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(Successor to E. G. EajtmaH C.)
j.o.cairrrrH, r o. sfnsinotos; jko. o. btjbch,
WON. TBODSUAXiSj A IlUJttAO S. UUb
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ISTASIAELT IS ADVAHCZ.
FKIDAVHIOKNING, FEBRCABX S 18G1
OX THE ,
. i- ' HENRY S. FOOTE, . .
. ' "JOHN J.'McCANN; " "
JOHN C. BURCH.
'For Floater for'Dawdson, Montgomery, Robertson and
"WILLIAM S. FLTPPItt -
k "", Maury County.
DAVID M. CURRIN,
MARCUS J. WRIGHT,
HUMPHREY R. BATE.
, Get your 'Tickets, and remember that
tboso -who are In lavor of a Convention
must have "Convention" written or print
ed ontbelr tickets,
Have your Tickets and
Vote early for " CONVERT
TION" and Anti-Cou cion
Oar Dispatches from Virginia.
We can say to the readers of tho Uhion XSD Ame
BICAH that we have the utmost confidence in the
correctness of "oar dispatches form Virginia. They
come from a source of high intelligence sod un
denoted integrity, which, possesses facilities of ac
curate intelligence unsurpassed by any in Virginia.
Whatever may be the dispatches, therefore, re
ceWed by others, we say to our friends that there
is no doubt of the accuracy of the dispatches re
etived br us from tne Canital of Virginia: It is of
the utmost importance that correct information
should reach the people on this matter We have,
therefore, been thus careful to express, our high
aonfitlenco in our dispatches. Virginia has gone
cveruJielmmglyfor Secesfion unless ample assurances
ef Vie protection of our rights are given us before the
1st of March.
" Crittenden and Douglas Dlspatcaes.
Messrs. Ckiztendev and Douglas are getting up quite
a reputation ia a. telegraphic way. It is said that
they bare recently telegraphed to this State that all
is about to be right. Just before the Georgia
election they sent the followinc dispatch to that
Sttte in reply to one inquiring if Southern rights
could be protected in the Union :
" Wasiiixgto-, December 29.
' In reply to your inquiry, we have hopes that the
rights of the South, and of every State and section,
may be protected within the Union. Don't give up
the ship. Don't despair of the Republic.
"Signed, J.J. Crittesdek,
S. A. Douglas."
The following is the dispatch printed in some of
the city papers yesterday morning. It looks very
much like a duplicate of the dispatch to Georgia,
only there ia a difference in time:
Washixotos, Feb. j.
To IT. H. Pole, Columbia :
Your dispatch received. Our hope for the Union
firm. Take courage from Virginia. Save Tennes
see, and the Union is eafe.
J. J. Ceittexdex,
S. A. Docolas.
TTe too, say, " take courage from Virginia." Save
Tennessee and the South is safe.
Keail KpikI!! Kea!U
f hero'Is &a iaeeEioHS effort1 bilg 4e by H-any
of the Union thriekers of tie Boutk to areas the
prejudices of the BOB-elaehoHors against the insti
tution 01 slavery., inoj-maj. consi&auy oe nearu.
using specious argument!! to convince the unsus
pecting, that the people cf tho South hare not one .
and the same interest; that Georgia and Tennessee
are two States with' two peoples and two interests,
"becftueo there are more slaves in Georgia than Ten.
nesaee. Who would have believed -that Helperism
would so soon have made its appeararce in Tennes
see! To remove any impression that such incendi
ary arguments tre calculated to make we ask a
candid reading of tho following extract from abet
ter of Got.. JoSem EJ Brows; of Georgia, cpea
ine cf theeffeel of the abolition of slavery he says:
But suppose we were over the diflicuny 01 pay
ing the owners for the negroes, and they were to ten
frnmlhoiframtprs KlLDOUlDSy. u "
iir ..... ia hfi nltio'ateaim of the
..vo.V!Mn. -.hit would be tho effect upon
w Jua .till h.iTf rich men and
nnr HocieLvi i d cuuuiu w-
poor men. But few of our slave owners tavo in
vested all they have in negroes. Take their negroes
t i.m nninntl'v. and they will many of them
""""""" . 'us- .;,v,r. ir
aU Vere left for a time with equal wealth
who has notioed man and, so-
5., Hnw. that in a few pears, some would grow
.... iwftvs will be. If we had no negroes,
the rich would still be in a better condition to take
care of themselves than the poor. They would dill
seek tho most profitable and seeure investment for
koiV nitl. What would tnis be! The answer
suggeBti itself to every mind; it would be land. The
woVuhv would soon buy all the lands of (he South,
worth oaltivatiog Then what! The poor would
a'.l soon become tenants, as they are in England,
1 ho Kaw Encland States, and all old countries where
slavery does not exist. But I must not lose eight of
the 4,500,000 free negroes to be turned loose among
us. They, too,au3t becone tenants, with the poor
white people: for they would not be able to own
lands. A large proportion of them would spend
their time in idleness and vice, and would live by
stealing, robbing and plundering. Probably one-
fourth of the number would have to be maintained
in our nenitenliarv. orisons and poor houses. Our
noonle. nonr and rich, must be taxed to pay the e
pense of imprisoning and punishing them for crime.
This would be a very heavy burden. But suppose
three-fourths of the whole number would work for
a living. They would have to begin the world mis
prahlv noor. with neither land, money nor provi
ninns. Thev must therefore become day laborers
for their old masters, or such ethers as would em'
ploy them. In this capacity they would at once
nmpJn roranetition with the poor while laborers.
Men of capital would see this, and fix the price of
labor accordingly. The negro has been acauBtomed
.oi hia vimals and clothes for his Hbor Few of
t,. if frr would expeot anvthine more. It would
iWfciTB be easv to employ them at a sum suffi
cient to supply only the actual necessities of life.
Tho nnnr white man would then ro to the weal-hy
land owner and say, "I wish employment. Hire
me to work. I have a wife and children who must
have bread." The land owner would offer probably
twentv-five cents per day. The laborer would say,
"1 cannot support my family on that sum." The
inniiinril renlies: "That is not mv business. Iam
sorrv for voa. but I must lock to my own interest.
The black man wholiveo on my lani has as strong
an arm, and as heavy muscles as you nave, ana can
do as much labor. lie woncs lor me ai inatraie
inn must work for the same price, or I cannot em
ploy you." The negro comes inio competition with
the white man, and fixr a the price nf hij labor, and
he must tke it or get no employment.
Auin. the ooor white man wishes to rent land
from the wealthy landlord; this laadlord asks him
half the crop of upland or two-thirds or even
three-fourths for the best bottom land. The poor
man says this seems very bard. T cannot make a
decent suppart for my family at these rates. The
landlord reolies. here are negroes all wound me
TiTinn to take it at "these rates; I can let you have
it for no less. The negro, therefore, eomes into
competition with the pocr white man,whn he seeks
to rent land on which to make his bread, or a shel
tot In rvrntppf. his wifa and his little ones, from the
cold and from the raioj and when he seeks employ
ment ag a day laborer. Ja everr such caso if the
r... ii 11 dn the work the cheapest, he
red. It is eickeniDs to con
template the miseries of our poor peppfe
under theses circumstanoes. They now get
higher wages for their labor than (La poor of any
nthor enuntrv or elobe. Msst of them era Jand
The Hon. Joiix J. Crittexdek, in his letter to
Gen. Lksue Co vrss from the Senate Chamber, of date
January 2Sth, represents ell in 'Washington as
"darkness and chaos," and that o ray of hope has
yet beamed even upon his hopeful visioa. lie closes
with the following lucid paragraph to the course of
"Vi'e ought to ece clearly what we are to gain by
disunion before we abandon a Union in which we
have enjoyed so much liberty-, so much prosperity,
And so many blassings."
But how are we to "see clearly" in the midst of
'darkness and chaos!" And what benefit is the
"many blessings" we "have enjoyed" if they are all
lost! Barely this sentence was written in the midst
of "darkness and chaos."
Resolutions ot the South Carolina IiCgis
laturo on Federal Affair, adopted De
cember 22t 1S59.
We ask the denunciators of South Carolina to read
the following resolutions, adopted by the Legislature
of that State, and forwarded to the General Assem
bly of etch of the other Southern States. If we
had not refused to go into a conference with all the
South, as South Carolina invited us to do, we might
possibly have avoided the difficulties that surround
Whereas, The State of South Carolina by her or
dinance of A. D. 1452. affirmed her right to sicede
from the Confederacy whenever the occasion 6houH
arise justifying her in her own judgment in taking
that stcp.aud in the resolution adopted by her con
vention, declared that she forbore the immediate
exercise of that right, from considerations of expe
Axd Whereas, More than seven years have elap
sed since that convention adjourned, and in the in
tervening time, the assaults upon 'the institution of
fdivery, and upon the rights and equality of the
Southern States, have unceasingly continued, with
increasing violence, and in new and more alarming
forma; be it therefore
1. Itesohvd. unanimously. That the State of Sobth
Carolina, still deferring to her Southern sisters, nev
ertheless, respectfully announces to them, that it is
the deliberate judgment of this General Assembly,
that the slaveholding States should immediately
meet together to concert measures for united ac
tion. 2. Resolved, unmim'usly, That the foregoing pre
amble and resolutions be communicated by the Gov
ernor to all the alaveholding States, with the earn
est request of this State, that they will appoint de
puties, and adopt such measures as in their judg
ment will promote the Baid meeting.
3d. Resolved unanimously. That a special com
missioner be appointed by his Excellency the Gov
ernor, to communicate the foregoing preamble and
resolutions to the State of Virginia, and to express
to the authorities of that State, the cordial sympa
thy of the people of South Carolina with the people
at Virginia, and their earnest desire to unite with
(them in measures of common defense.
4th. Jlesoletd unanimously, That the State of
South Carolina owes it to her own citizens, to pro
tect them nl their property from every enemy;
and that for the purpose of military preparations
for any emergency, the sum of one hundred thou
sand dollars ($100,001)), he appropriated for mili
The Springfield (111.) Journal, Lrsmuifs organ,
mates Ike following modest demand from tlve
" AVe want concession. "We want the Southern
States which are clamoring about concession and
compromise, to concede that ours is a Government
proper, and not a compact between States. We
want them to concede that tliis Government has a
iriglit to enforce its laws and protect its property,
ev-en if it becemes necessary to hang or shoot every
traitor in the United States, to do it. M'e want them
to concede that it is the duty of this Government to
retake from Southern traitors its stolen forts and
Arsenals. We want theni'to concede that the sece
ding States have violated the Constitution that
they are in rebellion against the Federal Govern
ment, and that it is the duty of this Government to
put down rebellion. We want them to concede that
the taking of Federal forts and firing upon the Star
of the West are insults that should be atoned for.
3Te ask them to concede that slavery Is the creature
.Cif local law."
Suhajissionists does that smack of eonscrv,tism?
You hare here the sentiment of the mass of the
Northern people. Are you base and cowardly
enough ia desire ft Union upon these terms! Xoti
The Cbisib. The article which we republish
from the Gallatin Exaatnu- is fro. the pen of a dis
tinguished and patriotio gentleman, well known
throughout Tennessee and the South, ioth as a
soldier and a statesman. We commend it as a pro
duction well worthy of the grave consideration of
cur readers, and as emanating frcma man ef e&lia
Judgment, large experiencs and pure heart, who
ii no.other motive than his country's good.
respected. They are m
no sefcue placed down upon a level with the negro
Thntr a sunerior race and they feel and know it
Abolish slavery, a&i you make the negro their
equals, Icgauy, ana socisn?, jnoi hbiuiuiij
Human jaw cm cuiujc uwj a . j v J '
soon make them all tenants, and reduce 'their wa
. fnrdailr labor to the s-uallest pittance that will
sustain life. Then the negro and the while man
r,,,, inhnr in thp field together as equals. Their
fOtiiilrPTi must fro to the same poor school together.
if they are educated at all.. They must go to church
as equals, enter the Courts of ju'ce cs equals, have
iIib ritrht tfl rive evidence in .Caurt .as eouala, stand
side by side in our military corp as egusjs, enter
each others' houses In eooitl jn.ercouse, as equals:
and very soon their children taust marry together
ns equals. May our kind Heavenly rawer avert
tt,a nnA rlpliipr the noor from such a fate! So
u thfi slaves were at liberty, thousands of
them rculd leavo the cotton and rice fields, and the
lower parts of cur State, and make their way to tho
ho.ni,ii.F -limiie in the mountain region. We
should have them plundering and stealing, robbing
and killing, in all the lovejy yalleyg of the moun
foino Thin r can never consent to aee. The
mountains contain the place of my' nativity,
the t,nm of Br manhood. and the
feiatrft of most of acts ef my life: and
I csn never forget the condition and lnteert of
the people wno reside were, iv is ime, iuc VmVi
thpr s.TB jrencrallv poor: but they are brave, hon
est, patriotic and jrue hearted. Same who do not
know them have doubted their capacity to under.
Etand the questions, and their patriotism and valor
to defend toeir rignts waeu inruew. . wu
well, and I know that no greater misj.akp cjuli bo
mado. They love tne union 01 our wai
.nlri nnver osnsent to dissolve it so lose as the
nnn.'jifinn is not violated, and ao lone as it pro.
tects their rights; but they love liberty and justice
more; and they cili never consent to suamu io aoo
liiinn rnlp. and permit tU crlla to come upon them.
which must result from a oontinuascs in the Union
when the government is in the hands of our enem;e
rrill use nil its power for our destruction
Whon ft bpeomes nectssarv to defend our rights
against eofoul a domination, I would call upon the
mountain boys as wll as the people of the low lands,
and they would come down like an avalanche and
swarm around the flag of Georglt, with a resolution
that would strike terror into the ranks of the aboli
tion cohorts of the Jforth. Wealth is tjmi(i, 8pd
wealthy men may cry for peace, and submit to
wrong for fear they may lose their money,- but the 1
poor, honest laborers or Georgia, can never consent
to see slavery abo.ished, and submit to all the tag,
tion, vassalage, lew wages and downright degrade
tion, which must follow. They will never tate the
negro's piece God forbid.
I know that &srg. contemptible demsgognes have
attempted to deeoif them by appealing to tfieir
prejudices, and asking thew wbaj, interest they have
in maintaining therights of the slaveholder. They
cannot be deceived in this way. They kru,w Jhat
the government of our State 'protects their lis, i
their families and their properly; and that every
dollar the wenlijty slaveholder has, may be taken
by the government ,o the State, if need be, to pro
tect the rightand liberties of all. Ono man, in a
Urge neighborhood, has a mill. ifot ows in fifty
has a mill. What would be thought of the pufclU i
speaker who would appsal to tho fifty, and ask
them what intereet they hava to defending their
neighbor's mHl, if an abolition mob were trying to
burn it down J Another has a store. Not oa in
fifty has a store. Who would say the fifty should
not help tho one, if an invader is about to burn his
store Another has a blacksmith shop. Not one
in fifty has a blacksmith shop Shall the shop be
destroyed by the sommon esemy, and no one pro
tect the owner becnus no one near, has the same
peculiar kind of properly! it maj be that I have
no horse, and you have a horse; or that r have a
cow, and you have ne cow. In such eaw, if our
rights of property are assailed by a common enemy,
shall we not help each other? O- 1 have a wife and
children, and a house, and another has neither wife
and childreu nor house. Will he, therefore, stand
by and see my hcifse burned, and my wife and
children butchered, because he has none? The
slaveholder has honestly invested the woey, which
it has cost him years of toil to wake, in slaves,
which are guarantied to him by the laws of our
State. The common enesuy of ihe South seek? to
take this property from him. Shall all who do not
own slaves, stand by ana permit u iu ue ojfc
so, they have no right to call upon the slaveholder,
by taxation, or otherwise, to help to protect their
properties or iheir liberties. Such a doctrine U
monstrous; and he who would andvance it, deserves
to be rode upon the sharpest edge of one of Lin
col's rails. The deetriae strikes at the very founda
tion of society; and if c?rr;ed out, would destroy all
properly, and aV protection to Jjfc, liberty and hap
piness. From Washington Fiftyeiht iteputolljT
cans nsjainstall Compromise The washv
incoa Conference How Louisiana is to
XeltgrapUIc Cixjiiilejicc Cincinnati Commercial.
WASHib'CTOjf, Feb. 5 An important caucus
of Republicans, last night, developed the fact that
there are S3 Representatives who will vcjta against
all compromises. The Washington Conference fs
not likely to do much but epeechify for some time.
The exclusion of 1 he public crestec much disEstia.
faction. Dix gets no answer from Louisiana about
the seizure of the Mint, and the refusal to pky
drafts. The Administration will probably, retaliate
by stopping the Louisiana mails. Congress will
doubtless re PA&l the sugar duty. SiasiA.
Another War Specc .
Gov. Jonssos: has just finished apojher two days
speech in the Senate. Judging from the telegraphic
report of it,itwaseven more warlike Shan tho speech
mado by him earlier in the session. The Cincinnati
fcwnermal calls it "a glorious speech.-'
Ikdiak CmzESS. A petition was presented to
the Senate from' twenty pr thirty Sioux Indians,
asking the Legislature to grant them-all the right
of citizenship. They stated that they had adopted
a number of customs in vogue among tho whites,
suoh as wearing pantaloons, living in houses, nsmg
knives and forks, being content with the possession
and control of one. wife, being willing to earn their
bread "by the sweat of their brows," total abslU
nenco from intoxicating liquors, regular attendance
upoa stated preaching," &c. In view of all these
things, they asked that further and inestimable
pririlege of ycting "early and often." It will ba
granted them without goubt, if the members are
satisfied that they will veto tho straight ticket every
time. SI. Faxd Pioneer.
GO TO THE POLLS !
Freemen of "Tenaesseej go
to the Polls and Yote for i
The Tareatcncd Disruption In tlieTJnltod
rrom tho London Time.
The news iust received from the United States is
the mo3t important thatlias come to us since the be
ginning of the present troubles. No one could read,
tho intelligence from "Washington, and the letter of
our New iork correspondent, without feelinsr that
the present month is big with the fate of the- Amer
ican Union.- We are almost afraid, to give publicity
to the apprehensions which prevail. The excessive
confidence oftho" Northerners that all would end
well, is giving place to sharp anxiety, and, though
they seem still to expect the preservation .of the
Union, it is" evidentthat they look for events which
must be most disastrous to American society. Vh?
first fitep towards what the Southerners and their
friends sneak a3 of civil war has been taken by Presi
dent Buchanan. Roused by the disapprobation Vlth
which his message had been received ait tiiron
tlio Nnrth. hp, has adonted & more visrorous poUt,,
4UU UCWWEUHW tui.UM.it wi ..w.0 ' -
upholding tho Federal authority. When tho Char-fi-tnn
convention decreed the secession of South Cf?6-
lina, commissioners were dispatched to WashinE;?.i
to neeotiate for the peaceable recognition of ' JJe
new nationality. At first there were not wan.;t;
symptoms that the President would yield to tl'ij'e
treaseaablo emissaries. He received them, and'
manner entered into negotiations with them, tho'i'i
nrnr.alnr- tr OnndlllPT TIlPITI fin IV flR Hi XT '
guished citizens of tho United States i
South Carolina. However, the prelimin
demands of these gentlemen have been rejected
the President. Tho federal uovernment win;
evacuate Fort Sumter ; it will persist in collea
the customs in the port of Charleston, and for '
r . ,1 , - in ,
pnrpose nas appointed a collector, wno win
pharire his duties in a revenue cutter, under
protection of a United States frigate the Brool,
which was ordered to be in readiness to star.ji
Charles," 'q at once. The Commissioners consequS
lv teles.tiohed to Governor Pickens to put the S?
on a waf footing, and to concentrate all its force
once. 1-is also said that tne cecession leaaers,
ing diswirered that the Brooklyn and another
sel wercjabout to leave Norfolk for Charleston,
teleirranl.-d to their svmathizers to have the I
ute Men -in readiness to seize them. The Admi
tration v.'fcs on the watch to prevent the act Sm
short, Mj' Buchanan seemed likely to act vigorony-
m ueicncy ui inu uiuuu so mu.uuu luii.
Secretary, of War. and a Southern partisan, had re
signed. On the other hand, there could be no doubt
that all th.s cotton States would secede within three
weeks, ai 3 ' js little that if any attempts at coercion
were maiJ, the border slave States would give ac
tive help; to the seceders, and probably join their
But for; mnch of this we are prepared. That
Georgia, Alabama and the rest would follow the
eramnle of South Carolina was certain and it could
hardly be supposed that the President would at
length make some resistance to the demands of the
seceders. What is most important in the late news
is the rising spirit of the North, and the growing
determination to act with vieor asainst the disunion-
ists. The Government of the two great States of
New York and Pennsylvania had delivered tlieir mes
sages at the opening of the session of their respective
Legislatures, and had denounced secession in tne
strongest terms. " xo permit or acquiesce iu irea..
snnable consniracv against the national authorities,
is to confess that our Government is an absolute
failure." savs tto Governor of New York." " The
people of the State ot New York, in my judgment,
are not prepareu lor sucn ma aumissiunj uu mc
trarv. thev will cive to the Federal authorities, in
all necessary measures for the enforcement of the
is, itiefr Jifw uuiucau uu 4uiui ou"r
Jenatqr Spinola had immediafely' pffered a rpfaolu
tinn authorizing the Governor to-tender to the Na
tional Administration I0.0Q0 mjlitia "to put don
insurrection in one part of the country." it
ia tirobable that Pennsyl7ania Will be equal
ly cnoifstia. The West will certainly take up
the question stiH more warmly.
We crn now understand the anvlety whiph pre.
vails in the South, and imagine how a denunciation
of the Northern project of civil war, like that con
tained in the speech of Mr, Benjamin, the other day,
. . . A, ,1
should worK on tne leennjs 01 tae gauenes 111 a
Southern citv like Washington. But what is the
crreat dancei: what is the temptation to a violent
eoapse, ogjnst which this gentleman thought it ne
cessary fa warn tjjp North? When the President
has ssplemnlr ecl?r;( that, though South Carolina
is nnt contJitntionallr entitled to sooede. yet she
cannot btV dpred in the' revolutionary ejre'reiseof
heraover.igiriglltaf wneninp iiouso oj licpresen
tatlves Jiavt-yoted, by a larjr majority, that tl;p em
ployment ,f force to coerce tho seceding gtate is
impractk re; when the Custom Ilouso and Post
nfliM.. rt.folIw TrrrtT.Vo1 litr nir,ltntan nfltninla!
when the?Vew York Press heads the news lrom
Chcr!esto)jl':ith the title, "Foreign Intelligence,"
whatcan the chance of civil war, against which
thR Senati.fr'om Louisiana thinks it right solemnly
Vfellows l Tins Js a fyi&Uffl 1 wnicti no
Twer can bo eiven at" prebnt, oven in
f ach less in this country. The mind3 of
?tho Atlanticarc asitated by occurrences
! Jiing similar is recorded in the history
Sirs When the British fleet mutinied at
the Nore,.'hen Ireland yajj m open rebellion, when
iionapar.!? was ai uowogne, wnen cngianu tioou
iilono atrn?3t the consolidated FrencuJmpire at
nns-'nf iSk tp tif-riods neoDlc m'ic:ht be anxious,
alarmed, apressjdj but ttyey had a'coufidence in the
f.itnvo ci-Sp thv foil that a nation can never be de
stroyed I'M by its own guilt. Thipkjng men in Amer
ica are pDawy more uiscouraguu uian we cre
when th. sword ot a military despotism was
at our brt-jts. They feel that their eoun'.ry runs
the create!?, of all dangers that of being ruined
to warn 1 i
men aero 5
br Itself. i.'io foreien enemy, no Luropean tyrant.
rto baie o'teirchv threatens them. The fabric of
DitnoarattC; Government is to be rent asunder in t"e
nm'e of rrtmnlar rlchi.' and bv mans of univcrf-al
su&rtga, tJaricaturee represent Ihe jiiifatloa tif
the Eurof-fctt iOTfreiens at the event Sermoas
are full ofvleipondoney. PaMic speeches ia tfcp
North bav' generally affected to dsut-t ths gepavn
ness of th. movement and have expressed a etcji
dence that'be separation wilt only be temporary.
This, in is tho hope which has kept the Norta,
and 3tilJ ro the West, quiet. It was still indulged
atthecopp jf lastyeir, and it remains to be seen
how far i"i? founded on a right estimate of thiDgs.
But, supp.-'feng the sanguine politician cf whom
Mr. Sewa' -t is a type, to be io the wrong; supposing
the gulf yween the free and slave soil, when once
made, to vit.len daily more and more; supposing the
fntisrest o the Southerners to be satisfied by their
new indc's-aaeneo, what w(l be the action of the
rest of tht; Federation? "WJlf th,p" Vsh gif c PP
with the si'ive States all the vast pontjnent" whioh
lies to the South and West of themt Are all the.
dreams of American ambition to be forever foregone
by the yo &h of New York, Ohio and Michigan, the
most asti aa(l enterprising populations of Ihe
itepublic?! If South Carolina secedes; if Georgia,
Florida, Jfahame, Mississippi, Arkansas, Louisiana,
foltov; f S.outhern Pe4pr.9tion DC formed and take
its place i$aoDg the powefa of thp earfh. there can
beuolppV of keepipg' the ordeV glaye Stbtes.
Theie wilbe 4raR. n fey natural afijnity to detach
theaelvei from the tforth an4 jojn the Slayehold
ing Federition. North Carolipa, Tennpesge, Ken
tucky, ulTssouri, Virgioia, Maryland, islawarp,
will the-i be disassociated from the Free States
Such ar event cannot be regarded without dismay
by tho uost staunch Abolitionists. It would in
fiot jstk the Southern Federation the real
United States, as far as territory, pre.ent and pros
peclivc, i concerned, an reduce the North to what
our ancestor would have called' a ."temp." The
people of Boston or Philadelphia might be distin
guished for their ability and enterprise, but they
would belong to a country with hardly greater
future thr-B Canada. Every natural advantage
would be 'on )the side of flje ajayp States. Look :it
.l. 1 nili osn t.1. tl ij. iiiirrcT" fttrio of
Mr JutHcelH hbh Ills vislte"rSIIoraec Crcc-
icy and Iiir. iilMColn.
SrniKOFiKtD, Feb 5.
"Mr, LineolB has restricted the time for receiving
visitors ta one and a half hourseach day during the
remainder of his stay. A last general reception
-111 . 1 . ... . i 5
wui 08 given 10-racrrow evening amis pnvais resi-dene'e.
''Horace Greelsy returned from tho West this
morning. Shis afternoon he was called upm at
his hotel by Mr. Linceln. The interview lasted sev-
cvalnoura. ,Mr. Greeley urged a strict adherance
to an anti-comproniee policy, and is said to havo
received gratifying assurances. His opinion as" to
cabinet and other appointments was solicited, and
given. He is known to be strongly opposed 10
Cameron and very much interested in tho appoint
ment ot unase and Colfax. Col. Fremont, be mints,
should have the mission to France. Although just
defeated in Albinv. for the Senate, he. like a dis
interested patriot, did not ask anything, either for
himself or friends. ,G. B. Lincoln of .New York.
was present during part of tho interview.
A porton of the citizens of Henderson comity met
in convention at Jacks Creek, on Wednesday the 30th
of January, for the purpose of ascertaining the
sense of the people respecting the political crisis,
wnicn is now upon us. Also to select a candidate to
represent this (the 20th) Senatorial district in the
State Convention, to meet at Nashville 25th of Feb
ruary. On motion of Maj. Milton Massengill, W. A.
Brummer, Esq., was called to the chair and Dr. W.
Jcre Crook and John H. Bonham were appointed
On motion of G. L. Ross, Esq., the chairman wa3
requested to appoint a committee of five to draft resi
lotions expressive of tho sentiment of the meeting
piuntry, composes jthe free sort of fee American Si. I
rtnltr'ihr Heft coast from a British fron.il'!
totbeP-wareheloogJtD if; al the rest, tretA
ing far rf?ay down the 4-tlant(o alcRg (be Gulf of
Mexico -U in the hands of the slave oynew
mouth "Abe Mississippi is there; the Missouri i-d
Arkanei?, the great arteries of the extrcra W t,
arethtitu Virginia pushes a spu of territQ.JSo
within than a hundred miles of Like Erie, ti
thus di ' s ihe Atlantic Free States from the W$it
0 a mn.-rhighly dangerous to their future UdVi.
Indeed" ffi Is doubtful whether the conneclio"
tweenJS VorkWd fJep England on the one b jl,
and 11113 snd the neighbaripg gtafes on theat
er, coult)ng survive the total separation of -,e
Sauih. '"I'tte North would have a territory as st.jg-
mi. aW .1QT.ni rTIlSia. UQU LUC II CO. 111.
would SMfi una it huyhuhj.uuj
Union th the Eastern. in
.1 ". 2r;.-ll7
lt in .iMilste on the return of an erring Jislir,
Ki ornSiencc nLows that Eoeessions, when ou?C
made, a'js not easily recalled. It is the
hoth at the North
there arSmasses of people so earnest in the ad?ou
ev of stiSng raeatures to prevent a disruplion, that
the Pre8)tent may he orcea imo .in..
v-hr.tovfif epicions Americans
riches is the New Worjd wia
e grasp of the StOiynerners. w.-
exptoring the hospitable reglonsi -a
iborhood of the British frontier. w:ua
jl that remained to the Xjonn, tne Biifr-
uu carry tuejr - uuvcuiuio v'ft-w.
blessed with every advantage cf Ptni'.
ineral wealth, Texas has territory pnotyi
or four great States. New Meaiy
be admitted with slave insiuuijona. t-i-
allow. Mexico must In a few years fie
rl trm Rniitherners. lords of the m'Kt
it domain ia the world, would control U-ji
r'itwcen the two oceans
if tho Union lets South Carolina go,
1 savine wnsi m&y eo wii" ik " J
whereupon, the chairman appointed R. L. Hendrix,
Esq., G. L. Ross, Esq., R. J. Bonham, I
iiuboard and A. 1'. Aicliee, Esq
Esq., Dr. J. S
The committed submitted the followini
tions,. which were unanimously adopted:
Whereas, The time has arrived for the people of
Tennessee to decide whether she will submit to
Northern aggression and Black Republican rule, or
join the destiny with her sister States ot the South.
Resolved, That unless an adjustment of the present
difficulties be fairly and amicabfy agreed to, (he
convention should pass an Ordinance declaring
Tennessee out of tho Union before tHe 4th of
2. That any attempt by the General Government
to coerce a seceding State meets our unqualified
condemnation, and will be resisted to the last ex
The name ot tnenon. stepuen 1. ttosj was pro
posed as one eminentl.V'suited to represent this Sen
atorial district in the State Convention.
He was the unanimous choice of the meeting.
We W.H1, however, support any man, who is for
Equality in the Union, or Independence out of it,
Mr. Ross was called for and responded in a brief
and appropriate .jspeech reviewing the history of
the Government from" the Revolution; showing that
aggression had been the great watch-word of the
Black Republican party; that it had grown from a
mere speck in the horizon to a dark and portentous
cloud, threatening to trample under foot Southern
rights and imperiling Southern security. He ab.
horred the idea of coercion. He denounced Governiy
Johnson's coercion Speech. He believed Tennessee
should secede and join those hold and fearless
States who have preceded her, in forming a South
On motion, the Avalanche. Appeal, Union and Amer
ica:, Enquirer and -West Tennessee Whig, were re
quested to publish the proceedings.
On motion, the meeting adjourned.
W. A. Bkcmmek, Chairman.
W. J. Cooc and Jso. H. Bonuam, Sec'rs.
Senate Chamber. Jan, 23, 1S61.
Hon. H. S. Footb Dear Sir: Having .heard your
able address in defence of Southern rights your
maintenance of the equality of the States your
vintUcation of the guarantees of the Constitution
your crushipgca3tigafion of those who, in our midst,
are giving '' aid and comfort " q the oppressors of
the South, and acting' n 'concert with' the party
Whiph seeks to overwhelm the equality of one-half
of the Confederacy and your withering rehake of
the defender of Lincoln and SewartJ, we request of
you apublipatiqn of your address, and earnestly
hoppyou win PQBiply with, a wish, so generally ex
pressed. (Signed) Geo. B. Peters, H. W, nunter,
James L. Thompson, R. G. Payne, James M. John
son, Thos. McNeilly, J. A. Minnis, J. T. Lane, B. L.
Stovall, Taz. W. Newman, G. Gantt, W. H. Barks
dale. Nashville, January 31st, 1861.
Hon. Geo. B. Peters and others.
tJWieijifji; Your letter of tljp 2.1th instant was,
from cope upknpwn cauje, ppt rpcelrei alto'jefi'or
as eprly as would have fjeeri (iesiralle; and J regret
therefore, that the lqqors of the slort, but necessa
rily rrtost active can vasj for a seat in tbp approaoh
ing Convention, In which I am just about to enlist,
will deny me tho satisfaction of complying with
your request that the address which I had the honor
to deliver in the Hall of Representatives a few nights
since, should be published. I preserved short notes
of that address only, and should have now to write
it put in full for the newspapers, were its publica
tion to take plage, and that would nw be impossi
ble, for the reason above stated.' I sei?e the oppor
tunity, gentlemen, of oljering for your considera
tipn a few suggestions.
l wish mest ardsntly, gentlemen, that jt were u
my power to rouse my conntrymen of the South, to
a discerniuent of all dangers with which I am sure
they are i)qw; threatened", and that poulJ indupe
them to provide in tirne fqr their pwp safety and
the safety of the slavelplding State?. If the Com
mijsjonefs frqm the Border Slave States shortly to
assemble Jn Washing'tQiii shall not ho able to pro
cure effectual garantees in behalf of the South ha
tore the Black Republican Administration shall go
into power, and the State of Tennessee shall fail to
unite her destinle with thoo of tho othor slave
holding States against their common foo before the
contemplated Southern Confederacy shall have been
, 1 - 1 . 1 i
termed, anu nave ocen uuiy recojjmzeu auroau as an
indenendent nation. I feel confident that obstacles
are likely tP 5ri?2 wlich will dttch the State per
manently irqm uie coiiou jiiLcjj mu yinuu, S1114
place us forever under flje control of Black Repiibi
cajj (joverntpent ; the effect of which would be
our utter degradation an4 ruiot The conduct of
those in our midst who arji now counselling inactiqn
and absolute submission to our monstrous oppres
sors, is to me altogether unaccountable. I will not
believe that the people of Tennessee are so unmindful
of their honor and safety, and of the geneial wel
fare and dignity of the slavehoiding states ot the
Union, as to liafcn with favor fo the ignoble counsels
which some' fntjividuala auionii;! ao no- adsiin
lsterlng to theraj It may be thartho limited period
allowed for tiro interchange of opinion and senti
ment among our citizens in regard to the pending
questions, may give to the submissionists a tempo
rary triumph. But I hold jt to be absolutely certain.
ftiat tlio qay lenoi lar pisiijnt, yuen u jiecjuu u jui;
of 'intelligence 'arid patHoti5'P as 6ur.! wil rise ip
with a manly indlgn'atioi against tlje admonitions of
those whore now attemptinj so insidiously to mis
lead them, and cover with ineftuceablo disgrace all
who-havo pursuaded thera to hesitate ono moment
in the performance of patriotic duty.
Those who Know my history as a politician, are
aware that I have heretofore been willing to bear
as much of aggression from oir tyrannous prosecu
tors of the North, as could be possibly submitted to
yithbj t a f btaj ibss Of honor. I have etrp"gpd fpr
more unn ten j-eaj-s, t-arueaujr "U iiiittiii .0ai(i3(.
the counsels of those' who, as if seemed to merwere
ncjrje4 f) rpsort to pxtreme treasures of ressistance
wjth undup bastp. I haye warret asainsf my oyn
pouptrynicn of" the 'Southern States, in supporfqf
tlio?Unton pause, with S fierceness of :eal and a de
termined energy, which few have displayed. I have
preferred making a thousand hitter and unappens
ible enemies to yielding all hope of preventing a dis
ruption ofjour Federal Union. But I confess that
V7'fhin the last two or three weeks my patience
Has beoorne welUr.ijih exhausted; and if the ultima
turn of the Border litatei tbbo Rgfepd on, apJ pre
sented next week in Washington, shall 06 refusedf. I
shall lose' all hope of safety for our sectidn, cicept
in immediate and final separation; from those'who
teye' go long to'rmente'd u with solicitude, and men
aced us vltfi eatrupt'pPf
and ot private happiness, 1 hae the honor.
may bay 01 f,agisn pofiu. rc "?p "i . .7" ':
that, in lliis country, there s only ono Psh-that
.,.tt.;u mar mi-tivo th s tcmble trial. Should
Provident1 e deoree'it otherwise
we earnestly tray
that the Viparation maybe an anicablp ope. pivil
flnnrishinir oountry and among kindrsd
people, can never be contemplated without horror
k T;i!n ltkn ours, and we trust that neitoer the
.fi-. f tho neonle nOr the weakness of their
i. .ill hrinir this calamity on the American
Tlie Virjriina Jijection.
The Washington correspondent of the Cincinnati
Gazette, under date of February 5th, the day after
the Virginia election, says
The great bulk.cf those olected as Unionists are
for secession in caso certain measures wi tumm
raise are not adopted. How far their demands go can
not now be eiated, but they will require sotap sor
tion by Congress Deiore we isi 01 jtarcn, looting w
a final settlement of existing troubles. This I ob
tain from a well informed source, and it may be re
lied'upon. It is confirmed by views expressed by
John Tyler in the Conference to-day, ujon the oe.
caion of being chosen President. He made a long
and impressive speech, in which he urged the prime
necessity of prompt and conciliatory action.
to be your friend and fellow-citizen
Tp tbp Voters of Suii;npr Ocxijitp
At tllo solicitation of many too partial fripnds.
porhaps, I tako this method of announcing myself
as a candidate to represent tho county of Sumner
in the approaching State Convention.
As the period fixed for the election of Delegates
is so near at hand, as to render it impracticable to
canvass thp questions involved, before the people,
f rnsy be proper that I should briefly state the po
sitions winch ;naitain ia thp pressnt crisis of out
national affairs', intending, "on' tho opportunities
wlilch may be afforded in the intervarhetwecn this
and the'election! to elaborate my views raOre fully
before tho people.
1st. I favor sjparate State action, and immediate
saiecsion from" the" Union, unless such terms of set
tlement ehajl Lq proposed or sccpjjfeI by the North,
yention, as shall secure' to 'th,e Southern States their
just, equal, an4 constitutional rights, in all the States
nd Territories of the JJnited States.
24. I aj iterly opppsed to tlie doctrine of coer
cion, as, hping qpfio3e4 fq t;p theory of qur Qflvprr,
picnt, despptjc in its exercise, subversive of aU pre
sent and i'u"ure hope of reconciliation, and tending
directly to revolution and bloodshed,
3d. My interest, sympathj and sentiment of coun
try and home, to say nothing of tho spirit which
swells every manly bosom, for the protection of
right, and the maintenance of equality, social and
political, make me intensely Southern in my feeling,
an4 In weal or woe, whatever fortune may betide
her, my jdentjl)catqn wjtl the South is thorough,
complete, and unalienable,
Geo. AV. Winches?.
The Rev. Mr. Beechcr, as if the public mind were
not sufficiently inflamed already, has gone down to
Bqstonto give the' Abolition embers there afresh
burring up. nis tFa4o against thp South, theri
Wednesday njg'lU. shows that he is getting ta be
quite ai good a , fjreiian" as WendolP IihiHipl. This
puritan Sainf denounces the Fugitive Slave Lav as
"an iijstruipent of hejl," and speaks of the utter im--ppsKbii'jty
pf thp Constitution existiqg part free and
part slave, Tho first idea is taken fpora Qarrison.
and the latter ia plagiarized from Lincoln. ,Jhp
pastor of Plymouth is allowing his Abolitionism to
eat up and destroy whatever freshness of thought
he could once boast His mental powers, naturally
brilliant and powerful, are coming to be mere sec
ond hand instruments of other demagogues as fanati
cal as himself, but preserving better their reputa
tion as original thinkers. iV. 21 Express.
Thb EcfSiAif Capital "Scahdalized The beau
tnende ot St Petersburg is just now much scandalized
at tho determination cf three elderly Russian prin
cesses, belonging to the most illustrious families, to
mjnythrpe young medical attendants A fourth
lsdy, of maturp a.ge, nqt 3 prncc39, but of high
mnk and immensely rich, is about to marry ayonng
employed man in the shop of a money changer of
the Capital. Uae 0I ICC iUlCU ciui; uuuroocr,
ifbt being yst a widow, applied for a' divorca, to tn,
ahle her to marry again, but her ipplioation h89
been refused by the Ros3ian tribunals..
BEtnERUNQ'8 DErAUtEJIENT .
3MIedscvilIo, Ded. 7, I860. J
Meike Hereej: Ihren Brief mjch
cinladend dem vblko yon Georgia meine
Ansichtcn ubor don Zweck dcr Er
wahlunj; von Gcsandten nach dor iiii
komrpenden Tanuar sich zu versammel
den Staats convention kund zu thun
habo ich erhalten.
So sehr bin ich mit Amtsgeschaften
gegenwartig uberbaufc, dass ich nur
weriigo Zeit-'rinf e!no"nh."wo'rt 'ver'wen
denjeann. ,Da Sio jedocfc ct welches
Oewicht auf moino Grundsatze zu legen
schcinen in diescr Zeit deif Gafahr, so
willise ich freudigstein meine Mitburger
Iclt werde kurzlich dreL Pdnkte
t8ruhren: " '
lstens. 1st die Envahlung des
Ilerrn Lincoln zum Prasidenten , ari &
fur skh genugender Grund um Georgia
unddioandern Sudlichen Staaten zum
Austritt aus dem Staatenbund zu
2t3ns. AVaswird das Kesultat sein
das in Beziehunptdpr Sklaveroi cmtre
ten muss bei dcrEinsetzunsr und Admin
istration von Ilerrn L'ncoln, ais Prast-,
dent ernes Iheus der Union.
Stens. Welches wlrd die Wirkupg
sein, welchjdie Aufliebungder Sklavere,
auf dio Intcressen und gcsellschaftliehe
Stellung ' dcr grossen. blosso von
Nicht-sbbaven besitzorn und armen
Weissen ira Suden haben muss?
Dieser Punkt wurde zum Grandtein
des grossten Elendes und Ruins Anlass
geben Vnhrscheinlich wird keiner so
nngcrrecjit sein zu"verlangcn dass der
Sklavenbasitzcr sein Eigenthum hergebe
ohneEntSchadigungdafur zu erhalten.
Wieviel wurden dieKostcn hiefur aus
machen? Es giebtin rundcr. Summe
4.500,000 Sklaven in den Sudlichen
Staaten jeder Neger ist wenigstens 500
Dollars werth. Multipliciren wir 4,500,
000 mit 500 erhalten wir 2,250,000,000
Dollars als gesammtwerth allor Sklaven.
Solten die Sklavenbe3itzer dieser un
geheuren Summe beraubt werden ohne
alle Vergutung? Und da die Nordlichen
Staaten njcht zur Bezahlung Hires
Antheilcs eiawilligen wurden so mussto
das Volk im Suden durch Stcuern
augebalten werden dieses Geld aufzu
treiben. Ware Georgia nioht grosser
durchschmittlich als die andern Sudlichen
Staaten bo ware seine Pro lata
dcr funfz'ehntp Thoi, naui'icU $5Q,-.
000,000 aber Georgia is grosser
und ware desshalh- genothlgt ejno bodet;
tendore SuroiriP ztl bejahjep. Desscn
Einwobner baben gegenwartig weniger
als eino hatbe Million Dollars lahrcstaxe
zu bestreiton. Apgenommcn wir hattcn
10 Jahre Zeit um 5150,000,000 berbei;
zu schaffeD, so waren wir verpfliehtet
neben unserer cewohnlichen Steuer
noch S15.OUO.000 "per Jahr d. h. rnehr
ars dre"t8?ig mal so viel Steuer zu bezah
len. Der unbemittelte Mann welcher
jetzt nur cinen Dollar steuerc musste
unter dicsen Umstanden dreissig bo
zahlen. Aber angenimmen d9 corU
Iichen Staaten f-ollton cinwilligen
ihro Proportion dieses Wcrthes def
Sklaven beizutragen und wer moihte
dicse.s wob'l gl'auben?) so ware der An
theil von Georgia noch immer ?rc 1-13
der Summe' von 2,2i0',0GO,0G,O dollars d.
h. ub.er 5,000,000 dollars welcka in
zehn ahrcn gesanimM' noch funfzehn
mal dip jetzige Taxo ubers'ehreitea
wurden. In dieser Berecinung wurdo
der Sklavpcbpsitjr tasirt fur seine
eigenen Sklaven nra das Geld aufzutrei
ben fur selbigc zu bczahlen. Aber das
ware grosse ungereohtigkeit. Waro
dieso Summo herbcizuschaffen durch
Besteurung von Andern dann wurde der
armo "Weisso fast die30 ganze enormo
Summe von seinem Arbohslohn beisteu
ern mussen. Eine Last die ihn und
spjno Fais;He bsinabp erdrnckv1, ad
in Bchulden bringeq wiird.e. Dach
setzen w;r den pall diese Scbwicr:gTeit
ware uberwunden, was solltpn wir mit den
befreiten 4,500,0C0 Negern anfangen?
Einige der Nordliohcn Staaten baben
bereits Gesetzo gemaeht, laut welchcn
es den frcien Ncgern nicht erlaubt ist
innerhalb ihrc Grenzen zu kommen.
Sia belfen & beherbergen unere weg;
gelaufenen Sklaven, aber wollen unsere
l'reien Xoger nicht aufnohmen. Was
dapn? Eirf Theil wurde rathen felbige
nach jfrlca zu sebicken. Auf cine solclie
Proposition ' mocbte ich" antworten,
sc ickt sie nach dem Monde. Unmog
licii, werden Sie sqgenj Eben so mog
liai ajs. dip? .ungphpurp ijahl 'egcr
niit unsern Mitieln "nach Affi', 5U
s'endeq." Das Nordlicbp Volk wurde
Uein Geld bierzu boistouarn nooh weniger
I,and fur ihre dortige Nietierlassung
anxukaufen wille s sein. Aber es
wuns Jit sie ihren Besitzern ohne Vergu
tung zu entreisscn, frci zu sotaen, und
bei uns zu lassen. Viele Personen im
Ncrdcn halten dafur dio Neger seien
gute Gesellsebaftsglieder, . dass sie frei
werden, aber unter uns bleiben uussen
dasa sio glpiohp Eechta haben und mit
unso;n Kmdernsich verrieirathen sollt'en!
Gesetzt'Vir' waren1 der Schwierigkeit
qntl oben die Besitzer fur ibre Neger zu
bezqhlon, konntcn sie yon ibncnnebaion,
frei maohen und unter uns beherbergen
(das hoiss ersehntc Ziel der Sohwarzen
l'epublicaner) welches wurdo der Ein
iiuss auf unsere Gesellehaft sein?
Wurden wir nicht dennoch rcicho und
arnie Leute unter uns haben? Nur
wenige Sk.avenbnsitzer babeu pU ibr
Ejgentbum auf dicsc"Weso angplegt.
Nehmt ibnea auf ungcrechto Art die
Neger, weg und "viele werden docli noch
reieher als Hire Nachbarn sein. Sollten
-;ejtwcie allp Burger gleiclisiestellt sein,
bo weisj je'dstmagn jt tfpi ri-fcnacbT
lichen GeseiiEchait vertwt ist, dass
in wenigen Jahren oin Thoil roich, ein
anderer arm werden wurde. Dieses war
und wird immer der Fall sain. Hatten
wir keine Neger, dio Reichen wurden
dennoch in bessern Vcrbaltnissen sein
als die Armen und vcrsuehen ihr Capital
so vortheilbaft unterzubringen als mog
lich. Wie wurde es goscheheti? Dje.
Antwort isi klar; lta Ahtauf vca X-and.
Dip fleicj-en wurden bald aYies bepnanz
bare Land aufk'aufcn. "Was denn? Die
Armen wurdpn nlle Piehtcr werden wie
jn alten unc net-en England und in alien
Lsndern wo cs koine SUlavpn giebt.
Abar ich muss nioht vergesson zu iragen
wa9 wir mic 4,500,000 froien No;-ern
unter uns anfangen wurden. Dieso
mussten auch Pachter werden wie die
armen Weissen. Ein grosser Theil d-sr
Iter wurde in Fauliicit nnd Ijastorhaf
tigkjiilr usartqa, clch dfjrqb Btehion
& raiiben crn'abren.' Wdhrscbcrnlicl'
mussto dor v'ierto Theil in Gefangnissen
und Armenhausern versorgt werden
mussen. D,as Volk, a-n) oer rgich,
hctte" dip, Ausg(vbfin dafur su tragen.
Npl'i'mcn wir abran, da3drci-viertheile
der gauzen Zt-hl eich dureh Arbeit,
Lebensijntprhalt yerschafften, sa m,ussn
tnn 6!g TpalOrfner werdep,. n dlespm
pallti mussten sio nothjger wcisp dpn
armen weissen Arbeitprn .CoRcurrenj
macUen. Capitalisten wurdon dlcsos
oinsebon und den Lobn. im Verhaltniss
verkurzen. Der Neger ist gewobnt Kost
und Kleidung fur ecinc Arbeit entge
genzu nebmen. Nur Wenigo, wenn
irei, konntcn raehr yerlangnn ind dio
moisten konntqn fur diesen Pois angos
tellt w'erdpn. Per armo wei'sse ' Arbeiter
wiirdb darin zn den Landbcsitiern sagen,
'geb't ttii'r Arbeit icli muss fur Fran
und Kinder Brod verdicnen; vielleicht
wurden ihm 25 cents Taglohn in Aus
sipht gestelH. Dgr Arbpitcr wurde
einwenqen, das or. domit nijiht' auskom:
mpn ' koniie, und danzuraul die Trostes
worto vom Landherru boren, dass ihn
das nicbts aiigebe. Dieser vvurde yiel
Icjcbt sgin Bedauorn augdrqcloii Jpdqch.
sagpn dqss die eger, wit oben so stark on
Armon, nicht mebr fur ibro Arbeit
Weiter, dorarraoWouso pacbtot Land
vom reichon Bositzor und dieser wird
ihm vielleicht dio halbo Ernte, ja
drei viertel derselben als Vergutung
verlangen. Der arme Weisso wird
saen dass or unmoglich bestchen
l-ppnte. Pgr Gqtsbv'sitzer wird
antworton dass gine SfouKp, Neger
der Umgegorid recht gprn som Land
dafur berarbeiten wurden und er
wolle nitb't weniger dafur' nehmen.
Also woideru'm k'tmrnt bier der Weifse
mit dem Neger in competition wo es
sich, 'handplf yBrKlns.baris iand u
erwcrbqn nur yim'Brud 'und Qbdach fur
seino Pamilio zu verdicnen. Injpde'p
moglicben Pallo wird der Nfeger seine
Arbpit bijlfger verwerthen und dpss
bajb beyoqsqgt we-den. Es ist trau
rig siob nur aU das Elend zundenkon
welches fur den weissen Taglohner
unter diesen Verbaltnissen bevorstunde,
wahrend er jetzt hoihsrn Lohn erntet
in diesem Lax.de als in jeden anderm
unter der Sonne.
Ja viele arme Woisse besitzen Land
sind gpacbtet uqd auf kcicjeier art
sum iveger berunter gabracbt. Sie
gebbren einec hqbern Itaco an.' fublen
und wisjen es. Vnide die Sklaveriq
aufgebohen so tvaren bcido gleicb in
gesptzlipber ui(d 6Qzialpr Bes-iehung
(aber unnatprlipb, dpnn kein iflO.nsoh-.
Itches Geseta kann das jenigo von Gott
eingesetzst umandern) waren Pachter,.
mussten beido auf demsalben Lande
arbeiten, b'eidcr kinder dieselbo Schule
besueben dieselbo Kircbe, waren vor
Gericlit gleich gestellt bcido konntea
Anklager ndeiBeklagte sein, cegenselti
Tengmss ablegen, sich als Militaira
nnd im PrivatlebeitTpnniscbcn, jabeidcr
Kinder sicb. unter cinan3er cbelicben.
Mogo der himmlisehe Vatcr sdcbea
Ua-xluekabwenden von Uns.
Warden dio Sklaven befreit, eo wur
den auch tnusende unsere Baumwollen
und Reis plantagcn verlsssen und
alabald in die bohergelegenon, geaiin
dern Gegenden zieben. Sio wurden
stelilen, rauben und morden in den
lieblicbstens Tha!erndesStaate3. Dieses
konnto ich nimmermehr ertra:
Bergo scblicssen moinen
meaaaitoea"", Koato tttwe Specie py
Section 1. ftWUl,lipwplfc
as have, accepted SjrZZ ?nrch JJanks f th( State
Febraary" 8th. 1860 1 enr!? 004 of nact P"scd
regulate the btninesa oFDantaa act- Teioita ond
are conducting and shall p s 1u Tennc5ee, and
business under, the pw aES? to conduct their
by permitted, to suspend vl! "here-
n: I suspension of specie ..ioa.'n in a state of
dio Heimath mener Junglipgsjahre ' fnFL pay iilt0 the TrSJSS
h..i..:.t" one-half of one per cent per muh r..f:rsa-7.
ein,dortwar mein Llauptwirkqngs platz.
Ich kann nie vergesson die Vorhaftnwss
und Interessen des dortigon Volkes. Es
ist wabr diese Lento sind arm, aber sio
sind tapfer, ehrlich, von reinen Herzen
und vaterlandsliebend. Solebe welqhe
eie nicht naher kennen haben ihre
Pahigkeitbezwe felt dieso Pragen geho
rig zu, versteben, ja togar hren Math
ibre Reebte wo sie auch. angegriffen zu
vertbeidigen, Ich kennd sie beer und
fuhlo dass kein grossorer Trrthum statt
iinden konate. Sie lieben dio Union
unserer Vater und wurden nimmermehr
zugeben sie aufzulosen so lange die Con
stitution unancetastet vertdeibt; so lange,
als ibre- lieehto unangegril'fen wprden;
aber sio lieben Freiheit Gerechtigkcit,
nocAmAr,-undmerdcn nie sijb abolition
regeln unterziehen und zugeben dass alle
die besagttn Webel sio befallen, welchc
erwachsen mussten soferno die Fuel
derRegierung gai.z in die Handc un
serer Peinde geratb. Wenn" es notbig
wird unsere lteclito gegen eine solebe,
faulo Administration zu vertbeidigen
wurdo ich uhsere Berg, und Thai,
Bowohner aufrufen und lawinen artfg
wurden sie sich scbaarcn um die Fahne
von Georgia in einer Revolution die
Sehrecken in den Reihen dur Aoolition
verbreitan wurde. Reichthum ist
furchtsam und Reicbe mogen schreien
fur Friede und sich detn Unrecht un
terziehen aus Furcht Geld zu vorlieron,
aber der arme ebilicho Arbpitcr 7on
Georgia wird nio zugeben dasa Skla
rerei aufgehoben und damist hohe
taxation, kleiner Lohn, und wirkliohe
Erniedrigung stattfinde fur ihn Erwird
nie den Platz des Negers oinnebmen
wobloa was God verhutc.
Der Prasident, in seiner Proclama.i
tion laugnet unsor Rcjljt tna uruck
zu ziehen vom Bunds, giebt aliar zu.
dass die Cputr.ii Regiexung lein, consti
tutionpKes Ilccht bat uns mjf Go wait
davon abzqbahen,. Ea folgt dart's,
dass "Secession" tins in k.einen Ifrieg
vcrwlckcin kann wabrond Unterwerf
UQg ca thnn muss. Wenn die uns
uq-gebenden Staaten sich abtrennen
und wir verbleiben in der Union, werdon
tausendc von Mannorn unsern Stoat
verlassen und 03 ist U bafurchton daas
die Fabno des Aufruhrs und der Revo
lution in unserer Mitto horaufgesebwo
ren wird ura uns in Krieg zu vcrwiok
ein. Mussen wir feabten im Namen was
uns heilig ist, danir iasst uns wenigstens
mit unsern gemcinsehaftlicben VoindiS
Krieg fuhren und nicbt tQtor einander.
Ich Terbleib.a mit Hocbachtung
JOSEPH E. BROWN.
An Hon. A. II. Colquitt, Hon. l. B,.
Jackson, Hon. W. M. Motntosh, Hon.
P. Cone, Dion. Vf. Slaughter, lion. O.
0. Gibson, Hon. II. Buchanan, Hon.
Jj'. 'lu'mlin, Hon. tl. Strickland, Hem.
W. A. Eoften: '
H9W-;r era jewel's Bogardsths Issue.
In tho LouiayHlo Courier, cf yester
day, we observe a truly eloquent and
patriotic letter from Hon. Jcre Clemens,
of Ala., to Col. Blanton Duncan, of
Louisville. We sincerely wish it were
possible for every Tennessoan to. read it
before ho casts hs vp,t3 on Saturday
nest. Wo make an extract ;
Recent developments at the North
have opened our eyes to a great fact to
which wo have been willfully blind.
Heretofore we have been accustomed to
believe that fanaticism was confined to a
few that the masses of the Northern
people were free from personal animo-dty
towards us, and that tven tho politicians
were only using the slaypry question as
a hobby ta obtain power, and ;ho con
sequent ppntro of Fpderql patronage,
without any serious intention of in'erfer
ing with our rights of property. fh,e
election of Lincoln, and tho ovpswbolrn
ing defeat of sue! coaS2rvative statesmen
as Bell f-nd Jtoqglas did not entitely dis
pel tho' d.lusion. There was still a
lingering hopa that existing causes of
dis-atisfactifln would be removed, and
that we should march on in the pathway
of nations united, pnsperous ana bappy.
But the secession of South Carolina w s
a tcuebstona too severe for the patriotism
of tho North. Wbeu that impetuou?
and sensitive, but chivalrous aud bigh
tone.1 pe pie adopted their ordinance, if
they had been met in, a, spirit of kindly
forbearance; if instead of threats of
coercion they tad been treated to offers
of concessions and guarantees such, as
would have been alike honorable and
glorious when tonderpd ?y t'e strong to
the weak if tb,Q compromise offered by
your venerable statesman, Mr. Critten
don, had been promptly accepted, a set
t'eipxnt might even then have been
effected -not nnotber State would have
followed the example of South Carolina,
and that single wanderer would have
been again gatherod beneatb tho protect--Jngfulds
of tba national banner. ' .
Concession n'nd conciliation wa3 tha
obvious po'icy, as it ought to have b?pn
the natural impulse of men of kindred
bjood, wbp, lpfikcd back to a common
his!pry, nd forward to a common desti
ny; but tho Idea of concession and con
ciliation has not yet penetrated the Nor
thern mind. Submission without terms,
or death by tho halter, nro the.only al
ternatives wbleb have up to this hour
been presented to us. With a people
whoso minds and judgments ars so pert
verted and whose affeqtions are aa Jittlo
to be relied upon, t further, union is. im
possibles. Slowly and reluctantly this
conviction has-been cllqwed to grow up
within me. ?fo one ever clung to tho
Union wore ppnciflusly than I did, but
thp Union cf my affections was one of
lova. not of fear, and whon the alterna
tivo is presented to mo of unconditional
submission to a hostile faction, or death
upon the gibbet, I feci an irresistible
impulse to asswer that there isyot a
third alternative, which is always in a
bravg man's, reach, ha alternative of
dying'with arias in fits Vands, and
s'aibfngithe field on which he falls with
other blood than bis own.
Alabama has beep, fftrccd, into her
present position, bj thp uncompromising
spirit Yfb'cb na3 l-8n exhibited through
out' the ftortb. Three months ago. not
one fourth of the people werp cocession
ists, One monjh. go. there was baroly a
majority in favor of severing our con
nection with tba North. To-day nine
tenths of thorn sustain tho action of tho
Convention, and beforotho 4th of March
there will not ba one man in a thousand
to raise bis voice against it. Of this
there cannot be a shadow of dauM,
I look lor Kentucky lo, avo. more
slowly, but X huOjW wbatsho must do in
the ortd. SHo cannot ' stand by nnd wit
ness' tho murder of her own children
without' raising her strong arm in their
defense. Tho North will make no con
cessions. They have derided ihevarnt
ingaof Crittenden. Thty will continue"
to spurn everj offer of mediation, and
leave y'qu at last the choice of emancipa
ting your slaves and assisting to fight
their battles, or of combining with us.
Too rn.ucb of my awn, bbod is Kentucky
bpod to, allow me to doubt what your
cUucc will be. Tho Government will
attempt coercion, This question has
gone beyond the point nt which a peace-.,
tal solution was possible. War, in my
judgment, is inevitable, and in such a
war there can bo no neutral States upon
the North American continent.
Accept my th anks lor your manly and
patriotic letter, andu.-lievo mo to bp,
very truly, your friend,
' - " JERE. CLEMENS.
Blanton Dtr.vcA! Est.
a.montb while remainin-e iu suspender., ba, ClVe
July. 1862: Provided, that on and after the l
July, 1SC2 the provisions of said section shall re
vive and continue in full force and effect; Provi.'..!
"also, that said banks may pay out the notes, of each
ower, anil ot tneir respective branches: t'rovideil.
farther, that nothing in this act sha'I be construe 1
to' affect the rights of individuals s gainst said
Sec. 2. Be ii further enacted. That the penalty of
safd Hth section, already incurred by sid b.inka
be, ana the s-irua is hereoy released to saia omsar
from the 2ttt of November, -880, to the time this
act bicgmes the law of the Mata.
Sec. 3. Be U further enacted. That all of tho Cth
section of said act. be, and the same is hereby de
clared, so far aa said banks are concerned .inoperative
unui tae 1st ot July. iatz, except so mucn ot-sat 1
Eeetion as requires that tha issue of said banks shall
not not exceed in the- aggregate two dollars of circu
lation for one of actual paid in cipital stock: Pro
vided, however, that from and alter the 1st of July,
I8C2, the whole of said station shall revive and con
tinue in full force and effect
Sec. i. Beit farther enacted, That it shall bo the
duty of any bank in this State, while ia suspension,
to make weekly reports to the Supervisor of Banks
of the amount of specie ,ijnd specie funds On hand,
of tlie discounts and renewals of notes and bilU, and
amount of exchange sold; and it is hereby triade, tho
duty of the Supervisor tn publish tba same at'least
oncc a month for public information.
Sec. 5. Be ii further enaetel, That so much of sec
tion 4, of every above reoited act, as prohibits any
bank to commence tho business of banking with a
less paid in capital stock than three hundred thou
sand dollars, bo repealed: Provided, however, that
no bank shall commence the business of hanking
with a less paid in capital than one hundred thousand
Sec. 6. Be U farther enacted, That the provisions
of this act shall extend to all hanks tliat have here
tofore conformed their action to the Bank Code, or
will do so on thepessage of this act: Provided,
thjs.t tba bpnd of the frei; banks bo taken at market
valua aa specie funds.
Sec 7. Bi. it iwikv enacted. That tho Bank of
Tennessee, be, and is hereby authorised to issue
notes, of tho denomination of one, two, and three
Sec 8. Be it further emcted, That in order to more
effectually relieve tho people of all sections of the
State from their present pecuniary distress, the
Bank of Tennessee is directed, and tho Union aad
Planters' Bank, respectfully requested, in extending
their line of discounts to equalize the accommoda
tions to all sections, as near as may bo in proportion
to the copulation of the different banking districts
in the State.
W. C, WHITTHORNE.
jSpsofcfr of iks House of Representatives
TAZ. W. NEWMAN,
Speaker qf the Senate.
Passsd January 31, 1SG1.
AS ACT for tha relief of EjliroiU Ccnpaaiej, Beceiveis, anil
Sectiox I. ifc it enaciedby ihe General Assembly of
Vie Stalt of Tennessee, That so much of the act of
March 2tth. 18C0, chapter 03, aa requires railroad
companies to pay annually twoj and one-half per
cent on the amount of th-s bonds issued or endorsed
by the Stata ai a sinking lutd, be. and the samo is
hereby st-spended for tlte term of ono year from
and attcr- the passage of this bill.
Sec, 2. .Be it also enacted, That tho Governor of
thp State be, and is hereby authorized and required
to pay the receivers who have taken, or may take.,
charge of the roads and effects such salaries 33 he
may deem just and fair ; provided, that the samo
shall not exceed the salary paid heretofore io tho
superintendent of said road by the 'president 'sell
directors thereof, and upon hia order the Comptrol
ler shall issue his warrant to th receivers for sneh
amounts said salary being mado payable quar
terly. Sec. 3, Bp it further enaded, That the County
Court of Blount county niay. m their discretion, ap
propriate the 'fund heretofore collected by said
county as railroad taxesfor county purposes ; pro
vide' said county court shall hereafter, when noti
fied by tho KnoxSrille and Charleston Railroad Com
pany, levy a tax sufficient to meet the interest on
the bonds heretofore anthorized to bp issued by said
county, for the benefit of said Knoxville and
Charleston Rrilroad Company, according to the pro
visions of the act providing lor the issuance of said
Sec i. Jj$ Ufuxther emcted by the Gtntral Assembly of
the Staiz of Teiumsee, That the Governor be direct
ed to issn a duplicate Bond, No. 83 Go. for one thou
sand dollars, in consideration of the destruction of
the original bond cf tho same number, to P. llennc
berry, of Virginia.
Sep. jSa it further enacted. That In all cases
where now by law new counties are required to
voti! with the old counties, front vhich they were
taken, and said old counties lyvrabco re-districted,
and under said divisions, iiaio districts, no district is
laid off in the new ooanties. the voters ot any frag
ment of tho old counties so taken off, shall vote in
the district laid oil from said portion of the old
counties by the county court of the new county,
anil the officers now required by law to open and
bold elections, shall pvn asJ bold tho same at the
places required in tha act.
Sec G. Be -J further enncled. Th this act shall
take effect from and after iu pass ie.
W. C. WniTTHORN'E.
Speaker of Vie Ilonit of ' Iltprts etal icts
SA3, W NBWMAN. ".
, Speaker of tht Sank.
Passed February 1, 1SG1.
Aii ACT dirsdory to th: Coasts rrt cf Dkksna coanty,
aid for ether porpests.
It appearing that a larger amount of State tsx
was assessed and collected, than authorkedbylaw,
which is now in the hands of the colHector; thre
fore, Sectio.v 1. Beit enacted try tha Gemral Assentbty of
ihe Slate of Tennessee, Th the County Court, ot
Hickman county, bo, and they are hereby authorized
to appropriate the money collected as above in any
rnanaer they may deem neeess iry, whether to the
payment o the State or cpunty tax, or otherwise.
2- Ms iXjurthtr enacted. That the benehta of
this ast shall apply to all counties in the like condi
tion. W. C. WH1TTHOSNB, " '
- Speaker of Vie ifwiss of Representatives.
TAZ. W. NEWMAN,
' Speaker of the Senate
Passed, Fob. 2. 1SGI.
. . , V.
151 - -H:-A.c3A.3sr sc oi
EOOSSELIEBS & STATXOWJ31
' No 4 1 Collese Street, nauTiHc, TmnJ
j v . . - .
F.JL Sb Go. KduJ cxUallniUnn nrir.. t . , -
. . v filial, Uf I
JoUowxng, comprising a feu, of lhs Uadinn arlil
1r..V7i .... rt-.-f- II- - . J 1
.... .... u.cuiy unuiamnK rtatonabie Urms
-"'- " ocb srocic op '
U COmr,T.. ..i
V.ili-;OTJl -rants of ; . 1
rotteru. - ..ry roceiT
Dissolution of 'DO'Paitnevslilp-
TIIE co-oartaenltip heretofore uistiDi; b-tn Gzo. Ml'
bil,, Arn-Ri j. Iloona tad Gicxas JS. Blown, coder
ths rm nme or MIZEIL, i,0OrK & CO., Is this da; d"n
Klred by matoat consent. Anyojuabirof tie Arm is aatht
lid to lisn said ti-m!a liqalaition.
Oar books are at tbe boiueof James JTcLarrtilaa i Co . Noj.
6 tc. 8 Mirke! street, (oar o'i stand) where ne h pe all Indebted
to tie cnaciiiiBtLLlU'Jl'iiK. u CO , -rill call ana sett::
wiUs4tde)y. 'GEO. JI1ZSLL,
A. J. UOOPEt,
foWlgn-lt QEO. B. HKOWN,
For Louisville aud Cincinnati
rffinE fine pasieaser steamer. Ida Mav
H Itno, Master, Till lears tor lb aboTe anti
allintermediateports 03 (Uturdy, tct BUj,lcsi.j
nur ireisntorpsnajo apply ia
M)T- H. II. rjAKUISOX, AgenU.
nnnE steuner JOHN QAULT, Bctci, Master,
gj will iea.ro a on above 1 nosy tne tin lest ,at
lio'ctocir H. Sot freight i r pasuce apsl' on a
board or to, 11.11. IlAl'.ItISaM.
feW-jit A. IIAJ1ILTON, Agents.
5CA3C2IIinUton Castoa Flannel receired and for sate by
JAMES LOWE i CO..
09 and 210 West side Sixth street
betvren Main and Market,
ISIIAITI G. I2A5SfS,
'Governor of tlno Sateof Tennessee.
o th$ Sheriffs of tht Counties of Jronlgomery, Robert
son, Cheatnam, Dickson, and' Sletcart, in said Stati
Greeting : 1
YOU are lereby commandsl to ores ant hold an Election a.
all the places ot holdis; elections in jui respecUrs
c unties, on cajnruay, me u-q oav oi juren nlt. alter nann.3
giien the notice reqo-red by la, for the election of a Judge for
the Ten'h Judicial rircnltor sakl State, to fill ths vacancy 00
cas"o-ieJ. by the deathof thell.n. W. V. Pepper, and doe re-
inranuxe ioicu, a-craisx toiiw.
la testimony wherecf, I fcara hereonfi set my hsnd
(.' "( and caused tho grw walof said Slate to bi affixed
l1" v atSashnte, the a:h day of Feb.nrv, 1601
EytheGaverncT: ISllAiZ G. II KRIS.
J K. RAY. Secretary cf State.
IEPClaifcSTjl'e JeSersaaian copy. febC-dfctd
AN AME1UCAN ETHNOLOGICAL A'lEW OF THE
Shall White Ken Rule America I
NEGROES AND HH6R0 "SLtWEBY."
TLie Frst an InifeiQ.r Knee-Tlie
JLatter its Normal Condition.
BY J. II. VAN EVRIE, IU. 3.
1 Vol. 12tno-
339. Price SI.
Serious Affray, We learn that at
Marion, Arkansas, on Saturday weok
last, n ljorgQ ra.t-0 toolc. pjqcp, respecting
whiol fjrsat e:oite,n-en wa? raised, and
considerable betting was indulged In.
In Ept'tligg; the bets, bad b.Ioci srose and
a $ery qv-arrol was tbo consequence, in
thp course of which firsnrrus were drawn,
and lor a short time a scene of actual
battje existed, in the course of which no
loss than five persons were wounded.
Mr. Graham, a iiirmer, was shot by Mr,
Iliffgs, who ia a brother, wo are inform
ed, of the lawyer of that nan e. Gra
ham's son, a boy of nine years old, then
undertook to avengo his father, and he
shot Iltggs, wou. ding him ,m tha r.nn,.
Higgs nejt fired qttha boy, and, wounded
hirn so spripusly that his recovery ia
douhtfuL A son of Mr. Win. 1'icer, a
boy of twelvo or fuurteen, was badly
woundpd by a ebat. Wm. Gottlipgsan
jal for being concerned, in tbeishodting;
tho 1 omaindor-Df tlfo" parties actually
engaged'- (five persons) are confined, to
their beds; threo of them are ser.ously
wounded, but fair expectations of the
Tecovery of all of them, except tho child
- , 1 ir 1 J
The aothxrof tkis pohileUion tusnxes, as aatariintr rojtt,
that the subordinate poUln 0' th negro aa always existing
la Am rt-acontty Ism t atsndltton it aTery at all, bat
theit;ral.tcIa;'3B0t aa in I trior t a sapericr race, and Uat
whateTer evils, if any, exnt la fon hero st-cit, are rtferalle
to afiUnra to jastly ea-ody th? natural IntVritrnv ot thsne
gro 'n thec yil law, nnd not to any emir ia taa fnndamental
organism or theory tf that n cfety IIjra is dUiCitl inU
to irts fir-t th spec fie ant rail' a! JiJersac sof r tea are
eJCi-alaed. Tbecoiar, Ogarer hiir. fLat..reit. Uu4Xa;t, sense
'rcjn feu , of the negro a e hou t e otly the more ral a Is
s? c-alltles. cut or a thoos-il sjai a c ilratlrs the
ce;rro f'um the hite tnaa Whf, bn cr how tne reator saw
fittoihasorter.lanrsthjaath r rsri'ds ai icnuterial lie
simply starts with the Tacts as tlwy Ist. Alter tbe cejro Is
shorn ta te a diQerem human beicff. physically an t o.ntal'y.
his proner relaiiiss t tin white mm are discussed. a!so lanlat
to;sm asditsaltlBiauexiliict'oc. rhowicirtbe irspossibililj; oi
intttunion litecosnite bratxhesof the wblio raee, a, very itn
prtaat and but little unlerstood fraochotthe snoiec The
ttieory advamvlin this work isenti'ely new. antdutinctfrorj
tnat pietentcd ty mr other ri-,er; aadrouau!. as it U. aj
inJacti iefacts.lt s beileTed preje-iu at list thfl true philji
Phy of this dlsaauiiraaeiUoii
-' a iwrcten ttrmartataoijati waifra oj r Z,
al pn gri4t for&einf.uence Utnustexerfln eUtatinff U4
CjucaaimrJcetJOpropigwaeeptSn qf tieir ""-
Uon. IJ-a Dietn-nf ' . ., .
An iti-asd:i6anly et-rosartof a fillicy. whl-h more than
allotSerf rsnses has dislt-rbed lie tnunaUity of oarpeople.
Bon. Jtfsnon Dacti.
er Cases. Iorttns..
ALL SIZES AND BKASDii
Alt Tirleties receired dlrect roa tke raiacfictcrm, mj
aaio by la rein or cass.
The only hjaw In ths city that keeps a ceraplet ausrtj
SOLE A0ENT3 70S
Wade's Celebrated. Colored Jo! Inl
J OHNSON-S SUPERIOR NEWS AND BOOK JD1
Always oa hand a complete assortnoat e
. : CARiDS
of every riis and color. Alio, NEW3 ASD BOSS Vi
tlTTEK, CAP, AMD I0LIO POST.
nbcV, Sine, and Bed, paeled and ready for shipping.
ler'i and Arnold's Justly cekirattd FLUID3 for ale by thil
en, etsjj or so-ic.
Eiblfs, Tesfatsents, Ilym and Prayer Boo'ts, of every de
tion; Historical, Medical. Thtolojioil, Agricultural Law.
Standard Works constantly on hied
We are comlanUy receiTinj all the Hew Backs.
Cheap pablicatloni. la paper bindlny, constahtly oahaccl
We are Agrentfor the American Sanday School Pabilcatlg
A large assortment on hand, which we will supply to Bar
Schools at low rates.
B-ntet Beards. Writing D;i'is of atlUsds, ?!ctnres, S!e
Gift Books, Parchrae3t.I)rawlns Paper, Pencils, &c, tc
11TBI OF r EC If PA II v r
Valentines for the TlUHon Erabraci
n. Great Variety.
which we shall sell at redo:l prices t close eomtjna-nl
F. IIAOA-V &. CO..
febodlf -tl College sti
LA ND BETH NEW C-iZ O
J54T F.ECEtVSD 2T
STRmpE&x, pORBES, DrurrgistsJ
t 1 (,c9XjiaB osuxia a.-sa rmo itxuti
1CXS13IINO'of'aH of his papatir kindj, tush 13
Silver Skin Onion Setts,
Rcd.Weathcrfieia, do do,
Extra Early Peas,
Large Marrowlat do,
Snsar.Earsnip Seed by the ponnt
Radish seed "
Toxtther with a larje variety tn Pajen to which a inTlt.
wauun vi varuncrj ara oiasrs.
;r' u g ious
iTRETCH & FOEBEI
Comer College . Union Streets
Com. try Merchants. PhTs'eians, Planters and clese'eadi I
win and t Tttt.mach to their interest to call and pvrcsaso !
goousattce uueap tasauruiruausgoi
STRETCH & FOBBES,
They hare row In stow and are rmstantiy reeivns d
from ars: hand Importers ani jaina-acuuers, erery uua;
U'ning to the Braj oasiEeu,sacn 1
Ind'tto and Haider,
Wines and Brandies,
Pure White Lead,
Alum and Glue,
Cl'ves ami Nutcif
STRETCH & FORB'ES;
Are aliolitrcsire Dealers U
Aaibrotypo, Jlelalnotrpo. paoto?rApU ac
Ani Artista- Aptata.anCho&'- .ferery drscripUc,
"ST. rorkBIIls. dPticatedry la,t.tCo,t and C
riaje. - - -
. " jsaiiCraw ' 1
AJaqjkeeppli--1--1 and best stQ of!
Trasses? and Supporter
The work will ba leatbytsali.pastase free, on receipt ot cw
Nci HSSassia street," HevTort
TrpTorsale fcyall Eook-11ers. ,?m M
'he pSiipl jothl,, ta New Tfbrk Ml PWl
.TerofferedtnthtieUy. Wtw tnt bj tte ! of tMp
tisat, or th kind ot fernta.h'en cjT.iInlr b3 nute bj
at the Coss-a. " 1-0UJ8I x Cattw S kc, w er. ta ;
Lace Stncital'.rloee Cipf.AnkieU,e-
feb8i.'f t '
Flcar. fScal antl Bran.
-vvrsft wl k&IAlk WrMlai nfu