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WHITE MJEX SHALL HULK, AMJEJUCA
IflcAllTUUK, OHIO :
THURSDAY, - - - MAY 10 180
Democratic State Convention—
Thursday, May 24th, 1866.
The Annual State Convention o
the Democratic party of Ohio, will
be held in Coluinbuus, on Tliurs
day, the 24th day of May, 18(iG,'io
transact such business as may
conic before it, and put in nomina
tion candidates for the following of
fices: ' Secretary of State;
Judge of the Supreac Court;
Member of the Board (f Pullic
The basis of representation for
the apportionment of Delegates is
as follow ; One Delegate for each
county ; one for every five hundred
votes given for Gen. George W.
Morgan for Oovenor, last October;
and an additional one for every
fraction of two hundred and fifty,
and upwards. --
The great issue before the people
is, whether all the powers of Gov
ernment shall be concentrated in
the hands of the General Govern
mentthe States being , reduced to
the conditions of tounties-i-and a
consolidated despotism be thereby
established; , or, . whether those
rights of local self-government
ivhichour father ejjjoyeds and which
we inherited from' them, and with
out which there can bo no real lib
erty,' no wise government, no pub-
jic economy, no light taxation, shal
be preserved. .. A powerful faction.
represented Cy a majority m Von
gress, have conspired to overthow
toe free and benficent institutions
of our 'fathers, ' and to : substitute
tnereior an UJigarctr of - privil
eged classes, crushing lh. mass' oi
the people and all individual liber
ty, under the weight of a despotic
and unrestricted General Govern
ment To effect .this object, they,
in plain violation of the Constitu
tion, exclude eleven States from
representation in Congress, and in
eists upon conferring upon negroes
the right to vote not. out of re
gard to the negro, but because they
expect to be able with their money
to control his vote, and thereby
perpetuate their party asendency.
.Let every man who is opposed to
the. schemes of the conspirators,
who cherishes the institutions
founded by our fathers, who appre
ciates, the necessity and benefits
of local self-government, who is op
posed to seeing the great State of
Ohio shorn of her 'dignity and re
duced to the dependent condition
of a county, or Who is opposed to
Negro Suffrage, join with the Dem
ocracy in rescuing our country
from the grasp of the Maliguants.
By order of " the Democratic
State Central Committee of Ohio.
JOHN G. DUN, Chairman.
JOHN G. DUN, Chairman. DEMOCRATIC COUNTY CONVENTION.
The'friends of the Constitution
and the Union of the States, wil-
meet in McArthur, in mass Con
Saturday, Iflay 12th, 1 866,
At ten o'clock, . A. M. for the pur
pose of choosing delegates to repre
Bent them in the Democratic State
Convention to be held in Colum
bus, on the 24th day of May ; and
for the transaction of other impor
tant business. '
The issues of the coming cam
paign are of extraordinary interest
to the people. Let the people bo
i.vigilant and active.', If they - work
tWith a.will and work together, the
l triumph of free principles and the
.restoration of the Union, law and
.orderj security and peace, will be
the.fure result. .- Set the ball; roll
ing, and- push it. on,;. .Democracy
? expects ;eyery man to do his : duty.
A t large,, attendance . from .every
the 12th of May is desired. ' Good
jjpeakei are. expected to .be in at
.tendance. - ; ; 1 1 i
By Orfoi of CenrM Committee? '
ARCH. MAYO, Chairman.
Vinton Safe Burglary.
The preliminary examination of
Wm. Mills, who has been having a
hearing before S. C. Cask, Esq., at
this place, for the past week, was
brought to a: closa ,on yesterday,
and the Justice required defendant
to give bond in $5000 for his ap
pearance before the next term of
Common Tleas Court; h defanlt of
VhicK defendant was committedto
Jail to await' the deliberations' of
(he Grand Jnry. ; -Mayo and Dana
for State, and Judgo Pruden of Cin
cinnati, and Marks, for defendant.
Tho trial excitod n .great- deal of
interest' L; '' I ui- .
Vinton Safe Burglary. Congress.
; ! Wabm weather approaching, has
had its eilect on Congress, and adds
to the nccessity.for more time for
the deliberations of that misegen-
ating body to mature its business.
It is hinted,, the odorous breezes
from the galleries make visitors
shun the Capitol, which adds to the
dullness of the halls of legislation.
Nothing of any importance is trans
piring only -taxation goes on at its
usual rate. ! .
J he most miamous newspaper
article we have read lor a long time
appears in the Cincinnati Daily
Gazette of the 30th ult., on assas
sinatlon as a means of power. The
writer hints that Harrison and Tay
lor were poisoned to make way for
Vice Presidents more subservient
to the South; that the National Ho
tel poisoning of Buchanan in 185
was part of a plot to make John 0
Breckinridge President; and that
the leaders of the defunct rele
government at the South planned
Mr. .uncolu s assassination BootI
being merely a tool in their hands
so that Johnson, a Southern man
could take Mr. Lincoln's place.
As Jong as Hamlin was Vice Pres
ident, no attempt on Mr. Lincoln's
life .was mado. And so on, for
quantity. , ,.( .
Tlie.edit'or,6f the Gazette mav
perhaps' remember that 'when Gen
Harrison was elected President, he
was a very old man, and feebler
than most men are at seventy. He
may know something of Harrison's
journey to Washington before be
ing inaugurated; he may recollec
the fatiguing programme marked
out for that ceremony; and he can
not have forgotten the importuni
ty .oi noraes ot office-seekers who
dogged the heels of Gen. Harrison
from the moment.it was certain he
would be elected till he "perished
Harrison began to fail lone before
he reached Washington ; he was a
worn-out man in appearance on tho
day of inauguration; his power of
attention to business gave out ut
terly two weeks afterward; on the
27th of March inflammation of the
brain set in, and, on the 4th of Ap-
ru, ioi, ne aiea. aMot a symptom
of poisoning was present at any
stage, ot ins illness. . .
Gen. Taylor, it is well known,
died ot a disease, . contracted in
juexico, which was hastened to, a
fatal termination by the part he
had to perform at a public cere
mony in Washington, three days
before his death, and by his singu
lar imprudence in diet and expos
ure at the lime. There is absolute
ly no evidence not the slightest
of poison in his case.
But suppose that some villain.
for political ends, had meditated
6uch a purpose,what would he gain?
Fillmore, the Vice President, was
Whig oi the straitest sect, and a
party man of far more decided an
tecedents than Taylor's could have
been. The presumption in John
Tyler's favor was quite as strong.
lie was a member of the Harris
burg Convention of 1839, and was
zealous there in support of Mr.
Clay. When the result was an
nounced, he was so mortified at
Clay's defeat, that a Harrison dele
gate, merely to pacify him, propos
ed him for the Vice Presidency.
In fact, Tyler was a sort of com
promise offered to the Clay whigs
by the Harrisonians. That he dis
appointed each at last is matter of
history, but this does not invali
date what we have stated.
So of Andrew Johnson. The im
pression about him, when elected
Vice President, was that he was a
far more violent man against the
rebels than Mr. Lincoln. He had
made some bold speeches in which
Davis, Toombs, Iverfon. Yancv.
Wigfall and Crawford were handled
without gloves or mercy. As Pro
visional Governor of Tennessee, he
certainly did not' earn : the good
will of those who had been his op
ponents. It is notorious that the
pulpit demagogues, a year ago. ex-
Elained the phenomenon' of Mr.
incoln's murder, by saying it was
providence; he had done his work.
but he could do no more; he was
too merciful a man for the times
about to follow. ' We needed a man
of iron, like Andrew Johnson,- &c.
And, after all is -said, some . reli
ance' must be placed in' sth fcver- J
sense ana morality tf dan
kind. When a boy at school, we
used to hear the lad3 say: "Cheat
ingluck never prospers." Certain
ly not Applied to casei of the
kind wo are considering, no fact in
history is more demonstrable, than
that assassination seldom worked
good to those who planned it, or to
the cause they haq t heart, what-
ever else may have resulted 'Ju
lius Civsar was slain inthe Senate
house; "but Hie act only made 'the
establishment of imperial sway in
Rome what it had ; not been a
practicable thing. "And thus the
blood of the mighty victim1 was
shed in vain. To get Philip of
Macedon out of the way, he was
assassinated, but who came right
after him? ; A much greater than
lie, Alexander the Great. William
6f Orange fell by the bullet of Bal
thazar Gerard, but no good to' the
assassin or his faction came "of it
Henry IV. was murdered by Rav-
aillac, and this is yet another proof
ot the lolly of 6uch crimes. 'Chang
es are undoubtedly wrought there
bj', but not such as the actors in
tended. Had Mr. Lincoln lived, it is our
conviction that he would have car
ried out substantially the policy
pursued by Andrew Johnson. Dur
ing the week in which he was mur
dered, he made a speech so concil
iatory that many of his extremest
opponents praised it, while the rad
icals were emphatic in their mut
tcrings of dissent. We heard men
say, publicly, nnd Wm. E. Stephen
son of West Virginia, is one of
them, that the President was in
clined to bo far too lenient, and
this language was held at a meet
ing, April 14, 1805, at the intersec
tion of Ohio and Front streets, Ma
To cut this article short : Does
the Gazette man mean to have it
understood that Andrew Johnson
was privy to the murder of Mr. Lin
coln ? and ' ;
Doe3 he mean to stimulate some
body to assassinate Andrew John
son? -; : " ' .
Or else, what, can he mean ?
The Policy of Humanity.
General Fbaxk P.' Blair, of Mis
souri, one of the . lew Republican
politicians who distinguished, him
self by personal gallantry in the
war, has lately written . a . letter to
a meeting in St. Louis: In which he
gives utterance to the following
magnanimous and generous senti
ments. He says in speaking of the
,lSuch persons are most persist
ent in urging measures of unnec
essary harshness and indignity, in
order to irritate and goad our van
quished opponents into acts of re
sistance which will justify the in
fliction of still greater cruelty. If
those brave and unfortunate people
could only be driven by their in
sults and contumely to such acts,
it would nil the souls of their ma
lignant persecutors with unspeak
able joy and satisfaction, because
it would afford the pretext they
seek, to deny to the Southern peo
pie the rights of freemen and free
States. These Jacobins feel and
know that it is necessary to dis
franchise the -white race at the
South as affording them' their only
chance of retaining power and po
sition. .. . ' 1 1
"What civilized nation on earth
would hesitate an instant," if the
opportunity offered, to incorporate
with themselves the bfave and he
roic people of the South, whose
fortitude and endurance, in a mis
taken cause, challenge the admira
tion and respect, of the world ?
Would France or England, or any
other civilized' power, hesitate to
give to such men the full and equal
rights accorded to all other' citi
zens? Would not those nations be
most happy to claim, as their own,
such men as Lee and Johnston and
a host of others, and to confer upon
these living heroes the rewards
which genius and courage have al
ways commanded? Would they
fail to honor and cherish, as a part
ol their own glory, the memory of
that illustrious throng of the dead,
led by Stonewall Jackson? Their
fame belongs to our name and na
tion, and their survivors, animated
by an equal courage and devotion,
and inspired by what we hope and
believe is a better cause, will here
after contribute equally with the
noble spirits of the North to the
renown of bur great Republic. "
"l(ellow-citizens, those who wish
well to. the country, and would se
cure its greatest- happiness, can
bave no higher aspiration than that
- , i . y ..ww ujuj ira
perpetual " With respect,. yours,
"FRANK P. BLAIR."
- These are the sentiments of eve
ry one who would lay, claim to the
title of statesman or patriot. They
are the views of all who desire to
see peace and; good . feeling once
more prevail between, the sections
of our common country. , It is dif-
ficult to find language to. adequate-1
ly condemn the malignancy or the
blindness which would substitute
the policy of cowardly blood-thirsty
persecution to alienate and drive
from ns ten millions of our coun
trymen; to create forever the bar
rier of eternal hate, instead of con
necting them with us by the exer
cise of a liberal humanity. Of all
ideas which ever entered the hu
man mind, that of treating the peo
ple" of eleven great States, one
third of 1 our whole population, act
ing in their sovereign capacity, as
criminals and outlaws, is the most
preposterous and atrocious. Yet
such is the view of the Radicals !
Such is the programme they have
put forth to the country. It is dif
fbult to 6ay!'.whether cowardice or
cruelty is the greatest element in
their scheme. Both are largely in
it and assist to make up the revolt
. I ,
Chief Justice Chase Professes to
have Conscientious Scruples.
'. The, United States District Court
convenes at Norfolk, Va., to-mor
row, Judge Underwood presiding.
Chief Justice Chase declines . to
preside until . he can be assured
that martial law has been abrogat
ed in Virginia. As there have
been conflicting decisions in the
War Department and by the com
manders of military departments
as to the effect of the peace proc
lamation with regard to the resto
ration of civil law in the States
lately in rebellion, the Chief Jus
tice does not feel that it would be
seemly for a Judge of the Supreme
Court to attempt to hold Court
whilst a doubt exists as to whether
martial law is abrogated or not. I
can say, upon good authority, that
the President does interpret the
peace proclamation as abrogating
martial law in the districts where
the rebellion is declared to have
ceased, in all matters in which the
civil courts have jurisdiction. It
is understood that a declaratory
proclamation to that eilect will be
issued by the President in a day or
" Garters with diamond buckles
are worn with the new hoops in
Paris. It is impossible, 6ays the
Springfield Republican, not to see
that they are not introduced hero.
Oh ! you naughty man I
The mayor of Philadelphia has
issued orders prohibiting persons
from stopping or conversing on the
streets. The legality of the order
is soon to be tested.
The lower branch of the Massa
chusetts Legislature ha3 rejected
the eight hour labor bill by a vote
of 109 to 51. Eight hours a day
would not suit the factory lords of
The Chicago Journal says it has
the best authority for saying that
there will not be more than half
the usual amount of wheat raised
in southern Illinois the ensuing
iR. uowles, the venerable vic
tim of Lincoln tyranny, so long
imprisoned as ono of the Indiana
conspirators, and recently libei at
ed by a decision of the U. S. Su
preme Court, is lying dangerously
ill at Columbus, O.
Six New Cases of Cholera.
NEW YORK, May 7.
The repor from the hospital ship
at quarantine tjday states that one
new case of cholera occurred on
Saturday, and five new cases yes
terday, from the steamer Virginia.
There are now one hundred and
twelve cases in the hospital.
Three New Cases of Cholera.
York, May 8. The Health
Officers' report show three new cas
es and three deaths from cholera
6ince last return. Sixty-five con
valescent patients have been trans
ferred from the hospital ship to the
ship Saratoga, leaving only forty
seven in the hospital. Total num
ber of deaths by cholera, fifty.
Bill of Indictment Against Jeff.
Commercial's special says:
United States District Attorney
Chandler has prepared a bill of in
dictment against Jeff. Davis at Nor
folk. ' It is understood that Chief
Justice Chase will not preside at
the trial. ,
John Quinct Adams has just
been divorced from Catherine Ad
ams at a term of the Supreme Ju
dicial Court at Taunton, Mass. ,
The Milwaukee Sentinel ( radical )
propounds this malicious question
to its readers: "Which is entitled to
the greatest honor. Booth for kill
ing President Lincoln,' or Atzerodt
for not killing Vice President John-
Davis. New Advertisements.
Notice ot Tax-Payers.
' McAbthur, May 10, I860,
mill! RonlcR ara in mv hands for the col-
X lection of the last half of the Tax of
1 will attend at my offlee in the Court
House, at McArthur, until the 21Hh ot June
for the purpose of receiving faxes.
DAVID FOREMAN, T. V. C.
JOS. DODDRIDGE & SON,
OEALEM IH ALL KINDS Of
One duor east of 0. II'. Sisson't Drwj Store,
WILL KEEP ON IIAND, AT
Iron and KaiU of all kinds,
Axes and Hatchets,
Tulle and Pocket Cutlery,
Saddlery Mounting and
Gerthing, Door Knobs,
Butts, Screivs and
Strap Hinges, Cabinet
and Cooper Tools,
Hopes, Oil Carpet,
and all kinds of
DR. J. DODDRIDGE A HON,
mayl0m3 JlcArtlinr. Ohio.
Mill nr tlii host Tonic
in Dm world.
Costkenein, nnd nil di
seases of the bowels.
A . .
nd ll dixeiue trifling
irom impure woou.
ARE BOLD BY ALL
Drnssisls and Dealers iu
PRINCE, WALTON & CO.,
.' (Successors to Dr. C. W. Robtck,)
BOLI PROPRIETORS, ' ' "!!
ZTos. 66, 68, 60 St 62 East Third St,
CINCINNATI, OHIO. ' '
. Jobn Keeton's EsfatA.
NOTICE is hereby given that the under
H i tm M lima hoAfl innnlnl.J mJ ..1II.J
administrator of the estate of John Keeton late
v loton county, u., neoessed. All persons
naviuK oiBimsBgsinst me esiste, win present
tYlAm TflF sllnwannA n A .11 n...n.. J
BAM MtttatA will hli. I-a... I
tattle Immediately. - Dated at MoArthus. 0..
April S,A, D. 186. ' . . t - , i '
r: ,V'i ' : i . -h rirr-.t ti
K f. 11 .V
Dr. J. S. STRONG, ,
II ulberts Cor Oppokit Coart-hoiisr ,
McAKTHUK, OHIO, a
' ' ' ''J
SIALISM . ,
Drags, Medicine?, ' '' ;- ?'
:; 'and Chemicals,1
FINETOll'T SOAr-S, : ..,!
. i'.. '
FINE 1IAIK & TOOTH BRUSHES
, PERFUMERY, ((.
Glaus, l'utty, Faints, Oils, VsrnisliM, ud
Dye Stuff, etc, Pstenc Medicines of evr; .-
i .. n n . ; i . v . it . . , . . .
. i upuj, a euvun, i ur3 aiouics. ono fo
lios, Envelopes and a general variety oi funoj
' - ' '-"k ' .0 f'i'.A.
J E W E L R Y V
N. B. Fliysiuions Prescriptions carefully
compounded and orders correctly answered: ,
Medici nos warranted genuine and of tha beat
quality. , April J, .S3f
Free from Mercary ;
ALL MINERAL POISON,
And are, undoubtedly, the
best remedy extant
SICK AND NERVOUS HEADACHE !
thereby removing the causes.,
they can hare'no rlral, beiiig oom
posed of tho most
Powerful Vegetable Extract!
SPLEEN AND LIVER,
the happy effect of which can be
seeu alter one or two doses, 'i'liey
Remove the Bile,
In fact, they are, as their name
"The Life-Giving Principle.''
They search out dissnae nnd
strike at Us very root, leaving the
sjstem in the lull vigor of health :
ere PERFECTLY HARMLESS T&
INFANTS, OK PEHSONS OF THE
, DEUCATK. COHST1IU.
HONS, and are a s
IAFEB, SORBH AND BZITES
than has ever before been available
riTSS'.'S-t!!"1, WngUitehly BU.
edasa REMEDY FORCH1LDREN,
and persons who hare a dread of
swallowing a pill. They are, no-
PO o, our moi,
Anil rn h. l.i i
PRINCE, WALTON & CO.,
(Successors to ti. C. TV. Robeik,) ., ;
; 80LB PROPRIETORS,' - ''
Kos. 68, 68, 60 & 62 East Third St,
' ' ! ' -. ; .
Are Sold by all Druggists and
t . uealera in Patent Medicinei7
Solomon Jb'innev'a GMta'tA. I
OTICE.: Abram Finney administrator -nf
the estate of Rnlnmnn rinn uta rvinkn
wuuv, uuiu, ueceasea, naamea nia AooooHta
and vouchers In the Probata Court of said,
county of Vinton and 8tat of Ohio, for Inspec
tion and partial nettiemen. and that the aama
will be for hearing in aaid oonrt on tha Mth
day ofllay A. D. 18H, at 11 o'olook AJaof
aaid day, ay ed A. D.18.-3w.'
-itAx vr - -. BICflABD cw$iPP$yp
MAHH.S ALL 3 . . A. . a .
1W FOR ,
j TS as thejr do, by virtue
F or a speeinl affinity for tle t
X Ttieous mombrnne of tha hovnl..' N.
I .. D,J no household y ;
X A 'hoiild bewllh- - -V-
.. out them..