ire nrsi page oi volume iso.
3 can be seen the removal of L. 8. Caoroot's
Saddler Shop to a room fitted up expressly for his
accommodation, on Front street, two doors below
Cranrford dr. Stier's store, where may be found at
all times all kinds of
.Saddles, names, Bridles, Whips,
Or, in fact everything that is ever made in a Sad
dler 8hop: and what is still more desirable you
.will always find the-b' hoys at home ready to patch
ip your old Collars and other fixins, just by the
way of aoeommodation, you know.
, XT Call around and see what a tall shop he has
got, any how. L. S. CROFOOT.
rmtyjy, fecenper o, nur.
fi " DB. J. W. SPRY, Surgeon
trtZ Dentist, Portsmouth. Ohio. Will
"UII1IJ Visit POMEROY, in the first week of
the months of June, September, December and
Tea Store I have on hand a laree
ot of Imperial, Young Hyton and Black
L TEAS, which I am prepared to sell in oruri-
, Ml packages either of 6) lbs., by the half chest,
f ayrne single id, at vary low pnees.
Afrtin, iui. K. S. EDWARJDi,
t y : n;r; y:iri"'::!:)yay
SI iUtckln 3ouwl -"Dtuottii to politico; Citcraturt-;C; jriniUurc,
98 per Annum.
i Col. Worrb' Railroad Report ;
Made inr tli' Cincinnati, Hillsborough, nnd
' Purkersburgh ' Railway.'-" By EllwoOD
' Mounts,' Civil Engineer. 'Dec 1851.
To the President and Director $ of 'the Cm
cinnali and, Hillsborough Railroad Com
pany. Gemlembn: Mult Hillsborough on the
15 h of Urcntnber. 1851. (nccompohieH
thrmighoui by Jum'-a M. Trimble, anil p. J.
Fulli, l'quir- 8. and a fur as tha Scioto by
Moses Tiinlinson, Esquire, all inembHrs of
your bourd.) for ihu purjioso of reconniier.
ing ihe ground. ti)dn "ihe- general route sug
Heaivd for ihe Mtonsion of your Railroad to
rurkersbur Virginia; by.'B. II.-.ntrobe,
Esq., Cbiuf Enjjim-L'r of the Bnliimore.aiui
Ohio Railroad Compiiny. uuon iho Map pre
pur. d under his direction, nnd published, to
illusiiiiiu ihe Inst annual Report (the twenty
fifik) of-ihat Coinpimy.'
! Thia Mop, "eiitbiiing the Jiailway route
betwen Baltimore and, St. Louis," shows
vi ry clearly, thai A more somliern line than
thai originally projected for the lute Clnciii
nuti nmi Hi-lpro Railroad Compttny, forms
the proper extension through Souihurn Ohio,
of ihe Kuliimorti and Ohio Railroad to Cin
cinnnti uud St. Louis.'
(lillKhorough U a point on this line, and
the extension of your rond tho only legiii
mute link in southern Ohio, in the direct
chain of Ruilfoads, .uniting St. Louis and
Cincinnati, with the Sea, at lialiimore. .
A glnnce ut the Map referred to, prepared
by the Sultimore and Ohio Railroad Com
pany, lot tin information of their stock
holderswill place this jiosition beyond
cuv, I, . ....
On the subject of this rcconnoissance, 1
have now the honor to submit the following
The portion of the Little Miami Railroad
to be used by your Coinpnny, in entering
the city of Cincinnati, being twenty-three
miles in length, from the city to the tunc'
lion at Loveland's, by the line now in use,
( hereafter to be shortened four miles, by an
independent line for the passenger business,)
and that portion of your own road west of
Hillsborough, being thirty-seveu miles long,
places Hillsborough sixty miles distant from
CiiKinn-tti, by railway.
Of this sixty milesthe twenty-three
miles belonging to the Little Miami Rail
road Company, have long been in success
ful operation. Of the rest, you now huve
leu miles of iron laid, coniinnously, east
ward, from Loveland's, while the grading,
bridging, and other preparations, are so near
ly couipletod on. the remainder of ihe road.
that there appear to he no obstacle to pre
vent the opening of the railway to Hillsbo
rough. ettrly in the ensuing spring form'
ing, then, d continuous railroad in operation,
running out sixty miles eastward, from the
city of Cincinnati, and worked under your
recent urrangeineiu, by ihe rolling stock of
mu Liinie :vii tun u it rml Ojin.any
Bust uf liillnb'ir.iuh, you have fourteen
miles under contract, and a basis of stock
already subscribed, ncurly sufficient to as
sure ilin c-mipluiion of the railroad up to
the town uf llainhridgt.., in Ross county,
eighty miles castwurd from Cincinnati.'
The locution being already determined
mi to a uiiiut near Buinbridire tho rccon-
noissaiicu f the' country was tukon up
there, and extending taitward, our descrip
tion of ihe ground will, naturally, follow
the 6ume course.
The mute explored leaves Paint Valley,
by the Sulphur Lick Branch, by the side
sliipe of which, uud u prolonged grude, the
IVe I'eu summit ui'iv beuained.
This is the hiyhtst uud must difficult
(.uiumii to reuch. which will have to bu en-'uuiitt-rtd
on the entire line to I'urkersburg;
it will require some five or six miles of mod-
trut ly It. uvy work, but may be surutuunted
without any txiraordumry works uf engi
neering. Iho Peer .-eesurrmit is about nine milos
euKiwttru uf Buiubrldge, eighty nine miles
Iruni Cincinnuii. and the grude hivel is esti
mined ut iw hui.dred atd sevi nty-five feet
ulmve Paint Vulley, reiuiri:,g u continuous
grade of live and a hall miles, at 'fifty feet
per nitlu, to overcome it.
rrinii this summit, for forty -four miles
continuously eustwaid, as fares tho Key
stone I'umuce, on the Little liaccoon.e suc
cession ol tavornble valleys, with euy di
viding grounds, nuy beavuiled of, laying in
u goud general direction, nnd presenting
greut facilities, for the Construction of u first
class ruilwuy. With the single exception
of the passage of the Scioto, (which, will,
uf course, require a 'considerable bridge,
and heuvy vmbankmems, this foriv-l'our
miles of line may be laid upon ground even
more favoruble than ihut u Horded by the
country between Hillsborough and Hum-
bridge. - -
1 he writer was agreoeably disappointed
in this portion of the route, having been led
to place some confidence in the often re
peated stuiemunt, ihut this district of coun
try was very hilly, and entirely impracti
cable fur a ruilway line.
Our examination made it evident that
these confident assertions had been prompt
ed less by a regard for truth, than for the
promotion of adverse interests. Hills do,
indeed, exist, but the beautiful intervening
vallevs render it unnecessary to encounter
them with a railway line.
From the summit at the source of Pee
Pee creek, the line explored descends the
favorable valley of that stream, crosses ihe
Ohjo Statu Cunal, the Pee Pee Pruirie, and
parses the Scioto, at the uld Sergeum Mill,
hulf way between Pikuton (the county seat
of Pike County,) and the town of VV overly,
about two miles Irom euclt.
'Puking advantage of u favoruble hollow.
we propose to ascend here, to the flat land
eust ul the Scioto, and crossing them, to
gain the gently sloping ground north of tiea
vercrvk. ' ' '
Ascending the north side of tho gentle
valley of Heuvei creek, over moderately un
dulutiug groo.id, we pass l the south ul
lieaver town, (or Keynoid.vUu,) and cross
ins both branches of Beaver creek, reach
the ground dividing the waters of the Scioto
river froro those of the Lml Scluto. .
0 NB. C 0 UN TRY -
Tnis small summit can be readily ap
proached on suitable gruund, Wild passed
without any difficulty. -
The heads of Little Scioto are here . ex
panded into a flat country, and present but
inconsiderable obstacles to the p ssage of a
railway line. -
' By' one ot 'the forks of the Tove branch
of Little Scioto, we prnposu to gain the sum
mit between It and the Backye fork (r Salt
cnek, and by that . forkdescend along its
easy valley, to tho town of Jackson, the
county seat of Jackson county, ihe justly
celebrated mineral region of Ohio, upon
the resource of which,' the geologists of
this statu have dwelt so much, intheir re
ports. .(..-: i V.fcft ."1 if v'
,: Curving gently around the fool of tho
promdniory occupied by the town, we pro
pose to ascend the fire valley of Salt creek,
to the favorable summit In the flats near the
village of Wieln sier, which separates it
from Dixon's run, a branch, of the Little
Raccoon. , . . , . . -, , .
The Buckeye fork uf Salt creek, and Salt
creek iisuif, as fur as we proposed use them,
have u m arly east and west direction,, and
will favor txceedingly the Construction of
our railway line past the town of Jackson.
' At. Jackson, we should meet the Scioto
and Hocking Valley Railroad, now almost
gradtduptu that place. ' ; . . .- ..
From the hoad of Dixon's run, near
Winchester, we propose to descend the val
ley of that stream, to its entrance into the
Little Raccoon, at the Keystone Furnace,
about rUty-throo miles frutn Buinbridgo, and
one hundred and thirty-three from Cin
cinnati. : L . ' : .
, From this Furnace, tie line would de
scend the valley of the Little Raccoon,
about three miles, until the formidab e hills
of the promontory between the two Rac
coons begin t break away.
Here the route will probably be up Spring
run to its source, and down Durgan's run to
the main Kaccoon, passing about two miles
north of the town of Vinton, in Gallia
countv. ; '
The summit id be passed is Ww, and this
line will probably be found shorter than that
which turns the Raccoon hills at Vinton, by
following the Little Raccoon nearly, to its
mouth, wnn a level grade.
From the mouth of Durgan's run, the
route would cross the bottom lands, and the' ,,art 0f this route a maximu)n gradient high
main Raccoon, and ascend Robinson's run.ier than 50 feet to the mile or a minimum
to the summit at the rim vt the basin at
uinpuign creea, near airs, uennys.
Cumpuign creek, where we strike it. is
near its head; it is divided into eight branch
es, and we find it in a series of undulations, ,
which may bu crossed by moderate cutting
and filling, without" much flexure of the
grado.- ' "' V'"' '-' : -'
Passing the heads of Campaign, near the
little vil.oge of Danville, we strike near
Lumberson s, a druin ol Leading creek.
This we propose to descend, run up an
other corresponding branch, heading east,
and cutting a small dividing ridge, gain an
other drain of Leading creek, uud follow
its valley to Me Master's Mill, where we
meet the main sireum? '
Sustaining our grade along the right bank,
we should gradually descend to the bottom
Following Lilng creek, as long as its
direction lttVOrs our general course, We
should quit it ubuut-threo- miles below the
mill, where it diverges to the south, and take
up the vulley of one of its eustern drains,
by tho n--w Presbyteiiur. meeting house,
about one mile south of Rutland, in Meigs
By this valley, we gain a remarkable
gap, in the small ridge at Cook's school
house, where a short deep cut enables us to
reuch Thomas' Fork of Leading creek,
forming here a deep vulley, with a general
east ami west diiection, und druined by two
Druucnes, the main stream heading to the
Descending one of these, and ascending
the other, we continue, our lino to n point
about two ' miles north ol Pomeroy, the
county seat U' Meigs county, and the busi
ness cenirer of a long uud remarkable siring
of flourishing villages.
Thw point will be guined in a distance of
about 75 miles, by railwuy, from Buiubndge,
or 155 from Cincinnati.
-' A short side line, at this place, will con
nect us with the Ohio river, temporarily, for
ah important purpose, which will be noticed
Tho gentleness of the declivity of Tho
mas' fork, and the depth to which its valley
cuts tlie river hills, will be appreciated by
merely stating the fact, that the Ohio river,
in extreme freshets, backs up it behind tho
town of Pomeroy.' a
This slight declivity is found in all the
streams of this vicinity, with which our
linn brings us In contact; thus, up Leading
creek, the Ohio backs, at times, to Rutland;
and up Shade tiver.to Chester.
Continuing our line in Thomas. Fork, we
cross the Athens graded road, at a point
near Utrlton's, about 157 miles Irom Cin
cinnati, and finally reach the summit near
Pullen's, which divides the waters of Lead
ing creek from those of Shade river.
from rullens summit, we descend Walk
er s run to tne west turn ot oimue river, a
distance of about three miles, wo then fol
low down the west fork, a half-mile, and up
the middle fork a like distance, to Stout's
school-house, (passing one mile north of
isiicster, here we propose to ascend a hoi
low, to a low summit, at Alexander's, and
descend another drain, to a point on the east
tone ol altade river, near Webster a saw
mill, about 85 miles (rem Bulnbridue, a tJ
lbo miles Irom Cincinnati, avoiJiiij bv this
line, the great series of bends in Shade river.
south of Chester, which, are twelve miles
This point, near Webster's saw mill, is
an important one, and from here we have
explored two lines. one continuing on the
Ohio aide, up the east fork uf Sh tda iiver,
about two and a half miles to a school house,
west of Col well's; leaving here the. east
fork, we ascend an eastern hollow, to a sum
mit near Co'well'a, and crossing the Cool
vllle toad, reach, Tuppri's Plains,' and
meeting on these plains the head of pour
ftine run, deicnnd it to tho main Hockhock
ing, thence down the main Hockhocklng to
i i . ii i .it. 'til j ii .1 ii i i h . ii. ii tii tin - ii 1 1 a
.V i ii ;. .1 ' -7 MI ! I I- . 1 - . i I I '.! ' " ; 1 1 t. !! I
- ' O N Bv (f QN TlTtlTt 6 N -
its nioulrCand u,p Ih'e, Ohio' eWer ' oottWs to
BelpreY crossing Jrtte tLlttW" Uockhocking.
near its junction with tlie.Ohi arid gaining
the settlement, pf. KHlpiplfl Ohio,:pppnsite
to Parkersburg. In Virplrt io. in an estimated
distance of 1 10 miles (from fiainbridge, or
190 miles from CinclhnW." ' r,!,i'v
Or we may rwfyjlhis. line from the
month of Four Mifb jruu. by scrlding ihe
main Hockhocking, suori idistartce, to Md
Price's : it nee, attdiherlcai l bt-. Skonk' and
Sawyer's runs, to tmeet -our fonwr HnOijat
the mouth of: the.:Liitle ! f! hfi?ni,,, B '
this route may possibly' '
The other route, dtvei .
on the east fork of Shs ...
ster'a saw mill, descom', ihe east, fork to
Adams' mill, and thenca bv nboUt five miles
of heavy graduation, .to the Ohio itivor, a
linlo above the mouth, nf-Shade river. Opio-
site Murraysville, iAl Virginia and: one of
the best points which can he Tound for cross
ing the Ohio, by rt bridgl . o(J such character
as not to interfere with th navigation.
" From Murrnvsvillei W propose o ascend
the Ohio rivei bottOiiis. ori the Virginia side,
to Parkersbttrg, a total dl!snce'estlirifted by
this route of-1 15 miles fr4r .Balubridge, or
194 miles from Cincinnati .
The line' crossing into , Virginia at the
mouth of Shade1 river.'as', well as that 'run
ning up the Ohio side. tnW present advan
tages not common (oboih-these alternative
lines should both be surveyed whenever an
instrumental examination, Is made, and .the
tiltimatt adoption of tho route, decided only,
after previous consuttatidnWith alf the lead
ing interests Involved. ' T4 u 2 j 'V
. The main drainage of the country crossed
by our railroad route, beins north and south,
while our direction is east jnd west, ills ev
ident that we must seek connecting valleys,
with low summits, nnd purs'e'them with our
line, ascending and descending, as occasion
may require.. , , y,' iSi; i .;
Our. line lu this respect fill be similar to
the Ohio nnd Mississippi Railway, of which
we sjall form the conneciiif link with Baltimore-
!.': -.4-' lli r '.:
,j ;' Fortunately, these valLeVs exist, and may
readily be connoctod by good .railroad
grade, while the summiiff to be passed,
though numerous are low, ind the aggregate
ascent, and descent, moderate. It will not
nrnUMv hi. ni.nrv in ninnlnw nn.m unv
radius of less than 1146 liiet these have
ibaen already used west if. Hillsborough
and within these vertical ,,and horizontal
. .... . . ...
limits, it is believed, jiho. euuntry may be
successiuny crossea, . 5) i , ,
" Wo recur no ia''tH-litiiiAtppftia'clt
made by our explored line to the Ohio river
at Pomeroy. .' t ;i .1
By a side line at this plaoe about two
miles long, we gain a connection at once
with the river, and this important business
Including the side line, this requires but
77 miles of railway to be provided for, east
of Bninbridge, id meet the river here.
Pomeroy is by the river about 70 miles
I mm Parkersburg, which can be run at all
navigable seasons in six' hours, average
tiirie while the railway time from Pomeroy
to Parkersbi'rgi would be about ono hour and
By temporarily using the river, therein''
for the 70 miles between these points, we
shall have a through line within five hours
time, as good as we can make it, and with
the least possible length of new railway to
provide for immediaie'y.,
Upon reaching Pomeroy, we can then af
ford in pausD. and use the river, temporarily,
for the through line, until the receipts and
credit of the road in working operation up
to that point from Cincinnati, shull enable
us to unduriake with vigor, and success, the
heavier work beyond. "''
I view of tho difficulty of procuring cap
ital for railway enterprises, we conceive this
to be a most important feature in the line
explored. , , ,
We have estimated the distances by our
respective lines from Cincinnati to Parkers
burg at 194 miles by Shade river, and 190
niles by the Hockhocking from these dis
tances however must be deducted tho pas
senger cut-off at Cincinnati, which has been
some time in contemplation, and -bv which,
whenever mnde, with the aid and coopera
tion of the Little Miami Rnilroid Compa
ny, some Tour miles of distnnce Will be
saved, and a passenger depot secured much
nearer the centre of the paved i limits of
he city . of Cincinnati, and in a position
more desired by the citizens.
Our reduced distances will therefore be
comefrom Cincinnati to Parketsburg, ; '
By mouth of Shade river, 190 miles.
' " ' Main Hockhocking, 188 ". ?
And, as the distances estimated by a recon-
noissance, are generally diminished by ac
tual, survey, we may. expect a stil.l further
reduction ol diRiance Irom the application
o( instruments to the ground."'' 1
1 he only connected (survey hitherto re
ported between Cincinnati and Belpre, was
made by Wm. II. Price, Esq. formerly En
gineer of the late Belpre Compnny, and the
length of his line was 193 miles, '
In subjecting the country explored to ac
tual survey, considerable range will have in
many places to be taken, on both sides of
the route described. . - i f
Thus we may mention, that it is desirable
to test several lines in the vicinity of Pike
ton, the county seat of Pi!te county, with
the view of drawing nearer to that placn, If
practicable, and a very Important line which
we partially explored, will require further
examination. , . -
This line leaves Jackson, and runs near
Berlin Middleton, ond the Buckeye Fur
nace, to Wilkesville, in v in ion county, and
thence ' to Leadi ng .creek, near Rutland,
where it joins the other route., , . , ;
' This modification though it would encoun
ter some heavy wotk. would probably save
distance, ana deserves carelul consideration,
'i It will also bo necessary o survey n line
turning the ttacaoon, hills, at Vinton, and
other modifications, suggest, j.bemselves as
proper subjects of Instrumental examina
tion, but it is scarcely necessary to.enume
rate them at ih.a time, .
It will be observed thai tho Railway route
we have explored across , southern Ohio,
Commcr, ilkrkcts tuti enctat Sntelligcnec.
O N E M J5 S TIN Y. "
bends down towards the south, and thus great
ly favor all Connections . .-.-..! , ,:
Besides uniting at Cincinnati with the
Ohio and Mississippi Railroad, it will pro
bably connect at Hillsborough' with the
Maysville and " Lexington-Railroad, and
through that line With the Keniusky system,
by a branch from Maysville urjlillsborough.
45 mjles long. - . ', ,
'At' Jackson, it joins the Sciot6 and Hock
ing Valley RaHroad, and either' through It.
or by an, independent line, will" join the
oia cut-Vjiginia Central Railroad,"iaily
surveyed by the State, down the Great Ka
nawha to the Ohio river, at Point Plcasowi.
n every point of view, the position .of
our explored route,' upon the Map 6f Ohio,
is art important one; being the extreme south
ern line across the State, i will .command a
large portion of the business of the river
counties, while it will completely control the
ira'do,'oT-'a',be'lt of, country, part of which
Coippbses the richest mineral region devel
oped by the Geological surrey. It will
flank the entire railway system of Ohio, cut
off all, southern railway connections, and
ibjd their business to. Baltimore, or through
that ciVyV w ihe other Seaboord ports.
As this line pi itauway ao;s noi iook tor
any extent of busies from the country
north, the importance of favoring southern
Railway connections, becomes i,;rnmo!un,
and if the ground to be traversed by our
route, were even a plain, a. sweep to the
south to facilitate their junction, might be
justifiable. We have therefore the less to
recrut that the configuration ol the country
compels us .to bend our line to the south
ward as we (hereby diminish the length,
and augment the Inducement for southern
Ruilroads to join us.
'As the Ohio River will have to be bridged
in order to complete the railway connection
with the Virginia shore, we may be excused
for offering a few observations . upon that
head.. ' '
Pittsburgh will require a bridge to pass
her rail way ovor at Steubenville; Wheeling
wants to connect her railroads with those of
central Ohio; the Baltimore lino needs a
suitable railway passage ; the Stale of Vir
ginia, herself, will require a bridge for the
passage of her central ruilway, at the mouth
of great Kanawha ; Kentucky,; Ohio, and
Indiana, are deeply interested in the subject
of bridges, at Cincinnati, Louisville, and
other points ; while the entire South-west,
and North-west, will soon domnnd a railway
crossing ne&r the mouth of the Ohio.
These stupsnduous -jntereaia 4hay be for
a time restrained, and inconvenienced, but
they will not be ultimately stayed from tho
passage of the Ohio, by any smnll objections
should the engineering art succeed in obvi
atiug all the real difficulties.
Without the necessity of resorting to the
extraordinary elevation of 120 foet above
low water, in order to protect tho interests
of tho navigation, tho writer conceives that
the present state or engineering science af
fords the means of crossing the- Ohio river
by railway bridges, with double draws, or
olvot sections, of such scop and extent, and
under such regulations, us will prove no
real impediment to the navigation of this
great river, and be liable to none but frivo
lous oj'?"1'0118' which, it is to bo presumed,
willnem be alioweu defeat tho mighty
interests now, or soon, seeking permanent
means of passing locomollYO trains across
This, hnwever, is not the proper place
to enter into details on this subject ; but
whenever this important question shall come
Ittirly up, the feasibility of crossing the Ohio
river with a railway, at a moderute eleva
tion, and without impairing the navigation,
can be demonstrated.
With regard to the expense, and the means
of constructing the line of railway above
described, across sot tliern Ohio, it muy be
brreflv observed, thtt Cincinnati is already
interested in this route, to the extent of
$100,000, and will.doubtiess, further (end
her aid, at the proper time.
Baltimore, too, we suppose, may be look
ed to with semo degree of confidence.
With the aid and sympathy of these two
great cities, and a moderate degree of sub
scription from tho country along the route,
there ought not to be anv great ditheulty in
constructing this line, especially, as but 77
miles of railway need be immediately pro
vided Tor. to lorm a good through line lor
the present, and enable the means of further
extension to bo earned bv the road itself.
The grading, bridging, and masonry of tho
line, from Bainbridge to Pomeroy, including
the side line lo the river, und every thing
necessary to prepare the rond for the super
structure, except right of way, station build
ings, &c. will not probably cost over uoU,
000, exclusive of tho track.
With the road-bud prepared for -the iron,
the superstucture and equipage will not'be
difficult lo obtain, on the credit of the Com
In conclusion.lt may be remarked, that
all tho materials needed for rail way con
struction, abound along the route explored;
and that tho route itself is not only entirely
practicable, but in many parts highly favor
Congratulating you upon the success
which has attended our efforts, in tracing
out the general route for this important line
of railway, 1 beg leave to express my thanks
to the members of your Board, who accom
canled me throughout the recent suvere
weather, with the most cheerful and inde
Our acknowledgments are also due to
many public-spirited citizens, along the route,
who gave us all the aid in their power.
. Respeotfu'ly submitted, :
Cincinnati, Dkc St, 1851. ' " -
. A Veto. Gov. Johnston, of Pennsylva
nia, after huvinz retained in his possession
ever since the last session of the Legislature
of that Stale the bill which then passed repeal
ing that section of the law which prohibited
the use of the commonwealth's jails for the
dotomion of .fugitive slaves, hot at length
VO(H.'U ii. . -
ftl.50 in Advance.
VOL. 4: NO. 9.
. ' , ' Kossutli's Speech . -
. , AT THE CONGRESSIONAL SUPPER.
. The Congiessional Supper In honor of
Gov. Kosscth. took place, a few days since
at Washington. Hon. W;R. Kino, Presi
dent of the Senate, presided on his right
was Hon. Linn Botd, Speaker of the House,
and Daniel Webster, and on his left sat
the - Hjogarlari chief. Noar the platform
Secretary Cobwin andolher- mem b.)rs
"'"Tho fourth toast was given by tho lion.
W. R. Kino, nnd was as follows: ;
Hungary Represented In tho person of
our honored guest. Having proved himself
freo, by the vulor and virtue of her sons, th i
lavs of nations and the .dictates of justice
alike demand that she shall have fair play
in her struggled for indepiindonco. '
: The. toast was rjceivei with tremendous
cheers, when i
- M Kossuth rose and spoke as follows :
' " KOSSUTH'S SPEECH.
V S.R : As once Cyneas. the Epirote, stood
amorrg tho Senators of Roine, who, with an
earnest word of self-conscious mnjsty,' Con
trolled the condition' of the world, and arres
ted mighty kings in their ambitious march,
thus full of admiration nnd of reverence.-!
stand amongst you, legislators of tho new
C.aoitol, that glorious hall of your people's
colioctivc .majesty. Tho Capitol of, old yet
stands; but the spi.".1! has dep tried from it.
and come over to yours, pt:rilk'd by tho air
of liberty. The old stands a mournful
monument of the fragility of human things
yours as a sanctuary of eternal rights.
Tho old beamed with the red lustre of con
quest, now darkened by oppression's "gloomy
night; yours beams with freedom's bright
ray. 1 ho old absorbed the world by, Its
own centralized glory ; yours protects your
own nation against absorption, even by It
self. Tho old was awful, with Irrestrlcted
power ; yours is glorious with having re
stricted it. At the view of the old nations
trembled ; at the vfew of yours humanity
hopes. To the old misfortune was only
Introduced with fettered hands to kneel at
triumphant conquerors' heels; to yodrs the
triumph of introduction is granted to unfor
tunate exiles invited to the honor of a seat.
And where kings and Crjesars never will be
hailed for their power, might, and wealth,
there the persecuted chief of a down-ttodden
nation is welcomed as your great Republic's
guest, precisely because he. is persecuted,
helploMvond poor." fh the-old; thJ terrible
taviclisl was the rule. In yours, protec
tion lo the oppressed, malediction to ambi
tious oppressors, and consolation to a van
quished just cause. And while out of tho
old a conquered world was ruled, you in
yours provide for the common federative
interests ol a territory larger than the cnn
quered world of old. There sat men boast'
ing their will to bo the sovereign of the
world; here sit men whose glory is to ac
knowledge iho laws of nature and of naiuro's
God and, to do what their sovereign, the
Sir, there is history in thesj parallels; his
tory of past ages, and history of future cen
turies. may be often recorded in few words
The small particulars to which the passion
of living men clings with lervent zeal, as i
the fragile fingers of men could arrest the
rotation ol dustinv s wheel ih.'.sa nnuicu
I lars die 5vay ; it is tho issue which makes
- rf - i
historv, uf.d that issue" is always logical.
There is a necessity of consequences' Where
ever tho necessity of position exists Prin
ciples nre the alpha; thoy must finish, with
om'ga, and they wul.
I hus himory muy bo told in Tew words.
Bjfore yet ihe .heroic struggle of Greece
first eng-tged your country's symputhy for
the fate of frcudoin in Europe, th.-n so f r
distant und now so near, Chateaubriand
happened to be in Alliens, and h' heard
from a minaret ruised upon the Propyle nil's
ruins a Turkish priest in Arabic lunguuge
announcing the lapse of hours to the Clir.s
ilans of Minerva's town. What immense
history in thesinull fact of a Turkish Irnurn
crying oui, "Pray pray, the hour is runing
fast, nnd the judgement draws near.
Sir, there is equally a history ol future
ages v. ritten in thn honor bestowed by you
to my humble sell. 1 he hrst governor ol
independent Hungary, driven from his na
tive land by Russian violence ; nn exile on
Turkish soil, protected by a Mahometan
Sultan against the blood-thirst of Christian
tyrants; cast hack a prisoner io far Asia by
diplomacy, rescued from his Asiatic prison
by America crossing the Atlantic charged
with the hpcs of Europe's oppressed na
tions; pleading, a poor exilo, belore the
people of this great Republic his down-trod
den country's wrongs and its intimate con
nexion with tho fate ol tho European conti
nent, and, with the boldness of a just cause
claiming the principles of the Christian re
ligion in be ruised to a law of nations ; and
to see not only the boldness of the poor ex
ilo forgiven, bui to see him consoled by the
svmpathy of millions, encouraged by indi
viduals, associations, meetings, clues, arid
liiates ; suported by operative aid, and greet
ed by Congress and by Government as the
nation's guest ; honored out of generosity
with that honor which only one man before
him received, and thai man received them
but of gratitude ; with honors such as no
potentate ever can receive; and this bnn
quel nere, ana the toast which l have lo
thank for oh I indeed, sir, there is a hista
ry of future ages in all these facts, thoy will
go down to posterity in the logical conse
quences or principles which are tho fuundu
tion of these facts.
Sir, though 1 have tho noble pride of mv
principles, and though I have the Inspiration
of a just cause, still I huvo also the con
science of my personal humility. . Never
will 1 forget what Is due from me to the
sovereign source of my publia capacity.
This I owe to my nation's dignity; and,
inereiare, respeouudy thanking this highly
uisunguisneu aasemoiy in my country i
name, I have the boldness to say that Hun
gury has a claim to protection, because ii
has a claim to justice. But as to my own
numuie sen, prrmtt me numbly to express
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UTJeJb) Printing, of every description will
be executed with accuracy and neatness.. : :
ihut I am well aware not to have in nil these
honors any personal share. Nay, I know
thui even that which inight seem to bi per
sonal in youf toasl, Is only nn acknowledge,
ment of a historical fact, wry imtriiciively
connected with, a principle valuable and dear
io every republican heart in the United
Slates of Am'-riea.
Sir. yiu were pleased to m-niinn In your
tonsi that ( am uneonquered by misfortune,
and unsediK ed by ambition. Now, it U a
provideniiu! fact . that inUnri'ui has ihe -
privilege 'tbetinoble'"inanV jiiin-r; Vn j l.tftt',
,.tfrtjubtt.atfian'e' huracV r There U
sort of natural instinct of human dignity In
the heart of man whic't steel i hi very' ner
ves not to bend beneath the he tvy blows (
great adversities., Thu palm tree grows
best beneath a ponderous weight. Even
the character of man. There la no merit in
it. It is a law uf pjcholngy, The p ity
pangs of small dui y enres have often bani
the character of men, bji great mlsforium
seldom. Ther, is Iosj dunjer in this than
in great luck. , .
And us to ambition, I indeed never was
able to understand how nnybidy can mart
love ambition ilmn liberty. ; Bit' I am glad '
to state a historical ftct at a principle -demonstration
ofitvuinrWncj which institutions
exercise upon the character of notion.
Tho Hungarians nro very ib id of th
principle of municipal self-government, and
we have a natural horror again-a the princi
pleof ceniraliza:inn. That fond attach nent
to municipal self-govornment, wl.hout whioh
there l n) provincial freedom possible, is a
fundamental feature of our national charao
ter. We brought it with us from far Asia a
thousand years ago. and we conserved it
throughout the Vicissitudes of ten centuries.
No na'.ion has, perhaps, so in tch siruggleJ
and suff red from thu civilized Christian
word as wo. We do not complain of thi
lot. Ii muy be heavy, but it is not Inglori
ous. Where tho era lie of our Saviour stoo(
and where his divine doctrine was founded.
thore now another faith rules ; nnd wh ile
Europe's armed pilgrimage could not avert
(his late from that sacred spot, nor stop thn
rushing waves of Is!a ni sin absorbing the
Christian empire of Constantine. We stop
ped those rushing waves. The breist of
my nation proved a breakwater to them.
We guarded chnstendo n that Luther and
Cnlvins might reform it. It was a danger
ous lime, and the dangers of tho time often
p aed the c.mfidoncj of ail my na ion into
one man s hand ; ahd that confidence gave
power into his hands to become ambitious,
oui ihere was not a single .instance in our
history where a man. honor d by his p ;e
ple s confidence, had deceived his people by
b cominii ambitious. The man ut of whom
Rusian diplomacy suecendud lo tntkj ihe
murderer of his nation's confl lunce ha
never h id it, but wa rather r -gard jd 1 w.tys
with distrust But ho gained some victotioi
when victories were the moment's chief
necessity. At the head of un nnny, circum
stunces placed him in the cipaciiy to ruin
his country. But he never ha I th i people's
cofidonee. So even ho is no con ra lie ion
lo ihe historical truth, that no H'iniirian
whom his uuilon honored wMi its co ifi lonca
was ever Seduced by nmbhoi to bjcomo
dangerous to his country's liberty. s
Thai is a rem irkablo fact, ami ym it is
not accidentul ; it is the logical oonsejumcj
of ihe influence ufinstituiions upon me na
tional character. Our nation, through all
its history, was educated in the sch ud of
municipal self govein nem, and in such a
country ambition, having no fidld, has also
nn pla"e in man's eh triei r.
T.io truth of this d ctr no bicunes vt
more iMusirnted by a quito contrary hisior
ieal fiici in Fiuncv. Whniever have boon
the changes of government in that great
country anil many ihey havc he m, to bj
sure we have seen a convention, a direc
torate, consuls, and one consul, and nn em
peror, und the restoration, and the citizen
kintr.aud the republic. Throuuh all licse
I ill' rent experiments, cemraliz ninn was the
f.iiidaiiien ul t lie of ill t institutions of
France power always c 'dualize), ow
nipoienc always vest d somewhere. ; And
remarkably, indeed, France has never yet
raised one single man to the s ut of piwer
who has notsuciific -d his Ciun.ry slr.eJom
to his personal aiitbiti n.
It is sorrowful, indeed, but ii is nai ml.
It is in ihe garden of cemrnli uinn whaM
ihe venomous plant of ambition thrives. I
dure confidently nlfirm, th at in your great
country there exists noi a single man thro'
whose bruins hus ever passed iho thought
that he would wish to raise the seat of his
ambition upon the ruins of your rountnV
liberty, it ho Could, buch a wish is im
possible in the United States. Institutions .
react upon the character of nations. Ha
who sows wind will reap storm. His is the
revelation of Providence. Tho Almighty
rules, by eternal laws, not only tho material,
but the moral world; and every law is a
principle, and every principle is a law.
Men, as well as nations, are endowed with
free will to choose a principle) but that once
chosen, the consequences must bu abided.
With self-government is freedom, and
with freedom is justice and patriotism.
With centralization is ambition, and with
ambition dwells despotism. Happy your
great country, sir, for buihg bo warmly ad
dieted to thai great principle of self govern
ment. Upon this ladndution your fathers
raised a home trt freedom more glorious
than the world hat ever seen. Upon this
foundation you have dcvelopel it to a liv
ing wonder of the world. H:ippy your
great country, sir, that it was sulected" by
ihe blessing of the Lord lo prove tho glori
ous practicability of a federative union of
many sovereign States, all conserving their
Siatd tights uud the self-government, and
yet United in one every star beaming with
its own lustre, but all rog-ther one constel- '
iaiion on mankind's canopy.
Upun litis foundation your free country
has grown to a prodigious power in a sur
prisingly brief period aut acting power in
that your fundamental pr.nciplo. Ifon, huvtj
conquered by Ii more in seventy-fiv yean
than Rome by arms in cjmuri a. Your prin
ciples will conquer the world. By the glo
rious example of your freedom, welfare, and
security, mankind is about to become can.
scloue nf in aim. The lesson you give Sa