those wherein, in fhia Government,
. the aolrereignty of the People is .recog
nised, questions sometimes arise", so giave
. in their future that, being seriously an
Bouuced, they command the whole atten
tion of oil nien of common intelligence,
and disdaining asaociatjon with ilje mere
party topics of the day or of the age, oc
cupy at once exclusively the public mind.
Of this character, if question ever was,
ia thnt concerning the annexation of Tex
as to 4he United Stales, now sprung upon
the countrv. '
When, .early in the present session of
uiitc,sa, iiic luujevi was .casualty allu
ded to (by u, we were somewhat stig-
- geredby the remark of a contemporary
-better informed on the subject, it
' ems, than we then ware--ihat the pro
ject was worthy of moro serious consider
ation than we were disnosed to fritrfi In
, ,it. But, still incredulous, no longer ago
.man me otn 01 met month, though our
, suspicions were not altogether , loid, - we
created the report of a pending negotia
tion for "annexation," received bv way
of Texas and New Orleans, as being
.most pronably uth work of wanton
cmni nr Inlnrn.tori " n .1
, , 7 Old we even then-dream that itia I'rwi .
.ences to which we then alluded, as bciiyi
mpioy ea m agitating the question of an
nexation, had been seconded bv the Ex
cuti ve power of this Gpvernment, in the
( manner and ia the extent to which we
are forced, by information from different
quarters, reluctantly to believe.
Matters have proceeded so far, how
ever,' that it is proper that we should
jitate to our readers what knowledge we
Aave recently acquired on this subject,
. from sources to be relied upon, and en
.deavor to open their eyes. to the dark
.cl.ud which overhangs the public peace
and the nai.onal welfare if not the exist
,ence of this Union. , x
It is now some months agprohablv
, not long after the retirement of Mr. Web-
ater from tha Department or State-thai
l7?rurera1snLade' lv M G-
menl, threugh the Secretary of State, in.
vUmgftom the Executive of Texas fGen.
' oon) a proposition for the annexation
,01 Jexas to tne United Stales. This
overture was, at first, if we understand
rightly, rather coolly received by the
Chief of the young Republic. , But since
. "r"? f grew, lhfl Gvn
nt.f Tm having-been again ap-
,proached-we will not say importuned,
. though circumstances almost justify the
Tr rt.hB'Ph'"e-by the Executive of
he United 8tales, Gen. Houston did at
length content to negotiate on the sub
ject. 1 he terms of an arrangement be
..tweenthe high contracting parties are
already arranged; and if ! already
- thear" 10 be reduced forthwith, u
4 ' V"" w waiy, through the agency
via.pDciai minister from Texas, (Mr.
Henderson,) who is already on his way to
this city for the purpose, if, before this
paper goes to press, he have not already
Sofar as the President of the United
, States and the President of Texas art
concerned, the Trtaty is alt bid made.
,. This information has, we confess," fill,
ed our minds with humiliation und appre
hension. Humiliation at the unauihor
ized and almost clandestine manner, in
which, after having heretofore solemnly
rejected, for unanswerable reasons, a
proposition for annexation, when sought
br tha Govnrnmnnt of Tin. .... -
' - ' . . vfi ivh( uur Uffll
Government has gone a wooing to that of
ui una solicited is lavors j and nppre.
hansion of the consequences of tho con
summation of the Treaty, which the
President at least has been made to be
lieve will be promptly ratified liv
tituiional majority of the Senate of the
The sudden occurrence of this ques
tion, we have already intimated, is one
... .uiiiidi engiossing interest,
W I ,r that of ' foreijn "I'Mion, or
- .u.iuon ai nomo a pestilence, or an
earthquake ought to suspend for a time
nil mere parly differences and conten
lions. It is a question of peaco or war,
of self-preservation, of national tuition
in comparison which the ordinary
topics of parly controversy dwindle into
nusuiuie insignincance. .
t While speaking thus, we know and
raf'thait we "are expressing sentiments
not in accord with those of soma of our
poiiucHj irienas. vve sincerely regret
li, on our ncpouni ano on theirs. But
when, in our opinion, a creat danaer im.
pends, we must not be deterred by such
ponsideralions from sounding the alarm,
and calling upon public opinion to make
itself heard at the Capitol in tones which
can neither be misunderstood nor disre-
- The annoxalion of Texas to this Union,
nnder present circumstances, is opporod,
in our judgment, by a host of considera
tions, of which it will not.be possible for
us to-day more thai to enumerate the
Chief, tfefore doing . which, however,
we wish to state that there is no one who
more sincerely desirea, the welfare and
. prosperity of the people who compose the
population of Texas than we do. We
would contribute to it in any way not in .
compatible with the honor and the interest
1,19 rreo1 comnwnwealih withisv which
, tqr lot is cast. Daiiring to lea the R.
public of Texas independent in fuel as ii
" . is in name, wa -would exert the power of
j this Governmant to any extent which
t would not commit the fume and the peace
;ofthis country towards that end.- We
. V would employ all the rmeani 0 counsel,
persuasion, and co-operation with othe
nationi in friendly office, to fecure t
. ' .. . -
her that durable peace and tranquility,
which alone are wanting to her growth
into a populous, productive, and wealthy
State amooir the nation of the earth.
Our first objection to the annexation oi
Texaa j, that it cannot be eccnmptisneo
without involving the. country in war;
too great a price to pay fur any flrrito
rial arquiMl'oa whatever, wbicn tno na
tional honor dnea not demand, ' ,
Our second objection is, that, far from
demanding this acquisition, the National
honor forbid? it. So lonjx as war contin
ues between Mexico and Texas, and a
solemn Treaty of Peace and Amity ex
ists between us hnd Mexico, we cannot,
withou.t violating (he tiacied faith of trea
tios, undertake to possess ourselves of the
Territory, to which Mexico still main
tains her right. e have, it is jruo, ac
knowledged thai independence of Texas.
as we had a right to do for certain inter
national purposes but that recognition
did not extinguish, or in anv mmncr ef
fect the rights of Mexico upon Texas.
The oblieationa of our Trent v with Mex-
ird remain untouched; and Mexico would
have the same right to possess nTseii ii
i . t . . S 1J
khe cmiWyof nr -Binte "t this union ns
bhe Uovernmentot tne unnoa istates mis
I f m m w rm . ,
to possess itseii oi i exas.
Our third great olijeclmn which would
be conclusive without the precedine) if
that the Territory of the United Slates is
already large enough, II is indefinitely
more important that-we should people
and improve what we have, than grasp
aftef more, especially when its ncquisi
lion would be inevitably attended with
discord and dissatisfaction. It is far more
important to the happiness of the people
of the United States that they should
enjoy in peace, contentment and harmo
ny, what they already have, than that
they should place all those blessings at
hazard by this new experiment.
Our fourth objection is, that, if the "an
noxation" of Texas were in other respects
desirable, one entire third of this Union,
at least, forbids the ban, doubts the con
stitutionnl right to estnblih the ennnex
ion, and declares its determination to re
sist it. The proposition to annex or in'
corporate a Foreign Nation, in this Union,
moreover, is entirely new, and the au
thority to do it is solemnly questioned.
This objection would .have much loss
force had we, in this ease, instead or re.
cognizing tno inoepenqence or lexas,
. a m
negotiated with Mexico, wuh or without
the. consent of the people of Texas, for
the acquisition of Hint territory. We
would not, merely to acquire more land,
(of which we have, alreaay more than we
want,) jeopard tne existence ot the Union.
which ought to be dearer to the heart of
every American citizen than any consid
trotion itMtnoflus to jUw!4,,4u . t
Fifthly, we dread the beginning by the
United Slates of a system of acquisition of
foreign territory by conquest, which as
things stand, ihe annexation , of Tpxn
won'd effectively be, J or even by pur-
chafe. Once begin it, and where will it
end? Shall we ever have territory
nnugh fi?r annbition, though we havo e
nough fot our wanht
Wi'h these brief hints we willingly re
lieve our renders from our own discourse,
to ak their attention to a view of the
ground heretofore occupied by our Gov
ernment on this subject, from which it is
proposed now to depart. We have Ihe
more pleasure in doing this, because it nf
fords us the opportunity of giving due
credit to 'he last Administration for its
conduct in regard to this matter, and par
ticularly of doing justico . to tho patriot
ism and nice senca of honor of the Secre
tary of State now no more under that
Administration, as displayed, in reference
to this question, in the extracts which we
shall make. .
On the 4th of August, 1837, a few
months after the accession of Mr. Van
Buren to the Presidency, n enrrespon I
donee was opened with Mr. Forsyth, the
Secrotnry of State, by Gen. Memticnn
Hunt, Envoy Extraordinary and Minister
Plenipotentiary of the Republic of Texas,
in which the annexation of Texas was
formally proposed to this Government,
and supported by a train of argument
quite as cogent as any that can now be
applied to sustnin such an application.
The offer was declined, as our readers
know, by the Presldentjand" ihls declen
sion was communicated by Mr. Forsyth
to the Texiap Minister in a letter under
dale of August 25lh, than 'the terms of
which nothing nan be more decisive or
explicit.' It is from tlijs letter that we
make ihe following extracts for the in
formation of such of our readers as have
never seen or have forgotten this corres
pondence. "The question of the annexation of a
foreign independent Stale to the United
States has never before been presented to
this Government. . Since the adoption of
their Constitution two large additions
have been made lo the domain originally
claimed by Ihe United Stales. In acquir
ing theft thia Government was not actua
ted by a mere thirst for away over a
broader space. . Paramount interests of
many members of the Confederacy, and
the permanent well-being of all, impera
tively urged upon thia Government the
necesrity of an extension of its jurisdio.
lion over Louisiana and Florida, As
peace, however, was cur cherishod poli
cy, never lo be departed fiom unless lion'
or should bo periled by adhering lo it, we
patiently endured for a time aerious in
conveniences and privations, ani sought
a transfer of tlioso regions by negotiations
and rot by conquest. ,
"The 'via or those negotiations waa a
conditional cession of these countries to
the United Stales. The circumstance,:
however, of their being - colonial posses
sions of France and Spain, and therefore
dependent bn' the metropolitan Govern-j
ments, renders thoso 1 transactions mate
rially different from that which won'd by
tha question of the annexation of 'IVxas.
The latter is a State with an independent
Government, acknowledged as sucb by
the United States, a,nd claiming a territory
beyond, though bordering on, ihe region
ceded bv France, in the treaty of the
30th of April, 1803. - Whether the Con
stitution of the Uuited States contempla
ted the annexation of such a State, and if
so, in what manner that object is to be
effected, are questions, in the opinion of
the President, it wonder be inexpedient,
under existing circumMnnecs,' to agitate.
"So long ns Texas shall rem tin at war,
whilo the Uuited States are at pone
with Her adversary, tho proposition
of th.a Texinn Minister Plenipotentiary
necessarialy iuyolvcs iho question of war
with that ojlversary Tho United Slate
are bound lo Mexico by a treaty of amity
and commerre.'whjcli will be scrupulous
ly observed on' their part so long as il can
be reasonably hoped thai 'Mexico will
perform her duties' and respect our rights
under it. ' The United Siates might Justly
be suspected of a disregard of the friend
ly purposes of iho compact if ilia over
ture of General Hunt were to be even
reserved for future consideration, as ilii?
would, imply i disposition on our pan to
espouse (he quarrel of Texas with Mexi
co a disposition wholly at variance wjth
the spirit of the, treaty, with the uniform
policy and the obvious welfare of the
United States, ! , ,;
"The inducements mentioned by Geh.
Hunt, for the, United Stutes to annex
Texas to their territory, are duly appreci
ated; bu, powerful and weighty us they
certainly are, thev are light when oppos
ed in the stale ofrensnn 10 treaty obliga
tion and respect for that integrity of
character by wfjich lha Uniied Stutes
have, sought to idittinguUh ihtmselves
since ihe establishment of their right to
claim a pUco in the greut family of na
tions. It is presumed, Jiowever, that
the motives by , .'which Texas has been
governed in making this overture will
have equal force in impelling her to pre'
serve, as hn independent Power, the
most liberal commercial relations with
ihe Uniied Stales. '. Such' a disposition
will be cheerfully met in a corresponding
spirit by this uoverninsnt. If the nn
swer which the undersigned has been
directed to uive to (he proposition of
Gen. Hunt should unfortunutsK work
such a change in the sentituents of that
Government as to induce nn attempt to
upon terms prejudicial to ihe United
Stntes, this Government will be consoled
hy a consciousness of (he rectitude of
i's intention, and a certainty that, all ho'
the hazard of transient losses may be in
curred by a rigid adherence to just prin
ciples, no lasting prosperity can be secur
ed when they urs disregarded."
The enliro correspondence may be
found in the Appendix to the 14th vol
nme of the Register of Dubaies,
Correspondence of the Baltimore Amer.
WasHixGTON, March 1 1th, 1844.-
house 01' representatives.
Mr.Saunders of N. C, called the ni
tention ot the House to iomo resolution
in relation to the (Jourt of Columbu
O. which has bean imp-opcrlv referred to
Ma Committee on the Judicia' y, and tin
der circumstances which ere considered
The resolution complained of was n
dopted on Saturday, and instructed the
Judiciary Committee to bring in a Bill to
remove the Cunrl altogether to Columbus
insiend of holding a pnrt of iho term . nt
Mr. Boyd of Ky. moved that 20,000
extra copies of the llcnorl and Bill of the
Committee on Wave and Means be print
ed for the use of the House. Anticipat
ing objections, or a motion to print the re
port of Ihe minority, Mr. Boyd moved the
Previous Ques'ion, which cut off any a-
mendment. I he Previous uuestion wus
then seconded, 87 to 43.
The resolution was then adopted
Ayes 1 109, noes 51.
THE TARIFF AGAIN.
Mr. Tildeq of Ohio moved a resolution
proposing that as many copies of the Mi
nority Report upon the Tariff bo printed
as of the Minority Report, and that the
two Reports be printed and circulated to
gether. Objections were hourd from the
Mr. Fi-k of New York moved to lay
the resolution upon the table, and culled
for (he yeas and nays which were order
ed.' By this means the majority were
compelled to show their hands, and voted
to lay the resolution upon (he table, yens
03, noye 70,
tiie TAmrr again.
A resolution was ofTured by Mr. Moore
of Ohio (lint the Houo would proceed
on Ihe 21st dty nt' the present month to
discuss the Tariff Dill reported from Ihe
Connnitteo on Ways and Means, and
continue to act upon tho same roin day
to dny until disposed of. ' The Previous
Question was m ived.
Mr. Black moved to amend the revolu
tion by a proposition that the bill ehoiild
not bo tuken out of Committee hrforr tie
f'turfi Monday in Miy, (tho time whim
iho Van Buret) Convention meets at Bal
timore.) (..' - -
A scene oftnfumn followed, in
midst of which the Mouse adjourned bv
a vote of 84 to 72, at a quarter before 4
o'clock. - .
' ' " Of Kentucky,
For Oner nor of Oftio,. ,
Of Richland Covnty. ;!
Senatorial Electors, ,
THOMAS COR WIN. of Warren;
PETER. HITCHCOCK, of Geauga,
Dint Consrtssianal Elector.
1 Bellamy Stou:. of Hamilton: ,
2 William Bebji, of Butler; U '
oaARON iiarlan. or Greene;) .
4 Samson Mason, of Clark; - ;
5 David J. CoREy. of Henrv 1 -
6 Jon.vn Scott, of Crawford; -
7 Reader W, Claijke, of Clermont;
8 David Adams of Ross;
0 J osr.ru Oi.ns. of Piclmwo v '
10 Daniel S. Nnnmv nf Knn,
1 Wash. W..CnNirni nfMnnon;
12 SamitelR. IIol'comb. of Gallia;
13 HaRiiw CHAPn.nf Wanliinirlon:
14 John Cnnniru. n(" fTnirniov!
J5An;EL W. KosrwiriK. of Harrison;
o William R. Saw. -of Holmes;
John W. Gill, of Jpfferxoni ' '
,8-Cnos Spinit. nf Wnvnu-
Jlrfnn H Till nifTO if Tuimhnll
20 yItUAM k pEIIKtX(Ii 0f Lnej
fij, m. v i.i.K.n, ifi ui ip.
Wednesday, ivlnrcli 27th. 1811,
Ohio University. V y
V. B. Horfon. Joseph Olds, James M,
Bmwn. and Jndire Keith were appointed
by the Laeislnlure mPmbersof the Bonrd
of Trustees of the Ohio Univerity. As
tnraswa know, we do not hesilale.lo
pronounce thorn men of high slandinp
, Grahams Magazine for Atril, has
beenjecftived. ' li i"t.ut-j uuud
neat and excellent style. "The enterpris
ing proprietor of this work, has engaged
competent artists to prepare a series ol
exquisite views of tha "Battle Grocnbs
of America.' The first will appear in
the May number, and the proprietor has
pledged himself that they shall be ill
moat highly finished engravings that has
nver been done in the United States.
Embellishments The Orphan Girl
The Rector's Daughter Portrait of N,
P. Willis. ' ; v .
Annexation of Toms.
In to-dnys paper will be found some
important news in lelation to the annex
ation of Texas. We cannot be much
surprised at any treachery committed by
John Tyler alter his baseness lo the Whi
tarty and in this instance we cannot be
much surprised at tho treachery of a man
of such impure morals when wo recollect
that he has large possessions in Tixas,
ani if she is admitted into the Union
their value will be doubled. The Cincin
.!.-' I ' .' .
nun uazeue ciosos a long nrticie on
this subject in this manner:
Hut if these obmctions were hold hVht
if there be nnv man in free or slave State
who should say "thoy nra not valid,"
mere is yet one other lett which the com
mon heart of this nation would avow and
feel while it hnd ono pulsation left, and
that is,' that' the annexation of 'IWat
can never be accomplished excrpt against
retry imcresi oj numamiy. The act its
en wouio ieno 10 spreuci and continue
Slavery through all time. U wiuld tread
into Ihe very dust the principles of ou
.1 .... I r 1 -
ueiiuruuun oi. inoeppncenco nnd erect
upon Iheir rum a slave power over free
men which would rule them with ths
waywardness and tyranv of an insolen
nnd a loidly pride. And who, willing to
conceue, wnni 01 right helongs to th
Mave tntes. who, with nuvht of tl
principles of freedom burning in his bo
som, con submit lo nn act which shall
open Ihe door wide lor the renewal of
the inhumnn and accursed slave traffic?
W he, standing on n soil where (here are
neither fetters (o bind mind or body, can
consent 11 nave an exienacu territory nd
ded to it in which the lash of tha tusk
miiRte r'shall drive men ns brutes to dij
and delve and do wlmtever ho may liii
Who, lonkintr up n Heaven, and acknowl
edging tne Deing enthroned there ns the
common Fntherol all, and upon Earth,
and beholding nrouud him the common
brotherhood whirl) Ha has orduined n
inong men, daub by word or thought or
ac) encourage, sympathize wuh, uphold,
or defend a measure so foil' in conceptinn
-so branded wi h wrong io mini so d.i.
fmni IoGoij! Tluru aio none sutb, vo
trust, in lha Free Stales of this Republic, ,
or if there be, let them cease to claim '
Jhejr heritage, or to assert the privileges
they eojywfor they are the abject de
fenders of flu-very, and it only to bs
slaves ibcmselvesi Tho voice of OWo
and Indiana the voice of the more en
lightened Slave States the voice eer
lnUi!v.of nil the Free States,, will he
Mar-'f nr. iitiiled against this astounding
abusa of power -this cursed sceme of tho
Spoiler n?id thn SpeculMnr, 4'
Friends ol the Country and of Hu-
mtuiity 4rtnse; ; J he- occasioe re
quires action: it calls for the exertions pf
vour wisest lullex!--energy. Arouse!
Phe foul injustice attempted, the clan
destine monnei'in which the Presidct of
these United Stales and (he President of
Texan have conspired against (he peaeje,
lionor, & welfare of ihe Nanon,thedan
ger ibreatencd to the integrity and stabjl.
ty of tho Union, and the lawless disre
gard manifested of the rights cf humanity
and of tho People of ihe Free States,--"
bemend that their voice should be heard
in thunder-tones at the Capitol, rebuking
therej with a master's authority, this fell
ipirn 01 ruin. ... -,-.,. . - .
: Mr. WpbsterpTli Texof v
Mr. Webster fairs written a . letter on -
he annexation question, to sundry citi.
2cn "f Worcester, Mass. The paper -
contnin'Dg tl)e leller, has not reached us,
and wf can now only give the following
extract frdm it which will bo read wi;h
interest. Mr. W. says; V
"I nm certainly or opinion, with Mr.-
Jefferson, Mr. Mudison, r.J. Q. Ad- '
(im?, nnd' other eminent men, that the
Constitution nevih coktbmplated the
4DMISSION oF NEW STATES, FORMED OUT
OF THE TERRITORIES OF FOREIGN NATIONS
and while I admit, that what has been
done in regard to Louisiana and Florida
must now he considered as legally done,
vet I do not admit the propriety of pro-.
ceediug farther, and admitting not a teri-
torv, cecdBd by 0 loreign nation, but a
foreign nation itself, wjtlf all its obliga
lions and treaties, its laws and its institu
tions, into. the.' number of - the States
which composo the Union," "
The lettor concludes as follows; '
"The broad qucstionproposed bv vou.
of the probnblu geneial influence of the K
annexation of Texas upon American lib
erty and industry, the continuance of
our Union, and the universal cause of
knowledge, virtue, liberty and happiness,
is a question full of intense interest, nnd '
which suggests tlioughis and reflections
well worthy to engage the deepest alien '
tinn'of inteligent minds. It is no( (0 be .
doubted that . die continuance of tho A
success, under its present form of goyw'
ernment, is a matter of high moment to
all mankind. It is one of the most cher
ished hopes nnd reliances of that univer- .
snl cause of which you spcuk; the causa ;
of human knowledge, virtue, liberty and
happiness. And he is n bolder reasoner ,
than 1 nm, who has satisfied himself that
this government may be extended indefi
nttely, either lo the North or South, with
out endangering itstabity and its dura
tion. It is true that under the beneficent
operation of the praciicle principle of
maintaining local governments for local
purposes, and confiding general interests '
lo a general government, Ihe ends of po
litical society are Capablo of being ful
fil'ed, by the same free and popular sys
tem, and the sarno administration, over a
large portion of the earth. This is the
result of our experience; but our experi
ence is the only instance of such a result.
A monarchical nnd arbitrary government
may extend itself lo the full limit of Us
military means. Under such a govern
ment, society is kept together by pressure
from above,' by ihe weight ol the govern
ment itself, nnd the strength of its arm.
But how obvious is it that, in free, elec
tive systems, the political society exist
and coheres, nnd must exist and cohere,
not by superincumbent pressure on its
several parts, but by the internal and
mutual attraction of those parts; by tho
assimulnition of interests and feelings; by
a sense of common country, common po
litical family, common clmrnctor, fortune
and destiny. ; Not only the organization
of such systems, but also their continu
ance by means of periodical popular elec- ,
lions, nocessnrinly requires intercourse, "
mutual conference, nnd understanding, .
nnd a general acquaintance among those
who nro to nnitv in such elections.r
When individuals are to be selected for
high situations in government, and to ex
ercise an influence over ihe happiness of
all, it would seem indispensible, that a
general, if not a universal confidence
should be inspired, by knowledge of ,i heir
chnracler their virtues and patriotism.
It certainly may be very well questioned,
with how much " of . mutual intelligence,
and how much of a spirit of conciliation
nnd harmony, those who live' on ihe Si,
I.awience and the St Joph, might be ex
pected, ordinarially, lo unite in the choic
of a President, with. the inhabitants of
ihe Banks of (he Rio Grande del Norte,
and the Colt rado. ... v
"It is evident, at least, that there must
he some bnundryj or some limits to a Re
public which is lo have a common centre.
Free and ordent speculations may lead tr
lie indulgence of nn idea that such a Re
I'ublic may he extended over n.wlmla
heniiophere. ., On Ihe other hand, minds
less Sjinl'iiine, or more chastened hy ih
exun ilesi f history, tpay fear thai exlen
'mi s often produce weakness, rather than
''Hi: !; 'and ihi.l poliijcni utmiiji.n,
li oiler Alinictii im, ia lew and k'
. , A I i'
xml | txt