Newspaper Page Text
i , f :
( . ; i .
T. A. PLANTS, Editor,
"Independent in All Things Neutral in Nothing."
T, Au PLANTS,
PLANTS, , j, ,
POMEROY, MEIGS COUNTY, OltlO, FRIDAY, NOVEMBER 2, 1860
'Ml A It A
T. A. PLANTS. L. PAIRK.
PLANTS . PAINS,
Attorneys and Counselors at Law, Pomeroy, O.
Office in Edward's Building. -
a. A. OENAF.
P. B. (TANBKRY.
BURN AP . STANBERT,
. Attorneys and Counselors at Law. Particular
attention paid to the collection of claims.- Of
fice on Front street, at the head of Steamboat
Landing, a few doors east of the Gibson House
Pomeroy, .0 2-38-ly
.x SIMPSON , L.ASLKY,
Attorneys & Counselors at Law, and general
collecting agents, Pomeroy, O. Office in the
Court House. 2-6-1 y.
V. . KNOWI.IS. ' C. H. OROSVIKO.
JKNOW1.ES 4c GROSVSKOR,
..Attorneys at Law, Athens, Athoa tmty, O.,
will attend the several Courts of Meigs County,
on the first day of each term. Office at the
Gibson; House." 2-16-ly
Attorney-at-LaW, llarrisonville, Meigs Co., 0,
will promptly attend to all business that may
be entrusted to his $4re. in these'vCral State
jCourta of 0Urd,and in Hits IT. S. Court for the
Northern and Southern Districts of Ohio. 3-3
V; '. goleV. t. .' TewssitND .
VdLliEN &, TOWN SEND.
Attorneys, at Law. W. R. Golden's Office in
' Athens, O., and L. S. Townsend's in Pageville,
Meigs CoJ, O. Prompt attention given to the
Collection of claims, and other business en
trusted to them. ; 2-40-ly
Watchmaker & Dealer in Watches, Clocks, Jew
elry awi Fancy Articles, Court street, below
the new fc&hking House, Pomeroy. Watches,
Clocks and Jewelry carefully repaired on short
' W. A. AICHKR,
Vr&hshmaker and Jeweler, and wholesale and
retail dealer in Watches, Clocks, Jewelry and
fancy Goods, Front street, below the "Reming
ton' House," Pomeroy. Particular attention
paid to repairing all articles in my line. ' 1-1
Manufacturer of Boots and Shoes, three
doors above stone bridge. The best of
work, for Ladies and Gentlemen, made to order.
McHCIGG Sl SMITH,
Leather Dealers and Finders, Court street, three
doors below the Bank, and opposite Branch's
Store, Pomeroy, O. - ' - - t
SUGAR RUN SALT COMPANY.
Salt twenty-five cents per bushel. Office near
the Furnace. 1-1 C. GRANT, Agent.
POMEROY SALT COMPANY.
Salt twenty-five- cents per bushel. 1-1
DABNEY SALT COMPANY,
Coalport. Salt twenty-five cents per bushel
for country trade. - . G. W. COOPER, Secy.
Clothier, Grocer and Dry Goods Dealer, first
store above C. E. Donnally's, near the Rolling
Mill, romcroy, u. l ouniry aiercuanis are re-
. . . t - . i - 1. . !
apectiuiiy" reqtiesieu 10 can ana examine my
' stock of Groceries, as I am confident that I
cannot ne nauersoiu. i-m
. P. LYMAN,
Pninl. Ami ni.ivioi lia.lr vnim lf T T.fim
brechts Jewelry Store, west side Court street,
Pomeroy, O. . .1-1
Saddle, Harness and Trunk Manufac
turer, Front street, three doors below
Court, Pomeroy, will, execute all work en
trusted to his care with neatness and dispatch
Saddles gotten up in the neatest style. 1-22
, M. BLAETNER,
Carriage & Wagon .Manufacturer, QjfCWMy
Front street, first' corner below the asaFt
Rolling Mill, Pomeroy, O. All articles iu his
line of business manufactured at reasonable
"rates, and they are especially recommended for
lurnbility. 2-5-1 y
Blacksmith, back of the Bank Building,
Pomeroy, O. Farming Tools, Shovel
Plows, Mattocks, Hoes, &c on hand mid
made to order. Horse Shoeing and all kinds
of Job Work done to order Jan. 3. 3-1
Bll'HD. STEW AB P. JOHN P. GILLILAN
STEWARD Sir GILLILAN.
This firm have located in the old stand of B. F.
Stivers, on Front Street, a few doors below
Nye's Saw-Mill. Horse-shoeing, Ironing
Wagons and Buggies, and all kinds of jobbing
work done in a satisfactory manner, at moder
ate rates. 13-3 1-1 v.l
UNITED STATES HOTEL.
M. A. Hudson, Proprietor, (formerly occu
pied by M. A. Webster,) one square below
the Rolling Mill, Pomeroy, O. By endeavors to
accommodate both man and beast in the best
manner, Mr. Hudson hopes to receive a con
stantly increasing patronage. 2-5-ly
Racine, Ohio. This new and commodious
'tlliilrlinir liaa mvntlff luion fiiimienfwl in ilia
best style, for the purpose of entertaining the
public travel. The undersigned' will use every
exertion to make his guests comfortable, and
. i ii i -. i i .
respvcuuuy boiiciis a iiDerai patronage.
April 10, 'CO. 15-6m R. H. PILCHER.
. a S. W. ROSS,
Painter. Glazier, and Parjer Hanirer. Pomerov.
, 1 Z1 I -
F4lr nut. An at. frnm 191 in ti 'a nai Knit
according to quality. Orders left at Teltg-raph
. Printing Office promptly attended to. 1 7-2m
' IV 31. RUST,
' Tailor. Front street, a few doors went of Court
i , - j
Pomeroy, O. Men and Boy's clothes made to
order; also, cutting done. As I have a Wo. 1
i sewing machine, my facilities for doing work
.re complete. 3-20-lyl
, Stone Mason & Bricklayer. Residence in
John Lance's Building, near the Cat holic Church.
Dressed and Rubble stone work executed in
-he best manner also, Bricklaying Cementing,
, &c done at reasonable prices.
Dealer in and Manufacturer of Umbrel
las. - He holds himself in readiness to,
make Umbrellas to order, or repair old
.ones in the most substantial manner. He will
also buy worn-out Umbrellas at liberal prices.
;Shop on Linn street, north of Smith's Shoe
' He would also inform the public that he pre-
otriru i .
to any in use, for the cure of Felons, Catarrhs,
Burns, Bruises, Sprains, Cuts, Salt Rheum,
Ring Worm, Rheumatism, White Swellings,
and many other diseases of the kind. Price,
55 cents per Box. Jan. 3,-18G0 3-ltf-
THOS. H. DAWSON
Holds himself in readiness to repair Aecordeoos
and Flutinas. Keys inserted, and instruments
-put in ' good order. Charges moderate. By
. leaving orders at George loochim's Store, a few
.doors; above Donnally's, they will neceive
prompt attention. 3-3Q.if
BTo Teachers. The Board of School Ex
.aminers for Meigs County will meet on the
first Saturday of each month, at the Court
House, in Pomeroy, for the examination of
Examination to commence at 10 o'clacjf; A
f, and continue till 4 J P. M.
iSTN Teacher iwfid apply at such xamL
- ination who has a certificate valid for three
(months from the date of said application,
By order of the Board.
.Jan. 1800. H. C. WATERMAN, Clerk.
JOHN E LB E N, M. D.,
HOMOEOPATHLST, AND HYDROPATHTST,
tenders his professional services to the
citizens of Pomeroy and vicinity.
OFFICE, in John Geyer's Building, (for
Dnerly Jacob Ncitzling's,) on Sycamore street,
nearly opposite Lowry's Tin Shop, Pomeroy, O.
Office Hours Till 9 o'clock A. M from 1
(t 3 clock, and from 7 to 8 o clock P. M.
Gffioe JVescriptions, frem 25 cents upward,
(for -cash. vune -i o. tf
BIKAM a. DANIEL. WK-. p. RATBBURM.
DANIEL & BATHBURN,
BANK BLOCK, Pomeroy, O.
Collections made and promptly remitted; Busi
ness paper discounted; buy and sell
Exchange, Gold and Sliver
. - Coin, Uncurrent Money
Land Warrants, &c.
For sale in sums to suit. We are prepared to
draw direct on London, Liverpool, Swansea,
Glasgow, Dublin, Belfast, Paris, Amsterdam,
Baden-Baden, and other cities in Europe Also,
Money Inheritances collected ill every part
of Europe ' ' .
- Money received" On deposit, and interest al
ldwedttn tiirie deposits, at rate agreed upon.
Jan. i7.-234y b
The Cheapest jJtore in Town!
Corner Pront and Synamore Streets,
Wholesale and retail Dealer ail
HATS, CAPS & NOTIONS,
CLOTHING, DRY GOODS,
Invites the puplic to his spleudid stock, which
he has recently received. It is unnecessary to
J particularize, but I will say that my stock is
Veil selected and will be sold at prices une
qualled. Jan. 24, 18UU. 3-4-tt.
i. f. cores.
HARLOW J. rnBLPS.
COPES & PHELPS,
. COMMISSION MERCHANTS,
NO. 74 CAMP STREET,
New Orleans, .La.
Particular attention given to the purchase of
Sugar, Molasses, Coffee, Rice,
&c, and to the sale of Western Produce.
Hon. V. B. HO ETON, Pomeroy, O.
Messrs. DA -MEL & KATHBURN, Rankers, Pome
A. W. BUSKIRK, Esq., Portsmouth, O.
Messrs. GAYLOKD. SON & Co., Cincinnati, O.
MILLEK, WIKGATE & Co., Louisville,
Ky. fJuly 17, 1800. 28-lj
J. W. G. STACKPOLE.
MANUFACTURES to order, of the best ma
terial and workmanship,
Stationary Steam Engines,
Saw and Grist Mill Cranks, Spindles,
Gudgeons, Shafting Pulleys, Spur & Bevel
Wlieels, &Ct &e.
Also Iron and Brass Castings, Forcings for
Coal and Salt Works, and. heavy Trip Hammer
Plows, Plow Points, Wagon Boxes and Hol
low ware constantly on hand.
Repairing for Steamboats and Mills done at
Oct. 12, 1800. 40-tf.
THE SUBSCRIBER DESIRES TO INFORM
the Wheat-growers of Meigs and adjoining
counties, that he will give, in exchange for one
bushel of good, clean Wheat, 42 pounds of
Persons wishing large lots of Flour made.
can have it manufactured at 40 cents per bi-1.;
offal to go to the owner of the Wheat.
Persons residing between Parkersburg and
Gallipolis, by sending five bushels of good
clean Wheat, I will give one barrel of Flour,
pay the freight on. the same both ways,' they
finding the barrel.
W. C. AVILLIAMS0N
July 20, '50. 30-tf
J. B. HAMPTON,
ft 31 ANUFACTURER
SOUTH-EAST CORNER OF COURT AND
Back streets, opposite the new Bank Build
ing, Pomeroy, O. June 21, '59. 23-ly
MONTGOMEftV & HOADUY,
Forwarding and Commission
WHARF-BOAT, POMEROY, O.
Keep constantly on hand
LIME, PLASTER PARIS, CEMENT, &c. .
I7" respectfully request builders, and others In
V need of the above articles, toe-ire us a call be
fore purchasing elsewhere, as we are confident we
can supply you as cheaply as any other dealer.
April iu, 'ou. la-am.
SOAP AND CANDLE
THE SUBSCRIBER HAS THE PLEASURE
to announee to the citizens of Pomeroy and
vicinity, that he has opened a shop on Sugar
Run, near the Tannery, where he will manu
facture, and keep constantly on hand, any ar
ticle in his line of business; and we feel assured
that we can . give satisfaction to all who may
favor us with a call.
N. B. All orders attended to as soon as pos
sible. DAVID GEYER.
Pomeroy, 1-1. tf
A. G. CROWLEY & CO.,
WILL HEREAFTER CARRY ON THE
Carpenter and Joiner business; Doors,
Sash, Blinds, &c, executed to order. From
long experience in business, we feel confident
of giving perfect satisfaction in all orders en
trusted to our care. For past patronage our
thanks are due the public, and we respectfully
ask a continuance of their favors. The Mill is
a few doors above Williamson's Flouring
L. 33. MOOUE,
Saddle, Harness and Trunk Manufacturer,
KEEPS CONSTANTLY ON HAND, AND
will manufacture to order, all of the vari
ous articles usually manufactured in such es
tablishments. He calls particular attention to
his Harness making, and "defies the world'' on
fancy mounted double or single Harness. Do
not fail to give me a calL in my sliop on .Rut
land street, at the head of First street, in Holt's
Building, np jtairs. Cash paid for all kinds of
Hides, Skins, &c., at the highest market price.
June 21, '59. 2o-ly
W. W. BANLV.
LINE, IIANLY & KROELL.
25 Main St., next door to the Madison House,
Orders respectfully solicited.
Oct. 5, 1S00 3-39-Jy
SAW & PLANING MILL,
DAVIS & BBO . , BCason City, Va.,
TvEALERS in Lnmberin the rough: and Manufactu.
II rrs of Flooring, Ceiling mid Weatberboarding.
Hlaniug of all kinds done, and lumber flawed to
order; also Weep constantly on hand Sash, Doors,
Blinds, Lath and Shi.igles. Our cash prices for
dressed Lumber are as follows:
Yellow Pine Flooring per thousand - - $-26 00
White " " " - - 22 50
Ceiling - - - - - - 20 UO
Weathcrboardiiifr per hundred feet - - 125
All orders addressed to Foincroy P. O. will receive
prompt attention. '? 15) 'CO. 19-ly
T. A. PLANTS & CO.
Office in first story of "Edwards' Boitmno," neat
(he "Sugar Rub Stone Bridge " Pomeroy, Ohio.
All Business of the Firm Transacted hy
A. E. MCLAUGHLIN, Business Manager.
- To whom all applications for Subscription, Adver
tising and Job Woric should be made, at the office.
TERMS OF SUBSCRII'TlOi
In ad varies. ! ! 1 : : : : : $1.58
If paid within the year, : ; : : : 2.00
If not said within the year, : : ; : 3.50
JfjNe paper will be discontinued until all arrear
ages are paid, exaept at tbe option of the publishers,
RATES OF ADVERTISING:
3w 6w 3m 6m 9m 1 yr
100 1 75 300 500 700 8 00
200 325 500 R 001 11 00 14 00
5 00 7 00 9 00 12 50 15 00 18 00
750 9 00 12 00 16 00 20 00125 00
10 00 12 00 15 00 20 00 30 00135 00
12 00 15 00 18 00 25 00 35 00140 00
pti square STOettis,
1 wo squares, -
One-half column -Three-fourths
One column, - -
Legal advertisements charged at rates allowed by
1: w, from which 15 per cent, will be deducted for
Casual r transient advertisements must be paid
for in advance.
Advertisements hot having the number of inser
tions marked on copy, will be continued until for
bid, and charged accordingly.
THE LAW 09 NEWSPAPERS.
1. Subscribers who do not give express notice to
the contrary, are considered as wishing to continue
2. If subscribers order the discontinuance of their
papers, the publishers can continue to send them un
til all arrearages are paid.
3 If subscribers neglect or refuse to take their pa
pers from the office to which they are directed, they
are held responsible till they settle their bill, and or
der the paper discontinued.
4. If any subscriber removes to another place
irithont informing the publisher, and their paper is
sent to the former direction, the subscriber is held re
sponsible. 5. The courts have decided that refusing to take a
newspaper from the office, or removing and leaving
it uncalled for, is prima facie evidence of intentional
In connection with pur Newspaper Estab
lishment, we have a complete Job Office. We
are therefore prepared to execute
?Am AND ORNAMENTAL JOB. WORK,
Such as Posters, Programmes, Bills of Lading,
"'ill Heads, Business and Visiting
Cards, Blanks, &c. at "
O -t -v I X X o & s .
We call the special attention of this commu
nity to the above proposition, and desire an in
vestigation of our work and prices.
T. A. PLANTS & Co.
THE undersigned would respectfully an
nounce that he has become the proprietor
of the "Premium Marble Works," of Racine,
and will continue the business under the su
pervision of Mr. J. L. AVallar, at Racine,
with a branch at the house formerly occupied
by Judge Irvin as a law office, at the west
end of Sugar Run Bridge, in Pomeroy. By a
prompt attention to business and the produc
tion of superior work, he intends to merit,
and hopes to receive, a liberal patronage from
the citizens of Meigs and adjoining counties.
Call and examine his stock before purchasing
elsewhere. J. V. SMITH.
Sept. 7, I860. 555-tf
(Late or the Firm of Rtevensrtn, Rowen & Kesiuith,)
M. WILLIAMSON, & CO.
Wholesale Dealers and Jobbers in
D R Y GOOD S,
425 Market & 414 Commerce Sts.
M. WILLIAMSON, " . At, ' ... ,, ..
O H WILSON North side
S.' M." ANDERSON, f
II. C. POTTER, J Philadelphia.
March 1, '50.
Z . L. EI S.NRH
AS just received a fine lot of
MEW AND BOY'S CLOTHING,
Consisting of Dress. TCnsinpss nnA fWenvrnta
of the latest styles and of every quality. Pants,
Vests, Shirts, Cravats, &c, on hand, at prices
that cannot fail to suit, either at wholesale or
Store under the "Gibson House," Pomeroy, 0.
Sept. 28, I860. 38-0m
JACOB RCMSET. GEO. A. KtlMSET.
JAMES M. RUMSEY,
WHOLESALE DEALER IN
Foreign & Domestic Dry Goods,
Hats, Caps, Bonnets, Hosiery,
Grl oves cj Notions:
ALSO, CARPETS, OIL CLOTH
SECOND STREET, Near Market,
3-32-ly Portsmouth, Ohio.
'LAUDS FOR SALE.
THE undersigned offers FOR SALE, on rea
sonable terms, and in lots to suit pur
chasers, all the lands in Meigs county, and ad
joining counties, belonging to the estate of Na-
tium Ward, late of Marietta, Ohio, deceased.-
Title indisputable. WM. S. WARD,
Lxecutor on the estate of
Marietta, O., May 30, '60. 23 Nahum Ward.
UNION LAW COLLEGE
LOCATED AT CLEVELAND, 0.
SESSIONS commence on the 25th day of Au
gust, 15th day of December and 7th day of
April. Students may enter at any term with
equal profit. The College is authorized to
confer all degrees. Upon graduating, students
reoeive the degree of .Bachelor of Laws, and
may be admitted to practice without further
examination. For Circular, address
Dec. 6, 1859. 49-ly M. A. KING.
RACINE WOOLEN FACTORY.
HAVING put in new machinery, we are
prepared to do Wool Carding at 4 cents
A41 work warranted, where the wool is clean.
Wool or Lard taken in pay for work.
July 3, I860. 26-tf THOS. EGAN.
THOSE wishing to take boys or girls at any
age from infancy to 14 years, to live with
them till of legal age, would be doing a public
benefit by making known their wishes to Mr.
Scott, Superintendent of the Infirmary, neaj
Chester, or to either of the Infirmary Directors.
Feb. 7, 'CO, tf, M. BOSWORTH,
DRUGGIST AKD APOTHECARY,
DEALER IX OILS, PAINTS, BRUSHES,
Varnishes, Dyestuffs, Perfumery,
and Fancy Articles,
Tyrant Street, Pomeroy, Ohio,
Prescriptions carefully put up. Jan, 9. 2,2,
eTe M I N G TONH OUs.
the , head of Steamboat Landng,
Front Street, Pomeroy, Ohio.
BSJ-Tlie following are touching and beauti
ful lines. They send a thrill deep into the
watch the little feet
Climbing o'er the garden wall,
Bounding through the busy street,
Ranging cellar, shed and hall;
Never count the moments lost,
Never mind tke time it costs,
Little feet will go astray;
Guide, then, mother, while you may.
Mother! watch the little hand
Picking berries by the way,
Making houses in the sand,- . - ,
Tossing up the fragrant hay;
Never dare the question ask,
"Why to me this heavy task?''
These same little hands may prove
Messengers of light and love.
Mother! watch the little tongue
Prating eloquent and wild;
What is said and what is sung
By the happy, joyous child;
Catch the word while yet unspoken,
Stop the vow while yet unbroken;
This same tongue may. yet proclaim
Blessings in the Saviors name.
Mother! watch that little heart,
Beating soft and warm for you;
Wholesome lessons now impart,
Keep, oh! keep that youug heart true;
Extricating every weed,
Sowing good and precious seed;
Harvest rich you then may see
Ripening for eternity.
BHV. AXTHOST BEWLEY.
The public prints throughout the
Union have chronicled the fact that re
cently, in Texas, a Methodist minister
was dragged from his home by a lawless
mob and hung. This diabolical deed
has exerted very little remark from the
conductors of the religious press, and
many of them seem to regard it as
scarcely worthy of a passing comment
A weekly paper which claims to be a
loyal .exponent of the usages of the
Church of which the hanged man was
a minister, speaks of the deed in very
gingerly phrase, as if fearful that the
mere mention ot it might give oflense
on the Border," among those whose
friendship it vainly seeks to perpetuate;
we regret to learn' is a Btereotyped
phrase which might appropriately intro
duce a notice of a lost carpet bag or tell
the admirins public of an affection of
the throat which disabled a brother ed
itor from preaching at a camp-meeting.
It seems rather tame language where
with to express horror at the cold
blooded murder of a brother minister.
Language alittle more spirited in its tone
would not have been unbecoming on such
an occasion, even from editors who are
bound to speak of ''the great evil," and
all things connected with it, with calf
like tenderness. They who committed
the deed and put the rope round the neck
of the victim nay, even those who in
stigated them to this deed of blooi
might have said "we regret to learn
that" the Rev. Anthony Bewley has
And who was Anthony Bewley? and
why and by whom was this atrocity com
mitted! Anthony Bewley was an elder in good
standing in the Methodist Episcopal
Church. He was a member of the Ar
kansas Conference, and at their session
in 1859 he was stationed at a place called
Hamilton Valley in the Texas district.
He received that appointment from
Bishop Janes, who, it will be remem
bered, published in this paper a calm ac
count of the mob violence with which
he and the conference generally were
treated, at the instigation, as was sup
posed, of members of the Methodist
Church, South. Mr. Bewley was elected
a delegate to the General Conference in
1860, but for some reason unknown to
us did not take his seat with the body;
of course he had no share in its proceed
ings. At the previous session of the
Arkansas Conference, in '58, no bishop
was present, and the members, by ballot,
elected as their president (bishop pro
tern.) the Bev. Anthony Bewley. At
the conference of '55 Bishop Simpson
appointed Mr. Bewley Presiding elder
of the lexas District, which office he
held by appointment of Bishop Baker in
'5b, and ot Bishop Amos in 57. Ave
mention these facts to show in what es
teem this hanged brother was held du
ring the latter years of his life, both by
his brethren and by the episcopacy. No
man could have had in our Church a
better indorsement as being, in the slang
phrase of the day, "perfectly safe,"
At the Ueneral Conference at Indian
apolis, in '56, Brother Bewley was pres
ent as a delegate ironi the Arkansas
Conference. He faithfully discharged
every duty incumbent upon him, to the
entire satisfaction of his brethren, who
as we have seen, re-elected him to the
same position four years afterward. All
who had the pleasure of making Brother
Bewley's acquaintance were struck with
the modesty of his deportment and the
unaffected simplicity of his character.
In his Church politics he was a conserv
ative of the strictest pattern. He voted
uniformly against any alternation of the
Discipline on the subject of slavery.
All through that session he stood shoul
der to shoulder with the Border dele
gates. He was with Poisal and McClin
tock and Crooks, and against Hosmer
and Mattison and Abel Btevens, on the
great reckoning up of votes on adopting
the report of the Committee on Slavery.
(See the printed Journal for '56, page
It is due to the memory of our de
parted brother that these facts should
be known, and the false insinuation that
he was an Abolitionist should be branded
as it deserves. But what was he? and
how did he incur the malignant and
deadly enmity of those among whom he
had for so many years gone in and out
preaching the unsearchable riches of
Christ? We answer: Brother Bawley
was a minister of the Methodist Epis
copal Church, and held, as does the entire
Methodist Episcopal Church, that
slavery is a great evil, and ought to be
extirpated. In the providence of God,
as we have seen, his lot was cast in a re
gion where slaveholding is deemed right,
and perfectly in accordance with the
teachings of the Gospel. A branch of
nominal Church of Christ, which
uiuttea irom its Uiscinline everv
semblance of hostility to slaveholding,
exists in that section ot the country
.Leading members of that nominal
Church have avowed the determination
to arive trom that region all ministers
who belong to what they call the Church
North. They are encouraged in that
object by professedly religious papers
Gentlemen of property lead on the rab
ble. Men of the same spirit as those
who assaulted Bishop Janes in the house
ot liod, and who needed but a little more
encouragement to have hung him, offici
ated at the martyrdom ot Bewley.
Of the Southern neriodicals the New
ffJrteans- Christian Advocate is far from
being the most intemperate in its lan
guage, and yet our readers will be
shocked at perusing the following brief
extract irom a long article in the same
spirit, which we find in a late number of
that journal. Alluding, to such men as
Bewley and his colleagues, the editor
'These conspirators are the advance
guard of that Black Republican party
to which Dr. Abel Stevens professes to
belong, and which the majority of North
ern Methodists, it is said, will support
in the ensuing presidential election.
This is the fruit of the doctrine taught
by the entire Northern Methodist press,
edited by such men as Drs. Thomas,
Kingsley, Haven, and Elliott, the latter
in slaveholding territory. This is what
is meant and desired by that 'freedom of
speech' God save the mark! and of
the press, the absence of which in the
South is vehemently complained of by
the Independent, the Christian Advocate
and Jbnrnal, aid similar papers. It is
for prudent and well-conducted efforts
to prevent such things, that Bishop
Janes fills the ears of the country with
his complaints against that accomplished
gentleman and patriot Judge Roberts,
and his associates. This is the fruit of
the Gospel Northern Methodist preachers
wished to preach in Texas. Alas for
the' honored name of 'Methodist
preacher!' It is for not joining in the
course and counsel which lead to such
results that. the Southern Methodist
Church is denounced and vilified in
Europe and Ameriea by Methodists.
These things are the fruit of the doc
trines and labors of the abolition tories
of the North and their British allies,
leagued, as in the days of the Revolution,
against the peace and perpetuity of the
government of this country. The bloo'd
of the Revolution, of San Domingo, of
Kansas, of Harper's Ferry, and of this
Texas infamy, rests upon the heads of
these modern tories and incendiaries."
Here it will be seen that the difference
between Abolitionists and anti-slavery
on which some ot our liiends m
this region lay so much stress, is not
recognized in Texas. Thomas, Stevens,
Kingsley, Haven, and Elliott afe all
placed in the one and the same category.
Bewley's anti-slavery, as we have seen,
was of the mildest type, like that of our
beloved bishop'fs. Our Southern breth
ren treated him precisely as they would
treat Cheever or Garrison if either should
fall into their power. All who will not
bow down to the idol, and acknowledge
slavery to be right, and humane, and
scriptural, are to be denounqed as aboli
tiou tories and incendiaries.
But we will notallow ourselves to com
ment upon this language as it deserves.
We quote it merely as a sample of the
style in which the bad passions of "lewd
fellows of the baser sort" are roused to
deeds of blood by professing followers
of the Prince of peace. Such diatribes,
reiterated from week to week in "Chris
tain Advocates," as well as in political
papers, encouraged "that accomplished
gentleman and patriot," Judge Roberts,
and his associates, in their unmanly out
rage upon Bishop J anes. Similar encour
agement was needed by the rabble who
hurried the gentle spirited Bewley to his
home in heaven.
Truly these are fearful times. They
call for mourning and lamentation, for
penitential tears and for earnest prayers;
and, most especially, for a clear, con
tinued, outspoken testimony against an
enormity that is blasting God's heritage,
and making the very name of American
Christianity a hissing and by -word
among the nations of the earth. JV. Y.
Education of the Tonng.
The Scientific American, referring to
the fact that children are overtasked
with school studies, says:
A New York School Commissioner,
with leather lungs and a cast-iron head,
may insist that a child who has been
boxed up six hours in school, shall spend
the next four hours in study, but it is
impossible to develope the child's intel
lect in this way. The laws of nature are
inexorable. By dint of great and pain
ful labor, the child may succeed in re
peating a lot of words, like a parrot, but,
with the power of its brain all exhausted
it is out of the question for it to really
master and comprehend its lessons. The
effect of the system is to enfeeble the in
tellect even more than the body. We
never see a little girl staggering home
under a load of books, or knitting her
brow over them at seven or eight o'clock
in the evening, without wondering that
our citizens do not arm themselves at
once with carving knives, pokers, clubs,
paving-stones, or any weapons at hand,
and chase out the managers of our com
mon schools, as they would wild beasts,
that were devouring their children. In
deed, they are worse than wild beasts,
for those destroy only the body, but
these fiends consume both body and
mind of the helpless innocents who fall
in their clutches.
In Boston, the system of studying out
of school has been prohibited in relation
to the girls, and we should be rejoiced
to see this city take the lead in extend
ing this prohibition to all the scholars.
We are very glad to see that the time
for gymnastic exercises is to be taken
from the study hours, and not from those
given to play "Experience having
shown," says the Superintendent, "that
the seholars learn more when a portion
of the time is given to those exercises
than when all is devoted to study."
"Pray, madam, why did you name
your old hen Macduff?" ''Because, sir,
jl want her to 'lay on.'"
,rFroin the New York Herald. ' . ,
AliARMING PROGRESS OF REVOLU
TION AT THE SOUTH.
We publish to-day a number of letters
from Southern correspondents, and arti
cles from the Southern press, showing
the alarming progress of revolution at
the other side of Mason and Dixon's
line. The revolutionary -programme of
the Black Republicans at the North, and
the near prospect of the election of their
chief, are precipitating the secessionist
and even the conservative elements of
the South into revolution, and civil war.
Already are preparations for hostilities
being made in Virginia, and the arming
and organization are going foward with
vigor, as described -by our interesting
Richmond correspondence. If we are
to believe the statement of another well
written and eloquent letter from another
of the border States, Maryland is also in
the incipient stage of revolution, and
every border State will stand by the ac
tion of any one or'more of the cotton
States which may secede, and will resist
to the death any attempt to coerce them
into subjection to the federal power.
The writer says that the attempt of the
Republican President to force his North
ern office holders on the South would be
sufficient to commence the bloody fray,
but that his election will be regarded by
the South as Caesar crossing the Rubicon.
The people of Mississippi and Ala
bama speak, through their press, their
determination to right themselves out
side of the Union, and not within. The
Charleston Mercury, which expresses the
sentiments of the citizens of South Caro
lina, is equally bold, and proclaims that
"now or never" is the -time for action,
for the emancipation of the South from
Northern aggression, or the retiring of
the Southern States from the Union.
That old and respectable organ of the
Palmetto State counsels the people not
to postpone their measures till after the
inauguration of Lincoln, and the armed
force of the North is at his disposal, as
their action may then be too late. The
same sentiment is uttered in Virginia.
A Georgia paper suggests the mode of
bringing the revolution to a crisis. It
advises that either South Carolina,
Mississippi or Alabama should secede,
and then if the central government at
Washington should attempt to coerce
them, every Southern State would rally
around them and then secession would
become general, and a new Southern con
federacy be formed immediately out of
the broken Union. That Georgia will
go with the seceders we are fully as
sured. That a large majority of the
people of South Carolina, Mississippi
and Alabama are prepared to take the
decisive step of secession there is but
too much reason to fear. The inflamma
ble materials are there, the train of gun
powder is laid, and it only requires that
the match of the incendiary, the torch of
the Wide Awake, be applied, in-order to
set the whole South in one blaze.
The air is rife with revolution and
secession, lhe partizans ot Urectin-;
ridge, the partizans of Bell and the par
tizans of Douglas at the South, and they
include nearly the whole population,
agree in one thing, however they may
differ in other matters. They all concur
as to the certainty of revolution if Lin
coln should be elected, while each party
contends that the election of its o?rn
ticket alone can avert the calamity.-
The Richmond Whig, and Mr. Hill, of
Georgia, whose letter we publish, insist
that only the election of Bell can save
Union. The Richmond Enquirer, on
the contrary, declares that if Virginia
should go for Bell, and not for Breckin
ridge, the cotton States will regard this
as a aisMs belli, and secession will be pre
cipitated beyond the power of man to ar
rest its course.
Without discussing the points on
which the Southern people more or less
differ, we may take that on which they
seem to be agreed, and that is, that the
election of Lincoln will be the signal for
a revolt, which nothing but his defeat
can prevent. As we are within a fort
night of the time when that question is
to be decided at the ballot box, we
think our readers will admit that we are
on the ev of by fau the greatest danger
that ever threatened the country, and
that every man who values the freedom
he enjoys, and knows how to appreciate
the greatness, the glory, the prosperity
and the strength of the Uuited States,
ought to ponder well how he may best
prevent the impending ruin which will
make these States disunited States, and
inaugurate a reign of terror, anarchy
and blooshed without a precedent in the
annals of civilized nations.
That Lincoln will be elected, unless
some sudden change comes over the
spirit of our Northern dream, can hardly
admit of a doubt in any unprejudiced
mind which closely watches passing
political events and is capable of esti
mating their value. For the conse
quences no wise man will be disposed to
answer. The unthinking multitude, as
in all past ages, are sleeping uncon
sciously on a volcano, which is already
uttering its low murmurings, premoni
tory of eruption, and may at any moment
send forth its irresistible fiery flood to
overwhelm and desolate wherever it
comes. Such is the terrible crisis to
which the abolition sentiment and the
Black Republican party have brought
the country at last.
A New Way Across tlie Istliran.
It'll said that a new and practicable
route through Nicaragua has been just
discovered. The Atlantic terminus
would be half way up the Mosquito
coast, at the mouth of a stream called
Rio Grande on the maps, and erroneously
supposed not to be navigable, though it
will admit ocean steamers for eighty
miles, bringing them to a fine plain
just the thing for a railroad extending
clear to the Pacific, the distance being
123 miles. It is said to be supplied
with abundance of timber, and to be
singularly healthful. If true, this is
one of the most important discoveries of
the day, and our governmet should take
immediate measures toascertsin the facts.
The old Nicaragua route is pretty nearly
abandoned by capitalists; the Atrato and
Chirique plan is too formidable; Mr.
Squires' route through Honduras is too
costly ; and the Tehuantepec transit is
rendered very uncertain by the unset
tled condition of Mexico.
THE ROMAN MARCHES.
The following very able and ifabo
rats article, from the Nuzione, of Flor
ence, on that portion of the Papal terri
tory which is now the scene of. sharp
warfare, and the cause of diplomatic re
crimination almost as sharp, will not be
without interest to our readers:
The region which takes the name of
the Marches of Ancona, from its most
important city, . is divided into . seven
provinces, which, from their seven
chief towns,' are respectively termed
Pesaro, Urbino, Macerata, Ferma, As
coli, Camerino. Besides these there
are not a few other celebrated cities,
the chief being Jesi, Osimo,. Sinigalia,
Fano, Loretto, Tolentino, Recanati,
Cingoli; and the 900,000 of these seven
provinces dwell in 423 cities, towns,
boroughs,, hamlets, with the exception
of the rural population, which, is scat
tered over a number of cottages, because
entails being abolished in this part of
Italy, large farms are unknown, and the
land is distributed and divided in such
a way that the rural habitations appear,
when viewed at a certain distance, to be
the continuance of the towns.
The Marches lie to the east of the
Appenines, and on the opposite side are
bounded by the Adriatic Sea. In
length and breadth they extend about
110 miles, and the character of the
country, sloping gently from the Appe
nines to the sea, is most pleasant, va
rious and picturesque. If in the
higher regions the severity of the cli
mate renders impossible the vegetation
which in general displays itself sponta
neously, in the Piceno region there is,
on the contrary, a part of the Adriatic
coast more attractive than that of Ge
noa; one where, in midst of the ordi
nary objects of cultivation, there flourish,
not indeed magnificent olive plantations,
but groves of oranges and of lemons, so
between- Grottamare and San Benedetto,
in the two provinces of Fermo ; Ascoli,
at certain hours of the day the air is
laden with such a fragrance, and the
view of the sea, of the gardens, of the
orange grove, of the villas, of the flow
ery meadows, of the hills, rising above
each other like an amphitheatre, is so
inspiring and so enchanting as to recall
all that the two great Italian poets
have fabled respecting the villas of Ar
mida and of Alcini. The city San Be
nedetto is so situated that it would be,
perhaps, impossible to find a more en
chanting locality in the whole world.
And as regards the agricultural indus
try of the Marches, we may affirm that
it will stand a comparison with the best
cultivated provinces of Italy.
Monuments of all epochs recall the
ancient grandeur of these provinces.
Un traversing the broad plains, bathed
by the Chienti and by the Tenna, we be
hold the still magnificent ruins of Fa-
leria, Urbisoglia, and Pansula theatres.
amphitheatres, walls, arches, baths, in
scriptions recording glories which,
handed down from remote times, still
live in the recollection of posterity.
On examining the private museums we
contemplate with pride the glorious
testimonies of an epoch preceding the
, ri0man Conquest, l and among them the
early coins that mark the first stages of
social economy. Ihe castle of the Mid
dle Ages, of which all are not yet de
stroyed, and other written memorials,
are still visible, attesting the domination
of the Lombards, the days of feudalism,
the period of the freedom of the com
munes in short, at every step the trav
eler takes, nature and the monuments
of history and the industry of man ap
pear to tell him that there dwelt, and
still dwells here, a people worthy of bet
ter destinies, and that if the natural
acuteness of the inhabitants has exerted
itself to counteract the fatal policy of a
government which systematically perse
cutes, for the purpose of stifling every
generous aspiration, for the purpose of
crushing every attempt at regeneration;
it is not less true that the Government
has. succeeded in paralyzing all the vital
energies, in banishing the studies, in
repressing everything, in degrading to
the lower state of ignorance a great por
tion ot the people.
At a time when these provinces were
less oppressed nay, even in the times
whn they endured oppression they
have given to science and to letters men
of the highest eminence. Urbino is
less celebrated for the splendid and. en
lightened court of its dukes than for
having given Raphael to the world.
Pesaro, in the days of Perticari, and of
Monti, was the Athens of the State; it
has produced, in our own time, Rossini,
and one of the men who now sit in the
Sardinian Cabinet, Mamiani, Annibale
Caro and Giacomo Leopardi were born
in these provinces. Fermo prides it
self on having produced the master of
Galileo, and perhaps Lactantius, and
here also was born that Liverotto who
so greatly struck Machiavelli that he
was led to compare him with Agathocles.
The divine comedy of Dante was
printed, for the first time, at Jesi.
What efforts may be made by th3 pat
riotism of a people was exhibited by
Acona in the seige which it sustained from
the army of Barbarossa; for- the defense
made by the citizens equalled in hero
ism all the feats recorded in history
either of ancient or modern people.
Neither arts nor industry were ne
glected in these regions, . The best Ital
ian paper is manufactured at Fabriano.
Fossombrone supplies the raw material
for the richest silks in Europe. The
only sugar refinery in the State is at
Grottamare. Ascoli is one of theifinest
and best built cities of the Papal States;
its very ancient and magnificent bridges
excite the astonishment of all architects.
The public theatres with which these
provinces are adorned will bear compe
tition with the best of Italy. Urbino,
Gubbio and Castel Durante produced
the magnificent painted majolicas, of
which the secret has been lost, and
which constitute the ornaments of the
rrrii-it llrnnAnn nrllri2 Thp nlmrnllPS
0. fa"--- "
are filled with monumeuts of art, and
all intelligent travelers are struck with
surprise on beholding the painting of Pa
gani, the least known, although one of
the ablest, of Raphael's scholars.
In proceeding to discourse on matters
more immediately relating to the policy
and the government of this part of Italy,
we ought to mention that, from the :
wealth of several of its episcopal sees,
they are always conferred on' cafdinaltj
This is always the case ith the bfehop-"
rics of Fermo, Osinio, AnbOrA, Jesi-and
Sinigaglia. The richwst; of 'all thse'
sees is that of Fermo,. which yields to
its bishop an annual revenue of' 130,000
francs, on which account the cardinal
bishop of Fermo is commonly termed"
the Popff of Marches. Under tha Pa
pal administration1 the two provirx-es of
Urbino and Pesarer were tfnited in one,
called a Legation, of which the civil
and political administration was en
trusted to a cardinal legato. In conse
quence of the Austrian occupation du
ring late years it was governed by one'
of the most .contemptible and worthless -prelates
of the Rohynb Cu-rii, M-o-seigneur
Tancredl Bellit: ; Since iMif
Cardinal Ciacchi, who 'has completely
retired from public life, dwells in a villa
which he posseses in the district of Pesaro'
as an ordinary citizen. :Cardirfar Ie;
Angelis, the most astute and- the'mosf
reactionary among all ' the "-'cardinals,
is Archbishop of Fermo. ' Cardinal
Lucciardi is Bishop of Sinigaglia; Car
dinal Morichini, a man of moderate'
principles, with a certain tincture A
erudition, -who held the office of consfi-f
tutional Minister under Pius IX., itf
Bishop of Jesi: Cardinal Antdhucci is
Bishop of Ancona, and Cardinal Bru
nelli, formerly Nuncio, is Bhhop of
Osimo. -:'T ;,!
With the exception - of Urbino tia4
Pesaro, to which we have already refer
red, the other provinces are governed
by, prelates called Papal delegates.
During the last ten years an exception
was made in the case of Fermo, which
was administered by a layman, the Mar
quis Niccola Morici. . The Papal gov
ernment, being desirous to restore the
credit of prelatical rule, entrusted the'
province. of Fermo and that of Ferara
to two layman, whom it selected from
among the worst citizens, and who,
consequently, governed more - iniquit-
ously and atrociously than any other
of the public functionaries. Under
such circumstances the people could tfqt
help wishing to have back the- priest",
so much more intolerable were' - .the
abominations perpetrated by th" fci-
mcn..-; ; . ... , - ,.j
The following particulars relative, to
part of Italy, which is now the seat "of
war, may be found interesting at. tha
present moment: The population of
the Marches, according to an official re
turn of the -Pontifical government, was,
in 1853, 922.702 bouIs, of whom 176,541
were in the province of Acona, 110,331
in that of Fermo, 243,1 04 in Macerata,
257,751 in Pesaro and Urbino, and the
rest in Ascoli and Camerino. ThCcitadel
of Ancona ia situated on the summit of
Mount Artagno,- upwards of 300. feet
above the level ofthe sea. The towii
stands on the part of the mountain
which slopes to the sea, and its nort' w.
formed by little hills which constitute tl
sort of amphitheatre. . ..The highest uf
these hills, , which protects the citadel
itself, is the MontagnoO upwards oC7(K)
feet above the level of the sea.. Thr
is also Mount Guasco dci Cuppucuini,
which is on a level with the barracks of tlie
artillerymen in the citadel. ..The westf
em part of the Mount dci Cappuccinl
is occupied by part of . the town, which
extends along the side of the. fort with
a bend. In 1859 the Austria ris, tluriiig
the war of Independenae, undertook ex
tensive works, but they soon abandoned
them. They supplied the fortress with
cannon, which they left, likewise. :The
entrance to the fortress fs well defended;
the roads being partly winding. 'jtijd
nnrtlv ir-r.arr nnrl r-Anstnifrtfiil in untOl
a way that a surprise of.' an cneiny'cajl
r i ri m T -
oe resisted, nowevcr great may ue ,
impetuosity ' with .which it is niiidip.
TI, r. fn.l.n.n An,.St MAntn,., n , ,n aaA,t, "
garrison, but the . magazines are. large t.
enough to hold stores for
Bea3--Y pious oid iaoy, wno jras;, jof '.'.
unweu to attend tne meeting: , used xo
send ner tnicK-ncadeduusDand tocnurcn
to find out the text theprdacher se'edieij
as the foundation of his discourse. .; ba;
poor dunce was rarely fortunate en6Vi!jft '
tri -rSmcmher the words rtf tli6-?Eil"vS
arAn tliK filinnlav onil . naHA. Srli avjft .ilia
fnuld lnl fnnnA- Vtuf...nna Sliltiitk- l,faT.ad:n :
home id hat has te and with 'a &uurk&f
satisfaction dn his lacev informed .ms.
wife, that he could .repeat, every woSd
without missing a Bybl. Tue word
from Heaven, and took alive coal IVotij ;
illO tlllctl. ..." -i V. 1 a
"rinow every word, repliud the Jain .
UaUU. . ' -ri-n :.
"I am "lad to hear it." continued the .
wife. "- - . - I ;
"They are nice wofds," said hef Atis
band. . . . ' a:'.Z
"I am glad your memory is improvinigl
out uou b iiie m suspense, iuy utjiui
said she. . ; r 'o' ii'ii
, i , , . , . i . .
"Just get your big Bible, and- I rwill
say me woras, ior x jt.nowtuin uy ncara.
I said them a hundred times uu the :vay
home.'-'-; . ' ', !".
"Well, now let's hearthem," coatin-'
uen she. . - . . - . -,. . ,
"Ahem!" said the husband,, clearing
out his throat. "An Iugun came down
from New-Haven, and took a live colt by
the tail and jerk him out of the halter;
Parson Broniilaw ntt Northern
Parson Brownlow'.'in'the last number
of the Knoxville IVkig, has a bTief ex
pression of his opinion of NorthcraPe
mocracy, which we give ntirei .; .
"The everlasting cry. of Npger! has
been the vitalizing principle of the cor
rupt Democracy for years. Upon. this
cry they built up the ;Republica party,
split their national organ iaft, ..and
now find themselves in a miserable mi
nority iu the Union. The seat of govern
ment with the party now is ia Richmond,
and its loyal provinces arc the 'eight
Cotton States which they seek to ipri:
cipitate into a revolution. " i r ;.
"The small remaius of power this.v.n a
dominant party possessed has nt .the
North crumbled into aa-Abolition fac
tion; and the time is only' distant one
month when Democracy at tho North
shall make its final exodus from all the
Free States. The remnant of Dcmoc
racy at the North is not living for atty
valuable or honorable purposed They
are officeholders fighting for their bread
and meat, and iu a cause they hate at
heart." . '