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The Vinton record. (M'arthur, Vinton County, Ohio) 1866-1891, May 16, 1867, Image 1

Image and text provided by Ohio Historical Society, Columbus, OH

Persistent link: http://chroniclingamerica.loc.gov/lccn/sn85038222/1867-05-16/ed-1/seq-1/

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'PUBLISHED SliA'l'BSDAT, BY
MltS. KUTUjyjUtATTON,
AtSfatton't Building, Eaat of the
- ' Court-House.'
TERMS OF SLJUSOUPTIOX.
Cm year, $1 CO
Slgbt mombs, 1 OO
leur montbs, .... . (X)
.haymrnt la advance In all eajes. ..- . t ,
f . f. J
X. A. BRATTON. JOHN MAYO.
BKATTOA & MAYO,
IIXORNKY S-A T-5 A W ,
McARTIlUR, OHIO,
T71LL gird prompt attention to nil legal but
VV laeta eutruamd tu their euro in Viulon
ud edjoiniig ouunti. m3
Hack l'ay, llomity and Tcn
ions X7ILL be collosted promptly by
W JiUWAKU A. bSATTON,
' " M'ABTHUl, OHIO.
All soldiers, wlo a. a bv law, euij'led to
Sack Pay. liuuntv and. l'misloim . and wld-
v, fulhsts, ntiithera,' blethers, and vixiorit of
otii-ed soldiers' claims mil b promcuy at
tended lo. jnyaif
B. MAYO ' CHIt MAIO,
II. B. Sc. A. Mayo,
A TTVhKYa AT LAW. MeAKThl'R. 0..
2. will attend promptly to ail legal business
fiuutjcu tu tiem. u&ou i:i court mue, ale
Arthur, Ohio janSy
Archibald Mayo,
CLAIM AUEiU'. Back Pay. Butty and
Peueloi.s will be Lromttly Culhoted. Of
Sea In lb Court House, Mo ,rlhur, Ohio. All
eldiera who sr tuliilcd by luw 'o buck psy,
bounty und pension, and '.ha claims ol wid
owl, lathers, mothers, Jrufheis and slter will
b l rutnpl It alendidto. jaiiBy
J. J. McDowell,
TTOBKKY AT Law a CLa.M AGF.NT,
S will prauiiceiu Vinton ai d aJioinlng o,un
ties. Also, I'eptty Collector 'f Intern d Uuv
aua. Oflice iu Ho ViiiUu Co. Buik. juiil
Homer C. Jones,
TTOKNEY A 1' LAW.McABriIU.-J, OHIO,
41 win attend promptly te all ouaio'isa snlrua
tad to bis cart).
Office over T. B. Davis' Stors, Main Tee.,
Moirtbur, Ohio. janSt
O. W. J. Wo It,
WATCH and CLOCK-3.AKEK
llulbt'i'l'd Building, Mcdithur 0.
VVatcbes; docks; Jewelry ; etc. always on
kind. Itcpairing done to order. jan3y
7 ujuxcoiu'Oiiated.i
K'ABTHUR.
STO OKUOLDERS!
Joseph j. Mcdowell, rres-t.
JAME3W. DELAY, CaiV
H. . BundT, K. 1). Dodoe. A. WoLf.
11. F. Austin, D.V.Kas.nkls, Stuono,
r.s A aAusrxv
' Bank of Discount and Deposit.
Will bur and sell Government Social
ties, Iionds, Sc.
Collections made at the usual rates.
janS-ltf
L. ENGELDRECHT,
V110LtLh (.K0( tn
PR OD UCE DEALER,
Ctrntr of front and Maduon s Street!,
J rortwiouth, Ohio, h . : .3
UY all kind nl' t'onnfrj produce.
nov.fn.6
Z. Thomas,
BOOT AND SH'iEMAKKR. Main atrott. op
polite the Kaler ilouce, MoArfh ir, Ohio,
luaDUlactiiret to aider all wo'k In his line.
Repairing also dona with ietii' as and dii
patcn. KalUfaotiou yuarar.terd ud price
wlarat. fahSmS
.
TRAIll, I .B.W.I X & CO.,
412 Broadway, Kev York,
Dry Goods Jobbers,
. ESTABLISHED 1885.
BPliINQ TRADE 1867.
WE leqiiMt tho apvial attention of Country
MorchantK-to the lurira and attractive
etouk of all Hoods in the WhhKaale Dry liooda
una, wnicn we are now MIerinir at our Dew
Warehouae, No. 412 Broadway, New York.
Buyura iaUiuf the city aie aolioited U call
tpon a.
Weiilve particular attention to orders h?
mail, which will bi filled at aa low price a if
inaouye. waa penonaii pieaent. Circulars,
With full rart'culari", fent on ri quest.
We Cill attention to the bitrb reputation Our
w." umn vuji'jou ivr inau;' years, and aua
all who may beal with n if fair and liberal
lreamjn. ; - TRACY. IRWIN .v CO,
Mill) 4.13 Biaaaway.jr. Y.
Chansrc or lime.
M. & C. It. It., TIME TABLE.
TROM and alter Sunday tho lth day of Uoo'
a 18rt8, 1 raius will leave tution- uamed at
follows :
aoixo risT.
Mail.
9 15am
1 57 p m
3 30 pra
3 62 p m
i 13 pm
" 8 03 p in
OOIMO WKBT,
, Hail.
'. 6 40 a m
10 10 a m
10- 33 a in
;.' 10 43 a ui
' 12 2S p m
6 00 p m
Stations.
Cincinnati,
Chlllicothe,
llainden,
McArtbur, -
Zaleskl.
Harriett, , .
Btaliont.
Marrietta, '
Zalcaki,
McArthur, ,
Hainden. '
Chlllicothe, :
Cincinnati,
Right Ex.
12 35 a m
6 05 a in
C 28 a in
6 41 a ui
7 Ola c
10 48 a in
Riaht Ex.
7 05 p ra
11 06 p m
11 31 p m
11 42 p to
1 20 a m
I 50 a m
. VALLEY HOUSE,
' ii - GhittiootW 0.i i 1
J A. fScoTT,' - - .-7 Prpprijetor,
jorme
f3ly
formerly llcLare Honae, Wheelinir. Va.
. I oliabd, Clark.
Bisson'sJQrnjr Store,
,
I tbe place to buy pure medicines, pura
llQuora,' lrne perfuraerj', apd toilet articles
tils and paints of every description, tobac
co, hub ana cigars or toe nneat quality,
at 1 Tery lowest rates. -
Shattered constittttions re-
VOL.: 2.
M'AKXHUK, VlNTON;COUNTY. OHIO. MAY; 16. I8B7.
-NO.v20.
; Excelsior ! .Elc.elsior !
' CHASTELLAR'S
IIAIK mLlillllMIOR!
For Removing Superfluous Hair.
To the ladie, tspaiially thl invalunblade
pilatory reooinmcnda itself a beitifr an almort
iudii-penailils ariicla to female beauty, 'a easily
apilid,dne eotbutn or ln.ju e th akin, but
act directly on the room. It ia warianted to
remove mpvtflnoue lair fn ni low ttrcl tada, or
In m ai J part of the hi dy. tmiilettly, totally
and radically ettirpatinK the an.e. Ii-av ijt the
akin afl. amooth and natural. 1 hi" in the on
ly article ued by the f reach, and ia the only
real eH'toma! depilatory in ezntenc. Trice
75 casta per package, atbt pialtwid, to any
dram, on rnctipl ot an order, hy
BEROKR, SHUTT8 ii CO., i hemiata.
mar21y 2a5 Kiver at., Troy, N. Y.
Anburn, Golden, Flaxen
' and Silken Curls,
PRoia- hD iy ui.- ir, r.-ut. i& RKUX
FR18KK Lb C11KVKIX. One applica
tion warianted In curl the inot-t atraignt and
stubborn hair of either hex into wavy ringlet,
or noavy masrlve curls. Ilea been used by the
fashionables of l'i rix and LiT.don, with the
most gr'tify in results. Does no injury to the
hair. : Price by mail, sealed and postpaid. 1
Derciiptive Cl cular mailed free. Address
ntRQEK, 611 UT 1 8 CO., Clwrnisls, tsu. it'j
River Bt , Troy, N. Y., Bole Attcntx fi r tho
Uiiitrd States. mur21y
PIANOS & ORGANS
COST TIUVEIE!
Any on who can Pay
$10, 20, $30, 10 or $50
a .Tloiith
Call t'uroliaoe a
Melodeon, Organ or Piano,
By this sy tetu.
will sell any of in lsrj and carefully se
lected ftuck of
rianos,OrgansSf illelodeons
oa the following ey toims:
icr tJiowA
ttHi7j-aidor.
Organs and Melodeons, worth
Jiuutr less, at iu
do do from $100 to $200. 13
Pianos and Orgnns, worth f rom to
SSjUU JM
do do do $300 to $100.,.. 25
do do do $100 to '5U0.... 30
do do do$.')00 to '(i')0.... 40
do do do $000 to $700. . . CO
By this fTBtem of easy Aiobllily l'aniaita,
many po rsuns who t ould nn.l n iiupoHriii.t to
puy the full price of an insiruim ct al oin e, are
enabled l- pundiitsv ai.d lay lur ob witbiuf tne
leaat 1'iooLvinieticu
for full particulars, address
JOHN CHURCH. JR.,
XS West Knurlh St.. I iiiciunstl. O.
Wholesale and Retail A(ji-nt lor
: Taa Kxaas Gold Mkoil I'iano.
Soiibaidt. jhhmiut de Co. 'a mjpkkuih I'unos.
AlasON dt HahlinV CaBiNkT (ixoans,
, SuiNineta's GsM Ohoamk.
And various utliur food Pianos, ( rgnns end
Melodeons. mui21in6
There eomsth glad tidings of joy to all,
To young and to old, to groat and to small;
1 be beauty wbi n (no e waa so precious ana
rare.
Ia free for all, and all may bs fair.
By the use ot .
CHASTELLAR'S
w-w-r aiwsa'N a tsxrri T-v
W Ml 1. Ha LIU U 1 Ui
w
For Improving and Beau.ityiuL the Complex
Ion.
The moiit valuable and perfect preparation in
use, for giving the aklu a heaul'ful p arl like
tint, that Is only found ii, youth, it qmoKlj
romovea Tan, rreosles. Pimples, Ulotches,
Moth Patches, 8allowness, Eiuptine. and all
irnpurlties of the skiu, kindlV healing the
bater. Ii U tbe omy srticle of tbe kind us d
by the French, an I is cn.-idirod by the P.ris
lan as Indlapen able lo a perfict oilor. tin
same leaving ins sKin wnu" ana ciesr am
wards of 80.W 0 bottles wsro sold duruK the
aalyear,a snfflclen'. uuarsiitee of its elncacy.
rice only 75 cants. Sent by mail, post paid.
on rece pt of an or.liir. tiy
BKROEK, BHD H8 & CO., Chemists,
n.arly ii8" R:vr St.. Troy N. Y.
IT YOU WANT GOOD
rilOToGIUPHS v
Axnbrotypes, Opalotypes,
Or Any Other Kind of Pictures,
C. J. BILLIAGIILRST.
lie la better prrred tban ever for Enlarging
Pictures to en size.
Take your dd. laded, scratched , and defsesd
mctnrea lo him '. and you cau have the finest ol
pictures made frr,m theen. ' '
ir yua want any siiiu vj imurc iiig,
lara-a or small, be is always prepared to do that
kind of work. ,
it m want a FINK .GOLD RIKG. or othsr
JfcWtLKY, call and sea him
If you don't waul anything, call and ses
Piuiurrs.
tie w.u always do iounn ai m ncms uiwjf
business hiura.
n T.li. Davis' hui diig, up
ataira.
mar '2 1
CRISPERJGOMA.
Oh 1 h waa beautiful md fair, '
With stsrrv eiea and radiant hair,
Whoa ur ling tendrils soli, ontwined,
Enchained the veiy bear: and oilnd.
CKISFER COMA,
Jbr Curling the Hair of either Sex into
Wary and Glossy Ringlets or Ueuvy .
... Massive Curls.
BY niingthia article Ladies and Gentlemen
oan boaQ'ify then selves a thousand fold
lis the only article in the wcr'd tna will enrl
sUaight hair, and at the same tim give It
beautiful, glossy appearance The Oiispar
Coma not only curls the hair, but Invigora'ea.
beautifies and cleanses It; Is highly and delight
fully perfumed, and is the most cnmi lete aril
Cleof the kind ever offend lo he American
pnhlie. The Casper Coma will he sent to any
address, sealed and , oat paid fori 1. '
Addresa all orders to
W. L. CLARK A CO , Chemist.
N. I West Fayette at., Syracuse, N- Y.
' warily ' ' '
Garden Seeds. :
t-
"for treaB Heed Pees,
by tba gallon
GREAT SPEECH OF HON.
GEO. H. PENDLETON.
fConcludcd.) , I
;
is
a
ot
This policy might bring discord,
perhaps, armed collision, into
n familv nf Ktafpa where, nil had
been harmony. But the supges-
tion was received with contemptu-Jt"1?
ous incredulity and the result, if
realized, was deemed unimportant
in comparison with the moral and,
political reforms were to make the i
Government resplendent in the
luster of a new born philanthropy
and Iraternitv. This popular dis-!
temper continued to increase and !
to give. more virulentTnanlffaT0613161.11'
tions. ' j
We seem to have emulated the
madnes8of the Jews when they ask
ed lrom Jehovah a government of
Kings in place of that divine Priest-1
hood, which had hrouo-ht thm out
of Egypt and made them prosper
ous amid Die valleva of Canaan.
And like them we have been de- j
livered up to our follies and iufat-
nation. I
This discontent finally took form
and action in secession and coer-
cion. These were but the manii'es-1
of an underlying spirit,
the one side and the other it
was asserted that the struggle was
for territorial limits only. Neith-
er was entirely correct, for both
were actuated by the revolutionary
spirit, and the firing of the first gun
on Fort Sumter was as the voice of
a Seer, declaring that a revolution
had been accomplished. I
The old political system passed
away m laCl, and another was
adopted. Its little linger is heav
ier than the whole body of that
which it superseded. No longer
do w ask have we a envernments.
Its Argus eves seek every-where
the accumulations of labor and
capital, and its Briarean arms are ;
ever grasping all those eyes can.1
see. Its vast military and naval
establishments have risen with por-,
ter.tous mien, and overshadow the
adiiiinstrations in nearly one-
half the, country. Beneath the '
blows of their iron sway, popular
government restinc on the consent
of ihe people, has there completely
ullen. Its vital energy is appar
ent wherever we see strife and con
tention, and violent passions and
antagonisms of race-, and section,
and States. Its genius and human
ity are conspicuous wherever heal
ing wounds a remade to gape afresh
ami to receive a new miusion.oi
gall and . bitterness. There is no
rlniiKf flint wo havo a mvprnmonf.
-"-' ., '
a strong one strong in the. num-
II f" L
ber of men whom, it can conscript
btrong in the treasure it can raise
by taxation strong in its power to
invade the rights of the States and
the liberties of the citizens strong
in its capacity to override the Con
stitution strong1 as Rome was
strong, both east and webt, under
the Emperors strong as France
was strong under the .Reign of Ter
ror and the Guillotine but weak
as they were weak when the Goths
and Vandals avenged on the seven
hilled city the wrongs of Germans,
or when the blood of the murdered
Danton thoked the .despairing Ro
bespierre. No government can be really
strong w hich does not appeal both
to the interest and affections of the
people, does not attach by the ben
eficence of its acts as well as by its
dependence on their will.
The quality of the States was the
basis of the Farmer Republic. Is
it maintained?
The answer comes to us from the
reconstruction Bill,, which puts ten
States under'martial ' law: and sub -
jects them to the will of a military
officer. 1 ' !
Th" strict confinement of the Fe-
i .
nprai tjoverlinieni to - lnieniaiiopai
and inter-State affairs was an ele-
of the Farmer Republic. Is
it enforced I. .'.!
The answer comes to us from the
Civil. Rights Bill,' which intrudes
Federal authority upon the States
and utterly overrides the most sa
cred Constitutional guarantees.
The maintenance of the co-oidi-nate
branches of the Government,
the distribution of power, the sep
aration . of - constituencies from
which it flows, were indispensable
features of the Farmer Republic
Their .doom was written in the
Tenure of Office Bill, which deprives
ihe'Presdienl of, the power of re
moving even members of his Cabi
net, and thus subjects the Execu
tive to the ..control oj ..the Legisla
ture. lueir doora; was written in
the', attack on the .Supreme Court,!
hpRuiiBA of its ' dAoiaion in rplatinn '
I
to miljtary commissloris. ' All pow-
1
i
j
.
i
I
:
,
i conlerfea by a consolidated
Jtoajority.
Keverence for the Constitution
'marked the era of the Farmer , Ke
and, public, and warmed the nearts of
H 8 children.
and packed away by Mr. Lincoln;
"nd k?Pl thus dishonored, it has
JalIen nt.0 contempt, and to urge
te authority serves only to provoke
Bneer &r to call out a joke. It
fr no barrier to the project of
Partv rae or Party ire. Its
provisions are entirely disregarded,
altered to justify
the enactment proposed, or to com-
mand the attainment of the-end.
Government ! Isitnot true that
evei7 Power which is desired to ho
exercised is found to be granted,
and that more would be found if
necessary.
Once we believed a fundament
tations al law, guiding legislation and con
On taming the muniments of personal
liberty so sacred that under no
circumstances could it be infringed,
or even amended, except in the
method prescribed 1 be essential
to free government. Now we have
willingly dispensed with it, and
committed unlimited power to a
temporary majority, and this we
a magnificent complex, obtrusive,
extravagant government. We had
an armJ' of 15,000 men; we have an
army of 100,000. We had light
taxes; we have enormous burthens,
We had gold and silver as legal
tender, we have a depreciated Gov
civil eminent paper currency. We hed
by jury and personal liberty;
we have' military commissions
made valid by law, and arbitrary
mere brute torce which we be
ment lieved (he government, and even
society, could : not, in any vent,
,Now, whoso poor as to entertain
sentiment t It was rolled up
Th highest respect shown to his
remains is the proposition to amend
them- .The strife of parties, which
was once uuder the Constitution is
now over and above it.
Towers granted to the Federal
can mppunuj, mo vm 01 me n
tion.
Tell me, does one single feature
of the Farmer Republic remain?
We had a plain and simple and
economical government. We have
arrests justified.
We had a government whose ex
actions of money or duty were so
light that we scarcely felt its exis
tence. We have a government
whose strength glitters in the light
ol the burnished bayonet, and :s
reflected in the resplendent lustre
of the sword.
We had harmony and fraternal
concord, and due respect for States
and people and. opinions and hab
its. We have a bitter sectional
strife, subjugated people, over
thrown States, and an animosity of
parly warfare never before known.
We had freedom of thought.
We have an intolerance which
strikes down independence of opin
ion and proscribes political" differ
ences as a eyiuie, and establishes
searching scrutiny into the ,hearts
and consciences of the community.
We heard in our bitterest strug
gles the voice of Reason; now that
voice is drowned In the clangor of
the trumpet which marshals preju
dice, and rage, and hate, to inten
sify the party strife.
We had a peaceful confederation.
Now, while National unity is incul
cated as the highest duty, the per
petuation of geographical divisions
and National hatred is rewarded
with the highest praise..
, Congress, which was the theater
of intellectual debate, is' now the
registry of the decrees of a party
caucus, and hesitation to record
them is treason to . the reigning
POer, and involves loss of person
al preferment even of political life,
; We have broken down the bar-
riers which hemmed in that vast
r , ,
v " o viwnci.y
akin to
Juauy exercise, ana nave given
mem as . tne plaything ol every
Eassion. We had a republic; we
ave an empire.
l! is said that learned naturalists
have pushed their researches so far
that from the inspection of a sin
gle bone they can determine the
species of tbe animal,, aud repro
duce his form even though it be
that , of .the; giant mastodon.. , No
philoeopher examining the United
IS i a. . f -e n i i i i
oiHies w.ioo . couia possibly re
produce, without the aid of histo
ry, the Farmer Republic of I860.
The' change has been of the most
radical character. , It is the chance
which converted the Rome of Ca-
to into the Rome of Cjesar; and no
Iprn than Hiat is it a chano-A wriiucrif.
-.WUgjU
by the power of the sword.. . .
.
a
first Congress of the war Mr. Lin
coln justified his suspension of the
haleat corpus, on the ground that
he had the right to infract one pro
vision of the Constitution in order
that he might be able to compel
others to obey the residue, lie
ridiculed his Constitutional power
to issue his proclamation of eman
cipation, yet in a week's time he
issued it. He asserted, in his letter
to Mi. Greeley, that he had'1 done
and would continue to do so much
and no more than he deemed' nec
essary to preserve the Union. This
was' the true revolutionary spirit.
It took possession of the party in
control of the Government. They
became revolutionists. They made
these changes I have described.
They are working out s til 1 greater
changet. ' They seized with avidity
the sword. The cessation of war
will not give them re6t. They will
--
go on from one point to another
lrom the reconstruction of 1305.
which met the approval of Con
gress and the President, to the con
stitutional amendment from the
constitution amendment to the
reconstruction of 18G7 from that
to the confiscation of Thaddeus
Stevens from that to whatever
worse tne pnrenzy ot tne times
may prompt, till the reaction shall
come; and the people, sated with
enipiriment, wearied with uncer
tainty, shall drive them from power,
even though it be through blood.
No success will satisfy them no
attainment will give them repese.
The measures struggled for to-day
as all they desire, attained to-morrow,
are instantly forgotten in some
new demand. Neither National
unify, nor the suppression of the
rebellion, nor the maintenance of
the Union, nor the abolition of sla
very, nor negro suffrage, nor equal
ity of political and social rights,
nor the exclusion of white men
from tho ballot, nor confiscation,
nor corruption of. blood, will for
one instant exhaust their restless
activity. ' .
"For it is a law which knows no
exception, that the leaders of revo
lution are constantly advancing be
fore the fires which they themselves
have lighted. . The moment they
pause, the rae enveloped in the
flames.''
'And this same orator told us that
in addition to the loss of the Farm
er Republic, we would incur a debt
which would add two hours each
day to the labor of every working
man in the country; and that the
gain shouid be considered ample
compensation for this toil. What
was tho gain? The abolition ef ne
gro slavery at the South., For this
consummation they were to per
form and to suffer all things ; for
this the Constitution was to be sub
verted, the Bible was to be rewrit
ten, a new God was to be enthron
ed! Slavery has perished; all history
tells us that it cannot be re-established
in these ages in this country.
It is our bounden duty to recog;
nize this great social change; to
ameliorate whatever evils may be
incident to it, and, so far as pos
sible, to. prepare the fieedmen for
the discharge of the new duties
which ' are being devolved upon
them. But, gentlemen, if this rev
olution is to go on, and the present
system of government is . to be
continued, , then has our liberty
perished with it; and we have re
alized the prediction of a profound
thinker and a brilliant writer, who,
twenty years ago, predicted that it
would be written over the, grave of
our political institutions : "Here
lies a people, who, in order to give
freedom to three millions ot Afri
cans, destroyed their own liberty.
. I do not say these things with
pleasure.;. The errors of our coun
trymenthe misfortunes of our
country are not the fit subjects of
flippant comment, or of partizan
and acrimonious criticisms. I have
avoided harsh epithets and the im
putation of improper motives. I
know personally many of the lead
ers of this revolution. ' I respect
their intelligence their pure lives
their sincere love of country.
They themselves would have stood
aghast five years ago, at the work
they have wrought. They did not
intend to go so far, but,' stimulated
by the length and severity of .the
military struggle, . stimulated by
the ardor of more zealous, or less
honest, spirits, stimulated by the
popularity of extreme measures,
thev have reached conclusions of
which they did not dream. 0 ; x.
i I hey have obeyed the inevitable
jaw. I would not , unkindly criti
cise tbem.' I have purposely avoid
ed personal controversy; I . hy'
TUUMS. .
One square, ten lines, . . .".
12a ch additional insertion,,..
91 CK
4a
cards, per rear, ten lines, ....
Notices of tlx ecutors, Administra
tors and Guardians, , . 1 B 0
Attachment notices before) J. P, . . 3 OO .
Local notices, per line, ...... , . . , u 10
Yearly advertlsmenta will bs ehsrged
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with design refused lo enter, the.
field ef mere party strife. I have
avoided an expression of opinion'
as to the merits of any one of the
great measures of administration '
which divide our people. Power
to adopt them all resides some-'
where in onr system, either in the '
State or Federal Government-
Opinions will differ as to their wis
dom. The attainment of the re
sult is only a matter of expediency.
Their adoption or rejection would
not affect the system of govern-;
ment... And I did nbt wish to divert
your attention from the fact that a
great revolution in the framework,'
of government has been accom-',
plished, by any discussion of the
wisdom of particular enactments
or of tbe desirableness of the ends,
which they propose to attain. I
have, therefore, spoken only of the
tendencies of great movements,
and illustrated them by the general
effect of measures of legislation.
And I have dwelt on these m '
long only that I might ask you
whether wo have indeed lost the
Farmer Republicwe-rer. Did the '
apostle of Radicalism read the por-1
tents aright?
I cannot certainly answer. All
history is written tor our instruc
tion. It tells us that liberty lost is
with difficulty regained; that con-"
stitutional law once dragged to the
du6t by the passions of men, is
rarely again raised to govern them
in the same generation; that when
violence and arbitrary arrests, and
destruction of the press, and disre
gaid of law, enacted by the ignore
ance or prejudice or passion of the
people, once destroy the pure ap-,
preciation of tho value and safe-,
guards of liberty, it is difficult to
restore it, even as it is difficult to
restore the face of beauty when it
is scarred, or to revive the lustrous
purity of innocence when it is de
filed. . :
Mr. Webster, years ago, had oc-.
casion to discuss the 6ame subject.,
and with that pomp and splendor
of diction which marked all his po
litical addresses, he said: - ;
"Other misfortunes may be borne
or their effects overcome. . If. war
should sweep our commerce from'
the ocan, another generation may
renew it; if it exhaust our treasury,
future industry may replenish it; if
it desolate and lay waste our fields,
still, under a new cultivation, they
win groy green again, and ripen to
future harvests. It were but a tri
fle, even, if the walls of yonder
capital were to crumble, if its lofty
pillars should fall, and its gorgeous
decorations be covered hy the dust
of the valley.
"All these might be rebuilt. But
who shall reconstruct the fabric of
demolished government? ,,Who
shall rear again the well propor
tioned columns of Constitutional
liberty? Who shall frame together
the skiUful architecture which
unites National Sovereignty with
State Rights, individual security
and public prosperity ? Now, if
these columns shall fall, they will
he reared not again. Like the Co
liseum and the Parthenon, they
will be destined , to a melancholy,
mournful immortality. Bitterer
tears, however, will flow over them
than were ever 6hed on the monu
ments of the Roman or Grecian
Art, for they will be the remnants
of a more gloiious edifice than
Greece or Rome ever saw the ed
ifice of - Constitutional American
Liberty." ; ;
Gentlemen 1 1 feel the force of
these words. I know that others
feel them more deeply, perhaps,
than I. I se among many . good
men a tendency to despair. .1. see
among my own friends those who
agree wih me'generally ori" public
affairs-' a disposition to give op all
for lost. They have lost hope, they
have lost courage their despond
ency counsels inaction. The news
papers, the public speeches,' bat,
above all, the private oonversa
tions,indicate this feeling. ' Gentle
men, I do not . sympathize with it.
I have high hopes for the future. I
see the dangers which are before
us." " I see a long and weary, way.
I see a long and exhausting strug.
gle in which success will vary from
the one side to the other.' ,1 do not
conceal lor myself that it may be a
struggle of Jhe sword. Many of us
may go down with harness on" in
the midst of the fight, but hope' fills
my heart, and the magnitude of the
prize? nerves my arm;. - ' -
' I have painted : to yon ent jro
gress, from s republic to a consoli
dated r imperialism. ; ,1, paint ei it
ourposely in dark, though, truthful

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