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The Vinton record. (M'arthur, Vinton County, Ohio) 1866-1891, April 12, 1866, Image 2

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Persistent link: http://chroniclingamerica.loc.gov/lccn/sn85038222/1866-04-12/ed-1/seq-2/

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ft i AIX r-II AIL UlUi AX' MCA.
ftcxLUTIllK, OHIO:
TnnrnDAY, -'apkilTis. isw
Democratic State Convention---
Thursday, May 24th, 1866.
The Aimual Stato Convention of
fii? Democratic party of Ohio, will
be held in Columbuus, on Thurs
day, the 21th day of May, 1866, to
transact such business as may
come before it, and put in nomina
tion candidates for the following of
flcei: Sccrctaiy of State;
Judge r'fthe Svpreae Court;
Member of the Board (Public
The basis of representation for
the apportionment of Delegates is
as follow; One Delegate for each
county ; one for every ve hundred
roUt given for Gen. George W.
Mosoan for Govenor, last October,
and an additional one for every
fraction of two hundred and ' fifty,
nd upwards.
The great issue before the people
kt whether all the powers of Gov
ernment shall be concentrated in
the hands of the General Govern
ment the States being reduced to
the conditions of counties and a
consolidated despotism be thereby
established; or, whether those
rights of - local self-government
whichour father enjoyeds and which
we inherited from them, and with
out which there can be no real lib
erty, no wise government, no. pub
lic economy, no light taxation, shall
be preserved. A powerful faction,
represented by a majority in Con
gress, have conspired to overthow j
the free and beniicent institutions
of our fathers, and to substitute
therefor an Oligarch of rrivil-!
eged classes, crushing the mass of
the people and all individual liber
ty, under the weight of a despotic
and unrestricted General. Govern
ment. To effect this object, they,
In plain violation of the Constitu
tion, exclude eleven States from
representation in'L'ongress, and in
sists upon conferring upon negroes
the right to vote not out of re
gnrd to the negro, but because they
CXT)P' t to be able with their money
vO":r.l- his vote, and thereby
"4uic iheir party asendency.
i . " m-n who is opposed to
l-' : - i !!: conspirators'.
V) 4
.'o il
... i 1
-..nslies Uie limitations
r,ecH;stry and rjiits
ta-JG eraiuoni, who is op-!
? '-fi to sppin,? tho creat. State of'
-iuvi i. of her dignity and re
ilucoi to the dependent condition
oi' e county, or who is opposed to
?Tegio Suffrage, join with the Dem
ocracy in rescuing our country
from the grasp of the Maliguants.
By order of the Democratic
State Central Committee of Ohio.
JOHN G. DUN, Chariman.
Foreign News. Portland Me.,
April 10. The London Times of
the 30th says there is too much
reason to fear that the peace of all
Europe is about to be groken by
one of the least just and least nec
essary wars of modern times. The
Times heartily trusts that England
may hold aloof.
Half a dozen war vessels were
preparing for sea at Plymouth, and
it was reported were to go to St.
Congress Isn't doing much business
Since the beginning ot the aest-ion, but two
important bills kave been passed the
Freedmen's Bureau bill and its twin broth
er the Civil Rights Bill. Both of the above
bills were tetoed by the Preeldcn-i
The Cholera.
It is not a little singular that
the cholera should approach our
shores at regular intervals of sev
enteen years. It raged in 1832,
gaih.in 1849, and now the scourge
reappears in 1866. Should the
fears of its approach be realized,
there ought to be no excitement or
panic oh the subject. Fear has al
ways been found a predisposing
Element of its attack. There is not
likely to be much danger to those
whose habits are regnlar, who pre
temperate in their eating nr.d
drinking, . who avoid excitement,
and are cleanly in their person and
inrroundines. and ho, thinking
ncthjnff of itf to their . bu6i-
Enquirer. President's Proclamation--The insurrection
Enquirer. President's Proclamation--The insurrection Declared at an End
WASHINGTON, April 2, 1866.
By the President, of. the United
States, a Proclamation:
Whereas," By proclamation on
the 15th and 19th of April, one
thousand eight hundred and sixty-
one, the President of the United
Stales in virtue of the power vest
ed in him by the' Constitution and
laws, declared that the laws of the
Uuited States were apposed, and
the execution thereot obstructed,
in tho States of South Carolina.
Georgia, Alabama, Florida, Missis-.
feippr, Louisiana and lexas, by com
bination too powerful to', be sup
pressed by the ordinary course of
judicial proceedings, or by the
powers vested in the Marshals by
law: and.
Whereas, By another proclama
tion made on the lutli day of Au
gust, in the same year, in pursu
ance of an act of Congress approv
ed July 13, 1861, the inhabitants ot
Georgia, South Carolina, Virginia,
North Carolina, Tennessee, .Ala
bama, Louisiana, Texas, Arkansas,
mississippi and Florida, except the
inhabitant of that part of tha State
of Virginia lying west of the Alle
gheny Mountains, and to such oth
er parts of that State, and the oth
er States before mentioned, as
might maintain a loyal adhesion to
the Union and the Constitution, or
might be, from time to time, occu
pied and controlled by the forces
of the United States, engaged in
the dispersion of insurgents, were
declared to be in a state of insur
rection against the United States
Whereas, By another proclama
tion, on the 1st day of July, 1862,
issued in pursuance of an act of
Congress, approved June 7, in the
same year, me insurrection was de
clared to be still existing in the
States aforesaid, with the oxceo-
tion of certain specified counties in
tne stale ot Virginia: and,
Whereas, By another proclama
tion, made on the 2d day of April,
18C3. in pursuance of an act of
Congress of July 13, 1861, the ex
ceptions named in the proclama
tion of August 16, 1861, were re
voked, and the inhabitants of the
North Carolina, Tennessee, Ala
bama, Louisiana. Texas. Arkansas.
Mississippi, Florida and Virginia,
except the forty-eight counties of
Virginia designated as West Vir
ginia, and the ports of New Orleans,
Key West, Port Royal and Beau
fort, S. C; and,
Whereas, By another proclama
tion; on the 1st day of July, 1862,
issued in pursuance' of, an act of
Congress, approved June 17, of the
same year, the insurrection was
declared tq be still existing in the
States aforesaid, with the exception
of certain specified counties in the
State of Virginia ; and,
Whereas, By another proclama
tion, made on the 2d day of April,
1SC3. in pursuance of an at-t of
Congress, of July 13, 1SG1, the ex
ceptions named in the proclama
tion of August 16, 1SC1, were re
voked, and the inhabitants of the
Slates of Georgia, South Carolina,
North Carolina; Tennessee, Ala
bama, Louisiana, Texas, Arkansas,
Mississippi, Florida and Virginia,
except the forty-eight counties of
Virginia designated as West Vir
ginia, and ports of New Orleans,
Key West, Port Royal and Beau
fort, in South Carolina, were declar
ed to be in a state of insurrection
against the United States, and,
Whereas, The House of Repre
sentatives, on January 22, 1861,
adopted a resolution in the lollow
ing words, viz: Resolved," By the
House of Representatives of the
Congress of the United States, that
the present deplorable civil war
has been forced upon the country
by the disunionists of the Southern
States, now in rebellion against a
constitutional Government, and in
arms around the capital, that in
this national emergency, Congress,
banishing all feelings of resent
ment, will do only its duty to the
whole sountry ; that this war is not
waged on our part in anv spirit of
oppression, nor for any purpose of
uverturuwmg or lnienenng witn
the established institutions of those
States, but to maintain and defend
the purity of the Constitution, and
to preserve tho Union with all its
dignity, equality, and the rights of
the 6everal States unimpaired ; and
as soon as tuese objects are accom
plished, the war ought to cease;"
Whereas, The Senate of the Uni
ted Stateon. the 25th of 1 July, 1861,
adopted a resolution;
Whereas, These resolutions, tho'
not joint or concurrent, may be re
garded as having expressed ' the
6ense of Congress upon the subject
to which thev relate: and
Whreas, By my proclamation of
tne utn of June last, the insurrec
tion in the State of Tennessee ; was
declared to have been suppressed,
the authority of the United States
therein to bo ondieputed, and ench
United States officers as had been
duly commissioned to be in undis
puted exercise of Iheir official func
tions; and,- (-f
Whereas, There now exists no
organized armed resistance of mis
guided citizens nor others to the
anthority of the United States in
the States of Georgia, South Caro
lina, Virginia, North Carolina, Ten
nessee, Alabama, .Louisiana, .Ar
kansas, Missippi aud Florida, and
the laws can be sustained and en
forced therein by the proper- civil
"authority, State or Federal, and
the people of said States are 'ye.ll
and loyally disposed, and have" con
formed or. will conform in' their
legislation to the condition of af
fairs growing out of the amended
Constitutio:i of the United States,
prdnibiting slavery within the lim
its and jurisdiction of the United
States; and,
Whereas, In view of the - before
recited premises, it is the manifest
determination of the American
people that no' State, of .its own4
win, snail nave tho power or right
to go out of or separate itsehf from
the American Union, and that
therefore each S.tate ought to re
main and constitute an integral
part of the United States; and,
. Whereas, The people of the 'sev
eral before mentioned States, have,
in the manner aforesaid, given sat
isfactory evidence that they acqui-.
esce in the important revolution of
the National Union; and,
Whereas. It is believed to be the
fundamental principle of Govern
ment, that people who have revol
ted, and who have been overcome
and subdued, must bo dealt with
so as to induce them virtually .to
become friends, or else they must
be held by absolute military pow
er so as to prevent them from ever
again doing harm as enemies, which
last named policy is abhorrent to i
humanity and freedom : and
Whereas, The Constitution of the
United States provides for CnnH-
tutional communities only as States-
ana not as territories, and provides
no protectorates; ana
Whereas, Such constructed States
must necessarily be, and by the
vuiisuiuuuii auu jaws oi me ' unit.
,tcd States ar&V made equals, "and
placed on a like footing as to po
litical richts. immunities, dic-nitv
1 o v
and-power, with the several States
ii 11.1 i i i C
wan wincn tney.aro united; ana;
Whereas, The observance of po
litical equality as a principle' of
right and justice rs well calculated
to encourage the peope of the States
to be and become more and more
constent and persevering in their
renewed allegiance; and .;
Whereas, Standing armies mil
tary occupation, 'martial law, mili
tary tribunals, and suspension of
the privilege of the writ of habeas
corpus, are in time of . peace dan
gerous to public interest ftn&v in
compatible with the individual
rights of citizens, contrary to the
eenius-and nirit of oihv free insti
tutions, and exhaustive of the Na
tional resources, and ought not,
therefore, to be sanctioned or al
lowed, exceot in case of war for re-
pelling invaders or suppressing' in
surrection or rebellion ; and
Whereas. The policy of the Gov
ernment of the United States from
the beginning ot : the insurrection
to its final suppression has been In
conformity with the principles here
in set forth and enumerated ; there
I, Andrew Johnson, President of
the United States, do hereby pro
claim and declare that the insur
rection which heretofore existed in
the States of Georeia. South l;arn.
lina, North Carolina, Virginia, Lou
isiana, Alabama, Arkansas, Missis
sippi, and Texas and Florida is - at
an end, and henceforth to be so
In testimony whereof, I have
hereunto set my hand and cau
sed the seal of the United
States to be affixed. Done at
' the City of Washington, this
second day of April, in the
year of our Lord one thousand
eight hundred and sixty-six,
and of the independence of the
United States of America the
Secretary of State.
The Next Step.
Chief-Justice Chase still contin
ues the practice of making political
speeches while holding his high of
fice. He yesterday, in a speech in
mew i one, exulted over th
ft TARR-
age of the Civil Rights Bill and said
the next step would be to civa th
negro a vote: Certainly thai is th
next step, audit would not be any
mm. r,0if ,' i fk ' iu .
more unconstitutional than the one
already taken. The Chief-justice
sees no impropriety in committing
himself, in advance. "Upon these
questions that will come up for de
cision in his Court. There has
been a time in which no such inde
cency as this wonld have hcon f1
A Constitutional President—An
Unconstitutional Congress.
. Hitherto,, both under the present
and under former administratians,
when bills have been returned to
Congress without the signature of
the President, the reasons given for
such return have, in general, raised
questions of conformity . between
the bills and the Constitution. But
we agree with a loyal coteinporay
in the opinion that, it is not the
question of constitutionality alone
that, in determining his duty, the
President -may consider. It is not
exactly true that "the President
has a negative in the legislation of
Congress which he can use reason
ably or without reason ;". but it is
true that his obligation to affix his
signature to bills presented by Con
gress is conditioned solely upon his
approval of them ; upon his own
reason, and not upon that of any
other person, party or authority.
Such being the case, we conless
a sensation" of unfitness when we
see it stated that the President has
affixed his signature to bills for this
or that purpose. Holding the opin
ion, which he has more then sue
gcsted,'of the absence of legitimate
authority in a Coneress. composed
of members from only a part of the
mates, to legislate lor tne people ot
tne whole, we do not clearly see
how he can consistently give his
official approval which is designed
to transform a dead letter into a
livinsr law to any of its creations
That it is the duty of te President
in case he does discover want of
conformity between a proposed
law and the Constitution, to with
hold his signature from the former.
few will venture to disdute ; and if"
it is his duty to reject an unconsti
tutional law. is it not eauallv his
duty to reject a law passed by an
unconstitutional uongress r
We are free to admit that we can
not see the difference. It will hard
ly do to establish the principle that
an unconstitutional legislature can
pass Constitutional, laws. The pro
visions of the Constitution, which
prescribe that the "House of Rep
resentatives shall be composed of
members chosen by the people of
the several States," and that "the
Senate of the United States shall
bo composed of two Senators from
each State," are as binding as any
other. They fix the terms, and the
only terms, under which . a Consti
tutional Congress can exist; and if
they are not complied with, a thing
which calls itself a Congress may
assemble, and may enact things to
which it gives the name of laws ;
but the Congress is no Congress,
nor are the laws laws ; for they are
binding upon nobody, not even
upon they who call themselves the
constituents of those by whom they
were begotten. -A
refusal of the President to cive
his official approval to any of the
acta of tr.e pseudo Congress would
bring tho usurpative character of
that body palpably before the oeo-
ple, and awaken a degree of atten
tion to its aetormity which coes
not now exist Such a position,
taken and maintained, would, in
J1 probability, be followed by an
attempt to expel the rresident
from office by process of impeach
ment, which would raise the ques
tion, whether a President who is. in
9 J
every sense, a complete Constitu
tional branch of the Government.
should be deposed by a body pro-
iessinsr to be another branch, but
which, through its own malfeasance,
wants the qualities essential to
Constitutional authority f Under
such circumstances, if the Presi
dent should want the ability to
take -care of himself, it would argue,
on bis part, the absence of that
spirit and courage which, in high
factious times, it is necessary for
theCheifofa great nation to pos
sess, not for his own sake alone.
but for the sake of the people whose
interests and welfare are identical
Not to be Found.
Our readers may remember a
certain speech made in this city
some time ago by General Fisk, of
the Freedmen's Bureau, in which
he said:
; "Only the day before yesterday,
in Lexington, thirteen discharged
colored soldiers stood in the streets,
in full sight of Henry Clay's monu
ment, with their bodies lacerated,
their backs bleeding from the cruel
lash, their heads cut to the scalp,
and one or two of them with their
eyes put out ; and what for, do you
suppose f Siniply for going to their
former masters and asking for their
wlve? na c.miQ"n' . 1 .aPPe?,e.a ?
wives and children. 1 appealed to
H 7 m , na
w told there was no law in
Kentucky to heb them "
They are still bying to find those
negroes, as well as witnesses of the
alleged cruelty,butn such negroes
or witnesses can be found, nor can
any person in or about Lexington
be found who heard of the crneltv
spoKea of until .through. General
tux peeom -" ' -
The Prospect of a War with Europe.
The latest arrivals from Europe
are more emphatic than ever in
their advices that peace is to be
broken by a war between Austria
and Prussia. The quarrel arises
out of the division of the territory
they took from Denmark. It is the
old story of robbers falling out in
the distribution of their plunder
Austria and Prussia rank high in
the great military powers of the
world. Each has a standing" army
of 000 000 or GCd.OOO mer4 The
population' of Austria is about 35,
000,000, and that of Prussia 18.000.
000. The Prussians, however, are
more homogenious in their nation
ality, the Austrian Empire being
made up of hall a dozen different
countries, the strife between the
two powers would be by no means
an equal one, with a very doubt
ful termination. The Prussian ar
my is very fine, and under its mili
tary system every man is a soldier
who has served in the ranks. It
would, therefore, turn out an enor
mous force, in proportion to its
population. The Prussian Prime
Minister and real ruler, Count Von
Bismarck, is an ambitious and un
scrupulous man, who evidently be
lieves that the time has arrived
when Prussia can shatter the grea
ter but ill-cemented fabric of the
Austrian Empire, and take her
place at the head of the Germanic
The Prospect of a War with Europe. The Civil Rights Bill--Hell of a
The Civil Rights Bill, so called
is a statute to override and set
aside the State laws which do not
recognize negro equality with the
white. Nay, more, it punishes
with fine and imprisonment all who
make any distinction of color in
their acts. The hotel-keeper is to
be punished if he does not allow
negroes to sit down at his tables
with the white. The minister and
the magistrate are to be punished
if they do not join in marriage the
two colors, when they are asked to
do so, in violation of State laws.
These are samples of the practical
operation of the mersure which ex
tends through all the ramifications
of life. It is at once so odious and
disgusting a thing that it will al
ways be a source ot wonder how
even party heat and party malig-
Congress and the Veto.
The Senate of the United States
consists properly of seventy-two
members. The House of Repre
sentatives of two hundred and thir
ty-seven, when every State is rep
resented. Of these it takes one
hundred and nineteen to be a ma
jority. In the Senate tlurty-feven
is a majority. On the question of
overruling the veto, but thirty
three Senators voted aye, with one
hundred and twenty-two Represen
tatives. There was, thnrefore, less
than a majority of the Senate for
the bill, and only a bare majority
of the House. As the Constitution
in 6uch cases, requires two-thirds
in each branch, it will be seen how
small a cause the Radicals have for
rejoicing. It is not the Congress
of the United States which over
rules the President, but only a
tW A profound observer remarki: ''1
often observe at public entertainments, that
when there is anything to be seen, and ev
erybody wants particularly to see it, eve
rybody immediately stands up and effectu
ally prevents anybody from seeing anything."
Summek, it is t)laln. crows tiresome, even
to his radical colleagues in the Federal
. . . . . . . j ...v i j . tin ii vuc
of the Scotch womai.'s definition ofmeta-
. .... i. I. .
pnysics : -ii is, piease "your nonor, wnere
a man disnaken "what he says hlmsel, and
naebody else "kens a word of it ither."
Thad Stkvems, too, is no the wane.
Fact is, pickles flavored with vitriol may
be tastedonce in awhile, but thev won't Hn
boarding school, being asked at table if she
would take some more cabbage, replied,
"by no means, madam, gastronomical safe
ty admonishes me that I have arrived at
the ultimate culinary degutation consisteut
with the code of Esculapius."
'I'm hair of Dick Turner, formerly rebel
turnkey, now au inmate of Libby Prison
has turned w hite during his eleven months'
A country girl coming from the field, was
told by her cousin, that she looked as fresh
as a daisy klsed by the dew. Well, it wasn't
any feller by that ' name, but it was Scth
J once that kissed me . I told him every one
u town would And it out."
Times. Marriages.
JIXKS-CRAWFORD-On the 6th Inst,
by Rev. H. JI. Ferris, at the M. E. Par
sonage, Mr. Llbertv D. Jinks to. Mm
Elizabeth Crawford, all of Zaleski, Yin-
8th inst, at the Presbyterian Parsonasre.
jjy tne Kev. Irwin Carson, .Mr.. J. G.
Bwetiana,SNtoMrs. A. Alexander, all
oi aicAnnur, unto.
WYATT CL A YPOOL On the Md lost
iiuviui, ixji, air. Joon v.
Jf,ytt to Miss Jennetta -CUypool, of
Vinton Cnuntv. Ah t. v
Tl . .
Times. Marriages. Deaths.
Died. Mr. WUlla Leach, who resided
near Ilamden, waa burlud by the Masonic
Fraternity, on last Monday. We under
stand Mr. Leach was 75 years of age; aa
honest and esteemed neighbor n4 .citizen
Ho recently moved to this county from W.
Ya, aud that he was out In Vn.oti tmetnesa
and died suddenly from disease of the heart.
Times. Marriages. Deaths. Commercial.
McArthur Produce Market.
McArthur Produce Market. CORRECTED WEEKLY. BY D. WILL & BRO'S.
McARTHUR, O., April 12 1866.
Apples, (drM,)-8 00 llewwiz........r 35
Bmui SO
Cbont...... ii
Ooffe.....-. .
Wni's Mih
Cod Hub...
. S3
. 85
. UH'
11 l-O
. SO
. 1 CO
.10 00
. is
. I 00
3 00
Km W
Mackerel 12K
Feather W
Lethr 6Uk
Koliciea 1
Peaches, (dried) I 09
Rice i
Bait t SI
Timotbv $ (0
Tallow VI
McArthur Grain Market.
Wheat. old l(oJ.....f 00 New Rod.... J8 00
via n mis I 1U
New Wnitt.. S 10
Shelled Cura 45
Oats 50
Corn, Ear. 5k
Birloy to
IJ- u B
Uj "... c
Cincinnati Market.
Coffek. We quote common Rio at 27a
28o, prime do. at 2Ca31o ; choice do. at 31o.
common Java at 42c, and prime do at 4So
per lb.
Eggs Market dull and' closed at 25
per dozen for fresh, la good1 shipping or
Flour We quote'Superfine at $7 00a
7 60, new wheat extra at 97 7oa9 00. old
wheat extra at $8 75a9 23. Family at fft 25
alO 23. and Fancy at $10 DOall 60. Ryo
flour 1 76 per bbf, Buckwheat flour $1 00a
4 23 per 100 lbs, and $8 OOalO 00 per bbl,
the latter for Eastern. Corn meal la active
at $1 60 per 100 lbs.
Grain We quote prime old Red wheat
at SI 80al 00. New Red 91 80 for prime
and 91 OOal CO for Inferior. . Some lots of
old White are offered at 92 30a92 CO. The
demand for Cprn is still active, and pricea
remain firm for ear at 53a53c per bushel.
Shelled 55u36c for mixed, and 73c Including
sacks. Outs in fair demand at 37c, and 3'Jo
for choice. Rye In little demand, at 75c for
prime, A few sales of prime fall barky
reported at 91 15al 20.
Sugah We quote raw at 13alCc ; yellow
refined, 4Cn47c; white soft retlucd, ICaISc :
hard refined, la20c.
Road Notice.
THERE 111 bo a petition pretested to tie
' cumniiKeioners of Vinton county, )., a
their June Sieiion, 188, praying; for an a'tira
tlon of the county roa I in Kichlaod township,
lending from the Allonnvllle and Wilkonille
road to the Allennvill and Ciuclnnail Firnact
road, known at the Bowlanl and Fmr road.
commencing at th month th tuna nut of
William Rowland' bouse thencea northeati
ccurie to Intersect th Alleunville and Willie
villo road at or near the ge nouth of l'ejton
Coy's hnu-ie and there to end.
April 6th 4wp Mint ParmoxuM.
Road Notice.
rETlTTOlf will be presented to tLe eoat
V. miaslonera of Vinton count, at thi
Juno torm 1868, praying for a ch.wutcf t)
county road , in Elk township, leading from Mc
Arthur to Logan, comrnenuing at the he g pen
and sycamore tree near George Speed's ruai-
aonca anu running a nortneriy direction to an
old water tap in the citek and intenactliia-tlia
original surveyed road, and there to terminate.
April mo wep. Makt fiTiTicNia.
Save Cot.
D5. A. CO. IDEE and Drs. Condee and
mingor, have left their note and bojk aa-
countt with nt for collection with orders to col
lect forthwith. All who in indebted will iite
oostb by calling and pnyiignpihe oamo.
April Ulh -. , MoArthnr, Ohio.
6 a
I w
II 0 M
r w r
V o
I' a
I Sal
McArtbur High School.
rpiIE Directors feel confident in receorn
I mending this School to all who desire
thorough training in the essentials of Edu
cation. The spring term has just begun
with largely increased attendance. Room
for a few non-resident pupils. Terras rea
sonable. '
"The best Normal 8chool Is school wita
a lite teacher." Applicants address.

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