.Ttttftor and Proprietor;
(yrTICIAJ'V., Cort-jr of Main nJ
jUgM it,, Opposite ,fMrt Soma. .
vi iJ . wt (i u.
, rlfcAinHDIJ, OHIO., , ,
ill ki (. vi i i i if
Oitok-On door wmI of Dae Will Bro.
IeBwIN N. BAKM1ILL,
ATTORNEY ...AX LAW
W V i J - I O i ' i . . . v. , W t , I
Office McArthur. Ohio, '""
Will attend promptly to all aaiDCee entnwtea
Ho hi Mm. . uoU
ex. s. claypooleT
ATTORNEY AT JLAfV,
e! . MCARTHUR, .
Will practice M Vintoa ead adjoining coua
'tiat. Buen.eieentriiled to In. care piompi
By atteeiled to., OfBc to Court Houae.
JatHTaiy ' 1
j OPPOSITB . fti DEPOT. ,
C, T. CARTWRIGQT, Proprietor.
'.' LiMrf Stable Attached.
v , ., ,
VIALS BKADT , FOB . A 14. TRAINS.
Tha Houae baa u.l beta refurniihad
throughout. Hoomi elean and comfortahle,
thata'ila enpplied with tha lt iha market
arforde, and no paiaa apared to accomodate
gueaU. mer4 WW lr
J. . COLEIM AN,'i?I.D.
, B permanently located in, .,
lor the practice of
MEDIC NE and SURGERY,
4o which he will da.o'e hie entira attention.
OKH'-Kln liavl.' Hullding up atairn. oppo
ita Vinton County Bank.
Rn-iomci .,, .
Dan! Smart. " 1 j ' Samuel W Kilvert, Jr.
MI A It T & KILVERT,
AND COMMISSIOH MEEOHANTS.
Pronipt Attention glveti to tlie
Transfer of PIG I ICON and
other Property from and to
Uuilroad and Canal.
Ifdter StreeLbetween Paint and Walnut
JOHN M. GQE3HNEH,
Italian and Vermont Marble
ALL KINDS OF
GRAVE-YARD : WORK
Neatly and pfomptl etwuted. 1 '
Mnlberrj St-.teVn Second &Wat
1 anpeniftend all' W owd work In per.on
I execute all lhaflnrr tlraisnv. nee the bt
malarial, and caa lot hn unnn.old. Fmona
wuhing any work in my line are tainted to
aximine work, etnek and prices, trofe fnk
lot contracts. ' . .
1 pernonally wipei Intend the carrful aettmg
up of alooi a and monumenu boqght at nij
Hv buying at (hia hop yon will aTe from 11
to to per cent, paid to a ota. , . 8tir73
$10 OBIY TOE A BET Or TSETH.
Tee'tti' Extracted ' Without' Paia
and with - --
PERTE CT : SAFETY
by rho ttae of
Caa alwaya be found at mj ofllee.-
Pr. 8. T. BOiMfLiS, Jaekaon, Ohio.
EOBEET CLAEK & CO,
. i i
BookseUersfr.' Sutlpners. Printer
-' Binders,' f
BLANK POOK MAN JFACTUBEES
, ,.( ' f r.. .! ..I
:, c, r, n.eaiora, , ., (-, i
Law'Ibdioa'w 'taiuAjneKUW School,
Md JilBCKLAXKoCS COOKS, ' (
ti'fruli'jt'oilrik iStreel, Ciiicinnali,
arualaioguea- furanbaj .gratuMou.ly oo
ftplioatioa ad any Dooa eenioy nuui, poai
aa eata oai faotHnniw" rcre...)w
.140.450 I75AND ftOO.
Good, Durihli tnd Cliap .
8H1PFED REAI-J TOB UBf
J. W. CHAPMAN Qo Mao.
: 'f 11 .aonWnd
A rJarHeaxllor atai tti
VOL. 25 -NO.10.V
.rs,,,.,,,..- i.i f ..
i ir. it
; WHOLE NO. 1,258
THE WINE QUESTION.
BY .E. P. BOTHWELL.
rselilea were corumanded to
unng a orinic- euennp-oi-wine
when they did sac rfi p pm
the Lord. 'In the holy place
thalt Ihoa causi (he! strong
wine to be poured unto the
1: jljVl .r'f.HiJ.to.il1
. -"iinu wiou kiiuik-uetiiuw iut
money, for w h atioevej riyaouj
lusteih alter. for oxen,, or for
eheep, orfor'wiiienr rrilrnrljt
drinkt or for r whatsoever thy
goal decireth; 'ariti thn'utialt
eat there before Jhfr.jird Ihj
Gd, . and r thou t8ha!t rejoice,
4hou anfl - ihfnebbaetanoIaY
And. in rt In s mountain shall
the Lord of hosi. make unto all
people a feist of; fat Jblnp, a
feast of w(ne oo the lees, ot fat
things lull of, marrow of, ,wine
on the lees well refilled" Ina.,
25l 6.1 r t r r
Do not ah these 1 paRsSges til
scripture prove; beyond doubt
that God intended that fer
mented wlna rhnuM be uaed by
bis children. Again, as Boon as
David had made ai-eud ot -of
fering burnt offrTfhgS, and
peace dflVrings, he UlesBed the
people 'in the , name prjhe
Lord of hosta". .,wAnd,iie.deajt.
among all people, even anuinfr,:
the whole multitude QUorfetcna
well to the. women ,as pen, to
eerv one, a cake of bread, and
a good pit-ce',6l flesh, and a
flagon bl 1 wine.' v,2 '8niW6;
18, 19; alBo 1 Uhrwri.i 16;: 23.
Aiid Melchisidech. kinrDfiSa
lem," brought lorili bread and
wine;, and lie was life, priest, pi,
Hie most high und. and he
Mesned Abraham";. Geo. '4;
"1'herefor' God give1' nee of
(he dew ot heavei and the lat
ness of lhe,earlh,and plenty of
corn and wine." Gen., 28; 28 J
might be multiplied to scores..
A few words, now, on the
other side of llie question: wine,
jike air o'lier Uessings, Wnen
perverted ; becomes a oiirse.
VVoevntp hem'-ijnt jrisje" i)fV
eaily in the morning, that ihev
may lollow, strong drjjnku tha
cunlinue until. nigMitilllvriii
the viol, the tabret and piie
and ine are1 in'1 their fenK
but they regttrd: not th wbrk
ol lbeLrd neither "oliIder
the-' operatlrtn )llilni hands."
fl'5; 11,12" ji
'Who hath vroel . Who hdih
i . p.
i f Vj
iioitht -'Wli( hath 'oftDiiiifitM
Who balh wounds wilhou'
eadsel Wliolialb) ffin
ejeel..,They ijiiUtatry )ong,H,t
the winej they tnargo toeell
mixed wine; f IW, 23; 29; 30. J
inose passages ana an , oineri
of their kind., have direcj reipr-,
ence lo ine excessive use, or
ratheT,r to, ibeTabuReof nsrtfliss
Yoa will observe that there i
nothing said against the wine In
upon them that are gujlty. of.
excess,-, they;, fhohoCJAf'6''' 8
blesfinofi Gj)d,and make it a
curse by their abusing it llis"-'
ing" up" e'arlv in" the m rniac
- ii . '' ' i if '. .', ; .
that they may lollow strong
drink;! continuing until Vi&b't
till wine inflame thera." irt: b.;it
; They that tarry long aUbe
wine; thev that seek mixed
Oertainly these passages re
.1 il wi.
fer to l9 abuse of wne;,irfOtb.i
log mofe. -Loknonprjjj thj
wine 'when it is reft, wben" it
gi veib "J tft Chfo?1 iw "tliPciri?.1
when it-movhpselfariht, at
tp'e last it bke'trr fiKra Yerpent
.lid sf jngejh,0 l&ts Mfltf
sage.no doubt,, reiers, to pew
- c i . .i i7l. ii- i-.. viit-.-.: it"
winefchat is in t he, ftejit
el h, iti:.;color ifr :tbe:lP,Tw.Wn,
Jy refers to that a6UYe,lufi'uUa(
-J-' J.v' ' i!. i. r.:..iilL
Stage, fWiiei nits in iciiuonunj
boisterously ,n hen, tl i confined
in van old bottle; it wruld burst
the bottle. If drank at this
forbnlagH, tl7e7rjrocj88 of
fermentation would go on to
the stomach, generating, alco
hol, ieyolvlng'c4r.bonic acid gas
and precipitating impurities,
afCof yyVxoJi ti.d aTn'g"cro o a to"t he
health of the victim. Surely it
would bite like a serpent and
siing fjkejir adder ifrd,rank in
that conditjon., ,
For this VeimiCW danger,
o d s 1 1 Vlr'mft;' the- grape -juice
right from thd preesj for' at the
temperalure.of the btomacit the
wine commences to .ferment
immediately; making a fer
menting tub of the stomach,
prbdoefn't' dysentery suddenly,
and soojetimes cholera. A lew
years ago, a German by the
name of Gusrmtn, living in
McArtfiqr, Ohio, drank freely
of new cider, which by ferment
ing in the stomach, produced
cholera' and he ' died before
morning. If, ( instead, he had
drank the same amount ot fer
mented cider, wine or beer it
would not haye hurl, him at all
TJiiiermented wine is much
worse than new cider", as it con
tains much mure sugar, albu
men and ferment I can burst
the strongest cask that can be
made in a few hours by filling
it with new wine at a tempera
lure of 90b to 1006Vnd 'corking
it tightly.,. Who, , pray, would
want fuel) a pressure in his
stoa ach? Where is the physi
cian that would dare prescribe
uniem wine, for a sick
person? It is all a humtiug
about unfernienfecP wine. God
never '.designed1 that wine
should bo used in its unfer
mented state; II be did, why
is it bq , unhealthy and why did
he so combine the elements ol
the grape chemlcallv that it
fennepts immediately ' when
ezpreased, do what we will, it
teiine'nts in spite of us and we
can not help it; there is no
method known to prevent it,
Hiid if there ever was a method
known to prevent it . Irom fer
meniing it is one of the lost
arts, I suppose that grape
jnit'e might be canned up hof
ed and .'Jjlfia kepi from ferment
ing.-Syppose.it, can be. thus
hfjur wufii ujii lieu miiu c-a
nosed to air. Would it not ler-nentf'-
WTiuld it-then be a in
Lhiore fit hit medicine or a bev
erage Ihaii before, it was can-
ned?' " ' ! ; ' ' ' 1 ; . . , .
i The canning, of fruit and.thc ir
juicestto ' prterve them is1' a
modern invention and wan noi
Rnovt p iirscripiurkl ti'mt s.., By
Lie-ting fruit up to the boiling
tyoinfMhe1 spores or 'germs' of
yeast plant. are destroyed anil
il herme'iclly sealed at that
temperature so that the air,
eould ta romiaontcf- wiih
it, it will not ferment; but 'vr e'f
all know.by experience, that at
iny ti,,me,'if, atr is admitted, if
will,, lernient irti mediately, and,
we'.'.all mpwi( tbat, frti.it .(bus
kepVdoeg not improve, by'age;
we,'.'(hi'ak 'ir'.'a BuccesVif 'we can
keep iii from depreciating! l.i
quality .t." a- ..Vi'i x.i-'.-. i'.a .
, The sam then cn be said of
The juice,; Then With' what, pro
priety could tlie Savior say that,
No man after having drank
Old vitiistraightway deairetb
new, for the old is belter,'?: if
?beai)t j nrjfermenfed Lwin.e., I
can not see how;wine c9uld im
prove by. age fxcept by, being
refined -ahd' taello wed Kf age.
I I take 'it Yhai' all3 this "stuff
about u'nfermeiifed' ind I'a'onfi
a bob)y tHat'uisr caioolAted to'
deceive, those who hive; no es?
perTehce','tboe who baveDot
ddla: SPPjoriunitJijQjt; baye
inot taken the trouble to inform
themselves On that" subject
fli. jJln ta.nh.'Lnnlitif nflF ' a.
. . . j .. -.t
HAnninin r Alk.H anil k.I Wllin
believe.- mh - tull -deceiver"61'
these, doggeries. 01 the
nd ' fo';-PP?Ct,D
wkich cooia not-exist
, Mr..Bigg9 in explaining the
text, MBo not drunk with wine,
wlerein is excess, Eph'5;
19, lairly exhausted himself
and his knowledge of the Eng
lish language and Vent off into
the Greek in order to make
the audience understand the
meaning of that plain JexU .To
mv mind that text explains it
self lully. : Paulj simply ex
horted the Ephesians not to be
drunk with wine,lor if they did,
Ihey would beguilty(of excess;
in other wordd, do not drink to
excess, d(r not, get (jrunk, he
meant that nothing more.
That drunkenness iis a great
evil,' needs no' argument. All
know, and kll, admit the iacJL.
All admit the-fact litat some
thing should be Jon to lessen
the evil, to reiorm inebri
ate, and to prevent those who
are not inebriates trop tecom
fbgr'suuh, it happily such an end
ia possible. But what can be
done? What means are ade
quale to accomplish this desir
able end? That's the rub! That's
life lug oi wail Here doctors
differ iu their couuuils. Sumo
ol the sanguine ultra doctors ol
the . total abstinence persua
sion, with more zeal tbuii expe
rience, cry, ''Let us have pro
bibitory law; prohibit by law,
the uiaauiauiure or sale ol dis
tilled or lei mented liquors ol
every kind, iucludiug beer,wine
ana .cider." They say, "Stop
Ihe louiitain at its source, stop
the manulaelure." Cure the
dog : from killing sheep, by
keeping no sheep in the coun
try, slop hini Irom sucking
eggs by keepiug no hens iu the
country to lay egs.
Why not on the same prin
ciple, slop men Irom stealing
borVea by having" no i horseb?
Slop men1, irom. breaking .the
Sabbath by baying Sabbath!
Siip niea' Irom"' i'dviiig1,moqey,
the root ot all evil, by having
no mone)f Stop" men from
blaspheming the name ot God,
by having no God?
Uence when ' a man gets
drunk and abuses his lamily,
or wollows in the gutter, they
say "What a pity he is . a
good hearted fellow, what a
good citizen be would be but,
curbed doggeriesl'' Forgetting
all the while, that they are
putting ihe effect lor the cause,
amlthe cause lor the effect,
not underetanding the law of
supply ttI1(f demand. That with
all commodities, it is the de
mand that creates the supply.
Bui the supply never did cre
ate a demand; for instance,
let the demand for iron cease
and .bow soon will all the. .fur
naces blow out, let the demand
increase and see how Boon new
lurnaces will be built, just so
with all manufactured articles,
also with agricultural products
grain, stock, etc. just so it is
in legarJ to -liquors, le men
quit drinking liquor and, men
will quit selling liquor, and
the distiltnea wilt .stop lor
want of demaud. Llence the
men who(-patronize . the sa
loon, are responsible lor keep-
ing up the saloons, In ehortii
is the drinking men ibat makes
the saloou.ind not tbe saloon,
that makes the drinking men,
the majority of modern reform
era are etandiog apologists Jor
drunajirdajpiaklng" a; acape
goat Of the ealoonisls jo- bar
away Ihe sins of the wilful
drunkard', f Now, 1 hold that it
is as much harm to buy a drink
pf-fTquor aat w toUll jt drini
The barm i8 doue' whea, it
drankj'especially wheii drank
to exeefd. ft not drinking ra
tilufttaryac! does a mia not
drink. jor pbrpose (Joes -be
not know the; consequenge lie-
lore be drinks? br is experience
void?' Then, who is'respcnsi,
biet Certainly the drinker, both
i lor tha effect produced on him-i
I ' 1 f " ,
wilboot such' patronage. But
thosi men insist that the liq
uor dealer is responsibfe, ancl
will have to answer lor all the
harm . done , by drunkenness,
forgetting thai the bayer is a
dealer as well as the seller Tl
they had their way, they would
make, men ;Vlriuous, by re
moving all opportunity lor, in
dulging in vice,! they I would
make men temperate' by' mak
ing it impossible to obtain the
means to be otherwise, they
would have had Adam and Eve
maintain their primeval purity
by removing the tree of forbid
den fruit out of the gsuden'of
Eden. '-.'Y ;;( .
They would adopt the phi.
losophy of him ; who said,
Be chaste till you'r tempted, ! :
Bo wise and discrete,'
And bumble your bodies by fasting,
As olt as you buVe nothing to cat."
By the absence of tempta
tion they would make all men
But that is ntit'Qod'o. Weth
ed of reforming men,, lie per
mits men to be tempted, lie
requires self denial, he re
quires voluhtary service, he
has permitted all men, good as
well as bad, to be, .tempted.
St. Paul was tempted Hwith
a thorn in the- flesh, and
he besought the Lord! thrice to
have it removed," but he got
the answer, "my grace is sulTi
cient for thee;" so he had to en
dure : the trial; so those men
who are so ' unlortunate as to
have an appetite for strong
drink, or any other appetite or
passion,' if they will they may
reform, it the. Lord will not re
move the thorn, his grace will
be sufficient, ii they will1 deny
themselves; and take up the
cross and lollow bim, ill's to be
a willing service. The volition
of the will is the power that
governs the acts of men, We
must deal with men as they
are, and not as we would have
(hem. I have but: little faith
in prohibitory law, for the rear
son it does not reach . the will
of the . governed, therefore
those that would : favor such a
law, need no such) law, and
they who would not favor such
a law, would disregard such a
law, if we. had it. Instance, the
Maine law . as tried in New
England for years? Dio Lewi,
himself I ells us. as he is obliged
to tell us, that it has, proven a
failure, Neal Dow, lhaLfather
of .liA Maine liquor, law, said
wiien he got back home after
traveling through Europe, and
havingjseen the i people. drink
ing "heir light wines with every
meal and no drunkenness, be
was' satisfied that alter com'.
paring . the condition of the
people there, with the people
ol New -England, .the iMaine
liquor law, and all laws of that
kind were necessarily a failure
No, we aiu il reiorm men by
moral suasion, by appealing to
their mahhobJ, teach them to
act Jrom1 principle,' because
that is their beBt interest,'teach
tbem to subject all their appei
tites' and pawions td tbe con
trol 'of their' will jiist'So'Tar
as you can succeed in'tbrs di-
rection, tne worK win ne e;i
done and just so far as -prpu
fail in this direction, you laii
in yOur bhjecf, this force s.hbuld
chiefly be- brought to bear on
the cOnsum'er; it yoa can only
control him, or rather induce
him to control or govern him-
self, by the .power jof his will,
the work will be fully accom
pliehecL, hon the doggery will
be as harmless as a toad in an-
uary. , Bu this will anever be
done so long as reiormers teacn
the doctrine) that men, baye no
will power, jtha, t , fljey can , opt
contfol 0 their, appetites jand
h- ' ' - .
standi) temptation- ,i Indeed . 1
have,;qqiif lost paUtjnce with
tbe .piactico: ol excusing men
lor geitingjdrunk because for
sooth, there .is some DOSaibI
tpl-ce' where liquor can be bad
and then no. matter httoean
Lplace where liquor can be bad
act they may be gull'jr of; ex
cuse that t too because they
were drunk; charging the sum
of the whole miechief to the
account of the liquor dealer,
making bim responsible for it
all.' This false preaching, this
daubing with untemptred mor
tir, this teaching exil doers to
take shelter tinder a refuge of
lies, this tenchlng dii il 1 iv men
to shuffle ofl their rf sp msibilitv
on ' the liquor aealer, U doing
much to lead men astray to
make weak and cJtuse them
to stumble. "
Arbor Day in Nebraska.
It is a fact that tree planting
on a large scale is needed on
Ihe Nebraska prairie, and the
people of the Stale are: fully
awsre of the importance of the
subject.'1 On the bluffs, and ort
tbe banks ot rivers and streams,
there is abundance of wood and
a large variety of native Irees;
but there is not sufficient for
the country. The manner in
which lumber is beingcut with
out the forests being replaced
in the east, also points to the
time, when, if trees are planted,
the lumber crop ol the pra'irie
States will be a matter of much
moment to the country at large.
In Nebraska timber grows
with astonishing rapidity; and.
if the farmers of tbe country
are equal to their opportuni
ties, not many years will elapse
before the treeless prairie is
adorned with .waving woods.
the lumber of which will add
largely to the revenue of the
owners of the soil.
Trees are now being plan'ed
in Nebraska by the mi' bins
The Hon. J. Sterling Mortoof
Nebraska City, Ottoe Con y
has been one or the pioneers in
tree planting. The first "arbor
day" was in' 1871, and oh that
day two million tree9 were
planted; In 1872 and 1873,
"arbor day" was dropped, but
it was recommended to the far
mers to choose for themselves
a day in April, and set it apart
for tree ' planting This year.
however, the State Board of
Agriculture has deternvned to
go back to tha or'gi ial p'a'i.
It has -been resolved lint "ir
bor day shall be the second
Wednesday in April; and the
State Lpgislafnre in to be asked
to make Ihe day a legal holidv.
Each owner of Ip&1 is recom
mended to plant at least one
tree; and the State Bard will
award, a premium to the per
son who plants the. . largest
number, It is now the custom
of the Board to give a premium
to Ihe hn1 owner who baa
planted the mot Irees n any
given dav in. Apri:; n Vat a re
cent meeting of the Board tbe
prize was awarded t a 'arrrer
who set out 27,800 trr es on the
28th day of A;rri18t3. . .
The Mississippi Overflow.
. ; Mimpuis, Afay 11, '74.-The
steamer Cheek, from below,
brings, important news-. 'At 9
o'clock yesterday morning the
levee ia front of Friar's t Point,
M8., broke both at Maynard's
and. Mil ler'S.iv- ; :;
. ibe.lormer crevasse is one
hundred yards wide, and the
latter fifty, and as l In watfr
outside the. levee vai fully
five .feet bove ithe It v--in
side, the wa er poured t!n on
in an immense volume, deiying
all attebipts to check it, and
soon inundated the town and
surrounding ' country. These
crtyi8Be& will inundate a very
large 'and rich section of cot
jl on" lands -' ; ' ' ' i:,
Frivatk Daizell announce1
a course of It nr lectures -
titled: . MLving and Stealing;'!
ana;"The Moble County Tem
' Gxkmant is lo be burdened
forever, unless times and con
stitutions i materially . change;
with a standing irmy ol AOly
tOO men. 0,M.,
One square,... ,. $1 it
Each addition, nsertkm ... ' CO
Cards, per ye.; .. . 10 tJljl
Local notice, par line....... Hi
Yearly advertisement 9100 OO
column, tnd at proportionate rata )wi
ieaappace. rayaoie in aavance. . a
tJTThe Record being tbe ofltetrl
pper of the towei, and baring tt 0
largest circulation of any paper iat)
county, oilers nuperioi liiJuccnrei-i
to advertlaera. . '
SPRING HAS COME.
BY LUTHER G. RIGGS.
Now Spring proclaims tbe Skies her
own I : ' L .. i
A vernal robe oer earth is thrown (
Tbe sun, all. beaming, smiles or-
neao, - i
And brooks rejoice that Winter' :
The violets, m rbwat edges. '
Salute the hawthorn in tbe hettgest'
Aim iHiunui swauow, on neet wtwjr,
Herald the advent of the Spring!
The Easter daises nod their heads; .
The bees emerge frora waxen bed.
uiue-Dirns ana cuckoos, on gwtit
galrs, . , ;
With choral (ones aweke the vales: ;
The tortoise thaws, and butterflies
Ar their fine wings 'neath April
The reign of Winter has iron by
Spring dons her rich embroidery I
Now maidens pluck wild pas tar o
Now children srathcr roadside oosta :
The rparrow, robbin, flncli and wmi.
tvun "warblings mi each lane tm
The murmuring streams, like fairy
Dance tinkling through the woodc
And blithesome Insects and glml
Keep not the Lenten fasts, but feast? ?
0 breath of Springl frobi oVe tlw
Thou brlngcst newer life to met
Tho u whlsporeth low. sweet tales f
A nil soft us fragrant Is thy kiss I
e wi-icorau tnee, bright norsc
Rich thy attn-e.and glad their mien 1
Briht messenuer frora courts above-
The home of Spring, aud 'deathless
Statistics of the German Army.
was evident purposV
of the Liberals in voting to fit
the military s!rengh ot Get-
many for seven years, torn-'
ahle the Emperor to pl-epat '
for any hostile demonstrations '
during the seven years for
which President McMahon 1
to exercise bis powers v '
France. . The addition of soTnVo
40.000 men to he refrtiW '
army is a lact that carrleft Its '
own explanation, but the effecT "'
of this increase "Oft the avatt- '
able military material' ot Or
country involves another cat-' '
crl'ation. Pfjidoi tb threW '
vears which be serves nod's
the flag, the recruit has 'it '
nine years in the reserve Mx
ihe landwehrv An Infcreaso b' '
86000 to the permanent armj '
implies a yearly addition fu
the same unmberb'f the fraifi- '
ed reserve. This amounts Vj
selen years to 280,000 men, bi
rather,' since thooffect of tfct
increase will ' be felt on Ihe re
serve, only after the expiratio.
ol three years trom the beglti
nlng of the new levies, 160,t)t)
will' represent 'that' addition,
while 120,000 more will bt
still in active service. Inblh
er words, in 1881 Qermanj
will be able to meet France
with nearly 300.000 moreekill
ed soldiers than to-dayv
TuK following patent ha si 1
been recently ; granted, for
hardening steel: ..Tha object i
heated to a red . heat by any tr-V
the ordinary methods for un!v
form heating. It is then chilled '
by the action of a strong blast
of air or ga?k ,By suitable ,
variations in the strength tf i -the
blast, and the temperatum
of the' air, any required degree!
of hardness may' be obtained!.
After, this .the i BObstance t i
tetn pered as is desired. '. .
,' 1 . ', .' 1 " . . " -fj .
PiTEtt HiiDES has Bold hl1-.
coal mines at Baydendille tCw
his son .Willhmayden. Pe-.-j
ter Ilayden was a member of
the coal operators' Union and ,i(
as inch was under bonds of ,
$ 10,000, so we are informed, j"
conduct the business according ,
to tbe rules of the tnidn. We V
.rend advised as to whether
tils obligation' attaches to bis 1
purchaser Hacking 1 hent ineL. ,
Aw srarm ,ot fire wig ih '
other i day : given in New-i".
York hotel, rtLaodloid,,. said ':
a gnest, 'is the hctise on flrelj'j
"Tea, sir.", 'WelK gitre n one." - a
more drink, it ydo i pleas and! -i
we'll get,", :...! . j -i iiiiu:! mi i
Ta . crusaders , begsui pray
ing In front of the wholesale ,
liquor booses last:Tesdy af
ternoon. . They lad only kaars,1,.,'
praying In front ol thejretavt i) '
houses it tctntl j, pcrUmoul& t
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