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The Vinton record. (M'arthur, Vinton County, Ohio) 1866-1891, January 17, 1867, Image 1

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Persistent link: http://chroniclingamerica.loc.gov/lccn/sn85038222/1867-01-17/ed-1/seq-1/

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PUBLISHED EVKBT TJiUKi
MKS, BUTII C. lilt
. .,' At Bratton's Building, East of the .
.', 1'V : Court-1 louse. " '. T ''
TEEMS OF. aUiiSClllPTfOS.
Oiuvw.;'-.i.rfr.-.., $1 b5
Light months, .! . .i.K-..-. . Ti OO
i'our monthv. ,..,.'..f.i '' co
.. Payment iu advance In aliases-. i -.. ;,
I
B. I1TO.
' ' r m Arohisld"mato
H. B. & A. MAYO,
llATXOItNEYS AT .LAW,
McArthur, Vinton County, Ohio,
'II'QIL- attend pTPtniiy to 11 Ifgal btinlnoi
.. V VeouUUd to thaw, Oilica lnt'ourt Ilun
mca mur.utitu. , .
'M-it.
E. A; B R A T T ON, '
iATTOItlfEY'iAT LAW,
., ' , i . ..
lie Arthur, Vinton County, Ohio,
WIIL attond to ' Tagul boat nana Intrusted
' to bin euro. Iu Vhnoo.Atham, Jorann,
Kom, HookiuK,andljiilDgaoBDliB. l'artlo
Dlar attenlluu g'vos to th oollwtiun of soldiers
olalms for poutiioiiK, bounties, arreara of pay,
aw., against i he U 8 or ublo, lacludi. k 11 or-
gan raid Claims. ' . , inn 18-tf.
HOMER O.. JONES,
r4 ; . ATTOltNEY, AT LAW, ', .
i ... i i
Ms Arthur, Vinton County,' Ohio',
i 2 ' 1 .' '.; I
Vf Vt a,Und prasift.i.ie Mines it rust,
". d vu bUrstr. ' , , ; oUm .
Joseph j. Mcdowell
' -
v . i -ATT 6 UNEY AT LX W
-, 4XD . i - .
Nat
Public
VI!j''' '.ill V i
DEPOTF i( , Hoc- of Intentl Kdu.
Office ovai Thwv B. Uln A 8ju' kok,
Mkia itreat MoArthur, Uhla. ' JuulOtf ,'
BACK PAY, BOLXTY iD 10AS
Will bo oolleoted promptly by
Edward ' 4. Bfatlon
M'AHTHUB,
0I1I0.
ALLtoldlers, w!io iie by lair, entillod to
Back Py, iiuuuty and Ponsionn, nod wid
,'Vi, futhers, motbsre, biolhorit, and biniorg of
dooeartd loldicrs cluims will ba prt niptly t
tondadto. - jy26i
Back-Pi. y, Bounty & Pensions.
' E'OTJONES
" Jr' fOHpuin 18ihO. V.ll '
Attends p oniptly to the collection
I'. . . ii : -rOF ' '
ACK-PAY, BOUNTY and PENSIONS.
TERMS BK V6UNABLE.-OFHICE Logon
sxraaC, Mo tb of J, Kr-Wiil roaldane
McAr'hur, July 12,8 mo.
SOLD limits ATTIiAUOiX !
FJSm IOnTI BOUNTY!
I WILL .
grantod
alno, Inert
af decau4
' Call on m
fc Son's ato
janlOtl .
illeot tho 100 additional Bounty
by Congrvaa to eqnalizu bounty;
d pentiun, to widows and'cliildren
oldlora, and all olber
at tny oilioa over Thoa. B. Davis
j, 3iuiii street, McArthur, Ohio.
J06EPU j. Mcdowell.
8. T. BOGGESS
ItESIDENT
JACKSON, C. II. OHIO.
tTeeth extracted by tho use of Latjoh
moGAS.gg , Jy5y
SALISBURY,; BROTHER & CO.
Extensive Manufacturers & Importersof
GOLD, PLATE &0RE1DEJE LRU
' SOLID AND NICKEL
SILVER. WARE,
Americai),Eiilish & Swiss Watches,
..CASED BY ; OUItSBLVXB, r .
And Eviry deMription of
Fancy Ooodt and . Yankei Notion,
I SPECIALLY daD'.ed and designed for
'J SouTHiri and Whthh Tbadi. Circu
lars and full doacriptive Price Lists sect free.
Agents wanted everywhere. Address,
RAUitiBURY.BRO. A CO,
noveaS 81 Borranoa St., ProvManaa.'S.I.
L. ENGELBRECHT,
WHOLESALE GI10CER
. AND . .
PROD UCE DEALER, ,
Corner of Front and Madiion Strttti,
Portsmouth, Ohio.
all kinds of Country produoe;
. novlSiut
Change of Time.- .. . :
B & C. B. B., TIME TABLE.
T?ROM and" alter Sunday the Ittb day of Deo:
-t ibs8, Train wm wave
followa: - n . .
Stations named as
-' ' aovxa east.
Station. . . Mail.
Cincinnati, " 9 15 a m
Chlllieothe, ' ' 1 67 pm '
Hamden, 3 30 p m
JlcArthur,,r. ,,.-8 62 pm;?
ZaleskL, . ' - 41pmix
Marrietta, , 8 03 p m .'
Night Ex.
12 36 a m
6 06 a m
0 28 a m
. 6 41 a m
7 01 a c
10 48 a m
Night iz.
. 7 05 p m
'll 06 pm
11 31 p m
11 42 p m
, 1 20 a m
6 50 a in
Stationt.
Mail. -
Marrietta,
Zaieaki; ,
McArthur,' .
Hainderv, n
Chlilicothe;"
Cincinnati,
6 40 a m,
10 10 a m,
10 33 a m.,
, 10 46 a m
12 28 pm
5 00 pm
..-'; J , " r 1 1 1 1 1 - -
VOL. 2
r.'.l
M'Arthuk: Vinton county4ohio; jannuary
- , , , .
n, iserr.
NO: 3.
Poetical.
"ARE YOU A MASON?"
Bcv..Mr. Mapill, .Reitor .of St. Paul's
Church, Peru,. Illinois, blna;. asked the
above question by; a lady, responded 04
roUov :.;' ,..'. ,., v . .
' .,.1 am of a band . . .. ..
; 1 - AVUq 1U faith fuUy stand .. .
In the tunrtsot afl'cctloii audio ve;
i 1 have knocked at the door,
' Once wretched and poor, .
And there for admlsslou I stood, i -
x By the help of a friend,
AYho assistance did lend,"" "
I succeeded an entrance to gain
, Was received In the West,
. By command from the Eaut, .
ta But not jvlthout feeling some pain, :
: .Here my conscience was taiight: I
- With a moral quite iraught . i
, With sentimeuta holy and true; V
. Then onward I traveled
: ' TohaveitHnraveled, '
: .What Hiram Intended to do 7.
Very soon to the East ' '.
' : I made known my request;
:;, And "light," by commmid, did attend j
. Wheu, lo t I perceived,
' In due form revealed, ,
A Master, and Brother, and Friend. '
. ' ' . Thug fur I have sta'ted, ,
' 1 'And simply related . 1
What happened when I was mado free j
v , But I've "passed" aluce then, , ,
And wag "raised" up ngalri . . '
' To a gubllme and ancient degree.-'
r Tlien onward I ruarclicd.
' . ' -' That I might bo "Arched," ' . ' ,
' ' And And ont tne treasures bug lost;
. .... When, behold I a bright flume, . 1
'From the midst of which came
A voice, which my ears did accost. "
; Through the "valla" I then went,
And succeeded'at length. ,
The "Sanctum Sanctorum'' to Audi
' By tho "Signet" I gained,
. ., And quickly obtained
I -. Employment, which suited my mind.
In the depths I then wrought,
And moHt cliceifully sought
For treasures long-hidden there j
And bv labor and toil '
! I discovered rich sdoII.
" Which are kept by the craft with duo
care. . .
, Having thus far arrived,
I furthercontrlvcd
Among valiant Knights to appear ;
And ae Pilgrim and Knight,
I stood ready to fight,
Nor Saracen foe did I fear.
For the widow distressed
There's a chord iu my breast:
For the orphan and helpless I feel ;
And my sword I could draw .
To maintain tho pure law
Which the duty of Masons reveal.
Thus havo I revealed
(Yet wisely concealed)
What tho "lreo and accepted" well
know.
I am one of tho band
Who will faithfully stand
As a brother, wherever I go.
"ARE YOU A MASON?" Miscellany.
The Influence of Newspapers.
Tho newspapor should be regarded as a
benefit to every household. It imparts
useful Information; it furnishes subjects
for thought and conversation : it adds a
charm for social intercourse; it makes
agreeable members of society. To be with
out a neNvspaper, one might as well be out
of the world : he becomes a perfect nobody.
AIM. 1 ' . ! . 1 . .1
1, iiuu uej;ue3 mm sucii'iy aim iiciirs uuiurs
talk about current events and discuss ques
tions of general interest, ho can take no
part In these things becauso he Is not post
ed, not having read the papers. '
And in the family circle what an influ
ence the paper has the children read It
and gain knowledge; It serves to occupy
their leisure hours, to keep them from friv
olous amusements, and gives an attraction
for hi me. Surely, then, no wise parent
would consent to go without a newspaper
In his, family and a local home newspaper,
too. lie may think he can get along with
out it, because he is out in the world and
can have the reading ol the paper from his
neighbor's shop or store, or he can learn
what is going on from others. But this is
rather a mean way. Men ought to be Inde
pendent. They ought to read for them
selves. If, however, they think they do not need
the paper themselves, they may rest assured
their families do. Considerations like these
should have their weight, and should In
duce those who have thoughts of stopping
their newspaper not to do so, and those who
have thoughts of stopping their newspaper
not to do so, and those who have not taken
a paper, to subscribe at once for oue.
Ma el Foetbt. The recent military
order of General Sehofield, in Virginia, Tor
seizing all horses and mules that bear the
mark or the United States, has created, a
groat sensation, and awakened some poeti
cal fire. Witness the following
Hear, all ye Rebs and Boys in Gray !
Have jou a horse marked U. S. A.
Or even t mule not worth his hay.
80 runs the order, , .,
Vust lork him over, without a neigh,
' '. , Or quit the boidef.
If there's a single doubt, you find. N".
Whether the. beast be bait or blind, ,
Or owns 1 hollow footh to grind . - .
His corn or gruel,
The Bureau soon will ease y our, mind,'
Or ease yourrno-el.
A certaib pedantic student in a college
issued the following order to the.'- man of
all work f at his boarding-house a day or
two since .' ' ;; 1
" Jan.fi, relieve that burning luminary of
the superiucumbent dross that bears upon
it." ? ,
. " What did ye say, sir f inquires Jim.
; Take ftonj that illuminous body its' su
perincumbent weight of unconsumed car
bon."iOiti '.J r-.-.;.. s
What!" repeated the man of all work.
," D-n you. snuff that candle."
On!" . ' " -
STATE
Democratic Convention.
COLUMBUS, Jan. 8, 1867.
: At an early hour yesterday morn
ing Ihe Democracy irer6 all astir
in the city 0 Cdlumbus, fully ap
preciating the lact that it was the
morning , the ever gl6rious and
memorable bth of , January. Al
thougu the number in . attendance
was not so large as at former State
Conventions of the Democracy,
there was one conclusive fact that
the olid men of the Stale were in
attendance from all parts of Ohio,
Every county and district were ful
ly represented, and the Democra
cy came up to the Capital fall of
nope ana confidence.
:. At eleven o'clock.. the Conven
won met in the -Atheneum, the
members of the Convention and
their friends filling the entire build
mg to its utmost capacity. At this
hour Hon. J. G. Thompson, Chair
man of the State Central Commit
tee, called the Convention to order.
. On motion, Dr. J. M.r Christian,
jm iuanon county, was cnosen tem
porary chairman. .
- Secretaries were then appointed.
ihe following was -presented to
the. Convention: ( ;
The. Democratic Executive Committee of
, LoulsvlHe to the Democratic Executive
Committee of tho State of Ohio
uentlemen: iou will perceive
by the proceedings of our primary
uemocratic meeting, ot Saturday,
Dec. 15, herewith enclosed, that
the sentiment in favor ot a Nation
al Democratic Convention at Louis
ville, in 1867, has found expression
in Louisville, and will probably be
lurttier expressed in the proceed
ings of our State Convention, Feb'
,1807.
' Tho urgent necessity' of such a
convention, and the propriety of
Louisville as a location where the
Northern and Southern States may
most conveniently and pleasantly
meet, need, no argument at this
time, nor can there be any doubt
that art early date should be se
lected for the meeting to secure
that consultation, on which, that
consultation and successful politi
cal action must depend. 'Before a
call can issue from our State Con
vention, important Democratic con
ventions will have assembled and
adjourned in the Northern States.
It therefore becomes important
that the subject should be brought
under their consideration, and that
some co-operative action or expres
sion should occur in the Democrat
ic conventions which meet between
this and the 22d of Tebruaiy.
We would, . therefore, most; res
pectfully and cordially request
your co-opeiation in this matter by
bringing it under the consideration
of the Democratic State-Convention
of Ohio in a suitable manner,
and by laying this letter before
that body. We confide in your
patriotism and judgment for proper
action on this subject, and beg
leave to assure you that Louisville
hospitality shall not be backward
at the meeting of the proposed
convention, and that the general
political sentiment of Kentucky
will concentrate with overwhelm
ing power in support of Conserva
tive and conciliatory Democratic
principles, as shown in Cur plat
form of last May, in a style which
will entitle her to be called the
banner State of Democracy.
J. R. BUCHANAN,
Chairman Democratic Committee
of Kentucky.
LOUISVILLE, Dec. 25, 1866.
Mr. Stokes, from, the Committee
on Rules and Permanent Organi
zation, Reported the following:
PRESIDENT.
Hon. George H. Pendle'on.
And divers Vice-Presidents and
Secretaries.
On motion, a committee of three
were appointed . to inform' lion.
George H. Pendleton of his selec
tion as President of the. Conven
tion. ( , . : ; ., ,
In a few minutes the committee
returned with Mr. Pendleton, who
was received with ; prolonged and
deafening applause. Upon taking
the chair Mr. Pendleton said:
PENDLETON'S SPEECH.
- Gentlemen : I thank you for the
honor of presiding over your delib-.
erations - a Convention of the
Democratic party which expounds
its creed, administers its discipline
and sita in judgemnt upon . the
claims of those who . aspire to its
confidence and honors, is indeed
an august body. ; : 1:1 .
-1 congratulate, you that we have
again met together; on this day. . It
is sacred by all its associations to
patriotism and Democracy. It is
the , omen of a coming glory. I
trust out work will prove worthy
of both. Our- party maintains
souid doctrines, we steadfastly be
lieve. Sound doctrine in adminis
tration is essential to good govern
ment. Thus th cause of our party
and the cause of our country are
identical ; and every earnest effort
to purify the tenets, aqd invigor
ate the councils, and secure the
success of the one,' .fulfills the - de
mands ot pqtriottc'd'uky'td' (ihe-'oth"
er. It Js jn this spirit, and "acting
on this belief, thai Ve have chosen
for the performance of our highest
party duty that day whose recur
renbe, more than any other 6iuce
the. adoption of the Federal Con
stitution, excites the patriotic en
thusiasm of our Western men.
Lot us catch from its memories
an Inspiration of that patience and
determination, and courage and
patriotism, whose glorious illustra
tion has made this day immortal.
The exigency of our country de
mands these qualifications.
The possession of the .mouth of
the Mississippi the control cf all
the trade of ihe North-west, was
the prize of the 'contest. Gen.
Jackson was shut up in New' Or
leans. He had his undisciplined
troops, his new levies, and his un
armed recruits. The right bank of
the river commanded his position
His batteries there were small and
ieep;y manned, lie had open en
emies and secret spies in the city.
The enemy advanced to attack
him. They had secured a foothold
in Florida. Theyhad met with
successes on the coast. They were
the veterans of- the Peninsula.
They had been trained under the
eye of Wellington. They had con
structed the lines of Torres Vedras.
Theyhad stormed Cindad.Roderigo,
and fiadagoz. They had won the
splendid triumphs of Vittona. The
batteries on the river were taken
the right of the army was giving
way.
It was not . the canal on which
tho line was formed it was not
the rampart of cotton bales but
it was the"pitlence7and" courage,
and patriotic ardor inspired by the
dauntless spirit of tJieir matchless
chief which retrieved the day and
secured the victory.
Do we not need the same spirit
now ? For seventy years our Gov
ernment has secured the object of
its formation. The States have
performed their allotted lunctions.
They existed as self-governing
colonies almost from the settle
ment of the continent. They be
came : sovereign States at the
Declaration of Independence. The
States formed the confederation.
The States carried on the Revolu
tionary War. The States formed
the Constitution. The States rati
fied it. The States made the Union.
The States upheld, the mighty arm
ot Washington. The States saved
the Government in 1800. The
States fought the war of 1812.
The Stales escued the Govern
ment from the dangers of Hartford
Conventionism. The States sent
volunteers to Mexico. Aye, and
in this great civil war the States
enabled the Federal Government
to overcome the armies of the
Confederates, and to maintain its
supremacy over every foot of its
territory.
The States have been at once
the main strength of the Federal
Government, and the guardians
and guarantee of personal liberty.
it their organizations have given
the power to harm, so also have
they given them power for good.
And at every period of our history
has this power vindicated the
rightfulness of its existence, and
the wisdom of those who left it to
the States untouched. But now a
bold, persistent audacious attempt
is made to wrest itfrom the States,
and change the spirit and form of
the government. The pretext is,
that the ordinances of secession
destroyed the Union, and that it
must be reconstructed. The meth
od is the Constitutional Amend
ment. The appliances are the de
nial of representation to the South
ern States, and, if necessary, their
redaction to the condition of terri
tories. : ,
The real purpose is the consolid
ation of the Government, and the
substitution of the will of an irre
sponsible unbridled majority ,ftiich
the Radicals expect to hold forever
because they happen' to hold it
now. ...-. - ' ;
Constitutional Amendment I I
will not detain you with an anal
ysis of its ' provisions., You know
them well. - It wrests from the
State the. power to define and pro
tect the rights of its own people.
It protects the ruie of representa
tion. It decrees and enforces pun
ishments enacted after the deed
has been committed. It sacrifices
great and permanent interests to
the desire of revenge and to tem
porary party ascendency. -
- It subverts institutions, which
are beneficial and " stable, that j t
may-enforce a rujo of suffrage not
yet adopted at the North, whose
chief recommendatl6n is that it is
utterly abhorrent to the people of
the bouth. it demands of twenty
six States the surrender of powers
which are dear to them, in order
that it may deprive ton other
States of the.same power. Why?
Constitutional guarantees against
another rebellion ! What guaran
tee do these provisions afford?
Will any man pretend it? ?How
does it prevent a recurrence 'of se
cession by the States, that the rule
of representation in Congres's is
changed er that Congress defines'
and protects the rights of the poo
ple.f The Dernpcratic. party has
always maintained the rights of the
States as essential to the mainten
ance ot the, Union. The great
founder of our , organization and
apostle of our creed Thomas Jef
ferson proclaimed it in his first
inaugural address.
The supremacy of the Constitu
tion and of laws made in pursuance
thereof the reservation of all
powers not granted to Congress
these are the essential elements of
our faith, and to these we have ad
hered with unfaltering fidelity.
Shall we' adhere to them still, or
shall we now abandon them for
the proffered experiment of con
solidation ?
We are in the midst of revolu
tion Radical ideas carried into
execution by lawless means the
anchorage ot public opinion every
where giving way our . opponents
in power in the States and in Con
gress, and everywhere using that
power to subvert the. Constitution,
to exclude States from their repre
sentation, to break np their social
system, to ' promote discord and
disorder in their communities, and
to impair their material prosperi
ty. And now they graciously pro
pose to cease this abuse of power
if the States, both North and
South, will consent to their. own
degradation. I am a citizen and
native of Ohio. I speak to Ohio
men, whose first duty is to care foe
the interests of their State and her
people ; and, speaking thus con
sidering, only the influences on our
own State and its institution I
say it is our duty, even if the king
doms of the earth' were offered to
us at tht price, to say, as was said
to the tempter of old, "Get the be
hind me, Satan."
Let us stand fast to our integ
rity at every hazard ; let us hold
on to the sound doctrine as deliv
ered to us by the fathers. It is the
only hope of republican govern
ment -it is the. only bulwark
against despotism.
I do rot conceal from myself
that we havo been defeated, and
that we may be defeated often
again ; yet I look with hope to the
future. The President is firm in
his position, and decided in his
action.
The Supreme Court of the United
States, true at last to its ancient
fame, true to the purposes of its
creation, rising above the dictates
of passion, above the behests of
party, has vindicated in noble
terms the integrity of the Consti
tution.' It has announced the
doom of military commissions for
the trial of citizens, and 3et the
seal of its reprobation upon the
pretexts ot military necessity.
At the election last fall the
Democratic party polled 1,800,000
votes out of 4,000,000. A change
of 50 votes in a 1000 of 50,000 in
a million. Less than six per cent,
would have given us a majority.
In Pennsylvania, New York and
Indiana, casting 6eventy-two votes
in the electoral coljf ge, and 1,600,
000 votes by the people, we were
defeated less than 44,000. A
change ot less than one and one
half per cent, of less tban fifteen in
a thousand would have given us a
majority. !n eleven States of the
Union excluding entirely the
Southern States, a change of 30,
000 votes on the result of last fall
will in 1868 elect a President and
a majority of Congress. '
Is there cause for despondency
here ? Is there hot, on the contra
ry, every reason to' hope? Was
evei a great battle fought with less
disparity of numbers ? J . . . . .
ADVEUTISING TIUtMS.
One square, ten Hues, ,.... $1 OO
Each additional Insertion, ........ 40
(Vmls, per year, ten lines, ' 8 OQ
NotU es of Executors. AomlnUtra- r
tors and Unardians, , . J OO '
Attachment notices before J. 1', U OO
Local notices, per line,,,-... f:... '. 7 10,
Yearly advertismcnU will be charged
70 per column,, and at ponwrtionat
rutes for loss than, a column. 1'aya.ble lu
advance ,
Let him that timid remember
how the cavalry of. Charles Martel,
fc fighting with hearts firm as ram
parts and with iron arms," received
and conquered the hosts of the
Saracens. Let him remember thai
Cressy and Agincourt are glorious
becauso valor and ionstancy made
up for numbers. Let him remem
ber that John Sobieski, with fifty
thousand 6oIdiers,rescued Christen
dom under tho walls of. Vienna
from tho grasp of three hundred
thousand Turks. Let him remem
ber' the pride and pomp of the
TSpanish Armada .and its speedy
and inglorioust end.. Let hi hi re
member the re'freats, and defeats,
nnd disasters wln'rh befell Wash
ington, and the crowning glories
of Yorktown. And if he needs
further encouragement, lot him re
member against what odds of num
bers Jackson saved New Orleans.
And "what shall the Southern
States 'do in their 'extremity? J
have saidjthat I am speaking as '
an Ohio man to Ohio men of their -'
duty to their own State and ' peo
ple. I would not dictate, nor urge,
nor - even, advise ; others. - ThRv '
must'follow the dictates of their
judgements and consciences.- But f '
it i might be permitted to say thaf
wnion lies near to my breast, il., -'
would be this : Let the Southern
States be' passive and patient:
They took up arms, they were de-
. . t
leatea, tney surrendered. That
surrender involves the necessity of
faithful obedience to the Constitu
tion and the laws: that faithful
obedience entitles them to the
rights and liberties guaranteed by
the Constitution and t.ha lw
They may be powerless to secure
:neso rights and liberties. They
may be subjected by the strong
arm to oppression and wronr; hut
they can decline to advise a change
oi me uonstituuon. ihey can re
fuse to consent to the creation of a
despotism. They can refuse to do
voluntarily that which their judg
ment rejects and their feeling de
tests. They can -maintain their
honor and self-respect they can
at least declmo to bn at tho facile
instruments of their own degra
dation, and they can bear
the consequences of their course:
They may be deprived of represen
tation they may even he reduced
to a Territorial condition. This is
no easy task it will not be lightly
undertaken it will not be easily
executed; difficulties will arise at
every step. It is so bold a usurpa
tion of power involving so many
interests, both of the people and
the States of tho North so revo
lutionary and disorganizing so
flagrantly at war with every pro
vision and theory of the Constitu
tion, that it will scarcely be possi
ble to execute it fully. But if the
attempt should be made success- .
fully, this too, boing imposed by a
superior force, they can bear. Let
them oppose it by tho passive re
sistance of masterly inactivity.
Let them repair their shattered for
tunes; let them reconstruct their
industrial system;. Jet them wco
prosperity and wealth; let their
fields whiten with cotton, and their
plantations yield their increase of
corn and sugar and riee; let them,
moved by their own just impulses,
and not by dictation from Others,
revise, if uecessary, their legisla
tion in regard to the freedmen, and
secure to them all their civil rights
by the same processes of law ex
pressed by the same courts, and the
same penalties as are used in the
case of the white men; Let them,,
if necessary to secure this ample
protection, revise and change the
public .opinion of their communi-r
ties. Let them be zealous in se
curing to them every opportunity
of fitting themselves for their
changed condition, pnd every ad--'
vantage for a good development:
which a healthy, social and gov-
ernmental system .will permit. The
necessity of both sections will co-'
erce" social and commercial inter-
course; and this, in time, will soft
en asperities and assuage bitter
ness and promote good will, and
restoration, if; it ever comes at all,
will be upon a sound basis. '
Nor, in this connection, is the '
fact to be overlooked, that very few!
of the Northern' States have rati- '
fled the amendment; and that, if all
these ten eicluded States should '
ratify it, seventeen others would be '
needed. They havo shown no'
alacrity to come forward.' ; Nor is
it to be forgotten that the .bill, an-.1
thorizing the admission rt( Repre- -8entatives
and Senators, upon they1
complete ratification, has never yet : "
passed either House of Congress. -By
a law of its: : being," falsehood :

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