Newspaper Page Text
EDITORS i PROPniETORS.
Voluntary communications, containins Interest
ing or important news, iolicitcd from ny quarter.
News letters from th Tarioui counties of tho
Stato especially desired.
AH communications inouM bo addrcwed to llio
" Editors of tho Union" axd Avkmcis."
I SEYMOUR, 3JL D.
(Late Itrieadc Surgeon, U. S. A,)
OCULIST AXD AVKIST,
Oflico 33 Cedar itrcct,bctwccn Summer and Cherry.
Offieo far treatment of all Diseases ef tho Eye
and Ear, operations far Squintins. Cataract, cct..
REAL ESTATE AGENTS.
rpnK firm heretofore cxiMimr under ihf tiamo.
1 firm and stylo or V. MATC HROW.V & Co..
is this day dissolved hy mutual consent- -Mr.
llrown retires from the business. Jlr. Cullender,
in connection with I'uineu Oarrett, will ro
tiniic the Heal Kstnto Luines at the old stand
W. Matt, llrown x Co.. 5VoWX.
CALLENDER & GARRETT,
Kutoswn to VT. JUtt. Brows A Co..)
Real Estate Agents,
41 Cherry St roet,
WILL ore Mr prompt attention t.a the soiling
ami rfiK of every description of Real l&tatc.
ii:si RAB le kkkizhhtci-is
Untitling I.o(K for S:Ic,
lt. A fine Hestdcncc, containing 12 rnonn, in
rrr territory. Also two vacant Lots adjoining.
31. That splendid Itwhlcncn of the late Jamc
Johnson, on llroftd Sttrcct. between dimmer and
lliuh streets, eonlnininc S rooms, besides servants
rooms bihI other out houses.
3d. That splendid Kendenec of tlio late Hardin
P. lhwtick, eoiitn'wins about 10 room, out houses,
etc. Spring and sprint- house with H'A
crc of land, immediately ruljiteent to thocity, on
the Charlotte Pike.
4fti. SO sere of pround of the Harrow property,
on the Muirlotto 1'iVc. which will be divided to
'.Ih. A very larce number of Lots in the City
and the different Addition to Xaoville. 2i Lots
in lvlgefieM and llrowiuvillc.
0th. A very Inrre number of the HHST FAKMS
in thw awl tho mljoinitic ontintics. Apply to
J. L. A It. V MtOWX.
drH 1m 3SJ4 Unio" htreet.
211 Cherry Slrofl. near Union,
XASii villi:. Tiaw,
to matennl of Ileal KsUIo to cell in
k mlieiaim fHtoa,
TJlJiV HUT XSl) SELL
City.CeffltylSIlol:oiHU en coimnirfen, ns
4l8rcty Iet!i'ih3U of fluvcriiiueul Securi-
U'vao iMAUity county paums
nro uttered St very
refttsinblo prices. Also, ono
A PIiA01!0N'rill5Gir.Mlll!IU.AXl) UIVUK,
of (K)jicre,in Jaekson emity Teim,, f'r de.
kii.i:dii ;itv I'lioj'iiurv
Oft FKETon Clinreh street, opposite tho .Max-
') well House and.Ma5.imc 1 empla.aia nxison
ableirico. Thii is central, choico property, and
is moro than 3W feet deep.
15 1'cpJ. improved, on Vino street, between
Church and Union, very clioicn location, but tho
improvementi aro moderate. Tho price is very
02 Tool, with larre brick dwelling, on "ne
street, between Union and Cedar, helm: about the
most desirabls location for residences, in tho city.
200 IVct on Medavock street, West Xashvilic,
on which i a neat Itriek llwelline. 0 or 7 rooms,
Jlitchf n. stable, etc:, and first-rate cistern. Prico
only 5,K). llouso and premises in cood order.
100 IVH on llrond sheet. West Xahville, with
1 otrmit new llriek House, containing 10 or 12
rooms, kitchen, table, tw cisterns, sbriiblierv.
etc.. Mm. nt 515.000. Very desirable. If not sold
within ton day. this lnrne and choice idneo will
bo rente.1 for the remainder of this and tho wliole
r0 IVct on North Market street, corner of Lo
eut, on which i the well huown Pleasant Smith
house. Price $1S.W0.
r0 Vcct on fprueo street, with larre, elegant
and new Itriek Itwidlinc, cenLalninit 16 room". 2
bath rooms, kileheti. extra c. with cos, water,
and every modern improvement.
4.t IVel on Park atreet. with common im
provements, very low. This property runs through
f o IVcl on College street. Mu th lower por
tion of tho lot now occupied by Department
HrwdHuarters. h)ct to Dr. Waters. Priee.
$.VW per foot.
A btec little ltti on'Xorth ColIe. jattlieiaw
he PuWie Square, at a soc-ritice.
SALOON AX1 KnSTAURANT.
Wo offer frnVe a Satoen a.l JteMaHmHU now.
doinir a prtRW )ih4h. t the very eeinro 01
trade, nt a prteeperfWtly MlMUMtary.
Wn luve aver 1JW feet f ffwand on the most
chiend doiirablo streets i KdreBcbl, for lease
for five yoars from 1st January net. at prices
whicli ought to be ealisfaetory to those dwinm: to
xri.s. a ):rim:i:r.
ALTirBT V. P1LUN.
W. BRVCI THOUPMIN
DIUIfi & THQUPSO
nr..vi. ustati: ami
DEOMISING FAITIIPUI: AND PROMPT
X attentHw to Ml luifinoM entraste.1 to r core,
we rcisitfwlly leinler oar sorvices to the Public,
ns (iuticrHl Atcnis, lor ine inrenaw ami ale id
Koul llslate: Renting and Leasinr of City or
CooMtry Property i Ctdlcclmn of NoU: Areounls
and voucher j Invwdication of Titles, etc, etc.
D1LLIX A THOMPSON.
OITice. over Second Xatlnnnl Hank, College stresL
X ItAltltEI.S ritAXllEKItlKS,
.Mi:iARY x BURKE,
Southeast corner Broud and Market iti.
JUU elegant article,
le. Just rrrriveil nnd for tale
by , MEDARY .t 111'RKi;
Southeast conur Brvad and M ukct iU.
iiahi:i.s ai:w voitu xwirs.
tho htot In theinaiknt.
illlDARY & BltRKE,
FonthoMt epojer Broad and Market t.
GROCERS & BANKERS.
J. n. KWINO,
Corner HuiMiiiR Market and Church street', for
merly occupied by Ewine, McCrory .t Co.
A HE ItECEIVIXd and havo In etoro tho fol
100 barrels Hrown Suear.
60 do A CofTeo Sugar,
25 do It do lo
2ft do (' do do
W) do Stuart's Crushed Sujrar, standard,
2ft do do A do .do do
25 do Powdered do
2T do Syrup,
25 do Jlolasc,
SO kOpSyrni. 5 and 10 jrnbj.,
O) Imrrels No 1 and 2 Mackerel,
Wlhl'.lo do do . t .
SO or do do " do
310 kit do po
25 Iwrrels P. NY.t Co's Whisky,
3R dft K. X. Pikcj dotttr:
2.V) boxes star candles,
M dozen brooms,
100 boxes cheee,
SO loxes raisins, ' -
.V0 k(s nails,
P) reams paper,
ftO boxes asortel eap,
40 Uvgt ginKar,
.TO dorrn buckets,
SOsaeks llio coffee,
100 Ikixcs candy,
.V) bakcts cliampaitoc.
SI rnzoa famine", -
.VI boxes starch,
SO do pickles,
20 do M adder,
7S barrels apples,
T) boxes asnrtcl wines.
lfttit barrels I'lour, all grades.
2Tfl do Potatoes,
100 boxes Tiro Crackers,
30 cases Fic,
100 cases assorted Liquors,
In addition to tho above wo have a ccneral'as-
sortment of croceries, all of which were bought
ninnctlit! present prosnre in tho l-.atem mar
kets. Wo expect to soil (roods on short profits.
ml would bo pleased to havo our old tncmls call
A. (1. Ewinc. of tlio former firm of Ewing. Me-
"rorv A (k.. will be found with the abovo firn for
tho purpose off cttling up tlicir business. uecJl
DWELL, GREEH & CO.
'.I S It Ifc 4 A I NTKE E T, j
Coi.rMBL's PiiwEi.1., formerly C. Powell .t Co.,
Knoxville, 1 enii
F. GREEX.formerlyXichol, (Iroen.t Co.Xash-
Ciiab. M. .McGmkk, living atLnoxville, Tcnn.
BY the nbovocnnl it will bo seen wc havo es
tublished ourselves in Xcw Yor for the pur
poHo of iloing a legitmate commission business;
ami being a leiincssco liouc, we respectlully so
licit the natronniro of our Southern friends gen
erally. Wo nro amply prepared to make casli ad
vances on consignments : to loan currency on gold
without charge of interest: to purchase and sell
cotton, tobacco. Hour anl pork : alsogolil stocks,
bonds, unil government securities on a margin ex
clusively on commission.
v. imwj:i.i,. :ui:k.v .t co
jr- It 12 ,S H
ri: HAVE OX
HAND A GOOD ASS0RT-
.HI..N I Ol
Consisting in'part of
Which wo will dispose of at privato sale for fair
Wo have also for sale 1000 bushels of prime
heavy Oats, which we wish to closo out nt once
under instruction. .
Mil V M 1M! 1 f Tf I 11 11 Inner nnil tAVOrnlilC
known to this community has taken quarters with
us. and will bo pleased to soo his old friends and
customers. uuiimi.iiiIi iilmju.-i.
ileclt tf 3"i wiulli .Market sireei.
PEACH RLOW POTA-
000 1,rs,IKI'srllIJI1' 0ATS
Tn store, and for sslo nt prices below tho market
ViUI'Ml.Vl.Ii ,V 11UJ.I.A.MJ.
Our Anption Sa0 on Thursday next will em
brace a fine variety of 'Liquors. Tobacco and Gro
ceries generally, together wilht lie consignments
abovo mentioned, .
GODSHAIiIj X llUlil.AMI.
3)i South Market street,
"iril havo rcmovoil our Slock to tho Ware-
house, corner Church and College streets,
formerly owupied by Payne, James ,t i o., whero
wo liope to meet our former patrons and tho pub
Our Sloek Is
AX1) , " ' " -
And we always sell
A. A. SPEXCER A CO.
virr sti:am rakixt
axi tuxnv MAXWAtrrouT,
r. ami t nnoAi sTitmrr.
Dcmlcru can 1, fip"llel on short notlco
villi cvcrvtlilng in wtr Line, in.ulo Lj ottr-
Alio, llrcail, Cakes, etc, etc.
D. D. DEXT0X G.M.IIUXTIXGTOX.
imi.s riioiri: aim'MX;
" Suiwr&nr and pTlra falmlr Flonn
Car loads Bran, in store, and for tale
RHEA Jfe SiHTIL
STATE OP TENNESSEE, t
PUAXKLTX CWCXTT. f
i .T. SIMPSON. AnMivurrrtATon of 1
J. N. Simpson, deceased, is hcieby erdered to
III 111. IV.AU .... A 1.
written notice, at tht Court House door in Wio
cliwtor, Tcnn, for all persons havisgclaimf acainht
said estate to appearand file the unit with the
unuonicuc.i, imiy luinrnticsleJ. in tae manner
preserlbvd bylaw, caor bofor the 1st of April,
IS?. A , THOS, SHORT. Clerk.
MUTUAL LiFE INSURANCE
C O M P 3V Y,
UOHCOITCC: XO. GO XOttTIITHIRD St
6AIXT LOUIS, MISSOURI.
AsXirrs, July i, isg-v 85oi,ci i 371
Dividends declared to Policy Holders Jan. 1,
Forty Per Cent.
Eeader, Is Tour Life Insured?
If not, what provision havo you made for your
dependent ones? TIIINK1 What would bo
their pecuniary situation wcro you to
If It h wise to Insure, is it prudent to Delay T
DELATS ARE DANGEROUS.
JAMES n. LUCUS-... SAMUEL WILLI
Robert M. Funkhoucr, of Funkhouscr.t Hunictt.
Chas. II. Peck, Pred't of tho Philo Knob Iron Co.
Robert K. Woods. Cashicrof tho Jlcrchants Rank.
Jules Vallc, orunputcau, itamson .v. ailc.
(ico. ll. llohinson, ot Komnson x uariara.
Chas. W. McCord, of MeCord & Co., Machinists,
.Inhn K. I hornlon. ol inornion X 1'ierce.
Isiae II. Kturreon. Presid'tof theN. ilo. Railroad
Hon. John Hocan, Member of Conrress.
Henry Ovcrstclx. of Orcrstcli, Wagner Jc Co.,
Xich. SchalTer, of XieholM SchaDer & Co.. Star
William T. (lay, ofllancnkamp & Edwards.
David Keith, of Keith A Woods, Rookscllers and
R. P. Hanenkamp, of Gay & Ilanenkamp.
Isaac W. 31 tchcll.
D. A. January, of D. A. January i Co., Grocers
and Commission .Merchants.
Wm. J. Lewis, of Lewis .t- Uro., Tobacconists.
V. Rozicr. Jr.. of F. Koiier. Jr.. & Co.
Jacob Tamm, of Tamm .t Meyer.
SAMUEL WILLI, President.
JAMES II. LUCAS, Vico President.
WM. T. SELBr, Secretary.
WM. X. REXT0X. General Agent.
DR. J0IIX T. H0DGEX, Consultinc Physician.
LACKLAND. CLIXE .t JAMISON.Lcgal Adv'rs.
1I0X. ELIZUR WRIGHT. Consulting Actuary.
SILAS If. TOOT.
State Agent for Tennessee.
r. w. STEPIXUXKOX,
Special Agents, Nashville, Tcnn.
Oflirr: Krroml Xntionnl Itanlt Itiiildln
Xashvilio Local Beard of Reference:
Hiilmnn. Rro. i Sons. J. A. McAlistcr & Co..
Jno. Kirkman. (1. J. Stubblelield,
James Jt. llninilton, A. Hamilton,
James i oods.
Tho. It. Jennings. M. D.. T. M. Madden.
I"lcnuilr Apalmt lAssly rire, Itivcr
mid llailroml In llio
ironic Ins. Co. of X. V. Cash asscts-Sl.OOO.OOO
olimiliiii. Cah Capital ,000
Arctic. Cash Assets flJT.,000
Ilnrtftml. Ciuh Assets.-.-... . 1,000,000
Losses adiustctl and promptly paid at this Office,
Is0. 25i, Cherry street,
TJ. S. ClL.vV.rai AGENCY,
Xo. 3 NORTH CHERRY STREET.
Ep-jcial attention paid to tho
OF CLAIMS AGAIXST
NO CHARGES IN ADVANCE.
HOWARD .t NELSON,
Attornoys and U. S. Claim Agents.
Rkferkncf.s Hon. C. F. Trigg. U. S. District
Judge: Anson Nelson, Esq., President Second Na
tional liank; ilia), lien. Donaldson, uinci yuar
C 11 11 1 S T M A S
G- E IF3 T
TEN DOLL AllS
AT S I SOUTH COLLEGE STREET, XEXT
DOOR TO NO. 2, FIREMAN'S HALL.
The onVy genuine Cumberland in this Market.
Cheapest, because most economical. Clearest,
being a pnro Gas, and gives no headache.
A. BTKWJLKT. O. H. nOlBBX.
SO! SOAP!! SOAP!!
i.vwirs i?iinovE i:kasive soai
Rest Sonp made in the United
Send your Orders to
RODDY & CO.,
MAN UFA CTUBERS,
Xo. 90. Church Street,
dee H d3m
5 00$ 3Iim'('
lbs. New Bacon, Sides.
i.VCO lbs. New Bacon. Shoulders
100 Tierces New Lard.
For Pale by
McLAUGIILlN, BCTLER A CO
dee gv lw
11ART1ES WHO DELIVERED TWO CAR
JL Loads of Salt at N. A C. R, R. Denot some
two weeks o. Salt marked E: and n. A S., win
idc.ve furnish ns with dnplieate nilli Ladins, as
salt cannot be shipped for want of-destination.
I . n . S- T TrtVr
aCCil 1W A. OA AKVIlh
FBitonr Ornc N. taR.K.1
Nashville, Deo. 11, INK. J
OX AND AFTER TO-DAV OUR DEPOTS
will ha od ncd at SM i. v. for the reception of
FreUhti, and promptly cloeed at 4 r. 11.
NASKVUiLE, TENNESSEE, THURSDAY,
T. W. EVJSS,
mos. n. pitk.
Late of Gardner & eg.
n. B. BUCKNKB.
Late of Gardner i Co.,
e. w. JESNIXCS,
Late with Gardner ico.
Late of brans k COM
W. H. EVAS'?,
Late of Evans a cn.,
Late of iivnns b co..
XO. 4, TXS BliOCK,
WE ARE XOW OPEXIXG A LARGE AXD
well assorted stock of
FOREIGN AND AMERICAX
Boots, Shoes, Hats,
READY MADE CLOTHING,
PURCHASED FOR CASH
Since tho recent decline in prices, which we offer
10 me Trade
AT VKItY LOW MUCKS.
Being connected with EVANS, GARDNER i CO,
of Xcw York City, and IMPORTING all Foreign,
and purchasing from Manufacturers all American
Goods, and possessing every advantago of getting
Wo feci every confidenco in saying to Merchants
that wo will sell them as Cheap as they can pur
Having adopted tho CASH SYSTEM, of both
Buying and Selling, enables us to do business on a
VEKT SJIAU, AIIVAXCE,
so that those who buy from us can compcto with
Stocks purchased any where.
Having resident partners in N cw 1 ork, gives us
advantages in keeping up a Stock, which Mer
chants will find largo and well assorted throughout
AVc solicit nn Examination of our Stock.
Evans, Pite & Co.,
XO. 4, IXX IJEOCK.
SNUFFS, TOBACCO &c.
J. & L. WH011LEY.
IMPOETKRS AND DEALERS IX
FOItKIGJI" AND DOM1STIO
CIGARS & TOBACCO,
JOHN B. SMITH,
(Successor to Chas. Licbcnstcin.)
Cor. Cedar and Chcrrj-Streets.
(Under Commercial Hotel,)
A heavy stock of fine imported and domestic
Cigars, Tobacco, Snuffs
Constantly on hand.
33 UNION STREEIT.
riMIIS OLD ESTABLISHMENT J!KA1.S l.
I l'innns iifSlrinw.iv and Sons. J. B. Dunham.
Robt. Nunn's, A, II. Uale A Co., and other first
class instruments. Carhail, Ncedham A Co'a un
CnURCH AND TARLOR ORGANS.
Also, SHEET MUSIC, and
MUSICAL MERCHANDISE GENERALLY
Give it a call before you purchase. dccVlm
i SMALL ROOM,
IN THE UNION AND.
American Block, fronting on Church street.
Apply at the eotin tins-room of tho Union and
American office, deti tf.
VERY LARGE ROOMS IN THE
-th Storv of tho Uxiox JiSD Amkrican
X Fourth Story
Block, well adapted to many purposes. Apply
at the countins-roomof this otljce.
W. C. COLLIEll,
WnOLESALI AXD SITAtL PEAtEK 15
SCHOOL BOOKS. BLANK BOOKS. GOLD AND,
Arnold fVrlUnrxFlnld & Copying Ink,
Wcddinr, Visitinr and Printer's Cards,
And the LatcstTLitcratnro of tho Day,
XO. pJ7 UXIOX STREET,
(Between Cherry and Colleee.)
Ordtrt lelicited for ercry description of ZPrintinc.
TTn 1 nn Q TI I A m DVl'na r
UlilUil CL1LU. ,n 1 1 lUlIbaJl.
SUMA'EIfS SCItAl'-BOOK SPEECH.
KErr.r or edgak covax, or iexx.
Mr. Snutncr's Speech.
In the Senate, on the 20th, Mr. Charles
Sumner took the floor and said :
" "When I think of what occurred yesterday
in this Chamber; when I call to .mind the
attempt to whitewash the unhappy condition
of the rebel States, and to throw the mantle
of official oblivion over sickening 'and heart
rending outrages, where human rights are
sacrificed and rebel barbarism receives a
new letter of license, I feel that I ought to
speak of nothing else. I stood here years
ago, in the days of Kansas, when a small
community was surrendered to the machin
ations of slave-masters. I now stand here
again, when, alas ! an immense region, with
millions of people, has been surrendered to
the machinations of slave-masters. Sir, it is
the duty of Congress to arrest this fatal
fury. Congress must dare to be brave. Hut
I shall not be diverted from the nuestion
before the Senate, although, in unfolding the
necessity of present legislation for the pro
tection of the frccdmcn, 1 shall be led ne
cessarily and logically to speak of the con
dition of the rebel States.
Of the bill introduced by his colleague, the
Hon. Henry "Wilson, to maintain the freedom
of the inhabitants in the States declared in
insurrection and rcbellion-'by the proclama
tion of the President of the 1st of January,
18G2, Mr. Sumner said :
"All must admit that the bill of my col
league is excellent in purpose. It proposes
nothing less than to establish equality before
the law, at least, so far .13 civil rights arc
concerned, in the rebel States. This is done
simply to carry out and maintain the Procla
mation of Emancipation, by which this He
public is solemnly pledged to maintain the
emancipated s.lavp in his freedom. Such is
our pledge ; 'and the Execntivc Government
of the United States, including the military
and naval authority thereof, will recognize
and maintain the freedom of snch persons.'
This pledge is without any limitation in space
or time. Jt is as extended and as immortal
as the Ilepublic itself. Docs anybody call it
vain words ? I trust not. To that pledge
we are solemnly bound. Wherever our Hag
floats, as long as time endures, we must sec
that it is sacredly observed.
'l.ut the performance of that pledge can
not be entrusted to another; leat of all, can
it be intrusted to the old slave-masters, em
bittered against their slaves. It must be
performed by the National Government.
The j.Kwer that gave freedom must sec that
this freedom is maintained. This is according
to reason. It is also according to the exam
ples of history. In the British West Indies
wc find this teaching. Three of England's
greatest orators and statesmen, Burke, Can
ning and Brougham, at successive periods,
united in declaring from the experience in
the British West Indies, that whatever the
slave-masters undertook to do for their slaves
was always 'arrant trilling,' and that what
ever might be its plausible form, it always
wanted 'the executive principle' More re
cently the Empeior of Jtusaia, when order
ing emancipation, declared that all eflbrts of
his predecessors, in this direction, had failed
because they had been left to 'the sponta
neous initiative of the proprietors.' 1 might
say much more on this head, but this is
enough. I assume that no such blunder will
made on our part; that we shall not
cave to the old proprietors the maintenance
of that freedom to which we are pledged,
and thus break our own promises and sacri
fice a race.
" I have already alluded to Emancipation
in llussia. But this example is worthy our
deepest study, unless we purposely reject
history. All know that in lfaOl, the Emper
or, by solemn proclamation, gave freedom to
upward of twenty-three million serfs ; but it
is not generally known by what supplemen
tary provisions this freedom was secured.
I have in my hands an olucial copv ol
this crcat act, published at bt. .Petersburg.
by which it is declared that the serfs, after
an interval of two vcars, are " entirely en
franchised." Under this proclamation, a
new set of local magistrates was constituted,
with " special court " and "justices of the
peace" in each district, to superintend the
working of the proclamation and to examine
on the spot all questions arising from eman
cipation. This provision was not unlike our
Bureau of Preedraen, wlucli is thus vinili-
cated by this example.
" 15ut the good work did not stop here.
The Emperor did not leave the frccdmcn
without protection, handed over to the ten
der mercies of their former owners. Bv a
careful series of " regulations " accompany
ing the proclamation, prepared with mhmtc
care, and divided into chapters and sections,
the rights of the ireedmen arc secured be
yond question. 1 hold a copy ot tins re
markable document 111 nn hand. Here it
is, a model for our imitation.
" iiicsc "regulations' begin with tne
formal declaration that the frccdmcn, by the
act of emancipation, ' acquire the rights be
longing to free farmers.' The language is
general. It is the rights of free farmers,
not 111 certain particulars, hut m all particu
lars ; not merely 111 exemption lrom the au-
thoritv of their masters, hut 111 complete cn
franchisemcnt. Surely, here is an example
' lhc regulations then proceed, m
formal words, to fix and assure these rights,
civil and political. These rights arc not
left to inference, or to futnrc discussion ; but
they are positively declared witli ail possi
Here Mr. Sumner quoted liberally from
the Russian regulations, saying, after the
recitation of each passage, "Siirelv, here is
an example for us."
" Thus docs Russia, bv careful provisions,
supplementary to the act of emancipation,
secure her Ireedmen in all their rights, first,
111 tire right ot lamiiy and the right ol con
tract; secondly, in the right of property, in
eluding a homestead ; thirdly, in complete
equality in the courts; fourthly, in equality
in political rights; fifthly, in equality at
schools and in education ; and, linally, all
these safeguards arc crowned by declaring
that they cannot lose their right, or be pun
ished except after judgment according to
fixed rules; thus completely fulfilling that
requirement of our fathers, that 'govern
ment should be a govcrnmcut of laws, and
not of men.' -
" I trust that this example is none the less
worthy of imitation because it is that of an
empire, winch is not supposed to sympa
thize with liberal ideas. Surely a republic
cannot in this respect, lag behind an empire.
Besides, all that wc hear shows that the ex
periment lias been successful. Clearlv, an
experiment inspired 'so completely by the
spirit of justice cannot fail.
" My colleague is clearly right in intro
ducing his bill and prcseing it to a vote.
The argument for it is irresistible. It is es
sential to complete emancipation. "Without
it emancipation will le onlv half tlrme. It is
our duty to sec that it is wholly done. Slave
ry must be abolished not in form onlv, but
in substance, so that there shall be no blael;
code, but all shall be equal before the law,
"As to tho owcr of Congress over this
question, 1 can not donbt it. -My colleague
assumes the power without profes-ing to
trace it to any particular source It may be
dmilitary power precisely as the proclama
tion of emancipation, and here the authority
is as clear and absolute as in the District of
Columbia, or it may be in rmrnance of the
Conotitutional Amendment, which provides
that Congress may 'enforce the amendment
by appropriate legislation ;' or it may be to
carry our ttic guarantee of a republican lorm
Mr. Sumner proceeded to quote his own
'measures introduced on the first day of the
session of Congress, especially the " bill sup
plying appropriate legislation to enforce the
amendment of tho Constitution." And the
"bill in part execution of the guarantee of
a republican form of government in tho
Constitution of the United States." Of
these he said:
Both these bills arc broader even than
that of my colleague ; for they point to the
absolute obliteration of all legal discrimina -
DECEMBER 2S, 1S65.
110113 founlIc on color, whether in ihe court
room or at the ballot box, and to this con
clusion we must come at last. But I confess
that I feel the dignity, the grandeur, and
the substantial vaiuc which would be found
m a declaration of Congress that an oligarch
ical government which denied rights to a
whole race ; which undertook to tax with
out representation ; and which discarded the
" consent of the governed" as its just foun
dation, cannot be a "republican form of
" The most explicit, the most positive, the
most mandatory words in the Constitution
are, " the United States shall guarantee to
every State in the Union a republican form
of government." This great duty is thrown
not upon any individual branch of the Gov
ernment, but upon the United States. It
is a duty "to guarantee" which in itself is
a strong term what ? A republican form
of government. Now, by the lapse of State
governments in the rebel States, this duty is
cast upon the United States. But "the
United Stales aro represented in Congress.
or rather by an act of Congress, which in
its.elf is, the embodied will of both Houses of
Congress, and of the President of the United
"Congress must, therefore, determine what
is a republican form of government? Into
this question I do not now enter. At the
proper time I hope to consider it. I content
myself now by saying that it is absurd to say
that a community, which is founded on oli
garchical pretensions, and which excludes
from all participation in the government any
considcrablc proportion of its tax-paving
citizens, and ignores tho consent of the gov
erned, can be considered a republican form
of government. On this proposition I hope
to be heard at an early day. Here is one of
the greatest questions of our history.
"And now after this brief review of the
object proposed to be accomplished, I am
brought to consider the practical nccossity
of such legislation ; and here it is my duty
to expose the actual condition of the rebel
States, especially as regards loyalty and the
treatment of the frccdmcn. On this head I
shall adduce evidence in my possession. In
the endeavor to bring what I say within
reasonable proportions, I shall adduce only
a small part of what has passed under my
eye ; but it will be more than enough. In
bringing it forward the difficulty is of selec
tion and abridgement."
Here Mr. Sumner proceeded to quote at
length from the correspondence of the press,
private letters and reports of the condition
of the States of the latcsouthern confederacy,
quoting first passages as to the general con
dition of the Southern States, and then as to
particular States. Mr. Sumner concluded
"Mr. President, I bring this plain story to
a close. I regret that I have been constrained
to present it. I wish it were otherwise. But
1 should have tailed in duty had L failed to
peak. Not in anger, not in vengeance, not
in harshness have I spoken ; but solemnly.
carefully, and for the sake of my country
and humanity, that peace and reconciliation
ma)' again prevail. 1 have spoken especi
ally for the loyal citizens who are now trod
den down by rebel power. You have before
vou the actual condition of the rebel States.
The blood curdles at the thought of such
enormities, and especially at the thought
that the poor frecdnicn to whom wc owe pro
tection, are left to the unrestrained will of
such people smarting with defeat and ready
to wreak vengegance upon these reprcscnti-
tives of a true loyalty. In thenamo of God
let us protect them. Insist upon guarantees.
Pa the bill now under consideration ; pass
any bill ; but do not let the crying injustice
rage anv longer. An avenging God cannot
sleep while such things find countenance. If
you are not ready to be the Moses of an oi
prcssed people do not become its Pharaoh."
TI10 Speecli of
Senator Cuivmi, of
In Itcply to C'liiss.
Mr. Cowan Jlr. 'President, I am not dis
posed to allow the speech of the honorable
Senator from Massachusetts (Mr. Sumner)
to go to the country without a vcrv brief
reply. If that speech be trnc, and if it be a
correct picture ol the bouth, then God help
us ; then this Republic, this Union is at an
end ; then the great wariwhich we waged
for the Union wasa follylithen all the blood
and treasure which we have expended in
that war in order to restore ourselves to com
panionship with the people of the South
lave been equally follies. l!ut, jlr. Presi
dent, is it true? Or is not this a scries of
cx parte statements made up by anonymous
letter writers, people who are down there
in the enjoyment of place and power, people
who arc interested that the disturbed condi
tion of things which exists there now shall
always continue because they make profit of
it Jsthereany man who has had any ex
perience in the trial of causes, any man who
knows any thing about the nature of evi
dence, who does not know that the honora
ble Senator could have sent his emissaries
into any one county in the lately rebellious
States and gathered up from the expressions
of knaves and fools and discontented singlc-
idead people far more than he hxs given us
in this speech
Wc arc told here of the cxccptionat m-
stancos of bad conduct on the part of the
people of the -south. Why. what a large
volume it would take to hold all that ! If
a man were to go about any where in tho
loyal States and hunt up what he might sup
pose to be treasonable expressions, heretical
expressions, how many could he find ? And
yet wo arc treated to all this here as if it
was the whole ot the evidence in the case,
Une man out of ten thousand is brutal to a
negro, and that is paraded here as a type of
the whole people of the fcoutfi, whereas no
thing is said of the other nine thousand nine
hundred and ninety-nine men who treat the
negro well. One man expresses a great deal
of dissatisfaction at the present state of af
fairs, and that is paraded here, while no
thing is said of the ether ten thousand men
who are contented to accept it and make the
most of it.
"What, then, arc wc to do ? "Wc are to
suppose that the people ot the southern
States lately in rebellion have common
sense ; and when their utterances are in ac
cordance with what is common sense and
the dictate of their own interest, wc have a
right to presume it to be true But accord
ing t6 what wc have just heard, every thing
that has come from the people of these
States and from their public bodies, from the
reprcscntati ves of these people, i3 to be taken
as false ; and why ? Because some cotton
agent, some correspondent of a Radical
newspaper in the North, some office-holder
who lias been making profit of the state of
things there, chooses to say it is all false
The hereby of State Rights is not destroy
ed there, the honorable Senator says. Have
we not heard from almost all the public men
of the South that that question was put to
the arbitrament cl the 6 word, that they havo
fort, and. that they submit Have they not
acquiesced in the abolition of slavery that
thing of all others which was the last, in the
opinion of everybody, that they woald sub
But still further guarantees arc wanted ;
we are not told what they are iint arc
they? "What is wanted ? Everybody ad
mits that the.ncgro ought to have his natu
ral riehte secured tolum. 1 believe all the
moderate, conservative men of this Giamber
are fully agreed that every man should have
his natural rights secured the right to life,
liberty and the pursuit of happiness; the
protection of property, limbs, and reputa
tion : tlt he slrould have the right to true
and be sued, and to testify in courts of jns
tice. The negro has not hitherto been al
lowed in the Southern States) to testify in
courts of justice, and why? Became lie was
a slave, and if I had been a citizen of the
Southern States when slavery prevailed
there, 1 woutd have rousted Ins right to tes
tify m the courts. A witness, like a voter,
ought to be a free man: he should not lie
long to another man. "What chance would a
litigant have against tho master of slaves, if
the slaves could to-tify? Jt fcems to me
that the slaves ought, not to testify for the
same reason that the wife ought not to testify
either for or against the husband. "Would
you ask a negro to testify against his master.
to go back to that master to be subjected to
LI. Ml 111 1 fL!.... II ..1.1
1119111 win lATCuusc 01 111s lesiimany 1 nouiu
you allow him to testifv for the master as
against a party on theothcraide? Certainly
But now thw .state of things has passed
away. Now the people of tho Southern
States, themselves, so far as I understand
them, are in tavor of opening the courts to
all these classes of people And, sir, they
must open them for their own security.
I cm willing to leave that to themselves ; their
- wn interests will compel them to allow all
people to testify, unless they are excluded by
these disabilities that have heretofore ex
cluded witnesses from testifying. If the
honorable Senator from Massachusetts, and
those who think with him, desire that these
people should have tho right of suffrage, why
not S33 so broadly ?
Mr. Sumner. I do say so.
Mr. Cowan. Very well, that is so much
that ia elear ; make "it broadly ; wc may dif
fer from him, but the people will deciifc. I
am perfectly willing to acquiesce in their
decision ; 1 do not care whicli way it is : but
the people will decide that question, and
they will decide it promptly. If the honor
able Senator from Massachusetts wants to
hold the doctrine that these 'States are not
States ; that they are not coifstituent mem
bers of this Union, let him say so ; there is
a tribunal to which that can be referred. If
he wishes to take issue with the President on
these points, let the issue be made fairlv and
squarely, and it will be met. Thank God,
in tins (jovernmcnt, not like that of Russia.
which he has eulogized, there is a power
above in all ; there is a power to whose ar
bitrament and award wc can appeal, and
who will settle this thing conclusively.
Jiow, Air. President, 1 am for reconcilia
tion. I want to have this Union restored :
and a Union means a Union by consent, not
by force I would like to make friends of
all the people with whom we have been at
enmity heretofore I do not want the eon-
test to go on any longer. But are we to
make friends with them, and arc they to be
reconciled to us, and are they to behave
better by such speeches as have been made
by the honorable senator here to-day ? I very
much doubt it. I do not think h'c will im
prove the condition of the Southern heart,
or the condition of the Southern mind, by
thus parading these exceptional cases to the
peoplu of this country,-and stimulating aftd
exciting tlicir angry passions more than they
are now against this unfortunate people
unfortunate in every respect ; unfortunate on
account of their errors ; unfortunate on ac
count of the penalty which has followed
those errors, and which they have suffered.
Air. I resident, let us look at tins testi
mony. The honorable senator, as I said be
fore, reads from anonymous letter-writers,
from cotton agent", and people of that kind.
Xow, it does so happen that we have some
testimony upon mis suujeei; wc nave tne
testimony of the President of the United
States, not a summer soldier or sunshine
Mr. bumncr I have not read anonymous
Mr. Cowan They are anonymous so far
as we are concerned ; and 1 commend the
Senator's prudence in keeping the names of
their writers from tho public, because I have
no doubt that if their names were known they
would not be considered of much importance.
I very much doubt whether there is a single
man among them who has ever wielded any
thing more than a pen during this rebellion.
But I say that wc have the testimony of the
President of the United States, who was a
Union man, and who was 111 favor ot the
Union at a time and a place where there was
come merit 111 it. I do not suppose there
was any great merit in being a Union man
in Massachusetts. I suspect a man would
have been very likely to get a lamii-iiost if
ho had been any thing else there ; but the
President of the Uuieed States was a Union
man in the very thick and storm of the bat
tle, lie was driven from Ins home ; fie was
waylaid on his way hither in order to attend
to his official duties in this body. He has
stood by the Constitution, by the Union, all
the way through, steadily and firmly, and as
a compliment to him the great party to
whicli I belong, and to which he did not be
long, and never pretended to belong, con
ferred upon him office which, in the provi
dence of God, has made him President of
the United States.
Now, sir, you are told here that this man
in his official communication to the Senate
of the United States, whitewashes the condi
tion of things down below. Yes, sir, "white
wash" is the word. The honorable Senator
says that he will not accept the definition of
"whitewash" given by the Senator from
Connecticnt or the Senator from "Wisconsin,
but he has not told us what he means by the
word "whitewash." It is not necessary that
he should say what he means by that word.
Every body understands it. I supjiose even
his colored friends, in whom he takes so much
interest, would know what the meaning of
the word "whitewash" was. Laughter.
He says that this man, who stood firm when
every body else faltered, this man, who stood
almost alone in the midst of an enraged
population, and in the very storm and strife
of the worst civil war perhaps the world has
ever seen, comes here to "whitewash."
"What does he mean except that the Presi
dent of the United States m an official com
munication to this body comes here to lie;
that is the plain English of it; comes here
either to suppress the truth or to suggest a
What does the President say ? I will read
what he savs as a sufficient answer to what
all these people down South report of the
state of affairs there, and I do not find it
necessary to deny thousands of instance?
of exceedingly heretical talk may have
taken place there, and of treasonable
talk if you please ; and I have no doubt that
in a state of things unparalleled in the his
tory of the world heretofore, wrongs and
outrages innumerable happen there; but
that is not the question. The question is,
what is the condition of the mass of the
people in the South, what is their disposition
and tendency, not to love the North, not to
love the honorable Senator from Massachu
setts tecausc I very much fear that that
will not be brought about soon, unless there
is a change in the temper of both parties
not to have hearts overflowing with love and
gratitude to those who they think persecute
and nun. mem in ineir suomissiun, who
kick and strike at them after they arc down,
after thev have cried "enough" but the
question is, what is their disposition to obey
the laws? What do we care about their
hearts or their dispositions, if they are
obedient to the laws? Now they have sub
mitted to the laws which impose thchcaviest
penalty, for, if they are traitors, the law im
poses the penalty of death, and confiscation
of estates by means of fine
I will read what the President says now of
tho condition of that iicople, from the in
formation he lias received : " In that por
tion of the Union lately in rebellion, the as
pect ot affairs is moro promising than, in
view of all the circumstances, culd well
have been expected" I think there is no
candid man who will not indorse that senti
ment. "The people throughout the entire
Sonth evince a laudable desire to renew their
allegiance to the government, and to repair
the devastations of war by a prompt and
cheerful return to peaceful pursuits."
Why should they not? To supriosc any
thing else is to suppose that they aro de
mented, that they have no kind of common
sense left, that four years of the most terrible
war and the most terrible punishments ever
mllictcd upon a people have been without
their lessons. It cannot be, Mr. President ;
it is not in the nature of things thnt it
"An abiding faith" on the part of this
man who suffered from these licoplc, who
suffered from this war and the doctrine of
secession, and the attempts to break the Un
ion, he says : An abiding faith is entertain
cd that their actions will conform to their
professions, and that in acknowledging the
supremacy of the Constitution and laws of
the united States, their Iovaltv will be
given to the government, whose leniency
they cannot fail to appreciate, and wliole
fostering care will soon restore them to a
condition of prosperity."
And here, Jlr. President, allow me to nxk
when in the history of this world, or of the
human family, has it happened that severity,
cruelty, persecution, refusal to recognize
common rights, has reconciled a people and
jKicified a distracted country ; and when ha
it happened that clemency, leniency, as the
President cxpres.-ea it, has failed to produce
beneficial results ? It is not necessary to go
very far back for instances of this. Look at
the treatment of England toward Ireland
What has been the result there of her hold
ing that people in species of vaislagc? A
Fenian insurrection upon her hands now,
after hundreds of years of attempt to domin
ate over that people 1.00k at l'oland ; look
evenr where. And if it be necessary to see
what clemency, what leniency and justice,
and trust and confidence, can do to restore a
people onco in revolution, take the conduct
of Hochc in La Vendee There, br the ge
nius of one man, high enough to "be aliove
vulgar passion, statesman enough to look to
the future, La Vendee was restored to
France, and is there now, part and 'parcel of
it, with every recollection of the Revolution
Says the President:
'It Is true that, in some of the States, the
demoralizing effects of war are to be seen in
occasional disorders "
These effects are to be seen in the North
as well in the South
I' but these are local in character, not frequent
in occurrence, and arc rapidly disappearing
as the authority of civil law ? extended and
sustained. Perplexing questions were na
turally to be expected from the great and
sudden change in the relations between the
two races ; but systems are gradually dcvolp
ing themselves under which the freedman
will receive the protection to which he is
justly entitled, and by means of his labor
make himself a useful and independent mem
ber of the community In which he has his
home From all the information in my
possession, and from that which I have re
cently derived from the most reliable author
ity, I am induced to cherish the belief that
sectional animosity is surely and rapidly
merging itself into a spirit of nationality,
and that representation, connected with "a
properly adjusted system of taxation, will
result in a harmonious restoration of the
relations of the States to the National Union."
There is a little more testimony yet, Mr.
President; and it is worth while to consider,
while wo arc here to take counsel and to
know what we ought to do in the extraordi
nary situation in which we find ourselves,
from whom will we take that counsel. Aro
we to take it from men, the purpose of whose
whole life seems to be to wage war upon
these people and their institutions ? Shall
we take it from men whom they hate per
sonally and by name, and to whom it is al
most impossible to suppose thcr ever will Ihj
reconciled ? Or are wc to take it from the
men who have treated it as a national war,
and who, in tlicir conduct of it have won the
applause of both sections ?
The President says that part of his infor
mation has been received from General
Grant. Who is General Grant ? Who is to
be put in the scale with that scarred soldier,
and whose testimony is to weigh down hLs ?
Is he " whitewashing " here too ? Has he
forgotten the position he occupies before the
American people? With the highest mili
tary character of any man to-day upon the
earth, has he condescended to come here to
deceive the Senate of his country, and to
lie about the condition of affairs in the
South, which he has recently visited ? Let
us hear what he says, and listen with patient
reverence to the utterance of a man of sense,
a patriot, and a prudent man, who desiria
not to embroil, not to embitter, not to widen
the gap that already exist between two jieo
ple who ought to be fraternally united, but
a man who desires to heal and to pacify ; a
man imbued with the spirit of Heche when
he went to La Vendee, and where he suc
ceeded when others had failed. What does
he say ? It is not the tone or manner of the
letter writer, but it is the manner of a man
and a soldier.
" I am satisfied "
says liCj and when he is satisfied who dares
say he is not satisfied upon the score of hon
esty and good intent toward this Republic ?
i am satished that the mass ot thinking
men in the South accept the present situa
tion of affairs in good faith."
That is what General Grant savs. Is that
" The questions which have heretofore di
vided the sentiments of the people of the two
sections slavery and State rights, or the
right of a State to secede from tho Union
they regard as having been settled forever
by the highest tribunal, arms, that man can
It is now said that they do not think so ;
that they are only pretending, nnd have a
covert purpose of doing something hereafter
about this thing, nobody can tell exactly
what. Perhaps wc will "be told they will
not abide the result.
" I was pleased to learn from the leading
men whom I met, that they not only accepted
the decision arrived at as final, but that now,
when the smoke of battle has cleared away
and time has lieen given for reflection, this
decision has been a fortunate ono for the
wliole country, they receiving like benefits
from it with those who opposed them in the
field and in council."
Why, Mr. President, the common sense of
that last utterance is worth more as testimo
ny than that of a thousand scribblers who
merely look at detached points of this great
field. " They have resolved to accept the de
cision as final; and, what we ought all to be
glad to know, they have found that it is for
their benefit. They have found, too, after
the smoke has cleared away, that they aro
really in a better condition than they were
before, that they have been relieved from
the incubus whicli has oppressed them for
so lone a time, and they are ready now to
take tlicir places in the Union, and along
side of the JNorthern States who have made
liberty their great principle rather than
slavery. Why should they not? If any
man can give a reason why they should de
sire to keep up this strife any longer, with
their devastated fields, with their treasuries
emntv. with their society disorganized, I
should like to hear it.
I therefore hope, Mr. President; that wo
may meet them in a different spirit ; that
wc may show to them that we made this
war, not to make them eternal enemies of
ours, not to humiliate them, but to rescue
them ; that wc made this war to go and get
them out of the clutches of the bad men who
had milled them into the gloomy realm of
secession and disunion ; and that we intend,
after the great military victory which we
have achieved, to achieve another uy mag
nanimity and clemency in our conduct to
ward them; that we will win them back to
be as they were before, our friends and our
brothers, of the same race and 01 the same
lincairc. I hope. too. that this angry, irrita
ting and exciting mode of treating this sub
ject, which is calculated to make us anything
1 r 1 . Ml 1 .1! 1...1 1
else man menus, win 00 uiseanieti uvri-iii-tcr,
and that wc shall coolly and calmly and
in the spirit of the nation. ( because that is
the spirit of the nation.) examine this ques
tion and do with it that which will be cal
culated to restore the old harmony and peace
and the old Union again.
The Impudence of IIiiiiiIiiikIiic-
From tho Richmond Times.
Young gentlemen in want of hireute ad
vancements of the chin nnd upper lip can
obtain a "Magic Compound" somewhere in-
Brooklyn, "warranted to force a moustacho
in thirty davs. or money returned." There
13 no pcrsuation or coaxing resorted to 111
the "magie" process to produce a liairy
: .. .
harvest, but "force" is the term used by the
advertiser, and tne means employed in 111s
"comjiound," to cultivate a crop upon juven
ile countenances. We would give the name
and residcuco of tins great benefactor of
Kmnntb-faced youths, who proposes to forco7
out beard and whiskers for them, whether
thev arc willing to come out or not, but wc
do not wish to gifo him an editorial puff or
advertisement free of charge. c should
not notice this and similar advertisements at
all, but for the fact that we were struck by
the bold impudence of the fellow, and feared
that ho might gull some unmiKpccting young
man, whoe desire for a moustache might not
permit hiru to wait until nature accorded it
We dislike to see any man make money
by deception and the use of false pretences;
and whenever we see an advertisement of
the character of the "Magic Compond,"
wc feel like giving a word of friendly advice
and counsel to those whoe inexperience or
innocence might lead them to be caught by
these cunning anglers for gudgeons. The
idea of any "comjiound" posseting a virtue
to "force" out a moustache before its natural
and legitimate time, is simply absurd, and
the raau who makes the advertisement knows
it. The New York paeni teem with adver
tisements of recipes for impossible things,
and the shrewd rascals who publish them
must make money out of the ignorant and
credulous classes of society, or they would
not m perseveringly and cxjiensivel,
their nostrums into notice.
The amount of swindling that is pcrpc-
iraieu 117 nicura ui aiiruming siiccia per
fectly enormous, and there is scarcely any
thing which is not in some war used ns nn
agent of hnposition upon public credulity
or cnnosiiy. aiere is anoiner specimen :
iMnm it. U. l'trrtfinuU, who hxf lutonuhed
mo Kieounc eium 01 ran anu lorulon. lion tmr
permanently loeated herwff at Albanr, Xew York.
Madame I'errexault br the ail of her iromlerful
inatrament. Known a too Hom'eoiJC, mtarantees
to nrfcluee ft llfa-llks nlftnra nf th f..t... ,.,,..
band or wife of the patron, tozether with date of
mnmKu, irauinn iraii 01 cnaracier, occupation,
Ac Thin if no buruhur. u thotusmta nf
mala can assert. Shpnill lend, when denred. a
wnuru iiuigmn u uis piomre 11 Hint it nur
T.rri In hc liv llatinr npm U.lUt An.nf..;M.
color of eye and hair, and inclotineSO cents and
itainped envelope, addrtMed to yourself, yf(u m
rcrciTo uio picture uy remrn men, Aildref
Madam M. II. Pkkkkoiclt.
-"", ura uui every one Know mat this
promise of .Madame I'errcgault is theer
humbug and nonseruc; and yet Uiero
many looiian young men and women who
THE A'A.SITVII.r.K 1JAILT TOTOX AXB
Oflico TJnioa and Amerieaa Block, eerier Chorea
and Cherry street, opposits tat Pett OfUce.)
Daily $14 0
Weekly s CO
Proportionate rates for shorter periods.
Subscriptions invariably in adraneo.
send on their fifty cents, and extend patron
age to such establishments. Love generally
makes a fool, for the time being, in some re
spects, of the wisest of men, and it is not to
be wondered at that sentimental ostlers,
waiters and cabmen, and lackadaisical, silly
seamstresses and waiting girls, should all be
willing to expend fifty cents to see a future
lover or spouse, though false and spurious.
Hence, these dishonest and unscrupulous
people, who live by deception and their wits,
even at the low figure of fifty cents, pick up
a pretty good living from the contributions
of fools, all over the country, who havo half
a dollar to spend, but not three ideas to di
rect them in the investment of it. A crimi
nal prosecution should be maintainable
against all these magicians, horoscopists, av
trologers, cheats, and humbugs. There is
more fraud about them than can be found in
lotteries and faro banks, whicli our laws
Tlic Flit uro or tliu Unlteil State.
From Do Bow's Review.
Wliatever may have been the theories of
the past, the results of the great conflict
which has shaken the land to its centre es
tablish beyond controversy the fact that the
United States is a fixed and permanent gov
ernment, and is capablo of resisting every
internal effort for its disruption ; and that,
from the experiences of the past, there is
likely to lie no movement in the futuro
looking to disruption, emanating from any
A nation which has proved itself capablo
of passing through such a crisis involving
the movement of armies and navies scarcely
inferior to thoso whicli followed in tho wako
of the Napoleon, and the expenditure of
moneys to which tho powerful States or Eu
rope have been a stranger, and of which they
can scarcely realize the facts, maintaining
through it all its currency and credit unim
pairedis not likely to go down in any fu
This much must be admitted; and tho
powers of Europe may now recognize in tho
United States a colossal rival, vast in terri
tory, in population, and in ambition ; inured
to arms ana industry ; a nation of soldiers,
sailors and workmen, ready for the sword or
the scythe, fearing nothing whicli the world
con ot'fer in competition or in conflict. Tho
monarchies of Europe combined would pre
sent but a feeble barrier to the future advanco
of this now giant jiower.
It is well North and South there is but
one feeling in America, and it is that
her destinies are in her own keeping; and
that nothing ofintercst or of favor is to Jbo
desired or looked for any of tho monarchies
of tjie old world. They have been tested in
the hour of trial, ad have been found to bo
time-serving, bigoted, and in the last degrco
selfish. Incapable of great statcsinansliip,
thev have taken their position, and must
abide the result.
A wise and liberal national policy will
speedily restore the United States all that it
has tost by the war; and a magnanimous
and forbearing spirit will bring into har
mony again its recently jarring clement!,
and constitute one people out of its teeming
Accepting tho results of our war, our
people everywhere havo but to put their
shoulder to the wheel, intellectually and
physically, to redeem such is tho vastness
of our resources and flexibility of our institu
tions what has been lost, and rernovo all
traces of the recent calamitous times.
What is the present status of tho United
States in territory, in population, and in
commerce, compared with other powers? It
is well to tajee a glance at tho hgurcs.
In TeuuitokY. We have oiiiy to repeat
what was said by us in the compendium of
the eenstis of 1850. Tho territorial extent of
the republic is nearly ten limes as great as
. . . - IT. 1 1 -
that ot ureal xsnuyn and rrance comoineu ;
three times as great as the whole of France,
Britain, Austria, Prussia, Spain, Portugal,
Belgium, .Holland and UenmarK together;
one and a half times as great as the Russian
empire in Europe ; one-sixth less only than
the area covered by the fifty-nine or sixty
empires, states and republics 01 luiropc ; 01
equal extent with the Roman empire or that
of Alexander, neither of which is said to
have exceeded 3,000,000 squaxo miles.
TABLE AIlEA IN 8QTJA11E MILES.
United States 2,KW,lrfl
HuseMii in Kiiropo p'-?
Austria. . 25.
France - 2U7.145
Prussia ........ 11i.ir.i
Simin-- ......- 132.270"
The shore line of tho republie exclusively
of bays, sounds, islands, &a, is in extent 1
US!) statue miles, but if all ot their mucn
turcs bo followed, tho navigator who makes
the circuit (33,000 miles) will havo pcrform
eil a voyage equivalent to once around tho
earth, and a third of tho distance besides.
In PoruLATioN. The population ot tno
great powers stood as follows 11850.
United States .23.191,n
(Irent ilritain nnd Ireland !!7,4,!!71
Franco -- - -35.783.17U1
Russia (in Kurone) C0J1.J.1W
Snain . HWl'J
In 1800 tho population of tho United States
had swelled to 31,1 15089, and upon the ba
sis of its past increase, corrected for retard
ing causes, the fcuicrintcndcnt prepares anu
publishes this table :
siiows the exports and imports of the United
Statos for the last ten years, including lour
years of war and interrupted communica
tions, is a remarkable evidence 01 uio seu
sustaiuing power of the country:
ISM Sft.3ll.Mll :l.i3ll
1H . L'Jft.lHi.Mr, -jii.v, v
lHffi. XJiiH.WW all,6.I.!J!
1S57 3B.C,.S2 Sii),tm.Ul
ISM - 3a,H4.421 a2.r.l3.1V)
136B ;.7SS.402 33S.7CT.1 30
ISO) 400.1Si aO.lfil.Ml
!SfiI.. 410,Wi.SI ai.-.u.;
1SK. ........ Sa.'JWWS ar.W
lwS!.... aw),ow,i2r sii.wixt
18T,I.. . 3IO,6y" zsiftwfia
The commerce of Groat Britain for tho
past few years was as follows :
With a country re-united, and with such
population and resources, it needs but anoth
er decade to bring the United States upon art
equality of commerce with Great Britain;
and in a tK-cade longer, whero is likely to bo
Prudence, moderation and wisdom aro all
that we need ; and may not tbexe cardinal
virtues be counted upon, after all tho dear
bought experiences of the past ?
Ar AniOTOcnATic Weddino. Tho Lon
don Morning iW gives tho following de
scription of tho wedding of Earl Dudley to
The brldo woro a rich dress -with n lunle
boddico and veil of valuable French lace. It
was originally intended for tho Empress
Eugene, and was valued at upwards of two
thousand pounds. She wore a handsome
bracelet of pearls and diamonds, a wedding
present from tho inhabitants of Dudley, and '
a matchless necklace of pearls (of five rows) 1
iiiu gut ui iier iiuuiu uu.sD.inu just itciorc set- i
ting out for the altar. The presents wero
very costly, and all the icwcls of tho mmt
rare and costly description, the principal
and most unique in tlio wholo collection be
ing a matchless perure, consisting of a dia
dem, necklace, brooch, ear-rings, and brace
let, composed 01 rubies and. diamonds of
the finest quality tho rubies specimen
stones set in pure classical style and most
elegant form. Their raluo waiJncarly ten
I Thorc wcro also a pair of very lino tap
Phiro anu diamond ear-rings; a locket and
roocli to match, -with fine pearl drop :
peart and diamond bracelet ; a pair of pearl
nun diamond, pear-shaped car-nngs ; a jew
eled Etruscan suite ; besides rrrany other or
naments of various kinds, amounting to many
thousand pounds in Taluo. All of thoo
were prestnted by the Earl of Dudley to tu
bride. Lady Ward's two presents consisted
of a very handsome miniature bracelet, with
monogram on cover In rubles, emerald.-, anu
diamonds, and a superb silver-gilt dressing-
.1. .1 l nM.
case, siuuuea wilt: stones, a iin'r'
scntcd by tlio inhabitant of Dudley bor
tho following inscription; "Presented oj
the borough of Dudley to the first
of Dudley, on her marriage. 'ot. 21, 15-
Wk reerct eieeedinirlr to hear ofj the de
cease of John IL Ilamej, Jr, the young"
son of tho editor of tho Louisville
This unfortunate and untimely Mttag oB w
. ..:0.l an ncconij'il0"
and so universally rented, u a
aro h0 dwlorcd br aU who adiuir genius
respect voTtiiLouimUe ww.