Newspaper Page Text
I?. C. I)UXXIXTOX & CO..
EDITOKS k PnOPRIETORS.
Voluntary communications, containinsintorest-
ng or important news, solicited from any quarter.
lcw letters from tho various counties of the
Slate especially desired.
All communications juouMIjo addressed to tho
BCiters of the Union asd Anemoax."
F. SEYMOUll, jr. D.,
(Late Iirigade Surcoon, U. S. A,)
OCXJIYIST ANI AUKIST,
Office pf Codar street.bctwccn Summer and Cherry,
Office for treatment of all Diseases of tho Hyo
and Har, operations for Squinting, Cataract, eet,
IIOX 7BB, P. O.
REAL ESTATE AGENTS.
f PHE firm heretofore cxistinr under the name
J. firm and stylo of W. MATT I!It0r7 A Co..
s tliis day disslvel liy mutual conent. Mr.
lirewn retires from dm business. Mr. Callendnr.
in cemieeiion wita rinueas uarrett, will co
tiauo tho Ileal aXo business at tho old stand
W. Matt Brown A Co.. 41 Cherry street
W. .MATT. HKOWN".
CALLENDER & GARRETT
(Successors to Vt. M itt. Iiaows A Co.,)
Xi onl Ewtiito Affouts,
ti Clicrry Nlrest,
Villal. Rive their prompt attention to the selling
ami rwiiMc 01 every tletcriplioii 01 ileal iviwie
Ituildir.i; T.ol.s fur Stile,
a la uon
1st A fine Ite?dcncc, containing 12 rooms,
free territry. AIo two vacant Lots adjoining,
M. That splendid Keshlence of tlin lato. Tames
.lehttson, on JinwJ bslrcet, between Mnnmcr ami
High streets, containing 8 rooms, betides servants
reams nthl other out houics.
8d. That Milimdid ltMHtmienof tlio late Hardin
l'.MloNick, (stHtniiiing about 10 room,, out house,
ete. (!nod Jpriiic anil sp-.ng house with S'A
seres il Inl, immediately adjacent to tuocity, mi
Uiu uiiarlutle 1'iku.
4th. SO aere- of ground of tho Harrow property
on the Cliarlntte J'iLu, which will be divided
&th. A very largo number of I,ots in tho City
niMl I lie (iiHurwit llition, to iSaoriUo. lots
lit JvlMfiohl and llrownsiilla.
Wh. A very larKo nnmler of Iho J1KST 5AHMS
In tlin ami the ljrmmi(r counties. Apply to
J. I,. A II. W. IIIIOWN.
dot4 lm Wi Unio" street.
JESEATs ESTATJ3 AtJKXT.S,
1 Cliorrj' Strt-cl, iirnr Union,
AVE a tarn ataoant of Ileal Ettato to eell in
uim ana ui aeioiatac owes.
tnrmr BUT AND SELL
QIlp. OeBBty asal Btats Eik on coHUBlidon. ns
Kci Itoi orrr Meriptkm of OavoTCHinnt gocilti-
two wanvs cotjhtt PAnais
peJTaftilat'very namatl&o prkwa. Also, ciio
oMOOriMM.Iii JmVsbh county. Taiiu, for talc
KPLKXnin CITT IMKH'I'.UTY
Jf) l'EnT on Church slrct. opp(ito ihoMax
ij'J M Hnun aiHl MnsinieTciiiplcMta roMon
Bhle'iiriei". This ts eoHtinl, choico property, and
is mom than X) feot ilnup.
5 lVrl. Improved, on Vino street, between
Chuieh and Union, vory.cjioieo location, bntthe
Improveuients am iiiodcgKLto. Tho price is very
02 I"tI. l(h Inrro biiek dwelling;, on Vine
itreot, lietweon t'ninn ntxl Ctxlnr, brine iiImiuI the
most deeiraW legation for residences in tho eily.
30( ViM'fon McflaTocV street. Wvl Xashvillp.
on which i niieat llriek llKellini, fl or " rooms,
ilehwi, "(able, etc;, and first-rato cistern. Price
only llou'taml premises In itoikI order.
ion r-t on llroe.d street, Vot Nashville, with
lcsant new ltrh'k fionfo, containinr 10 or 12
room,, Mtchwi, ktBhle. two dstnrn, shrubliery.
ete... etc;, at f l.S. ery derable. lfnol sold
within ten days, this Isrto ami eheieo place Mill
be renti'd for ths remainder of this and tho whole
of next) ear.
BO I Vr-t mi North Market street, corner of I,o"
euit, vn which i" tho woll known l'loasant mith
house, l'riee H2.5W.
BO I'rrt on pprueo street, with larce, cleaut
and new llriek flwellinc, emitainins lfi riMim. 2
bath reoros. kitchen, extia sis, with iras. water,
and .Tory luodorn improieiowit.
45 IVct en l'srk el root, with common im
provements vwy low. Thss property ruin through
40 IVr t cm Gelleve street, lteine the lower por
tion of the lei wow eeep?d by Department
ilditHrters, WelowsiB to lr, Watws. Trice,
f&V per ft.
A eMtec Httle ll i Nwrih C1tse. justbclor
he 1'ubHe StMir, al a roeenke.
SALOON AND 1USTAU1UXT.
ofTf r fr a SaJeoi l!eUnnwt. now
doing a praMnWe tiiisiness, in tho very centre of
trade. l a l'riee jwfecUy mtMfaetorj.
' AVe Imtc W l,i feet J rroond en the Mart
ehates & 4 wirelde stiwKs i i Kt(cfieM, Tiir tmse
fr Sve ymn ftom 1st Jaoaary next, at pnees
whwt ought to tie ntutaetory to tbu desinec te
MU.Sts.'i A 321'KI'i:i;i
ALIIKBT V. KH.UK.
w. aRvci vaonpsn-.s.
!l m l TNQMPSOH,
Itr.AI. USTATi: AM)
C T1' K CTISG AO K X T S.
nKOMIflXfl VAITHITL A Nil l'KOMIT
L K4(tiaM t alt knsineiwenlruetnl to or care,
ve I t' iietftilly temier our rr ires to the 1'HMie.
ns(neisrsd Aemts. for the l'urrhae and Sale i
)tel Ks44s4e; Iteutinc sn.1 l.winc of Cily er
Oeaatry l'nN'': Colleetimi f 'ole; AroHtF
and Yeeefacj-i; 1 HveticatMW nf Titles, rtc, ete.
IHLl.IN A THO.Ml'.-KlN.
Office, oTer Pd Nstmusl Hank, Collece street.
pi nAKitr.t.s :t.v.Mir.ititn:s.
Mi:lHKY A liritKE.
Seatkit osrner llruad ami Market sts.
OUU rlecant article Jut reeei M ami for sale
by MEDAItV A JI1THKK.
Feutheast eonier ltnuid ami Market sts.
Ann ii,vititi:ii m:w voiik .trrus,
OUU the Let m tlir inaikH.
Ml IHHY A lintKF,
fvmthcast corner llroad and Market fts.
GROCERIES, LIQUORS &c.
PandoUjui & Rha,
NO. 12 NOHTH CHElUir STIIEET.
MONG TliniU STOCK MAY EE FOUND :
Java. Itio and Mocha Coffee :
Crukhetl, I'onderol, Coffee, I'orti-Hico, and every
crade of Drown tufrark;
Teas. Candies, Starch:
Castile, l'alin. EraiTe and Laundry Soap,;
Almonds, Filberts. Currants. Prunes. Hasins;
llutier. (iinlnrn j"ncr and Almond Crackers:
Pine Apple, (jloustcr anil Dome.tic Cheese;
Mixed, i irk i in, Chow-chow and Imperial Hot
Mushroom, lYalnut. India, and Sir Itobcrt Feel
Sultana, Royal. Table. EccfStcaV. ltoyal Osborne,
John Dull. Soho, Moicul and llervey Sauces;
E"cnco of Anchovies : Essence of Shrimps;
llaillc, Imperial and Durham Mustard;
Mu.hrooms; Dutch Anchovies; Anchovy Faste:
Strasbourg Moats. Poltod Tonsue, Polled Ham;
FrniU of crery variety in cans and jars,
IX Tiirm mock OP
W i ii e s a n 1 15 r :i h l i c h
ALL OF WHICH AllH
' K , U I 5 r, A.MI UIl'OltTEI),
MAY DE FOUND
I'emr.rtin and DuffGordnn Sherries;
Old Choice ami Koscrve Madeiras ;
London Dock and Duri;undy Port;
l'cinartin, lllauquefort and St. Julien Medos
Haul Santernc, Niesloiner, Hockhcimcr and Ca
Ilemercicr, (lold Medal and Ilcidsick.Chamnacnq
Pinet Castillion. Otard. Dupny A Co's Draiidics;
Irish, Scotch, Bourbon and Kobertsou County
Maraschino Absinthe; Vermouths and all As
Baker's and llolIandEittcrs;
GENUINE HAVANA CIGAES.
Choice brands, together with every variety of Do
mestic CiKars,.Chcwini; mid Smokine Tobacco of
all brands; together with all other articles usual
ly found in a
FI11ST CLASS FANCY GKOCEKY STOEE.
It is tho intention of PANDOLFINI Jfc K1VA
to kee on hand at all times a complete assort
ment of everything in their lino, of the very bcit
quality to bo purchaitod, which tliey aro deter
mined to sell as low a, any other establishment in
Ibis or any othereity.
They respectfully iisk an examination of their
stock, feeling assured that no ono will go awny
PAXHOIiPIXI & KIVA,
AND Iir.jlI.EC3 15
"WIXKS, LIQUOItS AND CIGAltS,
Xo. 12 A'ordi Clirrry Street,
deol-lu. NASHVILLE, TENN.
AB. V UCQHLIH. O. W. II. 11UTI.ER. F. A. IUWIX.
Formerly of Evans. Keith A Co.
M'LAUGHLIN, BUTLER &C0.,
(Suceitors to F. A. Irwin ,t Co.)
v it o r us a Ti i: it oci: its
Corner of Market and Clark streets,
Wc have in store and foraile a largo slock of
CltUSIIKD, AND FOWDEEED,
EIO COFFEE, FAMILY' FLOUU,
SALT. MACKEREL, BTAK CANDLES,
SOAP. TOIIACCO. CHEESE. OYSTERS,
R.V1S0NS. ASSORTED CANDY, LODSTERS,
AVi.vun ami i.iii;oits.
Ilourbou Whikv. Holland din.
Kobertsou Comity do .lamaica Ruin,
French l'nindy. Sherry Wine,
Applo lo Port do
Peach do ('lumipnguo do
("herry do Clnret do
linker's Ditlers. Catawba do
And a complete aortmcnt of other Groceries.
McLAl'tillLlN, 111 TLER A CO.
FIXE FAMILY (.KOCEfCaES,
NO. 33 WEST SIDE PUBLIC
fE HAVE IN STORE
II a large stock of
AND FOR SALE
CUU 1IED lo
OYSTERS. COVE AND SPIOEI).
Wines and Tjiquors.
lUbertMB Caant do.
BaVilHttew, etc etc
Catawha Wioe, ctJ., etc.
SHfgr Cinn :
SsM4iW Teies :
Jaa Coffee, etc
J. JI. I.lJISIE.V A. CO.,
umcrxcrrctss asp extiixa
ELDES, OILS, LEATHER,
Findings & Currier's Tools,
10. 9 SOUTH MARKET STREET.
DhC xahuviixk, ns
DAILY UM.Ui AM) AMERICAN, .- ':
It W ARE
SAM. VAKLEER, & CO.,
NO. COLLEGE STREET.
(Two Doors below Public Square.) '
SIGN OF THE BIG PADLOCK
TTAVE ON HAND AND ARE RECEIVING
XX a large and complete stock or jtnghsh, (!cr
man, and American HARDWARE,
WhicH to arc selling at reasonable prices. Tho
stock r nsists in part of
FINE IXL I'OCKET CUTLERY,
200 GROSS TABLE CUTLERY.
200 D0Z. KNOB LOCKS, assorted,
00 do HAND AND RIPPING SAWfi.
500 d ASSORTED AUGERS.
23 do FOOT ADZE.
2000 lbs. HOOKS AND HINGES, assorted. 12 to
1000 lbs. D0IL CHAIN,
1000 " BLACKSMITH'S HAMMERS, all kinds;
25 WRIGHT'S ANVILS.
100 CROSS-CUT SAWS, 414 to VA fct.
60 MILL SAWS, OA to 5 feot;
CHISELS, ,i '
CANDLESTICKS of all kinds,
TIN CUrS and PLATES.
TEA and TABLE SPOONS,
A very largo stock of PLANES of ovcry variety
1 It K 31 1 V JI S TnEL PLOWS.
Those wishing to purchaso in our lino will do
well to giro us a call beforo buying.
nam. VAi.i:r.rt, a co.
1. 1. BRKAST.
THO. D. CSlICnilD.
ARTHUR A. BREAST & CO.,
NO. 25 PUBLIC SQUARE, NASHVILLE. S
rE HAVE NOW ON HAND. AND ARE
It continually receiving, a largo and well se
lected stock of
1 1 Alt U'iVA It 17 A N ii cirri.r.itr,
n all its branches.
Wo invito Merchants and the Trado generally
to our stock :
TABLE AND:P0CKET CUTLERY;
AXES AND HATCHETS;
CIIAINES AND ROPES:
COTTON AND WOOL CARDS;
HORSE SHOES AND NAILS;
RIFLE AND BLASTING TOWDER,
FARMER'S AND MECHANICS ToGLS.
in evcrw variety, etc., etc.
Call and examine onr Stock. We are prepared
to sell ns cheap as any houso west of the Alleghc
nics. A. A. nilllAST A CO.
G. W. FALL & CO.,
WHOLESALE AND RETAIL DEALERS
HARDWARE A XI) CUTLERY
NO. Zi PUBLIC SQUARE,
(Kirkman A Ellis old stand.)
We would respectfully invito the attention of
SPORTSMEN to our stock of
Which cannot be equalled here. It comprises all
grades, from ths
PI.AI2V DOUBLE BARREL
wrsi.r.r iticiiAnns a c;n Kit
also a raw
ltrcacU Loading or Cartridge
JiS. M I.HV.11LIN'. C. W. II. DDTLES. T. 1. IRWI.X.
Formerly of Ncvins, Keith A Co.
McLaughlin, Butler & Co.,
(Successors to F. A. Irwin A Co.J
IUtAXIHE., WI.MS 'VXD MOTORS,
Corner Markctand Clark sts Nashville, Tcnn.
We pay the highest market prices for
And Counti-jr PrWaes Generally".
HcLAUGIILLN, BUTLER & 00.
NASHTILLE, TENNESSEE, SUNDAY,
FROM THE OLD WORLD.
Europe, Asia and AiTrica.
Historical, Political, Imlnstri
al and Commercial Pacts.
The land of the Pharaohs.
Cotton Productions and Spec
ulations in India.
The Islands of the Spices.
American Enterprise" Abroad.
etc., etc., etc.
"Wc compile from various of our ex
changes the following very interesting re
sume of affairs beyond the seas :
Opening of flic Kalian Parliament.
Florence, November 18, 1SC5.
I have just been present, thanks to the
vcrv kind and considerate assistance of the
Tlon. Mr. Marsh and Lieutenant Colonel
Lawrence, American Minister and Consul
General in this city, at one of those stirrinj
ceremonies which form an epoch in a na
tion's history. In countries like the United
States, which aro on the eve of counting
their consolidation and independence by-
entering upon their second century of exis
tence, the meeting of the national represen
tatives has become 10 much a matter of
course as to give rise to little emotion beyond
that created by the ordinary transaction of
the public business of the State. But with
Italy the case is lar dulercnt, and every
meetitic of Parliament marks, as I have
said, a step forward and a new epoch in the
onward march of the Italian people. Last
time, it was the nrst Italian Parliament
which met at Turin ; this time, it is tho
Italian Parliament which meets for the first
time in Florence. 'Where will it meet next ?
is the question and the reflection which rises
involuntarily to the mind of every one
present at the scene referred to.
Jsut, instead of losing mvsclf in specula
tions or reflections, I must hasten shortly to
describe to vou the animated scene from
which I have this moment returned. For
some days past Florence had been preparing
herself with hearty rood will lor a grand jttc
and public spectacle. The National Guard
and troops of the line were all summoned to
turn out. The municipality appealed to the
loyalty and national fn-lings of the inhabi
tants to welcome their chosen King and
Parliament bv decorating their houses with
banners and trophies during the dav and
with illuminations at night. The appeal
was eagerly responded to, preparations were
making on every side, we were all looking
forward to a brilliant festival and popular
holiday. Alas! though Heaven is, I trust.
still propitious to Italy, the heavens that is
to say, the clouds were not. The day lias
proved to be the very icorst I have experienced
during a two mouths' sojourn. It is need
less to dwell on the miserable details of rain
and mud and drenched draperies and droop
ing standard. The scene outside presented
all the usual features at such a deplorable
I will neither attempt to describe nor
dwell upon it, but'pass at once to the more
pleasing and imposing ceremony beside the
ancient walls of the Palazzo Vccchio. This
time-honored Hall of the great days of the
Florentine Republic, with its magnificent
gilded ceiling, the largest suspended flat
surface, it is said, in the world, with its an
tique frescoes of the victories of Cosmo the
ure.it, adorning the walls, and its general
air ol grand historical tradition, has been
fitted up Avith much good taste and propriety
for the reception of its new legislative oc
cupants. Alio part appropriated to the sit
tings is provided with handsome ranges of
scats in a horse-shoe form, covered with blue
velvet. At one extremity stands the throne;
the other is occupied by large and commo
dious galleries for the public. Into these
latter, spectators were admitted by tickets
only ; and when I say tliat they will con
tain only some 700 or 750 persons, and that
Senators and Deputies together claimed 500,
leaving only 100 or 150 at the disposal of
the uovernment for all general applicant",
you will feel persuaded that the privilege
of being present was not slight.
The greatest eagerness was shown to ob
tain admission, and nearly an hour before the
doors were opened ladies, in silk dresses,
might be seen obliged to descend from their
carriages and stand in the pelting of the piti
less rain, with only dripping umbrellas over
their heads. How glad we all were to get in
at last 1 The great amusement, of course,
while awaiting the King's arrival, was to ad
mire the noble old hall of the Cinque Centi,
as it is called, from the Council of the Five
Hundred having sat in it, and to watch the
entrance of the most well-known deputies.
Rattazzi was early there, with his light, al
most bovish fimire and air. The Martinis
de Popoli has the look of a Bonaparte, with
his jet black hair and square turned head.
Minghctti has tho look of a finished gentle
man. D'Oudes Rcggio, the Catholic leader,
wears the keen, subtle expression peculiar to
his party. Signor Boggio, whose recent visit
to Rome has made so much noise, is a round,
plump little man, who docs not look at all a
match for the acutcness of a De Mcrode or
Quite a sensation was created wlin blind
old Gino Caproni was led tenderly across the
Hall where he had come for the iirst time to
take his oath as Senator, in token of his un
flinching love for king and country. He is
one of the finest relics of the old nobles of
Florence, rich, and liberal as he is rich,
whether as regards fortune or principle. The
deputies all dress in full suits of black, with
white tics and straw-colored gloves, and in
this attire, at least made rather a distin
guished appearance. By and by the minis
ters began to shew themselves around the
throne, La Marmora the full uniform of
general, his breast covered with decorations.
Oaiibaldl ;.-ioi!i Ploonro -v reported and
will probably come here, though he may
not absoluely decline to accept his election
And now, in one second of time, the busy
hum of voices in the huge hall is completely
hu'lied, and the words " II lie" are heard
from the lips of one of the chief functionaries,
and in another second Victor Emanuel
stands before his assembled Parliament. It
is quite impossible not to be taken by the
gallant, manly bearing of this honest and
itatriotic ruler. His frank military step as
he walked into the hall and looked round
him with evident ami pleased satisfaction at
the hearty cheers which burt forth on every
side, wasquite pleasant to witness, and made
even hit face (which is saying a good deal)
look almost handsome. "After some preli
minary ceremonies were gone through. Vic
tor Emnauel unfolded a paicr he held in
Ins hand ami began to read Ins sjieecli, witti
n voice which it is no mere figure of speech
to say is a voice like a trumpet. I certainly
never heard such an organ come from mortal
It is really magnificent ; and I shall not
so soon forget the first startling sound of his
"Signnri Semitori, and Signnri Dejmtoti !"
The speech will, of course, toon reach yon
in full. I will, therefore, only say that the
ortion relating to the rupture of negotia
tions with Rome was that which was by far
the most vehemently applauded. The
financial pait of the speech was anticipated
beforehand, and I think the general feeling
now seems to lie that retrenchment is im
perative, and that, following Louis Napo
leon's example, the army must be reduced.
But we know nothing positive till the new
Parliament has spoken. The king's two
sons, gentlemanlyj soldierlike young fellows,
stood upon each side of him, and formed a
pleasing CTQup. And now I have but space
to say adieu Homy American readers ns far
as Florence ii concerned. I must ask for a
short indulgence for my journey homeward,
and hope soon to reappear on ray old
ground in Paris, as fast as the weather, the
distance, and the snows of Mount Ccnxa will
Notes From Ireland.
i nave just returned after a verv brief
visit tome "ould counthrv" and in the
,JUw lines, embodying the re
tuns oi my ooservations, mav be mterestino-
10 your readers, i am induced to send you
wn my outward trm in thf i:itr nf nn
r . ... . . .
Htt5V8aiIcd from :N"ew York October 25,
cuijuitt-u io una a numocr
Arisiimen returning home, with the avowed
""-""" vi remaining mere. Anev ex-
pressed themselves pretty forcibly on the
suDject of emigration to the TTnitivl St.itna
and were evidently determined to prevent
aiy ui uieir menus irom venturing to such
a country. Some of the reasons given bv
them for returning to the Emorald Isle
were sufficiently amusing. One stalwart
Milesian said he had been working on a
railroad in Pennsylvania, and had drunk
more water there in one day than in nil hi
life before. " Why." said he. " the weather
there is so divilish hot that ivery gang
fifteen men has one man doinrr nntnini nt
all but carrying wather for 'um."
Another was satisfied with the wages paid
in the United States, " but," said he, "what's
the use of good wages whin you have to pav
the biggest half of 'um away agin to thedoc-
mcr, to get cured ot the tavar an' agey?"
Another couldn't get along with the New cotton crop has been almost entirely aban
l ork whisky ; a few drinks of it would give doned on account of the successful issue of
him more headache than a hogshead of po-
Belfast was my destination. I found that
city fully two-thirds larger than when I left
;;-io-o , ...
n in 1000. jys your readers are no uouut
awjare, Belfast is the headquarters of the
Irish linen trade. The impetus given to
that trade by the late rebellion was looked
upon as a godsend to Belfast. Linen facto
ries sprung up everywhere. Everybody who
had or could obtain either monoy or credit
embarked in the linen trade. The farmers
raised flax instead of vegetables, and the
result was that the housewives of Belfast
grumbled over the price of potatoes and
cabbages quite as much xs their sisters in
The Bclfastians (the Catholic portion of
tne population excepted sympathized with
tne rebels, and werc-very hitter against the
" Yankees' Their idea to that so long as
the rebellion continued cotton would be
scarce, and linen in demand. Millions
might suffer so that Belfast grew rich. The
Belfast Northern Whig was the only paper
in that region that showed a friendly spirit
toward the Union, and its course is all tho
more praiseworthy and deserving of respect.
that, in advocating the rights and justice of
iue union cause, 11 was running counter to
its pecuniary interests,
The United States Consul, John Young.
Esq., proved to be the right man in he right
place. His integrity and industry are well
known in Belfast. In those dark times when
the tide seemed turning in favor of the
rebels, and when the rebel sympathizers
were exultant over what they thought was
tne impending ruin of this great Itepublic,
Mr. Young, like a true patriot as he is,
never permitted himself to doubt for a mo
ment what the issue of the contest would be,
and never ccacd to uphold his country with
dignity, courage, and perseverance that
would have redounded to his credit had he
been a minister instead of a consul
His kindness and hospitality to Americans,
or to any friend of America, is something to
be gratctullv remembered, and proves that
his native country has a worthy son in the
consul at JScltast.
lhe Belfast linen men are inbilant over
an order lately received from the English
Government for linen for the armv. The
scarcity of cotton has necessitated the sub
stitution of linen for that fabric for armv
shirts. The paupers in the workhouses also
wear coarse linen shirts instead of cotton, as
heretofore, all of which makes the people ot
AJellast leel good.
The existing government of Egypt began
in Mohammed AH, who assumed the gover
norship in lsub. lhe hrst act ot Ins reign
was the complete extermination of the Mame
luke power, which had oppreesed the people
since A. D. 1171. He next organized and
disciplined an army and a fleet, after which
he bestowed much attention upon the more
substantial elements of strength, such as the
natural wealth of the country. Agriculture
was patronized ; the cultivation of sugar cane,
indigo and cotton was introduced, canals
were dug, and everything promised a hope
ful future. But here came in the evil effects
of the government. "Whatever may have
been the good intentions of the Governor,
the ultimate aims were sell-aggrandizement
and affluence. Instead of being a govern
ment for the general welfare of its subjects,
it was nothing more than a gigantic system
of labor for the cnriclimcnt of the ruling
power. The people, their lives and fortunes
were all subcrvient to the will of a
single man. The Governor built numerous
manufactories in diflercnt parts of the coun
try, but allowed no competition, and forced
the natives to work in them as slaves. But,
ruinous as this was, the tyranny imposed
upon the agricultural population was still
more oppressive. By a certain law the
whole produce of the labors of this class was
required to be sold to the Governor at a cer
tain price, and the same parties were obliged,
fortheirown consumption, to buy back again
the same supplies from the government de
pots, and at an advanced rate. A system of
commerce was inaugurated, but only for the
benefit of tho Governor. Schools were
founded, a certain number of young Egyp
tians were instructed in an English educa
tion, telegraphs were built, the country wxs
newly divided, a civil law was pronounced
and other progressive measures were adopted,
and though the benefits accrued to the reign
ing power the results were not without some
good to the people.
In addition to his internal labors, Moham
med AH also reaped no small amount of
military glory. An army, commanded by
his adopted son, Ibrahim Pasha, in 181b,
conquered Arabia, Nubia, Sennaar and Kor-
dofan, and annexed them to Egypt as prov
inces. Afterwards the Egyptian forces as
sisted the Porte againstGreecc. Mohammed
Ali next turned his arms against the Porte
himself, undertaking to conquer Syria and
to build up a new empire, of which Egypt
should be the centre. In 1S31 the Egyptians
had triumphed over the Turks, and the plans
of the insurgent Gevernor were about con
summated, when the interference of Euro
pean iiowcrs compelled lum to allcgianc.
and the treaty of Kintahia limited Moham
med AH merely to the Vice Regency of Syria.
In the following year the warbrokc out afresh.
and the Turks were again conquered ; the Eu
ropean powers again interposed, and restored
the Porte to his lost ascendency. The treaty
which followed is at present the arrange
ment which exists lietween Egvpt and the
forte, it was stipulated mat ib ibc n...u
descendant of Mohammed AH the first
Ixirn enjoying the first right the hereditary
government of Egypt and the countries of
the I'ppcr Nile is secured, with the title of
Viceroy, but with no prerogative beyond
the other Viziers of the kingdom. In all
matters or treaties, administrative law and
incrca.'-e of taxation the consent of the Sul
tan is nescssarv. Annually the Viceroy is re
quired to pay a tribute to the Porte. Eighteen
thousand troops is the maximum force per
mitted, and the Viceroy toappoint his officers
up to the rank of colonel, while the Sultan
chooges the commanders.
After Mohammed AH was brought to this
final settlement lie turned his whole attention
to aflairs within his kingdom, but with very
little beneht to lm subjects. In 1S1 Ibra
him I'aha succeeded to the viceroval office,
but died Ithin a few months after, when
Alibas Pasha succeeded, but also died soon
after, ami Said Pasha assumed tho govern
ment. J lis successor was Ismail 1'asha, the
prei-ent Viccrov. This prince is also iKwses-
sed of liberal views, and is gifted with a
spirit of enterprise far in excess of even the
progressive tendency of Ins predecessors.
It was during the rule of the last two
Viceroys that the present railroad sy.-tcm
was inaugurated and carried out. No radical
reform, however, in the government and in
ternal administration may be looked for so
long as the weak and rotten system of Turkey
is at the head, controlling and checking
every effort at progress.
The wealth of Egypt is exclusively agri
cultural. The country is nothing more than
an extensive oasis, surrounded by deserts.
The vallcv of the Nile included "in Egypt
stretches from the Mediterranean Sea to "the
first cataract, a distance of five hundred and
fifty miles from north to south, between the
sea and Cairo a width of fifty miles, and
south of the latter point not over five miles
on an average. Egypt hxs m other river
tlian the Nile, and the wonderful fertility of
its banks is attributable to the annual inun
dations which overflow the banks and drop
upon thg Eurfcco tho rich scdimcat brought
DECEMBER 17, 1S65.
down from the, as yet, unexplored interior
of Nubia and beyond. The plain of the
Nile is entirely without mountains. The
- low range of lulls near Assuan contain
irranite and smite and furnish! tho mnt
als for the magnificent structures still the
.nlmimtinn nf h wnrhl on.? wl.tM, I,,
-, " " "
- I Incfml fmm 1, nn,nn .,:.,
From Assuan to El Kab sandstone abounds'
ot anu irom .1 ivao to tne sea the largest por-
tion is limestone. "With the exception of
these ranges the country is alluvial.
The soil of Egypt will produce almost
everything suitable to the latitude. These
crops which thrive best are corn, especially
doura, wheat, barley, peas, beans, tobacco,
ntv, LTjium, sugar taut, uua, ncinp ana lnui
go. Fruits of all kinds, and many garden
vegetables are also successfully raised. A
number of varieties of flowers are still cul
tivated at Fayoora, but this branch of in
dustry elsewhere in the country has long
been abandoned, except in the gardens of
of the Pashas and wealthy classes.
Although, as I have said cotton is crown
in Egypt, its quality is very poor ; the fibre
is short and weak, and docs not manufacture
well into cotton goods except of the coarser
qualities. Un account or this the land can
be much more profitably turned into some
thing else. During the present season the
our war and the expectation of a large sup
ply oi -vmurican couon in me market, witn
which ligyptian cotton cannot at all coia
pete in the manufacture of fine goods. Fur
thermore, at the best the supply of cotton
from Egypt as long as the present govern
ment lasts can never reach any very large
amount, on account of the absence of all
encouragement for the natives to labor in
consequence of the grasping system of the
government. During my travels through
r.gypt 1 have seen but very littto .t-;n0 !t
way ror shipment at Alexandria. 1 may
add that a great portion of what I have
seen on the rail is merely in transit from
Suez to Alexandria, having been brought
The harvest season here is about the mid
dle of March, and in the South, by means of
irrigation, two and sometimes throe crops
are raised. Egypt has no forests ; the groves
of palm met with everywhere were planted
by the hand of man. With the exception
of ornamental trees found in the garden, tho
sycamore, Nile acacia and tamarind aro
more common. The vine, which in olden
times was much cultivated, is now abandon
ed, except in Favoom. The famous papy
rus has aliuost disappeared, and the lotus is
There is no deputing the fact that the ad
mission of European into the country has
been of great advantage to Egypt, though as
yet not so much as may be expected within
the next ten years. The opening of the
overland route, from Europe to the East,
has had the effect to stir up the idas of the
rulers of the country, and both they and the
people, in their own way, arc reaping by de
grees golden benefits. It is due to Egyptian
enterprise to say that a foreigner never puts
his loot in the country without being sriueeZ'
cd of the utmost farthing which his means
will allow before he leaves the country.
For purposes of internal trade Egypt is
probably better oil than many other coun
11 1 . 1 11 . .
iries uiesseu wmi a mucn iiigncr siaie o
civilization. The numerous canals whicl
also answer the double purpose of irrigation,
and the Nile, running the whole length of
the valley, abound with innumerable craft
from Dahabics or Kangies,up to Nile steam
crs. The camel, the ship of the desert
transports to the inland (owns the supplies
of the iNile, while the donkey, lor short dis
tances, is made useful in a thousand wavs
In addition to these ancient modes of con
vevance, within the past ten vcars the rail
roads have been opened, and the journey
across the isthmus, winch lasted about hlteen
days, is now accomplished in a less number
of hours. The French fresh water canal
which mav succeed, will assist the railroad
but the maratime canal, which is a foregone
failure, will be no beneht either to the coun
try or the pockets of the capitalists who have
invested m the enterprise. The present
iccroy has on root a project which, if con
summated, will add greatly to the commer
cial importance of Egypt. It is the building
of a railroad the entire length of the Red
Sea. It is not ili'torminpil whether it will
follow the Egyptian or the Arabian coast.
But this matters little. If the work is ever
completed it will be a great day for Egypt.
nri. i .i. i? mi i'l i .l
j. ne iciigiii oi inc line win noi oc less man
nine hundred mile, and will materially
shorten the passage from Suez to Aden.
There are, however, numerous obstacles to a
speedy accomplishment of the work if com
nicnced, the greatest of which is the desert
and its intolerable heats,
Tho foreign element in Egvpt is made lip
of French, English, Italians and a few Ger
mans. A he competition, however, is between
me nrst two. Alio Jingnsn muiiencc is
mainly directed to trade; thcFrcnch schemes,
however, arc as much or more political than
commercial. The canals and other works
now going on look at no distant day to an
occupation of or at least to a directing power
in the country. J lie present Viceroy is
fully conscious of the tendency of French
influence, and one of his first steps recently
made against the encroachment was to with
draw entirely the native labor from the
French maritime canal. This practically
puts a stop to the work, as the European can
never be able to labor in such a climate. I
understand the Viceroy, in speaking of the
French, made the remark, "All that my
brother gave the Frenchmen shall remain,
but from me they shall have nothing." The
pressure is decidedly anti-French.
1 ho present of Egypt is merely a sort of
abeyance. The country as it is now cannot
long stand. The Viceroy will be obliged to
overrule many of the predudiojs of the peo
ple against lorcigncrs and reconstruct his
government on a more liberal foundation,
or else he will soon find somebody to do it
for him. There is no doubt a great progres
sive stride would be accomplished if the
country were rid of the control of Turkey.
This would have been long since if it were
not for the jealousies of ! ranee and Eng
land. The one Power is a check upon the
other, and Ijctwccn the two the Turk is sus
tained in his authority, and Egypt sutlers.
But this cannot last long. The tendency ev
ery day of the Viceroy is to independence,
and an empire on modern principles. Then
Egypt will rival her ancient glorv, and the
famous cities of Thebes, Memphis and Ileli
opolis will again appear as living marts of
trade and cultivation, and, together with the
rapidly reviving cities of Alexandria, Cairo
and Suez, Egypt will again take her stand
among tne nations oi tne world.
'l he cause or Uiu proem lrircs?lun relaicn
so intimately to onr own atiairs that some
details will not be uninteresting. As is well
known to every American, our domestic trib
ulations during the past four years have very
materially interfered with many interests
abroad, but is none so much as the supply of
cotton. Although the kingship of cotton
did not extend to the omnipotence openly
boasted of by the Southern leaders, still the
manufacturers of England were much em
barrxsed, and attention was at once turned
to other quarters to provide a supply and at
the same time to do away, as far xs possible,
in the future with the monoioly which the
American cotton, on account or its line long
staple, had secured in the markets. The ef
forts ot the manutacturcrs were directed
mainlv to two sections, Egypt and India.
The cotton of Egypt, you arc already aware.
is of very ivoorqualitv, and since the collapse
of our rebellion its growth has been almost
entirely abandoned. The eflbrts in India
have been conducted on a larger scale, and.
so far xs quantity goes, have succeeded better.
The high price and scarcity of cotton gave
risetoallsortsoi wild speculations. isionarv
men immediately imagined a want of work
room for the convenience of the immense
quantities of cotton which were expected to
arrive from the interior for shipment. With
out awaiting a success in cotton growing
warranting those schemes in view, it was
proposed at once to reclaim large tracts ad
joining the city which arc covered by flood
- i i. - l i i i. .1 .;. ..
Hue. ii- w as irujo!H.-u iu kcvi uaua. uiu uue
by means of immense dikes, similar to our
Lower Mississippi levees. The land thus
reclaimed was to oc the centre of the exten
sive looked lor cotton snipping interest
Under the title of " Reclamation " compa
nies, after one was started, the contagion
sprcadj and a dozen others sprung up al
most instantaneously. Some had capital
paid upj others were built on a very frail
foundation of cash perfect air castles. Im
mediately the tracts designed for reclama
tion were the scene of a laboring throng.
Thousands of hand were employed, and
the headway thus secured was tne supposed
forerunner of success. The scheme took
The snirit of siiiviilntmn cm-md Hl- xrilA
- T , " I anw a,v
iODou stopped to inquire xs
anccs of any concern, but bought,
the finances of any concern, but bought, up
jieiimen everyming resembling reclamation
shares. European, Parsecs and Hindoos
vie with each other in the possession of
shares. The result was, the demand ran
them up to fabulous premiums. A share,
me par value ot winch was two thousand
dollars, ran as high xs fifty thousand dollars.
small camtalists, merchants, clerks, and
every one invested all their available means.
Young men who had saved from their twen
ty and thirty pounds a month went in and
soon found themselves counting their wealth
in shares by tens and even hundreds of
thousands. Nobody would now sell, but
til. ... . ....
neia on ior even a higher rise. When least
expected the death knell was struck. Our
nation had triumphed, and agaiu lifted its
head among the first governments in the
world. Cotton fell from two shillings to ten
pence per pound. This killed tho reclama
tion schemes. Relyiug upon the contin
uance of the American war for the means of
finishing their projects, peace put an end to
From millionaires speculators found them
selves worse than beggars. Many who had
hoiifht nn privllf nl l,!nt, fir.,. .;, l.n
chance of a rise, realized the full extent of
the uncertainties of such sort of dealings.
In fact, reclamation shares became a fright-
avaa auvuuuo ill mu lllUlH;iir WUriU. iOOOUV
would touch them.
So matters ran. The months of May and
June were such as financial operations "liave
seldom witnessed. Uustncss went down in
the general ruin. Everything was suddenly
a P li" .. V. ..-
ininsiormeu irom apparently tne most active
iue into tne most disastrous wreck, indeed.
-wnencan cotton lias at least some power
i . . '
mbav Dapor.snoakinc of th nrnspnl
interesting data, which may not be oil
placo in connection with the above explana
tions or these speculations:
Alio movement in the share market is ap
proaching to something very like excitement
and requires to be carefully watched by all
concerned. No doubt there was, with regard
to all our sound undertakings, a considera
ble margin forhealthy reaction after the head
longpanic of Mayand June. Yet the rapid
ity of the recent advance bodes no xssurance
of its stability. When it is rumored from
one to another that "So and so has said
that certain shares go to such a figure,"
there is evidence that the evil leaven of im
pulsive speculation is again at work. Proba
bly no harm is done yet ; but if the present
excitement continues two or three woeks
longer it will be impossible to check it then
without much contusion and loss. Ao a cer
tain extent improvement in all Bombay
stocks and investments of 6on fide character
is warranted by the good prospect for agri
culture ot all kinds since the monsoon ram
has exceeded the average amount. It is
worthy of remark also that considerable dis
rimination is so far observable as to the
class of undertakings in the shares of which
Advances have taken place. Those most in
favor are concerns either of proved value, or
wiuth possess real property or uncxpend
ed capital. This difference in the rate of
advance is noticeable in the Victorias on one
side, and the Frerc and Mazagons on the
other, the price of the two latter being little
more than before the improvement began,
In Elphinstoncs and Port Cannings the rate
or advance is mre. than cent per cent,
durinj the last four weeks. Bombay banks
and the Asiatic bank have advanced rapidly
uurmg tne ixst lew days ; the prices are now
r- 1 - r.
rcspeciivuiy aim ui premium, it can
scarcely be considered a good sign that Press
and oilier industrial companies do not par
a? a ? .1 .
ucipaie in me recent improvement, iso ar-
rangement has yet been made for the regis
tration of sharebrokcrs and the regulation of
the Stock Exchange : but the necessity of
something being done in the matter is very
Thegrowth of cotton i'i the vicinity of Bom
bay is principally carried on in the neigh
borhood ot rsurat, uomramittee, AJaroach
and D'hollerah. Baroach, in the market
reports, stands highest in price and duality.
but the best is of very short staple, and ad
mitted by dealers to be so inferior to Amer
ican cotton that manufacturers are willing
to pay a considerably higher sum per pound
for that brought from the States. The
Western India cotton requires diflercnt ma
chinery in making it into goods, and even
then turns into very inferior cloth. It is a
common saving in Manchester, when the
supply of American cotton is scarce, that
they arc having Surat times."
A he annual shipment of Indian cotton
from the port of Bombay docs not exceed
one million bales per annum.
An the weekly review or the Bombay
maricct a writer in a Aiombav paper con
soles himself with the following specula'
Great exertions arc being made to bring
to market the aotton in the fcouthern fctates
of America, and as it will be brought to the
seaboard more rapidly than it can he used
up by the American mills, a considerable
iwrtion will go to the English market. It
is tolerably certain now that the amount of
that cotton is certainly not more than the
;,000,0l0 bales so oitcn spoken of, and also
that its condition is such xs not to represent
more than half that amount of saleable
long staple cotton. Should the Bombay
cotton that is now arriving turn out clean
and in good condition, there is little dan
ger of any appreciable decline in price.
There is but one American house in Bom
bay tliat of Steams. Hobart & Co. These
gentlemen have built up a large business,
and though somewhat affected by the pres
ent low state of trade, still have not slacken
ed perceptibly in their enterprises. A work
in which this house is now engaged promises
every success. It is the building of a street
railway. I understand this firm has the ex
clusive privilege from- tho Indian govern
ment for the construction of these conven
ient means of city communication. Thev
propose to test the project by building a road
from the fort to Bycullah district, a distance
of four miles. If this succeeds the work
will be carried through all the districts.
A hen A express doubts as to success it only
ralates to the prejudices of the natives,
which, in all cases, has no feeble influence in
internal improvements in this city. The
Bycullah road will succeed whether or not
it is patronized by the natives ; but if this
receives their favor all the roads now con
templated will be carried out and prove a
triumph such xs Bombay hxs never witness-
The same firm hxs just started, in con
nection with other capitalists, an overland
freight route between Andta and AMiropc.
The name of the comjianv Ls the " Bombay
and Bengal Steamship Company." They
engage to ran steamers about every two
wM.Ua a iip and roinm, touching at Aden.
They alio have arrangements enabling them
to register shipping orders for cotton through
to Liverpool, freight payable in Liverpool.
liy this enterprise three montlis interest will
be saved, this loss being sustained by the
Cape route, anil the advance in price ovcr-
aii d is hut three formings tier pound. A he
new route is already receiving liberal patron
age, in addition te this Alessni. btcarns,
Hobart & Co. arc themselves largely engag
ed in cotton purchases, and carry on a mis
cellaneous business of hiring barges, landing
In regard to the preparation and praising
of cotton fur the market I find American
machinery has but a small representation.
account for this in the tact that proiwr
methods have not been adopted for iu intro
duction. It is certain no nation has had the
opportunity and experience f compete with
us in regard to cotton gins, pres-n and mi
forth. I have no doubt later improvements
ave been made in machinery which would
be readiiy adopted in India if they were
only known. As far xs my observation at
this moment extends, I have not the least
hesitation in paving that the reason more
American merchants, ships nnd inventions
arc not seen abroad is either because the in
ducements and demand at home require all
the supply, or wc arc too hesitating in push
ing ourselves forward. Notwithstanding the
cloud on the cotton prospect in India, on
account of peace again reigning at home, for
some years we will be able to supply but a
small portion of the demand for .cotton'; In-
la, in the meantime, must have me
machinery to take full advantage of the
chance before her. The obliteration of
slavery and the new system of labor in the
South will undoubtedly create a demand for
labor-saving machines, to enable, for instance,
two men to do the work for a dozen under
e old reyimf, and so accomplish six times
the work now done. These inventions wi 1
be brought out. As soon as they are, meas
ures should be taken immediately to intro
duce them in all the cotton growing coun
tries; otherwise British ingenuity, Ty tho
inscrtion of an extra bolt, or the dropping of
:n -I al. ' V a ,
i -. " , ,1,1 VIUI1U KliK (life Hlfclt1 1, USUl
n in ciuiia me invention, xs usual,
to her own, and reap all the benefits of supply
up 1 ing the foreign demand for such implements
mg the foreign demand for such implements.
A have not the least doubt that large fortunes
are to be made in this line.
Speaking of labor-soring machine re
minds me mat there is considerable agita
tion on the subject of laborers in this placa
and their condition. The suffering, priva
tions, disease and mortality to which these
poor creatures are subjected arc truly de-
1 11. T .1 1 .
iurauic. weaving meir nomcs, mey uock
to tho citv. and cngMru in such pursuits as
their exsc will permit, In, hopes of bettering
tui;ii vuiiuiciuu, uui mm, io incir inisior-
tune, m a few months, that they are almost
hopelessly situated. No provisions being
made for them, or rents being high, the na
tive working man is obliged to shift as best
fie can. Ahey crowd together generally in
the dirtiest andunhealtlucst districts, living
likcr so many bexsts, and breed pestilence,
famine and almost everv other evil to them
I insert the subjoined circular to show of-
cially the truth of what I have said. The
circular is addressed to the different compa
nies in Bombay who employ large bodies of
laborers, and cmcnatos irom the municipal
While every one admits that the condition
of the laborers in this citv requires amelio
ration, none but those who arc brought
mucn in contact witn tnem. those who have
seen them huddled totrether in the filthy
lodging houses of the native town, or packed
in roiien caujun nuts on swamps below the
level ot the sea, can have fully appreciated
tne need lor immediate action in the matter.
How' much of the disease in this citv is to
be traced to them ? What is the mortality
among these chisscs ? It is no doubt impos
sible to estimate with accuracy. High,
however, lis are the wages they "earn, they
are not adequately" paid for the risk they
4U11. - , , . ...... J
leave their homes to worl
.. i . .-.cv.e'viHi.ir.ai iiipt
IV 111 lAJllUM, IVY -
ally at the peril of their lives,
five return, is what they say in
A cn go,
The endeavor to remedy this evil is, I
think, one of my first and mast important
duties, and I have therefore for some time
been engaged in maturing a scheme,
the details of which I need not here enter
upon. Any attempt ot mine, However, must
fail without tho hearty co-operation of thwo
who, like yourselves, employ large bodies
of laborers. It behooves vou, not only in
the interests of humanity lint for your own
advantage, to better the condition of your
servants. There is no dearth of laborers in
the interior : any numbers arc to bo obtained
there ; but so long as they arc doomed to
iWimntiVm in Bombay, a small nroiKirtion
only will be tempted from their homes, and
you will continuo to complain of the high
wages oi unskilled labor aim oi iiisconicni
and desertion among your laborers.
A trust, t.hcretore, 1 may tuny reckon on
your supiiort, and that 1 may be tavoreil
with your own views and suggestions on the
Subject. AUTIIUll v It.VlVFOJwD,
The English government of late has been
so much concerned in regard to the (h)awful
condition of our negro. Ahey had better
look to the laboring class of her Majesty's
dominions in India, and commence here to
put their charitable intentions into prac
tice, for we can very well take care of our
own aflairs, and it is certainly more than the
British are doing. It is rather ludicrous to
sec the odds and ends of civilization scat
tered about India with no other aim than to
grind out ore wav or another a comfortable
competence, ami then leave tho country,
meanwhile perfectly oblivioiwot the natives,
and compare this state of affairs with the
otlicious concern of the British government
and press about matters which alone con
cern us. A think charily and goon worKs
should begin at home ; and after the labor
ing poor are provided for on her own soil,
tho government of, Britain can find not a
birlcss to do in India.
The population of this place is of that
motly character usually found in the Eaa
All colors, of all races, and every religion
The list includes pure Europeans including
soldiers, Indo-Isritons, Indo-l'ortuguoo, na-
tive Christians, Aarsces, ailahoiiiniedaiis,
Hindoos, Brahmins, a few Jews, Jains,
Lmgayates or Uuddlust', bidi-alrican ne
groes, and other exstes. ah me aggregate
the inundation will not fall Tar short ol hv
hundred and twenty-five thousand. Of the
native population the Parsees aro by all
means the most enterprising, and imitate the
x- :.. ..;...,i.. ti. t?
aUIvJ1lt,.UIS ill Clll ja.i ULUiai. 111V 11-
cliange hero about noon every day presents
a curious scene. An irom oi me uuuuing
alout five hundred of these people may be
seen, dressed in their whites rooesi and tow-
cring red or white turbans, and all talking a
kind or Sanscrit at the top ot their voices,
and witn a velocity surprising. Ahe scene
is full of spirit. From this same class come
a large number of clerks and subordinates
in the various banks and business houses in
the city. They write and speak English
with great fluency, and arc patient, industri
ous and economical. From these small be
ginnings many ol these people now rank
the wealthiest inhabitants or liombay. A ho
Hindoo natives also aro largely engaged in
the service or Europeans, hut, on account or
their inferiority to the I'grsccs, only occupy
the lowest stations. The Hindos make up
the class of manual laborers, porters, Ac.
The religions of tho city are as various
as the classes A'rotcstanism, Aiomanism,
fire worshipping, ox and idol worship. On
the 25th of the present month was a great
Hindoo festival, called Uancsh Chathurthu
In consequence of this fact all places of busi
ness were closed. A may say that policy
dictates, in a business point of view, leniency
towards the heathenish prejudices and ob-
sct .-anccs of the diflercnt native religion
In view of this fact all business was sus
pended. The streets on tliat day during tho
afternoon were crowded with groups of ilin-
doe worshippers, preceded by drums and
pines, and following a palankeen in which
small idols were conveyed out of the city,
to be dctiosited in a river or the bay, as isthc
custom annually or winding up the festival
of Gancth Chathurthi. Between the Chris
tian and native observance of certain days
the annual calendar presents a goodly num
ber of holidays.
In the city there arc two principal daily
papers the Timet of India nnd the Bom
bay Gazette. In addition to these there arc
several weekly reviews and annually an al
manac, giving a large amount of useful in
formation. The places of amusement are
several theatres and racket courts. At pres
ent, however, all amuscmcnU have stopped
until the return of the fashionable society
from the hills.
The shipping of Bombay is extensive, and
at this moment no less than several hundred
steamers and first class ships lie anchored in
front of the city. The regular steam postal
COIlUllUullaUllm will tlieiutc. milal la rrctul-
monthly by the Pcniasular and Oriental
Steamship Company, the departure of the
next steamer being announced for September
8. From this point the same company
runs semi-monthly steamers to Cairo.
Point de Gai.lk, Sept. -i.
There arc several American gentlemen
here engaged in business, but the only one
who represents really an American intercut
is Mr. Thompson, the proprietor of the iee
house. American ice brought in ships from
Boston is considered the greatest of luxuries.
There arc several ice manufacturing ma
chine here, but the productions of art can
not at all corajietc with nature. The it
trade ha been carried on for some year,
both with Ceylon and India. A ship "laden
with American iiw arriving in any of the
Eastern jorts is a cause of great rejoicing,
and the cargo mecU with a rapid consump
tion. This branch of commerce might lie
developed to a much greater extent with
profitable rewards. There is no other coun
try but America which can conveniently
send ice to the East, and natural iee, except
it is imported, is a thing unknown in all the
countries of Southern Asia. An amusing
incident is mentioned of the arrival of the
first ice ship. Tho skipper, a shrewd,
waggish man, touched at one of the princi
pal ports on the Malabar coaAt, South
ern India. Hailing a native on shore we
took a large block of ice and wrapped
it in a blanket, telling the innocent Malabar
to carry it to his master. The native, elated
at being the bearer of such a treasure, as he
supposed it to be an enormous jewel, stopped
at every house on the way to show the peo-
niewnata lanicce sailor had brought for
(lis master. The Eurojeans as soon as ther
saw what it was the native had, at once
started for the ship, and immediately the
old skipper found himself head over cars in
business. The native mean-vhilo kept show
ing hu ice around, and, to his surprise,
found it rapidly dissolving. His supersti
tion being alarmed, he now hastened ttlrcct-
TUE .VASHVIIiThE D.1IJ.Y VTttOX .XI
Office Union and American Block, tsrner C rel
and Chsrry streets, opposite th. Dost OS
Daily- : $14 C
WeeVIv-. . ,j o
Proportionate rates for ihorUr pariods.
Subscriptions Invariably in advance.
Iy to his- master to present him what woe
left, but to his alarm, when ho unfoldeu he
blanket he found nothing in it. The irno
ccnt native construed this into some ir er
ference of the devil and an incantation of the
god of the nether world. "Without further
ceremony he bolted for the temple, and per
formed a variety of propitiatory exercises
and laid gift before his idols. The master,
however, soon discovered to his satisfaction
the secret of the mysterious conduct of his
servant ; but the native for some time after
always thought of the Yankee and his ship
with a feeling of awe.
, ... Colombo, Sept. .
As a commercial town naturally Colombo is na
better in fact, is worse off than Gallc. The har
bor is open to all the fury of the sea. and sm.-ul
vessels, to keep clear of the greatest danger aro
obhired tolay closo in shore, while the larire crafts
anchoi. in the otEns;. As Gallo must attributo its
pimtuercial importaneo td its convenience in tho
lino of steam intercourse. ColomlK) Is ar important
and at.prcsent the only outlet unless byGalle
r3-"outa0r.tho,r?3r"ror the immense supplies
ofcoffeo sent down from tho central province.
This source of trade, which is yearly growintr in
value and eitcnt. it the ?reat motlnj, power of
business here, and is destined to make Colomoo
the ereat mart and market of Ceylon. This fact
however, will not detract from the importance oi
(lallo in its way. as thjj placo U too far out of th
lino ana too ailncult or nn
ers-execpta local line, yet to be started-to it
harbor. If it were practicable, combining the
steam shippinc of Gallo and the anro etportaticr
ofthostanleJ of tho SIml . .m, -iti "
spoeilly make Colombo the ruling city in the East
1 find the European Inhbilants here given t
some lire. I pon my arrival this morning I fount
that four races were set down for this afternoon,
tne second durinc the wi nr.,.. .u
WQWh lAY Oil fx If) ft tlf h f.if .- 1-1 1 ,
Tho course U o ral. and about a mile and a quarter
in length the last quarter heine enclosed by a
judge plattonn, a rustic structure, built of cano
uuu TOix-o-nui wooa. ana heavily thatched. On
thlS I obsCTTPll lhe r3nr.i.nn. .k. ..l. 1
..... I -,L -r- . aaio 1WUH1 lUII
several other official dignitaries, a number ofoffi-
m r i "i wn, aa representatives from
ClVllIlftt. lleSHlra amvullva..!.... fi- 1.
m the interior, line or th courso where several
thousand human being, abjut asiucturesquo a set
as ever I have seen., Ther wero Europeansdadies
latuLenllemcn. attired in European fashions and
carriages. There were j ? i.i;
about tho color of a Quadroon, nnd ilre5rarert-
some instances like the iuropcans; ic others, with
a coat, but no brecchea tho latter want heinr
supplied by tho camboy of the natives. Thero
were Moormen, with their long sack-like coats;
Chelties, dressed in whites Singhaleso men, per
fectly bare from, lha waist un. the wnmm
dressed as the men. with iho n.Milinn nf . n,.l
jacket: tha low casto rigged with a simple cloth
annum tho loins, and nine-tenths of the children
inline specimens ofantc-Qgloaf period. As.uca
ted with' this crowd were n nuirihr uf ban um!
women selling beetle nuts, tbbacoo. cigars, occa -
nut toddy, arrack, bananas, and so forth. In ad
dition tu Iho cries of these small venders, ihcro
was a bewildering din of voices and l.nijruas lu
ropeuns, I'ortugues, Cingalese, Tamil, and half a
There were four hnrsM rnterril. At nrNfilv
four o'clock the first race took place betwoen twj
horses, tho winner eoininp in nrmr thirtv vnnL
ahead. At intervals of half an hour tho other races
followed. In tho thlnl four horses participated,
the two lcader contesting the prise closely. Alio
fourth nnd last raco was the best and tbeiuickcs:.
aSone of tho races, however. wre remarkable
still theygave much excitement t.i tha ernwil. f
was most interested in the natives, who werr in
tensely absorbed in betting in proportion t o their
means. Considerable sums changed hands, lbs
day'ssports having finished, the crowd uuictl du
persed. As they passed by expressions o d
light on many countenances indicated their god
luck, and numerous natives went to their humes
richer by enough rupees to furnish eurry aal
forthenext four weeks.
Special Dispatch to the New York Times.
W.sitij(OToy, Sunday, Dee. 1 :
THE rOSITIOJf OFTIIE AltmfDMEyi,
Ofliciul information has been recci
the Department of State of the adoptir
the Amendment to the Constitution t
the subject of slavery by the Logiolaturi
the Status of
New Ilninp-hir ,
South Carolina and
Those make twenty-three States. Tele
graphic information has been received of
thee adoption of the Amendment by tho
three States of
North Carolina, Georgia, and
No information of any kind has been re
ceived of its adoption or rejection by
' Indiana, Iowa,
Florida, Mississippi, or
Official intelligence of its rejection by tho
Kentucky, Delaware, and
Has also been received. Immediately after
the passage of the resolutions by Congress
an attested copy of the amendment was for
warded by the Secretary of State to the Gov
ernor of each State, and some time ago tho
Secretary also sent a circular to tho Gov
ernors, reminding them of the duty imposed
upon him by the act of Congress of the lOti
of April, 1818, to give public notice when
the amendment shall have been ratified by
the requisite number of States. From this
it will be seen how desirable it is that the
States which have not reported or decided
upon the matter should lose no time in do
It is expected that, within a very short
time, a sufficient additional number of no
tifications will arrive to warrant tho Presi
dent's proclamation declaring slavery for
ever abolished in tho United States.
Ocn EsiaARGixo Hevejicim. One of our
Georgia correspondents, writing from tho
town of Macon, gives an idea of the vai.t
cotton trade at that place, by presenting tho
figures of the United States Itcvcnuc Col
lector for six vecks ending the 1st ulL Tho
duty on cotton is two cents per pound, and
the aggregate receipts at Macon for these six
weeks were four hundred and fiftu thouxand
dollars representing a sale anu shipment of
uiiy thousand bales, valued at thirteen mil
lions of dollars in this city. It was estimat
ed that in tho two closing months of the
current year, the revenues from the same
source at the same place would reach more
man liall a million or dollars additional to
the above-mentioned sum. If Southern in-
lustry is even tolerably well organized by
next Spring, the revenues of the government
from the States of the South in 1800 will bo
New Yomc. Dec. 13 The regular month
ly meeting of the Chamber of Commerce was
A committee was appointed to present a
memorial to Congress prsyinz for tho pas
sage of a law exempting suitors in National
LOtirts ot bouthcrn Mate rrom the opera
tion of the statute of limitations for a per.od
long enough to give legal creditors an op
portunity to enforce; their demands.
A letter was read from Kev. T. U. Con-
watjr Mnttng thai ha waj about to prcareed tn
Europe on a mission to induce capitalists to
advance material aid to Southerners in
rder to enable them o resume labor on the
Mr. Conway's mission was approved of ly
number of prominent gentlemen.
Genentl Beauregard has written the fbllcT -ing
letter to UJCeo tCIluiia :
New ORi.E.vsr4,Novnibor 18, HV.
Mv Dear Sik: I bee leave to thank to-
for your article of the 27th of October, i
epiy to an attack made hiwi me fir ti.
' .... J .- V.. -I 1.1.1. i
hp satisfied thai I am not a soldier t '
Wien my native State. IaOnisiani r,
qu'red my s-orvire, I drew myswrd wi'hor
hettation, cs a ;oti rushes to rescue lit mo'
er from the torrent, without thought of L
At one time, in order to eseapc the hatred
f the Northern fanatics. I thought of seek
ing a refuge in Brazil, but the generous sen
timents expressed by President Johnson, to
ward the Southern States have prrmded
me, together with a great many other Con
federate officers and soldiers, to remain in
Louisiana. I prefer to live here, poor and
forgotten, thsa to be endowed with honor
and riches in a foreign country.
ith sincere rejrct, voar ob t srrrt,
G. T. Kkaoxeoars.
The Pittsburg Ocmmemal (Republican)
Charleston tetters represent that Ocnerat
Grant .gave expression to tho same senti
mcnts regarding Mexico which ho has here
tofore been credited with uttering at other
laces. He is said to have added that nuw
is the time to drive Maximilian out, whua
wc have plenty of veteran soldier."
Can it be that General Grant would talk
ia that way unless: he. knew it was approred
of by the Vi ayuogtoo autnontieV