PUBLISnEb KVEfeY' TnURSDAT, BY '
VT. my?M WjBBATTpN-,
At BratO)nr8 Bdjhflng, East of the ' .
ill i J. fourt-nowac. i jjf y
r'TER3is:op .Subs9IHPTION. '
Otic year, a.4. $1 fiO
Eight month, 1 00
Four months . . CO
Payment In advance in all case.
SOMETHING TO DO.
A strip of snowiest lineu .
Half broidered ami stamped'tn blue, .
And the gleam of a tbreadless needle- .
Piercing tlic pattern through ;
The needle Is reaily.yit tin sweet little lady
Sita elghlnjr for something to ilo. :.!.-.
Ileriped'oit the'tabTe beside lier, '' " -1 1 '
Jllossouis of every hue; - ' : ' ' 1
Delicate, odoron.s roses-? " ' '
Tlie rret that ever grew; (rle Lady
Tho.vae stands ready.w lille the sweet Ht
SiU wjsldiigfur oiui'Uiiiijf to do. ,, y ',
i. ,-, . .. ,. ' ,, -i ii
Half hid under flower a volume, .
In daintiest gnM and blue, ,,
Just parted, as if it would open
At -The Miller's Daughter" for you ;
The book lies rcady.yet the a weet little lady
Sit signing tor sonietiung to uo.
A silent harp in the comer,'
And melodies old and new,
Scattered in pretty disorder 1
Sony of the false ani the.triie; Lady
.Tlie harp "tands ready.still tlie sweet little
islU longing lor. aouictiiiug to uo. .
A aiuWeu wind sweep aiid 'flutter-- ;
The iloor wide opcii ulews ,
A ufinln tin hull, inn) nu I 111 v. ' ,,. .
Like a bird to the threshold alio flew;
BlnHhing, Jilreaily tlie sweet Httlu l.tuty
Forgets she uiwiiofhlng to do, : "
SOMETHING TO DO. I HAVE NO MOTHER NOW.
lhciirthcsoftwlnd feigning ' . ' ' ,' '
Through every bush and tree,
Wjiero iow dear mother's lying ,'
Away from love-ami uie.
Tear3 from mine eyes an; starting,
A J id sorrow shades my brow,
Oh, weary was our parting . ,
I huvc no niatlier now 1 .
. ..... rr. I
I see the pale moon shining
On niother'tj White headstone; 1 : '
The rose-bush round it twining,
Is hear like ,mc alone. ' ;
And Just like inc nro weepin ' '
Those dewdrnps from the bough;..,'
Long time has she been sleeping ',
i jwye no mother now I i
ft !;:: . .i v i
My heart is ever lonely. ' t , i
My life, ts drear and sad.
Twaihcrtlear presence only '- ' - '
. flint made myspirit glad. :
From morning until even, ',' : i
Cure nuts upon my brow;
She's goe from mo to J leaven
' 1 liave no mother now ! ""
SOMETHING TO DO. I HAVE NO MOTHER NOW. Miscellaneous.
THE POISONED POWER
THE POISONED POWER An-Incident in the Life of One of
the Early Kings of France.
. . Tljfcro4r6.laHoU3trMit.iohsa8! "to.
(ho'brisrin of the Goluon Lily upon
tho sljieUl pfrace.'..' 'Among' these''
is the .following-'.incident, (said to
have occurred in the latter part of
the eleventh century, during the
reijm of Philip Augustus :
TJia'I'rinco ,was nly fil'tecp when
he ascended the. throne: but the
strong hand with which ho seized
the" reins of. Government, awing
the turbulent nobles, and protect
ing .tlib common ' people against
their aggressions-soon convinced
them that ho was not tobedispised
for his youth, i ... '
Though uy this course he greatly
endeared himself to .'the mass of
his subjects, his life was more than
onoo threatened, and even at
tempted: but theso plots invaria
bly originated among the haughty
nobles, who wero restive under re
Btraints imposed upon theni by tlie
King's strong arm, and his just and
kindlv heart. , : ,
In the -summer of. the; seventh
year of his feign, weary of the cares
of btato, lhilip retired with Ins
court to his ", royal residence at
Chaumont, which was a favorite
resort to him. - .
Among his train was Jeoffrey,
Count de Neville, tho natural son
of Louis VH, tlie king's half-brother,
He was a mild and inoffensive man,
apparently well contented, with
tho title and estate conferred by
the late king upon his mother, and
which he. had inherited upon her
ried a ' haughty,' ambitious woman,
who was, bt .UJy -inch" ned . to fore-go
her claims to royaltjv-
At the" death o'fJiOtii?, Bhe openly1
asserted that ' there had teen a se
cret marriage between him and .the
late Countess de Neville, and upon
tho head of her son should rest the
croh' pf 'France, ''he ;, "being the
elder born, urged her husband to
assert; his .claims. But this the
Count refused to do, being ill-fitted
by nature to act a part requiring
more than usual energy and abil
ity, besides entertaining too strong
an .. affection for r the ,:young king,
wlw: had treated him with , unusual
kindness,' to seek to deprive him of
If Philip h.ead, of the pretensions
which the ' Contesa. set forth, he
manifested no outward token of
displeasure or distrust. 'Ori the
contrary, he gave his brother many
evidences' of .- regard, appoiniing
hirrtto ; hpn.6raTy , offices1 ne'dVhis
person, although he took care, that
, they were' such that they.conferred
but xorjr JUtlel power, : .u ;
1 a. rl
M'ARTHUK, VINTON COUNTS OHIO. FEBRUARY
This wa9 a new 60urce of griev
ance to the haughty Countess, who
never relinquished the idea of be
coming Queen, and had fondly im
agined thatron account of Philip's
youth, his. brother would obtain
s.uch a strong ascendency over his
mind, as would make him King in
reality, if not in namQ. ; 1 '
, ;This disappointment, waa'ielt
with increased bitterness when-she
became the mother of a son in whom
she centered all JiQr- a.mhitiols
hones, and all the lovo she fa.a ea
pablo of feeling for any one, '
Unlike our modern fine ladies,
the dames of high degree of that re
moto period, were early risers ; and
the Countess de Neville often took
long rides on horseback before the
dew was off the grass, unattended,
except by her groom, who kept at
a- respectlul distance, just near
enough to bo within call, ; should
his lady require assistance.
'. . One morning, $he paused in front
oi a little cottage, situated: in
perfect wilderness , of' bloont:' ;'As
an involuntary ejaculation, of sur
prise and admiration. escaped her
l:" ii 1.1:' ' ir -1 . t. '
iirtjLiy aiueiugent AOOKing
girl raised her, bright eyes from the
rosebush slip was pruning.
"I have some handsomer within,
arranged in bouquets," .she ' said
smiling, "if madam would like to
examino them." .
Ihrowing the reins of her horso
to her attendant, tlie Countess
alighted, much to the surprise of
tlie- servitor, who had never known
his haughty mistress to he guilty
oi so much condescension before
As the Countess entered .tho Jit
tic, low room; the pretty flowe? girl
displayed her beautiful collection
of bouquets with pardonable pride.
. "iui or any oi tnem are ai your
service, with the exception of this,'
she said, pointing to one composed
of golden lilies and white roses, and
relieved by a few leaves of green
"it is for the King."
'So King Philip buys thy flowers,
pretty maiden '
i cs, madame r I have orders to
bring them to the . palace . daily,
The golden' lily' is his favorite
flower k aud. there are only those in
hlnriin frt.r1n; ..'ill''.
' 'I 'will-take this,' said the Count
ess, selecting one of . the bouquets,
and taking'from her purse ' a gold
piece ot more . than .double the
value, 'but first bring 'mor a coo
uraugiu oi water lrom tlie spring
yonder.: ... .
' AVith a light step the young girl
took a pitcher and passed .out to
the spring that was but a short dis
tance from the door. As she glided
by the whidow on returning, she
glanced in and saw, much to her
surprise, her visitor bending over
the stand of flowers, and apparently
sprinkling something from her hand
upon thoso she had laid aside for
the King. When she took it awav,
her eye caught a gleam of a small
golden flask, such as the ladies of
that period used for their cosmetics
and perfumery. Hut when she en
tered the room, she found her in
the 6ame position in which she had
left her. ; . . . ' .
She could not forbear an excla
mation of surprise, as she observed
how deadly pale was her counten
anco' "Tis but the odor of tho flowers,'
said the Countess, as drawing her
robes around her she turned to the
Take my advice, my good girl :
place th6 stand nearer the window,
and be not much over them; their
perfume is quite too Strong for so
small a room.' . ; "
There was something about these
words,, .carelessly,', spoken ' though
they were, that deepened the un
defined 8uspici6ns' in! the vbune
girl's heart; and,bllowing'her sug
gestion she placed the stand of
flowers directly in front of the open
window.. Then by a close examin
ation of the bonquet destined for
the King, she detected the presence
of a fine white powder, 60 impalpa
ble to the eye upon the white petals
of the rose, but clearly visible upon
the lilies, whose peculiar shape, by
exposing the leaves to the full rays
oi the sun as well as their vivid
coloring,, threw it into strong relief ;
and as she bent over them, the faint
but penetrating odor that;; arose
made her so giddy that she would
have fallen, had itnot been for the
tall shapely youth who hadjust en
tered, and whose livery showed him
to be in the service of of the King.
It was her lover, Francois. Kin 2
Philip's body servant," and "who.
passing by the house, called to have
a chat with nis betrothed, r.j i
,II6;vf, now. Warief he said, look
ing into her lace. 'What has fright-:
ened the roses from your, cheeks,
and given you such a'stf ange look ?'
1 The honest hearted fellow 1 was
sincerely attached to his royal mas
ter, and he listened . gravely to
Marie's account of the strange con
duct of her visitor, and tho suspi
cions to which it gave rise...,,
i 'It Is bad,' he said thoughtfully";.'
'though I believe there is1 nothing
in it " By good luck, I have orders
to attend his majesty, in. hid private
apartments an hour hence., J';will(
put him on his guard ;, , then surely
n harm cancomoiof t,V, .
Somewhat to the surprise of
Francois, the King manifested no
disquietude at .: this . disclosure,
though the grave look and attent
ive manner with which ho IMenad,
showed that he considered it of no
light import. lie bade him charge
Wane- . i . ,:
. ,'To tell no one what she had dis
eovered, but to como to the palace
with her flowers an hour , earlier
than was her. wont, by .no neans
lorgetung her golden alies..'.,
King Philip sat in his . audience
hal, surrounded by his retinuq. ; : A
number of the roya family 6tooq
npar him among them the Count
de fseviiie, his wile, and the Jfttle
son, a 6weet boy of three, whose
Winning and sprightly .ways' hiado
him a favorite with the king.
. , 'And please your Majesty, Marie)
the flower girl, is awaiting with-
put ' "said one of the guard. , '
i' 'Admit her,' said tho king.
J, Marie had never seen King Philip
in his pbes of1 state, and the rpyal
pomp , that ; surrounded him' . ini?
pressed her' with a' feeling of'awd
ns she .entered. . But, this . was,'
quickly dissipated, by 'thb, fang's1
gracious manner, as lib bade' her
' 'I see you have not forgotten my
favorite,' he said, taking lie. basket
lrom her hand.
Just admire these queenly lilies,'
lair Uountess, and inhale the fra
grance from the roses.'.' !';'
But why do you start and turn
pale?' he added, as with an invol
untary shudder she drew back from
tho flowers he would havp' plactd
m ner nana. ' . 1 ,
' 'I I crave your Majesty's par
don ' she stammered, 'but' the odor
of the roses always affects me thus,
The King's eyes;, followed, the
Countess as she retreated to' tho
window, at the further end of the
Jiall, under the pretext of obtaining
air. lie then, fixed them scarch
ingly on her husband's face, whose
mind seemed to be entirely occu
pied by the laughing boy he held
in his arms. ' .
Attracted by the bright color
of the lilies, the child stretched out
its nana for ,them. A sudden
thought struck the king as he ob
'See how eagerly Louis is regard
ing them 1' he said, turning' to tho
Count. 'Let him have them.'
With a fond smile, . the father
took tho flowers and held them bo-
foro tho boy, who, clutching them
with liis dimpled hahdsj raised them
with a gleelul, shout, to his lips.''
Instantly' a deadly palor over
spread1- his 1 face,' and with a faint
gasp' he. fell 'dead in. his., father's
arms ! ',.,. , ; , ..
Tho Countess had kept a furtive
watch on the .Kings movements
from her retreat, arid ' fonrettintr
eveiything in her terror sprang for
ward to arrest her husband's arm.
"Monster 1" she exclaimed, glar
ing upon him bike a tigress robbed
of her young, "you have destroyed
' ,'. "And you," said Philip, pointing
' n ii i 1 1 n i mi
Bigmncanuy to me nowers, . sun
clasped in the childs'. rigid, fingers,
"you would have murdered your
"Is this the woman that called at
your cottage this morning V he in-
quirea, turning to iiiane. i :
"Ihe same, your majesty.,, ,
As soon as the Count compre
hended the full meaning of these
words, he cast a look of horror and
detestation upon his wife, then ta
king his dead boy, ho laid him on
the pile of cushions at the King's
feet. ., . .'. ; . . , .
: "I can lay before you no stronger
proof, 'sire,? he faltered, "that I waS
ignorant of the. existence' . of this
base; plot against, your.Jjfo." y . ,
Ajs Phillip looked upqn the stijl,.
jsweej; features of the child, and then
upon his father,' his eyes softened.
"You are right God knows that
I would fain have spared your loy
alty such a severe test" , ;
"I wish you; all to bear witness,"
he;said, addressing 'those . around,
him, 'that 1 fully exonerate'.Count
de Neville from 'all cbmpiicity'ith
his wife in this attempt tpoa the I
life of your King."
" "As to you," . ho added, turning
to tlie guilty . woman, "I give you
twenty days to leave the kingdom.
If 'after that time you are found in
vat domains, you shall suffer the
full penalty of your crime." ;
..King Phillip did not forget tho
dehtof gratitude he owed to Marie
'anjd his faithful attendant.,' He was
present at the marriage, which oc
curred a fews days after, bestowing
-ft doYrry on ' tho ' bride,; and other
substantial, marks-. of . favor arid
ever aljterwardy, in' common ora
tidn of ,.his Providential 'deliver
ance, he liore upon his shield the
"Gblden Lily." '
A Hundred Years Ago.
years ago there was
not a single white man. in Ohio,
Kentucky, Indiana . or Illiuois Ter
ritories.' ; Then, what is now the
jnost flourishing ' part of America,
was as little know as the mountains
of the 'rrjoon. h It wa not until 17C9
that.tho . hunter of Kentucky1, the
gallant and-' adventurous Boorie,
left his homo in Narth Carolina to
'become .the first settler of K. ehttyck'y
Tbe first pioneer of Ohio did !not
settle till twenty years afterward;
y Al hunderd years ago, Canada
belonged to france, . and the whole
population of the United States did
not exceed a million and a half. .1 ,
V. A hundred years ago" the great
Jrede'rick of Prussia was perform
ing those exploits which have made
him immortal in ihilitnry annals,
and with his little monarchy was
abstaining-a single-handed contest
8rith Ilussia, j Austria and Francej'
lie three" great'jowers of Europe
combHnb Uli't'lVj 1
n A hundred years ago the United
States were the most-loyal people
of tho British Empire, and on" the
ttolitical horizon no sneck indicated
I tne struggle' which, within a score
r:i,; a .iai..i..j ill.
oi .year tnereaiier, esiaDiisneu tne
great republic of the world. .
A hundred years ago there were
"but four newspapers in America
with aombiwed circulation not ex
ceeding.2,000. Steam engines and
'jiylinder" presses had ; not been im
agined, ahd railroads and telegraphs
had not entered the remotest con
ception of mam , "
" When we come to .look; back at
it through the vista of history, we
find' that the century which has
passed has been allotted to impor
tant events in their bearing upon
the happiness of the world then ali
most any other event that has hap
pened since the creatiori.
A hundred years hence, who can
foretell our developments and na
The Tax Bill.
. Somebody proposed the follow
ing new amendment to the Tax
For kissing a pretty girl $1. '
For kissing a very homely one
$2 the extra amount being added,
probably, for the men's folly. .
For ladies kissing one another,
$2v't The tax is placed at this rate
in brdfp to : break tup .the custom
altogether, it being regarded by
ur M. Co's a piece of inexcusable
absurdity.-. -,,f r. r. ' -,'! ;T
: For every flirtation 10 cents. .:,
. Every young man who has more
then one "girl," is taxed $5.
For courting ; in ' the kitchen, 25
cents ':". '; i '
Courting in the sitting . room 50
Courtinc in a romantic place. S5.
and forty cents for each offense
Seeing a lady homo from church,
25 cents for each offense. :. ..I
Seeing a lady, home from" the
Dime Society, 5 cents, tlie proceeds
to be devoted to the' relief of dis
abled army Chaplains. " ' '' ";
I1 or a lady who paints oO.conts.
For wearing low-neck dresses, $1,
For each curl on , a lady's head
above ten 5 cents. .. ,
For any unfare device for entrap
ping young men into matrimony, L
- For wearing hoops largeT than
eight feet in circumference, 8 cents
for each hoop. ; . . ,
Old bachelors over tlurty ; are
taxed SlCf, over forty 20, over fifty
$50, and sentence to punishment in
Utah.' " - " "i '"
Each "pretty1 lady to be ' taxed
from 25 cents to: 25, (she is to fix
the estimate of her .own beauty? It
is thought that a very large amount
will be realized from this provision;
Jiach boy baby, 50 cents. ;"
Each girl baby, 10 cents. 1 '
Families havins mote than eight
babies afehotto bo taxed, and for
twins, a premium of $40 will be paid
but of the fund accruing from. the.
tax on old bachelors.!-: i - ;r,
. Each Sunday loaler on the street
corners, or about church doors, to
he taxed at his full value which is
about 2 cents. ,
Josh Billing's Elements of Moral
,"Vc are apt to hate them who
don't take aur advice, and despise
them who do. : ,
It is dredful easy to bo a phool;a
man cancan be' one and not know
it. "'; ';':".:i' ' '
Elegant Jezzufe chewing plug
tobacco' and spittin In a dorg's eye.
' Beal happiness .don't consist - so
much in what he don't want
Fear is ths fust lesson larn't and
tho last forgotton.
,. Nobody but a phool gets bit twice
by the same dorg.
A pet lamb always makes a cross
Epitaphs aro like circus bills
there is more in the bill then ever
Two bo healthy eat onions and
go naked. ' . '
BULLY FOR JOHNSON !
Freedmen's Bureau Bill
The Grounds of Objection.
The Radicals Receive a
To the Senate of tliel'nlted States : '
I have examined with care tlie bill which
originated In the Senate, and lias been
ed by both Houses of Congress, to amend
im nttt'iititled uAn act to establish a bureau
for relief of freodnwm and refugees, and for
other purposes." Having with : much re
rret conic to the conclusion that it would
not be consistent with the public welfare to
give my approval to the measure, 1 return
the bill to tno Senate' with my objections to
it becoming a law.
I niij;lit call to mind In advance of these
objections, that there in no immediate ne
ct'Hsity for the proposed measure.. The act
to establish a bureau for the relief of freeu
men and refugees, which was approved In
tlie month of March la.st. has not vet 'exnir-
ed. It was thouhtstrinirent and extensive
enpujjn lor tlie purpose in view. Uelore it
cease to have efl'cct, further experience
may assist to guide us to a wise conclusion
as to tho policy to be adopted in time of
I have, with Conrrcss, the strongest dc
sire to secure to frecdmcn the full enjoy
ment of their freedom and their prosperity,
mid their entire independence mid equality
in making contracts for their labor. Hut
tlie bill before me contains provisions
which, In my opinion, are not warranted by
the Constitution, and are not well suited to
accomplish the end in view.
The bill proposes to establish, bv the an.
thority of Congress, military jurisdiction
overall parts of the United States containing
refugees and freedinen. It would by its
very naMire nnplv to with most force to
those parts ot the Uiiitnu States in which the
freedinen most abound : and it exnressl v ex
tends the existing temporary jundiction of
tne rewinicns Uureau,with greatly enlarg
ed powers, over those States lu which the
ordinary course of judicial proceedings has
ut-i-it inierTupicu oy ine reucnion. , ,,
Tlie sourco from which this military ju
risdiction is to emanate, is no other than
the President of the United States, acting
through the War Department and Commis
sioner of the Freedinen's Bureau. The
ngenta to carry out this military jurisdic
tion are to oe seieetea either iroin the nnny
or from tliccivil life. The country is to be
devlded into districts mid sub-districts, and
the number of salaried agents to be employ
ed may be equal to the number of counties
or parishes in all the United States where
freedmen and refugees are to be found.
The subjocts over which this military ju
risdiction is to extend in every part of the
United States, Include protection to nil em
ploye, agents and oWeers of the Bureau in J
the exercise or tho duties imposed upon
them by the bill. .
J n eleven States It is further to extend
over nil eases affecting freedmen and refu
gees discriminated ngnlnstby local law,
custom of prejudice in thoso eleven States.
The bill subjects any white prson who
maybe charged with depriving a freed
manof any civil rightsor. immunities be
longing to white persons, to imprisonment
or line, or both, without, however, defining
the civil rights amminuties which are thns
to be secured to freedmen by military law.
This military jurisdiction also extends to
all questions that may arise respecting con
tracts. The agent who is thus to exersise
theotflceof a military judge, may-be a
stranger entirely ignorant ( 1 the laws of the
place nnd exposed to theories of judgment
to which all men are liable. The exercise
Of power, over which there is no lcgal su
pervision,by so vast a number of against as
is contemplated - by the bill must, . by the
very nature of man, be attended by acts of
caprice, injustice ami passion, une tmis
havinff their origin under this bill are to
take place without the intervention of a ju
ry, ' arid without any fixed rules of law or
eviuenc. rue rules on wmcn ouences are
to be heard and determined by the numer
ous agents are such rules and regulations
as tlie President through the War Depart
ment shall describe.
2so previous presentment is required, nor
any Indictment charged tho, commission of
a crime airninst the laws, but the trial must
proceed on tho charges nnd specifications.
The punishment will not be as tho law de
clares, but such as a CQijrt-inartial may
, r (ADVERTISING TERMS, f
One square, uin lines,
Karh additional Insertion, -40
Cards, per year, fcnJim . Ji.j. 8'00
Notice of Kxccuton, AduiiaUtra--.- .. ' ,
tors and Guardians, 2 OO
Attachment notices before . 1 . . 2 OO
Local notices, per line,;. i. . ... ; , . JO
.Yearly advertismenU willhe charged
PGO per column, and at porportlonatc
rates for less thau a column, .payable la
advance .... ,
think proper, and from these arbitrary tri-; Tit
bunals there lies no appeal, no writ of error
to any of the courts lit which the Constlm-'"1 ! '
tion ()t tllO I'llll.-ll Sf-lfp VMifa Tnln.L.lu ' .
the Judicial pow er of the country, while the t ,
w-iiiiurv nun me ciass oi anions ami or--fense:
that aro made subjects tothls measure-'' l
are so ex tensive, the bill Itulf nhnnl,! itK i
come a law, will have no limitation lu point' :
oi ume, uiu win iorjn a part oi tlie perma-
nent legislation of the country. 1 ' , ''
I can not reconcile a svstcia of military Jan1)
rlsdletiouof tills klniliwlth the words of the t .,,
Constitution, whielMleclare that "that no ,
lK'r-illll vll.lll lu hl'lil tn ,maifa. f,. ..nli.lt't I I
orotlierwbie Infamous ceirne, miles oita.Ir.r
pi-e-ieninvem ormiiietnentora grand jury, i . :
except In cases arising iu the laud andiia- 1 '
rnl forces, orlnthe mllltiu wheif In aetiifll'X
Ser'ieA. Ill ttllllt nf tvurnr tmhlli. ln,.mi.fY
nnd that -in nil criminal prosecutions tho r
uei-iwn snail ' or tiieriy-nt tAitnm v- . -
and public trial by an Impartial jury of the f
SUiteor district wherein the crimg slm".
nave imtu conimiucu, ' .. , '
The.safegnards whicli th wisdom j (J.
and experience of asres taoehtour .'
lathers to establish as securitiesor
thd protection of the innocent the );
punishment of the guilty, and tho
equal administration of justice, :aro. ,.
to be set aside, and for the sake of. L
a more vigorous interposition in..,,,
behalf of justice, we aro to take tho.' ..L '
risk of the many acts of rnjustico' ' a
iiiai wuuiu oi necessity louoirpm r,
an almost countless numbers 'of .'. ,
agents established in every.parish
or county, in nearly a third ofttos;
of tho Uniop, over whose, dqcjsu'.j'
there is to bo no supervision or
cnntrnl v tlm Po.lnol nn.la Tl.. ." 1
power that would bo thus placed' .,,','
in tho hands of the President, is'; .'
ought never to, be intrusted to any",'. '! '
onei,ian, .-. ; , , li; . , -,: ..,
If it bo asked whether the Creation
of such n-, tribunal . within a State.;,,?
is warranted as a masuro of jwar, i
the fiuesticin immodiatelr rresiit(
itself, Whether ;we still ehgagodMnn'f
war. , Let is not unnecsBahljdiRini
turb the coninicrco and credit sav oi
industry of the country; i by declarer : '
ing to tho American people and thoj-i'-r
. 1 .1 j 1 1 il .. m .
worm mac me. united -States larOiUit
t till in a condition of civil war. "At 1 1'-:
present, there is no nart of' our
country in which tho authority.iof.'Tt
the United States is disputed. , .0(:Up
fenscsthat may be committed by,, ,i r
individuals should not work afojvrin
ieiture of rights of the ame.'.cQrn-;,.,:)
munities. ; '! 'cm-; .,-..r
11c country has entered or is en-! :;i;
teringto a state of peace and in i
dustry, and the rebellion is in fact t
at an end. The measure, therefore ill
peemsto bo as inconsistent with, il
the actual condition of the country. .ri
as it is at variance with the tlonsti-,,! r
tution of the United States. If, past - I
sing from general considerations we, i
examine the bill in detail, it is open : ,1
to weighty objections. In time ofi. i
war it was eminently proper that wo
should provide for those who wero t
passing suddenly from a conditions l
of bondage to a state of freedom: j f
But this bill proposes to make the -.r
Freedmen's Bureau, established by
tho act of 1SC5, as one of many.:
great and extraordinary military
measures to suppress a formidable
rebellion, a permanent branch of :
tho public administration with its. U
power greatly enlarged, . -i - ; -1
I have no reason to supposcj, and,-. I
do not understand it to uo alleged, )
that the act of March, il865; t has :
proved deficient for the purpose for. ;t
which it ' 'was passed,. ; altliough :at 'u
that time, and for a considerable ,v
period thereafter, the Government
of the United States remained un-.
acknowledged in most of tho ..1
States whose inhabitants had been ,
involved in the rebellion. The in,, r
stitutinn of slavery for the military : i
destruc tion of which tbe Freedmen
Bureau was called into existence t j
as an auxiliary, for it has been al-. ,
ready effectually and finally;. abro-; r
gated throughout the whole country :
by an amendment of the Oonstltu-: ;
tion of the United States and prao? .i
tically its eradication has received -r
the assent and concurrence ; of :.
most of those States in which it at - '
any time had existed. . I m not
therefore, able to discern i, in the
country any thing to justify'.'an ap-;t
prehension that the powers f and 7
acencies of the Freedmen's Bureau V
which were effective for the protec- j r
tion of freedmen and refugees during '..'j
the actual continuation of hostilitiefli ,t
and of African servitude, will now,-r
in ii ume oi peace , anu aiier ; idq
ftholit.ion nf slaverv Tirnv inolpmi. .'
ate 'to the 6ame proper ends. ,. U I .'
dm PhTreo.i. in tVlPStV vioiro ITlXvA n' t
be no .necessitv for thn ' enltirtr'.' t
ment of thei powers , of the ure au,
for which provision is ' inade in, the.
The third section of tho bill ah-
thorizes a general unlimited amoriritf
C -4. I.' ll. lfi'l
fering refugees ahd freednlen"'andr
The .succeeding : Sections Tnalre'i
provision for the rent or purchase';;
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