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States, ahal! exercise the office of govern
or, except aa nerein proviuea. .
See. 14. In case of the death, impeach
ment, resignation, removal or disability
of the governor, the powers and duties of
the office for the residue of the term, or
until he shall be acquitted, or the disa
bility removed, shall devolve upon the
lieutenant governor. The general assem
bly shall provide by law for the case of
impeachment, removal, death, resigna
tion or disability of both governor and
lieutenant governor; declaring what offi
cer shall act as governor until the dis
ability be removed, or a governor elected
Sec. 15. The lieutenant governor shall
be president of the senate, and may vote
when the senate is equally divided, but
not upon a question relating to a bill in
any stage thereof, nor upon a joint reso
lution requiring a vote of a majority of
the members elected to the senate, nor in
th election of a senator in congress. The
senate shall choose a president pro tem-
1ore, who shall serve during its pleasure,
le shall preside when the lieutenant
governor is absent or impeached, or act
ing as governor.
Sec.-1(1. Should the office of auditor,
treasurer, secretary or attorney ironeral
become vacant, for any such cause as is
specinea in the lourteenth section ot this
article, the governor shall fill the vacan
cy until the disability is removed, or a
successor elected and qualified. Such
vacancies shall be filled at the first dec
lion for governor likl re than thirty
days after thev occur and the person
chosen shall hold the office lor the lull
term fixed in the second section of this
Sec. 17. The officers mentioned in this
article shall, at stated times, receive for
their services a compensation to oe nxeu
See. 18. The officers of the executive
department and ot the public state Insti
tutions shall, at least five days preceding
each reculnr session of the General as
sembly. Mtvemllv reDort to the eovemor.
who shall transmit such reports, with his
message, to the general assembly.
Section 1. The judicial power of the
state shall be vested in a supreme court,
circuit courts, courts of common pleas,
courts of probate, justices of the peace,
and such other courts inferior to the cir
cuit court, in one or more counties or
cities, as the general asscnimy may irom
time to time establish.
Sec. 2. The supreme court shall con
sist ot nve judges, a majority ot wnom
shall be necessary to torm a quorum or
pronounce a decision. It shall have origi
nal jurisdiction in quo warranto, manda
mus, habeas corpus ana procedendo, and
such appellate jurisdiction us may be
provided by law. It shall hold at least
one term in each year at the seat of crov-
ernment, and such other terms, at the
seat of government or elsewhere, as may
be provided by law. The judges of the
supreme court shall be elected by the
electors of the state at large, and their
term oi omce snail De ten years. (Said
court tuny appoint a clerk and reporter,
who shall receive such compensation as
may De prescribed by law
Sec. 3. At the first election forjudges
ox me supreme court, no elector snail
vote for more than three candidates.
Sec. 4. The judges of the present su
preme court, in office when the judges of
me supreme court hrst elected under this
constitution shall be qualified, are hereby
constituted a commission to dispose of
such part of the business then on the
docket as shall not, by arrangement be
tween the commission and the new court,
be transferred to the latter: which com
mission shall have like jurisdiction and
powers in respect thereto as are or may
be vested in said court. The members of
the commission shall bo paid the same
compensation as the judges of the su
preme court for tho time being.
Sec. 6. Said commission shall consist
of rive members, a majority of whom shall
be necessary to form a quorum or pro
nounce a decision. Any vacancy occur
ring in tiie commission (hall be filled by
appointment of the governor, with the
advioe and oonsent of the. senate; or, if
the general assembly be not in session, by
the governor; but In such case the ap
pointment shall expire at the end of the
next session of tho- general assembly.
The commissioners may appoint or re
move such attendants a may be neces
ry. The clerk and reporter of the
supreme court shall be clerk and reporter
of the commission. The decisions of the
commission shall be certified, entered and
enforced as the judgments of the supreme
court. The commission shall continue
until the cases committed to it are de
termined, but not exceeding three years ;
and all cases then undetermined shall be
disposed of by the supreme court.
See. 0. - The general assembly may. on
application of the supreme court duly
entered on its journal and certified, pro
vide by law from time to time for the
appointment by the governor, with the
advice and oonsent of the senate, of alike
commission ; provided that the term of
any such commission shall not exceed
two years; nor shall it be created oftener
than once in ten years.
Sro. 7. The state shall be divided into
seven judicial circuit of compact terri
tory, and bounded by county lines, in each
of which, three judges, residing therein,
shall be elected by the electors thereof.
The circuit court shall consist of three of
the judges so elected, two of whom shall
be necessary to form a quorum or pro
nounce a decision ; and shall be held in
each county at least twice in each year.
The judges may be allotted for that pur
pose to the several circuits, in such mode
and order, and under suoh regulations as
".J1 prescribed by law ; and thoir term
of office shall be eight years. . More than
one court may be held at the tame time
in any circuit.
Sec. 8. The circuit court shall have
like original jurisdiction with the supreme
court, and such appellate jurisdiction, in
ferior to that of the supreme court, as
may be provided by law.
Sec. 9. The state shall be divided into
twelve common pleas districts of com
pact territory, bounded by county lines.
Each district composed of two or more
counties shall be divided into subdi
visions, not exceeding the number of the
judges to be chosen therein, of compact
territory, bounded by county lines, and as
nearly equal in population as practicable,
having due regard to business. In each
district or its subdivision, as the case may
be, such number of common pleas judges
residing therein, as is provided in this
constitution, Biiali be elected by the elec
tors thereof, who shall be judges of their
respective districts. In each quarter of
the judicial year, which shall commence
cm the first day of January, and in each
county of the several districts, a term of
the common pleas court shall be held by
one or more of these judges ; and more
than one court may be held at the same
time in any district or subdivision. The
judicial service of each district shall be
apportioned to the several counties there
of, according to population and business.
Not less than seventy-two davs of open
Session, in the first, second and fourth
quarters respectively, and twenty-four
days in the third quarter, shall be held
by.. each judge, unless all the business
assigned to him be sooner disposed of ;
provided, that in districts composed of a
single county, no judge shall be required
" Bcroun more man ten days
the third quarter. The general assembly
may provide by law for assigning a judge
or judges of any district to hold court in
any ether district, when necessary.
Sec. 10. The jurisdiction of the courts
of common pleas, and of the judges there
of, shall be fixed by law, but shall be
Inferior to that of the circuit court.
' Sec. 11. The judges of the courts of
common pleas, while in office, shall reside
in the district for Mhich they are elected ;
ana tneir term ot oth.ee shall be six years.
Sec. 12. The general assembly may
fix by law the times of holding the seve
ral courts of record, or may authorize the
judges thereof respectively, to fix the
Sec. 13. The general assembly may
increase or diminish the number of the
judges of the circait courts and of the
courts of common pleas, the number of
circuits and districts ; and may change
the circuits, districts and subdivisions,
and establish other courts, whenever two-
thirds of the members elected to each
house shall concur therein ; but no such
change shall vacate the office of a judge.
No member of the. general assembly
creating an additional judgeship, shall be
eligible to such office for one year after
the creation thereof, aor until alter the
first general election thereafter.
Sec. 14. The several judges of the
supreme court, circuit courts, courts of
common pleas, ana sncu oilier courts as
may be created, respectively, shall have
such jurisdiction at cnamoers or other
wise, as mav be conferred by law.
Sec. 15. There shall be established in
each county a probate court, which shall
be a court of record, open at all times,
and held by one judge, elected by -the
electors of the county ; ana whose term
of office shall be four years.
Sec. 16. The probate court shall have
jurisdiction in probate and testamentary
matters, tho appoiuUuent of administra
tors and guardians, the settlement of the
accounts of executors, administrators and
guardians, and such jurisdiction in ha
beas corpus, the issuing of marriage
licenses, ana for the sale of land bv ex
ecutors, administrators and guardians,
and such other jurisdiction in any county
or counties as may be provided by law.
Hut no provisional order made by a pro
bate judge, in a cause pending in any
other court, shall be operative or revived
after such order shall have been vacated
Sec. 17. AH judges, other than those
provided for in this constitution, shall be
elected by the electors of the judicial dis
trict for which they may be created, but
not for a longer term than six years.
Sec. 13. The general assembly may
provide by law for the appointment of a
judge pro tempore, to hold sittings of any
court inferior to the circuit court, when
the judge thereof is absent, or otherwise
unable or disqualified to preside.
Sec. 19. The judges of the supreme
court, circuit courts, courts of common
plnas, and such other courts as may be
created, shall, at stated times, receive for
their services such compensation as may
be provided by law, which, after the first
session of the general assembly held
under this constitution, shall not be
changed during their term of office; but
the compensation of the judges of the
supreme court shall be five thousand dol
lars per annum, until the legislature shall
otherwise proviae. jno judge of a court
of record shall receive any fees -or per
quisites, or hold any other office of profit
or trust under the authority of this state
or the United btate. All votes for such
juuge lor any elective omce, except a
judicial office, under the authority. of this
state, given by the general assembly, or
i i . t i . n
ine people, suau ue voiu.
Sec. 20. In case the office of a iudce
shall become vacant before the expira
tion of the term for which he was elected,
the vacancy shall be filled by the gover
nor, until a successor is elected and qual
ified ; and such successor shall be elected
at the first election for governor that oc
curs more than thirty days after the
vacancy shall have happened.
Sec. -I. . Judges mav be removed from
office by concurrent resolution of both
houses of the general assembly, if two
thirds of the members elected to eaeh
house concur therein; but no such re
moval shall be made
plaint, the substance ot which shall be
entered on the journal; nor until the
party charged shall Lave had notice
thereof, and an opportunity to bo heard.
Seo. 22. Dmnlcuneaa- of a judicial
officer, during a term of his court, or
when otherwiso officially engaged, shall
work a forfeiture of his office : and unon
such fact being established, as shall be
proviuea oy law, Hi office shall become
vacant It shall be the duty of the gen
eral assembly to provide for carrying this
section into effect.
Sec. 23. There shall be elected in each
county, by the electors thereof, a clerk of
the court of comiuonileas,who shall hold
his office for the term of four years, and
until his successor is elected and nnnli-
fied. He shall, unless otherwise provided,
be clerk of all courtB of record in such
county, lue general assembly may pro
vide lor the election of a clerk, with a
like term of office, for each or any other
court of record, except the supreme court
The Judge of the probate shall perform
the duties of clerk of said court, unless
otherwise provided by law. Clerks of
courts snail be removable for such cause
and in such manner as the general as
sembly may prescribe.
Sec. 24. Probate judges and clerks of
courts, other than the supreme court,
shall receive a fixed salary out of the
proper county treasury, and all their offi
cial fees shall be paid into such treasury.
The clerk of the supreme court shall re
ceive a fixed salary out of the state treas
ury, ana shall pay into it all his official
Sec. 25. A comnetent nmubur of
justices of the peace shall be elected by
me electors in each township, at the time
fixed for the election of other townshio
officers. Their term of office shall be four
years, and their powers and duties shall
bo defined by law. Vacancies occurring
in the office shall be filled by appoint
ment, until the next general election of
township officers, in such manner as may
be provided by law.
Sea 20. All judges of courts of record
inferior to the supreme court, shall, on or
before the first day of June of each year,
report in writing to the judges of the
supreme court such defects and omissions
in the laws as their official experience
may suggest; una the judges of the su-
Sreme court shall, on or before the first
ay of December of each year, report in
writing to the governor such defects and
omissions in the laws as they may find to
exist ; and all judges of courts of record
inferior to the supreme court shall report
to the general assembly, at each regular
session thereof, the number of days they
have held court in the several counties
composing their respective circuits and
districts the preceding year.
Sec. 27. The style of all process shall
be "The State of Ohio," All prosecu
tions shall be carried on in the name and
bv the authority of the State of Ohio, and
all indictments shall conclude, " against
the peace and dignity of the State of
SkC. 1. Every male oitizon of the United
States, of the age of tweuty-one years, who
shall have been a resident of the stuto one year
next preceding the election, and of tho oounty,
township or ward in which he resides such
time as may be provided by law, shall have
the qualifications of an elector, and be enti
tled to vole at all elootions.
Sko. 2. No idiot, or insane person; shall be
entitlod to the privileges of an elector.
Sue. 3. The general assembly shall navo
power to exclude from tho privilege of voting,
or being eligible to omce, any person con victed
of bribery, porjury or other infamous erime.
Bsc. . All elections shall De oy uauot.
Bsc. S. Electors, durina their attendance at
elections, and in going to and returning
therefrom, shall be tirivilesad from arrest in
an cases, except treason, telony ana oreacn oi
Sac. 6. No person shall be deemed to have
gained or lost his ranirinnna as an elector by
reason of his presenoe orabsence in the service
of the United States, or in the navigation of
us i men seas or waters of the United states,
or by reason of his presence or absenoe for any
Sua. 7. Every elector in the actual military
ieryioe of the United States, or of this state,
and not in the mvu1 arm v mav MimiM the
right of suffrage, at such place and nodersuch
muisusu it mar m pimuidm Driav.
Bsc. 1. The principal of all funds arisiutr
iroui ine sale or oiner uisuosition ot lands and
property, granted or intrusted to tho state fur
ouucntional or relia-iuus purposes, shall for
eter bo preserved inviolate anil undimininhf-il:
and tho income therefrom shall be faithfully
applied to the specific oluects of the original
grant aud trusts.
Sko. 2. The general assembly shall make
such provision, bv taxation or otherwise, as
with the income arising from the school trust
fund, will secure a thorough and efficient sys
tem or common schools throughout, the state,
No rolieious or other sect shall ever have ex
clusive right to. or control of any part of tho
scnooi minis oi the state. -Sue.
S. Women, having inch Qualifications
aa to age, citizenship and residence as may be
prescribed for electors, shall be eligible to any
office under the school laws, except that of
state commissioner ol common sonools.
Bsc, 1. Institutions for tho benefit of tho
insane, both curable and incurable, the blind
tnaaeai anu auino, shall always be sup
ported by the state.
Men. I. An asylum for idiotic and imbecile
youth, a home for soldiers' and sailors' or
phans and a girls' industrial home shall be
supported as long as the general assembly may
deem them neoossary.
bun. a. the punitive and reformatory in-
uiuuuui xor me state shall Ms rctorm school
lor ooys, a house ot discipline and a peniten
Ski- a. All nnKli. t.t:... ..v-u i i
. ' . I' iiiniiLUlluu, RIUII UO BUU-
jm-v io suca regulations as may be prescribed
PUBLIC DEBTS ANE PUBLIC WORKS.
supply casual deficits ot failures in revenues,
or to meet expenses nototherwise nrovidod fur:
but the aggregate amount of debts shall never
exrceu seven nundred and titty thousand dol
lars: and the Inannv ai-i.inip (V-i ,k. .-... t ... ..
of such debts shall be applied to the purpose
for which it was obtained, or to pay the dobu
so contracted, and to no other purpose,
bite. 2. Tho stato may also contracts debts
; i"?' invasion, suppress insurrection, de
fend the stato in time of war, or redeem its
present indebtedness; but the money arising
lroiu the creation of such debts shall be ap
plied to the purpose for which it was obtained.
Or to lav the ilbta un onnlp.Kt.jl ...
other purpose; aud all debts inou'rred to re
deem tho present indebtedness of the state
suau oe niaue payable from the siuking fund
hereinafter uriii-ulil fur u tl.A U.A uv. u 1 1
OKU. A. r.xcnnC aa ttrnviilAiT in inii..n a
auu iso oi iuis articie.no debt shall be created
oy or on ocuait ot the state.
SKC. 4. 1 ha nrarlit nf th. .1a -.1.-11 kn
given or loaned to. or in aid of an v individual.
association or corporation; nor shall tho state
uecouie a stockholder or part owner in anv
Sue. 5. The stato shall never assume any
acot ol a county, township, city, town, vil
lage or eoriMiration . iiiil.,-.,, mn.li rlnh
suau nave been created to reiinl invasion, huh.
press insurrection, or defend the stato in time
CKC. b. rin county tnwnA n i t v lwn
village or other Political or inuuii-ioal d'ivision
ot the state, shall becopio a stockholder, either
unuvujT or inuireciiy, in any joint stock com
i'r. corporation or association; or raise
money lor or in aid of, or loan its credit to, or
1U aid of any such ooniuanv. iinrnoratinn r
MBuuiauoii; or purchase or construct, or in
auy way aid in purchasing orooustructingany
railroad, canal or appurtenance thereto.
Msr. i. The faith of the state being pledged
for the payment of its public debt, iu order to
provide thurefor. a tiinlriiiv 'nnl skill Kn
created, siitliciont to pay the aocruing interest
on such debt, and annually reduce the prin
cipal thereof, by a sum not less than one bun-
ure mousana uouurs, increased yearly, and
each and overy year, by compounding at the
rate ot six per oentuui per aunum, from tho
oiiccniu ;iay ol November, ouo thousand
eight hundred and fiftv.unn Ti.A-.,;.-i d;nu;
fund shall consist of the net annual income of
puouo wuraa and stocks owued by the
state, ot any other funds or resources that are
or may bu provided by luw, and of such fur
ther sum, to be raised by taxation, as may be
required for the purposes aforesaid; and no
part thereof shall ever be transferred to any
other fund, or used for any other purpose.
Boo. s. Abo auditor of state, secretary of
m auoruoy-generai snati oe a ooard ot
commissioners, to bo styled "The Commis
sioners of tho Sinking Fund."
r?oo. 9. Tire commissioners of tho sinking
fund shall, immediately preceding each regu
lar session of the general assembly, mako an
estimate of the probablo amount of the fund
provided for in the seventh section of this ar
ticle, from all sources, except from taxation,
and report the same, together with all their
frocedings relative to said fund and the pub
ic debt, to tho governor, who shall transmit
the same, with his regular message, to the gen
eral assembly: and the general assembly shall
make all necessary provision for raising and
disbursing said sinking fund in pursuance of
the provisions of this article. r
bee. 10. Jt shall be the duty of said com
missioners faithfully to apply said fund, to
gether with all moneys that may be appro
priated by the general assembly to thatobjoot,
to the payment of tho interest, as it becomes
due, and the redemption of the principal of
the publio debt of tbo stato. excepting only the
school and trust funds hold by the state.
Sec 11. The said commissioners shall,
semi-annually, make a full and detailed re
port to tho governor, who shall immediately
eauso the same to be published, and oommu
nicate it to the general assembly, if in sessiou,
and if not, then at iu first session after such
report is made.
bee. 12. At the first general election after
the adoption of this constitution, and every
four years thereafter, so long as tho state has
public works which rcouiro superintendence,
there shall bo elected by the doctors of the
state a superintendent of public works, to
serve for four years.
Seo. 13. The qualifications, powers, duties
and compensation of said superintendent shall
be such as may bo prescribed by law.
Seo. Y. All able-bodiod male oitixons of the
Initud States, residents of this stato, being
eighteen and under forty-five years of ago,
shall be enrolled in the militia and perforin
military duty in such uianuer, not incompati
ble with the constitution snd laws ot the
United States, as may be provided bylaw; but
no person having conscientious scruples
against bearing arms shall be compelled to
perform military duty in tiuto of peace,
Kvory person claiming exemption from such
service shall, in lieu thereof, pay into the
school fund of the county of which he may bo
a resident an equivalent iu mouey; tho
amount and manner of payment to be fixed by
bee. 2. Tho governor shall appoint tho adjutant-general,
quartormaster-guueral and his
other stuff officers; also all colonels, lieu-tenant-colonel,
majors and other field o dicers,
lio shall also, with the advice and consent of
the senate, appoiut all major-generals and
brigadior-jrenerals. Should a vacancy ocour
in the omce of major-gcueral or brigadier
general when the general assembly is not in
session, it shall be tilled by appointment by
the governor. No such appointment shall ex
tend beyond the close of the next session of
the goneral assembly.
Sec. 3. Captains and subalterns shall bo
elected by the persons subjoct to military duty
in thoir respective companies, in such manner
asuiay be provided by law.
Sec. 4. Major-generals, brigadier-generals
and colonels or commandants of regiments or
battalions shall severally appoint thoir staff
otlicers, aud captains shall appoint their non
commissioned officers and musicians.
Sec. 5. Tho governor shall commission all
officers of the line aud staff, ranking as such,
and shall have power to call forth the militia
to execute tho laws of the state, to suppress
insurrection and repel invasion.
Seo. 6. The general assembly shall provide
for the safe-keeping of the publio arms of the
COUNTY AND TOWNSHIP ORGANIZATIONS.
Sec. 1. Each eounty shall be a body cor
porate, with such organisation, powers, im
munities and liabilities as may be prescribed
by law. All suits and proceedings by or
against a county shall be in the name therof.
Ann. '2. The s-aiinral assembly shall nrovide
by law for the election of such eounty and
township officers as may be necessary. The
county auditor, county treasurer and prose
outing attorney shall each receive a fixed sal
ary out ot the treasury ot ine proper county,
and no other foes or compensation shall be
allowed or paid said officers.
See. 3. County officers, until otherwise
directed by law, shall be elocted on the Tues
day succccediug the first Monday f Novem
ber, by tho electors of each county, in such
manner and Tor such term, not exceeding tour
years, as may be provided by law.
Sec. 4. No person shall be eligible to the
office of sheriff or county treasurer for more
than four years in any period of six years.
Sec. 5. Each township shall be a body cor
porate, with Buch organization, powers, im
munities aud liabilities as may be prescribed
by law. All suits and proceedings by or
against a township shall be in the name there
of. Sec. 6. Township officers shall be elected
by the electors of each township, at such times,
in such manner and for such term, not exceed
ing three years, as may be provided by law;
but shall hold their offices until successors are
elected and qualified.
Seo. 7. No money shall be drawn from any
county or township treasury, except by au
thority of law; nor shall money be raised by
taxation, loan or assessment, ;ir one purpose,
ever be diverted to another.
See. 8. County and township officers may be
removed in such manner, and for -such cause,
at shall be provided by law.
Seo. 9. County and townships shall, when
necessary to tbe publio convenionoe or welfare,
have such power of local taxation and assess
ment for police purposes, for constructing and
improving ditches and public roads other than
railroads, and for olearing water-courses, aa
may be prescribed by law.
6x0.1. The general assembly shall provide,
f general laws, for the organisation and
classification of munioipal corporations. Ths
number of such classes shall not exceed six,
and the powers of each class shall be defined I
general laws, so that no such corporation i
ukall Iiuva nv hnwiiv. nr K MiihtMrr til anv
restrictions other than all corporations of the
i . ' 1 1. i ... 1. 1 . j i i
strict the power of such corporations to levy
taxes ana assessments, borrow money anil con
tract debts, so as to prevent the abuse ol such
Sko. 2. No municipal corporation shall loan
its credit to any person or corporation, except
as may be otherwise provided in this constitu-
Nko. 3. No assessments shall be levied by a
munioipal corporation upon any property
which snail require the payment in one year
of moro than ten per centum of its value, aa
ascertained by the tax duplicate, nor shall the
aggregate of such assessments, in anv period
of ten years, exceed fifty per centum of the
highest taxable valuation of such property
during the same period.
Skr. 4. Tbe indebtedness of a municipal
corporation shall never exceed in the aggre
gate five per centum of the value of the proper
ty within such corporation, as asccrtaiued
from time to time by the tax duplicate thereof,
without the consent, first obtained, to such
increase of indebtedness, and the approval of
the objects fur which tbe same is to ho oreated,
of at least three-fourths of all the electors of
such corporation, to be ascertained by the
mode prescribed bylaw; and in no ease shall
such indebtedness exceed ten per centum of
said taxable value. In ascertaining such ln
debt edness, there shall be included an amount
which, at the rate of six per centum per an
num, will produce a sum equal to the aggre
gate annual rents payable by such corporation.
This section shall not bo construed to prevent
municipal corporations from incurring in
debtedness necessary for military purposes in
time of war. or for the completion of auy work
authorized by law and heretofore undertaken;
nor. until the first valuation of real estate for
taxation hereafter made, to prevent the bor
rowing of money in anticipation of the collec
tion of assessments actually levied,
dec, o. ixoept as otherwise proviaea in
this constitution, no tax or assessment shall
be levied or collected, or debt contracted by a
municipal corporation, except in pursuance of
law lor public purposes, specinea oy law; nor
shall money raised by taxation, loan or assess
ment, lor one nurnose. ever Do aiveriea 10
Kep. ft. n nrnnnrtr shall be aDOroonated
to the use of a municipal corporation, until
compensation therefor be first made in money,
or first secured by a deposit of money, to be
ajsRpsmid in tha manner and bv the rule pre
scribed in section nineteen of the bill of
Skc. 1. The general asssembly shall pass no
wrwoiiil ii Mnftirrin. tfii.i-nnn.lA niiWUM.
bxc. z. Uoroorations may be lormea nnacr
general laws, but such laws may, lrom lime to
time, be altered or repealed.
bKC. 3. Dues from corporations suau oe
secured oy such individual nuoiiiiy oi iu
utni-krinliliimi anil nthnr mnans as DUV bo Dre'
scribed by law; but, in all cases, each stock
holder shall be liable over and above tho stock
by him or her owned, and any amount unpuid
thereon, to a turther sum, at least equal in
amount to such stock.
Sue. 4. No property shall be appropruvtoa
to the uso of a nnrnoration nntil full compen
sation therefor be first niadfl iu money or first
secured, by a deposit of money, to the owner,
irrespective of any benefit from any improve
ment nrnnnsnrl hv sni-h ..nrfmratiou: which
eompcjisation shall be ascertained by a jury of
twelve men, in a oourt ot recoru, as may oc
prescribed by law.
Sko. fi- Nn ai-t nf ttia ffvneru.1 aHriemblv au
thorising the issue of bills, notes or other
banor. which mav circnlate as money, suau
take effect until submitted to the people, at
thn irnnnral AlAAtinn mivt aileneedino: the nas-
sage thereof, and approved by a majority of
tho electors voting at such election: and the
redemption nf all such paper shall he fully
secured by the deposit of such securities of
the United States or of this state, as may be
prescribed by law.
Skr. 6. The directors of a corporation shall
be chosen at one time by goneral ticket. At
elections for directors, each shareholder shall
have as ninny votes as the number of shares
held by him, multiplied by the number of
directors to be chosen, and may cast all his
votes f or oueoandidate, or distribute them, aa
he may see fit.
bKf. V. j- oreian eoroorations may DO au
thorized to do business in this state, under
such limitations and restrictions as may be
nresoribed bv law: and. as to contraots made
or business done in this statet shall be subject
lU 1UV MIUU IGKUinilUll., IIIUIIHIIUUBIIBU 111.
bilities as like oornorations of this state: and
shall exercise no other or greater powers,
privileges or franchises, than may be exercised
by like corporations of this state; nor shall
they have power to condemn or appropriate
bKC. o. Ihe general assembly mav. by sen-
eral law, subject to the provisions of this con
stitution, extend the existence of societies for
savings, created prior to the first day of Sep
tember, one thousand eight hundred and Any
one, whose oharters are subjoct to alteration,
amendment or repaal. No other corporations
of this stato, incorporated prior to tbo first
day of May, .pne thousand eight hundred and
nity-two, snail have tbe benefit ot any law
passed sinoe that date, or which shall hnra-
after be passed, except laws roguluting judi
cial procedure, unless they shall reorganize
uudcr and subject to the provisions of this
bao, a. jo ouiuer or-aaout of anv eouinanv
owning, operating or using a railroad wiihin
this state, shall be interested directly or indi
rectly, either by himself or associated with
others, in tho receipts, contraots or earnings
of suoh company, otherwise than as an ordi
nary shipper or passenger, eras a stockholder,
bond creditor or employe; nor iu any arrange
ment which shall afford more advantageous
terms or greater facilities than are offered and
accorded to tbe public; and all contracts and
arrangements in violation of this section shall
Sko. 10. Norailroadcoinnanvshall consoli
date with another, having a line parallel or
competing with its own; or lease, purchase,
or control such line; aud no officer of a rail
road company shall act as an officer of any
other company owning or controlling a parcl
lel or competing lino; aud no railroad com-
nany shall uo business in this state which
shares iu earnings, in any manner, with a
company owning; or controlling a parallel or
oompeting line within this state.
bKC. 11. iNO loroign corporation shall carry
on tho business of transporting persons or
proerty, or of telegraphing, mining, maun
tacturiug or insurance in this state, except
while it maintains therein an ouice, where, or
on the person iu chargo of which, procens may
be served in any action or legal proceeding in
stituted against it; nor after it shall cause or
brocure to be rumovod into anv nf iVia pnnrt.
of the United States a proceeding instituted
oy or against it, in anyoourtot this state, upon
cause of action arising out of such business,
which a corporation of this state, if a party to
ucu proceeding. luiilQl not cause or procure
to be so removed.
bKC. 12. The general assembly shall unu
laws to correct abuses and prevent unjust dis
crimination and excessive chnrgos by railroad
companies for transporting freight and as
songcrs; and shall provide for enforcing such
laws by adequate penalties and forfeitures.
Sko. 13. No corporation whall ittniiA uliu-au
or bonds, exoept for money or property actual
ly receiveu, or laoor uone: anu an nclitlous
ncreaso ot stock or indebtedness shall be void.
The stock aud bonded indebtedness of corpo
rations shall not be increased, except in pur
suance of goneral law; nor until the consent
of the porsous holding the larger amount in
value of the stock shall be obtaiued, at a
meeting hold after notice giveu, for a period
not less than sixty days, in pursuance of law.
Sec. 14. Porsons aud property, transported
over any railroad, shall be carried to auy sta
tion at charges not exceeding in gross the
uarges lor rue same class aud amount of
transportation of persons and property in the
direction, to any more distant station; but
excursion and commutation tickets may be
issued at special rates.
REVENUE AND TAXATION.
general assembly shall nrnvlrla
for raising revenue to defray the expenses of
the state for each yeat including a sum suffi
cient to pay the interest on the state debt, aud
much, at least, of the prinoipal thereof, as
is provided for in article eight of this consti
tution. bite. 2. Tho goneral assembly shall never
levy a poll tax for county or state purposes. .
bKC. 3. Laws shall be passed, taxing bv a
nnitorin rate all real and personal property,
according to its value in money, to be ascer
tained by such rules of appraisement as may
be nrescribed bv the general aasemlil v. aii t hut
all property shall bear an equal proportion of
ine ouruons oi taxation; provided, that the
deduction of debts from credits may be
Skc. 4. The general assembly may provide
by general laws for exemption from taxation
of all burial grounds, public school houses,
houses used exclusively for public worship,
institutions of purely public charity, public
libraries, publio property used exclusively for
any publio purpose, and personal property to
an amount not exceeding two hundred dollars
for each iudividual; but such laws shall be
subject to alteration or repeal, aud tho value
of property so exempted shall, from time to
time, be ascertained aud published, as maybe
directed by law.
Sbc. 5. The general assembly may impose
taxes by license, excise or otherwise, and also
provide, by equitublo rules, for taxing fran
chises and inoome derived from investments,
when the principal from which such income is
derived can not be taxed.
Skc. 6. Bunks and bankers shall be taxed
by such equitable rules, based upon capital
employed and business done, as will require
them to share equally with other persons in
the burdens of taxation: but 'this nr.,vininn
shall not prevent the taxation of. shares of
stocK in apy oanK. - .
Sko. 7. The general assembly may, by
special tax, assessment or otherwise, regulate,
restrain or prohibit the keeping, harboring or
running at large of dogs.
Seo, 8. No tax shall be levied exoept in
pursuance of law, and every law imposing a
tax shall state distinctly the object of the
same, to whioh only it shall be applied.
Sec. 9. The state shall never oontract any
debt for purposes of internal improvement.
LEGISLATIVE APPORTIONMENT AND REPRESENTATION.
Sko. 1. Ths apportionment for members of
us general assemoiy soaii ce maao every
ten years, after the year one thousand eight
hundred and seventy-two, in the manuer here
by inafter provided; . -
Kirf!. 2. The OOPUlatlon Of the StAtO. OS as-
ccrtained by the . federal census, or. in such
ther mode as the goneral assembly may
direct, shall be divided by Ihe number one
hundred and five, and the i.uotient shall be
the ratio of represent:, tiou in ihe houo of rep
resentatives for lite tun years succeed iug such
aplioi tiounient. .....
.Sec. 3. Every county shall ho untitled to
ouo representative; every county containing
said ratio and one-half over shall be entitlod
to two representatives; every county contain
ing three times said ratio shall be entitled to
three representatives; and so on, requiring
after the first two an entire ratio for each addi
Sec. 4. Tbe ratio for a senator shall be
ascertained by dividing tho populijU,? of the
state by tho number thirty-scvA-B Mie dis
tricts formed shall be of coutigiV Territory
and bounded by county lines. TjiUil tho next
decennial apportionment, the county of Ham
ilton shall be entitled to four, and the county
of Cuyahoga to two senators; and the other
districts to one senator each, and such addi
tional senators for fractional ratios as are pro
vided for in this article.
Sko. 5. When a county shall have a frac
tion above the ratio so large that, multiplied
by five, the result will be equal to one or more
ratios, additional representatives shall be ap
portioned for such ratios in the following
manner: If there be only one ratio, a repre
sentative shall be allotted to the fifth general
assembly of the decennial period; if two ra
tios, a representative shall be allotted to the
fourth and third goneral assemblies; if four,
to the fourth, third, second aud first general
assemblies, respectively. ....
Sec. 6. The same rules shall be applied in
apportioning the fractions of senatorial dis
tricts that are applied to the fractions of rep
resentative districts, and any senatorial dis
trict which may have less than one-half ef a
senatorial ratio, at any decennial apportion
ment, shall then be attached to the contiguous
diHtrint havina the least population.
Skc. 7. Any eounty. forming part of a sen
atorial district, having a population equal to a
full senatorial ratio at a decennial apportion
ment, shall then be made a seperate senatorial
district, if a full senatorial ratio be left in the
district from which it is taken.
Sec. 8. Until the next decennial apportion
ment, the assignment of representatives and
senators to the several general assemblies of
the decennial period shall be as provided in
this article, and no change shall inuiie in the
principles of representation herein adopted;
or in the senatorial districts herein estab
lished, except as above provided. All terri
tory belonging to a county at the time of an
apportionment shall, as to the right of repre
sentation and suffrage, remain an integral
part thereof during the decennial period.
Skc. 9. Thegovernor.auditorand secretary
of state, or any two of them, shall, at least
four mouths prior to the day fixed for holding
the general election for senators, in the year
one thousand eight hundred and eighty-two.
and at each decennial period thereatler, ascer
tain and determine the ratio of representa
tion, according to tho deceuuial census, and
the number of representati,ves each county or
au-trict shall be entitled to elect within the
ensuing ten years; and the governor shall
cause the same to be published in such manner
as may be directed by law.
Skc. IU. The state is hereby divided iuto
thirty-three senatorial districts, as follows:
The county of Hamilton shall be the first
district; the counties of Butler and Warren,
the second; Proble, Darke and Mercer, tho
third: an n ert. Allen. Putnam and Paul
ding, the fourth; Defiance, Williams, Henry
and Fulton, the fifth: Wood and Lucas, the
sixth; Hancock. Hardin and Logan, the
seventh; Auglaiio, Sholby and Miami, the
eighth; Montgomery, the ninth; Clermont,
Brown aud Adams, the tenth; Highlaud, Ross
and Fayette, the eleventh; Clinton, Greene
sua viarKo, tne iwenth; .uadison, Cham
paign, Union and Delaware, tho thirteenth;
Marion, Morrow and Richland, the fourt couth;
Wyandot. Crawford and Seneca, tho fifteenth:
Sandusky. Ottowa and Erie, tho sixteenth;
Huron. Lorain and Ashland, the seventeenth;
Knox, Coshocton and Licking, the eighteenth;
Frauklin, tho nineteenth: Fairfield, Pickaway
and Perry, the twentieth; Piko. Scioto and
Lawrence, the twenty-first; (iallia, Jackson
aud Meigs, the twenty-secoud; Vinton, Ath
ens, Hocking and Morgan, tbe twenty-third;
Muskiuauni and Guernsey, tho twenty-fourth:
Tuscarawas, Holmes aud Wayue, tho twenty
fifth; Carroll and Stark, tho twenty-sixth;
Medina, Summit and Portage; tho twenty
seventh; Cuyahoga, the twonty-eigth; Geau-
a. Lake and Ashtabula, tho twonty-uiuth;
rnmbull and Mahoniliflr. the thirtinth: Colum
biana and Jefferson, the thirty-first; Harrison,
Belmont and Noble, the thirtv-secoiul: Mop-
roe and Washington, tbe thirty-third. For
tho first decennial period tho first district
shall be entitlod to four senators, the twenty
eighth district to two senators; aud every other
district to one senator iu each general assem
bly; and tho twenty-filth district touu-additional
senator in the fifth general assembly of
the decennial period. -
Skc. 11. The apportionment for the house
of representatives, until the end of the first
decennial period, shall be as follows: The
eounty of Hamilton shall be entitled to ten,
and the county of Cuyahoga to five represen
tatives in each general assembly, and shall
each be entitled to an additional representa
tive in tho fifth general assembly of the decen
nial period. The counties of Belmont. But
ler, Columbiana, Franklin, Lucas, Mont
gomery, Muskingum, Stark, Trumbull and
Washington shall severally be entitled to two
representatives iu each general assembly; and
the comities of Franklin and Montgomery
each to two additional representatives, one in
the thirsU and one in the fourth general as
sembly ot' thu decennial period. Tbe counties
of Licaiug and Ross shall severally be entitled
to one representative in each general assem
bly, and two additional representatives, one
in the third, and one in the fourth general
assembly of the decennial period. The ouun
ties of Ashtabula. Brown, Clarke, Clermont,
Darke, Fairfield, Lawrence, Meigs. Miami,
Mahoning. Richland. Seneca, Summit, Tusca
rawas and Wayne shall severally be entitled
to oue representative in each general assem
bly, and oue additional representative in tho
filth general assembly of the decennial period.
Every other country shall bu entitled to ouo
representative in each general assembly of the
Skc. 12. - In voting for representatives and
senators in counties and districts entitled to
moro than two, each elector may cast as many
votes for oue candidate as thoro are represen
tatives or seuators to be elected, or he may
distribute the same, or equal parts thereof,
among tho candidates, as ho may see fit, and
the candidates receiving the highest number
of votes shall be declared elected.
1. The districts of thn courts fif mm.
mon nloas. with their several Muhiliviii,iiii
shall be as follows : .
judges, shall form the first district, and shall
uui oe suouiviucu.
H-omd The counties of Clermont, Brown
and Adams, with one judge, shall constitute
the first-subdivision : the counties of Wuri-Mn
Clinton. Fuvette ana Iliybinnil ivith turn
judges, tho secoud suhdivisiou ; and thu coun
ties fit tirceno and 31adisou, with one judge,
the third subdivision of tho second ilirri,-t
anil together shall form said district
Thinl The counties of Butler aud Prcblo.
with two judges, shall constitute tho first sub
division; the county of Montirotnnrv. with tan
judges, tho second subdivision ; and the coun
ties of Miami and Darke, with one judge, the
third subdivision of the third district, and to
gether shall form said district.
i'uunh The counties of Scioto, Piko and
Jackson, with one judge, shall constitute the
first subdivision ; tho counties of Lawrence,
(iallia and Meigs, with one judge, the socond
subdivision : and the counties of Vinton,
Athens and Washington, with oue judge, the
third subdivision of the fourth district, and
together shall form said district.
V'l The counties of Ross and Pickaway.
with one judge, shall constitute the first sub
division : tho counties of Frauklin and Dela
ware, with two judges, the socond subdivision ;
the counties of Fairfield, Hocking and
ferry, with oue judge, the third subdivision of
fifth district, anil tnirnthAr sluUl tf'i.p.n .owl
.Sixth The counties of Muskingum and Mor
gan, with one judge, shall constitute the first
subdivision ; the counties of Guernsey. Noble
and Monroe, with one judge, the second sub
division; and the counties of Carroll, Harri
son and Bolmont, with one judge, the third
subdivision of the sixth district, and together
shall form said district.
Seventh Tho counties of Knox aud Licking,
with one judge, shall constitute the first suh
divisiou; the counties of Morrow, Richland,
Ashland aud Wayne, with two judges, the sec
ond subdivision ; and the counties of Holmes,
Coshoctou and Tuscarawas, with ouej'udge,
the third subdivision of the seventh district,
and together shall form said district.
Eifhth Tho county of Stark, with one judge,
shall constitute the first subdivision ; the
counties of Julferson and Columbiana, with
one judge, the second subdivision; the coun
ties of Summit, Portage. Mahouiugand Trums
bull, with two judges, the third subdivision;
and the counties of Ashtabula. Lake and Ge
auga, with one judge, the fourth subdivision
of the eighth district, and together shall form
A'intk Tho county of Cuyahoga, with three
judges, shall constitute the first subdivision;
tne counties ol Aieuiua, Lorain and ilurou,
with one judge, the socond subdivision-; and
the counties of Erie, Sandusky and Ottawa,
with one judge, the third subdivision of the
ninth district, and together shall form said
Traf Jtr-The county of Lucas, with two judges,
shall constitute the first subdivision, and the
oounties of Wood. Henry, Fulton and Wil
liams, with one judge, the second subdivision
of the tenth district, and together shall form
Eltvtmh The counties of Mercer, Van Wert;
Allen and Auglaize, with oue judge, shall con
stitute the first subdivision ; the counties of
Defiance, Pauidmg and Putnam, with one
judge, the seoond subdivision: and the ooun
ties of Seneca, Hancock and Hardin, with one
judge, the third subdivision of the eleventh
district, and together shall form said district.
2Wt The oounties of Clarke and Cham
paign, withone judge, shall constitute the first
subdivision; the oounties of Shelby, Logan and
Union, with one judge, the second subdivision;
and the oounties of Marion, Wyondot and
Crawford, with onejudge, the third subdivis
ion of the twelfth distriot.
Sko. 2. The division of the State into cir
cuits shall be as follows :
i'irtt Tho oounty of Hamilton shall consti
tute the first circuit.
iSeooad The counties -of Butler, Preble.
Miami. Montgomery. Warren. Clermont.
Browu. Adams. Highland, Clinton. Fayette,
Greene, Clarke, Madison, Champaign and
n' shall constitute the second circuit.
7 0 counties of Darke. Shelby. Lo-
snu, juerrcr, Augiaize, llarmn. Marion. Wy
andot. Allen. Van Wert. Tanlding, Putnam,
llancock. Seneca. Henry, Defiance. Williams,
j ulton and ...id shall constitute the third
Fuurth The counties of Pickaway. Ross,
ii """"to, Lawrence, Jackson. Vinton,
Hocking. Fairfie l. Murrx- Al.u,.- XIA;
(iallia, Morgan, Washington and Nolle shall
wuii.biii.uiu mo iuunn circuit.
tifih The counties of Franklin, Delaware.
.MlirrBT 1 r.wfnrj Uinliln. J I..L.I 1 t- "
t l.- i i suuina, tvnox
JusKingum, uosnocton, Tuscarawas,
llolmes and V ayn shall constitute the fifth
Sixth The counties of Ashtabula, Lake,
r- iT uuiiing, t-oriago, Clark
larroil, Columbiana, Jefferson. Itelmont
Harrison, Guernsey and Monroe shall consti-
cuic me siain circuit.
.vm-atA ihe counties of Cnyahoga. Summit,
-Medina. Lorain, Huron, Erie. Sandusky. Ot
tawa and Lucas shall constitute the seventh
SKC. 3. AnV nw Mnnn.v . Y. - . 1 i
after created shall be attached to such circuit
and district or subdivision thereof as may be
Sec. 1, Columbus shall be the seat of gov-
vu...., "ui.., uiuvmiM proviuea Dy taw.
ti.Kc.i. Ihe printing of laws, journals, bills
legislative documents and papers for each
branch of the general assembly, with the print
lug required for the executive and other de
partments of state, shall be lot. on. contract,
to the lowest responsible bidder, by such exec
utive officers, and in such manner as may be
prescribed by law.
Sec. S. An accurate and detailed statement
oftbe receipts and expenditures of the public
uiuuey, me several amounts paid, to whom,
and on what account, shall, from time to timo,
be published, as may be prescribed by law.
Skc. 4. KiiH-nt aa mlmrvi.. ; . i ; n
this constitution, no person shall be elected to
any office, or appointed to fill a vacancy in an
elective office, who does not possess the quali
fications of an elector.
Sec. 5. No person who may hereafter fight
a uuui, assist in tne same as second, or send
accept or knowingly carry a challenge there
for, shall hold any office in this state.
Skc. o. No person elected to the general
assembly, or to a convention or commission to
revise, alter or amend this eonstitution, or
elected or appointed to any judicial or lucra
tive state or county office, shall, from tha lima
of his election or appointment until the end of
the term ot such omce. knowingly accent from
a railroad or transportation company any free
,inca, iii, ui mmiuuicv service, not onereu to
Sec. 7. Every person 'elected srr appointed
. ...... wivi. i-ii n 1 1 ii k upon i Lie uis-
charge of his duties, shall take an oath or af
firmation, to support the constitution of the
united Mates and ot this State, and also an
oath of office.
Skc. 8. Lotteries and tho sale of lottery
tickets, for any purpose, shall forever be pro
hibited. Sec. 9. There may be established in the
omce oi tno secretary ot state a bureau ot sta
tistics, under sueh regulations as may be pre
scribed by law.
Skc. 10. Tho general assembly, by suitable
enactments, shall require such appliances and
means io oe proviaea ana usea as may be nec
essary to secure, as far as possible, the lives
health snd safety of persons employed in min-
.ing; ana suau provide tor enlorcing such en
actments by adequate pains and penalties.
Skc. 1. Either branch of the general assem-
uiy may propose amendments to this constitu
tion; and it the samo bo agreed to by throe
fifths of the members elected to each house,
such proposed amendments shatl be entered on
the journals, with the yeas aud nays, and pub
lished in at least one newspaper in each
county, where a newspaper is published, for
six mouths preceding the next election of sen
ators aud representatives, at which time tho
same shall be submitted to tho electors, for
approval or rejection; and if a majority oftbe
electors, voting at such election, adopt such
amendments, tho same shall become a part of
the constitution. When more than one
amendment is submitted at the same time,
they shall be so admitted as to enable the
elocters to vote on each amendment sepa
rately. Ski:. 2. AVhen throA-fiftha of !ia m,iKi.M
elected to each branch of the general assembly
deem it necessary to call a convention to re
vise, amend or change this constitution, they
shall recommend to tho electors to vote, at the
licit cloction of members of the general assem
bly, for or against a convention ami if u i.iu-
jority of those voting at said election vote for
a convention, the general assembly shall, at
its next session, provide, by law, for calling
the same. Tho convention shall consist of as
many members as tbo house of representatives,
who shall be chosen in tha un m. mun..a- -n.l
shall nioet within three months after their 'elec
tion. ior ino purpose atoresaid. -No amend
ment or chanira of this ii,iMtitniwm
agreed upon by such convention, shall take
effect until the same has boeu submitted to tbe
electors of the state, and adopted by a majority
of those voting for and against the same.
1. This eonstitution shall aA.u.t
on the first day of October, one thousand eight
hundred and seventy-four, and all laws then
in lorce, not inconsistent therewith, shall con
tinue in force until amended or repealed.
SKC. 2. The official term of nil lnHv.a vkni.
offices are created by this constitution, and of
an elective state omoers, shall begin on the
second Tuesday of January next succeeding
Sec. 3. The ufobate courts provided for in
this constitution shall be the successors of -the
present probate courts; the courts of common
pleas the successors of the present- courts of
common pleas; and the circuit courts the suc
cessors of the present district courts;- and all
busiuess pending in the general terms of the
superior courts of Cincinnati and Cleveland,
on the socond Tuesday of January, one thou
sand eight hundred and seventy-five, shall
-.uvu u unu-iorrett to anu proceed in the
proper circuit enurta. anrl Bunh vAnAv-1 -
shall thenceforth be abolished.
bKC. 4 Ihe superior courts for the counties
of tireene and Monts-omerv shall fM.c. a -v-
ist on the second Tuesday of Januat) one
tuuusnuu cigui ounureu anu seventy-jive, un
less sooner abolished by law; and the business
of said courts shall thereupon be transferred to
and proceed in the courts of common pleas of
the proper counties. The superior courts of
Cincinnati aud Cleveland shall continue until
otherwise provided by law.
SKC. 5. All officers shall snntinns tn aAIaa
until their successors are elected or appointed
and qualified, and all vacancies in office occur
ring after tho first day of October, one thou
sand eight hundred and seventy-four, shall be
tilled iu the manner prescribed by law, until
officers are elected or appointed and qualified
under this constituting Until tha elei-tion
a nd qualification of the superintendent of pub
lic worxs, tne memoers oi tne ooard ol public
works shall continue to discharge the duties of
their office and receive the compensation pro
vided by law; and, until otherwise prescribed
by law, tho said superintendent shall have the
iwwers and perform the duties of said board.
Skc. 6. The governor and all other utata
aud county officers, snd members of the gen
eral assembly, whose successors are by existing
laws required to be elected in the year one
thousand oight hundred and seventy-five, shall
continue in office during the terms now-established
by law, and until their successors are
elocted and qualified. The successors to such
state and county officers, and the first general
assembly under this constitution shall be
elected at a special election, to be held on the
Tuesday succeeding the first Monday in No
vember, one thousand eight huudred and seventy-five,
and shall serve for ono year until
their successors are elected and qualified; but
such general assembly shall not be counted to
affect the allotment of additional members to
the house ol representatives or the senate, as
provided for in this constitution. Such suc
cessors shall be elected on. tbe Tuesday suc
ceeding the first Monday in November, one
thousand eight Hundred and seventy-six.
But this section shall not prevent tha ..n.ml
assembly from abolishing or changing the term
of any office not created oy the constitution.
Skc, 7. The first election for judges of the
supreme, circuit and common pleas courts,
and for all elective state and oounty officers
whose successors, by existing law, would be
elected in the present year, and to fill vacan
cies in the general assembly, shall be held on
the second Tuesday of October, one thousand
eight hundred and seventy-four, and shall be
conducted and the returns made, and the offi
cers so elected commissioned in tho manner
now provided by law for the election and com
missioning of like officers. The first election
forjudges of the courts of probate shall be held
at the election for governor, in the year one
thousand eight hundred and seventy-six; and
all probate judges, in office on the first day of
October, one thousand eight huudred and
Beventy-four, shall continue in office until the
second Tuesday of Jauuary, one thousand
eight hundred and seventy-seven; and all
common pleas judges iu office on the first day
of October, one thousand eight hundred and
seventy-four, shall eontinue to serve in their
respective districts as now constituted, until
the seoond Tuesday in January, one thousand
eight hundred and seventy-five.
Skc. 8. Where two or more eonntics ara
joined in the same election district, the re
turns oi elections shall be sent to the county
having, by the latest federal census, the larg
dv. v. i no suiomur snan, immeaiaieiy
upon the taking effect of this eonstitution, ap
point a commission, to consist of three per
sons, whose duty it shall be to revise, re
arrange, simplify and abridge the general laws
ot the state, so that there shall be but one law
upon any one subject, and, as far as practica
ble, prepare notes of the decisions of the su
preme court upon each 'law. Their proceed
ings shall, from time to timo, be reported to
the general assembly, and be subject to the ac
tion of that body. The compensation, tenure
of office, and mode of filling vacancies, shall
be prescribed by law.
Skc. 10. This eonstitution shall be submit
ted to the electors of the state on Tuesday, the
eighteenth day of August, one thousand eight
hundred and seventy-four, and at the same
time there shall be separately submitted to
said electors the following propositions :
PROPOSITION NUMBER ONE—MINORITY
"In every election for judges of the supreme
and cirouit oourts. where three or more are to
be chosen of ths same oourt, and for ths same
term of service, no Elector shall vote for a
greater number of candidates than a majority
of the judges of such oourt and term then to be
If this proposition be adopted, it shall take
the place of section three of article four of this
constitution, and section twenty ef said article
shall thereupon read as follows :
Skc. 21). la case the office of any judge
shall become vacant before the expiration of
the regular term for which he was elected, the
vacancy shall be filled by appointment by the
governor, until a successor is elected and qual
ified: and such successor shall be elected for
the unexpired term, at the first election for
governor that occurs more than thirty days
after the vacancy shall have happened.
PROPOSITION NUMBER TWO—RAILROAD
" But the general assembly may, by general
laws, authorize any township, city or incorpo
rated village to aid any railroad company in
the construction of iu road, within this state,
subject to the following restrictions, and such
others as may be prescribed by law: No sub
scription, loan or contribution, tor such pur
pose, shall be tnaila. unless aiithnrivAil at an
election held in pursuance ot law, by at least
two-thirds of all the electors of such township,
city or village, to be ascertained in suoh man
ner aa may be prescribed by law, and subject
to the further conditions of section four of ar
ticle eleven, when applicable. Nor shall such
aid be granted until the township, city or vil
lage granting the same shall hare adequate
security that the road so aidod will be com
pleted. At such election, no person shall vote
w ho shall not have resided in the township,
city or village, for six months prior thereto.
No such election shall be held until tbe part
of the road upon which tho expenditure is to
b made has been located and established, nor
shall aid be voted to more than one railroad
at any election. The order for election shall
specify all the conditions of sueh loan, sub
scription or contribution, the consideration
proposed to be given therefor, the estimated
cost of tbe proposed work.-tbe means secured
for iu completion, and the part of the work on
which the proposed subscription, loan or con
tribution is to be expended. Provision may
be made by law, for the issue of stock or bonds
for the amount of any such subscription or
n! but no township, city or village, shall
be liable for the debts of the company. The
obligations of a township, city or village, in
curred for such purpose, shall not bear a
greater interest than seven per centum
per annum, nor .Kail il,. - .-.... .a
thereof at any time exceed five per centum of
ue ui too property oi sucn township, city
or village, as ascertained by the latest tax
duplicate. The aggregate of taxes levied by a
township, city or village, to pay such obliga
tions and interest, shall in no year exceed one
per centum of such value."
If this proposition ha aiinr..,! It .1. 1 1 k.
added to and become part of sectien six of ar
ticle eignt oi this constitution.
AID. PROPOSITION NUMBER THREE —
TRAFFIC IN INTOXICATING LIQUORS.
" License to traflin in aniritnmie vinnm n
malt liquors, under such regulations and lim
itations as shall be prescribed by law, may be
granted; but this section shall not prevent the
general assembly from na..in i.v. tn M.n..i
such traffic, and to compensate injuries re
license totraffin in inl.;Mlt..ll.
1 111 . , -u.ll llljilUI
shall be gran tod; but the general assembly
may. by law, restrain or prohibit such traffic,
or provide against evils resulting therefrom."
"i inese alternative propositions.
lor lloeiian " nt Xt.aiw.mt 1 ; tt
adopted, it shall become section eleven of ar
ticle sixteen of this eonstitution.
beo. 11. At said election the ballots shall
be in tho following form :
"New Constitution Ticket.
Erase that part of each vota whlr-t. A.
For tho Now Constitution.
Against the New Constitution.
Second Vote. '
For Minority Representation.
Agaiust Minority Representation.
Fur Railroad Aid.
Against Railroad Aid.
If One clause ba araaail tk. l.
counted. I f both clauses be erased, or neither
DO delivered tn thm -Anrt rtr aa '
eachoounty, blank 11,.'
ana lorms ot returns, sufficient for the see of
n,ty 'ndi ""V nve times si many
ETaX? Ly pr.e.nar" Printed ballots for said
mwo are voters in such eountv
?hr.r.b.l'ro fi.t day of July next!
shall -,-iVkir.ri"' oi-uiy ne
, . i. 'i ii o it tu oe printed in
?uJL?ngr,sb '"V ,Grman weelkly mw.
paper. of each pobtical party, printed in each
county. ,f such paper be printed there'S.S
cost, for each paper, of not more than fifty dol
lars, tbe expena. whereo! shaH bi.ji,Ji
paid as other publio. printing ordered by tho
secretary of state, is by l5 required to be
f :".d'tte "lp,"dv,'ua "'a .'lerki of court, it
lorms of returns and ballots, to be distribuo
nififtt'i1?; .'aili'1,cti?,, "haU be held snd eon-
tally-sheet, of said election? containing , ?er-
prjpoVuion.: sra. -
mon plea. Of their respective aunties 2nd
said clerks shall forthwith make an aoou?at
ina"" ?f the "umber of Uie votes ct for
and against this eonstitution and for and
whMA'nnnVh1 fr ,aid Propositi";, and the
whole number of votes cast at said election in
thereo??!,1. eonntiM- transmit'0," py
thereof to the secretary of state, aud, withiu
f ..a,.5l,lhy..fter,id option, the secrctar?
present. oT ,hD the retuT?t herf. "5
sovernor; and if it shall appear
e.It f?,", number of votes have been
east for the new constitution than against it
then the same shall become and be the consti
tution of the state of Ohio, lfthesaidwust
tution be so adopted, then such of the
reS?i?etean lfit,le'1 Proposition. m shaU
reoeio an affirmative vote greater than the
SSS-Tf VA U,ereoB 8h'1 & """arid
adopted, and become a part of the eon.titT,-
"I . . ? ss a- ll I ilC 1
fail U iv-aSeh am,V.SffJf'b.
declared lost; provided, that a vote against
license shall also be deemed and oounted as an
affirmative vote in favor of the section J"
hibi iiig the grant of license; and the governs
debt of which already amounts to as r5?ch a.
ten per centum of the tax duplicat"uUl thS
rst valuation of real estate for taxation aft Vr
the adoption of the constitution.
ttPn,,erf!l0rTietionaiCinoin'ti. the four
dependence of tie Unilei StateaTh. ninety!
RUFUS KING, President.
DUDLEY W. RHODES, Secretary.
CHARLES J. ALBRIGHT.
ISAAC N. ALEXANDER.
S. J. ANDREWS.
JAMES W. BANN0N.
JOHN H. BL0SE.
BARNABAS BURNS. .
ABSALOM P. BYAL.
JOHN L. CALDWELL.
JOSEPH P. CARBERY.
SAM'L W. CLARK.
MILTON L. CLARK.
JOHN B. COATS.
ASHER COOK, - .
D. D. T. COWEN.
THEODORE E. CUNNINGHAM.
,. R. DE STEIGUER.
A. W. D0AN.
G. V0LNEY DORSEY.
M. A. E0RAN,
T. J. GODFREY.
JACOB J. GREENE.
SENECA 0. GRISW0LD.
JOHN C. HALE.
JOHN W. HERR0N.
GEORGE WILLIAM HILL.
JOSEPH D. HORT0N.
JAMES C. H0STETTER.
SAM'L F. HUNT.
LYMAN J. JACKSON .;
ELI AS H. JOHNSON.
W. V. M. LAYT0N.
JOHN K. McBRXDE.
JOHN W. MeCORMICK.
GEORGE D, MILLER,
T.Z JOHN L. UTftYK.
CHAS. H. MITCHENER.
THOMAS J. MULLEN.
HEXRY 8. SEAL.
HENRY F. PAGE,
W. H. PHILIPS.
FRANCIS B. POND.
T. W. POWELL,
ALBERT M. PRATT.
J. W. REILLY.
JOHN J. RICKXY.
C. W. ROWLAND,
DANIEL A. RUSSELL.
CHARLES C. RUSSELL.
W. E. SC0FIELD.
CHARLES H. BCRIBNER.
JOHN D. SEARS.
JOHN A. SMITH.
JAMES B. STEEDMAN,
F. F. THOMPSON.
THOS. P. T0WNSLEY.
R. S. TULL0S8.
GEO. M. TUTTLE.
ASA II. TYLER.
JAS. S. VAN VALKENBUROH.
DANIEL VAN V00RHIS.
CAROLUS F. VOORHES.
A. C. V0RIS.
W. Q. WADDLE,
COOPER K. WATSON.
S. P. WEAVER.
W. n. WEST,
C. A. WHITE.
DAVID M. WILSON.
HAMILTON B. W00DBI KV.
JOHN H. YOUNG.
WM. J. YOUNG.
OFFICE THE SECRETARY OF STATE.
Columbus, Ohio, May 21, 1874.
I hereby certify that the foregoing is oor
rectly eopiod from the original roll on file in
A. T. WIKOFF,
Secretary of State.
A PAPER ON CHICKENS.
By Ben Spinner, of the Fourth Ward
juost usaauy it takes two eggs for to
nake a chicken, because, if you will put
lighteen eggB under a hen, only about
line of 'em will hatch. A hen is so care-
Most usually it takes two o f, t
less and stubborn that most always she
won't cover her eejts all over, and aa thw
get chilled; then they are everlastingly
gone up. Also, the rats will rob a nest ;
so that if you get half of a brood, it is a
tol'able crop, and you should be thankful.
Then, I think, it stands to reason thia
ought to prove what I said at first. A
hen, which has sot a young family, i
more croaser than anything else which
can be compared with her under the sun
in the United Stau-s. There never was a
thing which can ruffle iu feathers up
backward and rage worse than a fool hen.
A turkey gobbler will do it, but he don't
go off into a red-hot passion about it, and
make a fool of hisself, and get enemies all
for nothing like a hen would. A chicken
in the spring-time which was put to hatch
in March, if it has good luck and don't
die of the pip, or gaps, or the cholery
morbus, or get drowned or something,
will be biz enough to sell to the roa tail rant
about in Junev They will fetch $6 a
dozen, and a chicken is more popular
where it is a spring chicken than if it
would live long enough to get as tough as
Methuseler. They say that a spring
chicken is a luxurious thing for to broil
and mix op with toast. That's what I
have heard. Once in a great while we
have spring chickens for dinner. Then
we have the preacher, nr else some com
pany, and. I eat at the second-handed
table, and I can always tell by the savory
smell a going on in the kitchen that
oroiiea cnicuen ought to be good enough
for anybody. But if I can't get some
thing to eat more subetantiallur than a
smell, I always fall back, on roast beef.
A chicken don't gather shrewdness like a
owlj and it never picks up any wisdom.
It is not a talented thing like a fox. If
you can show me a more stupider thing
than a hen, I wish you would trot her
out The rooster has got what little
sense there ever was in the family. It is
one of the worst difficulties with a
chicken that she don't know its place.
She won't stay in the iiarn-yard, where
she belongs, any way you can fix it. If
your mother has got flower-beds in the
front yard and it's a mighty curious
mother which ain't every last chicken
on the place will get in to scratch them,
it takes till next Christmas ; and then
goodby to the hyacinthes and crocnapfl anri
jerryranthems, and all that kind of fool-
isiiness. I hen is the time you want to
have two jackets on, or else forget to come
home early, if it was you which left the
lattice gale open. Also, a hen is hard
hearted and cruel, and will kill every little
desolated stray chicken who tries to
associate with her own brood, and this is
good enough reason why sne is like a step
mother. If a hen once gets a fair hold
a little chicken to shake it by the nape
the neck it will never kick again in
this community more than twice. The
frequentest bad habit wh ich a hen haa
got is going off to the neighbors to lay ;
also it is too soft a thing for the neighbors:
uu At a $cuvraiiy curuuic ior a nen to ao
and the only way for to cure her la tn
cut her head off and to boil her down
into soup. She won't go to the neighbors
lay many times after that T Hnn'i
Changes of a Century.
The nineteenth century has witnessed
many and great discoveries.
In 1809 Fulton took out the first patent
the invention of the steamboat.
The first steamboats which made regu
lar trips across the Atlantic Ocean were
the Sirus and the Great Western, in 1830.
The first public application to practice
the nse of gas for illumination was made
In 1813 the streets of London were for
the first time lighted with gas.
In 1813 there was built at Waltham,
Mass., a mill, believed to have been the
first in the world, which combined all the
requirements for making finished cloth
from raw cotton. - ;
In 1790 there wereonly twentvfive post
offices ia the whole country, and np to
1837 the rates of postage were twentyfive
cents for a letter sent over 100 miles.
In 1807 wooden clocks commenced to be
made by machinery. This ushered in the
era of cheap clocks.
About the year 1833 the first railroad
of a considerable length in the United
States was constructed.
In 1840 the first express business was
The anthracite coal business may be
said to have begun in 1820.
In 18315 the first patent for the invention
of matches was granted.
Steel pens were introduced for use in
The first successful reaper was construct
ed in 1833.
A Natural Cariosity.
A singular natural curiosity is found at
Sadawga Pond, in Whitingham, Vt., con
sisting of one hundred and fifty acres of
land floating on the surface of the water,
covered with cranberries, and even sus
taining trees fifteen feet high. When tbe
water is raised or lowered at the dam of
the pond, the island rises and falls with
it, and fish are caught by boring a hole in
the crust, and fishing down, aa through
the ice in winter. - A similar island onoa
existed in a small lake near Bangor", Me,
and there are many such in Bouthern
Florida. . -
Yon can buy alligators five feet long, at
Perry, Ga for $1 a piece. Now's your