Newspaper Page Text
Railroad Time Table.
Xight Ex., via C, H. k D. B , 1.18 a -Cincinnati
EiprtM. ... S.WaM.
Mail and Actowmodation. . 1M4 r
ColuwUl AccoinlEodalion . 6.5 j P .
3.50 a m
Xigbt Ex.. ria C, H. D. R- 3.42 a .
Cincinnati Eiprew. . . . 3.4$ p M.
Mail and Accommodation. . 12.20 A M.
Columbus Accomodation. 7.36 A a.
1.25 A M
8.28 A M
Mght Express. 1-18 A .
Second Train. .... 3210 pm.
Iv EiDrets. 7. P
3.5D A M
A. eenfer train arrives frotn Richmond (via
Dayton k Weitern .) at 9.22 p. M.
Firet Train 7.45 a .
Second Train. S.4U p m.
7.10 P M
Trains Leave Dayton.
Tor Cincinnati, at 4.50 A. M-, 8.05 A. M., 3. P. M,
and 6.40 P. .
For Springfield and Sandofkj. at 8.40 A. M. and
8.10 p. .
Trains Arrive at Dayton.
From Cincinnati, at S.50 A. M., 5. P. M7.45p.M
and 12.25 A. M.
Arrival and Departure of Mails.
Eastern Columbus Mail arriTM . . 3 50 a m
Eastern Columbus and Way Mail arrives 3.43 p m
Western Dayton Wail. . . . " . 12.10 p m
Western Indianapolis Mail. " . 8.22 p m
Northern Sprirnrneldl Mail . . " . 7.45 am
Northern (Sprinsrfieid aad Yellow Soring:! 40 p m
Sou i hern Cincinnati . . ).21 A M and 6.55 p u
Cincinnati and Way Mail . 12.J4 p M j
Eastern Columbus leaves at .?tS a m and 7.10 p m
astern Columbus and Way Mai! at 12 30 p m
Western Dayton k Indianapolis at . . 3.50 A M
Northern Sprinpfield at 7.10 A M
Northern Springfield k Tel. Springs at S.30a m
Soulhen Cincinnati at 3.50 a M
Southern Cincinnati k Way Mail . at 3.49 p m
Jamestoon Mail, arrives daily except Sunday
at 10.45 A M., and leaves at 1.30 p .
4r Letters should be at the Office one-half
hour before the timo of
WM. LEWIS, P. M.
Tub second Quarterly Meeting of the SI. E.
Church, commences on Saturday next at 2
o'clock P. M.
Praiseworthy. We are informed that the In
dependent Order of Odd Fellows, Lodge No. 52,
of this city, contributed one hundred dollars to the
Ox THtrnsriAT of last week, a team belonging to
Mr. II. P. Galloway, took fright on Betroit street,
and ran to the Oldtown tollgate before they came
to a halt But little damage was done.
Those of our subscribers, who, by our fault,
fail to get the Sextixel, will please call at
our office, or droD us a line by mail, and we
will rectify the mistake.
Ir tod want Blanks printed, go to the Sextixel
Jos OrfiCE, opposite tbe Court House, Main street,
The Church Aid Society, of the M. E.
Church, will meet at the residence of A. G.
Conwell, on Main street, former residence of
Dr. Hannon, dee'd., on Tuesday evening next
at 7 o'clock.
We understand that the members of the
Zenia Hunting Club are going to have a
grand hunt about Christmas. They also pro
pose to get up a supper for the benefit of the
Sanitary Commission. Success attend them.
Ir tod want Cards printed go to the Sextikel
Job Oppicr, opposite the Court House, Main street,
The Luchmaphian Society of the Xenia Female
College nill give their annual Literary and Musical
Entertainment in the College Chapel, on Friday
evening, December 18, at 7J o'clock.
Admission 15 cents.
Know all Men, Women and Children.
That John Fletaicg.No. 42, Main street, Xenia,
Ohio, has a splendid assortment of School Books,
Bibles, Psalm Books, Commentaries, Photo Albums,
juvenile and tov books, watches and fine jewelry,
an d atatioBery of all kinds, very cheap for cash.
Highest price paid for clean linen or cotton rags.
We arc informed that a new, large, and ele
gant Methodist ch urch is soon to be built in
Xenia. The trustees have purchased of An
drew Barnes a beautiful lot on Main street,
where the building is to be erected. The
sum of twelve thousand dollars has already
been donated for the purpose.
Sentinel Job Office.
We have no hesitancy in saying, that we now
have the best Job Printing Office ever established
in Xenia. We have spared no expense, either in
buying type and presses, or in procuring skillful
workmen, and we are fully . prepared to execute all
kinds of Job Work, in better style, and at lower
prices, than it can be done at any office this side
of Cincinnati. But give us a trial. Our work
will speak for itself.
We invite communications on all subjects appro
priate to an independent weekly paper. Our col
umns will be open to fair, honest discussion. An
article, manly, well written, and free from person
alities, ned not accord with our sentiments to gain
admission to our columns. If we disagree with a
contributor, we mny ssy so, and may review his
article without reviewing him. It is with princi
ples, not persons, that we are concerned.
"Honesty is the best of policy;" but a
couple of young girls, a little shady in com
plexion, didn't think so a few days ago, for
they were caught in one of our stores in the
act of appropriating to themselves Tarious
articles in the line of dry goods. The stores
of Millen, AlliBon, Chamberlain, and Merrick,
all felt the unmagic touch of these thieving
bonds. The twain were arrested and bound
over for trial.
Colonel Giteh U in want of some men.
The 74th Ohio Regiment tu in the Reserve
the battle of Lookout Mountain.
Liectesast James Mitcbel, of the 94th 0. V.
if at home on furlough.
LiErTEXAKT King, and Sergeant McBride,
the 12th 0. V. L, are bow at home, with oraer
recruit for their regiment...
To Our Boys in the Field.
Army letten of general interest will alwayi find
a place in our columns.
Tog HOtm Ohio Regiment, two companies
which were recruited in this county, is in the Po
tomac Army, and waa with General Meade in
recent advance toward Richmond. John Thom
son, of this city was killed, and James Smith
and William R. Day were wounded.
Tbe 44th Ohio Regiment was a part of the
gallant little army which defended Fort Saun
ders, at Knoxville against the desperate as
sault of Long-street, on the 29th of last month.
We have not learned that any one in that
regiment, from this county, was wounded
The Sentinel for Soldiers.
1'egitnent, and'LieuU-uant Lewis, formerly a Cap
Southern uin n thg 12th obio Regim recruiting
Oar regular terras for the Sestisel, are two dol
lars per year ; but we will send it to Union soldiers
in the field or in the ho5pital, at one dollar and fifty
cents per year. We feel that we are merely doing
right in making this discrimination in favor of the
best set of men the country eontains.
Captah McDowel, formerly of the 74th Ohio
company here for the 118th Regiment Volunteers
in this service are to be taken to Johnson's Hand
to guard the prisoners there. We understand that
the prospects for filling np the eou.pany are very
Come in out of the Draft.
In pursuance of orders,' Recruiting Rendesvous
for tbe 74tb Ohio Infantry have been established
ouder charge of competent efficers, at Dayton,
Jamestown, Alpha and other points, with Head
quarters at Xenia.
Let all who pib to escape the draft, and serve
their country in an honorable way, come up anu
join the fortunes of tbe gallant 74tb.
The highest bounties authorized by law are paid
to recruits in this
Colonel Commanding Detachment.
Ox Moxdat last, we had the pleasure of a call
from Colonel Given and Lieutenant Hunter of the
74th Ohio Regiment- We are informed that the
Colonel is extremely popular with bis boys, and no
one who is acquainted with his gentlemanly char
acter can wonder at the fact Of Lieutenant Hun
ter, it is only necessary to say that he is looking
well and hearty, and that he has been with bis
regiment faithfully from the day it left borne until
the present time, he having not been home since.
These officers report that the boys of the "old 74th"
are in good health and spirits, and always ready to
go where duty calls.
Recruiting for the 74th.
We refer our readers to a notice in another
part of this paper, from Colonel Given, of the
74th Ohio Regiment. The Colonel, with a de
tachment from his regiment, has come home
for recruits. Those who left the regiment
w itli him, for this purpose, are Lieutenants
Hunter and Baldwin, and Sergeant Hcaton, of
Xenia; Corporal Boop, of Jamestown; and
Sergeant Haines, of Bellbrook.
Tbe 74th is a good regiment.. Two-thirds
of its number was recruited in old Greene,
and she is proud of them proud to claim
them, and to love them, as her own noble sons.
He who desires to escape the draft, and serve
the country in an honorable capacity, and in
a good regiment, can not do better than to
give his name to Colonel Given.
Officers of the 74 Ohio.
Lieutenant Hunter, of the 74th, has favored
us with a list of the officers of that regiment.
It will be interesting to our readers.
Colonel Josiah Given.
Lieutenant Colonel Alex. Von Schrader,
detached as Inspector General of the 14th
Major Joseph Fisher.
Adjutant H. H. Herring.
Quartermaster Lieutenant Jos. H. Hamill.
Surgeon Jas. R. Brelsford.
Assistant Surgeon Dickson.
Company A Captain, Wm. McGannis; 1st
Lieutenant, John McMillcv; 2d Lieutenant,
Company B Captain, F. I. Tedford; 1st
Lieutenant, P. A. Weaver; 2d Lieutenant,
Company C Captain, Wm. F. Armstrong;
1st Lieutenant, John Q. Hutchison ; 2d Lieu
Company D Cajjtain, Wm. Mills, (detached
as A. A. Quartermaster, Nashville) ; 1st Lieu
tenant, Robert Hunter; 2d Lieutenant, Wm.
Company E Captain (vacant); 1st Lieu
tenant, H. M. Cist (detached as A. A. A. G.) ;
2d Lieutenant, Thos. Kirby.
Company F Captain, Walter Crook; 1st
Lieutenant, A. M. Peters; 2d Lieutenant,
Company G Captain, McElravy; 1st Lieu
tenant, G. W. Bricker; 2d Lieutenant M. II.
Company H Captain, D. Snodgrass; 1st
Lieutenant, W. H. II. Moody ; 2d Lieutenant,
Company I Captain, (vacant) ; 1st Lieu
tenant, C. McGreevy; 2d Lieutenant, M.
Company K Captain, R. P. Finley; 1st
Lieutenant, Couchenour; 2d Lieutenant, John
If you desire to take the paper of the county,
and one w' tch is live, dxiox, and reliable, sub
scribe at once for the Sextixel.
Xenia Female College.
The patronage and influence of this Institution
continue to increase. During last session there
were about fifty pupils in the boarding house, and
over one hundred from the City and immediate
Professor Smith is one of the most able educators
in the State, and since his connection with the
school the preparing of teachers has received special
attention. At present, this elass is large, and is
composed of talented young ladies. Those who
desire instruction which will qualify them for teach
ing, will find in this Institution every needful
There wilt be a vacation from December 18 to
January 5. Those desiring to enter the sohool
'ii iJliion, should commence then, if possible.
The first proprietor of the Sentinel made
arrangements for the publication of the in
teresting story entitled "Through Mists."
It will be continued in oar next week's issue.
A New Institution.
The First National Bank at South Charleston,
was organised a few days ago. The following are
the names of the officers :
President L. W. Haughey.
Cashier Milton Clark.
Directors John Rankin, James Pringle, William
Watson, David Larkin, I. P. Larkin, John Hedrick,
and M. L Houston.
For a time, a temporary place of business will
be nsed, but it is in contemplation to erects perma
nent bank building in the coming year.
We will be glad to receive short and well written
communications from our friends in the different
parts of the county, All commnnications or letter
will be addressed to the Xenia Se.ntisel, or left at
The ladies of the Xenia Soldiers' Aid
Society propose to give an entertainment
during the coming holidays for the benefit of
the Great Western Sanitary Fair. The enter
tainment will consist of tableaux, and both
instrumental and vocal music.
The ladies who are engaged in this highly
laudable enterprise, solicit a liberal patronage
from the friends of the soldiers. They are
sparing no efforts to make the entertainment
pleasant and attractive to everybody.
The tableaux will be exhibited at Odd Fel
lows' Hull on Thursday evoning, December
24th, and the supper will be served at the
Court Room on Friday evening, the 25th.
Grand Festival at Odd Fellow's Hall, on
The Night of January 14.
The Odd Fellows of the Xenia Lodge, No. 52, in
this place are making arrangements for the grand
est entertainment of the season, to take place at
their Hall, in Nunnemaker s building, opposite the
Hivling House, on the evening of January 14.
Everything necessary for a splendid festival will be
provided, and to add to tbe interest of tbe occasion,
arrangements are being made by the appropriate
Committee for Music, instrumental and vocal,
together with speaking and other means of enter
tainment As tbe entire receipts of this festival, not tbe net
proceeds, but the entire receipts are to be appro
priated for the benefit of the needy in our midst,
including soldiers' families, we bespeak for this
enterprise, a most hearty response from the people
of our city and vicinity.
E. S. NICHOLS
M. D. GATCH,
S. J. RIDENOUR,
D. V. POTTLE,
A. D. BARNES,
Tf you want anything printed,
If yon want anything printed,
If you want anything printed,
Go to the Sextixel Job Office,
Go to tbe Sextinel Job Ofpice,
Go to the Sextixel Job Ofpice,
Opposite the Court House,
Opposite the Court House,
Opposite the Court House,
Main street, Xenia, Ohio.
Main street, Xenia, Ohio,
Main street, Xenia, Ohio.
To the Citizens of Greene County.
A "Great Western Sanitary Fair," is to be held
in the city of Cincinnati, on the 21st of Decem
ber and during the holidays, of which Major Gen
eral W. S. Rosecrans is President: tbe object of
which is to raise funds to extend relief to the sol
diers of the army of the Union, operating in the
West and South-west.
Everybody, therefore, is solicited, whether young
or old, male or female, to share in this grateful
effort to provide for the wants and cheer the hearts
of our gallant soldiers in the field. Farmers, me
chanics, merchants, manufacturers, cbnrcbes, socie
ties, and schools of every name and kind included.
Contributions in money, of farm products of
every description, manufactures of all sorts, mer
chandise of any kind, fruits, refreshments, relics,
curiosities, in short any and every offering or dona
tion which can add profit, interest or beauty to any
department of the fair, will be thankfully accepted,
and faithfully appropriated to the purpose intended.
Contributions in money will be deposited with
Charles R. Merrick, and remitted to the treasurer
of the Fair. All other contributions to be left with
H. P. Galloway, and will be promptly forwarded
Tbe Xeuia Executive Committee requests that
all contributions and dodatious, be brought in and
delivered on or before the 2 let of Decomber, 1863.
H. P. GALLOWAY,
DR. J. G. KYLE,
CHAS R. MERRICK,
Xenia, December 8th, 1863.
1st Ward Rev. P. 0. Prugh, Dr. G. M. Boyd.
2d Ward Hugh Carey, Jr., E. Y. Reid.
3e Ward John F. Patton, James B. Caruthers.
4th Ward Daniel Martin, George B. Monroe.
Xexia Towxship :
Robert Crawford, Freeborn G. Bell, Daniel Mc
Millan, Joseph Hutchinson, Captain Robert Steven
son, John Q. Collins, Orville Read, John W. Ma
nor, Robert Guwdy, Erastus Bonner.
D. R. Harbine, David T. Ankeny.
H. R. Brelsford, Jesse R. Marshall.
A. D. Williamson, John Barnet
T. B. Cummings, Paris Peterson.
John G. Clemens, J. M. Peterson.
Dr. John S. Pollock, Thomas Haughey.
Dr. C. U. Spbar, Morgan Adams.
A. Reid, John Orr, Jr.
Joseph E. Wilson, James B. Curry, Bartley Elliot
S. E. Bennett, T. H. Ogden.
John Towel, John Chalmers.
The Soliciting Committees, and Soldiers' Aid
Socities throughout the county, are earnestly urged
to go to work at once to put their might and soul in
the work, as the time is short, and much work is to
be done for the relief and comfort of our suffering
soldiers, and the credit of Greene county. Tbe
adjoining counties are "devising liberal things'
for this groat fair. Let old Greene not be behind
The Sentinel for Six Months.
In order to give the Sextixel a " wide spread
circulation, we will furnish it to trial subscribers,
six months for one dollar.
The Women of our Day.
In another place in this paper will be found
a notice of an entertainment, which the ladies
of Xenia propose to give, during the coming
holidays, for the benefit of the Great Sanitary
Fair at Cincinnati. In good works for the
benefit of the soldiers, the ladies of this place
are not to be surpassed by those of any city
in the State ; and we think in this under
taking, they should receive the encourage
ment and patronage of all loyal people.
The women of our day God bless them!
Since the breaking out of this war they have
written their names, in marks that are indeli
ble, npon the hearts of the brave men, who,
as soldiers, are Sghting to save our country
from destruction. The Fairs, Commissions,
Aid Societies, Festivals, Tableaux, etc., are so
many monuments, which attest, in words
more eloquent than language can command,
the love, charity, Christianity, and patriotic
devotion of the good women of our day.
While from our fields, and stores, and shops,
have gone forth to battle strong-armed men,
from the hearths and homes of all the land
have flown the quiet but most potent streams
of female love and charity, to cheer the weary
soldier on his Ion; and toilsome march, and
make brave his heart, and strong his arm in
the hour of battle.
God bless the women ! May they be gener
ously sustained and assisted in all their good
works to benefit the soldiers.
For Public Sale Bills,
For Public Sale Bills,
For Public Sale Bills,
At War Prices,
At War Prices,
At War Prices,
Go to the Sextixel Office,
Go to the Sextixel Office,
Go to the Sextixel Office,
Opposite the Court House,
Opposite the Court House,
Opposite the Court He use,
Main street, Xenia, Ohio.
Main street, Xenia, Ohio.
Main street, Xenia, Ohio.
On Tuesday afternoon of last week the peo
ple of the village of Yellow Springs were
shocked with the report that a woman had just
been murdered in cold blood, and that her
lifeless remains were at that moment lying
in the Cemetery, a short distance from the
village. A number of excited persons has
tened to the spot indicated, and found the
report to be true. There she lay, lifeless as
the clay which was soaking away the blood
of a dozen ghastly wounds.
A few paces away was the prostrate form
of the murderer, weltering in the blood which
was gushing from self-inflicted wounds.
The circumstances, as they have been re
lated to us, are as follow: On the day of the
fatal deed, Joshua Monroe, the murderer, had
been assisting one of his neighbors in slaugh
tering a lot of hogs, and in the evening was
returning home, when he met the deceased
in company with a female of that vicinity.
The two passed on to the railroad, and Monroe
followed. The women here parted, and Caro
line Unbenhour (the name of the deceased),
thinking that Monroe desired to speak to her,
eptered the cemetery, where he immediately
joined her. The unfortunate woman had be
fore borne Monroe a child, although the two
had never been married, both having been
believers in the baneful itm of free love.
But she had determined to discontinue the
illicit and unholy intercourse of such associ
ations, and had accepted a proposition of
marriage from a young gentleman of the
vicinity. This excited the anger of Monroe,
who inquired of her if she really meant to
marry the young man. She answered him
the affirmative. He asked if anything
could be interposed to prevent a consummation
of the engagement. She replied, " nothing
but death," whereupon, he fell upon her, like
an outcast fiend, and with the knife which he
had that day used in butchering, be inflicted
wound after wound in her abdomen and In
the region of her heart, until life was extinct.
He then cut his own throat, and threw the
knife away, expecting to die near the scene
of his great crime. Bleeding, but not dying,
he attempted to recover the knife, in order to
complete the work of self-destruction. Fail
ing to reach this, he pulled the insufficient
wound open with his fingers, and fell upon
his face, in which position he was found by
those who came to the cemetery.
This sad occurrence is traceable to the
abominable doctrines of free love. The mur
dered woman was a sister to Monroe's wife.
He is now in jail in this city, likely to re
cover from his wounds, to receive, hereafter,
the just punishment of 'the law which he has
so wickedly violated.
We publish this week several interesting
letters from different sources, which we think
will pay perusal.
If tou waxt the local news of the county, sub
scribe immediately for the Sextixel.
Snow Storms on the Plains.
From the St. Joseph News, Dec. 8th.
More snow has already fallen in Colorado
than was ever known to fall in an entire sea
son before. At Denver the thermometer stood
fourteen degrees below zero on the morning
of the 27th of November.
A gentleman, who arrived at Denver on
horseback, from Central that day, reported
that the road was so blocked up that it was
impossible for loaded teams to get through.
Many of the drifts are from three to five feet
The Atchison Champion learns from passen
gers who arrived on the ovcrlnnd coach on
Sunday, that the snow is also four feet deep
between Denver and Fork Creek. All along
the route from here to Salt Lake, the cattle
belonging to trains are dying from cold and
starvation. The depth of the snow has grently
impeded the progress of the overland stages,
and in some instances they have been delayed
for several days.
Major Gunn and a surveying party arrived
at Atchison Inst week from the Republican,
and reported the snow also very deep out
there, and greatly drifted. The surveying
party suffered severely from the cold, the ab
sence of tents and suitnble winter clotbinfl,
and the lack of provisions. Major Gunn and
four others of the party had their feet badly
Letter from Yellow Springs.
Yellow Springs, December 5, 1863.
Editor Sentinel :
I received yoor prospectus about a week
6 i stating mat me .aenia cemim-i,
be re-established, or rather be continued azain
after a somewhat protracted suspension,
Here I am, then, your former correspondent
knocking for admission into the columns of
your first issue. I do not propose to enlighten
your reauers witn any new lacis or iauc.eS.
As to facts, there is none of any great import
ance transpiring in this locality, and as tofun
ciesI am not a poet, and consequently have
not the ability to
"Grance-from heaven to earth, from earth loheaven,
And as imagination bodies forth
In forms of things unknown,
Turn them to shapes, and give to airy nothing,
A local habitation and a name."
My apology for writing, then, must surely
be vanity. What a vanity it is, and satisfac
tion thereof, to behold one's self in print. Dull
ness itself brightens its countenance on be
holding itself in this great mirror of the age.
Who hasn't rushed into print? That is the
question, and I will join the great chorus and
answer "not I."'
Well, then, the Xenia Sentinel has sus
pended its suspension, and resumed specie
payment, a payment of news, knowledge and
literature. It is to be hoped that your paper
currency will have a large circulation, and,
insomuch as (so rumor has it) the Government
has quit issuing green bocks, and the whole of
Chase's first issue has been stopped, that it
will prove a very good substitute.
Speaking of substitutes reminds me of the
"The draft, the draft, the inexorable dam'd
draft, comes o'er me like a pall," in the lan
guage of your quandom correspondent Ham
ilton. But thou shal't not trouble my imag
"Hence horrible shadow."
But I think, with proper exertion, we could
steal a march on this devil and cheat him out
of his dues. Whatever may be said to the
contrary, it is much more honorable to vol
unteer than to be drafted. All sayings to the
contrary are wrongful to the brave volun
teers, who are fighting our battles. Who will
be drafted is a question that everybody si
lently answers, not I. But the time is short,
and then Vout Venom.
Mr. Editor : Two things at present fill your
correspondent with much joy, vix. : the great
Sanitary Fair to be held at Cincinnati, and
the great victory of General Grant at Chat
tanooga. The fair is a grand ides. He surely
had a big heart who conceived it. It will be
a mighty baiaar of patriotism. An enor
mous shop of mercies and kindness, a sweet
peace-offering upon the dead altar of war,
whereby its honors are softened and its pri
vations removed. It is a gracious work.
They who set up their money-changing coun
ters in this temple (of liberty), will not be
driven from this temple as were the Jews of
old by the Saviour the benedictions and
smiles of heaven upon them rather. Yet this
is all nothing but duty. But a great duty
well done is a noble thing.
As to the victory at Chattanooga the other
affair above mentioned. It was taken for
granted, that General Grant would not grant
the rebels a victory over him. But the full
measure of his success was not understood
until the reflection was cast back from the
dark mirror of rebeldom. He who has not
read the extracts taken from the Bichmond
papers concerning this event, had better do
so. It is very nice reading. It is sweet to
read the confession of defeat and cries of de
spair of the proud and audacious rebels. It
is sweet to see them cast from the summit of
their pride and egotism into the valley of hu
miliation filled with fear and trembling.
Letter from Spring Valley.
Spring Valley, December 14, 1863.
Mb. Editob :
"I greet you at the dawning of a great ca
reer," were the words of Emerson to Walt
Whitman, when the latter's first volume of
"Leaves of Grass" peeped forth. Although
Walt was a "rough" and a "cosmos" (what
ever that is), he did succeed in "yawmping"
himself into fame how enviably, I believe,
the critics are of very various opinions. I
would have the Sentinel worthy of the fine
quotation from Emerson, and only so far like
Whitman, that it should achieve a notoriety
about which there should be no question.
That the Sentinel, before its temporary sus
pension, was conducted with marked ability is
a fact patent to all, and, it seems to me, this
should now give it some prestigo among the
people. The past is the only index we have
of the future, and if we are to judge by the
past, we are to have in the Sentinel an able
exponent of the interests of the people of
Greene county, an uncompromising adher
ent to the Union and the Union's cause, an
earnest defense of truth and right, in short,
a true "map of this busy life its fluctuations
and vast concerns." With renewed assur
ance, I touch my cap to you, Mr. Editor, more
than satisfied of the "great career'1 which
The pork -packing Bcason here was brought
to a close by Messrs. Barrett & Walton, on
Saturday last. They have slaughtered some
thing near 4,500, a larger number than was
ever packed here before. These hogs have
been bought at nearly all figures ranging be
tween $o,50 $7, inclusive, according to qual
ity. The wood procession, the other day, was a j
grand affair. The families of all soldiers, I j
believe, were supplied with wood and flour for
the winter. In the afternoon a sumptuous
supper was prepared for all who had contrib
uted, and "they did eat and were made full."
It was an occasion long to be remembered,
and it will certainly prove inspiring to our
"brave defenders" to know that those whom
they have left behind ara so well provided
All honor to this spirit of patriotic gener
osity. The Valley was thrown into a ltttle commo
tion a few mornings since by the appearance
of several small posters giving a list of the
names of those subjeot to draft in Spring Val
ley township. The crowds that surrounded
Hn ttnnlaM nm iniloi nno t t a hii Atin linn I'll
after the news of a great battle. Every one !
seemed anxious to see his particular name, i
to learn, of course, whether he was among
the killed, wounded, or missing.
Spring Valley, December 14, 1863. T. W. L.
Mimtart buttons are very attractive to a
woman, especially if they are bachelors' but-
Letter from Cedarville.
Cedarville, Ohio, December 5, 1863.
, Editoii SEXTI3Et .
With feelings of patriotic joy we hailed the
inouncement that the Sextixel would
i announcement that the Sextixel would
Thfcw nUffiber3 th.t wre
, the electioD. 8uffi . t() make . le
; ion on the minds of tie ,
, eTery issue wa3 rea)1 wilh co,,,,;,!,,, ;nter.
est-but it has been looked for so often, and
we have been so long without the Sentinel
that we almost despaireJ of ever seeing it
again; and now that it is to "propel' once
more, and be our regular county paper, is
welcome new9 indeed.
And since our town, like most others in the
United States, is one of the important places
of the world, the readers of the Sentinel
must not he deprived of the privelege of hear
ing from Cedarville.
The news i "all quiet n Massies' Creek,"
most of the forces having gne into winter
quarters," intending to matte themselves as
comfortable as possible during the Winter
Of course a supply of fuel Will be" necessary
to the full enjoyment of life, ami Wood being
scarce in this neighborhood, there may be
some doubt all being comfortab'.s enough all
But the philanthropic and patriotic people
of Cedarville township are determined that
th soldiers' families shall be provided with
wood, and next Tuesday, the lth December,
we are to have a wood hauling; the svbscrip
tions are liberal, and we hope the wood pro
cession will be creditable.
We hope no "no wide-spread dissatisfaction"
will mar the pleasure of a benevolent action,
or create confusion among the teamsters.
We are glad to see the work progressing on
our Town Hall. The Hall will be quite com
modious, and 'just the thing" needed in our
The pork trade engages several of our
townsmen, and although Cedarville usually
looks tolerably decent, yet we must confess
it looked decidedly hoggish two or three days
of hog trading.
We think it very cruel in John Morgan to
escape from the Penitentiary, and hope that
upon mature deliberation he will consent to
return in a short time.
Possessed of the same emotions and opin
ions in reference to our country's welfare,
that exist in the minds of all sensible and
loyal people, we rejoice at the triumphs of the
National arms, and feel aggrieved at any
occurrence detrimental to our country's good;
and until traitors are entirely subdued, our
chief object and happiness will consist in es
tablishing the national authority over all our
country, and our motto will ever be, "let the
Republic be perpetauted.'
Presuming that the Sentibel will continue
a loyal paper and as interesting as heretofore,
I wish the Editor success in establishing a
readable paper in Greene county.
The river, at Pittsburg, at latest advices,
was fourteen feet, and still rising, which will
enable the immense amount of coal to be
shipped down to lower points on the river.
Coal, in Cincinnati, was selling at $16 last
week, but this rise will probably bring the
price down to $4 or $6 per load.
Wilmington, N. C. if we except Charles
ton the (jnly Atlantic port remaining to the
rebels, is very difficult to blockade, the swift
current and dangerous shoals rendering the
stay of ships in the adjoining waters very
dangereus, especially in winter. We do not
credit the rebel siories of blockade runners
entering by dozens almost every night, but
it is certain that the "rat hole" is not thor
oughly stopped. We are glad, therefore, to
know that more steamers are to be sent to our
naval force there.
The celebrated Hungarian Countess Bat
thyani has made herdebut in Racine's tragedy
of "Phedre." In a theatrical eareer she hopes
to compensate herself for the loss of a mag
Reynolds, the dramatist, observing to Mor
ton the thinness of the houses at one of his
plays, added that he supposed it was owing to
the war. "No," replied Morton, "I should
judge it was owing to the piece."
Kieby Smith made a speech, a few
daye since, to his army, in which be stated
that he would take his Christmas dinoeriD
Little Bock; and General Steele says if he
does so it will be in prison.
It is ecmored that General Meade is
to be removed from the command of the
Potomac army. Thomas or Eosccrans is
spoken of a3 his successor.
It is said that the Loyal League Con
vention, in session at Washington, has
been urging the President to remove
Blair and Butes from his Cabinet.
An adventurous youth, recently visiting
Mount Vesuvius, fell into the crater and
lost his life.
Advantages of Position.
bo many advantages are associated j
with position, so captivating is the
very idea of it, that every one is anx- j
jous to secure it, and it is commonly j
identified with the wealth we possess, j
or the establishment we maintain,
But these are accidental advantages
The only real position is that which is
derived from a sense of self-respect,
intiepenttence ot minu, and uprightness :
character. These confer upon us a
social rank, which remains secure when !
houses, lands, and treasures are gone ; j
the insects which fluttered all j
around us have flown, and the adders !
which skulked in the path have slunk
away, and we are left alone in the j
world, with no other support than that
which we find m ourselves, and without ;
which nothing extraneous can benefit
or mate us
m , - . .
, TlIE art .f Conversation Consists in
e exercise of two fine qualities.)
ou must originate, and you must
sympathize you must possess at the ;
same time the habit of communicatinrr i
and listening. The union is rare, but i
of themselves. Some, without an vcer
of emonv, will run over the history of
their "lives; will relate the annals of
their diseases, with the several symp
when toms and circumstances of them; will
enumerate the hardships and injustice
they have suffered in business, in love,
0r in law. Others are more dexterous,
iiml with great art will lie on the watch
to hook in their own praise. Others
Owing to the delicate organization
; of the spongioles of mauy tree3. con-
j siderable difficulty is experienced In
! ij.r t t ;kl.
uspiiuiui g. iiK.suiM.cj u.
i to remove the ,0.1 from throots W.th-
j out injuring them in Stme degree In
proportion t the size or age of a tree
f is tbu difficulty aagumeitteu, ana in
creased care rendered more necessary.
! 1 ia'us rui,ICU Puls n UL luuru
j readily tfansp.anted, aS there 13 no
reason to disturb their rootlets, and
! rciuuvm ouuitcijr i-uecaa muir grunui.
Trees, with large frozen balk of earth
about the root?, are placed under the
same conditions, and can be then se
curely removed to any distance. The
practice of cutting the roots of large
trees, the year previous to removal is
attended with a- like result, as the
trees operated npon will send out uew
'. fibrous tufts, each terminated br a
spongi0le, and are much more easily
taken out of the ground witnout inju
ry than if they were longer and iore
scattered among the soil. Excessive
evaporation is what causes the death
of trees after being transplanted where
the spongioles are deficient in absorb
ing power. The loss of moisture is
very great in some plants, it being oc
casionlly so excessive in extremely hot
davs that an ordainary native grape
vine has been observed to exude mois
ture through the main stem, and be
come quite wet. As evaporation takes
place principally through the leaves it
must be apparent that plants possess
ing large leafy systems must perspire
greatly, as the grape vine, sunflower,
&c. In very hot weather, in the mid
dle of the day, when the influence of
the sun is greatest, the spongioles are
frequently unable to supply the ex
cessive demand upon them for mois
ture, and the leaves remarked to droop
to again revive on the approach of sun
down. This is frequently observable
in the case of indian corn, a plant de
lighting in hot weather when plenti
fully supplied with moisture, but suf
fering much under the influence of
heat and drought. A soil, however,
that is wet, by no means agrees with
its nature under any circumstances.
Certain evergreens, such as hollies
laurels, &c.,can be transplanted at al
most any period, save in very hot
weather, owing to the perspiration
from them being less copious than in
deciduous-leaf trees. Plants should
not be removed in the spring when
their leaves are just assuming a green
state, for then their roots will not
have sufficient time to form spongioles
to supply the loss to which the rapid
perspiration by the leaves at that
season will give rise. It is upon this
principle that deciduous plants when"
taken from the ground in summer are
put into hotbeds to recover. This is
not done for sake of the heat, but on
account of the atmosphere of a hot
bed being so charged with humidity
that perspiration can not go on, and
the vital energies of the plant instead
of being wasted by evaporation are
directed to the formation of new
A gentleman relates the following
incident, who was an eve-witness to
the scene. It occurred some time ago
on the cars near Hanover :
A gentleman of very strong South
ern proclivitives stepped up to two
wounded soldiers who were being
removed from the hospital to Gettys
burg. From the peculiarity of their
dress, he mistook them for rebels.
After conversing with them awhile,
and expressing great sympathy for the
South, he presented each one with a
five dollar greenback.
He afterward inquired what part of
the Southern " Confederacy '' they
were from, when one remarked he was
from Maine and the other from Ver
mont, and they quietly pocketed the
Mr. " Secesh " got out at the next
Cooke, once performing in a country
town, became indebted to a tailor for
a suit of clothes. Shears offered to
give him a receipt in full if he would
allow him to play Catesby to his Rich
ard. Cooke assented. In the tent
scene, Richard started from his knees
" Who's there ? "
Shears rushed on, determined to
make a hit, but Cooke looked so
fiercely that Shears was frightened,
and stammering out the beginning of
his answer, unfortunately, in the mid-
Idle: "'Tis I, my lord; the earlv vil-
age cock,"- the audience was'in a
Cooke surveyed the speechless of-
fender for some time, as if enjoying
his acronv. and then irrowled out in an
Whv in the name of mischief don't
you crow, then ? "
A general fault in conversa
tion, is that of those who affect to talk
make a vanity of telling their faults;
they are the strangest men in the
world; they can not dissemble; they
own it is a folly ; they have lost abund
ance of advantages by it; but if you
would give them the world, thev can
not help it; there is something in their
nature that abhors insinceritv and con-
straint, with many other insufferable
topics of the same altitude.