Newspaper Page Text
i : - '
Js - A r . r
HH v"v,,.,-,!(;;- ' ... --"77-" vi rf H , . . H ...
. . a
H'JL pr auunin.
DEVOTED - TO POLITICS.- LITERATURE, , AaillCULTUliE.; OOMMEltOE, AND NEWS.
$1.30 III HlfHII'
i . -j i. , l . . r 1 : " I 11
.... ' . - a
NEW- SERIES VOL. J, NO 48.
cis Conntg Erlfgrapjr
POMEROY. TUESDAY;: NOV EMB ER ; 30; ' 1 858;
PU Bl.ISflED WEEKLY, BY -
All business of the firm transuded by
Who should be applied to or adJressed At
ihs "Telegraph" Office, Pomeroy, 0
TKKMS OP BVBBCRIPTIOI'
Is ad ranee, : t : . t
If said within tbe year, i
If nut paid wliUlu lh year,
t . 8.IX
ir7"H paper H1 he discontinued unlit I1 arrear
ages are puiu, exeepi a in. opium m
Tint LAW OF NEWSPAPERS. .
1. --cribei-wuedo not give exproM notice to
tbe contrary, are considered as wishing lo continue
Oi.l ai,liaj,tnl Inm. '
9. If subscriber ordor tbe discontinuance of their
papers, thu publishers can eoutlnueto send mem un
til hII urreHrif.il are tint J. '
3. If .ul..rll.i,r noo-luet or refute to takalhelr pa-
pars from tlio odlee to wtiWh they are dlrertud, they
1 . .. .....ii.i...-. ..i ii. .I. 1.111 ...1 a
re noiu responsible mi tuwy svmo uw wi", -
lh. nnt.an d i ...nil 1 1 ri HUM. I
a. ir nv anhai-rlbar removes to another place
without Itilormliigthe publisher, and their paper In
iit to the furiuer direction, tue muitniwr uiu re
4. The eourtt have decided tbatrefnlng to Uko a
ueapitper from lb olfli-a, or removing and lenrltif
1 1 uncalled for, ia priuiu fuele erideneeof Intenlioiiul
HATES OF, ADVEIITIRISO:
Business Card, Blinee or lei, one year, : i 83 On
Una sqaure, tbirleen lines or Us, three weeke, 1 Co
J:uvU aubsequont lus'Ttion, I S : VS
line square tbree uontlM, : : '' ': I l 3 mi
Ubr e'iiure six mnnllis, : : I ! : 5 0U
One aquarej one year,-1 v A : f I - - 8 (Ml
O la-iourtli euliiinu isar,-v.:.'". i J 00
O'.e-hair ( oluiun one year, : ; I I 20 oil
Threv-ruurthe of a eolumu on year, : t Si 00
Une i'oIuiuh oue year, : : : ! : s 30 00
Casuul or transient advertisements mutt be paid
for m advance..
Advertisements not having the number of Inter-
t ens niurkeil ou copy, win be couiniueu until lor
bid, s.ml cliarcud acuordlngly. ,
T. A. PLANTS, Ailoiney hiiJ Councelor
at t,aw, l'oiuyroy, O.' OrBae lit the Court Home.
JOU C. HIKHAi .JACOB S. KRHRT.
II ANN A A EARIIART, Attorneys at
Law, Pomeroy, . All business entrusted to their
cure will receive prompt iiltentioiu
TillD.rASCAltLEtONr Attorney and
Counselor at Law. Onlce. l inn street, eeit side,
two doors above 1. J. Nniitii't Mien H tore, opposite
Ibe KeaiiiiKton riuuw. All buiiH-ns uiilrutod to
iiie care will receive prompt attention. 1-34.
STlTTo'S STAB LK and kTa. CONST ABl.K,
In the firm-name of CONSTABBE fe
CONHTA B!.K, Attorunyt at Lnw, will practice In
tbe Sin to Courts of ulu aud tlie U. h. Coiirli.
Otlcr, Ntaiv street, Atlmi.n, Alliens Cu.,0. 1-311
A. S. PATRICK, Physician and Surgeon
Mason City. Va. All cull. t the country promptly
I 'ol lections'
ffANIEL te KATHBURN.
H'liik Block, ( aort -street. Pomeroy, O
tnado,!! promptly rBinltttfd.
1I G OI)S G HOC-KKIKH CLOTHING.
ISAAC FALLER, Clothier. Gr.-er and
J)rv Goods llcaler. nrst Store aboVJ llnnnully 4
Jeimltis;' , near the 'rtolllntr-Mlll. Fomeroy. o.
Country aleicUanis are respec tfully requested to
call and examine my stock ol (.r'tcerics, as 1 urn
cuhttdeiit that 1 cannot be undersold. l-'.'3
6rBRANClT& CO., Dnleis in Dry
Uoode, Groceries. Herdware, Unnnntware, &c
iiast eiile of C itirt street, three doors above tlie
of Front. 1-1
STO V KS TIS W A H K.
or the McIks Couoly Telegraph.
. IwINKS.. '
- ' si. ti :;
r uamtti, aii'KOHi.,
I know tbe world will chide, ,
And In Its righteous Judgment eay,
Thut one who brli.gs u dotinK heart '
- Deserve to alk a tliuruy a-ay.
' An thlweris trite, it4 nothtn'ir lay''
Unread buncuth the spirit's veil
Borrre promi tiiiK motive, which the eye
. That would discover, still may fail. -
Jt It not Jntt to coldly clusp
Atound the huort a xone of frost,
Aiii uiiiciu, piirrinps, auserui tue,
un uunor gmuen
I star, is lt.
eninnllcatnd barti. .
A ftrunaro cniupllcity of atrlnrey.
.Thousands of which are never tosiched, .
aiave Irf mysterious, lilddeu springs.
Thon, wh unon a telf-renred thonc.
AiUuisL, iu Judfcmout, too sevuro.
iuouimii.v st wot iiiive tell nrkl uwil
The trluliof another sphere. - '
. ' i ' ' ' ! i IT .'
JId llilnc own sorrnwaTmen the snme.
Thine errors miitht have still b n aiore;
ah. i iiiuiij n jntiiiii iiiho eniuirilleu,
: Villi th he iu. bravely ttrulud o'er.
Perfection has no temple hore;
No bower, where consecrated iilr
J'onrt out up.in tho troublud enrth,
The porlunic of lte blossoms fair. :
For oft It Is we blindly err,
And when tho veil fulls from our evct,
What bs an Idol w e mlornd,
' A rigid corpse, before us lies.
- And wo woop to turn away ,
The siiuliKht of our soul front tlioto,
tAlie In tlie haven of i ur love,
, .. . Would drow their anchor of repose.
Vet (ruidod by an inwariT rolce.
And followinf; ou a bnriilnit band,
W.ih t)ulverlii)t liuurt, we wiluly forco
The fetters of euch d.uinond bund.
Judire r.ot! Judgo not! ye little know
Wiul funeral J jres hum in the eoul;
Whiit billows with their crest or Latae,
Acrons the (hastened spirit roll.
Kyger, Nov. W, leStf. ,
" From Arthur's Miifcazluo.
Tlie HI ii ii AVIio Tried to Borrow
llimseif mt ot lcbt.
by o. p. q;
SV.J. PRALL, Manufacturer of Tinware
and Ueuleria every variety of 8tovt, etc., Court
" MILLS MATHiNKS.
af. W. JONE8, ProprieuVr Middleport Nish
Factory and Pin line Mill, will nil all orders In his
lint, af business puncluully. and nl low rates, by
addresslnic or npplyintr to lum nt .Mtd'ili'pnrt.
TEAM SAW MILL, Front sirm, Pom-
r.,T. nr Karr'a Hull. : Mill K. Nve. 1'ronrletor.
l.aiiiber tawed to order on abort notice. PUslorin(
lath constantly on hand, fwr sale. I i
feURDOCk & NYE. Proprietow Coal-
rlde Plourlnir Mill, Pomeroy, and Cryttnl Vlour
liiK Mill, Conlport. Cash paid for Wheat at all
KEViUERViLLE Sieam (irist Mill N.
Stewart, Proprietor has been recently rebuilt, and
Is now prupurod to do good work promptly. 1-1
JOHN K DAVlS. has his rianin-r Ma
chine, ou Sutfar liun, Pomeroy, in (rood order, and
aouatanl operation. Floiiouc, wiatber-boardina;,
dre., kept .oiistaiitly on hand, to rill orJurs. 1-10
FKI'ER LAMBRfclCHT, Watci-maker ii
Dealerin VVatchea, Clocks. Jewelry and Fancy
Articles. Court 'street, below the Dew Banking
House. Pomeroy. Watches, Clocks and Jewelry
earefully repaired on short netlco. l-l
W. A. AIC1IER, Watchmaker and Jew-
e'er, and wholesale and retail dealer In Watches,
Clocks, Jewelry ud Fancy Goods. Front -St., above
the Keminictou House, Pomeroy. Particularatten
tion pnid to rupniriiig all articlualn my Hue. 3-1 ,
BOOTS A X U" B W OKsT .
T. WHITESIDE, Manufacturer of Boots
and Khoes. Front Street, three doort above Stone
bridge. The best of werk, for Ladietand Gentle
men, mnue to i ruer. i-i
McQUlGOdt SMITH. Leather Dealers
and Findors, Court street, 3 doors below the Rank,
end oppomte nrancn's ntore, fomeroy, o. t-nso
I'OMEROV Kolnnir-Miff Co. have con
atantly on nsnd, and .inke to order, superior
quality of Iron of all sizes. Orders promptly exe
cuted, by application to the Atrent ut the Hill, orto
l. r. i-u i i nu,t-in( inimii.
OO ALPORT Salt Company. Office in
Cooper's Building Coal port, 6.- Halt for Country
trade. Htitiiil, thirty-live cents per bushel. , 1-1
fcUGAR-RUN tNilt Company. Salttwen-
ty-flve cents per bushel. Office near tho Furnace.
1-1 C. eilAST, Aitent.
POMEROY Salt Company. : Bnlt thirty-
flo-cent ner bushel, for Country Trade. m . 1-1
IJABNEY Salt Company, Coalport. Saft
thirty-five cents per bushel for country trade. ' 1-1
I. E. HUMPHREY, Blacksmith,' in hii
new b'illdliicback of the Bunk building, Pomeroy.
Job Work of all klads, Horse-shoeing, &., executed
wtth neatiiBssand dispatch. 1-1
" . "aTntku's .gi.azikhh.
f. LYMAN, Painter and (filazier, riatTt
room ef V. Lnnibrnrht's Jewelry Store, west side
Court street, Pomeroy, 'O.
. . HAUliliKIIV. I
Trunk Mannfticturer, Prent Street, thr rmn ko
low Court, Pomeroy, v.ill execute oil work on
I rusted to blsearn with n-iitnvssand dispatch. Sad-
rtlew gotten np III the neatest style. M
J A MES" Wit i G II TTBadd jedHar"new
Maker, fihop over Black and Rathburn'i stort,
Nettaad, O. ' . . 1-1 : .
PETER CROSBIE, Wagon Maker. Mill-
wrry street, watt side, three denrs Rack street,
Vomeroy. Ohio. Manufseturer of Wsjona, Bus;.
r1", Carrtagea, Ac. All orders Sllud on short
notice. - ' l-l '
. ' lESTI8TKi. ...
P. C: WIIALEY, Surgeon ' DeniiRf,
f?nimer Pulldirir trd ftory. Fntlend str,
Wlddlennrt, ; AH eperatlnae pennlaJr to the
t-rofeaasOTi T,rin!'tlt peifoTineel- idte aisliM)
per it hl raief)e. "si.
Theve are a great many difficult, and
soiiio impossible :hitigs; but no matter Low
difficult or impossible a thing may be, you
win always lind people in tlie woild ready
lo undertake its Hccoroplisihrueiit, whether
it be thediBcovery of perpetual motion, or
Hie equally romantic aiteiupt to get out of
eot ty borrowing. ,
Ut all the liaru work in the world, to
live by borrowing, is, perhaps, the hardest
and oi a'l the m au work in the world,
llmt in nlioul li e menneat. Piuie, inde-
peiidi nee; and Belf-reppect, 'Oiie- after the
other, are r.aciificed, uutil the man sinks
Peter Ogletlirope was not a borrower j
by profekaiuii. He had started in.life wiih !
a aina'1 patrimony, rinil worked along, in
ilepeiidenily, until his fiftieth year, when
losses in ti aile deprived him of the means
of paying certain obligations, and he found
hiiiiseJl suddenly involved in trouble
'Mr. Oylethrope," said a. man who came
into his office one morn'iig about ihU time,
1 want you to settle that account.' -
'It is itnposMble lo do so now, Mr. Spi
cer. Wholly im possible. You have heard
of my trouble?' Air. Oglethrope exhibited
both di6iress ami agiiatioo.
'No; I have trouble enough of my own,
without looking after that of other people,'
whs rather gmflly answeied. He had heard
of the trouble, however, and had called
among the first, to secure lna debt if
I have met heavy losses,' said Mr. Ogle
tliiope. 'Lopscs that cover more than I
am worth. At a time when 1 expected to
be easy and comfortable, I find myself sud
denly thrown to the wall.'
'What do you propose doing?' asked
Mr. Spiucr, abruptly.
Doin.' justly,' was answered, with some
"dignity of manner. - iL ' .
'iNo one doubts tlia.,' said the creditor.
softening considerably. 'But -what ait) the
atepajou propose taking?' - i
'My trouble is so' recent,' replied Ogle
thrope, 'that I remain undecided as to the
best course of action. But, of one thinrr
you may be certain, there will be no pref
erence of one creditor over another. All
willbe treated alike.' -
, 'Then you mean to. stop payment?
'If I have lost the means of payment,
how am I to pay my obligations?'
You are evidently putting the worst
face upon your afbtiis, :Mr. Oglethrope.'
The visitor's manner underwent a further
change. 'Let me suggest a dillei ent course
'Say on.' Mr. Oglethrope cast bis eyes
(o the floor, and bent bis head in silent
attention. . ,
'Don't think of giving up in this way.'
The tone of Mr. Spicer was insinuating. ' 1
But,how;nrn I to go forward?' was the
deblor8 prompt lnterro'galioii. ' 'For in-
slance. I owe you two hundred dollars, and
you want the money.
l do.' . . , ...... . ,. .
Very wel1! And what tiext?' ,
'Borrow.' . i . , . . . ,
Borrow!1 1 ; .-
Ye. You have rqany friends who will
take pleasure in givini you temporary aid.
This disaster may not prove so serious as
you imagine; and you may be able to strug
gle tlirouli and recover, without a shadow
being cast on your good .name. If you
BiifJ'er present obligations to be dishonored,
remember that your. reputation", must re
ceive a stain. 1 Ins cannot be avoided. -There
ate men who have no word but 'dis
honest' with which to designate those who
fail to pay them what is due,, no matter
what causes produce the failure. . Think
of this, Mr. Oglethrope, and weigh well
tlie consequences, before you tc.ke the
doubtful step you have projosod to your
self. . You Lave a family, and for their
6flk.es, !a irot permit this disgrace to come
upon yrm and them.
Mr. ugietnrore was tart allr Rfnnned t
i-i , by tl.ie. He bad not tb nght of !irtrare I
Don't give up!'
only of misfortune.,
time like one, stupefied,
Don't give tip,, sir!
Mr. Snicer laid his hand on the arm of Mr
Oglethrope, and spoke cheerily.' 'Never
let it be 6aiu trial you permitted an obliga
tion . to rema n uncancelled. Put on a
brave, , cheerful fac&, and you will go
til rough.. 1 nan wait until to-morrow, for
my money. That will give you', time to
turn Around. - And ' whenever1 you want
aid or counsel, remember that Jacob fopi
cer is your friend.' : ,;
The creditor's counsels prevailed, Mr.
Oa-lethrope, instead of standing upbravelv.
and meeting his trouble face to 'face be
gan the TiOpclesi 'Yiistf 6t 'bbr rtiwliT "Tnm
self outof debt.' i. He was involved beyond
hia moans of payment, about five thousand
dollars'. His businesa yielded him a little
oyer twenty-five hundred dollars a year, in
net profits; and as Ins family expenses never
exceeded fifteen hundred dollars, he was
simply in a condition to pay up in full at
the end of five yeaia; To do this, how
ever, a fair arrangement with all his cred
itors was necessary and all would have to
make concessions in his favor; i Strict at
tention to business was also requisite.
ouch an arrangement could have been
made, and all would have come out richt
in tlie end. ; But unwise counsel prevailed.
On the day following Mr. Spicer s visit
that gentleman received his two hundred
dollars, winch Mr. Oglethrope borrowed
from a friend, under promise ofiTe-pav-
ment on the day after. Another friend
furnished the money to make this loan
good, and a third supplied the means of
taking up a small note that fell due in the
meantime. By the end of a week or two,
Mr. Oglethrope was fairly inducted into
the mysteries and miseries of borrowing.
His line of accommodation in this direct
ion, bad already reached the sum of two
thousand dollars, a part of which had been
received from a professional lender, who
charged the moderate interest , of half p'r
cent, a day. To keep this large ancuniu-
ation ahead of Inm was no easy task, and
our borrower found but little time on his
hands for the ordinal v duties required in
bu!inees.' Steadily this accumulation went
on, until it reached the full sum of his
oases, and steadily it increased by the ad
dition of pxcessivo interests, while the
poor mini's income decreased in :conse
uenoe of his neglect of business. i,.n;
Jacob Spicer never Inmed Mr. Ogle-
th-ope a tingle dollar. His advice had
been given Relfiehly and heartlessly. To
gt the whole of a 'small claim, he had j
been willing to lead an honest, hut clear
sighted man, inUa wiung way that led to
certain wordly ruin. Many times, in cases
of extremity, had Mr. Oglethrope called
upon Spicer, but always tlie same cold re
fusal met his applications. The shrewd,
unscrupulous man knew that the end must
come; that, sooner or later, Ojlethrope
must be driven ' under, and lie - was not
going to have even a trifling lisk in so
leaky a ship. ' , . -
One daj it was over a year from the
time Mr. Oglethrope beq-an his up-hill
work, the embarrassed man found himself
in more than usual trouble. There were
notes to pay,' and sums of borrowed mo
ney to leturn, making an aggregate that
exceeded two thousand" dollars. With
feelings scarcely more pleasant than the
criminal's on his way to trial, Mr. Ogle,
thrope entered his place of business, and,
without even glancing over the morning
paper, sat down at his desk, and b-gan to
figure up the d.iy's payments. 'A sigh
that almost betrayed itself in agroan,: gave
painful evidence that the result had been
readied. , ': " t
Twcnty-three hundred!' be said to him
self, and his heaii sunk within" him.
Where sci large an ninouht i to come
from, is beyond my skill to guess. Ah,:
rne! This matter is growing f worse and
worst.' The night gets darker and darker.
My feet are more entangled to-day,', than
they were six monihs ago. : Instead of
rinding ray way out of this labyrinth ' of
embarrassment, 1 am getting more and
more involved, and 1 fear even the clue is
lost.' "All my time is pent in money rais
ing, to the neglect of business, and its
consequent decline. Heaven help mo! I
fear the case is hopeless '" ' -
The unhappy man sat in this gloomy
state for some tiiiie, then aroused himself,
and started forth on his daily round of so
licitation. -He had twenty-three hundred
dollars to raise, and must be active if he
expected to get through. It is hot our
purpose to follow him step by step. 'Al
irjoel any reader can imagine the trials,
disappointments, and humiliations attend
ant on the work he had taken in ' hand.
At Wo o'clock,' Mr. Oglethrope found
himself still short about five hundred dol-'
lars. Where was the amount to come
from? He had exhausted every resource
within reach, and in order to. . collect his
thoughts, had returned to bis place of busi
ness. Weai v. w retched, and sick in bodv
and 'mind;' was the poor, 'harassed,' almosf
broken down borrower., bought turned
everywhere, but could discover no new
that he would ndt be aC (he store anin to
dot.' r-i'-i-r -ni-n; .; ..,..,;
Miee.rable, Mrs OgletLropetUi tKld'.siowly
away , , ,", .
'It is my last chance,' said he to liimeelf,
as bo gained the street. ". 'This man niust
bo seen, or all is lost." '..otiit :;
And so he went to" the Lome of Mr.
Spicer,, .;.,;.:.,,.,., ., ., ;.-.. , ,
, .,'Whe wants to see me?' , He licard tin's
interrogation made in' no amiable ' tone, ' a
the Be'i yaiit' Vho' abswered fthe bell went
back to announce the'Tiaitor;- i To tli ser
rant's ieply, came. thia further.. question:
Did yon say I was in?' ' , ' ,
; ...'Yes sir.' . - ' . ."'
--'Con found himr,iWiat dpea. l,e coniC
bothering me here for? . Show bim in!',
It was too late for retreat. Feeliner like
a culprit, poor Oglethrope, with a forlorn
aspect,,, entered . the room, where. Spicer
awaited him. .
"Well, sir! What's wanted!' rouirblv
:-t . j i , ,
unci iwmeu uie ueiir in ins aen.
I 1 I flrn short to-d-d-dav. a few
hundred dollars,' stammered out Ogle
thrope. . . '" '.
'Well, what's that to me?! returned Soi
cer, with a roughness akin to his nature.
'.Nothing only but,' you see. it's bard
on to three o'clock and and ' '
. Oglethrope choked, and could say ho
more. - . . ... .. ., ,
Well,' growled Spicer, ?let three o'clock
come, and the quicker it comes, tbe better
tor you, and all miserable fools like you.'
'Sil l' This oULra-rp nonnlrsilorl hnvinwl
- 0- r
ine borrower, ana reached the man. Ogle
thrope8 cringing manner gave wv to an
erecter attitude,' and his face of depressed
soiic'iiaiion, cnangea us loois to one of in
dignant feeling. 'Sir, this is mean as well
as cruel,' he said, with a sternness of tone
that added anger to the other's ill-nature.
and made him still more reckless of speech.
'The truth may always be spoken, and if
it hurt., it is because "it tells home,' re
torted Spicer, with increasing asperity of
manner., -l on are a miserable tool, and
have been playing the fool for over a rear.
as all other men do, who 6tart uoon that
worst, of all fool's errands, borrowing
iiiemseiyes out ot debt; a man may .worA
iiimscji out ot oebt, but he might as well
try to empty the ocean with an oyster shell
as to borrow himself out of debt. There,
sir, you have my sentiments; and 1 .hope
iney w.u oo you good .. ,
Without n word of renlv. Mr. 0-le-
thrope mi ned anr. and left the bouse.
The' truth which came from th lips of
" . 1 iw.
.-picer was a 6iiarn sword .- that cut awv
i ... . , . . . - -j
nown inio me ncarior eonyictioi).
. 'Yes; I am a fool!' lie uttered between
his teeth, as ho strode off. '1 was a fuel
to take a knave's advice in the beginnim.
and a greater fool not to have discovered
my own folly. Three o'clock rwiy come
now. The vain struggle is ever. The
long dreaded day is here. 1 am a ruined
man.' ' "' ' ' " ' ' -
Just two thousand dollnrs worse off wan
Mr. Oglethrope, than when ho began tbe
task of trying to borrow himself out of
debt. Neglect of business, and excessive
interests, were the causes that produced
this result.' But his creditors were tint
hard upon him. They knew the man to
be honest at heart, and pitied hid misfor
tunes. .Full lime to. wor himself out of
trouble was granted; an I ho did work him
self put, though it cost him years of active
devotion to' business. ' ,
resource. . .
''e: haps something might be 'obtained
from Spicer,' was at last suggested. But
the suggestion was thrown aside as poon
as ofleied. It came up. again, was , re
volved for a moment, or two, and again
dismissed. , i
'It will never do to trivo up!' A felin-r
of despeiatiou caused Mr. Oglctlirope to
start to Ins feet, as he said, this. ... 'Some
thing must be done. ,1 will Be . Spicer.
He can help me, and he must.' , ,
And without wailing for reconsideration
be started forth again., A rapid walk
brCmglit Inm, in a few minutes, to the store
of Mr. Spicer. ,, , . -. v,; . . , :
Went home an hour ago,'., was , the an-.
ewer which met his inquiry. ,
Do you expect him to return before
three o'olocL?' , ,. .,. . .
. 'No. lie is ilnwell, and said, rn leaving,
, . The Other I.itc. ,
, If a child had been boin and Bpent all
his life in the Main moth Cave, bo w im
possible wouid it be for him to compre
hend tho upper world! His parents might
tell him of its life, and light, and beauty,
and its sounds of joy, ihey might heap
up the sand into mounds, and try to show
him by pointing to stalactites, bow grass,
and -flowers,' and trees grow .out" of "the
ground, '"till'' at length, with' laborious
thinking, the child would fancy bo had
gained a true kr.ow!-i:o of ihe unknown
land. And ytt, though he longed to be
hold it, when the day came that, he wag
to go forth, it would bi with regret for
the familiar crystals,- and the rock-hewn
rooms, and the quiet that teigned therein.
But when he came up, som May morning,
with ten thousand birds singing in the
trees, and the heavens bright, and blue,"
and full of sunlight, and the wind blowing
through the young leaves, all a-glitter
with dew, and the landscape Btretching
away gt-een and beautiful,' to the horizon,
with what rapture would he gaze about
him, and 6ee how poor were all the fancy
ings and the inlerpiotalioiis which were
made within the Cave, of the things which
grew and lived without; and bow-would
he wonder that he could have re-n-ei.tt-rl tn
leave the silence and the dreai v darkness
of his old abode! So, when' we emero-e
from this cave of ear tli into thai land
'where Spring growths aie, and where is
bummer,! and not that m inert-ble irnveelie
which we call Summer here, bow shall we
wonder that we could have clung so fondly
to this dark and barren life! '
Beat on, then, O heart, and yearn for
lying, i nave urunk at mnny a fountain,
but thirst came again; I have fed at many
a bounteous table; 'but' hutrger 're turned,
I have seen many bright and lovelv thiinrs,
but, while I gazed, ll-eir. lustre faded.
There is nothing, here tliat can give me
rest; but when I behold thee. O God T
shall be satisfied? Iitechet?
" ' " .
adrUnderall circumsUnces of!:fe, stand
fasi! Would you wish to live without a
trial? Then' yon would wish to die but
half a man. .Without-. trial 'you cannot
guess at your own strength.! Men do not
learn to swim on a table. .They must go
into deep watery and buffet the surges. . If
they wish, to understand their true' charac.'
ter if you would know their whole
Btrengtlvof what they are capable, throw
them cverboard-over with them! -and if
mey are woilli saving, tW: will swim
- . e avt i "
ashore of themelvrB;
I.$ Antiquity and Utilization A CoZoni,
f ' I VA ite Men A ucient'- L'durien , ,
j the Interior Cotnmereial . Stations on
; the N-ger,
! , Africa, according to Hamilton Smith, i
in civilization, the oldest ofthe continents,
lier soil having been 'worn out" and cx
bauBted by civilizaiion; ages loiifl; Jm out
of memory. H is a high table land,, al
most; destitute of mountains, with an
equable climate, and few of the ijiconve-liU-ncies
incident to the oilier 'divisions of
the ""globe' j- Hence .-.thia.: supposition, i
i-iitsi iu j: u i-jfiu; L ii ! . 1 4. c.e iuiuJ y.j 't.Korf .4
by .ancient, . historical, aud. ..mythological
writers. Herodotus assures us that Ethi
opia was the most distant region of the
earth, and that its inhabitants were "th
tallest, most beautiful and longest lived of
ine human race. .; Homer terms them a
blaiufrlH3 nation, and tells us that the gods
were once their guests. ' Diodorua goes' so
far as (o state that the "sacred language"
employed by the priests of. Egypt was the
common tonguoof Et If'opia. , , ''The trav
eler, as he asend9 the Nile, finds the monu
ments of antiquity ii'Teaes innumberand
and ti itffe, as lie proceeds, until hundreds
of miles beyond the utmost limit of tbe
kingdom of the .'Pharoabs,' he arrives at
the Meroe, acknowledged to be the vener
able mother of Thebes and Memphis. Yet
even the priests of Merce considered them
selves a colony from a peoph beyond the
Mountains oi the Moon. '.
Rev. Mr. Bowen, in bis course of lec
tures recently delivered at Clinliui Hall.
countenanced this theory of the antiquity
of African civilization. After 'declaring
that in that continent were no mountain
ranges,' but only isolated peaks, ho stated
that in the middle i of ihe praiiies manv
miles remo e from human' habitations, the
granite rocks were full of grooves scooped
or worn out by the grinding of corn; the
multitude ot which could be accounted for
only by assuming that the country was
once densely peopled. ,IIe also obeeived
Ingli iTiouiids, which were constructed en
tirely from the accumulated sweepinirs of
the bouses, yards and 'streets of the an
cient cities, tho African women being the
most cleanly ot the sex. . ihe cities have
since perished, but those mounds remain.
Mr. JJowen found that the traditions of
that part of Afiica'in the countiy of tlie
Niger assigned to the people an eastern
origin. Jle does not'Seem to be clear:
how- vcr, in assigning; such origin to all
the inhabitants of that portion of tho con
tinent, but only to certain races. We un
derstand him to intimate that the nenrd of
tbe coast is different in character, origin
nnd blood from tl.e Fellatah and other niir
lions of the interior; an idea which cer
tainly is plausible. 5 Jt is certain-5 that the
incient l'.ovptian . was no sable woollv-
headed peisonage, anil there may be other
people on that continent, that in all proba
bility were also Asiatic colonies.
There is a histoiy of the Fellatah people
extant, written by a king of Saekator.
This may seem almost incredible, but Mr.
Brown goes iii to declare that there are
Severn I libraries among them, and that they
actually have book's containing information
of our own customs. ' The nauios of Abra
ham nnd David, Mary and Susannah, are
common among, them-; they , have tradi
tions of Nimrod, and trace their origin
from Ynhrouba, the son of Kihlan' fJok
tan,) in Yehmen ( Aiabia). lie supposes
that tbe army of Cambyses, eaid by Hero
dotus to have perished ill the sands of the
desert, met no such fate .the . sand never
beincr moved, or undulated by the wind,
as lias been stated,. but bad migrated west
ward and become the progenitors of Home
of these nations. A tradition exists among
several tribes that . iheir ancestors came
from Persia. j ,
Tbe storiesof armies and caravans over
whelmed by billows of 8;ind in the desert'
are very old older; than Herodotus, and
very false. , EvSry part of the .Sahara is
inl.iibited.' Two republics exist there, con
federations .of tribes; and there exists
among them a literature, as old, perhaps,
as my other. The soil of the desert is
consti tuted of lime, sand and davj water
tillers through its substrata, arid. Artesian
wells can be constructed everywhere. It
is not improbable, therefore, that it may
yet be rendered sufficiently fertile and be
comes the abode of a large population
MrJ Eowcn suggests that the inhabitants
of Central A frica came from India, and in
teimixed with a while race in , the Sahara.
and with Malays on, the eastern coast, while
others had proceeded to the Senegal
country." He found, wherever be went,
all shades of color. Some of the Fellatah
people were almost wbitei having Roman
noses and other Caucasian characteristics.
They were a fine-looking fnco, nnd their
language whs not African. , They bad
conquered the greater part of the conti
nent. The traditions of the country called
them "white men," nnd gave them a for
eign origin. Their language contains a
far greater r.umber of abstract nouns than
ihe English, showing that they are a re
flective people. They preserved the litera
ture which ihey hud obtained from' tbe
Saracens, 'and the arts and sciences which
they bad possessed themselves from re
mote antiquity, in as advanced a stage of
perleMion as when first received. Indeed,
they have already advanced lo such a state
of civilization, that ihey must continue
they cannot retrogade. They work iron,
smelling it with charcoal; and, long before
Pliny was born, manufactured glass upon
tbe banks of the Niger. "
Other writers confirm these statements.
De Gama founded tho city of -Melinda, on
he eastern, coast, north of . Mnambvquo,
with walls of hewn stone. The people
were dressed in silk, nnd equal ' to tbe
Spaniards in their civilization
says of. the Muviso, that "though this em
1116 Cll ':. U.lltmiuuri tia. Clones' jiul.i; I.HUiivi
iro accustomed to depict. ; Tlie Mai qao
D'Etomi ille', who vhh for ten yeai a a slay
in tbe neighborhood of Droglado, -penk
in no dibparaging terms of the civilizatii.
of tlie peoph. The poiioy, of tlipir gov
ernment, he describes as bearing a near re
lation to that of Chmi; and, like the Chi-iie-e,
tl leir civilization ia maintained from
he remotest tunes, And is anterior .to that
of the Egyptians. He examined lustorical
books among them, and found their sacred
books much reaemblin)'1 our Scriptures."
conceived ' that ' th . book of Genesis
was wittier, in accordance with tbe geogva
pljy of that counii-y ... ' , '
M.'Donvdle in J828 visited the country
of the Monlova people, under tho' eaUalor.
and bore testimony to their advanced cul
ture. They wrought copper, and were
-killed in cat penn y. Their buildings
were remarkable for the -legano of their
appearance; the houses were all kept, in
good order, and far better than ' those of
the French peanantry. . A.t Yino. the
capital, be found ambassadors, from a n-t-lion
living to the eastward, and desired to
accompany them home. They would not
consent, alleging ih.tt it was" a capital
offence lo bring a foreigner into their
country. This agrees with the declaration
of Emanuel , Swcdeubory;, Last Judiimont.
76. 78. : , b ,
- The physical floogrnphy of .the African
continent shows it to bo abundant in nat
ural resources. The soil of tbe deert lias
i 1.. . w- ... .
aireatiy peen noticed. V rom Teneriif to
Liberia, the rock is trnp: below to the
south-east, granite. In Yariba, trnp and
gueisg. again appear, also protogeno. The
old red sandstone occupies the whole :oa8t
of Guinea. Back from tbe coast are large
quantities of clitystone suiiablo for build
ing puiposes and Bolt enough toT be cut
with tools. Vast mines of iron exist there
of a superior quality. Mr Bowen found
in Yorrouba, hillocks which proved to be
the remains of forges in which the metal
bad been wrought, thousands of j-enrsago.
Copper and lead are also, obtained in orea
abundance. Brass of an excellent quality
was very pientuui ana civap, and he was
told that it was manufactured in the in
terior.' Gold And gems were also abundant
in the Ashantree countiy, and it was from
those regions that Ancient Carthage de
rived her vast wealth. .
Commercial facili'ies are easily created
in nil that part of tbe continent. Tbe
swamps which foreigners find so destruct
ive to health, only line tbe coaat, while be
yond is an elevated plateau, in which t lie
boat is never extreme. At some seasons,
I lis Jistrmatlun or cold wind prevail:?, mak
ing the climate salubrious. The absence
of mountain ranges is favorable to tbe
construction of railroads, while the Niger
itself may be made the thoroughfare for
a lucrative commeice. This river has
Rev. E. H. Chapin, the celebrated Uni- ,
vernal jut preacher, thus nlIud-9 to prolans
swearing in one of his discourses ...n th
Lord's Prayer: 'If we would use the prayor
sincerely, we must .allow ' God's name
upon ouv lip. It will never bo a light
word there. It will never dropout in
jest, or ring in blasphemy. , I wish to
loucb this point earnestly. T would speak -strongly
against the 6in of ProtHh'eness. ''
Are there any before me 'who are h:cuj-
tomed to uoe God's name as Art. expletive, ,
and to bandy it as a by-word? , Why era
P'oy it;in all kinds of ionvorsatioti, and
brow; it about in every place ! PetnApw
in their hearts tbey'coti'-iiler this habi't- as
an Accomplishment I t hink it roaly .: and
brave to ewear! lot me HAy, thai pro- ..
fanenessis a brutal vioe. He who indulges,
in it is no g"ntlem;in. I care not what bis
stamp may be in society. I care not what
clothes he wears, or what culture he boastf?.
Despite all his refinement, the light and
habitual taking of God's name b'-tutyn a
coarae nature and a brutal will. Nav, hn
taritly admi's that it is unger.tkm.tnTy.
He restrains his oaths in the 'presence f
ladies, and he who fears to rush into the .
chancery of heaven and swears by tbe
iMajesty there, is decently oberva;t
ii.,.i,d,i ,i, ur : ..r ... ""
v.v . . kpsv.ll of ir-lvi.ll. ,.un snl ,.r.r..;!
r roni its iteita to its source it is more
than three thousand miles in leri-'lh, ami
for areat portion of that distance may be
nAviy-Ated by eteamboAts. Its principal
tributAiies, we are assured, are navigable
for. more than fi-tecn hundred miles.
Tho country, which is drained by the
Niger and its brnm-hrs, is rich in re
sources yet undeveloped. Cotton, which
first was brought thence to America, may
be produced in freat abundance. The
indigo, tree flourishes there, au.1 can be
made lo supply the wan ts of tbe peoph Of
Europe. The most precious gums, are
wasting year by year in quanlilies suffi
cient to make the fortunes of miny mer
cantile bouses.1 Ivory, silk and skins can
be obtained with, little diflicupy. The
pftlm tree. grows luxui Tandy and in abund
ance, ample enough to .supply oil for the
rest of the world
Tlie commerce with' this dovtnfiy, now
valued at about thirty millions of dollars,
could be 'Augmented many! times over, if
onr merchants . would establish trading
posts, in the interior, far up the Niger, o
as to compete aud break up tl.e vast traffic
by the caravans. The KnglUh, neglectful
of this, have failed' to Open a lucrative
commerce. The minor impediment in
the wiy of. African indus'ry is the want
of a market for their production-. If this
is furnished it will not require a long time
to develop the exbaustk-os resources ' of j
that country. : 1 .. . .
Mr. Bowen thinks that our government j
should send an expedition to explore the I
jiger. . ibis would aid jireittlr in oncn-
the drawing-room nnd the parlor. Eu
again. Profaneness is an unmnnly ami
silly vice.- It certainly is not a g a ;e in
conversation, and it adds no str- ii:;ih toir.
Theie is no organic tyro, me try in the nar
rative that is iu-rrained with oaths: and
the blasphemy hat bolsters an . opinion
does not make it nny nmi correct. Our
mother-English has Variety enough to
make a stoiy sparkle, and to give point tv.
wi.; it has toughness enough and vehe
mence enough to furnish the suiewsi for a
debate and to drive home cotivi tio;i, w ith- "
nut-degrading the holy epithets of Jehovah.
Nay, the use of these expletives argues a
limited range of ideas, and a conscious
ness of being on the wrong fide. And if
we (an find no other phiaies through'
which to. vent our chocking passion.' wo
bad better repress that passion. An !, ;
again. ' Profaneness i-j. a mean rice. Ac
cording to general estimation he who re- .
pays.. kindness with contumely, he who
abuses his friend and b?nefator," is deemed
pitiful and wretched. And yet, .oh, pro
fane man! whose name is it you handle fo
lightly? it is that of your bst Benefactor!
You. whose blood would boil to her;t'!
venerable name of your earthly paren 8
hurled about in scofs and jt s s, nbus ,
wiibout'coinpunction an 1 wii liou thocjght,
the nanif of your heavenly Faihe;! Fi-a y,
Prnfaueness is an awful vice. Once mori
I ask, whose name is it you bo lightly use?
The ntme of God! have you ever poild.-re 1
its meaning? llitva j?m ever thought
what it is that you mingle thus with your
pastsion and your wi;? It, is the name of
mm whom the angels worship, and whom
It is a noticeable fact that people wl o
lire long together grow to look alike. Wo
are euch imittlivo and deceptive creatures '
that urifcoiisciously. in spite' of ourselves,
we imbibe'lhe spirit and assume ihe char
acteristic of those wiih whom we come
nun; h in contact. Yon may even dislike a
man; neverthelcf s, if you nte niuob in ln-t
company you will soon ho found copyin-e '
the very gesture nnd tones of the voico
which you hate.
Where symptthy exists between per
sons, this ' assimilation is all the more
facile and thorough. VY not only imi'a'A
habits and receive opinions, a:iJ e.-tt of tb
same dishes,' both material and spii itual
with our daily associates; but there is an
interpenetrating personality which Hows
from each to each, particb s of John that
are absorbed by Peier who is re-absoibed
in return by his companion, ami all these
influences working upon tho iiviprcc-siblo
spirit, and thence outward into the lace
and form, write in the expie.-sio'n a his
tory of ninn's friendships, and report to ui
whether he Iris walketl with saints or sin
ners, and loved beautiful or ugly souls.
The marriage rel niou, which mfikp?, or
should make, one flesh and cno spirit of
two united lovers, favors most of this as
similT'ion. Even where dissatisfaction
and differences exist the power to mutually
mould and influence character rom-ons".
Be sure ilmt. day after day yu sh-tl! gro ve
to be like the wife you have chosen; and
yon, woman, assuming the yok, know for
ing such a commerce, nnd prove a ouwe ! " " , """.3?" not me part-
of incAl.tulMl.lA wealtlv n v.e...r,.r ".' '".""'. nu nome oniy.
Around the marts which would be estab
lished .in Central
in Central Africa, largo towns
would spring up, .which would become
nucleuses of civilization, and the slave
trade might thus be more effectually sup
pressed. ... .
t :'iaotlicr,. I snai ".Vcai y,"
A correspondent of the E! mi i a "Re
publican" fenys tliat in a recent trip over
tlie Erie road, ah incident occurred that
touched every -beholder's heart wiih pity.
A-comparatively young lady., dressed in
deep mourning her husband having re
cently died was traveling southward,
having in her care, and keeping a young
daughter of some six yars. The little
girl . was mild-eyed as an autumnal sky,
nnd .as fragile as the , hyacinth;.' her ema
ciated fingers s delicate aiid 'trans' pi rent
as the- pearls of - CVy'on; Tonehingly
beautiful, was tbe Affection of her heart for
the mother, whose solicitude for the daugh
ter's comfort was unceasingly nmnifested.
Looking ever And anon from the car-window,
she turned to her mother, buying
"Mothei'; I am weaiy; w hen shall we 'get
home?"' . ...: -: . , .; f . ,-. .,
After a time she fell into a senile sluni-
to the I ber, and awaking suddenly, a radiant smile
Almeida j o'ei spreading bpr features, she excla
but that his nobleness or meanness, his
greatness or his grovelling, his high-toned
character or his coarseness, you likewise
shall share and partake.
"As the hnoliand U, the wife is, thou art ' wedded tfl
And the crossness f his nature shall IiaTO weleh.
to drug thee down!" ,
What therefore behooves us ia, to cboosa
our companions, and ab-jve all, in mar
rying, to consult higher in.eres's than
social position nnd inoney. lVets havo
ctased to sing after marriage; it is l.eaue
they have united tliemstlvos with consortn
void of interior beauty And soul'. Woman
of rare and delicate qualities often rriow
uninteresting nnd cmmon-place in iho
wedded stale, having ..-found until coin-.
panions, , ;
"All tlirit'a One within thorn crowing
Course to-aj inp.itlilro vt ltU clj ."
And so the pure face of ihe young man
who has gpiitle sisters, is St-n to fade and
change, and grow dark arid moody ami
sensual, afiei he has l--amt-,l to smoke, and
taken to the society of loafers. Olive
Branch. '' .:
aC"Grny hairs, like hone, t, 'l ipnds, Are
plucked out And cast Aside for leliing un-.
pieasuut truths. But v by unpleasant?
. "I piie is in the In art of Afiiva, ii it by no
3rThe.m.iii who went for South.. en
laimed, 'measures has not returned. It, is tn r.
ffiinting upward "Mother, ih. t's pnpa! Rested that he may have Mien u,to o.
home a; la-: ' nud exiied. jtiiem.