Newspaper Page Text
3 , II p m w -H . G . 4
1IV 0. X. WURDKN AND J. II. C0KNEL1US.
At S.1.50 fcr Uar, :iIu:jm la Adiaiuo.
TIIK L'XlON-lvsT.itr.i!fn.5 1 v ll-Wuoix :,'-, ..". 7 1 .
CIILLONI'jriK-EsTAi r.i :iki., !sl.,-.Vn.-ix No., 7ii.
LEWISIJURG, UNION CO., PA., FlilDAY, AUGUST 5, 1850.
I niimi'uunl.) SlarX Li'vi!inr;;('l!ritiiicli'
Liu I FriMty9!it L r.:? urjl u'on Co. Pa.
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Tin- MA..M.IH 1" K I . I - i
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Kiii l..-: JOB I'KlSH.i
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1. .l'.i-ii..l A :
hi. ah 1. 1. .1. '. is .
All. I i
Jiovtiiv, ti t:. 1, is.ii.
To Be, or not io Ee ?
After 1 'resident I "i"i manan eamc to
ItedforJ, the I'i;t.-bur '..-.' and aujther
i, i-ling I.i'cof.ieo j sfir in 1 ur i.:t::to made
3 I. rmal annnunci merit of him f -r l e noiu
;i. iti.'ti. Mueb i' x t e ni el. t was created by
tl.is presentation, for a time. I!ut 'J.U.'
las takcu counsel, and wi.-e'y c?i:ciu les to
t t risk Van Iiurm's fate. lie sccs that
li.e Kasf, West and Noit'i will eboosethc
lest President, lie knows how l'-mglas,
1 'acker, Forucy, iiickman, ei.e-. would st.;b
him. lie fears a worse dileat than John
Tyler'. And so he has formally and
iffieiallv withdrawn from the field !
' - -
Another Game of Iladness. I
Lata arrivals from Costa Kiea state that
at Chiriiiii gold idols and trinkets were ,
fjund in some Indian graves. Whereupon
a great excitement was attempted 10 oe i
fanned, by rumors that Spaniards iu days
.. . 1 . 1
of yore Lad there buried Leaps of gold,
and every Indian gram was a mine. If
there be or bo not anything in the rumor, 1
Lucdreds of the lazy, the reckless, tho
unprincipled, the dupes of every idle lie,
will rush to Chiii.jui, to nnko fortunes
by robbing Indian graves ! They'll ri-k
the dangers ot ttio deep, ol levers, oi star-
vatiou, of revolutionary, guerilla wars, of
assassination, of centipedes, Ac. .V"., all iu ,
tho Lope that by invading tho sacred
tombs of the dead they can Cud auiou
their putrid and moldered r -Moiins, gold !
It like Pike's Peak, .c will doubtless
tat up more mon -y than il g- Is ; aye! and
more Americans' than l:: ii-ns' beneawill
be picked, too I
"The FiuEsiiiE Mo.miii.v '.V. W.
Hall, Editor. New York: 11. li. Price,
3, Kvcrett House." This is a now Z'l i -luomps on, ana ttie (tigmiied 1 resident,
page magazine, of which tho July No. is JoliD Hancock; and on that piece ofgrau
really excellent. Its price is $1,60 a year j i'e s'ooJ tIj0 wli C' "id. to tho
rather high for the iimoioif of matter it ;
contains, but wc knew no magazine of a I
... , i, i
Lictter qualify Ol reading, wo ncitve all
original. It is just the thing ncedul, but
should couio much cheaper to reach tho
masCf. We believe the K litor is also '
the editor of the popular aud useful "Hull's ,
.hmrnal of lluhh." We extract a few '
of the shorter items of the "Fireside'' ,
from the No. before us :
EfiVlT, in 1MD, has a piptilation of .
over five millions, and Alexandria near i
lour hundred thousand: its cuitivatab e
aroi is seventeen thousand sun-ire mile. I
Z t.,e .r f of Xew oTu nearly
three times as large.
Diet am. Oi if.t, are said, by "IMC
Juvrnal of Ihulth" to be the most effi-
cicut remedies iu tho bowel complaints of
Summer-eating nothing but lice patched ;
brown, like roa.,ted coffee, aud jrepared :
lor the tablo in the u-ual way. I . . ' " '""" u' 'J' j"ij vu., .o
Wasiiimi Clothes. A Landfill cf ' raucb of its interest by scrapicg.polishing, show by what authority they exercised
refined borax in ten gall it s of boiling wa- an,i re-covering with bright green baize. ' certain privileges, kc. in short, to show
ter, is a saving of one-half of soap ; it soft- i What would you not give, if, liko the j why the Charters of said Colonies should
costhewatcr,W.thout ii juringtbctcituroof , famous table of Wartburgh, it Lad been ' not be given up, and they formed iuto a
tbcclotbing; it i especially pood for cam- ; permitted to retain but one or two of its ' number of Province?, over all of which
brics. laces, crinolines, tie-, if a stronger : 1 , , , , , . ,-, ,
, ! . ' , ' ' inkspots . should be placed a Governor General a
solution is used. , . , , . 1
Temi'Fiivm e Societies Tho second ' ' narro,T seated bench, oneo i creature of the said delectable monarch,
in the United States seems to have been stoc"i 'n Christ Church. In it Las sat who was afterward drubbed at the lioyne
established at A Uentown, New Jersey, in ! many a notablo man, and against that j by the Priuco of Orauge who should
105, by the Kev. E. Page, of Trenton, ! Lack has leaned in holy devotion the brow make laws and collect taxes more in accor
called tho "Sober Society," with fifty- j of Washington '. It is a portion of bis dance with Jimmy's ideas of government
Mght signatures. The first, in a' j pcw anJ ua3 borne a weight such as tlio j than these Noitli American, Protestant
Whitewash for out doors: ono ounce
f white vitri-d, four pounds i f good fresh
lime, aud throe ounces of tabic salt, m as
,...u in .At,.;o.... '
".am am .s ..it fcI,u ii. uu uiKuiwu,
Tr 7-' e i 1
. ill. Ml'liuailic l uuiniTimj, ill nj;iii
cen hundred aud fifty-eight, contains, ia
round numbers, twenty millions of Prot-
(slants and twenty three millions of 'lo-
man Catholic. i
Nehsi ai-eus in tho Fiiiteil States are ,
Mid to tillml..-,r nl.niit fniir lliniisnm). nf
fci , . . . ,. : .
""m some nve iiunurea are l uoiiooea
c'i'y. Not so many of this last, wc think.
I'ltitn Fki it It is said, that a hand
ful of sassafras bark mixed with a bushel
tf dried fruit, will preserve it from worms
Haius NfMrtrREn In a blonde, 1 10,
brown, 10), 110; black, 102,000;
:,d, S?,7 10 counted by a German.
.... ' ...
Kirraska. Tbo Republican Central
' OBlDiittae nf 'l.r-i-l- h.iro called a State ' it
'ivention for tho nomination of eandi- J are not concerned about that. j tho lights were extinguished; tho crowd
Cl'H fnr Pelogata ia Congress and Terri- ! On the pedestal, however, lie one or ! outside raised a sbont, for they seemed to
officers, to meet in Omaha city on ; two interesting relics a bomb shell dug j be in tha secret ; a number entered the
-1th of August. All persons opposed j up frnm the State Hou'o Yard after the I ball, and atnoug them Capt Wad.-wc-rtb,
t'ejent Administration aud the x llev lutii r. : r';pc !;et fiorii'be Ccld rf ! of ll.iife; 1, who t-n-'A tbe Cbntfr, m-''"-a
cl Silvery are jnvittd to -in in Ti ; sri tne fpsn: ri M- e'.,- ' .'.-' ! rid t e -md -frritfl it if. h"V."v
'""ti rf ! Idgntf-C ri j p Pr.rrraj'-.n
Ft IIi.i Mar A l l.rin.i, I.-.
Aa Hour in Independence Hall.
r.v s. ii. f.
Tlic bright sun is shining gladly, and
the gay squirrels are chasing t-uch oilier
arouud the trunks of these liu sha Jo tries,
eating peanuts from the bands of fair
children, crowild of whom nro playing
merrily along the gravel walks. Dozens
of ucpliirrut looking men, ycuiv and old.
. " ,J
are Mttiui; on tuc little backups stool?.
, 0 ' '
' '"'7 m, uu e, looKiug ia,y at
these ha; ; y groups of merry children, and
with t'livioua eyes on the well fed and dc:v
j .v. m .lu JU . j
nurses who aro crj .yinS the sport wilh
ineir yoiinif warm ; wtjiio. around
nr young wards : wliic, around !ic
windows of the Court rooms-, which fine
iu one side of this plens-int Sij'iarc, crowds
of men ii:d boys, 1; -nerully of the lowest
s rt, are loungiug smokinjT, ela-wiug,
s;-ittinjr, swearing cuiiver.-iiij ij .r-.'i-s
with a knight of the greeu tii;r, here, or
roiisuliing a j uliccuiaa there, on s nne nice
point of criminal law. (If I wore disposed
t i hi funny, I should s iy, c insulting
'their ."!-., ' but punning is vulvar : in
deed, I have a sly uoti .u ihat I sacrificed
a fort una owe ly pLying
nuuie, ami im veiy c iu'i-mi-', ever since,
how I indulge iu that sort of wit ) To be
l.iicf, gentie reader, I am lounging in I::
m:h:.1'I:mt Siuace, I'Liladelj l.i.i, and
witiiiu a few feet of too very spot from
which t'aj ! induration of Iudepctidcncc
was first read to the public. If you peep
through those grccu blinds oil the right,
you cans, changing there the chandelier
which lighted up that v. ry room on the
i evening of July o'J, lTTii.
i"euingo! juiyou, !...
Asmanyoftho readers of the Chroticlc ,
may not have been favored with a sight of ;
that old chamber, if they have 110 ol jec-
tion ''I 11 put them through.
X- . 1 t .1 . 1, .
,o "irouDie at ail, my dear "ttars
and Chronicles." I have not an earthly :
thing else to do, and it will quite relieve 1
mo of the insinuations of a certain name- 1
less old gentleman who is represented as ;
making himself continually busy iu "uud-;
ing some mischief still," &e., so, come 1
You sec tho venerablo Superintendent
is ready to admit us into this sacred spot,
and to show us around. As I have been
hero before, I'll act the citerono myself,
and save him the trouble.
A plain old room is this, but crowded
with memories, and memorials, dear to
every Ameiieau. From that chandelier ,
Btreauied dovrn tho light of many a wax j
candle on tbo heads ..f the venerable men I
,.f tlm r.mtinprit:,! f ,..r.. T I
two leather-covered arm-chairs eat the
tru'h-loving'and faithful Secretary, Charles
. . ...
public, tue Declaration.
'r- tossing, in his valuable work,''Thc ,
r;.. t.l Tt..L. l. I.....i..: .i I
knocks tbc history of this slab on the Lead, !
oa what authority, I cannot at present say.
says, "From the platform of an obser- j
vatory .erected near the Walnut street front
o ,lje State House, by Kittcnhouse,many
Jears before, for the purpose of observing
a transit of Venus, John Nixon read I In
Declaration to a vast concourse of people
gathered from tho city and surrounding
........irn " I
7. . i - ,
P,a'" fC W",h.fr! "'C
phi.o.'opher, mechanic, politician I-rank-
11D Ptca ' woke, wrote his letters,
and many of Lis wise sentences; signed ;
his checks, paid Lis jjurncymcn, and
thouirht out his wonderful ,,l.i. It t '
,, rnA ,iirt w t... ,i.i...i ,.r'
rock of Scone can not boast.
This curious, highbaeked chair, of van-
ous woods, was presented by the Corpora- I
. e - . ,
Uou or iuo .Nortnom Jaiucrties, ana is com-
posed ol portions ot the
first bouso ever ;
Columbus ; j art '
: built by Europeans on this
erected about I-IJO, lor
of the oid Elm Tree, under which 1'eun i
concluded Lis celebrated treaty with the ; th
lDJuus . cf Penu's cottage, iu l.actitia h
.. ... . .
tuuil, wuuiu uiv memory nei'i. aa a ia-
irn nr flin nl.l i.nnl., I 'anct il , 1 1, in '.-,- ,
In it is also inserted some portions of cane j
scaling from a chair once William Peon's, I
and a lock ef grey hair from the brow of:
Chief Justice Marshall.
The Statue of Washington, facing the
door, is wrought in wood by Mr. Hush of
Ihi3 city, who, if my memory does not de
ceive inc. was a sclf-taui'Lt artist : but. as
' o---- , (
Las no Fnecial inter, st nll-.r-i,, .1 la trp 1 1
! y, u
bo look upon tbat old "clapper," which
was the first to proclaim to the world our
nation's birth. The iron crown ofSte
becomes a bauble LcsiJij that iron I
How many thousand look on that roncli
t,iKe of wrou-bt iron. Kbaneles, and rtV
1 r: 1 1 J '
every year, without Mopriu,; to riflect fur
one moment on its glorious nii.-Mon !
ilihty-threo joar? aq , c:y fiicud, it ftait-
1 r;i., i;.,,, i,;. 1, i;.. ii r 1, ,
! , ,, . . 0 .1 .
mrvuiat tins nay as you reflect on your
1 1 . c-i 1 1 .1 1 '
; ylori'-u inheritance. thould tbo a-J
CVcnt ever coiue, it i.i a con,o!ati..u to fc-l
tlnt it wiI1 be fparc(1 ie 0flicc ol ,lli,
1 n c 1 . . 1 . 1 1
knell for our fiaered tru.-t be'raye I. and
,,, lS nr fp, ,-,, ' -i
the grave of our liberties.
!ut the prominent object is the Old
liidi itself. It stands on an emblematical
pedestal iu the middle of the room, and is
lotccted from chipping, whittling, thiev
ing vabdalisUi, by au iron railing. What
a grand old relic it is ! Wo have been
familiar with it since many years before ;
it wis brought down to the ball ; wheu it
used to hang away up in the steeple, un. '
dcr the stairs, in a daik little sort of cock- '
1- fr, and where very few over saw it. Some
years ago it was brought down to its pre
sent (j'larteis, alter an attempt bad been
mado to restore its tone, and here it rests,
at last aeoes.-iide to the public, liow wo
have sat uud mu.sed over tbo old rusty
loi:ig till wc could fairly fie the old shad '
bellied ringer who broke its tones on that
memorable afternoon, eighty-three years
, , ., , ', . u
1 li ar the shouts of the ri'iamt mob
g uhercd in this passage and under the old
waiuut trees while the i nful words went
f a tll t0 t, ..tu. u,v dolJO
from mouth to mouth
i J they have done
;t n ,;it v .0
11. J'ouell. ICS,
tlcT j: 1 noblv boldlv ' and this old
bell first tull it no pun, my dear friend
to tho world.
l,rt I .in ..! I.Vnl. imin tf AlL.nv FrronlJ --. 1.1 :k. ,..lT I..
The history of tho bell itself is interest -
; auj u jt briefly. Its ori"inal
V3S a leU illit,ortej from EDS,ind for tho
gU(0 Hou.-e in 175'd which was cracked
oa ;ts fjrt trial after its arrival. It was
re.Cast in Philadelphia, in 1703, ly Pass
atlJ Stow, under the direction of Isaac
Norr;J( .vfJ lucn p?oakcr of the Colonial
Assembly. Around its crown, together
with the names of the founders and date,
it bears this prophetic motto
"IVuclaim HUri throuyliuul all Ih: Lui'l
Vtilo till the iuhahiVtuts thertof."
And it was tho first to proclaim that
liberty. I bavo not tho data at band, but
I think it was agaiu cracked, cither on tho
Washington ceutcnuary, or the election
of Jackson to the Presidency, and it has
l t;t ltrtit.l.
army approached Philadelphia, in 1777, it
- -- -
was talcon down Irom tlio oid wooden Del-
fry and Lidden till the daoser bad Passed,
Ct..tl : l:n.. T.n .1. -..-., t.
. i iuijuiui: ioa 1 1 li huieaieu i . nuu
The wonder to uic, at this moment, is,
that, through so many years of neglect it
i i .... :i.:i...: i :.
ua eseapeu uuer auuiuiiauou, .uu iwi n
has not Iongago been made iuto cauehcads
and vest-buttons for common council-men
and their fricuds.
Thcse aro the principal "relics" in this!1 are young one we i hedged,
, , , ! which every now and then stand upon tho
venerable chamber, at present, belonging edgc of the nest and try their wings. I
to the locality itself. There is one other j Uy upon tho green sward a long time and
which I bad almost forgotten, but which observed the movements of the parents,
iw.u-iugiu uere a piece o.i..e - - i.Nar -
ter Oak." As some of your youn
. i. -i: :.i. i T :ti
3 . , ,V- , J' , I
Uk ,rlnsbe i(" In 10N, JaU,CS th
Sec, nil, one of tho smallest men morally ;
and intellectually who ever sat on tho ,
throne of Crcat Ilritain, issued writs of ,
ijiio irarrantn requiring tho several colo-!
..;. ,.t nr,h ..riM i I.. ,,r.
i .r. n:. ;i !
heathen wcro likely to do.
Tho Colony of Conneciicutremonstratcd,
but to no purpose, for a decree ba.l gone
. , . , . .i i o-
I rtu to auuui iuo uaricrs, auu oue air
Edmund Andross was appointed the first j
Governor General. Connecticut positively
refused to give up her Charter. Sir Ed-
und was determined U have it, and while
e Assembly was in ses-ion, in Hartford,
3 . . ,' . '
e went down there fioui Iliston, with a!
ompnny of soldiers, aud demanded tho j
,n',n,nnr 1 oo tlteill UTS recelveil I11U1
with the greatest respect, and cooly deba-
ted the subject till night, while the Loyal
Governor waited, cursing their cool imper-
turability I bavo no doult. After dark,
the Charter was brought in and laid on the
table around which they sat. Sir Edmund
stepped up to seize tLc document, but, liko
(bo Jarkv'a half dollar, thev "had only
.id it th,.n tn tro him.'' for ou a sudden
of tbc llou. Saui'l Wyilys. (That oak
tree will be for ever known as the "Char-
' t-r Oak," and this crooked piece of timber
i i , nortion nf it . The caudles were soon
I re-lighted in the hall, and order was re-
I sh.re.l. but Car. AndroaS had to co back
without the Charter !
Hero lot me close Ibis rambling paper.
crowd scattered, who are not pleasant to
look at or listeu to, we'il return, aud I'll
describe s oiii9 of them.
tlYl:K S'. tli.
A v. inl cam 110 mil 1 1 llie s.-a,
And saol : -( 1111 -I, io;:ki' roi io
il , t,.
II liaile-l llie
bios, aii.l cri- "S1 1
llli- Ill-Ill IS L--11I- !"
An.t hnrrii- t 'aihiv.aii!, I'ar a'.v.sv.
t'ry:n;j : Awake, 11 1-. ihe day !"
Il sail until llie finest: Slnmi !
Il-iii; a!l yi-ur leaiy Itannrrs mu!"
Il louche, I ihe wood-bird's lul 'e-l wiiiT,
And said: ( lard, awake and Miii '.
And o'er llie f.innr, : '-O i-haii'.ii-li 1. r.
Voiir claru-ii Mow, llie day i lo'ar !"
I: whiprred to llie fi- !.! ol coin :
-l!or doun, and hail llie conuiii: in- in !
It 'huute-l tliroie'h llie llfrv toivrr:
.Wake I) b'-ll, j-roclaoii llie h- nr ! '
Il cross. .1 tio churchyard wiili a sieh,
And jli-l : -.N.-t yet! Ill ijaict lie."
Vliat the Eird3 Dj.
Farmer I read over the list given 1 flow
r what a few families of birds aro doing
! every day f.r tho lublio rood, and then
1 t '
' aajr Lu"La"y wtc,ber ou doQ ' kr,lnv
! ,e?criil lK'Uv'i lu Jour os''1"3 S""'g
I about '"eir guus who are really not
I EerT1Be the comuiumly as well as the lit-
.,i.i..,.i 1. 11.
tie feathered families, celebrated by Mr.
0. M. Clay, of Kentucky, in tho follow-
ing article, which be communicated to
! ...... ...i- u. ...a..j, ..v.
j wLich."0 ,ake 3'wruJ-livo millions of
eater.niiars aua im.ccis ..cs.ro.ea .n cue
' " 1 ' " "
. .. . i i. i .1 i
I'liaiy tiiou ii-ni a num. iu mai r.eiioo.
! niaDy well-known nun, so far from doing
any public or privato good, ara really
spreading mischief by their business aro
! You rerccive the.-c walls are covered with fxur hundred and tixty-iive daiinauts, lieaawat. r.-t, cross to tne soutu oratiea 01
I .... . . 1 I . t. I ' 1 Till t T . 1 - l ..
portraits, many of them rare, all interest- : witti tne amouLt elaiiucJ, amount award- 1 inc creih, waieu win to ,uoweu 10 iuc
in" at some other tinn-, afier (hi.- Sunday ed, loss in destruction of crops, and tiuin- mouth of its west branch, and along the
.'iCHtion has been settkd and this lulidel bcr of houses destroyed, hursts and cattle course of that stream at. 1 its northern trib
they not ? quite equal iu amount to the capital were the only ntcas tires that offer
benefits conferred by the tiod-givan in- cd lorious obstacles. Topeka was selected
suncis.oi mo oeauiuui ana useiui mrus.
Mr. Clay says:
"At daybreak I estimate that four bun-
dred sougsters break forth into ous grand
f r,,,;. tJ r,l,fL,r
Among theso I note the catbird, the bell
martin, the dove, lark, and quail, tho
! sparrow and humming bird, robiu aud jay,
I tu ""use porch and barn swallows, and
" ' i ' v!' , . ' wuuu.I,","-r!,i
o..i'au.A... ni. .ii-.iji. ui iu uu ma-
;., Ilnnn ih nsa nf l.ir.Ij 1 t,l.- no.
' . y. y
sition about fifteen feet from the uest'of
i nn nrtnTi l.niU in th.i t.n i.f n ....nl,
---1 J j " - -- --- wm w. i-.au uvg
. . ...... .
twelve lect nigo, to observe ttieir habits.
Tho nest is formed of blades of blue crass,
worked into basket form ou the limbs of
the peach tree acting as braces. This va-
. 1 . . - . -
, neiy uas the leuialo ot adusky tilui.-hyel-
low tho male blackheade-d aud blackish
! wings, with a brick-dust or robin red-
! J""" col"r 00 ,,ia a"'1 J''-'
" -:-VJ --j -
"Jr "'"" -u
i erage, varying in time Ifcom two to six
' They would light upon the
Hack locust trl, tho vinc.Vo grass, and
other places, clinging at times to the most
delicate and ixtrctne point of the leaves,
X observed plaiuly green an.t brown grass
llorPcri caterpu.ars, an-l stna.ler Hies,
"ometinies one and sometimes as many as
six were plaiuly fed to the young cues,
whose beads I could sco above the
nest. They would also carry back the re
fuse litter from the nest, dropping it fifty
or more yards off; which same thing I
saw tho brown thrush, which Las a nest
in a climbiug rose about forty yard.t off,
also doing, they Laving four young outs.
" l.ir.l. r
If - .....y 1 lir,tle 1 in
lJi nniilliii. .Ill nits! I.y I! :.o Ti.-il. in an ti,,
4 n.-ui's i.h .in iiv.-i.ii:-- i-'-i w.-iiie.iti tin- ii.-ur.
o wikni Iii-ur-. T Jit.ii:iy.
2i'o I'.siis nn tin. ei-tMin,!- 1 ia.t-iHI a -I,.v.
-.si i.urs in -ii.l;i. s l,l-'i,ts-.i ii month.
-i"( -ir- in s rantitlii, .,:i:;,i,'.i'.'sni.
0 .:nrs i.l-l .-H.-....1.I. I.v U ;.i;.:.iu.o,-
4- ni-ri.ii.', .1". l-v J.lo. i.lll.lii.i.i'ii.
t-"l il,.. i-alin-: I tiuirs. I - 1 :..i. . ;.i-si.l.-i-
Cr.'Ws au-l tira.- l-.oi-ttii.i- 0, -.CI,mi.i,.,i.i.
Double the estimate of birds and crows,
which I think fair ou my farm, aud we j
Lave li.UC ,SOO,('COx 2.", t5'.),2liO,t'U. j
" J hat is to say, twenty-live billions t ur i
,unjri.,i ,! hl'ty uiue milliuns aud two
hundred thou.-and caterpillars Mid other j
insects destroyed in ouo year ! If those :
estimates seem large, we uiuat rcuiembcr i
l" lt luo eireuianou ana rcspirauou oi
,rU ue exieme.y rapid ; and of course
tho contuutrttou of lood rapid in pro-
"Uc is no 'sickly sentimentality,' but
plain economical facts, based upon obsei
T.-ition. Shall ue srarii tliA cruti-x nn
other birds a little coru and fruit? or shall 1 friends of Freedom will extend to
we kill them, aud revivo tho famines of wards it a liberal patronage.
the East and tho ravages cf other days .'
Shall wo lire on them in tho morning, or
joiu in tbeir universal jubilation V'
If prison statistics can bo taken as evi
J-- ..,..:.n- ;,,.;,.;...!.,. i
uvov., i.um am luj'w.j in. " i-f, ..I iuu
United States. Tho State IWn of Did-
iana. at Jeffeisonville. is full to ovn'l.tv I
ing It coutaius five hundred and tweuty
one convicts. Tho State Prison at Co
lumbus, Ohio, and at Auburn and Sing
Sing, New York, are nlso crowded. The j
Western ToniWutiary at PitMi:rg i.. Ilk.
, isc full, .i.d is t
"i 'Ii-.. ('cjT.mrnT
"Bleeding Kansas." I
The Legislature of Kansas appointed a j
', committee of three to investigate and
' award claims against the Covcrnment for
louses Busmcd lunng the troubles oi
1 that unfortunate territory in 1S55 and
lN)ti. It is very voluminous, containing
! a tabular statement giving the vim. of
taken, whether tbo property belonged to
free State or pro slavery men. The for
mer lire far the greatest sufferers, as ap
pears by the report. Accompanying the
tabular statement is a complete history,
from evidence taken during the stooious
of the Hoard, more in detail than any ac
count yet published. The following is
the statement of the amount claimed un l
awarded, Ac. :
Nolo! - 1 1 I li. 1 -is stoli 11
ol eallle slulcn
I" of Ii.ii.m-s ile-sin-n-d
Oii-io-il l-v 1'ice JsiaiK no 11
' liy l'ro-S!averv men
lr:.irovi'! I y Pro-Slavery men
oy Flee rsUtc nu n
1 -,. . "
$ :.X:', . :
1 1 -J.'.'J
U he committee are of the op
in the diffirent enconntcrs and guerilla
fi-bts, AT I.KAST TV(. HLXUltEI. I KIf suNo
v. rr.E ivll.t.ti' . lrtily, during tout peri
od it was "bleeding,
' and to the thamo of
l!ie Administration, be it Uuwu that V.
S. bayouets under the charge of (iovcrn-
Iuat iwecrs u.d much cl it: .is-
J - - -
1 Leaves woitni, July iS. The Kan-
; 9a3 Constitutional Convention has nearly
completed its labors aud will probably ud
I . ni . .:....: - l
iourn to-morrow. The constitution is rad
ically anti-slavery, but it differs from the
j Leavenworth instrument, inasmuch as it
uoes uoi iaicuu mo iiuio u un, u
negroes. According to its provision the
legislature will consist ol seventy-two
I mf,CR,M",ra "uu "-
.... . ?. . . - i
iue ouainess oi lue conveuuun uas neeu
: disposed of with tolerable oxpedition
, The questions of tho apportionment of the
Stato and the location of tho temporary
i . . . m
; as tlio temporary capital, tba town ot
Lawrcnc being a competitor. The efforts;
of tho partizaus of both places revealed
j considerable competition both inside and
j ouUids of the convention. Tho ludica-
j tl0DS ar0 that " "tiucaticn of the Con-
' stitution will be vigorously opposed by
j the Pemocraey, as all the ultra measures
; advocated bv the latter. includiBL' tho an -
ncxation of the Platte district the tx -
r-iiision nr rrcn ni,roes
, , . - -
-the prohibition of
; La"k anJ lLe preservation of thj
, i j
. . . . . . . - .
! tlio gold regions, have been dtlcated.
i S, T ..t-h .ll. T!.- i;,n,a,rr,r,
stitutional Convention adjourned sin
Ut nl,iht Sst.ita I 'nnstitnti.m n;n
a',irtc,1 b7 to of thirty-four to thir-
tecu, all tlm Democrats refusing to
"'gu it. Thus showing a premeditated
uetermtnation, on the part of the Pro-
ot r( ,... . r l .1 ,r , .
I X cuiotracy, AUAIN to dedat a
: wt.tntion, ,., to k., k,tm, o,,t
' the I n,un unt.l JUr the 1 .la,Ual
. -, .
Kescue of Hi-v. John Doy, who was
: al - -Jl'"
week, -go, on the charge of abducting a
: slave from Missouri, was rescued from
j jail on Sunday morning last, during a vi
olent storm, aud was still ut larg
The national Era.
We announced, a fc-.v weeks tigo, the
death of Dr. Paii.ev, the able aud f-arless
Publisher aud Editor of the X.rlun,, L
that bold and out.-pokeu llepublicau
journal published at tho National Capital,
Wo had some fears that Lis demiso would
cause a suspension cf tho pnper, but we
are gr,oeu 10 .e.uu ...ow .-us. :
XjAILEV determines lis contiutt-;
ance. the says: ,
"Tho A'a will remain true to Ihe prin
ciples it has always advocated. Writers
of eminent ability will contribute to its
editorial columns. Its literarv depart
mcut will be placed in able Lauds, aud no j
iff.irt will bo spared to make the paper as i
nearly as pcs.-tl-le what it has always bceu.
"Ihe value of the A -:.'in J.ni asthe
representative of free pi
National Capital, .mi tot
late editor as their only a
luciples at the ,
tho family of its :
ot support, manes li my
to continue its puLdioiti
imperative duty '
liciticn without inter-;
The bas always been ono of the '
highest toned and Lest conducted journals ,
published iu this country. We trust that
I ho 1 ottsvilio journal says mat rn ;
Wednesday of last week William Donald-!
s.-n, President of tho Tamsqna Dank, died
at that place from injuries received from I
.,nn.;i,i, nf lira .limn in his eeal minra !
u ,. .-..-., v r -.
ou tho 1 lib. inst. lie was a wealthy, ju.
flucutial aud bi;-hly lesrectcd citijeu ot i
l'aiuaqua, aged 70 years, and had been i
Provident ol ihe Pai.k since the death of,
Kiehard Cuter. This Pank is very uu-
fortunate with its Presidents. Carter, it
will to ven-.nb-r-.l was killed by Sm:rh
will to retnetul"
. !'l ibdeiphi:,
-. l. I tovt Ds.ua...
! wi'h h vi 1. rd. d-.-;tr. !.
' I i.
A New KailroaJ Froject.
It is proposed to tup tbo Sunbury
Erie II. P. at or near the mouth of ouog -
. womau'n cretk in Cliuton county, follow
; mc course 01 Mream .0
ters in StcwJOB Uwn.-bip, I'otttr coun-
ty, strike th'j wat-is of Kuttle creek near
, Oleooa, follow thj main .stream to its
'. utaries into Sweden township, where
will cross the summit and stiike the wa
ters of Mill creek, and, following that
stream to Coudcr-port, stiike She Alleghe
ny liiver, and, following that, ti.pho
Xew York Iirie II. II. at Olean. It U
said that Ibis route is not only f..a-ib!e,
but tbat it will be a moderate grade and
of easy construction, with the exe ptijn
of a couple of miles at and near the sum
mit which divides the waters of tho Alle
gheny an 1 Su-.j Johanna. Tin tnlire
length of the road will be about 'Ji) Utiles.
! The other day a young lady, near
I .anesville, fell six iuckc? from a doer
"'cr, and broko licr r.eck. Iu St. J.ouh,
a n.an Uroppeu Irom a louriM itory, aL'.
T00 " awning, escaped with a
severe iiijury to his thoulJ, r. In I!i:Uj!
a 3 "a,l" aa involuntary deseeut from
a second btory window, but was s-.ved waieU may L-j Usvu Witu safety. IUj
from tho least hurt, by her crinolin, on prejudice of the former most likely grow
the parachute principle. Thus f.r the ; cat f the n. fleet of ordinary piudenca
Pittsburg 0 azotic, to which we may idd ! b)" 2.csa wh no it without any regard t
that Paldwiu, tbo New York forger, ! '''" 'i'ntity cr state. Improperly nscJ
jumped from tbu cars while the train was ! er cat. n, when in an unfit state, it is pro
going forty miles Jn Lour, aud escaped, ; ductive of many diseases peculiar to tha
while a plain countryman "up in I'enn-yl- . '"nriur months, but undoubtedly a proper
'not long since choked to death ona,
bit of meat he was eating at dinner. The
ligbtniug will strike one man dead and
leave another unhurt. In a railroad aeci -
dent, one man will be killed lyin-' down
! won't ,. n.ail her !,.,... Ir, ihn riv -
,- - -. i .........
i . . , . ,
or or nt sr.bih;rt. nln.v & ,n.m !,o
e J ,
: can swim will sometimes drown, whiU a
j .... .
"Tin- i trlh ;nu'sc mnr ti- b.l l.i -ir-
Tii- faun ii,l'i! -trajultsl t u t.r . '
' WWW Sf r .
( llie Cincinnati t.nnuncr says: As
Nicholas Longworth, E.-q , was sitting en
tho steps of a drinking house in Thirl
street, with Lis bat between Lis knees,
waiting for a friend, a gent.iman, a straa
; ger, passed, and seeing old Nick s ordi -
j nary garb and ratbci troubled countenance,
! supposed him to be one of the profes-ioc-
1 al mendicants that often confrro.-ate there.
; atid as Lo went by, dropped a quarter into
'Old Nick'' perceived the mis
; tako too lata to rectify it, and pocketed
j ot mistaking tue1. incinnattLr isUs occot
1 tho ti.-h.-t men in Am.-ri.-n. worth rrnb,-
Lly from :,'KM.I,C0'J toS'VK'O.OW-
street bci'!ar. is rather droll- thou oh r.ot
, " ' ', ,
, uunatural, as any one to looi; at the old;
; gentleman and Lis extremely shabby dress
j would not suppose bis available means at j
tho outside more than i fty cents-
War a.n'p Phovisi'ins The peace will
Wofi;g wi,t it tLut wi;l be ,p.
iutcd l,ou., heap provisions. The
crops are reported to tc at-un-lanf, ao.
' supplies bavo been held back f .r higher
; prices contingent on a prooat i.- citmu.-i.
,io of the war, which exfeetatien, have
been ruined, as will be a good many spec-
ulators who iudulgwl iu them, by the
peace. Flour has declined two dollars tie ; it appears that she inishd.s to leave
per barrel within a few weeks, and several t'un at or.ee, having b .eu gr .-j'y de-
laroe 11 mr deaUrs in New York Lave
r failc'1- ,)lLcr provisions mu.t f.d
; 1 w anJ Jltliao lewise, and we may
K,ok ft,rwarJ t0 lbc cdmi!!S
; out fjrc'.
i Decline in Wheat The peace news
. foil heavily upon bread speculator, and
j moro m0Ucy Las been lost this year ia
pt.caIatt-m in gram than any pievi-.us j
JCir. Wo give the decline at Chicago :
j ll.th. rruc SI.I'.O
June Ft, " l,l"
July 1st, " ;i2
Jiily2-.M, " aud Jul!
Al Milwaukee, May liith, tho price
was si, I:?, ou the DUh cf July it was
7d cts. This is unparalleled.
It ia timr.niin.' .. lito f ,'ii.oti:ilo. for
,,,,. 4 i i?.. ,,,, h..',r t il hea.! :
Ctofii oil 'short. So rapil'y has ih.s j
fa.,l,10 -aintd favor, that it will r.ot be ',
B,,leifui should it bee oino "i neral for a I
ti,c. Put it must, of mcessitv, be short !
lived. Long hair is tlic glory ol a woman,
aud its grace can not well ba dispcuaed
with by the haudiomcst face.
A beautiful thought is Ftige.-ted in
Ihe Koran: " Angols, iu the grave nil!
not question theo as to tho amount of
money thou Last loft behind thee, but
what good deeds thou hast d ne while in
the world to entitle tbec to a scat among
-.s,..!...-.. M rvr,lt. M,s, , 1
i. . " ... . ,i i
uas someiuiug jiio one uiiii.uiu i-m-j,
h t hii -,,. t0 ae,tr,,y
;,.,. lUbnU.,. ,ail f-.r them. '-.
tt,,pi,io them as hp would rhickuns, r,d
t,-are so tarnu that they will 0era3 r.t
nsQ kill moths, put pice of p'-pr cv
Uuja 'tJ,tu(l!,j ,ufi - . y
Plain Talk 1
j The I.y:nmiij '..:, tbs home organ
, of u ,y. I ac.er, c ,n!aius a leng'by articlo
in defence of huaLuimstration and policy,
and strougly deyinciatory of tbu "disor-
: ganiz:rs" who are arrayed against birn
' under the lead of the "Old Man" at Wash
i iugtoa. With regard to the appointtnent
of Mr tiillii, the (... !'.; savs :
"The Tresil 'Dt has appointed Ihe ..
Junes L. (.'illis special agent to the 1'aw
- nee Ii.dmtis. Mr. tjiilis v.3 oaa of thi
principal instruments made Use of by tin
; I'retiident to f;r:i :nt the priient diCettItis)
iu the Icmovratic party. This appoint
ment is his reward fir that service, and aa
aj ropriate reward it is. If the i'resident
WoUid alsj make a l'.vneo a?nt of that
virtuous man, the very Arnold 1'lu-
mer, ouip.-l b"tu his appn'uteos tog anil
live with t t.o I'awmio, and then send tlu
Harriaburg li, :-d hi -1' l',u'- .i after ihetn,
1 1 dj their printing, it w iuli be a tjrl-s-n
1 to the lemecra!;c party ef Pennsyl
vania, and be received as evi dencj of a de
sire on the part of the President to return
again to Iruiocraoy an 1 do sotn-thing ta-
wards r. pairing the itnini n.- mischief
! has made in its ranks within the past tvr
', The K.vnsii of Pitfix. The use of
fruit is n-'t utider-too l by many of our
r. ..,!.. S
S jiae tiiv ;-r a' rrij 1 ueiag:inf .
the summer an 1 anturan.it
months ; others observe no rule in re,jir t
to ti..' time of eating it, or the quantity
conducive to health and prevontiva
j 01 lll!se- -v 6' rula n a g!"
i f"r ,hu catib8 of fruit except that is
' M bi of 1 "un 1 anl wajla-
- BOme 'ia:'IirJ- Vv, T3 Pcrs:n IU3St juJS
of the JMfi.y an , t!ll! kinJ pf fru;t aml
: vegetables best suiteJ to tbctr COMtitU-
: tions. i oat is one mans ci-at is aao-
! ,uer 3 rjin- 1 'iT cr Ijur 1 'ro aP'
ides wou J ll. dire euo era morbus m ioms.
; i,:la th. ,a!J t . ,.,ai!r.:,i ta JtIll!r,
I Experieaee is always the lesr guide you
can take wiih saKty cverythio agreeaMo
' t0 .i.e .T.tem i w.'l in do-' davs as in
! m;j B;nter. The gnat secret is to know
' wacIJ t,,st .p Excessive catin ' s'udin''
ovcrloadln - the stomach brfes on dt
seise and often rrolu?es death.
1 - ; ; " -
; 1 L!U'tl! LAl'IIr- " 3 Watson,
J to bMf frc;m Altoona, but bad been
,Tla u tJB LulttJ -tat" ''-'e' f r thl
jat. i4jiti ui'jutu?f wits nj'jiituiuuc'.l t-Uij
tliis iuriiicg at lii- La-raiu L-jusOj Mr;.
Updfgrcve?, hy officer Uiek.r, oa a war
ruut charjiD' Liai with fjrinj tho catzio)
. T . . , . , ,. , -
nt .11,-l.N .l-iill Lr-itr sn.l Ui niin l..,n
,J crdtIS 03 1r- Patterson and MLJ
' Wilson, by which be obtained various
g)ods from their respc-tive stores. Oa
meetinz Pr Patterson this moruinc La
J , ,
ac D0W 0 ' l a ' "IT" o a
Pcnl JD u ",r ,D iu wla se"
I were at once handed over by the wife of
! tue prisoner, who was entirely ignorant cf
! ,he .j., ofhor la.baBj. blI oa
: itci ma.,tf cf the -.ods thus obtained but
0 ascrtaininir theso facta ste refaJ t-
wcar it and w is glad to imbracc tU Hrst
! opportunity of rest mtig them to their
; fj The wiFe is quite voung,
but recently married at Altera wh.ro
; her r-rrcnts reside Weal:hy an I re.rcet.t-
Ceived I y biai, she tcfusi l-J r.'cognizi
him as her husband after tho arrest on
Gates is Cut. kens. As this is too
i.asoa of the year when chickrna are most
liable to the disease culled gapes, we ex
tract the following from ' ij.nnet's Poul
try l.'ook," for the bemfit of su-.h cf our
tca,!tK aj Lave not the took
j Of ail diseases, real cr presumed, to
i v;l.ie!i our domestic fowl are subjected, tin
moot frequent is the - , s imetimcs call,
i c l y'. it is a vi ry counuon and Croubi".
j some diserdi r, and el'icn proves fatal. Ail
j diiwstie Mrd., particularly young fouls,
; are pt.-uii.uiy liat-ie to it, and generally
i in the hot Wsathtr i f Jal and Augu-f.
1 lly t'-aij il is considered a catarrhal di-
s. aso si:i.u.r to tue iM.ucnzt I:i Luman
beinss; producing a lliiekeued state ot tbo
menibiaue JiuiLg the n stills, ui u ii zul
Nt'.i -SK, July 'J'1. -Aa i:nn:cr"
swindle has ju.-t txpiaded tn re. It wn
called tho grand Duchy of V, ihn f uttecu
millions loan, connect-! wi'b a ! "' y i f
which the JK.-sis. Kott,--chiids Were icp
resented a.s the Earnj can agents. Con
s.anti'ie, Fcllat r .V Co, weie the agctit
in this city. Tiiij firm has been nn.-r.i
ting ex'en. ive'y ia the Sou:b au-l Vi' .-',
but are now n.nsing.
The New oik An:ert. a:i 1 raet Sei, ty,
ruHid.c a, :;i n(lt to o'l.n 1 slave
holders, harre-olvci toos'.i.Iia a l.ran-n
, . . . .
m ,,,;;'t"'1' , , W: "J AB-'r?-
'. 1 . r' . 1 " '' Iv " mau piai.-r
So the fcUvrry to
"it v.w. UN in l : v r q'lai
Iu- I'.-. irtli 1 i
y cc e:n.i ma n
.! u I r". I. on "i
t :,--'ili t,
1 rnPv ffietisrJ