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F. C. IUXXlA"GTOA & CO.
EDITORS A PROTRIETORS.
Voluntary communicalSons, conUirdnc Interest'
in or imnoriant neir. solicited from any qotrter.
New letlen from the vsxioui counties of the
KtMe cciinclallr desired.
All communications should bo addressed to the
' Editors of the TJxiox asp AJiraicAS."
F. SEY3I0UB, M. D.,
(Late Rricadc Sorccon. V. S. A.")
OCULIST AXD AUKIST,
Office 39 Cod or s trect.bctwecn Summer and Cherry.
Office for treatment of all Diseases of the Eye
and Ear, operations for bquintine, cataract, ecu.
perform!. K(x G0 p Q
dceC Jmlftp. .
REAL ESTATE AGENTS.
rpnE Cm heretofore cxWinnder the name
1 firm ana style oi . .haii "'
is this day dimolved by mutual consent. n
Airoivn rciirca irum m- yiismujo. V ui
in connection wun nimeM uairi-u, m y
1 mim Die Heal Kstatc buf int-M at the old itaud
W. MatU Drown & Co, hmrtrj
CALLENDER & GARRETT,
(Successors to f. Matt. Ujiowx A Co..)
Real Ewtiito jVjrciitM,
41 Clirrry Street,
WILL rive their prompt attention to the selling
and renting ul srery ucscnpuon oi jveai rauuc
luilIiu(r I.ols for Sale,
A LAltOE NUMBER OV FARMS.
1st. A fine RcMilcnco. cnntnlnlne 12 rooms, in
rre territory- Also two vacant Lots adjoininr.
2d. Tliat splendid Residence of tho late James
.Tolinson. on Broad Sdrcet. between Summer and
Ilieh streets, containing 8 rooms, besides servants
rooms nnd oilier out nouses.
3.1. That splendid Rosidcnce of the late Hardin
Yl 1 1 ! .1, i.nnlntti1nir nlmtll Id mAtlll ntlt llflllftfHI.
etc. ( Spring nnd sprine house with 8)4
Brrc- i)i mini, nil 1111111111.1 n'Jjniii.h iv iiii.viiji vi.
tho (.Imrlutle rifee.
ilh Ml nrroa tit irrntinil nf the Harrow property.
on the Charlotte Tito, which will be divided to.
5th. A very larsre number of Lots in the City
and the diflVrcnt Addition to Xascville. 2" Lots
in Edgefield and Brownsville.
Cth. A very larto number of tho BEST FARMS
in this nnd the. adjoininr comities. Apply to
J. L. A R. V. BROWN.
diel-lm Uniou ftrcct.
HEAT, ESTATE AEXTS,
20'licrrj' Slrool. nrnr Union,
AYE a lnrre amount of Real Estato to sell in
this mm! tliu ndjoiniiiB States.
THEY BUY AND SELL
Citv. Cuimty and Slato. Bonds on commission, np
Veil as eie-ry dwcrlrHton of Government Securi
ties TWO MAURY COUNTY FARMS
are oUcrcd at very rcasonablo prices. Also, ono
in W illiaiiisoiiZ . -
A l'LACE ON THE CUMBERLAND RIVER,
of 400 acres, in. Jaeksou count-, Tonn., for sale.
HI'I.r..MII CITY IMtOST.UTY
OO FERToii Chiiroh street, 'opioito the Max
I'H'cll House ami .Mnsitnic Temple, at n reason
ableiriee. This is central, chuico property, mid
is mora than UK) feH deep.
45 lVct. impriivisl, on Vine street, between
Chiirthiu.il Ilium, iwy choice locution, but tho
liuprorements are moderate. The price is very
02 IVpt.wllh Inrse liiie-V dwelling, on Vine'
street, between I'nion and Cedar, bring about the
most uidrable lueutiou for rofideucos in the city.
200 Voot on Mctiavoek street. Wet Nabville.
on which is n m nt Brink Dwelling, 0 or 7 room.
5itrhni, stable, ete;. nnd fuit-nito cistern, l'riee
only $ i.tXW. House and premises in good order.
10O lVrt fin Brnnd street. We-t Nabvillc. with
elegant new Briek lloiist etuitniiiing 10 or 11!
rooms, kitchen, stable. tv ritprt, sbrubberv.
etc., o:e:, at SbVluA. Very dosirablj. IfuotMtld
within ten days, this rge ami choiee placowill
b rented for the remainder of this and the w hole
of nest j ear.
no lVot on North Market street, corner of Lr
rut. on which is the uvll known l'leasaut Smith
house, l'rico $12,WM.
50 1'opI on Spruce street, with large, rlojrant
and new Briek Dwelling, containing 10 room. 2
bath rooms, kitchen, cxlrpsiro, with gas, water,
and every modern impioTcmcut.
4,1 lcl on l'srk street, with common im
provements, very low. This property runstbrough
40 IVct on Cidleste Mrect, being the lower por
tion of the lot now occupied liv Department
llcadiiuarters, beioiiginc to Dr. Waters, l'riee,
t& per foot.
A choice little lot on North College, just below
he l'ublic Sjunre, at a sacrifice.
SALOON AND RESTAURANT.
Wo offer for salen Saln nnd Restnurnnt.'now
doing a profitalt InttifneM, in thervery ecntrc of
traJe. nt a price perfectly satlsfuetory.
We hao nvr 1.9ft) fet f grmtiHl on the mot
eh nnd dwIrnMc strvpts in liUcfield. for liwr
for five vears froi 1st .Inmiarj next, at prices
wich ought to lc sotkfectoty to those dwiring to
i uii.ro vc
M'.i.sox a jirnrur.r.
Air.KRT W. PILLIX.
W. BRYrK TiiourstiN.
HV.A1. l'.STATi: A.M
)ROMISINO TAITIIITL AND PROMPT
X attention to all busine entrusted to our oare
we respectfully tender our serriees to tho Public,
astteicral Agents, fur tin. Purehae nnd Sale ot
Real Krtatc; Renting ami Loasing of City or
Country Property; Collection of Nates; Aeonts
anJ oueUers; Investigation of Titles, cte etc
D1LLIN A THOMPSON.
Office, over Sseod National Bank, College street,
sgiwWB.swam.Aimifc.ismjHij.f ! --n i-rm
J1WARY A HI RKK.
S 'Htheast eirer lln..vi nnd Market sts.
d " !t.
sacks iu-hviii:it n.ont.
dotfant article. Just receivwl and for sale
, MEDARY .V BI'ltKi;
tJUU the bcttln themarkou
MEDARY A BPRKE,
Southeast corner Broad and Market sts.
GROCERS & BANKERS.
j. n. Evrixc,
EVVING & CO.,
Corner Building Market and Church streets, for
merly occupied by kwing, McCrory & Co.
ARE RECEIVING and have in store the fol
lowing: (W barrels Jlrown bugar.
H) do A Coffee Sugar.
2Ti do B do do
1T do C do do
CO do Stuart's Crushed Sugar, standard,
' do do A do .do do
25 do Powdered do
'St do Syrup,
25 do Molasses,
J kgsSyrup, 5 and 10 gals.,
m barrels No 1 and 2 Mackerel,
SOhfdo do do
50 qrdo do do
21)0 kits do Vo
25 barrels F. N. k Co's Whisky.
25 do S. N. Piko's do
250 boxes star candles,
60 doicn brooms,
100 boxes chces,
.VI boxes raisins,
.7X1 kegs nails,
100 reams paper,
50 boxes assorted soap,
40 kegs ginger,
.TO dos.cn buckets,
COsacks Rio coffee, i
100 boxes candy, ' ' v
50 baskets chainpagoc,
3) cases Fardines,
50 boxes starch,
50 do pickles,
20 do Madder.
75 barrels apples,
50 boxes nsortod wines,
1009 barrels Flour, all grades,
2W do Potatoes,
100 boxes Fire Crackers,
20 cases Figs,
100 cases asfortcd Liquors,
In nddition to tho above wo havo a general as
sortment of groceries, all of which were bought
during the present pressure in tho Eastern mar
kets. We expect to sell goods on short profits,
and would bo pleased to have our old friends call
onus. EW1N0 4C0.
A. fl. Ewinir. of the former firm of Earing. Mc-
Crory A Co., will bo found with tho above firn for
the purpose of settling up their business. dcc21
C. POWELL, GREEN & CO.
.18 ItKOAI) STIIEET,
Comimhus Powell, formerly 0. Powell & Co.,
T. F. CiREEN.formerlyNichol, Green & Co. Nash-
Ciias. M. MctiiiKK, living at Knoxvillc, Tcnn.
BY the above card it will bo seen we have es
tablished ourselves in New Yor for tho pur
pose of doing n Icgitmntc commission Inn-mess:
nnd being a Tennessee house? wo respectfully so
licit tho patronago of unr Southern friends gen
erally. Wc nro amply prepared to make cash ad
vance on consignments ; to loan currency on gold
without charge of interest: to mirchaso nnd tell
ration, tobiuHo, flonr and pork : also gold stocks.
Itonils.uiKl government securities on a margin ex
clusively on commission.
c. iwrai, (iUEEV A Cif
dec 20 3m
IT JO. S II
. FAMILY GROCERIES.
lri: HAVE ON HAND A GOOD ASS0RT-
Consisting in part of
Which we will dispose of at private sale for fair
W'r Iirvo nlso Tor salo 1000 bushels of nriinc
heavy tl.its, which wo wish to close out nt once
Ml) Yt'M Pit I I'll Altll l,n. i- mi,! ffivnrnlilr
known to thiscommunity has taken quarters with
s. nnd will be pleased to sec ln old triemts anu
customers. (iUDSIIALl. X 11U1, I.A.N D.
decll tf A'i Niutli Market street.
0 00 ,Torvlf,'S 1KACU 1IL0U' 10TA-;
QQQ BUSHELS PRIME OATS. ,
n store, nnd for sale at priecs below the market
' GODSHALI. & HOLLAND.
Our Auction Pnlo on Thursday next will cm-
iracc a fine variety of Liquors, Tobacco and Gro-
erics coiicrally. togclucr w tint no consignments
tiUl'MIAIil, .V IIUI.li..l'.
ii South Market street.
"lfE havo removed our Stock to tho Ware
II bouse, corner Cliureh and College streets.
formerly occupied by Payne, James A Co., where
wc hope to meet our former patrons nnd the pub
Our Stock is '
m r.i.i. si:li:cti:i,
And'wc alwaji sell I '
A. A. SPENCER A- CO.
d ec 19 t
IIIll.S CHOICE AITI.r.S;
.V. " DalrSaIt;
1000 " Superfine and extra faimlylloun
2 Car loads Brail, in store, nnd for sale
tier-. l0W' RHEA .t SMITH.
D. B. DENTON & CO
CITY STEAM IIAKEKY
AND CANDY JIANCl'.HTOItY,
. AXI S ItltOAD KTItEirn
Dealers can he Mipplinl on short notice
with everything in our Line, made by our
Also, llrond, CaUcs, etc, etc
D. D. DENTON G. M. HUNTINGTON.
STATE OF TENNESSEE. I
l'Htssi.ix Ooitstt. J
4 J. SIMPSON. ADMINISTRATOR OF L.
J, N. Siwnsfln, dceacd. Is hereby ordercsl to
civcnoUeciu ilie IImuS ami AMKRiCiX. and by
written netiee. at lh Court Housedoor in VI in
ehter. Tenn for all person ha inrclahasanuist
saM estate to appear and Die the same with the
undersigned, duly authenticated. In the manter
proserlbeil by law, on or Jf're the 1st or April,
hfA THOS. SHORT, Clctk.
DAtTY 'UNION' ' AND. AMERICA!.
MUTUAL LiFE INSURANCE
home oftce: yo. co xoftTH thihd st
SAINT LOUIS, MISSOURI.
ASSETS, July I, 1803,.
Dividends declared to Policy Ilolders Jan. .1, 1855,
Forty Per Cent. ,
Reader, Is Your life Insured?
If not, what provision have you made for your
dependent ones? THINK 1 What would he ,
their pecuniary situation were you to
dio to-morrow T
If it is wise to Insure, is it prudent to Delay T
DELAYS ARE DANGEROUS.
JAMES II. LUCUS- .SAMUEL WILLI
llobcrt M. Funkhouscr, of Funkhouscr& Burnett.
Chas. II. Peck, Presd't of the Philo Knob Iron Co.
Robert K. Woods, Uasmcroi me jicrcnantsuanK.
Jules Vallc. of Chouteau, Harrison k Valle,
Geo. R. Robinson, of Robinson A Oarlard.
Chas. W. McCord, of McCord A Co., Machinists,
John F. Thornton, of Thornton & Pierce.
Isaac II. Sturgeon, Prcsid'tof theN. Mo. Railroad
Hon. John Hogan, Member of Congress.
Henry Overstclr, of OvcrstcU, Wagner Co.,
Nich. Schaflcr, of Nicholas Schaffer A Co., Star
William T. Gay. of Hancnkamn k Edwards.
David Keith, of Keith k Woods, Booksellers and
R. P. Hancnkamn. of Gay k Hancnkamp.
Isaac W. Mitchell.
D. A. Januaryt of D. A. January k Co., Grocers
and Commission Merchants.
Wm. .1. Lewis, of Lewis k Brn., Tobacconists.
F. Rozicr, Jr., of F. Roiicr. Jr., A Co.
Jacob Tamm, of Tamm k Meyer.
SAMUEL WILLI, President.
JAMES II. LUCAS, Vice President.
WM. T. SELBY, Secretary.
WM. N. BENTON, General Agent.
DR. JOHN T. HODGEN, Consulting PLysician.
LACKLAND, CLINE k JAMISON.Legal Adr'rs.
HON. ELIZUR WRIGHT, Consulting Actuary.
SI I. AS It. FOOT,
State Agent for Tcnnessoc.
r. W. NTEI'IIEXSON,
Special Agents, Nashville, Tens.
Odicc: Second Nntionnl Ilnnk Iltilldin?
Nashville Local Bcanl of Reference:
Hillman. Bro. k Sons, J. A. McAlistcr & Co.,
Jno. Kirkman. G..I. Stubblcficld,
James M. Hamilton. A. Hamilton,
James Yi ooils.
Tlios. R. Jennings. M. D., T. M. Madden.
Indemnity AKnlnst Ixsh1ij- l'lrc, River
and RallroncI In the
Home I us. Co. of X. Y. Cash as.-cts-$4.000.000
Columbia, Cash Capital 500.000
Arctic, Cash Assets - CS.OOO
IInrtfor.1, Cash Asscta 1.000,000
Losses adjusted and promptly paid nt this Office,
No. Cherry street.
TJ. .S. CL.AI3I AGENCY,
No. 29 NORTH CHERRY STREET.
Special attention paid to the
COLLECTION OF CLAIMS AGAINST
NO CHARGES IN ADVANCE.
HOWARD A NELSON.
Attorneys and U. S. Claim Agents.
References Hon. C. F. Tries. U. S. District
Judge: Anson Nelson, Esq., Proidcnt Second Na
tional Bank; Maj. Gen. Donaldson, Chief Quar
MORGAN & CO.
PARTIES INDEBTED TO THE ABOV
1 FIRM will find their Notes and Account
with Mr. JAMES KYLE, at the new house
Stratton. Pointer A Co.. Broad street. Mr. K.
authorised to receipt for all money duo tho firm.
aslivillc. Dec. V, Ur- -Iwim.
C II 11 1 S T M A S
' ' i ; i 1 . '
AT 31 SOUTH COLLEGE STREET, NEXT
DOOR TO NO. 2. FIREMAN'S HALL.
The only genuine Cumberland in this Market.
Cheapest, because most economical. Clearest,
being a pure Gas. and gives no' headache.
A. STEWART. C. II. IIOLDES.
SOAP! SOAP!! SOAP!!!
Il.VVES IMIMtOVEn EUASIYE KOA1.
Host Soap made in'.thc United
Send your Orders to
' RODDY & CO.,
MAK UFA CTTJR E RS.
Xo. 90. Church Street,
dee 21 d3m
fM lbs. New Bacon. Sales.
.r.,lW) lbs. New Bacon. Shoulders
1CXJ Tierces New Lard. '
For Sal by
McLaughlin, butler, a co?
NASHYILLE, TENNESSEE, SUNDAY,
Late of Evans CO., Late Fite.Shcpherd tco
Late of Evans t CO., Late of Gardner co.
II. B. BCCK5KB.
Late of Gardner t CO.,
WM. PORTER, JESSlyOS,
Late of Evans co.. Late with Gardner co.
HO. 4, IKS BtOCK,
IN VS I IVILI.1l: , XE1NT1V.
"YE ARE NOW OPENING A, LARGE AND
well assorted stock of
FOREIGN AXD AMERICAN
Boots, Shoes, Hats,
READY MADE CLOTHIXG,
PURCHASED FOR CASH
Since tho recent declino in prices, which wo oTcr
to tne 'trade
AT TEKY LOW PRICES.
Bcingconncctcdwith EVANS, GARDNER k CO,
of New York City, and IMPORTING all Foreign,
nnd purchasing from Manufacturers all Amcricau
Goods, and possessing every advantage of getting
AVc feel every confidence in saying to Merchants
that wo will sell them as Cheap as they can pur
Having adopted the CASH SYSTEM, of both
Buying and Selling, enables ns to do business on a
VEKY SMALL ADVANCE,
so that thoso who buy from us can compete with
Stocks purchased any where. N
Having resident partners in New York, gives us
advantages in keeping up a Stock, which Mer
chants will find large and well assorted throughout
Wc solicit nn Examination of our Stock.
Evans, Fite & Co.,
NO. 4, IN'N IILOCK,
SNUFFS, TOBACCO &c.
J. & L. WH0KLEY.
IMrORTKnS AND DEALERS IX
FOREIGN AND DOMESTIC
CIGARS & TOBACCO,
N'o. 32 SInrltct St reel,
JOHN B. SMITH,
(Successor to Chas. Licbcnstcin.)
Cor. Cctlur and Cherry Streets,
(Under Commercial Hatch)
NASHVILLE. : : : TENNESSEE
A heavy stock of fine Imported and domestic
Cigars, Tobacco, Snuffs,
Constantly on hand.
33 UNION STREET.
THIS OLD ESTABLISHMENT DEALS IN
1 Pianos of Stcinway ahd Sons, J. B. Dunbam.
Robt. Nunn's. A. H. Gale A" Co.. and other first
class instruments. Carhait, Nccdham A Co s un
rivalled CHURCH AND PARLOR ORGANS.
Also. SHEET MUSIC, and
MUSICAL MERCHANDISE GENERALLY.
Give it a call before you purchase. dcc3-lm
A SMALL ROCfM. IN THE UNION AND
American Block, fronting on Church street.
Apply at the counting-room of tho tnion ana
American office. dect-tl.
m-VO VERY LARGE ROOMS IN THE
JL Fourth Story of the Umos and America
Block, well adapted to many purposes. Apply
Vf. C. COLLIER,
Tmo.rsii.n axd setail daleb is
SCHOOL BOOKS. BLANK BOOKS. GOLD AND
Arnold's Wrltlns FInlcl it Copying InU,
Wedding. Visiting and Printer's Cards,
And the LatesCLiterature of the Day,
XO. 37 UXIOX STIIEET,
(Between Cherry and ColIesO
Ordtrs solicited for every description of Printing.
The Head Centre in tne Senate.
JUL SCaiXEIt HAS DELIVERED
Special to the Cincinnati Gazette.
Washington, Dec 20.
Tho great speech of the season, thus far
was made in the Senate, .o-day, by Mr.
Sumner, to pecurcthe froetlmcns' rights guar
anteed them by tbc Constitution. Its drift
was to show that the condition of affairs in
the States lately in rebellion demands inter
ference on the part of the Government, and
does not warrant the President in the lan
guage he used in his message to the Senate
on Tuesday. Beginning with Virginia, and
naming those States in order, he brought to
gether a large mass of testimony respecting
matters in each. This embraced official do
cuments, reports of conventions and Legis
latures, private letters and newspaper cor
respondence. The speech occupied two
hours in delivering, and was listened to by
crowded galleries. "When he had concluded
Mr. Saulsburr improved the occasion to ex
hort the President to stand firm in his policy
and pledged him the moral support of two
millions of Democrats in the States never
in rebellion. Mr. Cowan closed the debate
with a characteristic speech, in which ho
said Mr. Sumner's argument rested wholly
on one sided reports of anonymous scrib
blers, cotton thieves, Ac. No definite action
was had on the bill.
The Alabama Legislature have adjourned
to the loth of January next, having been in
session twenty-one days, and having transact
ed much important business for their con
stituents. The following are 6ome of tho
bills that have passed and become a part of
the Slate laws :
An Act to protect frecdmcn in their rights of per
son and property in thi State which gives ne
groes tho right to sue and bo sued, plead and be
impleaded, and to testify in all cases in which they
An Act to rcgulato contracts with frccdmen and
to enforce the same.
An Act relating to vagrants and vagrancy.
An Act to regulate tho relation of master and
apprentice as relates to frccdmen, free negroes and
TiieVikoixia Senators. The Philadel
phia Inquirer, a bitter opponent of the Presi
dent's policy, says in its Washington corrcs
dencc of Sunday last :
John Minor Botts, the ex-Rebel Major
General Anderson, of Tredegar Iron Works,
and Brigadier-General Archer arrived here
together yesterday, from Richmond. The
two former are candidates for United States
Senators, and will probably be elected as the
present Legislature is disposed to ignore the
doings of the Alexandria Legislature. This
move to choose Senators is an alliance or the
Union men of the John Minor Botts and F.
II. Pierpoint pattern, and reconstructed
Rebels of the Anderson stripe.
Owing to the complicity of Botts in Rebel
contracts in the early part of the rebellion,
he cannot take the test oath. Gov. Pierpoint
is in favor of his election, but though he is a
pliant tool in the hands of all tho Virginia
politicians, they will never allow hint to be
chosen to any important position.
The steamer De Soto bound from New Or
leans to Pascagoula, recently exploded her
boiler, killing four persons, scalding four
others, and wounding the pilot and second
The True FccIIiiff In Mississippi.
A meeting of the people was called at
Columbus, Mississippi, last week, to give ex
pression to their true feelings and sentiments
in relation to the course of affairs in that
State. The Sentinel, of that place, referring
to the meeting and its objects in advance,
holds the following language :
" In other portions of the State along the
sea-board in the lagoons of the Mississippi
bottom, where the people have seen but little
of the United States troops, and where rev
enue stamps arc yet almost unknown, the
fact of the complete restoration of Federal
authority is not yet fully appreciated. It
was the representatives of constituencies liv
ing in such out of the way places, that per
formed such strange antics in our Legisla
ture. These fellows did the big talking
about " our rights," and went on the suppo
sition that they could hide out negroes in
the swamps and pine woods, and retain them
indefinitely. A nice flock of ostriches they
were, but the representatives from the cities
and the populous districts, where the fact of
the surrender was fully realized, and where
the extinction of slavery was known to bean
inevitable fact, could not out vote them. To
protest against the action of these impracti
cablcs to endorse the course of Governor
Humphreys and those of our Legislature,
who were "loo bold to be awed by the clamor
of a majority, and too wise to be deceived
by their sophistries and to give to the
country assurances that these were the true
representatives of tho patriotism, the intelli
gence and the moral power of the State, is
the object of the meeting to-day."
The Lomlon Times AVillliis to Ivc Ep
The London Times indulges in a friendly
editorial towards America.
AnwM.na nf Knnrrt 1 rtf Sl ffn ril'4 TPlllvtn till
Lincoln condolence addresses, after lauding
tln United States Govern
ment in times of great and unparalleled
. rr 1 . ,i nV .. ....,.,7 rt
U1IUCU1I1CS, ine Jlncs Nl nuiu ui tnu
about the present lecling in i-Jigianu towards
tiinlTiiWml Rt.itM. " Wo hare not the least
objection to the United States increasing to
any extent anu annexing any amuunj ui
InTTitnrv nr nil mlior nf States, so Ion? as it is
done honcstlv, above board, and by our
appeals to uie synipauiy anu goou puusc oi
lm ruvinliv Tf lhn Twnulation of our own
provinces, or of Mexico, freely and f poij
taneously declared that they thought this
. , , , c 1 .. . w.!
meir oesi cnaueu ui iatvauu uuj)a.u;,
the British people would only feel the mo?t
passing regret at the loss of a name and the
proportionate aggrantiizeraeni uiu uuiuai
States. Only as a great State we cannot bear
niitwittnl and coerced, and to
sec our own people suffer for Iheir loyalty."
A Wrl- frirroflnnnilrnL TVakinir of
of the departure from that port of the Scc
pntnrr nf Iimtion for France, writes under
- - . " '
date of Dec 10:
The steamer Ssoia, which sailed last
Wntlnpsil.ir. tnolc out the Count do Taver-
nay, French Secretary of Legation. The
Count dc .Moninoion, rrcnen .viinisier, wciu
!,!, nfT P.nnli iumn nt tho mnelil-
sion that the mission is important, and hint
.. . ., . . . . , - , i ,1 ri
tliat tne .Minister llimscu may raumj iui
ln. fnT!.n fwnla Iinrp fvrtfilnlv lon
.t.va.vu.. ....... j
sold to a larccr amount than was anticipated,
. P. . .. , i :
thougu at wnat price is noi Known, anu it in
asserted that not a few have found their way
into the pockets of members of Congress, who
hope to turn an honest penny by driving off
.uaximiiian aim nnswuiwiuiij, v
Tlie enterprising but penniless agents of
the Mexican Republic arc certainly busy
mnm nrrdprU than one. and have. too.
some very strong backers among influential
men. ilH uuMumuiif;, khm iii-.u.
sion among capitalists seems to be that there
cannot possibly oe a war; inai rnuicv wm
not fight, that this country ought not to ;
that it is the general interest of all parties
to maintain peace, and that, therefore, Na
poleon will sensibly draw hi support, and
t,n nr cltniilii Inrc imdertnken to hold.
This class of people, too, arc satisfied that
.... i? , 1.1 .
the one million oi men aisoanucu anu m;iii
to their homes have become quiet nnd peace
able citizens, and that the captains and sub
alterns, who have hung up their bruised
arms, no longer sigh for military renown
and major generalsnips. If this be true, the
human nature of to-day is not the human
nature of tho past, and wc cannot but think
that, in confiding too strongly in the peace
able disposition of a set of men used to a
life of turbulence and vicissitude, onc'a con-
i!.l., n.n .An. .11 tin mlffnlliv,!
The trade in canvas back ducks is quite
extensive. A large number arc regularly
sent out to England. The Scotia took out
nearly a hundred pair, which cost in New
XOrK. lu civ per jiuir.
A YiotXANcn committee has been formed
at Titosvillc, Pa. The oil region is infested
by ruffians, who rob ana murder.
DECEMBER 24, 1865.
Bad State of Affairs in the City.
? rgrro Soldiers on the O (Tensive Fifteen
of them Invade tbc Premises of n Citi
zen An Altercation A Harder In Cold
From the Argus.
On Monday evening, about eight or nine
o'clock, a party of twelve or fifteen colored
soldiers, who were out on tho rampage, went
to the grocery store pf Mr. J. W. Hanks,
situated on the corner of Calhoun (South)
street and Rayburn avenue. The soldiers
went into the store and began an altercation
with the proprietor. The difficulty became
serious, and Mr. Hanks retired from the por
tion of the house where they had found him
at first. It seems from the most reliable
sources of information we have been able to
consult, that Hanks was retreating from the
overwhelming force pressing upon him.
When he had reached the doorway leading
to a small back room, it appears that he
made a stand and fired upon the soldiers as
they anvanced upon him. His aim, how
ever, was defective, and the ball did not take
effect; the negroes then fired seven or eight
shots, one of which took effect in Mr. Hanks'
head, just behind the ear, passing entirely
through from the right and coming out on
the left side of his head, when he fell and
soon after expired.
Coroner Erickson held an inquest over
his remains yesterday morning; some six or
seven witnesses were examined, all of
whom were colored except one, Mr. Pendc
grast. The testimony of these persons was
about the same as the facts stated above.
The verdict of the jury was in words to the
following effect : " that the deceased came to
his death from a pistol shot, fired by negro
soldiers, personally unknown to tho jury,
and that it was done with malicious and
felonious intent." There seemed to be no
design entertained by the assailants of Mr.
Hanks to rob, as neither money nor goods
were taken. It must have been a premedi
tated design of those men to murder Hanks,
and they went there for no other purpose. .
AxoniEtt Murder. Late last night we
learned that ex-Alderman Ryan was mur
dered on South street Monday night, by
negroes. Ten shots were lodged in his
Tiic Jlnlntennnce of Order.
From tho Memphis Commercial.
The disorder and crime which it has been
our painful task to record, within the last
few days, enforce tho duty upon our citizens,
not only of vigilance wit ot unusual calm
ness, caution and prudence in dealing with
the circumstances of the case, and also in
avoiding any pretext for the renewal of the
outrages which have occurred. Apprehen
sions have seized the minds of many persons
that even more violent scenes are meditated,
but wc sec no ground to indulge such fore
bodings if all classes will act with becominff
prudence and moderation, discarding all
prejudice and resolving to discountenance
any act or language which may lead to vio
lence. In the mean time the city authorities
will of course exercise proper precautions
in policing every part of the city and pre
venting large and riotous asicmblies. We
feel authorized in saying they will be sup
ported by the General commanding the Dis
trict. The very panic which is tho natural re
sult of apprehensions, generally indulged,
has a tendency to bring about a state of feel
ing that may precipitate an unfortunate col
lision which all good citizens should use
every exertion to avoid. This state of feel
ing ought to be toned down to calmness and
moderation, and by no means ought the ap
pearance of threatening to be exhibited.
Such ignorant frccdmen as may have im
bibed the idea that the white citizens have
unkind dispositions toward them, should be
so treated as to reassure them of the kind
feelings of those whom they may have be
lieved to be their enemies. There are not
many who have adopted such a view, but,
on the contrary, wc believe that the great
mass of them will readily believe in a kind
disposition, of which they have had evidence
all their lives, if encouraged so to think, and
if wc are not too ready to visit the sins of
the worthless and vicious upon them. It is
proper that kind dispositions should be en
couraged, to prevent any probable scenes of
violence. The law should take hold of the
guilty, but not mobs, in any case, which lead
to retaliation. When this begins the wisest
cannot sec the end.
The Late Lord Fnlmcrstoii Hostile to
Hie United Stales llenlli of I'rince
Albert Prevented n War with Eur
Innd. From the Cleveland (0.) Herald.
Wo. had reason to suspect the British Min
ister was hostile to the United States from
the first breaking out of the rebellion, and
only sought a plausible pretence to declare
war but were not prepared for such duplkity
as there is evidence was practiced by the late
A trcntlcman who spent the last season m
Europe, who enjoyed unusual facilities for
information, was informed by a high official
in London, that the Trent aflair was greedily
kimzm! unon bv Lord Palmerston to settle old
scores with our Government. During the
many years his LonMup had been .Minister
of Foreign Affairs, and at the head of the
Government, several important questions
had been disposed of and treaties made with
our Government, the Northeastern boundary,
the Oregon boundary, eta, settled. Palmer
ston was strongly impressed that he had becn
overreached in negotiation, and was biding
Ins time loran opportunity w auuuiupiinu u
war what he had failed to by diplomacy.
The taking of Mason and Slidell from un
der the cross of St. George was a Godsend to
Palmerston an opportunity to help the
rebels under the guise of national insult, and
to pay an old debt. A Cabinet council was
called, the Premier was for letting slip the
dogs of war," but, upon the suggestion of a
peaceful member of the Cabinet, the question
was referred to the principal law member to
examine and report at a subsequent meeting
of the Cabinet. Lord Palmerston, at the
uoxt Cabinet meetinir. with a copy of Mr.
Seu-ard's dispatch in his pocket, admitting
the illcRalitv of the act of Commodore
Virk. and the decision of our Government
to return Mason and Slidell under the Brit
ish flag, found the law-member to whom the
question was referred, in a meditative mcoa,
with his hands under his coat-tails. "Well,"
sav Palmeriton, "have you examined that
question J" " YeSj my Lord, but wish to
make further examination ociorc x repon
"It is needless," savs I'almerston,
" my mind is made vp." "Wc will have a
shy at them." Forthwith troops were dis
patched to the American Colonics, and great
activity in the dock-yarda and arsenals pre- 1
It will be remembered that Prince Albert
died a short time previous, and the Queen
was laboring under great depression of
spirits. The Prince pove&'ed great influ
ence with the Queen, was friendly to our
country, and had deprecated a war with us
as one of the greatest calamities mai coum
befall England. The warlike demonstra
tions of her Ministry alarmed and excited
the Queen, and her physicians, knowing
tliat insanity was hereditary in her family,
represented "to Lord Palmerston and the
Ministry that a war with America would dej
throne reason and make a lunatic of their
sovereign. This, and this alone, caused the
ministry to pause.
The official referred to is a high-toned
Christian, and believes
" There's a divinity that shapes our ends,
Rongh-hew them now we will,"
and the death of Prince Albert, though
nearly a crushing blow to the Queen, was
yet an event in the Providence of God to
save England and America from the calam
ities of war.
rp.n. fim-ifii it crtiT Till Jntprest-
A .11. ................ .
ing bodv representing the interests of the
Presbvtcrian church in the South, finished
, . ., ,. . i
their labors and adjourned nnenieycsicmay.
We have given much space to their conclud
ing proceeding which will well repay the
reader for his trouble. The Pastoral Letter
is a superior document, both in matter and
style. It is worthy of note that a proposition
to" establish a liturgy, as part of the church
vrl ai-rtiwi ml1- Tho aarr
catcs of the change are quite hopeful of
. .i . n i a .-.ui ir.
The first trial for treason in East Tennctv-
sec, before the United States Court, has re
sulted in the acquittal of the party Gam
mon, who was a Confederate enrolling officer.
Sflasisslppl Apprentice Law.
The following is the Mississippi apprcn-'
tico law, as approved November 22d :
Sectkct 1, Be il emeled by the Legidan
tare of the Slate of 2Iissi&vppi, That.it shall
bo the duty of all siicriils, justices of the
peace, and other civil officers of the several
counties in this State, to report to the pro
bate courts of their respective counties,
semi-annually at the January and, July
terms of sail courts, all frccdmen, free ne
groes and mulaiiocs, under the age of eigh
teen, within their nzpective counties, beats
or districts, who are orphans, or whose parent
or parents have not the mevvr who refuse
to provide for and support said ninors, and
thercupo.nit shall .be the duty of raid pro
bate court to order the clerks of said courts
to apprentice said minors to some compe
tent and suitable persons, on such terms as
the court may direct, having p. particular
care to' the interest of said minor : Pro
vided, that the former owner of said minor
shall have the preference, when, in the opin
ion of the court, he or she shall bo a suitable
person for that purpose.
Sec. 2. Be it further enacted, That the
said court shall be fully satisfied that the
person or persons to whom said minor shall
be apprenticed shall be a (suitable person to
have the charge and care of said minor, and
fully to protect the interest of said minor.
The aid court shall require the said master
or mistress to execute bond and security,
payable to the State of Mississippi, condi
tioned that he or she shall furnish said mi
nor with sufficient food and clothing, to treat
said minor humanely, furnish medical atten
tion in case of sickness, teach or cause to be
taught him or her to read and write if under
fifteen years old; and will conform to any
law that may hereafter be passed for the re
gulation of the duties and relation of master
and apprentice; Provided, That said appren
tice shall be bound by indenture in case of
males, until they are twenty-one years old.
Sec. 3. Be it further enacted, That in the
management and control of said apprentices,
said master or mistress shall liave power to
inflict such moderate corporeal chastisement
as a father or guardian is allowed to inflict
on his or her child or ward at common law;
Provided, That in no cafe shall cruel or in
human punishment be inflicted.
Sec. 4. Be it further enacted, That if any
apprentice shall leave the employment of
his or her master or mistress, without his or
her consent, said master or mistress may
pursue and recapture said apprentice, and
bring him or her before any justice of the
peace of the county, whose duty it shall be
to remand said apprentice to the service of
his or her master or mistress; and in the
event of a refusal on the part of said appren
tice to so return, then said justice shall com
mit said apprentice to the jail of said county,
on failure to give bond, until the next term
of the county court ; and it shall be the duty
of said court, at the first term thereafter, to
investigate the said case, and if the court
shall be of opinion that said apprentice left
the employment of his master or mistress
without good cause, to order her or him to
be punished, as provided for the punishment
of hired frccdmen, as may bo from time to
time provided for by law, for desertion,
until he or she shalLjurcc to return to his or
her master or niistrtln Provided, That the
court may grant continuances, as in other
cases: and provided further, that if the
court shall believe that tho said apprentice
shall have good cause to quit his said master
or mistres", the court shall discharge said
apprentice from said indenture, and also
enter a judgment against the master or mis
tress, for not more than one hundred dollars
for the use of said apprentice, to be collected
on execution, as in other cases.
Sec. 5. Be it further enacted, That if any
person entice away any apprentice from hi
or her master or mistress, or shall knoving
lv employ an apprentice, or furnish him or
her food or clothing, without the written
consent of his or her master or mistress, or
shall sell or give said apprentice ardent
spirits without such consent, said person so
offending shall be deemed guilty pf a high
misdemeanor, and shall, on conviction
thereof before the county court, be punished
as provided for the punishment of persons
enticing from their employer hired frecdmcn,
free negroes or mulattocs.
Sec. 6. Be it further enacted, That it shall
be the" duty of all civil officers of their re
spective counties, to report any minors with
in their respective counties, to said probate
court, who arc subject to bo apprenticed
under the provisions of this act, from time
to time, as the facts may come to their
knowledge ; and it shall be the duty of said
court, from time to time, as said minors shall
be reported to them or otherwise qpme to their
knowledge, to apprentice said minors as
herein before provided.
Sec. 7. Be it further ntacted, That in case
the master or mistress of any apprentice
shall desire, he or she may have the privi
lege to summon his or her said apprentice
to the probate court, and thereupon, with
the approval of the court, he or she shall be
released from all liability as master or mis
tress of said apprentice, and his said bond
shall be canceled; and it shall be the duty
of the court forthwith to re-apprentice said
minor, and in tho event any master of an
apprentice shall die before the term of ser
vice of said apprentice shall close, it shall
be the duty of the court to give tho prefer
ence, in re-apprenticing said minor, to tho
widow or other member of said master's
familv: Provided, That said widow or other
memoer of said family shall bo a Hiiitablc
Kjrson for such purpoc.
Sec. 8. Be it further enactal, Tliat in case
anv master or mistress of any apprentice,
bound to him or her under this act, shall be
about to remove, or shall have removed to
anv other State of the United States by the
laws of which such apprentice may be an in
habitant thereof, the probate court of the
proiKjr county may authorize the removal of
such apprentice to such State, upon said mas
ter or mistress entering into bond, with secu
rity, in a penalty to be fixed by the judge,
conditioned that said master or mistress will,
upon such removal, conplv with the laws of
such State in such cases; Provided, That said
master shall be cited to attend tlie court at
whu-h ueh order is proposed to be made,
and shall have a right to resist the same by
next friend or otherwise.
Sec. 9. Be U further enacted, Ihat it shall
be lawfull for any frecdmcn, free negro or
mulatto, having a minor cluul or ctiiiuren,
to apprentice the said minor child or chil
dren as provided for by thii act.
Sec. 10. Be U farther enacted, That in all
eases where the ace of the frcedman, free ne
gro or mulattocannot be ascertained by record
testimony, mc juage oi me cuum
shall fix the age.
Sec. 11. Be itfurther enacted, That thi act
take effect and be in force from and after ita
gassage. Approved Nov. 22, 18C5.
How one Planteu Fills his Plaxta-
tiok. A Memphis paper lias the following :
On. tf nnr nlfinllniT friend, who Was a
... ' " I
Tery large slavchclder before the war, has de
veloped tons a plan of operations for the cn-
suiac vcar, which seems a "step in the right
t. .1 i i.:i. i.n i,. l.!,.,.
uirecuon. it is yiuu Hiuuuniiwam
.al'a,?nnul ami bo !a itinfTiiine that it will
m-ti t...'j '.v... j - o
work successfully and advantageously both
to himself and his employers, ins pian is
t a-;li nnv number of hands, to the
extent of the requirements of his very large
, . . . Ju.nl. r.. , 1. a nnmlwr
plantation, uHigiiin mui vm. ..-..."w
of acres he may wish to cultivate say fif
, i e - ... 1... 7:,1
teen, ten, or a less nuimier vi ai", i u
off and designated. The employer furnishes
all the necessary animals anu iinpiemenm at
. fiwt vTlmtinn nnd mnnlies all necessary
clothing and provisions at tbc cost price a
lair account oeing xejn ui uui v,...w
may be drawn during tne year.
ir .,:..1.,a. r,,rfl,or lint If anv lalmrer
11C P. Ij'U u. .,.. , .-
to cn dancer it.
n.ivuau, ..v.ww - I , . v'
, . 1 i ,,11-lT ftf
lie retains ine ngu. vu nuiuivu
view, selected from inn icliow-iaoorcrs, wiu
may. if they find his crop going to waste from
ElOuliuinesi, ueciuiu i.u ,
anu mc ciujiiwjt lm.,, ..0.. i--
of cround, with its growing crop, to any in-
uu&irious laoqrer wmi m ..
save it. At the end of the year the crop pro
duced is divided equally between the eni
,,tnr.. nnil thn fmTilnmi the latter navinsr
y m .. 1 1 1- ..1 1 . ,
Ut Ot lllC proCCCuS OI Ills Dliaru iuo
,r?,;rl, lio mir have created for his food and
clothing. He niav, also, if he wishes, take
to his own account the mule, plow, and other
implements with which he worked during
the year, at the valuation price agreed upon,
to be deducted from his share of the crop, or
return them to the proprietor. The employ
er takes upon himself the selling anil reali
zing the value of the crop, and a division of
the proceed, without other charge to the la
borer than their proportionate charge of the
costs of shipments and the usual charge.
The Columbus, Ga., factory which was
burnt down last Spring by V ilson'B fbrecf,
has been put in operation agrin.
Circumstantial . Evidence ! !
A Sinsnlar Train, of Events
and their Result.
How Sullivan was Detected and
From theDetroit Free Press. Uth.
Circumstantial evidence 1 has coitvicted
more than half the criminals who arc now
justly suffering tho penalties of the law.
A more remarkable case ot tracing out the
criminal by circumstances than that which
led to the arrest of young Sullivan, the post
office robber, whose capture was announced
in the Free Iras of yesterday morning, wc
have never met with. It seems almost provi
dential, but yet there wa3 nothing out of the
usual course of events, only the several links
in the chain were exposed to view, connected
palpably with each other, and Icadiug
straight from the crime to the crinnn.nl.
On the 5th or Cth of July lat, an old
Frenchman, while walking along the beach
of Lake Erie, near the mouth of the Kaisin
river, picked up a little package which had
been washed ashore by the waves. He
opened it, and found it to contain documents
of whose nature ho was wholly ignorant, be
ing: unable to read a word of Englulu Hi
dried it carefully and took it home. His
wife and children were equally unable as
himself to divine the contents, lie then he
camo possessed of tho idea that the package
contained documents of great value, perhaps
deeds of houses and lands, which would make
him at once a millionaire. Beinir somewhat
superstitious, ho believed that he was provi
dentially led to the discovery of this myste
rious treasure, and that he must keep it a
secret until Providence should disclose to
him how he was to cotpe into full possession
of his riches. For a long time he kept the
package concealed in his house, bnt finally
becoming tired of waiting for mysterious r s-
closurcs, he took it to an attorney at Mon
roe, having first enjoined secrecy. The at
torney discovered at once tiiat the supposed
package of deeds and mortgages was nothing
but a package of letters that had been thrown
into the lake by some person who probably
wished to destroy them. A further examin
ation disclosed to him that it was a rbcular
post office package, sent from New York to
Detroit, and containing only registered let
ters, all of which had been opened ahd de
prived of their contents, except oneSoO check
which the thief evidently dared not take, lest
it might lead to his detection. Satisfying the
covetous finder that the contents of the aek
agc were not what he supposed them, but old
letters of no value to hint, the lawyer
brought it at once to the Detroit post-onicc.
This was the lirst and not least mysterious
link in tho chain of evidences which finally
bound the guilty man tight. Then com
i ., -.i "i?-i-- t.
menecil tne groping iorotiic- iiiik. it was
taken for cranteil tliat the package was
thrown overboard from some p;uing steam
er. As the regular lake steamers do not
pass in that vicinity, it must have been an
excursion steamer. It was found on the 5th
or Ctli of July ; evidently, then, the person
who threw it into the lake must have been a
passenger on a Fourth of July excursion.
This settled, the next point was" to find out
which of the iost-olfice clerks participated
in the excursion down the lake. Py refer
ence to the list of passengers, it was discov
ered that only two of them were on board.
Hero was the whole tlitng narrowed down
almost to a point. Hut which of the two
men was the criminal? The most dithcnlt
part of the whole case was reached. Which
should be arrested, and on what evidence
could he be convicted ? The two men were
narrowly watched, until finally suspicion
was aroused against Sullivan. He was ar
rested, with what result is already known.
The contents of the rifled letters were found
in hla nnsspsalnn to the amount of nearly
$2,500. Other valuables were also found.
One gold watch, which was mailed at New
York, to a gentleman in Milwaukee, and
could be traced to the Detroit Fost-oflice,
but no further, was found in the same trunk.
A quantity of gold pens Which had been dc
nositcd here, found their destination in the
same trunk. He had carried on a sjte-
matic course of thieving for a long time, and
with singular economy had carefully pre
served hut treasures to answer as witness
against him. So conclusive was the evi
dence tliat he made a clean breast of tho.
whole thing, pleaded guilty on his examina
tion, and was remanded for sentence. Under
the law the lightest sentence which can be
iiasscd upon him is ten yean in the State
Tlie Amcrirnii Cotton .llonopoly.
To the Editor of the N. V. Time?.
Tt wna mrwirffll fl bllfirt fllTlO MinCf tlmt
Mr. Dudley, our efficient Consul in Liver
pool, had an interview in Washington with
Mr.McCuIIoch, and urged an export duty
on cotton 01 SIX cents per pounu, as a niram
of raising revenue in part out of llritish
consumers. Mr. Lanier is alo reported to
liave advocated the same measure in a public
TIicmc L'ontlcmen do
not, wc presume, inUnd to urge an amend
ment to the tanstiiuiion lor tne purpose
laying such a duty, but to get round the ob
vious meaning of "the proviso bv sonic in
ternal revenue tax or "drawback." Wo
I.i;,-n t,nt nthprx nr nrtrlii!? the samo
uvi iv , '- .......... n r
course on theSecrctary of the Treasury, with
.1 ? 1 il.i l.,ln,l.U1 ni!11iinj tiw win
fmm 1'riti.sh iimtiiifnt'turerH
toward paying the annual tax resting so
ncaviiy on inu iiuiiuu. iuvj
A -K.rlr-i nossrsscUinicticallv a monopoly in
cotton ; that Europe must have it, and that
31 per pound would oe reauiiy paiu uy
foreign consumers in addition to a paying
There arc some considerations in connec
tion with this subject which should not cs-
caie attention. The tinted State Iras had
almost a monopoly in cotton, uuuw, whi,
labor and mean' of transport, and the na
tional energy, have enabled us to produce a
cotton of such quality, nnd to export it in
such quantity, as practically to command
the markets of the world. Hut this monop
oly has been rudely awailtsl in this war.
The high price ha stimulated ii prmmt-
:.. r nt tint world. Hundreds
IIUU 111 tin; l' , . . T
of miles of railroads have been built in In
dia, opening up immense traets of cotton
erowing country to the demand. Tho pro
duction 5n Uraril, in Egypt, Turkey and
..i .nrm tiiM vaatlv increased. Israzil
and Egypt comicto with u, also, in quality,
anu ineir cuuu wuii- -' ay i-;--- ,
the American. The Indian is, indeed.
interior, btit mc r.riKnin niiinuuiuu-
1o-tmrl In mir it with other
IKl 1M V t' vihv. " . . . .
stocks, so that it will be a com-Xititor tstill
in the jyiropcan nmrKvu. umwi.sj-.
.i t.:i .,,,,1 Tmlin need to make them
aim uiaui ' -- -- - .
absolute rival in the markets of the world
with our Southern estates, ana eventual i m
break up our mono-wly, is a certainty of a
hiirher price. Three pence a pound, fixed,
mid be precisely .- . v-7. .
i-grower, or Hindoo ryot and lanawrii,
cviuj"-,vwv., " ----- , . r
or Brazilian planter, nas oeeii prayius ,
it would build railroad, iari gin. maiiu
r .....Iniwrr I'Tmr nil mloocn-
lactorics, civvv inwi.vyi -i-
pied lands, and lay the foundation ftr a cr-
1 . ..... 1 Ciinl, an nrirf
mancnt coiion irwiu.uun. .j,,.... w.,-..
duty would lie a Ixmnty On cotton-growing
in all Asia and Africa. m
v- il. I.Wtnrnar onpmr in Rilffland to
.lUk hllV ' J - O ,
American prosperity could .-vsk for anything
worec Tor the interests our jjr-uw
ti. 1.1. fnilin nrrnliif linn m India and
j,'11" -- --
Esrypt are the expenses of transport, the
want ot luaciiiiii-iji .
,.ir., Orntnl ntTtilrs. A certain Inch
price would enable all these to be overcome
that is, It would uaiancc mc- iui '"
t . ,. l.;l, l,.j. ontnil. Oriental cotton-
,, .' V v.
growing would become a permanent and re
munerative branch ; wo should find ourselves
on the world's market getting only a lialf or
a third the former price for our greatest ex
port. Furthermore, in the beginning, when
the English were paying this duty, with cot
ton at a high price, and discharging a MUua
, r :i :,u,wlnl-j wi. tho con-
oi our nauwiiai .. , - ;
sumcrs in America, mwt, by r. weU-lnwi,
law. pay a portion of the three penny tax,
I A nf fnttiin L'oods here.
in tne inmaiv i""-- " i
.rnnrvdr of the jiMUiudeturera being
.W f- "
Itot we houId also ol.ject to thia tax on
We need a cotton monopoly for the in
terest of emancipation. When the slaves
were freed in Jamaica, one of the greatest
cviU to-emancipation was the low -.mo or
socar, cansesl by the widtlcn reduotioii of the
English tariff. The planters found thwr pro
fits immediately rcductd; many could, not
riiri XAKnrix.us,iAii.7 jwiejf xsrt
OSes Union u American Block, comer Church
arid Cherry ilreehi, opposite Ihfbst 05c?.)
Daily $11 0
Weekly . i - .,.4 s 00
Proportisnaite rates for shorter period;.
SaWrTpthrris invariably In idTince.
keep up their estates; Ihcy were made to pay
the negroes fainrages; the frccdmen became
discontented nnd aband-yhed tho large pro
perties, and th"c separation was established
which has afflicted Jamaica ever siacej be
tween capital and labor.
The present high prices. o' cotton, afllic
tivc as it is to ns, the consnrjers, b an im
mense advantage to tlie great task of recon
struction. When cotton is forty or City cents
a pound, no master, however exasperated,
will long ill treat good cotton hands; and if
he does," capital will certainly flow in to em
ploy them. The Interest of all classes is to
settle the condition of the laboring class to
satisfy it and do justice. The slaves are raised
bv everv penny put on the price of cot
ton, limarrclpntirnr will be more of a
boon and liberty will be attended by justice.
The great laws of economics come in to se
cure rights and privileges to the freedmen,
when their labor is so valuable, Then, if the
freed slave need extra inducements to labor
if forced labor begets a desire for slave
ry after emancipation if he would be
suspicious nt rccviying a small rate of pay
ment all theso obstacles are removed by tho
wages which must-bo paid when cctton is
fifty cents a pound.
Put suppose that, with art export cuty, in
a tun wuuu-jjiuiuu ... .......
and Africa, and cotton falls to its ancient j
pric?, what a tremendous disaster would this
be tr all the intcreti of the eniancipatcilJu
class. What discoiiragemCKi and idleness iL '
might produce. Jamaica emancipation might
be re-enacted in the South. The South, too, '
needs all the help we can give her. Now
she is receiving for her small crops all that
she noed tff recetve'for her large, and tho
financial wouuilvof, warfare- being- healed
Hut destrov her monoply. and where will
Syulhcrn prosperity lie ? With cotton at six
cents a pound, the fearful track of war might
remain in tho Southern fields for a genera
llKtoryot" Constitutional Amendments.
From tho X. 0. Fieajiinc.
There have been, previous to this, only
three successful attuinpta to amend tho con
stitution. There have tan many attempts
but no others got through Congress.
There have lieen twelve amendments
adopted ; but of the ten were submitted to.
gether by the first Congress, Thcv wero
supplemental to the original const.tutiop,
submitted in compliance, a was recited in
tho preamble, with the desire expressed by
conventions of a number of the States in
their adopting of the constitution, as " fur
ther declaratory and restrictive claiL-cj' in
order " to prevent miscoiwtruction or abuse
of its powers." TJiey were entitled, "Arti
cles in addition to, and amendment of the
constitution of the United States of Amer
ica." , .
Twelve amendments were submitted, of
which only ten were ratified. Number one
and number two of the original scries were
not ratified. Numbers three to twelve, in
clusive, constitute the articles which arc now
numbered from one to ten, inclusive.
Tlie two articles which failed of approval
mado constitutional rules for the apportion
nient of mcinbers for representation and re
spect to their compensation.
Hy the first, It was provided that the rule
of representation should be pne member for
every thirty thousand, until that should
create a Jlousc exceeding one hundred
members. Tho ratio should then be forty
thousand, until the Homo reached two hun
dred membcr.i Afterwanls, there should
never be IeJ than two hundred member,
and thcro should never be more than ono
representative to every forty thousand.
Tho second provided that no law, varying
the compensation of BcpresenUtivcs and
Senators! should bo valid until nn election of
Itcprescntnttves shall have intervened.
These two amendments were not ratified
with the ten others. We have at hand rsa
means of knowing whether they failed by a
positive rejection, by States enough voting
in the negative to reject them, or simply by
the failure to act on them. It might be a
curious subject for inquiry whether any time
runs again.it the adoption of an amendment
after it is once submitted.
The Articles numbers I to X which passed
Congress September 25, 1789, did not receive
the requisite three-fourtlw until December,
1701. Vermont liad then been added to tho
number of States, making fourteen. Of
those, eleven were ncccasary to niaka tho
three-fourths. Thcelovcnth was given by
Virginia on the 15th of December.
Our rcacarchos have not liccn able to find
how the fact wis promulgated. We only
find that the date of the ratification by Vir
ginia is given as the date of tho completing
of the constitutional number, and thu formal
ratification of the amendment.
The Eleventh Articlo was proposed at tho
Third Congress, and bears datu March 5,
171) 1. It is tliat Articlo which provides Ihat
" the judicial jwwer of tho United States
shall not bo construed to extend to any suit
in law or equity commenced, or prosecuted
againt one of the United States, by citiicns
of another State, or by citizens or subjects of
any foreign State," an amendment prompted
by the jealous regard with which the found
ers of the (Jovenimcnt wntelicd over the re
served rights of the Suites. (
The amendment was ratifisd iu 1797, and
announced to Congrefw by President Adams,
in a motwagu to both Houses, dated January
The twelfth artirlc is tliat which changed
the manner of voting for President. Origi
nally two pcraons were voted for on ez-li
ticket for I'residunt ; tlie person having 'ho
highest number of vote to be President, and
the person havfug the next highest, ico
President. Tlie conflict in IsOO riling out
of an equality of votes bvtwwn Jcffert n and
Hurried to this change. It was prpos-l
in IHvcmber, 1303, and went t i the .w at
Legislatures with such rapidity tliat the rn
tilicationwas completed Soptenibi rll, 101
That ratification was promulgated by a sua
pie notice from the Secretiry of State
There has been no amendment nihcr, unt I
the present time, u period of sixty-om' years,
without any alteration in the text of the in
strument, in all the old interpretations of
which civil war ahd political jiassioai aro
making such Kid havoc now.
In all previous cats', the question of ratifi
cation was a question cf fact. Tho doubt rest
cd over the true number of State, not of
their competency to give a vote entitled to
bo counted. It was tins making up of a roll
of undUputcd members of a common gov
ernment, and the matter of form in announ
cing of tLo vote, was of no ort of coaic
quOTcc. Jti 'different now. The points
what States are entitled I vote, and what
department of the Government, if any, can
exclude them from, voting, and what is tlrj
course of action, and what will be Uie chect,
if one branch of the Government acerpti m
valid, votes deculve of the ratification cf tt:
UlllU"MHvmn, miiujt 1'iiviuiivuiLi u.m.,... --
the (ioverniuent pronounces to Ixt nnil zz
mino'nirv complicated (iHCstions. the c! :'
of which, in the existing state of affair at
The Ftnunn or the Socth. Thcrr I a
hoicful future- for the South, but It u net 'o
le found in tlie councils ot tnosetimcHtvm
ami ubniiii(Miit8 who are br y.c.'ding un
conditional obeliwiee to erery behest i f a
political party in po-e.', and are anxocs
that liioMt in aiaiiorny may spit upon
that they may give evidence of thi ir doc .dy.
The Swith Itas nothing of gooil t t pcct
from its timid and mercenary pr.J.4. It l.n
nothingof gool to oxp,ctfnini nu."-cjire na
tation in Congrcrt, wlw claim u ! t- ve
qualification, and a peculiar m-r.t, th.-.ttbey
can swear that iu a war which invaded the
homes of the South Uay wen? tiic heart!r
creatures who ttood mute anil neutral in tho
face of tho grand tragedy that ran with
blood and tears, without aid, comfort or
countenance to their countrymen dying be
fore their eye, reaching their hamLi for
bread, fighting and itarving btntath tho
glorious banners of Lee, and Jarkjcn, and
Johnson, nnd Picket, and Gordon'
Councils obtained from u h .urcca are
notwliat the South nctsU, or wlintho should
accept. She should take a new lesson of
courage and fclf-respcct. She ihould rc-as-ert
tome of her former spirit. She hoaM
rest her hoped in some brave organiiat:n of
public opinion, resolved to concede not!-.ng
to the fforth but what was decided in tLr
ime of the war. determined to resist cvi-y
cncroaclimeiit uin hercowtitutional nh'-,
pnniiit to claim the benefit of the CnsUa-
tion wot oHi, awimeauuy anuevtn ucuocc
ly averting tlie ancient land mar Ls cf tho
Union. Such ajwrty may retoro the fi!!cn
fortuns of the Smth; it will, at ka-t ct-t
again the sclfraspect awl pride ti. l-."h
fitandanls of rwnwnol eharacter n":. a fjf
moriy dlsttngufelml thh part of tL.
I c. n.
The. sugar, wedding thirty days afb:r
marriage u the newest1 thing.