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title: 'Daily union and American. (Nashville, Tenn.) 1865-1866, December 09, 1865, Image 1',
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Km 11 '""""""',''''" "' ' . """"t''yv!f'r i
Vol' ; Yvtuntary communication!, eontaininc inlerett-
mr or. jj a important new, solicited from any quarter,
Iicwi "Kent letter from th various counties of the
btate,c gute cineciallydoired.
All 'All communication thonhl bo addressed to the
Mi' Editors of the Union and Americu."
Uf , F, SEYMOUR, JI. B.,
(Wo Brigade Surgeon, U. S.-A,)
OCULIST AXI AlIRIST,
Office 39 Cedar jlrectbclwcen Summer and Cherry,
Oflico for Sxcatmcnt'Or 'allDiteoccs of the Eye
and Ear, operation for Squihtlnir, Cataract, cct,
BOX 700, P. O.
REAL ESTATE AGENTS
THE firm heretofore existing under the name
firm and style or Y. MAT! BROWN A' Co.,
I thil day diuolvcd by mutual ronirnt. Mr.
' . Hrown retire from the business. Mr. Callefldcr,
1 in connection with l'binea Garret), Trill co
; tinue the Heal Estate burinera at the old itand
Y.jiiM. Ilrown A Co., 41 Cherry street.
I W. MATT. HIIOWN
' TH03. CALLKNDEH.
i P. aiBRETT. T. ClLtEXDEB.
i CALLENDER & GARRETT,
(Successor to AV. Mitt. Buowk Scbo)
"Rottl !Eta.to Jffit,
. j- . 1
AVILTj ?iro their pr&tnpt attention to the icilin;
and renting of crrry description of Real Estate. 1
deel lw. , . " - t
1I1SIK ABI.i; RKSIBEXCES
Building litis for Sale,
-V LARGE NDMlinR Or FARM?.
lei. A fine Residence, eontaininc 12 rooms, in
ree territory. Also two Tacant Lots adjoininc.
2d. That splendid Residence of the late James
Johnson, oi: 'ltrorul Sitrcct, betneen Summer and
High s'.tceU. coutaiiiine 8 rooms, besides serrants
room and other out houei.
Sd. That splendid Residence of the late Hardin
Vi Doetick, eontaininc nbout 10 rooms, out lioutci,
cte. Good Sprins and sprins house nith 8jt
acre of land, (mined ialely adjacent to thoeity, on
tho Cbarlutto 1'ike.
4th. 50 acres of prronnd of the Barrow property,
on the Charlotte l'ikc, which will be divided to
5th. A Tcrylareo number of Lots in the City
r in Edgefield and lironnsvillc.
Cth.A very larco number or tho REST FARMS
in this and tho adjoining counties. Apply to 1
J. h. .t R. W. I1R0WN,
iSK Union strcot..
vrORTH NASHVILLE PROl'ERTV.-A First
XS class tno story lirick llouto, with all the im
provements, on Summer street, near Jefferson
street, l'rico $7,000.
Alsr.! A Lot on'' Jefferson street, improved by
two l'raine Dwellings: renting for J-COO per an
num, l'rice $3,.
Also: A Lot on Haslnm street, improved by two
llrlrk House, with four rooms in each, l'rice
.... TT T T t- mtirtiinpf.w
j iXpldy to
1'iJiljI.I A. iJIUJllTO.ii
General Accnts, Collfjro at.
tls ESTATE AGENTS,
f20 Chcrrj- Ktrcol, near Union,
VE n'larca amount of ltcab Estalo to sell in
his and the ndjoinliiK Stntcji.
-THEYUJly AND SELL
mintr nnil Slate Ronds on commission, as
fas every description of Govcniment-Sccuri-
TWO JlAUltqpUKTY l'ARMS
titTi'Voil at very rcn.xmablo prices. 0110
l'LAOE O.V TlIE.CJJJtRElljliANDlUER,
moo acres, in Jackson county, .Tcnri.', . for'- sale.
mn city pkoii:kty
vr. sbtci moursox.
.D1LL1H & THOMPSON,:
KP.AI, I.STATi; AM)
$ C O Ti Ii KCTIXG AG E T S.
K'.-nnOMIfilNa -FAITHFUL AN'D l'ROMl'T
nttcnti'in to all bushiest entrusted to our rare.
re rcspeetf illy tender our service to tho Public,
ucneral .Acrnta, tor tne I'urchaso ami i-alo oi
iKcal Estate: Rcntinit and Leasing of City or
Country 1'ropcrtyi Collection or Notes; Acsounts
nu, veucner; invcjucauon oi unci, cto., etc.
D1LLIV & TUOMI'SOX.
.'dSiec. over Second National Rank, Collcec street.
tQO FKin'onCliurrh slreet, oppeiitc the Max
Jt)i) well llninn nml.MmonieTeinnlc.nta reason-
ilojprlcc. This is cenlraL choice property, and
ore than aw Ject uccl'.
.HS rcl. improved, on Vine street, between
tpoTCUtonil aro moucraic iuajnco u very
MM l'cct, iriti larco brick dwdlinc. tn Vine
jbwet, between Union and Ccdsr, bclnc about the
lost acsiraolC locaiion or iwiuchot iu laoeiij.
1,'Avnbicli is a neat Brick Dwelling, fi or 7 rooms!
laft tel! en, stable, file;, and first-rate cistern. Trice
'x&ininiiiii rim in inn lirriziisra in mtui nnirr.
j 4gvtavw -- a v - --
ihftrt nn Ttroiljtrcct.Vesl Nahvil)e. with
ififffnt new lirick House, eontaininr 10 or 12
naa. Klicuen, siauii iwo cuirrn, Biiruuocrr,
i.acc, at 16,tw. very desirable, ii not sold
(h ten nays, mis isrce ana rnoico piace win
ntod for the remainder of this and the whole
r4f t on North Market street, corner of lto
in which i the well known l'leasant Smith
I'ett on Spruce street, with larte, clrcant
aeVJirieK J'weinnr. eontaininc il roomt.z
l rooms, kitchen, extra file, with cas. water.
if ,ycr3' moucrn improvement.
on Tark treet, with rommoa im-
;ro rtcuul- Tcryjow. ion property runs inroucn
4 H-t on Collcco street. Wine tho low error
offsne ii now occupiru ny uepanment
orancra, iwioiicine to ut. waters, mee,
' A ehoiclU 14 on North CoRcee. Juit
the Fublio iauarc. at a sacrifice. t
SALOON a nd:restaurant.
fhlt, rfcr re sale a BalftOB aid i ResUurant. now
SMc roBuble businexs, in the Tcry centre of
.M-.Ji mica pcriwur j,
f3 Weliare ever 1,300 feet c
, a4 4irabl itreefc
for Sre ftvai 1st J
vk-leti (Hufct to be sUtfacl9r.ta ifad
taatirftr. s't' I ci . 4.-
r- b m wv miwt ww iitvwm.wm hmc.-
re. -' i ti k .
OILS, SHEETINGS, &a
METCALFE BROS. & CO.,
NO. 73 BllOiD STREET,
. agkxts ron tiit. nam: of
CottoitYilriis and Sheetings
.-4 MANUFACTURED BY . 'Jt.
ii a iv it r. x i i: it u it ,
JTIi VTS'TvLTZV FACTORY
OAIiIATIN FACT OUT,
TrE HAVE RE-OPENEU OUR OIL HOUSE.
IT and our J. Metcalfe, has just returned from
visiting our Oil Manufacturers, having made ar
rangements fr unlimited sufinlics'of Lubricating
Oils, sieciully pceparcd for Cotton Factories and
Wc have just rcocivel a LARGE STOCK of
, different kinds of .Oils superior to any We have
ever kept, Whichlwu' olTer on rcaxonablo terms.
ALSO, JUST RECEIVED,
100 it AGS .EIlAXItlilJi YARNS
' AND A LOT OF
FKAXKIilX XSlt OA I. LATIN',
Metcalfe Bros, & Co.
MUSIC, PIANOS &o.
McClurc's Music Store,
33 UNION STREET.
riMiis Old establishment deais IN
L l'isnos of Stciiiwiiy and Sons. J. R. Dunham,
Robt. Nunn's, A, H. Gale A, Co.. and other first
class instruments. Cnrliult, Ncedham i Co un
rivalled CHURCH AND TARLOR ORGANS.
Also, SHEET MUSIC, and
MUSICAL MERCHANDISE GENE A Y.
Give it a call beforo you purchase. doc3-lm
A T THJJ
DORMAN T FENTON,
milE RUSHF MUSICAL iCONNOISEURS
X lor tuoncwscnio
iiicki:rix asovn piaxo.i'oktk
Is nnprceedented. Nothlnsin tho musical world
has arrived at such a point of cxccllccco and per
fection as have tho
modi.kn cmcicrmxa vixsos.
.tnramipnt of all tho finest Artist
t,,v vw.t mtr mm! 11 1 rv lwHttdcs our most
noteiUrcsidcnt rnifessors, pronounce them un-f
questionably tho y e S
DEST PIANOS'nTTlIE WORIiD. ;
e . -
Our i4ortment of other Crst-elass Fianoo,
"A Mjli R I C-A X , ; R O A X S'
Sheet Music, Musical Mcrehandiso, or anythtnj
lliallue .il ai x uuiio uusiro
WE Will SELH
AT THE LOWEST rKASTERX?rRICBS.
Lcjitc your onlen whh us, hen jwir rianos
GtveVs a call and wc will- - "
GIVE YOU A BABOAIN.Jf '
' 'XASimi.MU TEXX.
PIANOS! PIANOS I
MASON & HAM UK'S' '
VTOU WILL FIND THE BEST" JH89RT
X meet In the city at Lutk'i New HtsW 8re;
Ooocdlte SL Clond tint.!, ilm Ct, V '.J
Musical Instruments of all Xind. Be cure to soil
twiorv (lurcvuins; euewftert.
FUaol tuned by Mr. Jackwia.
LtV D4ildinjr. Cion Street, rocposite St.
Hotel, and H Uaioa sSieU
,-4: ; ' , " ; - -v4- - - ' , - - . ..... , ...V' .,.. , -. L , ' jyixk-, w ?-4-fr55
r- : T-zr- " v -rr ' -'- -,- 'j7-"'' : rr 1 ' : 1 3? ; : . " ". . - 5 w'ceji'y-.-.,..--,. !
BOOKS; STATIONERY, &c.
Sold at ?few York Prices.
BUCHANAN'S ADMINISTRATION ON THE
evo of the Rebellion, written by himself.
Street Railways, Easton; American and
European Railway Practice, Holleyr Practical
Draughtsman, Johnson; Hand Hook of Steam
Engine, Bourne; Complete Practical Brewer;
Treatise on Box of Instruments; Cabinet Maker'
Companion; llaildcr's Companion; Turner's Coni-
nninn. Dh.Iii..! niJllln, 1 1 rm . Ik.. .
1st and Photographer; Locomotive Enpinc; Pain
ter' Companion; Practical Companion; Paper
Hanger' Companion ; Railroad and Civil Engi
neer. Byrn; Tin, Sheet Iron and Coppcr-plato
Worker. Blinn: S:iear Boilimr. Wcathcrlr: Hand
Book for Locomotive Engineers and Machinists;
Railway Property, Jcwis; Marble Worker's Com-
Janion; Manual of tho Art of Book Binding;
itechanics' Book of Jlcfcrenco and Engineers'
1 1 1 11. 1. 1 1 . 1 . . . 1 ' , Ti 1 . e
xieiu jjuuk, iiiuiuLfc; jiigiueerTf 1 ticjtei. vom
American Drawing; Lcl'evcr, Architecture.
an man s
Svstem of Sunri;rT. Gross: Knmshotliam'it Sv-
tcni of Obstetrics. Kcatinr: Caicnux Midwiferv;
Miller's System of Obstctncs; Anatomy, Descrip
tive ana burgicai. iiray j oeiepco and Art or bur
pery, Erichscn; Churchill's System of Midwifery,
Condic; Wilson' Human Anatomy Gobrccht:
Surpicai Pathology, Paget; Dcwces on Children i
JvirKcr jsianual ot rnysioiogy; Uhoraistry tor
Studenti1, Fownes; United States Dispensatory,
Wood &Bacho; Physicians; VisitmgLisUforlSM.
International Law. Hnlleckr International
Law, Lawrence Wheaton; Military Law;DcRart;
Military Law, Hcnct; Afalkcr' American Law;
ULI.i;i D i vi . 1 uiiuun , unm iivi e Ajiuviisiuuv,
Story on Constitution, New Clerk's Assistant; Ro-
port ot i'caeo uonvention; 1001. ijawsot iiusincss;
for Business Men, Parson's; Boutwcll Tax Law,
Bounty and rnio Law. bcwcll: Ranc s Pension
Manual; Bouvicr Law Dictionary.
Militnn- Dictionary. II. T,. Pcottr Ilistnn- IT. S.
Cavalry, Bracket t; Omini's Art of War; Volun
teer Quartermaster, Bunkerhoff; General Orders
WnrDcpartnicnt; Napier' Peninsular War, 5 vols.
Mooro's Rebellion Record: McPherson's Rebel
lion Record; Greeley's American Conflict. .
FA9IIIT BIBI.ES. 1
Andrew's Latin Lexicon; Liddell and Scott'
Greek Lexicon; Bullion's Latin English Diction
ary: Snior and Sarcnne French Dictionary:
Adlcr'g German and. English Dictionary; Dryant
and Stratton, Book-keeping; Mayhem s Book
keeping; Jllarsn iJooK-Kceping ; Urittcndcn s
ilUUb fkCVjiiUK t Jtutuui a nil i. i.-m 11 . in 11 d jjuiiii
Grammar and Reader; Arnold's Latin Proso; do.
Agassiz and Uould .oology; Antnorn uur.
llutler's (irammir : Butler's Anolosrv : Brown's
Grammar; Bullion's Sallust; Bullion' Cicero;
Jlruiir Astronomy ana Alias: .uuuion laiin
(Irammar; Bullion'sJ.atin Reader; Bullion's Eng
lish Grammar; Cornell' Scries of Geographies ;
Comstock's Chemistry; Coinstock's Philosophy;
Crosby'sjGrcck Lessons; Cutler's Anatomy: Col
burn Arithmetic; Colton & Fitch Geographies;
Davics Scries of School Arithmetics ; Doddi Trig
onometry; Dodd's Georaotry; Dana Mineralogy;
Fasnucllo French text books complete; Good
rich s Readers ; Goodrich's Histories; Hitchcock.'
Geology; Hooker's Physiology; Lincoln Botan
ies: McGufley old series Readers; McGuffcy new
scries Readers; McGuffcy Speller; Mitchell Geo
graphies; Mattison High School Astronomy;
Owen' Zcnaphon Anabasis; Owen's Homer Iliad ;
01 instead Philosophy; Peck's Ganot Philosophy;
l'icrco s Grammar; rarucrs ruuosopny: rancy
Universal History: Parley 1st book in History;
Parker's Aids to Composition; Parker's Excuses
in Composition; Qiiackcnboss First Lesson in
Composition; Quackcnbos" Rhetoric: Quackcn
boss English Grammar; Quackcnbqss Philosophy;
Ray's Series of Arithmetics ; Robinson's Arith
metics; Sanders' Speller ; Sanders' series of Union
Hfiulrrs: Scbnlars Comnanion : Stoddard's Series
of Arithmetics ; Smith Arithmetic; Smith Gram
mar; Spencer' Latin Lessons ; Towns' Elemonts
of Grammar: Towns' Speller nndDcfincr; Towns' .
Analysis; W oods Botany., Webster's School Dic
tionaries ; Wntts On the Mind; Wilson's Outlines;
or History; Wilson's Speller: Wilson's Readers
Wnyland' Intellectual Philosophy; Wnyland's
Political Economy; Webster' Spellers; IVancn';
Geographies: Woodbury' German, full courso
Wells' Chemistry ; Whatclcy'g Logic; Ollendorff
French Courso; Ollondorf's German Courso;
Choquet' Lessons in French; Charles tho Twelfth,
in French; Parson and Dunton's Writing Book's;
Frcnch Reader ; Alexandcr's'Evisdcnces or Chris
tianity ; Tcnny Geology.
MISCELXiAXEOtJS fc STA'XD-
Mary J. Holmes' Novels; Marion Hariand's
Novch; Rntledgc, etc.: Charles Read s Novels;
Dr. .1. G. Holland's Works: Ike Marvel' Works;
Hugh .Miller s Works; Uail Hamilton uorKs;
Miss Evans' Mocaria, etc.; Charles, Dickens s
Works;! Herbert Spencer's WorEi; Charles
T.nmli'a Wnrka: 5?chonberg Cotta Family Scries:
Wm. Mackcpcaco Thackeray's Works ; Bnlwcr's
Novels; Jean Paul's Works: Country Parson
Series: Mrs. Southworth's Novels; Mrs. Lee
Ilcnts Novels; t ranK rorrcstcr s tportin hooks;
Jlichclct's Works; A. S. Roe's Novels; Kimball's
Novels; Mrs. Mowntto's Novels: Currcr Bell's
Novels: Hawthorn's Works; Oliver Wendell
Holmes' Works; Cooper's Novels; Barry Gray'
Novels; Irving' Works.
Leslie's Cook Book; Miss Lcslio' New Receipts;
Mrs. Halo's Receipts tor tho .Million: Francatcl
li' Modem Cook Rook; Tit Bits: What to Eat
anil JIOW IO UIUK li: 1 tuuuuim a inn uuuft
Book; What to do With Oold Jlutton; House
ican Cookery; French Domestic Cookery; Tho
Home Cook Book.
iiiiiiuiu .i nirv ii j . i i ..i. i ii.i ...ii.i-
The Illustrated Horse Management, Mayhew ,
Tho Illustrated Horse Doctcr, Mayhew; 'I ho far
mer l'ractical Farrier, Mason; Ibo Moucrn
Horso Doctor, Dndd.
A Ii S O,
1 ,nftiri.tiif.int Ktnrk of Phntoirranhic Album's:
VamiK- ltihlcs: Webster's Unabridged Dictiona
ries; Presentation Rooks; Stationery Goods o!
every description; Cheap Publications, etc., etc..
at wholesale and rctnil.
All Goods at New York Prices.
E. P. 0 0 N E,
Xo.40. CHERRY STRET, Xo.40.
dcc-lw. X.VSIIVIIiI.E, TESS.
"W. C. COLLIER,
WHOLESALE AND EETAIL DEALER IK
SCHOOL BOOHS, UhA K AltiUKB, uuiii: aau.
ArnoItraAVrltlnjfnnld Copylus; Ink,
Wedding, Visiting and Printer' Cards,
And the LatesLltcraturo of the Day,
XO. 37 1JXIOX STREET,
Between Vhcrry and uolleec.j
lo" i. VlelllTTT i? TPVV
brdm lolicited for every description of Printing.
SNUFFS, TOBACCO &c,
J. & L. WHOHLEY.
rarotTERs axd pEiLxta ix
FOnrro.s" akd lxurrsnc
CIGAKS & TOBACCO,
Xo. 32 Mnrkct Street,
dee4--3m '! 1
JOHN B. SMITH,
(Seeeor to Ch ax. Llebcntt ek.)
TO B,i,CC,QJ I S,T,
Cer. Cedar aal Ckcrry Streets,
(Ufijer Coaaertial -Hotel,)
tok f -4b taipartol aad dsmwt)
NASHYILLE, TSOTSSEE, SATURDAY,
SAIL VAMiEER, & CO.,
NO. U COLLEGE STREET.
(Two Doors below Public Squar c,)
SIGN OF THE BIG PADLOCK
TTAVE ON HAND AND ARE RECEIVING
AX a large and complete flock ot .ngli:u, u
man, and American HARDWARE,
Which we aro selling at reasonablo prices. The
stock consists in part oi
FINE IXL POCKET CUTLERY,
200 GROSS TABLE CUTLERY.
200 DOZ. KNOB LOCKS, assorted,
50 do HAND AND RIPPINO SAWS,
300 d. ASSORTED AUGERS,
25 do FOOT ADZE.
2000 lbs. HOOKS AND HINGES, assorted, 12 t
1000 lbs. Js D0IL CHAIN,
1000 " BLACKSMITH'S HAMMERS, all kinds;
25 WRIGHT'S ANVILS.
100 CROSS-CUT SAWS, XA to 7i foot.
CO MILL SAWS, OH to S foet ;
' " CHAINS,
CANDLESTICKS ofall kinds.
' TIN CUPS and PLATES,
- TEA and TABLE SPOONS, ',
A very largo stock of PLANES of every variety
PREMIUM .STEEL MOWS.
Thoso wishing to purchase in our lino will do
woll to give us a call before buying.
NASI. VAXEEER, A CO.
A. A. BREAST.
TUO. D. CKAIGUSAO.
AKTETJR A. BREAST & CO.,
NO. 2S PUBLIC SQUAHE, NASHVILLE. H
"VE "AVE NOW ON HAND. AND ARE
1 V continually receiving, a largo and well set
lected stock of
HARDWARE7 AXD CUTLERY,
in aU its branches.
Wo invite Merchants and tho Trade gcncralir
to our stock:
TABLE AND POCKET CUTLERY;
AXES AND HATCHETS;
CIIA1NES AND ROPES:
COTTON AND WOOL CARDS;
HORSE SHOES AND NAILS; .
ItlFLE .'AND BLASTING POWDER,
FARMER'S AND MECHANICS TOOLS,
in evcrw variety, elc, etc.
Call and examine-our Stock. We are prepared
to sell a cheap as any house west of the Allegho-
A. A. BREAST CO.
G. W. PALL & CO.
WHOLESALE AND RETAIL DEALERS
HARDWARE AM) CUTUSRY
NO. 51 TUBLIC SQUARE,
(Kjrkman .t Ellis' old stand.)
Wc would respectfully invite tho attention of
SPORTSMEN to our stock of
Which cannot bo equalled here.' It comprises all
grades, from the
JPIiAEV BOUIJIaE BARREL
WESLEY RICHARDS fc GREENER
ALSO A FKW
Brcacli Xondlng or Cartridge
TIIESECOXD XATIOXAL BASK,
College Street, near Union,
Designated Depositary and Financial Agent of the
Is prepared to transact a regular Bankiag basi
aess. and furnish Exehango on
NEW YORK. .
Government Securities, Gold and Silver, bought
and sold on commission.
A. NitLsotf. President.
Jons Luusdex, Cash'r.
W. J. Thomas. Ass't Cash'r
THIKD NATIONAL BANK,
Wi W. Bebbt,
Dax'l F. CAKiin.
. Alcxakder Fall,
Jos. W. AlLKX,
A. J. DrxcAS,
ClIAS. E. niLLUAJt,
This Bank ocenpie thelullding formerly occu
pied by the Planter' Baalc corner of Union and
College street, and U prepared to buy and jell
CoIL as Silrtr. Draft. U. S. Secmrilif, and Stat4
BtmU, (h'.ltH Xolt, Drub, ia Jl
part of the United State.
5-i Xeuts,asV 7rht Notes al-
wars an kad. and ftx isi. ttoW Ceweni cuica
and osiajtoand iateret'2fte VoH&t the h'ih-
fftmW. KDOARJOXSS. TrwiJest.
' W.;. BERRY. Prt4t.
The FinnncinI Sj'stom A Popular View
To the Editor of the Evening Post :
The greatest financial blunder we have
made iu all our .troubles is, doubtless, the;
tegal-tcnder act. 'Had it never been passed;
had the Government simply paid all it
coulu, and given promises to pay for the
liabilities, u could not meet, lunding its
debt at the market rates of interest from
time to time, it is easy to see that our na
tional debt -would" now be far less than it Is ;
that the whole business, of the country would
be on a sounder basis ; and that our national
honor would be higher and purer before the
The next blunder in magnitude and in its
evil effects is our national banking Bystem.
This is so directly opposed to the true in
terests of the country, in so many -and fo ob
vious ways, that it is difficult to speak of it
in measured language ; yet it was doubtless
founded by one of the ablest of our states
men and jurists r a man personally of pure
character, and eminently adapted, to the
higher position he 'now holds,-though his
failure was so complete and so sad, as Sec
retarv of the Treasury, that history will
probably do but imperfect justice to his
Now iei 'tis suppose" thaTT instead of this,v
tne Uovcrnnient liart lssucu additional
greenbacks to the extent of this bank cir
culation. "We should thin have borrowed.
mlhout interest, the three . hundred millions
on' which we now pa v coin interest to the'
banks, saving some eighteen millions in
coin to the Treasury per annum. And be
sides, wo should have depreciated our cur
rency far less than by the banking system.
Thus such an issue of greenbacks, though a
desperate measure, and productive of the
evils which we have already considered,
would have been far better than that of our
present "national currency."
The only plausible argument in its favor
is that so harped on by official papers, that
it produced a hiarket for our bonds. And
so it did, to the extent of the three hundred
millions in question. c have seen, how-'
ever, that it would have been simple and
less injurious to business and to our national
credit, to borrow thismioney without interest,
by issuing greenbacks than by borrowing it
at high rates of interest and still inflating the
currency as much as if we paid more. Tho
simple statement of the question is this:
Tho Government, having to borrow, stands
in dread of two evils; if it issues currency,
its credit suffers by inflation and the rise bf
gold ; if it sells bonds at the market rate, its
credit suffers clucllv by the lieavr interest it
has to pay, and, temporarily, by the exces
sive supply of the bonds in the market. Now
the new banking system is most ingeniously
contrived, so a? to combine in full all the
evils of both methods. "Wc borrow the sum
needed, and at once both increase our interest
dues as much as if wc sold the bonds alone ;
and inflate the currency as much as if we
only issued greenbacks.
Hut the wrong done to our needy ireasury
is but the beginning of evils in the system.
AVe sec now what we ought to have seen in
the beginning', that these banks arethenurses
of all speculation,, and the bane of all sober
business. Ihcv feed and stir the liery de
sires of all classes for excessive and impos
sible profits. They arc thus doing more
than the direct issues of the Treasury them
selves to make a faro bank trade, and to
demoralize the industry of the nation. But
all objections to them may be summed up in
one word they are(is. There is no truth
in them. Their issues aro promises to pay;
they arc redeemable in promises to pay of an
insolvent Government; and the boasted se
curity for their redemption is the deposit of
other promises to pay of the same Govern
ment. It is a hollow edifice of credit poised
on nothing. How long can it stand?
Consider the luturc of these banks, llio
present, suspension--of payments by the
nation must end in one of the two tilings, re?
sumption of payments or utter bankruptcy.
In the latter case it is plain that
the banks arc gone. Their capital is in
bonds, which become worthless. Their
circulation is irredeemable. Other proper
ty, such as real estate, railroad or mining
stocks, good? of all kinds, &c, remains of
value ; the capital invested in these banks
becomes nothing. Hut suppose the Govern
ment to surmount its difficulties and to pay
its debts. The first step must be to bring
the currency near to a specie stondard, and
any attempt to do this necessarily precipi
tates the price, in Currency, of the bonds,
which arc the capital of these banks and se
cure their circulation. If, then, in order to
pay ofl"this circulation, the" bonds arc offered
lor sale, this will only hasten their decline.
Thus every step of the Treasury toward re
sumption of payments tends to destroy the
security of these issues and impair their val
ue. And any near approximation to a specie
basis, within many yers, would doubtless
sweep away a majority of the national banks
of thq country. I have yet to hear of one of
them (save a few m Has city winch nave
been forced into the system against their
will) that is making preparations to hieet
the threatened storm, by anchoring itself up
on a large accumulation of real money or
iNoris tins all. It is impossible that a
currency like this should obtain the confi
dence of the people so f.:lly as that issued
by the "Government. And as this is not a
legal tender, the least beginning oi distrust,
in . the community would drive home these
notes, demanding redemption in greenbacks.
Such a movement as this, once begun, would
3o apt to result in decided panic; and espe
cially so if the Ireasury should attempt to
;arry out its measures of contraction, and
i;o make greenbacks scarce. And how could
tile banks obtain the greenbacks to redeem
their bills ? .Not by drnwing on one anoth
er, since all would need them alike. Only,
then, by the sale in open market, of their
.bonus. A panic of this kind woilld speedi
ly force upon the market enough of these
bonds to terrify other holders, and produce
a great fall in their price. It is well known
that the price ot Uovcrnnient bonus lias
more than once fallen two per centum in as
many days from sales by banks on which
the Government has drawn for its balances.
This is but a symptom of the fall we arc in
danger of, which must occur so soon as the
public distrust which the system deserves is
directed toward these banks.
This leads as directly to the most iniqui
tous part of the. system, in practice, tliat
which makes these banks depositaries, of
public money. An average sum ol certainly
not less than thirty millions, the property of
the United States, lies continually in these
hanks as a part of the "deposits," on which
they, do business. ThcV loan this money
and make dividends of the interest ; they
redeepi their notes, sustain, their credit, and
make their .profits by the use of it ; while
the poor and failing Treasury is paying eight
and- threc-quartcra per cent, interest (six
per cent in gold) to its creditors for the use
of it ; nay? while the Government is post
poning millions of its obligations, in order
to avoid a seeming ipcrcasc of iti debt, and
while the patriot BOldier 13 waiting hall
naked and the hero's widow Btarying for
want of the long-earned pittance it is so un
ready to pay.
The Treasury dares n6t" draw out theso
balances, lest by so doing it .not only lower
the price of its bonds, and make insecure
the whole bank circulation, but nlso malm
monoy scarce and interest high: for the
Treasury itself is now a liimk of deposit on
a large scale, and has received from the peo
ple a hundred millions of dollars in interest,
to be refunded on ten day's notice. The
Treasury cannot legally pay more than x
pcr cent on these deposits ; and if money is
made much more valuable than this, it is
rapidly drawn, out for more profitable use.
But it is simply impossible to pay off these
deposits j the Treasury has no resources for
meeting more than one-half of them, and
that only by increasihf its issues of green
backs to the utmost limits allowed bylaw for
this purpose. It is, therefore, at the mercy
of the money market, and until these de
posits are paid, cannot siTord to permit high
rates of interest in Wall street ; it cannot
afford to collect money from its own depos
Besides, the facts that these are Govern
ment banks, chief holtfera of Government
bonds, and are actually branchc of the
Treasury, in that the jublic goners lie-in
them, Ally them closely in feeling with the
officers, of the Treasury. They fl feel and
act as if these and the" Treasury itself wrm
one en corn. A failure-ef 6m the bank
would re&ei dkcrudii 00 .tW hi yg
tern.. We auy be surrkei tht ,M'1h;m
yfsiaa'oonwtw) q prevail in W)uig-
i;tept; interest ui naturally and
DEGEMJ3ER' T9, 1865.
j gracefully yield to, that of. tho banks, Tvhcit
iue uroTome inio collision, ai iiiutuccit j
from tlie bceinniiiL'. Hence it is t.iat the
bankers and catiitilists most- familiar with
the interior of the Treasury .smile so signi-
ucantlv ut the fccerelarVa late lamona
speech in favor of contraction. They
well .know- that contraction fairly begun
will ruin all the banks: and the ruin of
the banks will destroy the whole Treas
ury system administered by the present
Secretary. His lacility in modifying ins
views to suit circumstances is fully under
stood by them : and the necessities of his
position and his past policy makes it certain
that, under .' an, contraction can take place
in reports and speeches only. They arc not
I can not take space to .speak of thc-almost
limitless temptations to favoritism, official
corruption and bribery which are. uroduced
by this banking law, and I am thankful that,
as existing evils, tbey scarcely need mention.
Our financial administration has been, on
the whole, distinguished of late years by its
purity of purpose. Yet as danger in the
future, these temptations are very threaten
ing, and we shall be fortunate indeed if wc
escape a serious demoralization of our pub
lic officers through their influence.
Xjttrn t'onbcrnliis: Congrrcsslonnl
From tho National Intelligencer.
An crroneousvstatemeut occurs :in ;thoarti
cle of the Philadelphia Ledger, published
in another column, under the head of "Tone
of the Independent Press ujion the Congres
sional Boll." It is reo'ted therein that Con
gress had never exercised its reserved power
under the clause of the Constitution giving
it authority to legislate concerning the
" times, places,- and manner" of choosing re
presentatives in States. A little more
than a generation since, Congress pass
ed a law, without much opposition, di
recting that States should be divided into
districts for tho choice of Congressmen. A
few States, and among them New Hamp
shire, which was at that particular time
ruled by radical Democrats of a Calhoun
tendency, resisted this law as an infringe
ment of State rights, and went on to elect
by general ticket. "Under this initiatory
lorm of rebellion against the national au
thority, Mr. John P. Hale, among others,
was first elected. But the persons so elected
were given their 6cats without even therais
ing of a question, we think, as to the legal
ity of their election, so strong was the feel
ing in those da3's for the undisputed right of
representation by a people who were the sub
jects of law and who bore the burdens of
Another law was enacted last winter, at
the date when peace measures had been
set on foot by Mr. Lincoln, and when tho
crushing out of the rebellion seemed certain.
The thought of the legislator at the period
of the passage of the law seemed to be that
all the (hngrtustonal dittricts troiiM be tpeedily
represented, because the act provides against
military interference (in manner specified)
in any of the tbn7rsion(U districts of the
The clause of the apportionment acf under
the census of 1840 recites that the members
of the House of Representatives shall ho
elected by districts, composed of contiguous
territory, equal- in number to the number
of representatives to which the State is
entitled, and no districts shall elect two
Ine act of 1662, which it is believed.-was
framed among other things, for recognizing
as members of the House persons who were
elected from districts in States" which were
not entirely in rebellion, is worded like the
act of 18-41.
The question then arises, whether or not a
person who claims to have been elected by
the people as a representative from one of
these districts, as provided by act of Congress,
may not claim a seat without reference to
been action of Congress since tho rebellion
admitting members upon the idea as above?
In respect to' elections "bfCongreisnicnl as
provided for by the Constitution of the
united btates, it is recited in that instrument
that the "Executive authority" of a State may
order an election of representatives when
vacancies' occur I
"Executive autlioritu" is the phraseology
of the Constitution, which instrument alone
can rightly control the determination of Con
gress as to'the qualification of its members.
I he Constitution recites that the qualifi
cations of electors of representatives in Con
gress shall be the same as for electors for
the most numerous branch of the State Le
gislature. Have not the men who have
been elected to such constitutional electors,
under the writs of election constitutionally
issued by the " Executive authority" in a
State, a right to scats on the floor, any mere
law of Congress, as that of 1802, to the con
It matters not that the law of Congress for
creating single representative districts was
carried out by State Legislatures. Had they
not done so. Congress could have legislated
directlv to effect the obiect. Besides, in
law, "what one does by another, he does
But hot only have tho present Southern
representatives been elected in compliance
with the necessary initiatory legal forma un
der tho Constitution, but they come here
from districts in States formed in pursuance
of acts of Congress, and, superadded there
to, they have the endorsement of the Execu
tive authority of such States.
Ncffro Testimony In Sllasifiaipnl.
The following is a section of the law en
acted by the Legislature of Mississippi for
the government of the free colored popula
tion, relating to testimony :
Sucnos 4. Bt it further enaeted. That in addi
tion to cases in which frccdmen, free negroes, and
mallatoc are now by law competent witnesses,
frccdmen, free negroes, and mnlattocs rhall be
competent in civil cases when a party orpnrties to
the suit, cither plaintiff or plaintiff.', defendant
or defendants, and a white person or person is or
arc tho opposing- party or parties, plaintiff or
plaintiffs, defendant or defendants. Thoy shall
nlso bo competent witnesses in all criminnl prose
cutions where thecrimcchargcd is alleged tit have
)ccn committed hyn white person upon or against
the person or property or a rrccdmnn. Tree negro,
or mulatto. Provided, in all cases such witnesses
(hall be examined in onen court, on the stand, ex
cept, howovcr,- they may be examined bcroro the
(Jrmi Jury, and shall in all cases be subject to
tho rules and tests or tho common law as to com
petency and credibility;
The v6te in the Senate on the measure
was yeas, 10; nays', 13. In the House
ayes, 53 ; nays, 30.
Shipwreck nntl I'rlvntlons of Hip Cap
tain mill Crew or the Schooner Joel
O. Sweet Four Day on mi Unliihnb
(From tho New York Herald.
The following statement of terrible suffer
ings, exbosure and hardships endured at
sea on an uninhabited island is made by
Captain Robert Whitty, of the schooner
Joel G. Sweet Captain "Whitty is well
known in this city as a skillful navigator and
it thorough seaman, and it will be gratifying
to Ins numerous mends to learn of bis satety.
The schooner Joel G. Sweet left Charles
ton on the 19th of October for Apalachicola,
under the command of Captain Charles
Marks, Captain Wliitty being employed to
navigate the vessel to her port of destina
tion. Xothing occurred worthy of note out
side bf the ordinary routine of seafaring life
until tho 21t. of October, when they were
overtaken bv the.hurricane which, it will be
remembered, was one of the most terrific
and disastrous that ever visited our coast.
The gale continued to increase in force and
violence until the 23d, when the few remain
ing sails upon the vessel were blown away,
with the exception- of the mainsalc. which
was badly torn. About noon on that day
they sighted the land a little to the north of
Jupiter inlet, but mortiy aiterwarua ion
sight of it. All through the night the gale
continued to increase in force, with the sea
running mountains high, and the weathel
thick and rainy.
Early the next afternoon observed the
breakers to leeward, tried to keep off", but
could not. At this time they wens a few
miles to the north of Cape Canaveral. A
heavy sea came rolling over them, and swept
Captain Marks and Captain "Wliitty over
board, and at the same time the mainmast
was carried away. Captain Marks clung to
the mast and was hauled on board i but the
sail that was attached to the mast, when it
was carried away, fell oyer Captain "Whitty
ana Kept turn beneath the ware, lie in
stinctively felt fur hi knife la cut a place in
the sail, so that he mightcomoto the sarfaco
and breathe : but his knife was lost, and all
the horrors of n death by drowning were
suffered by him during the time that he rc
Eiaincd under the water. After he had
(wallowed a great deal of salt water, and
just as Be wag or- the joint of giving up all
joje of extrieatifig kuaself from his perilous
pOMtkv, tlt BUKt wad tail were lifted from
ovcr'hun by a monstrous wave, and lfcarrwil
tor tho surface, and was hauled on boont
tho vessel, -more dad than alive,
thaw who. ,hair given -himup as lost. Capv
tain Whitty had his breast badly bruiscd
and his right, hand fearfully cut by the mast.
Captain Marks had one of his ribs broken,
and Kustainod other Injuries. After cross
ing tho breakers, the vessel was driven in!
towards the beach, the waves in the :meah
while breaking clear over her. One of the
men, after repeated efforts, gained the beach
with a rope, and by that means they wcrir
all enabled to land safely. They were all so
completely exhausted that they lav down
beneath a'small palmtrec and slept ioundly,
despite the fearful storm and rolling surf,
until ten o'clock that night, when tbey were
awakened by the sea washing away the sand
hill whereon they had lain.
They had then been without food and
water for twelve hours, and hungry, drench
ed and exhausted as they were, they could ,
sleep no more that n'ght, owing to the in
undated state of the island. Cramped and
chilled, jhey were obliged to keep on their
feet all night. The storm continued all
that night and the next day with unabated
fiiry. In the morning the schooner had dis
appeared; but on searching for her, they
discovered that she had drifted through the
night about two miles further down the
Tho gale now begun to moderate, but
.thev were "unable to reach thevcarntl. Thei!?
situation was now, indeed, truly horrible.
They had had nothing to cat for nearly
three days, and their tongues were swollen
in their mouths for want of water. During
the afternoon of the second day on the
island, a barrel of biscuit was washed ashore
and these were all soaked with the. salt
water. They dug in the sand for frcihwater, .
which they soon discovered, when they im
mediately set to work and in regular Ortler
took turns in lapping up the water w,"th
their tongues. The beach was strewn with
fragments of wrecked vessels, and atone
place tliev found the bones of a man and
woman, their arms clancd tightly arouiid
each other, as they had met their death.
One of the man's legs was ofF just lclor
the knee ; it had probably been eaten ofl'br
tho sharks. On the fourth dav they had
succeeded in gathering enough lumber to
construct a .raft, and this they launched on
the lagoon that separated the narrow island
from the mainland.
Filling-a small iug, which had been wash
ed ashore, with fresh water, and taking as
many of the bisciiit with them a they could
carry, they left the island where they had
suffered so much, and that afternoon, just as
they were nearing the mainland, they were
picked up by a small schooner and carried
to Smvrna. From here, with the crew of
the schooner Harriet B. Tyler, which had
also been wreckedj thev tried to reach the
port of St. Augustine, Florida, but were unable-to
cross over the bar owing to the trc
mendoas heavy surf. They were then conw
polled to land, and had to" make their way
as best they could to the village of Enter
prise, on Lake Monroe, overland. Thoy
had scarcely shoes on their feet, but very lit
tle food, and it can easily bo imagiued that
the hardships they endured on that trip
were anything but light. When they camp
ed -at night they were surrounded with
wolves, and it was not nntil they reached
Enterprise that they really knew what rest
was. from witerpnse they proceeded to
Jacksonville, where they were kindly fur
nished with transportation to Charleston by
captain irocKcr, 01 me steamer cosmopoli
A NccoikI AiMlcrsoiivlllc.
A correspondent of the Chicago Times,
writing from Davenport, Iowa, gives an ac
count of a visit to Camp McClellan, sonic
two miles from Davcnjiort, in which be
Within are confined what is left of one
thousand Indians, who were removed hither
from Minnesota after themassacrc of 1SC2T
They arc Sioux, and were sent here origi
nally to be hung, but as the Federal Gov
ernment docs a great deal more hanging in
theory than in practice, they have been al
lowed to remain here until of the original
number there is left only about two hundred..
Of these, perhaps, one-third aro men, and
the re-t squaws and papooses. The remain
dcr have died, with the exception of a
. fow who have been sent to a reservation in
,Here, in a few words of unction and suav
ity, the correspondent of the Chicago Times
gives the outlines of an event more shock
ing and ghastly than the two years of An
dersonville. Out of one thousand prisoners
who were removed to Camp McClellan in
18C2, barely two hundred are now left alive I
It cannot be the writer must lie one of the
correspondents of the Jfew York Tribune,
or the Philadelphia Jinnuircr, who are" reg
ularly employed to fabricate nucli storic
about the Southern people ; and, being up
in the Northwest, from necessity unavoida
ble, "was keeping his hand in" for the
winter's campaign in the South. To think,
too, that the greater portion of these poor,
red wretches are "squaws and papooses 1"
Ye gods! if thev were only the descendants
of Ham, instead of the aboriginal and right
ful owners of the land where they wcrp im
prisoned, what floods of oratory and edi
torial bosh wc should have pouring in upon
us from Bccchcr and ureclcy.
Where is the Wirtz who officiated at
Camp McClellan ? And was it by direct
orders that these Indians were sent thither
to be hung, but were reprieved to undergo a
thousand deaths in awaiting their final pun
ishment? K O. True Delta.
Tile I'recdincii'H Ilnrenit nntl icn. Ilonr-
Iu an address delivered in Jackson, Miss,,
on the 11th inst, Gen. Howard said:
"In many places, during the war. lands
were abandoned, and the Government took
possession of them, and the colored people
were allowed to work them or to lease them.
It was at one time thought the Government
would retain possession of these lands and
disjiosc of them, perhaps, to thc'colorcd peo
"The war closed much more suddenly
than any of us supposed It would, and now
Congress and the President of the United
States have decided that it is their policy to
be very lenient with the Seuthcrn States.
And now, when a man comes to mpand
shows that land held by this burcan belong
ed to him, and that ho has taken the oath,
or does not coradundernnyof the exceptions,
or has been pardoned, I at nnce restore his
land to him. There is yet dn posscsiiion of
the Government some houses, in town, and
some lands, sometimes held because the citi
zens to whom they formerly belonged have
not conformed to the Tcquirements of the
Government The impression prevails among
many of the colored pooplcthat the Govern
ment meansto give this land to them, which
i.s a very wrong and injurious impression.
"I feel that! am an agcnl under one of
Uic stfongct Governments under Jleaven,
aiOAlcn the Government gives a jdedge it
means to keep it
"I have aid that the Government was
weak bccaMC its agents were acting frtim im
proper motives, but there is a very large
body of men, comprising two-third of the
people of the United States, who have been
sincere from the first, and if our Govern
ment is weak, it is because of corruption.
Its strength is in its truth and its right.
"I am reminded of a remark of -General
Sherman, in which he said, ' war is cruelty.'
The cvila in the country have grown out of
war, and for God's sake, let us have no more
of it I don't eee a poor maimed soldier1
upon the street, whether he wear the Hue or
the oToy, bnt"I feel my heart swell witb"pity
for him. (Great applause.) The wafi now
over, and let us manifest no moieof the war
spirit. Every act of injustice by" the black
man Or the wlate man, .manifests a disposi
tion to keep it alive, which I can not too
"it is plain to mcthat the colored people
have lost much confidence in their former
masters and in owners of property, and suf
fcring, destitution and death will follow un
! it is rectified.
"If the owners of (he soil lose confidence5
in the black man. then society will be cogf
vulsed there will be desolation and death,
an(-we will have a state of things infinitely
worse than war itself.
"I want the colored people who hear me
to-day to bclleva thU and to tell it to their
friends. The colored people nnut rely open
tlicmselve, the Government lias no Linus to
"Much lias ben hsI, of the wnrne SW;
corruption .of the FrvedsiwrW Hti rtfc Pari
me. 1 don't want it pgrpetMted.
"AfttrurfwKit km 1 itt T-'-mruiMii ;
snmctliinir' fbr tlic1 protection' of the. fiwAi
tmen. but it imfrt become obndxidiu to th
t&uieouhiif it continue further. -iln-f
- Make it no longer- necessary. If yott
yiavu injuries t& forgive, forgive tbeui now,
and'eommence with an earnestness to make
this State of Misnisaippi to blossom a. a
" 1 would also enjoin upon you a spirit of
politeness, it 111 ola times you touched tlie
nal (o old master. whvnot doit now? Shame
on tho man who' can't be as polite, iw'a frecd
man, as he was when a slave. .
"A great deal is said about equality. "It
is but a bugbear. Ve have alr,got our
place;, our associates and our friends ' that
''"What all good men want-Is to build up
from Xhe foundation- AVcwantto legislate
for the ood of all. We want the State of
Mississippi to bloHom a the rose, and every
one witkin-iHo-bc .prosperous and happy,
and to keep their solemn pledgia." -
The Banking IIottMSorilnrliiK Brother?.
The Barings came to Exeter from Bre
men, and Matthew fixed himself at Lark-
bear, (the Larroehbcro of Saxon times,)
carry on tho woolen trade with foreign" nnds,
a trade of which, in tho west of England.
Extcr was the centre. The reputation and
success of tln house of tho Baringjwas main
ly owing to the. business liabib, the pru
dence, and tlieactivity; of .tho wife -ot Mat-
the-ir.iwliosof name wa traditionally. Icnown
us .Mauanic Aanng. xnc lauics in I'joac
days took an active part in the management
of their husband's affairs. They superin
tended tho labors of the women, cngageoS aa
burlers, who pulled tho goodsbicer benches
with burling irons, a sort of largii,. sharply
ppinted tweciers,-held in the' right hand,
picked out tlio blacks, knots, and other de
fects left, by the weavers, which, with a.whisk
in the left hand, they swept into open - bags
at their sides.' "
Matthew Baring fullv armrcciatcd the
services of his wife, and built lor her On tho
banks of tho river handsome fishing-house
of brick, from whoso windows she could un
interruptedly and comfortably indulge in
piscatorial amusement. Pollutions have
driven away the fish, the hilling-house has
beenl razeiLtn its foundations, tho fchcr lailv
has Jong hecn slumberijitgjindcr the turf of
the St. Leonard cemclcryyand the memento
-raised over her burial place by her eldest
son, John, the .senior partner ofithc great
house of John and Francis Barring,. h.Tt
wholly disappeared. Ma-t of tho members
of the family are interred in the churchVa'pI
just described, which was Fejarated from
their dotnicil of Mount lladford only by h
bridge thrown across tho public road; but
some of them repose in the "SainU' Rest,"
of the Exeter Presbyterians, and others in a
very pretty but obscure burial place attached
the Unitarian chapel, a few miles from the
John nnd Francis Baring .wgro .both men
of singular sagacity, perhaps they foresaw
the decline and decay of thft -taple 'trade
upon rhich their father had Ud tne found-;
ation of his-own and their property; atnll
events they sought a wider field than Exeter
aflbrded. I had in my possesion a copy of
a tender for a part of a loan to the British
Government in the reign of George ILL in.
which the ambition of the great hoiuo of
the" Brothers .'Baring was limited to the ad
venture of three hundred pounds sterling.
Tvw peerages and a baronetcy, and what
million upon millions have been since asso
ciated vi,h the name 1 .1 Ac Year Hound.
Ktreiit Ilnllroml Cnr Improvement.
It is, sometime very difficult, as every
body"1i:ifl Becntb start a street railroad car
wheii'itis-fillcd'to Overflowing" with -passengers,
and to. remedy that a ne.w improvement
Ii;is Ikh'ii inyeutcd, which hns-been found will
much. relieve the horses and answer the pur
posc required "for starting. It lias been fuund
to opcrafe.'wcll in other placey, and of course
it i.s applicable here. J . . '
Iho apparatus consists of a pinch-t)aru,s-44The
'pcmlcd between tho wheels of a jaw, bolt and
1 T , - . . I t 1 r . 'I I. .ti"
kntickic-totntcd lever. lhc pinch-bar is
operated by a horizontal rod or lever, which
is attached to the cloves or draft iron of the
car. As the horses start from a full stop t!iJ
bar U operated and the car thrown,- ahead
the strain lijion the horses being- ahoufr one
twentieth of that-exerted without the'!bar.
As soon as the bar has exerted its full power
it is drawn bv a spring dear of the track,
and so remains until another stop, when it
hooks itself into connection and i.s again
ready for operation. The whole apparatus
is self-acting, or operaf en by tbjNBcre stop
ping or starting of. thejtowes, iscry simple
in construction and little likely to get out of
order. CTn. Enqnirif. '
A Ntrnn;ro Cniiror.VlMltietlon- Mnlernnl
Affection Dormant Illclit yenrs.
From the New Haven Journal, Nov. 2.
An adopted daughter, alwnt eight years
old, lielonging to the family of Henry S.
Hanson, 320 State street, was a few days ago
abducted by a woman supposed to be her
mother. The circumstances are these. . About
eight years ago the child, then an infant,
was found one morning in a kisket in the
doorsteps of a gentleman's rcsidei'ce in Wa
tcrbury. left thcre it is suppojcd, by the mo-
thcr, who took this way to hide the evidence
of her dishonor. Tho child was cnt to the
toor house, then i-'i charge of Ml. Hanson's
irothcr, who rccammended lum )a adopt it,
which lie did itt the Usual legal form. A few
days ago a woman, supposed to be the child's
mother, called upon Mr. Hanson's wife, and
wished to take the child to a photograph
gallery and have a picture of her, but as jio
one could go with it then, she was refused.
A vigilant search has been made for it, but
no clue of its whereabouts have yet been ob
tained. It is supposed that the mother found
the child in the street and enticed it off with
her. The little child was much loved in
Mr. Hanson's family, and its absence is
. , r
I'lvwhlun In Hnlr Waterfalls, Curl,
Colls, IMnltM, ItoIU, Frizzes, IlrnliN
mnl Ilnlr Frntltcrw.
From tho Now York Kvoulnir Poit7 "
The gradual diminution of the " water
fall," which Iicgan several month? ago, was
thought by some tiersons to indicate that
that curious so-called ornament of fhc head
'would be immediately expelled from fash
ionable society. But there aro still many
advocates of the waterfall, and the strong
argument advanced in its defeno is, that
tho form of the winter bonnet requires the
dressing of the hair after tho waterfall plan,
in some of its modification; and it less ef
fective and more comprehensive statement
is, that the neck would be much exposed If
the fashion were abolished.
There are several other acceptable tyei
of dressing the hair, some of tii-iin of' ex
cellent design; persons of tho mpst varied
tastes may be suited in all save one respect
the extravagaut use of Cilj hair ii not'
diminished. . ' !
the cost or juin. s s
False hair, which is rccogniied as ndis
pensable very few ladies having jmfllcient
of their own todrcss the head urthc pre
vailing style is an cxpcnuiye'liixiiry. A
small switch, to twist in wHh'tho back Jiair
to form a coil, wts from 15 .to $75 j ami
the curls worn over thcwatcrGiII cost .usual
ly not less than $25; while cmctimes a
much higher price, is charged. The rates
vary, not so xnuch-on account of the quan
tity or color of the hair, as its length. Long
hair always commands; a high price, and of
ten this lialr of the finer qualitiei has a val
ue which places it beyond the rtiaeh of any
exwpt wealthy persons; All "church
yard" or "grave-yard" hair ran be bought
aflow prices. Though hair i almot indes
tructible, thl wllj not bear cleaning by the
game chemical processes as aro employed
with other hair. It has lost its vitality, and
the hair merchant and hair-workers can
easily detect it.
8TTXE OF WEAMKO Tilt HAIR.
Waterfalls, notwithstanding the repeated
assertion that they were " going out," have
not yet been, discarded. Tho huge plain
bundle of the summer is no longer wont.
Tho waterfalls of this winter ara smaller,
and of more graceful form, Some are made
wholly out of plain rolls.
:A tasteful mode of arranging' the hair
now to tome extent adopted. 1 bv placing
over a small, plain waterfall, a fafl of ccrU
surmounted by a roll, tho front hair being
dressed In curls or turned back in a single
roll. Sometimes the front hair is alL turned
back, and is urmounted by a heavy braid.
This Jat style is not well adapted to any bu
eencaie aim regular leas tires,
ThBshortAntfeikcttfh). friizcs ami braid
lor tno lorekead aru liut wiw lashtonaiiic-
. . . .-. . ... ti
High rolU caanot be cwwtWcntly .t
tiMty are to be seen ,
it.:... 1 - -...-. lit tt. I
MM riow: in dcha:
MffU tA- whi
"- " ' -
e . ' ' .. .
Tim h&L ittjt&lJiTZiis 'ncrlo
much admired iPAwwy. a4 mtirt &J
13 mop: suitable than tint;-"1-11--"
coils ordinarily 6fycfcTili-l&e
dressers are iinallTI"raa!l
w attached to lace, which mibe&xedt
npon the head. This &ilan not easiH
done e ver, lint rcnnircs the hand of thel
rlrrsssAr Rnt fur hf h.-indsomi-st rnilj
"that is made with the natural hair; and ifg
thnl- is insnfEcicnt, a twist of -false hair 53ngj
be.twistcd m with it.
There is a novelty in the fronr of hav!
feathers. - They aro made of short hair fas j
tcnol to a wire, of the shape of an ostnc
feather, ani slightly curled, or lruzle
"What its popularitr will bo can not nor 1
judged of, but'wh'rn ta-rtefally- arranged
may be a cry hcodmjrip briument.
A Tlf-btRov Performer XlHetl.
From the IUchmond Vo) Whl.30ta.l
Delaine, whose real namo is. Tho. I
Huntlev.' S-is advertised to annear
the Wilmington Theatre on Monday ever!
imr last, in conionctiou with Charley White!
Ironclads; irija tight-rope performance. Thl
rope extended." fronvthe.soge to the ccntxJ
gaiicry. iorniing a steep asccat mat it ap
pearcd almost impossible to walk. At ti
appointed time.howaur..HuntIcv made hJ
apt)carance with the heavyJ)alaruc role, and!
commenced hi feat. He walked with great
caecand' sdocev, reaching the cauery amidj
mo rapturous appiausc 01 moauuienee.
" In a few .moments ho turned th dcseoiii
to the stage, but after' taking a few sttps he I
lost his foothold and fell, but succeeded in I
tnlntnrr tli mllprr A nrrtrTlfltr fiAmmi!
uiui uutu aw tit.-? uii4tu laiiui uu iuuuiuiUl
the ropu'fcnd attempted to, descend to. the
stager taelwiafdbuf'afierprbeccdinK a few!
feet from Slk callerv he again lot his bal !
ancc, and then 'commenced- a painful j
thrilling, 9trvrglo for life. Finding that lit!
wpnld probaViy tall from ui&ropc, he threjJ
his balancarioic tntvtbe drcs circle, and. n
is dupposcd, made an cfTart'to.spring into it j
himself. He merely, however, touched it
with his feet, anil was precipilatctL hcrtd 1
downwards, into tho parquctte below, the
left side of the heart striking the cracr ui
one the Kfrightfti.llyerusJj'nfitb kuU,j
and producing; almost iitttantJeaui,
1 i.i 1 , r
TliIrlItlnir fJfne nt Tom Hnyvrn"
I'nncml IIU Ifflfonnri Children.
ffrnta tho Tendon New. Nov
Soon after nud-dav a vast crowd axemblcd
in Hteh street Camdon Town, where the ex
chnmnion lived, and the main, roi.d and
pavement from theM"olher'Bcdp,for'av
eral hundred rard towards Hanifweiid' was
infested by wW looked like ah extott.on
mob. The nhops were nearly aU-clcJcd,
rartly perhaps out of respect to tho 'memory
of Savers, .nnd nartlr. there can be no fines-.
tion. out of deference to the evidently proJ
datnrv instincts. Of the crowd. JestingTl
swearing and rougli- chafl", wishes that the '
mnslc would come, josihngand horse play,
were tlio occupations moA. in vogue. All
the" way froirrlfigh drcct tdTthc tTracrry the
same claa ot people, on toot, in em',.
and . on- the,, roofs, and inside, of om
laden cabs, were, to -be seen- .sUaiU'v'j
making for tho heroes grave. At the,
cemctry itself1 tho gates were (ntnrded
by, whal aeeraed a strong- iody of palioe
mcn. who o"nly admitted peoplo who either ,
i "gavo thannmber of their tornh," or Mlieivl
wise justified their claim to enter. At if. I
Jf. this rrowd was easily kept in order, but!
half an hour later a successful null "ww
made, and some hundred sturdy vamtantttf
carried the gates bv main force, amid thol
yells and shouU of their companions. TioJ
police succeeded - in Tceiosingtrar gates, arj
iin.- again exorcuing Incrimination &a to I
whom thcr should admit. As it ww thel
tombs and covered ervpt were crowded withl
ipeople who titrbently jostled ind laughed, j
.trampled on'thegrasr. and defiled the graves!
twith as little- reverenco for fhb. place theyj
! - -.1 I 1 t. f .
were in aa 11. it nau m-uu au uiu pn ruij
suceeetlinff-two-honrs wtrfrtaken up in1
Xntchmir the hand to hand comnat between
-the jmlice outside and tho rapidly increasing
crowd of rouglis, in the arrival and admis
sion 01 tavern celebrities, each admission
Lcin2tho signal for n struggle on, the part
tof-taWQ Wh-3 wanted to lorco their way, ana
in ' securing Vantage ground from which to
)ee the procession; .-
. Soon after 4 r, m. thceound of dnuut and
trumpets was heard, and tho hears and
mourning coacnes struggled icrongn in
snrrinir. disorderly mob. Bayers' iionr ar.
nnd dog cart, with his magnificent dvfnjfl
sole occupant of tho latter, followed immj-
diately after the hearse. Hie roiice con
trived to koeu bOi'l: tho. attendant ujoh tit a
. 1 . .
low moments; um 'as noon as miocoiub iih
taken inw the cemetery chapel, ana Lew
the carriaeci luid filed in. the crowd of thrH
nnd blackguard proved too strong for tlict'
opposed to them, and the gate were again,
stormed. The' members bf the bund, whll-
m the act of playmir the ' Dead 3Iarch'
were scattered pell-mell, their instrument
living overhead and themselves rnnnifie for
rafctr. Hundreds of the fonlcs scum cf thj,
. . i. , ' t . - 1 . . lmtm
bacn cmnn anuaiieys- 01 imuon, uvs
turtowho only come to hht it! tfce c;
eatc at. iin execution or net course, oc
illegal betting ground, rushed" fn to lu
saturnalia at the 'grave tide. For a f.
hiinutes tho ikAIcc." were cowpUtely
Lome. They we;re a mere hanruui or j
against tfie enemy, but they subsequc
rallied, ami once more nmvccdcd in cic
the cemetery gates. Many of the roi
were trodden down in the raid, and aft
was over, the gaping, speechless fornw
stretched at no unfrequcnt intervals on the
grass, or reared by their luckier comrades
against -the tombs, while neck-cloths were
torn open and animation restored, spoke of j
the severity of the conflict'
TOrs 'WII.L .ASD'KW CHILDREN. j
i From thii Lond hn Tefcfrnph, Nov, Id. -
A will was' read' on tho return pf thai
friend from Highgato Cwnefery, and thei
Mlbrttano.'ol it is that the 3,W1 collected
jfor him after his fiftht with Kcenan, and' ia-1
vested in Northwestern llailway stock, fjlll
be divided between hi two children, togeth
er with an additional sum which, oil the rv
hlization of hi. estate, may be nearly axther
thousand pounds. Thosolu trustee i J lr.
Bennett, who was also one of tho trustwjjj
the management or tno money subscnoci: d
T)cron of all dasJdl for thtl benefit of th
rhanuiion. To this same Mr. Bennett ac"
to the Mr. Mcnsley in wliow homo To,
pajem died, the poor fellow clung wuh a J
jtlntost childish afUction: his last word 14 M
consciousness haring ben- add-rcsled to fafe
former of the two.,- -r
He had literally gone to thehottiw of;
Jicnxiey a Doo ana snoe ranter, ui
w'ems, Mdtaadc all Tom's fighting bec
himfodie, IIU two children had
placed-at school by Mr. Bennett TE ,
appears to be about fifteiai or sixteen; s
hp a face Tor which tho face of the Puj
maiden, in Millais' picture of the Conic
toyalit, might very well pass ai a p0rtmJ
Ier broUier isa.TOiingtrhya year or fm
ami seems a ftanlLfnteillgcnt lad : btiCtii
were both o painfully afiicteil thsi'JB
mcnt of character was for that t!meB&'S2
tho question. Xjryj
A brof Her or icn. i-rice M.
bftilhvroflteii.Vrlec. Maior Hofe rriecva
ianltvd- in tho .nrlneipw Mr 41 eg Brwuvi, kj
thnrttoaeounir. iv . rucm towruiy roa
rnVtr aUjmifileif to tilf hisa witi rerolveia.
Prirows paiot' Uw6 Ibo (ttrt iaet!!'!
Uh lit. Jtmw Loaf. -When titturraMmni hit
el Uxtat bj-AAtchiashohl -of Xl. Flies aadh xa
Birr fo thooi at nlftL. Mt. rzUm wMTTaaail'. i
imr placa, ilithfly la Uriiss;nil Siiwfctt&ija
hi tte Ire. an'J hml it not mm Xot th almett c.
srrlliiman (Swuui JH. uumfitetiuY BatoLc
kiUcif outriibt ursue half Ju Jen pi Ihea vA--,
f mcKiern eiiivsirjrwer inoounf '.iraul'acn,
at him. 31 r, l'rice fleaHr es4 m I'm
HolhI thirsty Tiuian, w 110 urn. Mctortn i 1
fnfcill hlru. and eVftr it4 JI IBMr MTtywii.L
ins him betwcea tonatwbk ti1Ui-;1
Afterhrrotawav fron theireinteom the? rift!
the eity jratooritlo ;4841tt itt,H,Ut!iwvl
ssutmr of thslV dl ot alki kli,in a ta , J
liiv-.&T veanofaM. Babalid?i
Texa. wliera he had bn lejoornlae
sr. 'iceae law-oreaaerr r ra
lor.- nitdoMj htinr iMwn La kin lor
hcmlon tia fart, thcr do not -conceal
iJrthoittoJ, butoouKJ 11.
1 The.meo enruted In tbvabotll
flic- United States or Stat ir
li n lonrritr Lben ilota UiV
.nmo. Whal nod' ihei ilii ui tl
known, hot onuof the autatjtj.it
Alton l'eniteuitary than n the HeMt
in thl blood J1 re"yoiMtbir
eitrd by good, aictni(i JIjAw
Thomas Carlyle and Hcujjilpln
camUdatcn for the" Ijxidoa K
Eilinbure. a&d tfie niiliAjt 'wiM
f aenwrt wua im aoc ;"tif
l . I. .. ...A. .ru. ai 1.,' -.KM -
r. '' - tJIj