Newspaper Page Text
"JtjO.30UKKN3 INAUGURAL. -
Jossers, wbral"vaj jielivercjJrejttW&y.jn tfie pres
ence of the mibcrj! jfjtie General As5oin.bh''ani1
aij -itsaiPtisptOfe of citizen;?. It lisn;oIe
and p&lpjdpvipit,: Mid will' commnml the atf
tentioqAt cbpRlEtrationjof the people pf Tennee
Vj LaVeyiol jrptce, tins reoniinj", for an cxtentleu
icview of he mHrAss, anl must contentoureelvw.
with a bare tuimithry df its leadine; features "
Is!. Gay. Zqvssos believes it the duty of- the
dcuiocratio'attA. at tho.jwm.CW4'eutous crisis,
to rjx-ur inure more t first principle, and confine
the 3Viaratut within t w ancieut landmark as
' "laid dtnva br Jiwo, ami the other great fouud-
.trrs fcf til democratic parti'. Tic insists upon a
s-trict ec.ndniciiuii ot tlie Federal constitution, and
mi apj)Cftl.ibP States, iu all cafvs of doubtful pow
er, for an express grant or such power, if deemed
compaiiWoivith. iliopubic interests.
2d. Ilefrtvors ft well rejrulnMl and jodicions
. system of InloirWt. rtnprovernrits by tlic State,
intended nnd talSilatd;to give all reasonable facili-
" ties to tbe-MoHuiDjli Aticalturcl and Commercial
ptirsuit-s of tlie country,
3d. On the imntauiqiiesliop of tlio iKwer of
tbe Iislaw.rs'fBrMitiho right of- way, through
the real r tt" o?"inilivIduats, to companies author
ired to enr,-t-uct vTuiw6f internal Improvements,
Gov. JoiiN7uN- siifgcstB tlist, at ifn early day, some
lonndry should be fixed by the Judicial tribunals,
V or tbe people iBKnr-eivrs, anu juai ?ucu uounuary,
when fixed, should be the piwlic necessity, and not
the mere 3fiprisn of public convenience,
4th. ToH-wluealioii of tho great mass of the
peopV, adjajtalion and remuneration tjfthe
laborer, atgitbjest. which have long engrossed
Gov. JoaJPittri)tion and enlisted thifbest wish
of IwliArt? In thU paper these fuhjecls are
reoiirr.l ianll ciifocced 'with eloquent ability. .
oth. folKe jrctof the Public Domain, Gov.
ITonNxi-boltoW-itisbouU be consecrated to the
it'liifih and 1 ttfcltrptf-e of -providing homes
tpSfor tl.e (iwiik - litis' policy v.ou'd augment the
rwtkMial bjgi'tKwaitd wealth in time of peace, and
in lime of war itwold raise up the only Kinu oi a
standing ariay wfffrfcpm safely be relied upon and
tmsUrd in ft refubfiran 'government.
Such are the leadfug topjes'di?cus5ed in this first
paper of the new Governor. They are handled
nvltii nueowmon ability and., In that, earnest spirit
wlu'oh is obarsuleristic of its author. The whole
document taiU be.attentirely read and pondered
jipon. Ve may have ooeusion again to refer to it,
and discus atkngth some of its suggestions.
"VKI.t.OW FEVER KOVS.
Tin: Fr.vrr. is Mobile. There was but oue inter
nment from yellow fever in Mobile, on the 11th in3t.
TnE Ffcyjiti --jJiflrat The Natchez Free Tm
Our strnliipfririasiic:ftn appearance ofani
irnlwi. ' jRftlier.llie opol and .pleasant,. weather
whk'h has prevailed for smnc da vs past, or the want
or sin jfCfs t W attaCKeu, nai annost emireiy oaii
ished the veUow fever from Natchex. Our physi
ohrns lwve ver' WXT owl do not appre-
lwi! anv revival of die disease, unless It should be
nied bv JHP'm, Iwfon' more decided indioa-ii-
n, (.fTjprpis Vlio have been alcnt during U;c
Far lim wnk nnpycterday at 12 o'clock fif-
hfii rHH ar lepwrtwl by Hie sexton, oniy iweive
a? whiWvei'xsil".-!! ot fever occurring hi the eity.
'rhKe.rfif!i"l!nTtifh the report of the previous
vrek, ls.yvKtirfiKing indeed.
Tun Fkm at AVas-hkotos, Mts?. The tchez-
Frrr 7rf"nf the fth, says : -fjl un, as I conceive, the inet conclusive evidence that
At la&tthu jileajant little viHage or 'Whshington, ''I have alwa3-s fnvoreda strict yet liberal eonstruc
ihe rc-aort of n nwnv of tho citizens of Natchez, tiou of the Constitution. I hold that no power
hiw betn vis-ited by the yellow fever. All had hoped
that it iiM escape, but to say that it lias not aj
. peered tlier. twiW l t doubt the nsentifin at
"tkinnieiff am! profanjional iiiU grity or several prom
On yosJorony wo ksrtiw Uiat most, oi me mcr
f. hmls fnBin tfatrho wit had sought terflporaiy
(orations-there were prejiwmg lo return to town,
himI tlm.t-.-i genual pawc hadoocurred. imoiig the
jwpulatinn. Tl number of cases or fever there
wcit ia'hwsK' rejwrted here yestetday at from sev
enteen to ft1y the former estimate is, doubtless,
nearer the Until tlwin any other.
The Fkvi:p.ix .Tacksos. Mips. The Mississippi
of the 7:a s:
. There is j-till a great deal of .'ickness in Jackson
inji Oil. coiMuei ing the sparseness cf the popula
tion, and the Himilier of new cases for the past
three dars, we eamiot announce that there is any
n4tenient whatever. On Wtdiuslay, there weie
4 deal le. ."5 rffevw, and we heard of ll new cases
and rt bip'e: yesterday 2 deatls and several now
l crttsesnp to the tne mr iiaper went I o press. I lie
! ,j jihysiuians sre uiianuiiously of opinion that families
who have hfl town i4joulii letnnin away.
Drs. GanMen and Cjpos or New Orleans, are still
in .lacks, ajuly aUcwling the sick, and have
k 4 formd jta tattir gMtitwk ot Sir people.
k TtamfSLnLmiiMi lith met., tiieru were3i dcallisor
XASttmcir ten LotSsmLE I'ack'rt. Or Capt
Hkkkeus ntiw boat, Jjililt fbr the 2uihville and
piisvHle trifclc, tlie LouUville Times or last Satur
day ?pKV .at follows :
'Tin: Vm. Gauvin. Tin's is one or the veiy finest
.fftf the siiioib IkwIs turned out this season. It is
finished in tho iiut elogant style, and has superior
";. accommodations to any boat wo Imow. especially
the sleeping H;ir'mnt. It wa limit under tin!
Eutierinteiirfnm-e -f Cant. Charles T. Itecder, and is
.Intended as a r'-jfMlar jiacket lo ply between this
: city and Xniihx Sle. A Irifd trip will be made to i
UHicmnflti to-ly. iwro i not a more worthy or
more amiable uc'iitk-itHUi on the river than Captain
Ileeder, a,nd lie cettapily liftsone or the finest boats
'f we Ira ve ever seen. .
f - - KI.KOTIO.V OK JUDOKS.
In the Cherokee Circuit, Tripjo,( Whig) has been
In the Western Circuit, Jackson, (Democrat,) I133
f In the Middhj Circuit, Holt, (Whig,) has been
1. elected. v .
9 ' In thcJvbttlK-.ti Circuit, Andrews, (Democrat,)
lias been Giemd.
In the h1tfii,Ci
In the FTtfii,Oii'cui(,,Stik4 (Democrat) has been
In the Oitmlflee Circuit, Hardeman, (Whig,) has
en elected. '
In the Cliatlliofel0drmiit,'WoiTil, (Whig) has
en elected. ? t
In the Sc uthern Circuit, Love. Democrat,) has
Itlicates the capacity of the jKop'e for . regulating
their own judiciary, and shuw tluit party, cannot
Wind tliem in the siieetkMi of iJioso important of
cs. In the strongest Democratic Circuits, Whigs
iavc been clieseft, rand nVe versa. In every in
stance tlfe clioTce lwi ahghled .on upright capable
jnon. So may1f)Tcirt!r be.r-.lAfeex Teleffrnph, llth.
jf . 3
ji Man SIiot nv .v GftSu-Z-VTa learn lioni t'ue
.'.fariettaOlflei) h tdfymtr that an Irishman, em
ployed on" die rniWil, in "Warren township about
5x mil8sbeloy-Jirar!rtta, win aliot on the 7th inst.,
y Miss IIesdewos, daughter of a Mr. IIkn-dkksos,
fho kept a 'boarding house, or grocery, jwrliaps
th, on tlie eoction wlierc the oceurrenee took
. . s n 1. ,t. t. : .t , .1 .
ace. ua oii'iooy iwe ri;iiuian cneu 01 tne wounus
ceiyedaitfl an iuqwjit was hcW on his body. The
rdlct was, llmt he ome to Iris death by wounds !
cei'ved from a pistol shot, fired by Miss Hkn-dku-
Is,; and" that site discharged the phtol in self
Jrence, and' was fu'wiy justifiable in the set.
Promotion.. Wc petite with plea -tire thai Lieut.!
OMas Gi-AiBOiivi; of (bis place, has. been prd-
iied to Gaptaiji in jhc mounted Riflemen, vice
INAUGURAL- ADDBtSS OJtGQV. A,. JOIfSSO!.
MELivtRth Ai xxanrziix, oot. 1.7, J5X
Gentlemen of th$.SenU, of the. 1 ( "
u.i'J EsSoo GUhtns:
Ttltailong been tlie ctablishtrl custom in this
State, npojv t?ie IijausQtra.tigrr o tlieCjiieEjecu
tlve OlScer. to diaiotv forth, fit wliat 1j tenifed. an
Inaugural Address, s;ieltopiriion4,itit:e xiisy enter-1-tainla
reference to hc leading measures and .poli-
,icy of the State and Gencjt?! Government , ' -
Jn obedience to tiiisicustom amt to pontic, expec
talibn, without farther prelude, I will proceed; In
as' bncf and contasi a. manner as the iiaiiire and the
important ojthe subjects "will jtniiit,vto give such
'vie'ws as I may .entertain "in r.-Tatidnto somp'Of
those nieajinwand princrple. which believe Jie'at
the foundation of thotwo great rart:et in this coun
try, and involve the existence or Uwr Government
utself. ' The differences or opinion -which have arisen
in this, an'a in the Governments of the other quar
ters of the gkb-v fundamental in their character,
aiid sncli as have existed ever since jneil wercfirst
Torpied into social communities. The beginning
pointof these differences was, as to where the jVrop--itr
lodgment of the Supreme power should bo made
whether in the bauds of one, or a few men, or
-whether it should boconiinued fn-the possession of
tiiie.great ma5str thepeople; where it, of right, be-
lon& IJetwcen the interested and designing fnw,
on Ihe one- Jiand,- and lhc laboring many, on the
other, political power Las been vibrating, as the
penilulmn, from the origin of man'g social condi
tion to tlie present period of time. Division of
sentiment npon this great problem, m this country,
made its mo3t remarkable development in the Con'
vention which framed die Constitution of the
United States. In tint Convention there were
two parlies one of them headed by Mr. Alexander
Hamilton, who contended for "that form of Govern
ment which wasstrongest and farthest removed
from tlie Tnas of tlie people, and based npon the
old monarchical, or .kingly nofion, that man was
made for government, he not being capable of gov
emins' himself. The other party wa headed by
Mr. Madison, who contended that government was
made forman. lie being honest and capable of gov
eininfr himself! The ardent conteit, or struggle,
between tiiendvocatcsof apopularform of govern
ment, vesting the sovereign power iu the mas3 of
the people, and those who stood opposed to it, re
sulted in the formation pf the Constitution of the'
United Stales aa it now stands less republican, in
.many of its leading-pio visions, than waj desired by
those who had confidence in the integrity, hon-
city and capability of the people to govern them-
jselvoi. IV ihiff referocts to the history of our
country, it will be at once perceived when and
where this division of parties took its rise and had
It is most manifest that the difference of opinion
between parties, or, more" properly,, speaking, the
leaders of parties, (for tLc,great mass of UieAmeri
in people are Democratic in sentiment,) does, not
consist in name merely, but has a 'deeper founda
tion in the United Siaics, and dates its origin an
terior to any 'appellation by which parties are
known and designated in modern times. After the
ratification of the Constitution of the United States
by thescreral btatcs, and when the uovernmcnt
had been put into sntceslui operation, ttiese same
parties made their appearance in another form, and
under another and more Imnosins name: one or
them contending for tho exercise ol all those pow
eis which hid been sought as express grants, and
refused in the, formation or the Constitution, by
implication or a lntitudinous construction of the
Constitution flie other contending Tor a Govern
ment of limited aud defined powers, and for a rigid
and strict construction of the Constitution One.
of these parties was called the Federal party the
other, the llepulican or Democratic party.
The Federal parly, from the rormatlon of the
Government down to the moment when I stand be
fi)re you, hare contended for. the exercise or all
doubtful powers on the part of the General Gov
ernment, without any restraint or limit as to the
Constitution. The Constitution of the United
States has roost 'generally been, viewed by them as
a paper wall, through which they could thrust their
fingers at pleasure, or a piece of gum elastic that
could be expanded or contracted at the will and
pleasure of the Legislature.
The Democratic Jlepnb'ican party hold, that this
Government is one of limited and fixed powers;
:md that no power can or should be exercised, un
less it is expresly granted; and the incidents ne
cessary and proper to carry it into full and fair ef
fect I presume, at this period of my public, life, it is
hardly necessary for me to -state where I stand in
rafert nee to these questicnor limitations or Con
stitutional power. Mv nast public course has crlv-
should be exerclshl of doubtful character, either
by the State or Genera! Government. If tlie exer
cise of doubtful power by the State or the Federal
Government are acquiesced in by tho people, and
pcrs'rf led in on the part of the law maker, the
whole organic law of the land becomes virtually
repealed, and the discretion of die usurping legisla
tor becomes the measure and only limit of hispow--er.
Our only hope and safeguard against a con
summation of tbe fearful tendency of Federal poli
cy, on the part of the iienera! Government, iu all
questions of doubtful power, is in a direct appeal
to the States Tor an enlargement of such power, or
such an expression of opinion on their part, as pro
vided in the Constitution of the United States, as
will settle all doubt or ambiguity in relation to tbe
exercise of such doubtful power. And if tho peo
ple of the several States are convinced that the ad
ditional grant of power aked for is for the public
good, it will bo most readily conceded ; and if, on
tho contrary, they arc not well satisfied that it is
fiir the public good, it should be withheld, and the
Government rigidly confined tvithiu its prescribed
In this connection, I do most solemnly declare,
that, at this very period of time; I believe that the
heavy and weighty responsibility rests upon the
great Democratic party or this nation, of recurring
once more to first principles to the original de
sign of lhc Government and, ir possible, to bring
it back to its primitive republican simplicity and
economy; and also to confine itwith'n the ancient
landmark's as laid down by Jefferson and his patri
otic associates, in tlie earlier and purer days or the
ir there are divisions orthe Democratic party. I
claim to belong to that division of it whicli will
stand firmly by the combined and recorded judg
ment of the people, until changed or modified by
them; and which will, if it has the power, carry in
dustry, economy, reform and rigid responsibility in
to every department of the Government. I be
hii;r to that division of Democracy proper, which is
progressive, not in vio'ation of, but in conformity
with, the law and the Constitution, and which holds
that man is capable, when it beantux necessary, of
altering or amending the law and the Constitution,
so as to conrorm to his advancedand constantly ad
vancing social andiutellectuctl condition. J nm well
aware that there are some whose fears are easily
aroused, and who become greatly alarmed when
ever there is a proposition to change the organic
law, either of the States or General Government,
.-which I apprehend, proceeds from a want of confi
dence, on their part, in the integrity and capacity of
the people to govern themselves. To allvho en
tertain sueh feats, I will most respectfully say. that
I entertain none, and with due defercuee to their
fears and opinions, will ask the question, If man is
not capable, and not to be trusted with the gov
ernment ot hini'c'f. m he to be trusted with the
government or others? Who, then, -will govern ?
The answer must be. Man fir wc have'-no angels,
in the shape or men, a-? yet, who are willing to take
charge or our political ailaiis. Man Is not perfect,
it i true, but we all hope he is approximating per
fection, and that he will, in the progress of time,
reach this grand and most important end in all hu
1 1 ave not deemed it improper, nor o.it. of place,
on this occasion, to make a single allusion to the
young men of our coun'ry Many of them, while
at our academies and college, aifd when in the
study of their profession, imperceptibly imbibe no
tion? prejudicial to Democracy. Their wealth, and
too frequently their preceptors many of whom
are biggotted and supercilious on account or their
literary attainments, ami assumed Miperionanror
mation on most subjects inspire their sfuuents
with false ideas of their own superiority, mixed
with a superabundance ofseir-esteem, which causes
them to reel that the gi cafraas or mankind were
intended by their Creator to bo" '.'hewers or wood
and drawers or water;" tliat it is in this Govern
ment, as it was in olden Rome, between the Patri-
ctans ami i'leoeianj; where, 111 fact, tho people
tnever enjoyeil lor on" moment, that pure liherty
and freedom of thought and of action irliiMi wn-
joyed by the people of tlw United States.' To ibis
;lass oonr young men I have a few remarks to
iimic, iu it-ieiiame io iue great principles OI ue-
.mecraey, the scope ana design ol which, I greatly
fear, they have, as yet, wholly failed to comprehend.
'and if comprehended, not duly appreciated. And
fn doing so, I.do not intend, on this occaeion to
enter into ' any analytical or metaphysical dis
quisition upon the great principles of "Democra
cy. At theprcjentl shall content myself by as-
filming, and talang it a? a conceded jact, thkt-i
mocracv, or min eanabilltv to eovfirn himseli is .
principle Ifattxtsis; that it is inJirrenl in ihever
nature otmac; ttiatitts that ingredient in tnf com--pound
clled roan, whicli enables him to dcermitie
belwceri nght and wrong, in all political affairs.' Iii
this, principle, called Denacracy, consia'shi? cap-.-bitity
orself-government. It is "that which ena
bles. ,vm tq reason correctly, nd to lift hint lf
above nil animal creation. It is this princ'Fue that
iconstitutes the intelh'genco of man; or, in oilier
words; it is that In Man which partakes' nioat high
ly of the nature and chanv ter ofllira jnWhocP
imago ho is made which I term thj? Divinity oj
Man, And ia proportion as this Divinity is. en
larged, tlie Man become? tnore and more capable
r seirgovernracnt, and still more .derated in his.
clmral-ter. I will also asiume, wbat lknow none
will venture in reason to deny, that tfiis Divinity of
Ifan ran he enlarged, and tliat man can become,
more God-like than he is. It is the business of the
Democratic party to progress in the work of In
creasing this principle of Divinity, or Democracy,
and thereby elevate and make man more perfect 1
hold that the Democratic party proper, of the
wholej world, and especially of the United Statc,
has undertaken, the political redemption of man, and
sooner or later, the- great work wilt be accomplish
ed.;. "In the political world, it corresponds lo that of
Christianity in the moral. They arc going along,
rioi5 divcrgents, nor in parallels,"butin converging
lines the oue purifying and elevating man religi
ously, tho other politically. Democracy progres
s:to corresponds also to tlie Church Militant: both'
fighting against error one in the moral," the other
in the polittcal field. At what pcriodof time they
will Jiave finished tlie work of progress and dera
tion, is not now for me to determine; butwhen fin
ished, these two lines will have approximated each
Other man being perfected, both in a religious and.
in a political pointof view. Atthi3 point it is that
tlie Church Militant will give way and cease to ex
ist, and the Church, Triumphant begin: at the
same point, Democracy progressiva will give way
and cense to exist, and Theocracy begin.
The divinity of man being now fully developed,
it-may now be confidently and exultinply .assert
ed that iheroiceof the people is the voice of 7oc2;and
proclamation be made, that tho milienial morning
has dawned, and that the time has come, when tho
Lion and tlie Xamb shall lie down" together; when"
the "voice of the turtle" shall bo '-heard in our
land;" when "the sucking child .shall play upon the
hole or the asp," and the "weaned child put its
hand upon the cockatrice's den' and the glad lid
ingi shall be proclaimed throughout the land, or
man's political and religious redemption, and that
mere 13 "on earth, peace, good will toward men.
It will be readily perceived by all discerning
young men, that Democracy is a ladder, correspond'
ing in politics, to the one spiritual which Jacob saw
in his vision; one up which all, jn proportion to
their merit, may ascend. While it extends to the
humblest or all created beings hero oh earth below,
it readies to uod on high; and it would cem that
tho class of young men to whicli I have alluded,
might find a position somewhere between the low
. n,i i ., rii.: i.j.i ,
K-atc, at least, with their virtue aud merit, if not
equal to their intlated ambition, which they could
1 V.htllJ, (illll UUUU1 LU Lill 111.1,11 I .11,11 illJl.IIIl.,,',- Ill
Tv, t.,i r,- . i, ,i. n 1 n
mel)t a sub:ct u t h attlUiu much nnhWc at
tention, and no doubt will continue to do so for
sometime to come. How far the General Govern
ment can go in constructing works of InternaUm
proveraent, without an infraction of the Constitu
tion of the United Slates, and an encroachment up
on tlio reserved rights of the States, is a question
that ha3 long been discussed by the ablest and wisest
statesmen or the age, without coming to any satis
factory conclusion. Tbo precise line at which the
national character or a work of Internal Improve
ment ceases, and the local one begins, approximate
so closely, that it is difficult to determine, even by
those who are disposed to construe the Constitu
tion fairly, where to fix the limit.
A public work, which is considered national in its
character by one class of politicians, is considered
local by another; hence, much perplexity and great
difficulty is felt in the exercise of thisnower. on the
part of the General Govtrnment, over any work of
luuyn.-u iuiproveraeiiis. Having now, However,
in view, the many important works, about which
there is so much solicitude on the part of a large
portion ol the people or the United States, and
which is now occupying the attention or the Gen
eral Government, my own deliberate opinion is,
that before the General Government advances
another stepiti works of Internal Improvement, at
least those of a doubtful character, there should be
an appeal made to the several states composing the
compact, to definitely fix and accurately describe
the utmost boundary of power intended to be exer
cised by the General Government in the construc
tion ot works orinternal Improvement. The Gov
ernment, on a subject so erave and dtenly import
ant as tlie one now agitating the public mind, should
move within limits well ascertained, both as to
power and the amount of money to be raised by
taxes, and to be expended in the various projects of
internal improvements, which may herealtcr be
projected. If tlie States intend that the General
Govemnifnt shall embaik in a gigantic scheme of
Internal Improvements, let the power be conferred
as provided in the Constitution or the United States
ii nor, let tne uenerat Uovernment at once be ar
rested, and confined within the written command or
tlie States who spoke it into existence.
The subject or Internal Improvements by our
own local authority, has also excited a deep and
lively interest among our people, in many portions
of the State.' A well regulated and judicious sys
tem oi internal improvement, intended and ealcu
lated to give all reasonable facilities to the Mtehan-
ical, Agricultural, and Commercial pursuits or the
country, ought to receive such aid and encourage
ment from tlu State as will come clearly within the
nnanciai ability ol the people. If suchaid has lobe
given by the creation or State indebtedness, the
Legislature that creates the indebtedness sliorjd
never fail to provide the means to mrct the annu
ally accruing interests and the principal as they fall
In connection with thelnternallmprovementsof
this, as well as other States, there i3 a question or
mucn importance, wnicii lias not, hitherto, very
generally attracted the attention of the people iu
this State. It is one that involves the first princi
ple offi-ec government itself; and will no doubt ulti
mately come before the judicial tribunals of the
country. Or beforp. llio sivnroitrn Tionnlr Inr finlinn
and final adjustment. How far the Legislature caii
go m granting the nght of tvay to all companies,
which may be authorized to construct works or In
ternal Improvements, through the real proporty or
individuals, without their consent, i3 the question
referred to; and it is 6no not well defined in the
public mind, nor distinctly understood by the peo
ple. The right bi.Ejnmcnt Domain does not, in tint
Slate, auttorizw&he Legislature to go beyond, in
appiopriating the property of the citizen, what i
absolutely- necessary lor the public good, and r.ot
then without just compensation being made there
for. To set apart .so much of the real property
owned by the citizens, a3 may he desired by every
company which assumes that it is constructing a
work or works of Internal Improvement, for the
public good, would be destroying one of the great
guarantees in the Bill or Riglit, which secures the
people in the enjoyment ofthcirreal aud personal
At as early ajhvy as may be practical)! there
should be somirbottvdary fired, by tho judicial tribu
nals of tho country, or the people themselves, as to
the extent tnis all-important principle is to be ex
ercised by the legislative department of the State;,
and that boundary should be, when fixed, the jwh
lie n ecesity, and not the men? assumption of public
conventence- -in companies incorporatci! lor inter
nal Improvement pin poses, may claim that they
were created for the public good; and under the plea
of publio good, cl.vm the right or way, and, conse
quently, the property condemned, and the rightliil
ownera compelled to part with the title to it, aud
that, too, without their consent This, among a
people calling themselves free, and who claim to
have guarantees which will protect them in the en
joyment of life, liberty and property, is a question
of no ordinary magnitude, and is entitled to their
mature and profound consideration.
The bet policy to be adopted Vy the General
Government, in regard to the future management
or our immense public domain, has, for some time,
engaged tho public attention, and will continue to
do so, until some permanent disposition bo made of
it by the General Government. There is a class of
persons in the United States, more properly denom
inated land-monger?, or land-monopolists; who de
sire to have the public land thrown Into market in
large quantities, in the shape of land warrants, and
grants to incorporated companies, so as to enable
them to become tlie purchasers at reduced prices,
and then to realize immense fortunes from the land
less thoiisands, who emigrate to the new States and
Territories, and settle upon them. This spirit of
speculation and plunder, in the homes of the "reat
mass of toiling thousands, ought at ouce to be ar
rested, and stifled to death, by timely and judicious
legislation. After some experience, and mnot. in
flection, as to tlie best mode of disposing or Uie pub-1
lie lands. I have come to the conclusion, that the '(
General Governmentought, and that without delay,
to set apart the entire public domain, by enactment
permanently, ns hemes for tho people. Tha Som9-Head-palicy
ot'ght to be fnly carried out, and th
furtfiei- sale of the publb lands confined to actual
wttlers, and to them only in limited, qoantities.-
The publio lands 6hou!d be unalterably fixed and
r . i f . -i 13 i. J. r
sefaparx as neniage, wr oar cuuutcu m.imcu iu
re. xncT snon ia ai once pe con-
and benelieient purpose, and
icv the great iata of nrovi-
jonsands now'livingr and tlio
to come after we have passed
at has occupied much of ia?
time and anxious thoueht3 for many-yeare past, and
I have notypt abandoned the confident liope of its -
UlllU'VWIUUIl'UIWIUUi . U- " -
aroused to the consideration of this great scheme or
every head of a family in the United States being.
Srovided with a home he can call Jus own. It is
ased upon the eternal principles of Justice, and if
renleta with all that is noble and cood In our nature
and sooner or later,must become the settled policy i
of the Government. I never recur to mis great
thwner without an expansion of all the nobler qual
ities of the soul. It is one upon which I delight to
dwell, and coiitemp'ate tho future good that is to
flow upon the coming generations. L will refrain,
howercr, from saying more, on the present occasion
npon a subject which isintcrwoven with the dearest
sympathies ofmy so'il.
The true policy ot tne uovernment,cotJi state anu
General, consists in the education and diffusion of
general information among Die great mass of the
peoplot anil at the same time-, employing all meaii3
oy wnicii inc. toning, prouucing taoor o: inc. coun
try can bo elevated to its properpontion. Ourchil
dren should be made thoroughly acquainted with the
genius and spirit of our beautiful, though complex,
form of government. The Constitution of the Uni
ted States, and of the Stale?, with their commenta
ries, should be made one of the principal books to
be studied, and nnderstcod, in all the schools of the,
country and thu3 a thorough knowledge of the
genius and character of ourfree institutions acquired.
And if it shall be the pleasure of Divine Providence
to exempt this, so far, tavored nation from all wars,
for the next filly yers. and it be permiUed to go
on as it has been cultivating the arts and sciences
of peace it will have no superior, if an equal,
throughout the civilized or Pagan world. If Agri
culture. Mechanics, Internal Improvements, with
all their legitimate incidents, are permitted to ap
proximate any thing like perfection, we will bo tho
most powerful and formidable people on God'shab
itablc globe. Why not, then, pursue that line of
policy which -will enable ua to attain this great and
important end, making this people tho -wonder and
nuiiiiraium oi uie emismieneu nauona oi uiv i;;iriu i
"TWo should adopt, as a rule for our future actionp
that which was laid down by the Imsiortal Jefferson,
on the 4th of March, 1801;
"Equal and exact justice lo all men, of whatever
state, or persuasion, religious or political peace,
commerce, and hone3t friendship With all nations
onf.inn-linfT filtlnno. nnn f
P Within tho last few T-pnr not to co farthcrbaek"
tho American people have given to all nations,
with whom they have any intercourse, the mostin
contcstible prooror their prowess, and military-skill
and power on the field of battle, which has caused,
and will continue to cause the rights of our citizens
to bo respected abroad t Let our people go on,
rivalling each other in all the pursuits of peace; let
them acquire renown in the civil, equal to that which
they have acqnircd on the field of military glory,
and which 13 much more valuable and honorable
than all the glare or tho military world combine J.
I would t e doing great injustice to ray own reel
ings were I not, in this connection, to declare
though it may be considered by some as being In
bad taste tliat I would rather wear upon my gar
ments the (huge of tlie shop and the dust of the field,
as badges or the pursuits of peace, than the dazzling
epaulet upon my shoulder, and the sword, with its
clittcrinsr scabbard, danc
scabbard, dangling by my side-the in-
sienia or honorable and cloricus war.
w The Army and 2avy in this, as in most or the
nations of the earth, are the great absorbants of
the people's substance. They are they two great
arteries that will, unless confined within proper
limits, bleed this, as they have .some of the other
governments, well nigh to a state of exhaustion.
Even lure, whrrrwe seem to have a fixed pre
judice against large standing armies, and extensive
navies, it is almost startling to announce tlie aggre
gate amount the people have to pay for the support
of their Army and Navy, in time of profound peace.
According to the most" recent estimate made out
by the late Secretary of the Trensuiy an I submit
ted to the Congress or the United States, it will
require, during the present fiscal year, twenty-one
million or dollars to sustain our Army and 2avy ;
which is a tux or neatly on 5 dollar per hrad, Lr
every man, woman and child in the United States.
The entire amount collected from the American
people, by the General Government alone, in the
shape of taxe", and expended since the 4th of March,
1789, to the 4th March, 1840, is $1,42$,000,000, in
round numbers. Ol this amount 513,000,000 has
been piiJ out in the shape of a national debt, con
tracted for the purpose of carrying on our varujus
wars, at home and abroai', which Will leave $-015,
000,030. Out of the last natre 1 sam, there ha3 been
paid, for the support or the Army and Navy, six
hundred million ilollais, exclusiie r all pensions,
whicli is sixty-two millions, and is properly charge
able !o the Army and Xavy. It will be very readi
ly perceived from this simple statement or Tacts,
that two-thirds oi the whole amount or revenue
collected frotn the people has been appropriated Tor
the support of these two branches or Government.
It is not my purpose, In making this allusion to this
vast amount that has br-cn expended ia the name of
ourJittje Army and jNavy, to detract aught from
their high character; but to show thai they are
costing the American people more, in proportion
to the number employed in the naval and military
service, than any other goverununt in the world;
and ftr the further purpose of showing, that raval
and military glory is not without cost, even in this
republican form of government of ours, and that'
too, where most of tlie fighting, in lime of urinal
war, is done by tlie citizen oiiher. title 1 make
these remarks,! am not to be understood as being
opposed to the Government keeping in resdines- a
suuicient physical force to maintain tho honor, ditr-
J "y and rights or oarcoiiLtry, at home or abroad,
upon the. ocean or upon the land." But I must be
permitted, incidentally, to recur once more to that
great scheme, tha Homestead Policy, aa being bet
ter calculated in all its bearings, if faithfully and
successfully carried out, fur building up tho most re
liablo physical three for this country in time of war.
If this scheme is once estaVished, and carried out
in good faith, it will build up a standing army, in the
character of the citizen soldier, that will, by its own
productive poiversupport itself in time of peace,
and will be in readiness td defend the country in
time of war. It is one that will protect your fron
tier settlements against any disturbance growing
out of unfriendly or hostile'relations with our num
erous Indian tribes. And in the event of war with
any. foreign power that dare invade the soil of free
dom, it would be the first to obey its country's call,
and alti-r having jmrticipated in the heat aud strife
of battle the benignant star of peace once more
resuming the ascendent the citizen soldiers who
compose it would, wi h alacrity, return to their
homes and their firesides, to their wives and their
children, r.n 1 there renew the avocations of peace.
This would be a stinding army composed of the
citizen soldier in fact, that would go when war
came, and come when war went, and is the only
kind of an army, that can be sifcly relied upon and
trusted by a republican or a Democratic tonn of
government, either in peace or in war.
--At as early a uay a may Do deemed practicable,
will prepare an t transmit a communication to
both branches of the legislative dceartmcnt. pre
senting for their, consideration snc'i measures or
public policy a3 may seem lo require legislative
I hero Ha high and solemn duty imposed nponK
the Executive, lo ''take care that the laws be raith-
fnlly executed" which ar in cotf irmily with tho
Constitution of the State. In a'l questions ol diffi
culty, which may arise in regard to the faithiul exe
cution of the Constitution, and the laws made in
pursuance thereof the Eexecutive will confidently
expect the willing co-operation or the other two
departments or the Government
In discharging the various and responsible duties
imposed on me as the Chier Executive Officer or
the State", by law and tha Constitution, I may often,
from defect of judgment, go wrong, and when right,
will no doubt be censured and condemned by the
Rmlt-finding portion ol those who may differ with
me in political sentiment, which almost precludes
the hope that general satisfaction will be given to
all, by any one occupying the position to which I
have just been elevated. The entering upon tho
discliarge or duties so responsible and delicate in
their character, in reference to which there is such
.1 great variety of opinion?, must necessarily be
embarrassing to, one who feeU so rorcibly his own
incompetency to the perrormance or so arduous a
task. Dut relying, as l do, upon that great princi
ple or right, which lies attlicfundationofall things,
I shall repair to tho post assigned me by the
sovereign people, with a fixed and unalterable de
termination to do my whole duty, in compliance
with the laws and the Constitution of my country,
Mid the honest dictatcs..of my own conscience,
trusting in God for help, .and looking to an honest
tnd confidiag people for an approval of my official
It is with no ordinary degree of pleasure, that
avail myself of this occasion to tender to tha peo
ple or my adopted State, tbe sincere thanka of a
heart filled to overflowing with gratitude for tho
.distinguished hopor they have, conferred, In elevat
ing -me to tho' position' I now occupy. This ad
ditional manifestation of their confidence m me, as,
o man and a public-servant inspies me with a deep
.seiise fir that truebumility which "is before honor,'
and:which I trust will characterize mo through my
whole, public' life, aa giving some proof that I feel
what I pr0fes3,-iurvEPn;cB and profound respect
for the hityh hehest of a free peoplel who have so far
ty.evcr deserted me, and, God being -willing, I wiTr,
never aesert tnern.
. ' . ' "SENATE.
'"; "Monday; Oct. 17
,No business was transacted -during thpimorning
session. -' "' " '
' IrTECXOa? SES3IOX. .
JTlte bill to amend the charter of the -Pigeon
Roost and'Chulahoma Turnpike Corapany,-in Shel
by county; and" - . -
-The bill to "charier the Cincinnati, Cumberland
Gap, and "Chasleston Railroad Company, passed on
inqir iniru reaumg.
, The resolution heretofore introduced by Mr.
Nave; directory to the Committee on Education,
1 On Mr. NoimicDrr's motion, Mr. IlA-rr.o.t wasr
-addedjto the Committee on Internal Improvements.
The Senate. adjourned until to-morrow morning
at 10 o'clock. -
nOCpE MonxKU Session.
rT Mosbav, Oct. 17.
TheJIouso mctpursuant to adjournment. Prayer
by Rev.-Mr. B.tiaat .- . -
Mh Thatis. of Henry, asled and obtained leave of
.absence for Mr. Wixx, of Stewart, for the present
Mr. Wixcitester. of Sumner, ast-edfend obtained
leave of absence for Mr.Oyi.RAi.D,oflD3valblfor the
Mr, Bnoww, of- Monroe, introduced a resolution
proposing to raise a joint Select Committee, lo ex
amine the accounts of Treasurer and Comptroller
of the State, and report to the House.
Mr. Waixack, olv Blount, introduced a resolu
tion, referring certain specified parts of the Gov
ernors' message to appropriate committees.
A messageirom the Senate on the subject of the
Inauguration, was taken up and concurred io.
On motion the House took a recess of five min
utes preparatory lo meeting-the Senate for the pur
pose of Ihasruralins the Governor elect.
The Senato met tho House in he Hall of the
latter, and proceeded thenco in a body to the
Church, with them the retiring Governor and
the Governor elect, escorted by the Governors'
Light Guards, where the ceremonies took place.
On returning to the Hall, the nouse adjourned
to the usual hour fO-morrow morning.
Lessee and Mcuager,
, ..JOn.V GCEEN'E.
.It (1: Gnintso.w
. ...J. L. Grucc
.G. W. Joiinsos.
ALTEISATIOX OF TJJIE.
Doom open at half past C, and performance to commence
. The Manager takes great pleasure in announcinf tha
Cebirated and AeconvDlishsd Actrca,
3IISS JULIA. BKXXETT.
Who will makel'er first rppeuniire ia this citr. thU eve
ninp.asltOSAIJND.in ShakeJiiesre's beautiful Comedjrof
As You Like It performed bj her in New York, ltiilaiiel
plii j, Boston, lit, with the f;reatetjii plause
TUESDAY E VEXING, Oct IS, will be performed' Shake
speaie's Co- cJy of
Tuconcluile with tho Tctite Coaiedy of
"WANTED, 1,000 YOUNG MILLINERS FOR
THE GOLD DIGGINGS.
tggBox Office opca from ?, A. JI., to 12 JI.; and from
S lo 5, P. JI, 'he seais mar be fecured.
PP.lCE OF ADM IS5I0X Vox and Parqnette, 7r cents;
Second Tier, 50 cents; Second Tier, second class,) 00 els;
Colored B x, 50 cents; Colored Gallery, 25 cents.
Doors open at C'- Performance " to commence at 7
No. 7, North College Street,
"TTTOUI.D ruspeclfully inform DnigghN, llerchjtiLi,
YY Phvsiriana and Jlanufactuiers thit ther have
again commenced He Uruj business in the new building
on CuHeee.BearCtiuicli stiect.and intend confining them
Selrestoihe WUOLtSALETKADE. Their stock is near
ly entirclv a fresh one, and they are determined to mate
both the prices tnd qualities satisfactory. Tliey offer for
sals low tor cash or on lime to punctual men
610 gallons best Winter jierra Oil;
8i0 " ' Tanner' Od;
10C3 pounds l"ii0, of prime quality;
l-f-S do Madder, ' -
e-W do Extract of Logwood in small boxes;
40 do Cochineal;
Gi do JIuiiate ofTia;
1500 do Alum; -
1100 do Kelined S.dpelre; . ,
lwO do Epsom Salts; -'
550 do Gum Camplior;
7500 do Sun. Corn. Scda; s .
00 Uro. Jt Lane s t ermitug-;
10 do Jl'ljrme's Liver Puts; -.
20 do Fahnestoct's Vermifuge;- -lOOdnz.
Jlustanf; Liniment; -
100 Gra wood LtizJUtciies;
830 doz. Moon's blacking; - ' '
230 m. 0. 1. Caps; -" -l
loOO pound lied Lead drr; ""-J
WW do While do do;
lift do Letharge;
So0 do Eng. " uneUan lied; ' ' .
2u0 bush. Kentucky lllue Gra Seed;
4i boxes Uonu's Scotch Snutf, in packages;
4 do tlan ell's do dn;
" Go dec. ' di in bottles;
4ri do IfaccaboySuuir, in cols;
lOiMlb. " " injirsand bbls;
3K) boxes Window Glass assorted;
ISO tMHindj Pearl Sage;
110 jlo Tapioca;
6-jO do Gum Arab-c;
? doz. Cod L'verO.1 Snsliton, f larke A CoV;
CO do t'eid!et'3 Powders, in tai boxes;
8C do Soda; " "
. CO .oirads (Jalcmel, Ecglikh and American;
10 do lfydriodale of Potash;
2l.r do Spirits Nitric Aether;
Cli do Aqua Amniotiiit:
90 do Snr. lodida of Iron:
Schscflelin.s Hxtra Powders and Extracts;
Jiidwife Inslru'u cnts. in cases;
Medicine Chests a .variety of slyles and sizes,
"".-if Feathers, Kccswax, Ginseng, Flaxseed, Ac , taken
at the highest market ruief. nctlS tf
JT-OU SALU. One of the lhost eligible buildui rjs,
. IjoIs in the city of Nashville, beinrpart of lot No. j'ijjjjj
140 on Vii:e street, rear llroad. This lot front on
Vine street 82 feef, ninuh)"' back lvlfeeL It Imon it a
verv comfortable brick house, which lias bfn ucd several
years as a chool rot-m. This house, with very Utile ad
ditional, expense can be converged into a comfortable dwell
ing ho.isc, which would lent for from to S1S0 j er an
num. Terms $1,000 C23h and ?2,000 payable in one and two
years without interest; notes well endowed arable in bank,
and a lien njlained on the property until the purchase mon
ey is laid. 1'oaseiston cten immediately. Applvlo.
octU-t ALFfthl) I1UJIK.
Keceived this duv, Hiiothcr lot of superior Travellinj;
Trunks, Philadelphia make, various nze., for sale by
octl H JlYEr-S & JlcGILU
AIHES Tit A V K L LI NO TRUNKS Wehavo
thi day leceived a handsome assortment ofTrunk3
tor I-adics, urges zes wilh bonnet boxes.
Also, a good assortment of Volis and Carpet Hasp, for
sale by JIVFKS A McGILU
i .1...' i c . x,w.:aT.r v -.r. ivn,
JT'Olt SALK OltLXCIIANGC-AdwirableFam
X ily Residence on JIarket stieet, Collcjo IlilL front ng
60 feet, it!i gowd improvemauts. AIo,a Lot hack of said
residence, fronting CO feet, College street, A npl v to
It. A UALIA)W;
octlS tf. Geueral Agent.
17011 UKNT Two PIantat.ou in sight of .Nashrilla,
1 for next j ear, 13.J, if good tenants offers. One contain
ing atx.nt TO acrv-i. Tlie other including rist'ire. and at o it
1 1 u acre, about TO acres of which can be cidtirated. Both
Farmi lyiog mi, and fi-ontlncrllieCbailotte tunimkeroad.
I prtferienting loth plsres to oue person, if a ;ood punc
tual tenant thai! otfVr. Houses, stnb'es corn cribs, fruit
trees, Ac, maeli better than common on rented land: CO
acres of clover ground lately broken up about 10 inches
deep, a part of one of ?aid Farms. Applv the subscriber
adjoining the prenil?c3. JL BAItUOW.
DE. XIB3YTS FILE OINTMENT
IS PP.nPAKKI) for Uie Orateuburg Companvbr Dr.
lltN-jAMW 1 jEBr, of New Hampshire. He is a Physician
eighty-eight years of are, and haaibrthe Ia?t sbcty-three
years ueo iras uminieni in ius practice. A cure a war
ranted, co m.ittr how extreme thoca-ie.
Thi U sufficient to induce every person suffering under
thisdiaease to try iL Price per Ilotile ?l.
The A'cgctnblc Tills, prepared by the Grafenbnrg
Company, are u?eil constantly by hundreds of thousand,
who attest their value.
The true operation of Jledicine ia to give increased activity
to the means possessed l.y Nature ior tbe removal of Ibe
causes of disease For all billions disorder?. Costiveness,
Imperfect Digestion, Deficient Action of tbe Bowels, Liver
Complaints. Headache. Activity of the Stomach, Ac Price
23 cents per Box, with full directions. Forsale byallDrng
giU. octin ALEX. McKEXZlE. AgenL
l E wilj pay the highest price in Cash or Groceries for
all kinds of Produce.
MORRIS & STRATTON.
Another Case of Fever rb& Ague Cured. A
fewdajs ago, we recorded an astonishing cure of Fever
and Xgne by the use of Dr. SI'Lane's Liver PilLv "We have
cow- another to mention, viz: that of llr. James Sharper, of
Jladisonbnrg, who statas lhal he bad labored under a very
severe attack of Agne and Fever, and was soon restored by
the toe of these Pills. Mr. Sharp also expresses an opinion
founded on observation, that the river Mis are the best
for billions complaiiiU ever cifered ia this section of coun
try. Although long known as a soTerign remedy tor chronic
cases of Hepatic derangement, or diseases of the Liver, the
proprietors ofTJr. M'Laoe's Fills were cot prepared for the
frequent but gratifying evidences of its general utility and
curative capacity. In this: respect, this invaluable, medicine
has exceeded their most sanguine expectations, and induced
them to hope that It will be introduced into every lamily ia
the United States.
Sold wholesale and retail by all Ibe principal druggists
and country merchants throughout the United States.
TJSPOSTAitT TO SLAYiEHOLDESS.
JJit. iiuititiauanng permanently located in NASnnixx, j
respectfully leaders his services to thfciffering public. '
Scrofula, Ulcers, Gmcert, Tetter andJirrau, treated I
In a scientific manner, Medicines gentle, bat active and ef- j
fective, their use bebgttttendejdtlo nnpleasant cense- 1
quences whatever, rrequirimJjBju or hindrance '
from ordinary business parn it understood j
that he has Milled m your nPbrpose of hum-
bugging or imposing upon T& those who may
be suffering with diseases whicflrfrovmg by piece
meal many ofyrrr deserving an d useful citizens. .
sad all diseases of the genital organs ore thoroughly under
stood and successfully treated by Dr. M.
To thoae who may doubt the Doctor's skill in the healing
art, he would respectfully propose that they bring forward a
cose of any of the above named diseases, ttbe worst that they
cw conveniently find.) and pledge-themselves to see that
directions are strictly kHowed tor & reasonable" time; Dr.
M, will then give his obligations to furnish such medicines
as may' be necessary, and in sach quantities from time to
time as the case may require, and, until a cure shall be ef.
fee led, positively no fee will be received, and ifnortiufU
tltauud from the utenf tie medicines, no charge whaitxer
vriUleTnaUfitradtiee or tn.licuitt.
Tlie attention of mast era and owners of servants Is par
ticularly invited to the above. Those having servants aF
tiicted with ScrofaLt, Uratel stidhess or soreness of the
limbs and joints, would find it to their advantage to consult
Dr. JL His treatment is mild, and in no case will it be ne
cessary to lose time while using medicines.
Kespectfully, AXTI HUMBUG.
All communications from persons at a distance, post paid,
in closing five dollars, will be promptly attended to.
OiEce over JIutual Protection Insurance Ullice, Cedar st,
near Post Office. Nashville, Tenn. maylS -diwCm.
It. It. It. Coses recently Cured.
Bo. 1 LSFLAJIMATORV lyiEUHATKJL
A young tidy, Miss Clark, aged 22, had a severe attack
of Inflammatory Rheumatism on the fitof -March, 1532,
proceeding liom the effects of merenry, of which she was
salivated, lSlT. Slie was under the care of one cf the most
eminent and kind physicians in the city of Xc-.v York. For
two we ks sho was ia ihe most agonizing pains, and every
hour her friends expected that
DEATH WOULD BELIEVE HER.
Her physicians had no hope of her recovery. A bottle of
Ready Relief w s sent her, and applied, by the advice and
consent of her. physician, who told her nnrse, if nothing
else would give her case, he thought that tbe Belief would.
IN FIFTEEN MINUTES SUE "WAS. BELIEVED FROJI
IN THREE DAYS SnE COULD LEAVE HER ROOJI!
And' before the second bottle was used op, was reported
cured by the physician.
It you are afflicted with Newralgia, Cramps, Spasms', Ac,
R. K. Belief will in a fev minutes allay the most viclent
paroxysms. Wherever there is any pain, Kadway's Relief
will remove it.
Bathe Ihe head well with Rudvrar'a Beady Belief, keep
the stomach clean and free from acid, the bowels regular,
wilh Radway's Regulator, and free from all acrimonious
humors, and those persons who complain of ringing, and
other unpleasant not es in the head, will certainly avoid all
farther annoyance from these sources.
Hard of Hcniing.
A ta-spoonfull of Badway's Ready Relief added to a
tumbler of wnter, and syringe the ear three times a day
will remedy all difficulty.
Bathe them every night with K. R. R, this will remove
all soreness and give them a pleasant scent. octl
J3f" Medicines which never fail lo give satifaciion,
and can be relied on for tlie cure of the diseases for "which
they are recommended.
DR. J. S. ROSE is aa Honorary Jlcmherof the Philadel
phia Medical Society, and graduated, in 1S5, from
thd University of Pennsylvania, under the guidance of the
truly eminent Professors Phvsick, Chapman, Gibson, Coxe,
James and Hare, names celebrated for me lical scenre
Being solicited by thousands of his patients to put up hit
Ireparations, he now ofi'ers to the public, as the results of
his experience for the past thirty j ears, tho following valu
able I auiily Jfcdicines. each one'suitcd to a specific disease:
Pit. J. S. HOSE'S NERVOUS AND LWIOO
Tao Greatest Di.-covery in Jledical Science! This aston
ili.ng preparation for rawing np a weak conjlilut.cn de
bilitated by care, labor, study or diseaee acts like a charm.
It gives strength and appetite, and possesses great invigora
For Heart Diseases, all Nervous Affections, Flatider.ce
Heartburn, Restlessness, Numbness, Neuralgia, raising the
spirits, and giving power to tlie whole system, it is almost
miraculous iu its eilVct, .V) cents a bottle.
A aicJicine for every Family.
Do von sutler with anypuin? If you do jou will find
immediate relief by using Dr J S. RUSE'S PAIX CURERr
It is the only preparation whicli cures almost instantly sore
threat, rheumatism, from colds, pains in tbe side, back or
limbs, face, ear, or tooth-atLe, stomach or bowels, side or
or back, stitF neck, bruises, corns, and chilblains. There is
nothing equal to it for lumps or rising in tbe breast. Where
ver you have pain uso the Paiu Curer, safe tu nil ages.
Price 1x5 . and 50 cents.
For all DLsea-sci ol the Kidney nnd Bladders.
l)r. .f, Jim' Ct' F.u 'ul Mstraet of Muciu.
ThU U decidedly oue of the best remedies ever used for
diseases of the kidney, bladder Ac , and ato for goutr af
fections; always highly recommended by the late Dr. lhy
sic, and many of the most distinguished medical' men
abroad. Price" M cent.
For Female Complaints,
Dc J. S. Rosi's GoLoes- Piu s, "tor falling of the Womb,
Female Weakness, Debility and relaxation. Price So cents.
Do. J. S. Ross's Fihalk Srictnc. A remedy for painful
Jlenslrtiation, Jncorrluea or Whiles. Price one dollar.
Creut Cure tor Couslis and CohN.
Tut Besr Corcu Sraer ix tiik" Woicth. Dr. llose's cele
brated Cough Syrup, gives iiumfdiate relief to the worst
cough, whether consumptive or preceding front cold. It
allays any irritation of the Lungs, and fortifies the system
against future attaAs. In bottles at .V cents and $1.
Tur o.vir Ccars ran IItspspsia. Ijteii Covpntxr anu Ix-
DiGcmo.v. Tliousands have been cured of the above com-
acts directlr on the later and Stomach, whilst thelitis car
ry 01T all secretious, keeping the bowels open and regular,
al iriving strcnsrlh and apietite. These medicines coutain
no Calomel or Mercury in any form, but possess great tonic,
alterative, stomach and liver comoouiids. which never in
jure, but always improve the constitution, as thousands can
All of the above Preparations, with Dr. Hose's Medical
Adviser toTcrsonsin Sickness and in Health, to be had of
W. W. BERRY A DEUOVILLE,
JL L CARTWRIGMT, Xashville,
it. EDDI.VGTO.V. Gallatin,
JIcCLAI.V A DALE, Columbia.
And ot Dealers generally throughout the State.
jly20 ly wAd
"IIAXLOJIAN'S ALIIA JI IJRA,"
4S Otitrry Street, oppMiie Cooper' Bnillinqt,
r-w-Ttf l , 1 - 1 1 - . .1 11-
JL and iii a style demonstrating to those who
call that there is nothing left undone. The bar is
slocked with the finest incs,L:qnors, Cigars, etc. etc
and the Bcttuurant is so arranged that tbe gnest may
rely on the luxuries of the soa.-on being properly
served up. In fact, his arrangements are comolete.
and he hopes to enjoy wr.e patronage. The above depart
ment will be under the immediate superintendence of Jfr.
J. S. Bs&tou. the undersigned himself devoting his entire
atte- lion to the t'uitiue and general t upply departments.
Continual experience cf the last fifteen year in some of
the first houses iu New York. Philadelphia, Baltimore and
this city serves to make him of opinion that he can conduct
a hoi imp to, meet the wishes of agixxl custom
57LUXCH every day front KiCJ to 12V. and at night
irom 9 to 12 ocloctc W. U. u&iimka,
octtl 1m lroprietor.
"ALII A3IRRA SHOOTING GALLERY."
THE above llallerr is now in full blast, nnd fully an
swering the ends fur which it was established, viz : A
place of genteel aud innocent amusement; it Is well con
structed.nnd ha tlretdy opened a new era in our city
amusements. Thegallery itself is one of tbe finest inthe
Union, laving a large rjom attached wherein will be found
the prominent newspapers of the day, for those who prefer
(- .- ' ' .1 M.. i.t.. 1
reaumc to praciiciuE uu iiw ic.nini. uiu
,e?. YV.O.IIALLORAN, Proprietor.
I. S. A b Jiet of Champagne wid te opened to the gen
tleman ringinglhe bell the greatest numberof times in suc
cession between now and hew Year's Day, JL
octi 4 ; W.O.H.
A' DJIINISritATOR'S NOT1CK.-1 will sell at
the late residence of Hugh W. Jl"Gavock; dee'd. one
mile below Nashville, on Wednesday the ISth icsL, all the
ferisliable property belorging to said estate, consisting of
orses, mules, milch cow, work oxen, Iiogs Ac. Also, bis
crop of com as it nowstands in the field, oats, hay Ac; the
household and kitchen furniture, farming utensils, wagons,
Ac Tlie sale to commrnce at 10 o'clock, A. M7 and con
tinue till all is sold. The terms of sole tu be, six months
credit on all sums over ten dollars, parable in Bunk, with
good and sufficient security before delivery of property,
and cash for all smalier sums.
octlC tds FKAN'FC JIcGAVOCK. Adm'r.
FLOUR. bbLs extra White wneat flour; -200
New York Mills ex. Family do;
200 " Montgomery " do;
100 " Oallego iUiU doc
For sale by eeptsr . W. H; GORDON A CO. 1
UTS OF XASIE EE MEDICES, BT 2033 rAWWU-
W. T. BERRY & CO., haTejust received
THE LIFE 01? MARIE DnMEDICES, Queen cf Francs
consort of Henry IV, and Hegent of Ihe Kingdom undue
Louis XIII. By Miss TardoL Secoad edition, irr S r&L
London, 1S52. ' " -
W. T. II. & CO. have alio justTcceivcil--Jfe:'
English BditTons'of the lollowin j Workir - '
1. Webster's Encyclopaedia ofDom&jtie Economr-
2. Brande3 Diciionsry of Science Li'tcnlnre arfd AztsL- '
. Ure's Dictionary of Arts JlaaTiiicruTeJ, and Mine,
2 vols. . :
4. TUS SPEECHES of Charles Jawea Fox; Cheatham,
Sheridan, Erskineand Burks. With Biographical llemoirs.
Introduction and Explanatory Notes. 2 vols, royal vol.
5. CIARKETS COXTORDAXCB-NKWETJfllON-Ct-m-plete
Concordance of Shakespeare, beiDg a verbal Index to"
all the passages in the Dramatic Wests of the 1W. New
and entirely revised edition. By Mrs. Mary Clark. 1 ipL
8. The Lettew.and Works or Lady Jlary Werller.t Mon
7. POJIPEIABA The Topography, Edifices, and Orna
ments of Pompeii. By Sir William Cell.
8. THEARABIAN NIGHT'yMWOwood,cu!s.
9. DON QUIXOTE Illustrated by Tommy Tebarinot.
10. BIVCR'S ATLAS OF XII EWORLD, new editiav
VT. T. BEIUt'Y & Co. bare just rccelxc.1
2lJilatir GauU, containing all the rates fer con
ducting buiiness fa Congress; Jeilerson ManuaJ; and tha
Citizens Manual; with copious notes sad inarginal lefcr.
ences, explaining the rules and the antluirity tJaertlor; de
signed to economise time and secure unifarmity lathe pro
ceedings of all deliberative asfcmblies.
"W02K5 OF DANIEL WEBSTEaT" "
TV. T. BE UTt Y & CO. have rccenUf received
THE SPEECHES, FORENSIC ARGUMENTS, AND
DIPLOMATIC PAPERS OF DANIEL WEBSTER; with a
notice of his Lifa and Works, by Edward Everett. Com
plete in 6 vols.
Frov tse Nmv Tons Cuceue xm KvqmBcs.
These vol axes arc a collection of imperishable models ia
constitutional law, jurisprudence, international law, diplo
macy, finance, leirislatinn and litera'urc a collection not to
be matched by (husband hardly by any other couMry, ia
capital and mnllifonn cxcellecce: There is not a page in
these books which may not give the world assurance (X a
transcendant intellect; not s page which frill not make po.s
teritypromlerof the land of their fathers. These pmcuC
tions will be peipettuted as long as the English language
IV. T. I?. Jfc CO. have also Just recei veil
The Writings oi Levi Woodbury, 3 vsU."
The Life and Letters of Judge Story, 2. voU - -Orations
and Speeches of Edward Everett,, vefcu
Bancroft's HUtoryofthe -United States, ft nab .
Hildreth's History of the UnitedStotes, veU.
Bamsey's Annals of Tennessee.
W. T. Berry i Co. would re-ipedlaHr inrtte-aKenHon to
heir large and well assorted stock oC Siatinery, embracing
a great variety of Note, Letter a4 Cj Pp?r; Note and
Letter Envelopes, Inks and Inkstands, SanuSmU. Sandbox
es, Gold and Steel Pens and Pett-hotders, QuHs, Pencils,
Wax and Wafers, Red Tape,POBce, Erasers, Paper FtdJ
crs and Cutters, Riders, ia, 4c.
Also, BSdnk W-tofall dsscriptfeiw.
SECOND VOLUME OF CALHOUN'S W03ZS.
VT. T. IJERRY & CO. huve just received the
WORKS OF JOHN C. CALUOUN. i vols.
Thev can furnish the ecotd retoroe te titese who bare
the first. sept!
IIARPER 0R OCTOBKIt.
Harper's Magazine for October,! ust lecetred by
septi3 W. T. BERRY k CO.
3JE3IBERS OF THE LEt:iSL.YTLKE
And the ntmarocs Straao-crs sow visiting the City,
ARE respectfnllr invited' to roll and examine W ATFR
FIELD i WALKER'S Xr MJ ,.. IkU f-1 f,
Tlie style of Hats isMied by tills Eslabti-Jiraeut has ilni
taken the lead; manufactured from the finest material, of
superior finish and fanliless desijrn, imperviotic t rain 2nd
atmospheric changes; their Hats challenge eompetitii'a with
tlie Hats of the Season.
WATERFIEI.D A WALKER'S
octt City Hut and Cap Stnre.
Ifj-our Jlendis ditlicnlt to Fit l'H ami "ltve ti
sliane and size accuratelv taken bv WalerfieM .t WatkerV
t French. CraiHtr, they a e dailv noufatriftg lists In
order by tuts Tamable machine, atttl id at cuts produce an
eisranu comfortable nu
WATERFI8I.W A WALKSR.
Our Fiincv Deuartment Cotntiri.es IjuHes KWit-
Hats, rftlie Uittst design-'. Children's &ey Hats and Car
of all Ihe latest styles of the Season; allcf which we haU
sell at our usual moderate prices.
"ATERF1KLD i WALKlOt.
TO JIEItClIAN'TS. MereboBts whe titJi t. pur
ctiaje a select assortrntf Hals and Caps obmild call
at Walertield A Walker's their aortmet is new and va
ried, and their prices low and untfcrra.
WATERF1KLD A WALKER,
Fashionable Hatters, No. 2, west side PuWie Sijuare. nel
to Gowdev's. rctl
TOU'SALE. A deirWe Kesideiiee ami Prtn"S7
J 2ttfmilfrom NashviHe, and sear ihe (AdfeliBI
likc. ' Improvements are Xa 1, and goed water. Ibe
farm lie.) well, with about Ht acres ia a high slate of culti
vation. Or I will Mil 20 or Si acres of (he above tract if
desired. For larticulars nrplv h
R. A." BA1J.0WB, ftm. i g'.
septSU N TrT. DwAwick St
iUCHABD 0. CUHEETi
CIICJIIST AND DRUCGIST.
HAVIXG iwrehascd tlie eutir interest in tbe Arm of
Ciirrey A MatUn. will owttwue tie IMtt'tJ BUSI-
and the hirilf tind votwinMMM of his slookwill cmare hint
a liberal eliare of public-patronage
He expecs in a few dat s to reo-ive bw
of CHOICE CHEJIICALS. FRKSH DRUOS and PURE
JIEDICIXES, together with tha uual variety oT faints.
OVr, Vnmit, Oiumr and FaAey arlictes fer the tri-Jr.
'tlf and ctlif rritul lradr. (jcW lC
TRE3iiai isENCiTor-i'Fsii-or nr-
J. JlO.NirS ESSEXCK OF COPI-KE, Sir e-tuuij.lrs of
which, .the Franklin InsrtlMte of Ph-VtdelMa. and th
American Institute. New Y'ork, have anwwil prruMum;
James R. Chilton, the eminent Chemist, and Hwtnv otherr,
have certified to its whoJesomeness, sttporiorttr tver the
raw article, the facHlly with whsefs it selit tlie eptE-e, ma
king it bright and clear as wine, as weH as hrtiog a de
For sale in packages of ," cents eaeh, W
octS lL ft. SCOVKL.
jxo. 11 naiiuiT. mkcs a. Bncnr.
J. 3L & J. R. RRiuirr, -ATTORNEYS
T1 LL practice in Iks several CoHsbtfLiMilB atnl tbe
l adjoining Co
Couotias, and is the Saprotie Cisirt at
t w fepS9 tstMw.
LARGE SALE OF FALL AND WINraS 32Y GOODS
m-josspn f. rnrxrox.
N WEDNESDAY and TIIUKSDAV.
V J and 20th,
We will call the altentUm at nor
city and country trade to this Sole which wHI eenipm
one of the best assorted Stock of Gods aver offt-edin tli.s
mcrLet. As tlie selection is entirety new, huji-rs will find
at this sale a larger variety than liasererhreuoi&red at our
one sale. In j-art as follows: Bfctek. Itrowa and Ulue
Cloths, Black and Fancy Ca.si!fiere, Htaek. Btiwaod Fancr
Sattinetts. Tweeds, Jeans rod Kerseys, Pilot Ctbttw, IHue,
Brown, Red and White Blanketr, PVun and Fuaer Sills,
Satin d'C'tieneJ. Plain and Fancy Satin du, StHc Velt eLs.
Fine all Wool French Jlerinos. Enjrli-'h IoC1bx Ctotlin,
Plain and Figured Alpaccas. Red, Ureea and Y4Uv
ncL all YVool Cl.rak Lining, Canton Fiarwels, Mibha iTLane.
Cotton Y'elrets, Lincies, Ginehato, Jadtooetta, Swim,
Cross Bar Jluslins, Cambric, lti..h LwcN Y'icUrU do .
Dotted Swiss, Apron and Ked Cliecks. Hickory Shirring.
English and American Prints, Curtain and fit I'nuU,
Bleach and Brown Drill, Black ami Brown DasMtie, Tick
ings, Canvass and Y'est Puddings. Merino and Cotton Uu
der tMn'rts and Drawers, Silk, Limb-iw.)!, Jlerino and L'iX
tott Hoj?, Silk. L'uen ami Chtfon Lace. do. Ki0g, Cmd
ton crape, Jlertno and Lama Sliawls. Silk lawn aud Col
fon Thread', Suspeadeas. Buttons, Tape, Ibcket ttml Ta
ble Cutlery. Pins, Neeilles. Guns ami Pistuh, SB. Pur
and Wool Hats, Caps, Fiddles, Looking Glu-, B.ts,
Shoes, etc etc J. K. DUNTON.
TERMS OF SALE.
All sums under 8, Cash; all over fSOO, ot a credit of
Oct. 1 9 and 20 Dec T ami 8 9t ondtasV
Anv. 'j and ID 3sand3i
Sale every Thursday evening throng the Tear.
" J-.F; D.
C VOX, AucU'oneer. . oeUJsMd
JUST received an additionnliBpply of SCnOQLBOOKS. j&f
in all tlie various departments MledtHttiion..
N. B. Country Jlcrchants will find it tr their n)Lrt-l to
examine my stock. CHARLES W. SJIITH;
octl3 . 41 Oitlrtre Mrret.
SHADY SIDE; or. Life in a tounTry Purwxiage. ' -SUNNY
SIDE; or. Ufeof a Minister's YY'ife.
BEHAY10R BOOK. 'r Ladieo.br MwoLesHe.
MINI) AND THE EJIOTIOXS, by Wm. Ctwke, M.D.
UUJIOROUSSPE.YKER, acfeoiee colleciiea of amu
BLEAK HOUSE, complete by Charles DIafcens.
For ale by CHARLES YV. SMITH,
octlS 41 College street. "
-A. House and Lot 00 Summer street
I1 near Demumbrane street the lot fronts JflfffcVt rm
Summer street and runs back about 3SB feet The Ileus v
contains Srooms, kifcbeu, scrraiiU room, smoke himse sod '
a firstrale seller; which will besoIJ for J cash, biilaacein
The above will be divided to suit purchasers. Pur par
ticulars apply to K. A, BALLOWErGenl Ag't
octl3 a Jo-ir Deadertkit,