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The Vinton record. (M'arthur, Vinton County, Ohio) 1866-1891, January 11, 1866, Image 1

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9U Tttrt jortt Qtttxi.
PUBLISHED EVERY THURSDAY, BY
W.E. & A. W. IJItATTON ,
At Bratton's Bulliliug, East of tlio '
Court-llouse.
' TERMS OF SUBSCXUPTIOX.
P year, $1 rtO
J.iglit month, 1 o
four months, 50
Payment In advance In nil cases. '
PROSPECTUS
or
THE VIXTOtf RECORD,
A WEEKLY newspaper published
XjL every Thursday morning, ut
McArthur, Vluton County, Ohio.
We will publish tin ensuing venr. in
successor to the Mr Arthur Drhwrrnt, Thk
Vintos Kecokd. Iu M)litIeii tin Kkcokd
will be Democratic. Citizens who main
tain Urn Constitution of our fathers and
the Union, should circulate conservative
papers. Citizen who ore opposed to the
, socinl and jwlitical cqualHvot "free Amer
icans of African ilescent,""nnd their albino
allies will rally to the support of our en
terprise, without rejrard to their loealitv or
previous views, whilst den-niling 'our
principle. we hopo to give ou'en-c lo none,
and will freely "give to thoso wlm dlilcr
.1-1.1. .in St . ....-I.... I.. - ...
nii.il u.- ,1IL ill-ill INK ill IIH1 rUllllllHS I 3
Dcehlllv while there. Is na i.tlwr l.iiirti'il In
the county
Independent of its politics. Hie ItKconn
shall be a welcome visitor to the family
circle. It will be devoted especially to the
Agricultural. Commercial, .ManuliiVturing
and Mechanical interests of our County.
TlioOUaml mineral resources, itnimrtsint
Foreign and domestic Xews, Congressional.
Leirlsliitlvo and JihHoIhI Tirru-i-nilimfa. niwl
the Af:irL'i'ts. will i-iiiilvu ilim iitrriiittmi
As the Kkcokd is the oll'u ial organ of
mo county, no man lit inton shonM w
without it.. Legal Notices, Sales. Delin
. quent Tux-Sales, and other matters of Local
interest, make it a matter of necessity to
keep posted up.
Iu brief wc will do our duty to give you
a good paper, printed on entirely new type,
and ask that vou irlve us a liberal anil heart v
support. Terms $1.5i per year In advance.
v. i:
A. W. 1
. UltATTOX.
n. A. COTKI.E.
McArthur, 0,
Atlions,k
Constable and Constable,
. ATTORNEYS AT LMV,
McArtlmr,
Ohio,
Will attend promptly to all business Intrus
ted to their care, iii Yintou and Athens
entities, or any of the. Courts of the 7th
Judicial District, and In the Circuit courts
of the United .States, lor the Southern
District of Ohio.
Claims against the (ioversiment, Tensions
Bounty and Back Pay collected.
January 4, isuo, tf.
X. A.. BIUTTON.
AKCII. KAYO
&RATTON & MAYO,
ATTOUMIJYS AT LAW,
McArtlmr, Vinton County, Ohio,
Will attend to all legid biisinrsj Intrusted
to their care iu Vinton, Athens, Jackson,
lies, Hocking and adjoining counties.
. Particular attention given to the collec
tion of Soldiers' claims for Pensions
Bounties, Arrears of pav. Ac against Un
united States or Ohio, "Including .Morgan
Raid claims. Jan. 4. lstlt, ly.
Corner Sixth and Elm Streets,
Cincinnati Ohio.
THE CHEAPEST HOUSE IN THE CITY
Terms $2,00 per Day.
OMXI BUSSES carry all pas engers to
and from the ears. Paengcrs can
'the street cars at the Little .Miami and
Marietta & Cincinnati Bail road depot, to
the corner of Fourth and Walnut nt reels,
only foursquares from this House.
VM. ISAKlilSOX. Proprietor.
Doc. 2d, lWiii-Dino.
Kinney, Bundy & Co.,
b a :v k e k ,
JACKSON, C. II, OHIO.
SOLICIT the acco'inls of business men
jii'l iitdivuaU uf J.ukson. Vinton and
adjoining coiiiiiirg deal in exchange, un
current money and coin mako collection j
in all parts oi the country, and remit pro
ceeds promptly on the day we get returns.
Government Securities, and Revenue
Stamps always o.i hand and for sale,
fjrlntert'st paid on time deposit. ,
STOCKHOLDERS:
U.L. Chafmas. H S. Bundy T W.Kinnky,
President. Viee President Cashier
Wm.Kihney, E.IJ.L'jdwick, A.A.Acstis
J.D.Cukk. W.N.Burke, P.Lodwick.
Jackson. O . Nov. 3uth iaC5-6tnos.
BROWK, 31ACKEY & C'J.
"Wholesale Grocers.
No. 22 Paint Street
Chillicotiie Ohio.
Merchants of McArthur and Surrounding
country , are respectful ly invited to call and
examine our stock consisting of every thing
in the Grocery line, which we will se. I as
low as the lowest and all goods warranted
to be just as represented.
Before purchasing eleewherfi you will do
well to call and see us, as we w ill oiler you
inducements r.ot to be beaten.
No. 23 Paint St. Cnillicothe, Ohio, one
door south of McKell's Queanswure store.
. HWM) AUJ1A1W
PHILADELPHIA FA.
DISEASES OF THE URINARY AND
SEXUAL SYSTEMS new and relia
ble treatment. Also the BRIDAL CHAM
BER, an Essay of Warning and Instruction
Sent by mail in sealed envelopes, free of
charge. Address. Dr. J, S K I L L I N
HOUGHTON. Howard Association, No.
3 South Ninth street, Philadelphia, Pa.
Oct. 13th 1865 lyr.
JOB PHINTO .locate J with noatne-s and
dUpatoh at bo Kicord clBce, Brmton's
Uuiftliug, od8 do.r east of Court House, (nr
stalrs.) NOTICE Any parioo obtaining ten sub
cribefs, and tending na the money, n
thknooZiLirr, shall receive UlT INTON KlOOBD
nt jur tpratU. . .
Ill
VOL. 1.
fftti
M'ARTHUlt. VINTON COUNTY, OHIO. JANUARY 11,
8
1011
I860.
NO. 2.
Extracts from Governor
Anderson's Message.
Gentlemen f the Senate and House
of lirjH'egentatiin:
The Constitution of tho State of Ohio
imposes upon the (iovernor the duty of
"connnnnicatinjr at every session, hy ines
sae, to the r.cneral Assembly, tho condi
tion of the (State, and to reeommed such
measures as he shall deem expedient."
The sad eaIam!U' which deprived our
State of the great "aliiities, ami the indus
trious and, energetic services of the late
Governor, and devolved the duties of this
ollico upon me. anion'' other conequent
deprivations and injuries to tin public In
terests. niut. In this Instance nlso. develop
and exemplify the extent of that great
public loss. At my bet I could but Horlj
supjdy the want of his pow er and activities.
While In the circumstances amid which I
have entered U'xm these grave rcsxnsl
bllitles, no one could weli bo expected to
completely iM'i lonn this task. An exercise
of these functions so limited In its time, a
iiUiyiwity wWi Ue liljordiiintcotlie' tint
their proceedings so partial and Incomplete,
could scarcely attain, iu the aptest mind, to
that maturity of observation and experience
which is ipiite essential to useful results iu
either branch of this constitutional injunc
tion. As the case stands, however, I now
address myself to It's performance.
The tliiancial condition of the State seems
as satisfactory as could be wished at any
rate expected, under that enormous and
necessary burden of taxation which the
recent warof treason, with its incidents, has
Imposed upou our people.
Comparing the satements of the Auditor
of Statu for the last and the current years,
wo 11 ml :
The total receipts from all sources during
the liscal year of 1M5 to have been Si;! 1!HI
010 81, against those of 1K(U s 07!) IKiti Si
and the total disbursements for same 12 431
Hil8i, against those of lStil 0 07!) OUH 1,V
leaving a balance to credit of all funds ol
"oil OSj 92. against that of 180 1 2 000 UOl) (17.
It thus appears that with anin
crcasc of the receipts of tho mini of
8,510,943 90 (or more than 50 per
centum), our expenditures have so
swollen as to leave a correspondent
Vi.ll.nncn lrac flini (hnl- nf llin IV.,.
....... , v.ll.V V 111V. XVI
mer year by the sum
S74 75.
of S1.244,-!
Why this result has occurred will
be explained, as far as may be, in
the sequel.
Tho account of tho receipts and
disbursement:! for tho State Gov
ernment proper, (called the Gen
eral Kcvenuo Account) for this
year, shows the following results :
lialanee upon November 13. ISO). H!I7
G22 80. against that oj" l.nj:J. I23 7S 1)1.
Amount collected from taxes III) I DM IKi,
against that of last year 1)24 )7 50. Amount
coilocted from other sources SiU71!)4s.
ujjalu.'t that of last year till t7rt 7U. Total
of receipts (Including balance) forlSO.T, 2..
2S3 -127 H7. against that or 1364, 1 450 0(13 17.
Disbursements for civil purioses in IHiiS,
1 131 HO. against tho-e of IStil. H24 1.V2
27. Ditto for inilltarv fund in 1803. 1S2
015.")!), against those of isiil. 22S8S8W. Total
disbiiiscnieuts in General l.eveniic account
2 070 1 17 53. against those of 1S04, 1 (133 010
31." The balance iu tho Treasure. Novem
ber 15. 1S05, 183 2SU12, against Unit of 180 i.
3U7 032 8(5.
"Wo thus find a like result of in
creased expenditures and a dimin
ished balanco in this branch also of
the State' finances. Like expla
nations will be duly attempted.
Following up this comparison of
these two years, we lind :
An excess of tax collections In st',5 over
18(14 of(i7 188 07. against a like excess of
1861 over 1803 of tflii.uai 3i. An excess of
receipts from all other sources of 702 S21 1)2.
against a like excess of 18H1 over lsii3 of
2 873 Uli. Total excess iu r ccipts of 1803
over 18C4 of Sin (hi!) i), ngaint a total in
these excesses of 1804 over IMW of 12 !)U8 35.
An excess of expenditures In 1805 over ism
of 1 (103 07!) (it), against a like excess of 1801
over 1803 of 232 740 13. A reduction in Un
balance in Treasury of 103 from 1801. 1 1
31241, against a like reduction in 1804 from
ls3 of 2010105. A reduction of traiwfer to
Military Fund in 1805 from 1S04 ot .8 it. 872
45. against a like reduction iu 1SG4 from
18(33 of!) 801 74.,
"With sucli an increase of our
revenues, and with such a diminu
tion of our military expenditures, it
becomes an indespensable dutyibr
the General Assembly to demand,
and for the Executive to give, an
explanation of this extraordinary,
perhaps unexpected, comparative
deficit in these annual balances.
To this end, it is the better course
to fix, as well as we can, by a par
tial analysis of the leading items in
tho various accounts, the instances
of these increases of expenditures.
After settling these facts of actual
results, we should, as far as practi
cable and profitable, investigate
their explanatory reasons or excu
ses. Accordingly, we find excess of
expenditure in the General Kev
enue Account for 1S05 over those
of 18G4, in tho following items and
sums, viz :
Direct taxes paid to United States Gov
ernment in 1803, $7(30 8!K3 04. Benevolent
Institutions (current expense, improve
ments, new buildings, etc.) for 1803, 500
001 90. Benevolent Institutions (current
expenses, improvements, new bulling. etc,)
for 18(34. 2S1 882 07.
Showing an excess in 1803 of $221 71983.
Printing, binding, stationery, etc. in 1805,
175 408 44. rrinting, hiudiug, stationery,
etc. for 1804, 03 131 83.
Showing an excess in 18(33 of $110 25059.
Sundry Items of State and military expen
ditures in 18(35. 80 000 07. Sundry Items of
Statu and military expenditures iu 1804,
20 70305. ' ,
Showing nn excess In 1805 of $0238702.
Transportation (not really a State expense)
In 1805, 02 127 45. Transportation (not
really a State expense) In 1804, 75221 21.
Showing nn excess in 1865 of $10 000 24.
fiovernors's Extraordinary Contingent
!
j
I
Fund In 18C5, JW) 0(39 86. Governor's Ex
traordinary Contingent 'Fund in l8G4y
07 312 53.
Showing an excess in 1S05 of $13337 33.
Ohio l'euiteutlary, including costs of prose
rutioii. transitortation ot prisoners, etc, In
185 1387120!). Ohio Penitentiary. Inelud-
tm Knuhl Tti'iWiW'iitlmi trtiwutil;.itliii rtf
Showing an excess of 12 202 43. Judiciary
ran I il rl i K tif In IkU'.'i K1IX410U .Tiiillolnrv
v... ...... .. ' I ,
SVTxif&ijS,
rensl. nfV III ISII.V 1WH74K4. T JxrUl itl.in
ill 1803. .VH7-)U.
Innt nf til lsnt. J.xii:tri.
Showing an excess in 18(33 of $703129.
C lerks in State Department In 1803, 2(J8!)3
U'l. Clerks in Statu Department in 1804,
29 257 08.
Showing an excess in 1803 of $0(13001.
Fuel, iras. heating and care of Statu House,
lfM).-. lu l)8i) 10. Fuel, gas, heating and caro
of State House 1804, 13 513 50.
Showing an excess in 1805 of $0100 00.
Per diem and expenses of Pay Agents iu
1803, 12 5U!) 20. Per diem and expenses of
ruv -gn;is in luoi, o.osj-jii
Hiowhig an excess In 18H5 of.SJ 030
Tlurenw if'SoldlersT f biims In 19il"i.
aims in 1305. 4 7i;i) Ok.
Salarlci of Military Claim agents iu 1805,
14 775 17. Salariesof Military Claim agents
in 18131. 10 32513.
Showing an excess in 1S03 of $0 45004.
Clerks Iu the Adjutant General's olllee In
1805. in 52523. Clerks in the Adjutant
Ceneral's olllee lu 1804, 7 02844.
Showing an excess iu 1805 of $259079.
Contingent fund of Statu olllecrs iu 18(35,
(1 070 47. Contingent fund of State oltlcers
in 1801. 4 0!I8U9.
Showing an excess iu 1805 of $1371 48.
Salaries of Governor's stall' lu 18(35, 7 2!)4 08.
Sn lories of Governor's stall' in 1801, 0 745 IH).
Showing an excess In 1805 of $510 59.
Salaries of State ollieers iu 1803, 15 02117.
Salaries of State olllecrs iu 180-1, 14 005 24.
Showing an excess iu 18(35 of $413 02.
Governor's civil contingent fund in 1805,
41085.8. Governor's civil contingent fund
iu 1801, 3 77504.
Showing an excess lu 1805 of $333 54.
Total excesses in General Revenue expen
ditures 1259 490 47.
To resolve, again, this general
result, liv vpt innrf snoci.nl Tinrticii.
larization, we discover the places
of these increased expenditures
i . . ,i i 4
(not to repeat tho large sum of
taxes to tho General Government,
nor to take note of the smaller
sums), to lie as follows, viz:
DEAF AND DUMB ASYLUM.
Its expenditures (current) In 1805 were
$28 704 50. Its expenditures (current)" h
i'.ii were 2ii 2i? ii.
Showing an excess of $2 510 45. The e
iiensos in the ininroveinent account t'
1803 (as per Superintendent Blackburn'
HrcimiiM lire ITTKiriOU. TlieeviuuiAn In
improvement account for 1804(iu per Super?
liiti.lul.inr lil -ii. L-1 in iii j ....i.iiii,..i. U. lltM uj
....v..... ... ..it.. KUIIIII I7.IVI llllliynic U.J UU.
showing iin excess lu improvement ftceouiil
, l.t -d.i ... m. .... I , i i. A
12 bf
Olltft
tso
niuiii. j.oiai.excessiurisoo, no oust
CENTRAL OHIO LUNATIC ASYLUM.
re
Its cxpeuditures current for 1805
$0457305.. - Its exjicudltures current for
1804 were 50 3io3?, showing un excess of
181U7 08.
The expenditures in the Improvement
account arc naid iinon out met w ith Aolil
and Miller K25(iiii)0(). paid sundry other
billsspeeiilcd3!)03 82, notspecilled 10!Mi 18,
making a total excess in 1803 over 1804 of
48 197 08.
NORTHERN LUNATIC ASYLUM.
Its oxpoiiditarus (current) for lJill am 49
Rtei 1.. i .... .... ......
SSJ 54
-,. us expeuuuurcg curruiu; ior nit
ill !)3t 41, allowing an exoea of li 923 12.
wero il V3l ii. aliowiiiu
Tho evnonditnres in tlio iiapruvoment ac
oount (mibjiiot to ditf-irenco to bo cxp uinu l
faurouitcr) for lsili arc 1(1 i'J 37. 1'lia uxpua-
iiiuru; in urn iinprovniiiunt iwooaan huhjuoi
1 1 a diiHoromo to le cxpii.iao.1 i.orouftvri fi.r
Hi.4 woro 1 .1)0 0j. pIioiviiu iu xqcs. ol 15-
0-J3 8J.
cuiuru in uio linprovninDni uooonni(Hunj'.it
LONGVIEW ASYLUM.
This Institution
is not wholv a
State Institution. On the 8102.-
401 (52, of receipts for 1S05, but
833,40S 10 wero from the State.
Its expo iditaros oiirrent and othor for 1315
ac lui l!)7 i!. Its exponitltara current und
oihor for IHi!4 wno 84 ii. 23, showing an
a cesn of 1 5 7'3'J Oi.
This statement does not do exact
justice to the account, inasmuch as
some .of these item's do not belong
to the "current expenses."
SOUTHERN OHIO LUNATIC ASYLUM.
Its exppn-li,ur8(crr()!i!) r', r li i.i ura t-18-623
17. It xjiciijiturcH (curru:::) t.ir Pl
'ero 4- ISO 87, Sliowin un t i-i j' 7 UJ b).
REFORM SCHOOL.
Tlio expenditnres (current) for ISijura f.19
120 70. fha exrenditures (mirrent) fur 1SS1
were 33 13U 67, sliowin? un excess of S 987 U
INSTITUTION FOR THE BLIND.
The exnonilitares i oarrent) for 1SG5 lira 25
452 63. Tlio expeudiiares ti-nrrent) li,r 1SU'
wero 1" 440 02, thawing an exoona ef 6 012 80.
ASYLUM FOR IDIOTIC AND IMBECIL
YOUTH.
1S65 are $12
8H21. Its expenditures (current) for 1SS4
were 11 195 36, showing an exces of I 780 83.
It has been seen, by the first
General statement at nnw 4 tlmf
the receipts and disbursements of
1805, are alike greatly in excess
over those of 18G4. This result is
to bo partly accounted lor,
1st. By the fact, that though the
rates of levy were the same, the
valuations of taxes were much
larger in 1SG5 than tho.se of 1 804.
2d. The appropriations of 1S05
were much higher than in 1SG4.
This must be a satisfactory reason
to the General Assembly.
3d. The Soldiers' Claim Fund
($227,572 91) passed through the
Treasury in 1865. and did not in
1SG4.
4th. The Allotment Fund of 1S05
5th. The Soldiers' Relief Fnml of
1805 (1,981,400 21) is in excess of
that over 1804 (8920.932 43) Sl.-
054.533 78.
(i54,0 17,5b 6 87) is largely m excess
over that of 1804 ($2,251,480 46)
viz: an excess of S2.390.0S3 41.
These large differences, of course,
go? very far to explain the aggravate
difference of those balances. How
far they can reconcile tho tax
-,' 4i w 7 7
i Payew to tlld excess, is lor them to
. HAPlflA
x
SINKING FUND.
i
Oljjiri; domestic debt. Miami Ca-
The Commissions of the Sinking
hid vumuasMOHS Ol lilt' OUlKinS
rTrt the debt of the statc
A OYem lipr 1 5. 1 Sft! ?
foreign tlebt 812.230.473 00
Domestic debt . .
081.538 49
Total funded debt. Xov. 13. '05 $12.!)12.U14 45
Agalust last year's e'.cbt 13.300.751 47
Showing a diminution of .
$588.737 02
Tins difl'erencH lin-nnfn .
. ,. - v,,
deemed in the iollowiug manner
and sums, viz ;
and sums, viz :
Of foreign debt .
$581,737 02
i i;fl Extension I.oaif of lsi;;f.
exthiL'ulslieil.
4.000 00 '
And the balauce of that fund in
the Treasury and in New
York, Xov. 15, l!i5. was
331.3m li
i
I
.
!
1
COMMON SCHOOLS.
Receipt of the Com. School
Funds for 1803 are
$1.2S-I2fl9 01
Showing an excess of $79,224 77
The report of the Commissioner
is replete with many interesting
and encouraging statements and
suggestions. Those in regard to
the new system for instruction and
preparation of teachers, I commend
especially to your attention. It is
hoped that in this fundamental in
terest, Ohio will not remain behind
other States.
I am sorrv that I have not time
n)r space in this too long commu
! "IPak at large
uPon t,1,!' at general subject of
Common Kchnolti en nnw i lvmrn
important than much else hero in
i . . ... ...
eluded. One consolation is, that
s" to' ceZr T nmenTCffi
ltss to t ensu e oi amend n this ,
than m some others, j
that I have less to say upon it
1
!
RAILROADS.
Tho railroad intpresls of filiih
iftVtS become of immense value to
the stockholders, the people and
the State. Tire great changes which
this new system of commercial in
tercourse has brought about are in
many respects obvious enough. In
oUiors, though equally great, they
are not so apparent. Some well di-
tf,, i , , .
gesteu system ol laws suitable to
litem is. quite indispensable. Jiut
it is ipite necessary lor a legislator,
framing laws for their taxation, reg
ulation and punishment, to consider
all these complicated relations
much more cautiously and widely
then he might, at lirst thought,
deem essential.
Lmpiestionablysome legislation
limbs, property and other rights of
i iwpi.nti cum uimi iiuin n
the people from the encroachments
1 , 1 . ,. .
or neglects ol these powerlul agents.
"in Inm li'.w, '..I. ..l.J.1.1 .
iiiv uuu Jiuv, 111111.11 IMlldUn 111V.
l i ; i n i- i -
. ' "
o the companies will necessan y
oe a most uinicuit line lo lind or to
follow. This is a generic dilliculty.
But accidents and special circum
stances greatly enhance it. The
most important roads for useful'
ness, and therefore (he most impor
tant for regulation, are, for example,
tlie uluo roads in a chain ot connec
.. ... . , -- --
n V . :.r r
oi .tho Eastern c, ties, and are pass -
ed into the custody lor conveyance,
of corporation after corporation
until they shall reach the deliver-
ing company It is delivered ,n
SSLa 1? el tZ
,,. .
mes ot the alliance were wise to
ie,lnWn S ieSt rT1? th-y 1
allow nodtiestion to be rais-1
i . .. . x :
eu as io tneir separate liability.
They would (as if a single company)
pay it, and, as they the most truly
could do, assess among themselves
the proper liability. But, inas
much as, in points of fact, thev do
not, and most of them lie out of
our jurisdiction, and in default of
the proper remedy by the national
legislative authority, what is Ohio
to do with the company under her
power? Jiase it pay all tlie dam
1
That would be most accen-
agesf
table
to tne Eastern company
which is primarily liable by the
law of contracts, and which (it mav
be) committed the injury. But it
would be neither just to our own
' 1 1 1 7 . -
company, nor good policy for our
o t a. mi
oiaie. iins example is ol value
for another use. The railroads, in
order to guard themselves against
this frequent danger, have adopted
a form of receipts or bills of lading,
exempting themselves from such
liabilities, by the special contract
of the consignor. And they refuse
to carry the goods unles9 this ex
emption shall be Ktiniil.itad.
j this is all wrong. As they derive
a
I
!
i
ol
,
,
.
0r "S a 1,1 'lhl' I
case of oflicer, would be a good I
huv. ! hould think it wou!(l & ac. ;
the profits upon their line as the
part of a through line, they should
in like manner bear their due
share of iu burdens. It may be
very true, that the refusal to trans
port is illegal ana subjects the com
. ... ... 1? mi. ....mi- ,
liailV to (l:lm.1 "Pj liv mn't . It- i nl.'
so true that the receipt signed is
of no binding force, because against
nitidis, nnllnv SItill ... i.,
puunc noiiev. Ml . t he ease s
11117
practically a great wrong com
mitted by the railroads, and a great
injury suHV.-red by the communily.
It is in one, too, w hich needs leg
islation. For a larire inninrilr of
men in such case ahvavs siillor.
rotliA,. iun
o law agattist their
,..uw uiuuf.u i.M,in iiguiiisi. uieir
own contract, although it mav have
i i-'i ... .
been extorted undera sort of duress,
Lpon a consideration of the whole
subject, it seems to me with a' frank
admission of the extraordinary ben -
ilf.. n,:..;.. .1.. 1 1 , ? i . i
" x injufi, uiieciiy aim ltmirecuy,
from t,10se istitiition without ov-
their profits (for the
best of them will lint ho Cm ml i
tlie lonS run, very profitable,) and
without treatitiL' this el
property dillerently from others
the CJeneral Assemly should under-
tako a system of proper legisa'ion,
which should do justice to them
Thesifliject has manv.and intrin
sic dillictilties. The m-incinlo of
.. , i. 1
Combinations 1)V nl such intrpls-
their TiiTsleeping vigilance: their ;
.groat pAtftrs of seducing all author-!
ities, frbin.tho County Auditors j
who tax thm up to the Congress ,
of the UniteTl Stales, which ought'
to regulate them, by the little thing I
a free pass to self and family, are ,
by no means to be overlooked as
amoungthem. Perhaps a reason-
ceptable to the railroad companies,
iorineyare really oppressed and 1
over in this wnv AVlmih. '
er it would so well suit the Auditors
and Congressmen is more doubtful,
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AFRICULTURAL LAND-GRANT.
iiiuviouiui,niiiiii uoes nui us
directly grow out of science, (know-
lo,1"e of P1I), simple and !
.... i;.,.i. J A,i i
The Committee appointed by the
late Governor, under the authority
of the Act passed April 15. 1SC5,
iifter careful examination and con
sideration, has made its report. It
will bo duly submitted lo you in a
special message. I beg leave to
say, that having, in the lirst instance
very dillerent view of the matter
am now persuaded that all things
considered, that Committee has de
.. , . -
cided upon tho best course which
the State can now pursue in the
premises. I commend to the Gen-
erai Asseinblv n cnreCnl v,mAtra
blv a Careful 'onsiilir;i-
. ' " -
tion of this excellent document.
The more intinintolv T li.-n-o
known the late lamented Governor!
Urough. the more have I seen ma
own iu ijjcui uu ijis juutjik'ius
son to respect all his judgements
cuiiiiccu io oe iiinerent. revenue-
ess, ,, tll0 suIlject of Uie ?1,,nt ;
.,,,,1 ii, iWitni mil r-i'in toiii ril'i i nl
and the institution contemplated
py it, 1 am bound, 11 1 understand
tlieni, to dissent lrom certain parts j
Ins reasonings and their conclus- -
in his hist message. j
seeing to labor under a great :
didiulty (which du'.v-i not exist ),up-:
uuinu um i ui-su' ih oi .i siiiernice, ;
i u ii.u-iicai aim tne useitii, to i
tl0 sckntlic aml al)(nise ts , d ;
Fillcil)k,s of 0(iu,atioI1. Jt (loes
scen,to me tIut thci.c necd le uo
such sacrifice. There can be no
or BUCCwrful lu,letice or
1
X ---X 1 " 1
directly as limbs, leaves, llowers !
roots. ''Science" and ''abstruse" i
n"' ' via-4 I'iV'I'Vi i
- , - j
more )
frcijuently denote our degree of,
ignorance and unfainiliarity with j
their subjects then their own in-j
dilliculty or impracticble-
ness.
I llrt timilld 11 CM trfk l-i P '
rmiiv uauv v iihj
II l'llnini Pii iViin,1n ii-..
common farmer, for example, we
call practical and useful. But to a
barbarian, who had never seen
them, they would seem wonder-
lully deep and strange. And, cer- i
tainly, there is not one oi them, if
useful, which does not depend upon
the principles of strictest science
ami many oi tnem upon most ab-
struse darkest principles,
too.
So of every other art in the cata
logue, up to the newest and strang
est. Telegraphy and daguerreo
type, at first, amazed us all as ab
struse sciences. But they are fast
becoming houshold arts, and, if it
be really the purpose of the Legis
lature to elevate this art of agricul
ture by the use of the sciences in a
cnlltnintA inst.rnrHnn vnn mow At.
pend upon it that this end can
i. i i i
alone be attained by teaching, to!
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ADVERTISIXO TERMS.
One square, ten liuea, $100
'Each additional Insertion, 40
Cards, per year, ten lines. 8 OO
Notices of Executors, Administra
tors and Guardiaus, . . 2 OO
Attachment notices before J. . . a OO
Local notlecsi per Hue, lO
Yearly advertismeiits will be charged
$('0 per column, and ut porportionate
rates for less than a columu. Payable In
advance; .
1 ason-
ng iu error, in what is said iflun
departinent j,. . . , J 'ft ,
uiiu ineie is no use in eitlier colle-
ges or schools to teach the mere
manual dexterities of Agriculture
would .. . . i ...... . i . uu .
shall be done, it must be done by
an accordance with the principles
of nature, and that knowledge is"
science and profoundest science
also. . It must begin all arts and
uses. Afterward they will be re
of poated to the end of generation, in
utter ignorance of the priuciple
(rutuiac) of the act thev fchall bo
own C(f,v." At least the foun
tvrannized il-itiim j nut ., i,;,.i,
determined upon the policy of edit
ion eating farmers in colleges or uni
Ile verities we have passed the point
of most of these discussions. That
- v v - w I HIV ilrf tj j
worked and wrought out, which
I his education is to impart. As
nkch manual labor, at least, must
be maintained as will serve defi
transic nitely and familiarly to exemplify
the few, not the many, the most ab
struse of all the natural sciences
agricultural chemistry, for instance.
"The many" and "the few" are also
relative terras, but the time never
has been when the many (compar-
.l i ...... 1... 1 . T I .
na.? ivii vtjiwii inv iiiuijj vuiuuar
od in 111 o n I-i i,l l,.n-,. lon tc.w.l.
this knowledge of the. principles of
things; "many," in this sense, can
.... t 11
never go to colleges Nay, more,
of the many, in the narrow sense,
who do go to college, it is only tho
few the very elect few who mas
ter the deep abstruse root of tho
matter. "What then! Are not tho
nmnv. ll.orol.r. l.onr.fi'pd hn,l l.lnco.
ed? 'We might as well sav that all
ea; n u uugnc as wen sa v mat an
who, ignorant of the principle, de-
... ' . .. 1 .
rive use or iniovment from a tele
gram or photograph, were under no
obligation to ilorse or Daguerre.
Tpon that theory the dull cardener
n i : . . . .
or larmer, who is incapable of the
first proportion of chemistrv, is not
indebted toTrolessor Lebig, whoso
manure has increased his product
It is well enough to talk about
'-making two blades of grass grow
whore only one grew before," but
the true ouestion is: the Wthn
law to make it grow into two and
that, or a like useful and practical
l'PSlllt ioiir.rjinr.n nm-oi .1in.J..r.1 i.f
...i.i viva iav. , i.-.vvA , ru
ninl lir nr i'II A .l
strtiction "wlucli jhrtaln to their
i
and art of agriculture (that kind of
agriculture of which we ere discuss
ing), must arise, are so many
and so deep, that a merely
sjh-cnU education, without a very
general scholarship below it. can .
never attain to it. And. whenever
it in dt ter mined to give tho agricul
turist a collegiate, education, it can
only be to the few it can only bo
sciontilic and, linally, it must
ascend from the general to tho
special instruction.
..ni, j.i,-vii,ij, oiniai unii
political, is a bad thing generally
a contemptible spirit but it is in
Arislocracv. personal, soruil nnrl
the nature of things that letters i
mcose;:viK' nn ii ,.i.- f .w.,.-i Vlr
.in iui.-iui.iia i, it o
may rail against tho truth but wo
con nnt lioln n,,vnU-. ti... t
Newtons, Keitlars and Aassizs of
this world can never be a multitude;
T I 1 , i . .
i in raon ior all Uiese truisms
(lenieur Am are t lev not incon-
j,,, ,K)t llim,, 1 ,Ju,1tlc(1n3
ncvm . hi rt' iht ...... i ...9 T
essence oi the controversy ? I con
clude this part of tho Ionia with
out one remark. "When we have
. - i - - - -
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oeienniiiai o i establishes our
noerai education means itself,
iimi of a
hhtr iuvolviH uvulae I am
lcss v Q n-ason, ex per ence
and prejudices secin ull at u It in
rolill on Jto it. T, a,0
judgment
.....ii, luivounigniuilllR'
as plowing, hoeing, spading, chop-
fill., illlil I lie i'M li 111. li, iu Tim
intefliwore nf tl
illll..tnt :..i. .!..? I 1
uiusuaic it I III jJUL 1I1LO VI91U10 lraC-
J . ' 1 i. . . a 1 ,
tice, with its results, the fcientifle
trutn, new or old, upon wluch they
must rest.
Some correspondence has been
held between the late Governor
and those of other States in regard
to a common principle of action in
tho disposition of - the Scrip ; and
various suggestions have been
made to by me private individuals
for some plan by which it could be
sold in larger quantities than by
retailing to individual purchasers.
But noue of these conferences havo
developed into any plan worthy of
calling your attention to' them.
This subject of the proper. disposi
tion of the Scrip is commended to
your considerations
I scarcely kn6vr what to say, ojv
Agencies
aavise, in regard' to our. Military

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