Newspaper Page Text
S3 per annum.
. "Xn - -
POMEROY, TUESDAY, NOVEMBER 29, 1859.
SIcijs Cotuifi) ,f flcsraplj.
, PUBLISHED WKK.KLY, BY
1 . A. . Flants 4s Go.
Office tn first story of 'EDWRns Bpn.mNo,'' uear
tin "Sugar Kun Slo'ho Bridge," Pomeroy, chin,
All business of the firm transacted by
A. E. M'LAUGH LIN,
Who should be applied to 6"r address?'.1, at
the "Telegraph" Office, Pomeroy, 0.
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fr"U'1' RATES OP AUVF.HTIP1NK:
TIME - - I'Tw I Ow'l'Sin I Oiii "l 9iii I -
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Two squares. - -oue-fotirtli
Ouu-liull column -Three-fourths
I Hi 3 III'
1 or,! Ill
5 (Mil til; S nil
1111! II IK.; M IV
5 111. !l ( ! 5' i unit" I'D
.- in. u ,', 1-
M I.' . IS III.! Ill 111 1
111 iii 'ij ni l :;, in S.t MirM im
oil (nil-.'.'i 'I''!-. , 1" ,;tn mi
TeSl d" eiti'meiit7('liairseil ill rules allowed by
1 w, from which IS percent, will ho deducted lor
advance p iyiu-'n1. , .1.1
r'.....,.,t a i ir , IUI..HI ndverlisf incuts must be paid
for in advance. ' -' .
IdvtrtiseuiKiils not liavinz the number or inser
tions mallted on cops, will be continued until for
bid, and charged accordingly-
BUSIN'1'.SS 1)1 KKCJTOKY.
T. A. PLANTS, Attorney ami Councelor
at Law. i',ini-.'roy,0. DiWee In lidjvanKiiiblinir.
a. i. mms-ip. '' htvnhkhy.
BURNAP & STANBERY. A um-neys
and Counselors at Low. Particular attention paid
to Hie collection of claims. Olllcenn Front snort.
Kt the had of Ml. amliont l.niidliiir, 11 tew doors east
of the "Gibson lloui'," Hoinerny. '). . '.'-ys.-ly.
SIMPSON & LAfcLEY. Aitoineys &
Counselors at law and g'-nernl collecting agents,
Poiueroy, O. ulllcc in tlie Courl-ILuse..
ow. u,n.. I""""' KnnnT.
TUKVA Sr. KAUI1AST. At.ioitieva !l
Law, Potuerav. AH busines eutrustud to their j
care will recive tirompl allanloii. l-J
THOMAS CAKLEl'ON. Auomey nd
Counselor at Law. tuiice. Linn -trot. ei.a i.je.
.1 1.. .... T 1 kii.ii I.' ki v-lore. (oii.oMt"
his care wi'.i reieivs prompt i.ttcniIoii.
a. . KdO'.vies. ' oh"vsor.
KNOWLliS 4 GROhVKNOIl. Au.n-
neMat Law, Athena, .Athens County, Ohio, will
attend the several Courts of Mcia-s t oiintj . "n tin
1st gay of each term. Otliee at tn-
hi. D. C). . 0..
ders his profe
int.i s'-rvices to the clt:2t-rs id the
u.try. '-I l iy
UNITED STATES MOTEL. M. A.
Hudsok. Propri-'tor', (fu nieny ocupied bi M. A.
Webster) one aquar- OeUw the U.iHii.y: M ill. Home -ruy,
O. Bv emUavorw to accoinn.o late loth lean
nud beast lii tlie best manner. Mr. Hudson hopes to
receive constantly Increasing puironua-e. 'J5-ly.
1JKV6 ' O US O H ( )( ' KJi I ES I VL( TII I sr. L"
A. L. S'fANSBUUY. VhoHSHl""Giw'i
Wee's B-.illilinir, corner Front and K.-ice Strfds,
Middleport. - .hio. Country Mereliauls and Hetail
Grocers are especially r-iquest-el t . call. 30 Gni
TS A A 0 K A l7L E R7ofoTi i7r7 Grocer and
Dry Goods Healer, flrat store above lionnally i
Jennini;' , near the Knlliwr-Mill. Hoiueroi, ().
Country Merchalils lire respei-irully rein.'st"d to
call and examine my tock of Groceries, as I am
confident that I cannot he undersold. l-"3
MTU.S MA cm .NHS.
I'OffllvlKiV liOI.MMJ JUIM, O
Keep consunily on hand and mntiulac-
ture to order, all kiiuls and sl?.s of Dai. round and
eqiiure iro of superior quality, which tin y otler,
wholesale and retail, at current rales. Also.
American and Swede nail rods, stio-l m,d ham
plow-wings, cast and shear steel, wagon tioxes
1 fecran-iron and kidnev oro taken in exchange.
13-ly". L . A. osriloM, s apt.
STEAM SAW MILL. Front olivet, i.m-
croy, near Kan's Hun. Ninl R. Nye, Proprietor,
Lumber sawed toorder on short notice. Plastering
lath coii'lantly on hand, for sale. I J
JOHN 8. DAVIS, has liis Planing Ma-
chlno,on Sugar Run, Pomeroy, in good order, and
constant operation.. Flooring, watlier-hoarding.
Ac, kept .onstanlly on hand, to II H orders. 1-lti
: .1 iy wi7i"t
PETER L AM 13 liEtJ ITT, Wmci'maW A
Doalerin Watches, Clocks. Jewelry und Fancy
Articles,- Court utree.i, In-low tlie new Hanking
House, Hoin-ioy. Watches, Clocks nod Jewelry
carefully repair --I on -non ieii.ie-. M
W. A. A It :il Ell,- W'aU'.ltmaker and Jew
eler, an-l wholesale n-l rotntl -h-ativr-in VVatcbe-,.
"trtoctta. Jewelry nttt Fane Goofls.' Ftwn-sl..-aliove
tho RemiHgtou House, Pomeroy. Paitticulnrutteu
tlon pni-i to repairing all articles ii my line. 1-1
HOOTS A.M SHOES.
T. WHITESIDE, Manilla'! urer ol' Boots
and Shoes, Front Street, throe doors above Stone
bridge. The West of work, for Ladles and Gentle-
men", made to rder. - : -- M
.; ...CjBJftfBH- DEAi EKS.
McQUIGG SMITH, Loailu-r D.alfiK
and Fin-liirs, Cnurlstreet. 3 donrs b-'low the Bunk,
and opponile Brain li's Store, Pomeroy, o "
.:: IAKl't-'A(;TUHK : '.
JGAR-UUNSiH Company. "."Sail twn-
ty-flvo cents per bushel. Olhco near the Kurnnce.
1-1 . ... v, !.! .. IV GKA.NT, AfenU
POMEROY Salt. Company
Ave cent" iter bushel.
DABNEY Salt. Company, Coalport. Salt
twenty-tiro cents per buahel forconntry trade. j
1-t , , . G. W. C OO PEH, Secretary.
; - i.W.Ai KS.VIITl'lTKG.
t E. HUMiUREY, Blacksmith, in hi i
new building, hack of tho Bunk building. Pomeroy.
Job Work of all kiuds, florse-shoeiug.&., executed
with neatness and dispa.tch. 11
' P.MNTEHS GM.AZIEH.S. , . -
1. LYMAN, Painter and Glazier, hack
room of f . Latubritcht's Jewelry Store, west side
Court street, Pomeroy, O. 1-1
; i saTOTle hv. i ;
Tmnk Miiniinictnrnr',' Frnt Ptrpt!t,1lir-n onrs hn
low CourU Pomurv, v.Hl uxuciiIa all. wark fn
trastel ttt hlflcuru with neutiit-HBanH tlUjmtcli. f?mj.
irnttcn up In thu netttest stjlt. i-yy
W AfitIN MAKING. . (
CARRIAGK,fc W A 6f N; M AKING by
Jli. Bumn, Front' Street, flift cohier m-loiv the
Rolllng-Milli Pom-rny, O. All urtlcles ln his line
of business manufactured at rcnsnuubli, rales, and
they era especially rucommeuded for durability. .
PETER CROSB 1 1-5. . Wajr.,11 Maker. Mu-
erry atruet, wo-t side, threo doors Buck street,
Pomeroy, Ohio. Manufacturer of Wagons, Bog
glee, Carriages, Ac.iMl, orders 4 1 led on short
' " ' IlkNTISTHV. ' '
1. C. WHALEY. Surgeon Demist,
Hnmmer'i Bulliling enrf rlorji, Jputhiml struct,
'Mlddleoort. O. All operntlous pertaining to the
tnsVeasrotr protnptlv performed. irflles waited
tfftou al fltelr rirldbdc. If desired. J-l
For the MelpsCounty Telegraph.
A Poetical Skcicli orohioTrom u
First Settlement. .
BT BIG HEAD.
When llrst to Ohio the old htintors came,
Tlioy built them lo)t cabins, nnd llyed upon (ramej
They were hardy and during and notlilng.dld fear,
But they ranged through the woods in search of wild
The bear and the panthor before them did fall,
Aswcll as the wild-cat, and elk Hue and tall; t
And when they ere thirsty by Journeyinjr long,
They drank from tlio brooks that murmured along.
But after them followed a less hnrdycrow.
Who cleared off the forests whore everywhere grew;
They fenced in the land, and with mattock and hoe.
They prepared the new laud und w heat they did sow,
And com and potatoes, und hurley and rye
They rsised in abundance, but no ono would buy;
Tnuir orchards they planted, of apple and peach,
And raised lots of fruit, but no money could reach.
Then stills they erected throughout all the land,
And drank of the liquor distilled by their hand;
Their grain of all kinds into whiskey did make,
And frultlnto brandy. which made thelrheartsqiiuko.
And soon the old farmer went with a red nose,
And neglected to use tlio plow and the hoes;
A ml so let his farm crow to briers and weeds
To show forth his gain who on alcohol fends.
Tliolrsons nndslhc-lrdauphtors the poison bowl took,
And kooii like their fathers' their noses did look;
And slraiiffe! to this day, there do many exist,
Who li-ivo 'obk the punch bowl and it lovingly kissed.
Tlie., poured down the whiskey, the brandy und rum,
Which lessened thoir fortunes no very small emii;
'I hey drunk it all weathers, which caused them to fall
Who Joined tlie black ranks of Old King Alcohol.
Tlielr nerves all grew feeble and dizzy their head.
Their hands they did tremble their eyes dory red;
With features distracted they joined the old ranks.
But staggering and si nmbling they fell on the flanks.
Their honors decreased and they sat down uud
Then drank their lust draught and laid down and
Their ranks beenme broken, for many did fall.
Who Joined the black tanks of Old King Alcohol.
lint now. In our dny.we the evil do see,
And leave tlie dark ranks of the old hrnvndee;
We leave him, forsake him, and withdraw our aid,
And hop; in his grave for to soon see htm laid.
Then let us bsseutide with helmet and iliicld,
'Neath the bright temperance flag which shall wave
o'er the Held;
Then Arm and erect we ever will go
Through the length, and the breadth ot our loved
May this cause ever prosper on land and on seH,
Where e'er the sun shineson the homes of the tree,
And o'er every lake, and each river anil stream,
Tlil-oelioiit all the luiid may this cause Tcr beam.
'Ilitni we'll join tn the ranks and march cheerful
And make tlx nil's Hi witli a temperance song;
With hiiimerau waving a e'll i lieerfully go,
And hrighten the rice ol eur loved OHIO,
I' i U'tual .notion.
The fi-lliiwino- a-c.oiiiit f an invention
I'm t-t-i tiring efftuai mot inn is ho well
autlii-niicHteil iliat we regard it an worthy
of insertion. It' theie is a fallacy in it, il
is Imped the "Scientific: American," which
exposes so many fallacies, will point il
Ah'Ui six years ago, we published the
It i si description ol a niM-hintt invented by
Mr. James G. Hendtickson, of Freehold,
New Jersey, "to go of iisell." A model,
wmc1i Mr. Hendrickson had made after
paiient whittling for foriy years, was
bronchi into our office, and we I'our.a that
il would go without any impulse from
without, ami would not slop unless it was
blocked. The power was self-coniained
and self-adjusted, Bnd gave a sufficient
loive to cany ordinary clock-work without
any winding up or replenishing. In short,
we saw no teason why il would not go un
til il was wot n out. Our announcement
of i he fact brought uuj. a great deal of ridi
cule; 'he mciedulous pointed at all of the
projects lo oh ain a perpetual motive power
which had tailed in ihepast, and predicted
the same disurace for i he new invention
Many scien ihc gentlemen visited it, tnd i
although they could noi dispute the fact
I It,, . ,1 ..a it.tr " iti. nuurlv ull al !,!. '
" 8 fc' J ' "- j
uted the movement to some bidden
spring, or ingenious i rickety ' The inveu-
lor was an old man, who had spent his
vvholv lib- ti pursuit of ihe lbject he. had
now Hitaiited. lie had become so much
mvU'Momi'd lo ridicule, ihai lie was very
pa i'-nt under it;-and the only reply he
made to the ravileia who pronounced tlie
thing impossible, was ''But it doe go"
The notice which we printed attracted the
attention, of the curious, nnd for the first
tune lii his history, the inventor found a
profit in his handiwork, lie was invited
lo be pieheiil at various fairs and exhibi
tions of new intentions, and wheiever he,
went, his machine foimad one of I he chief
attractions. Science, however, turned up
iis nose at him., and determined to put him
down. The professors were all -against
him, and as,. they , had pronounced ' the
whole thiig a humbug, they were deter,
mined lo prove the truth of their assertion.
Accordingly Mr. Hendrickson was seized
at ; Keypori, New . Jejseyo.lor practising
'jugglery,'' under the '.'Act for suppress
ing vice antf jmniorali'y." At the trial,
sevetal builders, mill-lights, engineers and
philosophers, were ealled, who testified
positively thai no such motive .power as
thai alleged, could drive the machine, and
(hat there must be some 'concealed spring
within the wooden cylinder. There was
no help lot ii; aiid ihe imposture must be
exploded at all aitd every risk. An axe
was brought, nnd the cylinder splintered
into liagmenis. Alasl for the philoso
pher, there was no concealed spring, and
ihe machine hid gone of itself Bui al is!
alto,! lor poor Hendrickson, the machine
would go no more With trembling hands
lie Again resumed his spectacles and e
jack-knife. H'u model once more comple
ted, he had a r.ew machine constructed of
brass, hollow throughout; so that the eye
could examine a'l its parts. This was
brought to our office nearly lwoyear6 ago,
when we noticed itonce more, and gttve to
our readers some of the facts we have now
1 recalled. The inventor wa trying to se
cure a patent for this discovery, but the
' work went on elo
The Patent Office
required a rvoi king model to test the prin
ciple, and one was sent on to Washington.
The moment the blocks were teken out,
the wheels started off "like a thing of life,"
and during ten months that the model re
mained in the Patent office, it never once
stopped to breathe. The inventor had per
fected iwo new machines, and made a very
comfortable livelihood exhibiting them,
prosecuting his efforts meanwhile to se
cure his patent, intending to apply the
power to clock-work, for which its pecu
liarly well adapted. Age crept upon him,
however, befoie this point' was reached;
his highest art could not make his heart
beatings perpetusl; and last Saturday after
noon he breathed his last, in the old
homestead at Freehold. He had been so
much persecuted by the incredulous, that
he had provided a secret place beneath the
floor of his shop where his last two ma
chines wete deposited. It was in the
form of a vault, covered by a trap-door
which was lucked, and the floor so re
placed as to avoid suspicion. After his
last illness commenced, he made known
ibis secret lo his family, who examined
the spot carefully, and found the contents
exactly as described. The night after his
death, the shop was broken open, the floor
taken up, the trap-dcor pried off andboih
models stolen. It is probable that the
family in their visits had not taken the
same piectution as the inventor, and some
prying eyes had discovered the secret.
Fortuna'uly the drawings are preserved,
and there is a little machine, one of the ear
liest made, now running in Brooklyn,
where it has kept, up its ceaseless ticking
for neatly six years. Mr. Hendrickson
leaves a family ol four sons and four daugh
ters, all of them, we believe, given lo in
ventions. Had he died ten years ago, how
emphatically would il have been said that
his life had been wasted in "the hoppless
effort to obtain perpetual motion." Jour,
More Slave Stale Iloiue Tiislhfc.
The St. Louis "Evening News," pub
lished in a Slave Slate, which, thanks to
a fearless independent press and such pa
triots as Ftank Blair, Edward Baiea, and
Gia;z Brown, is fast becoming Free, ut
terii the following eiailling and warning
truths in the ears of the Slaveholdingand
Slave Mippoi'Ung Democratic journals
S-.uih and Ninth. Let Northern Dough
faces ot all political professious "read and
The Madness or Democratic Organs
Sow ing thk Seeds of Inbukuection.
The insanity of Old Bivwn in suppo ing
t lint with nineteen wh iie men and five ne
gioes he could overthiow the United
iNaies Government, liberate all the slaves
in the South, and establish a Provisional
Government, with himself and a cabinet
of equal lunatics at the head of affairs,
was Oespera e beyond all human experi
ence. But dep oi iible and desperate as his
folly was, il is even excelled by the foolish
madness of the Editors of those journals
published in the slave-holding St.-tes that
are tiying lo make il appear that the Re
publican patty ol the country is responsi
ble for Old B.own's deeds, and that thev
sympaihize with the failure of his mur
As we observed, (he other day, the Re
publican party polled in the late Presiden
tial campaign over (,3lMJ,000 votes. The
parly has steadily increased since, and
would now, no doubt, poll l.SOO.OOU
votes. Il is unquestionable; and the re
turns to the next Congress indicate it,
that every Free State in the Union, save
two or ilnee, has sided irrevocably wiih
the Republican party, and there is no ebb
to the tide that bears public eentimeiU in the
Free Slat s toward ' the principles of the
Republican party, the mly ohe of which
affecting Slavery is that it shall not be
extended into Territories or States already
free. , .
JNoi a single organ of the Republican
pany has yet lailed to condemn and exe-
ciai.e the treasonable madness of Old
Brown. No member ol the Republican
party, from cue- end of the Union lo the
other, has spoken 'a wotd of "sympathy for
bis murderous designs. Such being the
fact, puieni to all men, we ask,' what but
the mosi amazing madness on the part of
Southern panizans and Southern newspa
pers, 'can lead then) m charge the R-pub-lican
party of the country, and' its million
and a half voters, with the horrible crimes
of in urrection, treason, rape, arson and
murd rf Does uoi every member of the
Republican party know in his heart, thai
this charge is an accursed lie; arid will
the million and a half Voters of ihai party
be so complaisant ad to Change their poli
tics or quii voting becuuse.of these base
libels 'on- their character by Democratic
pariizali prints? We know belter than
this. The world knows belter. And the
result will prove thai a party when aggra
vated by intuit and contumely is rendered
far moie formidable than when lulled lo
peiceftilness by the just dealings of an
honorable and generouR adversary.
. What will be. the end of these insane
libels, circulated through the Slavehold
ing Slates' by Democraiic punts? Why
this: They will not convert the Republi
can party. Tltey.'will not stay its present
triumphant march. Ihey will not pre
vent its ousting the National Democracy
from Federal power, and installing, we
truil, a conservative statesman like Bates
or Bel in ihs Presidency. But when this
happens, what shall w-o see in those slave-
holding communities, where the insane li
bels ot these Democratic punts have cir
culated? The newspapers will have told
the sldves tha't, the triumph of the Repub
lican pany will be the signal of their de
liverance from bondage!. They , will have
assured tbe servile race that ihe arms and
power of thoUhited States Government
will, in RVpublicari hands, be used in their
behalf in a last grand conflict with their
The credulous ana doomed creatures
will believe it all sadi fatal, hell-born lie
though it and thy will dance with
frenzied joy around Ihjiir tamp fires some
night, and meet a dreadful exterminating
slaughter before the ietting of the next
day's sun? ,';
Such ; is the solution of the slavery
question that, the Democratic organs and
parligar.s are provjdjnr by : their desperate
libels on a majoTt)-yCt1ie independent vc
ters -of th UnMBl-tf 4hflw. fjiendq
not bathe the South ira self-created ser
vile insurrection, it will be because the
triumphant opposition of '18G0 preserve
the guarantees of the Constitution and the
Unjon in regard to slavery, by all the pow
ers of the Federal Government."
Letter from Dlr .lIliiig.
Cakbstota, N. Yj, Nov. 14, 1869.
Eds. Gazettb A friend has sent me
the Cincinnati Enquirer, of the 6th inst.,
containing an extract from a speech I
made in 1854, upon the Annexation of
I fiave only to say that President
Pierce sent to, the House of Representa
tives a Message, upon the Black Wrnor,
intended to aruse that body to declare '
war upon Spain, in order lo obtain Cuba.
That it was done at the instance ol Southern
slaveholders, filly appears from a speecii
of Jefferson Davis, made subsequently, in
Mississippi, i That the object was to in
crease the shve power in Congress, and
lo maintain the Democratic, party by ad
ding to their numbers the Blave-dealing pi
raies of Cuba, who would be entitled to
the same inHfleiice in elections, and in the
Federal Government, that the citizens of
Ohio possesii; superadded to which would
be thai of three such men as tlie eclitoi of
the "Enquirer"' forevery five slaves which
the Cuban may hold in bondage, I tell
indignant thai the freeman ot Ohio were
to be thus degraded to the level of Cuban
slaves, in order lo keep the Democraiic
party in power. And 1 intended to alatm
Southern men, by presenting Ij their view
scenes which every man knows must oc
cur, if they continue to enslave their. fel
low men, and Subject our rights and mter-
ea.s and honor to the disposal of Cuban
valine was the only speech made against
Ihe message, which fell eifll-boin, and was
never heard -of "afterward, except when
Davis referred to it, saying if tJong'ess
ha'' responded to the sentiments of the
President, we should have had Cuba
And if the "Enquirer" had siat.ed these
circumstances, I would have thanked it
for the extract. . I have nothing to recall
in relatou to thai speech.
In the memorable contest of 1848, Gov-
cruor Letcher, of Virginia, said that his
slaves were protected by the same law
thai protected himself. 1 knew thai such
was not the lact, and lo show him and the
country, it was not, 1 said as the "Enqui
rer" quoted, "Then 1 say to the slaves ol
Virginia, defend yourselves. 1 would to
God I could proclaim to every slave in
Virginia, to-day, you have the right of
self defense, and whrn the master ai tempts
to txercise dominion over you, slay turn
an he would s ay yourselves."
I would like to hear from the editor,
whether he denies that slaves have this
right to deiend themselves? This has
long been said to be "natural right"
conferred by the C-eator, as the manifes
tation of His will. It has been the doc
trine of the Christian wotld for at least two
1 do not believe the Legislature of Vir
ginia authorized to repeal or change the
immutable will of God. If ihe editor
thinks Omnipotence subject to the slave
power, let. him 6ay'so in plain language.
This same principle is involved in the
right of a fugitive of our soil to defend
himself. The editor seems to think, that
fugitive slaves have no right to defend
t..tir lives, and liberies. 1 think they
have. I so slated to slave boldeis in Con
re88. I told them, il a slave-catchei at
tempt to enter my dwelling, to hire his
lei low-man, 1 will strike luin down upon
By the laws of the United States, if a
slave-catcher hire and enslave a man on
tlie African coast, we hang him. Is it less
criminal for a man, to hire and enslave a
man on the soil of Ohio? Such men are
piraies, and because the Democratic party
do join in such piracy and say it is right.
the immutable principle is not changed.
Ihe parlies may make themselves acces
sories to the crime, many 'render them
selves piraies, but they cannot change1 the
"Eiernal Mind," nor the-', law-which lie
I have no time to notice the dialogue
between John Brown and a certain smell
ing doughface, who appears to think' he
can make the people believe, that 1. said
something privately that i" dare n 4 say
publicly, not because he proved it, but be
cause he lailed to prove it. No slave hol
der cr man of honorable pretensions ever
charged, me with suppi easing my own
opinions. That .work .has been reserved
solely lo dough-faces, the merest minions
of the slave power; Yours,
'' T ' J." R GlDDINGB
Trimming Grapeincs. Grape vines
should not be -trimmed in the spring.
The proper, time, is November. ; By
trimming at the season .we get rid of a
large amount of surface for continued
evaporation, all of which is increased by
winds passing over the surface of a larger
amount of vine; the ends where the cutting
occur are sure not to bleed . whon growth
commerces; they may then be firmly tied
without the chance, of breaking or injuring
the. swollen buds. . The cuttings . made
from, the trimmings at this season are of
a better quality for spring ubg, ' ,; '
v. . From the Now York Herald.
Tlie Panic In Virginia.
The people of Virginia appear to be the
easy victims of some practical jokers in
their midst, who, if once discovered, should
receive no more consideration than if they
were the most truculent abolitionists.
The Charjestown aid-de-camp of the Commander-in-Chief
of the naval and military
forces of Virginia appears lo have been se
lected by these malignant iokers as the butt
of their ill-timed pleasantries. All sorts
of ridiculous stories are palmed off upon
inis unionunaie uoionei jJavis, and
through him upon the Executive authori
ties at Richmond and upon the people at
large, until, as our Richmond correspon
dent averts, the citizens have been worked
up to a state of alarm that passes all com-,
prehension, and are as bewildered as if
ihey were under the influence of a profes
sor of the black art.
This bewilderment.assumes a variety of
shapes. At one time it is a hostile encamp
ment on the mountains. The colors of
the invaders can almost be discovered in the
distance. The alarm drums are beaten,
and soon the miliiary are under arms pre
pared to meet the foe. Some one brings
a telescope; and lo, the delusion is dispelled.
Ihe motion thai is seen, and which sug
gested the idea of riflemen on march, pro
ceeds trom the waving branches ot a few
sombre piue trees. All present feel the
ridiculousness of the scene, but no one
ventures to laugh openly; for such an of
fense would be construed into an act bor
dering on treason.
At another time a joker rides into
Charlestown at foaming speed, announc
ing that a band of several thousand aboli
tionists have crossed the Ohio at Wheel
ing, and are marching to the rescue of
Old Brown. A trooper is instantly de
spatched to Harper's Ferry, with tele
graphic despatches to Richmond, Wash
ington and Baltimore, imploring imme
diate reinforcements to repel invasion, and
the troops are actually on their way before
the joke iB discovered.
Other equally laughable though very
improper jokes are perpet rated. The burn
ing ol a sorn slack is magnified into the
lay ing waste of the Old Dominion with fire
and sword, and portentous are the preps ra
tions made by the military under Col.
Davis command to emulate the three hun
dred Spartans under Leonidrts, and make
one of lite passes of the Blue Flidge a new
Theimopylae. Doub'le&s they would do
it; but their patriotism and valor are not
put lo the test. The spark from a nigger's
pipe or a freeman's segar caused all the
And then comes that cruelest of all
jokers. Smith Crane, Esq., who tells the
Leotildas of Charles-town that he had over
heard a conversation about a "band of five
hundred'' preparing to ride
Into the midst of death,
into the mouth of hell,
- for the rescue of Old Brown. If Smith
Crane, Esq , has not been appropriately
puni-hed for the last "sell," no lime
should be lost in giving him his deseris.
He is one of the practical jokers of" Vir
ginia, and he ought to be (aught that there
is more cruelty in such jokes than there
was even in the Harper's Ferry invasion.
They keep up a needless and very deplora
ble alarm and excitement ihioughout the
Siaie, and under that exciiemenivery in
excusable things are done. A Richmond
militia man, for instance, is threatened with
imprisonment and prosecution for treason
because he ventures to'have an opinion of
his own on the subject of the irrepressible
conflict, and to be manly enougn to express
it. A Norfolk dry goods man, who in Ihe
confidence of his business, happens lo sav
something which his customer construes
into a want of admiration of the peculiar
institution, is brought V a summary set
tlement and banished from the State.-
And a Virginia gentleman, whose fidelity
to slaveiy is unquestioned, comes, very
near being mobbed because he has the im
prudence to present a Massachusetts bank
note in payment for drinks at, tavern.
The passport system is established in its
most repulsive form throughout the-Stale.
Strangers are dogged and scrutinizad, and
menaced wherever tlie'y turn. The cen
sorship of the press is more rigid and in
tolerable lhan was ever dreamt of by a
Napoleon or a Boarbon. Governor Wise
has a project for gelling up a Land wher on
ihe j Ian of Russia or Hanover; and, lastly,
all residents who are known to bo in favor
of free,- as opposed to slave institutions,
are notified by resolutions of county meet
ings to depart in peace within sixty days,
or abide ihe, consequences.-,-. When it is
recollected how close the contest was on
the question of emancipation at the last
Constitutional Convention of Virginia ten
years ago,, this last movement will be seen
to, be fraught with immense mischief Co the
uiteiests of the State.. , :,; .;; . ;
While making every allowance for the
natural exasperaikit) of the people of Vir
ginia at seeing their Statd invaded by a
band of crazy desperadoes, we cannot but
regret, that their excitement and ; alarm
should have carried .them so far as to sub
ject them to ridicule. ' We believe that
since the capture of Brown and his party,
hot an abolitionist has crossed the Poto
mac or the Ohio with hostile intentions,
or is likely to do so; and that fact is one
of the strongest evidences of the little sym
pathy felt Willi ' Brown by the masses at
the North, however much abolitionists
pi esses and abolitionist preachers may try
to get up such a sentiment. Let; some
body take care of Colonel Davis, and let
Brown be hanged without any moie fuss.
Airthomistoeles, the great Athenian
general, being asked whether.' he 'would
rather choose to marry his daughter to ail
indigent man of merit, or a worthless man
of e-tate, replied that he should prefer a
man without aq eBlate to. an, estate with
out a man.
Forty fthlp aisi Neuriy iOO Lives
During the past week no fewer than 40
toial wrecks have been posted on tho books
at Lloyd's. Among the- more calamitous
were the destruction by fire of tlio ship
Sehaoh Jehan. She was bound from Cal
cutta to the West Indies, and had on
board 300 coolie emig'ants. For four
days every effort was made to save the
ship and the unhappy creatures on board,
nnd ultimately ifuee rafts, crowded by 300
soulof, were sent adrift, and have never
since been heard of. The mastor, officers,
and crew, about fiO.-weie picked up in a
very .distressed condition, five days njjer,
by the ship Vasco do Gama. Tho Ad
mella screw steamship, was completely
wrecked nesr Cape Northumberland, on
the coast of Western Australia, and 87
lives were lost. Another heavy loss U the
total wreck of the well known. American
clipper ship Sovereign of the Saa3, which
took place on the pyramid shoal in the
Straits of Malacca on the 6lh of August.
She was of 1988 tons, and had made some
ol the most rapid passages on record from
China. The English ship Cllinchura
Eastaway, from London for Calcutta, was
totally lost on the Oaspar Sands and ihe,
ship Thomas Brassey, from Liverpool,
was abandoned off ihe Cape of Good Hope;
tho City of Calcu'.la, from Calcutta for the
Clyde, was wrecked in the river Hoogly;
the Hellespont steamer struck on a rock on
leaving Naples, and went down, but the
passengers and crew s-aved; the Victoria,
of Glasgow, foundered off Anholl, in the,
Cattegat, but all on board were presciveil.
There are, in addition, aevertttaissing
vessels, respecting which llm most painful
forebodings are entciiaiiiad. London
S -.3.i fflw
littempei'MiM-e ittoojj Fashion
The New York correspondent of the
Charleston Courier, say:
There is a grout and growing evil in this
city but one of such a delicate nature as
lo almost forbid being dragged iulo public
print I refer lo the inuieasing and lam
entable habit now so common, of the in
dulgence by ladies in intoxicating drinks.
I do not refer to those who do wrong
almost from necessity ; but to that other
class who have rich husbands and homes
thai might be made happy. A large
n umber of this class see'm to be Steadily
diving deeper into dissipation every year,
than many persons oim ly intere.-tcd in
their welfare and happiness even imagine.
I have heard recently of several distressing
cases of this kind. And to day 1 learn
"that the w.ife of a well known citizen re
ported lo be, very wealthy, has been sent1
lo the lunatic asylum, m the hope that, site joies."
may with leturuing reason, he enabled to I 4J ,
overcome the u-rrible temptations which Get .0R R ,.Census Mas."
intoxicating liquors havo ol late had lor,N(,xt wiH ,,CCUP lIie cmM, decennial
ber. Her husband s name .is almost, as
familiar in some parts of the South as ii
PolPiknkss at Ciii uch In the good
city of Baltimore, several years ago, an'
old man was seen to enter the church in
lime of service; he paused ai the entrance;
the congregation, stared; he advanced a
few steps, and deliberately surveying the
whole assembly, commenced a slow march
up the broad aisle; not a pew was open;
he w heeled and in the same manner per
formed a march, stepping s if to "Bos
1 in Castle," or lo "The Dead March in
Saul," and disappeared. A few moments
after he returned, with a huge block on
his shoulder, as heavy as he could well
stagger under; his countenance whs im
movable; again ihe good people stared and
half-rose from their seals, with thir
books in their hands. At length he
placed the block In the very cen er of the
principal passage, and seated himself upon
it'. Then for the first lime the reproach
was felt. Every pew in the house was in
stantly thrown open. But, no the stran
ger was a gentleman; he came not for
disturbance, ho moved not, smiled not,
bul preserved the utmost decorum until
ihe tei vice was concluded, when he shoul
dered his block, and to the same slo
step bore it off, and replaced it w here he
had found it. The conirip''aiion is now
ihe moat attentive and polite to strangers
of any in America.
A Precedent for the Harper's Fekrv
Affair. The capture of the United Stales
Arsenal at Harper's Ferry wa notunpre
cedent even in our recent history.- On the
4th of December, 1853, Captain Leonard,
of the United Slates Army, had charge of
the United blates Art-enal at .Libert,
Missouri. Jude James V. Thompson, ot
that Slate, asked of tlie Captain permis
sion to see the Arsenal, and while there, a
parly of Missourians, numbering more
lhan Brown's ragmufiin loice, surprised
the pltice, took Captain Leonard prisoner,
forced open the Arsenal, took cannon,
gun's and power, and then let Leonard go.
The arms were used in the attack upon
and burning of Lawrence. We have not
yet heard that either Stale or Fedeial au
thority was exerted to apprehend and pun
ish the ruffians. Columbus Fact. .
JESrHere is an old trick, and it still
puzzles some people to got the right of it.
A Spapiard called at the shop of a
Chinese merchant sh&emaker and bought
a pair of boots at the price of ten dollars,
and handed Jimqua, the seller of the boots,
an ounce, valuetkat seventeen dollars. As
Jimqua had no change, he stepped over
the way to the Palo Gordo and got it
changed, relumed, and gave the boots and
seven dollars to the Spaniard, who took
them and his departure. Shortly . after
this the proprietor of the Palo Gordo called
on the shoemaker with. the ounce, which
proved to be' a' bad one, and the shoemaker
was obliged to pay him seventeen good
dollars for the good-for-nothing metal.
Now the question is, how much and what
did the shoemaker lose by the operation ?
WTTOLE NUMBER 899.
Confessions of Infidelity. "I seem,"
says Hume, "affrighled and confounded
with the solitude in which I am placed hv
my philosophy. - When I look abroad, on
every side I see dispute, contradiction, dis
traction. When I turn my eye inward,
I find 'nothing but' doubt nnd ignorance.
Where am I? or what .am I? To what
condition shall I 'return? I am conloun
ded wiih questions. 1, begin .to fancy
myself in a most deplorable condition, en
vironed, with darkness on every ki36i
Voltaire sayti: '"This world abounds" with
wonders, and also with victims. In n an
is more wretchedness than in nil otheraTii
mals put together." " How did he judge
of it? By his own heart. He .adds:
"Mgn loves life, yet lie knows he must, die; '
spends his existence in diffusing the mise
ries he has suffered cutlitig the throats of
his fellow -creatures for pay cheating and
being cheated. Tho bulk'of mankind."
he continues, "are nothing more lhan a
crowd of wretches, equilly criminal,
equally unfortunate. I wish 1 had never,
been Loru." Hear what St. Paul says:
"I havo fought a great fight, I have fin
ished my oonrso, 1 have kept, the faith.
Henceforth there is laid up for me a crown
of righteou.-ness, which ilia Lord, the
righteous Judge, will give me at that day."
E)ot?u;l;iH and the tinqsnivf r.
The Louisville "Courier," which cor
icclly' represents the Democratic senti
ment of Kentucky, and the South in gene
ral, is vety severe upon ihe "Enquirer,"
of this city, for continuing to talk of D nig
Us as a possible Presidential caiidkla-o.
The "Courier" says:
"The editor of tho Ciiicinua'i "En
quirer" knows well that, even if nominated
at Charleston, Mr. Douglas could not get
the electoral vote of a single Southern
State; without ihe support of ihe entire
South lie knows that gentleman could not
be electetl to the Presidency; and, knowing
litis, he knows that in cndeavuiing to se
cure lie selection of its favorite by tho Na
tional Democraiic Convention, he is doing
all in his power to accomplish the defeat,
of the Democracy in lfiS'J, to bring about
the election of a Black Republican and to
reiider a dihnolution ol the Union inevita
ble. We will not charge that this is his
object, bin il will bo the effect of his la
bors if they should ' bo successful. Yet,
ihe "Enquirer," whether to gratify its
spite against the administraiion of Mr.
Buchanan, or from some other motive,
persistently attempts to aid the aspirations
of Mr. Douglas, by misrepresenting and
pet veiling the sentiments of the Southern
Democracy m regard to him and ht3 he ru
census of the United Stales, made by the
General Government. Persons will he ap
pointed forevery locality in ihe Slates and
Tet ritoriea to gather statistics of the in
habitants, and of all the agricultural pro
ductions, manufactures, feo. Every cul
tivator will be tis-ked for the concise antl
accural siateim-nt of land occupied by
him, the number of acres and the amount
of each crop raised by him during tho
year ending June. Those who weie called
upon in 185'J will doub less remeniber the
didiculty experienced in making up an ac
curate report of the various crops. As
these reports will be called for in Juno, it
will be necessary to give in the crops gath
ered ibis year, and a suggestion that we
now make is, that cultivators write down,
while fresh in mind, the number of acres
under cultivation, including the wheat (fee ,
already gathered. The number of acres
of each kind, the amount per acre, and the
gross amount, will be required The milk
products also, and the amount of poik,
beef, (fee.,' will also be asked for. Ameri
Influence of the Smile in Giving!
Bruti' of Expression. A beautiful
smile is to the female countenance what
the unbeain is to the landscape. It em
bellishes an inferior face, and ledeems ah
ugly one.' A smile, however, should not
beenme habitual insipidity is the result
nor should the mouth break into a smile on
one side, the oilier remaining passive and
unmoved, for this imparls an air of deceit
and grotesqneness to the face. A disa
greeable smile distorts the line of beauty,
and is moie repulsive than a frown.
There at e nmny kinds ofsmiles, each 'hav
ing a distinct iye character: some announce
goodness and '''sweetness, others betray
sarcasm, bitterness and pride; some soften
the countenance by their; languishing ten-
derness, others brighten it by their bril
liant and spiritual vivacity. Gazing and
poiing before a mirror cannot aid in ac
quiring btauiiful smiles half so well as to
turn the gaze inward, to watch that the
heat, keeps unsullied from the reflection of
evil, and illumined and beautified by ewcet
BABiF.s.-In the late number of the "Ec
lectic Medical Journal," tho editor re-'
marks that young babies bfu-n cry from
actual thirst. .Their naluial supply is in- i
tended as food, not as drink, and makes
them thirsty without really quenching ihe(k
thirst as a cool liquid would. They cry,
he ihinks, for cold water. Many a mother
is anxious to know what ails the little
sufferer, that it should cry so loudly, nnd
imaging it to be suffering from pain, ad
ministers Some unnecessary opiaie, or paiu
killer, when all the' child needs is a few
teaspoonsful of good, pure, clear, sparkling
Cold water. J As the experiment is a very
simple and easy one, let all mothers try it
lii si, before having recourse to medicine.
Iu warm wealher, particularly, children
may be suffeiing fiom thirst instead of
pain, and a small quantity of cold water
may give them immediate relief.