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The Vinton record. (M'arthur, Vinton County, Ohio) 1866-1891, August 02, 1866, Image 1

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. '.1 frCBllSHKD EVEEY THURSDAY, BY
' WALLACE E. B BAT TON.
At Bratton's Building, East of the
- -1 j Court-House.
'TERMS OP- SUBSQJRIPTIOX.
One year, ...... $1 CO
"Elgbt months, 1 OO
Tout months, ...... ! 00
Payment In advance In all cases.
[THE following speeh is contributed by
a member of the Opposition Party:]
Demonstration in Washington.
GEN. LOGAN'S SPEECH.
Soldiers, read tho words of a great sold-
ier and leader :
. ' After referring to the fact that at the end
of the war all the country was united in
' the demand that treason should be made
odious and traitors punished, he proceeded
AS follows :
But how now Is It ? How changed is the
scene to-day t The curtain hus been rais
,ed. and our eyes have been permitted to
behold something most magnificent and
grand. Instead of seeing treason made
odious and traitors punished in this land
.instead of seeing them on their knees to
tills great Government, giving an humble
' submission to its laws, kissing the flag of
'the Republic, that they may show their
devotlou to it hereafter wo find them
.traversing the land and talking about their
, rights and their privileges, ami the "d d
Yankees." Thoy come up to "Washington
And go about the streets frco and happy,
And swaggering as if they were possessore
of the whole land. They are cheered. Oh !
they are great men; they fought bravely;
they are the gallant sons of America Col
umbia's sonshaving the same rights and
prlvllges that any freeman of this laud can
enjoy or possess. When they get to the
great city of Baltimore a great feast is
prepared for them. They come to Wash
ington, and the great Stephens dictates at
once the next Democratic platform, that
!rou shall not ask any conditions precedent
or the reception of the Senators
ind Representatives of tho States
ateljr In rebellion; and when ho dictates
that platform here It is accepted not only
by those In high authority and power,
but It goes dowu tracing along the diil'or
ent grades until It comes to the lowest man
you can find . In the whole land who holds
a paper in his hand upon which is w ritten.
lxou shall hold this during my pleasure."
It seems to me thero has been a change in
this land within tlie past year. I have re
marked that loyal people did not agree to
this proposition during the rebellion.
Tho Executive who now occupies the
chair of the Chief Magistrate asserted as
bis desire that "treason should be made
odioua and traitors punished." Ho wanted
traitors to be made to "take a hack seat."
He wanted to be a "Moses," to lead a down
trodden race from the darkness of slavery
ond chains to tho promised land. He want
ed them to follow him, and promised
them that he would lead them through the
great Red Sea of their travels anddifll
culties. All these things were going to be
done, but I can't see it. (Great laughter
and cheers.)
I do not see this Moses leading the hosts
M dkl Moses of old out of the darkness of
Egyptian bondage and through tho Red
Bea. I see no such attempt as that. I
think the man has lost his way: that his
compass has got out of order ; that he has
steered his course wrong, and that ho is at
the head of somebody clso than the men he
is going to lead out. it 6cenM to me the
power he was going to exercise for the ben
eflt of a certain people has been changed to
the benenkof certain rebels. They are his
true followers, wading ; through tho Red
Bea.of trials and tribulations, and they are
iu ue luiiueu in me nappy .ana oi Canaan,
I suppose.
My fellow-citizens, as I do not Intend to
talk very long I will for a few moments
tell you what I think Is the duty of our
country. I was glad to hear that dispatch
read. I was glad to hear that voice come
rrom Tennessee, for it Is the voice of
patriotism, it is a voice that speaks for
the loyal men of that country a voice that
has been heard recently and frequently in
advocacy of their Interest. Ouce we heard
another voice from that State, saying that
representation must be based on loyalty
uiu iu) uiLjr ui uiu penpie must no bus
ed on representation. Wo heard that once
from a man then in nower in TVmiraapp.
. We hear lately of a letter signed by some
"process or other, I do not know what, I do
not know under what law or rule of Gov
ernment or Constitution, aud sent to the
Congress of the United States, notifying
them that somebody was opposed to that
amendment of the Constitution. Laugh
ter., Well, suppose somebody is. I can
find a hundred thousand rebels who are
Opposed to it too. That's what's tho mat
ter. Laughter. I can find every rebel
In the land who is opposed to It and every
Copperhead in the land. Every man who
wasii.arm9agalnst,the Government during
the four years of bloody battle is opposed
to that amendment to tho Constitution.
(Cries of "That's so," and applause.) It is
not necessary for-any particular man to
notify us that he Is opposed to the amend
ment, for, as I have said, the disloyal men
all over the country arc Opposed to it. But
we hear a voice from Tennessee that is not
opposed to it. They no longer, harken to
the .voice of their Moses. Lnugh'crond
cheers. Tennessee has refused to accept
any self-constituted Moses. They are go
ing to lead themselves out of bondage. And
I am glad to-night that the voice comes
trembling upon the wires from Nashville
to Washington, saying "the deed is done."
The act haseen performed, and the wish
of the loyal people of Tennessee has bten
express!, i It is in accordance with the
voicoof the majority of the ( Representa
tives of the people of this great country,
and not in accordance with the voiced
the mlsrepresentatives of the people of this
great country.' We are told, however, and
In. fact the loyal people of this country are
told, "Why. gentlempn,. you are going to
destruction! Don't you know your party
Is going to bo destroyed? Don't you know
that there Is such a will and determination
of the men now In power that that will
destfoy this Radical organization, as they
callU-jthatlt wiU be swept outol exist
ence?" It is the men who obey the laws
at present! o matter what they may have
done during the terrible struggle through
which they have passed, that are now to
be Considered as loyal , men. It is those
who obey the, dictate pf meu in high
power, contrary to the voice ot the Un
ion majorlty'oftbianatlon, who are to be
regarded as- the loyal-men, while the men
who opposed this rebellion and sustained
the Government are to be -looked upon as
disloyal; men, scouted from society, and
driven from all positions of honor. We
aretold that ail this will be done by the.
powers that be; that, there Is a power ia
V1 1 1Wr,0etn ' like the .power of
JKi J11? ' there , is a man in
steps ei jacKson; well, there may be.
There may be a great many j Jacksors In
the land.. There -.may be a great many
. men ft great as Jackson was; , a great
many men, who have as strong a wfil as
Jackson, had. There's no questiou about
thriTTJutlffl read history right," andl
VOL.. 1. i
M'ARTHUE, ViINTON COUNTY, OHIO," AUGUST 2,
llllJ ffk' lAkJ A
1866;
NO. 32.
believe I have some reecollection of the
days of Jackson, I And that Jackson al
ways fought liis enemies and that Ids
friends always stood by him. 1 Hud that
when Jackson vetoed a man he vetoed his
enemy and not his friend. I lind, by
looking on a little while, that Jackson
died. I have not heard of anv other
Jackson since that was ever rresident of
the Lnited States. I Great laughter. I do
not think this consideration should trouble
us. We have something before us upon
w hich to form our juditments and opin
ions without looking to tho opinion of
any one individual.
Referring to tho Philadelphia Conven
tion he said:
This assemblage, which is to meet in a
lew days, is not to destroy the Copper
head party, for tiiat is already destroyed;
it is not for the purpose of suppressing the
rebellion, for that is already suppressed.
What then, is it for? It Is for the purpose
of destrovins the organization of tho Un
ion party of this country, and for uo other
purpose whatever. You will find the
Copperhead thero? you will find the disap
pointed omce seeker there; tlie hungry
and thirsty Republican who has been
thirsting for tlie waters that spring from
the fountains of oltlce about this capital
for long years, and who has never hud a
drop to cool his parched tongue, and who
goes there for tho purpose of crying, "Oh,
Lazurus, for one drop!' Holstrous laugh
ter and cheers. You w ill find, perhaps,
a few olilcers of tlie nrmy going over
there to prove their loyalty to tho coun
try. Weill those who gothcre. to prove
their loyalty to tho country, believe that
thecountry belongs toonenian;tlils,must.
therefore, prove their loyalty to him. and
not to the Government. They will meet
there some of the leaders of the lowlands
of the South, for v hose ireuson they fought
upon the bloody fields of the South. You
will find there the Coppeihead who spat up
on you while you were fighting for the fUg
of your country, who spat upon the flag,
who treated you with the utmost contempt,
and they ore there for the purpose of de
straying the organization that saved the
country. , .'"!;:
We hear vague rumors that there is to
bo another Congress installed in violation
of law. You hear people telling what I hey
arc going to do. Whenever that revolu
tion con.mrureg, unlike the other,' the voice
of the American people will be heard and
their arms will be frit. It may rock the
pillars o' the Republic onco more, but, the
end will be thut its head will cornerflF.
Treason will then be mule odious and
traitors will be punished. Shouts of ap
plause Revolution has been rife for four
ytars in the past, ami it may occur. in the
future. We have a duty w hich we owe to
our country. Let us perform "hat duly,
and 1 believe the best manner in which that
duty can be performed is by sustaining
Congress in what they have done. Let us
Fe.lect loyal-men, honest men, faithful men
as our leadeia. j4nd so let us go forward
in the old ship until she rests in the harbor
of safety forever. And this great monu
ment of liberty that has been erected by
the American people,- washel by the blood
of three hundred thousand men, ' towering
until the nations of the earth gozt upon Its
beauty, its glory, its grandeur, and receive
[Applause.]
I thanH you, ladies and gentlemen, for
your attention. ,
GREAT SPEECH
—OF—
HON. GEORGE H. PENDLETON,
—DELIVERED AT—
READING, PA., JULY 18, 1866.
—TO AN—
Immense Democratic Mass Meeting.
Fellow-citizens: When I re
ceived the invitation of your com
mittee to be present with you to
day, I was impelled by an almost
irrisistable impulse to accept it,' I
had enjoyed the hospitality of your
beautiful city ; I had sat side by
side in Congress with your faithful
and able Representatives for many
years in dark and perilous times
with Jones, McKentick, and Anco
na. I had known most agreeably
your worthy candidate for Gover
nor. I desired once more to renew
those agreeable associations. ' But
far more did-1 desire' td seei' the
Democrats Of Berk county those
Democrats whose renown is as, ex
tensive as the Union those Dem
ocrats who have been enabled,
throughout a storm of obloquy and
contumely and reproach unparal
leled in political warfare, to adhere
with unfaltering fidelity ' and un
blanching courage to a party whose
principles they believed vouldW
cm elite to the Government and
liberty to f the people. Loud
cheers. I .had attended a. thou
sand Democratic meetings in the
West. I knew the tone and tem
per and spirit of the party - there.
I wished to know it ,as well here.
I love the Democratic' party; I ad
mire its discipline and organiza-
tion; I honor the name anf tfame
of its founders. ;I revere its. pruv;
ciples, so" broad in their application,
so,; beneficent in their influence
that ir all this broad land, dissevn
ered as the States have been, , as
they still, are, there is not a State,,
nor county,' nor township, nor.town,:
nor neighborhood, nor, family, ) nor
house in which it has not a " reprer
Bentative and member,?) Cheers,
I knew I would findliere disciples
oi the same laitu believing in tho
sumo creed and ' IV desired, with
you, to worship at a common alter.
lt..l T -Li. -.1.1. iL. ; li
uiubiwigub emeu ,ino inspiration
of your pure faith,: and be warmed
by tho ' fervor of your enkindled
zeal. And so I accepted the invii
tation ; and I came to-day, though
to do so I was obliged to leave some
true New England 1 Democrats in'
Boston last night. I am glad
have come. This'-meetinff shows
that your zeal, and Vigor, and cour-j
age are unimpaired ; and nils me?
with renewed '.hope for the futureJ
It shows that whoever ' else may
fail, Berks county will do her duty'
to the country. 1 Uheers.J
in my own state, in my ownj
city, we nave several Kepublican
newspapers, which 'delight to tell
us that the Democratic party is
dead. We try to convince them to
the contrary; we hold our conven
tions, make OHir nominations, con
duct campaigns, poll two hundred
thousand votes, scare them always
laughter), beat them 'sometimes,
and yet each day more positively
than the day before,' they tell, us
that the Democratic party is dead,
and the - disease of which it died.
They will learn if they1 live long
enough, that it can never absolute
ly die s6 long as government shall
last; that in this country it will
maintain -its vigor so long as the
States shall have 'free'Jgovernment,
and the Union shall be' k confeder
ation; for in 1 the States;1 it is the
party of the people against power;
in the Unioilj it is the" party of con
federation against consolidation..
It has always been so. ' . '"'
In tho discussions which prece
ded the convention ' to form the
Constitution in that';onventiori'
itself, m the conventions "in the
several Statey hi the e,ary admin
istrations two different and oppo
sing theories - were; advocated by
able and patriotic men! Tho one
insisted that the' country should be
a unity, and that-the government
should be strong and centralized
the other maintained that the gen
eral offices ot government should
be performed bv the States, and as
little duty and power, as possible,
should be confided t& th4 Federal
Union. In . the convention, there
were extreme views and extreme
men on both sides. . . The extreme
meu gave up1 the work Hamilton
leit the convention, -Luther Martin
refused to sign the Constitution
the extreme .viewSswere toned
down by the prudence aiid moder
ation of Washington, Franklin and
Madison and the Constitution was
the result that Constitution which
has given: us for Seventy years
prosperity, and liberty j that Con
stitution which, by its origin at the
hands of these men whom I have
named, by its beneficent influences,
became sacred to all ' American
citizens, till the fanatics of our day
dragged it from its high place .and
degraded in the miro.of their partisan-,
schemes. ' Loud cheers. .
The, opposing r forces gathering
strength during the administration
of Washington, but, they were held
in check by the: power which he
possessed. ;. They: met in fierce col
lision, in the term of Mr", Adams.
The Democratic , sentiment . could
not be neutral in .that struggle. It
was,indeed, the: chief, combatant.
It emerged victorious; ill the elec
tion : of JSlr. Jefferson, and
brought -,, with " it. l;a. compact,
vigorous, disciplined organization
to support its policy and opinions.
Our Democratic party is that par
ty, and it insists : to-day as it insis
ted then, -jthat.! these fundamental
maxims of political science are ap
plicable to our Government at all
times, in every, emergency, and
never more applicable than to-day
in this: crisis' ,of : our history that
government is bes.whieh governs
the , ;least that y confederation is
best.wbich leaves the .greatest pos
sible,', amount of po ver, with , the
constituent. Statesnd confides the
least jp'ossibe power t the federal
head that. aU t". just,, government
derivea(itpqwer, from,. the consent
of ihs'gveroftytaxalion
without f.epiresetjpn is. tyranny
that all tlieiSiatepjjW ftaJJnion are
eqwjd ncd; in .f.eiritory'arid popu
latiofi.nqwealtihj.Jbuti .in duties, in
righj'in,p6e;-s 'granted and pow
ers, jeservediand ; that, therefore,
Iassachus.et; and. Pennsylvania
have no more ,constirutional power
or moral Tiglfj''tp;tovem Georgia
and Mississippi than have Georgia
and Mississippi, to .'govern Massa
chusetts, ;;and j, Pennsylvania.-
Cheers. Yet this' is the claim
thati8 made toay,... It i8,: no less
than tbJswtioTlches'the very foun.
datibri arid organization 6f the Gov
ernment. It goes to its essence
and spirit.
,, What is the great question, I. do
not say principle, of to-day? , Shall
the Southern States be represented
in Congress? Around this ques-
turn is grouped every other ques
tion which the war has raised
and by the principle on which it is
decided will every other question
be determined. The rresident
says that they are entitled to rep
resemauon mar, mey nave re
sumed their normal and harmoni
ous reelation .to the Union. The
Democratic party asserts tho same
position. Tlie Kepublican party,
speaKing uy its leaders in Con
. ti 111 il
gress, says inao aunougn tney are
at peace with the Union, they shall
not be represented till they buy
the enjoyment of that right by
consenting to amendments of the
Constitution which the Southern
people loathe from the bottom of
their hearts, and will never yield to
except by coertion., Cheers.
This is the question remitted to the
people lor decision and upon
their decision depend peace and
oVder, and the perpetuation of the
Government, or discontent, disor
der, revolution and anarchy des
potism. Is not this true ? If these
States are not entitled to represen
tation in Congress, they are not
entitled to' vote in the electorial
college. - If they are not permitted
to vote in 1868, and their vote com-,
bined with that of either party at
tho North would elect a rresident,
will , that party submit to tho de
cision ? Will it consent that the
whole country should be defeated
by a known and acknowledged mi
nority, and if it will not submit,
will there not bo disorder, turbu
lence, probably war?
Why should not tlieso States le
represented t .Pennsylvania and
Onio are represented. Why not
Virginia? ; Ohio recognizes the su
premacy of' the' - Federal Goyern
ment within' the' Constitution , so
does Virginia. Ohio obeys ,the
Federal laws ; so .does Virginia.
There is not an armed enemy in
the ' Confederate States.'" There is
riot a shew of brjoositioh to Feder.
hi auujurjiy , nut even so muca as
it shadow when it declineth. : The
Confederate Government is dis
solved; the ordinances of seces
sion are abrogated j the .bid Con
stitutions are set aside, new ones
are established ; the old State Gov
ernments are displaced, new ones
are in their stead. The old officers
have been expelled ; , new ones
have been elected. The States are
performing all the functions neces
sary, to the maintenance of civil
society ; they preserve order, pun
ish crime, protect life and property,
collect debts, enforce contracts,
regulate the relations of man and
wife, father and child, guardian
and ward ; they regulate the des
cent and distribution of real and
personal estate; they charter cities
and colleges ; they exercise the
right of eminent, domain, build
railroads, and establish common
schools. Why should they not be
represented t Ohio pays Federal
taxes ; so does Virginia. A tax
gatherer rides every county; a
custom-house officer is at every
port. Virginia took up arms
against the Federal Government ;
alas 1 she did. Seduced by the ad
vice of fanatics of the South; goad
ed by he acs of notf ltss wicked
fanatics &t he North ; unwisely she
iok. up arms to resist the execu
tion of Federal laws'. But when
you sounded he tocsin of war, and
called upAn the people to maintain
hoir. Constitution, ; their1 Govern
ment you told them that so soon as
Federal laws were obeyed the War
should cease, and it should leave
the States with their rights, their
powers, their equality unimpaired.
Cheers. Ohio is a free State, so
is Virginia ; Ohio protects negroes
in every, civil right, so. does Virgin
ia. But, but 1 but what, my friend?
Ou with it. - Virginia doe3 not per
mi negroes to vote. Neither does
Ohio, -nor Indiana, nor Illinois, nor
Iowa, nor Wisconsin, nor Pennsyl
vania, nor Delaware, nor New Jer
sey,, nor -Connecticut, : nor .New
Hampshire, nor New York, nor
California, nor Oregon, nor pblora
do; and if this is a reason, why
are not those States exoluded ?
It is a fundamental maxim . that
the States in the Union are equal
not equal in, territory, or wealth,
or .numbers, but-equal in duties, in
rights, in powers- They were sov
ereigns, and as such were equal
before the Union. They each, as
sovereign, come into the Union.
They delegated "the same powers;
they agreed to perform the same
duties. They guaranteed each to
the other the enjoyment of the
same rights. Representation is
the most important right. . Ohio
enjoys it, why not Virginia? ' The
Southern States are in. tho Union
or they are oat of it. If they are
in the Union, they are equal to
Ohio, and entitled to representa
tion. If they are out of the Union,
tho claim to govern them at all
is a . fraud and a usurpation.
Cheers. They entered the Union
by passing an ordinance adopting
and ratifying the I? ederal Cousti
tution. They tried to dissolve that
connection by abrogating that rat
ification. The abrogating ordin
ance was the act of secession. Ei
ther it was valid or it was invalid.
If invalid, it was null, it had no
effect; it did not effect the State;
it did not effect the tio which
bound it to the Union. It left the
State in the same position in which
it had been for a month, for a year
before the act of secession. If it
was valid, it destroyed the Union
and removed the State beyond the
Constitution, beyond your power.
I reject the claim that these or
dinances are valid for one purpose,
invalid for another valid to de
stroy the State, invalid to dissever
the Federal tie. It i3 tho fanciful
creation of a disordered brain, or
the arbitrary diction of a man who
will have things as he wishes
them.
I understand the position of Mr.
Stevens and those who follow him.
Uo believes that either tho ordin
ance of secession or the attempt to
enforce it by arms, constituted the
South in effect a foreign power
alien enemies; that we had good
cause of war against them, and did
in fact wage the war for' subjuga
tion and conquest; that having
subjugatcdjand conquered them,
we hold them subject to our will;
that so far as they are concerned
their rights and our powers are
determined by the laws of nations
alone, and no question of the Con
stitution can be raised except by
the adhering btates. 1 understand
the position of Mr. Johnson and
the war . Democrats.'..' They hold
thai the ordinances of secession
were invalid; that whoever at
tempted by force of arms to make
them available were traitors; that
their unlawful acts do not effect
the statutes of State, or oMts.law
abiding people; that they may be
punished, but that the State re
mains the same. (Cheers.) But I
cannot understand the thimble-ring
logic of these half-way gentlemen,
that the ordinances of secession
are half valid, half invalid; that the
States are in the Union to be gov
erned, out of it to be protected; in
the Union when duties are requir
ed, out of it when rights are to bo
accorded; in the Union when taxes
are to be exacted, out of it when
representation is: demanded.
W7iy slioxdd they not le represented?
This representation is essential to
the restoration of the Union. Why
was the war prosecuted? For tho
maintenance of the Union. Love
of the Union was the sentiment
which lay at the very heart of our
people. It had grown and
strengthened, and become fixed by
tlie attempts at disunion of the
Ilartford Convention and the nulli
fication of South Carolina. It was
this that made strong men volun
teer, and matrons and maidens and
wives to consent that son and hus
band and lover should volunteer.
It was this that made the North
yield armed men as if from her
soil. Mr Lincoln, in his inaugural
and messages, told us the war was
for the Union; Congress, in the
most solemn form, reiterated it
Mr. Seward, after two years of the
war, told us that the seats of Sena
tors and members were vacant, and
their open arms, with silent elo
quence, inviting the States and the
people to return to the blessings
and duties of the Constitution.
Your arms have been , successful;
not an armed enemy withstands
you; they ask admittance to take
their seats. Why is not tho Union
restored? Why do those who have
clamored for tlie Union refuse it?
"Why do . those who have urged
others to fight for Union prevent
it? ;; :. 1 ': , '
Gentlemen: It is because they
deceived you and their .friends.
They never were for the' Union.
Thaddeus Stevens was - honest
enough to say so. He said in my
hearing that with his consent the
Union should never be restored.
These men hate the Constitution
of the United States., ,. They , hate
our form of government; and they
know the most effective stab they
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could give it the most fatal blow
would be the attempt to govern
one half of the country without
representation.
I speak of men whom I know;
men with whom I have served in
public life. I do not impeach their
intelligence, or patriotism, or sin
cerity; but I repeat, I believe they
hate our Constitution,-and desire
its overthrow. They believe con
solidation is better than confedera
tion. .They prefer to , trust their
liberties and the liberties of the
race to an overpowering . irrespon
sible majority rather than to one
orderly process established under
the checks and balances of our
system. Cheers.
Consider the Constitutional
Amendment. Congress insisted
upon its adoption as a condition
precedent to the admission of Sen
ators and Representatives. If it
were entirely desirable, if nobody
objected or could object to any of
its provisions, still it ought not to
bo proposed, , If the States are en-,
titled to representation, the adopt
ion'of tlus amendment ought not
to be exacted. If they are not en
titled, the refusal of the richt is the
highwayman's course, who seizes ;
you by the throat and agrees to re
lease his hold if you will give him
your purse. In vain you assert
that you are entitled both to vour .
freedom and your money. You .
buy ono admitted right bv the suT;
render of another. If they are. not
entitled, the proposal to confer it ;
is tho device of tho devil, who ea
gerly offered the kingdoms of the
earth and the glory thereof, which
he didn't possess, if only his black '
majesty could be worshiped. But
what is this amendment?
' Lvery person born within the
United States shall . be citizens
thereof, and ot the State wherein
he resides. . Citizens of the Statel .,
That the Constitution left to each .
State; so entirely left it there that
voters by the law of the State were
expressly made electors for federal
officers. No State 6hall impair the
privileges and immunities? Where
are tney denned? Where written! ;
The Constitution baa already imt
each citizen of each State upon the
same looting as citizens of the sev
eral States. ,
. Representation shall be appor
tioned according to population, but
if anv male nerson over twantv. '
one years of age Bhall be excluded
from the ballot-box, the represent- '
ative basis 6hall bo diminished by ,
these in proportion as the males
excluded bear to all the males of
twenty-one years in this State.
The former proposition was to ex
clude from the basis all of any
race or color, if by reason of race
or color they were excluded from
the right of(: suffrage. That could
not stand a moment. By it the
States might exclude the young, .
the old, the poor, the ignorant, the
soldier; and if. they were only
n imo, me vmci CJeuiVIS 111 J gill
vote for them; but if they exclued
the negro, his whole race was to bo
excluded from the representative
basis. How much better is this
amendment? All the people are to
be enumerated also. If the males
are as ten to one and any male is
excluded from the right of voting,
then ten persons shall be stricken
from tho basis. If in Pennsylvania
lunatics were not allowed to vote,
then ten persons for every lunatic
would go unrepresented. If in
Pennsylvania there weie ten thou
sand negro men over 21 years of
age, then 100,000 men, women and
children, whit$ as well as black,'
would bo without representation.
"Jf uuwmig Ul Its UUCiailUIl UU
11 r . il r,, , -.
me oqumern orates; win you be
willing here to adopt it I But the '
cunning of its anthors is apparent
here, for'by :.this scheme, New
England gets two members of Con
gress, while the" other Northern and
Western States lose twelve; more
than they would by the other plan.
Nor is it really an honest scheme
to tecure t.r ifm nenrn trin rio-rif. nf..
voting, for this and every other '
plan suggested contemplates that
the States may exclude., him from
the ballot, provided only they will
agree to givo up the political pqwV
er which control him in the basis "
given to, them., , No! gentlemen,
the only object of this amendment
is to show to the States that ', they
hold even the right of suffrage by
the will and at the command of the
Federal Government, and thus to '
bring their most. vital rights entire '.
1 r urifKin .for irtr,l . '"
Consider the .Freed men ' Bureau bill.- .
Its object wta not to protect the negro ;
that vai done by the old law. If it ex-
Concluded on fourth page.

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