Newspaper Page Text
Voluntary eommunicitlonf. eonUininrinterest-
Inr or important newt, solicited from any quarter.
News letter from th various counties of tho
S& State especially desired.
All communications should bo addressed to tho
NASHYTLLE, TENNESSEE, FRIDAY, DECEMBER 15, 1865.
Proportionate rates for shortvr paricds.
Subscriptions Invariably In advance.
Editors of tho TJsiox asd Amemoax."
BOOKS, STATIONERY, &c. OiLS, SHEETINGS, &c. GROCERIES, LIQUORS &c.
F. SE Y3IOUE, M. D.
(Late Brigade Surecon, U. S. A.)
OCULIST AXD AURIST,
Office 3D Cedar strecLbctwecn Summer and Cherry.
Office for treatment of all Diseases of the Eyo
and Ear. operations for Equintinir, Cataract, Oct.,
iiox 700, r. o.
REAL ESTATE AGENTS.
NEW BOOKS!! MM BROS. & CO.,
Sold at New York Prices.
7UCIIAXAN"S ADMINISTRATION ON THE
JLf cvo of tbo Hebcllion, written by himself.
Street Railway Eaaton? American jiml
Euronc&n Hailw.tv Practice HolloT: Practici!
Draughtsman, JoLnson; Hand Book of Steam
r.ncinc, iiourne; Coinplole 1'ractical Ilrcwcr;
J realise on J!oi or instruments; Unhinct Maker s
Companion; JluiMcr's Companion; Turncr'sCom-
.at i.uu i iiuluk rauuer. uucuuiuuvu .unac: ra n
rivm firm lir-rMnfnrF rxiitinr under the name I ter's Companion: Practical Companion: l'aoor
1 firm and tylc of W. MATT BROWN X Co., Hanger's Companion; Railroad and Civil End-
NO. 73 BROAD STREET,
Is this day dissolved by mutual consent. Mr.
Brown retires from the business. Mr. Lallcndor,
in connection with 1'hineaj uarrelij win co
tinuo the Real Estate business at the old stand
W. Matt, Drown & Co.. Chemrrtwet.
CALLENDER & GARRETT,
(Successors to W. M itt. Buowk A Co,)
Ileal Ewtnto Aonta,
WILL civo their prompt attention to the selling
and renting of every description of Ileal J.st.ite.
Itiiildinc JaAh for Sale,.
1 1 . M: cm . i i r. - . i
vi. jjm; 111, oiic-rk I lUU mm voppcr-piaio
Worker, Jtlinn; Sugar Iloiling. Woathcrly; Jland
Jjooic ror Locomotive r.ngineers and Machinists;
Railway Property, Jcwis; Marble Worker's Coin-
niLtllon ! Mnnn.l nf thn Art nf Ttnnb- Tlin.lln.
Mochanics' llonk of Refereneo nnd Engineers'
rield Jlnok. llaltt: Knzincers' I'npket Hnm.
panion, (iriswold ; Mechanics' rocket Companion,
J'emiileton : Field Honk fnr Knrrinfier flrnrlr.
SIoans Const ructto Architecture; Chapman's
American drawing; A.c ever, Architecture.
GEHnSRAI. OIIj dealers,
Int. A fine Residence, containing 12 room,.
frtc territory. Also two vacant I.ots ii'ljoining.
3d. That splendid Residence of the lato .Tamej
Johnson, on llroinl Sstrect. between Mimmcr ami
lliu'li droits, containing 8 room., bosidos servants
rooms and other out liouto.
3d. That splendid Residence of tlie late Hardin
r. 1104111-K, containing nnoui iu riKini-, -.
etc. Onod Fnriiic and sprinc honso. with V5
Hi-ram fiflon.l lmtimlintnlr niliaceiit to thocity. Oil
tho Charlotte l'iku.
Mi. SO acres of e round of the Barrow property,
on the Charlntto Vile, which will bndi'idedto
Mb. A very larco number of Lot, in thn City
and the different Additions to NasoTille. Si Lots
In Kdirefitdd nnd Ilrownsvillu.
Cth. A very lark-c niiinher of tlio BET FARMS
In thh and the adjoining rounlic. Apply to
J. L. A It. W. BROWN,
deel-lm l'ni'" rect.
1JUAI. ESTATE AESTS,
System of Sureory. Oross: Ramsho!ham 55r-
tem of Obstetrics. Keating; Caienux Midwifery ;
Miller's System of Obstetrics: Anatomv. Desirin.
tiro and tiurtrioal, Oray: Scionco and Art of Sur
cory. Erichcn; Churchill's System of Midwifsry,
Condic: Wilson's Human Anatomy, floiirocht:
Kirkcr's .Manual of l'lirslolnsrv: Ommistrv fur
.iiiufiiis, rownos; unireu Mates liisncns.itorv.
Hood A-Bacho; Physicians' Visiting Lists forlSM.
International Law. Hnllrwlf Tnlrmntlnnl
Law, Lawrence Whcaton ; Military Law, Dollnrt;
Military Law, 1 tenet; nlkcr's American Law;
nttol's Law of Nation.! ShnniirrifMl. ll!nbctnni
Story on Constitution, Now Clerk's Asfitant: lte-
pon i j -once ;onvoniion; j.aws or Business;
for Jliirincm Men. Parson's; Boutwell Tax Law,
Bounty and Priio Law. Si-well : RntfuV 1
.milium; liouvier jjaw liction:iry.
r:i: ir t o ...
.xuiinij j'lviiifiiui , ji. jj. dcihl;
Cavalry, ltrackett: Umini s Art of War: Vnlnn-
t'-cr tjiiarteriiiaj'ter, BunkcrhotT; (Icncral Orders
n ar Department; Rapier s I'uniiisular War,5 vols.
Moore's Kebellinn Record : Sfnl'linrEnn'. TtoIiM.
lion Record; (Jreeley's American Conflict.
Andrew's Latin Lexicon: Lidilell ami Kr-ntl'x
ureeK l.oxicnn: llnlliun k l.utin l.nqlisli Diction-
lirV Kltiltr fltlil Ktirntitin l'nnnli 1 i.m .
Adler's (lerman and Kngliyh Dictionary: Bryant
and Straltmi. Bonk-kcoiiinit ; Mayhuin s Book
keeitinir: Marfh's Ilook-kciriinir; (VitteTulon.
Jionlv -krofiiiiff: Authors ami Mm lilnnl l.tiiit
liraiiuuar ami lleailer: Arnold s Latin 1 roso: do.
Amissir. and Could's Zooloiry: Anthorn'sCi ir.
Butler's (Iraminar : Butler's Analoirv : Brown's
liramniar: Jtullion s ballust; Bullion s Cicero;
Bruill's Astronomy ami Atlas; Bullion's Latin
Crainmar; Bullion's Latin Reader; Bullion's Eng
lish (iraiiiuiar; Cornell's Series of Geographies;
(ViiustiM'k's (Chemistry: Comstoek's Plnlosonliv
Crosby's IJrock Lessoni; Cutler's Anatomy; Col-
nurn Antlimctic uolton X i nch Urographies;
Davics Seriesof bclioul Arithmetics: Dodds Trig
onometry: Doild's Ooomotrv: Dana Miiicralocv :
l'asouello French tcit books complcto; (Jood
rich s Readers; (Joodrich's Histories; Hitchcock's
(Jcology: Hooker's Physiology; Lincoln Botan
ies; Midulfey old series Readers; McGuffey new
series lloailrrs; JK-uuilcy iweiler; Mitclicil ueo-
graphies; Mattion High School Astronomy;
AGENTS I'OB THE HALE OV
G A L L A TIN FA C T O Ii Y,
l(I'A'VrU"j''fw"'nter IWota to sell in
SuihI tho ndjoiiilngSlnles.
Oily. CranU?iiil Stale llouils on conunbilon, as
WiilliSararyloserlplloB of GorcraMtmt bceun-1i
uwrn s.enapnon Ananusis; uwen s iloiner Iliad ;
Olmsload Philosophy; Peck's (ianot Philosophy;
Pierce's Oranimnr; Parker's Philosophy: Parley
Universal Ilislory : Parley 1st book in History;
Parker's Aids to ( ouinootion : Parker's Excuses
7"E HAVE RE-OPENKD OUR OIL HOUSE,
I i and our J. Metcalfe, has iut ruturneil from
visiting our Oil Manufacturer, having made ar
rangements for unlimited kuuidiea of Lubricating
Oils, spocially peoparod for Cotton Factories and
Wo havo just roeoived a LARGE STOCK of
different kinds of Oils superior to any wo haTe
crer kept, which wo offer on rcasonablo terms.
PandolM & Eiva,
NO. 12 NORTH CIIERRT STREET.
JMONG THEIR STOCK MAY BE FOUND :
Java, Rio and Mocha Coffco;
Crushed, Powdorcd, Coffee, Portt-Rico, and orery
grale of Brown Sugars;
Teas. Candies, Starch;
Castile, Palm. Erosive and Laundry Soaps;
Almonds, Filberts, Currants. Prunes, Rasins;
Buttor, Oysters, Fancy and Almond Crackers;
Pine Apple, Gloustor and Domestic Cheese;
Mixed, Uirkins, Chow-ehow and Imperial Hot
Mushroom. Walnut, India, and Sir Robert Pool
Sultana, Royal, Table, Beef Steak. Royal Osborne,
John Bull, Soho, Mogul and Hervey Sauces;
Essenco of Anchoric : Enenco of Shrimps;
Uaillo, Imperial and Durham Mustard;
Mushrooms; Dutch Anchovies; Anchovy Paste;
Strasbourg Meats, Polted Tongue. Poltod Ham;
FruiU of ovcry variety in cans and jars,
IK insiR stock or
Winoa nnd Brandies
ALL OF WHICH ARB
MAY BE FOUND
Pcmartin and Duff Gordon Sherries:
Old Choice and RescrvcMadeiras ;
London Dock and Burgundy Port;
Pcmartin, Blanquofort aud St, Jullen Modoc
Haut Santorno, Niesteiner, Hockhcimcr and Ca
Dcmcrcier, Gold Medal and Hcidsick, Champagne;
Pinct Castillion, Otard, Dupuy x Co's Brandies;
Irish, Scotch, Bourbon and Robertson County
Maraschino Abiinthrt; Vennontho anil all As
Baker's and Holland Bitters;
GENUINE HAVANA CIGARS.
Choice brsndsj together with every variety of Do
mestic Cigars,.Chcwing and Smoking Tobacco of
all brands; together with all other articles usual
ly louud in a
FIRST CLASS FANCY GROCERY STORE.
It is tho intention of PANDOLFINT .t ItlVA
to kocp on hand at nil times a complete apart
ment of everything in their lino, of tho very best
quality to bo purchased, which they aro deter
mined to sell as low as any othor establishment in
?hU or any othercity.
ihey respectfully ask an examination ol their
stock, feeling assured that no ono will go away
PAXROLFIXI & RIVA,
jxi) nr.Ai.r.HS 15
"WINJiS, LIQUORS AXD CIGAliS,
JTo. 13 7or(li Cherry .Street,
doe Mm. NASHVILLE. TENN.
HARD W A R E
UNION & AMERICAN
SAM. YAMLEBR, & CO.,
NO. 41 COLLEGE STREET.
(Two Doors below Public Square,)
SIGN OF THE BIG PADLOCK
HAVE ON HAND AND ARE RECEIVING
a large nd complete stock of English, Ger
man, and American HARDWARE,
Which wo are selling at rcasonablo prices.
stock consists in part of
FINE IXL POCKET CUTLERY,
200 GROSS TABLE CUTLKUY,
200 DOZ. KNOB LOCKS, assorted,
M do HAND AND RIPPING SAWS,
S00d ASSORTED AUGERS,
23 do FOOT ADZE,
2000 lbs. HOOKS AND HINGES, assorted, 12 to
1000 lbs. DOIL CHAIN.
1000 " BLACKSMITH'S HAMMI5R8, all kinds;
25 WRIGHT'S ANVILS.
100 CROSS-CUT SAWS, ii to 7Mfct.
60 MILL SAWS, 6)to S foet;
CANDLESTICKS of all kinds,
TIN CUP3 and PLATES,
TEA and TABLE SPOONS,
From the National Capital.
History of the Caucus Rcnolntinns.
Tho Reaction in the IIoiusc.
Action of the Senate Doubtful ! !
The President circs Sumner
it ISoIuiul for an Olircr.
Andrew Johnson Holds the Reins.
The following very interesting statement
of affairs at "Washington is furnished by the
correspondent of the New York Ilcruld, da
ting on the 9th inst :
A very larjo itook of PLANES of every variety
PKEMItlJI STEM PlOffS.
Thoso wishing to purchase in our lino will do
well to k'ivo us a call before bu.vinj.
SA3f. TAXT.KF.lt, .C CO.
X. I. 11KK1ST.
tho. n. cminiiiiD.
AETHTJE A. BKEAST & CO.,
NO. 20 PUBLIC SQUARE, NASHVILLE. -"3
WT HAVE NOW ON
T continually receiving,
lected stock of
HANI), AND ARE
a largu and well sc-
C'oniDosition : Otiaekenbos First Lesson in
Composition; Quurkcuboss Rhetoric: Ouacken-
lioss r.iiKlish Grammar; tjiiackenboss Philosopli-;
i.ay s fMTie ui iruiuueiies : ikouiusoil 8 Arilll
inetics: Sunders Sneller: Sanders' series of Union
Readers: Scholars Companion : Stoddard's Series
of Arithmetics ; Smith Arithmetic; Smith Gram
mar. Sprnrcr's Latin Lessons : Towns' Elements
oriiraniuiar : towns Speller and Dcfincr: Towns
Analysis; oods Botany , ii ehster's School Dic
tionaries; nils On the iVlind ; W ilson s Outline;
of History; ilsnn's Speller; Wilson's Rcaderss
Wayland s Intellectual Philosojihy; Wayland's
Political Economy; Wobtor Spellers; Wancn';
Geocraphics; Woodbury's German, full courso
Wells' Chemistry : Whateley's Locic: Ollendorff
ALSO, JUST RECEIVED,
100 RAGS FRAXKLIX YARNS
AND A LOT OF
ill. H LAl'QIIMX. a. W. H. ni'TLHU. p. a. irwi:?.
Formorly of Evans. Koith .t Co.
M'LAUGHLIN, BUTLER & CO.,
(Sueessors to F. A. Irwin Jfc Co.)
TWO MAUIIY COUKTV TAILMS
nroiHerlatvcry icnumnUo piicas. Alio, ono
A PLACE ON TIUJ CUMBHRLAlfl) RIA'ER.
of 40Q ncrM. In Jnekon counly, Twin., for sale
KtT.KMFlD CITY I'ltOI'MlTY
OQ FEET on Church street, opposilo tho Max
JU well llnwiQ and MasouieTrinnlc. r.t a reaon-
ablo'price. This is central, choico property, and
It moi than 1W feet deep.
45 I'cot. Improvcil, on Vine street, between
Ohureli nnd Union, verr choice location, hut th
lmprovcmentj aro moderate. Tho price is very
D2 reel, with larito brick dwelling, on Vine
street, between Union nod Ccdnr. beinc about tho
most dosirablo location lor rosiacnces in the city.
200 1'cet on MrGavock street. West Nashville,
n whlrli ( n nont llriek Dwelling, ti or 7 rooms.
kitchen, stable, etc;, and first-rato cis lorn, l'rice
only Jt'.O1). House and premises m cowl order.
lOOIVct imllrnnd strpet. Wet Naslnillo. with
oleirnnt new Brick House, containing 10 or 12
rooms, kilehen. table, two cisterns, shrubbery,
etc. etc;, ntil5,0i. cry desirable. If not sold
within ten days, this lariro nnd choico place ill
ho rented for tho remainder of this ami the whole
of next year.
no 1'eel on North Market street, corner of Ln?
rust, on which is tho well known I leasant bmith
BO l'eel on Snrnce street, with larre, oleirant
nnd new BrteK Dwelling, contnmtnir. 16 rooms, 2
bath rooms, kilehen. eilra sire, with rsf, water.
and ovcry modem improvement.
4.1 l'eet on Park street, with common im
provements, very low. This property ruusthrouch
40 IVel on Colleco street, beine tho lower por
tion of tho lot now occupied hv DciKirtmeiit
Heodnarter. PeJonBtH to IT. taters. i'ricc.
A cho5cc little lot on North College, jtut bclew
bo PuldleSquara, at nsaerifiec.
SALOON AND R7SSTAURANT,
ff atTiu- rr mIo n Ptileeti nnd IietlnnranL new
doincn prelWolrtie. in tho very ccntro of
trade, ut a irteeierioiy sU4ineisry.
French Courso; Ollendorf's German Courso;
'iio'iuci s j.nssonsin l rrurn; . nnrics llio iwcillll.
inl renrh: 1'ayson anil Jiunton s ritmc Book s
Object Teaehinir. Wilsod : DcFrous' Elemcntar-
French Reader: Alexander's Evisdcnccs of Chris
tianity ; ienny s Ueolos--
3iisi:llaxi:ow & stand
Mary .1. Holmes' Novols: Marion Harland's
iSovels: Jlutleucc, etc.: Charles Heads Novels;
Dr. .1. (1. Holland's Works; Iko Marvol's Works;
llueh Miller's Works: Gail Hamilton's Works:
.miss i.vnns iiiacaria, etc.; Lnaries iiicKcnss
Works;t Herbert Spencer's Works; Charles
l.ambs Works: Schonbcrir Cotta ramily Series:
Wm. Mackepeace Thackeray's Works; Bulwer's
novels; .loan l'aul s Works: Country ".'arson
series: .Mrs. ."vnuiiworia s iovcis: iUrs. J.oo
llentr. ovelo; 1 rank iorrcstor s bportmp Ilooks;
iliehelot's Works: A. S. Roo's Novels: Kimball's
Novels; Mrs. Mowattc's Novels; Currer Bell's
Novels; Hawthorn's Works; Oliver Wendell
Holmes Works: Cooper s Novels: Barry uravs
novels; Irvine s Works.
Mrs. Goodfellow's Cookinc as it should be: Miss
Leslie s Cook Book : Miss Leslie t. Now ltecemts:
.Mrs. Halo's Receipts for tho Million: Francatcl
li's Modem Cook Book: Tit Bits: W hat to Eat
nnd llow to Cook It; Wcdilelicld's New Cook
Book: What to do With Cold Mutton: House
keepers J'.uel)opoilia of t.ookinc Haskell; Les
lie s l.aily s Jinuso ilook : Hand J look nl Dininir:
Miss Leslie's Coinnleto Cookery : Practical Amer
ican Cookery; French Domestic Cookery; Tho
Home ( ouk Book.
ntAXItl. I 7T A TTI (IAIiUTLV,
Metcalfe Bros. & Co.
MUSIC, PIANOS &c.
McClurc's lusic Store,
33 UNION STREET.
MMIIS OLD ESTABLISHMENT DEALS IN
L Pianos of Stcinway and Sons, J. B. Dunham,
RobL Nunn's. A. 11. Galo X Co.. and" oilier first
class instruments. Carhait, Nccuham x Co's unrivalled
CHURCH AND PARLOR ORGANS.
Also, SHEET MUSIC, and
MUSICAL MERCHANDISE GENE A T.
Givo it a call beforo you purchase dec3-lm
Corner of Market nnd Clark Streets,
Wo havo in store and for sale a largo Ktoek of
CRUSHED, AND POWDERED,
RIO COFFEE. FAMILY FLOUR,
SALT. MACKEREL, STAR CANDLES,
SOAP, TOBACCO. CHEESE, OYSTERS.
RAIS0NS, ASSORTED CANDY, LOBSTERS,
vixrs axi) i-iQions.
?tAltIV.-AK;: AXD CXTI.KKY,
in all its branches.
Wo invito Mcrohants and tho Trudo generally
to our stock:
TABLE AND POCKET CUTLERY ;
AXES AND HATCHETS;
CHAINE3 AND ROPES:
COTTON AND WOOL CARDS;
HORSE SHOES AND NAILS;
RIFLE AND BLASTING POWDER.
FARMER'S AND MECHANICS TOOLS,
in evcrw vnricty, etc ctf.
Call nnd cxnmino our Stock. We aro prepared
to sell as cheap as any houso west of tho Allczho
nies. A. A. BKEAJVr A CO.
Q. W. TALL & CO.,
WHOLESALE AND RETAIL DEALERS
Robertson County do
The Illustrated Horo Management. Mavhcw
Tho Illustrated Horje Docter, Mayhew; Tbo Far
mer s I'ractical lnrncr. Mason; llio Modern
Horso Doctor, Dodd.
A L S O,
A marnifieent slock of rhntntrnnhia Album's:
Family Bibles: Wcltster's Unabridifed Hictionn-
ries; Presenlntion Books: Plationery Goods of
every decription; Cheap Publications, etc., etc.,
at wnoieMiio aim nlail.
All Goods at New York Prices.
E. P. CONE,
Xo. 10. CHERRY STRET. Xo. 40.
doc..Vlw. X'ASIiril.I.I THXX.
And a complcto assortment of other Groceries.
Mclaughlin, butler x co.
HARDWARE AND CUTLERY
NO. SI PUBLIC SQUARE,
(Kirkmnn A Ellis' old stand.)
Wo would respectfully invite, the attention of
SPORTSMEN to our stock of
DORMAN :& FENTON,
'PHE RUSHXIF MUSICAL JC0NN0ISEURS
A for tho new scalo
Y. C. COLLIER,
WHOLESllK 1SI1 HETltL PKALElt IK
SCHOOL BOOKS. BLANK BOOKS. GOLD AND
Arnold IVrltiiif; I'lulil A Coiiy ln Inh,
Wedd'niF, Visitiinr nnd Printer's Cards,
AvhI the iAtestCLiterature of the Day,
NO. 117 UNION STREET.
(Between Cherry and Collece,)
Orders solWtod for eve-ry de?eription of Printinp.
SNUFFS, TOBACCO kc.
Wo Iwve verlnS fetr croutxl w tho wot
choice ami dMruMo ktreets in lMcejielil, far Iohsc
for live yenrs frm 1st January jie.it, t prices
which ouchl to bo mtWfoetery to trtte detinnc to
xi:i.mx a jit'ritr.r
iLrSUT II. Mt.UK.
W. BKVCt THOUI'MIN.
DILL1H & THOMPSON,
nr. vi. i.stati; axi
C O L L U C T I N ii A ii E N T S.
J. & L. WHO RLE Y.
IMrOKTERS AND PK1I.ERS IS
roiiKiox and domrstic
CK1A11S & TOnAGCO.
Xo.32 "tlnrUel Street,
lROMISING rAlTllrri, AND PROMPT
A atlentbm to all biMMmwentruHwl to OMrcnre,
wo respemiHiiy inwer our swiew to the riililic,
as General Aceots. for the PureWe attdSnleo!
ileal imkhic; iiiiiimc ami i.octnc , city or
Country PrHMiv; CdlectHin of Xotw; AeciHints
'and oueors; Jnveliration of Titlus, eteetc
D1LL1N A THOMPSON.
Office, over Socd Katlwial Bask, Collece street.
-VT0RTH NASHVILLE PROPERTY. A First
i. class two stor;r Brick House, with all the itn-
provcmcis, on summer street, near JeOerson
street Price $7.t.
Also: A Lot on .IcCTerson street. Improved by
two Frame DweJIints; rentiuc for 4w) per an
num. Price $.0UU.
Also: A Lot on H&sl&tn street tmnrnrfnl iv two
Brick Houses, with four rooms in each. Pric
Apply to DILLIN A THOMPSON.
d oc-i tf Uecertd AirccU, Oolleg ft.
JOHN B. SMITH,
(Successor to Cbas. Liebenstoin,)
Cor. Cedar ami Cherrj- Hi rcols,
(Hwler Cofflwcrcial llutol.)
A heavy stock of fin Importol and dome tie
Cigars, Tobacco, Snuffs,
CWtastly CD btbX
ciiici(i:uix! ti kox'S ri.vxo roim:
Is unnrocedented. N'othlni In the musical world
has arrived at such a point of cxecllecoo and per
fection as havo tho
Monr.nx cii!cici:mx(i tiaxos.
The ftronec"! endorsement of all tho finest Artists
who have visited our country, besides our most
noted resident Professors, pronounco them un
BEST PIANOS IN THE WORLD.
Our assortment of other first-class rianff
Sheet Music, Mu'ieal Merchandise, or anything
that tho M al l ublicdcsiro
WE WILL SELL',
AT Till I.OUT.ST fKASTKItX PRICES.
Leave your orders with us, when your Pianos
want tuninr. Music sent to order mail free.
Givo us a call and wo will
GIVE YOU A BARGAIN.
XO. 1, JIASOXIC TEMPLE,
FINE FAMILY GROCERIES,
etc., etc., etc.,
NO. 3.1 WEST SIDE PUBLIC SQUARE,
MASON & HAMLIN'S
FIND THE BEST ASSORT.
mcnt in tho city at Lusk's New Music Store,
Opposite SL Cloud notel.
Also Sheet Music, and
Musical Instruments of all kinds. Be sure to call
before pnrchasinc elsewhere.
l'ianot luncti ny ar.JKiwn,
T.nrV'a Tlmldinr. Church Street, fonrvoeite Pt
gond Hotel, and ti Usira Street.
rE HAVE IX STORE
II n large stock of
CRU HED do
AND rOlt SALE
Which cannot bo equalled here. It comprises all
Eradcs, from tho
PLAIN ROUBLE BARREL
v.-r.si-r.T itKiiAitns a creexek
also a vnxr
ISrcaoIi Lo.tilin or Cartridge
OYSTERS, COVE AND SPICED,
Wines and Liquors.
Robertson County do.
Baker's Bitters, etc., etc.
Catawba 'WIoc. et., etc.
Superior Clears :
Smekinc Tobaccos ;
Cap cr Catsup;
Java CofTee, etc.
Jil. V'LirOHLI.V. O. W. U. ntTTLEB. T. 1. inwix.
Formerly of Ncvini, Keith x Co.
McLaughlin, Butler & Co.,
(Successors to F. A. Irwin A Co.J
KESSMES AXXIOUS TO EXrL.VI?f THEIR
One of the most prominent characteristics
which marks the course of th? members of
Congress, especially on the republican side,
is a great anxiety to explain their vote on
tlio Stevens resolution. All manner of reas
ons arc given by them, but the ncrvomness
and the fear manifested by many of them
that no one will understand ttcir explana
tion arc really wonderful. It shows very
plainly that they feel guilty, and are asham
ed of their vote. But the record is there,
and the undue haste manifested by the entire
republican side more than counterbalances
all explanations which they now make.
They rushed headlong into the trap set for
them. Tlio manner in which they acted
gave it the appearance at least of being their
honest convictions. But many of them now
show very strong symptoms of being in a
decidedlv unpleasant frame of mind a state
of anxiety represented better than any other
wav bv-ntc old maxim, "Marrv at haste
and yon will repent at leisure." They
were in such a hurrv to pass elevens res
olution, and place them.-clvcs on record
in favor of it, that they could not even stop
to elect their oliicer-t in the uual form, but,
as soon as they secured their Speaker, put
through all tho others by resolution at once,
fearing that the delav in balloting for each
one scparato would not give them time to
vote on Stevens resolution, llien, when
that resolution was presented, the gag of its
previous question- was entorcetl, lest nome
one would say something against it, and
thus delav them in recording their votes.
The radicals like Stevens and Kellev were
honest enough in all this : for thev had ex
amined the field and come to the conclu
sion that they must carry their point before
the I resident s .Message were read in Lon
gres. They gave it as their opinion pub
licly that they mut strike the blow at the
outset if they expected to accomplish any
thing m opposition to the 1 resident s poli
cy. But what are we to say of those mem
bers who had every where proclaimed that
thev heartilv endorsed .Mr. Johnsons
course? This is the class of men who have
deceived the people, and whom the people
will hold accountable.
As regards such men as Stevens, Kellcy,
of Pennsylvania, fenmner and a few others,
mev nave made no cnoit to conceal tncir
opposition to the President's mode of reor
ganizing the Southern States. They have,
therefore, in supporting the resolution, not
carried but their professional principles, and
have reason to rejoice over their easy tri
umph and the remarkable gullibiljtv of
tliose rcpuDlicain who nave announced their
endorsement of the action of the President.
It is this latter class that are now so con
science-stricken that thev are anxious to
give cvervIodv their reasons. But it will
take a long time for them to relieve them
selves of tho odium of that record. An open
and frank foe, who everywhere and on all
occasions announces his conviction of duty
and acts upon it, is always looked upon as
honorable. To him is accorded the virtue
of honest motives. But he who proclaims
lus course anil pledges himselt to stand bv
it, and then the moment that he is put to the
test docs the very opposite, no longer com
mands respect or is given the credit of hon
est v. I his class is to be found in targe
nunibcrs among the republicans in the
House of Beprcscntatives. "Who thev are
the people in each Congressional district in
tho North can tell by recalling the promises
of their representatives and compann
them with the vote of Stevens' resolution on
the first day of the session
WHAT TITAD. STEVEX3 EXriXTEI TO ACCOM-
1'I.ISH 11Y HIS JOINT COMMITTEE.
In order that the position in which many
of .the members of Corgress have placed
themselves in regard to their former promi
ses and pledges mav be understood, it is
necessary to look bacV to the motives that
prompted Jlr. btcvens in ollcring it. It is
well known that he has for two years past
strenuously advocated treating the bouthern
States as so many Territories, and favored
universal and a sweeping confiscation, the
receipts to be applied tc the payment of the
national debt. This he has advocated in and
out of Congress, and at the samo time held
that whenever the tetatcs in rebellion were
again admitted to the Union they must come
in under orrranic acts after the same probation
as new Territories; in other words, kept under
military or rather Territorial Governors until
thev had rrone throuch a probationary period.
and then admitted, by special permission of
Congress, under the restrictions and provi
sions which that body might provide. lie
opposed the admittance of any of the dele
gates from the Mates which had been in re
bellion in the Baltimore Convention for this
reason. But lie was defeated there. lie or
pocd receiving the electoral votes cast for
President from the same States last year, but,
inasmuch as this made no difference in the
result, he was permitted to have his wav.
and there was no contest over that point of
any moment in the republican partv. .Mr.
fctcveiii is not like many ol ins rnuieal as
sociates persistent that the Southern States
shall be kept under military rule, lie at
leat privately advocates leaving them ex
clusively to civil law, but that civil law to
be administered in a Territorial form only,
precisely as all new Territories arc governed,
which would give Congress, in his view,
the same power over all questions arising
therein as that body now have over the Dis
trict of Columbia. As it has always been
the custom of the several Executives in this
country to select men from the States to act as
governors, judges, marshals, Ac., in new
Territories, this would, under Steven's plan,
secure the appointment of Northern men to
fill all those offices in the States lately in
rebellion; and under their manipulation,
backed by Congress and confiscation, lie
would humble tlicm and place them in a
condition to be admitted to the Union at
at some future time. This, of course, places
tho-"c States out of the Union. This is the
correct view of Mr. Stevens's position, or at
least, a he ha stated it to his friends in con
versation within the last ten day9.
Ho came to Congress with the determina
tion to secure the endorsement of thoc
views by that body. On the "Wednesday
previous to the opening of the f-cssion ho
had a long interview with the President,
and then took bold ground in opposition to
the views and policy of the latter. He not
only opposed and denounced tho idea of par
doning tho late rebels, but lavored coniisca
THE RADICAL CAUCUS.
This interview with the President took
place on "Wednesday, the 29th dav of No
vember. On Friday, the 1st day o'f Decem
ber, there was a caucus of a few "radicals. At
this caucus were 'Stevens and a majority of
the Missouri delegation in the House, with a
few others from different sections of the
country, the object being to have some mu
tual understanding as to their course, in or
der that they might concentrate their
strength. At that caucus Mr. Stevens re
lated the substance of his statement to the
President, and then told the gentlemen pres
ent that what they accomplished they would
havo to do in spite of the President"; for he
was wedded to his own plan of reconstruc
tion. During this meeting the Senate was
canvassed, and they came to the conclusion
that a majority of that body was inclined to
be conservative this year, or, as it was term
ed in radical syntax, " inclined to play the
sycophant to Mr. Johnson." Fears were man
ifested that the Senate would admit
some ot tlio southern senators, and
thus defeat their (thfc radical) pro
gramme. In order to prevent that they
came to the conclusion that they must se
cure the -appointment of a joint commit
tee on reconstruction to whom everything
relating to the admission of the Southern
representatives, and the treatment of the
Southern States, should be referred. The
resolution appointing this committee should
have some provisions which would prevent
one house from admitting Southern repre
sentatives until the other had come to the
same decision. In this way it was thought
that a check could be held over tho Senate,
and the admission of Southern Senator
prevented. Some doubt wjfr expressed by
ono or two present about getting a resolu
tion of that kind through the Senate ; but
Stephens replied that it was the only mode
that he could sec to accomplish that object,
and if thev failed circumstances might pre
sent some other mode. But it was thought
that if the party in the House presented an
undivided front tho Senate would not dare
to reject it. They would be afraid to array
thcmsclvcs against the House, for fear that
pome measures which thev were interested
in might be rejected in the latter bodv. It
was agreed that this plan should be adopted,
and Stephens was requested to present it to
the Congressional caucus to be held on the
iloor of the House on Saturdav evening.
But this was not the onlv point settled
then. All agreed that it would not answer
to allow the credentials of the Southern
members to be referred in the usual way
to the committee on elections, for tho rea
son that if the matter took that direction
some of the men elected from the South
would get around the members and ingra
tiate themselves into their favor, and the
first they would know, one clever fellow
would be admitted from this locality, and
another from that, and thus in cflect'defeat
their plans, and carry out the policy of the
President. It was therefore agreed that the
credentials should not be allowed to go to
the committee on elections; if referred at
all it must be to the joint committee on re
construction. In order that the proposition
for a joint committee might be successful,
the imtxirtance of its being appointed at the
opening of Congress was impressed upon all
present. Kit were delayed for a few days,
they would probably fail. What were done,
said Stevens, must lie dono at the very out
set. They must endeavor to commit both
houses to their programme at the outset, or
they will be unable to carry it through.
Having once secured the passage of the res
olution in both houses, then in order to pre
vent any change of policy, it was agreed
that a resolution should be put through de
claring that there were no Southern Stales
to be represented ; in other words, that there
were no such States as North Carolina, Ala
bama, Georgia, Texas and Florida, or Ten
nessee. The latter State was especially
mentioned to be treated the same as afl
others. This, in their opinion, would dis
pose of the question of credentials and re
move all further controversy on that jioint.
The joint committee would then be left with
out any embarrassments to mature its plan
of reconstruction, the government of the
Southern Territories, which the President
claims as States, and fix the period of their
probation befljrc they arc admitted to tlio
Union, as well as enumerate the conditions
of their resuming their relations.
THE SECOND CAUCUS.
The' foregoing statement embodies the
substance of the proceedings of the first rad
ical caucus. Another caucus of the radi
cals was held on the following day at the
rooms of Senator Pomerov, of Kansas. In
the meantime, however, the programme
marked out at the first gathering wa sub
mitted to Chief Justice Chase, and it met
his approval. The whole thing was done
at romeroy's rooms, and reindorsed there.
This meeting is said to have been exceed
ingly enthusiastic and larger than tho first.
Thev became so wild in their radical doc
trines that some of those present thought tho
majority would go crazv. One expression
used bv a person there was that he began to
think they would go through the roof of
the house. At this meeting every per
son was appointed a committee of one to go
around and see that every radical member
of the house was at the caucus, in order that
there might not be any failure in their se
curing the endorsement of tho programme
by the general caucus of the rcpiiblicans,
and thus get every republican member
bound to its support as a party measure
when it came before the House on Monday.
That wing of the party were all there. The
proposition was presented by Stevens, and
referred to a committee consisting of Ste
vens, of Pennsylvania ; Ilaymond, of New
York ; Blaine, of Maine ; Spalding, of Ohio,
Washburne. of Illinois : Pavne. of "Wiscon
sin, and Boutwcll, of Massachusetts.
This furnished Haymond an opportunity
to administer a severe blow, if not to defeat
Stevens' programme ; but instead of that he
united in the report in favor of it, and it
was im.mimnuslv renortcd back to the rati.
cus, and adopted without debate, as a party
mcasure. Thus Stevens not only carried
his jKiint, but the radical programme adopt
ed at their private caucus was put through
with the pretended supporters of the Presi
dent advocating it. JCaymond was lued as
a tool to advance it. Stevens was immedi
ately, by resolution, directed to present it to
the Houc on the following Monday as soon
as that body organized, which was done, and
it received the entire vote of the republicans
in that bodv. These facts leave no doubt of
the intention of the movers of the resolu
tion, or of Stevens' object in oficriii"' it. It
places the entire republican strength in tho
House of Representatives in an antagonistic
position to the President, and as a direct and
unequivocal attack tioii his reorganization
policv as announced to the public in his
proclamation and speeches and Message to
Concress. Of this there can bo no doubt.
Those Congressmen in the recent elections
who announced their approval of the Presi
dent s policy have, therefore, gone back upon
their promises and placed themselves on
record in opposition to the President.
The resolution still hangs fire in the Sen
ate. A hat will be its fate m that body re
mains to be seen. The extreme radicals
declare it will pass. Other Senators say
received forty-five affirmative votes to sixty
cignt against, so much tor one day's con
sideration of the President's Message. The
republicans wero no longer ready to suspend
the rules for cverv radical resolution. This
is an encouraging sign.
CAUSE OF THE TRIBULATION AMONG THE
Some of Raymond's friends now assert that
ho voted for Stevens' resolution for a joint
cumniiiiec ior mo purpose ot revenge upon
the President. They state that -about ten
days before the commencement of the session
he called upon the President in reference tq
the New York Custom House, but lie could
get no satisfaction out of the President in
regard to it, and has taken this course out of
revenge. It is somewhat doubtful if there
is anything in thisplea. but that, on tho con
trary, tliat he was prompted by the hope of
a position on cc train committees, unless we
take the other view, that he was led into a
trap winch he did not understand or know,
the nature of. The latter, however, does not
give him credit for his usual shrewdness.
No person can blame Stevens for his course,
for he was consistent with his past record,
and made no hesitation in proclaiming what
he intended to do. There was no disguise
nor concealment about it on his part. He
went to work deliberately to accomplish an
object and has been thus far successful. But
with those who claimed to be against that
policy like itaymonu and numerous others,
there is no excuse for their course. It is a
deliberate swindle upon the public, a repu
diation of their pledges and a violation of
the expressed wishes of the people.
INTERVIEW BETWEEN THE TKISIDENT AND
A rich interview took place between the
President and Senator Sumner on the eve
ning alter the message was read in Congress.
It Lasted for several hours. There "were
three or four iicrsons present. Sumner is
represented as having been very nervous.
Some of those present thought he would tro
into a fit at two or three different iieriods of
i... . l.f.
tin; luuMiiLuiuii. .cu any ram ins actions
justified the application of the term of being
a monomaniac m regard the to negro. Find
ing himself unable to move the President,
he finally broke out as follows :
" Mr. President, I notice that the white
rebels down in Alabam and other localities
in the South arc taking very strong against
the Union, and denounciugitin strong terms;
can you not do something to put a tdop to
The President coolly replied : " I see, Mr.
Sumner, that white rebels in Boston are
talking against the Union. Can't you put a
stop to it there?"
This confused the Senator for a short time,
but after twisting in his scat for a short
time he again broke out as follows: "Mr.
Johnson, the reports from the South show
that the white rebels in almost every section
arc insulting the freedmen. Don't you think
that Congress ought to do something to cor
rect this evil ?"
The President, with a significant wink to
the other gentlemen present, replied:
"Mr. Sumner, I notice by the papers that
the white rebels in Cincinnati have been
recently insulting white people there and
knocking down one or two. Can't Congress
do something to correct that evil?"
It is needless to add that the stay of the
Massachusetts negro monomaniac at the
White House was of short duration after
A TOWER HELD BV THE PRESIDENT.
Members of Congress have all of a sudden
discovered that the i resident has the ap
pointing power in his hands. Ihey sec that,
with very few exceptions, the federal olhce-
holders throughout the country, from the
Cabinet down, arc those appointed under
President Lincoln's administration. Already
there is a wonderful uneasiness among tho
members of the House who voted for Ste
vens' resolution. This fear will cause a
great change in the bodv. The public may
iook ior some grand political somersaults be
fore the session terminates. In order that
this point may Iks understood I givo the
points of conversation which took place a
day or two since between a high official and
republican mcnilter .Tho member re
ferred to was boastinir Wlii wn cmnr
oppose tho President's policy, and that lie
did not care what Mr. Johnson did.
" Stop," says the official, ''are vow sure
you are independent of the President, and
can sustain yourself at home if you oppose
him? Your district is very close."
" What has the President to do with my
district? The people elected me, and ex
pect me to carry out their views. I repre
sent tlicm, not the President, and he can't
affect me there."
" But," adds .the official, " how many
postmasters have you in your district?"
" That has nothing to do with it," re
plied the member, " they are all friends of
nunc, ilcsidcs, it is always understood that
the Representative in Congress is entitled
to those appointments or his friends."
"But," replied the official, "supiiosc that
the President should take it into his head
to remove all of your friends and apKint
men in their place who were friends of his
and did not care anything about you, what
then would lie your position at home?1'
This ojiencd the matter in a new light to
the enthusiastic member. After a little hes
itation he asked in a tone showing that this
was a new question, " The President will
not think of doing that, will he?"
"I don't know, replies the official, "what
the President will do, or whether he has
thought of this matter. I only know what
I would do if I were in his place, and that
would be to removcevery one ofyourfriciids
if you opposed the policy of my adminis
"W e II well," drawled out the mem
her, "I don't know but the President's jMilicy
is right, after all, and I think I will support
There have been several serenades to mem
hers and Senators since the message wa rent
to Congress. Ihey have been htarted, no
doubt for the purpose ol drawing out Hi
members on the txiints of the message. Tin
first was iriven to General Banks. Hekipic
the reorganization ixirtion of the message
and never alluded to it at all much to the
disappointment of the crowd. It was alto
gether different with Senator, Morgan from
New York. I Iu was serenaded on W edeosdav
night, and came out with an unequivocal en
dorsement of the whole me&?tugc. lie at
proved it in its length and breadth. New
York has, therefore, ono man in the national
Legislature who represents the views of its
T a Tn.. ;a.rA nf TL.1... 1. I
clearly defines his position thus : 3
AO .... lVT US UU IU, ... UlU ,
twenty uiiiu?a iiuh iviuk uu urc urau ui.
one simDle. comnrehenstvo bill. srecifvinzc
111 urn iiuea uiub- uviiiii iu uu jmuui tut.
United States. shaU the word "white." orr-
nlnfc or brown ha mada a civil distinc-.
legislation wishes age, alienage, crime, ed-uP
ucation, residence, property for it is proper
that such should bo made but none of col
or. All other distinctions may be ovcr-J,a
conic. Men grow in years, they becomoir
naturalized, learn to read, observe the
and obtain property and any man may do
the same, bo that, if any such distinctions its
are made, it is merely saying to the citizen
"Come up higbc " TJ priw. is yours,
reach for it." Butjwb.cn color is so made,
and an arbitrary color at best, no man can
reach it. It is forever removed from him.
Ten lines, properly worded, will remove
this disability. These ten lines should em
brace every principle in tho bills now be
fore Congress, and will be adopted just as
easily as any one of them. When we can
take the whole cherry, why waste time nib
bling at it?
Vij- our Old Men are I)y luff.
The remarkable uict discussed in the fol
lowing article from the Richmond Times
must have attracted the attention of every
intelligent reader. The strange mortality (
among the old men has not been confined to
Virginia, but is nottcable in nearly all the
border and Southern States tinea the cloeo
of the war, and the remark is upon almost
every tongue: "How fast our old men die."
There is a singular fact connected with i
the war which, palpable and prominent as it
is, we have never seen commented upon by '
any of the public journal of the country : a
fact which is still transpiring and recurring
under the influence of causes the direct con-
sequence of those which marked its initiation.
V allude to the extraordinary number of t
old men "who, in ever county and every i
neighborhood, died either during tho war
or have (licit since its conclusion, I
and arc dying daily. It is But strango
that old men should die; thev aro !
expected to do sc. But it w a little re-
markable that they should all die oil at once 1
all over the country, in the aWnce of any f
epidemic specially directed against old men,
to account lor such a proceeding. e speak
of that good old stock of Virginia gentlemen
who wore blue coats and brass buttons: who J
shaved clean every day, and wore uncxeep-
tionahle shirt-bosoms and collars ; who rode
blooded horses, and carried gold-headed .
canes which thev inherited from their fore- r
fathers; who took julep before breakfast,
a toddy before dititicr; and a night-capbeforo -
bed-time, to say nothing of the intcrmcdiato i
drinks; high 'livers and honest drinkers, J
who were princes in hospitality, Christians
n charity, and friends in need ; who wcro
the pride and honor of their land, tho orna
ments of society and the representative tvpos
of a glorious race and time, now rapidly de
parting. Why should they all die nt least .
so soon, and in such numbers ? Wo shall
endeavor to explain.
1 he loss, during the war, ot ltle-Iong and
tta tr ! ? lti-Yiirifva nnil s"vrM fixrtj wfitfofi
Commission Merchants, tS'SSS!
the President, he said to him on that occasion
J. 51. IXTMSDEX A CO.,
VIKrrXCTCKtKl XD SIAL1KS
HIt)ES, OILS, LEATHER,
Findings & Currier's Tools,
1C0. 9 S0UTII MARKET STRKET,
DeO.4 XABHTIXJLE, TEXX.
IlRAXniKS. "H-IXF.S AXD LKlTJOItS,
Corner Market and Clark its., Xjuhvillc, Tcnn.
p-iy the highest market prices for
Art'l Country Produce Generally.
Mclaughlin, butler & co.
that he (Stevens) did not believe that there
was any person in Pennsylvania, outside of
the office-holders and a few personal friends
of their officials, that endorsed, or in the
least approved, his (the President's) plan of
reconstructing the South. That there was
not an indoticndcnt republican in the State
in his (Stevens') belief but that repudiated
that jiolicy. This is Stevens' opinion, upon
which ho informed the President that he
should act. Mr. Johnson appealed to him
for harmony for the sake of the country, but
Stevens would not change his tone in tho
least. The only thing that he did do in that
interview inconsistent with the alxive ex
pression was to ask for the ardon of a
friend. It is not yet known whether the
President granted the pardon or not.
that it will not. Another clas say that
TenncMce will be excepted from its operation
and pass in that fehape ; while others state
that it will be modified so as to remove the
check upon the action of the Senate by the
Ilonsc.and then pass. With these contact
ing views of prominent Senators it is hard
to predict the result. One thing is certain,
the longer it is delayed theiioorcr its chance
for endorsement by that body. In the mean
time Stephens is holding back his resolution,
declaring there is no Southern States to bo
represented awaiting the action of the Sen
ate on the proposition of a joint committee,
in order that his real plans may not be dis
covered until that part at leant is accomplished.
REACTION IN THE HOUSE.
A reaction lias commenced in the Hotrse.
The President's Message has opened the
eyes of many of the memlers who voted for
the joint Committee on Reconstruction, and
thev begin to see their real position. Hence
their effort to explain their vote on that re
solution and the quaking exhibited in many
quarters. Mr. rarnswortli ol Illinois, on
Wednesday, offered a resolution which in
effect declared that the negro soldier should
have the privilego of suffrage. It being
a joint resolution it required a suspension
of the rules to introduce it." Inasmuch as
Mr. Stevens secured a suspension of tho
rules without any trouble to introduce his
resolution on tho first day of the session.
Mr. Farnsworth imairincd that ho would
have no trouble in accomplishing the tsm )
thing on his proposition. J he motion to
imarwnd the rules was made, but instead of
getting tho entire roto of tho party it only J
Ia ijr I'roni Ilornrc rrrlry.
To tho Editorof the Intelliicenesr. WoihifHtton
. In your i?ue of this morning you have
, J r 1! 1.!. 1
KKjKen ot my presence in armiigiuii, ami
of my view oftheioIitical situation in terms
which seem to require ot me a lew explana
tory word. I herewith submit them : I
desire and lalxir for lcacc. Peace between
our country and all others. Peace between
the North and South. Peace between white
and black. We havo had enough of war
and waste, of havoc and carnage for at IcaU
a century. Hence I have Jong labored and
still labor for true and lasting peace. 1 can
conceive no possible gootl to our country, to
any country, to any sccuon, race or ciass,
that is likely to be secured or promoted by
alienation between the President and the
Congress of the United States. On the con
trary, it seems to me that every peril that
now threaten u, every evil that weigl up
on us would be aggravated ; evep- good put
at hazard : every hojc clouded, if not blast
ed, by such a malign, untoward collision. I
have come here to do whatever I can, how
ever little that may be, toward avoiding
such a catastrophe, but I am not as your
paragraph would seem to imply that 1 am
the advocate of any especial plan of recon
struction. I urge only that the President
and Congress, each respecting tho others
Constitutional prerogatives and jicrsonal con
victions, shall freclr and trustfully confer.
discuss and consider with a profound defer
ence for each other's patriotism, and an
earnest desire to agce on a course of action
which they mutally deem just and txneli-
cicnt. Let the great problem ol reconstruc
tion be approached from all tides in this
fpirit, and I feel sure tliat a benign solution
will be HtKJcdily attained. Our difficulties
arc aggravated by the fact that our position
is essentially novel. I cap recall no parallel
in human history. It is complicated by
questions aHecting tho natural rights of the
freedmen, and our moral obligations to them
as our humble allies in the late momentous
struggle, that we may promptly re-establish
the bouthern States in all their original
rights and liberties without sacrificing or
hazarding thoso of any portion of tlio Amer
ican iople, is the earauat denre of Youri,
Washington, Dec. 11.
accustomed luxuries and comforts, which
had become a necessity of their existence,
may bo assigned as one of the causes of mor
tal ity among our old men. They could not
cat and drink as they had been accustomed,
and the deprivation injured their health.
Good, generous liquor was as scarce .is henb
teeth in the Confederacy, and the old men
could not do without it. They took to drink
ing new applo brandy, fresh from the dis
tillery and it did not a'grcc with them. '
But more otcnt caues, bv far, which
affected the hoaith and lives of tho old men,
were mental and moral in their character.
Anxiety for the safety of loved and cherish
ed sons, whose lives wcro daily perilled, sus
pense as to their fate after numerous great
battles which seemed to have no end, grief
at the death of the pet and pride of the fam
ily all these, with their corroding cares,
li.M fi-irfnlly npn our old men, nnd hast
ened their gray hairs in sorrow to tho
grave, then came tho loss ot projbcrtyf in
the accumulation of which their lives
had been spent, and upon tho security
and preservation of which their h'vea
depended ; trusted and valued slaves, whom
they had treated and indulged as children.
stung them by the ingratitude of flight and
desertion ; harrassing anxiety and apprehen
sions, as to the future worried and perplexed
them. Then came the close of a disastrous
war, and the total aliolition of slavery. The
old men had none of the buoyancy and elas
ticity of youth to meet and combat all this.
They could not commence life again, under
the new order of things. Ihey became a
prey to grief and despondency, and the storm
which swept away all the landmarks of their
old habits and associations, was too much for
them. Is it any longer strange that they
should have died, aud be still dying?
Jsiit wo hope that thoso noble virtues
which dignified and adorned these represen
tative men arc not perishing with thcra. God
L'nint the time may never como when tho
good old-fashioned Virginia gentleman shall
Hi no more rocoenized amonirst us. .Let those
who envy and despise rroouncss and merit.
call them arislocrats and sneer at them as F.
F. V's, but all the wealth of Shoddy and
Petrolia cannot endow its possessors with
hearts and hands like those which God gavo
to these bright and shining exemplars of an
cient worth aud virtue.
If our new social system shall, prove un
congenial to tho growth and peqietuation of
this good old stock if they are doomed to
pass away may their memories ever live
and their excellence ever be emulated among
a people capable of appreciating the vahio
and beauty of true gentility.
They Will Not Remain The Ne
ononH. It is now almost a settled fact that
the negroes on most of the plantations in this
vicinity will not remain with their employ
ers on any reasonable tonus. They refuse to
make any arrangements to work next year
They have either left the farms, or are pre
jKiring to leave, and all exjcct to set'le in
town, where they must either become pen
sioners on a bounty wo are unable to aflord
them, or steal. There aro now hero hun
dreds more than can find employment, while
the farmers arc anxious to secure their labor
for the coming year. We know of instances
where the most favorable ofTora have been
made to them, and contemptuously rejected.
Their coming to tho city can only result in
privation and suffering during the winter,
and a fearful increase of crime: nnd we sug
gest to the authorities the immediate adop
tion of energetic measures to restrain the
angry flood that will otherwise overwhelm
us. 'The existing orders on this subject,
from tho headquarter of the Frcedmen'B
Bureau in Virginia, will Iks all sufficient fcr
tbi tiiirnru If strictly, nromntlv and rner.
...v i -1 -, j t i 1 j
getically carried out. Lijnthburg Jtqmblian.
We believe that this will turn ont fcvbe
too much tho way licrealwuU as weltas in
Virginia. That it will work badly wo can '
all readily boIieYe, but how badly is more
than we are yet able to "foresee. There aro
surely as many people in and around our
towns as con get anything to do. Idleness
begets vice and robbery. Startling account ,
reach m from all quarter. V e cannot say
that we aro at all surprised. It is jst what
we might havo expected, and, in fact, did i
The fearful waste of life and destruction of '
vital energy produced by the close and im
pure atmosphere of our school-rooms, public
buildinca. cellars, countinc-rooras. lactones.
ctc etc., ought to attract tho attention of
philanthropists. Tha subject Is shamefully
ovcrlookcdby architects and landlord. 3foro
deatlisoccuranually inNew York which may
be directly traced to had ventilation than aro
produced by oil epidemical diseases com
bined. Tho atmosphere of many of tho
offices and counting-rooms is so poisonous
tliat any ono entering them from the fresh
air is actually rtifled, though unnoticed by
the inmates, except ny genem lassiiuue,
bn,Tfiebos and incapacity for work. In our
offico we havo introduced Mr. Gouge's system
of ventilation with marked success, lucre
may bo as good, or even a better plan, but
we have found thij as effectual as anything
can bo in ill-contrived room. But whatwo
desiro to see is eorae plan adopted whereby
tho exhausted and impure air which is gen
erated in the crowded shops, offices, schools
aud factories yf our city may oe consiaauy
displaccd! by tho introduction of freak o&U