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A WEEKLY JOUHNAL DEVOTEE) TO l?OLITICS. TTTTTi aT'TTTJt1 a m rnrTT .rnm onAfMi.M,; 7r: "
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$l.SO in urivnticc
1. A.. PliANTS, Editor.
NEW SERIES-VOL. 2, NO 23.
POMEROY, TUESDAY, JULY 12, 1859.
imTblTsiied wee It I. v. by
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From KeiiPii tiuturday Guzotro.
THE COTTAQB HOME.
A Htrfit Is ahlntiifr brllitly
W llliln a coIIhko liointi.
And lioiirtu aro boatlnK liKlitly,
A iiioutU aprlucoly douiu.
A cheerful flru la Rlowlnir
And HpurkliHK on tlio lionrth,
J Ik wnnu tb mid briKhtnoas throwing
On iuiiocenctt and lillrlli.
A littlo bird ia ainglne
Nwoot mulod), uiid rare:
ItuJnyouH. tones are rinfriiifr
Liko ailvor tbrough tbo air.
A liiuplilnjr boy la nlttlnit
I'pou hia molliura lap,
Wlnlu alia is neatly uuln(
A foutUorlii bl mi, -
A littlo girl ia creeping
I'pon tlio wlilte ouk floor.
Or lit Iter brotlior pooping,
iiohind tlio kitclieu door.
Their alioula of lauKbtor ringing
.So merrily and clour
From hearts of Joy up-aprlnglng ,
Full ploasiinl uu the ear.
" Hear papa," too. Is smiling
Upon llio lovely scone;
lli eveniiifr hours beirulling
Willi hupplnosa, I wocu.
And linjitiy -Is t hut mother,
'l liouli liiiiublo bo lior lot:
For "love to one another,"
Is cliurishwd in tho cot.
The lovo whU h dieth never
'l'ho Kyinpntliy of hearts.
Whom God hath bound together
A bond which never purls.
T. A. PLANTS, Atloriu.y mitl Councelor
at Law, rouieroy, O.
Oilleo in tho Court House.
' trills Jil
SlMl'aON cVc LAfeLEV, Attorneys
foiinsulorsat law and r-neral colleetlni; agents,
l'uineroy, O. I.' (lie in the fourt-Housu. )-ly.
j.TuT"kT7iTS7T: jAroa a. kahihrt.
11 ANN A &, EAItHAUT, Attorneys nl
Law, P.miei-o.v, O. All business entrusted to their
euro "ill rece'ivo prompt ntlention. !
T 11 0 T AS C A RLETO N , Attorney and
Connaelor nt Law. Olllee, l.inn street, eui-t unle,
two doors above T. J. Smith's Shoo Vl.ire. opposilo
, 1,0 Keiniiit'ton Hons.!. All business enlruMe. to
his euro will rei-oive prompt attention. 1-.I4.
TZirZZ ' unosvKs.ia.
KNOWLES & GROSVENOlt, Atmr-
in. ..i.j. Alliens County, Ohio, will
attend Hi- .everal Courts of Moles t.o.nny
1st lu i.f hulIi term. Oliico ul tlio
U Ml' E 1-T TA T ES HO IE L.ll A
Hi:n.iei, Proprietor; (fo-meny occupied by M. A-Wob-tur)
.tne s.pia. bulsw the Kollin-j-Mlll.r'oniO -'
rov, O. lb end .-avorti loneioin n in. t.-ile both nin"
and Least in the best manner. M r. Hudson holies to
i:i- i.U'e.fc.K.1'.; - -- j.i... 'J-Tl-lx.
G'lOHS GKOCKIMKS n.u'l IMXli.
ISAAC KALLEIx, Crntliii-r, (irocer and
Hrv Uo.j.ls D.v.ler, ll-st M"f nbovo l'-onnally &
Ji'l'iliinu:" near Hi- l.'ollint-.Mlll. l'oiiioroy. (.
Country Mori-hunts :.re r.- I'Ct-i Pul ly reiiiest. -l to
call mi"'I cviimins my Mo.-k of (. roeeries, as I .1.1
conll lei. I tlii:t 1 i-1-.liMnl Le lied -rsold. i."'i?
O. Uil A N ClI ct CO., 1J-i'hs in Dry
':nods. Crrocorlos. Hardware. Uueont-ware, iVc.
Kant kii'.o of C nu t street, llueo doors above the
i-irii-T of Front,
S'OBBKBIOV ElOM-iNG MILL CO.
Kefp const?wiilv on hand and manulac-
ture loonier, all "kinds nnd siz-s of Hat, round and
s.iMiiro iron of superior quality, which they uher.
wholesulo mid r-tiil, at current rules. Also,
American nnd Swede nail roils, xtcol and lion
plo-ii.irs. cast and shear stel, vwijroii boes
Scriin-irou lind kidney ore taken in i-vchmio.
I'l-ly. b. A. OS l iCOM, rilll.t.
STEAM SAW MILL, Front btreot, t'om-
crov. niNir Karr's Jinn. Mai I!. Xyo, Proprietor,
Lumber sawed to order on short nolico. Plaitennjr
lath constantly on hand, for sale. 1 1
JOHN STDAVIS, has his Planing Ma-
chiiio.on Suar Hun, Pomeroy, In pood order, mid
constunt oporution. Fiouonjc, wallier-liourdlnsr,
vc, koit eoustaniiy on nann, loiin orsr.
PETER LAMBKEOIJT, Watchmaker tt
Dealerin U'ateh-s, Cl.iks. Jowelry and l-nni
Articles, Court street, below tho lieiv liai.k mj:'
House. Pomeroy. WmIcIio.-, Clocks und Jowelry
caroiuily repntfed on short notlco. 1-1
V. a7a 1 (UIER7 Watchmaker and Je w-
cler, aiul wholesale nnd retail dealerin Wati-lies.
(locks. Jewelry and Fancy Hoods. Front-id., above
the HoiniHstoii'll-iusj, Poiuerny. Piirticiilaratien
tlon paid to repairing nil 1'rtii les in inyliiio. 1-1
T. WHITESIDE, Manufaoturor ot iiootsi
and .Shoes. Front St rocd. three donj-s above Stone
bridge. Tlio best of work, for Ladies and Gentle
men, made to rder. L-l
I.EATHEH UIOA l t.i;s.""
HcQUlGG & SMITH, Leather Dealers
and Findors, Court ul root, 3 doors below the Hunk,
and oppositft Branch' Store, Pomeroy. O
' irAXUFA CT LTilZs.
SU G A "R-I I (J N Sal t ConT panyT Sal 1 1 wen -
ty-llve cents por bushol. Oftlea near tho Funnier..
1-1 C. HKAXT, Airout.
POMEROY Salt Company.
Ave cents nor bushel.
DATiNEY Salt Company, Coalport. Salt
twenty-five cents perbimhel ror country trade.
1-1 G. W. COOl'lili, Secretary.
F. E. HUMPHREY, Blacksmith, in his
new buildine, buck of thn Hank buitdinir, Pomeroy.
Job Work of al I kinds, Horse-shooiug,Sc., executed
with neatnoss and dispatch. 1 -1
PA I X T Hit S-oT7a 7. 1 E It S
F. LYMAN, Painter and Glazier, hack
room of P. Lambrecht.'a Jewelry Store, west side
Court street, Pomeroy, O. 1-1
JOTl NliiSKLSTl N, Sad (1 ie7 1 'faTness fTriTl
Trunk .MaiMifaoturr, Frnt Stropt, Ihruo oom te
lovv Court, I'ormiruv, will oxcente nil work -n-trustud
to bi;c:iro with lieutntr-aannrl tiiMpatcb. S:i1
illos g-otUMi up in tlm ntet -ilylc.
JAMES WRIGHT, Saddle and Harness
Maker. Shop over Jiluck and Kathburn's store,
CARRIAGE & WAGON MAKING by
M. IIlar-i-nkr, V rout Street, first corner below the
Kollhur-.Mill, Pomeroy, o. All nrlii-les In his lino
of business inuiiiifucturud at reasonable rates, and
thev uro especially recommended for durubilitv.
PEf ERROSBTlVagon Maker. Muf-
Kerry street, west nlde, threo dnors Hack street,
Pomeroy, Ohio. Manufacturer of Wajroim, Hug
giea. Carriages, Stc. AH order filled on short
D. C. WHALEY. Surgeon Dentist,
Hummer' Huilding 2nd Story, Putliiml . street,
MiddlHiiort. O. All operations pertaining .to the
profossion prouiplly perfonnJd. laidiu wuiled
upon at their residence. If dcslrd. i-j
. POCKET CUTLEHYl
A SUPERIOR lot of I'ofrtiit Cutlery, mny
lie found in my establishment, wliich for
chtapnexs, Oefy competition. Call and con
June Sl i5-2m. P. LA.MERECHT.
Every one who lias read the great stoiy
ol tlie Revolution, as it is written upon
the de'iUliless page- of history, knows the
evils atrainst which the great Washington
was forced to contend. Not tho least of
these arose in the base conduct of his
country men, who, in the light of justice
and humanity, should have been his com
puiiiols, but were the bervants of the
throne that was oppressing the people.
One of the most nctive of these Tories,
was one Geishoin Wilson, who had, at
one time, held oflioe under the crown, and
who still clung, with a continued perti
naeily, to the caubO of the monarch.
Washington, in taking irp his quarters at
Fort Washington or Xiug's Bridge, had
been foiewarned as to the man's conduct;
and had, accoidinglv, Bet men to watch
his itciions. Tho residence of Wilson was
between the cily of New York and the
position of the American- fureeB, so that
lie cuuM readily intoim tlio cuctu of tlio
doings of the patriots.
One afternoon, just as tho day was fa
iling into twilight, the American scouts
perceived a horseman draw rein at the
tloor of the suspected tory. One of the
thiee men, Richard Merrick, who was 'an
officer among the lebel troops, had provi
ded himself with a disguise, mid in this
he at once determined to seek an entrance
into the house, to learn what might be the
nature of the stranger's en and. Dis
mounting, nnd giving the reiu of his horse
to a subordinate, lm directed the party to
retire to a thicket not far off, there to
await his coming, find to respond to n
given signal. He theu departed upon his
selt-imposeJ mission. Representing Him
self a farmer, in the interests of the Brit
ish, and with which character his disguise
fully accorded, ho succeeded in gaining
admission to the kitchen, lie iouuu the
evening meal yet spread, although the
family had apparently partaken of it.
Beside the old woman, a domestic who
had admitted him, he found in the apart
ment a young und beautiful maiden, who
seemed to be assisting the aged servant in
her household duties.
"Here is a stranger from below, Miss
Clara," said the domestic, calling the
young lady's attention to tho new comer.
Clam cast her deep dark eyes full upon
him, and although thy reflected w hat was
probably gome heart sauness, Uaptam i,ler
rick thought he had never gazed upon the
lid-hill of more resplendent orbs. He
bowed, as much to conceal his look of
admiration, as his confusiou at being thus
"Are you from the British camp?" she
a: ked, with a half bitch.
"And a friend of the Ling?" Another
"Your father would hardly admit any
other," the officer replied, evasively.
"True! My father lias no pympathios
with the rebels, as l.e calls them, und would
not afford them shelter or sustenance. -But
have you supped! Seat yourself, and
partake in welcome."
The captain would, under atty other
circumstances, have cheerfully complied,
partieulaily as the was there to do the
honors of the lable; but lie felt that his
errand was of that nature that lie could
not break the lory's bread. He declined,
politely, and seated himself to await the
course of events, or shape his plan of ac
tion. He recalled ihe tone in which the
gill had questioned him, and the peculiar
emphasis she had laid upon the word,
"father." Was he to conclude from this,
that she, and the rest of the family, were
sympathizer with her countiymen, as
against their oppressors? The doubt thus
created made him feel the more drawn
toward the fair creature. He followed her
movements through her various employ
ments, declaiing to himself that lie hud
never t-een ar.ybody half to giaceful. At
length, her duties finished, she approached
the captain, and inquired:
"Did you wish to see my father?"
He hardly dared deceive her, and yet
the task lie had assumed would not allow
of any other course. - lie replied, Btill ga
inz at her blushing face, and with some
"Yen I would like to that s, if l.e
I believe that he ia occupied at this
moment, but will soon be at leisure. He
will come to you in a short, time. You
will not object to remain here until then?
1 would ask 'you to the parlor, but my
"Is Buspicio'is," eaid Merrick for lie
again perceived the Baddened air. "We
must all be cautious, I will remain here
until I see him." s "
With a few words to the old woman,
Clara left the apartment; not, however,
without again casting a look upon the dis
guised sold'er. The domestic, thus left,
as it were, to keep guard, was not a Cer
berus, for, in a few minuteB, after lighting
a candle and seating herself comfortably,
she fell fast asleep. That this condition
bad ensued, Merrick became satisfied, by
sundry nods of her cap-frill, and finally
by a decided snore. lie then, without
noise, opened the door communicating
with what he supposed to be the sittili";
room, and in which he imagined Mr. Wil
son and his visitor were engaged in con
versation. For some time, he heard only
a low whispering, the subject of winch he
could not understand, bull he listened.
almost afraid to breathe. He knew how
important it was that something definite
should be discovered, that would serve as
a justification of Wilson's arrest, in order
to lemove him from a position so inimical
to the interests of the patriots; and he de
termined to remain at his post until he had
achieved his purpose, or should be dis
covered. "With a ready invention, he
framed a story accounting for his preseuce
there, should the tory burst upon him.
For the rest, he feared nothing; save per
haps, the angry glances of the eyes that
His perseverance was at last rewarded.
The tones of the parties in the setting-
room rose gradually, from a whisper, until
it fairly drowned the noise of the old wo
man's nasal organ. He began to under
stand the convertation.
"If wc can thus steal a march upon this
ebel and his forces," said one, whom,
fiom the nature of the expressions, Mer-
lck supposed was the visitor, "we shall
have an easy and almost bloodless victory.
In this way only can we hope to put an
end to the war."
'But I tell you," answered Wilson,
"that Washington is too cunning a fox to
leave his retreat unprotected. All along
the road, from here to the headquarters,
there are placed numbers of scouts, who
keep a sleepless vigilance over j'our mo
tions below. You cannot take the first
step in advance, but what it would b
Kiiurvn to him. I tell vou, some other
lan must be invented, or this man will
never fall into your hands."
"1 ricks and traps are not a part of our
tactics, and form no portion of a soldier's
duty," the other replied; "a victory thus
gained, brings no eclat, and is seldom suc
ceeded by promotion. Fy a surprise, we
out-general him; by a trick, we simply
prove ourselves private stratagists. 1
much prefer the former course."
"And 1 the latter."
"But how know you that you can in
duce him to visit you?" demanded the
"I am sure of it, and will be responsi
ble for the result.".
"Your wife and daughter, you tell me,
are opposed to j'ou, and are warm sympa
thizers with the rebels."
"True, but vhat of that?"
"Will they not betray any plan you
may form against this Washington, who
is almost idolized?"
"They need not know it. I design
sending them on a visit to their friends in
Connecticut. They will be glad to get
away from here, where they cannot hear
ot the evils that beset the rebel 8 path.
"Ktnv rehearse, once more, your pro
ject, and briefly!"
"Thus, then, it is: I will go to the
quarters of this Washington, and, with
some tale that will win his attention, state
the determination of the British general.)
to hold a council at my house. He will
excuse my receiving them when I offer to
conduct him, alone, to such concealment
as will afford him protection, ar.d enable
him to hear the whole conversation."
"And you think he will be taken with
such a shallow story?"
"He is fond of adventure, and brave.
He will come with me. You will have a
guard posted here, and of course, 6ecure
him. W ith him lalls the cause of the
rebels; and, once more, the rule of our
king will be acknowledged!"
"You speak enthiibiastically; yet, how
ever much 1 may wish it, I cannot agree
with you. Still, 1 am willing to allow
something to your judgment. 1 know
that you will not betiay the tiust, as your
life is in my power. You may make the
attempt, but it must be done speedily."
"In less than a week he shall be in j-our
hands, or 1 will be
man he had tried to injure, and, judging
ot him by his own nature, he at once con
cluded that there would be no mercy
shown him. He had heard that Washing
ton's revenge was sure, speedy, and fatal.
To a blank despair, therefore, he yielded
nimseii utterly nopeiessi -
As soon as his protracted absence from
home had excited surprise and then fear,
Clara, ever the affectionate daughter, after
soothing, as far as possible, the agony of
tier mother, determined to t ; ice her absent
parent. She was natural!' led to seek
him iu the, British catri bat, thee she
learned that lie had underlain ibe "fieri?
aid the pestilential slave-hunters, of, both
She accordingly retraced her stepsV and flkW.XS
"His prisoner," interrupted the soldier.
Captain Merrick had heard enough, and
as the conspirators rose to separate, he
deemed it best to lake his departure, too.
This ho did, without even disturbing the
sleeping servants, and gained the grove,
w here his party was stationed. .
Gershom Wilson's plan, however it
might have succeeded, had it still been a
secret, was, of course, doomed to a Bad
failure. As he had agreed, lie sought our
Commander-in-Chief, and told his story.
As he finished, Captain Merrick entered,
and, nt a sigh from his superior, arrested
the baffled traitor. Seeing that ' he wus
detected, and knowing thai his life would
probably be the penalty the wretched man
began to wail most piteously, and beg for
freedom. With a contemptuous, smile,
Washington ordered his removal. . .
"Keep a close guard upon him, Cap
lain Merrick, and Jet no one communcute
with him uuless bearing my order."
Wilson knew I hat absolute power, as re
garded his punishment, rested with the
stopping for her mother, together they set
out to 6eek an interview with the patriotic
'Your father should die," he said to
Clara as she stood trembling before him,
and yet encouraged by the mild benignity
that shone upon his countinance; "but 1
have deluyed his sentence for the present.
I cannot, however, release him. You are
awa:e that he would, through me, have
destroyed -the cause in which I am en
gaged. I 6peak not of my individual loss,
but of the leader of the patriot's hope.
You and your mother are at liberty to
visit him when you will, but I consider
both her and you pledged not to aid his
"Must he die? Alas! he always said
you were revengeful."
"Had I been like himself, a private in
dividual, 1 should have had no right to
pass a sentence upou him. Do you not see
"If I did not, sir, I cannot impugn it.
I and mother begged him to join you."
"I must be excused now; you will par
don the soldier's duty. I will order vour
accommodation poor, perhaps, yet all
wc can otlor. Captain Merrick!
As the person thus summoned entered,
Clara turned, and recognized him, even in
"Ah! you are he that
She involuntary approached him, audits
he met her, he whispered:
"Fear not! the General is considerate. '
"You will see that these ladies are a!
lowed to provide accommodation for
themselves near the camp. They are at
He waved his hand, and they retiied.
Merrick lost no time in bestowing his
charges in the best place he could lind,
and, after they had become fixed, lie ex
plained to Clara h's action in the matter
She could not help listening io ins ex
cuses, and allowing that his duty was an
extenuating circumstance. She saw her
father, also, nnd in the hope derived from
Menick, she tried to cheer him with -the
hope of release.
Some three months had elapsed, and in
that time, notwithstanding the changes
and chunces of a military life, Clara and
Merrick passed many hours together. As
a natural consequence ot such association,
the guileless and unsophisticated heart of
the lair girl, and that ol the young soldier,
became inextricably entangled. :The
loved, and this fact would endorse f the
supremacy of that passion, which knows
no time nor place, but finds its devotees
By some means perhaps the confession
of Merrick himself Washington learned
the fact. He sent for them, and finding
that this was really the case that they
had plighted their faith he stated to
them his determination of sending the
lady and her mother home. He handed a
letter to Clara to bo delivered to her father.
It read thus:
"You have deemed me revengeful.
Perhaps I am, and, to support the charac
ter, I am determined now to have a sweet
revenge. You are fuee! Go! and, with
your w ife and child, live a better and wUei
life. I have promised the hand of your
daughter to one that loves and is worty of
her. When peace shall come to relieve
him from duty, see that my promise is
Peace did come at last, nnd the promise
was kept by the now grateful and changed
And this was Washington's Revenge.
For the Meigs County Tulvgrnph.
Docs the Constitution of flic
Unltcl Mtatc Mustafa tliu tH'.tn
c.raftc fitity, in Its Attempts to
force tnc People ot the I Tee
MiliCI tOHld 111 VHlrtliHU I'lfttt-
II vc Slaves, or to p.ty lor them If
Editor of tub Teleorai'ii In our
other article, we showed the position of the
Democratic party .so far as relates to the
ioictng oi the tree peopje or the Worth to
WHO Mi NUMBER 870
A Touching Incident.
At the Masonic Festival in Medina, .on
Juno 24th, there was a Banquet in Jtlie
evening. Among thoso present was
Ossiati E. Dodge, who of course, was
ealled on to sing. The song he selected
was the "Snow Storm," written by Seba
Smith. Mr. Dodge, before singing the
song, narrated the incident to which it re
lated. In the year 1021, Mrs. Blake,
with her husband and child, were crossing
the Green Mountains during a snow storm,
and lost their way. When discovered by
some persons iu search of them, . Mrs.
Blake was frozen to death, and Mr. Blake
almost unconscious. Near the dead body
of Mrs. Blake was a little hillock of snow,
on removing which was found a bundle,
which, when unwrapped, was found to con
tain the babe alive and well, wrapped, in
the clothing the mother had taken from
her own person. When taken up the child
looked into the faoeof its rescuer nnd
During the singing of the piece a gen
tleman and lady iu the audience wre
deeply a dec ted, and wept copiously. The
majority ol the audience sympathised with
the couple and wept also. The gentleman
was the Hon. II. G. Blake, 6011 of her who
had perished in the snow, and brother of
the babe, and the lady was his wife.
Twenty Thousand Widows. Sir Wal
ter Scott admits that tho battle of Water
loo created in tho British empire fifteen
thousand widows. It is probable that the
recent battle of Magenta haa created at
least twenty thousand widows and sixty
gers," or in paying for" them- if-ih'y es
cape. We found the Democratic parly
had been d liven into this nefarious policy
by. the iliesistible influence which the
slave power exerts in that organization.
We found that the Democracy" were not
pledged to this policy now only, but thai
their inexorable master had compelled them
to make it like the laws of the "Medcs and
Persians," absolutely unchangeable to
make it an integral part of the Constitu
tion itself so that to violate the one j.s n
necessary violation of the other. In other
words, we found the leaders of the Demo
cratic party of this nation pledged to sus
tain, as absolutely irreiiealable and un
changeable, cither in letter or -spirit, the
doctrine, that if a man of the Free States
refuses to aid iu catching and redlining
his fellow-man to chains and slavery, when
culled upon by Federal ofliciuls, that he ih
not a "good citizen, but is guilty of a
violation of the Constitution of the United
States! Such in now the position of an
organization falsely culled Democratic.
It is now our purpose to contrast these
abominable and barbarous doctunes, with
tii at reverted and noble instrument, the
Constitution of the United States: and
show first, from its history, and secondly
from its provisions or text, that instead of
authorizing such monstrous and inhuman
absurdities, that it strangles them iu their
first and faintest conception. This latter
position will be proved by an application
of the established Democratic canons of
constitutional construction and interpreta
tion. These are the famous Virginia
Resolutions, of 1798, drawn by James
Madison, and the Kentucky Resolutions,
of 1799-1800, drawn by Thomas Jellei
sou. With these lights to guide us, we
shall soon perceive the hollow-hearted
hypocricy of the sham Democracy, in at
tempting to cover their slave-hunting pro
pensities with the broad shield of our ylo
lious constitution of freedom. We. will
find that they have actually "stolen the
livery of Heaven to verve the devil in."
The first compact of a constitutional
character, under which the people of the
United Slates (then Colonies) ever lived,
was comprised in the celebrated "Articles
of Association," -agreed to in tho tirsi
general Congress of tho Colonies which
was ever held, and on. the 20lh day of Oc
(ober, 1774. The only articles which re
lated to slavery was the second, and that
contained the following:
"That we will neither import nor pur
chase any slave imported after the first day
of December next; after which lime we
will wholly discontinue tho slave tiade,
and will neither bo concerned in it our
selves, nor will wo hire our vessels, nor
soil our commodities or manufactures, to
those who arc concerned iu ir,."
Eleven Slates were represented in the
Congress which unanimously agreed to the
above article, and among the delegates
weie the names of Washington, Patrick
Htniv, R. II. Lee, Roger Sherman, John
Jay, the first Chief-Justice of tho Supreme
Court ot the United States, together with
a large number of other names, noted in
our Revolutionary history. As it was
then supposed that a suppression of the
slave trade would inevitably destroy slavery
itselt, the advocates ot slave-catching will
find rather cold comfort in the first con
stitutional compact into which our nation
ever entered. 1 hat, certainly, was not the
time w hen "black meu had no rights which
white men were bound to respect." No
slave-hunting doctrines are to be found
there; but, on the contrary, a discourage
ment, plain and unequivocal, to catching
and "importing" them. To make the case
even stronger, it was provided in the elev
enth article, that a "committee" should
be appointed in every "county, city and
town" to ascertain whenever any person or
persons "violated this Ansociaiioii," in
order that "the truth of the case might
be published in the 'Gazette,' to the end
that all such foes to the rights of British
Ameiica may be publicly kuown, and uni
versally contemned as the enemies of
American liberty." Ihe modern doc
trines of the slave-hunting Democracy
were certainly at a great discount in 1774.
But, i9 a man less an enemy to the "rights
of America" to "American liberty"
who catches blaves in 1859, than the tory
loyalist who did it in 1774? If not, what
becomes ot the party which would prosti
tute all the powers of our .National Gov
ernment for that purpose? Is it any
wonder that wheie Democracy is pre
dominant, as in the slave Suites, the prin
ciples of the Revolution canifot be publicly
discussed except nt the peril of life' ,
ihe next bond of a constitutional union.
and the one that "absolved us from all al
legiance lo the British crown," is the justly
celebrated aud world-renow'ned Declara
tion of Independence. It declares as "self-
evident, that all men are created equal;
that they are endowed by their Creator
with certain unalienable rights; that among
these are life, liberty, aud the pursuit of
happiness; that lo securo these lights,
governments aro instituted among men,
deriving their just powers from the con
sent of the governed."
The slave-catching leaders of the so
called Democracy are so well ponviiioed
that these great fundamental truths are
absolutely incompatible with their detest
able principle that they are devising ,iUr present Constitution, and find whether
every possible plan to explain away their , it U in J-nrmoby wi:h the pt.limi n-r y f I.
ZZ'rn mZi'Tn'" ' T'T" i W l.et her it Conuil.H
iindernniie their hold upon the auctions hid.ng-pla,.,, fr the .av,,-hu, in r
.f he people, as well as then etrru.d lot..,-. doctrines of modern Democracy. Wc do
(hit.on in justice and right. Should the not fear the result.
people lgtiomiiiit'usly surrender these !
Hums, which constitute their poliiiea ' i-xamlita'.iuii of 'iVar-i.ni;.
"birth-rii'lll." for tho "mitt aer miu" ...(
slavery, the terrible evils of tluHpoiie tyr
anny, which would inevitably follow,
would be but the just recompense for such
shameful and unmitigated treason to the
principles of equal rights. But the peo
ple, in whom "our faith" is, will , never
yield so ' great ;, boon, even . uiidV th
piessnre-sttLtyarty ties and, the iuane
threat of mW. slave power" io. -i'mla .or
rir" Base and ysiematis.v4).fti"s;of
deception, ovei bearing and egotistical as
sumptions, witli all the uiisfi-upulou) ap
pliances of political ehicanpiy, -are fast
losing their power with tho masses of the
people; and ihe tinio will soon tome when
they will vindicate their undeniable ca
pachy for self-government, by the com
plete and humiliating overthrow of nil
parties which, like the sham Dcmociacv,
derive their vitality from the horrors and
ciimes of slavery.
Tho third instrument by which the
American Union was more etroiiejv ce-
, . i . i ... . . . .
metiteu, wiin cousin niioiini obligations.
Comprised what is known as the "Articles
of Confederation and Perpetual Union,"
finally ratified by the "Thirteen Stales,"
in Congress assembled, on the 9th (lav of
July, 1778. The first clau.-e of the fui'nth
Ai tide contained the follow tf: The
free inhabitants of each of these States
paupers, vagabonds, and fugitives from
jttstire, excepted shall bo en tilled to all
privileges and immunities of fiile citizens
in the several States."
The following item from tha proceed
ings of the continental Congress, Thuts
day, June 25, 177C, explains itself:
"The delegates from South Carolina
being called on, moved tlie following
amendment, in behalf of their State. lt.
In f.rticle 4, between the words 'free in
habitants' insert 'white.' Passed in the
negative; two ayes, eight noes, one divi
ded." (Seo Elliott's Debates, Vol. 1,
page 9. J.
Thus the Continental Congress refused
to countenance any tlistineiion betw een the
immunities and privileges of the free
blacks and whites voting down a propo
sition of that kind by eiyht to two! Such
a vote in the Congress of tho. present day,
would be regarded by the slave-catching
leaders of Democracy as tho very essence
of political treason, and-would insure for
its authors the choicest anathema-' and
slang of tlie .Northern pot-house dema-
. I .1 . I ,m
gogue oi tne biave power, i jio princi
ples of the Congress of 1770, would be
tho "gall of bitterness" to the Democracy
of 1859. So much for the infiueiico of
The second clause of the fourth article
provided that, if any person "guilty of, or
charged with tieason, felony, or other
misdemeanor,'" in one S;aio, 6hould escape
into another, that upon tbo demand of
the Governor or executive power of the
State from which he. fled, he should be
delivered up, "and removed to the State
lraving jurisdiction of his offense." But
nowhere in the whole thirteen articles is
there found anything demanding of the
people of the free Stales to aid in hunting
down and returning to Londago fugitive
slaves. This grand and unchangeable
principle of modern pro-slaveiy Democ
racy had not penetrated the dirk and be
nighted minds of our Revolutionary states
men, ihe benignant and magnanimous
doctrine that all the powers of our National
Government, the money and strength of
the masses of the people, and the moral
influence of society should be used to re
enslave a few escnned and down-trodden
Africans had not been discovered by the
political philosophers of '74, ?7G and '78.
The pi o-blavery genius of modern Democ
nicy had not there developed the divinity
of tdaveiy, nor the atheistic doctrine that
unconsiii.ul.ional enactments of Congress
are of superior obligation to the acknowl
edged laws of God. In short, shivery was
not a great political power, using the Gov
ernment as a willing tool for its own ex
tension and perpetuation.
The ground now gone over, biings us
down lo liie period of tho formation of our
present National Constitution. During
tiiis lime from 17?4, uutil J 787, thirteen
years the American people had three
limes met in Congress lor the purpose of
effeciing a union of the different Colonies
or S'ates. Three plans had been presen
ted, accepted and tried. Differing in re
spect io the de'ails of governmental policy,
they all agieed as to the true principles
upon wliich governments nro bused at
leaM so far as the natmal rights of all man
kind were concerned. The first held it as
a fuiidanientr.l condition, that the' slave
tiado should be abolished, with a view to
ihe early destruction of slavery itself. -The
second nnnounced certain fnndamcn-
Tha following questions were propoun
ded for written answers at the Elimina
tion of Teuchcrs on the 2d iust.
CUM MM. tit.
What does t-verv sentence contain?
"2.. What is a complete sentence?
: 'S.-'Itiis inipusaibU- to live without,. air.
Parse each word.' - H .-..(-'..'.' '" - 'NsC-1'
: " haf decides the grammatical cha.
o. in winter it gnaw: and in aiiiiimf.r fti
rains, mid sometimes it hails. P arse' ' die.
word in Italic. ' ' "
b". It seems to some hnpoxMle lo ac- '
compliah what others do easily. Parse
woi'is in Italic.
7. Have intransitive verbs generally a
0. For what purpose do adjectites? ad
mit a change of'fonn?
9. Compare the following n-ljcctives:
Liuln, Near, Round, Pretty, Some. Square.
IC. How are the person, gondii-, num
ber and case of pronouns determined?
1. What, is the currency of the United
States callud, and what are its denomina
tions? 2. How many kinds of Common Frac
tions are there? and name each.
3. If you divide the denominator of a
fraction by a whole number what effect
j w ill be produced on the value of the frac
4. What part of a year is one-half of
one-sixth of two and 0113-half of threo and
one-third of an hour?
5. Bought seven-ninths of a lot of land
for 95,040 and haviug sold five-sixths of
what was bought, I gave three-fifths of
the lemuinder to a charitable society, and
divided the residue among 9 persons;
w hat was the share of each?
o". Docs the annexing of ciphers to a
decimal alter its value? Why ?
7. Bought .001 bushels of potatoes at
.20311 dollars a bushel, and paid in rye at
.00044 dollars a bushel; how much rye
did it take?
0. A gives his note to B for $720, one
half payable iu four months and one-half
in eight months, without grace; what is
ihe present value of said note, discount at
b per cent, per annum:
9. A room 30 feet long nnd 18 feet
wide, is to be covered with carpet three
fourths of a yard wide; how many yards
will cover it?
10. Suppose a cistern has two pipes,
and that one can fill it in eight and one
half hours, ilia other iu four and three
fourths hours; iu what time can both fill
1. How man) States are there in tho
2. Name the Middle States.
3. What two States are intersected by
the Connecticut River?
4. What city at the mouth cf the Hud
son River, and on what island is it?
5. Bound tlie State of Mississippi
give its capital.
G. What grand divisions of the Earth
border on the Pacific Ocoau?
7. What aro the principal Mountain
Hinges of America?
U. Which are the largest tvo rivers of
the American Continent that ontribute
their waters to the Pacilio Ocean.
$. Which is tho highest Volcano in the
10. What five Seas border on European
Inciter or Sf. A. Iiiiilas.
Washington, June 23, 1C59
"JTy Dear Sir: 1 have leceived j-our
letter inquiring whether my friends are at
liberty to present my name lo the Charles
ton Convention for the Presidential nomi
nation. Before this question can bo
filially detei mined, it will be necessary to
understand distinctly upon what issues
the canvass is to bo conducted. If, (as 1
hnve full faith they will,) the Democratic
party shall determine in the Presidential
election of I8ti0 to adhere to the principles
embodied in the Compromise Measures of
185 t; and ratified by llio people in the
Presidential election of 1855, and re-al-liinied
in (he Kansas-Nebraska Act 1851,
and incorporated into the Cincinnati plat
form in 1850, as expounded by Mr. Bu
chanan in his ktter acccj ting the iiomina- '
lion, and approved by the people in his
"In that event my friends will be at
liberty to present my name to the conven
tion, if lliey see proper to do so. If, on
the contrary, it shall become the policy of
tho Democratic party (wliich 1 cannot an
ticipate) le repudiate these, their timo-
i honored p; inciplcs, on which we have
tai principles, abEoiuie.y incompatible with achieved so many patriotic tiiumpns, ana
the existence of shivery or oppression in
any form; while the third refused to make
any distinctions on account of color or
country, which would be inconsistent with
tho other two. A living and magnani
mous spirit of freedom, nnd of respect for
lii e rights of al) mankind breathed thioiioh
thein all. Nowhere was lo he found any
thing of the spirit of the modern slave
No authority was anywhere given to
justify the employment of human blood
hounds, wnh langs dripping Willi the gore
of scourged and bleeding women, in their
efforts to drag their fellows to ihe unutter
able horrors of nn interininuhle slavery.
Nowhere was the idea recognized that
there can- be "property in man." Al!
their acts were in perfect conformity with
the great truths wliich they professod.
lo our next, we will trace the hislorv of
in lieu of these the convention interpolate
into (he creed of the party such new issues
ax the -revival of -the African slave trade,
or a Congressional slave code for the Ter
ritories, or ihe doctrine that the Constitu
tion of the. Uni ted States either establishes,
or prohibits slavery in the Territories, be
yond tho po ver of the people legally to
control it, n-i oihei property, it io duo to
candor to say that in such tin evi't I coul I
not accept tho nomination if tendered to
"Trusting that this answer will bo
deemed sufficiently explicit,
1 arn, verv respectfully, your friend,
(Signed)" S. A. DOUGLAS,"
iv57"A lady being asked lo waltz, guva
the following sensible and appropriate an-t-wer:
"No, thank you, sir I hnva
hugging enough at' home,''
v -' - .